CN106835255A - A kind of turbulent flow electrodeposition method and corollary apparatus and modularization expand scheme - Google Patents

A kind of turbulent flow electrodeposition method and corollary apparatus and modularization expand scheme Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN106835255A
CN106835255A CN201710092238.5A CN201710092238A CN106835255A CN 106835255 A CN106835255 A CN 106835255A CN 201710092238 A CN201710092238 A CN 201710092238A CN 106835255 A CN106835255 A CN 106835255A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
turbulent flow
anode
electrodeposition method
corollary apparatus
electrolyte solution
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710092238.5A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
卢正杰
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Xi'an Mutual Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Xi'an Mutual Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Xi'an Mutual Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Xi'an Mutual Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710092238.5A priority Critical patent/CN106835255A/en
Publication of CN106835255A publication Critical patent/CN106835255A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C25ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25DPROCESSES FOR THE ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PRODUCTION OF COATINGS; ELECTROFORMING; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25D21/00Processes for servicing or operating cells for electrolytic coating
    • C25D21/10Agitating of electrolytes; Moving of racks
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C25ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25DPROCESSES FOR THE ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PRODUCTION OF COATINGS; ELECTROFORMING; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25D17/00Constructional parts, or assemblies thereof, of cells for electrolytic coating
    • C25D17/004Sealing devices
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C25ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25DPROCESSES FOR THE ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PRODUCTION OF COATINGS; ELECTROFORMING; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25D17/00Constructional parts, or assemblies thereof, of cells for electrolytic coating
    • C25D17/02Tanks; Installations therefor
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C25ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25DPROCESSES FOR THE ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PRODUCTION OF COATINGS; ELECTROFORMING; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25D17/00Constructional parts, or assemblies thereof, of cells for electrolytic coating
    • C25D17/10Electrodes, e.g. composition, counter electrode
    • C25D17/12Shape or form
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C25ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25DPROCESSES FOR THE ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PRODUCTION OF COATINGS; ELECTROFORMING; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25D21/00Processes for servicing or operating cells for electrolytic coating
    • C25D21/04Removal of gases or vapours ; Gas or pressure control
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C25ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25DPROCESSES FOR THE ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PRODUCTION OF COATINGS; ELECTROFORMING; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25D21/00Processes for servicing or operating cells for electrolytic coating
    • C25D21/12Process control or regulation

Landscapes

  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Chemical Kinetics & Catalysis (AREA)
  • Electrochemistry (AREA)
  • Materials Engineering (AREA)
  • Metallurgy (AREA)
  • Organic Chemistry (AREA)
  • Automation & Control Theory (AREA)
  • Electrolytic Production Of Metals (AREA)

Abstract

The invention belongs to electro-deposition techniques field,More particularly to a kind of turbulent flow electrodeposition method,Using electrolyte solution, high velocity turbulent flow springs up in limited anode and cathode tubular space,Eliminate due to the new electro-deposition techniques of the concentration polarization phenomenon that electrodeposit reaction speed is caused more than ion diffusion reaction,It is particularly suitable for metallurgy,Nonferrous metal resource regenerates industry and reclaims negative electrode precipitating metal from complicated solion containing non-ferrous metal,Simultaneously,The modularization of corollary apparatus and a kind of corollary apparatus of turbulent flow electrodeposition method that the present invention also provides a kind of turbulent flow electrodeposition method expands scheme,Compared to traditional plate channel type opening galvanic deposition cell,Side reaction is few during turbulent flow electrodeposition equipment is run,Direct current efficiency high,The sour gas of generation can be disposed with centralized collection,Its modularized equipment unit is installed simple,Solution hold-up is few in system,Technological adaptability is strong,With the developing in market,The lifting of technology and the increase of user,Its ability for finally possessing the traditional electrodeposition apparatus of substitution,It will be the new development direction of wet method aqueous solution metallurgy electro-deposition techniques.

Description

A kind of turbulent flow electrodeposition method and corollary apparatus and modularization expand scheme
Technical field
Opened up the invention belongs to electro-deposition techniques field, more particularly to a kind of turbulent flow electrodeposition method and corollary apparatus and modularization Exhibition scheme.
Background technology
Electro-deposition techniques refer to that simple metal ion or complex ion pass through electrochemical method in solid(Conductor or semiconductor) Metallic atom is reduced on surface and is attached to electrode surface, so that the process of a metal deposition layer is obtained, it is anti-in various electro-deposition Ying Zhong, no matter what type of electrolyte solution, exoelectrical reaction of its zwitterion on anodic-cathodic be in compliance with the molten of ion Liquid deposition potential order and electrochemical equivalent, after leading to direct current on cathode-anode plate, the zwitterion in electrolyte solution is in electric field The solution of polar board surface is arranged to anode and cathode motion respectively under effect, and then exoelectrical reaction is completed in anode and cathode, in electricity When intensity of flow is relatively low, more than its electric discharge precipitation rate, diffusion reaction dominates electrochemistry evolution reaction to the diffusion rate of zwitterion, The electric discharge of cation strictly observes the deposition potential of each ion in solution sequentially, when current strength increases, the expansion of zwitterion Scattered speed is sufficient to compensate between pole plate due to when the ion concentration that zwitterion electric discharge is caused changes, being formed strong tea polarization existing As the precipitation of cation no longer strictly observes deposition potential sequentially, and electrochemistry evolution reaction starts a large amount of side reactions occur, with sulphur In sour copper liquor as a example by acid copper, with the increase of current strength, concentration polarization phenomenon tends to obvious, and cathode hydrogen evolution is anti- Should, begin participating in electrochemistry with copper ion deposition potential identical metal cation and separate out, the reduction of direct current electrical efficiency, cathode product Purity reduction, traditional electrodeposition process is due to its intrinsic physical arrangement, and solution flow direction is vertical with cathode-anode plate and molten between pole plate The mass transfer rate of liquid is limited to solution flow rate, and concentration polarization phenomenon is easily produced.Conventional metallurgical obtains cloudy by electrodeposit reaction Pole separates out high pure metal, it usually needs control target metal ions concentration and extremely low foreign metal ion content higher, Before and after nineteen ninety, it is theoretical and in nineteen ninety-five that cyclone electrolytic cell equipment is industrial first that Australian Ai Miao proposes cyclone electrolytic cell Change, be finally named as the EMEW wonderful electrolysis of Chinese mugwort.The electrolysis tech is introduced by Australian company Electrometals before and after 2008 China, because the fluctuation of Value Idea and economic market finally could not successfully land in China.Part Chinese metallargist open Beginning, it is imitated that this fresh and new electro-deposition techniques disassemble, be successively named as cyclone electrolytic cell, rotary anode electrolysis, The titles such as centrifugation electrolysis, selective electrodeposition, tubular electrolysis, have applied for multiple similar patents, such as:CN 101886271 A;CN 202430302 U;CN 102560560 A;U of CN 204918800 etc., cyclone electrolytic cell equipment metallurgical, environmental protection industry (epi) at home Application field is extremely wide, but technology user is generally unsatisfactory for its actual working effect at this stage.In practical application example Its production operation is complicated, maintenance maintenance is with high costs, evaporating, emitting, dripping or leaking of liquid or gas is serious, large-scale production efficiency is far below traditional plate channel type electricity Deposition.No matter what difference the describing mode of the electrolysis such as eddy flow, jet, centrifugation has, and all simply the closed electro-deposition techniques of cylindrical shape are Other people metaphysical imitation is different from, quickly to eliminate concentration polarization phenomenon using the electrolyte solution of high speed turbulence be only Thus the science statement of new electro-deposition techniques, turbulent flow electrodeposition also arises at the historic moment, and in a word, rotational-flow electrolysis method and device are due to setting , there is many unavoidable designs in actual industrialized production and lack in the standby not in place and unreasonable structure copied itself Fall into, metallargist it is still necessary to carry out structure, conceptual design around the closed electro-deposition techniques of cylindrical shape, prior art exist by The problem of the concentration polarization phenomenon caused more than ion diffusion reaction in electrodeposit reaction speed.
The content of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of turbulent flow electrodeposition method and corollary apparatus and modularization expands scheme, to solve above-mentioned background skill Prior art is proposed in art to exist due to the concentration polarization that electrodeposit reaction speed is caused more than ion diffusion reaction The problem of phenomenon.
Technical problem solved by the invention is realized using following technical scheme:A kind of turbulent flow electrodeposition method, is included in In electrolyte solution electrochemical deposition process containing target metal ions, the electrolyte solution turbulent flow springs up.
Further, the electrolyte solution springs up through the promotion turbulent flow of circulating pump.
Further, it is described to be included in containing anode and cathode in the electrolyte solution electrochemical deposition process containing target metal ions In the electrolyte solution electrochemical deposition process of the target metal ions in limited confined space.
Meanwhile, the present invention also provides a kind of corollary apparatus of turbulent flow electrodeposition method, it is characterised in that including being sealed by upper lid The anode and cathode confined space that mechanism and lower cover sealing mechanism and negative electrode cylinder lumen are collectively forming, the upper lid sealing mechanism and Lower cover sealing mechanism supports the anode stub of anode and cathode confined space axial centre, the electrolysis in the anode and cathode confined space jointly Matter solution promotes turbulent flow to spring up through circulating pump.
Further, the anode stub is assembly type titanium-based material coated anode rod, and the anode stub top sets removable decryption Capping.
Further, surface elasticity laminating minute surface titanium starting sheet in the cathode tube body.
Further, the negative electrode underlying shield ring set that bottom is set in the cathode tube body is connected to anode stub.
Further, the upper lid sealing mechanism buckles lid including interior spiral shell, and the upper lid is pressed on the moon through Y type seal sealing rotaries The single thread upper connecting base that pole cylinder one end is fixed, the one of fixed anode rod in the locating rod groove at the upper lid inner top surface center End, the lower cover sealing mechanism detains lid including interior spiral shell, and the lower cover is pressed on the negative electrode cylinder other end through Y type seal sealing rotaries The other end of groove inner support anode stub is installed in fixed single thread lower connecting base, the star-like sealing of the lower cover end face center.
Meanwhile, the modularization that the present invention also provides a kind of corollary apparatus of turbulent flow electrodeposition method expands scheme, and its feature exists In, including the cell body being made up of some corollary apparatus, some cell bodies through constituting industrialization unit in parallel and serial.
Further, the anode bubbing output of the industrialization unit is swept along and turns over the support of liquid plate electrolyte circulation groove in band Acid mist knockout tower in, it is described to sweep along the anode bubbing in the industrialization unit in acid mist knockout tower through acid mist knockout tower point From electrolyte solution, the hardened structure of liquid is turned over for meet circulating slot Inner electrolysis matter molten in the inside that the band turns over liquid plate electrolyte circulation groove Liquid is replaced and circulating pump does not stop.
Advantageous Effects:
1st, this patent uses the electrolyte solution electrochemical deposition of the target metal ions in containing the limited confined space of anode and cathode During, the electrolyte solution springs up through the promotion turbulent flow of circulating pump, due to utilizing electrolyte solution in limited anode and cathode High velocity turbulent flow springs up in tubular space, eliminates due to the concentration difference that electrodeposit reaction speed is caused more than ion diffusion reaction Polarization phenomena.
2nd, this patent by upper lid sealing mechanism and lower cover sealing mechanism and negative electrode cylinder lumen using including being collectively forming Anode and cathode confined space, the upper lid sealing mechanism and lower cover sealing mechanism support anode and cathode confined space axial centre jointly Anode stub, electrolyte solution in the anode and cathode confined space promotes turbulent flow to spring up through circulating pump, compared to traditional plate channel type Open galvanic deposition cell, turbulent flow electrodeposition equipment run during side reaction is few, direct current efficiency high, the sour gas that produces can be concentrated Collect disposal.
3rd, it is assembly type titanium-based material coated anode rod that this patent uses the anode stub, and the anode stub top sets removable Solution closure, due to using upper and lower isodiametric assembly type titanium-based material anode, effectively reducing manufacture and the maintenance cost of anode, drop Low anode contact resistance and conductive resistance in itself, so as to realize reducing the purpose of electrolytic deposition process tank voltage.
4th, this patent buckles lid using the upper lid sealing mechanism including interior spiral shell, and the upper lid is through Y type seal sealing rotaries It is pressed on the single thread upper connecting base of negative electrode cylinder one end fixation, fixed anode in the locating rod groove at the upper lid inner top surface center One end of rod, the lower cover sealing mechanism detains lid including interior spiral shell, and the lower cover is pressed on negative electrode cylinder through Y type seal sealing rotaries The another of groove inner support anode stub is installed in the single thread lower connecting base that the other end is fixed, the star-like sealing of the lower cover end face center One end, due to being vertically connected with the multiple cooperation of seat, interior screw type upper and lower covers and Y type silicone-rubber seals using single thread formula, is had Effect avoids upper and lower covers opening and closing difficulty, the defect of the easy leakage of the poorly sealed electrolyte solution of seal, due to using standard star Type butyronitrile sealing ring and Y types silica gel sealing ring effectively reduce consumable accessory replacement cost.
5th, this patent rationally reduces part composition, by seal mounting groove Uniting in plastics member, facilitates Module is processed.
6th, using the cell body for including being made up of some corollary apparatus, some cell bodies through constituting industry in parallel and serial for this patent Change unit, solution hold-up is few because modularized equipment unit is installed in simple, system, and Technological adaptability is strong;With market Developing, the lifting of technology and the increase of user, its ability for finally possessing the traditional electrodeposition apparatus of substitution will be that wet method is water-soluble The new development direction of liquid metallurgy electro-deposition techniques, meanwhile, using the Winning cell number of parallel and string that match with pump flow Connection series, the characteristic that solution turbulent flow springs up during work has been effectively ensured.
7th, this patent turns over the hardened structure of liquid for meeting in circulating slot using the inside that the band turns over liquid plate electrolyte circulation groove Electrolyte solution is replaced and circulating pump does not stop, due to using low lift and large flow rate solution circulation pump, it is ensured that equipment works the phase Between less equipment internal pressure, the security of equipment work has been effectively ensured, due to using turning over liquid version knot inside rectangle cuboid band Structure electrolyte solution circulating slot, remains able to create rational admittedly outstanding particle sedimentation in the case where electrolyte solution circulates at a high speed Environment, it is ensured that electrolyte solution during operation highly clarification, can effectively prevent electric discharge phenomena between level, be further Reduction anode and cathode level spacing provides possibility.
8th, this patent is swept along using the anode bubbing output of the industrialization unit and turns over liquid plate electrolyte circulation in band It is described to sweep along the anode bubbing in the industrialization unit in acid mist knockout tower through acid mist point in the acid mist knockout tower of groove support Electrolyte solution is separated from tower, because the end that electrolytic cell is returned in electrolyte solution increased acid mist knockout tower, centralized collection Electrolytic deposition process anodic gas, it is ensured that whole operation is interval to overflow without acid mist, improves operative's environment.
9th, this patent uses the inversion module and concentration water-cooled cooling with IGBT high power valves as core, realizes use The direct power supply and redundant power supply of electric unit, visualization height simple compared to the control of traditional silicon commutating power supply, electric energy high conversion rate, confession Electric equipment inherently possesses the ability of module stack.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of flow chart of turbulent flow electrodeposition method of the invention;
Fig. 2 is a kind of structural representation of the corollary apparatus of turbulent flow electrodeposition method of the invention;
Fig. 3 is a kind of trough body structure schematic diagram of the modularization expansion scheme of the corollary apparatus of turbulent flow electrodeposition method of the invention;
Fig. 4 is that a kind of modularization of the corollary apparatus of turbulent flow electrodeposition method of the invention expands scheme module structure chart.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is described further below in conjunction with accompanying drawing:
In figure:
101- turbulent flows spring up step;
The upper lid sealing mechanisms of 201-, 202- lower cover sealing mechanisms, 203- negative electrode cylinders, 204- anode and cathode confined spaces, 205- sun Pole rod, 206- circulating pumps, the disassembled closures of 207-, 208- minute surface titanium starting sheets, 209- negative electrode underlying shield rings, on 210- Lid, 211- single thread upper connecting bases, 212- lower covers, 213- single thread lower connecting base water;
301- corollary apparatus, 302- cell bodies, 303- industrialization units, 304- bands turn over liquid plate electrolyte circulation groove, 305- acid mists point From tower, 306-IGBT high-frequency inversion dc sources, 307- big flow low lift circulating pumps.
Embodiment:
The present embodiment:As shown in figure 1, a kind of turbulent flow electrodeposition method, is included in the electrolyte solution electrification containing target metal ions Learn in deposition process, the electrolyte solution turbulent flow springs up.
Due to the electrolyte solution electrochemical deposition using the target metal ions in containing the limited confined space of anode and cathode During, the electrolyte solution springs up through the promotion turbulent flow of circulating pump, due to utilizing electrolyte solution in limited anode and cathode High velocity turbulent flow springs up in tubular space, eliminates due to the concentration difference that electrodeposit reaction speed is caused more than ion diffusion reaction Polarization phenomena.
The electrolyte solution springs up through the promotion turbulent flow of circulating pump 206.
It is described be included in the electrolyte solution electrochemical deposition process containing target metal ions it is limited close containing anode and cathode In the electrolyte solution electrochemical deposition process of the target metal ions closed in space.
As shown in Fig. 2 a kind of corollary apparatus 301 of turbulent flow electrodeposition method, it is characterised in that including by upper lid sealing mechanism 201 and the anode and cathode confined space 204 that is collectively forming of lower cover sealing mechanism 202 and the inner chamber of negative electrode cylinder 203, the upper Gai Mi Sealing mechanism 201 and lower cover sealing mechanism 202 support the anode stub 205 of the axial centre of anode and cathode confined space 204, described the moon jointly Electrolyte solution in anode confined space 204 promotes turbulent flow to spring up through circulating pump 206.
Due to using the moon for including being collectively forming by upper lid sealing mechanism and lower cover sealing mechanism and negative electrode cylinder lumen Anode confined space, the upper lid sealing mechanism and lower cover sealing mechanism support the sun of anode and cathode confined space axial centre jointly Pole rod, the electrolyte solution in the anode and cathode confined space promotes turbulent flow to spring up through circulating pump, open compared to traditional plate channel type Galvanic deposition cell, turbulent flow electrodeposition equipment run during side reaction is few, direct current efficiency high, the sour gas that produces can be with centralized collections Disposal.
The anode stub 205 is assembly type titanium-based material coated anode rod 205, and the top of the anode stub 205 sets disassembled Closure 207.
It is assembly type titanium-based material coated anode rod due to using the anode stub, the anode stub top sets removable decryption Capping, due to using upper and lower isodiametric assembly type titanium-based material anode, effectively reducing manufacture and the maintenance cost of anode, reduces Anode contact resistance and conductive resistance in itself, so as to realize reducing the purpose of electrolytic deposition process tank voltage.
The inner surface elastic fit minute surface titanium starting sheet 208 of the negative electrode cylinder 203.
The negative electrode underlying shield ring 209 that bottom is set in the negative electrode cylinder 203 is socketed on anode stub 205.
The upper lid sealing mechanism 201 buckles lid 210 including interior spiral shell, and the upper lid 210 is pressed on through Y type seal sealing rotaries The single thread upper connecting base 211 that the one end of negative electrode cylinder 203 is fixed, it is solid in the locating rod groove at the inner top surface center of the upper lid 210 Determine one end of anode stub 205, the lower cover sealing mechanism 202 detains lid 212 including interior spiral shell, and the lower cover 212 is through Y type seals Sealing rotary be pressed on the other end of negative electrode cylinder 203 fixation single thread lower connecting base 213, the end face center of the lower cover 212 it is star-like The other end of groove inner support anode stub 205 is installed in sealing.
Due to buckling lid including interior spiral shell using the upper lid sealing mechanism, the upper lid is pressed on through Y type seal sealing rotaries The single thread upper connecting base that negative electrode cylinder one end is fixed, fixed anode rod in the locating rod groove at the upper lid inner top surface center One end, the lower cover sealing mechanism detains lid including interior spiral shell, and it is another that the lower cover is pressed on negative electrode cylinder through Y type seal sealing rotaries Hold the star-like sealing of fixed single thread lower connecting base, the lower cover end face center that the another of groove inner support anode stub is installed End, due to being vertically connected with the multiple cooperation of seat, interior screw type upper and lower covers and Y type silicone-rubber seals using single thread formula, effectively Upper and lower covers opening and closing difficulty, the defect of the easy leakage of the poorly sealed electrolyte solution of seal are avoided, due to star-like using standard The fine sealing ring of fourth and Y types silica gel sealing ring effectively reduce consumable accessory replacement cost.
Constituted due to rationally reducing part, by seal mounting groove Uniting in plastics member, facilitate module Processing.
As shown in Figure 3,4, a kind of modularization of corollary apparatus 301 of turbulent flow electrodeposition method expands scheme, it is characterised in that Including the cell body being made up of the corollary apparatus 301 of some turbulent flow electrodeposition methods as described in any one in claim 4 to 8 302, some cell bodies 302 through constituting industrialization unit 303 in parallel and serial.
Because using the cell body for including being made up of some corollary apparatus, some cell bodies are single through constituting industrialization in parallel and serial Unit, because modularized equipment unit is installed in simple, system, solution hold-up is few, and Technological adaptability is strong;With market developing, The lifting of technology and the increase of user, its ability for finally possessing the traditional electrodeposition apparatus of substitution will be wet method aqueous solution smelting The new development direction of golden electro-deposition techniques, meanwhile, using the Winning cell number of parallel and series-connected stage that match with pump flow Number, the characteristic that solution turbulent flow springs up during work has been effectively ensured.
The anode bubbing output of the industrialization unit 303 is swept along and turns over liquid plate electrolyte circulation groove 304 in band and support Acid mist knockout tower 305 in, it is described sweep along in acid mist knockout tower 305 industrialization unit 303 anode bubbing through acid Mist knockout tower 305 separates electrolyte solution.
Due to being swept along using the anode bubbing output of the industrialization unit liquid plate electrolyte circulation groove branch is turned in band It is described to sweep along the anode bubbing in the industrialization unit in acid mist knockout tower through acid mist knockout tower in the acid mist knockout tower of support Electrolyte solution is separated, because the end that electrolytic cell is returned in electrolyte solution increased acid mist knockout tower, centralized collection electrodeposition Process anodic gas, it is ensured that whole operation is interval to overflow without acid mist, improves operative's environment.
The hardened structure of liquid is turned over for meeting circulating slot internal electrolyte solution in the inside that the band turns over liquid plate electrolyte circulation groove 304 Displacement and circulating pump 206 does not stop.
Because the hardened structure of liquid is turned over for meeting circulating slot Inner electrolysis in the inside that liquid plate electrolyte circulation groove is turned over using the band Matter solution replacement and circulating pump does not stop, due to use low lift and large flow rate solution circulation pump, it is ensured that equipment work during compared with Small equipment internal pressure, has been effectively ensured the security of equipment work, due to electric using liquid plate structure is turned over inside rectangle cuboid band Electrolyte solution circulating slot, remains able to create rational admittedly outstanding particle sedimentation ring in the case where electrolyte solution circulates at a high speed Border, it is ensured that electrolyte solution during operation highly clarification, can effectively prevent electric discharge phenomena between level, be further contracting Subtract anode and cathode level spacing and provide possibility.
Due to using inversion module and concentration water-cooled cooling with IGBT high power valves as core, electricity consumption list is realized The direct power supply and redundant power supply of unit, visualization height simple compared to the control of traditional silicon commutating power supply, electric energy high conversion rate, power supply set The standby ability for inherently possessing module stack.
Operation principle:
This patent is identical with traditional electro-deposition by the electrochemical reaction mechanism of turbulent flow electrodeposition, just with circulation at a high speed The enhancing ion-diffusibility that electrolyte solution has, effective delayed to be unfavorable for that electrodeposit reaction main reaction is persistently carried out dense Difference polarization scene produces.During equipment works, there is anion and lose the main reaction that electronics discharges oxygen in anode;There is gold in negative electrode Category cation obtains electronics and arranges main reaction of the electrolyte solution in negative electrode precipitating metal deposit in negative electrode.
Anode main reaction:2H2O-4e-→O2(g)↑+4H+
Negative electrode main reaction:Me+(aq)+e-→Me(s)
The corollary apparatus of turbulent flow electrodeposition method include assembly type titanium-based material noble coatings anode(mmo), corrosion resistant metal tubular Negative electrode, single thread plastic cement are vertically connected with seat, interior screw type upper and lower covers, negative electrode cylinder underlying shield ring, metal and separate out starting sheet, the moon Seal between the cylinder part of pole;The assembly type titanium-based material upper and lower equal diameter of noble coatings anode, inside is conductive for cavity type Structure, top makes conductive structure and electrolyte solution be separated by the sealing of anode end cap, bottom by copper connecting bolt with it is straight Stream power supply unit is directly or indirectly connected;The corrosion resistant metal tubular negative electrode is Double End flange arrangement, upper surface and plastic cement Connecting seat connects sealing by seal, and lower surface is connected sealing with negative electrode cylinder underlying shield ring;The single thread plastic cement is upper and lower Connecting seat outward appearance is identical, prolongs connecting seat cylinder lateral wall tangential direction and is provided with electrolyte solution import and export, and connecting seat is provided with concave groove Sealing is connected with negative electrode upper surface flange and underlying shield ring after seal is installed, connecting seat relies on single thread and silicon with upper and lower covers Glue seal tight connecting, seal tight seal is relied on lower cathodic shading ring;The lower cathodic shading ring is provided with recessed Type seal groove;There are Y types to seal embedded groove in the interior screw type upper and lower covers, upper and lower covers is distinguished with seat is vertically connected with by spinning force Form tight seal;The metal separates out starting sheet for minute surface titanium thin plate rolls to be formed.
The modularization of the corollary apparatus of turbulent flow electrodeposition method expands scheme turbulent flow electrodeposition equipment production unit by multiple monomers Turbulent flow Winning cell carries out parallel configuration according to the solution conveying capacity of solution circulation pump, and individual unit Winning cell quantity is matched somebody with somebody for parallel connection Put Winning cell quantity 2 times, the circulating slot is that solution turnover panel is set in cuboid rectangle plastic cement cell body, groove, and groove inner structure expires Sufficient solution replacement open circuit effectively utilizes circulating pump lift and analysis without stopping the condition that solution circulation pump send, the acid mist knockout tower Go out gas and untight property is combined with electrolyte solution, allow electrodeposition acid mist to divide rapidly with electrolyte solution by the way of spray painting From electrodeposition acid mist is extracted out in the presence of negative pressure in knockout tower from top, and electrolyte solution falls under gravity into circulation In groove, the high-frequency direct-current power supply unit realizes life with IGBT high power contravariant modules as core by the way of water-cooled is concentrated To the conversion of high frequency direct current of voltage regulation, the solution circulation pump is big flow low lift to power electric during product(H≤40m)Magnetic drive pump, Electrolyte solution corrosion leakage can effectively be prevented and the solution conveying capacity of stabilization is provided, the pipeline pressure monitoring unit is adopted With contact band signal delivery gauge, can effectively prevent solution from stopping conveying and causing in whole equipment cell operation Fuel gas is converged in equipment, and power supply unit is turned off in time, prevents equipment Lighting-blast casualty.
The present invention solves prior art to be present because electrodeposit reaction speed is caused more than ion diffusion reaction Concentration polarization phenomenon problem, the problem of effect difference is packed caused by causing upper and lower mould centering to ensure, with disappearing Except concentration polarization phenomenon, few side reaction, direct current efficiency high, ensure that work during the characteristic that springs up of solution turbulent flow etc. it is beneficial Technique effect.
Using technical scheme, or those skilled in the art is under the inspiration of technical solution of the present invention, design Go out similar technical scheme, and reach above-mentioned technique effect, be to fall into protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of turbulent flow electrodeposition method, is included in the electrolyte solution electrochemical deposition process containing target metal ions, and it is special Levy and be, electrolyte solution turbulent flow in limited anode and cathode space springs up.
2. a kind of turbulent flow electrodeposition method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the electrolyte solution is through circulating pump The turbulent flow in limited anode and cathode space is promoted to spring up.
3. a kind of turbulent flow electrodeposition method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described in the electricity containing target metal ions The electrolyte containing the target metal ions in the limited confined space of anode and cathode is included in electrolyte solution electrochemical deposition process molten In liquid electrochemical deposition process.
4. a kind of corollary apparatus of turbulent flow electrodeposition method, it is characterised in that including by upper lid sealing mechanism and lower cover sealing mechanism And the anode and cathode confined space that negative electrode cylinder lumen is collectively forming, the upper lid sealing mechanism and lower cover sealing mechanism are propped up jointly The anode stub of anode and cathode confined space axial centre is supportted, the electrolyte solution in the anode and cathode confined space is promoted through circulating pump Turbulent flow springs up.
5. corollary apparatus of a kind of turbulent flow electrodeposition method according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the anode stub is group Dress formula titanium-based material coated anode rod, the anode stub top sets disassembled closure.
6. corollary apparatus of a kind of turbulent flow electrodeposition method according to claim 4, it is characterised in that in the cathode tube body Surface elasticity laminating minute surface titanium starting sheet.
7. corollary apparatus of a kind of turbulent flow electrodeposition method according to claim 4, it is characterised in that in the cathode tube body The negative electrode underlying shield ring set that bottom is set is connected to anode stub.
8. a kind of corollary apparatus of turbulent flow electrodeposition method according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the upper lid sealer Structure buckles lid including interior spiral shell, and the upper lid is pressed on the single thread of negative electrode cylinder one end fixation through Y type seal sealing rotaries and connects Seat, one end of fixed anode rod in the locating rod groove at the upper lid inner top surface center, the lower cover sealing mechanism includes interior spiral shell Detain lid, the lower cover is pressed on the single thread lower connecting base of negative electrode cylinder other end fixation through Y type seal sealing rotaries, it is described under The other end of groove inner support anode stub is installed in the star-like sealing at hd top face center.
9. a kind of modularization of corollary apparatus of turbulent flow electrodeposition method expands scheme, it is characterised in that including by some such as rights It is required that the cell body that the corollary apparatus of the turbulent flow electrodeposition method in 4 to 8 described in any one are constituted, some cell bodies are through in parallel and string Joint group into industrialization unit.
10. a kind of modularization of the corollary apparatus of turbulent flow electrodeposition method according to claim 9 expands scheme, and its feature exists In the acid mist knockout tower that the support of liquid plate electrolyte circulation groove is turned in band is swept along in the anode bubbing output of the industrialization unit Interior, the anode bubbing swept along in the industrialization unit in acid mist knockout tower is molten through acid mist knockout tower separation electrolyte Liquid, the band turn over liquid plate electrolyte circulation groove inside turn over the hardened structure of liquid for meet circulating slot internal electrolyte solution displacement and follow Ring pump does not stop.
CN201710092238.5A 2017-02-21 2017-02-21 A kind of turbulent flow electrodeposition method and corollary apparatus and modularization expand scheme Pending CN106835255A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710092238.5A CN106835255A (en) 2017-02-21 2017-02-21 A kind of turbulent flow electrodeposition method and corollary apparatus and modularization expand scheme

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710092238.5A CN106835255A (en) 2017-02-21 2017-02-21 A kind of turbulent flow electrodeposition method and corollary apparatus and modularization expand scheme

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106835255A true CN106835255A (en) 2017-06-13

Family

ID=59133722

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710092238.5A Pending CN106835255A (en) 2017-02-21 2017-02-21 A kind of turbulent flow electrodeposition method and corollary apparatus and modularization expand scheme

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106835255A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107986403A (en) * 2018-01-05 2018-05-04 长沙华时捷环保科技发展股份有限公司 Double layer spiral flow electrochemical appliance
CN109208036A (en) * 2017-07-03 2019-01-15 陕西瑞凯环保科技有限公司 A kind of device and method with self-loopa turbulent flow electrowinning plant recycling metal

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104357881A (en) * 2014-11-21 2015-02-18 刘晓鹏 Electrolysis system based on fully sealed selective powder electrolysis device
CN204251672U (en) * 2014-10-30 2015-04-08 无锡宏联电镀设备有限公司 Labyrinth type chromium mist retrieving arrangement
CN205974692U (en) * 2016-07-11 2017-02-22 陕西瑞凯环保科技有限公司 A torrent electrodeposition device for handling copper ashes
CN205974696U (en) * 2016-07-11 2017-02-22 陕西瑞凯环保科技有限公司 Torrent electrodeposition small test device

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN204251672U (en) * 2014-10-30 2015-04-08 无锡宏联电镀设备有限公司 Labyrinth type chromium mist retrieving arrangement
CN104357881A (en) * 2014-11-21 2015-02-18 刘晓鹏 Electrolysis system based on fully sealed selective powder electrolysis device
CN205974692U (en) * 2016-07-11 2017-02-22 陕西瑞凯环保科技有限公司 A torrent electrodeposition device for handling copper ashes
CN205974696U (en) * 2016-07-11 2017-02-22 陕西瑞凯环保科技有限公司 Torrent electrodeposition small test device

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109208036A (en) * 2017-07-03 2019-01-15 陕西瑞凯环保科技有限公司 A kind of device and method with self-loopa turbulent flow electrowinning plant recycling metal
CN109208036B (en) * 2017-07-03 2020-09-18 陕西瑞凯环保科技有限公司 Device and method for recovering metal by using self-circulation turbulent electrodeposition device
CN107986403A (en) * 2018-01-05 2018-05-04 长沙华时捷环保科技发展股份有限公司 Double layer spiral flow electrochemical appliance

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN106623398B (en) Ferric salt reinforced electrodynamic remediation device for heavy metal pollution of electronic waste dismantling field
CN107419290B (en) A kind of electrolytic brine prepares the system and method for pure hydrogen, oxygen
CN109607705A (en) A kind of industry water dechlorination method
CN106835255A (en) A kind of turbulent flow electrodeposition method and corollary apparatus and modularization expand scheme
CN204918800U (en) Column type spiral flow electrolytic device
CN202925116U (en) Membrane electrodeposition tank for refining metal chlorides
CN2837312Y (en) Electrolytic cell for electrochemical deposition nanowire array
CN103409772B (en) A kind of circulating system device of closed frame electro deposited nickel or electrodeposited cobalt electrolyte
CN105063653A (en) Electrolysis power-saving method in manganese peroxide preparation process
CN205688030U (en) A kind of copper refining electrolysis bath circulating remove impurity formula
CN205420596U (en) Alligatoring liquid electrolytic device
CN207452273U (en) A kind of corollary apparatus of turbulent flow electrodeposition method and modularization extension system
CN205115612U (en) Novel super -pure hydrogen generator
CN207091517U (en) A kind of device that metal is reclaimed with self-loopa turbulent flow electrowinning plant
CN201158715Y (en) Electrolytic tank for high-purity metal nickel electrodeposition smelting
CN206512309U (en) One kind plating coarsening solution regenerating unit
CN101244854B (en) Iron carbon micro electrolyser and method for processing ceramic phenol wastewater
CN201545915U (en) Gas-liquid gravity-flow circulating type hydrogen electrolyzer
CN204251722U (en) A kind of micro-electric current zine plate displacement electrolyzer of Spongy Cadmium and the electrolyzer of application thereof
CN208701224U (en) A kind of Zinc electrolysis slot
CN203065615U (en) Automatic control device for waste copper sulfate electrolyte
CN207193409U (en) A kind of Environment-friendlyelectrolytic electrolytic device
CN111733444A (en) Stainless steel etching solution cyclic regeneration system and method of ferric trichloride
CN205974108U (en) Novel domestic sewage electrolysis dephosphorization device
CN206477035U (en) Electrolysis installation

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20170613

WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication