CN105165273A - Sunflower head degranulating equipment with double crushing rolls - Google Patents

Sunflower head degranulating equipment with double crushing rolls Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105165273A
CN105165273A CN201510428723.6A CN201510428723A CN105165273A CN 105165273 A CN105165273 A CN 105165273A CN 201510428723 A CN201510428723 A CN 201510428723A CN 105165273 A CN105165273 A CN 105165273A
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broken
motor
filter
rotating shaft
housing
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Granted
Application number
CN201510428723.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105165273B (en
Inventor
杨海霞
吕碧升
陈巨根
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Tangshan Dingchen Food Co., Ltd.
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陈巨根
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Abstract

The invention discloses sunflower head degranulating equipment with double crushing rolls. The equipment comprises an upper material crushing roll, a second material crushing rod, a feeding hopper, a second material crushing motor, a bearing pedestal, eccentric discs, a rocker and a first filter motor, wherein a guide rod is arranged in a housing; the first filter motor is fixedly mounted on the left side of the housing through a bolt; the eccentric disc is mounted on the first filter motor; the eccentric disc is provided with a hinge joint column which is connected with the rocker in a hinged manner; sliding sleeves are separately arranged on two sides of the first filter plate; a second filter motor is fixedly mounted on the right side of the housing through a bolt; the eccentric disc is mounted on the second filter motor; the eccentric disc is provided with a hinge joint column, the rocker is connected with the second filter plate, and the vertical cross section of the feeding hopper is trapezoidal or triangular. The equipment disclosed by the invention can be used for knocking and crushing sunflower heads through the crushing rolls, so that the collecting rate of sunflower fruits can be increased. The equipment is high in work efficiency, simple in structure and convenient to use.

Description

A kind of two breaker roll sunflower head threshing apparatus
[technical field]
The present invention relates to the technical field of sunflower harvest equipment, particularly the technical field of a kind of pair of breaker roll sunflower head threshing apparatus.
[background technology]
The growth rate of sunflower stem is the fastest to blooming to budding, and the height now grown accounts for 55% of total height, and later growth rate slows down, and only accounts for about 5%.The branchiness of sunflower, a kind of be by inheritance determine rear a kind of be that environmental condition causes.The leaf of sunflower is divided into cotyledon and true leaf.Cotyledon a pair.It is to life that true leaf often saves at the lower portion of the stem 1 ~ 3, and above is then alternate.True leaf is larger, on blade face and petiole raw short and hard bristle, and be covered with one deck wax coat.Lobe numbers is different because kind is different, and early maturing variety is generally 25 ~ 32, and late variety is 33 ~ 40.The lower portion of the stem blade manufactures nutrient before flowering, mainly supplies root growth, substantially terminates to its function when blooming.The nutrient of middle and upper part vane manufacturing mainly supplies floral disc and impels Seed Development.Sunflower is capitulum, grows the top at stem, is commonly called as floral disc.Its shape has convex sunflower to rise, open and flat and recessed three types.Floral disc there are two kinds of flowers, i.e. ligulate flower and tubular flower.Ligulate flower 1 ~ 3 layer, raw in the edge of floral disc, is neutral flower.Its color and size are different because of kind, have orange, yellowish and aubergine, have lure insect come gathering honey pollination effect.Tubular flower, is positioned at inside ligulate flower, is hermaphrodite flower.The color of corolla has Huang, brown, mulberry etc.Fruit is achene, and custom is called seed.Fruit comprises pericarp, seed coat, Cotyledon and embryo four part.Edible-type seed is longer, and pericarp black and white strip occupies the majority, and pericarp is thick, accounts for more than 40% of seed weight, thousand kernel weight 100 ~ 200 grams.Oil type seed is shorter and smaller, and pericarp mostly is black, and skin is thin, is about 20 ~ 30% of seed weight, thousand kernel weight 40 ~ 110 grams.
Chinese population is numerous, agricultural is the basic of national stability, though hanker the planting patterns that state's most area is all individual farming, but there is wide farmland in area in Xinjiang etc., be applicable to big machinery equalization, Xinjiang is also the province that national large-scale agricultural machinery is maximum, sunflower is important economic crops, a large amount of sunflowers is planted in current Xinjiang region, harvest season due to plantation amount large, so peasant is very busy, because sunflower fruit length is on sunflower head, through repeatedly knocking sunflower head by the time must be needed to dry after, fruit and sunflower head could be separated, the labor strength that the harvesting transport airing of sunflower head needs is very large, also some sunflower head crushing mechanisms are had at present, but what need the airing of sunflower head is dry especially, certain damage is had to fruit in process, fruit threshing is not thorough simultaneously, cause certain waste, a kind of sunflower head of market demand disintegrating apparatus, can be beaten and fragmentation sunflower head by breaker roll, the collection rate of sunflower fruit can be heightened, the damage of sunflower seed can be reduced simultaneously, device structure is simple, operating efficiency is high, device structure is simple, easy to use.
[summary of the invention]
Object of the present invention solves the problems of the prior art exactly, a kind of two breaker roll sunflower head threshing apparatus is proposed, can be beaten and fragmentation sunflower head by breaker roll, the collection rate of sunflower fruit can be heightened, the damage of sunflower seed can be reduced simultaneously, device structure is simple, and operating efficiency is high, easy to use.
For achieving the above object, the present invention proposes a kind of two breaker roll sunflower head threshing apparatus, comprise housing, guide rod, slippage cover, first filter, second filter, first rotating shaft, lower broken material roller, first broken charge bar, second rotating shaft, upper broken material roller, second broken charge bar, feed hopper, second broken material motor, bearing block, first broken material motor, second filtered motor, eccentric disc, rocking bar and the first filtered motor, guide rod is provided with in described housing, described housing passes on left bolt and is installed with the first filtered motor, described first filtered motor is provided with eccentric disc, described eccentric disc is provided with articulated column, described articulated column and rocking bar are articulated and connected, described rocking bar is connected with the first filter, described first filter both sides are respectively arranged with slippage cover, described slippage cover is enclosed within guide rod, be bolted on the right side of described housing and the second filtered motor is installed, described second filtered motor is provided with eccentric disc, described eccentric disc is provided with articulated column, described articulated column and rocking bar are articulated and connected, described rocking bar is connected with the second filter, described second filter top is provided with the first rotating shaft, described first rotating shaft both sides are respectively arranged with bearing block and the first broken material motor, described first rotating shaft is provided with lower broken material roller, described lower broken material roller is provided with the first broken charge bar, described first broken charge bar is arranged in lower broken material roller surface in the shape of a spiral, described lower broken material roller top is provided with the second rotating shaft, described second rotating shaft both sides are respectively arranged with the second broken material motor and bearing block, described second rotating shaft is broken with second respectively expects that motor and bearing block are connected, in described second rotating shaft, cover has upper broken material roller, described broken material roller is provided with the second broken charge bar, described housing upper is provided with feed hopper, described feed hopper longitudinal section is trapezoidal or triangle.
As preferably, described housing both sides are respectively arranged with discharging opening, and described first filter and the second filter are respectively arranged with in discharging opening.
As preferably, described first filter is provided with the first filter bores, described second filtration is provided with the second filter bores, and the diameter of described first filter bores is less than the diameter of the second filter bores.
As preferably, described first rotating shaft and first brokenly expects that motor is connected, and be provided with bearing in described bearing block, described bearing holder (housing, cover) is in the first rotating shaft.
As preferably, the described second broken charge bar is arranged on brokenly in the cambered surface of material roller in the shape of a spiral, and the length of the described second broken charge bar is less than the length of the first broken charge bar.
As preferably, the described second broken material motor, bearing block and the first broken material motor are fixedly mounted on left side or the right side of housing respectively by bolt.
Beneficial effect of the present invention: the present invention passes through housing, guide rod, slippage cover, first filter, second filter, first rotating shaft, lower broken material roller, first broken charge bar, second rotating shaft, upper broken material roller, second broken charge bar, feed hopper, second broken material motor, bearing block, first broken material motor, second filtered motor, eccentric disc, rocking bar and the first filtered motor are applied in sunflower harvest equipment, can be beaten and fragmentation sunflower head by breaker roll, the collection rate of sunflower fruit can be heightened, the damage of sunflower seed can be reduced simultaneously, device structure is simple, operating efficiency is high, easy to use.
Feature of the present invention and advantage will be described in detail by reference to the accompanying drawings by embodiment.
[accompanying drawing explanation]
Fig. 1 is the front view of the present invention's a kind of pair of breaker roll sunflower head threshing apparatus;
Fig. 2 is the right view of the present invention's a kind of pair of breaker roll sunflower head threshing apparatus.
In figure: broken material roller under 1-housing, 101-discharging opening, 2-guide rod, 3-slippage cover, 4-first filter, 5-second filter, 6-first rotating shaft, 7-, 8-first breaks charge bar, 9-second rotating shaft, the upper broken material roller of 10-, 11-second breaks charge bar, 12-feed hopper, 13-second broken material motor, 14-bearing block, 15-first is broken expects motor, 16-second filtered motor, 17-eccentric disc, 18-rocking bar, 19-first filtered motor.
[embodiment]
Consult Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, a kind of two breaker roll sunflower head threshing apparatus of the present invention, comprise housing 1, guide rod 2, slippage cover 3, first filter 4, second filter 5, first rotating shaft 6, lower broken material roller 7, first broken charge bar 8, second rotating shaft 9, upper broken material roller 10, second broken charge bar 11, feed hopper 12, second broken material motor 13, bearing block 14, first broken material motor 15, second filtered motor 16, eccentric disc 17, rocking bar 18 and the first filtered motor 19, guide rod 2 is provided with in described housing 1, described housing 1 passes on left bolt and is installed with the first filtered motor 19, described first filtered motor 19 is provided with eccentric disc 17, described eccentric disc 17 is provided with articulated column, described articulated column and rocking bar 18 are articulated and connected, described rocking bar 18 is connected with the first filter 4, described first filter 4 both sides are respectively arranged with slippage cover 3, described slippage cover 3 is enclosed within guide rod 2, be bolted on the right side of described housing 1 and second filtered motor 16 is installed, described second filtered motor 16 is provided with eccentric disc 17, described eccentric disc 17 is provided with articulated column, described articulated column and rocking bar 18 are articulated and connected, described rocking bar 18 is connected with the second filter 5, described second filter 5 top is provided with the first rotating shaft 6, described first rotating shaft 6 both sides are respectively arranged with bearing block 14 and the first broken material motor 15, described first rotating shaft 6 is provided with lower broken material roller 7, described lower broken material roller 7 is provided with the first broken charge bar 8, described first broken charge bar 8 is arranged in lower broken material roller 7 surface in the shape of a spiral, described lower broken material roller 7 top is provided with the second rotating shaft 9, described second rotating shaft 9 both sides are respectively arranged with the second broken material motor 13 and bearing block 14, described second rotating shaft 9 is broken with second respectively expects that motor 13 and bearing block 14 are connected, in described second rotating shaft 9, cover has upper broken material roller 10, described broken material roller 10 is provided with the second broken charge bar 11, described housing 1 top is provided with feed hopper 12, described feed hopper 12 longitudinal section is trapezoidal or triangle.
Concrete, described housing 1 both sides are respectively arranged with discharging opening 101, and described first filter 4 and the second filter 5 are respectively arranged with in discharging opening 101.
Concrete, described first filter 4 is provided with the first filter bores, and described second filtration is provided with the second filter bores, and the diameter of described first filter bores is less than the diameter of the second filter bores.
Concrete, described first rotating shaft 6 and first is broken and is expected that motor 15 is connected, and be provided with bearing in described bearing block 14, described bearing holder (housing, cover) is in the first rotating shaft 6.
Concrete, the described second broken charge bar 11 is arranged on brokenly in the cambered surface of material roller 10 in the shape of a spiral, and the length of the described second broken charge bar 11 is less than the length of the first broken charge bar 8.
Concrete, the described second broken material motor 13, bearing block 14 and the first broken material motor 15 are fixedly mounted on left side or the right side of housing 1 respectively by bolt.
The course of work of the present invention:
A kind of two breaker roll sunflower head threshing apparatus of the present invention in the course of the work, first sunflower head is imported in housing 1 by feed hopper 12, broken material roller 10, lower broken material roller 7 high-speed rotation is driven respectively by the second broken material motor 13 and the first broken material motor 15, simultaneously by sunflower head to upthrow, beaten and fragmentation by the first broken charge bar 8 and second broken charge bar 11 pairs of sunflower heads, it is finally sunflower fruit abscission, drive the second filter 5, first filter 4 to shake by the second filtered motor 16 and the first filtered motor 19, sunflower fruit is filtered.
A kind of two breaker roll sunflower head threshing apparatus of the present invention, by by housing 1, guide rod 2, slippage cover 3, first filter 4, second filter 5, first rotating shaft 6, lower broken material roller 7, first broken charge bar 8, second rotating shaft 9, upper broken material roller 10, second broken charge bar 11, feed hopper 12, second broken material motor 13, bearing block 14, first broken material motor 15, second filtered motor 16, eccentric disc 17, rocking bar 18 and the first filtered motor 19 are applied in sunflower harvest equipment, can be beaten and fragmentation sunflower head by breaker roll, the collection rate of sunflower fruit can be heightened, the damage of sunflower seed can be reduced simultaneously, device structure is simple, operating efficiency is high, device structure is simple, easy to use.
Above-described embodiment is to explanation of the present invention, is not limitation of the invention, anyly all belongs to protection scope of the present invention to the scheme after simple transformation of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a two breaker roll sunflower head threshing apparatus, it is characterized in that: comprise housing (1), guide rod (2), slippage cover (3), first filter (4), second filter (5), first rotating shaft (6), lower broken material roller (7), first broken charge bar (8), second rotating shaft (9), upper broken material roller (10), second broken charge bar (11), feed hopper (12), second broken material motor (13), bearing block (14), first broken material motor (15), second filtered motor (16), eccentric disc (17), rocking bar (18) and the first filtered motor (19), guide rod (2) is provided with in described housing (1), described housing (1) passes on left bolt and is installed with the first filtered motor (19), described first filtered motor (19) is provided with eccentric disc (17), (17) are provided with articulated column to described eccentric disc, described articulated column and rocking bar (18) are articulated and connected, described rocking bar (18) is connected with the first filter (4), described first filter (4) both sides are respectively arranged with slippage cover (3), described slippage cover (3) is enclosed within guide rod (2), described housing (1) right side is bolted and is provided with the second filtered motor (16), described second filtered motor (16) is provided with eccentric disc (17), (17) are provided with articulated column to described eccentric disc, described articulated column and rocking bar (18) are articulated and connected, described rocking bar (18) is connected with the second filter (5), described second filter (5) top is provided with the first rotating shaft (6), described first rotating shaft (6) both sides are respectively arranged with bearing block (14) and the first broken material motor (15), described first rotating shaft (6) is provided with lower broken material roller (7), described lower broken material roller (7) is provided with the first broken charge bar (8), described first broken charge bar (8) is arranged in lower broken material roller (7) surface in the shape of a spiral, described lower broken material roller (7) top is provided with the second rotating shaft (9), described second rotating shaft (9) both sides are respectively arranged with the second broken material motor (13) and bearing block (14), described second rotating shaft (9) is broken with second respectively expects that motor (13) and bearing block (14) are connected, the upper cover of described second rotating shaft (9) has upper broken material roller (10), described broken material roller (10) is provided with the second broken charge bar (11), described housing (1) top is provided with feed hopper (12), described feed hopper (12) longitudinal section is trapezoidal or triangle.
2. a kind of two breaker roll sunflower head threshing apparatus as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described housing (1) both sides are respectively arranged with discharging opening (101), described first filter (4) and the second filter (5) are respectively arranged with in discharging opening (101).
3. a kind of two breaker roll sunflower head threshing apparatus as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described first filter (4) is provided with the first filter bores, described second filtration is provided with the second filter bores, and the diameter of described first filter bores is less than the diameter of the second filter bores.
4. a kind of two breaker roll sunflower head threshing apparatus as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described first rotating shaft (6) and first is broken and expected that motor (15) is connected, described bearing block is provided with bearing in (14), and described bearing holder (housing, cover) is in the first rotating shaft (6).
5. a kind of two breaker roll sunflower head threshing apparatus as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the described second broken charge bar (11) is arranged on brokenly in the cambered surface of material roller (10) in the shape of a spiral, the length of the described second broken charge bar (11) is less than the length of the first broken charge bar (8).
6. a kind of two breaker roll sunflower head threshing apparatus as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: the described second broken material motor (13), bearing block (14) and the first broken material motor (15) are fixedly mounted on left side or the right side of housing (1) respectively by bolt.
CN201510428723.6A 2015-07-20 2015-07-20 Sunflower head degranulating equipment with double crushing rolls Active CN105165273B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN105165273B CN105165273B (en) 2017-04-12

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105993402A (en) * 2016-06-07 2016-10-12 赵文林 Agricultural rapeseed rolling type extraction device
CN106068952A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-11-09 赖克昌 White lotus bur removing machine and white lotus take off fluffy method
CN108142109A (en) * 2018-03-12 2018-06-12 郭明月 A kind of Gan Thlaspis flower takes seed equipment

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201290248Y (en) * 2008-07-11 2009-08-19 李世全 Multifunctional double-roller corn threshing device
US20100018177A1 (en) * 2008-04-22 2010-01-28 Ricketts Jonathan E Agricultural combine with internal cob de-husking apparatus and system
CN202043466U (en) * 2011-04-26 2011-11-23 杨丰力 Corn thresher
CN203814228U (en) * 2014-05-19 2014-09-10 韩天判 Sunflower deseeding machine
CN204217499U (en) * 2014-10-29 2015-03-25 许开军 The threshing of a kind of sunflower head, sieve storage device

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20100018177A1 (en) * 2008-04-22 2010-01-28 Ricketts Jonathan E Agricultural combine with internal cob de-husking apparatus and system
CN201290248Y (en) * 2008-07-11 2009-08-19 李世全 Multifunctional double-roller corn threshing device
CN202043466U (en) * 2011-04-26 2011-11-23 杨丰力 Corn thresher
CN203814228U (en) * 2014-05-19 2014-09-10 韩天判 Sunflower deseeding machine
CN204217499U (en) * 2014-10-29 2015-03-25 许开军 The threshing of a kind of sunflower head, sieve storage device

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105993402A (en) * 2016-06-07 2016-10-12 赵文林 Agricultural rapeseed rolling type extraction device
CN105993402B (en) * 2016-06-07 2017-12-08 重庆妙坤生物科技有限责任公司 A kind of agricultural oils vegetable seed compaction type extraction element
CN106068952A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-11-09 赖克昌 White lotus bur removing machine and white lotus take off fluffy method
CN106068952B (en) * 2016-08-31 2018-07-24 赖克昌 White lotus bur removing machine and white lotus take off fluffy method
CN108142109A (en) * 2018-03-12 2018-06-12 郭明月 A kind of Gan Thlaspis flower takes seed equipment

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Effective date of registration: 20190516

Address after: 230000 B-1512, west of Ganquan Road, Shushan District, Hefei, Anhui.

Patentee after: Anhui Eagle Dragon Industrial Design Co., Ltd.

Address before: 311800 Central School of Lipu Town, Zhuji City, Shaoxing City, Zhejiang Province

Patentee before: Chen Jugen

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Effective date of registration: 20191111

Address after: 063000 Kaiyue road Xidong magezhuang north, Kaiping District, Tangshan City, Hebei Province

Patentee after: Tangshan Dingchen Food Co., Ltd.

Address before: Ganquan road Shushan District of Hefei City, Anhui Province, 230000 West hillock road to the South Wild Garden commercial office building room B-1512

Patentee before: Anhui Eagle Dragon Industrial Design Co., Ltd.