CN103548541A - Aloe planting method - Google Patents

Aloe planting method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103548541A
CN103548541A CN201310548456.7A CN201310548456A CN103548541A CN 103548541 A CN103548541 A CN 103548541A CN 201310548456 A CN201310548456 A CN 201310548456A CN 103548541 A CN103548541 A CN 103548541A
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China
Prior art keywords
aloe
soil
water
days
fertilizer
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Pending
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CN201310548456.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
宁峰
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SUZHOU XIANGCHENG DISTRICT WEITANG FENGHUANGJING AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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SUZHOU XIANGCHENG DISTRICT WEITANG FENGHUANGJING AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201310548456.7A priority Critical patent/CN103548541A/en
Publication of CN103548541A publication Critical patent/CN103548541A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses an aloe planting method, which comprises the steps of (1) soil preparation; (2) transplanting; (3) watering; (4) illumination; (5) fertilization; (6) disease prevention and control. The aloe planting method has the advantages of naturalness, no pollution, consistency with growth rules and living habits, good care in the whole process, staged cultivation and the like, and has broad market prospect in the popularization of the aloe planting method.

Description

Aloe plant method
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of planting, particularly relate to a kind of aloe plant method.
Background technology
Aloe is evergreen, succulent herbaceous plant, various in style, likes hot chilly, drought resisting and avoids wet, cold-resistantly, is born in tropical desert more, and vitality is vigorous, strong adaptability, and growth is very fast, and aloe is the potted plant first-selection of home decoration, is again the good recipe of beautifying face and moistering lotion.Existing aloe plant adopts wild planting method more, and during microthermal climate, aloe can stop growing and enter resting state, and the easy spike top of aloe during long-time high temperature direct sunlight is unfavorable for the healthy growth of aloe.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem that the present invention mainly solves is to provide a kind of aloe plant method, by adopting the method for dividing stage by stage plantation in period, follow its production law and life habit, strengthen vitality, productivity gain, popularizing of aloe plant method, have market prospects widely.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the invention provides a kind of aloe plant method, comprise the following steps:
(1) soil preparation: select humus soil, rural area soil and river sand with the ratio preparation soil of 2:2:1 and evenly mix, in order to increase matrix weight and to increase gas permeability and drainage, soil property is advisable with neutrality, control pH value between 6.5 ~ 7, the ground point selection in soil will guarantee that this piece soil has sufficient direct sunlight, uses humidity in the first manual method holding chamber 5 ~ 45%;
(2) transplant: cuttings is made on the top of the old strain of clip aloe, long 10 ~ the 15cm of cutting, cut off the leaf of the both sides of base portion, it is air-dry that otch is waited in placement in the cool quietly, and above-mentioned soil is watered to the water of revealing the exact details, and after 2 ~ 3 days, above-mentioned cutting is inserted in soil, wait for out root quietly, use the second manual method to keep room temperature at 20 ~ 35 ℃, in 20 days that transplant, water no longer separately;
(3) water: after going out root, use manual method to control room temperature at 15 ~ 35 ℃, and guarantee that room temperature is strictly not less than 5 ℃, within every two days when maximum temperature is greater than 30 ℃, water once, when maximum temperature is watered once during between 15 ~ 30 ℃ for every four days, watering time is 6 of early mornings or dusk 6 points, when maximum temperature, within every seven days, water once during between 5 ~ 15 ℃, watering time is 12 noon, waters the water yield and all with the thick topsoil face of moistening 1 ~ 2cm, is as the criterion;
(4) illumination: guarantee that the solar radiation time of every day is more than 4 hours, use plant searchlight to increase light application time when rainy weather, 12 noon ~ 2 should avoid direct sunlight when maximum temperature during higher than 35 ℃, use veil to keep the sun off;
(5) fertilising: manure use and inorganic fertilizer mix fertilising with the ratio of 1:1, fertilizer comprises one or more of cake fertilizer, chicken manure, compost, compost from earthworm, inorganic fertilizer comprises nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer and the potash fertilizer mixing with the ratio of 3:1:1, and fertilising in every 30 days once;
(6) disease control: use 600 times of mancozeb solution to carry out disinfection to aloe at hot and humid weather, in order to prevent and treat black spot, using 700 times of solution of thiophanate methyl to add 700 times of solution of 75% tpn sprays ground, in order to prevent and treat anthracnose, use 500 times of solution of 5% thiophanate methyl wetting powder to prevent and treat leaf blight, for the aloe that suffers from southern blight, root out immediately and prevent from infecting other young plants.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, described the first manual method in step (1) comprises places quicklime moisture absorption method, places hay moisture absorption method, dehumidifier moisture absorption method and covers a nothing film wet down method.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, described the second manual method in step (2) comprises stove fire temperature-raising method, insulation film thermal-insulating method, Reflecting curtain temperature-raising method and light searchlighting temperature raising method.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in step (3), water use phreatic water, rainwater or tan by the sun after running water.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the described plant searchlight in step (4) comprises white light light compensating lamp, ruddiness light compensating lamp and blue light light compensating lamp, and intensity of illumination is all greater than 20000Lux.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: aloe plant method of the present invention has natural nuisance-free, meet growth rhythm and life habit, whole process make much of, the advantage such as cultivation stage by stage have market prospects widely on aloe plant method universal.
Embodiment
Below the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described, obviously, described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiment.Embodiment based in the present invention, those of ordinary skills, not making all other embodiment that obtain under creative work prerequisite, belong to the scope of protection of the invention.
The embodiment of the present invention comprises:
A method, comprises the following steps:
(1) soil preparation: select humus soil, rural area soil and river sand with the ratio preparation soil of 2:2:1 and evenly mix, in order to increase matrix weight and to increase gas permeability and drainage, soil property is advisable with neutrality, control pH value between 6.5 ~ 7, the ground point selection in soil will guarantee that this piece soil has sufficient direct sunlight, uses humidity in the first manual method holding chamber 5 ~ 45%;
(2) transplant: cuttings is made on the top of the old strain of clip aloe, long 10 ~ the 15cm of cutting, cut off the leaf of the both sides of base portion, it is air-dry that otch is waited in placement in the cool quietly, and above-mentioned soil is watered to the water of revealing the exact details, and after 2 ~ 3 days, above-mentioned cutting is inserted in soil, wait for out root quietly, use the second manual method to keep room temperature at 20 ~ 35 ℃, in 20 days that transplant, water no longer separately;
(3) water: after going out root, use manual method to control room temperature at 15 ~ 35 ℃, and guarantee that room temperature is strictly not less than 5 ℃, within every two days when maximum temperature is greater than 30 ℃, water once, when maximum temperature is watered once during between 15 ~ 30 ℃ for every four days, watering time is 6 of early mornings or dusk 6 points, when maximum temperature, within every seven days, water once during between 5 ~ 15 ℃, watering time is 12 noon, waters the water yield and all with the thick topsoil face of moistening 1 ~ 2cm, is as the criterion;
(4) illumination: guarantee that the solar radiation time of every day is more than 4 hours, use plant searchlight to increase light application time when rainy weather, 12 noon ~ 2 should avoid direct sunlight when maximum temperature during higher than 35 ℃, use veil to keep the sun off;
(5) fertilising: manure use and inorganic fertilizer mix fertilising with the ratio of 1:1, fertilizer comprises one or more of cake fertilizer, chicken manure, compost, compost from earthworm, inorganic fertilizer comprises nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer and the potash fertilizer mixing with the ratio of 3:1:1, and fertilising in every 30 days once;
(6) disease control: use 600 times of mancozeb solution to carry out disinfection to aloe at hot and humid weather, in order to prevent and treat black spot, using 700 times of solution of thiophanate methyl to add 700 times of solution of 75% tpn sprays ground, in order to prevent and treat anthracnose, use 500 times of solution of 5% thiophanate methyl wetting powder to prevent and treat leaf blight, for the aloe that suffers from southern blight, root out immediately and prevent from infecting other young plants.
Preferably, described the first manual method in step (1) comprises the quicklime moisture absorption method of placing, placement hay moisture absorption method, dehumidifier moisture absorption method and covers without dripping a film wet down method.Wherein thereby quicklime and hay can absorb the airborne steam humidity that reduced air; Dehumidifier can use the dehumidification function of air-conditioning or special dehumidifier, and this kind of method instant effect, controllable rate are high, but consume electric power, cost are higher; Cover without dripping a film and can increase indoor temperature, when 1 ℃ of the every rising of temperature, humidity can reduce by 2 ~ 3%, and above method can be chosen different reduction humidity methods according to different places and benefit, and then builds the suitable growth humidity of aloe, is conducive to its healthy growth.
Preferably, described the second manual method in step (2) comprises stove fire temperature-raising method, insulation film thermal-insulating method, Reflecting curtain temperature-raising method and light searchlighting temperature raising method.Wherein stove fire temperature-raising method utilizes heat conduction and thermal convection current, and the temperature of room air is raise; Insulation film has utilized the principle of greenhouse effect, effectively absorbs solar energy and preserves heat; Reflecting curtain, by changing reflective angle, irradiates solar energy to aloe more, by increasing, improves temperature sunshine, has rationally utilized natural energy resources, economic environmental protection; The heat energy and the luminous energy that when light searchlighting is shinny by light, produce, be delivered in air to improve temperature.
Preferably, in step (3), water use phreatic water, rainwater or tan by the sun after running water, wherein phreatic water and rainwater are naturally pollution-free without harm, and contain abundant mineral matter and trace element, the healthy growth that is conducive to aloe, under the condition that phreatic water and rainwater are provided, also can use running water pouring not existing, but in running water, contain disinfectant chlorine element, should under the sun, be exposed to the sun after cooling and can water.
Preferably, the described plant searchlight in step (4) comprises white light light compensating lamp, ruddiness light compensating lamp and blue light light compensating lamp, and intensity of illumination is all greater than 20000Lux, and when intensity of light is greater than 20000Lux, plant can carry out photosynthesis, has accelerated growth rate.
The beneficial effect of aloe plant method of the present invention is:
One, by when aloe grows, it being looked after stage by stage, thereby carry out different treatments according to the habit in its each stage is different, especially take root phase and growth stage, thereby strengthened survival rate and the vitality of aloe, and then increased the output of aloe;
Two, by building natural environment, use nature means for master, artificial means are auxiliary method, make aloe have suitable growth and living space, thereby make aloe healthy growth;
Three, with respect to general aloe fertilizer, what adopt here is that fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer mix the fertilizer using, and supplements various nutrients and element that aloe needs, increases its nutrition, and then has improved growth rate, strengthened vitality.
The foregoing is only embodiments of the invention; not thereby limit the scope of the claims of the present invention; every equivalent structure or conversion of equivalent flow process that utilizes description of the present invention to do; or be directly or indirectly used in other relevant technical field, be all in like manner included in scope of patent protection of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. an aloe plant method, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
(1) soil preparation: select humus soil, rural area soil and river sand with the ratio preparation soil of 2:2:1 and evenly mix, in order to increase matrix weight and to increase gas permeability and drainage, soil property is advisable with neutrality, control pH value between 6.5 ~ 7, the ground point selection in soil will guarantee that this piece soil has sufficient direct sunlight, uses humidity in the first manual method holding chamber 5 ~ 45%;
(2) transplant: cuttings is made on the top of the old strain of clip aloe, long 10 ~ the 15cm of cutting, cut off the leaf of the both sides of base portion, it is air-dry that otch is waited in placement in the cool quietly, and above-mentioned soil is watered to the water of revealing the exact details, and after 2 ~ 3 days, above-mentioned cutting is inserted in soil, wait for out root quietly, use the second manual method to keep room temperature at 20 ~ 35 ℃, in 20 days that transplant, water no longer separately;
(3) water: after going out root, use manual method to control room temperature at 15 ~ 35 ℃, and guarantee that room temperature is strictly not less than 5 ℃, within every two days when maximum temperature is greater than 30 ℃, water once, when maximum temperature is watered once during between 15 ~ 30 ℃ for every four days, watering time is 6 of early mornings or dusk 6 points, when maximum temperature, within every seven days, water once during between 5 ~ 15 ℃, watering time is 12 noon, waters the water yield and all with the thick topsoil face of moistening 1 ~ 2cm, is as the criterion;
(4) illumination: guarantee that the solar radiation time of every day is more than 4 hours, use plant searchlight to increase light application time when rainy weather, 12 noon ~ 2 avoid direct sunlight when maximum temperature during higher than 35 ℃, use veil to keep the sun off;
(5) fertilising: manure use and inorganic fertilizer mix fertilising with the ratio of 1:1, fertilizer comprises one or more of cake fertilizer, chicken manure, compost, compost from earthworm, inorganic fertilizer comprises nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer and the potash fertilizer mixing with the ratio of 3:1:1, and fertilising in every 30 days once;
(6) disease control: use 600 times of mancozeb solution to carry out disinfection to aloe at hot and humid weather, in order to prevent and treat black spot, using 700 times of solution of thiophanate methyl to add 700 times of solution of 75% tpn sprays ground, in order to prevent and treat anthracnose, use 500 times of solution of 5% thiophanate methyl wetting powder to prevent and treat leaf blight, for the aloe that suffers from southern blight, root out immediately and prevent from infecting other young plants.
2. aloe plant method according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described the first manual method in step (1) comprises places quicklime moisture absorption method, places hay moisture absorption method, dehumidifier moisture absorption method and cover a nothing film wet down method.
3. aloe plant method according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described the second manual method in step (2) comprises stove fire temperature-raising method, insulation film thermal-insulating method, Reflecting curtain temperature-raising method and light searchlighting temperature raising method.
4. aloe plant method according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in step (3), water use phreatic water, rainwater or tan by the sun after running water.
5. aloe plant method according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the described plant searchlight in step (4) comprises white light light compensating lamp, ruddiness light compensating lamp and blue light light compensating lamp, and intensity of illumination is all greater than 20000Lux.
CN201310548456.7A 2013-11-08 2013-11-08 Aloe planting method Pending CN103548541A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104311349A (en) * 2014-10-24 2015-01-28 柳州市天姿园艺有限公司 Aloe compost
CN104686144A (en) * 2015-02-13 2015-06-10 平南县颖绿龙眼种植专业合作社 Aloe planting method
CN104705064A (en) * 2015-04-01 2015-06-17 浙江采悠生态科技有限公司 Simple overwintering method for succulent plants
CN104926462A (en) * 2015-06-10 2015-09-23 柳州市宝杨种植专业合作社 Aloe nutrient soil
CN105474939A (en) * 2015-11-02 2016-04-13 云南金大康农业科技有限公司 Plantation method of aloe
CN106472183A (en) * 2016-10-12 2017-03-08 云南万绿生物股份有限公司 The cleaning prevention and controls of the fungoid black spot of aloe barbadensis Miller
CN107873413A (en) * 2017-12-07 2018-04-06 泰顺县韦中家庭农场 A kind of greenhouse gardening method of aloe

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CN1228915A (en) * 1999-03-09 1999-09-22 史秀生 Greenhouse overwintering cultivation technology for barbades aloe
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CN1389093A (en) * 2001-05-31 2003-01-08 湖南金正方生物科技有限公司 Soil and cultivation method of high-yield aloe in green house

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104311349A (en) * 2014-10-24 2015-01-28 柳州市天姿园艺有限公司 Aloe compost
CN104686144A (en) * 2015-02-13 2015-06-10 平南县颖绿龙眼种植专业合作社 Aloe planting method
CN104705064A (en) * 2015-04-01 2015-06-17 浙江采悠生态科技有限公司 Simple overwintering method for succulent plants
CN104926462A (en) * 2015-06-10 2015-09-23 柳州市宝杨种植专业合作社 Aloe nutrient soil
CN105474939A (en) * 2015-11-02 2016-04-13 云南金大康农业科技有限公司 Plantation method of aloe
CN106472183A (en) * 2016-10-12 2017-03-08 云南万绿生物股份有限公司 The cleaning prevention and controls of the fungoid black spot of aloe barbadensis Miller
CN106472183B (en) * 2016-10-12 2019-12-06 云南万绿生物股份有限公司 clean control method for fungal black spot of aloe vera
CN107873413A (en) * 2017-12-07 2018-04-06 泰顺县韦中家庭农场 A kind of greenhouse gardening method of aloe

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Application publication date: 20140205