CN105410551A - Passiflora caerulea fruit skin pulp and preparation method thereof and application in the production of high-quality fruit cake - Google Patents

Passiflora caerulea fruit skin pulp and preparation method thereof and application in the production of high-quality fruit cake Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105410551A
CN105410551A CN201510855767.7A CN201510855767A CN105410551A CN 105410551 A CN105410551 A CN 105410551A CN 201510855767 A CN201510855767 A CN 201510855767A CN 105410551 A CN105410551 A CN 105410551A
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fruitcake
pericarp
mixed
cake
passionfruit latex
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CN105410551B (en
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黄苇
刘运花
王菲
柳雪娇
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South China Agricultural University
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South China Agricultural University
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A23B - A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L2/00Non-alcoholic beverages; Dry compositions or concentrates therefor; Their preparation
    • A23L2/02Non-alcoholic beverages; Dry compositions or concentrates therefor; Their preparation containing fruit or vegetable juices
    • A23L2/04Extraction of juices

Abstract

The present invention discloses a passiflora caerulea fruit skin pulp and a preparation method thereof and an application in the production of high-quality fruit cakes. The passiflora caerulea fruit skin in the cuticle are beat, subjected to pH value adjust, enzymolysis, enzyme inactivation and grinding process, which can successfully degrade large particles of stone cells in the fruit skin, solve the problem of ''tooth-cracking by dregs'' and can also fully release the natural pectin in the fruit skin tissue cells. The obtained fruit skin pulp can be used as a main raw material to prepare a sour and sweet fruit cake which is orange and semi-translucent, moderate in hardness and softness, and rich in flexibility and waxiness. The fruit cake is uniform in texture, smooth and delicate, mellow in fruit flavor, and a high-quality passiflora caerulea fruit skin fruit cake.

Description

Passionfruit latex and preparation method thereof and the application in the making of high-quality fruitcake
Technical field
The present invention relates to fruits and vegetables deep process technology field, more specifically, relate to a kind of passionfruit latex and preparation method thereof and the application in the making of high-quality fruitcake.
Background technology
Passiflora Passifloraceae, because of its fruit juice nutrient enrich, smell is fragrant especially, can give out banana, pineapple, lemon, strawberry, kind various fruits such as peach, pomegranate strong fragrance and be described as " passion fruit ".
Pectin content in passion flower-fruit peel counts 9% ~ 15% with dry weight, in fresh weight also up to more than 2.1%, pericarp is containing more than 60 kind of ester class flavor component, and the nutrient functional compositions such as rich multi mineral prime element, anthocyanidin, flavones, especially enrich famous with vitamin content.Passion flower-fruit peel accounting exceedes the heavy half of fruit, but is usually at present dropped after acquisition pulp, fails to be fully used.
Existing research has the correlation technique utilizing passionflower skin to report, such as application number be 201410216492.8 Chinese patent application disclose a kind of passion fruit dried meat and processing method thereof, it utilizes spoon the cuticula of passion flower-fruit peel and pericarp to be separated, enzymolysis is carried out to pericarp part, again through protecting look and sugaring process after enzymolysis, complex operation, utilization rate is not high; Application number be 201410734175.5 Chinese patent application disclose a kind of passion fruit milk beverage and preparation method thereof, wherein relate to the utilization of passionflower skin, by the rear pectinase enzymatic hydrolysis of passion flower-fruit peel making beating, filter to obtain Fruit peel extract after enzymolysis, the method is not high to the utilization rate of the nutritive value of passion flower-fruit peel yet.Meanwhile, said method does not all relate to the related process adopting whole pericarps of passionflower to comprise cuticula to prepare fruitcake.
Fruitcake selects fresh fruit of vegetables to be raw material usually, adopts the technology of ultralow temperature to make, fully remains the endemic element of fruit, be subject to the popular welcome of consumer.With passionflower be at present the passion fruit cake for preparing of raw material in recent years sales volume increase gradually.If using the primary raw material of passion flower-fruit peel as processing and fabricating fruitcake, so, both fully can develop the value of passion flower-fruit peel, realize pericarp to turn waste into wealth.
Publication number is that to disclose a kind of take passionflower as the fruitcake preparation method of raw material to the Chinese patent application of CN201010138595.9, directly by the pulp of seed of dispelling and pericarp mixing defibrination, add gelling agent again and obtain fruitcake, the raw material pericarp of the method is without refinement specific aim scientific disposal, obtained fruitcake peel residue sense is strong, granularity large, coarse mouthfeel, palatability are poor, can not meet homogeneous, the smooth exquisiteness of fruitcake product, correlated quality requirement that fruity is mellow.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is for the low technological deficiency of existing passion flower-fruit peel utilization rate, and provide a kind of application future passionfruit latex widely, to the west of described passionfruit latex, a kind lotus pericarp prepares.
Another technical problem that the present invention will solve is to provide the application of described passionfruit latex in fruitcake making.Obtain high-quality passionflower fruitcake with passionfruit latex for raw material makes, not only can make full use of the pericarp of passionflower, comprise the cuticula of pericarp, and it is mellow to produce homogeneous, the smooth exquisiteness of passionflower fruitcake, the fruity that obtain.
Object of the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of passionfruit latex is provided, is prepared by following steps:
S11. pull an oar: boiled together with its cuticula by pericarp and kill enzyme, the making beating that adds water is to gruel shape;
S12. adjust pH: the pH value of the pericarp slurry that regulating step S11 accomplishes fluently is 4.5 ~ 6.5;
S13. enzymolysis: regulate toward step S12 in the pericarp slurry of pH value and add complex enzyme zymohydrolysis, described complex enzyme is the mixture of cellulase, hemicellulase and lignoenzyme, by the weighing scale of every kg pericarp, the addition of cellulase is 1.5 ~ 6g, the addition of hemicellulase is 1.0 ~ 6g, and the addition of lignoenzyme is 0.5 ~ 2.0g;
S14. to go out enzyme and grinding: step S13 enzymolysis gained pericarp slurry is carried out going out enzyme, more namely obtain passionfruit latex with after colloid mill grinding.
Preferably, the time of boiling described in step S11 is 10 ~ 20 minutes; Described adding water weighs 0.5 ~ 4 times according to pericarp to add water.
Preferably, making beating described in step S11 is through beater making beating 0.5 ~ 1.5min under 600W condition.
Preferably, enzymolysis described in step S13 is more than enzymolysis 2h at 30 DEG C ~ 45 DEG C.
Agitation as appropriate is carried out in the process of enzymolysis described in step S13.Preferably, need during enzymolysis slowly to stir for several times, avoid lamination.
The zymotechnic means of going out that the enzyme that goes out described in step S14 can adopt this area routine to use.Preferably, be the mixing that enzymolysis is good is starched to go out ferment treatment 12min in more than 80 DEG C temperature water bath.
Preferably, grinding with colloid mill described in step S14 is grind under the condition of abrasive disk space 18 ~ 25 μm with colloid mill.Further preferably, the number of times of described grinding is 1 ~ 3 time.
According to the inventive method, pericarp for passionflower devises the treatment step of science, by the process of pericarp through making beating, adjust pH, enzymolysis, go out enzyme and grinding, successfully degrade the bulky grain lithocyte in pericarp, " slag the presses against tooth " problem of solution, fully can also discharge the natural pectin in pericarp tissue cell, in the passionfruit latex prepared, pectin content increases by more than 3.3%, if described pericarp slurry is applied to fruitcake processing, in pericarp slurry, contained abundant pectin effectively can participate in the gel forming of fruitcake, reduces by the gelling agent addition of about 2.8%.
The invention provides the application of described passionfruit latex, be applied to and prepare fruitcake.Be using described passionfruit latex as main raw material, itself and dahlia fruit juice are mixed to get mixed material with the auxiliary material making fruitcake, and mixed by mixed material, boiling and moulding, obtain fruitcake cake body, dried by cake body and obtain fruitcake.
Pericarp slurry prepared by the inventive method, can as the raw material making fruitcake.Its usage ratio does not do considered critical.Preferably, in the mixed material of described making fruitcake, dahlia fruit juice and passionfruit latex account for 40% ~ 65% of mixed material system gross weight, and the two ratio does not do strict restriction.
Described auxiliary material includes but not limited to pH value regulator, sugar and gelling agent.
The pH adjusting agent that preferred described pH adjusting agent can adopt this area routine to use, the one of the food acids such as such as citric acid, natrium citricum, malic acid, tartaric acid, phosphoric acid, alimentary acetic acid, lactic acid, also can be used in combination with reference to existing routine techniques.The consumption of described pH adjusting agent is 3.1 ~ 5.5 to determine to regulate the pH value of dahlia fruit juice and pericarp pulp mixture.
In the raw material of described making fruitcake, percetage by weight shared by preferred dahlia fruit juice is 0 ~ 35%, and percetage by weight shared by passionfruit latex is 5 ~ 65%, and passionfruit latex and dahlia fruit juice gross weight accounting fruitcake weight 40% ~ 65%; The shared percetage by weight of sugar is 32 ~ 57%, and percetage by weight shared by gelling agent is 3 ~ 3.75%.
Described gelling agent can adopt carragheen, or other gelling agents that this area routine adopts.
Invention also provides the preparation method of described passionflower fruitcake, comprise the following steps:
S1. dahlia fruit juice and passionfruit latex are mixed to get mixing slurry, regulate the pH value of mixing slurry; Or after regulating the pH value of dahlia fruit juice and passionfruit latex respectively, the two is mixed to get mixing slurry;
S2. mix with sugar and gelling agent with mixing slurry described in step S1, obtain mixed material, mixed by mixed material, boiling, moulding, obtains fruitcake cake body;
S3. high-quality passionflower fruitcake is dried and obtained to step S2 gained cake body.
Preferably, step S1 regulates the pH value of mixing slurry to be adjusted to 3.1 ~ 5.5.Or regulate the pH value of dahlia fruit juice and passionfruit latex to be 3.1 ~ 5.5 respectively, then mix in proportion.
Preferably, adjust ph described in step S1 is the one adopting citric acid, natrium citricum, malic acid, tartaric acid, lactic acid or phosphoric acid, also can be used in combination with reference to existing routine techniques.
Preferably, boiling described in step S2 is that after each component mixing being dissolved, boiling is seethed with excitement more than 10 minutes, and in process, appropriateness stirs fully to mix and to dissolve material.
Preferably, drying described in step S3 is dry under 40 ~ 85 DEG C of conditions.Preferred oven dry is to moisture about about 17%.
The present invention provides the passionflower fruitcake adopting described method to prepare simultaneously.
Compared with prior art, beneficial effect of the present invention is as follows:
There is the cutin (cuticula) of the hard difficult Eradicates of one deck in the pericarp skin of passionflower, its essence is the lithocyte that in ripening of fruits, excessive lignifying is formed, and chemical composition mainly contains lignin, cellulose, hemicellulose and a small amount of wax.Making beating process is found if summed up in research process of the present invention, these large grits and wax still can exist with large bulk or particle form, the grit that lithocyte bulky grain is formed, press against tooth, card larynx, with products such as the fruitcakes that this pericarp slurry is obtained, coarse mouthfeel, outward appearance presents uneven mottled, flower point phenomenon; If or followed prior art, the cuticula of separating pericarp would be given it up, and not only wastes raw material, and complex operation step, and cuticular subsequent treatment also needs cost manpower and materials and place.
The present invention's success and solve whole Utilizing question of passion flower-fruit peel simplely.The present invention is based on the scientific research to passion flower-fruit peel, pericarp for passionflower devises the treatment step of science, by the process of pericarp through making beating, adjust pH, enzymolysis, go out enzyme and grinding, successfully degrade the bulky grain lithocyte in pericarp, " slag the presses against tooth " problem of solution, fully can also discharge the natural pectin in pericarp tissue cell, during pericarp is starched, pectin content increases by more than 3.3%, in fruitcake process, this part pectin can participate in the gel forming of fruitcake, find through great many of experiments statistics, reduce the gelling agent addition using about 2.8%.Pericarp slurry after enzymolysis processing is aided with colloid mill grinding again, and the wax of the pericarp tissue softened enzymolysis and a small amount of non-thorough enzymolysis and particle, by colloid mill slit, grind to form more fine and smooth even slurry.For food processing field provides a kind of new raw-food material.First, cuticula need not be removed by the present invention from pericarp, and process simple, raw material availability can reach 100%, and cost reduces greatly; Secondly, the passionfruit latex that employing the inventive method prepares, as fruitcake raw material, can make full use of the pectin resource itself be rich in passion flower-fruit peel, effectively saves additional edible glue amount, expand the further technological processing way of passionfruit, for consumer provides the food of more natural health.
The pericarp slurry prepared using scientific method process of the present invention can process raw material as excellent fruitcake, can produce homogeneous, smooth exquisiteness, high-quality passion flower-fruit peel fruitcake that fruity is mellow.
The present invention is optimized the batching of fruitcake and preparation process condition further, can up in the vast scale situation of 65% in passionfruit latex accounting, not only achieve making full use of of passionfruit resource, also by the global optimization of raw material and technique, prepare the passionflower fruitcake of high-quality, the coarse mouthfeel that the lithocyte particle solving passion flower-fruit peel causes, the problem that outward appearance is uneven, significantly improve palatability and the exterior quality of fruitcake, the more smooth exquisiteness of product quality, fruity is also more mellow strong, obtain a kind of orange translucent, soft or hard appropriateness, high resilience and waxy sour-sweet fruitcake.
The production of current fruitcake seldom considers that in application the granularity of raw material is on the impact of fruitcake quality, the mottled out-of-flatness of fruitcake outward appearance of producing is starched with the pericarp without enzymolysis processing and colloid mill grinding, matter structure is coarse slag, have a strong impact on the quality of passionflower fruitcake, the present invention breaks through the limitation of existing fruitcake production technology, set about from the process angle of raw material, solve the fruitcake coarse mouthfeel problem that in pericarp, lithocyte particle causes, and optimize formula and the manufacture craft of fruitcake, obtained fruitcake had both combined the advantage of conventional method gained finished product, and more smooth exquisiteness, fruity is also more mellow strong.
Detailed description of the invention
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with specific embodiment.Following embodiment, only for exemplary illustration, can not be interpreted as limitation of the present invention.Unless stated otherwise, the raw material used in following embodiment is the raw material that routine is commercial or commercial sources obtains, unless stated otherwise, and the method and apparatus that the method and apparatus used in following embodiment uses for this area routine.
The preparation of embodiment 1 passionfruit latex
The passionfruit latex that the present embodiment provides prepares through following steps:
S11. pull an oar: boiled by pericarp after within 10 ~ 20 minutes, killing enzyme, add the water that pericarp weighs 2 times and pull an oar, the mixing slurry accomplished fluently, in gruel shape, is mingled with a large amount of sheet slag particles;
S12. adjust pH: the pH value of the pericarp slurry adopting regulating step S11 to accomplish fluently is 5;
S13. enzymolysis: regulate toward S12 in the pericarp slurry of pH value and add complex enzyme, enzymolysis 4h under 40 DEG C of water bath condition; Slowly stir more than 4 times during enzymolysis, avoid lamination;
Described complex enzyme is the mixture of cellulase, hemicellulase and lignoenzyme, and by the weighing scale of every kg pericarp, the addition of cellulase is 1.8g, and the addition of hemicellulase is 1.3g, and the addition of lignoenzyme is 1.0g;
S14. to go out enzyme and grinding: the pericarp that enzymolysis is good is starched and to go out ferment treatment 12min in about 80 DEG C temperature water bath; Then grinding with colloid mill is grind 2 times under the condition of abrasive disk space 22 μm with colloid mill, obtains fine and smooth even slurry.
The preparation of embodiment 2 passionfruit latex
The passionfruit latex that the present embodiment provides prepares through following steps:
S11. pull an oar: boiled by pericarp after within 10 ~ 20 minutes, killing enzyme, add the water that pericarp weighs 4 times and pull an oar, the mixing slurry accomplished fluently, in gruel shape, is mingled with a large amount of sheet slag particles;
S12. adjust pH: the pH value of the pericarp slurry adopting regulating step S11 to accomplish fluently is 6.5;
S13. enzymolysis: regulate toward S12 in the pericarp slurry of pH value and add complex enzyme, enzymolysis 2h under 30 DEG C of water bath condition; Slowly stir more than 4 times during enzymolysis, avoid lamination;
Described complex enzyme is the mixture of cellulase, hemicellulase and lignoenzyme, and by the weighing scale of every kg pericarp, the addition of cellulase is 6g, and the addition of hemicellulase is 3g, and the addition of lignoenzyme is 0.5g;
S14. to go out enzyme and grinding: the pericarp that enzymolysis is good is starched and to go out ferment treatment 12min in about 90 DEG C temperature water bath; Then grinding with colloid mill is grind 3 times under the condition of abrasive disk space 20 μm with colloid mill, obtains fine and smooth even slurry.
The preparation of embodiment 3 passionfruit latex
The passionfruit latex that the present embodiment provides prepares through following steps:
S11. pull an oar: boiled by pericarp after within 10 ~ 20 minutes, killing enzyme, add the water that pericarp weighs 3 times and pull an oar, the mixing slurry accomplished fluently, in gruel shape, is mingled with a large amount of sheet slag particles;
S12. adjust pH: the pH value of the pericarp slurry adopting regulating step S11 to accomplish fluently is 5.5;
S13. enzymolysis: regulate toward S12 in the pericarp slurry of pH value and add complex enzyme, enzymolysis 3.5h under 40 DEG C of water bath condition; Slowly stir more than 4 times during enzymolysis, avoid lamination;
Described complex enzyme is the mixture of cellulase, hemicellulase and lignoenzyme, and by the weighing scale of every kg pericarp, the addition of cellulase is 1.5g, and the addition of hemicellulase is 1.0g, and the addition of lignoenzyme is 2g;
S14. to go out enzyme and grinding: the pericarp that enzymolysis is good is starched and to go out ferment treatment 12min in about 80 DEG C temperature water bath; Then grinding with colloid mill is grind 1 time under the condition of abrasive disk space 18 μm with colloid mill, obtains fine and smooth even slurry.
The preparation of embodiment 4 passionfruit latex
The passionfruit latex that the present embodiment provides prepares through following steps:
S11. pull an oar: boiled by pericarp after within 10 ~ 20 minutes, killing enzyme, add the water that pericarp heavy phase works as and pull an oar, the mixing slurry accomplished fluently, in gruel shape, is mingled with a large amount of sheet slag particles;
S12. adjust pH: the pH value of the pericarp slurry adopting regulating step S11 to accomplish fluently is 4.5;
S13. enzymolysis: regulate toward S12 in the pericarp slurry of pH value and add complex enzyme, enzymolysis 2.5h under 45 DEG C of water bath condition; Slowly stir more than 4 times during enzymolysis, avoid lamination;
Described complex enzyme is the mixture of cellulase, hemicellulase and lignoenzyme, and by the weighing scale of every kg pericarp, the addition of cellulase is 2g, and the addition of hemicellulase is 2g, and the addition of lignoenzyme is 0.8g;
S14. to go out enzyme and grinding: the pericarp that enzymolysis is good is starched and to go out ferment treatment 12min in about 85 DEG C temperature water bath; Then grinding with colloid mill is grind 1 time under the condition of abrasive disk space 20 μm with colloid mill, obtains fine and smooth even slurry.
The preparation of embodiment 5 passionfruit latex
The passionfruit latex that the present embodiment provides prepares through following steps:
Wherein, described in step S1, pericarp is prepared passionfruit latex to comprise the following steps:
S11. pull an oar: boiled by pericarp after within 10 ~ 20 minutes, killing enzyme, add the water that pericarp weighs 4 times and pull an oar, the mixing slurry accomplished fluently, in gruel shape, is mingled with a large amount of sheet slag particles;
S12. adjust pH: the pH value of the pericarp slurry adopting regulating step S11 to accomplish fluently is 6;
S13. enzymolysis: regulate toward S12 in the pericarp slurry of pH value and add complex enzyme, enzymolysis 2h under 37 DEG C of water bath condition; Slowly stir more than 4 times during enzymolysis, avoid lamination;
Described complex enzyme is the mixture of cellulase, hemicellulase and lignoenzyme, and by the weighing scale of every kg pericarp, the addition of cellulase is 2.5g, and the addition of hemicellulase is 4g, and the addition of lignoenzyme is 1g;
S14. to go out enzyme and grinding: the pericarp that enzymolysis is good is starched and to go out ferment treatment 12min in about 80 DEG C temperature water bath; Then grinding with colloid mill is grind 2 times under the condition of abrasive disk space 20 μm with colloid mill, obtains fine and smooth even slurry.
The preparation of embodiment 6 passionfruit latex
The passionfruit latex that the present embodiment provides prepares through following steps:
S11. pull an oar: boiled by pericarp after within 10 ~ 20 minutes, killing enzyme, add the water that pericarp weighs 3 times and pull an oar, the mixing slurry accomplished fluently, in gruel shape, is mingled with a large amount of sheet slag particles;
S12. adjust pH: the pH value of the pericarp slurry adopting regulating step S11 to accomplish fluently is 5.5;
S13. enzymolysis: regulate toward S12 in the pericarp slurry of pH value and add complex enzyme, enzymolysis 3h under 40 DEG C of water bath condition; Slowly stir more than 4 times during enzymolysis, avoid lamination;
Described complex enzyme is the mixture of cellulase, hemicellulase and lignoenzyme, and by the weighing scale of every kg pericarp, the addition of cellulase is 2.2g, and the addition of hemicellulase is 6g, and the addition of lignoenzyme is 0.8g;
S14. to go out enzyme and grinding: the pericarp that enzymolysis is good is starched and to go out ferment treatment 12min in about 85 DEG C temperature water bath; Then grinding with colloid mill is grind 1 time under the condition of abrasive disk space 18 μm with colloid mill, obtains fine and smooth even slurry.
The preparation of embodiment 7 passionfruit latex
The passionfruit latex that the present embodiment provides prepares through following steps:
S11. pull an oar: boiled by pericarp after within 10 ~ 20 minutes, killing enzyme, add the water that pericarp heavy phase works as and pull an oar, the mixing slurry accomplished fluently, in gruel shape, is mingled with a large amount of sheet slag particles;
S12. adjust pH: the pH value of the pericarp slurry adopting regulating step S11 to accomplish fluently is 5.5;
S13. enzymolysis: regulate toward S12 in the pericarp slurry of pH value and add complex enzyme, enzymolysis 4h under 45 DEG C of water bath condition; Slowly stir more than 4 times during enzymolysis, avoid lamination;
Described complex enzyme is the mixture of cellulase, hemicellulase and lignoenzyme, and by the weighing scale of every kg pericarp, the addition of cellulase is 4g, and the addition of hemicellulase is 4g, and the addition of lignoenzyme is 2g;
S14. to go out enzyme and grinding: the pericarp that enzymolysis is good is starched and to go out ferment treatment 12min in about 90 DEG C temperature water bath; Then grinding with colloid mill is grind 2 times under the condition of abrasive disk space 20 μm with colloid mill, obtains fine and smooth even slurry.
The preparation of embodiment 8 passionfruit latex
The passionfruit latex that the present embodiment provides prepares through following steps:
S11. pull an oar: boiled by pericarp after within 10 ~ 20 minutes, killing enzyme, add the water that pericarp weighs 0.5 times and pull an oar, the mixing slurry accomplished fluently, in muddy flesh shape, is mingled with a large amount of sheet slag particles;
S12. adjust pH: the pH value of the pericarp slurry adopting regulating step S11 to accomplish fluently is 6.5;
S13. enzymolysis: regulate toward S12 in the pericarp slurry of pH value and add complex enzyme, enzymolysis 3h under 35 DEG C of water bath condition; Slowly stir during enzymolysis, avoid lamination;
Described complex enzyme is the mixture of cellulase, hemicellulase and lignoenzyme, and by the weighing scale of every kg pericarp, the addition of cellulase is 2.2g, and the addition of hemicellulase is 1.0g, and the addition of lignoenzyme is 0.5g;
S14. to go out enzyme and grinding: the pericarp that enzymolysis is good is starched and to go out ferment treatment 12min in about 85 DEG C temperature water bath; Then grinding with colloid mill is grind 2 times under the condition of abrasive disk space 20 μm with colloid mill, obtains fine and smooth even slurry.
Embodiment 9 with passionfruit latex for fruitcake prepared by raw material
The present embodiment provide a kind of with passionfruit latex for raw material makes the high-quality passionflower fruitcake obtained, preparation method comprises the following steps:
S1. get fresh passionflower to get fruit capsule and squeeze the juice and obtain dahlia fruit juice; Passionfruit latex is prepared according to the arbitrary routine method of embodiment 1 to 8;
S2. regulate dahlia fruit juice, the pH value of passionfruit latex is 4;
S3. according to the part by weight batching mixing of dahlia fruit juice 25%, passionfruit latex 20%, sucrose 52% and gelling agent 3%, mixed by mixed material, boiling and while hot moulding, obtain fruitcake cake body; Described gelling agent adopts carragheen (following embodiment is same).
S4. namely the oven dry of fruitcake cake body is obtained fruitcake to moisture about 17%;
Adjust ph described in step S2 adopts citric acid and natrium citricum.
Boiling described in step S3 is that after each component mixing being dissolved, boiling is seethed with excitement more than 10 minutes, and in process, appropriateness stirs fully to mix and to dissolve material.
The fruitcake intensity that the present embodiment prepares and toughness fabulous, soft or hard appropriateness, be rich in waxy, be translucent yellowish-brown cake body, homogeneous, smooth exquisiteness, fruity is mellow.
Embodiment 10 with passionfruit latex for fruitcake prepared by raw material
The present embodiment provide a kind of with passionfruit latex for raw material makes the high-quality passionflower fruitcake obtained, preparation method comprises the following steps:
S1. get fresh passionflower to get fruit capsule and squeeze the juice and obtain dahlia fruit juice; Passionfruit latex is prepared according to the arbitrary routine method of embodiment 1 to 8;
S2. regulate dahlia fruit juice, the pH value of passionfruit latex is 5;
S3. according to the part by weight batching mixing of dahlia fruit juice 20%, passionfruit latex 30%, sucrose 47% and gelling agent 3%, mixed by mixed material, boiling and while hot moulding, obtain fruitcake cake body;
S4. step S3 gained cake body is dried and obtained fruitcake, moisture about 17%;
Adjust ph described in step S2 adopts citric acid and natrium citricum.
Boiling described in step S3 is that after each component mixing being dissolved, boiling is seethed with excitement more than 10 minutes, and in process, appropriateness stirs fully to mix and to dissolve material.
Intensity and the toughness of fruitcake are fabulous, and soft or hard appropriateness, be rich in waxy, be translucent yellowish-brown cake body, homogeneous, smooth exquisiteness, fruity is mellow.
Embodiment 11 with passionfruit latex for fruitcake prepared by raw material
The present embodiment provide a kind of with passionfruit latex for raw material makes the high-quality passionflower fruitcake obtained, preparation method comprises the following steps:
S1. get fresh passionflower to get fruit capsule and squeeze the juice and obtain dahlia fruit juice; Passionfruit latex is prepared according to the arbitrary routine method of embodiment 1 to 8;
S2. regulate dahlia fruit juice, the pH value of passionfruit latex is 3.5;
S3. according to the part by weight batching mixing of dahlia fruit juice 30%, passionfruit latex 35%, sucrose 42% and gelling agent 3%, mixed by mixed material, boiling and while hot moulding, obtain fruitcake cake body;
S4. step S3 gained cake body is dried and obtained fruitcake, moisture about 17%;
Adjust ph described in step S2 adopts citric acid and natrium citricum.
Boiling described in step S3 is that after each component mixing being dissolved, boiling is seethed with excitement more than 10 minutes, and in process, appropriateness stirs fully to mix and to dissolve material.
Intensity and the toughness of fruitcake are fabulous, and soft or hard appropriateness, be rich in waxy, be translucent yellowish-brown cake body, homogeneous, smooth exquisiteness, fruity is mellow.
Embodiment 12 with passionfruit latex for fruitcake prepared by raw material
The present embodiment provide a kind of with passionfruit latex for raw material makes the high-quality passionflower fruitcake obtained, preparation method comprises the following steps:
S1. get fresh passionflower to get fruit capsule and squeeze the juice and obtain dahlia fruit juice; Passionfruit latex is prepared according to the arbitrary routine method of embodiment 1 to 8;
S2. regulate dahlia fruit juice, the pH value of passionfruit latex is 3.1;
S3. according to the part by weight batching mixing of dahlia fruit juice 30%, passionfruit latex 22%, sucrose 46.9% and gelling agent 3.1%, mixed by mixed material, boiling and while hot moulding, obtain fruitcake cake body;
S4. step S3 gained cake body is dried and obtained fruitcake, moisture about 17%;
Adjust ph described in step S2 adopts citric acid and natrium citricum.
Boiling described in step S3 is that after each component mixing being dissolved, boiling is seethed with excitement more than 10 minutes, and in process, appropriateness stirs fully to mix and to dissolve material.
Intensity and the toughness of fruitcake are fabulous, and soft or hard appropriateness, be rich in waxy, be translucent yellowish-brown cake body, homogeneous, smooth exquisiteness, fruity is mellow.
Embodiment 13 with passionfruit latex for fruitcake prepared by raw material
The present embodiment provide a kind of with passionfruit latex for raw material makes the high-quality passionflower fruitcake obtained, preparation method comprises the following steps:
S1. get fresh passionflower to get fruit capsule and squeeze the juice and obtain dahlia fruit juice; Passionfruit latex is prepared according to the arbitrary routine method of embodiment 1 to 8;
S2. regulate dahlia fruit juice, the pH value of passionfruit latex is 5;
S3. according to the ratio batching mixing of dahlia fruit juice 22%, passionfruit latex 20%, sucrose 54.25% and gelling agent 3.75%, mixed by mixed material, boiling and while hot moulding, obtain fruitcake cake body;
S4. step S3 gained cake body is dried and obtained fruitcake, moisture about 17%;
Adjust ph described in step S2 adopts citric acid and natrium citricum.
Boiling described in step S3 is that after each component mixing being dissolved, boiling is seethed with excitement more than 10 minutes, and in process, appropriateness stirs fully to mix and to dissolve material.
Intensity and the toughness of fruitcake are fabulous, and soft or hard appropriateness, being rich in waxy, is translucent yellowish-brown cake body.
Embodiment 14 with passionfruit latex for fruitcake prepared by raw material
The present embodiment provide a kind of with passionfruit latex for raw material makes the high-quality passionflower fruitcake obtained, preparation method comprises the following steps:
S1. get fresh passionflower to get fruit capsule and squeeze the juice and obtain dahlia fruit juice; Passionfruit latex is prepared according to the arbitrary routine method of embodiment 1 to 8;
S2. regulate dahlia fruit juice, the pH value of passionfruit latex is 4;
S3. according to the ratio batching mixing of dahlia fruit juice 22%, passionfruit latex 28%, sucrose 47% and gelling agent 3%, mixed by mixed material, boiling and while hot moulding, obtain fruitcake cake body;
S4. step S3 gained cake body is dried and obtained fruitcake, moisture about 17%;
Adjust ph described in step S2 adopts citric acid and natrium citricum.
Boiling described in step S3 is that after each component mixing being dissolved, boiling is seethed with excitement more than 10 minutes, and in process, appropriateness stirs fully to mix and to dissolve material.
Intensity and the toughness of fruitcake are fabulous, and soft or hard appropriateness, be rich in waxy, be translucent yellowish-brown cake body, homogeneous, smooth exquisiteness, fruity is mellow.
Embodiment 15 with passionfruit latex for fruitcake prepared by raw material
The present embodiment provide a kind of with passionfruit latex for raw material makes the high-quality passionflower fruitcake obtained, preparation method comprises the following steps:
S1. get fresh passionflower to get fruit capsule and squeeze the juice and obtain dahlia fruit juice; Passionfruit latex is prepared according to the arbitrary routine method of embodiment 1 to 8;
S2. regulate dahlia fruit juice, the pH value of passionfruit latex is 5.5;
S3. according to the ratio batching mixing of dahlia fruit juice 35%, passionfruit latex 5%, sucrose 56.25% and gelling agent 3.75%, mixed by mixed material, boiling and while hot moulding, obtain fruitcake cake body; S3. batching obtains mixed material, and mixed by mixed material, boiling and moulding, obtain fruitcake cake body;
S4. step S3 gained cake body is dried and obtained fruitcake, moisture about 17%;
Adjust ph described in step S2 adopts citric acid and natrium citricum.
Boiling described in step S3 is that after each component mixing being dissolved, boiling is seethed with excitement more than 10 minutes, and in process, appropriateness stirs fully to mix and to dissolve material.
Intensity and the toughness of fruitcake are fabulous, and soft or hard appropriateness, be rich in waxy, be translucent yellowish-brown cake body, homogeneous, smooth exquisiteness, fruity is mellow.
Embodiment 16 with passionfruit latex for fruitcake prepared by raw material
The present embodiment provide a kind of with passionfruit latex for raw material makes the high-quality passionflower fruitcake obtained, preparation method comprises the following steps:
S1. get fresh passionflower to get fruit capsule and squeeze the juice and obtain dahlia fruit juice; Passionfruit latex is prepared according to the arbitrary routine method of embodiment 1 to 8;
S2. the pH value regulating mixed serum after the two being mixed according to the part by weight of dahlia fruit juice 30%, passionfruit latex 30% is 5.5;
S3. according to dahlia fruit juice and passionfruit latex gross weight ratio be 60%, the ratio batching mixing of sucrose 36.9% and gelling agent 3.1%, mixed by mixed material, boiling and while hot moulding, obtain fruitcake cake body; S3. batching obtains mixed material, and mixed by mixed material, boiling and moulding, obtain fruitcake cake body;
S4. step S3 gained cake body is dried and obtained fruitcake, moisture about 17%;
Adjust ph described in step S2 adopts citric acid and natrium citricum.
Boiling described in step S3 is that after each component mixing being dissolved, boiling is seethed with excitement more than 10 minutes, and in process, appropriateness stirs fully to mix and to dissolve material.
Intensity and the toughness of fruitcake are fabulous, and soft or hard appropriateness, be rich in waxy, be translucent yellowish-brown cake body, homogeneous, smooth exquisiteness, fruity is mellow.
Embodiment 17 with passionfruit latex for fruitcake prepared by raw material
The present embodiment provide a kind of with passionfruit latex for raw material makes the high-quality passionflower fruitcake obtained, preparation method comprises the following steps:
S1. get fresh passionflower to get fruit capsule and squeeze the juice and obtain dahlia fruit juice; Passionfruit latex is prepared according to the arbitrary routine method of embodiment 1 to 8;
S2. regulate dahlia fruit juice, the pH value of passionfruit latex is 3.5;
S3. according to the ratio batching mixing of dahlia fruit juice 32%, passionfruit latex 33%, sucrose 32% and gelling agent 3%, mixed by mixed material, boiling and while hot moulding, obtain fruitcake cake body;
S4. step S3 gained cake body is dried and obtained fruitcake, moisture about 17%;
Adjust ph described in step S2 adopts citric acid and natrium citricum.
Boiling described in step S3 is that after each component mixing being dissolved, boiling is seethed with excitement more than 10 minutes, and in process, appropriateness stirs fully to mix and to dissolve material.
Intensity and the toughness of fruitcake are fabulous, and soft or hard appropriateness, be rich in waxy, be translucent yellowish-brown cake body, homogeneous, smooth exquisiteness, fruity is mellow.
Embodiment 18 with passionfruit latex for fruitcake prepared by raw material
The present embodiment provide a kind of with passionfruit latex for raw material makes the high-quality passionflower fruitcake obtained, preparation method comprises the following steps:
S1. get fresh passionflower to get fruit capsule and squeeze the juice and obtain dahlia fruit juice; Passionfruit latex is prepared according to the arbitrary routine method of embodiment 1 to 8;
S2. regulate dahlia fruit juice, the pH value of passionfruit latex is 3.5;
S3. according to the ratio batching mixing of passionfruit latex 65%, sucrose 32% and gelling agent 3%, mixed by mixed material, boiling and while hot moulding, obtain fruitcake cake body;
S4. step S3 gained cake body being dried to cake body moisture is about 17% namely obtain fruitcake;
Adjust ph described in step S2 adopts citric acid and natrium citricum.
Boiling described in step S3 is that after each component mixing being dissolved, boiling is seethed with excitement more than 10 minutes, and in process, appropriateness stirs fully to mix and to dissolve material.Fruitcake soft or hard appropriateness, be rich in waxy, be translucent yellowish-brown cake body, cake body is homogeneous, and smooth exquisiteness, fruity is mellow.
Comparative example 1
The present embodiment provides a kind of preparation method of passionflower fruitcake, comprises the following steps:
S1. get fresh passionflower, get fruit capsule and squeeze the juice that to obtain dahlia fruit juice for subsequent use; Pericarp is prepared passionfruit latex;
S2. the pH value of regulating step S1 gained fruit juice, pericarp slurry is 4;
S3. batching obtains mixed material, and mixed by mixed material, boiling and moulding, obtain fruitcake cake body;
S4. step S3 gained cake body is dried and obtained fruitcake;
Wherein, described in step S1, pericarp is prepared passionfruit latex to comprise the following steps:
S11. pull an oar: boiled by pericarp after within 10 ~ 20 minutes, killing enzyme, add the water that pericarp weighs 2 times and pull an oar, the mixing slurry accomplished fluently, in gruel shape, is mingled with a large amount of sheet slag particles;
S12. grind: being ground by mixing slurry colloid mill is grind 2 times under the condition of abrasive disk space 20 μm with colloid mill.
Wherein, adjust ph described in step S2 adopts citric acid and natrium citricum.
Step S3 is the ratio batching mixing according to dahlia fruit juice 32%, passionfruit latex 33%, sucrose 32% and gelling agent 3%; Described gelling agent is carragheen.
Boiling described in step S3 is that after each component mixing being dissolved, boiling is seethed with excitement more than 10 minutes, and in process, appropriateness stirs fully to mix and to dissolve material.
Dry described in step S4 by cake body in early stage 50 ~ 70 DEG C be dried to finger touch indeformable, do not flow sugar time, sam 1 ~ 2h under normal temperature, later stage about 40 ~ 55 DEG C oven dry tack-free to cake surface, moisture about 17%, obtains fruitcake.The intensity of fruitcake and toughness still can, with cutin particle, fruitcake mouthfeel shows coarse.
Comparative example 2
The present embodiment provides a kind of preparation method of passionflower fruitcake, comprises the following steps:
S1. get fresh passionflower, get fruit capsule and squeeze the juice that to obtain dahlia fruit juice for subsequent use; Pericarp is prepared passionfruit latex;
S2. the pH value of regulating step S1 gained fruit juice, pericarp slurry is 4;
S3. batching obtains mixed material, and mixed by mixed material, boiling and moulding, obtain fruitcake cake body;
S4. drying step S3 gained cake body to moisture is about 17% namely obtain fruitcake;
Wherein, described in step S1, pericarp is prepared passionfruit latex to comprise the following steps:
S11. pull an oar: boiled by pericarp after within 10 ~ 20 minutes, killing enzyme, add the water that pericarp weighs 2 times and pull an oar, the mixing slurry accomplished fluently, in gruel shape, is mingled with a large amount of sheet slag particles;
S12. adjust pH: the pH value of the mixing slurry that regulating step S11 accomplishes fluently is 5;
S13. enzymolysis: regulate toward S12 in the mixing slurry of pH value and add complex enzyme, enzymolysis 4h under 40 DEG C of water bath condition; Slowly stir more than 4 times during enzymolysis, avoid lamination;
Described complex enzyme is the mixture of cellulase, hemicellulase and lignoenzyme, and by the weighing scale of every kg pericarp, the addition of cellulase is 2.2g, and the addition of hemicellulase is 1.5g, and the addition of lignoenzyme is 1.0g;
S14. go out enzyme: the mixing that enzymolysis is good starched and to go out ferment treatment 12min in more than 80 DEG C temperature water bath;
Wherein, adjust ph described in step S2 adopts citric acid and natrium citricum.
Step S3 is the ratio batching mixing according to dahlia fruit juice 32%, passionfruit latex 33%, sucrose 32% and gelling agent 3%; Described gelling agent is carragheen.
Boiling described in step S3 is that after each component mixing being dissolved, boiling is seethed with excitement more than 10 minutes, and in process, appropriateness stirs fully to mix and to dissolve material.
The intensity of fruitcake and good toughness, soft or hard appropriateness, being rich in waxy, is translucent yellowish-brown cake body, but inlays the lithocyte granule of trace.
Comparative example 3
It take passionflower as the preparation method of the passionflower fruitcake of raw material that this comparative example provides a kind of, comprises the following steps:
S1. get fresh passionflower, shell is separated with pulp, the seed in removing pulp;
S2. by go the pulp after seed and shell levigate become to mix starch;
S3. in mixing slurry, respectively add carragheen according to mixed slurry weight amount 3.75%, boiling is seethed with excitement more than 10 minutes, and in process, appropriateness stirs fully to mix and to dissolve material;
S4. take out moulding while hot, after cooling, the demoulding is dried, the fruitcake obtained, poor transparency, and is covered with cutin slag sheet not of uniform size, coarse mouthfeel.
Embodiment 19 evaluation experimental
10 composition of personnel subjective appreciations are selected to evaluate group, require that all personnel 12h before evaluation does not drink, non-smoking, do not eat pungent irritable food of Denging, before and after evaluation, 2 samples will be gargled and interval 10min with clear water, mode carries out subjective appreciation one by one to adopt range estimation, nasil, mouth are tasted etc., fill in subjective appreciation table, collect subjective appreciation table and carry out statistical analysis, randomly draw the numbering of embodiment 9 to 18 (example 9 to the example 18 shown in table 2) and comparative example 1 to 3 (contrasting 1 to 3 shown in table 3) sample, subjective appreciation standard sees the following form 1.
Table 1 passionflower fruitcake subjective appreciation index and standards of grading
The results of sensory evaluation of table 2 passionflower fruitcake
Sensory evaluation Example 9 Example 10 Example 11 Example 12 Example 13 Example 14 Example 15 Example 16 Example 17 Example 18
Outward appearance 9 9 9 8 8 9 8 8 8 8
Fragrance 8 8 8 9 9 8 8.5 7.5 7.5 7.5
Flavour 8 7.5 9 8 7.5 8.5 7 8.5 8 8
Structural state 9 9 9 8 9 9 7 8.5 8 7
Total score 34 33.5 35 33 33.5 34.5 30.5 32.5 31.5 30.5
The results of sensory evaluation of table 3 comparative example passionflower fruitcake

Claims (17)

1. a passionfruit latex, is characterized in that, is prepared by following steps:
S11. pull an oar: boiled together with its cuticula by pericarp and kill enzyme, the making beating that adds water is to gruel shape;
S12. adjust pH: the pH value of the pericarp slurry that regulating step S11 accomplishes fluently is 4.5 ~ 6.5;
S13. enzymolysis: regulate toward step S12 in the pericarp slurry of pH value and add complex enzyme zymohydrolysis, described complex enzyme is the mixture of cellulase, hemicellulase and lignoenzyme, by the weighing scale of every kg pericarp, the addition of cellulase is 1.5 ~ 6g, the addition of hemicellulase is 1.0 ~ 6g, and the addition of lignoenzyme is 0.5 ~ 2.0g;
S14. to go out enzyme and grinding: after carried out by step S13 enzymolysis gained pericarp slurry going out enzyme, grinding, namely obtain passionfruit latex.
2. passionfruit latex according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the time of boiling described in step S11 is 10 ~ 20 minutes; Described adding water adds water according to heavy 0.5 ~ 4 times of pericarp.
3. passionfruit latex according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, enzymolysis described in step S13 is more than enzymolysis 2h at 30 DEG C ~ 45 DEG C.
4. passionfruit latex according to claim 1, is characterized in that, is grind under the condition of abrasive disk space 18 ~ 25 μm with colloid mill with colloid mill grinding described in step S14.
5. the application of passionfruit latex described in any one of Claims 1-4, is characterized in that, be applied to and prepare fruitcake.
6. application according to claim 5, it is characterized in that, using described passionfruit latex and the dahlia fruit juice raw material as accounting fruitcake weight 40% ~ 65%, mixed material is mixed to get with auxiliary material, mixed material is mixed, boiling and moulding, obtain fruitcake cake body, dried by cake body and obtain fruitcake.
7. application according to claim 6, is characterized in that, described auxiliary material includes but not limited to pH value regulator, sugar and gelling agent.
8. application according to claim 7, it is characterized in that, in the raw material of described making fruitcake, percetage by weight shared by dahlia fruit juice is 0 ~ 35%, percetage by weight shared by passionfruit latex is 5 ~ 65%, and 40% ~ 65% of passionfruit latex and dahlia fruit juice gross weight accounting fruitcake weight; The shared percetage by weight of sugar is 32 ~ 57%, and percetage by weight shared by gelling agent is 3 ~ 3.75%.
9. a preparation method for passionflower fruitcake, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
S1. passionfruit latex described in dahlia fruit juice and Claims 1-4 is mixed to get mixing slurry, regulates the pH value of mixing slurry; Or after regulating the pH value of dahlia fruit juice and passionfruit latex respectively, the two is mixed to get mixing slurry;
S2. mix with sugar and gelling agent with mixing slurry described in step S1, obtain mixed material, mixed by mixed material, boiling, moulding, obtains fruitcake cake body;
S3. step S2 gained cake body is dried and is obtained the passionflower fruitcake of high-quality.
10. the preparation method of passionflower fruitcake according to claim 9, is characterized in that, step S1 regulates the pH value of mixing slurry to be adjusted to 3.1 ~ 5.5; Or regulate the pH value of dahlia fruit juice and passionfruit latex to be 3.1 ~ 5.5 respectively, then mix in proportion.
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CN106473045A (en) * 2016-10-20 2017-03-08 温顺群 A kind of Fructus Vitis viniferae fruitcake and preparation method and application
CN107296143A (en) * 2017-06-20 2017-10-27 广西蒙山县纯香百香果专业合作社 A kind of passion fruit fruitcake and its processing method
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CN108552446A (en) * 2018-03-23 2018-09-21 广东工业大学 The preparation method and passion fruit pericarp dietary fiber beverage of passion fruit pericarp slurries
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CN106473045A (en) * 2016-10-20 2017-03-08 温顺群 A kind of Fructus Vitis viniferae fruitcake and preparation method and application
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CN108740908A (en) * 2018-06-14 2018-11-06 钦州学院 A kind of passion fruit pericarp slurry and preparation method thereof for jam

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