CN105009851A - Lilium speciosum thunb planting method - Google Patents

Lilium speciosum thunb planting method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105009851A
CN105009851A CN201410160045.5A CN201410160045A CN105009851A CN 105009851 A CN105009851 A CN 105009851A CN 201410160045 A CN201410160045 A CN 201410160045A CN 105009851 A CN105009851 A CN 105009851A
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soil
fertilizer
days
water
temperature
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CN201410160045.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴寿勇
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Guizhou Fuhe Technology Development Co Ltd
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Guizhou Fuhe Technology Development Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201410160045.5A priority Critical patent/CN105009851A/en
Publication of CN105009851A publication Critical patent/CN105009851A/en
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Abstract

A lilium speciosum thunb planting method comprises the following steps of: (1) soil preparation: selecting humus soil, rural soil and river sand to prepare soil at a ratio of 2:2:1, and mixing uniformly; (2) transplantation: cutting a top of an old lilium speciosum thunb as a cutting slip with a length of 10-15 cm, and performing no additional watering within 20 days after transplanting; (3) watering: after rooting, controlling room temperature at 15-35 DEG C by using a manual method, and ensuring that the room temperature is strictly no less than 5 DEG C, and when maximum temperature is greater than 30 DEG C, performing watering every two days; (4) illumination: ensuring that sunlight illuminating time is longer than 4 hours everyday; (5) fertilization: fertilizing by using a mixture of organic fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer at a ratio of 1:1; (6) diseases and pests prevention and cure: performing disinfection on the lilium speciosum thunb by using a 600 times mancozeb solution at a high temperature and high humidity weather for preventing and curing a black spot disease.

Description

A kind of medicine lily implantation methods
Technical field
The present invention is specifically related to a kind of medicine lily implantation methods.
Background technology
Medicine lily is the dry meat scale leaf of liliaceous plant tiger lily, lily or Lilium tenuifolium.Cure mainly lung expense to cough for a long time, cough saliva phlegm blood; After pyreticosis, waste heat comes clear, and dysphoria is palpitated with fear, wandering; Beriberi edema.Function cures mainly: moisten the lung and relieve the cough, clearing away the heart fire and tranquillizing.Control lung expense to cough for a long time, cough saliva phlegm blood; After pyreticosis, waste heat comes clear, and dysphoria is palpitated with fear, wandering; Beriberi edema.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem that the present invention mainly solves is to provide a kind of medicine lily implantation methods, the method of planting period is divided stage by stage by adopting, follow its production law and life habit, strengthen vitality, productivity gain, have market prospects widely popularizing of medicine lily implantation methods.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the invention provides a kind of medicine lily implantation methods, comprising the following steps:
(1) soil preparation: select humus soil, rural area soil and river sand with the proportions soil of 2:2:1 and Homogeneous phase mixing, in order to increase matrix weight and to increase gas permeability and drainage, soil property is advisable with neutrality, control ph is between 6.5 ~ 7, the ground point selection in soil will ensure that this block soil has sufficient direct sunlight, uses humidity in the first manual method holding chamber 5 ~ 45%;
(2) transplant: cuttings is made on the top of the old strain of clip medicine lily, long 10 ~ the 15cm of cutting, cut off the leaf of the both sides of base portion, it is air-dry that otch is waited in placement in the cool quietly, and above-mentioned soil is watered water of revealing the exact details, after 2 ~ 3 days, above-mentioned cutting is inserted in soil, wait for out root quietly, use the second manual method to keep room temperature at 20 ~ 35 DEG C, watered no longer separately in 20 days that transplant;
(3) water: after going out root, use manual method to control room temperature at 15 ~ 35 DEG C, and ensure that room temperature is strictly not less than 5 DEG C, within every two days, water once when maximum temperature is greater than 30 DEG C, within every four days when maximum temperature is between 15 ~ 30 DEG C, water once, watering time is early morning 6 or dusk 6 points, within every seven days when maximum temperature is between 5 ~ 15 DEG C, water once, watering time is 12 noon, and irrigation amount is all as the criterion with the topsoil face that moistening 1 ~ 2cm is thick;
(4) illumination: ensure that the solar radiation time of every day is more than 4 hours, use plant searchlight to increase light application time when rainy weather, when maximum temperature should avoid direct sunlight higher than 12 noon ~ 2 when 35 DEG C, uses veil to keep the sun off;
(5) apply fertilizer: manure use and inorganic fertilizer are with the ratio of 1:1 mixing fertilising, fertilizer comprise cake fertilizer, chicken manure, compost, compost from earthworm one or more, inorganic fertilizer comprises the nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer and the potash fertilizer that mix with the ratio of 3:1:1, and fertilising in every 30 days once;
(6) disease control: use 600 times of mancozeb solution to carry out disinfection to medicine lily at hot and humid weather, in order to prevent and treat black spot, thiophanate methyl 700 times of solution are used to add 75% tpn, 700 times of solution to ground spray, in order to prevent and treat anthracnose, use 5% thiophanate methyl wetting powder, 500 times of solution to prevent and treat leaf blight, rooting out immediately for the medicine lily suffering from southern blight prevents from infecting other young plants.
Further, described first manual method in step (1) comprises quicklime moisture absorption method of placing, placement hay moisture absorption method, dehumidifier moisture absorption method and covers Anti-fogging Film wet down method.
Further, described second manual method in step (2) comprises stove fire temperature-raising method, insulation film thermal-insulating method, Reflecting curtain temperature-raising method and light searchlighting temperature raising method.
Further, water in step (3) use phreatic water, rainwater or the running water after tanning by the sun.
Further, the described plant searchlight in step (4) comprises white light light compensating lamp, ruddiness light compensating lamp and blue light light compensating lamp, and intensity of illumination is all greater than 20000Lux.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: medicine lily implantation methods of the present invention has natural nuisance-free, meet growth rhythm and life habit, whole process make much of, the advantage such as cultivation stage by stage, medicine lily implantation methods universal on have market prospects widely.
Embodiment
In order to make technological means of the present invention, creation feature, technological process, using method achieve the goal, described effect is easy to understand, and below in conjunction with specific embodiment, sets forth the present invention further.
A kind of medicine lily implantation methods, comprises the following steps:
(1) soil preparation: select humus soil, rural area soil and river sand with the proportions soil of 2:2:1 and Homogeneous phase mixing, in order to increase matrix weight and to increase gas permeability and drainage, soil property is advisable with neutrality, control ph is between 6.5 ~ 7, the ground point selection in soil will ensure that this block soil has sufficient direct sunlight, uses humidity in the first manual method holding chamber 5 ~ 45%;
(2) transplant: cuttings is made on the top of the old strain of clip medicine lily, long 10 ~ the 15cm of cutting, cut off the leaf of the both sides of base portion, it is air-dry that otch is waited in placement in the cool quietly, and above-mentioned soil is watered water of revealing the exact details, after 2 ~ 3 days, above-mentioned cutting is inserted in soil, wait for out root quietly, use the second manual method to keep room temperature at 20 ~ 35 DEG C, watered no longer separately in 20 days that transplant;
(3) water: after going out root, use manual method to control room temperature at 15 ~ 35 DEG C, and ensure that room temperature is strictly not less than 5 DEG C, within every two days, water once when maximum temperature is greater than 30 DEG C, within every four days when maximum temperature is between 15 ~ 30 DEG C, water once, watering time is early morning 6 or dusk 6 points, within every seven days when maximum temperature is between 5 ~ 15 DEG C, water once, watering time is 12 noon, and irrigation amount is all as the criterion with the topsoil face that moistening 1 ~ 2cm is thick;
(4) illumination: ensure that the solar radiation time of every day is more than 4 hours, use plant searchlight to increase light application time when rainy weather, when maximum temperature should avoid direct sunlight higher than 12 noon ~ 2 when 35 DEG C, uses veil to keep the sun off;
(5) apply fertilizer: manure use and inorganic fertilizer are with the ratio of 1:1 mixing fertilising, fertilizer comprise cake fertilizer, chicken manure, compost, compost from earthworm one or more, inorganic fertilizer comprises the nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer and the potash fertilizer that mix with the ratio of 3:1:1, and fertilising in every 30 days once;
(6) disease control: use 600 times of mancozeb solution to carry out disinfection to medicine lily at hot and humid weather, in order to prevent and treat black spot, thiophanate methyl 700 times of solution are used to add 75% tpn, 700 times of solution to ground spray, in order to prevent and treat anthracnose, use 5% thiophanate methyl wetting powder, 500 times of solution to prevent and treat leaf blight, rooting out immediately for the medicine lily suffering from southern blight prevents from infecting other young plants.
Preferably, described first manual method in step (1) comprises quicklime moisture absorption method of placing, placement hay moisture absorption method, dehumidifier moisture absorption method and covers Anti-fogging Film wet down method.Steam wherein in quicklime and hay Absorbable rod air thus reduce air humidity; Dehumidifier can the dehumidification function of using air-condition or special dehumidifier, and this kind of method instant effect, controllable rate are high, but consume electric power, cost are higher; Cover Anti-fogging Film and can increase indoor temperature, the humidity when temperature often raises 1 DEG C
Can reduce by 2 ~ 3%, above method can choose different reduction humidity methods according to different places and benefit, and then builds the suitable growth humidity of drug lily, is conducive to its healthy growth.
Preferably, described second manual method in step (2) comprises stove fire temperature-raising method, insulation film thermal-insulating method, Reflecting curtain temperature-raising method and light searchlighting temperature raising method.Wherein stove fire temperature-raising method utilizes heat transfer and thermal convection current, and the temperature of room air is raised; Insulation film make use of the principle of greenhouse effect, effectively absorbs solar energy and preserves heat; Solar energy, by changing reflective angle, irradiates to medicine lily by Reflecting curtain more, improve temperature sunshine by increasing, Appropriate application natural energy resources, economic environmental protection; The heat energy produced when light searchlighting is shinny by light and luminous energy, be delivered in air to improve temperature.
Preferably, water in step (3) and use phreatic water, rainwater or the running water after tanning by the sun, wherein phreatic water and rainwater are naturally pollution-free without harm, and containing abundant mineral matter and trace element, be conducive to the healthy growth of medicine lily, also running water can be used to water not existing under the condition providing phreatic water and rainwater, but containing disinfectant chlorine element in running water, can water after cooling of should being exposed to the sun under the sun.
Preferably, the described plant searchlight in step (4) comprises white light light compensating lamp, ruddiness light compensating lamp and blue light light compensating lamp, and intensity of illumination is all greater than 20000Lux, and when intensity of light is greater than 20000Lux, plant can carry out photosynthesis, accelerates growth rate.
The beneficial effect of medicine lily implantation methods of the present invention is:
One, by looking after stage by stage it when medicine lily grow, carry out different treatments according to the habit difference in its each stage, especially take root phase and growth stage, thus enhance survival rate and the vitality of medicine lily, and then add the output of medicine lily;
Two, by building natural environment, using nature means to be master, artificial means are auxiliary method, making medicine lily have suitable growth and living space, thus make medicine lily healthy growth;
Three, relative to general medicine lily fertilizer, what adopt here is fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer fertilizer used in combination, supplements various nutrient and element that medicine lily needs, increases its nutrition, and then improves growth rate, enhances vitality.
The foregoing is only embodiments of the invention; not thereby the scope of the claims of the present invention is limited; every utilize description of the present invention to do equivalent structure or equivalent flow process conversion; or be directly or indirectly used in other relevant technical field, be all in like manner included in scope of patent protection of the present invention.
More than show and describe general principle of the present invention and principal character and advantage of the present invention; the technical staff of the industry should understand; the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments; what describe in above-described embodiment and specification just illustrates principle of the present invention; without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention; the present invention also has various changes and modifications; these changes and improvements all fall in the claimed scope of the invention, and the scope of protection of present invention is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (5)

1. a medicine lily implantation methods, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
(1) soil preparation: select humus soil, rural area soil and river sand with the proportions soil of 2:2:1 and Homogeneous phase mixing, in order to increase matrix weight and to increase gas permeability and drainage, soil property is advisable with neutrality, control ph is between 6.5 ~ 7, the ground point selection in soil will ensure that this block soil has sufficient direct sunlight, uses humidity in the first manual method holding chamber 5 ~ 45%;
(2) transplant: cuttings is made on the top of the old strain of clip medicine lily, long 10 ~ the 15cm of cutting, cut off the leaf of the both sides of base portion, it is air-dry that otch is waited in placement in the cool quietly, and above-mentioned soil is watered water of revealing the exact details, after 2 ~ 3 days, above-mentioned cutting is inserted in soil, wait for out root quietly, use the second manual method to keep room temperature at 20 ~ 35 DEG C, watered no longer separately in 20 days that transplant;
(3) water: after going out root, use manual method to control room temperature at 15 ~ 35 DEG C, and ensure that room temperature is strictly not less than 5 DEG C, within every two days, water once when maximum temperature is greater than 30 DEG C, within every four days when maximum temperature is between 15 ~ 30 DEG C, water once, watering time is early morning 6 or dusk 6 points, within every seven days when maximum temperature is between 5 ~ 15 DEG C, water once, watering time is 12 noon, and irrigation amount is all as the criterion with the topsoil face that moistening 1 ~ 2cm is thick;
(4) illumination: ensure that the solar radiation time of every day is more than 4 hours, use plant searchlight to increase light application time when rainy weather, when maximum temperature should avoid direct sunlight higher than 12 noon ~ 2 when 35 DEG C, uses veil to keep the sun off;
(5) apply fertilizer: manure use and inorganic fertilizer are with the ratio of 1:1 mixing fertilising, fertilizer comprise cake fertilizer, chicken manure, compost, compost from earthworm one or more, inorganic fertilizer comprises the nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer and the potash fertilizer that mix with the ratio of 3:1:1, and fertilising in every 30 days once;
(6) disease control: use 600 times of mancozeb solution to carry out disinfection to medicine lily at hot and humid weather, in order to prevent and treat black spot, thiophanate methyl 700 times of solution are used to add 75% tpn, 700 times of solution to ground spray, in order to prevent and treat anthracnose, use 5% thiophanate methyl wetting powder, 500 times of solution to prevent and treat leaf blight, rooting out immediately for the medicine lily suffering from southern blight prevents from infecting other young plants.
2. according to claim 1 medicine lily implantation methods, it is characterized in that, described first manual method in step (1) comprises quicklime moisture absorption method of placing, placement hay moisture absorption method, dehumidifier moisture absorption method and covers Anti-fogging Film wet down method.
3. according to claim 1 medicine lily implantation methods, it is characterized in that, described second manual method in step (2) comprises stove fire temperature-raising method, insulation film thermal-insulating method, Reflecting curtain temperature-raising method and light searchlighting temperature raising method.
4. according to claim 1 medicine lily implantation methods, it is characterized in that, water in step (3) and use phreatic water, rainwater or the running water after tanning by the sun.
5. according to claim 1 medicine lily implantation methods, it is characterized in that, the described plant searchlight in step (4) comprises white light light compensating lamp, ruddiness light compensating lamp and blue light light compensating lamp, and intensity of illumination is all greater than 20000Lux.
CN201410160045.5A 2014-04-22 2014-04-22 Lilium speciosum thunb planting method Pending CN105009851A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410160045.5A CN105009851A (en) 2014-04-22 2014-04-22 Lilium speciosum thunb planting method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410160045.5A CN105009851A (en) 2014-04-22 2014-04-22 Lilium speciosum thunb planting method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105009851A true CN105009851A (en) 2015-11-04

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105340547A (en) * 2015-11-28 2016-02-24 威宁县哲觉镇兴茂种养殖专业合作社 Planting method for lilium pinifolium
CN107484589A (en) * 2017-09-14 2017-12-19 安徽省万果园农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of method of lily planting shed environment regulation
CN107969309A (en) * 2017-11-20 2018-05-01 梁家贵 A kind of implantation methods for improving lily yield

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105340547A (en) * 2015-11-28 2016-02-24 威宁县哲觉镇兴茂种养殖专业合作社 Planting method for lilium pinifolium
CN107484589A (en) * 2017-09-14 2017-12-19 安徽省万果园农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of method of lily planting shed environment regulation
CN107969309A (en) * 2017-11-20 2018-05-01 梁家贵 A kind of implantation methods for improving lily yield

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Application publication date: 20151104