CN106068952B - White lotus bur removing machine and white lotus take off fluffy method - Google Patents

White lotus bur removing machine and white lotus take off fluffy method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106068952B
CN106068952B CN201610772332.0A CN201610772332A CN106068952B CN 106068952 B CN106068952 B CN 106068952B CN 201610772332 A CN201610772332 A CN 201610772332A CN 106068952 B CN106068952 B CN 106068952B
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China
Prior art keywords
lotus
master rotor
roller
separate mesh
white lotus
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201610772332.0A
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CN106068952A (en
Inventor
赖克昌
赖明明
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赖克昌
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Priority to CN201610772332.0A priority Critical patent/CN106068952B/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F11/00Threshing apparatus specially adapted for maize; Threshing apparatus specially adapted for particular crops other than cereals

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of white lotus bur removing machine and take off fluffy method, belong to agricultural mechanical equipment field, the bur removing machine includes rack, frame upper end is equipped with the opposite master rotor of feed well and rotation direction, propulsion roller, it promotes and is equipped with the corresponding bar shaped separate mesh of two panels between roller and master rotor, it is connect with blow tank by filter screen below bar shaped separate mesh, promotes and be equipped with carbine on roller and master rotor, every carbine each extends in the bar shaped separate mesh of corresponding side;The method comprising the steps of:Cutting, transmission, crushes residue, filtering and discharging side by side at charging.The present invention realizes the automatically de- fluffy of white lotus, and during de- fluffy, it is ensured that white lotus lotus seeds are intact, and integrated artistic is simple and convenient to operate.

Description

White lotus bur removing machine and white lotus take off fluffy method
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural machineries, in particular to a kind of white lotus bur removing machine and white lotus take off fluffy method.
Background technology
China is the source area of white lotus, producing region be concentrated mainly on Jiangxi Province, Hunan Province, Hubei Province, Fujian Province, Jiangsu Province, The ground such as Zhejiang Province, wherein Jiangxi Province Guangchang possess the ponds the first in the world great Lian and the most intensive place of white lotus cultivated area.White In the plantation pick and process of lotus, it is a link very time-consuming, arduously that white lotus, which takes off fluffy,.White lotus takes off the seasonal strong, labor of fluffy operation Fatigue resistance is big.Therefore it is the key that lotus agriculture increases income to ensure that white lotus takes off fluffy, the de- fluffy efficiency of raising in time.
The seedpod of the lotus of iron lotus seeds is withered, and iron lotus seeds hardness itself is higher, takes off fluffy process in separation, bur removing machine tool will not damage iron Lotus seeds.But the white lotus seedpod of the lotus is different, and the white lotus seedpod of the lotus and lotus seeds are softer, since the softness of the seedpod of the lotus and lotus seeds is close, during de- fluffy It is easy to cause lotus seeds breakage.Ensure that lotus seeds are intact while the seedpod of the lotus is detached from clean, is always that technology urgently to be resolved hurrily is difficult Point.
Invention content
In order to overcome the shortcomings of that existing technology, a kind of white lotus bur removing machine of present invention offer and white lotus take off fluffy method, realize Efficiently, it rapidly takes off fluffy, take off fluffy efficiency with greatly improving white lotus.
Technical solution of the present invention is as described below:
White lotus bur removing machine, which is characterized in that including rack, the upper end of the rack is equipped with feed well, in the feed well It is equipped with master rotor, and turn of the propulsion roller and the master rotor equipped with roller, the front lower place of the propulsion roller is promoted Dynamic direction on the contrary,
The corresponding bar shaped separate mesh of two panels is equipped between the propulsion roller and the master rotor, bar shaped described in two panels divides Hopper is formed between off-network, is connect with blow tank by filter screen below the hopper,
Several carbines are equipped on the propulsion roller and the master rotor, the every carbine each extends to correspondence In the bar shaped separate mesh of side.
According to the present invention of said program, which is characterized in that the bar shaped separate mesh includes promoting separate mesh and main separation Net, the propulsion separate mesh are set in front of the propulsion roller, and the main separate mesh is set in front of the master rotor.
According to the present invention of said program, which is characterized in that the master rotor rear is equipped with residue discharge port.
According to the present invention of said program, which is characterized in that the distribution for being located at the carbine on the master rotor is close Degree is more than the distribution density for the carbine being located on the propulsion roller.
According to the present invention of said program, which is characterized in that the side of the side and the master rotor of the propulsion roller It is equipped with flat speed belt wheel, two flat speed belt wheels are connect by the second conveyer belt with speed reducing pulley, and the speed reducing pulley passes through first Conveyer belt is connect with the electrical machine belt pulley on motor.
According to the present invention of said program, which is characterized in that the motor is set to the rack lower end.
According to the present invention of said program, which is characterized in that the material of the master rotor and the propulsion roller is hard Rubber, the bottom of the carbine is inside vulcanie material.
According to the present invention of said program, which is characterized in that the carbine include spring and be set to the spring at front end Bending hook arm, the length is 20mm, and the brachium of the hook arm is 35mm, a length of 10mm of hook, bending angle 150 Degree, the spring, the arm and the hook three are integral.
According to the present invention of said program, which is characterized in that the gap of the bar shaped separate mesh is less than the minimum of white lotus grain Diameter.
According to the present invention of said program, which is characterized in that the side of the rack is additionally provided with cutting disc saw.
According to the present invention of said program, which is characterized in that the cutting disc saw connects with described one end for promoting roller It connects.
According to the present invention of said program, which is characterized in that the propulsion roller positioned at the hopper side turns downwards Dynamic, the master rotor positioned at the hopper side is rotated up.
White lotus takes off fluffy method, which is characterized in that includes the following steps:
1)White lotus is placed in the side of white lotus bur removing machine, is obstructed using cutting disc saw cut lotus;
2)Put the seedpod of the lotus of well cutting into feed well;
3)Roller is promoted to transmit the seedpod of the lotus downwards, master rotor rotates up so that the seedpod of the lotus is between two rollers It stops;
4)It is described that the carbine on roller and the master rotor is promoted to crush the seedpod of the lotus, and by the master rotor On the carbine by the residue of the seedpod of the lotus by promoting separate mesh and main separate mesh to take out of, be discharged by residue discharge port;
5)Its own gravity makes lotus grain fall downwards from the gap between the carbine on the master rotor, and It falls on filter screen;
6)After tiny sundries is discharged by filter screen, the lotus grain falls into blow tank.
According to the present invention of said program, advantage is, can automatically change with the size of the seedpod of the lotus at work Direction, adjust automatically dynamics, and lotus seeds are not damaged, separation is thorough, can be very good to realize that white lotus takes off fluffy;In de- fluffy process In, white lotus breakage is avoided that while smashing the seedpod of the lotus using roller bearing configuration carbine, it is ensured that white lotus lotus seeds are intact;This hair Bright overall structure is simple, and Operation and maintenance are convenient, while safety coefficient is high;Entirety occupies little space, affected convenience, without relying on Professional person operates, and has a wide range of application.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is side structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
In the figure 1, feed well;2, flat speed belt wheel;3, flat speed belt wheel;4, speed reducing pulley;5, electrical machine belt pulley;6, it promotes and divides Off-network;7, main separate mesh;8, carbine;9, master rotor;10, blow tank;11, roller is promoted;12, filter screen;13, cutting disc Saw.
Specific implementation mode
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and the present invention is further described in embodiment:
As shown in Figs. 1-3, a kind of white lotus bur removing machine, including rack(It is not marked in figure, similarly hereinafter), the upper end of rack be equipped with into Hopper 1, interior be equipped with of feed well 1 promote roller 11, promote the front lower place of roller 11 to be equipped with master rotor 9, and promote 11 He of roller The rotation direction of master rotor 9 is opposite.
9 rear of master rotor is equipped with residue discharge port(It is not shown in figure, similarly hereinafter).
It promotes and is equipped with the corresponding bar shaped separate mesh of two panels between roller 11 and master rotor 9, between two panels bar shaped separate mesh Form hopper(It is not marked in figure, similarly hereinafter), it is connect with blow tank 10 by filter screen 12 below hopper, the gap of bar shaped separate mesh Less than the minimum diameter of white lotus grain, lotus seeds grain is made to be stored in hopper.Propulsion roller 11 positioned at hopper side rotates down, and is located at The master rotor 9 of hopper side is rotated up, and it is 200r/min to promote the rotating speed of roller 11 and master rotor 9.Bar shaped separate mesh includes Separate mesh 6 and main separate mesh 7 are promoted, promotes separate mesh 6 to be set to and promotes 11 front of roller, before 7 nets of main separation are set to master rotor 9 Side.
It promoting and is equipped with several carbines 8 on roller 11 and master rotor 9, the material of carbine 8 is the steel that model is 40Cr, Carbine 6 includes the hook arm of spring and the bending set on spring at front end, and the brachium of length 20mm, hook arm are 35mm, hook A length of 10mm, bending angle are 150 degree, and spring, arm and hook three are integral.Due to carbine 8 have some strength and Elasticity, can all around swinging for certain distance can be to avoid the injury of dialogue lotus grain, and can the seedpod of the lotus be taken out of by carbine 8 Residue is discharged from residue discharge port.
The material of master rotor 9 and propulsion roller 11 is vulcanie, and the bottom of carbine 8 is in vulcanie material Portion.Every carbine 8 each extends in the bar shaped separate mesh of corresponding side, it is preferred that is located at the carbine 8 on master rotor 9 Distribution density is more than the distribution density for being located at and promoting the carbine 8 on roller 11.
Rack lower end is equipped with motor, and the side of the side and master rotor 9 that promote roller 11 is equipped with flat speed belt wheel 2,3, and two A flat speed belt wheel 2,3 is connect by the second conveyer belt with speed reducing pulley 4, and speed reducing pulley 4 passes through on the first conveyer belt and motor Electrical machine belt pulley 5 connects, and the rotating speed of motor is 1400r/min, power 850W.
The side of rack is additionally provided with cutting disc saw 13, and cutting disc saw 13 connect with one end of roller 11 is promoted, cuts Circular saw 13 cuts the stalk of the seedpod of the lotus.
The present invention realizes that white lotus takes off fluffy method and includes the following steps:
1, white lotus is placed in the side of white lotus bur removing machine, obstructed using 13 cutting lotus of cutting disc saw.
2, the seedpod of the lotus of well cutting is put into feed well 1.
3, roller 11 is promoted to transmit the seedpod of the lotus downwards, master rotor 9 rotates up so that the seedpod of the lotus stops between two rollers.
4, the carbine 8 on roller 11 and master rotor 9 is promoted to crush the seedpod of the lotus, and by the carbine 8 on master rotor 9 By the residue of the seedpod of the lotus by promoting separate mesh and main separate mesh to take out of, it is discharged by residue discharge port.
5, its own gravity makes lotus grain fall downwards from the gap between carbine 8, and falls on filter screen 12.
6, after tiny sundries being discharged by filter screen 12, lotus grain falls into blow tank 10.
It should be understood that for those of ordinary skills, it can be modified or changed according to the above description, And all these modifications and variations should all belong to the protection domain of appended claims of the present invention.
Illustrative description has been carried out to patent of the present invention above in conjunction with attached drawing, it is clear that the realization of patent of the present invention not by The limitation of aforesaid way, if the various improvement of the methodology and technical solution progress of patent of the present invention are used, or without It improves and the design of patent of the present invention and technical solution is directly applied into other occasions, be within the scope of the invention.

Claims (9)

1. white lotus bur removing machine, which is characterized in that including rack, the upper end of the rack is equipped with feed well, is set in the feed well There is propulsion roller, it is described that the front lower place of roller is promoted to be equipped with master rotor, and the rotation for promoting roller and the master rotor Direction on the contrary,
The corresponding bar shaped separate mesh of two panels is equipped between the propulsion roller and the master rotor, bar shaped separate mesh described in two panels Between form hopper, connect with blow tank by filter screen below the hopper, the bar shaped separate mesh includes propulsion separate mesh With main separate mesh, the propulsion separate mesh is set in front of the propulsion roller, and the main separate mesh is set in front of the master rotor,
Several carbines are equipped on the propulsion roller and the master rotor, the every carbine each extends to corresponding side The bar shaped separate mesh in.
2. white lotus bur removing machine according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the master rotor rear is equipped with residue discharge port.
3. white lotus bur removing machine according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the side for promoting roller and the master rotor Side be equipped with flat speed belt wheel, two flat speed belt wheels are connect by the second conveyer belt with speed reducing pulley, the deceleration strip Wheel is connect by the first conveyer belt with the electrical machine belt pulley on motor.
4. white lotus bur removing machine according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the motor is set to the rack lower end.
5. white lotus bur removing machine according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the gap of the bar shaped separate mesh is less than white lotus grain Minimum diameter.
6. white lotus bur removing machine according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the side of the rack is additionally provided with cutting disc Saw.
7. white lotus bur removing machine according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the cutting disc saw and the propulsion roller One end connects.
8. white lotus bur removing machine according to claim 1, which is characterized in that be located at the propulsion roller of the hopper side It rotates down, the master rotor positioned at the hopper side is rotated up.
9. taking off fluffy method using the white lotus of the white lotus bur removing machine described in claim 1-8 any one, which is characterized in that including with Lower step:
1) white lotus is placed in the side of white lotus bur removing machine, is obstructed using cutting disc saw cut lotus;
2) seedpod of the lotus of well cutting is put into feed well;
3) roller is promoted to transmit the seedpod of the lotus downwards, master rotor rotates up so that the seedpod of the lotus stops between two rollers It stays;
4) described that the carbine on roller and the master rotor is promoted to crush the seedpod of the lotus, and by the master rotor The residue of the seedpod of the lotus by promoting separate mesh and main separate mesh to take out of, is discharged the carbine by residue discharge port;
5) its own gravity makes lotus grain fall downwards from the gap between the carbine on the master rotor, and falls into On filter screen;
6) after tiny sundries being discharged by filter screen, the lotus grain falls into blow tank.
CN201610772332.0A 2016-08-31 2016-08-31 White lotus bur removing machine and white lotus take off fluffy method Expired - Fee Related CN106068952B (en)

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CN201610772332.0A CN106068952B (en) 2016-08-31 2016-08-31 White lotus bur removing machine and white lotus take off fluffy method

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610772332.0A CN106068952B (en) 2016-08-31 2016-08-31 White lotus bur removing machine and white lotus take off fluffy method

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CN106068952B true CN106068952B (en) 2018-07-24

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Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110583244B (en) * 2019-09-06 2021-11-30 江西省农业机械研究所 Fresh lotus seedpod shelling machine

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201515677U (en) * 2009-09-21 2010-06-30 黄小从 Lotus seedpod threshing machine
CN202535765U (en) * 2012-03-28 2012-11-21 洪湖市莲芯机械制造有限公司 Lotus seed remover
CN104322218A (en) * 2014-10-17 2015-02-04 王庆忠 Sesame threshing machine
CN204763266U (en) * 2015-06-08 2015-11-18 广东科技学院 Machine is peeled off to chinese chestnut bud burr
CN105165273A (en) * 2015-07-20 2015-12-23 陈巨根 Sunflower head degranulating equipment with double crushing rolls
CN205492502U (en) * 2016-03-22 2016-08-24 山东科技大学 Novel blue or green walnut decorticator
CN206042864U (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-03-29 赖克昌 White lotus bur removing machine

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201515677U (en) * 2009-09-21 2010-06-30 黄小从 Lotus seedpod threshing machine
CN202535765U (en) * 2012-03-28 2012-11-21 洪湖市莲芯机械制造有限公司 Lotus seed remover
CN104322218A (en) * 2014-10-17 2015-02-04 王庆忠 Sesame threshing machine
CN204763266U (en) * 2015-06-08 2015-11-18 广东科技学院 Machine is peeled off to chinese chestnut bud burr
CN105165273A (en) * 2015-07-20 2015-12-23 陈巨根 Sunflower head degranulating equipment with double crushing rolls
CN205492502U (en) * 2016-03-22 2016-08-24 山东科技大学 Novel blue or green walnut decorticator
CN206042864U (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-03-29 赖克昌 White lotus bur removing machine

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Granted publication date: 20180724

Termination date: 20200831