CN104908982A - Gravity-driven particulate matter continuous bagging machine - Google Patents

Gravity-driven particulate matter continuous bagging machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104908982A
CN104908982A CN201410091715.2A CN201410091715A CN104908982A CN 104908982 A CN104908982 A CN 104908982A CN 201410091715 A CN201410091715 A CN 201410091715A CN 104908982 A CN104908982 A CN 104908982A
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China
Prior art keywords
sealing
spring
base
plate
plummer
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Granted
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CN201410091715.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104908982B (en
Inventor
牟向伟
廖勇林
梁蔚
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Guangxi Normal University
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Guangxi Normal University
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Publication of CN104908982A publication Critical patent/CN104908982A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B1/00Packaging fluent solid material, e.g. powders, granular or loose fibrous material, loose masses of small articles, in individual containers or receptacles, e.g. bags, sacks, boxes, cartons, cans, or jars
    • B65B1/04Methods of, or means for, filling the material into the containers or receptacles

Abstract

The invention discloses a gravity-driven particulate matter continuous bagging machine. The gravity-driven particulate matter continuous bagging machine comprises a bearing device, a rotating disc conveying device, a self-sealing device, a discharging device and a stripping device. The bearing device is fixed to the base, and the self-sealing device is arranged above the bearing device through the rotating disc conveying device and is arranged corresponding to a discharging opening of the discharging device through a sealing clamping ring inside the self-sealing device; the stripping device is arranged below the self-sealing device; particulate matter is loaded into a woven bag through the discharging device, and gravity obtained after the particulate matter is bagged drives the bearing device and the self-sealing device to work so as to automatically complete sealing of the woven bag; and the stripping device strips the bearing device, and the rotating disc conveying device conveys subsequent empty woven bags to the discharging device and then enters the next working cycle. Particulate matter bagging, sealing, stripping and bag replacement are integrated, and the device can circularly and continuously move. The characteristics of rotating, swing and horizontal movement of a connecting rod are utilized for achieving the preset motion law and trajectory, and the machine is simple and reliable in structure, capable of completing bagging, automatic sealing, bag replacement and the like of particulate matter raw materials in the agricultural and industrial production and wide in use range, reduces the labor intensity and has the popularization condition.

Description

A kind of continuous bag packer of particulate matter of gravity drive
Technical field
The present invention relates to field machine, specifically the continuous bagging apparatus of a kind of particulate matter of gravity drive.
Background technology
The harvesting operation of current rice and wheat crop achieves mechanization work compound mostly, can complete harvesting, threshing continuously, clean and the operation such as pack.But in bagging process, most reaper still needs manually to carry out changing bag, puts grain pack, ties up operations such as sealing and cast aside, repeats like this and adds labor content, reduce efficiency.And the impurity kicked up in bagging process, dust also can cause certain influence to the health of operator.
Existing disclosed bag packer patented technology mainly adopts electric driving, sensor detecting and electron steering to complete pack.As whether CN201210230214.9 employing electronic scale measurement grain reaches to weigh and utilize motor head roll that grain sack is transported to external capper seal.CN201210133961.8 adopts weight sensor to carry out Real-Time Monitoring to pack thing, motor drives the opening and closing of inlet point, discharging opening and need manually carry out changing bag, devises the series of complex circuit such as weight sensing circuit, central control circuit, motor-drive circuit and power circuit.And for example CN201120290153.6 adopts sensor, air-actuator to complete the automatic bagging of particulate matter, powder, but does not complete sealing, changes bag process.CN95218485.0 utilizes weight self gravitation only to complete quantitative discharging, unrealized continuous automatic bagging, changes bag, needs manually again to pack, seals, changes bag.
There is following defect in prior art:
(1) fail to realize the empty bag of continuous feed, certainly move bag process;
(2) can not automatic sealing, external capper need be transported to and seal;
(3) automatically bag can not be cast out aside device after completing pack.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is for the deficiencies in the prior art, for enhancing productivity, and providing a kind of particulate matter of gravity drive continuous bag packer.This machine utilizes the self gravitation driving device transmission device of particulate matter to realize particulate matter to pack, seal, cast aside and change the operations such as bag, and the continuous action that can circulate.
The technical scheme realizing the object of the invention is:
A kind of continuous bag packer of particulate matter of gravity drive, comprise bogey, be arranged on the rotating disk feedway of bogey side, self-sealing device, drawing mechanism and cast device aside, self-sealing device is arranged on above bogey by rotating disk feedway, and arrange by the sealing garter spring of its inside is corresponding with the discharging opening of drawing mechanism, cast device aside and be arranged on below self-sealing device.
Described bogey comprises base, plummer, slide plate and load bearing spring, plummer is arranged between base and self-sealing device, and be arranged in parallel by load bearing spring and base and can move up and down by respect thereto, slide plate to be arranged on plummer and can its horizontal slip relatively, between base and plummer, be provided with travel switch.Axes normal base being welded with some in base cylinder pivot pin and have the boss of through hole.Plummer is with Baltimore groove and two side elevations have the plate of rectangle chute, has the pin-and-hole of axis and plummer plane perpendicular, and be welded with plate always at Baltimore groove one side outer horizontal in Baltimore groove both sides external.Plummer arranged parallel above base, the pin-and-hole of both sides and cylinder pivot pin bearing fit.Slide plate is parallel to plummer bottom surface and coordinates with two rectangle slide of plummer.Load bearing spring is set on cylinder pivot pin, and two ends are separately fixed in plummer bottom surface and susceptor surface.Under gravity, the elastic force overcoming load bearing spring can move axially along cylinder axis pin plummer.
Described rotating disk feedway comprises rotating disk mechanism and the pushing mechanism that is connected with rotating disk mechanism and stop gear, and rotating disk mechanism is connected with self-sealing device by the hollow shaft of its inside.
Described rotating disk mechanism comprises rotating disk, hollow shaft and stay bearing plate.Rotating disk is cylindric, and axle center has through hole, and its upper surface is along the circumferential direction evenly distributed with tapped bore.The rotating disk face of cylinder has the blind hole of respective numbers perpendicular to tapped bore axis.The corresponding tapped bore axis in rotating disk lower surface is provided with the boss of respective numbers, and boss radially extends certain length, radially distributes, the triangle of its cross-sectional plane to be hypotenuse be circular arc line, camber line limit and straight line rounding off; Hollow shaft has the breach of certain length by bottom end, and its bottom is fixedly connected with base; Hollow shaft is coordinated with rotating disk by bearing, keeps at regular intervals between rotating disk and base; Stay bearing plate is right angle " Z " shape plate, and its upper and lower horizontal ends is respectively long end and short end.Having through hole and tapped bore successively along stay bearing plate long end center of surface line outside-in, short end having for being fixed with rotating disk upper screwed hole the through hole be connected.
Described pushing mechanism comprise promote frizzen, chute connecting rod, pawl, pawl torsion spring and promote retracing spring.Promotion frizzen is right angle " 7 " shape, and its vertical plate is provided with straight trough mouth, and is having through hole with horizontal plate infall, and the horizontal plate other end is vertically welded with plate always.Chute connecting rod is cylindric, and its two ends have through hole on vertical axis direction, and at one end welds a boss in the axial direction outside through hole.Pawl as L shape L-square, its minor face is the horizontal plate that end has through hole, the long limit vertical plate that to be top be with oblique angle.Promote a fixing lug boss on frizzen and base hinged, the straight plate of horizontal plate one end welding extend into the below of plummer, keeps certain distance.With the boss bearing fit of through hole on chute shank of connecting rod and base, its one end is by pin and the straight trough mouth bearing fit promoted on frizzen vertical plate, and the one end being welded with boss is hinged with the minor face of pawling, and the pin of hinged place is set with torsion spring of pawling.Pawl torsion spring two ends respectively with chute connecting rod and pawl fixing.Promote retracing spring two ends to fix with promotion frizzen and base respectively.
Described stop gear comprises spacing frizzen, fork, limit pull rod, contact pin, contact pin spring and limit spring.Spacing frizzen is angular pole always, and on the through hole in the middle part of long limit and base, a fixing lug boss is hinged.Fork is also right angle bar, and on the through hole of infall and base, another fixing lug boss is hinged.Contact pin is stepped round bar, and its large end has the through hole with contact pin axes normal near ladder place, the through hole bearing fit of a fixing lug boss on its small end round bar and base.Contact pin spring housing is loaded on outside contact pin small end round bar, and two ends are fixedly connected with base boss with contact pin ladder place respectively.Limit pull rod two ends respectively with the vertical edge of fork and contact pin hinged.Limit spring two ends are fixedly connected with the long limit of spacing frizzen with base respectively.
The sealing garter spring that described self-sealing device comprises the trigger mechanism be connected with the hollow shaft of rotating disk mechanism, the garter spring releasing mechanism be connected with trigger mechanism and is connected with garter spring releasing mechanism.
Described trigger mechanism comprises sealing frizzen, the curved swing arm of straight trough mouth, supporting plate, perpendicular push rod, lance, sealing retracing spring and lance spring.Sealing frizzen in the middle part of through hole and base on a fixing lug boss hinged.The curved swing arm of straight trough mouth is " L " shape, and two arms all have straight trough mouth, and infall is provided with through hole.Supporting plate is right-angle folding bent plate, and its base plate plane is welded on hollow shaft top end surface, and base plate side is provided with the boss of band through hole, and its vertical plate is provided with the axis through hole parallel with base surface.Boss on the curved swing arm of straight trough mouth and supporting plate base plate is hinged.Perpendicular pushing rod sleeve is loaded in the hollow shaft of rotating disk mechanism, and its top is by the straight trough mouth bearing fit on pin and the curved swing arm of straight trough mouth, and its lower end is placed in the indentation, there of hollow shaft bottom.Lance one end is by another straight trough mouth bearing fit on pin and the curved swing arm of straight trough mouth, and shaft is set in the through hole on the vertical plate of supporting plate.Lance spring housing is loaded on outside lance, and two ends are separately fixed on the vertical plate of lance and supporting plate.Sealing retracing spring two ends respectively with base with seal frizzen and be fixedly connected with.
Described garter spring releasing mechanism comprises garter spring peg, top stem casing, push rod, pull bar and push rod retracing spring.Garter spring peg is " several " shape rod member, and by-level bar center arranges the straight pin having through hole, and side is biased another straight pin.Be articulated on the long end through hole of stay bearing plate in rotating disk mechanism with the center circle pin of pin by garter spring peg.Fit push rod in top stem casing, and be fixed on stay bearing plate long end side by screw.Pull bar two ends respectively with the straight pin of garter spring peg upper offset and push rod one end hinged.Push rod retracing spring is placed on outside push rod, and corresponding with top stem casing with the other end of push rod respectively one end, two ends is fixedly connected with.
Described sealing garter spring comprises double-deck ring, semi-ring, blank cover and cover plate torsion spring.Double-deck ring comprises inner ring and outer shroud, and inner ring is a complete circle, and outer shroud is a semicircular ring, and both are concentric, and adopts semicircular arc cover plate by its upper surface weld together.Inner ring surface symmetry has two " L " v notch v grooves, and upper surface is fixed with semicircle plate and seals half collar extension and center is provided with straight pin.The side of outer shroud has pin-and-hole, and another is then provided with buckle ear.Outer shroud and the semi-ring of double-deck ring are hinged by the pin-and-hole outside its separately ring body.Double-deck ring and semi-ring are elastomeric material and make, and all there is buckle ear the two relative side, after locking, utilizes the elasticity of double-deck ring and semi-ring to be used for filling the woven bag banding of particulate matter between the inner and outer rings of double-deck ring.Centered by blank cover, place has the semi-circular plate of through hole, and upper surface is provided with a projection.Blank cover is articulated with on the straight pin of double-deck ring upper surface.The horizontal slot of " L " v notch v trench bottom that the inner ring of double-deck ring is offered is for mounting the garter spring peg in garter spring releasing mechanism.Cover plate torsion spring set is loaded on the straight pin of double-deck ring upper surface, and its two ends are fixedly connected with blank cover with the semicircle plate of double-deck ring respectively.
Described drawing mechanism comprises discharge bucket, fixing semi-circular plate, opening-closing plate, opening-closing plate gear, intermediate gear, motor gear, travel switch, opening-closing plate torsion spring, motor and half-conical geosynclinal block.Discharge bucket is funnel-form, and top is uncovered is feeding mouth, and below bundle mouth is discharging opening.Fixing semi-circular plate center has through hole, and is radially provided with axle apart from a distance, center.Opening-closing plate is semicircular plate, and the center of surface thereof is provided with axle, and same surface is provided with boss; Half-conical geosynclinal block is placed in discharging opening, is fixedly connected with discharge bucket, blocks part discharging opening.Fixing semi-circular plate is welded in discharge outlet, at regular intervals with half-conical geosynclinal block.Axle and the fixing semi-circular plate center at opening-closing plate center are hinged, and at regular intervals with fixing semi-circular plate.Motor gear, intermediate gear and opening-closing plate gear intermesh and coordinate with the axle of the bias axis on motor, fixing semi-circular plate and opening-closing plate center respectively; Travel switch is fixed on base.Opening-closing plate torsion spring set is on opening-closing plate center shaft, and two ends are fixedly connected with opening-closing plate with fixing semi-circular plate respectively.Drawing mechanism is arranged on directly over plummer, is fixedly connected with by steel pipe by discharge bucket with base.
Described device of casting aside comprises stroke amplification wheel, wheel carrier, slide rail, transmission pulley, angle pulley and plummer pulley, the 1st cable wire, the 2nd cable wire and sliding extractor.Stroke amplifies wheel for stepped, and the center is provided with through hole, is provided with in the axial direction on small one and large one two surfaces of radius and opens reeded cylinder.Wheel carrier is vertically welded on base, and it is hinged with wheel carrier that stroke amplifies wheel.Slide rail steel pipe is fixed on base.On plummer pulley and plummer bottom surface one fixing projection is hinged, and is placed in below coulisse.Transmitting pulley alignment stroke amplification wheel is placed on base, and angle pulley is placed on base perpendicular to transmission pulley.1st cable wire two ends are separately fixed at plummer and stroke amplifies on the little round recessed of wheel.2nd cable wire one end is fixed on stroke and amplifies on the large circular groove of wheel, and the other end is successively walked around and transmitted pulley, angle pulley and plummer pulley, is fixed on slide plate.Sliding extractor two ends are separately fixed on plummer and coulisse.
Advantage of the present invention is: this machine utilizes the self gravitation driving device transmission device of particulate matter to realize particulate matter to pack, seal, cast aside and change the operations such as bag, integrates particulate matter and pack, seal, cast aside and change bag, and the continuous action that can circulate.The present invention utilizes the rotation of connecting rod, swing, translation feature to realize the predetermined characteristics of motion and track, simple and reliable for structure, pack, the automatic sealing of particulate matter raw material in agricultural and commercial production can be completed, change the operations such as bag, reduce labour intensity, range of use is comparatively wide, possesses popularization condition.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is complete machine axonometric drawing of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is sealing garter spring axonometric drawing.
Fig. 3 is garter spring releasing mechanism initial mounting state schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 is the trigger mechanism schematic diagram of bogey and other devices.
Fig. 5 is for casting device initial mounting state schematic diagram aside.
Fig. 6 is for casting a certain moment view of device action aside.
Fig. 7 is a certain moment view of drawing mechanism port closing
Fig. 8 is the view of garter spring releasing mechanism action.
Fig. 9 is stop gear trigger action schematic diagram.
Figure 10 is pushing mechanism trigger action planar view.
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in Figure 1, the continuous bag packer of particulate matter of a kind of gravity drive of the present invention is by bogey 1, the rotating disk feedway 2 being arranged on bogey 1 side, self-sealing device 3, drawing mechanism 4 and cast device 5 aside and form, self-sealing device 3 is arranged on above bogey 1 by rotating disk feedway 2, and arrange by the sealing garter spring 3-3 of its inside is corresponding with the discharging opening of drawing mechanism 4, cast device 5 aside and be arranged on below self-sealing device 3.Wherein:
Bogey 1 is made up of base 1-1, plummer 1-2, slide plate 1-3 and load bearing spring 1-4.Rotating disk feedway 2 is made up of rotating disk mechanism 2-1, pushing mechanism 2-2 and stop gear 2-3.Self-sealing device 3 is by trigger mechanism 3-1, garter spring releasing mechanism 3-2, and sealing garter spring 3-3 forms.Drawing mechanism 4 is made up of discharge bucket 4-1, fixing semi-circular plate 4-2, opening-closing plate 4-3, opening-closing plate gear 4-4, intermediate gear 4-5, motor gear 4-6, opening-closing plate torsion spring 4-7, motor 4-8 etc.Cast device 5 aside and amplify the compositions such as wheel 5-1, wheel carrier 5-2, slide rail 5-3, the 1st cable wire 5-4, the 2nd cable wire 5-5 and sliding extractor 5-6 primarily of stroke.Rotating disk feedway 2 is arranged on bogey 1 side, and self-sealing device 3 is arranged on directly over plummer 1-2, and drawing mechanism 4 is placed in directly over sealing garter spring 3-3, casts device 5 aside and is placed in bogey 1 side, as shown in Figure 1.
Empty woven bag is placed between the inner and outer rings of double-deck ring 3-3-1, and is interlocked by the buckle ear of semi-ring 3-3-2 and double-deck ring 3-3-1, the sack of empty woven bag by banding in sealing in garter spring 3-3, as shown in Figure 2.Rotary seal cover plate 3-3-3, make on its upper surface being placed in double-deck ring 3-3-1, under the effect of cover plate torsion spring 3-3-4 predetermincd tension, bottom the projection of blank cover 3-3-3 and garter spring peg 3-2-1, one end of straight-bar offsets, sealing garter spring 3-3 opens a semicircular opening, rotary seal garter spring 3-3, and bottom garter spring peg 3-2-1, two ends straight-bar stretches in the horizontal slot of sealing garter spring 3-3 " L " v notch v trench bottom, sealing garter spring 3-3 is fixed, as shown in Figure 3.
During initial installation, on each the garter spring peg 3-2-1 being arranged on rotating disk 2-1-1 surrounding, all mounting cover is the sealing garter spring 3-3 of free woven bag.The opening of one of them sealing garter spring 3-3 aims at discharging opening, is placed on slide plate 1-3 bottom the empty woven bag of its inner sleeve.Elastic bunch bag ring by woven bag bundle cage within it, is avoided changing a bag space-time woven bag and is mutually wound around because centnifugal force throws away.
As shown in Figure 4, initial mounting state, to pawl 2-2-3 minor face and chute connecting rod 2-2-2 axis being parallel, its minor face horizontal plate is coplanar with the bottom surface of chute connecting rod 2-2-2 welding boss, the straight flange on its top, long limit contacts with the straight flange of a boss of rotating disk 2-1-1 lower surface, and its hypotenuse is relative with the arc-shaped edges of follow-up boss.The spacing long limit of frizzen 2-3-1 is parallel with base 1-1 and extend into the following of plummer 1-2, and has certain distance.Fork 2-3-2 does not open the square edge in hole and spacing frizzen 2-3-1 minor face co-planar contacts.Contact pin 2-3-4 inserts and rotating disk 2-1-1 cylinder is uniformly distributed in blind hole under the elastic force effect of contact pin spring 2-3-5, and rotating disk 2-1-1 is limited and cannot rotate.Sealing frizzen 3-1-1 one end is stretched in hollow shaft 2-1-2 by hollow shaft 2-1-2 indentation, there, with perpendicular push rod 3-1-4 lower end co-planar contacts; The other end extend into the following of plummer 1-2, and establishes certain distance.Push rod 3-2-3 axis and lance 3-1-5 axis collinear in corresponding trigger mechanism, and preset certain mounting distance between push rod 3-2-3 end face and lance 3-1-5 end face, as shown in Figure 3.
Time initial, the 1st cable wire 5-4 cast aside in device 5 is relaxed state, and the 2nd cable wire 5-5 is tensioning state, as shown in Figure 5.Plummer 1-2 decline certain distance makes the 1st cable wire relaxed be tensioned, period drawing mechanism 4 and self-sealing device 3 successively action in succession, ensure that first stop discharging, woven bag removes fixing, then is pulled out away from.Plummer 1-2 continues decline and pulls the 1st cable wire, stroke amplifies wheel and therefore rotates and pull the 2nd cable wire, pull along plummer 1-2 rectangle slide rail to device movement outside through pulley transmission, commutation tail skid 1-3 by the 2nd cable wire, and woven bag is cast aside this device under the guiding of slide rail 5-3, as shown in Figure 6.
During work, particulate matter is transported to discharge bucket 4-1, through discharging opening, is fallen in woven bag by sealing garter spring 3-3.When reaching predetermined weight, load bearing spring 1-4 is compressed, and plummer 1-2, slide plate 1-3 and woven bag decline.The plummer 1-2 declined pulls the 1st cable wire 5-4, and plummer 1-2 touches the travel switch on base 1-1 simultaneously, and switch connection, the motor 4-8 of drawing mechanism 4 starts working.Rotated by opening-closing plate 4-3 by the transmission of motor gear 4-6, intermediate gear 4-5 and opening-closing plate gear 4-4, discharge bucket 4-1 closes, as shown in Figure 7.Now, particulate matter is temporarily stored in discharge bucket 4-1, and discharging opening is discharging no longer.Plummer 1-2 continues travel switch in decline process and contacts with plummer 1-2 always and be in on-state, but opening-closing plate 4-3 offsets and cannot continue to rotate because of its boss and fixing semi-circular plate 4-2, period, opening-closing plate torsion spring 4-7 was in twisting states always, and discharging opening is closed always.Device enters automatic sealing, casts the continuous duty of changing bag with rotating disk conveying aside.
As shown in Figure 8, plummer 1-2 continues to decline, and touches sealing frizzen 3-1-1, and sealing retracing spring 3-1-6 is compressed.Sealing frizzen 3-1-1 rotates around its swivel pin, and promote perpendicular push rod 3-1-4 and move straight up in hollow shaft 2-1-2, the curved swing arm 3-1-2 of straight trough mouth rotates, and lance 3-1-5 is moved along axis in the through hole of supporting plate 3-1-3.Collide with push rod 3-2-3 after lance 3-1-5 moves a segment distance, push rod 3-2-3 moves along axis in top stem casing 3-2-2, and drives pull bar 3-2-4 action, and garter spring peg 3-2-1 is rotated.When straight-bar bottom garter spring peg 3-2-1 rotates to the breach of " L " v notch v groove of sealing garter spring 3-3, sealing garter spring 3-3 departs from garter spring peg 3-2-1 and falls with woven bag.Meanwhile, blank cover 3-3-3 rotates under the effect of cover plate torsion spring 3-3-4 predetermincd tension, and the mouth sealing garter spring 3-3 half-open is covered, and sealing garter spring 3-3 completes automatic sealing.The 1st now lax cable wire 5-4 is eventually pulled completely as tensioning state.
Plummer 1-2 then declines, and after exceeding the preset strokes of sealing frizzen 3-1-1, disengages with it, and sealing frizzen 3-1-1 resets under the effect of sealing retracing spring 3-1-6.Push rod 3-2-3 also resets under the effect of push rod retracing spring, lance 3-1-5 is resetted by lance spring 3-1-7 effect, the reset of lance 3-1-5 is through the curved swing arm 3-1-2 of straight trough mouth, drive perpendicular push rod 3-1-4 to move down reset along its axis, perpendicular push rod 3-1-4 recovers the co-planar contacts of initial mounting state with sealing frizzen 3-1-1 one end.
As shown in Figure 6, plummer 1-2 continues to decline, and while decline, the 1st cable wire 5-4 of tensioning pulls stroke to amplify wheel 5-1 rotation, and micro-displacement amplifies, and the 2nd cable wire 5-5 pulls slide plate 1-3 to move outside base 1-1 along the rectangle chute of plummer 1-2.Woven bag moves with slide plate 1-3, and its center of gravity moves outside slide plate 1-3 under the guiding of slide rail 5-3, and plummer 1-2 touches spacing frizzen 2-3-1, limit spring 2-3-6 and compressed.Spacing frizzen 2-3-1 rotates around its hinge pin, drives fork 2-3-2, limit pull rod 2-3-3 action.The limited pull bar 2-3-3 of contact pin 2-3-4 pulls, and moves in through hole along axis, extracts, as shown in Figure 9 in the corresponding blind hole of rotating disk 2-1-1.Rotating disk 2-1-1 loses the spacing of contact pin 2-3-4, and because the boss of its lower surface offsets with the 2-2-3 that pawls, control rotating disk 2-1-1 can only change bag direction toward woven bag and carry out one direction rotation.
Plummer 1-2 declines, and slide plate 1-3 and woven bag placed on it are moving simultaneously outside base 1-1.Plummer 1-2 touches and promotes frizzen 2-2-1, and promote retracing spring 2-2-5 and compressed, spacing frizzen 2-3-1 now also contacts with plummer 1-2.Promote frizzen 2-2-1 to rotate by plummer 1-2 effect, chute connecting rod 2-2-2 moves along axis in through hole.The 2-2-3 that pawls cannot rotate around its swivel pin owing to being offseted by the welding boss of chute connecting rod 2-2-2, and chute connecting rod 2-2-2 pawls 2-2-3 parallel motion.The 2-2-3 that pawls promotes the boss of rotating disk 2-1-1 lower surface, and rotating disk 2-1-1 is rotated, and next empty woven bag starts feeding below discharging opening.Plummer 1-2 and promotion frizzen 2-2-1 active phase a certain moment, plummer 1-2 exceedes the preset strokes of spacing frizzen 2-3-1, and both disengage, and spacing frizzen 2-3-1 resets under limit spring 2-3-6 effect.Contact pin 2-3-4 resets and returns slotting toward rotating disk 2-1-1 direction under the effect of contact pin spring 2-3-5.But when rotating disk 2-1-1 is not also pushed to default interval angles by the 2-2-3 that pawls, the blind hole position on the rotating disk 2-1-1 face of cylinder does not align with contact pin 2-3-4, the large end head of contact pin 2-3-4 and the Cylindrical Surfaces Contact of rotating disk 2-1-1 and do not insert in blind hole.Contact pin spring 2-3-5 now does not revert to state of nature completely.
As shown in Figure 10, the 2-2-3 that pawls promotes rotating disk 2-1-1 and rotates, when rotating to default pick feed angle, corresponding blind hole also puts in place thereupon and aligns with contact pin 2-3-4, contact pin 2-3-4 inserts blind hole under the effect of contact pin spring 2-3-5, rotating disk 2-1-1 is spacing and stop the rotation by contact pin 2-3-4,2-2-3 stop motion of pawling.Now, follow-up sealing garter spring 3-3 rotates to the below of discharge bucket 4-1, and the empty woven bag of sealing garter spring 3-3 banding is transported to immediately below discharging opening, completes and changes a bag feed motion.
At rotating disk 2-1-1 by contact pin 2-3-4 during spacing and stop motion, woven bag to be cast aside is by slide rail 5-3 effect disengaging slide plate 1-3.Plummer 1-2 loses woven bag pressure and resets under load bearing spring 1-4 effect, and slide plate 1-3 resets under the effect of sliding extractor 5-6.Promote frizzen 2-2-1 revolution under promotion retracing spring 2-2-5 effect, chute connecting rod 2-2-2 back moves.The 2-2-3 that pawls back moves under chute connecting rod 2-2-2 pulls.Around here, 2-2-3 top hypotenuse of pawling acts on short the contacting of circular arc line of rotating disk 2-1-1 lower surface boss, and the 2-2-3 that pawls rotates around itself and chute connecting rod 2-2-2 hinge pin, also back mobile reset while laminating boss rotates.After walking around rotating disk 2-1-1 boss, 2-2-3 contrarotation under the effect of the torsion spring 2-2-4 that pawls of pawling, welds with chute connecting rod 2-2-2 the co-planar contacts that boss recovers initial mounting state, pawl 2-2-3 minor face and chute connecting rod 2-2-2 axis being parallel.
In plummer 1-2 upward movement reseting procedure, again successively with spacing frizzen 2-3-1, seal frizzen 3-1-1 effect.Spacing frizzen 2-3-1, the sealing frizzen 3-1-1 contrarotation relative to the rotation of colliding with plummer 1-2 for the first time separately, depart from the contact of fork 2-3-2, perpendicular push rod 3-1-4.Plummer 1-2 continues upwards to reset, and spacing frizzen 2-3-1, sealing frizzen 3-1-1 successively lose plummer 1-2 effect and reset, and recovers the initial mounting state co-planar contacts with fork 2-3-2, perpendicular push rod 3-1-4.Plummer 1-2, in decline process, keeps the travel switch of on-state also reset to initial position with plummer 1-2 and disconnect always, and opening-closing plate 4-3 rotates under opening-closing plate torsion spring 4-7 effect, and discharge bucket 4-1 opens, and so far completes a working cycle.The discharging opening of particulate matter through opening, falls into and is rotated in the follow-up empty woven bag corresponding with discharging opening by rotating disk mechanism 2-1, enter pack next time, seal, cast aside and change bag process.

Claims (10)

1. the continuous bag packer of the particulate matter of gravity drive, is characterized in that: comprise bogey (1), be arranged on the rotating disk feedway (2) of bogey (1) side, self-sealing device (3), be arranged on self-sealing device (3) top drawing mechanism (4) and be arranged on and cast device (5) aside below self-sealing device (3), wherein: bogey (1) comprises base (1-1), plummer (1-2) and slide plate (1-3), self-sealing device (3) is arranged on plummer (1-2) top by rotating disk feedway (2), and arrange by the sealing garter spring (3-3) of its inside is corresponding with the discharging opening of drawing mechanism (4), plummer (1-2) is be arranged in parallel by load bearing spring (1-4) and base (1-1) and can be moved up and down by respect thereto (1-1), it is upper and can its horizontal slip relatively that slide plate (1-3) is arranged on plummer (1-2), travel switch is provided with between base (1-1) and plummer (1-2), rotating disk feedway (2) is connected with self-sealing device (3) by the rotating disk mechanism (2-1) of its inside.
2. the continuous bag packer of particulate matter of a kind of gravity drive according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described rotating disk feedway (2) comprises rotating disk mechanism (2-1) and the pushing mechanism (2-2) that is connected with rotating disk mechanism (2-1) and stop gear (2-3), wherein: rotating disk mechanism (2-1) comprises rotating disk (2-1-1), hollow shaft (2-1-2) and stay bearing plate (2-1-3), hollow shaft (2-1-2) upper end is connected with trigger mechanism (3-1), lower end is fixedly connected with base (1-1) through the centre hole of rotating disk (2-1-1), stay bearing plate (2-1-3) is fixed on rotating disk (2-1-1) upper surface, pushing mechanism (2-2) is by the promotion frizzen (2-2-1) of its inside and promote retracing spring (2-2-5) and be connected with base (1-1), stop gear is connected with base (1-1) by the spacing frizzen (2-3-1) of its inside and limit spring (3-1-6).
3. the continuous bag packer of particulate matter of a kind of gravity drive according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the sealing garter spring (3-3) that described self-sealing device (3) comprises the trigger mechanism (3-1) be connected with hollow shaft (2-1-2), the garter spring releasing mechanism (3-2) be connected with trigger mechanism (3-1) and is connected with garter spring releasing mechanism (3-2).
4. the continuous bag packer of particulate matter of a kind of gravity drive according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described drawing mechanism (4) comprises discharge bucket (4-1), fixing semi-circular plate (4-2), opening-closing plate (4-3), opening-closing plate gear (4-4), intermediate gear (4-5), motor gear (4-6), travel switch, opening-closing plate torsion spring (4-7), motor (4-8) and half-conical geosynclinal block; Discharge bucket (4-1) is up big and down small funnel-form, and is fixedly connected with base (1-1) by steel pipe, and half-conical geosynclinal block is placed in the discharging opening of discharge bucket (4-1) below, is fixedly connected with discharge bucket (4-1); Fixing semi-circular plate (4-2) is welded in discharge outlet, and half-conical geosynclinal block interval is arranged; Opening-closing plate (4-3) is semicircular plate, and its upper surface is provided with boss; Center shaft and fixing semi-circular plate (4-2) center of opening-closing plate (4-3) are hinged, and are arranged by opening-closing plate torsion spring (4-7) and fixing semi-circular plate (4-2) interval; Motor gear (4-6) and intermediate gear (4-5), opening-closing plate gear (4-4) engage each other, and coordinate with motor (4-8), the fixing center shaft of semi-circular plate (4-2) and the center shaft of opening-closing plate (4-3) respectively; Travel switch is fixed on base (1-1).
5. the continuous bag packer of particulate matter of a kind of gravity drive according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described device (5) of casting aside comprises stroke amplification wheel (5-1), wheel carrier (5-2), slide rail (5-3), transmits pulley, angle pulley, plummer pulley, the 1st cable wire (5-4), the 2nd cable wire (5-5) and sliding extractor (5-6); Stroke amplify wheel (5-1) for stepped, and be provided with in the axial direction radius small one and large one and reeded cylinder is offered on surface; Wheel carrier (5-2) is vertically welded on base (1-1), and it is hinged with wheel carrier (5-2) that stroke amplifies wheel (5-1); Slide rail (5-3) is fixed on base (1-1) by steel pipe; Plummer pulley is placed in slide plate (1-3) below, and hinged with the boss on plummer (1-2) bottom surface; Transmit pulley and stroke to amplify and take turns (5-1) and align and be placed on base (1-1), angle pulley is placed on base (1-1) perpendicular to transmitting pulley; 1st cable wire (5-4) walks around the little round recessed that stroke amplifies wheel (5-1), and one end is connected with plummer (1-2), and the other end is fixed on stroke and amplifies on the small cylindrical tank of wheel (5-1); 2nd cable wire (5-5) one end is fixed on stroke and amplifies on the large circular groove of wheel (5-1), and the other end is walked around and transmitted pulley, angle pulley and plummer pulley, is fixed on slide plate (1-3); Sliding extractor (5-6) two ends are separately fixed on plummer (1-2) and slide plate (1-3).
6. the continuous bag packer of particulate matter of a kind of gravity drive according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described pushing mechanism (2-2) comprises promotion frizzen (2-2-1), chute connecting rod (2-2-2), pawl (2-2-3), torsion spring of pawling (2-2-4) and promotes retracing spring (2-2-5); Promote frizzen (2-2-1) with base (1-1) hinged and be positioned at plummer (1-2) below a distance; Chute connecting rod (2-2-2) one end and the straight trough mouth bearing fit promoting frizzen (2-2-1), the other end is hinged with pawl (2-2-3) by torsion spring of pawling (2-2-4); Promote retracing spring (2-2-5) two ends respectively with base (1-1) with promote frizzen (2-2-1) and be fixedly connected with.
7. the continuous bag packer of particulate matter of a kind of gravity drive according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described stop gear (2-3) comprises spacing frizzen (2-3-1), fork (2-3-2), limit pull rod (2-3-3), contact pin (2-3-4), contact pin spring (2-3-5) and limit spring (2-3-6), fork (2-3-2), spacing frizzen is hinged with base (1-1) with (2-3-1) respectively, limit pull rod (2-3-3) one end is articulated with on the contact pin (2-3-4) with base (1-1) bearing fit, the other end and fork (2-3-2) hinged, contact pin spring (2-3-5) two ends are fixedly connected with contact pin (2-3-4) with base (1-1) respectively.
8. the continuous bag packer of particulate matter of a kind of gravity drive according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described trigger mechanism (3-1) comprises sealing frizzen (3-1-1), the curved swing arm of straight trough mouth (3-1-2), supporting plate (3-1-3), perpendicular push rod (3-1-4), lance (3-1-5), sealing retracing spring (3-1-6) and lance spring (3-1-7); It is hinged with base (1-1) that sealing frizzen (3-1-1) is positioned at plummer (1-2) below, and it is connected with the sealing retracing spring (3-1-6) be fixed on base (1-1); Perpendicular push rod (3-1-4) is socketed with hollow shaft (2-1-2), and supporting plate (3-1-3) is fixed on hollow shaft (2-1-2) upper end; The curved swing arm of straight trough mouth (3-1-2) is articulated with on supporting plate (3-1-3), and the straight trough mouth of one end and perpendicular push rod (3-1-4) top bearing fit; The straight trough mouth bearing fit of lance (3-1-5) one end and the curved swing arm of straight trough mouth (3-1-2) and with supporting plate (3-1-3) bearing fit; Lance spring (3-1-7) two ends are fixedly connected with supporting plate (3-1-3) with lance (3-1-5) respectively.
9. the continuous bag packer of particulate matter of a kind of gravity drive according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described garter spring releasing mechanism (3-2) comprises the garter spring peg (3-2-1) hinged with stay bearing plate (2-1-3), be arranged on the top stem casing (3-2-2) on stay bearing plate (2-1-3), push rod (3-2-3), pull bar (3-2-4) and push rod retracing spring (3-2-5), pull bar (3-2-4) two ends respectively with garter spring peg (3-2-1) and push rod (3-2-3) hinged, push rod (3-2-3) shaft is placed in top stem casing (3-2-2), push rod retracing spring (3-2-5) two ends are fixedly connected with push rod (3-2-3) with top stem casing (3-2-2) respectively.
10. the continuous bag packer of particulate matter of a kind of gravity drive according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described sealing garter spring (3-3) comprises double-deck ring (3-3-1), semi-ring (3-3-2), blank cover (3-3-3) and cover plate torsion spring (3-3-4), double-deck ring (3-3-1) is hinged by through hole with semi-ring (3-3-2); Blank cover (3-3-3) is hinged on double-deck ring (3-3-1); Cover plate torsion spring (3-3-4) two ends are fixedly connected with blank cover (3-3-3) with double-deck ring (3-3-1) respectively.
CN201410091715.2A 2014-03-13 2014-03-13 Gravity-driven particulate matter continuous bagging machine Expired - Fee Related CN104908982B (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105642169A (en) * 2016-01-08 2016-06-08 西北工业大学 Automatic cap opening and closing device
CN108163261A (en) * 2017-12-28 2018-06-15 邱德平 A kind of rotating disc type plastic article sealed in unit

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH09278001A (en) * 1996-04-12 1997-10-28 General Packer Co Ltd Filling device for packaging machine
CN1973604A (en) * 2006-12-08 2007-06-06 涂选来 Automatic punching bagging and tying machine for mixed edible fungus material
CN102745348A (en) * 2012-07-05 2012-10-24 山东理工大学 Sack packer for automatically collecting grain
CN103171777A (en) * 2013-04-18 2013-06-26 上海电机学院 Household automatic grain filling machine
CN203767078U (en) * 2014-03-13 2014-08-13 广西师范大学 Gravity driven continuous particle bagging machine

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH09278001A (en) * 1996-04-12 1997-10-28 General Packer Co Ltd Filling device for packaging machine
CN1973604A (en) * 2006-12-08 2007-06-06 涂选来 Automatic punching bagging and tying machine for mixed edible fungus material
CN102745348A (en) * 2012-07-05 2012-10-24 山东理工大学 Sack packer for automatically collecting grain
CN103171777A (en) * 2013-04-18 2013-06-26 上海电机学院 Household automatic grain filling machine
CN203767078U (en) * 2014-03-13 2014-08-13 广西师范大学 Gravity driven continuous particle bagging machine

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105642169A (en) * 2016-01-08 2016-06-08 西北工业大学 Automatic cap opening and closing device
CN105642169B (en) * 2016-01-08 2018-02-09 西北工业大学 A kind of automatic open-close lid arrangement
CN108163261A (en) * 2017-12-28 2018-06-15 邱德平 A kind of rotating disc type plastic article sealed in unit

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