CN104742245A - Full-automatic production method for composite self-insulation building blocks - Google Patents

Full-automatic production method for composite self-insulation building blocks Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104742245A
CN104742245A CN201510088178.0A CN201510088178A CN104742245A CN 104742245 A CN104742245 A CN 104742245A CN 201510088178 A CN201510088178 A CN 201510088178A CN 104742245 A CN104742245 A CN 104742245A
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block
machine
insulation
building block
self
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谢向荣
谢怀宇
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Lvjian Technology Group New Building Material Hi Tech Co Ltd
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Lvjian Technology Group New Building Material Hi Tech Co Ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B15/00General arrangement or layout of plant ; Industrial outlines or plant installations
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B11/00Apparatus or processes for treating or working the shaped or preshaped articles
    • B28B11/24Apparatus or processes for treating or working the shaped or preshaped articles for curing, setting or hardening
    • B28B11/245Curing concrete articles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G35/00Mechanical conveyors not otherwise provided for

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Ceramic Engineering (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Devices For Post-Treatments, Processing, Supply, Discharge, And Other Processes (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a full-automatic production method for composite self-insulation building blocks. The method sequentially comprises the steps of hollow building block forming, primary maintenance, foaming grouting, secondary maintenance, stacking, supporting plate returning and the like. By innovating a supporting plate returning system, the problem that a building block forming machine cannot achieve normal production due to the fact that a stacking machine frequently breaks down is solved. A self-insulation maintenance system is designed, so that the good energy conservation and emission reduction effect is achieved, and the building block maintenance time is greatly shortened. The problems that in the composite self-insulation building block automatic production process, the building block maintenance energy consumption is high, the maintenance time is long, the production time is affected by temperature changes and weather changes, the production line manufacturing cost is high, and the failure frequency of automatic devices is high in the production process are solved. The full-automatic production method for the composite self-insulation building blocks has the good economic benefits and social benefits in application and popularization.

Description

The full-automatic production method of composite thermal self-insulation building block
Technical field
The present invention relates to the production method of building block, particularly a kind of full-automatic production method of composite thermal self-insulation building block.
Background technology
Composite thermal self-insulation building block is with high performance concrete building-block for housing, fill insulant material in its vestibule, the concrete segment integrating building enclosure and heat insulation function be composited.Composite thermal self-insulation building block, overcomes major defect and the problem of existing insulation blocks and insulation material existence.Such as, China's existing heat insulating wall material fire prevention poor durability, service life is short; Block surfaces easily plays powder, scrapes rough layer cracking, hollowing, comes off, drying shrinkage value is large; Block surfaces intensity is low, in transport and handling process, easily cause breakage; Building block complex manufacturing, the problems such as production cost is high, and construction is numerous and diverse.Achieve the upgrading to current all kinds of insulation blocks and heat insulating wall material.
Also the document of some building block production automations is had in Chinese patent literature, be (200410026105.0) invention and created name in " polyphenyl concrete heat-insulating builds mould building block automatic production line " at application number, this polyphenyl concrete heat-insulating builds mould building block automatic production line by mixer of preparing burden, molding main-machine, for trigger, two program control transport kiln cars, curing kilns, ingot stripper, module driving machine, plate seperator, palletizing system, two Lift-slab machines, two are fallen the composition such as trigger and control system, curing kilns comprise Bricklaying maintaining kiln and build mould building block precuring kiln, in work, a kiln car coordinates two Lift-slab machine special deliveries to build mould building block precuring and block curing, block mould building block after another kiln car then coordinates two to fall trigger special delivery precuring is to ingot stripper demoulding box and send the segment palletizing after maintenance to go out finished product and complete supporting plate recovery.In this production line, device layout is simple smooth, tight short practical, can satisfactorily resolve to build to build module during module is formed into demoulding box and wait for turnover problem quietly, guarantees molding cycle and the quality of polyphenyl concrete segment.
But this insulation blocks is by the moulding box of the EPS concrete molding main frame containing polystyrene foam grain (also known as EPS particle), a kind of composite heat insulation block of shake table vibration moulding at the bottom of main frame, there is following shortcoming in this composite heat insulation block: 1, granular polystyrene is easily aging, of long duration, building block there will be hollowing, comes off, problems of crack.2, poor durability, service life is no more than Two decades years at most, can not the life-span same with building.3, granular polystyrene belongs to inflammable articles, and fire protecting performance is poor.Need in this process of producing product to carry out High Temperature Curing by block mould building block precuring kiln and Bricklaying maintaining kiln, need the fuel such as a large amount of burning coals, therefore, production process energy consumption is higher, discharges the three wastes simultaneously, has pollution to environment simultaneously.
Be (200720047090.5) invention and created name at application number be in the patent document of " foaming concrete building block automatic production line ", this foaming concrete building block automatic production line belongs to construction material production equipment technical field.Its objective is and provide one to reduce labour intensity, reduce dust pollution, the automatic production line of enhancing productivity.Its technical essential is: conveying worm (01,02) and foaming machine (03) are connected by pipeline with between cast trowelling machine (3) respectively with comprehensive mixer (2) and comprehensive mixer; Pour into a mould trowelling machine, stacking machine (5), decoder (6), take out end machine (7), trigger (8) is passed in the demoulding, rolling off the production line collects adjacent successively between ink recorder (9), plate-cleaning machine (10), group mould machine (12), liquid-spreader (13) and cast trowelling machine; also adjacent between ingot stripper and group mould machine have mold washing machine (11); connected by motor-driven track-mounted conveyer belt respectively between each adjacent machinery, form segmented interlock Cycle Automation production line.Features such as there is small investment, automaticity is high, floor space is little, production capacity is strong, the advanced reliable and production cost of equipment is low.
Although this production method is without curing kilns or steam curing, but this method lacks the operation of producing concrete shell, it is just by being poured in building block moulding box by foaming slip, by floating, the building block of concrete foamed heat insulating has just been become after the operations such as the demoulding, its housing is concretionary by concrete foaming slip, compared with product of the present invention, lack the concrete casing that one deck is hard, thus to there is surface strength low in this building block, drying shrinkage value is large, scrapes rough layer easy to crack, the problem such as occur hollowing and come off.
Be (201010018279.8) at application number, invention and created name is in the patent document of " production method of concrete grouting compound heat-insulating building block ", disclose a kind of production method of a kind of concrete grouting compound heat-insulating building block of building material machinery field, comprise the Ministry of worker that gets the raw materials ready, the shaping Ministry of worker, the winding type transhipment maintenance Ministry of worker, the slip casting Ministry of worker and the piling Ministry of worker, get the raw materials ready after the raw material of building block stir by the Ministry of worker and be delivered to the shaping Ministry of worker, the shaping Ministry of worker by block machine by hollow block molding, and be placed on supporting plate, then the winding type transhipment maintenance Ministry of worker is entered, maintenance is carried out in the high temperature steam curing district closed, limit is transported, limit maintenance.In transhipment maintenance processes, the slip casting Ministry of worker carries out slip casting to building-block, makes it to become insulation blocks, and the composite heat insulation block that maintenance is good is in heaps by piling Ministry of worker piling.Steam curing and transhipment are integrated by the method, carry out steam curing, transport in steam curing in transhipment, there is not any lost motion, substantially increase production efficiency.And in steam curing process, slip casting is carried out to building-block, filled thermal insulation materials is completed on a production line, avoids manual operations.
It is the same that this method composite heat insulation block produced and the foam slurry that the present invention produces fill out core building block, all inject foam slurry in concrete hollow block, just composite heat insulation block has been become after slip solidifies, but their production method is different from the present invention, use their method to produce composite heat insulation block and need carry out high temperature steam curing in the maintenance district closed, need the fuel such as a large amount of burning coals, energy consumption is larger, and discharge the waste gas such as carbon dioxide in production process, there are the three wastes to produce, have pollution to environment.Equipment runs for a long time in the steam curing district of humidity, and bearings a large amount of above it and other parts meeting corrosion, reduce the service life of equipment; If adopt other high-quality materials such as stainless steel, then the cost of equipment is too high, also inadvisable; And product maintenance at the volley always, instead of in static middle maintenance, cause equipment attrition large, energy consumption is high.
In the patent " exempt from foam slurry under making condition and fill out the production method of core building block " (patent No. ZL201210131448.8) of my application, provide a kind of and fill out the automatic production method of core building block exempting from production foam slurry under making condition.Its technical essential is, this production method is under non-evaporating foster state, in turn include the following steps: get the raw materials ready the Ministry of worker, the shaping Ministry of worker, the first maintenance Ministry of worker, the foam slurry Tian Xin Ministry of worker, the second time maintenance Ministry of worker, the natural curing Ministry of worker after code heap, get the raw materials ready the Ministry of worker after raw material are prepared burden by proportioning machine 1, be transported to mixer 2 to stir, the shaping Ministry of worker is delivered to by concrete belt conveyer 3, the shaping Ministry of worker passes through block machine 4 by hollow block molding, and be placed on supporting plate, then under non-evaporating foster state, enter the first maintenance Ministry of worker, through block conveyor 5, lift slab push pedal all-in-one 6, building block pusher 9, anterior ferry-boat dolly 7 to nursing frame 10, the maintenance allowing the building-block most of the time rest on nursing frame carries out 4-8 hour, possess after certain concrete curing intensity until building-block, to be ferried to the foam slurry Tian Xin Ministry of worker by rear portion dolly 11 of ferrying, through building block pusher 13, trigger 14 falls, block conveyor 15, fill out core machine 16 place to foam slurry and carry out slip casting, make it to become composite heat insulation block, composite heat insulation block is equally under non-evaporating foster state, enter the second time maintenance Ministry of worker, folded brick machine 17 is delivered to by block conveyor 15, after the supporting plate being loaded with building block being built up several layers by folded brick machine 17, maintenance place 19 is delivered to by fork truck 18, according to the difference of foam slurry material, carry out the natural curing of 1-8 hour, foam slurry is solidified in the cavity of building block, then the natural curing Ministry of worker after code heap is entered, stockyard 21 is delivered to by fork truck 20, in heaps by its yard, carry out natural curing further.
The major defect of this technical scheme is, each equipment of this production line is interlock, and often one of them equipment is out of order, and miscellaneous equipment is all had to quit work, and whole production line all cannot be produced.
The present invention adopts main-auxiliary vehicle to transport back and forth in orbit, if block machine is out of order, can not affect foam slurry and fill out the slip casting of core machine and secondary maintenance, if foam slurry fills out core, machine is out of order, and also can not affect block machine and produce and the first maintenance of building-block.
The present invention devises self-heat conserving curing system.This self-heat conserving curing system has fabulous heat-insulating property, time temperature is 0 DEG C in the winter time, only with the cement in the building block of institute's maintenance in this self-heat conserving curing system, concrete and water carry out the heat that hydration reaction discharges, the temperature in self-heat conserving curing system just can be made to reach more than 30 DEG C, do not need coal-fired steam press maintenance, existing good effects of energy saving and emission reduction, highly shortened again the curing time of building block, the production of composite thermal self-insulation building block is no longer limited by winter temperature change and region, increase substantially the output of whole production line, also be convenient to promote on a large scale.
Invention increases supporting plate retrieval system, and supporting plate retrieval system also has novelty, after passing through stacking machine piling in production line in the past, supporting plate is separated with building block, then by send trigger one plate then a plate be transported to block machine place, if stacking machine is out of order, just can not to block machine conveying support plate, block machine just can not continue to produce.Supporting plate retrieval system in the present invention comprises storage trigger, conveyer and board separator, and supporting plate, after storage trigger builds up multilayer, is transported to board separator through conveyer, then is delivered in block machine by board separator.Once stacking machine is out of order, because the conveyer between storage trigger and board separator has multiple multilayer supporting plate folded, constantly supporting plate is delivered in block machine by board separator, guarantee that block machine continues to produce.
In the patent " exempt from fast solidifying foam slurry under making condition and fill out the production method of core building block " (application number 201210131298.0) of my application, provide a kind of and fill out the automatic production method of core building block exempting from production foam slurry under making condition.Its technical essential is, this production method is under non-evaporating foster state, in turn include the following steps: get the raw materials ready the Ministry of worker, the shaping Ministry of worker, the first maintenance Ministry of worker, the foam slurry Tian Xin Ministry of worker, the second time maintenance Ministry of worker, the piling Ministry of worker, after piling, the natural curing Ministry of worker and supporting plate return the Ministry of worker, in the Ministry of worker that gets the raw materials ready, after raw material are prepared burden by proportioning machine 1, be transported to mixer 2 to stir, the shaping Ministry of worker is delivered to by concrete belt conveyer 3, the shaping Ministry of worker passes through block machine 4 by hollow block molding, and be placed on supporting plate, then under non-evaporating foster state, enter the first maintenance Ministry of worker, through block conveyor 5, lift slab push pedal all-in-one 6, building block pusher 9, anterior ferry-boat dolly 7 to nursing frame 10, the maintenance allowing the building-block most of the time rest on nursing frame carries out 4-8 hour, possess after certain concrete curing intensity until building-block, to be ferried to the foam slurry Tian Xin Ministry of worker by rear portion dolly 11 of ferrying, through building block pusher 13, trigger 14 falls, block conveyor 15, fill out core machine 16 place to foam slurry and carry out slip casting, make it to become composite heat insulation block, composite heat insulation block is equally under non-evaporating foster state, enter the second time maintenance Ministry of worker, transport in block curing conveyer belt 18 top, limit maintenance.Through transhipment and the maintenance of 1-2 hours, foaming slip solidifies in building block cavity, enter the natural curing Ministry of worker after piling and piling subsequently, by palletizing apparatus 19 to after its piling, be transported to stockyard and code is in heaps, carry out natural curing further, after piling, supporting plate returns the Ministry of worker by supporting plate and gets back to the building block shaping Ministry of worker, then carries out next round circulation.
The major defect of this technical scheme is, one, and each equipment of this production line is interlock, and often one of them equipment is out of order, and miscellaneous equipment is all had to quit work, and whole production line all cannot be produced.Its two, composite heat insulation block block curing conveyer belt 18 top transhipment, limit maintenance.Equipment cost can be caused like this to increase, or adopt accelerated cement foaming to fill out core, can the cost of raw material be increased again.Its three, by after stacking machine piling in production line, supporting plate is separated with building block, then by send trigger one plate then a plate be transported to block machine place, if stacking machine is out of order, just can not to block machine conveying support plate, block machine just can not continue production.
The present invention adopts main-auxiliary vehicle to transport back and forth in orbit, if block machine is out of order, can not affect foam slurry and fill out the slip casting of core machine and secondary maintenance, if foam slurry fills out core, machine is out of order, and also can not affect block machine and produce and the first maintenance of building-block.
The present invention devises self-heat conserving curing system.This self-heat conserving curing system has fabulous heat-insulating property, time temperature is 0 DEG C in the winter time, only with the cement in the building block of institute's maintenance in this self-heat conserving curing system, concrete and water carry out the heat that hydration reaction discharges, the temperature in self-heat conserving curing system just can be made to reach more than 30 DEG C, do not need coal-fired steam press maintenance, existing good effects of energy saving and emission reduction, highly shortened again the curing time of building block, the production of composite thermal self-insulation building block is no longer limited by winter temperature change and region, increase substantially the output of whole production line, also be convenient to promote on a large scale.
Devise supporting plate retrieval system in the present invention, this supporting plate retrieval system comprises storage trigger, conveyer and board separator, and supporting plate, after storage trigger builds up multilayer, is transported to board separator through conveyer, then is delivered in block machine by board separator.Once stacking machine is out of order, because the conveyer between storage trigger and board separator has multiple multilayer supporting plate folded, constantly supporting plate is delivered in block machine by board separator, guarantee that block machine continues to produce.
In the patent " a kind of Semi-automatic production method of novel composite thermal insulation building block " (patent No. ZL201210131297.6) of my application, provide a kind of semi-automatic technical scheme of producing novel composite thermal insulation building block.Its technical essential is, the equipment that the method uses is filled out the equipment such as core machine, fork truck and PLC cyclelog formed by proportioning machine, mixer, concrete belt conveyor, block machine, block conveyor, folded brick machine, foam slurry, raw material prepares and is transported to after mixer stirs by proportioning machine, block machine is transported to by concrete belt conveyor, after block machine vibration moulding, the other end is transported to by block conveyor, by folded brick machine or manually built up 2-6 layer, then by manually using fork truck or special cart to be transported to first maintenance place, and sequencing is temporally arranged in order, carry out the natural curing of 4-8 hour, possess after certain concrete curing intensity until building-block, be transported to foam slurry by manually using fork truck or special cart successively by the sequencing of curing time and filled out block conveyor under core machine, by being manually successively put in block conveyor, be transported to foam slurry by block conveyor to fill out core machine and carry out slip casting, after building-block completes slip casting, namely become foam slurry and fill out core building block, then the other end is transported to by block conveyor, by folded brick machine or artificial foam slurry filled out after core building block builds up 2-6 layer, second time maintenance place is transported to by manually using fork truck or special cart, and in chronological sequence order is arranged in order, according to the difference of expanded material, carry out the natural curing of 1-8 hour respectively, after foam slurry is solidified in the cavity of building block, by manually using fork truck or special cart, stockyard is transported it into successively by the sequencing of curing time, and code is in heaps, carry out natural curing further.
The major defect of this technical scheme is, raw material, after block machine vibration moulding, is transported to the other end by block conveyor, by folded brick machine or manually built up 2-6 layer, then by manually using fork truck or special cart to be transported to first maintenance place.Here because building block is just shaping, intensity is very little, if by folded brick machine or manually built up 2-6 layer, the building block be pressed in below will be damaged by pressure or be out of shape, and becomes waste product.
The present invention adopts fully-automatic production technology, after hollow block molding, through Lift-slab machine, main-auxiliary vehicle, carries out maintenance to self-heat conserving curing system first, solves the problem that building block is damaged by pressure or is out of shape.
The present invention fills out core building block in foam slurry and delivers to after secondary self-heat conserving curing system completes maintenance, adds automation code shut-down system, supporting plate retrieval system, achieves the automated production of overall process.Wherein supporting plate retrieval system also has novelty, after passing through stacking machine piling in production line in the past, supporting plate is separated with building block, then by send trigger one plate then a plate be transported to block machine place, if stacking machine is out of order, just can not to block machine conveying support plate, block machine just can not continue to produce.Supporting plate retrieval system in the present invention comprises storage trigger, conveyer and board separator, and supporting plate, after storage trigger builds up multilayer, is transported to board separator through conveyer, then is delivered in block machine by board separator.Once stacking machine is out of order, because the conveyer between storage trigger and board separator has multiple multilayer supporting plate folded, constantly supporting plate is delivered in block machine by board separator, guarantee that block machine continues to produce.
The present invention devises self-heat conserving curing system.This self-heat conserving curing system has fabulous heat-insulating property, time temperature is 0 DEG C in the winter time, only with the cement in the building block of institute's maintenance in this self-heat conserving curing system, concrete and water carry out the heat that hydration reaction discharges, the temperature in self-heat conserving curing system just can be made to reach more than 30 DEG C, do not need coal-fired steam press maintenance, existing good effects of energy saving and emission reduction, highly shortened again the curing time of building block, the production of composite thermal self-insulation building block is no longer limited by winter temperature change and region, increase substantially the output of whole production line, also be convenient to promote on a large scale.
In the patent " foam slurry fills out the Semi-automatic production method of core building block " (patent No. ZL201210131443.5) of my application, provide and a kind ofly produce the semi-automatic technical scheme that foam slurry fills out core building block.Its technical essential is: raw material is through proportioning machine 1, mixer 2, concrete belt conveyor 3 to block machine 4 place, after block forming, folded brick machine 6 is transported to by block conveyor 5, natural curing is carried out by manually using fork truck 7 to be transported to first maintenance place 8 after building up several layers, after possessing some strength, by manually using fork truck 9 to be transported to building block decoding layering conveyer 10, it being successively transported in block conveyor 11, filling out core machine to its slip casting by foam slurry; Then be transported to folded brick machine 13 place, carry out natural curing by manually using fork truck 14 to be transported to second time maintenance place 15 after building up several layers, after foam slurry is solidified, by manually using fork truck 16, being transported to stockyard Ma Dui, carrying out natural curing further.
The major defect of this technical scheme is, raw material, after block machine vibration moulding, is transported to the other end by block conveyor, by folded brick machine or manually built up 2-6 layer, then by manually using fork truck to be transported to first maintenance place.Here because building block is just shaping, intensity is very little, if by folded brick machine or manually built up 2-6 layer, the building block be pressed in below will be damaged by pressure or be out of shape, and becomes waste product.
The present invention adopts fully-automatic production technology, after hollow block molding, through Lift-slab machine, main-auxiliary vehicle, carries out maintenance to self-heat conserving curing system first, solves the problem that building block is damaged by pressure or is out of shape.
The present invention fills out core building block in foam slurry and delivers to after secondary self-heat conserving curing system completes maintenance, adds automation code shut-down system, supporting plate retrieval system, achieves the automated production of overall process.Wherein supporting plate retrieval system also has novelty, after passing through stacking machine piling in production line in the past, supporting plate is separated with building block, then by send trigger one plate then a plate be transported to block machine place, if stacking machine is out of order, just can not to block machine conveying support plate, block machine just can not continue to produce.Supporting plate retrieval system in the present invention comprises storage trigger, conveyer and board separator, and supporting plate, after storage trigger builds up multilayer, is transported to board separator through conveyer, then is delivered in block machine by board separator.Once stacking machine is out of order, because the conveyer between storage trigger and board separator has multiple multilayer supporting plate folded, constantly supporting plate is delivered in block machine by board separator, guarantee that block machine continues to produce.
The present invention devises self-heat conserving curing system.This self-heat conserving curing system has fabulous heat-insulating property, time temperature is 0 DEG C in the winter time, only with the cement in the building block of institute's maintenance in this self-heat conserving curing system, concrete and water carry out the heat that hydration reaction discharges, the temperature in self-heat conserving curing system just can be made to reach more than 30 DEG C, do not need coal-fired steam press maintenance, existing good effects of energy saving and emission reduction, highly shortened again the curing time of building block, the production of composite thermal self-insulation building block is no longer limited by winter temperature change and region, increase substantially the output of whole production line, also be convenient to promote on a large scale.
My patent " foam slurry fills out the semi-automatic production line of core building block " (patent No. ZL201220191791.7) of application is the same with aforementioned patent literature " foam slurry fills out the Semi-automatic production method of core building block " (patent No. ZL201210131443.5), there is following defect equally: raw material is after block machine vibration moulding, the other end is transported to by block conveyor, by folded brick machine or manually built up 2-6 layer, then by manually using fork truck to be transported to first maintenance place.Here because building block is just shaping, intensity is very little, if by folded brick machine or manually built up 2-6 layer, the building block be pressed in below will be damaged by pressure or be out of shape, and becomes waste product.
In patent " foam slurry fills out the simple production method of core building block " (application number 201210131450.5) of my application, provide and a kind ofly produce the easy technique scheme that foam slurry fills out core building block.Its technical essential is: the production line of the method is filled out the equipment such as core machine, fork truck and PLC cyclelog combined by certain way by mixer, block machine, block conveyor, foam slurry; After production process comprises the steps: that the raw material prepared being sent into mixer stirs, building-block is shaping by block machine, by manually using fork truck, building-block is transported to first maintenance place, and in chronological sequence order is arranged in order, carry out the natural curing of 4-8 hour, possess after certain concrete curing intensity until building-block, being sent to foam slurry successively by the sequencing manually using fork truck by curing time fills out in the block conveyor of core machine, fills out core machine carry out full-automatic slip casting to it by foam slurry; After building-block slip casting completes, namely become and fill out core building block, then by manually using fork truck to be transported to second time maintenance place, and in chronological sequence order is arranged in order, according to the difference of expanded material, carry out the natural curing of 1-8 hour, treat that foam slurry is solidified in the cavity of building block, transported to stockyard successively by the sequencing manually using fork truck by curing time again, and code is in heaps, carries out natural curing further.
The major defect of this technical scheme is, equipment forms simple, and automaticity is low, and production efficiency is low, and production capacity is little.Adopt the mode of natural curing simultaneously, make production time and output receive further restriction.
The present invention adopts fully-automatic production mode, and production efficiency is high, and production capacity increases substantially.
The present invention devises self-heat conserving curing system.This self-heat conserving curing system has fabulous heat-insulating property, time temperature is 0 DEG C in the winter time, only with the cement in the building block of institute's maintenance in this self-heat conserving curing system, concrete and water carry out the heat that hydration reaction discharges, the temperature in self-heat conserving curing system just can be made to reach more than 30 DEG C, do not need coal-fired steam press maintenance, existing good effects of energy saving and emission reduction, highly shortened again the curing time of building block, the production of composite thermal self-insulation building block is no longer limited by winter temperature change and region, increase substantially the output of whole production line, also be convenient to promote on a large scale.
My patent " foam slurry fills out the simple type production line of core building block " (patent No. ZL201220191757.X) of application is the same with aforementioned patent literature " foam slurry fills out the simple production method of core building block " (application number 201210131450.5), there is equipment equally and form simple in this technical scheme, automaticity is low, the problems such as production efficiency is low, and production capacity is little.
In the patent " foam slurry fills out the simple production method of core building block " (patent No. ZL201210131292.3) of my application, provide and a kind ofly produce the simple technique scheme that foam slurry fills out core building block.Its technical essential is: the production line of the method is combined by mixer, block machine, foam slurry machine, delivery pump, fork truck, after production process comprises the steps: that the raw material prepared being sent into mixer stirs, building-block is shaping through block machine, by manually using fork truck, building-block is transported to maintenance place, and in chronological sequence order is arranged in order, carry out the natural curing of 4-8 hour, possess after concrete curing intensity until building-block, foam slurry mechanism gets foam slurry ready, by delivery pump, slip is sent into the Grouting Pipe having certain length, and take Grouting Pipe in the cavity of building block, to pour into foam slurry successively from artificial hand, after building-block completes slip casting, namely become foam slurry and fill out core building block, foam slurry fills out the difference of core building block according to expanded material, continue the natural curing carrying out 1-8 hour in maintenance place, treat that foam slurry is solidified in the cavity of building block, transported to stockyard successively again by the sequencing manually using fork truck by curing time, and code is in heaps, carry out natural curing further.
The major defect of this technical scheme is, equipment forms simpler, and automaticity is lower, and production efficiency is also lower, and production capacity is little.
The present invention adopts fully-automatic production mode, and production efficiency is high, and production capacity increases substantially.
The present invention devises self-heat conserving curing system.This self-heat conserving curing system has fabulous heat-insulating property, time temperature is 0 DEG C in the winter time, only with the cement in the building block of institute's maintenance in this self-heat conserving curing system, concrete and water carry out the heat that hydration reaction discharges, the temperature in self-heat conserving curing system just can be made to reach more than 30 DEG C, do not need coal-fired steam press maintenance, existing good effects of energy saving and emission reduction, highly shortened again the curing time of building block, the production of composite thermal self-insulation building block is no longer limited by winter temperature change and region, increase substantially the output of whole production line, also be convenient to promote on a large scale.
In patent document " a kind of production line of full-automatic composite thermal self-insulation building block " (application number 201320776098.0), the production line of this full-automatic composite thermal self-insulation building block comprises batching section, block forming section, maintenance section, supporting plate return phase and product transportation section.
Described batching section comprises premix groove (1) and mixer (2);
Mixed material in mixer (2) is transported to hopper (3) by the belt that described block forming section comprises above hopper (3), forming machine (4), block conveyor A (5), Lift-slab machine A (6), described hopper (3), described forming machine (4) is positioned at hopper (3) below, does not have block conveyor A (5) between described forming machine (4) and Lift-slab machine A (6);
Described maintenance section comprises primary and secondary kiln car A (7), curing kilns (8), primary and secondary kiln car B (9), falls trigger A (10), block conveyor B (11), fills with core casting machine (12), Lift-slab machine B (13), primary and secondary kiln car C (14); One end of described primary and secondary kiln car A (7) track is connected with Lift-slab machine A (6), the other end is connected to curing kilns (8), track one end of described main-auxiliary vehicle B (9) connects curing kilns (8), the other end connects and falls trigger A (10), described in fall between trigger A (10) with filling core casting machine (12) and there is no block conveyor B (11); Described filling core casting machine (12) has belt conveyor to be connected to Lift-slab machine B (13), and track one end of described alphabetical kiln car C (14) connects Lift-slab machine B (13), and the other end is connected to curing kilns (8);
Described supporting plate return phase comprise trigger B (15) falls, supporting plate returns machine A (16), stacking machine (17), supporting plate return machine B (18), panel turnover machine (19) and send trigger (20); The described trigger B (15) that falls is connected to one end that alphabetical kiln car A (7) track is connected with Lift-slab machine A (6), described falling on trigger B (15) to the conveyer belt of stacking machine (17) does not have supporting plate to return machine A (16), described stacking machine (17) has two exit conveyors, wherein one is connected to supporting plate and returns machine B (18), through panel turnover machine (19), send trigger (20) to send supporting plate back to forming machine (4);
Described product transportation section comprises send stack machine (21), automatic packing machine (22) and fork truck; The described stack machine (21) that send connects another conveyer belt exported from stacking machine (17), delivers to automatic packing machine (22), then loads fork truck and delivers to finished product stockyard (23).
The major defect of this technical scheme is, one, equipment is too much, technological process is too complicated, only Lift-slab machine and fall trigger and just respectively have two (Lift-slab machine A, Lift-slab machine B, fall trigger A, fall trigger B) equipment manufacturing cost too high, two, main-auxiliary vehicle and primary and secondary kiln car too much, and same track has main-auxiliary vehicle B (9) and primary and secondary kiln car C (14), make the freight volume of track very large, the working procedure of two dollies is complicated, is easily out of order.Its three, if its curing kilns adopt steam curing, can energy consumption be produced high, discharge the three wastes, the problem of contaminated environment, if adopt natural curing, then can produce and produce in the winter time, the problem that output is affected and limits.Its four, production process is too complicated, easy break-down.Its five, in supporting plate return phase, by after stacking machine piling in production line, supporting plate is separated with building block, then by send trigger one plate then a plate be transported to block machine place, if stacking machine is out of order, just can not to block machine conveying support plate, block machine just can not continue to produce.
The equipment that the present invention uses is relatively less, reduces equipment cost.Production procedure is relatively simple, decreases the out of order frequency of production line.
Supporting plate retrieval system in the present invention has novelty, and this supporting plate retrieval system comprises storage trigger, conveyer and board separator, and supporting plate, after storage trigger builds up multilayer, is transported to board separator through conveyer, then is delivered in block machine by board separator.Once stacking machine is out of order, because the conveyer between storage trigger and board separator has multiple multilayer supporting plate folded, constantly supporting plate is delivered in block machine by board separator, guarantee that block machine continues to produce.
The present invention devises self-heat conserving curing system.This self-heat conserving curing system has fabulous heat-insulating property, time temperature is 0 DEG C in the winter time, only with the cement in the building block of institute's maintenance in this self-heat conserving curing system, concrete and water carry out the heat that hydration reaction discharges, the temperature in self-heat conserving curing system just can be made to reach more than 30 DEG C, do not need coal-fired steam press maintenance, existing good effects of energy saving and emission reduction, highly shortened again the curing time of building block, the production of composite thermal self-insulation building block is no longer limited by winter temperature change and region, increase substantially the output of whole production line, also be convenient to promote on a large scale.
Patent document " a kind of full-automatic composite thermal self-insulation building block production method " (application number 201310630675.X) has identical defect with above-mentioned patent " a kind of production line of full-automatic composite thermal self-insulation building block ": one, equipment is too much, technological process is too complicated, only Lift-slab machine and fall trigger and just respectively have two (Lift-slab machine A, Lift-slab machine B, trigger A falls, trigger B falls) and equipment manufacturing cost is too high, they are two years old, main-auxiliary vehicle and primary and secondary kiln car too much, and same track has main-auxiliary vehicle B (9) and primary and secondary kiln car C (14), make the freight volume of track very large, the working procedure of two dollies is complicated, easily be out of order.Its three, production process is too complicated, easy break-down.Its four, in supporting plate return phase, by after stacking machine piling in production line, supporting plate is separated with building block, then by send trigger one plate then a plate be transported to block machine place, if stacking machine is out of order, just can not to block machine conveying support plate, block machine just can not continue to produce.
In patent document " Self-insulating wall building block production line " (application number 201310065659.0), this Self-insulating wall building block production line, comprise hollow brick production system, steam-cured system, movement system, foam concrete running gate system and automation control system, described steam-cured system is connected with described hollow brick production system, foam concrete running gate system respectively by described rotation system, and described automation control system is connected with described hollow brick production system, steam-cured system, foam concrete running gate system and movement system by control circuit.
The major defect of this technical scheme is,
One, insulation blocks need carry out high temperature steam curing in the maintenance district closed, and needs the fuel such as a large amount of burning coals, and energy consumption is comparatively large, and discharges the waste gas such as carbon dioxide in production process, has the three wastes to produce, has pollution to environment.Equipment runs for a long time in the steam curing district of humidity, and bearings a large amount of above it and other parts meeting corrosion, reduce the service life of equipment; If adopt other high-quality materials such as stainless steel, then the cost of equipment is too high, also inadvisable;
They are two years old, although the foam concrete running gate system of this invention can carry out control operation separately through console, efficiently avoid and have influence on running gate system because of block forming and the steam-cured system failure, and running gate system fault effects is to the work of block forming and steam-cured system, and then the stopping production situation of whole production line is caused to occur; But movement system and various automation conveying equipment be also be easy to out of order, movement system is once be out of order, the work of block forming and steam-cured system will be had influence on, or have influence on the work of running gate system, and then have influence on the work of whole production line, even cause the stopping production situation of whole production line to occur.
Its three, learn from description, this foam concrete running gate system adopts the mode of physical blowing toward cast concrete in building-block.
The present invention adopts main-auxiliary vehicle to transport back and forth in orbit, if block machine is out of order, can not affect foam slurry and fill out the slip casting of core machine and secondary maintenance, if foam slurry fills out core, machine is out of order, and also can not affect block machine and produce and the first maintenance of building-block.
Supporting plate retrieval system in the present invention has novelty, and this supporting plate retrieval system comprises storage trigger, conveyer and board separator, and supporting plate, after storage trigger builds up multilayer, is transported to board separator through conveyer, then is delivered in block machine by board separator.Once stacking machine is out of order, because the conveyer between storage trigger and board separator has multiple multilayer supporting plate folded, constantly supporting plate is delivered in block machine by board separator, guarantee that block machine continues to produce.
The present invention devises self-heat conserving curing system.This self-heat conserving curing system has fabulous heat-insulating property, time temperature is 0 DEG C in the winter time, only with the cement in the building block of institute's maintenance in this self-heat conserving curing system, concrete and water carry out the heat that hydration reaction discharges, the temperature in self-heat conserving curing system just can be made to reach more than 30 DEG C, do not need coal-fired steam press maintenance, existing good effects of energy saving and emission reduction, highly shortened again the curing time of building block, the production of composite thermal self-insulation building block is no longer limited by winter temperature change and region, increase substantially the output of whole production line, also be convenient to promote on a large scale.
The present invention both can adopt physical blowing mode, and chemical blowing mode also can be adopted in building-block to inject foam concrete slip.
In patent document " a kind of production line for self-insulation building block " (patent No. ZL201210024071.6), this production line for self-insulation building block, comprise mixer, automatic charging device is not had between described mixer and raw material cabin, cloth mouth is not had below mixer, it is characterized in that: feeding port and the bottom of described mixer are equipped with self-measuring device, the production track (5.1) of an automatic transportation mould is provided with below the cloth mouth of described mixer, described production track also do not have ingot stripper (2) with mixer in suitable distance, these ingot stripper other end both sides are respectively equipped with the track that the return trajectory (5.2) of an auto-returned mixer and enter Yang Kuohu district automatically, this return trajectory is complied with through cleaning area, oil spout district and coring-up station, described cleaning area is provided with cleaning machine (3), coring-up station is provided with core setter (4), the other end in maintenance district (12) does not have chain mat machine (13), at chain mat machine, (other end of 13 establishes manipulator.
The technical scheme of this patent is: by core setter, heat insulation core material is put into mould, and then inject concrete in mould, heat insulation core material is wrapped in centre, is then spun off from concrete by mould with ingot stripper, obtains heat insulation building block.In this technical scheme, heat insulation core material can only be solid, and solid heat insulation core material is generally the organic materials such as polyphenyl class, polyurethanes, and fire protecting performance is poor.This technical scheme adopts fully-automatic production mode, also there is production process too complicated, the problems such as automation equipment easy break-down, whole production line cost are higher.
The present invention is completely different from above-mentioned art solutions, the present invention first with block machine by hollow block molding, and then fill out core machine by foam slurry foam slurry is injected in building block cavity, treat that foam slurry is frozen into inorganic heat preservation foaming body, just become foam slurry and fill out core building block, there is intensity high, the performances such as fire prevention.
The present invention devises self-heat conserving curing system.This self-heat conserving curing system has fabulous heat-insulating property, time temperature is 0 DEG C in the winter time, only with the cement in the building block of institute's maintenance in this self-heat conserving curing system, concrete and water carry out the heat that hydration reaction discharges, the temperature in self-heat conserving curing system just can be made to reach more than 30 DEG C, do not need coal-fired steam press maintenance, existing good effects of energy saving and emission reduction, highly shortened again the curing time of building block, the production of composite thermal self-insulation building block is no longer limited by winter temperature change and region, increase substantially the output of whole production line, also be convenient to promote on a large scale.
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is: solving foam slurry, to fill out the block curing energy consumption existed in core building block automatic production process high, curing time is long, production time is by the impact of temperature Change and seasonal variations, the problems such as production line cost is too high, and in production process each automation equipment fault frequency is high.
Summary of the invention
For the problems referred to above, the technical scheme that the present invention takes is:
Scheme one
A full-automatic production method for composite thermal self-insulation building block, is characterized in that, the full-automatic production method of this composite thermal self-insulation building block comprises the following steps successively:
(1) hollow block molding and first maintenance: raw material is shaping to block machine (4) place through proportioning machine (1), mixer (2), belt conveyor (3), building-block sends into Lift-slab machine (5) by block conveyor, then the first special cart (6) is entered by Lift-slab machine (5), building-block is transported to curing system (7) first and carries out maintenance by the first special cart (6) successively, is transported to by building-block good for maintenance again subsequently and falls trigger (8) place;
(2) to foam slip casting and secondary maintenance: fall trigger (8) and building-block one plate is connect a plate deliver in block conveyor, then building-block is transported to slip casting machine (9) place and carries out slip casting by block conveyor, composite thermal self-insulation building block is become after slip casting completes, connect a plate by folded brick machine (10) plate again and composite thermal self-insulation building block built up the number of plies that computer programming system sets, then be transported to secondary curing system (12) by the second special cart (11) and carry out maintenance, then composite thermal self-insulation building block good for maintenance is delivered to decoding laminating machine (13) place by the second special cart (11),
(3) code heap: composite thermal self-insulation building block one plate is connect a plate and delivers in block conveyor by decoding laminating machine (13), then composite thermal self-insulation building block is delivered to stacking machine (14) place piling by block conveyor, pack to baling press (19) place through wrapping machine (18) again, be then transported to stockyard (20) code by mechanical forklift and pile;
(4) supporting plate returns: supporting plate is after stacking machine (14) place is separated with composite thermal self-insulation building block, panel turnover machine (15) turnover panel is delivered to by conveyer, after outwelling the dregs on plate, enter storage trigger (16), supporting plate is built up the number of plies of computer programming system setting by storage trigger (16), then by conveyer, the supporting plate folded is delivered to board separator (17), supporting plate one plate is connect a plate and sends into block machine (4) by board separator (17).
Described in the technical program, curing system is self-heat conserving curing system first, or natural curing system, or steam-cured system, or heating system; Described secondary curing system is self-heat conserving curing system, or natural curing system, or steam-cured system, or heating system.
The main-auxiliary vehicle of described first special cart (6) for orbiting, or mechanical forklift; The main-auxiliary vehicle of described second special cart (11) for orbiting, or mechanical forklift.
Described self-heat conserving curing system comprises insulation ceiling (701), semi-surrounding type tank (702), self heat insulation wall (703), folder watt (704), two bottoms of insulation ceiling (701) are fixed on the top braces platform (702a) of semi-surrounding type tank (702), semi-surrounding type tank (702) is fixed on self heat insulation wall (703), and folder watt (704) covers on ceiling.
Described self-heat conserving curing system is done the curing kilns of heat-insulation layer, or has done the fog room of heat-insulation layer, or has done the maintenance canopy of heat-insulation layer, or has done the solar energy greenhouse of heat-insulation layer, or solar energy greenhouse.
Described insulation ceiling (701) is made up of heat insulation tile.
Described Lift-slab machine is gone up for building block one plate in block conveyor being connect a plate, completely arrives whole frame until rise.
The described trigger that falls lowers for multi-layer building block one plate in whole frame is connect a plate, is put in block conveyor.
Described foam slurry fills out core machine for toward slip casting in the cavity of building-block.
Described folded brick machine is used for the number of plies building block be positioned on supporting plate being built up the setting of computer program control system.
Described decoding laminating machine is transported to block conveyor for supporting plate one plate being loaded with multi-layer building block is connect a plate.
Described storage trigger is used for number of plies supporting plate being built up the setting of computer program control system.
Described board separator is used for that multilayer supporting plate one plate is connect a plate and delivers in block machine.
Scheme two
A full-automatic production method for composite thermal self-insulation building block, is characterized in that, the full-automatic production method of this composite thermal self-insulation building block comprises the following steps successively:
(1) hollow block molding and first maintenance: raw material is shaping to block machine (4) place through proportioning machine (1), mixer (2), belt conveyor (3), building-block sends into Lift-slab machine (5) by block conveyor, then the first special cart (6) is entered by Lift-slab machine (5), building-block is transported to curing system (7) first and carries out maintenance by the first special cart (6) successively, is transported to by building-block good for maintenance again subsequently and falls trigger (8) place;
(2) to foam slip casting and secondary maintenance: fall trigger (8) and building-block one plate is connect a plate deliver in block conveyor, then building-block is transported to slip casting machine (9) place and carries out slip casting by block conveyor, composite thermal self-insulation building block is become after slip casting completes, connect a plate by folded brick machine (10) plate again and composite thermal self-insulation building block built up the number of plies that computer programming system sets, then be transported to secondary curing system (12) by the second special cart (11) and carry out maintenance, then composite thermal self-insulation building block good for maintenance is delivered to decoding laminating machine (13) place by the second special cart (11),
(3) code heap: composite thermal self-insulation building block one plate is connect a plate and delivers in block conveyor by decoding laminating machine (13), then composite thermal self-insulation building block is delivered to stacking machine (14) place piling by block conveyor, pack to baling press (19) place through wrapping machine (18) again, be then transported to stockyard (20) code by mechanical forklift and pile;
(4) supporting plate returns: supporting plate is after stacking machine (14) place is separated with composite thermal self-insulation building block, panel turnover machine (15) turnover panel is delivered to by conveyer, after outwelling the dregs on plate, by sending trigger (21), supporting plate one plate is connect a plate and send into block machine (4).
In the technical program, described curing system is first self-heat conserving curing system, or natural curing system, or steam-cured system, or heating system; Described secondary curing system is self-heat conserving curing system, or natural curing system, or steam-cured system, or heating system.
The main-auxiliary vehicle of described first special cart (6) for orbiting, or mechanical forklift; The main-auxiliary vehicle of described second special cart (11) for orbiting, or mechanical forklift.
Described self-heat conserving curing system comprises insulation ceiling (701), semi-surrounding type tank (702), self heat insulation wall (703), folder watt (704), two bottoms of insulation ceiling (701) are fixed on the top braces platform (702a) of semi-surrounding type tank (702), semi-surrounding type tank (702) is fixed on self heat insulation wall (703), and folder watt (704) covers on ceiling.
Described self-heat conserving curing system is done the curing kilns of heat-insulation layer, or has done the fog room of heat-insulation layer, or has done the maintenance canopy of heat-insulation layer, or has done the solar energy greenhouse of heat-insulation layer, or solar energy greenhouse.
Described insulation ceiling (701) is made up of heat insulation tile.
Described Lift-slab machine is gone up for building block one plate in block conveyor being connect a plate, completely arrives whole frame until rise.
The described trigger that falls lowers for multi-layer building block one plate in whole frame is connect a plate, is put in block conveyor.
Described foam slurry fills out core machine for toward slip casting in the cavity of building-block.
Described folded brick machine is used for the number of plies building block be positioned on supporting plate being built up the setting of computer program control system.
Described decoding laminating machine is transported to block conveyor for supporting plate one plate being loaded with multi-layer building block is connect a plate.
Described storage trigger is used for number of plies supporting plate being built up the setting of computer program control system.
Described board separator is used for that multilayer supporting plate one plate is connect a plate and delivers in block machine.
Technique effect of the present invention is: solving foam slurry, to fill out the block curing energy consumption existed in core building block automatic production process high, curing time is long, production time is by the impact of temperature Change and seasonal variations, the problems such as production line cost is too high, and in production process each automation equipment fault frequency is high.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the process chart of the full-automatic production method of composite thermal self-insulation building block of the present invention in embodiment one
Fig. 2 is the process chart of the full-automatic production method of composite thermal self-insulation building block of the present invention in embodiment two
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of Lift-slab machine
Fig. 4 is the side view of Lift-slab machine
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the first main-auxiliary vehicle
Fig. 6 is the first main-auxiliary vehicle schematic diagram filling building block
Fig. 7 is the structural representation that the multi-purpose foam slip automatically controlling material level fills out core machine
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of folded brick machine
Fig. 9 is the side view of folded brick machine
Figure 10 is the structural representation of the second main-auxiliary vehicle
Figure 11 is the second main-auxiliary vehicle schematic diagram filling building block
Figure 12 is the top view of folded brick machine
Figure 13 is the front elevation of folded brick machine
Figure 14 is the assembled state schematic diagram of folded brick machine and block conveyor
Figure 15 is the structural representation of stacking machine
Figure 16 is the side view of stacking machine
Figure 17 is the structural representation of storage trigger
Figure 18 is the side view of storage trigger
Figure 19 is the structural representation of board separator
Figure 20 is the side view of board separator
Figure 21 is the structural representation of self-heat conserving curing system
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment one
As shown in Figure 1, the full-automatic production method of composite thermal self-insulation building block of the present invention, its technological process in turn includes the following steps:
(1) hollow block molding and first maintenance: raw material is shaping to block machine (4) place through proportioning machine (1), mixer (2), belt conveyor (3), building-block sends into Lift-slab machine (5) by block conveyor, then the first special cart (6) is entered by Lift-slab machine (5), building-block is transported to curing system (7) first and carries out maintenance by the first special cart (6) successively, is transported to by building-block good for maintenance again subsequently and falls trigger (8) place;
(2) to foam slip casting and secondary maintenance: fall trigger (8) and building-block one plate is connect a plate deliver in block conveyor, then building-block is transported to slip casting machine (9) place and carries out slip casting by block conveyor, composite thermal self-insulation building block is become after slip casting completes, connect a plate by folded brick machine (10) plate again and composite thermal self-insulation building block built up the number of plies that computer programming system sets, then be transported to secondary curing system (12) by the second special cart (11) and carry out maintenance, then composite thermal self-insulation building block good for maintenance is delivered to decoding laminating machine (13) place by the second special cart (11),
(3) code heap: composite thermal self-insulation building block one plate is connect a plate and delivers in block conveyor by decoding laminating machine (13), then composite thermal self-insulation building block is delivered to stacking machine (14) place piling by block conveyor, pack to baling press (19) place through wrapping machine (18) again, be then transported to stockyard (20) code by mechanical forklift and pile;
(4) supporting plate returns: supporting plate is after stacking machine (14) place is separated with composite thermal self-insulation building block, panel turnover machine (15) turnover panel is delivered to by conveyer, after outwelling the dregs on plate, enter storage trigger (16), supporting plate is built up the number of plies of computer programming system setting by storage trigger (16), then by conveyer, the supporting plate folded is delivered to board separator (17), supporting plate one plate is connect a plate and sends into block machine (4) by board separator (17).
Embodiment two
As shown in Figure 2, the full-automatic production method of composite thermal self-insulation building block of the present invention, its technological process in turn includes the following steps:
(1) hollow block molding and first maintenance: raw material is shaping to block machine (4) place through proportioning machine (1), mixer (2), belt conveyor (3), building-block sends into Lift-slab machine (5) by block conveyor, then the first special cart (6) is entered by Lift-slab machine (5), building-block is transported to curing system (7) first and carries out maintenance by the first special cart (6) successively, is transported to by building-block good for maintenance again subsequently and falls trigger (8) place;
(2) to foam slip casting and secondary maintenance: fall trigger (8) and building-block one plate is connect a plate deliver in block conveyor, then building-block is transported to slip casting machine (9) place and carries out slip casting by block conveyor, composite thermal self-insulation building block is become after slip casting completes, connect a plate by folded brick machine (10) plate again and composite thermal self-insulation building block built up the number of plies that computer programming system sets, then be transported to secondary curing system (12) by the second special cart (11) and carry out maintenance, then composite thermal self-insulation building block good for maintenance is delivered to decoding laminating machine (13) place by the second special cart (11),
(3) code heap: composite thermal self-insulation building block one plate is connect a plate and delivers in block conveyor by decoding laminating machine (13), then composite thermal self-insulation building block is delivered to stacking machine (14) place piling by block conveyor, pack to baling press (19) place through wrapping machine (18) again, be then transported to stockyard (20) code by mechanical forklift and pile;
(4) supporting plate returns: supporting plate is after stacking machine (14) place is separated with composite thermal self-insulation building block, panel turnover machine (15) turnover panel is delivered to by conveyer, after outwelling the dregs on plate, by sending trigger (21), supporting plate one plate is connect a plate and send into block machine (4).
In above-mentioned embodiment:
As shown in Figure 3, Figure 4, Lift-slab machine 5 comprises the first chain drive-belt 501, first chain 502, Lift-slab machine frame 503, bracket 504, first motor 505, rotates backward machine 506, first power transmission shaft 507, elongate steel plate 508, chain attached plate 509, Lift-slab machine frame 503 fixes on the ground, chain is provided with one deck elongate steel plate 508 every 350mm, elongate steel plate 508 is fixed on that chain is attached to be done on 509, and in every layer of elongate steel plate 508, interval 200mm is provided with bracket 504.
Under PLC programme-control, first motor 505 starts, the first power transmission shaft 507 is driven to operate by the first chain drive-belt 501, gear driven first chain 502 on first power transmission shaft 507 rotates, make the supporting plate upwards lift slab one deck being loaded with building block, operate according to this, completely specify the number of plies to rising always, rise full after, the supporting plate that multilayer is loaded with building-block by main-auxiliary vehicle is transported to self-heat conserving curing system first and carries out maintenance.
The structure of falling trigger 8 is identical with the structure of Lift-slab machine, but during work, action is contrary, as shown in Figure 2 and Figure 3,
Under PLC programme-control, first motor 505 starts, the first power transmission shaft 507 is driven to operate by the first chain drive-belt 501, gear driven first chain 502 on first power transmission shaft 507 rotates, multilayer is loaded with the supporting plate of building-block successively to decline plate, one plate connects a plate and is transported to foam slurry by block conveyor and fills out below core machine, carries out slip casting, makes building-block become foam slurry and fill out core building block.
As shown in Figure 5, Figure 6, first main-auxiliary vehicle 6 comprises female car, sub-car, the first sub-vehicle motor 601, first oil cylinder 602, during work, before first main-auxiliary vehicle 6 walks to Lift-slab machine 5 along track, then the first sub-vehicle motor 601 starts, and driven element reaches Lift-slab machine 5 place, supporting plate multilayer being loaded with building-block forks, turn back to female car again, then female car starts, and supporting plate multilayer being loaded with building-block is transported to self-heat conserving curing system first and carries out maintenance.
Foam slurry is filled out core machine 9 and is adopted the multi-purpose foam slip automatically controlling material level to fill out core machine, as shown in Figure 7, a kind of multi-purpose foam slip of automatic control material level fills out core machine, it adopts lead screw transmission mechanism when controlling material level, this foam slurry automatically controlling material level is filled out core machine and is comprised auger conveyor 901, bucket 902, slip mixer 903, slip bucket 904, Grouting Pipe 905, first servomotor 906, probe support 909, probe 910, screw mandrel 911, nut slider 912, Moveable water bath 913, foam maker 914, feeding funnel 916, rotate additive meter and the physical foaming device of batch turning, it is characterized in that, auger conveyor 901 is communicated with bucket 902, LOAD CELLS one end and the second servomotor are fixed, one end and lightweight tipping bucket are fixed, lightweight tipping bucket is positioned at feeding funnel 916, feeding funnel 916 is communicated with bucket 902, LOAD CELLS, second servomotor is connected with computer programming system respectively.Bucket 902 is communicated with slip mixer 903 by valve, slip mixer 903 is communicated with slip bucket 904 by valve, slip bucket 904 is communicated with Grouting Pipe 905 by valve, first servomotor 906 is positioned at below slip bucket 904, screw mandrel 911 and nut slider 912 are all positioned at the below of the first servomotor 906, screw mandrel 911 connects the first servomotor 906, screw mandrel 911 and nut slider 912 are worked in coordination formation transmission mechanism, probe support 909 is fixed on nut slider 912, probe 910 is fixed on probe support 909, physical foaming device is communicated with slip mixer 903, Moveable water bath 913 is positioned at the below of Grouting Pipe 905.Under the control of computer programming system, the multi-purpose foam slip automatically controlling material level fills out the mode production foam slurry that core machine both can adopt physical blowing, and completes slip casting operation; Also can adopt the mode production foam slurry of chemical blowing, and complete slip casting operation; Also can adopt multiple combination mode production foam slurry as required, and complete slip casting operation.If adopt the mode of physical blowing to prepare foam slurry, and complete slip casting operation, its implementation process is as follows: during work under the control of computer programming system, cement, the raw materials such as flyash enter bucket 902 from auger conveyor 901, bucket 902 enters slip mixer 903 by valve after weighing, the water of water tank enters slip mixer by Pneumatic timer metering valve and becomes slip with powder stirring, blowing agent is pumped into foam maker 914 by delivery pump subsequently, pressure-air is pressed into foam maker 914 by air compressor simultaneously, both mix and form a large amount of foam, foam is pressed into slip mixer 903 by pressure-air subsequently, stir mixed together with slip, obtain foam slurry, slip operated pneumatic valve is opened subsequently, foam slurry enters slip bucket 904, when building-block is transported to below Grouting Pipe 905, the instruction that computer programming system pressed by first servomotor 906 starts, force and moment is transmitted by screw mandrel 911 and nut slider 912 transmission mechanism formed of working in coordination, probe support 909 is driven to move down, drive probe 910 arrives at the desired location in building block cavity thus, slip casting valve open immediately, foam slurry is injected in the cavity of building block from Grouting Pipe 905, trigger control circuit the signal of telecommunication can be produced when the foam slurry level being in foamed state rises and contacts with probe 910, the feeding control system filling out core machine by computer programming system to the multi-purpose foam slip automatically controlling material level while the control circuit pickup signal of telecommunication sends stopping slip casting instruction, slip casting valve closing, first servomotor 906 rotates backward under program, probe 910 is driven to get back to original position, so repeatedly, constantly repeat this process.
If adopt the mode of chemical blowing to prepare foam slurry, and complete slip casting operation, its implementation process is as follows: first physical foaming device quits work under the control of computer programming system, cement, the raw materials such as flyash enter bucket 902 from auger conveyor 901 respectively and weigh, powder additives is transported to after lightweight tipping bucket through conveying equipment, LOAD CELLS starts metering, when weight reaches setting value, conveying equipment stops conveying, second servomotor starts, quit work after lightweight tipping bucket is overturn downwards, additive in lightweight tipping bucket is poured in feeding funnel 916, then enter in bucket 902 through feeding funnel 916, second servomotor starts immediately, lightweight tipping bucket is upwards overturn, then raw material enters slip mixer 903 by the valve in bucket 902, add water after stirring, enter slip bucket 904, when building-block is transported to below Grouting Pipe 905, the instruction that computer program control system pressed by first servomotor 906 starts, force and moment is transmitted by screw mandrel 911 and nut slider 912 transmission mechanism formed of working in coordination, probe support 909 is driven to move down, probe 910 is driven to arrive at building block cavity internal program at every turn according to foam slurry foamed time thus, the change of the conditions such as environment temperature and the position automatically set, slip casting valve open immediately, foam slurry is injected in the cavity of building block from Grouting Pipe 905, trigger control circuit the signal of telecommunication can be produced when the foam slurry level being in foamed state rises and contacts with probe 910, the feeding control system filling out core machine by computer programming system to the multi-purpose foam slip automatically controlling material level while the control circuit pickup signal of telecommunication sends stopping slip casting instruction, slip casting valve closing, first servomotor 906 rotates backward under program, probe 910 is driven to get back to original position, so repeatedly, constantly repeat this process.
In addition, also can be as required, under the control of computer programming system, to various powder and additive, and multiple choices and combination are carried out to the mode such as physical blowing, chemical blowing, by the relevant apparatus of this equipment, prepare various foam slurry of filling out core building block for the production of foam slurry, then slip casting is carried out to building-block.
As Fig. 8, shown in Fig. 9, folded brick machine 10 comprises folded brick machine frame 1001, crane 1002, second motor 1003, three-motor 1004, supporting plate button 1005, steel wire rope 1006, cucurbit 1007, three-motor 1004 is positioned at above folded brick machine frame 1001, steel wire rope 1006 one end connects three-motor 1004, one end connects crane 1002 by cucurbit, supporting plate button 1005 has been installed in crane 1002 bottom, second motor 1003 has respectively been installed in two bottoms of folded brick machine frame 1001, during work, supporting plate button 1005 on crane is positioned at the below of block conveyor, when block conveyor the foam slurry be placed on supporting plate just having noted slurry filled out core building block be transported to supporting plate buckle the top of 1005 time, second motor 1003 starts, crane 1002 is driven to rise, supporting plate button 1005 is held and is placed with the supporting plate that foam slurry fills out core building block, quit work after crane 1002 rises to PLC program setting height, second motor 1003 starts, folded brick machine frame 1001 is driven to run to after above brick frame, second motor 1003 quits work, three-motor 1004 starts, crane 1002 is driven to decline, the foam slurry be placed on supporting plate being filled out core building block is put on brick frame, crane 1002 drops to PLC program setting height again, then the second motor 1003 starts, folded brick machine frame 1001 is driven to turn back to origin-location again, constantly repeat above-mentioned action, the foam slurry be placed on supporting plate is filled out the number of plies that core building block builds up PLC program setting.
As Figure 10, shown in Figure 11, second main-auxiliary vehicle 11 comprises female car, sub-car, second sub-vehicle motor 1101, second oil cylinder 1102, oil pump 1103, before during work, female vehicle-mounted sub-car orbiting to foam slurry building up multilayer fills out core building block, then the second sub-vehicle motor 1101 starts, driven element reaches the below that the foam slurry building up multilayer fills out core building block, start with rear pump or output pump 1103, by oil cylinder the 2 1102, multilayer is loaded with the supporting plate picking-up that foam slurry fills out core building block, turn back to female car again, then female car starts, secondary self-heat conserving curing system place is walked to along track, then sub-car starts, multilayer is loaded with on nursing frame that supporting plate that foam slurry fills out core building block is transported to secondary self-heat conserving curing system and carries out maintenance.
As shown in Figure 12, Figure 13, Figure 14, decoding laminating machine 13 comprises: the 4th motor 1301, second chain drive-belt 1302, reversing machine 1303, reversing machine chain 1304, second driving shaft 1305, first elevating chain 1306, supporting plate movable button 1307, the 5th motor 1308, the 3rd power transmission shaft 1309, gear 1313, decoding laminating machine frame 1314, gear articles 1315.Under PLC programme-control, 4th motor 1301 drives reversing machine 1303 to rotate by the second chain drive-belt 1302, reversing machine 1303 drives two second driving shafts 1305 to rotate by reversing machine chain 1304 respectively, drives the supporting plate movable button 1307 on four first elevating chains 1306 to do elevating movement thus.
After the piling building block of 2-6 layer is sent to decoding laminating machine internal fixtion position, supporting plate movable button vertically declines to the building block of top layer supporting plate, and cross the supporting plate 50mm that top layer is loaded with building block, then picking-up is loaded with the supporting plate upward vertical movement of building block to desired location, then the 5th motor 1308 starts, rotated on tooth bar 1315 by the gear 1313 at chain-driving the 3rd power transmission shaft 1309 and power transmission shaft two ends, decoding laminating machine frame 1314 is driven to travel forward, the pallets level being loaded with building block is transported to the desired location directly over block conveyor, then vertically decline, the supporting plate being loaded with building block is put in block conveyor, then supporting plate movable button 1307 continues decline 50mm, after the supporting plate being loaded with building block is transported out of the horizontal level of supporting plate movable button 1307 by block conveyor, supporting plate movable button 1307 vertically rises to desired location, 5th motor 1308 rotates backward, again directly over horizontal movement to the multilayer supporting plate being loaded with building block, then 50mm place below top layer supporting plate is vertically dropped to, repeat above-mentioned course of action, supporting plate one plate 2-6 layer being loaded with building block connects a plate and delivers in block conveyor.
As Figure 15, shown in Figure 16, stacking machine 14 comprises lift 1401, crane, 6th motor 1403, second chain 1402, 4th power transmission shaft 1404, first brick-supporting rack 1405, second brick-supporting rack 1406, lift 1401 connects crane, 6th motor 1403, second chain 1402, 4th power transmission shaft 1404, first brick-supporting rack 1405, second brick-supporting rack 1406 is positioned on crane, during work, when the supporting plate being placed with foam slurry and filling out core building block is transported to stacking machine 14 place by block conveyor, lift 1401 starts, crane rises, stop after rising to setting height, 6th motor 1403 starts, the second chain 1402 is driven to operate, first brick-supporting rack 1405 and the second brick-supporting rack 1406 are closed up, foam slurry is filled out core building block and is shifted onto on the first brick-supporting rack 1405 after closing up and the second brick-supporting rack 1406 from supporting plate by mechanically-propelled equipment, supporting plate and foam slurry are filled out core building block and are separated, then lift 1401 starts, drive crane declines, drop to after in another block conveyor, 6th motor 1403 rotates backward, drive the second chain 1402 antiport, make the first brick-supporting rack 1405 and the second brick-supporting rack 1406 separately, foam slurry is filled out core building block and is namely placed in above another block conveyor, so move in circles, foam slurry is filled out core building block code and become buttress.
As Figure 17, shown in Figure 18, storage trigger 16 wraps holder the 7th motor 1601, 3rd chain 1602, crane, crane is fixed on the 3rd chain 1602, crane comprises baffle plate 1603, supporting plate fork arm 1604, during work, supporting plate overturns by panel turnover machine 15, after outwelling the dregs on supporting plate, drop on supporting plate fork arm 1604, 7th motor 1601 starts subsequently, the 3rd chain 1602 is driven to operate, after crane moves down into setting height, one block of supporting plate is sent again here from panel turnover machine 15, crane continues to decline, after dropping to setting height, 7th motor 1601 quits work, crane stops declining, constantly repeat above-mentioned action, until supporting plate to be built up the number of plies of computer programming system setting.
As Figure 19, shown in Figure 20, board separator 17 comprises lifting motor 1701, drive motors 1702, second elevating chain 1703, chain drive-belt 1704, slide bar 1705, sliding sleeve 1706, plate supporting frame 1707, advance button 1708, lifting motor 1701, drive motors 1702 is positioned at frame top, lifting motor 1701 and elevating chain form transmission mechanism, drive motors 1702 and the 3rd chain drive-belt 1704 form transmission mechanism, sliding sleeve 1706 is fixed together with advancing button 1708, sliding sleeve 1706 is fixed on the 3rd chain drive-belt 1704, during work, when multilayer supporting plate is transported to board separator 17 place, lifting motor 1701 starts, by the gearing of the second elevating chain 1703, plate supporting frame 1707 is driven to rise, when plate supporting frame 1707 hold up multilayer supporting plate reach setting height time, lifting motor 1701 quits work, drive motors 1702 starts subsequently, the 3rd chain drive-belt 1704 is driven to operate, sliding sleeve 1706 is driven to slide on slide bar 1705 thus, make to advance button 1708 to promote supporting plate and enter block machine 4, constantly repeat above-mentioned action, promotion supporting plate one plate connects a plate and enters block machine 4.
As shown in figure 21, self-heat conserving curing system comprises herringbone ceiling 701, semi-surrounding type tank 702, self heat insulation wall 703, the folder watts 704 made with insulation material, two bottoms of herringbone ceiling 701 are fixed on the top braces platform 702a of semi-surrounding type tank 702, semi-surrounding type tank 702 is fixed on self heat insulation wall 703, and folder watts 704 covers on ceiling.

Claims (12)

1. a full-automatic production method for composite thermal self-insulation building block, is characterized in that, the full-automatic production method of this composite thermal self-insulation building block comprises the following steps successively:
(1) hollow block molding and first maintenance: raw material is shaping to block machine (4) place through proportioning machine (1), mixer (2), belt conveyor (3), building-block sends into Lift-slab machine (5) by block conveyor, then the first special cart (6) is entered by Lift-slab machine (5), building-block is transported to curing system (7) first and carries out maintenance by the first special cart (6) successively, is transported to by building-block good for maintenance again subsequently and falls trigger (8) place;
(2) to foam slip casting and secondary maintenance: fall trigger (8) and building-block one plate is connect a plate deliver in block conveyor, then building-block is transported to slip casting machine (9) place and carries out slip casting by block conveyor, composite thermal self-insulation building block is become after slip casting completes, connect a plate by folded brick machine (10) plate again and composite thermal self-insulation building block built up the number of plies that computer programming system sets, then be transported to secondary curing system (12) by the second special cart (11) and carry out maintenance, then composite thermal self-insulation building block good for maintenance is delivered to decoding laminating machine (13) place by the second special cart (11),
(3) code heap: composite thermal self-insulation building block one plate is connect a plate and delivers in block conveyor by decoding laminating machine (13), then composite thermal self-insulation building block is delivered to stacking machine (14) place piling by block conveyor, pack to baling press (19) place through wrapping machine (18) again, be then transported to stockyard (20) code by mechanical forklift and pile;
(4) supporting plate returns: supporting plate is after stacking machine (14) place is separated with composite thermal self-insulation building block, panel turnover machine (15) turnover panel is delivered to by conveyer, after outwelling the dregs on plate, enter storage trigger (16), supporting plate is built up the number of plies of computer programming system setting by storage trigger (16), then by conveyer, the supporting plate folded is delivered to board separator (17), supporting plate one plate is connect a plate and sends into block machine (4) by board separator (17).
2. the full-automatic production method of composite thermal self-insulation building block according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described curing system is first self-heat conserving curing system, or natural curing system, or steam-cured system, or heating system; Described secondary curing system is self-heat conserving curing system, or natural curing system, or steam-cured system, or heating system.
3. the full-automatic production method of composite thermal self-insulation building block according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the main-auxiliary vehicle of described first special cart (6) for orbiting, or mechanical forklift; The main-auxiliary vehicle of described second special cart (11) for orbiting, or mechanical forklift.
4. the automatic production method of composite thermal self-insulation building block according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described self-heat conserving curing system comprises insulation ceiling (701), semi-surrounding type tank (702), self heat insulation wall (703), folder watt (704), two bottoms of insulation ceiling (701) are fixed on the top braces platform (702a) of semi-surrounding type tank (702), semi-surrounding type tank (702) is fixed on self heat insulation wall (703), and folder watt (704) covers on ceiling.
5. the automatic production method of composite thermal self-insulation building block according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described self-heat conserving curing system is done the curing kilns of heat-insulation layer, or done the fog room of heat-insulation layer, or done the maintenance canopy of heat-insulation layer, or done the solar energy greenhouse of heat-insulation layer, or solar energy greenhouse.
6. the automatic production method of composite thermal self-insulation building block according to claim 4, is characterized in that, described insulation ceiling (701) is made up of heat insulation tile.
7. a full-automatic production method for composite thermal self-insulation building block, is characterized in that, the full-automatic production method of this composite thermal self-insulation building block comprises the following steps successively:
(1) hollow block molding and first maintenance: raw material is shaping to block machine (4) place through proportioning machine (1), mixer (2), belt conveyor (3), building-block sends into Lift-slab machine (5) by block conveyor, then the first special cart (6) is entered by Lift-slab machine (5), building-block is transported to curing system (7) first and carries out maintenance by the first special cart (6) successively, is transported to by building-block good for maintenance again subsequently and falls trigger (8) place;
(2) to foam slip casting and secondary maintenance: fall trigger (8) and building-block one plate is connect a plate deliver in block conveyor, then building-block is transported to slip casting machine (9) place and carries out slip casting by block conveyor, composite thermal self-insulation building block is become after slip casting completes, connect a plate by folded brick machine (10) plate again and composite thermal self-insulation building block built up the number of plies that computer programming system sets, then be transported to secondary curing system (12) by the second special cart (11) and carry out maintenance, then composite thermal self-insulation building block good for maintenance is delivered to decoding laminating machine (13) place by the second special cart (11),
(3) code heap: composite thermal self-insulation building block one plate is connect a plate and delivers in block conveyor by decoding laminating machine (13), then composite thermal self-insulation building block is delivered to stacking machine (14) place piling by block conveyor, pack to baling press (19) place through wrapping machine (18) again, be then transported to stockyard (20) code by mechanical forklift and pile;
(4) supporting plate returns: supporting plate is after stacking machine (14) place is separated with composite thermal self-insulation building block, panel turnover machine (15) turnover panel is delivered to by conveyer, after outwelling the dregs on plate, by sending trigger (21), supporting plate one plate is connect a plate and send into block machine (4).
8. the full-automatic production method of composite thermal self-insulation building block according to claim 7, is characterized in that, described curing system is first self-heat conserving curing system, or natural curing system, or steam-cured system, or heating system; Described secondary curing system is self-heat conserving curing system, or natural curing system, or steam-cured system, or heating system.
9. the full-automatic production method of composite thermal self-insulation building block according to claim 7, is characterized in that, the main-auxiliary vehicle of described first special cart (6) for orbiting, or mechanical forklift; The main-auxiliary vehicle of described second special cart (11) for orbiting, or mechanical forklift.
10. the automatic production method of composite thermal self-insulation building block according to claim 8, it is characterized in that, described self-heat conserving curing system comprises insulation ceiling (701), semi-surrounding type tank (702), self heat insulation wall (703), folder watt (704), two bottoms of insulation ceiling (701) are fixed on the top braces platform (702a) of semi-surrounding type tank (702), semi-surrounding type tank (702) is fixed on self heat insulation wall (703), and folder watt (704) covers on ceiling.
The automatic production method of 11. composite thermal self-insulation building blocks according to claim 8, it is characterized in that, described self-heat conserving curing system is done the curing kilns of heat-insulation layer, or done the fog room of heat-insulation layer, or done the maintenance canopy of heat-insulation layer, or done the solar energy greenhouse of heat-insulation layer, or solar energy greenhouse.
The automatic production method of 12. composite thermal self-insulation building blocks according to claim 10, is characterized in that, described insulation ceiling (701) is made up of heat insulation tile.
CN201510088178.0A 2015-02-14 2015-02-14 Full-automatic production method for composite self-insulation building blocks Pending CN104742245A (en)

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CN113146828A (en) * 2021-01-28 2021-07-23 福建群峰机械有限公司 Multifunctional stone imitation machine for manufacturing large plate and kerbstone by double-layer wet method

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Application publication date: 20150701