CN105830685A - Technology for growing cucumber seedlings by using LED plant lamps - Google Patents

Technology for growing cucumber seedlings by using LED plant lamps Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105830685A
CN105830685A CN201610172032.9A CN201610172032A CN105830685A CN 105830685 A CN105830685 A CN 105830685A CN 201610172032 A CN201610172032 A CN 201610172032A CN 105830685 A CN105830685 A CN 105830685A
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China
Prior art keywords
red
led plant
blue
cucumber seedlings
plant lamp
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CN201610172032.9A
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CN105830685B (en
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善新民
善盈盈
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QUZHOU ZHONGHENG AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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QUZHOU ZHONGHENG AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/04Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth
    • A01G7/045Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth with electric lighting
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses

Abstract

The invention discloses a technology for growing cucumber seedlings by using LED plant lamps. The technology is characterized in that the irradiation time of red and blue LED plant lamps is 10 hours every day, and in the germination stage and the seedling state of cucumber seedlings, the ratios of the red and blue LED plant lamps are different, the illumination intensities of the red and blue LED plant lamps are different, and the temperature and the humidity are controlled differently. In the germination state of the cucumber seedlings, the ratio of red light to blue light of the red and blue LED plant lamps is 5:1, the illumination intensity is 110[mu]mol/(m<2>.s), the daytime temperature is controlled to be 28+/-1 DEG C, the night temperature is controlled to be 18+/-1 DEG C, and the humidity is controlled to be 70-80%; in the seedling stage of the cucumber seedlings, the ratio of red light to blue light of the red and blue LED plant lamps is 5:1, the illumination intensity is 150[mu]mol/(m<2>.s), the daytime temperature is controlled to be 27+/-1 DEG C, the night temperature is controlled to be 17+/-1 DEG C, and the humidity is controlled to be 70%. The technology has the beneficial effects that the culture of the cucumber seedlings is not influenced by the natural environment, and the survival rate is high, so that the technology is suitable for industrial production.

Description

A kind of LED of utilization plant lamp carries out the technology of cucumber seedling-raising
Technical field
The invention belongs to plant cultivation field, in particular disclose a kind of LED of utilization plant lamp and carry out the technology of cucumber seedling-raising
Background technology
Fructus Cucumidis sativi is extensively planted in temperate zone and torrid areas, and Fructus Cucumidis sativi is nutritious and has certain medical value, is loved by the people.
Fructus Cucumidis sativi happiness temperature, can not resist cold.The cultivation of Fructus Cucumidis sativi, has certain requirement for temperature, illumination, moisture, soil etc., and wherein educating thermophilic is 10~32 DEG C.General daytime 25~32 DEG C, night 15~18 DEG C;Optimum ground temperature is 20~25 DEG C, minimum about 15 DEG C.Optimum day and night temperature 10~15 DEG C.
Illumination: the light saturation point of Fructus Cucumidis sativi is 5.5 ten thousand luxs, light compensation point is 1500 luxs, most kinds under the conditions of the short-day of 8~11 hours, well-grown.
Moisture: cucumber yield is high, and water requirement is big.Suitable soil moisture is generally 60~90%, but different to the demand of moisture at each trophophase.Seedling Stage moisture is unsuitable, and too much soil moisture 60~70% is advisable, and fruiting period must supply the moisture of abundance, and it is 80~90% that soil moisture requires.The suitable relative air humidity of Fructus Cucumidis sativi is 60~90%.
Soil: green cucumber typically selects the soil between pH5.5~7.2 to be advisable, but be 6.5 best with pH value.
The 1-3 month in early spring of southern area is Fructus Cucumidis sativi seeding and seedling raising period, but due to southern area low temperature overcast and rainy day in this time, illumination is not enough, and the cultivation making cucumber seedlings is the most difficult.The most substantially use booth geothermal-warming and rice shoot be incubated and light filling, to make up the deficiency of solar irradiation with light fixtures such as fluorescent lamp, electric filament lamp, high voltage mercury lamps.But plant can be made in these light fixture spectrum to produce the light of photosynthetic wavelength seldom, and therefore light efficiency is low, energy consumption is big, it is impossible to meet the needs of cucumber seedling growth.Run into the most overcast and rainy, the yellow easy excessive growth of rice shoot, even dead, cause cucumber seedlings poor quality, survival rate low.And at severe cold areas, more too low owing to lacking sunlight and temperature, it is not suitable for nursery and the growth of Fructus Cucumidis sativi.
Conventional light source is compared, and LED (light emitting diodes) light source has the advantage that
LED light source has cold light source, quality is good and volume is little, life-span length, light quality are pure, light efficiency is high, type of wavelength is abundant, with photosynthesis of plant needed for spectral region coincide advantage;Use LED that the light of specific wavelength can be concentrated balancedly to irradiate crop, be possible not only to regulate crop flowers and result, and the nutritional labeling of plant height and plant can also be controlled;LED light source belongs to cold light source, and heating is few, it is achieved that low heat loads, can be placed in and immediate vicinity without roasting for crop wound from plant, and the utilization rate of light is the highest, can be used for multilamellar cultivation tridimensional combined system;LED volume is minimum, and LED plant lamp takes up room little, easy for installation, makes the production facility miniaturization of the crops such as Fructus Cucumidis sativi.
Summary of the invention
Problem to be solved: seek the Net long wave radiation of a kind of energy simulated solar, also can plant Fructus Cucumidis sativi at low temperature, severe cold areas, and cucumber seedlings survival rate is greatly improved, be effectively improved the technology of cucumber seedlings quality.
The present invention is directed to the defect that current cucumber seedlings is cultivated, the one of research, without under natural optical condition, uses LED plant lamp device to cultivate the technology of cucumber seedlings.
For solving the problems referred to above, the technical scheme is that, a kind of LED of utilization plant lamp carries out the technology of cucumber seedling-raising, it is characterized in that dichromatism LED plant lamp (2) irradiation time red, blue is 10h every day, the germination period of cucumber seedlings (3), Seedling Stage, the different ratio of LED plant lamp (2) of dichromatism red, blue, the different settings of intensity of illumination, temperature, the different controls of humidity.
At the germination period of cucumber seedlings (3), the red blue light proportioning of dichromatism LED plant lamp (2) red, blue is 5: 1, and intensity of illumination is 110 μm ol/ (m2S), day temperature controls at 28 DEG C ± 1 DEG C, and nocturnal temperature controls at 18 DEG C ± 1 DEG C, and humid control is at 70-80%.
At the Seedling Stage of cucumber seedlings (3), the red blue light proportioning of dichromatism LED plant lamp (1) red, blue is 5: 1, and intensity of illumination is 150 μm ol/ (m2S), day temperature controls at 27 DEG C ± 1 DEG C, and nocturnal temperature controls at 17 DEG C ± 1 DEG C, and humid control is 70%.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
1., without under natural optical condition, cultivating cucumber seedlings by LED plant lamp simulated solar only needs 16-18 days i.e. to may migrate to land for growing field crops, shortens dramatically than with the 90 day time of brooder nursery.
2. without under natural optical condition, cultivating cucumber seedlings with LED plant lamp simulated solar irradiation, can effectively prevent the excessive growth of cucumber seedlings, the cucumber seedlings cultivated is the shortest, and sturdy (height of seedling is less than 7.5CM, cane is thick in 0.5CM) disease resistance is good, and its survival rate is near 100%.
3., without under natural optical condition, going out cucumber seedlings by LED plant lamp simulated solar at indoor culture is to lack area in land resource to use the production estimation of batch production and three-dimensional planting mode to explore a practicable method.Labor cost can be greatly reduced, improve the utilization rate in unit soil, output capacity and economic benefit, the multiple kinds of crops rice shoot such as order, factorial praluction cucumber seedlings can be met.
4., without under natural optical condition, the cucumber seedlings cultivated by LED plant lamp simulated solar, the most not by natural environment influence, is not affected by pest and disease damage, need not be sprayed insecticide.Food supply and food safety can be ensured under conditions of arable land, water, weather, environment etc. are restricted.
5. without, under natural optical condition, cucumber seedlings can be cultivated by LED plant lamp simulated solar in indoor, substantially increase the utilization rate of equipment throughout the year.For severe cold areas and in utilizing the carrier such as cavern, basement the crops such as Fructus Cucumidis sativi carry training and explore a road.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing 1., without under natural optical condition, uses LED plant lamp to carry out cucumber seedling-raising schematic diagram.
Detailed description of the invention
nullAs shown in Figure 1,A kind of LED of utilization plant lamp carries out the technology of cucumber seedling-raising,Its basic facilities are by greenhouse (1)、Red、The LED plant lamp (2) of blue dichromatism、Cucumber seedlings (3)、Hole tray (4) equipped with substrate soil、Seedbed (5) forms,Described cucumber seedlings (3) is planted equipped with in the hole tray (4) of substrate soil,Being arranged over of every layer of described seedbed (5) is red、The LED plant lamp (2) of blue dichromatism,Red、The LED plant lamp (2) of blue dichromatism is away from the about 2cm of cucumber seedlings (3) top,Described red、Blue dichromatism LED plant lamp (2) irradiation time is 10h every day,Seedling raise period is 16-18 days,It is characterized in that at the germination period that cucumber seedlings (3) is cultivated、Two periods of Seedling Stage red、The different ratio of the LED plant lamp (2) of blue dichromatism、The different settings of intensity of illumination,Temperature、The different controls of humidity.
1. germination period: sprouted to the first true leaf by cucumber seeds and occur, about 10 days.The red blue light proportioning of dichromatism LED plant lamp (2) red, blue is 5: 1, and intensity of illumination is 110 μm ol/ (m2S), greenhouse (1) day temperature controls at 28 DEG C ± 1 DEG C, and humid control is at 70-80%, and nocturnal temperature controls at 18 DEG C ± 1 DEG C.To control hypocotylar elongation, prevent excessive growth;
2. Seedling Stage: going out to 4,5 true leaves from true leaf, after true leaf launches, the red blue light proportioning of dichromatism LED plant lamp (2) red, blue is 5: 1, and intensity of illumination is 150 μm ol/ (m2S), greenhouse (1) day temperature controls at 27 DEG C ± 1 DEG C, and nocturnal temperature controls at 17 DEG C ± 1 DEG C.Humid control, 70%, is characterized in the formation of the seedling leaf of cucumber seedlings (3), the elongation of main root and the generation of side root.Cucumber has bred organs such as having broken up root, stem, leaf, flower, and for Fructus Cucumidis sativi in the growth of whole trophophase, the basis of organizational structure has been laid in the especially formation of product yield and the raising of product quality.
Use the Fructus Cucumidis sativi finished product Seedling parameter that LED plant lamp is cultivated

Claims (3)

1. one kind is used the technology that LED plant lamp carries out cucumber seedling-raising, it is characterized in that dichromatism LED plant lamp (2) irradiation time red, blue is 10h every day, the germination period of cucumber seedlings (3), Seedling Stage, the different ratio of LED plant lamp (2) of dichromatism red, blue, the different settings of intensity of illumination, temperature, the different controls of humidity.
A kind of LED of utilization plant lamp the most according to claim 1 carries out the technology of cucumber seedling-raising, it is characterized in that the germination period in cucumber seedlings (3), the red blue light proportioning of dichromatism LED plant lamp (2) red, blue is 5: 1, and intensity of illumination is 110 μm ol/ (m2S), day temperature controls at 28 DEG C ± 1 DEG C, and nocturnal temperature controls at 18 DEG C ± 1 DEG C, and humid control is at 70-80%.
A kind of LED of utilization plant lamp the most according to claim 1 carries out the technology of cucumber seedling-raising, it is characterized in that the Seedling Stage in cucumber seedlings (3), the red blue light proportioning of dichromatism LED plant lamp (1) red, blue is 5: 1, and intensity of illumination is 150 μm ol/ (m2S), day temperature controls at 27 DEG C ± 1 DEG C, and nocturnal temperature controls at 17 DEG C ± 1 DEG C, and humid control is 70%.
Described cucumber seedlings (3) is planted equipped with in the hole tray (4) of substrate soil, the LED plant lamp (2) being arranged over dichromatism red, blue in every layer of described seedbed (5), the LED plant lamp (2) of dichromatism red, blue is positioned at the about 2cm of cucumber seedlings (3) top.
CN201610172032.9A 2016-03-21 2016-03-21 A method of cucumber seedling-raising is carried out with LED plant lamp Active CN105830685B (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110024596A (en) * 2019-05-24 2019-07-19 温州大学新材料与产业技术研究院 It is a kind of for the cultivation structure of romaine lettuce greenhouse and its preparation method of plant lamp
CN111448904A (en) * 2020-04-30 2020-07-28 上海市农业科学院 Light-control cucumber seedling raising method and illumination equipment
CN111448903A (en) * 2020-04-30 2020-07-28 上海市农业科学院 Light-controlled pepper seedling growing method and illumination equipment

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103644538A (en) * 2013-11-13 2014-03-19 大连智讯科技有限公司 LED system promoting peppers to bloom on basis of solar energy
CN103931429A (en) * 2014-03-14 2014-07-23 云南云琦丹生物科技有限公司 Artificial light seedling culture method capable of promoting plant growth and differentiation
CN104429949A (en) * 2014-11-14 2015-03-25 广东省农业科学院环境园艺研究所 Method for promoting rooting of butterfly orchid tissue cultured seedling by utilizing LED light source
CN104813857A (en) * 2015-05-14 2015-08-05 衢州中恒农业科技有限公司 Watermelon seedling cultivation technology of light emitting diode (LED) plant lamp based on conditions without natural light

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103644538A (en) * 2013-11-13 2014-03-19 大连智讯科技有限公司 LED system promoting peppers to bloom on basis of solar energy
CN103931429A (en) * 2014-03-14 2014-07-23 云南云琦丹生物科技有限公司 Artificial light seedling culture method capable of promoting plant growth and differentiation
CN104429949A (en) * 2014-11-14 2015-03-25 广东省农业科学院环境园艺研究所 Method for promoting rooting of butterfly orchid tissue cultured seedling by utilizing LED light source
CN104813857A (en) * 2015-05-14 2015-08-05 衢州中恒农业科技有限公司 Watermelon seedling cultivation technology of light emitting diode (LED) plant lamp based on conditions without natural light

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110024596A (en) * 2019-05-24 2019-07-19 温州大学新材料与产业技术研究院 It is a kind of for the cultivation structure of romaine lettuce greenhouse and its preparation method of plant lamp
CN111448904A (en) * 2020-04-30 2020-07-28 上海市农业科学院 Light-control cucumber seedling raising method and illumination equipment
CN111448903A (en) * 2020-04-30 2020-07-28 上海市农业科学院 Light-controlled pepper seedling growing method and illumination equipment

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