CN106922354A - A kind of Siberian iris annual flower forcing culture method - Google Patents

A kind of Siberian iris annual flower forcing culture method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106922354A
CN106922354A CN201710137520.0A CN201710137520A CN106922354A CN 106922354 A CN106922354 A CN 106922354A CN 201710137520 A CN201710137520 A CN 201710137520A CN 106922354 A CN106922354 A CN 106922354A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
siberian iris
plant
iris
siberian
root
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710137520.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郭娟
邱帅
余磊
王霁
杨浩
孙丽娜
刘华红
章利明
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HANGZHOU LANDSCAPING Inc
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HANGZHOU LANDSCAPING Inc
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Publication date
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Priority to CN201710137520.0A priority Critical patent/CN106922354A/en
Publication of CN106922354A publication Critical patent/CN106922354A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/06Treatment of growing trees or plants, e.g. for preventing decay of wood, for tingeing flowers or wood, for prolonging the life of plants

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of Siberian iris annual flower forcing culture method, including step:By the end of November at the beginning of 12 months, selection life in 3 years and above Siberian iris ground plant the healthy and strong plant digging of seedling, cut blade, pruning part fibrous root;The carbendazim that Siberian iris to pruning sprays 800mg/L carries out disinfection, and sprays 50~150mg/L Gibberellins solutions after drying in the shade to rhizome portion, is drained on overhead seedbed;The root-like stock that will be drained to be planted and carry out maintenance management in being put into greenhouse after 2 gallons of basins, after the potassium dihydrogen phosphate of foliage-spray 3000mg/L and 3000mg/L calcium chloride solutions weekly after leaf development, until full-bloom stage.The present invention undergoes natural low temperature using Siberian iris, with reference to spraying Gibberellins solution, it can replace low temperature breaking dormancy, by controlling greenhouse illumination, temperature, water and fertilizer condition, can effectively Siberian iris advance flowering period to the Spring Festival during, be further exploitation Siberian iris provided the foundation as annual flower.

Description

A kind of Siberian iris annual flower forcing culture method
Technical field
The invention belongs to plant florescence control technical field, more particularly to a kind of Siberian iris annual flower forcing culture Method.
Background technology
Siberian iris (Irissibirica) is Iridaceae Jris herbaceos perennial, originates in European north temperature Band.Root-like stock is sturdy, and growing thickly property is strong, leaf bar shaped, celadon.Flower bluish violet, such as kite like butterfly, raw appearance of flickering, the florescence for 4 the middle ten days extremely Mid-May.Siberian iris strong adaptability, cultivation management is simple and convenient, has not only resisted cold but also heat-resisting, adapts to various soil, disease-resistant Property strong, especially anti-root rot.In Jiangsu and Zhejiang Provinces area, the outdoor cropping green phase can last till by the end of December, winter dormancy, about at the beginning of 3 months Germinate new leaves, bud occur in April early and middle ten dayses, persistently bloom to mid-May.Late summer to late fall, Siberian iris under ground portion Start tiller, sprouting growth.December gradually withers and enters dormancy with temperature reduction, aerial part.
Relative to other irises, Siberian iris plant type is compact, short, is more suitable for desk and puts, and belongs to home gardening Class product.Its noble bluish violet, the fine implied meaning having, is loved by people.During its florescence is adjusted into the Spring Festival, Valentine's Day Open, the flower such as kite of bluish violet allows people to find everything fresh and new like butterfly, not only extends the florescence, more adds the atmosphere in red-letter day, improves The value of commodity.
At present, it is main to iris florescence control research report both at home and abroad to have napiform root iris and Iris germanica, west primary Leah iris florescence control does not have been reported that also.Iris germanica and Siberian iris belong to Rhizomatous irises together, but their growth is practised Property and require that difference is larger, so the method for florescence control is also different.The present invention is to Siberian iris forcing culture technology One kind of research effectively supplement.
The content of the invention
For current Siberian iris annual flower forcing culture almost this present situation of blank at home, the invention provides A kind of Siberian iris annual flower forcing culture method.
Technical scheme is as follows:
A kind of Siberian iris annual flower forcing culture method, comprises the steps:
(1) by the end of November at the beginning of 12 months, selection life in 3 years and the healthy and strong plant digging of above Siberian iris ground cultivation seedling are cut Fall blade, prune part fibrous root;
(2) carbendazim that the Siberian iris pruned sprays 800mg/L is carried out disinfection, rhizome portion is sprayed after dries in the shade 50~150mg/L Gibberellins solutions are applied, is drained on overhead seedbed;
(3) root-like stock that will be drained to be planted and carry out maintenance management in being put into greenhouse after 2 gallons of basins, after blade face weekly after leaf development The potassium dihydrogen phosphate and 3000mg/L calcium chloride solutions of 3000mg/L are sprayed, until full-bloom stage.
Described in step (1), by the end of November to 3 years at the beginning of 12 months, selectively planting it is raw more than, Siberia more than 10 buds Iris stalwartness plant digging.Blade is cut, blade is cut to rhizome portion.Part fibrous root is pruned, shakes off unnecessary soil, neat pendulum It is put in overhead seedbed.
In step (2), the carbendazim solution that 800mg/L is sprayed to Siberian iris carries out disinfection, and is dried in the shade on seedbed.It is right The Siberian iris rhizome portion dried in the shade sprays Gibberellins solution, and concentration is 50~150mg/L, when spraying squirting root completely Shape basal part of stem is degree, and individual plant 300~500mL of the amount of spraying is drained on seedbed.
In step (3), the Siberian iris that will be drained is colonized in 2 gallons of basins, every one plant of basin kind, and clump digs group planting, cuts Avoid artificial plant division.Cultivation matrix volume ratio is loose squama:Peat:Perlite=5:4:1, every cubic metre of matrix applies 4kg slow-release fertilizers. During plantation root-like stock, matrix is flushed with rhizome portion, pours permeable after plant, and seedling is removed to the full exposure glass temperature that can adjust humiture Room.
In step (3), the temperature treatment in the maintenance management:Into in greenhouse 5~7 days, day temperature is maintained at 15 ~18 DEG C, 25 DEG C are brought up to after 5~7 days, nocturnal temperature is maintained at 12~15 DEG C, be beneficial to the nutrition life of Siberian iris It is long;When bud starts generation, day temperature is down to 16~18 DEG C, can be with kind of blooming period prolonging.
In step (3), the illumination management in the maintenance management:Fine day is natural lighting, and illumination is fitted more than 25000Lx Work as shade;Overcast and rainy unlatching light compensating lamp, illumination 5000Lx, light filling 8h, to ensure that flower is fully coloured.
In step (3), the water and fertilizer management in the maintenance management:Air humidity is maintained at more than 80%, and spray intervals are 15s/2h;Extract young leaves out, weekly the potassium dihydrogen phosphate of foliage-spray 3000mg/L, promote bud differentiation and growth, weekly Foliage-spray 3000mg/L calcium chloride solutions, beneficial to robust plant growth, improve resistance.
Beneficial effects of the present invention are as follows:
1. the present invention undergoes natural low temperature, sprays Gibberellins solution by Siberia, and it can replace low temperature breaking dormancy, By controlling greenhouse flower forcing time and hot-house culture condition, control greenhouse illumination, temperature, water and fertilizer condition can effectively by western Berli During the sub- iris florescence is advanced to the Spring Festival, for exploitation Siberian iris annual flower is laid a good foundation;
2. in the inventive method, the Siberian iris of Gibberellins solution is sprayed, hot-house culture is bloomed after 40~46 days, than Natural advance flowering period nearly 3 months;
3. the method for the present invention is easy to operation, and with low cost, is easy to factorial praluction.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment
(1) December 8 days, 80 plants of Siberian iris stalwartness the plant more than lifes in 3 years selectively planted, more than 10 buds rises Dig.Blade is cut to rhizome portion, part fibrous root is pruned, shakes off unnecessary soil, be neatly placed in overhead seedbed, be convenient for many Bacterium spirit sterilization and spray Gibberellins solution.
(2) carbendazim solution that 800mg/L is sprayed to Siberian iris carries out disinfection, and is dried in the shade on seedbed.Siberia After iris dries in the shade, spray Gibberellins solution to its rhizome portion, concentration is 0~150mg/L, concentration gradient be set to 4, i.e., 0,50, 100th, 150mg/L, respectively control group, treatment group 1, treatment group 2, treatment group 3,20 plant of each gradient are red mould spraying To squirt root-like stock base portion as degree completely when plain, individual plant 300~500mL of the amount of spraying is drained on seedbed.
(3) Siberian iris that will be drained is colonized in 2 gallons of basins, every one plant of basin kind, and clump digs group planting during plantation, never Artificial plant division.Cultivation matrix volume ratio is loose squama:Peat:Perlite=5:4:1, every cubic metre of matrix applies 4kg slow-release fertilizers.Kind When planting root-like stock, matrix is flushed with rhizome portion, so can both have been ensured that plant strain growth was good, easily sprouted new strain, can be prevented because of root again It is shallow, depauperation and lodges.Pour permeable after plant, seedling is removed to the full exposure glasshouse that can adjust humiture.
(4) temperature treatment:Into in greenhouse 5~7 days, day temperature is maintained at 15~18 DEG C, and 25 are brought up to after 5~7 days DEG C, nocturnal temperature is maintained at 12~15 DEG C, is beneficial to the nutrient growth of Siberian iris;Bud start generation when, daytime temperature Degree is down to 16~18 DEG C, can be with kind of blooming period prolonging.
(5) illumination management:Fine day is natural lighting, and illumination is appropriate to shade more than 25000Lx;Overcast and rainy unlatching light compensating lamp, Illumination 5000Lx, light filling 8h, to ensure that flower is fully coloured.
(6) water and fertilizer management:Air humidity is maintained at more than 80%, and spray intervals are 15s/2h, if discovery has butt matter, Disposably pour permeable.Extract young leaves out, weekly the potassium dihydrogen phosphate of foliage-spray 3000mg/L, promote bud differentiation and life Long, foliage-spray 3000mg/L calcium chloride solutions, beneficial to robust plant growth, improve resistance weekly.If it was found that disease, can be appropriate Spray carbendazim.
(7) observational record.Result of the test:Control group is sprouted, is grown relatively slowly compared to treatment group, can not during the Spring Festival Bloom, blade is bud green, uprightly;Treatment group 1 is bloomed after 43 days into greenhouse, and blade is bud green, and uprightly, scape is upright, every plant 2~3 Branch scape, flower is bright-coloured, opens;The flowering time for the treatment of group 2 earliest, just can bloom for 40 days into greenhouse, and leaf color is bud green partially Shallow, scape is upright, every plant of 2~4 scape, and secondary opening, flower is bright-coloured;A little later, leaf color is light green for the flowering time for the treatment of group 3, compared with Thin, part is sagging, and scape is upright, every plant of 2~4 scape, and secondary opening, flower is bright-coloured, is shown in Table 1.
The Siberian iris gibberellin of table 1 treatment after hot-house culture sprouting, grow and record of blooming
The foregoing is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, be not intended to limit the invention, it is all it is of the invention spirit and Any modification, equivalent and improvement for being made within principle etc., are all contained within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of Siberian iris annual flower forcing culture method, it is characterised in that comprise the steps:
(1) by the end of November at the beginning of 12 months, leaf is cut in selection life in 3 years and the healthy and strong plant digging of above Siberian iris ground cultivation seedling Piece, prunes part fibrous root;
(2) carbendazim that the Siberian iris pruned sprays 800mg/L is carried out disinfection, 50 is sprayed to rhizome portion after drying in the shade ~150mg/L Gibberellins solutions, drain on overhead seedbed;
(3) root-like stock that will be drained to be planted and carry out maintenance management in being put into greenhouse after 2 gallons of basins, after foliage-spray weekly after leaf development The potassium dihydrogen phosphate and 3000mg/L calcium chloride solutions of 3000mg/L, until full-bloom stage.
2. method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described in step (1), by the end of November at the beginning of 12 months, selectively Siberian iris stalwartness plant the digging more than lifes in 3 years planted, more than 10 buds, cuts blade, and blade is cut to rhizome portion, Prune part fibrous root.
3. method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step (2), to the Siberian iris rhizome portion dried in the shade Spray gibberellin, concentration is 50~150mg/L, when spraying to squirt root-like stock base portion completely to spend, the individual plant amount of spraying 300~ 500mL, drains on overhead seedbed.
4. method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step (3), the Siberian iris that will be drained plant in In 2 gallons of basins, per one plant of basin, clump digs group planting, never artificial plant division.
5. method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step (3), cultivation matrix is that volume ratio is loose squama:Mud Charcoal:Perlite=5:4:1 mixture, every cubic metre of matrix applies 4kg slow-release fertilizers.
6. method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step (3), during plantation root-like stock, matrix and rhizome portion Flush, pour permeable after plant, seedling is removed into greenhouse.
7. method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step (3), the greenhouse is can adjust humiture complete Illumination glasshouse.
8. method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step (3), the temperature treatment bag in the maintenance management Include following steps:Into in greenhouse 5~7 days, day temperature is maintained at 15~18 DEG C, and 25 DEG C, night temperature are brought up to after 5~7 days Degree is maintained at 12~15 DEG C, and when bud starts generation, day temperature is down to 16~18 DEG C.
9. method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step (3), the illumination management in the maintenance management For:Fine day is natural lighting, and illumination is appropriate to shade more than 25000Lx;Overcast and rainy unlatching light compensating lamp, illumination 5000Lx, light filling 8h。
10. method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step (3), the water and fertilizer management in the maintenance management For:Air humidity is maintained at more than 80%, and spray intervals are 15s/2h;After extracting young leaves out, foliage-spray 3000mg/L weekly Potassium dihydrogen phosphate, weekly foliage-spray 3000mg/L calcium chloride solutions.
CN201710137520.0A 2017-03-09 2017-03-09 A kind of Siberian iris annual flower forcing culture method Pending CN106922354A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108781981A (en) * 2018-07-05 2018-11-13 赤峰学院 A method of promote to bloom during the tree peony Spring Festival using cold ground condition
CN111642351A (en) * 2020-06-12 2020-09-11 江苏省中国科学院植物研究所 Method for promoting early flowering of German iris and application

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
蒲海萍等: "鸢尾组培瓶苗练苗移栽技术及其应用优势", 《北方园艺》 *
魏铁霞等: "温室荷兰鸢尾优质高效栽培技术", 《中国园艺文摘》 *

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108781981A (en) * 2018-07-05 2018-11-13 赤峰学院 A method of promote to bloom during the tree peony Spring Festival using cold ground condition
CN111642351A (en) * 2020-06-12 2020-09-11 江苏省中国科学院植物研究所 Method for promoting early flowering of German iris and application

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Application publication date: 20170707