CN105297079B - An ultra high current density and a liquid parallel flow cell means - Google Patents

An ultra high current density and a liquid parallel flow cell means Download PDF

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CN105297079B
CN105297079B CN 201510785956 CN201510785956A CN105297079B CN 105297079 B CN105297079 B CN 105297079B CN 201510785956 CN201510785956 CN 201510785956 CN 201510785956 A CN201510785956 A CN 201510785956A CN 105297079 B CN105297079 B CN 105297079B
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liquid
plate
tank
tube
groove
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CN 201510785956
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CN105297079A (en )
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周松林
葛哲令
王志普
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阳谷祥光铜业有限公司
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本发明公开了一种超高电流密度平行流电解槽及其出液装置,所述电解槽包括槽体、第一进液装置、出液装置、若干块阳极板以及若干块阴极板;在第一进液装置的基础上,配以出液装置,实现了电解液以平行于阳极板和阴极板长宽侧面的方式进入,然后以平行于阳极板和阴极板长宽侧面的方式流出,使得电解槽内的电解液没有紊流,漂浮阳极泥可以快速随电解液流动排出电解槽,沉降阳极泥可以快速沉降,不会像原来一样随着电解液紊流在槽体宽度方向、长度方向和上下方向上到处流动,从而显著改善了对高杂阳极板的电解精炼,实现了超高电流密度的电解精炼,基本实现了超高电流密度电解精炼高杂阳极板。 The present invention discloses an ultra-high current density and a liquid parallel flow cell means, said bath comprising a tank body, a first inlet means, a fluid means, a plurality of anode plates and a plurality of blocks of the block cathode plate; the first based on a liquid inlet means, means coupled with the liquid, to achieve the electrolytic solution parallel to the length and width of the anode and cathode plates of the way into the side, and in parallel to the length and width of the anode and cathode plates outflow side, so that the electrolytic solution in the electrolytic cell without turbulence, floating anode mud can be discharged quickly with the cell electrolyte flow, anode mud sedimentation settle quickly, not the same as the original electrolytic solution as turbulence in the groove width direction, longitudinal direction, and flow around the vertical direction, thereby significantly improving the high electrolytic refining heteroaryl anode plate, electrolytic refining to achieve a ultra-high current density, the basic realization of ultra high current density electrolytic refining heteroaryl anode plate.

Description

一种超高电流密度平行流电解槽及其出液装置 An ultra high current density and a liquid parallel flow cell means

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及有色金属电解精炼技术领域,尤其是涉及一种超高电流密度平行流电解槽及其出液装置。 [0001] The present invention relates to non-ferrous metal refining electrolysis technologies, and particularly relates to an ultra-high current density and a liquid parallel flow cell apparatus.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 在有色金属冶炼行业内,尤其是铜冶炼行业,其主工艺路线为:熔炼4吹炼4阳极精炼4电解精炼。 [0002] In the non-ferrous metal smelting industry, especially copper smelting industry, the main process line as: melting blowing 4 4 4 Anode electrolytic refining refining. 其中电解精炼的原理是:将铜阳极板和阴极板交替地放置在电解槽中,给阳极板和阴极板通电,向电解槽供给循环流动的电解液,阳极板内的铜原子失去电子变成铜离子进入电解液,电解液中的铜离子在阴极板上得到电子变成铜原子,随着电解过程的进行,阳极板逐渐溶解变薄,阴极板上逐渐沉积阴极铜,最终得到纯度很高、表面光亮、无粒子的阴极铜板。 Wherein the electrolytic refining principle is: the copper anode and cathode plates alternately placed in the electrolytic cell, to the anode and cathode plates energized electrolytic cell is supplied to the circulating copper atoms lose electrons in the anode plate into copper ions into the electrolyte, the copper ions in the electrolyte in the cathode plate obtained copper atoms into electrons, as the electrolysis process, gradually dissolved thinner anode plate, a cathode plate gradually deposited cathode, the finally obtained high purity. , shiny surface, particle-free cathode plate.

[0003] 随着时间推移和行业发展,铜冶炼行业内,优质铜精矿越来越少,杂质含量较高的高杂质铜精矿越来越多,铜冶炼企业都面临处理高杂质铜精矿的难题。 [0003] with the passage of time and the development of the industry, in the copper smelting industry, high-quality copper concentrate less and less, high impurity content of the high impurity copper concentrate more and more, companies are faced with copper smelting copper concentrate processing high impurity problem of mine. 高杂质铜精矿,主要是指铜精矿中的铅、锌、砷、锑、铋和/或锡等杂质元素的含量较高。 A high impurity copper concentrate, mainly refers to a high content of impurity elements in the copper concentrate of lead, zinc, arsenic, antimony, bismuth and / or tin.

[0004] 以高杂质铜精矿作为冶炼原料,使得工艺路线上的各个工序都面临处理高杂非正常物料的问题。 [0004] In a high impurity as copper concentrate smelting a raw material, such that each step of the process route are facing Problem abnormal high heteroaryl material. 虽然行业技术人员采取了各种改进措施以期在熔炼工序、吹炼工序和/或阳极精炼工序将原料铜精矿中的杂质元素去除,以得到含杂较低的阳极板,以使得电解精炼工序能够正常生产,以使得能够得到质量合格的阴极铜,但是,熔炼工序、吹炼工序和/或阳极精炼工序的除杂能力有限,使得电解精炼工序不可避免地还需处理高杂质阳极板。 While the industry has taken the art of various improvements to the melting step, the blowing step and / or the anode material refining process copper concentrate impurity element removed to obtain a low heteroatom-containing anode plate, so that the electrolytic refining step the normal production, so that the cathode can be of acceptable quality, however, the melting step, the blowing step and / or a limited capacity of the anode impurity refining process, such that the electrolytic refining process is inevitably needed to handle high impurity anode plate.

[0005] 电解精炼工序处理高杂质阳极板,会产生一系列问题:l.降低了产品质量,高杂质阳极板意味着电解过程中会产生更多的沉降阳极泥和漂浮阳极泥,未合理沉降的沉降阳极泥会通过多种方式影响产品质量,例如机械夹杂影响阴极铜纯度,表面粘附使得阴极铜表面生长大量粒子等等,大量漂浮阳极泥随着电解液的紊流流动,在电解槽内到处乱窜,相互污染,不能快速及时地排出电解槽,在电解液内积聚,严重影响了产品质量,例如机械夹杂影响阴极铜纯度,表面粘附使得阴极铜表面生长大量粒子等等;2.降低了电流密度,降低了产能,对于行业从业人员来说,常识性的操作技术是:电解精炼高杂阳极板第一要务是采用比正常生产时更低的电流密度,如此操作,会显著降低电解精炼工序的产能;3.提高了能耗和生产成本,电解精炼高杂阳极板,容易产生 [0005] Electrolytic refining step of processing a high impurity anode plate, a series of problems occur:. L to reduce product quality, high impurity anode plate means electrolytic process will produce more anode sludge settling and floating anode slime, not reasonable settling the anode mud settling affect product quality in various ways, such as mechanical inclusions affect the purity of copper cathodes, cathode surface of the growth surface such that a large number of adhered particles and the like, with a large number of floating anode mud turbulent flow of the electrolyte in the cell the wander around mutual contamination, the cell can not be discharged fast and timely manner, accumulate in the electrolyte, seriously affecting the quality of products, such as mechanical inclusions affect the purity of copper cathodes, cathode surface of the growth surface adhesion such that a large number of particles and the like; 2 reducing the current density, reduced capacity, for the industry practitioners, operating techniques are common sense: electrolytic refining of a high priority is employed heteroaryl anode plate lower than the normal production current density, doing so will significantly reducing capacity electrolytic refining process; 3. increase energy consumption and production costs, high heteroaryl electrolytic refining anode plate, prone 阳极钝化,容易产生浓差极化,阳极钝化和浓差极化相互促进,形成恶性循环,进一步加剧阳极钝化和浓差极化的程度,使得槽电压显著升高和电效显著降低,提高了能耗和生产成本,使得阴极板上析出不该析出的金属,降低了阴极铜的纯度,严重的浓差极化使得需要进一步地降低电流密度。 Anodizing, prone to concentration polarization and concentration polarization Anodizing promote each other, creating a vicious cycle, further exacerbating the extent and Anodizing concentration polarization, so that the cell voltage and significantly increased significantly reduced electrical efficiency , increased energy consumption and production costs, so that the cathode plate should deposited metal deposition, reducing the purity of the cathode, such that the concentration polarization serious need to further reduce the current density.

[0006] 因此,如何改善对高杂质阳极板的电解精炼是本领域技术人员亟需解决的技术问题。 [0006] Therefore, how to improve the electrolytic refining of high impurity anode plate are skilled in the art need to solve the technical problems.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0007] 基于上述说明,本发明的目的在于提供一种超高电流密度平行流电解槽的出液装置,在现有电解槽结构的基础上,利用该出液装置能够改善对高杂质阳极板的电解精炼。 [0007] Based on the above description, an object of the present invention to provide an ultra high current density flow parallel to the liquid electrolysis cell means the cell on the basis of the existing structure, the device with which the liquid can be improved to a high impurity anode plate the electrolytic refining. 本发明的另外一个目的是提供一种包括上述出液装置的超高电流密度平行流电解槽。 Another object of the present invention is to provide an ultra-high current density above the liquid parallel flow cell apparatus.

[0008] 为解决上述的技术问题,本发明采用如下技术方案: [0008] In order to solve the above technical problem, the present invention adopts the following technical solution:

[0009] 一种超高电流密度平行流电解槽的出液装置,所述电解槽包括槽体、第一进液装置、出液装置、若干块阳极板以及若干块阴极板; [0009] A device was an ultra-high current density parallel flow cell, said cell comprising a tank body, a first inlet means, a fluid means, a plurality of anode plates and a plurality of blocks of the block cathode plate;

[0010] 若干块所述阳极板和若干块所述阴极板均搭接在所述槽体长度方向上的两侧面槽壁的上边沿上,若干块所述阳极板和若干块所述阴极板在所述槽体内交替布置且所述阳极板的数量比所述阴极板的数量多一块且控制所述槽体内最外侧的极板均为所述阳极板, 所述阳极板包括阳极板主体和吊耳; The upper edge of the [0010] plurality of blocks of the anode plate and the cathode plate are a plurality of blocks overlapping in the longitudinal direction of the groove of the groove wall surfaces on both sides, a plurality of blocks of said plurality of anode plate and the cathode plate block are alternately arranged in the groove body and said anode plate number than the number of a plurality of the cathode plate and the outermost plates are controlled within the slot of the anode plate, the anode plate comprises a plate body and an anode lug;

[0011] 所述第一进液装置包括第一进液管、第一喷液管以及若干个设置在所述第一喷液管上且用于向所述槽体内喷射电解液的喷嘴,所述第一进液管的进液口与电解液供液装置连通以向所述第一进液管供给电解液,所述第一进液管的出液口与所述第一喷液管的进液口连通,所述第一喷液管固定设置于所述槽体长度方向上的内侧面槽壁的下部或所述槽体的内底面槽壁上,任一个所述喷嘴均对应于相邻的所述阳极板与所述阴极板之间的间隙以用于向相邻的两块所述阳极板与所述阴极板之间的间隙喷射电解液; [0011] The first inlet means comprising a first inlet tube, the first tube and a plurality of liquid discharge is provided on the first tube and liquid discharge nozzle for ejecting the electrolytic solution into the body of the tank, the said inlet port of the first inlet tube communicating with the electrolyte fluid supply means to supply said first electrolyte inlet tube, the first tube inlet and the liquid outlet of said first liquid discharge pipe a liquid inlet communicating said first discharge liquid pipe fixed to the bottom surface of the lower wall of the groove or the inner surface of the tank body on the groove wall of the longitudinal direction of the grooves, any one of the nozzle corresponds to a phase the adjacent anode plate and the gap between the cathode plate for supplying the two adjacent anode plate and cathode plate gap between the electrolyte injection;

[0012] 所述出液装置包括出液口,所述出液口设置于所述槽体长度方向上内侧面槽壁的上部,且与电解液液面平齐,且所述出液口的长度不小于最外侧两个所述喷嘴之间的距离且小于所述槽体长度方向上内侧面槽壁的长度,且所述出液口的长度方向上的两端分别位于相应的最外侧的所述阳极板与所述槽体宽度方向上内侧面槽壁之间,所述出液口与电解液储液装置连通以用于将所述槽体内的电解液回流。 [0012] The apparatus comprises a fluid outlet port, an upper portion of said liquid outlet disposed in the longitudinal direction of the slot of the slot side wall, and flush with the electrolyte surface, and the liquid outlet of the length not less than the outermost distance between the nozzle and smaller than a length in the longitudinal direction of the groove side walls of the groove, and the both ends in the longitudinal direction of the liquid outlet are located at the respective outermost the anode plate and between the upper side surface of the groove width direction of the groove wall, the liquid outlet means communicating with the electrolyte reservoir for the electrolytic solution tank body reflux.

[0013] 优选的,所述出液口为制作所述槽体过程中在所述槽体长度方向侧面槽壁上预设的开口。 [0013] Preferably, the liquid outlet thereof during the production of the grooves in the longitudinal direction of the slot of the slot side wall opening is preset.

[0014] 优选的,所述槽体还包括两个分别位于所述槽体宽度方向上两个侧面槽壁上的溢流口; [0014] Preferably, the body further comprises two grooves are located on an overflow groove width direction of the two side walls of the grooves;

[0015] 所述出液装置为出液箱,所述出液口设置在所述出液箱上,所述出液箱固定设置于所述槽体长度方向上内侧面槽壁的上部,且位于若干块所述阳极板和所述阴极板的侧面与固定设置所述出液箱的内侧面槽壁之间的间隙内,所述出液箱的两端各设置有用于与所述溢流口密封连接以使得电解液回流的连接管,所述出液箱上除所述出液口和所述连接管之外的部位均为防止电解液流入或流出的结构。 [0015] The liquid means is out of a tank, the upper portion of the fluid port is provided on the said tank, the said tank is fixed to the grooves provided in the longitudinal direction of the slot side walls, and located in several blocks of the anode plate and the cathode side of the gap between the plate and the tank is fixed to the inner side groove wall, the two ends of the tank are each provided for an overflow with the sealing the electrolyte inlet connector so that the reflux pipe is connected to the liquid outlet pipe and the portion other than the connection structure of the electrolyte are prevented from flowing into or out of the tank out of the other.

[0016] 优选的,所述出液箱还包括设置于所述出液箱上、用于在电解周期内升高所述电解槽内电解液液面至与所述阳极板主体的上边沿齐平或降下所述电解槽内电解液液面至低于所述阳极板主体的上边沿的液面调节组件,所述液面调节组件的长度方向上的两端分别位于相应的最外侧的所述阳极板与所述槽体宽度方向上内侧面槽壁之间。 [0016] Preferably, the said tank further comprises an upper liquid to the tank for the period of the rise in the electrolytic cell to the electrolyte surface flush with the upper edge of the anode plate body the upper edge of the lower level or the liquid level within the cell to below the electrolyte level in the anode plate adjustment assembly body, both ends in the longitudinal direction of the level controller assembly positioned respectively corresponding to the outermost between said anode plate and the inner groove wall sides of the width direction of said tank body.

[0017] 优选的,所述出液箱还包括设置于所述连接管内、用于平衡所述连接管内的电解液液流内外气压的呼吸管,所述呼吸管的顶端露出所述出液箱内的电解液液面,所述呼吸管的底端位于所述连接管与所述出液箱的连接处所在水平面的下方。 [0017] Preferably, the said tank further comprises an inner tube disposed in the connection for balancing the pressure inside and outside the electrolyte flow in the tube breathing tube connected to the top end of the breathing tube is exposed out of the tank electrolyte level within the bottom end of said breathing pipe is located below the junction where the horizontal connecting pipe of the tank.

[0018] 与现有技术相比,本发明提供了一种超高电流密度平行流电解槽的出液装置,所述出液装置包括出液口,所述出液口设置于所述槽体长度方向上侧面槽壁的上部,且与电解液液面平齐,且所述出液口的长度不小于最外侧两个所述喷嘴之间的距离且小于所述槽体长度方向上内侧面槽壁的长度,且所述出液口的长度方向上的两端分别位于相应的最外侧的所述阳极板与所述槽体宽度方向上侧面槽壁之间,所述出液口与电解液储液装置连通以用于将所述槽体内的电解液回流,配以通过第一进液装置上的喷嘴向相邻的阳极板和阴极板之间的间隙供给电解液,二者结合,一个平行式进液,一个平行式出液,使得第一喷液管中的电解液从喷嘴喷出后全部进入相邻阳极板和阴极板之间的间隙,然后只在上下方向和槽体宽度方向上流动,然后从出液装置上的出液 [0018] Compared with the prior art, the present invention provides an apparatus for ultra high current density liquid parallel flow cell, said means comprising a liquid outlet port, said outlet port provided in the tank body an upper side surface of the groove wall in the longitudinal direction and flush with the electrolyte surface, and the liquid outlet is not less than the length of the distance between the two outermost nozzle and less than the longitudinal direction of the side surface of the tank the length of the groove walls, and the both ends in the longitudinal direction of the liquid outlet are located on the anode plate width direction of the groove between the respective outermost side groove wall, and the electrolytic liquid outlet fluid reservoir means for communicating to the reflux tank body electrolyte, together with the electrolytic solution is supplied into the gap between adjacent anode and cathode plates through the nozzle on a first inlet means, a combination of both, a parallel-type inlet, a fluid out of the parallel type, so that the electrolyte in the first liquid pipe discharge from the discharge nozzle into the entire gap between adjacent anode and cathode plates, and then only in the vertical direction and the groove width the direction of flow, and the liquid from the liquid out of the device 口流出,使得从喷嘴喷出的电解液只在相邻阳极板和阴极板之间的间隙中流动,与阳极板或阴极板的长宽侧面平行地流动,只有上下方向和槽体宽度方向上的流动,没有沿槽体长度方向上的流动,不向其余地方流动,流向单一,不再产生紊流,相邻间隙内的电解液不互相对流掺混,形成一个个单独且紧邻的小电解槽,相邻小电解槽内的电解液不互相对流掺混干扰,从而使得电解槽内的电解液没有紊流,漂浮阳极泥可以快速随电解液流动排出电解槽,沉降阳极泥可以快速沉降,不会像原来一样随着电解液紊流在槽体宽度方向、长度方向和上下方向上到处流动,到处乱窜,影响电解精炼的正常进行;从而使得每个小电解槽相互独立,产生漂浮阳极泥和沉降阳极泥多的小电解槽和产生漂浮阳极泥和沉降阳极泥少的小电解槽不会相互掺混污染,提高了产品阴 Outflow port, so that the electrolytic solution discharged from the nozzle only in the gaps between adjacent anode and cathode plates in the flow, the flow parallel to the length and width of the side of the anode plate or cathode plate, only the vertical direction and the groove width flow, no flow in the longitudinal direction of the tank, not to the rest of the flow, a single flow, not turbulent flow, the electrolyte in the gap adjacent to each other without convection blender to form a separate and smaller electrolytic immediately grooves, a small electrolyte in the electrolytic cell adjacent to each other without interfering convection mixing, so that the electrolytic solution in the electrolytic cell without turbulence, floating anode mud flow can be quickly discharged with the electrolytic cell, anode mud settling can quickly settle, as the electrolytic solution is not the same as the original turbulent flow in the groove width direction, around the longitudinal direction and a vertical direction, wander around the influence of normal electrolytic refining; so that each small cell independent, floating anode is generated anode slime and mud sedimentation and produce much smaller cell anode mud and floating anode mud settling little small cell does not blend with each other pollution, improve product overcast 极铜板的质量。 Quality of copper pole. 综上,在上述第一进液装置的基础上,配以本发明提供的出液装置,实现了电解液以平行于阳极板和阴极板长宽侧面的方式进入,然后以平行于阳极板和阴极板长宽侧面的方式流出,从而改善了对高杂质阳极板的电解精炼。 In summary, in the above the first inlet means, together with the liquid provided by the device of the present invention, to achieve the electrolytic solution parallel to the length and width of the anode and cathode plates of the way into the side and parallel to the anode plate and the length and width of the cathode plate way outflow side, thereby improving the electrolytic refining of high impurity anode plate.

[0019] 本发明还提供一种超高电流密度平行流电解槽,包括槽体、第一进液装置、出液装置、若干块阳极板以及若干块阴极板; [0019] The present invention also provides a parallel flow ultra high current density electrolysis cell, comprising a tank body, a first inlet means, a fluid means, a plurality of anode plates and a plurality of blocks of the block cathode plate;

[0020] 若干块所述阳极板和若干块所述阴极板均搭接在所述槽体长度方向上的两侧面槽壁的上边沿上,若干块所述阳极板和若干块所述阴极板在所述槽体内交替布置且所述阳极板的数量比所述阴极板的数量多一块且控制所述槽体内最外侧的极板均为所述阳极板, 所述阳极板包括阳极板主体和吊耳; The upper edge of the [0020] plurality of blocks of the anode plate and the cathode plate are a plurality of blocks overlapping in the longitudinal direction of the groove of the groove wall surfaces on both sides, a plurality of blocks of said plurality of anode plate and the cathode plate block are alternately arranged in the groove body and said anode plate number than the number of a plurality of the cathode plate and the outermost plates are controlled within the slot of the anode plate, the anode plate comprises a plate body and an anode lug;

[0021] 所述第一进液装置包括第一进液管、第一喷液管以及若干个设置在所述第一喷液管上且用于向所述槽体内喷射电解液的喷嘴,所述第一进液管的进液口与电解液供液装置连通以向所述第一进液管供给电解液,所述第一进液管的出液口与所述第一喷液管的进液口连通,所述第一喷液管固定设置于所述槽体长度方向上的内侧面槽壁的下部或所述槽体的内底面槽壁上,任一个所述喷嘴均对应于相邻的所述阳极板与所述阴极板之间的间隙以用于向相邻的两块所述阳极板与所述阴极板之间的间隙喷射电解液; [0021] The first inlet means comprising a first inlet tube, the first tube and a plurality of liquid discharge is provided on the first tube and liquid discharge nozzle for ejecting the electrolytic solution into the body of the tank, the said inlet port of the first inlet tube communicating with the electrolyte fluid supply means to supply said first electrolyte inlet tube, the first tube inlet and the liquid outlet of said first liquid discharge pipe a liquid inlet communicating said first discharge liquid pipe fixed to the bottom surface of the lower wall of the groove or the inner surface of the tank body on the groove wall of the longitudinal direction of the grooves, any one of the nozzle corresponds to a phase the adjacent anode plate and the gap between the cathode plate for supplying the two adjacent anode plate and cathode plate gap between the electrolyte injection;

[0022] 所述出液装置为上述任意一项所述的出液装置。 [0022] The liquid means a liquid that is a device according to any one of the above.

[0023] 优选的,对应于相邻所述阳极板与所述阴极板之间的间隙的所述喷嘴的喷口位于所述阴极板的金属沉积面所在的竖直面垂直距离9_之内。 Within a vertical distance of the vertical plane [0023] Preferably, corresponding to the gap between the anode plate and the cathode plate positioned adjacent the nozzle aperture of the cathode plate where the surface of the metal deposition 9_.

[0024] 优选的,所述第一进液装置还包括若干个支撑件以及锁紧装置; [0024] Preferably, the first inlet means further comprises a plurality of support members and a locking means;

[0025] 所述第一喷液管通过若干个所述支撑件固定设置于所述槽体长度方向上的内侧面槽壁上或所述槽体的内底面槽壁上,且所述第一喷液管与所述支撑件活动连接以用于当所述第一喷液管受到外力转矩时,所述第一喷液管可以绕其轴向中心线自转,且所述第一喷液管的进液口与所述第一进液管的出液口旋转密封连接以用于当所述第一喷液管受到外力转矩时,所述第一喷液管可以绕其轴向中心线自转而所述第一进液管固定不动; [0025] The first liquid discharge tube through said plurality of support members fixed to the bottom surface of the groove wall of the inner side groove wall of the tank body or on the longitudinal direction of the groove, and the first when the liquid discharge tube and the support member for movably connected to the first liquid discharge tube when the external force torque, the first liquid discharge tube rotation about its axial centerline, and said first liquid discharge when the liquid inlet tube and the first tube inlet rotary seal liquid outlet connection for discharge of the first liquid when subjected to external force torque tube, said first liquid discharge tube about its axial center and the first rotation line inlet tube is stationary;

[0026] 所述第一喷液管与所述锁紧装置连接以用于当外力转矩消失时,锁紧所述第一喷液管停止其自转。 [0026] The first liquid discharge tube connected to said locking means for, when the external torque disappears, the liquid discharge pipe of the first locking stop its rotation.

[0027] 优选的,当所述第一喷液管固定设置于所述槽体长度方向上的内侧面槽壁的下部时,所述第一进液装置还包括若干个轴承、齿轮、动力机构、程控切断阀以及自转角度检测器; [0027] Preferably, when the first liquid discharge tube is fixed to the lower side surface of the inner groove wall of the longitudinal direction of the groove, the first inlet means further comprises a plurality of bearings, gears, power mechanism , program-controlled shut-off valve and the rotation angle detector;

[0028] 所述第一喷液管通过所述轴承与所述支撑件连接,每个所述支撑件对应一个所述轴承,所述第一喷液管与所述轴承的内圈固定连接,所述支撑件与所述轴承的外圈固定连接; [0028] The first through the liquid discharge pipe is connected to the bearing support member, each of said corresponding one of said bearing support member, said first liquid discharge tube and the bearing inner ring is fixedly connected, the support member is fixedly connected to the bearing outer race;

[0029] 所述齿轮设置于所述第一喷液管上且靠近所述第一喷液管与所述第一进液管连接处的部位,所述齿轮与所述动力机构连接以用于当所述动力机构输出转矩时,所述第一喷液管可以绕其轴向中心线自转而所述第一进液管固定不动; [0029] The gear provided on the first tube and the liquid discharge portion near said liquid inlet pipe and the first pipe connection at a first spray, and the power of the gear mechanism for connecting when the torque of the power output mechanism, the first liquid discharge tube may be the first inlet tube immovably rotation about its axial centerline;

[0030] 所述自转角度检测器设置于所述第一喷液管上、用于监测所述喷嘴的喷口朝向在所述第一喷液管自转的过程中的变化,所述自转角度检测器与控制系统电连接以用于向所述控制系统提供所述喷嘴的喷口朝向的变化信号; [0030] The rotation angle detector is disposed on said first liquid discharge pipe, for monitoring the nozzle orifice toward the first discharge process liquid pipe rotation variations, the rotation angle detector It is connected to the spout for providing a change signal to the control system of the nozzle toward the electrical control system;

[0031] 所述程控切断阀设置于所述第一进液管的进液口处,且所述程控切断阀与所述控制系统电连接; [0031] The program-controlled shut-off valve disposed in the liquid inlet at a first inlet tube and the program-controlled shut-off valve is electrically connected with the control system;

[0032] 在垂直于所述第一喷液管的长度方向且重合于所述喷嘴的长度方向的竖直平面内,定义所述喷嘴的转动的中心点为A点,定义穿过所述A点竖直向上与电解液液面的交点为B点,定义穿过所述A点斜向下与对面的所述槽体长度方向上的内侧面槽壁的下边沿的交点为C点; [0032] In a direction perpendicular to the length of the first discharge pipe and the liquid in the longitudinal direction coincides with the vertical plane of the nozzle, the nozzle defining the rotation center point is point A, through the definition of A points vertically upward electrolyte level of the intersection point B, the point a is defined through the point of intersection with the oblique lower edge of the inner side surface of the groove wall on the opposite longitudinal direction of the trough point C;

[0033] 当所述喷嘴的喷口朝向偏向所述阳极板与所述阴极板之间的间隙且位于AB连线与AC连线之间的夹角时,所述控制系统控制所述程控切断阀打开以使电解液流入所述第一喷液管或控制所述程控切断阀闭合以截断电解液流向所述第一喷液管,当所述喷嘴的喷口朝向在其余角度时,所述控制系统控制所述程控切断阀闭合以截断电解液流向所述第一喷液管。 [0033] When the gap between the nozzle aperture and deflecting toward the anode plate and the cathode plate located in the angle between AB and the AC connection connect the programmable control system controls the shut-off valve opened to allow the electrolytic solution into the first liquid discharge tube or programmed to control the shut-off valve is closed to intercept flowing electrolyte liquid to the first discharge tube, when the nozzle orifice toward the rest angle, the control system the programmed control shut-off valve is closed to cut off the flow of the first electrolyte liquid discharge tube.

[0034] 优选的,当所述第一喷液管固定设置于所述槽体的内底面槽壁上时,所述第一进液装置还包括若干个轴承、齿轮、动力机构、程控切断阀以及自转角度检测器; [0034] Preferably, when the first discharge liquid pipe fixed to the inner bottom surface of the groove wall of said tank body, said first inlet means further comprises a plurality of bearings, gears, power mechanism, program-controlled shut-off valve and a rotation angle detector;

[0035] 所述第一喷液管通过所述轴承与所述支撑件连接,每个所述支撑件对应一个所述轴承,所述第一喷液管与所述轴承的内圈固定连接,所述支撑件与所述轴承的外圈固定连接; [0035] The liquid discharge pipe connected to said first through said bearing and the support member, each of said corresponding one of said bearing support member, said first liquid discharge tube and the bearing inner ring is fixedly connected, the support member is fixedly connected to the bearing outer race;

[0036] 所述齿轮设置于所述第一喷液管上且靠近所述第一喷液管与所述第一进液管连接处的部位,所述齿轮与所述动力机构连接以用于当所述动力机构输出转矩时,所述第一喷液管可以绕其轴向中心线自转而所述第一进液管固定不动; [0036] The gear provided on the first tube and the liquid discharge portion near said liquid inlet pipe and the first pipe connection at a first spray, and the power of the gear mechanism for connecting when the torque of the power output mechanism, the first liquid discharge tube may be the first inlet tube immovably rotation about its axial centerline;

[0037] 所述自转角度检测器设置于所述第一喷液管上、用于监测所述喷嘴的喷口朝向在所述第一喷液管自转的过程中的变化,所述自转角度检测器与控制系统电连接以用于向所述控制系统提供所述喷嘴的喷口朝向的变化信号; [0037] The rotation angle detector is disposed on said first liquid discharge pipe, for monitoring the nozzle orifice toward the first discharge process liquid pipe rotation variations, the rotation angle detector It is connected to the spout for providing a change signal to the control system of the nozzle toward the electrical control system;

[0038] 所述程控切断阀设置于所述第一进液管的进液口处,且所述程控切断阀与所述控制系统电连接; [0038] The program-controlled shut-off valve disposed in the liquid inlet at a first inlet tube and the program-controlled shut-off valve is electrically connected with the control system;

[0039] 在垂直于所述第一喷液管的长度方向且重合于所述喷嘴的长度方向的竖直平面内,定义所述喷嘴的转动的中心点为A点,定义穿过所述A点水平向左与所述槽体内侧面槽壁的交点为D点,定义穿过所述A点水平向右与所述槽体内侧面槽壁的交点为E点; [0039] In a direction perpendicular to the length of the first discharge pipe and the liquid in the longitudinal direction coincides with the vertical plane of the nozzle, the nozzle defining the rotation center point is point A, through the definition of A the intersection point of the left side surface of the horizontal groove wall of said groove body point D, passing through the point a defines the intersection of the horizontal rightward body groove side groove wall is point E;

[0040] 当所述喷嘴的喷口朝向偏向所述阳极板与所述阴极板之间的间隙且位于AD连线与AE连线之间的夹角时,所述控制系统控制所述程控切断阀打开以使电解液流入所述第一喷液管,当所述喷嘴的喷口朝向在其余角度时,所述控制系统控制所述程控切断阀闭合以截断电解液流向所述第一喷液管。 [0040] When the gap between the nozzle aperture and deflecting toward the anode plate and the cathode plate and is positioned with an angle between the AD AE connection wiring, the control system controls the program-controlled shut-off valve opened to allow the electrolytic solution into the first liquid discharge tube, when the nozzle orifice toward the rest angle, the control system controls the program-controlled shut-off valve is closed to cut off the flow of the first electrolyte liquid discharge tube.

[0041] 与现有技术相比,本发明还提供了一种超高电流密度平行流电解槽,由于该电解槽包括上述任意一项所述的出液装置,因此该电解槽同样具有上述出液装置的全部有益的技术效果,此处不再赘述,该电解槽的其余技术方案的有益技术效果会在下文中阐述。 [0041] Compared with the prior art, the present invention also provides an ultra high current density parallel flow cell, since the cell comprises a tapping device according to any one of the above, this cell also has the above-described all the advantageous technical effects of the fluid means, not further described herein, the beneficial technical effects of the remaining aspect of the electrolytic cell will be set forth hereinafter.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0042]图1为本发明实施例提供的当第一喷液管固定设置于槽体长度方向上的内侧面槽壁的下部时的电解槽的结构示意图,为便于观察,将电解槽的两个侧面槽壁去除; [0042] FIG. 1 is a schematic configuration when the lower portion of the first liquid discharge tube and fixed to the groove longitudinal direction of the inner side surface of the groove wall of the electrolytic cell according to an embodiment of the present invention, the two electrolytic cell for ease of observation, a slot side walls removed;

[0043]图2为本发明实施例提供的出液箱的结构示意图; Schematic structural diagram of [0043] FIG tank 2 according to an embodiment of the present invention;

[0044] 图3为图2的主视图; [0044] FIG. 3 is a front view of Figure 2;

[0045] 图4为图2的俯视图; [0045] FIG. 4 is a plan view of FIG 2;

[0046] 图5为图1中第一喷液管上的喷嘴喷射方式的示意图; [0046] FIG. 5 is a schematic embodiment of the injection nozzle in Figure 1 a first liquid discharge tube;

[0047] 图6为本发明实施例提供的当所述第一喷液管固定设置于所述槽体的内底面槽壁上时第一喷液管上的喷嘴喷射方式的示意图; [0047] Fig 6 a schematic view of a first liquid ejecting nozzle fixed to the pipe on the way to the bottom surface of the groove when the groove wall of the inner body first liquid discharge pipe provided in the embodiment of the present invention, when;

[0048] 图7为本发明实施例提供的包括第一进液装置和第二进液装置的电解槽的结构示意图。 [0048] FIG 7 includes a schematic structural diagram of a first inlet means and second inlet means of the electrolytic cell according to an embodiment of the present invention.

[0049] 图中:1槽体,2第一进液装置,201第一进液管,202第一喷液管,203喷嘴,204A点, 205B点,206C点,207D点,208E点,3阳极板,301阳极板主体,302吊耳,4阴极板,5出液装置, 501出液口,502溢流口,503出液箱,504连接管,5〇5液面调节板,6第二进液装置,601第二进液管,602第二喷液管,603喷嘴,7电解液液面。 [0049] FIG: a tank body, a first inlet means 2, a first inlet tube 201, a first liquid discharge tube 202, nozzle 203, points 204A, 205B point, points 206C, 207D point, point 208E, 3 anode plate, anode plate main body 301, lugs 302, a cathode plate 4, 5 fluid means, fluid outlet 501, the overflow port 502, tank 503, the connection pipe 504, 5〇5 level adjusting plate, the first 6 two inlet means, second inlet tube 601, a second liquid discharge tube 602, nozzle 603, the electrolyte level 7.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0050] 为使本发明实施例的目的、技术方案和优点更加清楚,下面将结合本发明实施例中的附图,对本发明实施例中的技术方案进行清楚、完整地描述,显然,所描述的实施例是本发明的一部分实施例,而不是全部的实施例。 [0050] In order that the invention object, technical solutions, and advantages of the embodiments more clearly, the following the present invention in the accompanying drawings, technical solutions of embodiments of the present invention are clearly and completely described, obviously, the described the embodiment is an embodiment of the present invention is a part, but not all embodiments. 基于本发明中的实施例,本领域普通技术人员在没有做出创造性劳动的前提下所获得的所有其他实施例,都属于本发明保护的范围。 Based on the embodiments of the present invention, all other embodiments of ordinary skill in the art without creative efforts shall fall within the scope of the present invention.

[0051] 在本发明的描述中,需要理解的是,术语“中心”、“轴向”、“径向”、“纵向”、“横向”、 “长度”、“宽度”、“上”、“下”、“前”、“后”、“左”、“右”、“顶”、“底”、“内”、“外”、“顺时针”、“逆时针”、“水平”、“竖直”等指示的方位或位置关系为基于附图所示或实际应用中的方位或位置关系,仅是为了便于描述本发明和简化描述,而不是指示或暗示所指的装置或元件必须具有特定的方位、以特定的方位构造和操作,因此不能理解为对本发明的限制。 [0051] In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the term "center", "axial", "radial", "longitudinal", "lateral", "length", "width", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", "clockwise", "counterclockwise", "horizontal", orientation or positional relationship of "vertical" orientation or the like is indicated by a positional relationship illustrated in the drawings or actual use based on, merely for convenience of description and the present invention is to simplify the description, but does not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must having a specific orientation, the orientation of a particular configuration and operation, can not be construed as limiting the present invention.

[0052] 此外,术语“第一”、“第二”仅用于描述目的,而不能理解为指示或暗示相对重要性或者隐含指明所指示的技术特征的数量。 [0052] In addition, the terms "first", "second" are used to indicate or imply relative importance or the number of technical features specified implicitly indicated the purpose of description and should not be understood. 由此,限定“第一”、“第二”的特征可以明示或隐含地包括一个或者更多个该特征。 Thus, defining a "first", "second" features may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of the features.

[0053] 在本发明中,除非另有明确的规定和限定,第一特征在第二特征之“上”或之“下”, 可以包括第一和第二特征直接接触,也可以包括第一和第二特征不是直接接触而是通过它们之间的另外的特征接触。 [0053] In the present invention, unless otherwise expressly specified or limited, or the first feature of the "lower" may include direct contact with the first and second features being "on" a second feature, may also comprise a first and the second feature is not in direct contact, but the contact by the additional features therebetween. 而且,第一特征在第二特征“之上”、“上方”和“上面”包括第一特征在第二特征的的正上方和斜上方,或仅仅表示第一特征水平高度高于第二特征。 Also, the first feature a second feature in the "on", "above" and "upper" feature includes a first and a diagonally upward right above the second feature, or only represents a first characteristic level higher than the second height wherein . 第一特征在第二特征“之下”、“下方”和“下面”包括第一特征在第二特征的正下方和斜下方,或仅仅表示第一特征水平高度小于第二特征。 In the first feature a second feature "beneath", "below" and "lower" and includes obliquely downward right below the first feature a second feature, or only represents a first characteristic wherein the second height is less than horizontal.

[0054]如图1至图7所示,本发明提供了一种超高电流密度平行流电解槽的出液装置,上述电解槽包括槽体1、第一进液装置2、出液装置5、若干块阳极板3以及若干块阴极板4。 [0054] As shown in FIG. 1 to FIG. 7, the present invention provides an apparatus for ultra high current density liquid parallel flow of the electrolytic cell, the electrolytic cell 1 comprises a tank body, a first inlet means 2, a liquid 5 , anode plate 3 and the number of pieces of a number of pieces of the cathode plate 4.

[0055] 若干块阳极板3和若干块阴极板4均搭接在槽体1长度方向上的两侧面槽壁的上边沿上,若干块阳极板3和若干块阴极板4在槽体1内交替布置且阳极板3的数量比阴极板4的数量多一块且控制槽体1内最外侧的极板均为阳极板3,阳极板3包括阳极板主体301和吊耳302 〇 4 are on the upper edge overlaps the longitudinal direction of the tank 1 of the groove wall surfaces on both sides, a plurality of anode plate 3 and a plurality of block block the cathode plate 4 in the tank [0055] The anode plate 3 and the number of pieces of cathode plate 1 a number of pieces number of alternately arranged anode plate 3 and the plate 4 than the number of cathodes and a plurality of controls within a tank outermost electrode plate 3 are an anode plate, anode plate 3 and the main body 301 includes an anode plate lugs 302 billion

[0056] 第一进液装置2包括第一进液管201、第一喷液管202以及若干个设置在喷液管上, 用于向槽体1内喷射电解液的喷嘴203,第一进液管201的进液口与电解液供液装置连通以向第一进液管201供给电解液,第一进液管201的出液口501与第一喷液管202的进液口连通,第一喷液管202固定设置于槽体1长度方向上的内侧面槽壁的下部或槽体1的内底面槽壁上,任一个喷嘴203均对应于相邻的阳极板3与阴极板4之间的间隙以用于向相邻的两块阳极板3与阴极板4之间的间隙喷射电解液。 [0056] a first inlet means 2 comprise a first inlet tube 201, a first liquid discharge pipe 202 and disposed on a plurality of liquid discharge pipe for injecting the electrolyte in the tank 1 to the nozzle 203, first into the fluid inlet and a liquid electrolyte liquid supply means communicating tube 201 to a first inlet pipe 201 is supplied to the electrolytic solution, a first inlet tube liquid outlet 501,201 and the first liquid discharge port 202 of the inlet tube in communication, a lower bottom surface of the inner wall of the groove or trough of the first liquid discharge pipe 202 fixed to the longitudinal direction of the tank body 1 side inner groove wall 1, either of a nozzle 203 corresponds to the adjacent anode plate and the cathode plate 4 3 3 for the gap between the gap between the cathode plate 4 to the electrolyte injection two adjacent anode plate.

[0057] 出液装置5包括出液口501,出液口501设置于槽体1长度方向上侧面槽壁的上部, 且与电解液液面平齐,且出液口501的长度不小于最外侧两个喷嘴203之间的距离且小于槽体1长度方向上内侧面槽壁的长度,且出液口501的长度方向上的两端分别位于相应的最外侧的阳极板3与槽体1宽度方向上内侧面槽壁之间,出液口501如此设置使得出液口501的长度可以正对应最外侧两个喷嘴203之间的间隙且可以覆盖最外侧两个喷嘴203的之间的距离,从而真正实现电解液以平行于阳极板3和阴极板4长宽侧面的方式流出,出液口5〇1与电解液储液装置连通以用于将槽体1内的电解液回流。 [0057] The apparatus 5 comprises a fluid outlet port 501, outlet port 501 is provided on an upper side surface of a longitudinal direction of the groove wall of the tank, and flush with the electrolyte surface, and the length of the liquid outlet 501 is not less than the most the distance between the two outer nozzle 203 and smaller than the length in the longitudinal direction of the side surface of a groove wall of the tank, and the both ends in the longitudinal direction of the liquid openings 501 are located at the respective outermost anode plate 3 and the tank 1 between the inner side surface of the width direction groove wall, the liquid outlet 501 so disposed that the length of the liquid outlet 501 may correspond to the positive outermost gap between the two nozzles 203 and can cover the distance between the two outermost nozzles 203 to realize the electrolytic solution flowing parallel to the length and width of the side surface 4 of the embodiment of the anode plate and the cathode plate 3, the liquid outlet in communication with the electrolyte reservoir means 5〇1 for the electrolytic solution was refluxed in a tank.

[0058] 本发明提供的超高电流密度平行流电解槽的出液装置5,不仅适用于铜阳极板的电解精炼,同样适用于其它采用电解精炼阳极板的工艺提纯目标金属的金属,例如金属镍, 等等。 [0058] The ultra-high current density parallel flow cell of the present invention provides a liquid unit 5, not only suitable for the electrolytic refining of copper anode is equally applicable to other metal refining the anode plate by electrolysis purification process target metal, a metal e.g. nickel, and so on.

[0059] 本发明提供了一种超高电流密度平行流电解槽的出液装置5,出液装置5包括出液口501,配以通过第一进液装置2上的喷嘴向相邻的阳极板3和阴极板4之间的间隙供给电解液,二者结合,一个平行式进液,一个平行式出液,使得第一喷液管中的电解液从喷嘴喷出后全部进入相邻阳极板3和阴极板4之间的间隙,然后只在上下方向和槽体1宽度方向上流动,然后从出液装置5上的出液口501流出,使得从喷嘴喷出的电解液只在相邻阳极板3和阴极板4之间的间隙中流动,与阳极板3或阴极板4的长宽侧面平行地流动,只有上下方向和槽体1宽度方向上的流动,没有沿槽体1长度方向上的流动,不向其余地方流动,流向单一,不再产生紊流,相邻间隙内的电解液不互相对流掺混,形成一个个单独且紧邻的小电解槽,相邻小电解槽内的电解液不互相对流掺混干扰,从而使 [0059] The present invention provides an apparatus 5 was an ultra-high current density flow parallel to the electrolytic cell, the means 5 comprises a liquid outlet port 501, together with the nozzle 2 through the first inlet means adjacent to the anode supplying the electrolytic solution 3 and the gap plate between the cathode plate 4, a combination of both, a parallel-type inlet, a fluid out of the parallel type, so that the electrolyte solution in the first discharge tube ejected from all nozzles into the adjacent anode the gap between the plate 3 and the cathode plate 4, then flows only in the vertical direction and a width direction of the tank, and then flows out from the liquid outlet means on the liquid 5501, such that only the electrolytic solution discharged from the nozzle in phase 4 flowing in the gap between the anode plate 3 o and cathode plates, parallel to the length and width of the flow side of the anode plate or cathode plate 4 3, only the flow in a vertical direction and the width direction tank, not along the length of the tank 1 the flow direction, not to the rest of the flow, a single flow, not turbulent flow, the electrolyte in the gap adjacent to each other without convection blender to form a separate and adjacent to a small cell, small cell adjacent inner the electrolytic solution does not mutually interfere with convective mixing, so that 电解槽内的电解液没有紊流,漂浮阳极泥可以快速随电解液流动排出电解槽,沉降阳极泥可以快速沉降,不会像原来一样随着电解液紊流在槽体1宽度方向、长度方向和上下方向上到处流动,到处乱窜,影响电解精炼的正常进行;从而使得每个小电解槽相互独立,产生漂浮阳极泥和沉降阳极泥多的小电解槽和产生漂浮阳极泥和沉降阳极泥少的小电解槽不会相互掺混污染,提高了产品阴极铜板的质量。 The electrolytic solution in the electrolytic cell without turbulence, floating anode mud flow can be quickly discharged with the electrolytic cell, anode mud sedimentation settle quickly, not the same as the original electrolytic solution as turbulence in the width direction of the tank 1, the longitudinal direction and the vertical direction of the flow around, wander around the influence of normal electrolytic refining; so that each small cell independent, and to generate floating anode mud settling anode slime and to produce much smaller cell anode slime floating and settling anode slime less pollution of small cell does not blend with each other, improve product quality copper cathode plate. 综上,在上述进液装置的基础上,配以本发明提供的出液装置5,实现了电解液以平行于阳极板3和阴极板4长宽侧面的方式进入,然后以平行于阳极板3和阴极板4长宽侧面的方式流出,从而改善了对高杂质阳极板的电解精炼。 In summary, in the above the inlet means, the liquid 5 together with the present invention provides, to achieve the electrolytic solution parallel to the length and width of the side surface 4 of the anode plate and the cathode plate 3 way into and parallel to the anode plate 4 length and width of side surfaces of the plate 3 and the cathode effluent, thereby improving the electrolytic refining of high impurity anode plate.

[0060] 在本发明的一个实施例中,上述出液口501为制作槽体1过程中在槽体1长度方向侧面槽壁上预设的开口。 [0060] In one embodiment of the present invention, the above-described process of making the liquid outlet 501 to the tank body 1 in a longitudinal direction of the slot side wall of the tank a predetermined opening. 槽体1多采用模具固化成型工艺制作,在制作槽体1的过程中,在槽体1长度方向上侧面槽壁的相应位置预留开口,等槽体1固化成型后,拆除模板,上述预留的开口即自成上述出液装置5的出液口501,在上述槽体1的外侧面槽壁上对应于预留开口的部位通常还设置有电解液收集槽以用于将从预留开口中平行流出的电解液收集,然后通过回流管道输送回至电解液储液装置。 Tank over molding process using a curing mold, in the production process of the tank 1 in the longitudinal direction of the tank 1 corresponding to the position of the opening reserved for the slot side walls, and the like after curing and molding the tank 1, removal of the template, the pre i.e., from the left to open the liquid outlet means 501 above the liquid 5 in the outer side surface of the groove wall of the tank 1 corresponding to the region of the opening is usually provided with a reserve tank for collecting the electrolyte solution from the reserve flowing out of the opening in parallel to collect electrolytic solution, and then conveyed through the return line back to the electrolyte reservoir means.

[0061] 在本发明的一个实施例中,上述槽体1还包括两个分别位于槽体1宽度方向上两个侧面槽壁上的溢流口502; [0061] In one embodiment of the present invention, the above-described tank 1 further comprises two overflow port located on the body 1 in the width direction of both sides of the groove wall of the groove 502;

[0062] 出液装置5为出液箱503,出液口501设置在出液箱503上,出液箱503固定设置于槽体1长度方向上内侧面槽壁的上部,且位于若干块阳极板3和阴极板4的侧面与固定设置出液箱503的内侧面槽壁之间的间隙内,出液箱503的两端各设置有用于与溢流口502密封连接以使得电解液回流的连接管504,出液箱503上除出液口501和连接管504之外的部位均为防止电解液流入或流出的结构以使得电解液只从出液箱503上的出液口501流入出液箱503,不从别的部位流入,从而实现真正的电解液的平行流出。 [0062] a tapping device 5 is a tank 503, a fluid outlet 501 disposed on the tank 503, the upper portion of a tank 503 fixed to the inner side surface of the groove wall a longitudinal direction of the tank body, and is located several blocks anode 3 a side plate and the cathode plate 4 is provided with a fixed gap between the inner side surface of the inner groove wall of the tank 503, the tank 503 at both ends are each provided with a sealed connection to the overflow outlet 502 such that the electrolytic solution was refluxed the connecting pipe 504, the structure of the electrolyte tank 503 into or out of a portion other than the liquid inlet 501 and the connection pipe 504 in addition to the electrolyte are prevented so that only liquid flows from the outlet 503 on the tank 501 tank 503, does not flow from the other parts, so as to achieve a true parallel flowing electrolytic solution. 目前,实际应用中的电解槽均是混凝土或者树脂材料采用模具固化成型工艺在生产厂家预制成型的,然后运至冶炼企业安装。 Currently, the practical application of the electrolytic cell are concrete material or a resin molding process using a mold cured preformed at the manufacturer, and then transported to smelters installation. 目前,中国的电解阴极铜的年产量在800万吨左右,而其中每20万吨的电解阴极铜需要720个左右的电解槽(冶炼企业根据自己的生产工艺,电解槽的装板数量稍有差别,使得同等产量的电解槽数量也有稍微差别),即800万吨的年产量需要28800个左右的电解槽,为了实施本发明提出的平行出液的构思,在这28800个电解槽的侧面槽壁上的相应位置打洞开孔,然后重新安装后续的回流管道,显然不太现实;将这28800个电解槽全部拆除,换上新的侧面槽壁上带有上述预制开口的电解槽,显然更不现实。 At present, China's annual output of electrolytic copper cathode at 800 million tons, of which 200,000 tons of electrolytic copper cathode each need about 720 cell (smelting enterprises according to the number of their own production processes, electrolytic cell mounting plate slightly difference, so that the number of cell equivalent yield slightly different also), i.e. about 8 million tons of annual production of 28,800 cell requires, for the parallel embodiment of the present invention proposed a concept of fluid, in which the side surface of the cell slots 28800 opening holes corresponding positions of the wall, and then reinstall the subsequent return line, it is clearly not realistic; demolition of all these cell 28800, replaced with a new cell with a side wall of said preform groove opening, is clearly more unrealistic. 采用本实施中的技术方案,有效地解决了上述技术问题:本实施例考虑到现有的电解槽具有用于电解液回流的溢流口502, 两个溢流口502分别位于槽体1宽度方向上两个侧面槽壁上,槽体1内过量的电解液从溢流口502中流出电解槽,然后沿管道回流至电解液储液装置,本发明充分利用既有的溢流口502,将上述的出液箱503通过其两端的连接管504与溢流口502密封连接,使得平行流入出液箱503的电解液从连接管504进入溢流口502,然后沿着原有的管道回流至电解液储液装置,不用在槽体1内壁上打洞开口,不用更换槽体1,不用对原有的槽体1结构进行任何的改动,只需在原有槽体1上安装一个上述结构的出液箱503即可实现电解液的平行式流出,从而大大地降低了实施本发明构思的成本和困难程度,以低成本的方式改善了对高杂质阳极板的电解精炼。 Technical solution of the present embodiment is to effectively solve the above technical problems: the present embodiment taking into account the existing electrolytic cell has an overflow opening for the electrolytic solution was refluxed for 502, 502 are located two overflow opening width of the tank 1 two side walls of the groove in a direction, excess electrolyte in the tank 1 flows out from the overflow port 502 of the electrolytic cell, the electrolyte solution and then refluxed to the reservoir along the conduit means, the present invention fully utilizes the existing overflow port 502, the above-described sealing the tank 503 via connecting pipe 504 is connected to the overflow port 502 at both ends thereof, so that the electrolytic solution in parallel flows into the overflow tank 503 of the connection tube 504 from the opening 502, and then along conduit reflux original to the electrolyte reservoir means, without holes opening on the inner wall tank 1, the tank 1 without replacement, without the original structure of the tank 1 to make any changes, only one of said mounting structure in the original tank 1 of the tank 503 can be realized parallel leakage of the electrolyte, thereby greatly reducing the cost and difficulty of implementation of the inventive concept, a low-cost way to improve the electrolytic refining of high impurity anode plate.

[0063] 优选的,如图1以及7图所示,上述出液箱503为一个顶面上相应部位开口且顶面的其余部位,其余的侧面和底面均封闭的箱体,箱体顶面上的开口即为出液装置5的出液口501,出液箱503上除出液口501和连接管504之外的部位均为防止电解液流入或流出的封闭面以使得电解液只从出液箱503上的出液口501流入出液箱503,不从别的部位流入,从而实现真正的电解液的平行流出。 [0063] Preferably, as shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 7, the above-mentioned liquid tank portion 503 to the corresponding opening and a top surface of the rest of the top surface, bottom surface and both sides of the remaining closed box, the top surface of the housing It is the opening of the liquid outlet port 501 of the apparatus 5, the other parts than the liquid inlet 501 and the connection pipe 504 are closed to prevent the inflow or outflow surface of the electrolyte so that the electrolyte solution from the tank only 503 liquid outlet 501 on the tank 503 flows into the tank 503, does not flow from the other parts, so as to achieve the electrolytic solution flowing out of true parallel.

[0064] 优选的,如图2、图3、图4、图5以及图6所示,上述出液箱503为一个顶面全部开口且其余的侧面和底面均封闭的箱体,且在出液箱503的一个侧面上开设有矩形缺口,该矩形缺口即为出液口501,且侧面上的除出液口501之外的部位的上边沿均高于电解液的最高可能液面,使得电解液只能从侧面上的出液口501流入出液箱503,不从别的部位流入,从而实现真正的电解液的平行流出。 [0064] Preferably, 2, 3, 4, and 5 as shown in FIG., The tank 503 is above a top surface and all the rest of the opening side and bottom surfaces of the casing 6 are closed, and in the defines one side of the tank 503 with a rectangular cutout, which is the rectangular notch outlet port 501, and the upper edge of the outlet port 501 in addition to a portion on the side of the electrolyte solution were higher than the highest possible level, so that electrolyte can flow from the liquid outlet 501 on the side of tank 503, does not flow from the other parts, so as to achieve the electrolytic solution flowing out of true parallel.

[0065] 对于上述出液箱503的水平截面的形状,本发明没有特殊限制,满足能够安装在位于若干块阳极板3和阴极板4的侧面与固定设置出液箱503的内侧面槽壁之间的间隙内,与电解槽内的其它管道不相冲突,不影响电解槽装入或装出阳极板3和阴极板4,即可。 [0065] The shape of the horizontal cross section of the the tank 503, there is no particular limitation to the present invention, satisfies mountable located in a number of pieces of the anode plate 3 and the cathode side of the plate 4 and fixed to an inner side groove wall tank 503 of the gap between, and the other piping in the electrolytic cell does not conflict, do not affect the cell into or out of the anode plate and the cathode plate 4 3, can be. 优选的,出液箱503的水平截面的形状与槽体1长度方向上的槽壁的水平截面的形状相适应,即出液箱503的水平截面形状与槽体1长度方向上的槽壁的水平截面的形状基本相同。 Preferably, the cross-sectional shape of the groove wall on a longitudinal direction of the tank level 503 of the cross-sectional shape of the trough adapted to the level, i.e. the tank horizontal cross-sectional shape of the groove wall on a longitudinal direction of the trough 503 substantially the same shape as the horizontal section. 上述出液箱503可以是不锈钢材质的,也可以是玻璃钢材质的。 Above the tank 503 may be stainless steel, it may be a fiberglass material.

[0066] 在本发明的一个实施例中,上述出液箱503还包括设置于出液箱503上、用于在电解周期内升高电解槽内电解液液面至与阳极板主体301的上边沿齐平或降下电解槽内电解液液面至低于阳极板主体301的上边沿的液面调节组件,液面调节组件的长度方向上的两端分别位于相应的最外侧的阳极板3与槽体1宽度方向上内侧面槽壁之间以使得液面调节组件的长度可以正对应最外侧两块阳极板3的外侧面之间的间隙且可以覆盖最外侧两块阳极板3的外侧面之间的距离。 [0066] In one embodiment of the present invention, the above-described further comprising a tank 503 disposed in an upper tank 503, 301 for the increase in the electrolysis in the electrolytic cell electrolyte level period to the anode plate body edge lowered level flush with or below the level of electrolyte within the electrolytic cell anode plate body on the rim of the adjustment assembly 301, the level adjustment ends in the longitudinal direction of the respective components are located in the outermost anode plate 3 and 1 the width direction of the tank between the side walls of the groove so that the level controller corresponds to the length of the assembly may be a positive gap between the two outer sides of the outermost anode plate 3 and may cover the outer side surface of the outermost anode plate 3 of two the distance between. 实际生产中,阳极板3包括阳极板主体301和左右两个吊耳302, 阳极板3通过左右两个吊耳302搭接在槽体1长度方向上两侧面槽壁的上边沿上的导电排上,由导电排向阳极板3供电。 Actual production, anode plate 3 includes a body 301 and an anode plate around two lugs 302, the anode plate 3 overlap in the longitudinal direction of the tank 1 through two right and left lugs 302 on the upper edge of the conductive bar both groove wall surfaces on sunny plate 3 by the conductive discharge power. 实际生产中,电解液液面7通常与上述阳极板主体301的上边沿齐平,即与阳极板主体301与吊耳302的连接处齐平。 In actual production, the electrolyte level 7 generally flush with the top edge of the anode plate body 301, i.e., the anode is connected with the main body 301 and the plate 302 is flush with the lugs. 实际生产中,电解精炼高杂阳极板的过程中,经常在电解周期的过程中或末期发生在阳极板主体301和吊耳302连接处断裂的现象,断裂后,阳极板主体301掉入电解液中,失去与导电排的电连接,不再有电流通过,该阳极板3的电解精炼过程结束,失去一块或几块阳极板3,使得原有电解槽内的电场遭到严重扰乱,严重影响了剩余阳极板3的正常电解精炼。 Actual production, a high electrolytic refining process heteroaryl anode plate, often during the electrolysis cycle occurs at the anode or the end plate body 301 and lug 302 is connected at fracture phenomena, after rupture, the anode plate 301 fall into the electrolyte body , the loss of electrical connection of the conductive bar, no current passes through the anode plate 3 ends electrolytic refining process, the loss of one or more pieces of the anode plate 3, so that the electric field in the original cell was severely disturbed severely affected normal electrolytic refining remaining anode plate 3. 采用本实施中的技术方案,有效地解决了上述技术问题:本发明经过研究,创造性地发现发生断裂的原因是:由于阳极板主体301与吊耳302的连接处的截面积较小,从面积很大的阳极板主体301突然过渡到截面积很小的吊耳302,使得上述连接处的电场不稳定和不均匀,上述电解液液面7的存在,液面波动,上述连接处一会被电解液浸没,一会又露出电解液液面7,进一步地加剧了上述电场的不稳定和不均匀,使得该处的实际电极电位较理论电极电位差距较大,当电解精炼高杂阳极板时,与理论电极电位差距较大的实际电极电位使得该连接处内的杂质金属相较于阳极板主体301 内的杂质金属溶解的更快,短时间内集中变成离子进入电解液,使得该连接处内部形成很多孔洞,外表看似连接,其实内部已经接近空心,随着电解精炼过程的进行,上述孔洞变得越来越 Technical solution of the present embodiment is to effectively solve the above technical problem: The present inventors have studied causes of breakage creatively found that: since the anode plate body 301 with a smaller cross-sectional area at the connection lugs 302 from the area large abrupt transition anode plate body 301 to a small cross-sectional area of ​​the lugs 302, so that the electric field is nonuniform and unstable at the connection, the presence of electrolyte level 7 above the liquid level fluctuation at the connection would be a immersion electrolytic solution, one would then be exposed electrolyte surface 7, further to the instability and unevenness of said electric field, so that the actual electrode potential thereat larger than the theoretical gap between the electrode potential, when the anode plate heteroaryl electrolytic refining high with the theoretical gap between the larger electrode potential so that the actual electrode potentials of metal impurities in the connection faster as compared to the impurities in the anode metal dissolved panel body 301, within a short time into the electrolyte ions become concentrated, so that the connection at the formation of many holes inside, it appeared to be connected, in fact, has been close to the hollow interior, with the electrolytic refining process, the above-mentioned holes becomes more and more 和越来越大,当不足以悬吊阳极板主体301的重量时,即发生断裂,阳极板主体301 掉入电解液中,严重影响了电解精炼高杂阳极板的正常进行。 And increasing, when the suspension is not sufficient by weight anode plate body 301, i.e. broken, the anode plate 301 fall into the electrolyte body, seriously affected the normal electrolytic refining high heteroaryl anode plate. 在此理论指导下,本实施例提出,在电解周期中的前期通过液面调节组件控制电解液液面在正常水平,与阳极板主体301 的上边沿齐平,其它工艺步骤与工艺参数与日常电解一样;在电解周期中的中期通过液面调节组件将电解液液面降下,降至低于阳极板主体301的上边沿,优选的比阳极板主体301 的上边沿低约为5mm〜10mm,以防止断裂掉板现象的发生;在电解周期中的后期,通过液面调节组件升高电解液液面至与阳极板主体301的上边沿齐平,因为经过前期和中期的电解, 此时的阳极板主体301的绝大部分已经溶解,阳极板主体301只剩厚度很薄的薄板,重量很小,存在孔洞的阳极板主体301与吊耳302的连接处可以承受住这个重量,不会发生断裂,且可以在后期对电解中期中阳极板主体301上端没有发生电解溶解的部位重新通电溶解,进而保证了阳极板3的残极率不 Under the guidance of this theory, the present embodiment is proposed embodiment, in the early period of electrolysis electrolyte level controlled by level controller assembly at normal levels, the anode plate and the upper edge flush with the body 301, and the other process parameters and process steps daily as electrolysis; mid electrolysis cycle by adjusting the level of the electrolyte surface assembly lowered down to below the upper edge 301 of the anode plate body, preferably the upper edge than the lower body 301 of the anode plate is about 5mm~10mm, breaking off the plate to prevent the occurrence of the phenomenon; late electrolysis cycle, by level adjustment assembly to raise the electrolyte level and the anode plate main body 301 is flush with the upper edge, as the early and middle through electrolysis, this time Most of the anode plate body 301 has been dissolved, leaving only the anode plate body 301 a thin sheet thickness, low weight, the presence of holes in the anode plate main body 301 and the lug 302 can be connected to withstand the weight does not occur fracture, and may be re-energized electrolytic dissolution of the mid-portion of body 301 in the upper end of the anode plate does not occur in the later electrolytic dissolution, thus ensuring no butts of the anode plate 3 会因为上下调节电解液液面而升高太多,既避免了电解精炼高杂阳极板中断裂掉板现象的发生,又保证了阳极板3的较低的、在允许范围内的残极率。 Adjusted up or down because the electrolyte level is raised too much, not only to avoid the occurrence of the anode electrolytic refining plate heteroaryl high fracture phenomena plate off, and ensures the lower plate of the anode 3, the residual rate within a permissible range pole of . [0067] 上述液面调节组件的具体结构可以有多种,只要实现电解液液面的上下升降调节即可。 [0067] The specific configuration of the level adjusting assembly can have a variety, as long as the electrolyte level to achieve a vertical height adjustment to. 优选的,当出液装置为如图2、图3、图4、图5以及图6所示的出液箱时,上述液面调节组件为液面调节板505,液面调节板505设置于出液箱503上的出液口501处,液面调节板与出液箱上的出液口等长,且液面调节板505的底部与出液箱503的侧面壁转动连接以使得液面调节板505可以在竖直面内转动,液面调节板505的上部通过卡扣配合卡槽与出液箱503上的相应部位活动连接,液面调节板505与出液箱503的侧面壁的连接处设置有用于防止电解液从连接处缝隙流入出液箱503的密封条,且液面调节板505的长度方向上的两端分别位于相应的最外侧的阳极板3与槽体1宽度方向上内侧面槽壁之间。 Preferably, when the device is a liquid 2, FIG. 3, FIG. 4, FIG. 5 and the tank shown in FIG. 6, the level adjustment for the level adjustment assembly plate 505, plate 505 is provided in the level adjustment a liquid outlet 501 on the tank 503, the liquid outlet level adjusting plate and the like on the tank length, the side walls and the bottom-level regulator plate 505 and the tank 503 are connected such that the rotation of the liquid surface regulating plate 505 can be rotated in the vertical plane, adjusting the level of the corresponding parts of the upper plate 505 on the active slot is connected with a liquid tank 503 through a snap fit, the level adjusting plate 505 and the tank side wall 503 joints provided at both ends for preventing electrolyte from flowing into the gap at the sealing strip connector 503 of the tank, and adjusting the level of the longitudinal direction of the plate 505 are located at the respective outermost anode plate 31 and the width direction of the tank between the upper side groove wall.

[0068] 在本发明的一个实施例中,上述出液箱503还包括设置于连接管504内、用于平衡连接管504内的电解液液流内外气压的呼吸管,呼吸管的顶端露出出液箱503内的电解液液面,呼吸管的底端位于连接管504与出液箱503的连接处所在水平面的下方。 [0068] In one embodiment of the present invention, the above further comprises a tank 503 disposed within the connector tube 504, for electrolyte flow inside and outside air pressure in the breathing tube, balanced connection pipe 504, the top of the breathing tube is exposed electrolyte level within the tank 503, is positioned below the bottom end of the breathing tube connected to the tube connector 504 and the tank 503 where the horizontal plane. 实际生产中,由于电解液的循环速度越来越大,由于溢流口502以及与溢流口502连接的回流管道的内径较小,由于上述出液箱503与溢流口502的连接处存在角度较大的弯折段,使得电解液将部分空气压入溢流口502下方的回流管道内,空气进入回流管道后,占据较大空间,阻碍了后续的电解液持续地流入,使得出液箱503中的电解液液面逐渐升高,甚至发生从出液箱503向槽体1内回流电解液的现象,严重影响了电解精炼高杂阳极板的正常进行。 Actual production, since the electrolytic solution circulation rate increases, since the smaller inner diameter 502 and an overflow return line connected to the overflow port 502, since the junctions between the tank 503 and an overflow port 502 is present larger angle bending section, so that the electrolyte is pressed into the inner portion of the air return line below the overflow port 502, the air into the return duct, occupies a large space and hinder subsequent electrolyte continuously flows, such that the liquid the electrolyte level in the tank 503 is gradually increased, the phenomenon occurs even in the electrolytic solution was refluxed for 1 tank, seriously affected the normal electrolytic refining high heteroaryl anode plate 503 from the tank. 采用本实施中的技术方案,有效地解决了上述技术问题:由于呼吸管的顶端露出出液箱503内的电解液液面,且呼吸管的底端位于连接管504与出液箱503的连接处所在水平面的下方,使得呼吸管将回流管道以及连接管504内的空间与外界的大气连通起来,内外气压相同,被压入、积存在回流管道以及连接管504内的空气可以顺利地沿呼吸管排出,从而实现了电解液的大流量、大弯折角度的顺利回流,稳定了出液箱503中的电解液液面,改善了对高杂质阳极板的电解精炼。 Technical solution of the present embodiment is to effectively solve the above technical problem: because the breathing tube to the top of the exposed electrolyte level in the tank 503, and the bottom end of the breathing tube connection pipe 504 is positioned with the tank 503 below the level at the location, so that the breathing tube to the return line and the space inside the connecting pipe 504 communicated with the external atmosphere, the same inside and outside pressure, is pressed into, accumulated in the return line and the air in the connection pipe 504 can be smoothly along the breathing discharge pipe, thereby achieving a smooth flow of the electrolytic solution was refluxed large, a large bending angle, the stability of the electrolyte level in the tank 503, to improve the electrolytic refining of high impurity anode plate.

[0069] 本发明还提供了一种超高电流密度平行流电解槽,包括槽体1、第一进液装置2、出液装置5、若干块阳极板3以及若干块阴极板4;若干块阳极板3和若干块阴极板4均搭接在槽体1长度方向上的两侧面槽壁的上边沿上,若干块阳极板3和若干块阴极板4在槽体1内交替布置且阳极板3的数量比阴极板4的数量多一块且控制槽体1内最外侧的极板均为阳极板3, 阳极板3包括阳极板主体301和吊耳302;第一进液装置2包括第一进液管2〇1、第一喷液管202以及若干个设置在第一喷液管202上,用于向槽体1内喷射电解液的喷嘴2〇3,第一进液管201的进液口与电解液供液装置连通以向第一进液管201供给电解液,第一进液管2〇1的出液口501与第一喷液管202的进液口连通,第一喷液管2〇2固定设置于槽体1长度方向上的内侧面槽壁的下部或槽体1的内底面槽壁上,任一个喷嘴203均对应于相 [0069] The present invention also provides a parallel flow ultra high current density electrolysis cell, comprising a tank body, a first inlet means 2, a liquid 5, a plurality of anode plate 3 and a plurality of block block cathode plate 4; a plurality of block 3 the upper edge of the anode plate and the cathode plate 4 are a plurality of blocks overlapping in the longitudinal direction of the tank 1 of the groove wall surfaces on both sides, a plurality of anode plate 3 and the block cathode a plurality of block plates 4 are alternately arranged in the tank body 1 and the anode plate 1 the outermost of the electrode plate 3 than the number of the number of the cathode plate 4 and a plurality of control tank 3 are an anode plate, anode plate 3 and the main body 301 includes an anode plate lugs 302; a first inlet means comprises a first 2 2〇1 nozzle inlet tube, and a first liquid discharge pipe 202 is disposed on a first plurality of liquid discharge pipe 202 for injecting electrolyte in the tank body 2〇3 1, the first inlet tube 201 into liquid inlet means communicating with the electrolyte fluid supply to the first inlet tube 501 2〇1 liquid outlet in communication with the inlet port of the first liquid discharge tube 202 to the first inlet tube 201 supplying the electrolytic solution, a first injection 2〇2 liquid pipe fixed to the longitudinal direction of the tank body 1 or the lower side surface of the inner tank wall in the bottom surface of the groove wall of a groove, either of a nozzle 203 corresponds to a phase 的阳极板3与阴极板4之间的间隙以用于向相邻的两块阳极板3与阴极板4之间的间隙喷射电解液;出液装置5为上述任意一项的出液装置5。 An anode plate 3 and the gap between the cathode plate 3 with a gap between the cathode plate to the electrolyte injection two adjacent anode plate; means a liquid solution 5 is an apparatus according to any one of the above 5 .

[0070]本发明还提供了一种超高电流密度平行流电解槽,由于该电解槽包括上述任意一项的出液装置5,因此该电解槽同样具有上述出液装置5的全部有益的技术效果,此处不再赘述。 [0070] The present invention further provides an ultra high current density parallel flow cell, since the cell comprises a tapping device according to any one of the above 5, so that the cell also has all the above-described advantageous technical solution of 5 the effect is not repeated here.

[0071] 在本发明的一个实施例中,对应于相邻阳极板3与阴极板4之间的间隙的喷嘴203 的喷口位于阴极板4的金属沉积面所在的竖直面垂直距离9mm之内。 [0071] In one embodiment of the present invention, corresponding to the gap between the nozzle anode plate and the cathode plate 3 adjacent nozzles 203 is positioned a distance within a vertical plane perpendicular to the metal-deposited surface of the cathode plate 4 where the 9mm . 为方便理解,假设一个平面,该平面平行于阴极板4的金属沉积面且与阴极板4的金属沉积面的垂直距离为9mm,控制对应于相邻阳极板3与阴极板4之间的间隙的喷嘴203的喷口位于阴极板4的金属沉积面所在的竖直面与该假设平面之间的间隙内。 To facilitate understanding, assume a plane that is parallel to the deposition surface of the cathode plate 4 the metal and the metal-deposited surface of the vertical distance from a cathode plate 4 is 9mm, the gap between the control corresponding to the 4 adjacent anode plate and the cathode plate 3 the nozzle orifice 203 is located in the gap between the metal-deposited surface of the vertical face of the cathode plate 4 where the virtual plane. 优选的,对应于相邻阳极板3与阴极板4之间的间隙的喷嘴203的喷口位于阴极板4的金属沉积面所在的竖直面垂直距离6mm之内。 Preferably, corresponding to the gap between the nozzle anode plate and the cathode plate 3 adjacent nozzles 203 is positioned a distance within a vertical plane perpendicular to the metal-deposited surface of the cathode plate 4 where the 6mm. 上述的金属沉积面即为阴极板4的两个长宽侧面。 Metal-deposited surface of the above-described aspect is the two sides of the cathode plate 4. 喷嘴203的喷口即为喷嘴的喷液口。 It is the orifice of the nozzle 203 of the nozzle discharge port. 目前,实际生产中,电解液的循环方式多是下进上出,电解液从电解槽的下部进入,从电解槽的顶部流出,显而易见地,上述循环方式中,电解液主要是从下往上的运动,与沉降阳极泥的从上往下的运动方向正好相反,极不利于沉降阳极泥的沉降。 Currently, actual production, the electrolytic solution is a multi-loop manner on the inlet, into the electrolyte from the lower portion of the electrolytic cell, flowed out the top of the cell. Apparently, the circulation, the electrolyte primarily from the bottom up motion, the downward direction of motion of anode slime from settling on the contrary, is extremely unfavorable settling anode mud settling. 为此,行业技术人员提出了一种新的电解液循环方式,上进下出,电解液从电解槽的上部进入,从电解槽的下部流出,在这种循环方式中,电解液主要是从上往下的运动,与沉降阳极泥的从上往下的运动方向一致,有利于沉降阳极泥的沉降。 To this end, the art industry presents a new electrolyte circulation mode, progress under, into the electrolyte from the upper portion of the electrolytic cell, flowing from the lower portion of the electrolytic cell, in this cycle, the electrolyte is mainly from downward movement, the line of motion from settling down on the anode mud is conducive to the settlement of the anode mud settling. 但是,该上进下出的新的循环方式的具体效果还有待进一步确认;进一步的,将28800个电解槽全部更换成上进下出的循环方式,显然不现实;再者,目前,电解槽多采用下进上出的循环方式,存在即合理,采用下进上出的循环方式虽然不利于沉降阳极泥的沉降,但是肯定在别的地方存在对电解精炼过程更有利的因素或条件。 However, the progress of new cyclic manner under the effect of a specific yet to be confirmed; further, the 28800 cell cycle to replace all the way to progress under, obviously unrealistic; Furthermore, at present, a multi-cell employed the next entry on the way out of the cycle, there is a reasonable, using the next entry on the way out of the loop while not conducive to the settlement of the anode mud settling, but there is certainly more favorable for the electrolytic refining process factors or conditions elsewhere. 采用本实施例中的技术方案后,有效地解决了下进上出的循环方式和沉降阳极泥的问题:本发明经研宄发现,随着电解精炼过程的进行,电解槽中,阳极板3长宽侧面的表面附近的电解液中的铜离子和其它金属离子含量逐渐增多,相比于刚从喷嘴喷出的电解液中铜离子和其它金属离子的含量越来越高,其比重变的越来越大,而上述阳极板3长宽侧面对面的阴极板4长宽侧面的表面附近的电解液中的铜离子和其它金属离子含量逐渐减少,相比于刚从喷嘴喷出的电解液中铜离子和其它金属离子的含量越来越低,其比重变的越来越小,由此,在靠近阴极板4长宽侧面附近出现电解液的上升运动,在靠近阳极板3长宽侧面附近出现电解液的下降运动,从而在相邻的两块阳极板3与阴极板4之间的间隙内产生电解液的对流运动,且经过测量,阴极板4长宽侧面附近的作上 With the technical solution in this embodiment, to effectively solve the next entry on the way and the cycle of anode slime settling problems: The study based on the present inventors have found that, as the electrolytic refining process, the electrolytic cell, the anode plate 3 copper ions and other metal ion content in the electrolytic solution near the surface of the side surface length and width is gradually increased, as compared to the content of copper ions and other metal ions in the electrolytic solution ejected from the nozzle just increasing its specific gravity becomes more and more, and the electrolyte near the surface of the anode 3 side of the plate length and width of the cathode plate 4 facing the side of the length and width of the copper ions and other metal ions content decreased, compared to just nozzle electrolyte copper ions and other metal ion content is getting lower and lower, the specific gravity becomes smaller, whereby the ascending motion of the electrolyte occurs in the vicinity of the side close to the cathode plate 4 in length and width, the length and width of the side close to the anode plate 3 lowering movement occurs near the electrolytic solution, thereby generating convection of the electrolytic solution 3 and the gap between the cathode plate 4 in two adjacent anode plate and measured, near the cathode plate 4 as a side length and width 运动的电解液液流的最大有效厚度为9mm。 The maximum effective thickness electrolyte flow movement is 9mm. 沉降阳极泥是阳极板3在电解溶解过程中产生的,其从阳极板3表面析出,开始时富集于阳极板3表面附近的电解液中,而后随着电解液流动而在电解槽中扩散。 Anode mud settling anode plate 3 is produced in the electrolytic dissolution process, which precipitated from the surface of the anode plate 3, the electrolytic solution enriched in the vicinity of the surface of the anode plate 3 at the start, then diffused in the electrolytic cell with the flow of the electrolyte . 鉴于经过研究发现的上述电解液的对流运动,本实施例充分利用该电解液的对流运动,将相应的喷嘴的喷口限制在阴极板4的金属沉积面附近的9mm范围内,使得喷嘴喷出的液流与阴极板4的金属沉积面紧贴, 喷嘴喷出的液流从下往上运动,与阴极板4表面附近的电解液的上升运动,方向一致,喷嘴喷出的液流远离阳极板3表面以及阳极板3表面附近的电解液的下降运动,富集于阳极板3 表面的阳极泥被该下降运动的电解液裹挟着向下运动,顺利实现沉降,喷嘴喷出的液流不会对阳极泥的沉降造成对消极影响,从而彻底解决了电解液下进上出的循环方式不利于沉降阳极泥沉降的问题,显著改善了对高杂质阳极板的电解精炼。 In view of the above-described electrolyte solution through the convective motion of the findings, the present embodiment fully utilize convection of the electrolyte, the corresponding orifice of the nozzle is limited within the range of 9mm metal deposition near the surface of the cathode plate 4, so that the discharge nozzle stream and the cathode plate 4 the metal-deposited surface of the close contact, the nozzle moves upward flow from the bottom upward movement with the electrolyte near the surface of the cathode plate 4, in the same direction, the nozzles of the flow away from the anode plate electrolyte the electrolyte near the descending movement of the third surface 3 and the surface of the anode plate, enriched in the surface of the anode plate 3 by the lowering movement of the anode mud is coerced moves downward smoothly settle, the nozzle does not flow to cause deposition on the anode slime negative influence, thus completely solve the problem of a cyclic manner on the electrolyte into the anode slimes settle against settlement, significantly improves the high impurity electrolytic refining of anode plates.

[0072] 本实施例中,显而易见地,上述假设的平面在实际生产中并不存在,此处假设存在该平面,只是为了便于描述,便于理解,不应成为对本实施例保护范围的限制。 [0072] In this embodiment, it is apparent, the plane of the assumptions does not exist in the actual production, the presence of the plane is assumed here, merely for convenience of description, to facilitate understanding, embodiments should not be limiting the scope of protection of the present embodiment.

[0073] 本发明中,当第一喷液管202固定设置于槽体1长度方向上的内侧面槽壁的下部时,上述出液装置5可以与第一喷液管2〇2设置在同一侧面槽壁上,也可以设置在第一喷液管202所在的侧面槽壁的对面侧面槽壁上,还可以是两个出液装置5,一个与第一喷液管202 设置在同一侧面槽壁上,另一个设置在第一喷液管202所在的侧面槽壁的对面侧面槽壁上, 优选的,在本发明的一个实施例中,当第一喷液管202固定设置于槽体1长度方向上的内侧面槽壁的下部时,出液箱503与第一喷液管202固定设置于槽体1长度方向上同一内侧面槽壁上。 [0073] In the present invention, when the lower portion of the first liquid discharge pipe 202 fixed to the longitudinal direction of the tank body 1 side inner groove wall of the device 5 may be a liquid with the first liquid discharge 2〇2 tube disposed in the same the side wall of the groove, the groove may be provided on the side opposite to the side wall of the groove wall 202 is located a first liquid discharge tube, a liquid may also be two means 5, 202 is provided with a liquid discharge tube on the same first slot side wall, disposed opposite the other side wall of the groove side wall of the groove 202 is located a first liquid discharge pipe, preferably, in one embodiment of the present invention, when the first liquid discharge pipe 202 fixed to the tank 1 when the lower portion of the inner side surface of the groove wall in the longitudinal direction, the first tank 503 and the liquid discharge tube 202 is fixed to the side wall of the tank body 1 in the same longitudinal direction of the grooves. 如图5所示,以第一喷液管202和出液装置5,例如出液箱503,同时设置在槽体1内的左侧侧面槽壁上为例,电解液从第一喷液管202上的喷嘴喷出,从左向右运动,沿槽体1的宽度方向运动,随着电解液的持续喷射,电解液逐渐偏向上方运动,然后流向出液箱503,形成一个逆时针的电解液液流,实现了电解液的平行进入和平行流出。 5, a first liquid discharge pipe 202 and the liquid 5, for example, a tank 503, while the left side surface of the groove provided on the inner wall of the tank 1 as an example, the electrolytic solution from the first liquid discharge pipe the ejection nozzle 202, from left to right, in the width direction of the tank 1, with the continued injection of the electrolytic solution, the electrolytic solution is gradually moving toward the top, and then flows to the tank 503, forming a counter-clockwise electrolytic flow of the liquid, the electrolyte enters parallel to achieve parallel flow. 当第一喷液管202固定设置于槽体1的内底面槽壁上,如图6所示,上述出液装置5可以设置在位于第一喷液管202左侧的侧面槽壁上,也可以设置在位于第一喷液管202右侧的侧面槽壁上,还可以是两个出液装置5,一个设置在位于第一喷液管202左侧的侧面槽壁上,也可以设置在位于第一喷液管202 右侧的侧面槽壁上,具有与上述的电解液液流不同的流动路径,实现了电解液的平行进入和平行流出。 When the first liquid discharge tube 202 is fixed to the inner wall of the groove bottom surface of the tank body 1, shown in Figure 6, the above-described solution means 5 may be provided on a side wall of the groove 202 on the left side of the first liquid discharge pipe, and also may be provided on a side wall of the groove 202 on the right side of the first liquid discharge tube, a liquid may also be two devices 5, a groove is provided on the side wall of the left side of the first liquid discharge tube 202, it may be provided in at the side of the tank wall to the right of the first liquid discharge tube 202, having the above-described electrolyte flow with different flow paths, in parallel to achieve a parallel and out into the electrolyte solution.

[0074] 在本发明的一个实施例中,第一进液装置2还包括若千个支撑件以及锁紧装置;第一喷液管202通过若干个支撑件固定设置于槽体1长度方向上的内侧面槽壁上或槽体1的内底面槽壁上,且第一喷液管202与支撑件活动连接以用于当第一喷液管202受到外力转矩时,第一喷液管202可以绕其轴向中心线自转,且第一喷液管202的进液口与第一进液管201 的出液口501旋转密封连接以用于当第一喷液管202受到外力转矩时,第一喷液管202可以绕其轴向中心线自转而第一进液管201固定不动;第一喷液管202与锁紧装置连接以用于当外力转矩消失时,锁紧第一喷液管202停止其自转。 [0074] In one embodiment of the invention, the first inlet means 2 further comprises a support member if one thousand and a locking means; a first liquid discharge pipe 202 by a plurality of support members fixed to the longitudinal direction of the tank 1 the inner side wall of the groove bottom of the groove or the inner wall of the tank body 1, and the first liquid discharge pipe 202 is movably connected to the support member for the liquid discharge, when the first external force torque tube 202, a first liquid discharge pipe 202 rotation about its axial centerline, and a first liquid discharge port 202 of the inlet tube to the first inlet tube liquid outlet 501,201 is connected for rotary seal when an external force torque tube 202 by a first liquid jet , the first liquid discharge tube 202 rotation about its axial centerline and a first inlet pipe 201 immovably; a first liquid discharge pipe 202 is connected with the locking means for when the external torque disappears, the locking a first liquid discharge tube 202 stops its rotation. 目前,实际生产中,平行进液的进液装置上的喷嘴的喷口朝向角度多是固定的,通常是水平朝向。 Currently, actual production, the angle of the nozzle orifice toward the liquid inlet means into a plurality of parallel fixed, usually horizontal orientation. 电解精炼处理的高杂阳极板虽然杂质含量都不低,但是杂质含量也有差别,有的多,有的少,多个批次并不相同。 High heteroaryl anode plate electrolytic refining process although not low impurity content, but there are differences in the content of impurities, some more, some less, the plurality is not the same batch. 而本发明经过研究发现,喷嘴喷口的固定的朝向不利于电解精炼上述杂质含量不相同的高杂阳极板的正常进行。 And the present inventors have found that a fixed nozzle towards the nozzle is not conducive to the normal of the impurity content is not the same high heteroaryl electrorefining anode plate. 采用本实施中的技术方案,有效地解决了上述技术问题:第一喷液管2〇2与支撑件活动连接,且第一喷液管202的进液口与第一进液管201的出液口501旋转密封连接,使得当第一喷液管202受到外力转矩时,第一喷液管202可以绕其轴向中心线自转而第一进液管201固定不动,且第一喷液管202还与锁紧装置连接,使得当外力转矩消失时,锁紧第一喷液管202停止其自转,如此设置,使得第一喷液管202可以绕其轴向中心线固定在任何角度,进而使得第一喷液管202上的喷嘴的朝向可以固定在任何角度,从而使得上述进液装置可以适用于杂质含量不相同的高杂阳极板,不同的电解槽采用不同朝向的喷嘴,改善了对高杂阳极板的电解精炼。 Technical solution of the present embodiment is to effectively solve the above technical problems: a first liquid discharge pipe connected to the support member 2〇2 activities, and the first liquid discharge port 202 of the inlet tube to the first inlet tube 201 of the a rotary seal liquid inlet connection 501, such that when the first liquid discharge pipe 202 by the external torque, a first liquid discharge tube 202 about its axial centerline and the rotation of the first inlet tube 201 is fixed, and the first discharge liquid pipe 202 is also connected with the locking means, such that when the external torque disappears, the locking of the first liquid discharge tube 202 stops its rotation, arranged so that a first liquid discharge tube 202 is fixed about its axial centerline at any angle, thus making the first nozzle toward the liquid discharge tube 202 can be fixed at any angle, so that the above-described inlet means may be adapted to different high impurity content heteroaryl anode plate, a different cell orientation different nozzles, improved electrolytic refining high heteroaryl anode plate. & & Amp;

[0075] 本发明对上述锁紧装置的具体结构和类型没有特殊限制,米用本领域技术人员熟知的、能够实现锁紧功能的锁紧装置即可。 [0075] The present invention is not particularly limited to the specific configuration and type of said locking means, m the art well known in the art, the device can be locked to the locking function. 可以在电解精炼开始之前,手动提供转矩,将第一喷液管202上的喷嘴的朝向转动至任何角度。 You can begin prior to electrolytic refining, to manually provide torque and rotation on the first nozzle of the liquid discharge tube 202 to any angle orientation.

[0076] 在本发明的一个实施例中,当第一喷液管202固定设置于槽体1长度方向上的内侧面槽壁的下部时,进液装置还包括若干个轴承、齿轮、动力机构、程控切断阀以及自转角度检测器;第一喷液管202通过轴承与支撑件连接,每个支撑件对应一个轴承,第一喷液管202 与轴承的内圈固定连接,支撑件与轴承的外圈固定连接;齿轮设置于第一喷液管202上且靠近第一喷液管202与第一进液管201连接处的部位,齿轮与动力机构连接以用于当动力机构输出转矩时,第一喷液管202可以绕其轴向中心线自转而第一进液管201固定不动;自转角度检测器设置于第一喷液管202上、用于监测喷嘴的喷口朝向在第一喷液管2〇2自转的过程中的变化,自转角度检测器与控制系统电连接以用于向控制系统提供喷嘴的喷口朝向的变化信号;程控切断阀设置于第一进液管201的进液口处,且程 [0076] In one embodiment of the present invention, when the first liquid discharge pipe 202 fixed to a lower portion of the inner side surface of the groove wall on the longitudinal direction of the tank body 1, the inlet means further comprises a plurality of bearings, gears, power mechanism , program-controlled shut-off valve and the rotation angle detector; a first liquid discharge pipe 202 is connected via a bearing to the support member, each support member corresponds to a bearing, a first liquid discharge pipe 202 fixedly connected to the inner ring of the bearing, and the bearing support member an outer ring fixedly connected; a first gear provided on the liquid discharge tube 202 and adjacent the first portion 202 and inlet tube 201 is connected at a first liquid discharge tube, a power gear mechanism connected to a power means configured to, when the output torque a first liquid discharge tube 202 rotation about its axial centerline and a first inlet pipe 201 immovably; spout rotation angle detector is disposed on the first liquid discharge tube 202, for monitoring a first nozzle toward 2〇2 change process liquid discharge pipe in rotation, the rotation angle detector and control system is electrically connected to the spout for providing a change signal to the control system of the nozzle orientation; program-controlled shutoff valve disposed in the first inlet pipe 201 into liquid mouth, and Cheng 切断阀与控制系统电连接; 在垂直于第一喷液管202的长度方向且重合于喷嘴的长度方向的竖直平面内,定义喷嘴的转动的中心点为A点204,定义穿过A点204竖直向上与电解液液面的交点为B点2〇5,定义穿过A点204斜向下与对面的槽体1长度方向上的侧面槽壁的下边沿的交点为C点206;当喷嘴的喷口朝向偏向阳极板3与阴极板4之间的间隙且位于AB连线与AC连线之间的夹角时,控制系统控制程控切断阀打开以使电解液流入第一喷液管202或控制程控切断阀闭合以截断电解液流向第一喷液管202,当喷嘴的喷口朝向在其余角度时,控制系统控制程控切断阀闭合以截断电解液流向第一喷液管202。 Shutoff valve is electrically connected to the control system; in a vertical plane perpendicular to the tube 202 in the longitudinal direction and a first liquid discharge nozzle coincides with the longitudinal direction of the rotation center point is defined as point A nozzle 204 is defined through the point A 204 vertically upward electrolyte level of the intersection point B 2〇5, 204 defined through the point a at the intersection of the lower edge of the oblique groove wall on the side of the longitudinal direction of the tank 1 opposite to point 206 C; when a bias toward the nozzle orifice gap between the anode plate and the cathode plate 3 and positioned angle between AB and AC wiring connections, programmable control system shut-off valve is opened to discharge the electrolytic solution into the first liquid pipe programmable control or shut-off valve 202 is closed to cut off the flow of the first electrolyte liquid discharge tube 202, when the nozzle orifice toward the rest angle, the control system programmed to control shut-off valve is closed to cut off the flow of the first electrolyte liquid discharge tube 202.

[0077]目前,实际生产中,在电解精炼的整个周期内喷嘴的喷口朝向都是固定不动的,喷嘴的喷口朝向角度是在电解周期开始时设定好,在后续的整个电解周期内都不再变动,使得从喷嘴喷出的电解液射流始终朝一个固定的方向喷射,喷射射流所流经的路径是条直线,而阳极板3和阴极板4的电解表面都是面积较大的长宽面,例如阴极板4的的尺寸为1015mm X 1030mm,在上述的喷射模式下,为方便理解,将电解液的连续喷射假想分解成脉冲式喷射,进行一次喷射,间隔一定时间后再进行下一次喷射,当完成一次喷射后,新鲜的电解液以其喷射的直线路径为源头,开始向整个面积较大的阳极板3和阴极板4表面附近的电解液中扩散,首先,鉴于电解槽内复杂多变的流体动力学条件,使得上述扩散运动是无序的、漫无目的的、随意的,技术人员不知道新鲜的电解液 [0077] At present, the actual production, the nozzles during the entire cycle of the spout toward the electrolytic refining is stationary, the nozzle orifice is set up at an angle toward the beginning of the electrolytic cycle, in the subsequent cycle of electrolysis throughout no change, so that the electrolyte jets ejected from the nozzle is always a fixed direction toward the injection, the injection jet is flowing through the straight line path, the electrolytic surface of the anode plate and the cathode plate 3 is larger area 4 long wide face, such as the size of the cathode plate 4 is 1015mm X 1030mm, the injection mode in the above, to facilitate understanding, the electrolytic solution is decomposed into a virtual continuous jet pulsed injection, a first injection, performed at a certain time interval after the first injection, when the single injection is completed, fresh electrolyte is injected in its linear path source begins to diffuse the electrolytic solution in the vicinity of the surface 4 to the entire area of ​​the larger anode plate and the cathode plate 3, first, in view of the electrolyzer complex hydrodynamic conditions such that movement of the diffuser is disordered, aimlessly, arbitrary, known in the art without fresh electrolyte 否扩散运动到需要置换陈旧电解液的地方;再者,根据流体热力学,上述的扩散运动是缓慢的,对于离喷射路径较远的地方, 陈旧的电解液始终得不到有效的置换更新;再者,根据流体热力学,上述的扩散运动是边扩散边运动的,其扩散运动的动力源是其大于或低于周围电解液的浓度,当其浓度变的跟周围电解液相同时,其就失去了继续扩散运动的动力,对于离喷射路径较远的地方,所需的扩散运动路程较远,陈旧的电解液始终得不到有效的置换更新;再者,除了喷射射流路径上的电解液始终能够被主动置换更新外,其余的较大面积的电解液始终处于被动地、等待被置换更新的处境,始终是一种“等、靠、要”的被动状态,被置换更新了也就被置换更新了,没有被置换更新也就依然是陈旧的电解液,上述几个问题,显然不利于对高杂阳极板的电解精 No diffusion into the movement necessary to replace the old place of the electrolytic solution; Furthermore, the thermodynamic fluid, above the diffusion is slow motion, away from the ejection path for far, not always effective old electrolyte replacement update; then who thermodynamic fluid, the aforementioned motion is diffusion movement while diffusing the power source diffusion movement is greater than or less than the concentration of the electrolytic solution around, when the concentration becomes the same with the surrounding electrolyte, which will lose the dynamic movement continues to spread, away from the jet path for far, far away from the desired diffusion motion, always the old electrolyte can not be effectively replaced update; Furthermore, in addition to the electrolyte always on the path of the jet injection positive displacement can be updated, the rest of the electrolyte larger area is always in passively, waiting to be replaced with updated situation is always a "etc., rely on, to" the passive state, will be replaced by the updated replacement updates, it is still not updated is replaced by an electrolytic solution is stale, the points raised above, is clearly not conducive to high precision heteroaryl electrolytic anode plate ,显然不利于实现高电流密度或超高电流密度对阳极板3的电解精炼。 Clearly not conducive to a high current density or ultra high current density electrolytic refining anode plate 3. 采用本实施例中的技术方案,有效地解决了上述技术问题:通过本实施例的结构设置,使得当喷嘴的喷口朝向偏向阳极板3与阴极板4之间的间隙且位于AB连线与AC连线之间的夹角时,控制系统控制程控切断阀打开以使电解液流入第一喷液管202,动力机构带动第一喷液管202转动,进而带动其上的喷嘴在上述角度范围内作上下方向上扫描式连续式喷射,当喷嘴的喷口朝向在其余角度时,控制系统控制程控切断阀闭合以截断电解液流向第一喷液管202,转动的喷嘴不喷液,从而使得阳极板3和阴极板4长宽侧面附近的电解液都能得到快速地、主动地、及时地、全面地、目标明确地置换更新,彻底解决了原有的缓慢地、被动地、等待地、部分地以及无序地置换更新,将原来电解液的“等、靠、要”的被动式被置换更新的状态改变成主动式被置换更新的状态,从而显著 Technical solutions in the present embodiment, effectively solve the above technical problems: the structure provided by the present embodiment, such that when the gap between the nozzle aperture and biased toward the anode plate and the cathode plate 3 and positioned to connect with the AC AB the angle between the wires, the control system programmed to control shut-off valve is opened to allow the electrolytic solution into the first liquid discharge tube 202, the power mechanism to drive the first liquid discharge pipe 202 is rotated, thereby bringing the nozzle in which the range of the angle the up and down direction of the scanning continuous jet, the nozzle aperture when the angle toward the rest of the control system programmed to control shut-off valve is closed to cut off the flow of the first electrolyte liquid discharge tube 202, rotation of the nozzle does not discharge the liquid, so that the anode plate electrolyte and cathode plates 3 4 near the side of the length and width can be obtained quickly, actively and timely, comprehensive, targeted to the replacement update, solve the original slowly and passively, waiting, partially, and updating disorderly replacement, the original electrolytic solution "and the like, depending on," to be replaced with updated passive state is changed to active is replaced by the updated state, thereby significantly 善了对高杂阳极板的电解精炼,实现了超高电流密度对阳极板3的电解精炼,基本实现了超高电流密度对高杂阳极板的电解精炼。 Good high heteroaryl electrolytic refining the anode plate allows high current density electrolytic refining anode plate 3, the basic realization of ultra high-current density electrolytic refining heteroaryl anode plate. 采用本实施例的技术方案,克服了行业技术人员的技术偏见一电解精炼高杂阳极板,首先要采用较低的电流密度,杂质含量越高,电流密度越小;也解决了行业内长久以来存在的技术难题一无法实现超高电流密度对高杂阳极板的电解精炼。 The technical solution according to the present embodiment, overcomes the technical prejudice in the art industry a high electrolytic refining heteroaryl anode plate, first using a lower current density, the higher the impurity content, the smaller the current density; also solved a long time within the industry not present a technical problem for ultra high current density electrolytic refining heteroaryl anode plate.

[0078] 本实施例中,优选的,第一喷液管202的转动方向满足使得喷嘴的喷口朝向从下往上转动,与阴极板侧面附近电解液从下往上的上升运动方向一致。 [0078] In embodiments, the present preferred embodiment, the first liquid discharge pipe 202 satisfy the rotational direction of the nozzle orifice toward the rotation from the bottom up, in line with the electrolytic solution near the cathode plate side from the upward rising movement direction. 进一步的,为了减小第一喷液管202带动喷嘴转动所占用的空间,提高电解槽内的空间利用率,优选的,动力机构为正反转式动力机构,且与控制系统连接,控制系统控制动力机构正反转以使得喷嘴的喷口朝向只在上述的AB连线与AC连线之间的夹角中转动。 Further, in order to reduce the liquid discharge pipe 202 to drive the first rotatable nozzle space occupied, improve space utilization in the electrolytic cell, preferably, a power type power reversing mechanism is a mechanism, and is connected to the control system, the control system reversing the power control mechanism such that rotation of the nozzle orifice toward only the angle between the AB and AC wiring in the wiring. 当喷嘴的喷口朝向从下往上转至最高位的B点205时,动力机构停止转动,开始向相反的方向转动,在从上往下转动的过程中控制系统控制程控切断阀闭合以截断电解液流向第一喷液管202,喷嘴不喷液;当喷嘴的喷口朝向从上往下转至最低位的C点206时,动力机构开始带动第一喷液管202从下往上运动,在从下往上运动的过程中控制系统控制程控切断阀打开以使电解液流入第一喷液管202,喷嘴按照上述方案正常喷射电解液;如此循环。 When the nozzle spout go up toward the most significant bit from the B point 205, the power mechanism stop rotating, starts rotating in the opposite direction, the programmable control system controls the shut-off valve is closed from rotating to cut down during electrolysis a first fluid to the liquid discharge tube 202, the nozzle does not discharge the liquid; toward the nozzle when the nozzle is transferred from the lowest bit 206 down point C, the power drive mechanism starts at the first liquid discharge pipe 202 is moved up from the controlling the upward movement of the process control system that the program-controlled shut-off valve is opened to discharge the electrolytic solution into the first liquid pipe 202, the normal injection nozzle according to the above scheme electrolyte; this cycle. 优选的,上述控制系统为PLC控制系统或DCS控制系统。 Preferably, the control system is a control system PLC or DCS control system.

[0079] 在本发明的另一个实施例中,当第一喷液管202固定设置于槽体1的内底面槽壁上时,进液装置还包括若千个轴承、齿轮、动力机构、程控切断阀以及自转角度检测器;第一喷液管202通过轴承与支撑件连接,每个支撑件对应一个轴承,第一喷液管202与轴承的内圈固定连接,支撑件与轴承的外圈固定连接;齿轮设置于第一喷液管202上且靠近第一喷液管202与第一进液管201连接处的部位,齿轮与动力机构连接以用于当动力机构输出转矩时, 第一喷液管202可以绕其轴向中心线自转而第一进液管201固定不动;自转角度检测器设置于第一喷液管2〇2上、用于监测喷嘴的喷口朝向在第一喷液管202自转的过程中的变化,自转角度检测器与控制系统电连接以用于向控制系统提供喷嘴的喷口朝向的变化信号;程控切断阀设置于第一进液管201的进液口处,且程控切断阀与控 [0079] In another embodiment of the present invention, when the first liquid discharge pipe 202 fixedly disposed in the groove bottom of the groove wall of the body 1, when the inlet means further comprises one thousand bearings, gears, power mechanism, programmed shut-off valve and a rotation angle detector; a first liquid discharge pipe 202 is connected to the support member through a bearing, a bearing corresponding to each support member, the first liquid discharge pipe 202 fixedly connected to the bearing inner ring, the outer ring of the bearing support member fixedly connected; a first gear provided on the liquid discharge tube 202 and adjacent the first portion 202 and inlet tube 201 is connected at a first liquid discharge tube, a power gear mechanism for connecting the output torque when the power means, the first a liquid discharge tube 202 rotation about its axial centerline and a first inlet pipe 201 immovably; rotation angle detector is disposed on the first liquid discharge pipe 2〇2 for monitoring the nozzle toward the first nozzle change process liquid discharge tube 202 in the rotation, the rotation angle detector and control system is electrically connected to the spout for providing a change signal to the control system of the nozzle orientation; program-controlled shutoff valve disposed in the inlet port of the first inlet tube 201 , the program-controlled shut-off valve and the control 系统电连接;在垂直于第一喷液管2〇2的长度方向且重合于喷嘴的长度方向的竖直平面内,定义喷嘴的转动的中心点为A点204,定义穿过A点204水平向左与槽体1内侧面槽壁的交点为D点207,定义穿过A点204 水平向右与槽体1内侧面槽壁的交点为E点208;当喷嘴的喷口朝向偏向阳极板3与阴极板4 之间的间隙且位于AD连线与AE连线之间的夹角时,控制系统控制程控切断阀打开以使电解液流入第一喷液管202,当喷嘴的喷口朝向在其余角度时,控制系统控制程控切断阀闭合以截断电解液流向第一喷液管202。 System electrical connector; in the direction perpendicular to the length of the first discharge liquid pipe 2〇2 and coincident with the longitudinal direction of the vertical plane of the nozzle, the nozzle rotation center point is defined as point A 204, point 204 is defined through the level A the intersection of the left side surface of the inner groove wall of the tank 1 point D 207, 204 defined through the point a and the intersection of the right side surface of the horizontal groove wall of the inner body is a groove E point 208; when the anode plate 3 biased towards the nozzle aperture when the gap between the cathode plate and is positioned with an angle between the AD AE wired connection, programmable control system to shut-off valve is opened so that the electrolyte liquid into the first discharge tube 202, when the nozzle orifice toward the rest of the when the angle, the control system programmed to control shut-off valve is closed to intercept flowing a first electrolyte liquid discharge tube 202. 本实施例所产生的有益技术效果同上个实施例。 Advantageous Effects of the present embodiment produced by the embodiment above embodiment.

[00S0]本实施例中,第一喷液管202上的喷嘴的喷口朝向从左往右转动,或者从右往左转动,均可。 [00S0] In this embodiment, the nozzle orifice on the first liquid discharge pipe 202 is rotated toward the left to right, or from right to left rotation, can. 进一步的,为了减小第一喷液管202带动喷嘴自转所占用的空间,提高电解槽内的空间利用率,优选的,动力机构为正反转式动力机构,且与控制系统连接,控制系统控制动力机构正反转以使得喷嘴的喷口朝向只在上述的AD连线与AE连线之间的夹角中转动。 Further, in order to reduce the discharge of the first liquid pipe space 202 occupied by driven rotation of the nozzle, improve space utilization in the electrolytic cell, preferably, a power type power reversing mechanism is a mechanism, and is connected to the control system, the control system reversing the power control mechanism such that rotation of the nozzle orifice only the angle between the AD and AE connecting toward the connection. 当喷嘴的喷口朝向从一侧端点往另一侧端点运动过程中,例如从D点207向E点208运动,控制系统控制程控切断阀打开以使电解液流入第一喷液管202,喷嘴按照上述方案正常喷射电解液;当到达E点208,动力机构开始向相反的方向转动,例如从E点208向D点207运动,控制系统控制程控切断阀打开以使电解液流入第一喷液管202,喷嘴按照上述方案正常喷射电解液;如此循环。 When the nozzle orifice toward the side from the endpoints to the other endpoint during exercise, for example, from point D to point E 207 208 motion, the control system programmed to control shut-off valve is opened to allow the electrolytic solution into the first liquid discharge tube 202, a nozzle in accordance with above normal injection electrolyte solutions; when E reaches the point 208, the power mechanism starts rotating in the opposite direction, for example, from point D to point E 208 207 motion, the control system programmed to control shut-off valve is opened to discharge the electrolytic solution into the first liquid pipe 202, the normal injection nozzle in accordance with the above-described embodiment the electrolytic solution; this cycle. 优选的,上述控制系统为PLC控制系统或DCS控制系统。 Preferably, the control system is a control system PLC or DCS control system.

[0081] 上述两个实施例中,显而易见地,假设的A点204、B点205、C点206、D点207以及E点208在实际生产中并不存在,此处假设存在上述5个点,只是为了便于描述,便于理解,不应成为对相应实施例的保护范围的限制。 [0081] In the above two embodiments, will be apparent, the assumed point A 204, B point 205, C point 206, D 207, and point E point 208 does not exist in the actual production, the presence of the 5 points is assumed here that just for convenience of description, to facilitate understanding, it should not be limit the scope of the respective embodiments.

[0082] 本发明,对上述的自转角度检测器具体结构和型号没有特殊限制,能够实现监测喷嘴的喷口朝向变化的功能即可。 [0082] The present invention is not particularly restricted and specific structure of the rotation angle detector and the model, it is possible to monitor the function of the nozzle orifice toward the change.

[0083] 在本发明的一个实施例中,电解槽还包括第二进液装置6,第二进液装置6包括第二进液管601、第二喷液管602以及若干个设置在第二喷液管602上,用于向槽体1内喷射电解液的喷嘴603;第二进液管601的进液口与电解液供液装置连通以向第二进液管601供给电解液,第二进液管601的出液口501与第二喷液管602的进液口连通,第二喷液管602固定设置于槽体1长度方向上的内侧面槽壁的上部,若千个喷嘴603中,最外侧的两个喷嘴603分别位于相应的最外侧的阳极板3与槽体1宽度方向上侧面槽壁之间以向相应的最外侧两块所述阳极板的外侧面附近喷射电解液,位于最外侧两个喷嘴603之间的任一喷嘴603均对应于相邻的阳极板3与阴极板4之间的间隙以用于向相邻的两块阳极板3与阴极板4之间的间隙喷射电解液; [0083] In one embodiment of the present invention, the electrolytic cell further comprises a second inlet means 6, second inlet means 6 comprises a second inlet pipe 601, and the second liquid discharge tube 602 disposed in the second plurality the liquid discharge tube 602, for spraying the electrolyte in the tank 1 to the nozzle 603; fluid inlet means and second fluid supply electrolyte inlet pipe 601 is supplied to the second inlet in communication with the liquid electrolyte tube 601, the first two inlet tubes 601 and outlet port 501 communicates with the second inlet port of the liquid discharge tube 602, the second liquid discharge tube 602 is fixed to the upper side surface of the inner groove wall of the longitudinal direction of the tank 1, if one thousand nozzles 603, the two outermost nozzles 603 are located at the respective outermost anode plate 3 of the body 1 between the side surface width direction of the groove and the groove wall near to the outer side surface to the respective two outermost anode plate electrolysis injection liquid, an outermost nozzle between any two nozzles 603,603 each correspond to adjacent anode plate 3 and the gap between the cathode plate for the two adjacent anode plate and the cathode plate 3 of 4 the gap between the electrolyte injection;

[0084] 第一喷液管202上的对应于相邻阳极板3与阴极板4之间的间隙的喷嘴203的喷口位于阴极板4的金属沉积面所在的竖直面垂直距离9mm之内;第二喷液管602上的对应于相邻两块阳极板3与阴极板4之间的间隙的喷嘴603的喷口位于阳极板3的长宽方向上的侧面所在的竖直面垂直距离7mm之内。 9mm within the gap between the anode plate and the cathode plate 3 corresponding to the [0084] discharge the first liquid pipe 202 to the nozzle orifices 203 adjacent to the surface of the metal deposited cathode plate 4 where the vertical distance from the vertical plane; corresponding to the second liquid discharge tube 602 to the two adjacent anode plate and the cathode plate 3 in the gap between the nozzle 603 discharge port 4 is located on a vertical plane perpendicular to the longitudinal and transverse directions from the side of the anode plate 3 is located 7mm of Inside.

[0085] 为方便理解,假设一个平面,该平面平行于阴极板4的金属沉积面且与阴极板4的金属沉积面的垂直距离为9mm,控制第一喷液管202上的对应于相邻阳极板3与阴极板4之间的间隙的喷嘴的喷口位于阴极板4的金属沉积面所在的竖直面与该平面之间的间隙内;假设另一个平面,该平面平行于阳极板3的长宽方向上的侧面且与阳极板3的长宽方向上的侧面的垂直距离为7mm,第二喷液管602上的对应于相邻两块阳极板3与阴极板4之间的间隙的喷嘴的喷口位于阳极板3的长宽方向上的侧面所在的竖直面与该平面之间的间隙内。 [0085] To facilitate understanding, assume a plane that is parallel to the deposition surface of the cathode plate 4 the metal and the metal-deposited surface of the vertical distance from a cathode plate 4 is 9mm, a first discharge control corresponding to the liquid pipe 202 to the adjacent 3 and the nozzle gap between the cathode plate anode nozzle plate positioned within the gap between the metal-deposited surface of the vertical face 4 of the cathode plate where the plane; consider another plane that is parallel to the anode plate 3 the length and width direction and a side surface of the vertical distance in the longitudinal and transverse directions of the side surface of the anode plate 3 is 7mm, the gap between the plate 4, the two anodes 3 and the cathode plate corresponding to the second liquid discharge tube 602 adjacent to the the gap between the nozzle orifice located on the side in the direction of the length and width of the anode plate 3 where the vertical plane to the plane.

[0086] 优选的,第一喷液管202上的对应于相邻阳极板3与阴极板4之间的间隙的喷嘴的喷口位于阴极板4的金属沉积面所在的竖直面垂直距离6mm之内;第二喷液管602上的对应于相邻两块阳极板3与阴极板4之间的间隙的喷嘴的喷口位于阳极板3的长宽方向上的侧面所在的竖直面垂直距离4mm之内。 [0086] Preferably, the first corresponding to the liquid discharge tube 202 to the nozzle orifice gap 4 between the anode plate and the cathode plate 3 is located adjacent to a vertical plane perpendicular to the surface of the deposited metal from the cathode plate 4 where the 6mm inside; corresponding to the second liquid discharge tube 602 to the two adjacent anode plate and the cathode plate 3 spout nozzle gap 4 situated between a vertical plane perpendicular to the longitudinal and transverse directions from the side of the anode plate 3 is located 4mm within.

[0087]目前,为了改善对高杂阳极板的电解精炼,为了进一步提高电解精炼的电流密度, 实现超高电流密度的电解精炼,实现超高电流密度电解精炼高杂阳极板,行业技术人员采取了多种改进措施,但是这些改进措施均是关注阴极板4表面附近的电解液的置换更新,关注如何减小阴极板4的浓差极化,殊不知,根据电化学原理,浓差极化既存在于阴极板4,也存在于阳极板3,目前,尚未有对阳极板3的浓差极化进行处理的措施。 [0087] Currently, in order to improve high-heteroaryl electrolytic refining anode plate, in order to further increase the current density in the electrolytic refining, to achieve ultra-high current density electrolytic refining, to achieve ultra-high current density electrolytic refining heteroaryl anode plate, take the art industry various improvements, but these improvements are the concern of the electrolytic solution near the surface of the cathode plate 4 substitutions update concerned about how to reduce the concentration polarization of the cathode plate 4, not knowing, according to the principle of an electrochemical concentration polarization existing 4 in that the cathode plate, anode plate 3 are also present in the present, yet measures the concentration polarization of the anode plate 3 to be processed. 采用本实施例中的技术方案,有效地解决了上述技术问题:根据上述,本发明经研究发现了相邻两块阳极板3和阴极板4之间的间隙中的电解液的对流运动,在靠近阴极板4表面附近出现电解液的上升运动,在靠近阳极板3表面附近出现电解液的下降运动,且经过测量,阴极板4长宽侧面附近的作上升运动的电解液液流的最大有效厚度为9mm,阳极板3长宽侧面附近的作下降运动的电解液液流的最大有效厚度为7mm,上升液流和下降液流的厚度并不相同。 The technical solution in the present embodiment, effectively solves the above problems: the convection of the electrolytic solution was found gap between the two adjacent anode plate and the cathode plate 3 in accordance with the above, the study of the present invention, near the surface of the cathode plate 4 ascending motion of the electrolyte occurs, the descending movement of the electrolytic solution 3 occurs in the vicinity of the surface close to the anode plate, and electrolyte flow through a maximum as the rising movement 4 near the side surface length and width measurements, effective cathode plate a thickness of 9mm, the maximum effective thickness of the electrolyte flow for the lowering movement in the vicinity of the anode side plate 3 aspect 7mm, rising and falling stream flow is not the same thickness. 本发明充分利用该对流运动,设置位于下部的第一进液装置2和位于上部的第二进液装置6,且控制第一喷液管2〇2上的喷嘴的喷口在阴极板4金属沉积面附近的9mm范围内,使得喷嘴喷出的液流与阴极板4的金属沉积面所在的竖直面紧贴,使得第一喷液管202上的喷嘴喷出的电解液液流进入阴极板4表面附近的上升液流中,控制第二喷液管602上的喷嘴的喷口在阳极板3长宽侧面附近的7mm范围内,使得喷嘴喷出的液流与阳极板3的长宽侧面所在的竖直面紧贴,使得第二喷液管602上的喷嘴喷出的电解液液流进入阳极板3表面附近的下降液流中,二者相互不影响,相互不掺混,从而实现了对阳极板3和阴极板4表面附近的电解液进行置换更新,显著减小了阳极板3和阴极板4表面附近的浓差极化;且根据上述关于沉降阳极泥的理论,沉降阳极泥析出后富集于阳极板3表面附近的 The present invention fully utilizes this convection, a first inlet means is provided at a lower portion 2 and the second inlet means is located in the upper portion 6, and controls the nozzles on the first liquid discharge spout tube 2〇2 metal deposition in the cathode plate 4 9mm the vicinity of the surface, such that the liquid stream ejected from the nozzle plate and the cathode metal deposition vertical plane is located close to the surface 4, so that a first liquid discharge nozzle discharge tube 202 into the cathode electrolyte flow plate 4 near the rising liquid surface, the nozzle orifice to control the second liquid discharge tube 602 within a range close to 7mm length and width of the side of the anode plate 3, so that the nozzle plate length and width of the anode side stream where 3 close to a vertical plane, so that the second liquid discharge nozzle discharge tube 602 into the anode electrolyte flow plate 3 decrease the flow near the surface, both not affect each other, are not mutually blended so as to achieve a 4 the electrolyte near the surface of the anode plate and the cathode plate 3 updated replacement, is significantly reduced concentration polarization near the surface of the anode plate 4 and the cathode plate 3; and a settlement based on the theory of anode slime, the anode mud settling precipitated after enrichment near the surface of the anode plate 3 解液中,采用第二进液装置6从上往下喷射电解液,与沉降阳极泥的沉降方向一致,且可以加快下降液流的流速,从而加快了沉降阳极泥的沉降;再者,采用本实施的技术方案还取得了预料不到的技术效果:阳极板3表面附近的下降液流与阴极板4表面附近的上升液流形成了电解液对流,第一进液装置2持续地向上升液流喷射电解液从而进一步提高了上升液流的速度,第二进液装置6持续地向下降液流喷射电解液从而进一步提高了下降液流的速度,二者结合,显著提高了上升液流与下降液流之间的对流强度,在上升液流和下降液流之间形成一个无形的屏障,阻挡了阳极板3表面附近的电解液中的杂质金属离子以及理论上不该在阴极板4上析出的金属离子向阴极板4表面的扩散运动,以不同于常规解决方法的方式解决了阴极板4表面附近的电解液被上述杂质金属 Hydrolyzate, the use of the second inlet means 6 from the electrolyte injection down, it coincides with the direction of settling sedimentation of anode slime, and may accelerate the decrease of the flow velocity, thereby speeding up the settling anode mud settling; Furthermore, using aspect of the present embodiment is also achieved unexpected technical effects: 4 rising liquid surface near the vicinity of the surface of the anode 3 decreased flow plate and the cathode plate is formed of an electrolyte convection, a first inlet means to continuously rise 2 electrolyte injection flow speed is increased thereby further improving the flow of the second inlet means 6 is continuously dropped to the fluid ejecting the electrolytic solution thereby further improving the speed of liquid flow drops, a combination of both, significantly increased the rising liquid between convection and decrease the strength of the flow, forming an invisible barrier between the rising and falling stream flow barrier electrolyte near the surface of the anode plate 3 in the impurity metal ions and the cathode plate 4 should theoretically precipitated metal ions on the diffusion motion of the surface of the cathode plate 4 in a manner different from the conventional electrolytic solution solves the vicinity of the surface of the cathode 4 is the impurity metal plate 子和理论上不该在阴极板4上析出的金属离子污染的问题,显著提高了产品质量和表面质量。 Promoter and theoretical problems should not contaminated with metal ions deposited on cathode plate 4, significantly improved product quality and surface quality. 综上,采用本实施例的技术方案,显著改善了对高杂阳极板的电解精炼,实现了超高电流密度的电解精炼,基本实现了超高电流密度电解精炼高杂阳极板。 In summary, the technical solution of the embodiment according to the present embodiment, significantly improves the high electrolytic refining heteroaryl anode plate, electrolytic refining to achieve a ultra-high current density, the basic realization of ultra high current density electrolytic refining heteroaryl anode plate.

[0088] 在本发明的一个实施例中,第二喷液管602与槽体1内电解液液面齐平,或位于槽体1内电解液液面以下,或位于槽体1内电解液液面以上。 [0088] In one embodiment of the present invention, the electrolyte level inside a flush liquid pipe 602 and the second discharge tank, or within an electrolytic solution tank below the liquid level, or within an electrolytic tank above the liquid surface.

[0089] 为了更好地改善对高杂阳极板的电解精炼,更好地实现超高电流密度的电解精炼,更好地实现超高电流密度电解精炼高杂阳极板,在本发明的一个实施例中,第二进液装置6还包括若干个支撑件以及锁紧装置;第二喷液管602通过若干个支撑件固定设置于槽体1长度方向上的内侧面槽壁上,且第二喷液管602与支撑件活动连接以用于当第二喷液管602受到外力转矩时,第二喷液管602可以绕其轴向中心线自转,且第二喷液管6〇2的进液口与第二进液管601的出液口501旋转密封连接以用于当第二喷液管6〇2受到外力转矩时,第二喷液管602可以绕其轴向中心线转动而第二进液管601固定不动,第二喷液管6〇2与锁紧装置连接以用于当外力转矩消失时,锁紧第二喷液管6〇2停止其自转。 [0089] In order to improve the electrolytic refining of high heteroaryl anode plate, to better achieve ultra-high current density electrolytic refining, better achieve ultra high current density electrolytic refining heteroaryl anode plate, in an embodiment of the present invention. embodiment, the second inlet means 6 further comprises a plurality of support members and a locking means; a second liquid discharge tube 602 by a plurality of support members fixed to the inner side wall of the groove in the longitudinal direction of the tank 1, and the second liquid discharge tube 602 and the support member is movably connected for liquid discharge when the second torque tube 602 by an external force, the second liquid discharge tube 602 about its axial centerline of rotation, and the second liquid discharge tube 6〇2 the liquid inlet pipe 601 and the second inlet 501 of rotary seal liquid outlet connection for liquid discharge when the second torque tube 6〇2 external force, the second liquid discharge tube 602 can be rotated about its axial centerline and a second inlet pipe 601 is fixed, and the second liquid discharge pipe 6〇2 locking means for, when connected to the external torque disappears, the second liquid discharge pipe 6〇2 locking stops its rotation.

[0090] 为了更好地改善对高杂阳极板的电解精炼,更好地实现超高电流密度的电解精炼,更好地实现超高电流密度电解精炼高杂阳极板,进一步的,在本发明的一个实施例中, 第二进液装置6还包括若干个轴承、齿轮、动力机构、程控切断阀以及自转角度检测器;第一喷液管602通过轴承与支撑件连接,每个支撑件对应一个轴承,第二喷液管602与轴承的内圈固定连接,支撑件与轴承的外圈固定连接;齿轮设置于第二喷液管602上且靠近第二喷液管602与第二进液管601连接处的部位,齿轮与动力机构连接以用于当动力机构输出转矩时,第二喷液管602可以绕其轴向中心线自转而第二进液管601固定不动;自转角度检测器设置于第二喷液管602上、用于监测喷嘴的喷口朝向在第二喷液管602自转的过程中的变化,自转角度检测器与控制系统电连接以用于向控制系统提供喷 [0090] In order to improve the electrolytic refining of high heteroaryl anode plate, to better achieve ultra-high current density electrolytic refining, better achieve ultra high current density electrolytic refining heteroaryl anode plate, further, in the present invention, in one embodiment, the second inlet means 6 further comprises a plurality of bearings, gears, power mechanism, program-controlled shut-off valve and the rotation angle detector; a first liquid discharge pipe 602 is connected via a bearing to the support member, the support member corresponding to each a bearing, a second liquid discharge pipe 602 fixedly connected to the bearing inner race, outer race and the bearing support member fixedly connected; gear provided on the second liquid discharge tube 602 and adjacent to the second liquid discharge pipe 602 and the second inlet tube portion 601 is connected at the gear mechanism is connected to the power means for, when the output torque of the power, the second liquid discharge tube 602 about its axial centerline of rotation and a second inlet pipe 601 immovably; rotation angle spout detector is disposed on the second liquid discharge tube 602, for monitoring the process of the second nozzle toward the liquid discharge tube 602 changes in the rotation, the rotation angle detector and control system is electrically connected to a control system for providing spray 的喷口朝向变化信号; 程控切断阀设置于第二进液管601的进液口处,且程控切断阀与控制系统电连接;当喷嘴的喷口朝向满足使得喷嘴喷出的电解液液流射入槽体1内的电解液中且偏向阳极板3与阴极板4之间的间隙时,控制系统控制程控切断阀打开以使电解液流入第二喷液管602或控制程控切断阀闭合以截断电解液流向第二喷液管602,当喷嘴的喷口朝向在其余角度时,控制系统控制程控切断阀闭合以截断电解液流向第二喷液管602。 Toward the nozzle change signal; program-controlled shutoff valve disposed in the second inlet pipe 601 at the inlet port, and program-controlled shut-off valve is electrically connected to the control system; satisfied when the nozzle toward the spout nozzle so that the electrolyte flow enters when the electrolyte in the tank body 1 and 4 toward the gap between the anode plate and the cathode plate 3, a control system programmed to control shut-off valve is opened to allow the electrolytic solution into the second liquid discharge tube 602 or program-controlled control valve is closed to cut off the electrolytic a second fluid to the liquid discharge tube 602, when the nozzle orifice toward the rest angle, the control system programmed to control shut-off valve is closed to cut off the flow of the electrolytic solution of the second liquid discharge tube 602.

[0091] 优选的,在本实施例中,控制第一喷液管202上的喷嘴的喷口朝向从下往上转动, 与阴极板4表面附近的电解液的上升运动方向一致,且控制第二喷液管602上的喷嘴的喷口朝向从上往下转动,与阳极板3表面附近的电解液的下降运动方向一致。 [0091] Preferably, in the present embodiment, the control of the nozzle orifice on the first liquid discharge pipe 202 is rotated toward the bottom-up, consistent with the ascending motion of the electrolyte near the surface direction of the cathode plate 4, and a second control nozzle orifices on the liquid discharge tube 602 toward downward from the rotation, consistent with the electrolytic solution 3 drops motion around the anode plate surface direction. 进一步的,第一喷液管202和第二喷液管602设置在槽体1内同一个内侧面槽壁上。 Further, the first liquid discharge pipe 202 and the second liquid discharge pipe 602 is provided with a groove inner side wall of the tank 1. 进一步的,为了减小第一喷液管202和第二喷液管602带动喷嘴自转所占用的空间,提高电解槽内的空间利用率,优选的,动力机构为正反转式动力机构,且与控制系统连接,控制系统控制动力机构正反转以使得第一喷液管上的喷嘴的喷口朝向只在上述的AB连线与AC连线之间的夹角中上下往复转动,使得第二喷液管上的喷嘴的喷口朝向满足使得喷嘴喷出的电解液液流射入槽体1内的电解液中且偏向阳极板3与阴极板4之间的间隙且只在一个夹角中上下往复转动。 Further, in order to reduce the discharge of the first liquid pipe 202 and the second liquid discharge pipe 602 to drive the rotation of the space occupied by the nozzle, improve space utilization in the electrolytic cell, preferably, a power type power reversing mechanism is a mechanism, and connected to the control system, the power control system controls the reversing mechanism so that the nozzle orifice on the first liquid discharge tube is rotated toward the vertical reciprocating only the angle between the AB and AC wiring connection so that the second orifice nozzle tubes toward the liquid discharge nozzles to meet such electrolyte flow gap between the electrolyte in the anode 1 and the deflecting plate and the cathode plate 3 only vertically in a tank and the angle between the incident reciprocally rotated. 当第一喷液管202的喷嘴的喷口朝向从下往上转至最高位时,优选为上述的B点205,动力机构停止转动,开始向相反的方向转动,在从上往下转动的过程中控制系统控制程控切断阀闭合以截断电解液流向第一喷液管202,喷嘴不喷液;当喷嘴的喷口朝向从上往下转至最低位时, 优选为上述的C点206,动力机构开始带动第一喷液管202从下往上运动,在从下往上转动的过程中控制系统控制程控切断阀打开以使电解液流入第一喷液管202,喷嘴按照上述方案正常喷射电解液。 When the discharge spout of the first nozzle 202 of the liquid pipe go up towards the highest bit from, preferably above the point B 205, the power means to stop the rotation, starts to rotate in the opposite direction, down from the rotation of the process the programmable control system controls the shut-off valve is closed to cut off the flow of the first electrolyte liquid discharge tube 202, the nozzle does not discharge the liquid; toward the nozzle when the nozzle is transferred to the least significant bit from the top down, preferably above C point 206, the power mechanism start drive the first liquid discharge tube 202 from the bottom up motion, the control system programmed to control shut-off valve is opened to discharge the electrolytic solution into the first liquid pipe 202 from the bottom up during rotation, the above-described embodiment according to the normal injection nozzles electrolyte . 第二喷液管602在上述夹角中上下往复转动时,在从上往下运动的过程中喷嘴喷液,在从下往上运动的过程中喷嘴不喷液。 A second liquid discharge tube 602 in the above-described vertical reciprocating rotation angle, during the downward movement from the liquid ejection nozzle, the nozzle does not discharge the liquid from the bottom up in the course of movement. 优选的,上述控制系统为PLC控制系统或DCS控制系统。 Preferably, the control system is a control system PLC or DCS control system.

[0092] 在第一喷液管202和/或第二喷液管602转动的过程中,控制从喷嘴喷出的电解液流速在一个合理的区间,既不太小,以实现对较远处电解液的置换更新;也不能太大,避免向上喷射穿透电解液的液面,避免斜向喷射射到对面的槽体1内侧面槽壁上,避免斜向下喷射射到槽底内表面的沉降阳极泥层,引起电解液浑浊。 [0092] in and / or the second liquid discharge tube 602 during rotation of the first tube 202 or the liquid discharge, the electrolyte flow rate control in a reasonable range from the nozzle, neither too small, in order to achieve a longer distance an electrolyte replacement updating; not be too large, to avoid penetration of the liquid surface of the electrolytic solution spouted upward, to avoid the jet impinges obliquely across the slot side wall of the tank 1, to avoid the jet obliquely strikes the bottom surface settling anode slime layer, the electrolyte causing turbidity.

[0093] 在本发明的一个实施例中,第一喷液管202上还设置有若干个用于定位阴极板4的定位件。 [0093] In one embodiment of the present invention, a first liquid discharge pipe 202 is also provided with a positioning member for positioning a plurality of cathode plate 4. 优选的,上述定位件为定位块,为塑料材质,不导电,每块阴极板4对应两个定位块, 两个定位块对称地分布在阴极板4的两侧,通过定位块控制阴极板4装入电解槽后位于两个相邻的喷嘴的正中间,且与上端的悬挂点配合,保证阴极板4具有很好的悬直度,实现阳极板3和阴极板4相互平行地交替布置。 Preferably, the positioning member is a positioning block, a plastic material, non-conductive, corresponding to each cathode plate 4 is positioned two blocks, two blocks symmetrically positioned on both sides of the cathode plate 4, a cathode plate 4 by a positioning control block the middle of two adjacent nozzles after the cell was charged, and suspended with an upper end with a point, to ensure that the cathode plate 4 has a good straightness suspension, to achieve the anode plate and the cathode plate 4 3 alternately arranged parallel to each other. 优选的,定位块位于喷嘴的上方。 Preferably, the positioning block is located above the nozzle.

[0094] 优选的,第二进液装置6和出液箱503为一体式结构,利于安装和设计。 [0094] Preferably, the second inlet means 6 and the tank 503 is of unitary construction, design, and facilitate installation.

[0095] 本发明针对想要解决的技术问题,提供了多个递进式的技术方案,多个递进式的技术方案相互组合叠加,相互配合,相互促进,形成一个整体方案,以解决上述的技术问题, 取得的技术效果远好于上述任何一个技术方案的技术效果,叠加效应显著。 [0095] The present invention is directed to the technical problem to be solved, a plurality of progressive aspect, the plurality of progressive aspect combined with one another superposed, mutual cooperation to promote, form a whole program to solve the above technical problems, and achieved technical effect is much better than any of the above technical effect of a technical solution, a significant additive effect.

[0096] 本发明未详尽描述的方法和装置均为现有技术,不再赘述。 The method and apparatus of the invention are not described in detail [0096] This prior art are not repeated.

[0097] 本说明书中各个实施例采用递进的方式描述,每个实施例重点说明的都是与其它实施例的不同之处,每个实施例之间相同或相似部分互相参见即可。 [0097] In the present specification, the various embodiments described in a progressive manner, differences from the embodiment described with other embodiments focus each embodiment, the same or similar parts to see each other embodiments each embodiment.

[0098] 以上实施例的说明只是用于帮助理解本发明的方法及其核心思想。 DESCRIPTION [0098] the above embodiment is for the purpose to help understanding the method and core ideas of the present invention. 应当指出,对于本技术领域的普通技术人员来说,在不脱离本发明原理的前提下,还可以对本发明进行若干改进和修饰,这些改进和修饰也落入本发明权利要求的保护范围内。 It should be noted that those of ordinary skill in the art, in the present invention without departing from the principles of the premise, may also be a number of modifications and improvements of the present invention, and these improvements and modifications also fall within the scope of the claims of the invention.

[0099] 对所公开的实施例的上述说明,使本领域专业技术人员能够实现或使用本发明。 [0099] The above description of the disclosed embodiments enables those skilled in the art to make or use the present invention. 对于这些实施例的多种修改对本领域的专业技术人员来说是显而易见的,本文所定义的一般原理可以在不脱离本发明的精神或范围的情况下,在其它实施例中实现。 Various modifications to these professionals skilled in the art of the present embodiment will be apparent, and the generic principles defined herein may be implemented in other embodiments without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention. 因此,本发明将不会被限制于本文所示的这些实施例,而是要符合与本文所公开的原理和新颖特点相一致的最宽范围。 Accordingly, the present invention will not be limited to the embodiments shown herein but is to be accorded herein consistent with the principles and novel features disclosed widest scope.

Claims (8)

  1. 1. 一种超高电流密度平行流电解槽的出液装置,其特征在于,所述电解槽包括槽体、第一进液装置、出液装置、若干块阳极板以及若干块阴极板; 若干块所述阳极板和若干块所述阴极板均搭接在所述槽体长度方向上的两侧面槽壁的上边沿上,若干块所述阳极板和若干块所述阴极板在所述槽体内交替布置且所述阳极板的数量比所述阴极板的数量多一块且控制所述槽体内最外侧的极板均为所述阳极板,所述阳极板包括阳极板主体和吊耳•, 所述第一进液装置包括第一进液管、第一喷液管以及若干个设置在所述第一喷液管上且用于向所述槽体内喷射电解液的喷嘴,所述第一进液管的进液口与电解液供液装置连通以向所述第一进液管供给电解液,所述第一进液管的出液口与所述第一喷液管的进液口连通,所述第一喷液管固定设置于所述槽体长度方向上的 An ultra-high current density parallel flow liquid out of the electrolytic cell apparatus, wherein said electrolytic cell comprises a tank body, a first inlet means, a fluid means, a plurality of anode plates and a plurality of blocks of the block cathode plate; a plurality of the upper edge of the anode plate and a plurality of block block the cathode plate are overlapped in the longitudinal direction of the groove walls of the groove side surfaces, a plurality of blocks of the anode plate and the cathode plate in a plurality of blocks of said groove vivo alternately arranged and the number of the anode plate than the number of the cathode plate and a plurality of control within the slot of the outermost plates are anode plate, said anode plate includes an anode plate and a lug • body, said first inlet means comprising a first inlet tube, and a first plurality of liquid discharge pipe disposed in the first liquid pipe and a discharge nozzle for ejecting the electrolytic solution into the body of the tank, the first a liquid inlet tube into the liquid inlet port means communicating with the electrolyte fluid supply pipe for supplying a liquid electrolyte to the first inlet, the first inlet and the liquid outlet pipe of the first liquid discharge pipe communicating said first discharge liquid pipe fixed to a longitudinal direction of said tank body 侧面槽壁的下部或所述槽体的内底面槽壁上,任一个所述喷嘴均对应于相邻的所述阳极板与所述阴极板之间的间隙以用于向相邻的两块所述阳极板与所述阴极板之间的间隙喷射电解液; 所述出液装置包括出液口,所述出液口设置于所述槽体长度方向上内侧面槽壁的上部,且与电解液液面平齐,且所述出液口的长度不小于最外侧两个所述喷嘴之间的距离且小于所述槽体长度方向上内侧面槽壁的长度,且所述出液口的长度方向上的两端分别位于相应的最外侧的所述阳极板与所述槽体宽度方向上内侧面槽壁之间,所述出液口与电解液储液装置连通以用于将所述槽体内的电解液回流; 所述槽体还包括两个分别位于所述槽体宽度方向上两个侧面槽壁上的溢流口; 所述出液装置为出液箱,所述出液口设置在所述出液箱上,所述出液箱固定设置于所述槽体长度 The anode plate or inner bottom surface of a lower portion of the tank wall of said tank body side surface of the groove walls, each corresponding to any one of the nozzle adjacent to the gap between the cathode plate for the adjacent two the gap between the anode plate and the cathode plate electrolyte injection; the apparatus comprising a fluid outlet port, an upper portion of said liquid outlet disposed in the longitudinal direction of the slot of the slot side wall, and with flush with the electrolyte level and the length of said liquid inlet is not less than the distance between the two outermost of the nozzle and smaller than a length in the longitudinal direction of the groove slot side wall and said liquid outlet between the inner side surface of the groove wall on both ends in the longitudinal direction are positioned corresponding to the outermost anode plate width direction of the groove, the outlet port in communication with the electrolyte reservoir means to the for said body groove electrolyte reflux; the tank comprises two further overflow outlet located on the groove width direction of the two slot side wall; said means is out of a liquid tank, the liquid out an opening disposed in said tank, said tank fixed to a body length of the slot 方向上内侧面槽壁的上部,且位于若干块所述阳极板和所述阴极板的侧面与固定设置所述出液箱的内侧面槽壁之间的间隙内,所述出液箱的两端各设置有用于与所述溢流口密封连接以使得电解液回流的连接管,所述出液箱上除所述出液口和所述连接管之外的部位均为防止电解液流入或流出的结构; 所述出液箱还包括设置于所述出液箱上、用于在电解周期内升高所述电解槽内电解液液面至与所述阳极板主体的上边沿齐平或降下所述电解槽内电解液液面至低于所述阳极板主体的上边沿的液面调节组件,所述液面调节组件的长度方向上的两端分别位于相应的最外侧的所述阳极板与所述槽体宽度方向上内侧面槽壁之间。 An upper direction of the inner side surface of the groove wall, and a plurality of blocks located in the side of the anode plate and the cathode plate and the fixed gap provided between the inner surface of the tank groove wall, the tank of the two each terminal is provided for connection with the seal so that the electrolytic solution was refluxed for an overflow tube connected to a portion other than the liquid pipe connecting port and the other of the tank into or out of the electrolyte solution are prevented flowing the structure; the said tank further comprising an upper liquid disposed in said tank for the period of the rise in the electrolytic cell electrolyte level to the upper edges of the anode plate or body flush lowering the level of the upper edge of the cell to below the electrolyte level in the anode plate adjustment assembly body, both ends in the longitudinal direction of the level controller assembly are positioned the respective outermost anode the upper plate and the groove width direction between the side walls of the groove.
  2. 2. 根据权利要求1所述的出液装置,其特征在于,所述出液口为制作所述槽体过程中在所述槽体长度方向侧面槽壁上预设的开口。 2. a tapping device according to claim 1, wherein said outlet port thereof for the production process in the longitudinal direction of the groove of the groove side walls of the groove at a predetermined opening.
  3. 3. 根据权利要求1所述的出液装置,其特征在于,所述出液箱还包括设置于所述连接管内、用于平衡所述连接管内的电解液液流内外气压的呼吸管,所述呼吸管的顶端露出所述出液箱内的电解液液面,所述呼吸管的底端位于所述连接管与所述出液箱的连接处所在水平面的下方。 3. The tapping device according to the claim 1, characterized in that said tank further comprises a fluid disposed within the connecting tube, for electrolyte flow inside and outside air pressure in the balance of the breathing tube connector tube, the said breathing tube is exposed to the top of the liquid surface of the electrolytic solution tank, said bottom end of said breathing tube is positioned below a connection pipe connected to the tank where the horizontal plane.
  4. 4. 一种超高电流密度平行流电解槽,其特征在于,包括槽体、第一进液装置、出液装置、 若干块阳极板以及若千块阴极板; 若千块所述阳极板和若干块所述阴极板均搭接在所述槽体长度方向上的两侧面槽壁的上边沿上,若干块所述阳极板和若干块所述阴极板在所述槽体内交替布置且所述阳极板的数量比所述阴极板的数量多一块且控制所述槽体内最外侧的极板均为所述阳极板,所述阳极板包括阳极板主体和吊耳; 所述第一进液装置包括第一进液管、第一喷液管以及若干个设置在所述第一喷液管上且用于向所述槽体内喷射电解液的喷嘴,所述第一进液管的进液口与电解液供液装置连通以向所述第一进液管供给电解液,所述第一进液管的出液口与所述第一喷液管的进液口连通,所述第一喷液管固定设置于所述槽体长度方向上的内侧面槽壁的下部或所述 A parallel-flow ultra-high current density electrolytic cell, wherein the body includes a slot, a first inlet means, the fluid apparatus when the number of pieces of the anode plate and cathode plate one thousand; if the anode plate and one thousand the upper edge of the cathode plate are a plurality of blocks overlapping in the longitudinal direction of the groove of the groove wall surfaces on both sides, a plurality of blocks of the anode plate and the cathode plate in a plurality of blocks of said grooves are alternately arranged and the body number than the number of anode plate of the cathode plate and a plurality of control outermost electrode plate of the grooves are within the anode plate, the anode plate includes an anode body and the lug plate; the first inlet means comprising a first inlet tube, and a first plurality of liquid discharge pipe disposed in the first liquid pipe and a discharge nozzle for ejecting the electrolytic solution into the body of the tank, said first liquid inlet port inlet tube communication with the liquid supply means for the electrolytic solution to said electrolytic solution supply first inlet tube, the first tube inlet communicates with the liquid outlet port of the first inlet fluid discharge tube, said first spray or a lower portion of said catheter and fixed to the longitudinal direction of the groove of the inner surface of the groove wall 体的内底面槽壁上,任一个所述喷嘴均对应于相邻的所述阳极板与所述阴极板之间的间隙以用于向相邻的两块所述阳极板与所述阴极板之间的间隙喷射电解液; 所述出液装置为权利要求1至3任意一项所述的出液装置。 The bottom of the groove wall of the body, each corresponding to any one of the nozzle between the anode plate adjacent to the cathode plate for the gap to the two adjacent anode plate and the cathode plate a gap between the electrolyte injection; the liquid out of the device is a tapping device according to any one of claims 1 to 3.
  5. 5. 根据权利要求4所述的超高电流密度平行流电解槽,其特征在于,对应于相邻所述阳极板与所述阴极板之间的间隙的所述喷嘴的喷口位于所述阴极板的金属沉积面所在的竖直面垂直距离9mm之内。 The ultra-high current density parallel flow cell according to claim 4, characterized in that the nozzle gap between corresponding adjacent the anode plate and the cathode plate to the cathode plate positioned spout 9mm distance within the vertical plane perpendicular to the surface where the metal deposition.
  6. 6. 根据权利要求4所述的超高电流密度平行流电解槽,其特征在于,所述第一进液装置还包括若干个支撑件以及锁紧装置; 所述第一喷液管通过若干个所述支撑件固定设置于所述槽体长度方向上的内侧面槽壁上或所述槽体的内底面槽壁上,且所述第一喷液管与所述支撑件活动连接以用于当所述第一喷液管受到外力转矩时,所述第一喷液管可以绕其轴向中心线自转,且所述第一喷液管的进液口与所述第一进液管的出液口旋转密封连接以用于当所述第一喷液管受到外力转矩时,所述第一喷液管可以绕其轴向中心线自转而所述第一进液管固定不动; 所述第一喷液管与所述锁紧装置连接以用于当外力转矩消失时,锁紧所述第一喷液管停止其自转。 The ultra-high current density parallel flow cell according to claim 4, wherein said first inlet means further comprises a plurality of support members and a locking means; said first liquid discharge tube through a plurality of the support member fixed to the bottom surface of the groove wall of the inner side surface of the tank wall of said tank body or on the longitudinal direction of the groove and the liquid discharge tube and the first support member for movably connected when the first external force torque liquid discharge tube, said first liquid discharge tube rotation about its axial centerline, and said first discharge tube inlet port and the first fluid inlet tube the rotary seal liquid outlet connection for discharge of the first liquid when the external force torque tube, said first liquid discharge tube rotation about its axial centerline and the first inlet tube immovably ; the first liquid discharge tube connected to said locking means for, when the external torque disappears, the liquid discharge pipe of the first locking stop its rotation.
  7. 7. 根据权利要求4所述的超高电流密度平行流电解槽,其特征在于,当所述第一喷液管固定设置于所述槽体长度方向上的内侧面槽壁的下部时,所述第一进液装置还包括若干个轴承、齿轮、动力机构、程控切断阀以及自转角度检测器; 所述第一喷液管通过所述轴承与支撑件连接,每个支撑件对应一个所述轴承,所述第一喷液管与所述轴承的内圈固定连接,支撑件与所述轴承的外圈固定连接; 所述齿轮设置于所述第一喷液管上且靠近所述第一喷液管与所述第一进液管连接处的部位,所述齿轮与所述动力机构连接以用于当所述动力机构输出转矩时,所述第一喷液管可以绕其轴向中心线自转而所述第一进液管固定不动; 所述自转角度检测器设置于所述第一喷液管上、用于监测所述喷嘴的喷口朝向在所述第一喷液管自转的过程中的变化,所述自转角度检测 The ultra-high current density parallel flow cell according to claim 4, wherein, when the first liquid discharge tube is fixed to the lower side surface of the inner groove wall of the longitudinal direction of the groove, the said first inlet means further comprises a plurality of bearings, gears, power mechanism, program-controlled shut-off valve and the rotation angle detector; the first liquid discharge pipe connected to the support member via the bearing, each corresponding to one of said support member bearings, said first liquid discharge tube and the bearing inner race is fixedly connected to the support member and fixedly connected to the bearing outer ring; a first gear provided on the liquid discharge tube proximate the first and liquid ejecting portion of the first pipe and the inlet pipe connection of the gear mechanism is connected with the power when the power for the output torque mechanism, the first liquid discharge tube about its axis rotation centerline and the first inlet tube is stationary; the rotation angle detector is disposed on said first liquid discharge pipe for monitoring the nozzle orifice toward the first liquid discharge tube rotation process of change of the rotation angle detection 器与控制系统电连接以用于向所述控制系统提供所述喷嘴的喷口朝向的变化信号; 所述程控切断阀设置于所述第一进液管的进液口处,且所述程控切断阀与所述控制系统电连接; 在垂直于所述第一喷液管的长度方向且重合于所述喷嘴的长度方向的竖直平面内,定义所述喷嘴的转动的中心点为A点,定义穿过所述A点竖直向上与电解液液面的交点为B点, 定义穿过所述A点斜向下与对面的所述槽体长度方向上的内侧面槽壁的下边沿的交点为C 占. 当所述喷嘴的喷口朝向偏向所述阳极板与所述阴极板之间的间隙且位于AB连线与AC连线之间的夹角时,所述控制系统控制所述程控切断阀打开以使电解液流入所述第一喷液管或控制所述程控切断阀闭合以截断电解液流向所述第一喷液管,当所述喷嘴的喷口朝向在其余角度时,所述控制系统控制所述程控切断阀闭合以 Is electrically connected with the control system for providing a change signal to the spout nozzle to control the orientation of the system; the programmed shut-off valve disposed at the inlet port to the first inlet tube and the program-controlled cutting valve electrically connected with the control system; in the direction perpendicular to the length of the first discharge pipe and the liquid in the longitudinal direction coincides with the vertical plane of the nozzle, the nozzle defining the rotation center point is point a, a point is defined vertically upward through the electrolyte level of the intersection point B, is defined through the lower edge of the inner side surface of the groove wall in the longitudinal direction of the tank body in the opposite diagonal points a accounting for the intersection C. when the gap between the nozzle aperture and deflecting toward the anode plate and the cathode plate located in the angle between AB and the AC connection connect the said programmable control system controlling shut-off valve is opened to allow the electrolytic solution into the first liquid discharge tube or programmed to control the shut-off valve is closed to intercept flowing electrolyte liquid to the first discharge tube, when the nozzle orifice toward the rest angle, the programmed control system controls the shut-off valve is closed to 断电解液流向所述第一喷液管。 Electrolyte flow off the first liquid discharge tube.
  8. 8.根据权利要求4所述的超高电流密度平行流电解槽,其特征在于,当所述第一喷液管固定设置于所述槽体的内底面槽壁上时,所述第一进液装置还包括若千个轴承、齿轮、动力机构、程控切断阀以及自转角度检测器; 所述第一喷液管通过所述轴承与支撑件连接,每个支撑件对应一个所述轴承,所述第一喷液管与所述轴承的内圈固定连接,支撑件与所述轴承的外圈固定连接; 所述齿轮设置于所述第一喷液管上且靠近所述第一喷液管与所述第一进液管连接处的部位,所述齿轮与所述动力机构连接以用于当所述动力机构输出转矩时,所述第一喷液管可以绕其轴向中心线自转而所述第一进液管固定不动; 所述自转角度检测器设置于所述第一喷液管上、用于监测所述喷嘴的喷口朝向在所述第一喷液管自转的过程中的变化,所述自转角度检测器与控制系统电 The ultra-high current density parallel flow cell according to claim 4, wherein, when the first discharge liquid pipe fixed to the inner wall of the groove bottom surface of the tank body, the first inlet If the apparatus further comprises a liquid one thousand bearings, gears, power mechanism, program-controlled shut-off valve and the rotation angle detector; the first liquid discharge tube connected to the bearing through the support member, each support a corresponding one of said bearing member, the said first liquid discharge tube and the bearing inner race is fixedly connected to the support member fixedly connected with the outer ring of the bearing; a first gear provided on the liquid discharge tube and adjacent to said first liquid discharge pipe and the first portion of the inlet pipe is connected at the gear mechanism is connected with the power when the power for torque output means, said first liquid discharge tube rotation about its axial centerline and the first inlet tube is stationary; the rotation angle detector is disposed on said first liquid discharge pipe, for monitoring the nozzle orifice toward the first discharge liquid during the rotation of the tube changes, the rotation angle detector and control system is electrically 接以用于向所述控制系统提供所述喷嘴的喷口朝向的变化信号; 所述程控切断阀设置于所述第一进液管的进液口处,且所述程控切断阀与所述控制系统电连接; 在垂直于所述第一喷液管的长度方向且重合于所述喷嘴的长度方向的竖直平面内,定义所述喷嘴的转动的中心点为A点,定义穿过所述A点水平向左与所述槽体内侧面槽壁的交点为D点,定义穿过所述A点水平向右与所述槽体内侧面槽壁的交点为E点; 当所述喷嘴的喷口朝向偏向所述阳极板与所述阴极板之间的间隙且位于AD连线与AE连线之间的夹角时,所述控制系统控制所述程控切断阀打开以使电解液流入所述第一喷液管,当所述喷嘴的喷口朝向在其余角度时,所述控制系统控制所述程控切断阀闭合以截断电解液流向所述第一喷液管。 Connected to the spout for providing a change signal to the control system of the nozzle toward; said programmed cut valve disposed in the first inlet pipe at the inlet port and the cutoff valve and the programmable control system electrical connector; in a direction perpendicular to the length of the first discharge pipe and the liquid in the longitudinal direction coincides with the vertical plane of the nozzle, the nozzle defining the rotation center point is point a, through the definition of a point of intersection of the horizontal and left body side groove wall of the groove to point D, passing through the point a defines the intersection of the right side surface of the horizontal groove wall of the groove is point E in vivo; when the nozzle orifice toward the when biased toward the gap between the anode plate and the cathode plate and is positioned with an angle between the AD AE connection wiring, the control system controls the program-controlled shut-off valve is opened to allow the electrolytic solution into the first liquid discharge tube, when the nozzle orifice toward the rest angle, the control system controls the program-controlled shut-off valve is closed to cut off the flow of the first electrolyte liquid discharge tube.
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