CN104763109B - Quick construction method for pressed bottom tile of large-span steel structure factory building roof - Google Patents

Quick construction method for pressed bottom tile of large-span steel structure factory building roof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104763109B
CN104763109B CN201510171627.8A CN201510171627A CN104763109B CN 104763109 B CN104763109 B CN 104763109B CN 201510171627 A CN201510171627 A CN 201510171627A CN 104763109 B CN104763109 B CN 104763109B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
factory building
platform
measure platform
truss
boom
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CN201510171627.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104763109A (en
Inventor
周敬
刘金芳
贺欢
余海林
黄勇
刘观奇
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中冶建工集团有限公司
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Priority to CN201510171627.8A priority Critical patent/CN104763109B/en
Publication of CN104763109A publication Critical patent/CN104763109A/en
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Publication of CN104763109B publication Critical patent/CN104763109B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a quick construction method for pressed bottom tile of a large-span steel structure factory building roof. The quick construction method for the pressed bottom tile of the large-span steel structure factory building roof includes that 1) designing a movable measure platform with support legs and handrails, arranging rolling wheels at the downsides of the support legs, and paving channel steel on two crane beams to form an orbit; 2) horizontally arranging the movable measure platform on the two crane beams through the rolling wheels so as to make the movable measure platform capable of moving on the orbit; 3) constructing the pressed bottom tile of the factory building roof through a constructor on the measure platform. The quick construction method for the pressed bottom tile of the large-span steel structure factory building roof uses the crane beams of a standard factory building as support, truss support legs are set according to the roof height, the problem that the operation height of the bottom tile constructor is limited is well solved, and the construction method can be used for constructing the bottom tiles of different heights of factory buildings. The truss is movable, the move range of the worker on the platform is larger, the construction region limitation is solved, the bottom tile is faster and more convenient to mount, and the construction efficiency is improved.

Description

A kind of large-span steel factory building roof die mould under tile rapid constructing method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of steel structural plant roof die mould under tile construction method, more particularly, to a kind of large-span industrial building is adopted It is assembled into the rapid constructing method of measure platform with standard knot, belong to technical field of buildings.
Background technology
At present, Chongqing region steel construction Standard Factory Room Roof Design is mostly veneer or composite plate, because composite plate is ordered goods Cycle length and mounting technique complexity, and the long-term temperature difference in Chongqing region is less, less demanding to heat-insulating property (in addition to particular/special requirement), Therefore bilayer veneer, from more extensive, both met thermal requirements, had reduced cost again.Double-deck veneer is easy for installation, unit in charge of construction Can voluntarily on-site roll forming, top watt can suppress according to slope of roof plagioclase, install and only need to overlap joint and buckle well, and under tile installation is just Complex, workman's no operation planar.
Traditional under tile installation method is by the use of mounted roofing tie-rod as interim spandrel girder, divides into suspension bracket and puts down Platform, is used as sliding rail by steel wire rope, and this measure method can be only done local construction, and steel wire rope bearing capacity is poor, for flexibility Part no rigidity, safety coefficient is low.For the Factory Building that large span, duration are tight, conventional construction method obviously can not meet requirement.
Also there is the movable Scaffold very low using construction height, the relatively low Factory Building bottom of line height can only be entered on this scaffold Watt laying construction.This movable Scaffold both platforms as operator, and the podium level as placement construction tool.This shifting Dynamic scaffold, in addition to construction height is limited it is impossible to meet the higher Standard Factory Room under tile laying construction requirement of height, also exists Platform area is little, and construction area is limited, less stable, and efficiency of construction is low, relatively costly etc. not enough.Therefore how to standard Factory roof under tile enters to act charitably and fast installation is a problem anxious to be resolved.
Content of the invention
In view of the shortcomings of the prior art, it is an object of the invention to provide one kind can be used for various Height Standard Factory Buildings Under tile construction, the large-span steel factory building roof that safety coefficient is high, bearing capacity is big and construction area is big, efficiency of construction is higher Die mould under tile rapid constructing method.
For achieving the above object, the technical scheme is that and be achieved in:
A kind of large-span steel factory building roof die mould under tile rapid constructing method, step is as follows,
1) design length and crane beam spacing identical in Factory Building may move measure platform, this removable measure platform first There are four supporting legs, each supporting leg is arranged below scroll wheel, be formed around security guardrail in removable measure platform;Simultaneously Lay channel-section steel in two crane beam length directions and form track;
2) by removable measure platform across being arranged on two crane beams, the scroll wheel on supporting leg is located at groove steel rail Interior, so that removable measure platform can be moved in orbit;
3) workmen stands in and can carry out the construction of factory building roof die mould under tile on measure platform, by changing measure platform Position on crane beam, can carry out zones of different under tile construction.
Further, described removable measure platform is included between the end section and some sections positioned at both ends at two ends The standard knot being sequentially connected;It is detachably connected by bolt between adjacent standard knot and end section and standard knot;Institute State four supporting legs and be respectively arranged on both ends section outermost end for one group two-by-two.
Specifically, described end section and standard knot are truss structure, and this truss structure is passed through by two parallel truss pieces Some cross bars are formed by connecting, and every sub-truss piece is by parallel top boom, lower boom and some oblique abdomen connecting top-bottom chord Bar is constituted, and diagonal web member is end to end;Wherein part cross bar is used for connecting the top boom of two truss pieces, and remaining cross bar is used for connecting The lower boom of two truss pieces;Top boom and lower boom are welded with bracket, described diagonal web member two ends are welded on bracket with logical Cross bracket to connect top-bottom chord;Supporting leg is welded on the corresponding truss piece top boom of end section and the same one end of lower boom.
On the framework that end section and standard knot two top boom and corresponding cross bar are formed, laying bamboo springboard is linked as one to be formed The confession workmen of body stands and places the operation platform of material.
It is provided with vertical ladder in removable measure platform one end, vertical ladder is vertically mounted on crane beam top flange top surface to measure Between platform top surface, vertical ladder upper end is provided with hook, hangs over removable measure platform top surface.
Described railing is independent four section, and this four sections of railings are arranged on removable measure platform surrounding by hinge respectively, Every section of railing can 180 ° spin upside down, with lock locking when erecting.
Compared to existing technology, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
1st, this truss relies on Standard Factory Room crane beam is to support, and truss support lower limb is arranged according to roof height, solves well The under tile construction worker that determined operates height-limited problem, can be used for various Height Standard Factory Building under tile constructions.
2nd, this truss may move, and workman's range of activity on platform is bigger, solves construction area limitation problem, peace Dress under tile is faster more convenient, and improves efficiency of construction.
3 the invention provides a kind of from heavy and light, safety coefficient is high, bearing capacity is big, low the applying of construction surface width, cost input Work method, installs roofing under tile by the method convenient and swift, time saving and energy saving.
The method that the method for the present invention has broken away from traditional roofing die mould under tile local construction, Factory Building span is big and the duration Require tight in the case of, using operating platform bearing capacity is big, construction surface width and moveable feature, achievable integral construction, section The about duration, improve efficiency.This mobile operating platform easy accessibility is quick, reusable edible, from heavy and light, low cost, Be a kind of can popularization and application and can be mass-produced standard steel construction Factory Building under tile construction measure platform.
Brief description
Fig. 1-integral construction schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2-truss-like standard knot structural representation of the present invention.
Structural representation is saved in Fig. 3-truss-like end of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Large-span steel factory building roof die mould under tile rapid constructing method of the present invention, step is as follows,
1) design length and crane beam spacing identical in Factory Building may move measure platform, this removable measure platform first There are four supporting legs 1, each supporting leg 1 is arranged below scroll wheel 2, be formed around security guardrail 3 in removable measure platform; Lay channel-section steel in two crane beam length directions simultaneously and form track 4, channel-section steel can be anchored on crane beam top flange, and track two ends set Car bumper.
2) by removable measure platform across being arranged on two crane beams, the scroll wheel on supporting leg is located at groove steel rail Interior, so that removable measure platform can be moved in orbit, the longitudinal sliding motion in practice weekly notes platform whole Factory Building span;The present invention Effect such as Fig. 1 after installation.
3) workmen stands in and can carry out the construction of factory building roof die mould under tile on measure platform, by changing measure platform Position on crane beam, can carry out zones of different under tile construction.
Bamboo springboard of the present invention, pressed tile, beat watt equipment and operator is arranged on measure platform, workman is put down with measure Platform is operation horizontal plane, and the die mould under tile in all measure platform coverages all completes on measure platform, without ground behaviour Workmanship coordinates.For improving safety, safety net is set below measure platform, prevents high-altitude object from falling.
Described removable measure platform includes being sequentially connected between the end section 6 and some sections positioned at both ends at two ends Standard knot 7;All it is detachably connected by bolt between adjacent standard knot 7 and end section 6 and standard knot 7;Described Four supporting legs 1 are respectively arranged on both ends for one group two-by-two and save 6 outermost end.Thus can be by the quantity of increase and decrease standard knot The length of change measure platform, with adapt to different spans Factory Building and driving case bay construction needs, without for every kind of across Such measure platform processed by the Factory Building of degree.
Specifically, described end section and standard knot are truss structure, referring also to Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, and this truss structure is by two Parallel truss piece is formed by connecting by some cross bars 8, and every sub-truss piece is by parallel top boom 9, lower boom 10 and will be upper Some diagonal web members 11 that lower boom connects are constituted, and diagonal web member 11 is end to end.Wherein part cross bar is used for connecting two truss pieces Top boom, remaining cross bar is used for connecting the lower boom of two truss pieces.Top boom 9 and lower boom 10 are welded with bracket 12, Described diagonal web member 11 two ends are welded on to be connected top-bottom chord by bracket on bracket 12, are so more able to ensure that truss piece Bulk strength.Supporting leg is welded on the corresponding truss piece top boom of end section and the same one end of lower boom.This truss is steel frame construction, respectively Connection between part is all realized with welding manner.
On the framework that end section and standard knot two top boom and corresponding cross bar are formed, laying bamboo springboard is linked as one to be formed The confession workmen of body stands and places the operation platform of material.
It is provided with the vertical ladder 5 with shield cage in removable measure platform one end, vertical ladder 5 is vertically mounted on crane beam top flange To between measure platform top surface, vertical ladder upper end is provided with hook to top surface, hangs over removable measure platform top surface, workman Ke Tong Cross vertical ladder to swash entrance measure platform from crane beam walkway board.
Described railing is independent four section, 1.2 meters of every section of height during actual design.This four sections of railings are pacified by hinge respectively Be contained in removable measure platform surrounding, every section of railing can 180 ° spin upside down, with lock locking when erecting.Roof truss is met during construction Place, turning hang down, between two roof trusses construct when turning upwards.
Constitute measure platform each several part in this method to be described below:
(1) truss-like standard knot makes:
On a, truss, lower edge adopts H-beam Rolling, and diagonal web member adopts H-beam Rolling, is connected by high-strength bolt;
On b, truss, lower edge connecting portion staggers 200mm, and single groove weldering high-strength bolt auxiliary connection is opened in end, and carries out two Level seam inspection;
The bracket that c, upper lower edge connect diagonal web member is welded on chord member, and loose mail on-site consolidation made by diagonal web member, if transport bar Part allows, and factory can be assembled into plane;
Standard knot is composite roof truss pattern, mitigates deadweight, meets safety requirements, and width is maximum to be less than 3 meters, meets transport Condition, length direction controls within 5 meters, meets structural requirement.
(2) truss-like end restraining is made:
On a, truss, lower edge adopts H-beam Rolling, and diagonal web member adopts H-beam Rolling, is connected by high-strength bolt;
On b, truss, lower edge connecting portion staggers 200mm, and single groove weldering high-strength bolt auxiliary connection is opened in end, and carries out two Level seam inspection;
The bracket that c, upper lower edge connect diagonal web member is welded on chord member and supporting leg, and loose mail on-site consolidation made by diagonal web member;
D, supporting leg bottom set scroll wheel, and scroll wheel is connected with supporting leg by bearing pin;
(3) track installation:
Channel-section steel selected by a, track, and specification determines it is ensured that track center of gravity line is in crane beam according to crane beam top flange width On heart line;
B, track are 12 meter of one section, side jar plate, and boring is anchored on crane beam top flange.It is not recommended that using welding The method of channel-section steel, in order to avoid causing crane beam top flange to deform, two ends set car bumper.
(4) railing fabrication and installation:
A, railing specification select steel ladder atlas " 02j401 ";
B, railing install using can 180 ° of hinges spinning upside down, meet and can put down during obstacle temporarily, available lock when erecting Padlock is tight.
(5) vertical ladder fabrication and installation:
A, vertical ladder specification select steel ladder atlas " 02j401 ";
B, vertical ladder are vertically mounted on crane beam top flange top surface between measure platform top surface, end make 180 ° curved Hook, hangs over measure platform top surface load-bearing.
Present invention employs a kind of mobile operating platform, this operating platform is by the standard knot group of some fixed dimensions Become, can be according to Factory Building span big freedom in minor affairs assembled formation.This assemble method is as follows: makes standard knot, standard knot size one first As press Factory Building span mean allocation, and meet structural requirement, ensure equivalently-sized as far as possible, so can achieve any group of order Close, standard knot can be divided into four planes to be fabricated to part, by high-strength bolt on-site consolidation molding, be so beneficial to transport and deposit Put;Operation platform can be connected into by high-strength bolt between the standard knot assembling, end section supporting leg bottom sets scroll wheel, whole Body is lifted into crane beam top flange top surface, and here setting channel-section steel supplies operating platform to slide as track, upper berth bamboo springboard, and surrounding sets Put safe protective railing, workman can realize the under tile construction in whole span scope on the platform.The present invention has broken away from biography The method of the roofing die mould under tile local construction of system, in the case that Factory Building span is big and construction period is tight, using operating platform Bearing capacity is big, construction surface width and moveable feature, achievable integral construction, has saved the duration, has improve efficiency.This may move Formula operating platform easy accessibility is quick, reusable edible, from heavy and light, low cost, is that one kind can popularization and application and can in high volume giving birth to The measure platform of the standard steel construction Factory Building under tile construction produced.
The present invention installs this truss by the crane beam in Standard Factory Room, and the height of truss is because driving depth of beam is natural Reach a base altitude, starting point is just higher than existing movable Scaffold many, but this truss oneself height is not very high.? The length of support leg constructing operation according to needed for workman is highly configured, so so that under tile construction height direction Unrestricted, very convenient.
Above example only illustrates technical scheme and unrestricted, although with reference to preferred embodiment to scheme of the invention Be described in detail, it will be understood by those within the art that, technical scheme can be modified or Person's equivalent, the objective without deviating from technical solution of the present invention and scope, it all should cover the claim model in the present invention In enclosing.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of large-span steel factory building roof die mould under tile rapid constructing method it is characterised in that: step is as follows,
1) design length and crane beam spacing identical in Factory Building may move measure platform first, and this removable measure platform has Four supporting legs, each supporting leg is arranged below scroll wheel, is formed around security guardrail in removable measure platform;Simultaneously two Crane beam length direction laying channel-section steel forms track;
2) by removable measure platform across being arranged on two crane beams, the scroll wheel on supporting leg is located in groove steel rail, makes Removable measure platform can move in orbit;
3) workmen stands in and can carry out the construction of factory building roof die mould under tile on measure platform, is expert at by changing measure platform Position in bicycle beam, can carry out zones of different under tile construction;
Described removable measure platform includes the mark being sequentially connected between the end section and some sections positioned at both ends at two ends Quasi- section;It is detachably connected by bolt between adjacent standard knot and end section and standard knot;Described four supporting legs It is respectively arranged on both ends section outermost end for one group two-by-two;
Described end section and standard knot are truss structure, and this truss structure is connected by some cross bars by two parallel truss pieces Form, by parallel top boom, lower boom and some diagonal web members of connecting top-bottom chord are constituted every sub-truss piece, diagonal web member End to end;Wherein part cross bar is used for connecting the top boom of two truss pieces, and remaining cross bar is used for connecting under two truss pieces Chord member;Top boom and lower boom are welded with bracket, described diagonal web member two ends are welded on bracket to be incited somebody to action up and down by bracket Chord member connects;Supporting leg is welded on the corresponding truss piece top boom of end section and the same one end of lower boom.
2. large-span steel factory building roof die mould under tile rapid constructing method according to claim 1 it is characterised in that: On the framework that end section and standard knot two top boom and corresponding cross bar are formed, laying bamboo springboard is applied with forming the confession being connected as a single entity Workman person stands and places the operation platform of material.
3. large-span steel factory building roof die mould under tile rapid constructing method according to claim 1 it is characterised in that: It is provided with vertical ladder in removable measure platform one end, vertical ladder is vertically mounted on crane beam top flange top surface to measure platform top surface Between, vertical ladder upper end is provided with hook, hangs over removable measure platform top surface.
4. large-span steel factory building roof die mould under tile rapid constructing method according to claim 1 it is characterised in that: Described railing is independent four section, and this four sections of railings are arranged on removable measure platform surrounding, every section of railing by hinge respectively Can 180 ° spin upside down, when erecting with lock locking.
CN201510171627.8A 2015-04-13 2015-04-13 Quick construction method for pressed bottom tile of large-span steel structure factory building roof CN104763109B (en)

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CN105442773A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-03-30 沈阳三新实业有限公司 Technology and construction platform for installing and constructing inner plates of metal roof
CN106437047B (en) * 2016-07-21 2018-10-09 中铁四局集团建筑工程有限公司 A kind of equipment transported for factory building roof plate with installing
CN107514145A (en) * 2017-07-02 2017-12-26 上海二十冶建设有限公司 A kind of removable steel roofing liner installation construction device and method
CN110723660A (en) * 2019-09-05 2020-01-24 中国十七冶集团有限公司 Novel installation method of steel structure workshop composite roof panel

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