CN105484546B - A kind of multi-storied garage vehicle conveying device - Google Patents

A kind of multi-storied garage vehicle conveying device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105484546B
CN105484546B CN201510712867.4A CN201510712867A CN105484546B CN 105484546 B CN105484546 B CN 105484546B CN 201510712867 A CN201510712867 A CN 201510712867A CN 105484546 B CN105484546 B CN 105484546B
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China
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wheel
clamping
chassis
underframe
motor
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CN105484546A (en
Inventor
张祖涛
潘宏烨
赵翔
薛国州
田强
郑立宁
胡怀仁
廖海
南帅
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Southwest Jiaotong University
China Construction Underground Space Co Ltd
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Southwest Jiaotong University
China Construction Underground Space Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention provides a kind of multi-storied garage vehicle conveying device, belong to load-carrying field of mechanical technique, be related to multi-storied garage access vehicle device.It can effectively realize gripping when multi-storied garage accesses vehicle and longitudinally, laterally move.Including bottom self mechanism and wheel clamping device, the two ends of underframe are respectively equipped with the road wheel of a pair of drives, two track layings are in the concave bottom both sides of underframe, provided with two groups of wheel clamping devices above the spill of underframe, above the chassis of wheel clamping device wheel clamping device is arranged symmetrically provided with two groups, chassis both sides are provided with output shaft clamping motor directed downwardly, are located at the drive sprocket below chassis and are fixed with clamping the output shaft of motor, are linked by chain with driven sprocket;The galianconism on the inside of axle and clamping limb that roller passes through two ends is fixed, and the one end and the outer middle side part of clamping limb for clamping link joint are hinged, and the cantilever of chassis both sides is provided with the running wheel coaxial with driven sprocket, is mainly used in parking systems.

Description

A kind of multi-storied garage vehicle conveying device
Technical field
The invention belongs to load-carrying field of mechanical technique, more particularly to multi-storied garage access vehicle device.
Background technology
With the quick increase of city private car quantity, parking systems is by as the important of solution Urban Parking Difficulty Mode.The automobile carrier of current multi-storied garage mainly has three types:Carrier vehicle template, interdigitated electrode structure and clamping tyre type.
Carrier vehicle template carrier is only applicable to the vertical elevating garage of lower level, when the garage number of plies is too high, during Transport Vehicle Between it is long, be unsuitable for promote.
Interdigitated electrode structure carrier requires stricter to the agent structure in garage, and parking position must be broach shape, so both Add the cost manufactured and designed makes stability and the safety coefficient reduction of parking position again.
Clamping tyre type carrier can be drilled directly under car, and holding-wheel and carrying vehicle are more efficient, with interdigitated electrode structure Structure compared is simple, easy for installation, is more satisfactory carrier in multi-storied garage.
According to retrieval, current existing garage carrier, such as entitled " clamping tire type of Patent No. 200910018524.7 The Chinese patent of automobile carrier of three-dimensional garage ", the clamping device of the patent is using being arranged symmetrically, and clamping motor drives driving tooth Wheel belt moving axis gear and idle wheel are rotated, and have higher requirement to processing and installation accuracy, are that final realize increases difficulty.
The and for example Chinese patent of Patent No. 201410172718.3 entitled " intelligent carrier of multi-storied garage ", this is special Profit realizes holding function using guide groove and steering rack, complicated, and without lockable mechanism, can not be protected when occurring unexpected Card continues holding-wheel, easily triggers accident.
In view of above-mentioned condition, it is necessary to research and develop a kind of Multilayer garage automobile carrier simple in construction, safe and reliable.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of multi-storied garage vehicle conveying device, it can effectively realize multi-storied garage access Gripping and longitudinally, laterally move during vehicle.
The purpose of the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:The program passes through innovative design, using steel wheel with The combination of light rail, realizes stable walking.A kind of multi-storied garage vehicle conveying device, including bottom self mechanism and wheel clamping Mechanism, the two ends of underframe are respectively equipped with the road wheel of a pair of drives, and two track layings are in the concave bottom both sides of underframe, bottom Wheel clamping device is arranged symmetrically provided with two groups above chassis provided with two groups of wheel clamping devices above the spill of frame, chassis, Chassis both sides are provided with output shaft clamping motor directed downwardly, the output shaft of the first drive sprocket and clamping motor that are located at below chassis It is fixed, linked by chain with the first driven sprocket;The galianconism on the inside of axle and clamping limb that roller passes through two ends is fixed, the first folder The one end and the outer middle side part of clamping limb for holding link joint are hinged, and one end of the other end and the second clamping link joint is hinged, and second Clamping link joint one end and the axle of the first driven sprocket with hook tooth are fixed;Chassis is set provided with four cantilevers, the cantilever There is the running wheel coaxial with the second driven sprocket, be fixed on the movable motor below chassis and pass through shaft coupling and electromagnetic clutch One end be connected, the electromagnetic clutch other end is connected with the second drive sprocket, the second drive sprocket by driving-chain and second from Movable sprocket is linked;It is additionally provided near four groups of ratchets coordinated with the second clamping link joint hook tooth, ratchet and is provided with above chassis Electromagnet, one end of spring couples with ratchet, and the other end is fixed with chassis.
The road wheel of the drive and the axle of driven synchronizing wheel are fixed, and driven synchronizing wheel passes through timing belt and active synchronization The output shaft for the either-rotation motor that the lower section of wheel connection, active synchronization wheel and underframe is set is consolidated.
The tread of the running wheel and the track of underframe coordinate.
The present invention realizes the function of gripping arm wheel, utilizes the dead of four-bar mechanism by the use of four-bar mechanism Point position, makes to keep clamp position after holding-wheel, while by the cooperation of click, being further ensured that the clamping of clamping limb State, it is to avoid the property loss come due to the loosening belt of clamping limb.
The bottom self mechanism and wheel clamping device of the present invention uses four motorized wheels, it is to avoid because traction electric machine Or other problems cause carrier to stop on the way, influenceing follow-up Transport Vehicle work.
Bottom self mechanism, including bottom bidirectional walking motor, underframe and track, the underframe is provided with two tracks Mounting groove, mounting groove is the straight-line groove of two Parallel Symmetrics, above underframe, parallel to length over end sills direction;
The road wheel of four drives located at underframe bottom, for dragging underframe movement, each road wheel includes two-way Motor, active synchronization wheel, driven synchronizing wheel, timing belt, either-rotation motor are driven by active synchronization wheel, driven synchronizing wheel, timing belt Motor car wheel, drives underframe along the selectable way moving in direction perpendicular to rail mounting groove;
Two tracks above rail mounting groove and for carrying wheel clamping device direct of travel;
Two groups of wheel clamping devices above two tracks, each wheel clamping device include clamping device, four Bidirectional walking wheel, chassis, four ratchets, four electromagnet and four springs, each chassis by four bidirectional walking wheels with Orbit plane keeping parallelism.
Be respectively arranged on four bidirectional walking wheels below two chassis, including movable motor, shaft coupling, electromagnetic clutch, First, second drive sprocket, first, second driven sprocket, chain, movable motor pass through shaft coupling and electromagnetic clutch, First, the second drive sprocket drives first, second driven sprocket and running wheel to rotate by Chain conveyer, driving chassis relative to Underframe edge is moved parallel to orbital direction, and electromagnetic clutch can control the power of movable motor to transmit with cutting off,
It is respectively arranged on the clamping device on two chassis, including roller, clamping limb, first, second clamping link joint, folder Motor, first, second drive sprocket, first, second driven sprocket and chain are held, clamping motor there are two, is respectively arranged on bottom Disk both sides, clamp connecting rod by first, second drive sprocket, first, second driven sprocket and chain drive first, second and close Section and four clamping limbs are rotated, and drive the roller on clamping limb to distinguish two-by-two coaxial with each other or parallel;
It is respectively arranged on chassis and the other end is arranged on four springs on ratchet;
It is respectively arranged on chassis and for locking first, second four ratchets for clamping link joint, ratchet passes through bullet Spring pressing is on the ratchet of first, second clamping link joint;
It is respectively arranged on chassis and is located at four electromagnet near each ratchet respectively, passes through the break-make of electromagnet Electric control ratchet leaves or compression clamping link joint, so control clamping limb rotation whether.
Working process and principle of the invention are:
Bicycle parking process:
When in the bottom self mechanism of running car to multi-storied garage vehicle conveying device, on two wheel clamping devices Clamping motor start respectively rotate, drive first, second drive sprocket rotate, pass through the driven chain of chain-driving first, second Wheel is rotated, and the first, second clamping link joint on the one the, two driven sprockets starts to rotate, and drives clamping limb to rotate, When the cylinder contact on clamping limb is to wheel, roller is rolled in the presence of the frictional force with wheel, in two clamping limbs and Front and rear four wheels are clamped respectively in the presence of roller thereon, lifting vehicle body.Now ratchet automatic locking first, second Clamp ratchet one end of link joint, it is ensured that wheel is remained above wheel clamping device during carrying.Simultaneously Clamping device is substantially four-bar mechanism, and now clamping device is in dead-centre position.
After wheel gripper mechanism grips automotive wheel, four bottom bidirectional walking wheels below bottom self mechanism can be opened Beginning work, drives active synchronization wheel, timing belt and driven synchronizing wheel to rotate by either-rotation motor, so that bottom wheel starts to rotate, Bottom self mechanism is driven to be moved left and right with wheel clamping device direction along ng a path in orbit disposed thereon.
When bottom self mechanism transverse moving left and right is to required lateral attitude, bottom bidirectional walking mechanism is stopped, this When be located at two wheel clamping devices respectively four bidirectional walking wheels of bottom start working.Movable motor starts to rotate, and leads to Cross shaft coupling drives first, second drive sprocket to start to rotate with electromagnetic clutch, and first, second drive sprocket passes through chain Transmission drives first, second driven sprocket to start to rotate, and the road wheel on same axis is arranged on first, second driven sprocket Start rotation, direction along ng a path advances on two tracks of bottom self mechanism with motor car wheel clamping device, into parking stall rail Road.
When wheel clamping device in parking stall track motion to correct position after, movable motor is stopped, now on chassis Electromagnet near ratchet is started working, and attracts ratchet to leave the ratchet of first, second clamping link joint one end, is clamped simultaneously Motor starts to work to opposite direction, drives clamping limb mutually dorsad to rotate two-by-two, and wheel contact parking stall plane, automobile is parked in parking stall On, the movable motor reversion of wheel clamping Self-traveling mechanism, clamping limb returns to correct position in bottom self mechanism.
Pick-up process:
When bottom self mechanism transverse moving left and right is to required lateral attitude, bottom self mechanism is stopped, now wheel The movable motor work of clamping device, driving moment clamping device is arrived along the track in bottom self mechanism and parking stall track motion Movable motor is stopped after correct position below car, now clamps motor and starts working, drives after gripping arm wheel Clamping motor is stopped, and now automobile leaves parking stall plane, subsequent movable motor reversion, and driving moment clamping device is along track Return in bottom self mechanism after correct position, movable motor is stopped, now the either-rotation motor of bottom self mechanism is opened Beginning work, driving bottom self mechanism is moved laterally to after correct position, and either-rotation motor is stopped, and now electromagnet is powered simultaneously Ratchet is adsorbed, motor reversal is clamped, clamping limb decontrols wheel, and vehicle is placed in bottom self mechanism, and automobile can sail out of bottom Self-traveling mechanism.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is overall structure diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the local structural graph of bottom road wheel of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is wheel clamping device top view of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is wheel clamping device upward view of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of bidirectional walking wheel of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is wheel clamping device motor scheme of installation of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is wheel clamping limb armed state top view of the present invention.
Embodiment
The present invention is further detailed explanation with reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description.
A kind of multi-storied garage vehicle conveying device, including:
Bottom self mechanism, includes road wheel 23 of the two ends provided with drive of bottom bidirectional walking mechanism, underframe 24, bottom Mounting groove of the frame 24 provided with two tracks 25, the mounting groove of track 25 is the straight-line groove of two Parallel Symmetrics, positioned at underframe 24 Top, parallel to the length direction of underframe 24.
Bottom bidirectional walking mechanism:The walking of four drives located at the bottom of underframe 24, for dragging the movement of underframe 24 Wheel 23, each road wheel 23 includes either-rotation motor 19, active synchronization wheel 20, driven synchronizing wheel 21, the timing belt 22 being coupled. Either-rotation motor 19 drives the driven driving of synchronizing wheel 21 to go by the active synchronization wheel 20 and timing belt 22 that are consolidated with its output shaft Walk wheel 23 to operate, drive direction selectable way moving of the underframe 24 along the mounting groove perpendicular to track 25;
Two tracks 25 above the mounting groove of track 25 and for carrying wheel clamping device;
Two groups of wheel clamping devices located at two tops of track 25, every group of wheel clamping device includes clamping device, four Individual running wheel 14, chassis 15, four ratchets 16, four electromagnet 17 and four springs 18, each chassis 15 passes through four Wheel and the plane keeping parallelism of track 25 are walked in driving.
Four running wheels 14 of two chassis 15 lower section are respectively arranged on, each running wheel 14 includes movable motor 9, connection Axle device 10, electromagnetic clutch 11, the second drive sprocket 12, the second driven sprocket 13, movable motor 9 pass through shaft coupling 10 and electricity Magnet clutch 11 drives the second drive sprocket 12, and the second drive sprocket 12 drives the second driven sprocket 13 and row by Chain conveyer Walk wheel 14 to rotate, driving chassis 15 is moved relative to bottom self mechanism edge parallel to the direction of track 25, and electromagnetic clutch Device 11 can control the power of movable motor 9 to transmit with cutting off,
It is respectively arranged on the clamping device on two chassis 15, including roller 1, clamping limb 2, first clamping link joint 3, the Two clamping link joints 4, clamping motor 5, the first drive sprocket 6, the second driven sprocket 7 and chain 8, clamping motor 5 have two It is individual, the both sides of chassis 15 are respectively arranged on, its output shaft is consolidated with the first drive sprocket 6, the first driven sprocket 7 is driven by chain 8 And driving first clamps the clamping link joint 4 of link joint 3, second and four clamping limbs 2 are rotated, and drives and is located at clamping limb Roller 1 on 2 distinguishes coaxial with each other or parallel two-by-two.
It is respectively arranged on chassis 15 and the other end is arranged on four springs 18 on ratchet 16;
It is respectively arranged on chassis 15 and for locking second four ratchets 16 for clamping link joint 4, ratchet 16 passes through Spring 18 is pressed on the ratchet of the second clamping link joint 4.
It is respectively arranged on chassis 15 and is located at four electromagnet 17 near each ratchet 16 respectively, passes through electromagnet 17 control system of switching on or off electricity ratchet 16 leave or compress second clamping link joint 4, and then control clamping limb 2 rotation whether.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of multi-storied garage vehicle conveying device, including bottom self mechanism and wheel clamping device, it is characterised in that:Underframe (24) two ends are respectively equipped with the road wheel (23) of a pair of drives, and two tracks (25) are laid in the concave bottom of underframe (24) The chassis (15) of wheel clamping device is provided with above both sides, the concave bottom of underframe (24), two groups pairs are provided with above chassis (15) Claim arrangement wheel clamping device, chassis (15) both sides are located at below chassis (15) provided with output shaft clamping motor (5) directed downwardly The output shaft of first drive sprocket (6) and clamping motor (5) is fixed, and is linked by chain (8) with the first driven sprocket (7);Rolling Cylinder (1) is fixed by the axle at two ends with the galianconism on the inside of clamping limb (2), one end of the first clamping link joint (3) and clamping limb (2) outer middle side part is hinged, and one end of the other end and the second clamping link joint (4) is hinged, and the second clamping link joint (4) is carried The axle of one end of hook tooth and the first driven sprocket (7) is fixed;Chassis (15) provided with four cantilevers, the cantilever be provided with second from The coaxial running wheel (14) of movable sprocket (13), be fixed on movable motor (9) below chassis (15) by shaft coupling (10) with One end of electromagnetic clutch (11) is connected, and electromagnetic clutch (11) other end is connected with the second drive sprocket (12), and second actively Sprocket wheel (12) is linked by driving-chain with the second driven sprocket (13);Four groups and the second clamping connecting rod are additionally provided with above chassis (15) The ratchet (16) that joint (4) hook tooth coordinates, ratchet (16) is nearby provided with electromagnet (17), one end of spring (18) and ratchet (16) couple, the other end is fixed with chassis (15).
2. a kind of multi-storied garage vehicle conveying device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The walking of the drive Wheel (23) and the axle of driven synchronizing wheel (21) are fixed, and driven synchronizing wheel (21) is joined by timing belt (22) and active synchronization wheel (20) Connect, the output shaft of active synchronization wheel (20) and the either-rotation motor (19) of the lower section setting of underframe (24) is consolidated.
3. a kind of multi-storied garage vehicle conveying device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The running wheel (14) The track (25) of tread and underframe (24) coordinate.
CN201510712867.4A 2015-10-28 2015-10-28 A kind of multi-storied garage vehicle conveying device Active CN105484546B (en)

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Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105756389A (en) * 2016-04-29 2016-07-13 广州机床厂有限公司 Automobile transfer device
CN107663966B (en) * 2016-07-28 2019-07-23 湖北亘华工科有限公司 A kind of intelligent parking lot
CN106245953B (en) * 2016-10-09 2018-11-06 山东建筑大学 A kind of bicycle position multiplayer stereo carport
CN109854047A (en) * 2019-04-04 2019-06-07 江苏南通三建集团股份有限公司 A kind of clipping carrier

Citations (6)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5037263A (en) * 1989-04-21 1991-08-06 Koyojidoki Company Limited Vehicle conveyer for a multi-story parking garage
EP0292537B1 (en) * 1986-12-09 1992-03-25 SKY PARK AB c/o INCAGRUPPEN A transporting arrangement for transporting motor vehicles
CN201381666Y (en) * 2009-02-11 2010-01-13 王俊 Vehicle carrier
CN101915003A (en) * 2010-04-21 2010-12-15 北京航天汇信科技有限公司 Robot clamping carrier
CN104358457A (en) * 2014-10-30 2015-02-18 王洋 Single-shaft transmission clamping wheel device for mechanical garage
CN205100621U (en) * 2015-10-28 2016-03-23 西南交通大学 Stereo garage vehicle handling device based on wheel rail

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0292537B1 (en) * 1986-12-09 1992-03-25 SKY PARK AB c/o INCAGRUPPEN A transporting arrangement for transporting motor vehicles
US5037263A (en) * 1989-04-21 1991-08-06 Koyojidoki Company Limited Vehicle conveyer for a multi-story parking garage
CN201381666Y (en) * 2009-02-11 2010-01-13 王俊 Vehicle carrier
CN101915003A (en) * 2010-04-21 2010-12-15 北京航天汇信科技有限公司 Robot clamping carrier
CN104358457A (en) * 2014-10-30 2015-02-18 王洋 Single-shaft transmission clamping wheel device for mechanical garage
CN205100621U (en) * 2015-10-28 2016-03-23 西南交通大学 Stereo garage vehicle handling device based on wheel rail

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