CN105178555B - 地板镶板 - Google Patents

地板镶板 Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105178555B
CN105178555B CN201510587894.3A CN201510587894A CN105178555B CN 105178555 B CN105178555 B CN 105178555B CN 201510587894 A CN201510587894 A CN 201510587894A CN 105178555 B CN105178555 B CN 105178555B
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China
Prior art keywords
floor panel
substrate
layer
floor
printed article
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CN201510587894.3A
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English (en)
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CN105178555A (zh
Inventor
洛朗·梅尔斯曼
卢克·范哈斯特尔
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地板工业有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to BE2010/0420A priority Critical patent/BE1019501A5/nl
Priority to BEBE2010/0420 priority
Priority to BE201000602A priority patent/BE1020170A3/nl
Priority to BEBE2010/0602 priority
Priority to BE2010/0705A priority patent/BE1019654A3/nl
Priority to BEBE2010/0705 priority
Priority to BE201000713A priority patent/BE1019659A5/nl
Priority to BEBE2010/0713 priority
Priority to BEBE2010/0719 priority
Priority to BE201000719A priority patent/BE1019662A3/nl
Priority to US201061426734P priority
Priority to US61/426,734 priority
Priority to US61/429,845 priority
Priority to US201161429845P priority
Priority to BEBE2011/0128 priority
Priority to BE2011/0128A priority patent/BE1019954A3/nl
Priority to BEBE2011/0247 priority
Priority to IBPCT/IB2011/051886 priority
Priority to BE2011/0247A priority patent/BE1019723A3/nl
Priority to PCT/IB2011/051886 priority patent/WO2011141851A2/en
Priority to PCT/IB2011/051884 priority patent/WO2011141849A2/en
Priority to IBPCT/IB2011/051884 priority
Application filed by 地板工业有限公司 filed Critical 地板工业有限公司
Priority to CN201180034107.2A priority patent/CN102985627B/zh
Publication of CN105178555A publication Critical patent/CN105178555A/zh
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105178555B publication Critical patent/CN105178555B/zh

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/02005Construction of joints, e.g. dividing strips
    • E04F15/02033Joints with beveled or recessed upper edges
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B21/00Layered products comprising a layer of wood, e.g. wood board, veneer, wood particle board
    • B32B21/02Layered products comprising a layer of wood, e.g. wood board, veneer, wood particle board the layer being formed of fibres, chips, or particles, e.g. MDF, HDF, OSB, chipboard, particle board, hardboard
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B21/00Layered products comprising a layer of wood, e.g. wood board, veneer, wood particle board
    • B32B21/04Layered products comprising a layer of wood, e.g. wood board, veneer, wood particle board comprising wood as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material
    • B32B21/08Layered products comprising a layer of wood, e.g. wood board, veneer, wood particle board comprising wood as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material of synthetic resin
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
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    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B27/00Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin
    • B32B27/18Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin characterised by the use of special additives
    • B32B27/20Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin characterised by the use of special additives using fillers, pigments, thixotroping agents
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
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    • B32B27/00Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin
    • B32B27/30Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin comprising vinyl (co)polymers; comprising acrylic (co)polymers
    • B32B27/304Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin comprising vinyl (co)polymers; comprising acrylic (co)polymers comprising vinyl halide (co)polymers, e.g. PVC, PVDC, PVF, PVDF
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
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    • B32B3/06Layered products comprising a layer with external or internal discontinuities or unevennesses, or a layer of non-planar form ; Layered products having particular features of form characterised by features of form at particular places, e.g. in edge regions for securing layers together; for attaching the product to another member, e.g. to a support, or to another product, e.g. groove/tongue, interlocking
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
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    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
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    • B32B3/26Layered products comprising a layer with external or internal discontinuities or unevennesses, or a layer of non-planar form ; Layered products having particular features of form characterised by a particular shape of the outline of the cross-section of a continuous layer; characterised by a layer with cavities or internal voids ; characterised by an apertured layer
    • B32B3/266Layered products comprising a layer with external or internal discontinuities or unevennesses, or a layer of non-planar form ; Layered products having particular features of form characterised by a particular shape of the outline of the cross-section of a continuous layer; characterised by a layer with cavities or internal voids ; characterised by an apertured layer characterised by an apertured layer, the apertures going through the whole thickness of the layer, e.g. expanded metal, perforated layer, slit layer regular cells B32B3/12
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B3/00Layered products comprising a layer with external or internal discontinuities or unevennesses, or a layer of non-planar form ; Layered products having particular features of form
    • B32B3/26Layered products comprising a layer with external or internal discontinuities or unevennesses, or a layer of non-planar form ; Layered products having particular features of form characterised by a particular shape of the outline of the cross-section of a continuous layer; characterised by a layer with cavities or internal voids ; characterised by an apertured layer
    • B32B3/28Layered products comprising a layer with external or internal discontinuities or unevennesses, or a layer of non-planar form ; Layered products having particular features of form characterised by a particular shape of the outline of the cross-section of a continuous layer; characterised by a layer with cavities or internal voids ; characterised by an apertured layer characterised by a layer comprising a deformed thin sheet, i.e. the layer having its entire thickness deformed out of the plane, e.g. corrugated, crumpled
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B3/00Layered products comprising a layer with external or internal discontinuities or unevennesses, or a layer of non-planar form ; Layered products having particular features of form
    • B32B3/26Layered products comprising a layer with external or internal discontinuities or unevennesses, or a layer of non-planar form ; Layered products having particular features of form characterised by a particular shape of the outline of the cross-section of a continuous layer; characterised by a layer with cavities or internal voids ; characterised by an apertured layer
    • B32B3/30Layered products comprising a layer with external or internal discontinuities or unevennesses, or a layer of non-planar form ; Layered products having particular features of form characterised by a particular shape of the outline of the cross-section of a continuous layer; characterised by a layer with cavities or internal voids ; characterised by an apertured layer characterised by a layer formed with recesses or projections, e.g. hollows, grooves, protuberances, ribs
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44CPRODUCING DECORATIVE EFFECTS; MOSAICS; TARSIA WORK; PAPERHANGING
    • B44C5/00Processes for producing special ornamental bodies
    • B44C5/04Ornamental plaques, e.g. decorative panels, decorative veneers
    • B44C5/043Ornamental plaques, e.g. decorative panels, decorative veneers containing wooden elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44CPRODUCING DECORATIVE EFFECTS; MOSAICS; TARSIA WORK; PAPERHANGING
    • B44C5/00Processes for producing special ornamental bodies
    • B44C5/04Ornamental plaques, e.g. decorative panels, decorative veneers
    • B44C5/0469Ornamental plaques, e.g. decorative panels, decorative veneers comprising a decorative sheet and a core formed by one or more resin impregnated sheets of paper
    • B44C5/0476Ornamental plaques, e.g. decorative panels, decorative veneers comprising a decorative sheet and a core formed by one or more resin impregnated sheets of paper with abrasion resistant properties
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/02038Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements characterised by tongue and groove connections between neighbouring flooring elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2307/00Properties of the layers or laminate
    • B32B2307/40Properties of the layers or laminate having particular optical properties
    • B32B2307/412Transparent
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2307/00Properties of the layers or laminate
    • B32B2307/50Properties of the layers or laminate having particular mechanical properties
    • B32B2307/536Hardness
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2307/00Properties of the layers or laminate
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/01Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship
    • E04F2201/0153Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by rotating the sheets, plates or panels around an axis which is parallel to the abutting edges, possibly combined with a sliding movement
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
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    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
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    • E04F2201/0169Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by rotating the sheets, plates or panels around an axis which is perpendicular to the abutting edges and parallel to the main plane, possibly combined with a sliding movement
    • E04F2201/0176Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by rotating the sheets, plates or panels around an axis which is perpendicular to the abutting edges and parallel to the main plane, possibly combined with a sliding movement with snap action of the edge connectors

Abstract

本发明提供了一种地板镶板,其为具有一对纵向相对边缘和一对短相对边缘的矩形和长方形形状,包括基板和设置在所述基板上的顶层,顶层包括背层、印刷物以及热塑层,热塑层位于所述印刷物之上;顶层形成地板镶板的装饰侧,印刷物示出了木制图案,而孔隙方向在一对纵向相对边缘的方向上延伸;基板的总体厚度大于整个地板镶板的厚度的一半;其中,地板镶板至少在一对纵向相对边缘处设置有接合部件,所述接合部件允许将两个所述地板镶板彼此接合;其中,接合部件基本上形成为舌状件和凹槽,背层在由所述舌状件和所述凹槽的中心线确定的水平高度之上延伸;地板镶板具有大于118厘米的长度、介于8厘米到22厘米之间的宽度以及大于5毫米的厚度。

Description

地板镶板

[0001] 本申请是申请曰为2011年6月21曰、申请号为201180034107.2、名称为“地板镶板” 的中国发明专利申请(国际申请号为PCT/IB2011/052715)的分案申请。

[0002]相关申请的交叉引证

[0003]根据美国法典第35条第119(e)款,本申请要求于2010年12月23日提交的美国临时 申请No.61/426,734以及于2011年1月5日提交的美国临时申请No.61/429,845的权益。

技术领域

[0004] 本发明涉及地板镶板(floor panel)。

[0005]更特别地,本发明涉及这样一种类型的地板镶板:其至少由基板和设置于此基板 上的顶层组成,其中,所述顶层包括印刷物(print)。众所周知,在这种图形上方可以设置有 透明或半透明的合成材料层,该合成材料层于是形成所述顶层的一部分。

[0006] 特别地,本发明涉及这样一种类型的镶板:其在两个以上的相对边缘处包括接合 装置或接合部件,通过这些接合装置或接合部件,两块这种地板镶板能够在相应的边缘处 接合,使得两块这种地板在垂直于相应的边缘且位于与地板镶板一样的平面中的水平方向 上、以及在垂直于地板镶板的平面的竖直方向上彼此锁定。这种地板镶板可应用于组成所 谓的浮式地板覆盖物(floating floor cover),其中,地板镶板在它们的边缘处彼此连接, 然而,自由地位于下表面(underlying surface)上。

背景技术

[0007] 从W0 97/47834中,已知用于形成浮式地板覆盖物的层压地板镶板(laminate floor panel)。然而,层压地板镶板具有这样的缺点:其通常设置有对湿度敏感的基板,即, MDF或HDF (中密度纤维板或高密度纤维板),并且当地板覆盖物处于使用中时,设置于此基 板上的顶层导致出现滴答作响的噪音。也即是说,顶层由热硬化树脂组成,并导致形成非常 硬的表面层。基板由于MDF或HDF的高密度也较硬。平均起来,层压地板镶板具有6毫米至12 毫米之间的厚度,其中,顶层的厚度通常小于0.5毫米。

[0008] 从EP 1 938 963和W0 2010/023042中,已知用于形成这种浮式地板覆盖物的乙烯 基地板镶板。这种乙烯基地板镶板通常具有3毫米至5毫米的厚度,并具有高材料密度。在印 刷物上方,设置有透明的热塑层并且可能地设置有表面漆层。热塑层通常具有1毫米以上的 厚度。一方面,这种层为地板镶板提供了耐磨性,另一方面,这种层使得能够在表面上形成 浮雕。因此,例如,可以在此透明层中实现斜面,例如在上述W0 2010/023042中那样,或者可 以设置用于模仿木材孔隙的印痕。然而,现有技术的地板镶板仍具有类似塑料的印痕。厚的 热塑层可能由于不透明而导致看到的印刷物减少。这些地板镶板所固有的还有其有限的抗 弯刚度(bending stiffness)及其高可变形性。当这些地板镶板设置在不平的下表面上时, 这些特征导致问题。即,在一定时间段之后,下表面的不平可能朝着地板覆盖物的表面移 动。由于局部负载,例如在桌子或椅子的支腿下方,将产生永久性印痕,这也是不希望有的。 [0009] 从W0 2007/081267和US 2004/146695中,已知具有基板和设置于基板上的顶层的 地板镶板,其中,顶层由印刷物和位于此印刷物上方的厚且软的透明层组成。在一个边缘 处,地板镶板具有降低的边缘区域,该边缘区域为具有水平底部的凹槽形式。可能地,此凹 槽的底部可以在位于印刷物的总体水平面下方的水平面上延伸。可能地,可以对凹槽的底 部进行上色。此技术适合于模仿水泥接缝或其他瓷砖接缝,然而,当应当与代表具有木材图 案的印刷物的地板镶板一起应用时,还有许多地方需要改进。

[0010] 具有相对厚且软的顶层(例如,热塑性顶层)的地板镶板还具有这样的缺点:由于 这些地板镶板抵靠彼此而拉紧,或者由于当在地板覆盖物上走动时,在鞋与顶层的边缘之 间产生摩擦接触,因此可以在边缘处向上推动地板镶板。这可能造成这些边缘上的加速磨 损和/或导致可能的不安全状况。到目前为止,认为,厚的透明顶层对于抵抗这种磨损是必 需的。

发明内容

[0011] 本发明涉及一种可替代的镶板,在第一情况中,其旨在作为一种用于形成浮式地 板覆盖物的地板镶板。根据本发明的各种优选实施方式,还为现有技术的地板镶板所具有 的一个或多个问题提供了一种解决方案。

[0012] 为此目的,根据其第一独立方面,本发明涉及一种地板镶板,其中,所述地板镶板 包括基板和设置于此基板上的顶层,其中,顶层至少由印刷物和位于此印刷物上方的透明 的热塑层组成,其中,此地板镶板至少在两个相对边缘处设置有笔直或弯曲的斜面,其特征 在于,所述透明的热塑层优选地具有1毫米或更小的厚度,或者甚至〇. 5毫米或更小的厚度, 并且,所述斜面延伸至所述印刷物的总体水平面下方。

[0013] 本发明人已经认识到,可以限制热塑性顶层的厚度,并且还可以通过相对深的斜 面来获得可接受的耐磨性。顶层的可能被向上推动的部分于是位于地板覆盖物下方,使得 将不会出现过度的磨损迹象。当应用斜面时,将在很大程度上避免鞋子在上表面的边缘上 的冲击或摩擦,使得还将在地板镶板的新的上边缘上出现加速磨损的风险减到最小。此外, 为现有技术的地板镶板的塑料状外观提供了一种解决方案。通过将位于表面附近的印刷物 (优选地小于0.5毫米)和深斜面(优选地深于0.5毫米)相结合产生良好的深度效应。通过限 制其厚度,可在很大程度上避免热塑层的透明所带来的问题。

[0014] 根据最优选的实施方式,所述热塑性顶层具有0.3毫米或更小的厚度。

[0015]所述基板优选地由比所述热塑性透明层硬的材料来实现。通过地板镶板的表面附 近或其上的热塑性合成材料,对出现过大的滴答作响的噪音提供了一种解决方案。当选择 较硬的基板时,获得好的组成,其中,可以将永久性印痕减到最小。此外,所述基板避免了下 表面上的不平朝着所述顶层迅速移动(line out)或移动。

[0016]所述斜面可以以任何方式实现。下面,说明了其实现的一些可能性。

[0017]根据第一可能性,斜面通过去除顶层的位于相应边缘上的材料部分而形成。优选 地,去除的材料部分穿过透明的热塑性顶层和印刷物而延伸到下层中和/或延伸到基板中。 根据此第一可能性,至少在获得的斜面的一部分上省略印刷物。

[0018]根据第二可能性,斜面通过将顶层的位于相应边缘处的材料部分局部地下压而形 成。通过便于这种下压,下层和/或基板可以预先形成或设置有切口或者可以未预先形成或 设置有切口,该切口至少部分地为下压的材料部分提供空间。优选地,在此第二可能性中, 印刷物在斜面的整个或大约整个表面上从地板镶板的实际表面上连续地延伸。

[QQ19]优选地,这种斜面设置有分离的装饰层。这种实施方式与所述第一可能性相结合 时特别引人关注,但是也不排除与所述第二可能性结合。优选地,所述分离的装饰层包括漆 层或转印层或者通过其他方式获得的印刷层,例如,通过数字印刷处理(例如喷墨印刷)获 得的印刷层。在印刷处理的情况中,优选地使用UV基油墨。本发明人已经发现,这些油墨将 最佳地粘附至热塑性下层。在转印的情况中,优选地应用热转印,例如,因为转印元件(例如 转印親)被加热。以这种方式,可获得对下层热塑层的良好粘附。

[0020]如已经提到的,可能的是,在本发明的地板镶板中,斜面穿过所述印刷物而延伸。 此实施方式和实现斜面的所述第一可能性一起时特别引人关注。

[0021]优选地,本发明的地板镶板的顶层还包括背层(back layer),该背层位于所述印 刷物和基板之间。所述背层优选地还包括热塑性材料,优选地还包括填充材料。例如,这可 以涉及填充有白垩的PVC (聚氯乙烯)层。优选地,应用所谓的软质PVC,其通过增塑剂来生 产。

[0022]对于透明的热塑层,可应用PVC基层。可替代物是例如PVdC (聚偏二氯乙烯)基层、 PU (聚氨酯)基层或PP (聚丙烯)基层。如上所述,根据本发明的热塑层优选地具有有限的厚 度。透明的热塑层的厚度的合适值处于例如0.15毫米至0.4毫米之间。优选地,透明的热塑 层没有固体添加剂,例如,用于提高耐磨性的陶瓷颗粒,尽管不排除这种类型的颗粒。然而, 本发明人已经发现,为了获得良好的透明,可以将其省略,然而仍保持可接受的耐磨性,即, 与如根据EN 13329测量的AC2或AC3级的层压板的耐磨性相当或更好的耐磨性。

[0023] 如已经提到的,可以将漆层应用为地板镶板的顶层。在此,这可以涉及UV或电子束 硬化漆层,或者涉及PU漆层。优选地,此漆层在斜面上连续地延伸。最简单地,这可以与上述 第二可能性相结合实现,并且不排除与上述第一可能性结合。优选地,在通过上述第一可能 性实现的斜面的表面上省略所述漆层。

[0024] 优选地,所述印刷物设置在载体板(carrier sheet)上,其中,载体板与印刷物一 起形成印刷合成薄膜。优选地,使用PVC基薄膜、PU基薄膜或PP基薄膜作为合成薄膜。优选 地,用溶剂油墨或用水基油墨执行印刷。优选地,在最终的地板镶板中,载体板位于印刷物 下方。然而,不排除印刷物可以位于载体板的底面上,其中,于是使用透明的载体板,该载体 板于是有效地形成透明的热塑层的一部分,这总体上优选地符合本发明的优选厚度。

[0025]整个顶层(即,包括可能的载体板的印刷物、透明的顶层和可能的背层)优选地由 退火的或松弛的热塑层组成。顶层的组成层的一般厚度优选地在0.5毫米至3毫米之间,或 者还更好地,在1毫米至2毫米之间。

[0026]优选地,在将顶层与基板连接之前装配顶层。例如,可通过胶合层(例如,通过基于 聚氨酯的分散胶)来执行与基板的连接。不排除与和基板的连接部分或完全地同时装配顶 层。根据其另一可能性,例如,可以至少将顶层和/或背衬层部分地提供为基板上的液体或 糊状物质,在此使其硬化。

[0027] 基板优选地包括具有大于450千克每立方米、或者甚至大于65〇千克每立方米的密 度的板材。优选地,所述基板基本上由木质材料(例如,MDF或HDF (中密度或高密度纤维板)) 组成,或者,对于基板使用基于胶合在一起的木材颗粒或木材纤维的另一板材。这种基板用 于获得相对硬或刚性的镶板,其可以平滑的方式无胶地安装。

[0028]优选地,基板具有2毫米至10毫米的厚度。整个地板镶板优选地具有处于5毫米至 15毫米之间的厚度。优选地,基板至少形成地板镶板的厚度的一半。

[0029]在基板的下侧上,可以设置背衬层或子层,优选地是汽密层。这种背衬层或子层优 选地由热塑性合成材料层和/或热熔胶组成。背衬层优选地具有与顶层(包括可能的背层) 的厚度相对应的厚度,然而,优选地制造得较薄。

[0030]在印刷物和基板之间应用背层或其他中间层的情况中,在两个这种地板镶板的安 装状态中,两个地板镶板优选地具有形成于相应的背层或中间层上的接触表面,其中,此接 触表面在相应斜面的最深点下方延伸。这种接触可形成阻挡将渗透到两个地板镶板之间的 缝隙或接缝中的湿气的第一阻挡件。所述背层或中间层优选地在接触表面的位置处包括压 缩部分。

[0031]优选地,本发明应用有这样的地板镶板:其在相应的边缘处设置有机械接合装置, 该机械接合装置允许可以将两个这种地板镶板彼此接合,使得在垂直于接合的镶板的平面 的竖直方向上、以及在垂直于接合的边缘的且位于镶板的平面中的水平方向上获得锁定。 优选地,接合装置还表现出以下特征中的一个或两个以上的组合:

[0032]-这样的特征:将机械接合装置或接合部件基本上实现为通过上唇缘和下唇缘界 定的舌状件和凹槽,其中,此舌状件和凹槽基本上负责在所述竖直方向上锁定,其中,舌状 件和凹槽设置有基本上用于在所述水平方向上锁定的额外的锁定部件。优选地,锁定部件 包括位于舌状件的下侧上的突起以及位于下凹槽唇缘中的凹部。例如,从WO 97/47834中可 得知这种接合装置和锁定部件;

[0033]-这样的特征:机械接合装置或接合部件朝向彼此挤压接合的地板镶板,例如,因 为通过所谓的预张紧来实现这些机械接合装置,如从EP 1 026 341中已知的。例如,与以上 特征相结合,通过下唇缘,可获得朝向彼此或朝着彼此挤压地板镶板的张力,该下唇缘在接 合位置中弯曲,当尝试回弹中,下唇缘压在舌状件的下侧上。本发明在与这种地板镶板一起 应用时特别引人关注,因为由于张力的作用而增加在边缘处向上推动热塑层的风险。优选 地,在此使用上述优选的实施方式,其中,在斜面下方,在中间层或背层上形成接触表面。张 力与接触表面的位置处的可能的压缩一起导致良好地阻止湿气穿透;

[0034] -这样的特征:机械接合装置允许通过镶板朝着彼此的水平、或类似水平的移位移 动而接合。对于这种类型的镶板,当边缘将碰到彼此时,存在在镶板边缘附近(即,在接合移 动结束时)向上推动热塑层的风险。通过应用本发明,减小了此风险;

[0035] -这样的特征:机械接合装置允许通过沿着相应边缘的转动移动W而接合。通过这 种类型的镶板,当边缘抵靠彼此而转动时,存在在接合移动过程中在镶板边缘附近向上推 动热塑层的风险。通过应用本发明,减小了此风险;

[0036] -这样的特征:机械接合装置允许通过将凸接合部件(例如,具有舌状件)向下引导 到凹接合部件(例如,具有凹槽)中的移动而接合。通过这种类型的镶板,当边缘将沿着彼此 摩擦时,存在在接合运动过程中在镶板边缘附近向上推动热塑层的风险。通过应用本发明, 减小了此风险;

[0037] -这样的特征:机械接合装置、或至少相关的上边缘通过使用旋转的铣削工具进行 铣削处理而实现。铣削工具的使用可以导致在地板镶板的制造过程中出现已经被向上推动 的边缘。通过应用本发明,减小了此风险。

[0038]优选地,所述接合装置基本上在所述基板中实现。优选地,所述接合装置通过使用 旋转的铣削工具进行铣削处理来提供。优选地,本发明的地板镶板涉及这样一种矩形的(长 方形的或正方形的)镶板,其在两对相对的边缘上设置有机械接合装置。

[0039] 优选地,两个相对的边缘上的斜面被制造成相同或基本相同的。

[0040]优选地,从总体上看,根据本发明而应用的斜面与镶板表面具有35°至55°的角度, 其中,大约45°的角度是最佳的。小于35°的角度导致较宽的边缘,而较大的角度是不利的, 因为,当在地板上行走时,其具有较大的被向上推动的风险。

[0041] 优选地,在具有本发明的特性的两个地板镶板的接合状态中,斜面形成v形凹槽, 其中,此V形凹槽的可能底部的宽度小于V形凹槽在接合镶板的上表面处的开口的宽度的1/ 5且还更好地小于1/7。

[0042] 优选地,在具有本发明的特性的两个地板镶板的接合状态中,斜面形成V形凹槽, 其中,此V形凹槽的可能底部的宽度小于相应V形凹槽的深度。优选地,可能底部的宽度小于 相应V形凹槽的深度的一半。

[0043] 本发明的斜面或V形凹槽的优选实施方式的上述特征每个分别(然而,优选地相结 合)理想地与代表木材图案的印刷物一起应用。

[0044]优选地,本发明的地板镶板的特征还在于,所述地板镶板被制造成矩形的和长方 形的,并且,所述斜面至少或唯一地设置于较长的一对相对的边缘上。当然,这种斜面也可 以设置在或仅设置在较短的一对相对的边缘上。

[0045] 根据一个特定实施方式,从横切于相应边缘的横截面来看,所述斜面具有沿着相 应边缘变化的几何形状。优选地,在相应边缘的长度的大部分上,或者在相应边缘的整个长 度上,此斜面具有这样的独创性特征:此斜面延伸至印刷物的总体水平面下方。该变化的几 何形状优选地至少包括斜面延伸的总体角度的变化。

[0046] 根据另一特定实施方式,所述基板至少在相应边缘处被制造成是防水的,或者,至 少已经在相应边缘处采取这样的措施:获得增加的防止湿气或者防止湿气渗透到基板中。 这可以不同的可能方式来实现,例如,基板是防水的,基板在相应边缘处设置有由防水物质 形成的覆盖物,或者,基板在相应边缘处包括合成边缘部。

[0047]根据第二独立方面,本发明涉及一种其中可提供安装优点的地板镶板。为此目的, 根据其第二独立方面,本发明还涉及一种地板镶板,其中,此地板镶板被制造成矩形的和长 方形的,并且包括基板和设置于此基板上的顶层,其中,顶层至少由印刷物和位于此印刷物 上方的透明的热塑层组成,其特征在于,地板镶板具有大于180厘米的长度,其中,地板镶板 优选地还包括用于通过其自重限制弯曲的装置。当使用较长的地板镶板时,可通过较少的 操作安装表面。限制弯曲的装置允许甚至更大地改进安装优点。即,通过减小弯曲,更易于 销售和/或安装镶板,在当使用至少在一对相对的边缘处设置有机械接合装置(为了安装, 其必须设置在彼此中)的镶板时的情况中肯定是这样。优选地,最后获得小于50厘米每米、 或者甚至小于25厘米每米或小于10厘米每米的弯曲。

[0048] 限制弯曲的装置可包括以下特征中的一个或两个以上的组合:

[0049] -这样的措施:其中,地板镶板的至少一层具有大于650千克每立方米、或甚至大于 750千克每立方米的密度;

[0050] -这样的措施:其中,地板镶板具有5毫米或更大的厚度;

[0051]-这样的措施:其中,地板镶板包括至少一个嵌入的玻璃纤维层,其中,此玻璃纤维 层位于中性纤维的外部;

[0052]-这样的措施:其中,地板镶板包括至少一个嵌入轮廓件,其中,此轮廓件总体上在 地板镶板的纵向方向上延伸,其中,在提供舌状件和凹槽形式的接合部件的情况中,此轮廓 件优选地位于距离舌状件比距离凹槽更近的地方。

[0053]优选地,地板镶板的印刷物表现出木材图案,该木材图案优选地在地板镶板的纵 向方向上随着孔隙方向延伸。优选地,至少在地板镶板的纵向方向上(优选地,也在宽度方 向上),木材图案没有重复。

[0054]优选地,在此,这涉及一种设置于载体板(例如,印刷合成材料薄膜)上的印刷物。 这种合成材料薄膜可基本上由PVC (聚氯乙炼)、PU (聚氨酯)或PP (聚丙烯)组成。

[0055]优选地,印刷物通过位于所述载体板上的或可能直接位于下面的基板或可能的背 层上的胶印处理来施加。然而,不排除可能施加数字印刷物,例如,通过喷墨印刷装置。优选 地,将UV基油墨或溶剂基油墨应用为油墨。不排除可能施加水基油墨。优选地,施加基于颜 料的油墨。优选地,在这种合成薄膜、背层的网或辊上、或者在下面的基板材料的较大的板 上执行印刷,其中,所述孔隙方向优选地横切于此网而延伸。因此,可以通过应用印刷筒的 胶印或其他印刷处理获得在地板镶板的纵向方向上没有重复的图形,甚至是对于具有i . 8 米或更大的长度的地板镶板。

[0056]使用快干油墨(例如基于颜料的油墨)使得在胶印中也能够使用这种技术而在下 面的合成材料层上印刷,例如,在合成材料薄膜、背层、或者基于合成材料的下面的基板上 印刷。特别地,UV基油墨或溶剂基油墨适合于此目的。在数字技术的情况中,至少通过使用 水基油墨,优选地在每个印刷筒或打印头之后,应用适当的干燥技术。对于这种下面的合成 材料层上的横向地印刷的木材图案,快干对于获得良好的分辨率(例如,大于250点每英寸、 或者还更好地大于500点每英寸的分辨率)来说很重要。

[0057]显而易见的是,通过细分相应的层或板,可应用合成薄膜、背层或基板材料的较大 的印刷板的这种印刷网来制造多个地板镶板。

[0058]优选地,地板镶板在其表面上具有浮雕(relief),该浮雕被制造成与所述印刷物 相对应,使得获得所谓的浮凸对齐结构。

[0059]显而易见的是,在第二方面的地板镶板中,第一方面的材料和组成可用于基板、顶 层、印刷物、背层和/或下层,在此并非必须应用斜面。而且,可应用在此提到的接合装置和 锁定部件。当然,不排除将根据第一方面的斜面与表现出第二方面的特性的地板镶板相结 合。

[0060]根据所有方面,可能的是,基板基本上由热塑性材料组成。因此,例如,可应用乙烯 基的基板(例如PVC)、聚乙烯基的基板、聚丙烯基的基板或聚氨酯基的基板。这些材料具有 良好的防水性或防湿性,并且可容易地获得。优选地,基板基本上由泡沫合成材料板组成。 优选地,在该情况中,涉及闭孔泡沫类型的合成材料。通过用一定量(可与EP 1 938 963的 地板镶板的合成材料的量相比)的合成材料发泡获得较厚且较硬的基板,使得可以将出现 从下层到地板覆盖物的表面的移动作用的风险减到最小。

[0061]不排除,可对基板6使用软质PVC。对于本领域的技术人员来说,已知软质PVC是这 样一种材料:其在PVC和增塑剂的基础上获得,并且其具有小于U克每立方米的密度。

[0062]优选地,在各种方面中提到的透明的热塑层基本上由PVC和/或增塑剂组成。优选 地,对于此层的制造来说,使用包含处于5重量百分比至75重量百分比之间的一定百分比的 增塑剂的浆料。优选地,所述透明或半透明层具有50至100之间的邵氏A硬度。

[0063]显而易见的是,在提到“硬度”的地方,硬度指的是在其平的一侧(S卩,其在最终的 地板镶板中指向上的一侧,或者与出现或不出现永久性的印痕相关的一侧)上测得的相应 层、基板、或其他材料的表面的硬度。

[0064]根据所有方面,本发明优选地涉及地板镶板或其他同样刚性且由此不会卷曲的镶 板。优选地,地板镶板表现出大于5毫米的厚度,然而,优选地小于15毫米。该厚度的适当的 值是7毫米至10毫米。这种镶板非常适于在其上提供机械接合装置,这允许将两个或多个这 种镶板在其边缘处彼此连接。显而易见的是,形成多个这种地板镶板的可能更大的板和基 板同样地是刚性的。优选地,地板镶板、板和基板如此硬以致其在其自重下将弯曲小于10厘 米每米。

[0065]根据所有方面,地板镶板优选地具有8厘米或更大的宽度。特别优选的尺寸是14厘 米至22厘米之间的宽度以及118厘米至220厘米之间的长度。

[0066]显而易见的是,根据本发明,“基板”意味着地板镶板本身的内层,可将其制造成是 一层或多层的,然而,其中,相应的一层或多层优选地具有大于整个相应镶板的厚度的一半 的总厚度,和/或其中,相应的一层或多层具有优选地大于整个相应镶板的重量的一半的总 重量。优选地,相应接合部件的轮廓件基本上或完全在基板中实现。

[0067] 优选地,可能的中间层或背层在由地板镶板的中心线确定的水平面上方延伸,还 更好地,在可能的接合部件的中心线上方延伸,例如,在由凹槽舌状件接合确定的中心线上 方延伸。优选地,可能的中间层或背层在接合部件上方延伸,接合部件的大部分用于垂直锁 定。即,优选地在基板中实现这些接合部件。

附图说明

[0068] 为了更好地示出本发明的特征,在下文中,参考附图,作为一个实例,没有任何限 制特征地描述了一些优选实施方式,其中:

[0069]图1示出了一种镶板,更特别地,一种地板镶板,其具有本发明的第一方面的特征; [0070]图2示出了按照图1所示的线II-II的横截面图;

[0071] 图3示出了图2中的F3表示的区域的放大图;

[0072]图4示出了按照图1所示的线IV-IV的横截面图;

[0073]图5以与图3的视图相似的视图示出了一个变型;

[0074]图6是示出了接合具有本发明的特征的地板镶板的可能的方式的透视图;

[0075]图7至图10示出了用于在图2中的F7所示的区域上实现斜面的各种可能性的视图; [0076]图11和图12以与图3和图5的视图相似的视图示出了更多的变型;

[0077]图13和图14以与图4的右手部分的视图相似的视图示出了用于实现具有本发明的 特征的地板镶板的另一可能性;

[0078]图15示出了具有本发明的第三方面的特征的一种方法,该方法将在下面更详细地 描述;

[0079]图16示出了具有在引言中提到的本发明的第二方面的特征的一种地板镶板;

[00S0]图17示出了按照图16所示的线XVII-XVII的横截面;

[0081]图18示出了按照图17所示的线XVIII-XVIII的横截面;

[0082]图19和图20以与图17的左手部分的视图相似的视图示出了变型。

具体实施方式

[0083]图1示出了具有本发明的第一方面的特征的地板镶板1。在此情况中,这涉及一种 矩形的和长方形的地板镶板1,其具有一对长边或边缘2-3和一对短边或边缘4-5。

[0084]图2示出了,地板镶板1属于这样的类型:其包括至少基板6和设置于基板6上的顶 层7。在该实例中,顶层7具有至少0.5毫米的厚度T。这里,特别地,涉及一种退过火的热塑性 顶层,其基本上由PVC组成。

[0085]图3示出了,热塑性顶层7优选地由背层8、设置在背层上的图形9以及透明的热塑 层或耐磨层10组成。这里,背层8优选地覆盖多于顶层7的总厚度T的45%的厚度T1。在此情 况中,背层8由软质再生的PVC的层组成,该PVC的层填有白垩。在此情况中,背层8具有比所 述透明或半透明的层10更大的密度。在此情况中,在载体11上设置图形9。在此情况中,这涉 及印刷PVC膜。对于透明的热塑层或耐磨层1〇,优选地,应用具有最小〇.2毫米的厚度T2的 PVC层。优选地,PVC层的厚度不厚于0.5毫米。本发明人已经发现,即使在不应该添加诸如陶 瓷颗粒(例如氧化铝颗粒)等会造成耐磨性增加的固体添加剂时,0.15毫米至0.4毫米的厚 度T2可达到良好的耐磨性。所述顶层7的总厚度T优选地在0.5毫米至3毫米之间,其中,1毫 米至2毫米的厚度T是人们所希望的。在不使用背层8的情况中,顶层7的总厚度肯定更薄,例 如,在0 • 2毫米至1毫米之间的厚度,例如,大约〇. 5毫米的厚度。

[0086]对于图1的地板镶板1的基板6,使用包括小木块(wood particle)(在此情况下是 用粘合剂粘结的木质纤维)的基板6,例如MDF或HDF。优选地,所应用的基板材料具有小于10 重量百分比的剩余含水量。还可选择具有低密度的基板来代替MDF或HDF,例如,小于600千 克每立方米的密度的基板。例如,这可能涉及一种包括木质纤维的基于木材的材料,所述木 质纤维是从回收的木材获得的并且也是用粘合剂粘结的。而且,可能选择刨花板。

[0087]在基板6的下侧,存在下层12或背衬层。在此情况中,背衬层包括热塑性合成材料。 优选地,对于背衬层或下层12而言,应用PVC (优选地,回收的PVC),填有白垩或热熔胶。原则 上,对于背衬层或下层12,可采用与位于顶层7中的背层8相似的组成。当然,在不存在背层8 的情况中,或在使用退过火或松弛的热塑性顶层的情况中,肯定优选地可选择气密层。例 如,这种气密背衬层或下层可由以液体状态施加的物质(例如,基于乙烯基的物质或热熔 胶,基于聚氨酯是优选的)组成,这种物质在基板的下侧上硬化。

[0088]优选地,用与所述背层8的颜色相应的颜色对基板6上色,例如,基板6和背层8都是 黑色,或者都是白色。

[0089]图1至图4的地板镶板1示出了在至少一个边缘4上(在此例中,是在较短的一对边 4-5的两个相对边缘上)的合成材料的边缘部13,其中所述合成材料与基板材料6不同。此合 成材料涉及用于获得增加的防止湿气或者防止湿气渗透到基板材料6中的措施。在此情况 中,合成材料延伸至少超过基板的厚度T3的80%。通过使所述合成材料在基板材料6的相应 部分上硬化来获得边缘部13与基板材料6的附接。在此情况中,通过合成材料的硬化,也获 得了与顶层7的下侧和与背衬层12的横向边缘14的粘合。后者并非是必须的情况。因此,例 如,可将顶层7或背衬层12分别粘在边缘部13的上侧或下侧。

[0090]图2示出了,边缘部13和基板材料6之间的连接在整个边界表面15上延伸,边界表 面15包括垂直于镶板1的表面17的法线延伸的部分表面16。在此情况中,相应的部分表面16 分别大致水平地延伸。然而,不是必须这样,可使用倾斜的部分表面和/或弯曲的边界表面。 [0091] 该实例还示出了,基板材料6的相应边缘4-5可仅由所述边缘部13形成。在那些情 况中,在相应边缘4-5上获得基板材料6的适当的完全保护。

[0092]对于边缘部13的合成材料,使用在双组分系统的基础上获得的材料。优选地,应用 在多元醇和异氰酸盐成分的基础上获得的聚氨酯。通过此材料,可获得与基板6的刨花的化 学接合。此外,聚氨酯优选地具有热硬化聚合物的特征。

[0093] 图2示出了,将相应边缘4-5制造成具有一定轮廓件(profile),并且,此轮廓件包 括接合装置18,通过该接合装置18,可将此镶板1与其他相似的镶板1接合,如虚线19所示。 在接合状态(这里未示出)中,在垂直于边缘且位于镶板1的平面中的水平方向H1上、以及在 垂直于该平面的竖直方向VI上实现锁定。这里示出的接合装置18基本上被制造成由下唇缘 22和上唇缘23相接的舌状件20和凹槽21。为了获得在水平方向H1上的锁定,舌状件20和凹 槽21设置有配合的锁定部件24-25,在此例中,锁定部件24-25是舌状件20下侧的突起24和 下凹槽唇缘22中的凹部25的形式。在此情况中,可至少通过沿着相应边缘的转动运动W将舌 状轮廓件插入凹槽21,以获得接合状态。优选地,接合装置18还允许其他接合运动,例如,通 过镶板1朝着彼此的基本上水平的平移运动来实现的接合。

[0094] 显而易见的是,在地板镶板1的长边2-3上也可使用边缘部13,如通过图2示出的。

[0095] 图4示出了,在另一对相对边缘2-3上(在此例中,在地板镶板1的长边2-3上),执行 用于获得增加的防止湿气或者防止湿气渗透到其基板中的其它措施。基板在相应边缘2-3 上具有轮廓件26,并且,在此轮廓件26上应用防湿的或密封的覆盖层27 (在此例中是热熔 胶),其例如可以基于聚氨酯。

[0096] 在该实例中,此覆盖物27至少在较短的一对边缘4_5的边缘部13之间的整个距离 上,沿着地板镶板1的长边2-3延伸。在此,这涉及覆盖物27,其己经至少在轮廓件边缘区域 或轮廓件26的一部分上校准,使得,当进行接合运动时,不阻碍或几乎不阻碍存在于其上的 接合装置18和锁定部件24_25。

[0097] 在此示出的覆盖层27的特性是,其在轮廓件26上一直延伸至所述顶层7的侧面表 面28。这通过图5清楚地示出。此外,至少在一个长边缘上(在此例中,在两个长边缘2_3上), 在所述侧面表面28中实现的切口 29中设置有覆盖层。通过此措施,可以实现,在接合状态 中,在镶板1的上边缘30之间获得小于〇.2毫米的间隙(在此情况中甚至没有间隙)。

[0098] 覆盖物27最多延伸至位于离上边缘3〇或相应镶板1的装饰侧1? 一定距离的点 处。在此点31处,使覆盖物27至少部分地(在此情况下,甚至是完全地)埋入所述凹部29中。

[0099] 通常,点31优选地位于设置于顶层7的侧面表面28中的所述凹部29中。优选地,所 述凹部基本上或甚至完全地在顶层7的图形9的下方延伸,例如,和这里的情况一样。

[0100] 在图4的实例中,至少在轮廓件边缘区域或轮廓件26的部分上校准覆盖物27,该轮 廓件26在两个这样的镶板1的接合状态中,形成接触表面32_33_34_35。在此情况中,至少在 接触表面32-33上提供对垂直锁定VI负责的校准,并在接触表面34_35上提供对水平锁定H1 负责的校准。

[0101] 根据图4的实例,在较长的一对相对边缘2-3上应用与较短的一对相对边缘4-5上 相似的接合装置18,因为其也允许至少通过沿着相应边缘的转动运动W的接合。然而,并非 必须这样,可能仅在较长的一对边缘2-3上通过转动接合,而较短的一对边缘4-5例如允许 至少通过相应边缘4-5朝着彼此的基本上水平的或向下的接合运动N来接合。在图6上示出 了这种实施方式。

[0102]图6的地板镶板1在较短的一对边缘4-5上设置有接合装置18,其允许通过一个边 缘4上的接合装置在另一边缘5上的接合装置中的向下运动N来接合。在此,将接合装置18实 现为凸接合部件36和凹接合部件37,其中,可通过所述向下运动N将凸接合部件36设置在凹 接合部件37中。

[0103]图6示出了如何能够接合这些镶板1,其中,这些镶板1在长边2-3上设置有接合装 置18,其至少允许通过转动运动W的接合,并且,在短边4-5上设置有接合装置18,其至少允 许通过向下运动N的接合。如所示出的,其可通过一个折叠运动N而接合在彼此之中,其中, 将长边2-3转动到彼此之中,并且在短边4-5上自动地产生向下接合的运动N。通过在长边2-3上转动,以及通过在较短的一对边缘上的自动向下运动N,地板镶板的上边缘30之间可能 存在接触,通过该接触,在这些上边缘30的位置会发生耐磨层10的热塑性材料的膨胀。本发 明可将出现这种膨胀边缘的风险减到最小。

[0104] 本发明根据其第一方面的特性是,如通过图1至图5清楚地示出的,地板镶板1至少 在两个相对的边缘2-3处设置有斜面38 (在此情况中是笔直的斜面)。在实例中,将此斜面38 与相对薄的透明的热塑层或耐磨层10组合,例如,层10具有大约0.3毫米的厚度T2。在此,斜 面38延伸至印刷物9的总体水平面N1的下方,优选地延伸至印刷薄膜或载体11的总体水平 面N2的下方。在所示情况中,这每次涉及通过在引言中提到的其第一可能性实现的斜面38。 因此,在斜面38的表面的一部分上省略印刷物9。所示斜面38-38A与镶板表面或装饰侧17形 成大约45°的角度A。在两个这种地板镶板1的接合状态中,如这里示出的,形成V形凹槽。在 此情况中,V形凹槽的底部39形成为线(或者,在此横截面中看,形成为点),从而,明显小于 接合的镶板的上表面或装饰侧17处的V形凹槽的开口的宽度B1的1/5,并且,该宽度也比V形 凹槽的深度D1小。

[0105]在图1至图5的实例中,在矩形和长方形的地板镶板1的所有边缘2-3-4-5上设置有 这种斜面38。根据变型,例如,可在较短的一对边缘4-5上省略这种斜面38。还应指出,在图3 中,用虚线示出了斜面38A,其延伸至载体11的总体水平面N2的下方,而用实线示出的斜面 38实际上延伸至印刷物9的总体水平面N1的下方,而未延伸至载体的总体水平面N2的下方。 [0106]图5示出了,这种斜面38可设置有分离的装饰层40,例如,设置有漆层或转印层。在 接合镶板1的相应斜面38的最深点或底部39的下方,在背层8上形成接触表面41。优选地,在 此,在接触表面41的位置处将发生背层8的材料的压缩。接触表面41在所述水平方向H1上的 锁定中起作用。在实例中,在横截面中看,闭合的腔室或腔体42位于此接触表面的下方。 [0107] 通过在引言中提到的其第一可能性来实现以上列出的斜面38-38A的实例。

[0108]图7示出了一种用于实现斜面38的可能性,其中,在此情况中,应用在引言中提到 的第二可能性。通过在相应边缘5处局部地向下挤压顶层7,来形成相应的斜面。在此,应用 挤压元件43 (在此情况下是滚动元件43),可能对其加热。还可能在向下压之前例如通过红 外光束装置加热透明的热塑层10,其中,随后可能使用仅稍微加热的挤压元件43,例如,对 于未加热的(因此,在室温下)加热至最多40°C或35°C,或者对于冷却至低于室温的例如加 热至最多15°C。关于图7,还应注意,在此情况下的向下压还导致基板6的局部压缩。还可能 局部地压缩可能的背层8而不是基板6,或者是可能的背层8和基板6的组合。

[0109]图8和图9还示出了用于实现斜面38的所述第二可能性的一个实例。为了便于向下 压,在此情况中,基板6设置有切口44,其至少部分地为被向下压的材料部分提供空间。当 然,可在切口中提供胶45,以最小化或防止向下压的上边缘30的回弹。可能必须对斜面38的 侧面边缘46进行后处理,以获得地板镶板1的良好邻接,例如,通过例如依靠切割处理来设 置垂直于总体装饰侧17延伸的诸如由虚线表示的侧面边缘46A。

[0110]图1〇示出了用于实现斜面38的上述第二可能性的另一实例。所示出的是包括至少 两个地板镶板1的基板6的更大的基板材料板。其中,通过对该更大的板进行再分,来获得这 些地板镶板1。在此,将损失位于相应地板镶板1的最终实现的轮廓件边缘4-5之间的一定量 的材料47。为了便于向下压,使基板6预成形。为此,在将设置的斜面38的高度处,在最终的 装饰侧I7中设置凹部48或印痕(这里用虚线示出)。经由粘结层49(例如,聚氨酯分散胶),将 顶层7的复合层9_1〇_11与预成形的基板6连接。在胶粘之前,可使复合层9-10-11已经彼此 相互粘结,例如,融合或层压。当然,复合层还可能包括背层8,然而这里未示出。为了在基板 6上获得复合层9-10-11的良好挤压,如图中所示可能使用挤压元件50,挤压元件50包括与 凹部48相对应的突起51。还可在基板6未预先变形的情况下使用这种挤压元件50,其中,在 挤压过程中,能够实现基板材料的压缩。

[0111]在图7至图10的实例中,分别实现了,印刷物9在斜面38的整个或大致整个表面上 从地板镶板1的表面或装饰侧17上连续地延伸。

[0112]根据随后实现该斜面38的可能性,可在实现斜面狀之前或之后,在地板镶板上设 置和/或硬化合适的表面漆层,例如,UV硬化漆层。例如,在第二可能性的情况下,仅在实现 斜面38之设置供和/或硬化漆层是有利的。即,当与透明的热塑层10—起被向下压时,硬化 的漆层可能破裂。

[0113]图11示出了具有斜面38的其它地板镶板,斜面洲与图5的斜面相似,但是其被制造 成是弯曲的,并总体上按照与镶板表面或装饰侧17呈大约40°的角度A而延伸。

[0114]图12不出了具有斜面38的其它地板镶板,其中,处于接合状态中的这些地板镶板1 呈现出由斜面38形成的V形凹槽,并且,其中,此V形凹槽的底部39呈现出宽度B2,该宽度B2 小于接合地板镶板1的装饰侧17处的V形凹槽的开口的宽度B1的1/3。

[0115]图13示出了一个实例,其中,也采取用于获得增加的防止湿气或者防止湿气渗透 到基板6中的措施。在此情况中,使用基于防水物质的覆盖层27。一开始,可在边缘部的未完 全完成的轮廓件26上形成覆盖物27。在此情况中,仍通过按照虚线52切割顶层7的最终侧面 表面28,并通过形成斜面38的表面以用此方式从该顶层7去除多余的材料部分53,来形成相 应边缘部的最终上边缘30。图14示出了所获得的结果,其中,地板镶板丨在相应边缘上设置 有斜面38。

[0116]图13清楚地示出,在此情况中覆盖层27最初(由此,在执行形成斜面的切割处理之 前)至少从基板6上延伸至顶层7的侧面表面29上。通过接着必须执行的用来形成斜面的切 割处理,去除此覆盖层27的多余部分。应注意,顶层7的边缘在整个斜面的表面上延伸至远 端。因此,顶层7形成防止表面或装饰侧17的可能变脏的阻挡层,并且,能够实现这种地板镶 板1的更流畅的生产。

[0117] 显而易见的是,在图13和图14所示的边缘3的相对边缘4处,优选地进行相似的处 理,然而,具有这样的差异:此相对边缘4优选地包括互补的接合装置18,在此情况中,是舌 状件形式的接合装置。

[0118] 此外,显而易见的是,在图13和图14中,应用了形成斜面38的第一可能性。

[0119]图7至图10以及图15进一步图示了本发明的第三独立方面。根据此第三方面,本发 明还涉及一种具有热塑性顶层7的地板镶板1,其中,此地板镶板1包括基板6和设置于此基 板6上的顶层7,其中,顶层7至少包括印刷物9和位于所述印刷物9上方的透明的热塑层10, 其特征在于,所述印刷物9总体上在水平面N1中延伸,然而,包括在所述平面N1下方延伸的 部分。在图7至图10的情况中,这至少涉及在斜面38的表面上的印刷物9的部分,该部分在平 面N1的下方延伸。在图15的情况中,地板镶板1还包括在装饰侧17的内部中在平面N1的下方 延伸的部分。这些部分可能涉及被去除的材料部分的模仿,例如可能是当模仿木质地板镶 板中的刮削痕迹时的情况,或接缝、裂缝或间隙的模仿,或木结或木材和/或石头的其它非 常显著的浮雕的模仿。显而易见的是,这种地板镶板1提供模仿结构坚固的地板的新的可能 性。例如,第三方面允许仍形成具有镶板的较深结构,该镶板的透明的热塑层10具有有限的 厚度T2,例如,小于1毫米的厚度,或者甚至小于0.5毫米或小于0.3毫米的厚度。如已经提到 的,限制透明的热塑层10的厚度T2是有利的。

[0120]根据第三方面的优选实施方式,印刷物9的图形还可延伸至印刷物9的可能的载体 11的下侧的总体水平面N2的下方,和/或延伸至基板6和/或下面的背层中。为此目的,可能 预成形或不预成形背层8和/或基板6。可能地,在印刷物至少延伸至总体水平面N1和/或N2 的下方的地方,出现此背层8和/或基板6的材料的压缩。

[0121]在提到总体水平面的地方,分别意味着水平面,其中,地板镶板中的各层的实际水 平面的方差之和相对于此水平面来说最小。换句话说,这涉及最接近各层的最小平方水平 面积。

[0122]在图15中,将顶层7示意性地示出为单层。然而,显而易见的是,顶层7优选地由几 层组成,例如,至少由载体板11、印刷物9和透明的热塑层1〇组成。

[0123]显而易见的是,可将第三方面与本发明的第一方面和/或第二方面或其优选实施 方式组合。然而,无论是否根据第一方面,根据第二和第三方面,不是必须应用斜面38,然而 也不排除应用斜面38。然而,此第二和第三方面实际上可采用一个或多个在第一方面的范 围内提到的其它特性,例如提到的接合装置、锁定部件件或顶层之类的特性。

[0124]图16示出了具有在引言中提到的本发明的第二方面的特性的地板镶板1的一个实 例。在此,这涉及一种矩形的和长方形的地板镶板1。图17示出,此地板镶板1包括基板6和设 置于此基板6上的顶层7。可用关于第一方面提到的顶层7作为顶层7,即,具有至少印刷物9 和位于所述印刷物9上方的透明的热塑层10的顶层7。为了简明,在图16至图20中,将顶层7 示为单层。图16的地板镶板的特性是,其具有大于180厘米的长度L。印刷物9示出了木质图 案,其孔隙总体上在地板镶板1的纵向方向上延伸。

[0125]图I7示出了,地板镶板1进一步包括用于通过其自重限制弯曲的装置。为此目的, 地板镶板1包括嵌入轮廓件53,例如,基于合成材料或金属并优选被冲压的轮廓件。在合成 材料的情况中,可在材料中应用玻璃纤维或其他填料,以获得更高的抗弯强度。在此情况 中,嵌入轮廓件53涉及I轮廓件。当然,也可应用其他轮廓件。优选地,争取使用弯曲时具有 最大可能的惯性力矩的轮廓件。嵌入轮廓件53总体上在地板镶板1的纵向方向上延伸,并 且,在此情况中,位于距离具有舌状件2〇的轮廓件的长边缘2比距离具有凹槽21的轮廓件的 相对的长边缘3更近的地方。并不排除,嵌入轮廓件53可能总体上沿着地板镶板1的对角线 延伸。

[0126] 图18示出了,在该情况中,嵌入轮廓件53总体上位于基板6的内部。然而,并不排除 轮廓件53在一个或多个长边缘或短边缘上可能延伸到轮廓26中,在那里,其优选地也具有 与相应边缘的剩余部分相同的轮廓26。

[0127] 图19示出了一个变型,其中,用嵌在基板6中的至少一个玻璃纤维垫或玻璃织物层 54代替嵌入轮廓53,当弯曲地板镶板1时,其位于基板6的中心线的外部,或位于中性纤维的 外部。在此情况中,玻璃织物层54位于距离装饰侧17比距离基板6的下侧更近的地方。当然, 可应用多个这种包含玻璃纤维的层,并且,其可能位于基板的中心线的两侧上。根据本发 明,这种加固层并非必须嵌在基板6中,而是也可以位于顶层中,例如,位于印刷物9下方,或 者位于下层12中。

[0128] 图20示出了一个变型,其中,地板镶板1的至少一层具有大于650千克每立方米的 密度。在此情况中,在顶层7和基板6 (在此情况中是软质PVC)之间,应用具有3毫米以上的厚 度和至少1000千克每立方米的密度的HDF板。还可以使用硬质PVC或其它硬质合成材料来代 替使用基于木材的板材。

[0129] 在图16至图20中,还应用这样的措施:地板镶板具有5毫米或更大的厚度。优选地, 将厚度限制于7毫米、8毫米或9毫米的最大值。

[0130]显而易见的是,还可在具有小于180厘米(然而,优选地大于110厘米)的长度的地 板镶板中应用限制弯曲的装置。根据一个偏离的变型,因而本发明还涉及这种地板镶板。显 而易见的是,这种地板镶板进一步还可表现出第一、第二和/或第三方面的地板镶板的优选 特性,差异在于这种地板具有小于180厘米的长度。

[0131]本发明决不限于上述实施方式;相反,在不背离本发明的范围的前提下,可以根据 各种变型来实现这种镶板。此外,还可将所述镶板实现为壁板镶板或天花板镶板,或者甚至 实现为家具面板,而不是地板镶板。

Claims (18)

1. 地板镶板,所述地板镶板是具有一对纵向相对边缘和一对短相对边缘的矩形形状, 所述地板镶板包括基板和设置在所述基板上的顶层; 其中,所述顶层包括从底部到顶部的背层、设置在合成材料薄膜上的印刷物、以及基于 聚氯乙烯的透明的热塑层,所述热塑层位于所述印刷物之上;所述顶层形成所述地板镶板 的装饰侧,其中,所述印刷物示出了木制图案,所述木制图案的孔隙方向在所述一对纵向相 对边缘的方向上延伸; 其中,所述基板基于从包括聚氯乙烯、聚乙烯、聚丙烯和聚氨酯的组中选取的热塑性材 料;所述基板的总体厚度大于整个所述地板镶板的厚度的一半; 其中,所述地板镶板至少在所述一对纵向相对边缘处设置有接合部件,所述接合部件 允许将两个所述地板镶板彼此接合,使得在接合状态下,在垂直于接合的两个所述地板镶 板的平面的竖直方向上、以及在垂直于接合的边缘的水平方向上且在所述地板镶板的平面 中,两个所述地板镶板在相应的边缘处彼此锁定;其中,所述接合部件形成为舌状件和凹 槽,其中,在具有所述背层的所述基板上获得所述舌状件和所述凹槽的轮廓,所述背层在由 所述舌状件和所述凹槽的中心线确定的水平高度之上延伸; 所述顶层包括厚度介于〇. 5毫米到3毫米之间的退火热塑层。
2. 根据权利要求1所述的地板镶板,其中,所述地板镶板具有大于180厘米的长度、大于 14厘米的宽度以及介于7毫米到10毫米之间的厚度。
3. 根据权利要求1所述的地板镶板,其中,对于每米所述地板镶板而言,所述地板镶板 由自身重量引起的弯曲的量小于50厘米。
4. 根据权利要求1所述的地板镶板,其中,用于限制弯曲的装置包括嵌入在所述基板的 材料中的至少一个轮廓件,其中,所述轮廓件总体上在所述地板镶板的纵向方向上延伸;所 述轮廓件基于合成材料或金属。
5. 根据权利要求4所述的地板镶板,其中,与距所述凹槽相比,所述轮廓件更靠近所述 舌状件。
6. 根据权利要求1所述的地板镶板,其中,用于限制弯曲的装置包括在所述印刷物下方 的至少一个玻璃纤维层。
7. 根据权利要求6所述的地板镶板,其中,所述玻璃纤维层嵌入所述基板的材料中。
8. 根据权利要求6或7所述的地板镶板,其中,所述玻璃纤维层位于所述基板的中心的 外部。
9. 根据权利要求8所述的地板镶板,其中,与距所述基板的下侧相比,所述玻璃纤维层 更靠进所述装饰侧。 1 〇.根据权利要求1所述的地板镶板,其中,所述地板镶板由自身重量引起的弯曲小于 每米50厘米。
11. 根据权利要求1所述的地板镶板,其中,所述基板是防水的。
12. 根据权利要求1所述的地板镶板,其中,用于限制弯曲的装置包*括位于所述地板镶 板内的密度大于每立方米65〇千克的至少一个层。
13. 根据权利要求1所述的地板镶板,其中,所述地板镶板具有2毫米到10毫米的厚度以 及大于每立方米450千克的材料密度。
14. 根据权利要求1所述的地板镶板,其中,所述基板包括热塑性材料和填充物。
15. 根据权利要求1所述的地板镶板,其中,所述基板是泡沫合成材料板。
16. 根据权利要求15所述的地板镶板,其中,所述泡沫合成材料板是闭孔类型的。
17. 根据权利要求1所述的地板镶板,其中,所述地板镶板具有大于180厘米的长度。
18. 根据权利要求17所述的地板镶板,其中,所述印刷物是在所述装饰侧的纵向方向上 延伸的木材颗粒印刷物;其中,所述印刷物在所述装饰侧的整个长度上不重复。
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Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

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Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

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Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

Record date: 20170511

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Assignee: Jiangsu Zhengda Bamboo Material Technology Co., Ltd.|Wuxi Boda Bamboo Wood Industry Co., Ltd

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Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

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Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

Record date: 20170518

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Assignee: Anji Tianze Plastic Co. Ltd.

Assignor: The management of Private Companies|Unilin Flooring Industries Ltd.|Pergo (Europe) Co. Ltd.

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Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

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Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

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Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

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Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

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Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

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Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

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Assignor: Flooring Industry Co. Ltd.|Private Companies Unilin management

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Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

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Assignor: Flooring Industry Co. Ltd.|Private Companies Unilin management

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Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

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Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

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Assignor: Flooring Industry Co. Ltd.|Private Companies Unilin management

Contract record no.: 2017990000273

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

Record date: 20170712

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: Zhejiang letter Flooring Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Flooring Industry Co. Ltd.|Private Companies Unilin management

Contract record no.: 2017990000268

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

Record date: 20170712

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Assignee: DONGYANG MAOSHENG PLASTIC CO., LTD.

Assignor: Flooring Industry Co. Ltd.|Private Companies Unilin management|Pergo Unilin Corporation (Europe)

Contract record no.: 2017990000274

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

Record date: 20170712

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Assignee: Changzhou Sen hung decorative materials Co., Ltd.

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Contract record no.: 2017990000272

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

Record date: 20170712

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Assignee: Wuxi Taihe New Material Co., Ltd.

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Contract record no.: 2017990000267

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

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Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

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Assignee: Changzhou wonderful Haug Decorative Material Co., Ltd.

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Contract record no.: 2017990000287

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

Record date: 20170718

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Assignee: Kunshan Ying Jia Building Materials Technology Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Flooring Industries Limited|Uniling Man Pte B. V.|Pergo AG

Contract record no.: 2017990000302

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

Record date: 20170731

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: Jinjia Building Materials Science & Technology Co., Ltd., Shanghai

Assignor: Flooring Industries Limited|Uniling Man Pte B. V.|Pergo AG

Contract record no.: 2017990000303

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

Record date: 20170731

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Assignee: Wuxi Sino German decorative new materials Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Flooring Industries Limited|Uniling Man Pte B. V.

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Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

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Contract record no.: 2017990000304

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

Record date: 20170802

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Assignee: Zhejiang ou Hengxin Material Co. Ltd.

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Contract record no.: 2017990000325

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

Record date: 20170817

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Assignor: Flooring Industries Limited|Uniling Man Pte B. V.

Contract record no.: 2017990000331

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

Record date: 20170822

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Contract record no.: 2017990000374

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

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Contract record no.: 2017990000342

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

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Assignee: Zhejiang Jingtong Plastics Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Flooring Industries Limited|Uniling Man Pte B. V.

Contract record no.: 2017990000396

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

Record date: 20171009

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Assignee: Ming & amp; Technology (Tangshan) Limited by Share Ltd

Assignor: Flooring Industries Limited|Uniling Man Pte B. V.|Pergo AG

Contract record no.: 2017990000390

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

Record date: 20170929

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Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: Jiangsu forever ground decoration material Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Flooring Industries Limited|Uniling Man Pte B. V.|Pergo AG

Contract record no.: 2017990000405

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

Record date: 20171018

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Contract record no.: 2017990000420

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

Record date: 20171027

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Assignor: Flooring Industries Limited|Uniling Man Pte B. V.

Contract record no.: 2017990000454

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

Record date: 20171113

EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

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Assignee: Zhejiang Yongyu Bamboo Industry Co.,Ltd.

Assignor: Flooring Industries Limited|Uniling Man Pte B. V.

Contract record no.: 2017990000458

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

Record date: 20171120

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EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: Changzhou Sen wood industry limited company

Assignor: Flooring Industries Limited|Uniling Man Pte B. V.|Pergo (Europe) Limited by Share Ltd

Contract record no.: 2017990000473

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

Record date: 20171204

EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract
EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: Liaoning schoenauer interior decoration products Co. Ltd.

Assignor: Flooring Industries Limited|Uniling Man Pte B. V.|Pergo AG

Contract record no.: 2017990000489

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

Record date: 20171214

EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

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Assignee: Linjiang City Jinbao Timber Co., Ltd.

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Contract record no.: 2017990000501

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

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Assignee: Jiangsu Yuanmei Bamboo & Wood Industry Co., Ltd.

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Contract record no.: 2017990000504

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

Record date: 20180103

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Assignee: Changzhou Kingfisher Decorative Material Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Flooring Industries Limited|Uniling Man Pte B. V.|Pergo AG

Contract record no.: 2017990000502

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

Record date: 20180102

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EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

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Contract record no.: 2018990000005

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

Record date: 20180112

EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract
EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: Zhejiang European endurance new materials Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Flooring Industries Limited|Uniling Man Pte B. V.

Contract record no.: 2018990000013

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

Record date: 20180118

EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract
EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: Vill new material technology (Wuxi) Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Flooring Industries Limited|Uniling Man Pte B. V.

Contract record no.: 2018990000025

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

Record date: 20180208

EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract
EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract
EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: Qingdao Friendship Group Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Flooring Industries Limited|Uniling Man Pte B. V.

Contract record no.: 2018990000030

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

Record date: 20180211

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EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

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Assignee: Jiangsu Kentier Wood Co.,Ltd.

Assignor: Flooring Industries Limited|Uniling Man Pte B. V.

Contract record no.: 2018990000034

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

Record date: 20180222

EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract
EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: Zhangjiagang Diguan Plastics Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Flooring Industries Limited|Uniling Man Pte B. V.

Contract record no.: 2018990000036

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

Record date: 20180227

EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: ZHEJIANG QIDE NEW MATERIALS CO., LTD.

Assignor: Flooring Industries Limited|Uniling Man Pte B. V.

Contract record no.: 2018990000082

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

Record date: 20180404

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: New livable Mstar Technology Ltd in Shandong

Assignor: Flooring Industries Limited|Uniling Man Pte B. V.

Contract record no.: 2018990000083

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

Record date: 20180404

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: Fujian Chiyu Decoration Material Co. Ltd.

Assignor: Flooring Industries Limited|Uniling Man Pte B. V.

Contract record no.: 2018990000079

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

Record date: 20180403

EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract
EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: Jilin hi tech new material Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Flooring Industries Limited|Uniling Man Pte B. V.

Contract record no.: 2018990000109

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

Record date: 20180426

EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract
EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract
EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: Haining Mingyuan Decoration Material Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Uniling Man Pte B. V.|Flooring Industries Limited

Contract record no.: 2018990000119

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

Record date: 20180504

EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract
EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: Jiangsu Zhongli Plastic Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Flooring Industries Limited|Uniling Man Pte B. V.

Contract record no.: 2018990000126

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

Record date: 20180515

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: Chuzhou Runlin Wood Co., Ltd.|Chuzhou long wood industry Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Flooring Industries Limited|Uniling Man Pte B. V.

Contract record no.: 2018990000127

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

Record date: 20180515

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: Xinle Boda Plastic Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Flooring Industries Limited|Uniling Man Pte B. V.

Contract record no.: 2018990000128

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

Record date: 20180516

EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract
EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: Anhui is with promise Wood plastic boards Science and Technology Ltd.

Assignor: Flooring Industries Limited|Uniling Man Pte B. V.

Contract record no.: 2018990000135

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

Record date: 20180529

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: Jiangxi Gilardino building materials Polytron Technologies Inc

Assignor: Flooring Industries Limited|Uniling Man Pte B. V.

Contract record no.: 2018990000137

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

Record date: 20180529

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: Jiangsu Beier Decoration Material Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Uniling Man Pte B. V.|Flooring Industries Limited|Pergo AG

Contract record no.: 2018990000139

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

Record date: 20180530

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: Hebei Kenuo rubber products Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Flooring Industries Limited|Uniling Man Pte B. V.

Contract record no.: 2018990000136

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

Record date: 20180529

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: Chuzhou Guangfeng new materials Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Flooring Industries Limited|Uniling Man Pte B. V.

Contract record no.: 2018990000140

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

Record date: 20180530

GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: ZHEJIANG KAMAN RUBBER FLOOR CO., LTD.

Assignor: Flooring Industries Limited|Uniling Man Pte B. V.

Contract record no.: 2018990000157

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

Record date: 20180615

EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract
EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: ZHANGJIAGANG KAFU NEW MATERIALS CO., LTD.

Assignor: Flooring Industries Limited|Uniling Man Pte B. V.

Contract record no.: 2018990000168

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

License type: Common License

Record date: 20180629

EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract
EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract
EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: Shanghai Changlong Plastic Product Co., Ltd.|Shine Plastic Industrial Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Uniling Man Pte B. V.|Flooring Industries Limited

Contract record no.: 2018990000192

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

Granted publication date: 20180703

License type: Common License

Record date: 20180727

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: SHANDONG HUIFENG WOOD PLASTIC PROFILE CO., LTD.

Assignor: Uniling Man Pte B. V.|Flooring Industries Limited

Contract record no.: 2018990000195

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

Granted publication date: 20180703

License type: Common License

Record date: 20180731

EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract
EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: Zhejiang Wo Yun science and Technology Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Flooring Industries Limited|Uniling Man Pte B. V.

Contract record no.: 2018990000230

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

Granted publication date: 20180703

License type: Common License

Record date: 20180820

EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: Shandong blue sea edge environmental protection technology Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Flooring Industries Limited|Uniling Man Pte B. V.

Contract record no.: 2018990000286

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

Granted publication date: 20180703

License type: Common License

Record date: 20181101

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: Zhejiang Zhongli Rong Xing Plastic Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Uniling Man Pte B. V.|Flooring Industries Limited

Contract record no.: 2018990000280

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

Granted publication date: 20180703

License type: Common License

Record date: 20181030

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: Shandong Phoenix Building Materials Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Flooring Industries Limited|Uniling Man Pte B. V.

Contract record no.: 2018990000281

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

Granted publication date: 20180703

License type: Common License

Record date: 20181030

EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract
EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: Zhejiang Jiashiyibao Plate Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Flooring Industries Limited|Uniling Man Pte B. V.

Contract record no.: 2019990000037

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

Granted publication date: 20180703

License type: Common License

Record date: 20190129

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: Anhui Jinhui New Materials Technology Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Flooring Industries Limited|Uniling Man Pte B. V.

Contract record no.: 2019990000035

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

Granted publication date: 20180703

License type: Common License

Record date: 20190129

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: Anhui Airuide new materials Co. Ltd.

Assignor: Uniling Man Pte B. V.|Flooring Industries Limited

Contract record no.: 2019990000036

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

Granted publication date: 20180703

License type: Common License

Record date: 20190129

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: Dunhua Xufeng Stone Plastic Flooring Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Flooring Industries Limited|Uniling Man Pte B. V.

Contract record no.: 2019990000034

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

Granted publication date: 20180703

License type: Common License

Record date: 20190129

EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract
EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: Jiangxi Gilardino building materials Polytron Technologies Inc

Assignor: Uniling Man Pte B. V.|Flooring Industries Limited

Contract record no.: 2019990000089

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

Granted publication date: 20180703

License type: Common License

Record date: 20190327

EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract
EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract
EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: Zhejiang Ouhong New Materials Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Flooring Industries Limited|Uniling Man Pte B. V.|Pergo AG

Contract record no.: 2019990000124

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

Granted publication date: 20180703

License type: Common License

Record date: 20190419

EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract
EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: Zhangjiagang emperor crown Technology Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Flooring Industries Limited|Uniling Man Pte B. V.

Contract record no.: 2019990000194

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

Granted publication date: 20180703

License type: Common License

Record date: 20190617

EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract
EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: Jiangsu Meibo Wood Industry Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Flooring Industries Limited|Uniling Man Pte B. V.

Contract record no.: 2019990000207

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

Granted publication date: 20180703

License type: Common License

Record date: 20190626

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: Hailuo Section Bar Science & Technology Co., Ltd., Wuhu

Assignor: Flooring Industries Limited|Uniling Man Pte B. V.|Pergo AG

Contract record no.: 2019990000208

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

Granted publication date: 20180703

License type: Common License

Record date: 20190626

EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: Dalian Huimingmaijin New Materials Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Flooring Industries Limited|Uniling Man Pte B. V.

Contract record no.: 2019990000240

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

Granted publication date: 20180703

License type: Common License

Record date: 20190718

EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract
EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: Changzhou Ruihu New Material Technology Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Flooring Industries Limited|Uniling Man Pte B. V.

Contract record no.: 2019990000258

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

Granted publication date: 20180703

License type: Common License

Record date: 20190731

EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract
EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract
EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: Shandong Guanhuang Decoration Materials Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Flooring Industry Limited|Unilin Manages Private Companies

Contract record no.: X2019990000003

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

Granted publication date: 20180703

License type: Common License

Record date: 20190806

EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract
EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: Zhejiang Braun eco home Technology Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Flooring Industry Limited|Unilin Manages Private Companies

Contract record no.: X2019990000022

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

Granted publication date: 20180703

License type: Common License

Record date: 20190815

EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract
EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: Shandong Shengfulai Industrial Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Flooring Industry Limited|Unilin Manages Private Companies

Contract record no.: X2019990000086

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

Granted publication date: 20180703

License type: Common License

Record date: 20190910

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: Shuncheng Decoration Material Co Ltd, Wuxi City

Assignor: Flooring Industry Limited|Unilin Manages Private Companies

Contract record no.: X2019990000085

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

Granted publication date: 20180703

License type: Common License

Record date: 20190910

EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: Zhejiang Sanyi floor Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Flooring Industry Limited|Unilin Manages Private Companies

Contract record no.: X2019990000102

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

Granted publication date: 20180703

License type: Common License

Record date: 20190924

EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: Jilin Tianyu magnesium forest new material Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Flooring Industry Limited|Unilin Manages Private Companies

Contract record no.: X2019990000114

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

Granted publication date: 20180703

License type: Common License

Record date: 20191010

EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Application publication date: 20151223

Assignee: Anhui RuiChuang new decorative materials Co., Ltd

Assignor: Flooring Industry Limited|Unilin Manages Private Companies

Contract record no.: X2019990000145

Denomination of invention: Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding

Granted publication date: 20180703

License type: Common License

Record date: 20191030