CN104813857A - Watermelon seedling cultivation technology of light emitting diode (LED) plant lamp based on conditions without natural light - Google Patents

Watermelon seedling cultivation technology of light emitting diode (LED) plant lamp based on conditions without natural light Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104813857A
CN104813857A CN201510255724.5A CN201510255724A CN104813857A CN 104813857 A CN104813857 A CN 104813857A CN 201510255724 A CN201510255724 A CN 201510255724A CN 104813857 A CN104813857 A CN 104813857A
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red
led plant
watermelon
plant lamp
days
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CN104813857B (en
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善新民
善盈盈
何润云
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QUZHOU ZHONGHENG AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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QUZHOU ZHONGHENG AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G2/00Vegetative propagation
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/04Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth
    • A01G7/045Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth with electric lighting
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Botany (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Biodiversity & Conservation Biology (AREA)
  • Ecology (AREA)
  • Forests & Forestry (AREA)
  • Developmental Biology & Embryology (AREA)
  • Cultivation Of Plants (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a watermelon seedling cultivation technology of a light emitting diode (LED) plant lamp based on the conditions without natural light, which belongs to the planting filed of plants. The invention discloses a technology for cultivating watermelon seedlings by utilizing an Led plant lamp device. The radio of red and blue light of a red and a blue LED plant lamps is 5.2:1 in the first 10 days, the light intensity is 80Mumol/(m2.s), the irradiation time is 10h in every day, the temperature is controlled in 25DEG C+_1DEG C in day, the humidity is controlled in 65%, the temperature is controlled in 18DEG C+_1DEG C at night, the radio of the red and the blue light of the red and the blue LED plant lamps is 6.5:1 in the last 10 days, the light intensity is 80Mumol/(m2.s), the irradiation time is 10h in every day, the temperature is controlled in 28DEG C+_1DEG C, the humidity is controlled in 75%, the temperature is controlled in 20DEG C+_1DEG C at night, and the red and the blue LED plant lamps are arranged on positions above watermelon seedlings 2cm to 4cm. The watermelon seedling cultivation technology of the LED plant lamp based on the conditions without natural light has the beneficial effects that the watermelon seedlings are low and thick, high in survive rate and short in cultivation time, and is suitable for industrialized production.

Description

A kind of based on the watermelon seedling cultivation technology without LED plant lamp under natural daylight condition
Technical field
The invention belongs to plant cultivation field, in particular disclose a kind of based on the watermelon seedling cultivation technology without LED plant lamp under natural daylight condition
Background technology
Watermelon is the fruit that southern area is generally planted.Spring, melon grower was in order to strive for that watermelon can go on the market early, with the good economic benefit of getting, often from annual late January to early Febuary just cultivate watermelon seedling.Due to southern area low temperature overcast and rainy day in this time, illumination is not enough, makes the cultivation of watermelon seedling very difficult.Peasant household and nursery were all adopt geothermal-warming and be incubated and light filling rice shoot, to make up the deficiency of solar irradiation with light fixtures such as fluorescent lamp, incandescent lamp, high-pressure sodium lamps in the past.But plant can be made in these light fixture spectrum to produce the light of photosynthetic wavelength seldom, and therefore light efficiency is low, energy consumption large, cannot meet the needs of watermelon seedling growth.Run into continuously overcast and rainy, the easy excessive growth of watermelon rice shoot, even dead, cause that watermelon Seedlings quality is poor, survival rate is low.
Conventional light source is compared, and LED (light emitting diodes) light source has following advantage:
Cold light source, quality are good and volume is little, the life-span is long, light quality is pure, light efficiency is high, type of wavelength is abundant, coincide with spectral range needed for photosynthesis of plant;
The energy can be saved by regulating LED frequency and dutycycle and improve photosynthetic efficiency;
LED light exports half width, close to monochromatic light, is used singly or in combination;
Use LED can concentrate the light balancedly irradiate crops of specific wavelength, not only can regulate crop flowers and result, and the nutrient component of plant height and plant can also be controlled;
LED light source belongs to cold light source, and heating is few, achieves low heat loads, can be placed in from plant very close to place and can not roasting for crop wound, the availability of light is very high, can be used for multilayer cultivation tridimensional combined system;
LED volume is minimum, uses LED plant lamp to have to take up room little, easy for installation, the feature such as make plant production facility miniaturized.
Summary of the invention
The problem solved: the Net long wave radiation seeking a kind of energy simulated solar, prevents the excessive growth of watermelon rice shoot at prolonged cold rainy season, significantly improves watermelon rice shoot survival rate, effectively improves the technology of watermelon Seedlings quality.
The present invention is directed to the defect of current watermelon seedling cultivation, the one of research, without under natural daylight condition, uses LED plant lamp device to cultivate the technology of watermelon rice shoot.
For solving the problem, technical scheme of the present invention is, a kind of device used based on the watermelon seedling cultivation technology without LED plant lamp under natural daylight condition is by red, the LED plant lamp (1) of blue dichromatism, watermelon rice shoot (2), cave dish (3) composition of substrate soil is housed, described utilization is red, the seedling raise period of blue dichromatism LED plant lamp (1) is 20 days, described watermelon rice shoot (2) plantation is in cave dish (3) of depositing substrate soil, described red, 10 days and rear 10 days two stages before blue dichromatism LED plant lamp (1) irradiation between whole nursery stage is divided into, it is characterized in that: first 10 days red, the red blue light proportioning of blue dichromatism LED plant lamp (1) is 5.2: 1, intensity of illumination is 80 μm of ol/ (m 2s), irradiation time is 10h every day, and temperature controls at 25 DEG C ± 1 DEG C, and humid control is 65%, and the red blue light proportioning of latter 10 days red, blue dichromatism LED plant lamps (1) is 6.5: 1, and intensity of illumination is 80 μm of ol/ (m 2s), irradiation time is 10h every day, and temperature controls at 28 DEG C ± 1 DEG C, and humid control is 75%.This red, blue dichromatism LED plant lamp (1) is arranged on watermelon rice shoot (2) top 2cm to 4cm and locates.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
1. without under natural daylight condition, cultivating watermelon rice shoot with LED plant lamp simulation sunlight only needs 18-20 days can be transplanted to land for growing field crops, plantation does not have seedling-slowing stage substantially to field, growth time shortens dramatically, and saves 1/2nd of the traditional approach cultivation time used when its watermelon seedling cultivation time is about early spring.
2. without under natural daylight condition, the excessive growth that watermelon rice shoot effectively can prevent watermelon rice shoot is cultivated with LED plant lamp simulated solar irradiation, the watermelon rice shoot cultivated is short, and sturdy (height of seedling is no more than 8CM, cane is thick in 0.5.CM) disease resistance is good, overcome the unmanageable defect of watermelon Seedlings quality that traditional approach is cultivated, and its survival rate is near 100%.
3., without under natural daylight condition, going out watermelon rice shoot with LED plant lamp simulation sunlight at indoor culture is lack area in land resources to adopt the production estimation of batch production and three-dimensional planting mode to explore a practicable method.Plant factor is a kind of plant production pattern of resource-intensive approach, significantly can reduce labor cost, improves the availability in unit soil, output capacity and economic benefit, can meet the multiple kinds of crops rice shoot such as order, factorial praluction watermelon rice shoot.
4., without under natural daylight condition, be not subject to natural environment influence completely with the watermelon rice shoot that LED plant lamp simulation sunlight goes out at indoor culture, do not affect by damage by disease and insect, need not spray insecticide.Food supply and food security is ensured under the environmental condition that can limit at various resource (arable land, water, weather, environment etc.).
5., without under natural daylight condition, rice shoot can be cultivated with LED plant lamp simulation sunlight in indoor throughout the year, substantially increase the availability of equipment.For at severe cold areas and utilize the crops of the carrier such as cavern, basement to carry training to explore a road.
Accompanying drawing illustrates:
Accompanying drawing 1., without under natural daylight condition, uses LED plant lamp to the cultivation schematic diagram of watermelon rice shoot;
Accompanying drawing 2., without under natural daylight condition, uses LED plant lamp to the watermelon seedling-growing schematic diagram of 18 days.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, for a kind of basic device used based on the watermelon seedling cultivation technology without LED plant lamp under natural daylight condition by red, the LED plant lamp (1) of blue dichromatism, watermelon rice shoot (2), cave dish (3) composition of substrate soil is housed, watermelon rice shoot (2) plantation is in cave dish (3) that substrate soil is housed, red, the LED plant lamp (1) of blue dichromatism is arranged on 2-4cm place, watermelon rice shoot (2) top, red, blue dichromatism LED plant lamp (1) irradiation time is 10h every day, seedling raise period is 18-20 days, its key technology is two periods red at watermelon seedling cultivation, the different ratio of the LED plant lamp (1) of blue dichromatism.
1. first 10 days of watermelon seedling nursery, the red blue light proportioning of red, blue dichromatism LED plant lamp (1) is 5.2: 1, and intensity of illumination is 80 μm of ol/ (m 2s), day temperature controls at 25 DEG C ± 1 DEG C, and humid control is 65%, and nocturnal temperature controls at 18 DEG C ± 1 DEG C.To control hypocotylar elongation, prevent excessive growth from forming " high pin seedling ";
2. latter 10 days of watermelon seedling nursery, after true leaf launches, melon seedling hypocotyl growth stops substantially, and the red blue light proportioning of red, blue dichromatism LED plant lamp (1) is 6.5: 1, and intensity of illumination is 80 μm of ol/ (m 2s), day temperature controls at 28 DEG C ± 1 DEG C, and nocturnal temperature controls at 20 DEG C ± 1 DEG C.Humid control 75%, with promote seedlings root grow and flower bud differentiation.
Suitably ventilate after watering at every turn, slow and balanced draft type should be adopted, must guard against a large amount of suddenly ventilation or end-stop ventilation, to prevent from dodging seedling or vexed seedling.
As shown in Figure 2, when the shoot apex of watermelon rice shoot forms 3-4 sheet true leaf after 18-20 days, land for growing field crops plantation can be transplanted to.As shown in the table, the watermelon quality of seedlings using LED plant lamp device to cultivate under without natural daylight condition significantly better than natural daylight condition under the watermelon rice shoot cultivated of booth.
Under traditional natural optical condition and without under natural daylight condition, the watermelon quality of seedlings contrast of using LED light source to cultivate

Claims (2)

1. the device used based on the watermelon seedling cultivation technology without LED plant lamp under natural daylight condition is by red, the LED plant lamp (1) of blue dichromatism, watermelon rice shoot (2), cave dish (3) composition of substrate soil is housed, described utilization is red, the seedling raise period of blue dichromatism LED plant lamp (1) is 20 days, described watermelon rice shoot (2) plantation is in cave dish (3) of depositing substrate soil, described red, 10 days and rear 10 days two stages before blue dichromatism LED plant lamp (1) irradiation between whole nursery stage is divided into, it is characterized in that: first 10 days red, the red blue light proportioning of blue dichromatism LED plant lamp (1) is 5.2: 1, intensity of illumination is 80 μm of ol/ (m 2s), irradiation time is 10h every day, and day temperature controls at 25 DEG C ± 1 DEG C, humid control is 65%, nocturnal temperature controls at 18 DEG C ± 1 DEG C, and the red blue light proportioning of latter 10 days red, blue dichromatism LED plant lamps (1) is 6.5: 1, and intensity of illumination is 80 μm of ol/ (m 2s), irradiation time is 10h every day, and day temperature controls at 28 DEG C ± 1 DEG C, and humid control is 75%, and nocturnal temperature controls at 20 DEG C ± 1 DEG C.
2. according to claim 1 a kind of based on the watermelon seedling cultivation technology without LED plant lamp under natural daylight condition, red, blue dichromatism LED plant lamp (1) is arranged on watermelon rice shoot (2) top 2cm to 4cm and locates.
CN201510255724.5A 2015-05-14 2015-05-14 It is a kind of based on the watermelon seedling cultivation technology without LED plant lamps under the conditions of natural light Active CN104813857B (en)

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Cited By (7)

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CN105660216A (en) * 2016-03-29 2016-06-15 衢州中恒农业科技有限公司 Technology for culturing hot pepper seedlings by applying LED plant lamps
CN105766506A (en) * 2016-03-21 2016-07-20 衢州中恒农业科技有限公司 Rice breeding technology based on LED plant lamp in absence of natural light
CN105830685A (en) * 2016-03-21 2016-08-10 衢州中恒农业科技有限公司 Technology for growing cucumber seedlings by using LED plant lamps
CN105900741A (en) * 2016-05-05 2016-08-31 广西壮族自治区农业科学院生物技术研究所 Method for cultivating pachyrhizua angulatus tissue culture seedlings by means of plant growth lamps
CN108207505A (en) * 2018-01-31 2018-06-29 普安县红星村裕丰农果蔬种植农民专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods of broccoli
CN111448905A (en) * 2020-04-30 2020-07-28 上海市农业科学院 Light-controlled tomato seedling method and illumination equipment
CN111567335A (en) * 2020-06-11 2020-08-25 南京市蔬菜科学研究所 Method for quickly cultivating early-spring watermelon seedlings at low cost

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Cited By (10)

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CN105766506A (en) * 2016-03-21 2016-07-20 衢州中恒农业科技有限公司 Rice breeding technology based on LED plant lamp in absence of natural light
CN105830685A (en) * 2016-03-21 2016-08-10 衢州中恒农业科技有限公司 Technology for growing cucumber seedlings by using LED plant lamps
CN105766506B (en) * 2016-03-21 2018-09-11 衢州中恒农业科技有限公司 A kind of rice cultivating method based on LED plant lamps under the conditions of no natural light
CN105830685B (en) * 2016-03-21 2018-12-11 衢州中恒农业科技有限公司 A method of cucumber seedling-raising is carried out with LED plant lamp
CN105660216A (en) * 2016-03-29 2016-06-15 衢州中恒农业科技有限公司 Technology for culturing hot pepper seedlings by applying LED plant lamps
CN105660216B (en) * 2016-03-29 2018-12-11 衢州中恒农业科技有限公司 A method of pepper seedling raising is carried out with LED plant lamp
CN105900741A (en) * 2016-05-05 2016-08-31 广西壮族自治区农业科学院生物技术研究所 Method for cultivating pachyrhizua angulatus tissue culture seedlings by means of plant growth lamps
CN108207505A (en) * 2018-01-31 2018-06-29 普安县红星村裕丰农果蔬种植农民专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods of broccoli
CN111448905A (en) * 2020-04-30 2020-07-28 上海市农业科学院 Light-controlled tomato seedling method and illumination equipment
CN111567335A (en) * 2020-06-11 2020-08-25 南京市蔬菜科学研究所 Method for quickly cultivating early-spring watermelon seedlings at low cost

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