CN105484546A - Vehicle carrying device for stereo garage - Google Patents

Vehicle carrying device for stereo garage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105484546A
CN105484546A CN201510712867.4A CN201510712867A CN105484546A CN 105484546 A CN105484546 A CN 105484546A CN 201510712867 A CN201510712867 A CN 201510712867A CN 105484546 A CN105484546 A CN 105484546A
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China
Prior art keywords
clamping
wheel
chassis
underframe
fixed
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Granted
Application number
CN201510712867.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105484546B (en
Inventor
张祖涛
潘宏烨
赵翔
薛国州
田强
郑立宁
胡怀仁
廖海
南帅
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Southwest Jiaotong University
China Construction Underground Space Co Ltd
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Southwest Jiaotong University
China Construction Underground Space Co Ltd
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Application filed by Southwest Jiaotong University, China Construction Underground Space Co Ltd filed Critical Southwest Jiaotong University
Priority to CN201510712867.4A priority Critical patent/CN105484546B/en
Publication of CN105484546A publication Critical patent/CN105484546A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105484546B publication Critical patent/CN105484546B/en
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Abstract

The present invention provides a vehicle carrying device for a stereo garage, belongs to the technical field of load-carrying machinery, and relates to a vehicle access device for a stereo garage. Clamping, fixing and longitudinal and transverse movement of vehicles when the vehicles are accessed in the stereo garage can be effectively achieved. The vehicle carrying device comprises a bottom self-moving mechanism and wheel clamping mechanisms; two ends of a under frame are respectively provided with a pair of travelling wheels with power; two tracks are laid at two sides of the concave bottom of the under frame; two sets of wheel clamping mechanisms are disposed on the concave of the under frame; two sets of symmetrically arranged wheel clamping mechanisms are disposed on chassis of the wheel clamping mechanisms; tow sides of each chassis are provided with clamping motors with output shafts downward; driving chain wheels disposed below each chassis are fixed to output shafts of the clamping motors and are linked to driven chain wheels through chains; a roller is fixed to short arms at an inner side of a clamping arm through shafts at two ends; one end of a clamping connecting rod joint is hinged to the central section of the outside of each clamping arm; and cantilevers at two sides of each chassis are provided with travelling wheels coaxial with the driven chain wheels. The vehicle carrying device is mainly sued in a stereo parking garage.

Description

A kind of multi-storied garage vehicle conveying device
Technical field
The invention belongs to load-carrying field of mechanical technique, particularly multi-storied garage Transport Vehicle equipment.
Background technology
Along with the quick increase of city private car quantity, parking systems solves the important way of Urban Parking Difficulty by becoming.The automobile carrier of current multi-storied garage mainly contains three types: vehicle-containing type, interdigitated electrode structure and clamping wheel fetalism.
Vehicle-containing type carrier is only applicable to the vertical elevating garage of lower level, and when the garage number of plies is too high, Transport Vehicle overlong time, is unsuitable for promoting.
Interdigitated electrode structure carrier requires relatively stricter to the agent structure in garage, parking position must be comb shape, has so not only added the cost manufactured and designed but also the stability of parking position and safety factor are reduced.
Under clamping wheel fetalism carrier directly can get into car, holding-wheel carrying vehicle, efficiency is higher, simple with interdigitated electrode structure structure compared, easy for installation, is carrier more satisfactory in multi-storied garage.
According to the retrieval, current existing garage carrier, if the patent No. is 200910018524.7 Chinese patents being called " clamping tire type automobile carrier of three-dimensional garage ", the clamping device of this patent adopts and is arranged symmetrically with, clamping motor drives driving gear to drive shaft gear and idle wheel to rotate, higher requirement is had, for finally realizing increasing difficulty to processing and installation accuracy.
And for example the patent No. is 201410172718.3 Chinese patents being called " intelligent carrier of multi-storied garage ", this patent adopts gathering sill and steering rack to realize holding function, complex structure, and does not have lockable mechanism, can not ensure when occurring unexpected to continue holding-wheel, easily accidents caused.
In view of above-mentioned condition, be necessary to research and develop simple, the safe and reliable Multilayer garage automobile carrier of a kind of structure.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of multi-storied garage vehicle conveying device, when it can realize multi-storied garage access vehicle effectively grip and longitudinally, transverse movement.
The object of the invention is to be achieved through the following technical solutions: the program, through innovative design, utilizes the combination of steel wheel and light rail, realizes stable walking.A kind of multi-storied garage vehicle conveying device, comprise bottom self mechanism and wheel clamping device, the two ends of underframe are respectively equipped with the road wheel of a pair drive, two track layings are in the concave bottom both sides of underframe, two groups of wheel clamping devices are provided with above the spill of underframe, be provided with two groups above the chassis of wheel clamping device and be arranged symmetrically with wheel clamping device, both sides, chassis are provided with output shaft clamping motor down, the drive sprocket be located at below chassis is fixed with the output shaft of clamping motor, is linked by chain and driven sprocket; Cylinder is fixed by the galianconism inside the axle at two ends and clamping limb, and one end of clamping link joint is hinged with the outer middle side part of clamping limb, and the other end is hinged with one end of clamping link joint, clamps link joint and fixes with one end of hook tooth and the axle of driven sprocket; Chassis is provided with four cantilevers, this cantilever is provided with the running wheel coaxial with driven sprocket, the movable motor be fixed on below chassis is connected with one end of electromagnetic clutch by shaft coupling, and the electromagnetic clutch other end is connected with drive sprocket, and drive sprocket is linked by driving-chain and driven sprocket; Also be provided with four groups of ratchets coordinated with clamping link joint hook tooth above chassis, be provided with electromagnet near ratchet, one end of spring connects with ratchet, and the other end and chassis are fixed.
The road wheel of described drive and the axle of driven synchronizing wheel are fixed, and driven synchronizing wheel to be taken turns with active synchronization by Timing Belt and connected, the output shaft consolidation of the either-rotation motor that active synchronization wheel is arranged with the below of underframe.
The tread of described running wheel coordinates with the track of underframe.
The present invention is by the use of four-bar mechanism, achieve the function of gripping arm wheel, utilize the dead-centre position of four-bar mechanism, clamp position is kept after making holding-wheel, simultaneously by the cooperation of click, the clamp position of further guarantee clamping limb, avoids the loosening property loss brought due to clamping limb.
Bottom self mechanism of the present invention and wheel clamping device all adopt four motorized wheels, and avoiding, because traction electric machine or other problem cause carrier to stop on the way, affects follow-up Transport Vehicle work.
Bottom self mechanism, comprise bottom bidirectional walking motor, underframe and track, described underframe is provided with the mounting groove of two tracks, and mounting groove is the straight-line groove of two Parallel Symmetrics, is positioned at above underframe, is parallel to length over end sills direction;
Be located at bottom underframe, for dragging the road wheel of four drives of underframe movement, each road wheel comprises either-rotation motor, active synchronization wheel, driven synchronizing wheel, Timing Belt, either-rotation motor drives wheel by active synchronization wheel, driven synchronizing wheel, Timing Belt, drives underframe along the selectable way moving in direction perpendicular to rail mounting groove;
To be located at above rail mounting groove and two tracks for carrying wheel clamping device direct of travel;
Be located at two groups of wheel clamping devices above two tracks, each wheel clamping device comprises clamping device, four bidirectional walking wheels, chassis, four ratchets, four electromagnet and four springs, and each chassis is by four bidirectional walkings wheels and orbit plane keeping parallelism.
Be located at four bidirectional walking wheels below two chassis respectively, comprise movable motor, shaft coupling, electromagnetic clutch, drive sprocket, driven sprocket, chain, movable motor is by shaft coupling and electromagnetic clutch, drive sprocket drives driven sprocket and running wheel to rotate by Chain conveyer, chassis is driven to move along being parallel to orbital direction relative to underframe, and the power that electromagnetic clutch can control movable motor transmits and cuts off
Be located at the clamping device on two chassis respectively, comprise cylinder, clamping limb, clamping link joint, clamping motor, drive sprocket, driven sprocket and chain, clamping motor has two, be located at both sides, chassis respectively, rotated by drive sprocket, driven sprocket and chain drive clamping connecting rod and four clamping limbs, drive the cylinder be located on clamping limb coaxial or parallel mutually respectively between two;
To be located at respectively on chassis and the other end is arranged on four springs on ratchet;
To be located at respectively on chassis and four ratchets for locking clamping connecting rod, ratchet by spring compression on the ratchet of clamping connecting rod;
To be located at respectively on chassis and four electromagnet laid respectively near each ratchet, to be left or compression clamping connecting rod by the control system of switching on or off electricity ratchet of electromagnet, and then the rotation controlling clamping limb whether.
The course of work of the present invention and principle are:
Bicycle parking process:
When on running car to the bottom self mechanism of multi-storied garage vehicle conveying device, clamping motor on two wheel clamping devices starts to rotate respectively, drive drive sprocket rotates, rotated by chain-driving driven sprocket, the clamping connecting rod be positioned on driven sprocket starts to rotate, drive clamping limb rotates, when the cylinder contact on clamping limb is to wheel, cylinder rolls under the effect of the frictional force with wheel, respectively four, front and back wheel is clamped under the effect of the cylinder on two clamping limbs and its, lifting vehicle body.Ratchet one end of now ratchet automatic locking clamping connecting rod, ensures that wheel remains at above wheel clamping device in the process of carrying.Clamping device essence is four-bar mechanism simultaneously, and now clamping device is in dead-centre position.
After wheel gripper mechanism grips automotive wheel, four bottom bidirectional walking wheels below bottom self mechanism can be started working, active synchronization wheel, Timing Belt and driven synchronizing wheel is driven to rotate by either-rotation motor, thus bottom wheel starts to rotate, drive bottom self mechanism and the wheel clamping device be located thereon in orbit direction along ng a path move left and right.
When bottom self mechanism transverse moving left and right is to required lateral attitude, bottom bidirectional walking mechanism quits work, and four the bidirectional walking wheels now laying respectively at the bottom of two wheel clamping devices are started working.Movable motor starts to rotate, drive sprocket is driven to start to rotate by shaft coupling and electromagnetic clutch, drive sprocket drives driven sprocket to start to rotate by the transmission of chain, the road wheel be arranged on same axis with driven sprocket starts to rotate, advance with motor car wheel clamping device direction along ng a path on two tracks of bottom self mechanism, enter parking stall track.
When wheel clamping device is after parking stall orbital motion to correct position, movable motor quits work, electromagnet now on chassis near ratchet is started working, attract ratchet to leave the ratchet of clamping connecting rod one end, clamp motor simultaneously and start, to work in the other direction, to drive clamping limb mutually to rotate dorsad between two, wheel contact parking stall plane, automobile is parked on parking stall, and the movable motor reversion of wheel clamping Self-traveling mechanism, clamping limb returns correct position in bottom self mechanism.
To pick up the car process:
When bottom self mechanism transverse moving left and right is to required lateral attitude, bottom self mechanism quits work, the now movable motor work of wheel clamping device, wheel clamping device is driven to quit work along movable motor after correct position below the track in bottom self mechanism and parking stall orbital motion to car, now clamp motor to start working, clamp motor after driving gripping arm wheel to quit work, now automobile leaves parking stall plane, movable motor reversion subsequently, wheel clamping device is driven to turn back in bottom self mechanism after correct position along track, movable motor quits work, now the either-rotation motor of bottom self mechanism is started working, after driving bottom self mechanism to move laterally to correct position, either-rotation motor quits work, now electromagnet is energized and adsorbs ratchet, clamping motor reversal, clamping limb decontrols wheel, vehicle is placed in bottom self mechanism, automobile can sail out of bottom self mechanism.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is overall structure schematic diagram of the present invention (carrying device for stereo garbage structural representation);
Fig. 2 is the local structural graph (structural representation of bottom bidirectional walking mechanism) of bottom line travelling wheel of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is wheel clamping device top view of the present invention (wheel clamping Self-traveling mechanism clamp position top structure schematic diagram);
Fig. 4 is wheel clamping device upward view of the present invention (wheel clamping Self-traveling mechanism polycrystalline substance schematic diagram);
Fig. 5 is the structural representation (structural representation of clamping bidirectional walking mechanism) of bidirectional walking of the present invention wheel;
Fig. 6 is wheel clamping device motor scheme of installation of the present invention (wheel clamping Self-traveling mechanism electric motor mounting structure schematic diagram);
Fig. 7 is wheel clamping limb armed state top view of the present invention (wheel clamping Self-traveling mechanism armed state top structure schematic diagram).
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is further detailed explanation.
A kind of multi-storied garage vehicle conveying device, comprising:
Bottom self mechanism, bottom comprising, the two ends of bidirectional walking mechanism, underframe 24 are provided with the road wheel 23 of drive, and underframe 24 is provided with the mounting groove of two tracks 25, and the mounting groove of track 25 is the straight-line groove of two Parallel Symmetrics, be positioned at above underframe 24, be parallel to the length direction of underframe 24.
Bottom bidirectional walking mechanism: be located at bottom underframe 24, for dragging the road wheel 23 of four drives of underframe 24 movement, each road wheel 23 comprises that the either-rotation motor 19, the active synchronization that connect with it take turns 20, driven synchronizing wheel 21, Timing Belt 22.Either-rotation motor 19 by with the active synchronization of its output shaft consolidation take turns 20 and Timing Belt 22 drive driven synchronizing wheel 21 to drive wheel 23 to operate, drive underframe 24 along the selectable way moving in direction of the mounting groove perpendicular to track 25;
Two tracks 25 above the mounting groove being located at track 25 and for carrying wheel clamping device;
Be located at two groups of wheel clamping devices above two tracks 25, often organize wheel clamping device and comprise clamping device, four road wheels 14,15, four, chassis ratchet, 16, four electromagnet 17 and four springs 18, each chassis 15 is by four road wheels and track 25 plane keeping parallelism.
Be located at four road wheels 14 below two chassis 15 respectively, each road wheel 14 comprises movable motor 9, shaft coupling 10, electromagnetic clutch 11, drive sprocket 12, driven sprocket 13, movable motor 9 drives drive sprocket 12 by shaft coupling 10 and electromagnetic clutch 11, drive sprocket 12 drives driven sprocket 13 and road wheel 14 to rotate by Chain conveyer, chassis 15 is driven to move along being parallel to track 25 direction relative to bottom self mechanism, and the power that electromagnetic clutch 11 can control movable motor 9 transmits and cuts off
Be located at the clamping device on two chassis 15 respectively, comprise cylinder 1, clamping limb 2, clamping link joint 3, clamping link joint 4, clamping motor 5, drive sprocket 6, driven sprocket 7 and chain 8, clamping motor 5 has two, be located at both sides, chassis 15 respectively, its output shaft and drive sprocket 6 consolidation, drive driven sprocket 7 by chain 8 and drive clamping link joint 3, clamping link joint 4 and four clamping limbs 2 to rotate, driving the cylinder 1 be located on clamping limb 2 coaxial or parallel mutually respectively between two.
To be located at respectively on chassis 15 and the other end is arranged on four springs 18 on ratchet 16;
To be located at respectively on chassis 15 and four ratchets 16 for locking clamping connecting rod 4, ratchet 16 is pressed on the ratchet of clamping link joint 4 by spring 18.
To be located at respectively on chassis 15 and four electromagnet 17 laid respectively near each ratchet 16, to be left or compression clamping link joint 4 by the control system of switching on or off electricity ratchet 16 of electromagnet 17, and then the rotation controlling clamping limb 2 whether.

Claims (3)

1. a multi-storied garage vehicle conveying device, comprise bottom self mechanism and wheel clamping device, it is characterized in that: the two ends of underframe (24) are respectively equipped with the road wheel (23) of a pair drive, two tracks (25) are laid in the concave bottom both sides of underframe (24), two groups of wheel clamping devices are provided with above the spill of underframe (24), the top, chassis (15) of wheel clamping device is provided with two groups and is arranged symmetrically with wheel clamping device, chassis (15) both sides are provided with output shaft clamping motor (5) down, the drive sprocket (6) being located at below, chassis (15) is fixed with the output shaft of clamping motor (5), linked by chain (8) and driven sprocket (7), cylinder (1) is fixed by the axle at two ends and the galianconism of clamping limb (2) inner side, one end and clamping limb (2) the outer middle side part of clamping link joint (3) are hinged, the other end is hinged with one end of clamping link joint (4), and clamping link joint (4) is fixed with one end of hook tooth and the axle of driven sprocket (7), chassis (15) is provided with four cantilevers, this cantilever is provided with the running wheel (14) coaxial with driven sprocket (13), the movable motor (9) being fixed on below, chassis (15) is connected by shaft coupling (10) one end with electromagnetic clutch (11), electromagnetic clutch (11) other end is connected with drive sprocket (12), and drive sprocket (12) is linked by driving-chain and driven sprocket (13), top, chassis (15) is also provided with four groups of ratchets (16) coordinated with clamping link joint (4) hook tooth, electromagnet (17) is provided with near ratchet (16), one end of spring (18) and ratchet (16), the other end and chassis (15) are fixed.
2. a kind of multi-storied garage vehicle conveying device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the road wheel (23) of described drive and the axle of driven synchronizing wheel (21) are fixed, driven synchronizing wheel (21) is taken turns (20) by Timing Belt (22) with active synchronization and is connected, the output shaft consolidation of the either-rotation motor (19) that active synchronization wheel (20) is arranged with the below of underframe (24).
3. a kind of multi-storied garage vehicle conveying device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the tread of described running wheel (14) coordinates with the track (25) of underframe (24).
CN201510712867.4A 2015-10-28 2015-10-28 A kind of multi-storied garage vehicle conveying device Active CN105484546B (en)

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CN105484546B CN105484546B (en) 2017-10-27

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105756389A (en) * 2016-04-29 2016-07-13 广州机床厂有限公司 Automobile transfer device
CN106245953A (en) * 2016-10-09 2016-12-21 山东建筑大学 A kind of bicycle position multiplayer stereo carport
CN107663966A (en) * 2016-07-28 2018-02-06 北海和思科技有限公司 A kind of intelligent parking lot
CN109854047A (en) * 2019-04-04 2019-06-07 江苏南通三建集团股份有限公司 A kind of clipping carrier

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5037263A (en) * 1989-04-21 1991-08-06 Koyojidoki Company Limited Vehicle conveyer for a multi-story parking garage
EP0292537B1 (en) * 1986-12-09 1992-03-25 SKY PARK AB c/o INCAGRUPPEN A transporting arrangement for transporting motor vehicles
CN201381666Y (en) * 2009-02-11 2010-01-13 王俊 Vehicle carrier
CN101915003A (en) * 2010-04-21 2010-12-15 北京航天汇信科技有限公司 Robot clamping carrier
CN104358457A (en) * 2014-10-30 2015-02-18 王洋 Single-shaft transmission clamping wheel device for mechanical garage
CN205100621U (en) * 2015-10-28 2016-03-23 西南交通大学 Stereo garage vehicle handling device based on wheel rail

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0292537B1 (en) * 1986-12-09 1992-03-25 SKY PARK AB c/o INCAGRUPPEN A transporting arrangement for transporting motor vehicles
US5037263A (en) * 1989-04-21 1991-08-06 Koyojidoki Company Limited Vehicle conveyer for a multi-story parking garage
CN201381666Y (en) * 2009-02-11 2010-01-13 王俊 Vehicle carrier
CN101915003A (en) * 2010-04-21 2010-12-15 北京航天汇信科技有限公司 Robot clamping carrier
CN104358457A (en) * 2014-10-30 2015-02-18 王洋 Single-shaft transmission clamping wheel device for mechanical garage
CN205100621U (en) * 2015-10-28 2016-03-23 西南交通大学 Stereo garage vehicle handling device based on wheel rail

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105756389A (en) * 2016-04-29 2016-07-13 广州机床厂有限公司 Automobile transfer device
CN107663966A (en) * 2016-07-28 2018-02-06 北海和思科技有限公司 A kind of intelligent parking lot
CN107663966B (en) * 2016-07-28 2019-07-23 湖北亘华工科有限公司 A kind of intelligent parking lot
CN106245953A (en) * 2016-10-09 2016-12-21 山东建筑大学 A kind of bicycle position multiplayer stereo carport
CN109854047A (en) * 2019-04-04 2019-06-07 江苏南通三建集团股份有限公司 A kind of clipping carrier

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