CN105053595B - Emergent sheep and supplementary feeding full-valence pellet feed and preparation method are herded using maize straw - Google Patents

Emergent sheep and supplementary feeding full-valence pellet feed and preparation method are herded using maize straw Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105053595B
CN105053595B CN201510415563.1A CN201510415563A CN105053595B CN 105053595 B CN105053595 B CN 105053595B CN 201510415563 A CN201510415563 A CN 201510415563A CN 105053595 B CN105053595 B CN 105053595B
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sheep
maize straw
supplementary feeding
feeding
feed
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CN105053595A (en
Inventor
吴建平
张利平
张明贤
张昌吉
成述儒
郭武君
宫旭胤
张勇
李晓梅
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Gansu Agricultural University
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Gansu Agricultural University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

It the present invention relates to the use of maize straw and herd the emergent feed formula and preparation method thereof with supplementary feeding full-valence pellet feed of sheep.It is a kind of to herd that sheep is emergent and supplementary feeding full-valence pellet feed using maize straw, it is mainly characterized by feedstuff and forms by weight percentage:Molasses are 4.0%~4.5%, wheat bran 17.0%~20.0%, maize straw 40.0%~48.0%, Soybean Meal 8.0%~9.5%, Cottonseed Meal 8.0%~9.5%, corn 10.0%~15.0%, salt 0.5%~1.0%, mountain flour 1.0%~2.0%.The present invention is developed and the sheep of herding of corn stalk raw material is made full use of to meet an urgent need supplementary feeding special full-valence pellet feed formula based on maize straw, molasses.It is an advantage of the invention that can make full use of maize straw resource, meet sheep nutritional need, palatability it is good, it is at low cost, convenient for storage transport and feeding, waste less, especially can when herding sheep and only cannot herd suddenly or lack forage grass and feed safe supplementary feeding, can make to herd fodder grass vacancy phase caused by sheep rides out extreme climate and insufficient phase.

Description

Emergent sheep and supplementary feeding full-valence pellet feed and preparation method are herded using maize straw
Technical field
It the present invention relates to the use of maize straw and herd the emergent feed formula and its preparation with supplementary feeding full-valence pellet feed of sheep Method.
Background technology
China pastoral area is influenced big by extreme climate, and especially annual winter-spring season severe cold adds severe snow to make grazing sheep can not Normal grazing is searched for food or cannot be herded, and pastoral area lacks fodder grass of meeting an urgent need, and livestock often occurs and loses flesh, and dam miscarriage, be born cub Due to a lack of forage grass and feed since starvation causes large quantities of domestic animals dead when survival rate is low, the condition of a disaster is serious.This drastically influences pastoral area poultry The stable development of animal husbandry, and China is grain big country and stalk big country, at present stalk resource be incinerated that phenomenon is serious, this is not Only waste of resource and cause environmental pollution.Thus based on maize straw, molasses, it is main former to develop with maize straw Material herds the special full-valence pellet feed of the emergent supplementary feeding of sheep.
Invention content
It is provided it is an object of the invention to avoid in place of the deficiencies in the prior art and a kind of herding sheep using maize straw and answer Anxious and supplementary feeding full-valence pellet feed.With solve to herd sheep it is emergent when, as emergent feed Direct-fed.
Another object of the present invention is to a kind of the emergent system with supplementary feeding full-valence pellet feed of sheep is herded using maize straw Preparation Method.
To achieve the above object, the technical solution that the present invention takes is:It is a kind of that using maize straw to herd sheep emergent and mend Full-valence pellet feed is raised, the composition of feedstuff by weight percentage is mainly characterized by:Molasses are 4.0%~4.5%, bran Skin 17.0%~20.0%, maize straw 40.0%~48.0%, Soybean Meal 8.0%~9.5%, Cottonseed Meal 8.0%~ 9.5%, corn 10.0%~15.0%, salt 0.5%~1.0%, mountain flour 1.0%~2.0%.
Described herds the emergent preparation method with supplementary feeding full-valence pellet feed of sheep using maize straw, and main feature exists It is in step:
The sieve of raw material corn straw smashing, crushing be should be less than into 1.0mm, each raw material is weighed by above-mentioned, be uniformly mixed, send Enter granulator, pelletize, a diameter of 5-8mm of feed granules, length 8-12mm, feed granules density is 1.2-1.3g/cm2, Grain intensity is 0.8-1.0kg.f/cm2, cooling, moisture content is packaged in 10%-14%, pellet finished product.
Described herds the emergent feeding method with supplementary feeding full-valence pellet feed of sheep using maize straw, and main feature exists In herd sheep it is emergent when, by its corresponding feeding standard (NRC standards) nutritional requirements, the daily equivalent of daily ration feeds (morning at twice Morning 8:00, afternoon 17:00), in 15 days, sheep is only safe;As supplementary feeding material wanting for supplementary feeding nutritional amt is only needed by its corresponding sheep Seek determining scale of feeding.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:By corn straw smashing and fine fodder hybrid process at granulating full price mixed ration, have Conducive to the utilization rate of stalk is improved, the waste of stalk resource is reduced, reduces feed cost, while can be to be carried under extreme weather conditions Supplementary feeding feed is provided for emergent feed PP Pipe Compound and to herd sheep.
Based on maize straw, molasses, develop it is a kind of using maize straw as primary raw material to herd sheep emergent and mend Special full-valence pellet feed is raised, develops and the sheep of herding of corn stalk raw material is made full use of to meet an urgent need supplementary feeding special full-valence pellet feed Formula.It is an advantage of the invention that can make full use of, maize straw resource, to meet sheep nutritional need, palatability good, at low cost, just In storage transport and feeding, waste less, especially can herd sheep only cannot herd suddenly or lack forage grass and feed when safety Supplementary feeding can make to herd fodder grass vacancy phase caused by sheep rides out extreme climate and insufficient phase.
Specific implementation mode
Principles and features of the present invention are described with reference to embodiments, the given examples are served only to explain the present invention, It is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention.Present disclosure is described in detail below.
Embodiment 1:It is a kind of to herd that sheep is emergent and supplementary feeding full-valence pellet feed using maize straw, feedstuff by weight hundred Divide the composition of ratio, molasses 4.2%, wheat bran 17.2%, maize straw 46.0%, Soybean Meal 8.6%, Cottonseed Meal 8.6%, corn 12.4%, salt 1.0%, mountain flour 2%.
The nutrient component meter of the present invention
Described herds the emergent preparation method with supplementary feeding full-valence pellet feed of sheep using maize straw, and main feature exists It is in step:
The sieve of raw material corn straw smashing, crushing be should be less than into 1.0mm, each raw material is weighed by above-mentioned, be uniformly mixed, send Enter granulator, pelletize, a diameter of 6mm of feed granules, length 10mm, feed granules density is 1.2-1.3g/cm2, particle is strong Degree is 0.8-1.0kg.f/cm2, cooling, moisture content is packaged in 10%-14%, pellet finished product.
Described herds the emergent feeding method with supplementary feeding full-valence pellet feed of sheep using maize straw, and main feature exists In herd sheep it is emergent when, by its corresponding feeding standard (NRC standards) nutritional requirements, the daily equivalent of daily ration feeds (morning at twice Morning 8:00, afternoon 17:00), in 15 days, sheep is only safe;As supplementary feeding material wanting for supplementary feeding nutritional amt is only needed by its corresponding sheep Seek determining scale of feeding.
Embodiment 2:It is a kind of to herd that sheep is emergent and supplementary feeding full-valence pellet feed using maize straw, feedstuff by weight hundred Divide the composition of ratio, molasses 4.5%, wheat bran 19.5%, maize straw 48.0%, Soybean Meal 8.0%, Cottonseed Meal 8.0%, corn 10.0%, salt 1.0%, mountain flour 1.0%.
Described herds the emergent preparation method with supplementary feeding full-valence pellet feed of sheep using maize straw, and main feature exists It is in step:
The sieve of raw material corn straw smashing, crushing be should be less than into 1.0mm, each raw material is weighed by above-mentioned, be uniformly mixed, send Enter granulator, pelletize, a diameter of 5mm of feed granules, length 8mm, feed granules density is 1.2-1.3g/cm2, granule strength It is 0.8-1.0kg.f/cm2, cooling, moisture content is packaged in 10%-14%, pellet finished product.
Described herds the emergent feeding method with supplementary feeding full-valence pellet feed of sheep using maize straw, and main feature exists In herd sheep it is emergent when, by its corresponding feeding standard (NRC standards) nutritional requirements, the daily equivalent of daily ration feeds (morning at twice Morning 8:00, afternoon 17:00), in 15 days, sheep is only safe;As supplementary feeding material wanting for supplementary feeding nutritional amt is only needed by its corresponding sheep Seek determining scale of feeding.
Embodiment 3:It is a kind of to herd that sheep is emergent and supplementary feeding full-valence pellet feed using maize straw, feedstuff by weight hundred Divide the composition of ratio, molasses 4.0%, wheat bran 17.0%, maize straw 42.0%, Soybean Meal 9.5%, Cottonseed Meal 9.5%, corn 15.0%, salt 1.0%, mountain flour 2%.
Described herds the emergent preparation method with supplementary feeding full-valence pellet feed of sheep using maize straw, and main feature exists It is in step:
The sieve of raw material corn straw smashing, crushing be should be less than into 1.0mm, each raw material is weighed by above-mentioned, be uniformly mixed, send Enter granulator, pelletize, a diameter of 8mm of feed granules, length 12mm, feed granules density is 1.2-1.3g/cm2, particle is strong Degree is 0.8-1.0kg.f/cm2, cooling, moisture content is packaged in 10%-14%, pellet finished product.
Described herds the emergent feeding method with supplementary feeding full-valence pellet feed of sheep using maize straw, and main feature exists In herd sheep it is emergent when, by its corresponding feeding standard (NRC standards) nutritional requirements, the daily equivalent of daily ration feeds (morning at twice Morning 8:00, afternoon 17:00), in 15 days, sheep is only safe;As supplementary feeding material wanting for supplementary feeding nutritional amt is only needed by its corresponding sheep Seek determining scale of feeding.
Experimental example:It is a kind of to herd that sheep is emergent and supplementary feeding full-valence pellet feed using maize straw, feedstuff by weight hundred Divide the composition of ratio, molasses 4.2%, wheat bran 17.2%, maize straw 46.0%, Soybean Meal 8.6%, Cottonseed Meal 8.6%, corn 12.4%, salt 1.0%, mountain flour 2%.
The emergent preparation method with supplementary feeding full-valence pellet feed of sheep is herded using maize straw:
Raw material corn straw smashing, the sieve that raw material crushes should be less than 1.0mm, each original weighed in above-mentioned feed formula ratio Material is uniformly mixed, and is sent into granulator, granulation, feed granules a diameter of 6mm, length 10mm, and feed granules density is about 1.2-1.3g/cm2, granule strength is 0.8-1.0kg.f/cm2, cooling, moisture content is beaten in 10%-14%, pellet finished product Packet.
Dispensing:Using mixing machine or manually mixed;
Granulation:Using Flat die granulating machine, there is pressing mold (template) and pressure roller, pressure roller material is squeezed out die hole.Particle If by squeezing die hole particle is made to the frictional resistance of material in bulk cargo by owner.Granulator using when need to preheat half in advance Hour.If first time forming effect is bad, need to carry out secondary granulation;
It is cooling:Temperature is relatively high when particulate material processes, and particle is frangible, cannot directly pack, it is necessary to be placed cold But it is packed again after, is otherwise easy to happen and goes mouldy;
Packaging:Oneself produces and uses simply to be got up with knitting bagged, the place of unsuitable humidity is placed on, in case waiting for With.It then needs to carry out special commercial packing with machine if it is commodity production.
Requirement to Pelleting
(1) particle is uniform, and surface is smooth, and hardness is moderate, is of moderate size and (can control granular size by exchanging template);
(2) moisture content is in 10%-14%, to store;
(3) since the density of particle can influence the productivity, energy consumption, hardness etc. of particle pressing machine, so feed granules are close Degree is about 1.2-1.3g/cm2, granule strength is 0.8-1.0kg.f/cm2
(4) granulation coefficient is exactly that feed is made the weight after particle and the weight ratio before granulation, it is general require be more than 95% is advisable;
The practical application effect of the present invention
It chooses good 9 body conditions, health and the sheep equipped with permanence lymphoma stomach fistulization pipe and carries out Animal experiment, and pass through Nylon Bag measures dynamic degradability of the present invention in cud, and the rumen fluid for acquiring different time sees the present invention to cud inner ring The influence of border index has finally also carried out the detection of blood physiological and biochemical indices.Experiment results proved sheep is after applying the present invention Each index belongs to normally, has no adverse reaction.It can be applied when extreme weather causes sheep that cannot herd, solve sheep at this Feed problem in one period.
Each index determining value see the table below
1) dynamic change of dry matters, protein, neutral detergent fiber, acid detergent fiber in cud
Incubation time (h) in cud Dry matter Protein Neutral detergent fiber Acid detergent fiber
0 3.96±0.78 1.40±0.29 2.08±0.43 2.23±0.28
2 21.60±0.61 16.94±1.22 10.22±0.99 19.51±0.89
6 27.39±1.62 25.93±0.87 13.27±0.68 21.93±0.48
12 38.30±1.32 35.14±2.01 23.68±0.87 30.16±0.66
24 40.93±1.08 41.70±1.21 25.56±0.78 37.82±0.55
36 47.12±1.05 48.48±0.97 30.22±0.80 38.88±0.54
48 54.30±0.89 53.66±0.63 37.50±0.58 41.52±0.61
72 61.87±0.70 62.44±0.97 41.95±1.23 46.78±1.03
2) each biochemical indicator of Blood In Sheeps
3) in rumen fluids each index dynamic change
Acquisition time (h) pH Total nitrogen Proteinic nitrogen Ammonia nitrogen
0 6.64±0.16 39.19±5.05 33.88±4.60 4.99±0.76
2 5.96±0.14 46.34±4.27 39.38±4.21 6.38±0.31
4 6.01±0.26 32.40±9.73 26.63±9.65 5.37±0.74
6 6.17±0.32 33.77±6.46 30.02±6.57 3.49±0.42
8 6.30±0.25 40.06±4.45 37.83±4.47 1.99±0.20
(drylot feeding) is tested by the Digestion And Metabolism In Sheep of rumen fistula and herds Gansu alpine sheep in happy township of Subei, Gansu Province Nankang Nonpregnant ewe (feeds amount 0.96kg, morning 8 for every daily by the maintenance requirement of feeding standard (NRC standards):00, afternoon 17: 00, respectively feed 0.48kg), lactation ewe (feed amount 1.86kg, morning 8 for every daily by feeding standard (NRC standards) requirement: 00, afternoon 17:00, respectively feed 0.93kg., lamb is by the feeding of experiment family conventional method) the emergent practical application experiment that feeds respectively (15 days experimental periods), without the feed excessive phase, test result shows that the feed is directly raised as drylot feeding sheep with the daily ration for herding sheep Hello, the daily equivalent of daily ration feeds (morning 8 at twice:00, afternoon 17:00), experiment sheep is only safe.
The above embodiment is a preferred embodiment of the present invention, but embodiments of the present invention are not by above-described embodiment Limitation, it is other it is any without departing from the spirit and principles of the present invention made by changes, modifications, substitutions, combinations, simplifications, Equivalent substitute mode is should be, is included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of utilization maize straw herds sheep and meets an urgent need and supplementary feeding full-valence pellet feed, it is characterised in that feedstuff by weight hundred Divide than composition:Molasses are 4.0%~4.5%, wheat bran 17.0%~20.0%, maize straw 40.0%~48.0%, Soybean Meal 8.0%~9.5%, Cottonseed Meal 8.0%~9.5%, corn 10.0%~15.0%, salt 0.5%~1.0%, mountain flour 1.0% ~2.0%.
2. the emergent preparation method with supplementary feeding full-valence pellet feed of sheep is herded using maize straw as described in claim 1, It is characterized in that step is:
The sieve of raw material corn straw smashing, crushing be should be less than into 1.0mm, each raw material is weighed by claim 1, be uniformly mixed, It is sent into granulator, granulation, a diameter of 5-8mm of feed granules, length 8-12mm, feed granules density is 1.2-1.3g/cm2, Granule strength is 0.8-1.0kg.f/cm2, cooling, moisture content is packaged in 10%-14%, pellet finished product.
3. the emergent feeding method with supplementary feeding full-valence pellet feed of sheep is herded using maize straw as described in claim 1, When being characterized in that herding sheep meets an urgent need, by its corresponding feeding standard nutritional requirements, the daily equivalent of daily ration is fed at twice, 15 It is interior;The requirement of supplementary feeding nutritional amt is only needed to determine scale of feeding by its corresponding sheep as supplementary feeding material.
CN201510415563.1A 2015-07-15 2015-07-15 Emergent sheep and supplementary feeding full-valence pellet feed and preparation method are herded using maize straw Expired - Fee Related CN105053595B (en)

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CN105494941A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-04-20 天津芯慧鸿业科技发展有限公司 Cattle-sheep energy feed and processing method thereof
CN105724799A (en) * 2016-03-21 2016-07-06 兰州大学 Special emergency feed prepared from corn straws and preparation method of special emergency feed prepared from corn straws
CN106018027B (en) * 2016-05-27 2018-11-27 甘肃农业大学 A kind of sample preparation methods of scanning electron microscope
CN106173297B (en) * 2016-07-14 2020-02-28 四川省畜牧科学研究院 Fattening complete formula pellet feed for barn-fed meat goat fat cakes and preparation method

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CN1457669A (en) * 2003-06-20 2003-11-26 北京精准动物营养研究中心 Method for preparing compound granular fodder for cow and sheep using plant stalk and agricultural and sideline products
CN102423012A (en) * 2011-11-21 2012-04-25 江苏省农业科学院 Lamb-fattening total mixed rations based on corn stover silage
CN104397343A (en) * 2014-12-08 2015-03-11 柳州东侯生物能源科技有限公司 Preparation method of crop straw biological pellet feed
CN104621400A (en) * 2015-02-04 2015-05-20 河南科技大学 Fattening feed for house-feeding sheep and preparation method thereof

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1457669A (en) * 2003-06-20 2003-11-26 北京精准动物营养研究中心 Method for preparing compound granular fodder for cow and sheep using plant stalk and agricultural and sideline products
CN102423012A (en) * 2011-11-21 2012-04-25 江苏省农业科学院 Lamb-fattening total mixed rations based on corn stover silage
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CN104621400A (en) * 2015-02-04 2015-05-20 河南科技大学 Fattening feed for house-feeding sheep and preparation method thereof

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