CN104945154A - Nutritionally-balanced oyster mushroom culture medium prepared from melaleuca alternifolia residues and preparation method - Google Patents

Nutritionally-balanced oyster mushroom culture medium prepared from melaleuca alternifolia residues and preparation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104945154A
CN104945154A CN201510389450.9A CN201510389450A CN104945154A CN 104945154 A CN104945154 A CN 104945154A CN 201510389450 A CN201510389450 A CN 201510389450A CN 104945154 A CN104945154 A CN 104945154A
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parts
culture medium
tea tree
subsequent use
balanced
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柯家厚
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Hefei Fuquan Modern Agriculture Science And Technology Ltd
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Hefei Fuquan Modern Agriculture Science And Technology Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a nutritionally-balanced oyster mushroom culture medium prepared from melaleuca alternifolia residues. The nutritionally-balanced oyster mushroom culture medium is characterized by comprising, by weight, 60-80 parts of the melaleuca alternifolia residues, 10-20 parts of african marigold leaves, 10-20 parts of corncob particles, three to five parts of glucose, two to four parts of gypsum, 20-30 parts of wheat bran, three to four parts of calcium hydrophosphate, four to five parts of crushed crude pearlite, one to two parts of monopotassium phosphate, 0.2-0.4 part of decavitamin, one to two parts of magnesium sulfate, 0.8 to one part of compound trace elements, one to two parts of plant ash, one to two parts of chitosan fibers and an appropriate amount of water. Melaleuca alternifolia oyster mushrooms are adopted for providing a new material resource for oyster mushroom culture, the chitosan fibers with the modified crushed crude pearlite are combined, the specific area of the chitosan fibers is increased, enrichment of nutrient substances in the culture medium is increased, and the nutrient substances can be absorbed and utilized by oyster mushrooms conveniently. Meanwhile, modification of the crushed crude pearlite is achieved, the water absorption and retention performance of the culture medium is increased, expansion is adopted, and the porosity performance of the culture medium is increased.

Description

A kind of adopt Australia tea tree slag to prepare oyster mushroom culture medium balanced in nutrition and preparation method
Technical field
The invention belongs to breed of edible fungus field, be specifically related to a kind of adopt Australia tea tree slag to prepare oyster mushroom culture medium balanced in nutrition and preparation method.
Background technology
Flat mushroom is because of its delicious flavour, nutritious, extensively likes by masses; The cultivation of flat mushroom also receives concern day by day, and traditional frequent employing sawdust, corn cob meal are cultivated, but along with the expansion of mushroom cultivation, sawdust cost day by day rises.Australia tea tree is generally planted in south China suitable area at present, and cultivated area is more than ten thousand mu, and the tea tree oil that these Australia tea tree are applied in industrial production is extracted, and remains a large amount of tea tree slags.There is in Australia tea tree slag the elements such as high protein, lower fat, low fiber, ash content, micro-calcium, iron, magnesium, manganese, but the content of some trace element is lower, Australia tea tree slag can be utilized in conjunction with other nutritive substance cultivating white mushroom, for mushroom cultivation provides a kind of new substratum to originate.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to the artificial culture demand of edible mushrooms, propose a kind of adopt Australia tea tree slag to prepare oyster mushroom culture medium balanced in nutrition and preparation method.
The technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:
A kind of oyster mushroom culture medium balanced in nutrition adopting Australia tea tree slag to prepare, it is characterized in that, comprise following parts by weight of component: Australia tea tree tree slag 60-80, Leaf of Aztec Marigold 10-20, corn cob granule 10-20, glucose 3-5, gypsum 2-4, soya-bean cake fermented product 10-20, sweet orange peel fermented product 5-10, mulberry leaves fermented product 5-10, wheat bran 20-30, secondary calcium phosphate 3-4, perlite powder 4-5, potassium primary phosphate 1-2, vitamin complex 0.2-0.4, magnesium sulfate 1-2, composite trace element 0.8-1, plant ash 1-2, wood shavings 4-6, Caulis Sacchari sinensis leaf 10-12, bamboo wood forest land vegetable mould 8-10, chitin fiber 1-2, yeast 0.4-0.5, cellulase 0.2-0.3, appropriate water.
The oyster mushroom culture medium preparation method balanced in nutrition adopting Australia tea tree slag to prepare, is characterized in that, comprise the following steps:
(1) get soya-bean cake fermented product, after sweet orange peel fermented product, mulberry leaves fermented product mix, put into pulverizer and pulverize, obtain saleratus and mince for subsequent use; Get Australia tea tree tree slag, cellulase mixing, first add 2-3 water doubly and stir enzymolysis 40-50min at 50 DEG C, add plant ash and yeast afterwards, after stirring, sealed fermenting 10-20d, the Australia tea tree slag that must process is for subsequent use;
(2), after getting Leaf of Aztec Marigold, corn cob granule, wood shavings, Caulis Sacchari sinensis leaf mixing, put into decompressor cryogenic high pressure expansion 3-5min, obtain dilator for subsequent use;
(3) get perlite powder and chitin fiber mixing, and add after gross weight 4-6 water doubly mixes, at 80-100 DEG C, stirring 20-30min, to obtain modified chitin fiber for subsequent use;
(4) get glucose, gypsum, secondary calcium phosphate, potassium primary phosphate, vitamin complex, magnesium sulfate, composite trace element mixing, and add gross weight 10-20 water mixing and stirring doubly, obtain nutritive medium for subsequent use; Get ferment crushed material, wheat bran, the Australia tea tree slag of process, dilator, modified chitin fiber, nutritive medium, bamboo wood forest land vegetable mould be blended in and stir to moisture content at 20-30 DEG C to be the 65-70% of gross weight, to obtain culture base-material for subsequent use;
(5) culture base-material is divided in polypropylene plastics pocket, first sterilizing 1.5-3h in the high pressure steam of 1-2MPa, afterwards sterilizing 6-14h in the steam of normal pressure 100 DEG C, takes out and be cooled to room temperature, to obtain final product.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is embodied in:
The present invention adopts Australia tea tree slag to provide a kind of new material source for mushroom cultivation, in conjunction with the chitin fiber of perlite powder modification, increases the specific surface area of chitin fiber, adds the enrichment of nutritive substance in substratum, be convenient to absorption and the utilization of flat mushroom; Realize the modification of perlite powder simultaneously, add substratum absorb subsemimodule, adopt and expand, add the loose performance of substratum.
Embodiment
Embodiment
Oyster mushroom culture medium balanced in nutrition prepared by the employing Australia tea tree slag described in the present embodiment, it is characterized in that, comprise following parts by weight of component: Australia tea tree slag 70, Leaf of Aztec Marigold 15, corn cob granule 15, glucose 4, gypsum 3, soya-bean cake fermented product 15, sweet orange peel fermented product 7.5, mulberry leaves fermented product 7.5, wheat bran 25, secondary calcium phosphate 3.5, perlite powder 4.5, potassium primary phosphate 1.5, vitamin complex 0.3, magnesium sulfate 1.5, composite trace element 0.9, plant ash 1.5, wood shavings 5, Caulis Sacchari sinensis leaf 11, bamboo wood forest land vegetable mould 9, chitin fiber 1.5, yeast 0.45, cellulase 0.25, appropriate water.
Oyster mushroom culture medium preparation method balanced in nutrition prepared by the employing Australia tea tree slag described in the present embodiment, is characterized in that, comprise the following steps:
(1) get soya-bean cake fermented product, after sweet orange peel fermented product, mulberry leaves fermented product mix, put into pulverizer and pulverize, obtain saleratus and mince for subsequent use; Get Australia tea tree tree slag, cellulase mixing, first add 2-3 water doubly and stir enzymolysis 40-50min at 50 DEG C, add plant ash and yeast afterwards, after stirring, sealed fermenting 10-20d, the Australia tea tree slag that must process is for subsequent use;
(2), after getting Leaf of Aztec Marigold, corn cob granule, wood shavings, Caulis Sacchari sinensis leaf mixing, put into decompressor cryogenic high pressure expansion 3-5min, obtain dilator for subsequent use;
(3) get perlite powder and chitin fiber mixing, and add after gross weight 4-6 water doubly mixes, at 80-100 DEG C, stirring 20-30min, to obtain modified chitin fiber for subsequent use;
(4) get glucose, gypsum, secondary calcium phosphate, potassium primary phosphate, vitamin complex, magnesium sulfate, composite trace element mixing, and add gross weight 10-20 water mixing and stirring doubly, obtain nutritive medium for subsequent use; Get ferment crushed material, wheat bran, the Australia tea tree slag of process, dilator, modified chitin fiber, nutritive medium, bamboo wood forest land vegetable mould be blended in and stir to moisture content at 20-30 DEG C to be the 65-70% of gross weight, to obtain culture base-material for subsequent use;
(5) culture base-material is divided in polypropylene plastics pocket, first sterilizing 1.5-3h in the high pressure steam of 1-2MPa, afterwards sterilizing 6-14h in the steam of normal pressure 100 DEG C, takes out and be cooled to room temperature, to obtain final product.

Claims (2)

1. the oyster mushroom culture medium balanced in nutrition adopting Australia tea tree slag to prepare, it is characterized in that, comprise following parts by weight of component: Australia tea tree tree slag 60-80, Leaf of Aztec Marigold 10-20, corn cob granule 10-20, glucose 3-5, gypsum 2-4, soya-bean cake fermented product 10-20, sweet orange peel fermented product 5-10, mulberry leaves fermented product 5-10, wheat bran 20-30, secondary calcium phosphate 3-4, perlite powder 4-5, potassium primary phosphate 1-2, vitamin complex 0.2-0.4, magnesium sulfate 1-2, composite trace element 0.8-1, plant ash 1-2, wood shavings 4-6, Caulis Sacchari sinensis leaf 10-12, bamboo wood forest land vegetable mould 8-10, chitin fiber 1-2, yeast 0.4-0.5, cellulase 0.2-0.3, appropriate water.
2. the oyster mushroom culture medium preparation method balanced in nutrition adopting Australia tea tree slag to prepare, is characterized in that, comprise the following steps:
(1) get soya-bean cake fermented product, after sweet orange peel fermented product, mulberry leaves fermented product mix, put into pulverizer and pulverize, obtain saleratus and mince for subsequent use; Get Australia tea tree tree slag, cellulase mixing, first add 2-3 water doubly and stir enzymolysis 40-50min at 50 DEG C, add plant ash and yeast afterwards, after stirring, sealed fermenting 10-20d, the Australia tea tree slag that must process is for subsequent use;
(2), after getting Leaf of Aztec Marigold, corn cob granule, wood shavings, Caulis Sacchari sinensis leaf mixing, put into decompressor cryogenic high pressure expansion 3-5min, obtain dilator for subsequent use;
(3) get perlite powder and chitin fiber mixing, and add after gross weight 4-6 water doubly mixes, at 80-100 DEG C, stirring 20-30min, to obtain modified chitin fiber for subsequent use;
(4) get glucose, gypsum, secondary calcium phosphate, potassium primary phosphate, vitamin complex, magnesium sulfate, composite trace element mixing, and add gross weight 10-20 water mixing and stirring doubly, obtain nutritive medium for subsequent use; Get ferment crushed material, wheat bran, the Australia tea tree slag of process, dilator, modified chitin fiber, nutritive medium, bamboo wood forest land vegetable mould be blended in and stir to moisture content at 20-30 DEG C to be the 65-70% of gross weight, to obtain culture base-material for subsequent use;
(5) culture base-material is divided in polypropylene plastics pocket, first sterilizing 1.5-3h in the high pressure steam of 1-2MPa, afterwards sterilizing 6-14h in the steam of normal pressure 100 DEG C, takes out and be cooled to room temperature, to obtain final product.
CN201510389450.9A 2015-07-06 2015-07-06 Nutritionally-balanced oyster mushroom culture medium prepared from melaleuca alternifolia residues and preparation method Pending CN104945154A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105936603A (en) * 2015-09-16 2016-09-14 湖北长久菌业有限公司 Cap fungus cultivation material and preparation method thereof
CN108002877A (en) * 2017-10-26 2018-05-08 贵州大学 A kind of culture medium and its cultural method using the slag for cultivating oyster mushroom that ends
CN109006182A (en) * 2018-08-28 2018-12-18 安徽农耕年华农业发展有限公司 A kind of culture base-material and preparation method thereof with Lenlinus edodes slag for cultivating oyster mushroom
CN110036872A (en) * 2019-05-05 2019-07-23 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 A kind of Australia tea tree extraction of essential oil residue light seedling raising medium and preparation method thereof
CN110066200A (en) * 2019-05-05 2019-07-30 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 Hickory chick cultivation matrix and preparation method thereof based on Australia tea tree essential oil industrial wood waste
CN110122257A (en) * 2019-04-29 2019-08-16 吉林省海和建筑工程有限公司 PH is adjustable Nutrition Soil and the preparation method and application thereof

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CN103880484A (en) * 2012-12-24 2014-06-25 项德才 Method for preparing fermentation fertilizer from waste tea branches
CN103910547A (en) * 2012-12-31 2014-07-09 安琪酵母股份有限公司 Domestic fungus medium, preparation method thereof and domestic fungus culture method
CN104326841A (en) * 2014-11-24 2015-02-04 王惠莹 Pleurotus ostreatus culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN104472216A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-04-01 黎平县黎丰菌业专业合作社 Pleurotus ostreatus cultivation method
CN104671870A (en) * 2013-11-26 2015-06-03 山东农棵源生物科技有限公司 Special compound fertilizer for wheat and manufacturing method of special compound fertilizer

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103880484A (en) * 2012-12-24 2014-06-25 项德才 Method for preparing fermentation fertilizer from waste tea branches
CN103910547A (en) * 2012-12-31 2014-07-09 安琪酵母股份有限公司 Domestic fungus medium, preparation method thereof and domestic fungus culture method
CN104671870A (en) * 2013-11-26 2015-06-03 山东农棵源生物科技有限公司 Special compound fertilizer for wheat and manufacturing method of special compound fertilizer
CN104326841A (en) * 2014-11-24 2015-02-04 王惠莹 Pleurotus ostreatus culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN104472216A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-04-01 黎平县黎丰菌业专业合作社 Pleurotus ostreatus cultivation method

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105936603A (en) * 2015-09-16 2016-09-14 湖北长久菌业有限公司 Cap fungus cultivation material and preparation method thereof
CN108002877A (en) * 2017-10-26 2018-05-08 贵州大学 A kind of culture medium and its cultural method using the slag for cultivating oyster mushroom that ends
CN109006182A (en) * 2018-08-28 2018-12-18 安徽农耕年华农业发展有限公司 A kind of culture base-material and preparation method thereof with Lenlinus edodes slag for cultivating oyster mushroom
CN110122257A (en) * 2019-04-29 2019-08-16 吉林省海和建筑工程有限公司 PH is adjustable Nutrition Soil and the preparation method and application thereof
CN110036872A (en) * 2019-05-05 2019-07-23 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 A kind of Australia tea tree extraction of essential oil residue light seedling raising medium and preparation method thereof
CN110066200A (en) * 2019-05-05 2019-07-30 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 Hickory chick cultivation matrix and preparation method thereof based on Australia tea tree essential oil industrial wood waste

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Application publication date: 20150930