CN204869205U - Novel full automatic production line of compound self preservation temperature building block - Google Patents

Novel full automatic production line of compound self preservation temperature building block Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204869205U
CN204869205U CN201520116569.4U CN201520116569U CN204869205U CN 204869205 U CN204869205 U CN 204869205U CN 201520116569 U CN201520116569 U CN 201520116569U CN 204869205 U CN204869205 U CN 204869205U
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China
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machine
block
curing system
heat
insulation
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谢向荣
谢怀宇
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Lvjian Technology Group New Building Material Hi Tech Co Ltd
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Lvjian Technology Group New Building Material Hi Tech Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a novel full automatic production line of compound self preservation temperature building block, this production line include hollow block molding and initial maintenance system, foaming slip casting and secondary maintenance system, sign indicating number heap system to and the layer board retrieval system, through creaing the layer board retrieval system, solved because of the hacking machine trouble that occurs frequently, lead to the problem that block forming machine can not normally produce. Designed self preservation temperature maintenance system, existing fine energy saving and emission reduction effect has greatly shortened maintenance time of building block again, the utility model provides a building block maintenance energy consumption that exists of compound self preservation temperature building block automated production in -process high, the maintenance is chronic, the production time receive temperature change with seasonal change's influence, the production line cost is too high, the high scheduling problem of each automation equipment trouble frequency in the production process. It is promoted has good economic benefits and social with using.

Description

The automatic production line of Novel compound self heat-insulation building block
Technical field
The utility model relates to the production equipment of building block, particularly a kind of automatic production line of Novel compound self heat-insulation building block.
Background technology
Novel compound self heat-insulation building block is with high performance concrete building-block for housing, fill insulant material in its vestibule, the concrete segment integrating building enclosure and heat insulation function be composited.Novel compound self heat-insulation building block, overcomes major defect and the problem of existing insulation blocks and insulation material existence.Such as, China's existing heat insulating wall material fire prevention poor durability, service life is short; Block surfaces easily plays powder, scrapes rough layer cracking, hollowing, comes off, drying shrinkage value is large; Block surfaces intensity is low, in transport and handling process, easily cause breakage; Building block complex manufacturing, the problems such as production cost is high, and construction is numerous and diverse.Achieve the upgrading to current all kinds of insulation blocks and heat insulating wall material.
Also the document of some building block production automations is had in Chinese patent literature, be (200410026105.0) invention and created name in " polyphenyl concrete heat-insulating builds mould building block automatic production line " at application number, this polyphenyl concrete heat-insulating builds mould building block automatic production line by mixer of preparing burden, molding main-machine, for trigger, two program control transport kiln cars, curing kilns, ingot stripper, module driving machine, plate seperator, palletizing system, two Lift-slab machines, two are fallen the composition such as trigger and control system, curing kilns comprise Bricklaying maintaining kiln and build mould building block precuring kiln, in work, a kiln car coordinates two Lift-slab machine special deliveries to build mould building block precuring and block curing, block mould building block after another kiln car then coordinates two to fall trigger special delivery precuring is to ingot stripper demoulding box and send the segment palletizing after maintenance to go out finished product and complete supporting plate recovery.In this production line, device layout is simple smooth, tight short practical, can satisfactorily resolve to build to build module during module is formed into demoulding box and wait for turnover problem quietly, guarantees molding cycle and the quality of polyphenyl concrete segment.
But this insulation blocks is by the moulding box of the EPS concrete molding main frame containing polystyrene foam grain (also known as EPS particle), a kind of composite heat insulation block of shake table vibration moulding at the bottom of main frame, there is following shortcoming in this composite heat insulation block: 1, granular polystyrene is easily aging, of long duration, building block there will be hollowing, comes off, problems of crack.2, poor durability, service life is no more than Two decades years at most, can not the life-span same with building.3, granular polystyrene belongs to inflammable articles, and fire protecting performance is poor.Need in this process of producing product to carry out High Temperature Curing by block mould building block precuring kiln and Bricklaying maintaining kiln, need the fuel such as a large amount of burning coals, therefore, production process energy consumption is higher, discharges the three wastes simultaneously, has pollution to environment simultaneously.
Be (200720047090.5) invention and created name at application number be in the patent document of " foaming concrete building block automatic production line ", this foaming concrete building block automatic production line belongs to construction material production equipment technical field.Its objective is and provide one to reduce labour intensity, reduce dust pollution, the automatic production line of enhancing productivity.Its technical essential is: conveying worm (01,02) and foaming machine (03) are connected by pipeline with between cast trowelling machine (3) respectively with comprehensive mixer (2) and comprehensive mixer; Pour into a mould trowelling machine, stacking machine (5), decoder (6), take out end machine (7), trigger (8) is passed in the demoulding, rolling off the production line collects adjacent successively between ink recorder (9), plate-cleaning machine (10), group mould machine (12), liquid-spreader (13) and cast trowelling machine; also adjacent between ingot stripper and group mould machine have mold washing machine (11); connected by motor-driven track-mounted conveyer belt respectively between each adjacent machinery, form segmented interlock Cycle Automation production line.Features such as there is small investment, automaticity is high, floor space is little, production capacity is strong, the advanced reliable and production cost of equipment is low.
Although this production method is without curing kilns or steam curing, but this method lacks the operation of producing concrete shell, it is just by being poured in building block moulding box by foaming slip, by floating, the building block of concrete foamed heat insulating has just been become after the operations such as the demoulding, its housing is concretionary by concrete foaming slip, compared with product of the present invention, lack the concrete casing that one deck is hard, thus to there is surface strength low in this building block, drying shrinkage value is large, scrapes rough layer easy to crack, the problem such as occur hollowing and come off.
Be (201010018279.8) at application number, invention and created name is in the patent document of " production method of concrete grouting compound heat-insulating building block ", disclose a kind of production method of a kind of concrete grouting compound heat-insulating building block of building material machinery field, comprise the Ministry of worker that gets the raw materials ready, the shaping Ministry of worker, the winding type transhipment maintenance Ministry of worker, the slip casting Ministry of worker and the piling Ministry of worker, get the raw materials ready after the raw material of building block stir by the Ministry of worker and be delivered to the shaping Ministry of worker, the shaping Ministry of worker by block machine by hollow block molding, and be placed on supporting plate, then the winding type transhipment maintenance Ministry of worker is entered, maintenance is carried out in the high temperature steam curing district closed, limit is transported, limit maintenance.In transhipment maintenance processes, the slip casting Ministry of worker carries out slip casting to building-block, makes it to become insulation blocks, and the composite heat insulation block that maintenance is good is in heaps by piling Ministry of worker piling.Steam curing and transhipment are integrated by the method, carry out steam curing, transport in steam curing in transhipment, there is not any lost motion, substantially increase production efficiency.And in steam curing process, slip casting is carried out to building-block, filled thermal insulation materials is completed on a production line, avoids manual operations.
It is the same that this method composite heat insulation block produced and the foam slurry that the utility model is produced fill out core building block, all inject foam slurry in concrete hollow block, just composite heat insulation block has been become after slip solidifies, but their production method is different from the utility model, use their method to produce composite heat insulation block and need carry out high temperature steam curing in the maintenance district closed, need the fuel such as a large amount of burning coals, energy consumption is larger, and discharge the waste gas such as carbon dioxide in production process, there are the three wastes to produce, have pollution to environment.Equipment runs for a long time in the steam curing district of humidity, and bearings a large amount of above it and other parts meeting corrosion, reduce the service life of equipment; If adopt other high-quality materials such as stainless steel, then the cost of equipment is too high, also inadvisable; And product maintenance at the volley always, instead of in static middle maintenance, cause equipment attrition large, energy consumption is high.
In the patent " exempt from foam slurry under making condition and fill out the production method of core building block " (patent No. ZL201210131448.8) of my application, provide a kind of and fill out the automatic production method of core building block exempting from production foam slurry under making condition.Its technical essential is, this production method is under non-evaporating foster state, in turn include the following steps: get the raw materials ready the Ministry of worker, the shaping Ministry of worker, the first maintenance Ministry of worker, the foam slurry Tian Xin Ministry of worker, the second time maintenance Ministry of worker, the natural curing Ministry of worker after code heap, get the raw materials ready the Ministry of worker after raw material are prepared burden by proportioning machine 1, be transported to mixer 2 to stir, the shaping Ministry of worker is delivered to by concrete belt conveyer 3, the shaping Ministry of worker passes through block machine 4 by hollow block molding, and be placed on supporting plate, then under non-evaporating foster state, enter the first maintenance Ministry of worker, through block conveyor 5, lift slab push pedal all-in-one 6, building block pusher 9, anterior ferry-boat dolly 7 to nursing frame 10, the maintenance allowing the building-block most of the time rest on nursing frame carries out 4-8 hour, possess after certain concrete curing intensity until building-block, to be ferried to the foam slurry Tian Xin Ministry of worker by rear portion dolly 11 of ferrying, through building block pusher 13, trigger 14 falls, block conveyor 15, fill out core machine 16 place to foam slurry and carry out slip casting, make it to become composite heat insulation block, composite heat insulation block is equally under non-evaporating foster state, enter the second time maintenance Ministry of worker, folded brick machine 17 is delivered to by block conveyor 15, after the supporting plate being loaded with building block being built up several layers by folded brick machine 17, maintenance place 19 is delivered to by fork truck 18, according to the difference of foam slurry material, carry out the natural curing of 1-8 hour, foam slurry is solidified in the cavity of building block, then the natural curing Ministry of worker after code heap is entered, stockyard 21 is delivered to by fork truck 20, in heaps by its yard, carry out natural curing further.
The major defect of this technical scheme is, each equipment of this production line is interlock, and often one of them equipment is out of order, and miscellaneous equipment is all had to quit work, and whole production line all cannot be produced.
Building-block is transported to self-heat conserving curing system first by special cart by the utility model, then by special cart, the building-block that maintenance is good is transported to de-hackers again, by building-block from nursing frame a plate then a plate unload down, be sent to foam slurry and fill out the place's slip casting of core machine, the foam slurry after slip casting filled out core building block by special cart more afterwards and be transported to secondary self-heat conserving curing system and carry out maintenance.After maintenance completes, then enter a yard shut-down system by special cart.If some equipment is out of order in whole production line, miscellaneous equipment also can continue to produce.
The utility model devises self-heat conserving curing system.This self-heat conserving curing system has fabulous heat-insulating property, time temperature is 0 DEG C in the winter time, only with the cement in the building block of institute's maintenance in this self-heat conserving curing system, concrete and water carry out the heat that hydration reaction discharges, the temperature in self-heat conserving curing system just can be made to reach more than 30 DEG C, do not need coal-fired steam press maintenance, existing good effects of energy saving and emission reduction, highly shortened again the curing time of building block, the production of composite thermal self-insulation building block is no longer limited by winter temperature change and region, increase substantially the output of whole production line, also be convenient to promote on a large scale.
The utility model adds supporting plate retrieval system, and supporting plate retrieval system also has novelty, after passing through stacking machine piling in production line in the past, supporting plate is separated with building block, then by send trigger one plate then a plate be transported to block machine place, if stacking machine is out of order, just can not to block machine conveying support plate, block machine just can not continue to produce.Supporting plate retrieval system in the present invention comprises storage trigger, conveyer and board separator, and supporting plate, after storage trigger builds up multilayer, is transported to board separator through conveyer, then is delivered in block machine by board separator.Once stacking machine is out of order, because the conveyer between storage trigger and board separator has multiple multilayer supporting plate folded, constantly supporting plate is delivered in block machine by board separator, guarantee that block machine continues to produce.
In the patent " exempt from fast solidifying foam slurry under making condition and fill out the production method of core building block " (application number 201210131298.0) of my application, provide a kind of and fill out the automatic production method of core building block exempting from production foam slurry under making condition.Its technical essential is, this production method is under non-evaporating foster state, in turn include the following steps: get the raw materials ready the Ministry of worker, the shaping Ministry of worker, the first maintenance Ministry of worker, the foam slurry Tian Xin Ministry of worker, the second time maintenance Ministry of worker, the piling Ministry of worker, after piling, the natural curing Ministry of worker and supporting plate return the Ministry of worker, in the Ministry of worker that gets the raw materials ready, after raw material are prepared burden by proportioning machine 1, be transported to mixer 2 to stir, the shaping Ministry of worker is delivered to by concrete belt conveyer 3, the shaping Ministry of worker passes through block machine 4 by hollow block molding, and be placed on supporting plate, then under non-evaporating foster state, enter the first maintenance Ministry of worker, through block conveyor 5, lift slab push pedal all-in-one 6, building block pusher 9, anterior ferry-boat dolly 7 to nursing frame 10, the maintenance allowing the building-block most of the time rest on nursing frame carries out 4-8 hour, possess after certain concrete curing intensity until building-block, to be ferried to the foam slurry Tian Xin Ministry of worker by rear portion dolly 11 of ferrying, through building block pusher 13, trigger 14 falls, block conveyor 15, fill out core machine 16 place to foam slurry and carry out slip casting, make it to become composite heat insulation block, composite heat insulation block is equally under non-evaporating foster state, enter the second time maintenance Ministry of worker, transport in block curing conveyer belt 18 top, limit maintenance.Through transhipment and the maintenance of 1-2 hours, foaming slip solidifies in building block cavity, enter the natural curing Ministry of worker after piling and piling subsequently, by palletizing apparatus 19 to after its piling, be transported to stockyard and code is in heaps, carry out natural curing further, after piling, supporting plate returns the Ministry of worker by supporting plate and gets back to the building block shaping Ministry of worker, then carries out next round circulation.
The major defect of this technical scheme is, one, and each equipment of this production line is interlock, and often one of them equipment is out of order, and miscellaneous equipment is all had to quit work, and whole production line all cannot be produced.Its two, whole production line is all automatically run under computer program controls, and the time used along with automation equipment is longer, and the out of order frequency of each equipment is higher, and production line can constantly shutdown maintenance, and impact is produced.Its three, supporting plate retrieval system also Shortcomings, after stacking machine piling, supporting plate is separated with building block, then by send trigger one plate then a plate be transported to block machine place, if stacking machine is out of order, just can not to block machine conveying support plate, block machine just can not continue to produce.
Building-block is transported to self-heat conserving curing system first by special cart by the utility model, then by special cart, the building-block that maintenance is good is transported to de-hackers again, by building-block from nursing frame a plate then a plate unload down, be sent to foam slurry and fill out the place's slip casting of core machine, the foam slurry after slip casting filled out core building block by special cart more afterwards and be transported to secondary self-heat conserving curing system and carry out maintenance.After maintenance completes, then enter a yard shut-down system by special cart.If some equipment is out of order in whole production line, miscellaneous equipment also can continue to produce.
Supporting plate retrieval system in the utility model has novelty, and this supporting plate retrieval system comprises storage trigger, conveyer and board separator, and supporting plate, after storage trigger builds up multilayer, is transported to board separator through conveyer, then is delivered in block machine by board separator.Once stacking machine is out of order, because the conveyer between storage trigger and board separator has multiple multilayer supporting plate folded, constantly supporting plate is delivered in block machine by board separator, guarantee that block machine continues to produce.
The utility model devises self-heat conserving curing system.This self-heat conserving curing system has fabulous heat-insulating property, time temperature is 0 DEG C in the winter time, only with the cement in the building block of institute's maintenance in this self-heat conserving curing system, concrete and water carry out the heat that hydration reaction discharges, the temperature in self-heat conserving curing system just can be made to reach more than 30 DEG C, do not need coal-fired steam press maintenance, existing good effects of energy saving and emission reduction, highly shortened again the curing time of building block, the production of composite thermal self-insulation building block is no longer limited by winter temperature change and region, increase substantially the output of whole production line, also be convenient to promote on a large scale.
In the patent " a kind of Semi-automatic production method of novel composite thermal insulation building block " (patent No. ZL201210131297.6) of my application, provide a kind of semi-automatic technical scheme of producing novel composite thermal insulation building block.Its technical essential is, the equipment that the method uses is filled out the equipment such as core machine, fork truck and PLC cyclelog formed by proportioning machine, mixer, concrete belt conveyor, block machine, block conveyor, folded brick machine, foam slurry, raw material prepares and is transported to after mixer stirs by proportioning machine, block machine is transported to by concrete belt conveyor, after block machine vibration moulding, the other end is transported to by block conveyor, by folded brick machine or manually built up 2-6 layer, then by manually using fork truck or special cart to be transported to first maintenance place, and sequencing is temporally arranged in order, carry out the natural curing of 4-8 hour, possess after certain concrete curing intensity until building-block, be transported to foam slurry by manually using fork truck or special cart successively by the sequencing of curing time and filled out block conveyor under core machine, by being manually successively put in block conveyor, be transported to foam slurry by block conveyor to fill out core machine and carry out slip casting, after building-block completes slip casting, namely become foam slurry and fill out core building block, then the other end is transported to by block conveyor, by folded brick machine or artificial foam slurry filled out after core building block builds up 2-6 layer, second time maintenance place is transported to by manually using fork truck or special cart, and in chronological sequence order is arranged in order, according to the difference of expanded material, carry out the natural curing of 1-8 hour respectively, after foam slurry is solidified in the cavity of building block, by manually using fork truck or special cart, stockyard is transported it into successively by the sequencing of curing time, and code is in heaps, carry out natural curing further.
The major defect of this technical scheme is, raw material, after block machine vibration moulding, is transported to the other end by block conveyor, by folded brick machine or manually built up 2-6 layer, then by manually using fork truck or special cart to be transported to first maintenance place.Here because building block is just shaping, intensity is very little, if by folded brick machine or manually built up 2-6 layer, the building block be pressed in below will be damaged by pressure or be out of shape, and becomes waste product.
The utility model adopts dress brick machine to send carrying the just shaping building-block of coming into mobile nursing frame, by mechanical forklift, the mobile nursing frame filling building block is sent into self-heat conserving curing system first and carries out maintenance.Make building block can not damage by pressure, be out of shape.Possess after concrete strength until building block, by mechanical forklift, the mobile nursing frame filling building block is delivered to de-hackers, in nursing frame, building-block one plate being connect a plate by de-hackers is put into block conveyor, delivers to foam slurry fill out core machine and carry out slip casting by block conveyor.Here in order to building block being sent into mobile nursing frame, dress brick machine is devised; In order to be discharged in block conveyor by building block from mobile nursing frame, devise de-hackers.
The utility model is delivered to after the maintenance of secondary self-heat conserving curing system completes at composite heat insulation block, adds automation code shut-down system, supporting plate retrieval system and the frame system that falls.Wherein supporting plate retrieval system and the frame system that falls all have novelty, after passing through stacking machine piling in production line in the past, supporting plate is separated with building block, then by send trigger one plate then a plate be transported to block machine place, if stacking machine is out of order, just can not to block machine conveying support plate, block machine just can not continue to produce.Supporting plate retrieval system in the utility model comprises storage trigger, conveyer and board separator, and supporting plate, after storage trigger builds up multilayer, is transported to board separator through conveyer, then is delivered in block machine by board separator.Once stacking machine is out of order, because the conveyer between storage trigger and board separator has multiple multilayer supporting plate folded, constantly supporting plate is delivered in block machine by board separator, guarantee that block machine continues to produce.
The utility model devises self-heat conserving curing system.This self-heat conserving curing system has fabulous heat-insulating property, time temperature is 0 DEG C in the winter time, only with the cement in the building block of institute's maintenance in this self-heat conserving curing system, concrete and water carry out the heat that hydration reaction discharges, the temperature in self-heat conserving curing system just can be made to reach more than 30 DEG C, do not need coal-fired steam press maintenance, existing good effects of energy saving and emission reduction, highly shortened again the curing time of building block, the production of composite thermal self-insulation building block is no longer limited by winter temperature change and region, increase substantially the output of whole production line, also be convenient to promote on a large scale.
In the patent " foam slurry fills out the Semi-automatic production method of core building block " (patent No. ZL201210131443.5) of my application, provide and a kind ofly produce the semi-automatic technical scheme that foam slurry fills out core building block.Its technical essential is: raw material is through proportioning machine 1, mixer 2, concrete belt conveyor 3 to block machine 4 place, after block forming, folded brick machine 6 is transported to by block conveyor 5, natural curing is carried out by manually using fork truck 7 to be transported to first maintenance place 8 after building up several layers, after possessing some strength, by manually using fork truck 9 to be transported to building block decoding layering conveyer 10, it being successively transported in block conveyor 11, filling out core machine to its slip casting by foam slurry; Then be transported to folded brick machine 13 place, carry out natural curing by manually using fork truck 14 to be transported to second time maintenance place 15 after building up several layers, after foam slurry is solidified, by manually using fork truck 16, being transported to stockyard Ma Dui, carrying out natural curing further.
The major defect of this technical scheme is, raw material, after block machine vibration moulding, is transported to the other end by block conveyor, by folded brick machine or manually built up 2-6 layer, then by manually using fork truck to be transported to first maintenance place.Here because building block is just shaping, intensity is very little, if by folded brick machine or manually built up 2-6 layer, the building block be pressed in below will be damaged by pressure or be out of shape, and becomes waste product.
The utility model adopts dress brick machine to send carrying the just shaping building-block of coming into mobile nursing frame, by mechanical forklift, the mobile nursing frame filling building block is sent into maintenance place first and carries out maintenance.Make building block can not damage by pressure, be out of shape.Possess after concrete strength until building block, by mechanical forklift, the mobile nursing frame filling building block is delivered to de-hackers, in nursing frame, building-block one plate being connect a plate by de-hackers is put into block conveyor, is transported to foam slurry fills out core machine and carry out slip casting by block conveyor.Here in order to building block being sent into mobile nursing frame, dress brick machine is devised; In order to be discharged in block conveyor by building block from mobile nursing frame, devise de-hackers.
The utility model, after composite heat insulation block is delivered to second time the maintenance of maintenance place completed, adds automation code shut-down system, supporting plate retrieval system and the frame system that falls.Wherein supporting plate retrieval system and the frame system that falls all have novelty, after passing through stacking machine piling in production line in the past, supporting plate is separated with building block, then by send trigger one plate then a plate be transported to block machine place, if stacking machine is out of order, just can not to block machine conveying support plate, block machine just can not continue to produce.Supporting plate retrieval system in the utility model comprises storage trigger, conveyer and board separator, and supporting plate, after storage trigger builds up multilayer, is transported to board separator through conveyer, then is delivered in block machine by board separator.Once stacking machine is out of order, because the conveyer between storage trigger and board separator has multiple multilayer supporting plate folded, constantly supporting plate is delivered in block machine by board separator, guarantee that block machine continues to produce.
The utility model devises self-heat conserving curing system.This self-heat conserving curing system has fabulous heat-insulating property, time temperature is 0 DEG C in the winter time, only with the cement in the building block of institute's maintenance in this self-heat conserving curing system, concrete and water carry out the heat that hydration reaction discharges, the temperature in self-heat conserving curing system just can be made to reach more than 30 DEG C, do not need coal-fired steam press maintenance, existing good effects of energy saving and emission reduction, highly shortened again the curing time of building block, the production of composite thermal self-insulation building block is no longer limited by winter temperature change and region, increase substantially the output of whole production line, also be convenient to promote on a large scale.
My patent " foam slurry fills out the semi-automatic production line of core building block " (patent No. ZL201220191791.7) of application is the same with aforementioned patent literature " foam slurry fills out the Semi-automatic production method of core building block " (patent No. ZL201210131443.5), there is following defect equally: raw material is after block machine vibration moulding, the other end is transported to by block conveyor, by folded brick machine or manually built up 2-6 layer, then by manually using fork truck to be transported to first maintenance place.Here because building block is just shaping, intensity is very little, if by folded brick machine or manually built up 2-6 layer, the building block be pressed in below will be damaged by pressure or be out of shape, and becomes waste product.
In patent " foam slurry fills out the simple production method of core building block " (application number 201210131450.5) of my application, provide and a kind ofly produce the easy technique scheme that foam slurry fills out core building block.Its technical essential is: the production line of the method is filled out the equipment such as core machine, fork truck and PLC cyclelog combined by certain way by mixer, block machine, block conveyor, foam slurry; After production process comprises the steps: that the raw material prepared being sent into mixer stirs, building-block is shaping by block machine, by manually using fork truck, building-block is transported to first maintenance place, and in chronological sequence order is arranged in order, carry out the natural curing of 4-8 hour, possess after certain concrete curing intensity until building-block, being sent to foam slurry successively by the sequencing manually using fork truck by curing time fills out in the block conveyor of core machine, fills out core machine carry out full-automatic slip casting to it by foam slurry; After building-block slip casting completes, namely become and fill out core building block, then by manually using fork truck to be transported to second time maintenance place, and in chronological sequence order is arranged in order, according to the difference of expanded material, carry out the natural curing of 1-8 hour, treat that foam slurry is solidified in the cavity of building block, transported to stockyard successively by the sequencing manually using fork truck by curing time again, and code is in heaps, carries out natural curing further.
The major defect of this technical scheme is, equipment forms simple, and automaticity is low, and production efficiency is low, and production capacity is little.Adopt the mode of natural curing simultaneously, make production time and output receive further restriction.
The utility model adds the equipment such as dress brick machine, mobile nursing frame, nursing frame conveyer, de-hackers, folded brick machine, upper brick machine, decoding laminating machine, stacking machine, wrapping machine, baling press, panel turnover machine, storage trigger, board separator.Automaticity is high, and production efficiency is high, and production capacity increases substantially.
The utility model devises self-heat conserving curing system.This self-heat conserving curing system has fabulous heat-insulating property, time temperature is 0 DEG C in the winter time, only with the cement in the building block of institute's maintenance in this self-heat conserving curing system, concrete and water carry out the heat that hydration reaction discharges, the temperature in self-heat conserving curing system just can be made to reach more than 30 DEG C, do not need coal-fired steam press maintenance, existing good effects of energy saving and emission reduction, highly shortened again the curing time of building block, the production of composite thermal self-insulation building block is no longer limited by winter temperature change and region, increase substantially the output of whole production line, also be convenient to promote on a large scale.
My patent " foam slurry fills out the simple type production line of core building block " (patent No. ZL201220191757.X) of application is the same with aforementioned patent literature " foam slurry fills out the simple production method of core building block " (application number 201210131450.5), there is equipment equally and form simple in this technical scheme, automaticity is low, the problems such as production efficiency is low, and production capacity is little.
In the patent " foam slurry fills out the simple production method of core building block " (patent No. ZL201210131292.3) of my application, provide and a kind ofly produce the simple technique scheme that foam slurry fills out core building block.Its technical essential is: the production line of the method is combined by mixer, block machine, foam slurry machine, delivery pump, fork truck, after production process comprises the steps: that the raw material prepared being sent into mixer stirs, building-block is shaping through block machine, by manually using fork truck, building-block is transported to maintenance place, and in chronological sequence order is arranged in order, carry out the natural curing of 4-8 hour, possess after concrete curing intensity until building-block, foam slurry mechanism gets foam slurry ready, by delivery pump, slip is sent into the Grouting Pipe having certain length, and take Grouting Pipe in the cavity of building block, to pour into foam slurry successively from artificial hand, after building-block completes slip casting, namely become foam slurry and fill out core building block, foam slurry fills out the difference of core building block according to expanded material, continue the natural curing carrying out 1-8 hour in maintenance place, treat that foam slurry is solidified in the cavity of building block, transported to stockyard successively again by the sequencing manually using fork truck by curing time, and code is in heaps, carry out natural curing further.
The major defect of this technical scheme is, equipment forms simpler, and automaticity is lower, and production efficiency is also lower, and production capacity is little.
The utility model adds the equipment such as dress brick machine, mobile nursing frame, nursing frame conveyer, de-hackers, folded brick machine, upper brick machine, decoding laminating machine, stacking machine, wrapping machine, baling press, panel turnover machine, storage trigger, board separator.Automaticity is high, and production efficiency is high, and production capacity increases substantially.
The utility model devises self-heat conserving curing system.This self-heat conserving curing system has fabulous heat-insulating property, time temperature is 0 DEG C in the winter time, only with the cement in the building block of institute's maintenance in this self-heat conserving curing system, concrete and water carry out the heat that hydration reaction discharges, the temperature in self-heat conserving curing system just can be made to reach more than 30 DEG C, do not need coal-fired steam press maintenance, existing good effects of energy saving and emission reduction, highly shortened again the curing time of building block, the production of composite thermal self-insulation building block is no longer limited by winter temperature change and region, increase substantially the output of whole production line, also be convenient to promote on a large scale.
In patent document " a kind of production line of full-automatic composite thermal self-insulation building block " (application number 201320776098.0), the production line of this full-automatic composite thermal self-insulation building block comprises batching section, block forming section, maintenance section, supporting plate return phase and product transportation section.
Described batching section comprises premix groove (1) and mixer (2);
Mixed material in mixer (2) is transported to hopper (3) by the belt that described block will profiled section comprises above hopper (3), forming machine (4), block conveyor A (5), Lift-slab machine A (6), described hopper (3), described forming machine (4) is positioned at hopper (3) below, does not have block conveyor A (5) between described forming machine (4) and Lift-slab machine A (6);
Described maintenance section comprises primary and secondary kiln car A (7), curing kilns (8), primary and secondary kiln car B (9), falls trigger A (10), block conveyor B (11), fills with core casting machine (12), Lift-slab machine B (13), primary and secondary kiln car C (14); One end of described primary and secondary kiln car A (7) track is connected with Lift-slab machine A (6), the other end is connected to curing kilns (8), track one end of described main-auxiliary vehicle B (9) connects curing kilns (8), the other end connects and falls trigger A (10), described in fall between trigger A (10) with filling core casting machine (12) and there is no block conveyor B (11); Described filling core casting machine (12) has belt conveyor to be connected to Lift-slab machine B (13), and track one end of described alphabetical kiln car C (14) connects Lift-slab machine B (13), and the other end is connected to curing kilns (8); Described supporting plate return phase comprise trigger B (15) falls, supporting plate returns machine A (16), stacking machine (17), supporting plate return machine B (18), panel turnover machine (19) and send trigger (20); The described trigger B (15) that falls is connected to one end that alphabetical kiln car A (7) track is connected with Lift-slab machine A (6), described falling on trigger B (15) to the conveyer belt of stacking machine (17) does not have supporting plate to return machine A (16), described stacking machine (17) has two exit conveyors, wherein one is connected to supporting plate and returns machine B (18), through panel turnover machine (19), send trigger (20) to send supporting plate back to forming machine (4);
Described product transportation section comprises send stack machine (21), automatic packing machine (22) and fork truck; The described stack machine (21) that send connects another conveyer belt exported from stacking machine (17), delivers to automatic packing machine (22), then loads fork truck and delivers to finished product stockyard (23).
The major defect of this technical scheme is, one, equipment is too much, technological process is too complicated, only Lift-slab machine and fall trigger and just respectively have two (Lift-slab machine A, Lift-slab machine B, fall trigger A, fall trigger B) equipment manufacturing cost too high, two, main-auxiliary vehicle and primary and secondary kiln car too much, and same track has main-auxiliary vehicle B (9) and primary and secondary kiln car C (14), make the freight volume of track very large, the working procedure of two dollies is complicated, is easily out of order.Its three, production process is too complicated, easy break-down.Its four, each equipment of whole production line is all automatically run under computer program controls, and the time used along with automation equipment is longer, and the out of order frequency of each equipment is higher, and production line can constantly shutdown maintenance, and impact is produced.
Building-block is transported to self-heat conserving curing system first by special cart by the utility model, then by special cart, the building-block that maintenance is good is transported to de-hackers again, by building-block from nursing frame a plate then a plate unload down, be sent to foam slurry and fill out the place's slip casting of core machine, the foam slurry after slip casting filled out core building block by special cart more afterwards and be transported to secondary self-heat conserving curing system and carry out maintenance.After maintenance completes, then enter a yard shut-down system by special cart.If some equipment is out of order in whole production line, miscellaneous equipment also can continue to produce.
Supporting plate retrieval system in the utility model has novelty, and this supporting plate retrieval system comprises storage trigger, conveyer and board separator, and supporting plate, after storage trigger builds up multilayer, is transported to board separator through conveyer, then is delivered in block machine by board separator.Once stacking machine is out of order, because the conveyer between storage trigger and board separator has multiple multilayer supporting plate folded, constantly supporting plate is delivered in block machine by board separator, guarantee that block machine continues to produce.
The utility model devises self-heat conserving curing system.This self-heat conserving curing system has fabulous heat-insulating property, time temperature is 0 DEG C in the winter time, only with the cement in the building block of institute's maintenance in this self-heat conserving curing system, concrete and water carry out the heat that hydration reaction discharges, the temperature in self-heat conserving curing system just can be made to reach more than 30 DEG C, do not need coal-fired steam press maintenance, existing good effects of energy saving and emission reduction, highly shortened again the curing time of building block, the production of composite thermal self-insulation building block is no longer limited by winter temperature change and region, increase substantially the output of whole production line, also be convenient to promote on a large scale.
Patent document " a kind of full-automatic composite thermal self-insulation building block production method " (application number 201310630675.X) has identical defect with above-mentioned patent " a kind of production line of full-automatic composite thermal self-insulation building block ": one, equipment is too much, technological process is too complicated, only Lift-slab machine and fall trigger and just respectively have two (Lift-slab machine A, Lift-slab machine B, trigger A falls, trigger B falls) and equipment manufacturing cost is too high, they are two years old, main-auxiliary vehicle and primary and secondary kiln car too much, and same track has main-auxiliary vehicle B (9) and primary and secondary kiln car C (14), make the freight volume of track very large, the working procedure of two dollies is complicated, easily be out of order.Its three, production process is too complicated, easy break-down.Its four, each equipment of whole production line is all automatically run under computer program controls, and the time used along with automation equipment is longer, and the out of order frequency of each equipment is higher, and production line can constantly shutdown maintenance, and impact is produced.
In patent document " Self-insulating wall building block production line " (application number 201310065659.0), this Self-insulating wall building block production line, comprise hollow brick production system, steam-cured system, movement system, foam concrete running gate system and automation control system, described steam-cured system is connected with described hollow brick production system, foam concrete running gate system respectively by described rotation system, and described automation control system is connected with described hollow brick production system, steam-cured system, foam concrete running gate system and movement system by control circuit.
The major defect of this technical scheme is,
One, insulation blocks need carry out high temperature steam curing in the maintenance district closed, and needs the fuel such as a large amount of burning coals, and energy consumption is comparatively large, and discharges the waste gas such as carbon dioxide in production process, has the three wastes to produce, has pollution to environment.Equipment runs for a long time in the steam curing district of humidity, and bearings a large amount of above it and other parts meeting corrosion, reduce the service life of equipment; If adopt other high-quality materials such as stainless steel, then the cost of equipment is too high, also inadvisable;
Its two, each equipment of whole production line is all automatically run under computer program controls, and the time used along with automation equipment is longer, and the out of order frequency of each equipment is higher, and production line can constantly shutdown maintenance, and impact is produced.
Although the foam concrete running gate system of this invention can carry out control operation separately through console, efficiently avoid and have influence on running gate system because of block forming and the steam-cured system failure, and running gate system fault effects is to the work of block forming and steam-cured system, and then the stopping production situation of whole production line is caused to occur; But movement system and various automation conveying equipment be also be easy to out of order, movement system is once be out of order, the work of block forming and steam-cured system will be had influence on, or have influence on the work of running gate system, and then have influence on the work of whole production line, even cause the stopping production situation of whole production line to occur.
Building-block is transported to self-heat conserving curing system first by special cart by the utility model, then by special cart, the building-block that maintenance is good is transported to de-hackers again, by building-block from nursing frame a plate then a plate unload down, be sent to foam slurry and fill out the place's slip casting of core machine, the foam slurry after slip casting filled out core building block by special cart more afterwards and be transported to secondary self-heat conserving curing system and carry out maintenance.After maintenance completes, then enter a yard shut-down system by special cart.If some equipment is out of order in whole production line, miscellaneous equipment also can continue to produce.
And the supporting plate retrieval system in the utility model has novelty, this supporting plate retrieval system comprises storage trigger, conveyer and board separator, and supporting plate, after storage trigger builds up multilayer, is transported to board separator through conveyer, then is delivered in block machine by board separator.Once stacking machine is out of order, because the conveyer between storage trigger and board separator has multiple multilayer supporting plate folded, constantly supporting plate is delivered in block machine by board separator, guarantee that block machine continues to produce.
The utility model devises self-heat conserving curing system.This self-heat conserving curing system has fabulous heat-insulating property, time temperature is 0 DEG C in the winter time, only with the cement in the building block of institute's maintenance in this self-heat conserving curing system, concrete and water carry out the heat that hydration reaction discharges, the temperature in self-heat conserving curing system just can be made to reach more than 30 DEG C, do not need coal-fired steam press maintenance, existing good effects of energy saving and emission reduction, highly shortened again the curing time of building block, the production of composite thermal self-insulation building block is no longer limited by winter temperature change and region, increase substantially the output of whole production line, also be convenient to promote on a large scale.
In patent document " a kind of production line for self-insulation building block " (patent No. ZL201210024071.6), this production line for self-insulation building block, comprise mixer, automatic charging device is not had between described mixer and raw material cabin, cloth mouth is not had below mixer, it is characterized in that: feeding port and the bottom of described mixer are equipped with self-measuring device, the production track (5.1) of an automatic transportation mould is provided with below the cloth mouth of described mixer, described production track also do not have ingot stripper (2) with mixer in suitable distance, these ingot stripper other end both sides are respectively equipped with the track that the return trajectory (5.2) of an auto-returned mixer and enter Yang Kuohu district automatically, this return trajectory is complied with through cleaning area, oil spout district and coring-up station, described cleaning area is provided with cleaning machine (3), coring-up station is provided with core setter (4), the other end in maintenance district (12) does not have chain mat machine (13), at chain mat machine, (other end of 13 establishes manipulator.
The technical scheme of this patent is: by core setter, heat insulation core material is put into mould, and then inject concrete in mould, heat insulation core material is wrapped in centre, is then spun off from concrete by mould with ingot stripper, obtains heat insulation building block.In this technical scheme, heat insulation core material can only be solid, and solid heat insulation core material is generally the organic materials such as polyphenyl class, polyurethanes, and fire protecting performance is poor.This technical scheme adopts fully-automatic production mode, also there is production process too complicated, the problems such as automation equipment easy break-down, whole production line cost are higher.
The utility model is completely different from above-mentioned art solutions, the utility model first with block machine by hollow block molding, and then fill out core machine by foam slurry foam slurry is injected in building block cavity, treat that foam slurry is frozen into inorganic heat preservation foaming body, just become foam slurry and fill out core building block, there is intensity high, the performances such as fire prevention.
The utility model devises self-heat conserving curing system.This self-heat conserving curing system has fabulous heat-insulating property, time temperature is 0 DEG C in the winter time, only with the cement in the building block of institute's maintenance in this self-heat conserving curing system, concrete and water carry out the heat that hydration reaction discharges, the temperature in self-heat conserving curing system just can be made to reach more than 30 DEG C, do not need coal-fired steam press maintenance, existing good effects of energy saving and emission reduction, highly shortened again the curing time of building block, the production of composite thermal self-insulation building block is no longer limited by winter temperature change and region, increase substantially the output of whole production line, also be convenient to promote on a large scale.
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is: solving foam slurry, to fill out the block curing energy consumption existed in core building block automatic production process high, curing time is long, production time is by the impact of temperature Change and seasonal variations, the problems such as production line cost is too high, and in production process each automation equipment fault frequency is high.
Summary of the invention
For the problems referred to above, the technical scheme that the utility model is taked is:
Scheme one
A kind of automatic production line of Novel compound self heat-insulation building block, it is characterized in that, the automatic production line of this Novel compound self heat-insulation building block comprises hollow block molding and curing system, foaming slip casting and secondary curing system, code shut-down system and supporting plate retrieval system first;
(1) hollow block molding and first curing system comprise proportioning machine 1, mixer 2, belt conveyor 3, block machine 4, block conveyor, dress brick machine 5, mobile nursing frame, nursing frame conveyer 6, first special cart 7, curing system 8 first, proportioning machine 1, mixer 2, belt conveyor 3, block machine 4, block conveyor, dress brick machine 5, nursing frame conveyer 6 is adjacent successively, block conveyor one end joint block forming machine 4, one end connects dress brick machine 5, nursing frame conveyer 6 is close to dress brick machine 5 and de-hackers 9, mobile nursing frame is placed on nursing frame conveyer 6, nursing frame conveyer 6 and have the first special cart 7 between curing system 8 first,
(2) foaming slip casting and secondary curing system comprise de-hackers 9, block conveyor, slip casting machine 10, folded brick machine 11, second special cart 12, secondary curing system 13, decoding laminating machine 14, nursing frame conveyer 6, de-hackers 9, block conveyor, slip casting machine 10, folded brick machine 11 are adjacent successively, block conveyor is positioned at below slip casting machine 10, block conveyor one end connects de-hackers 9, one end connects folded brick machine 11, and folded have the second special cart 12 between brick machine 11 and secondary curing system 13;
(3) code shut-down system comprises decoding laminating machine 14, block conveyor, stacking machine 15, wrapping machine 19, baling press 20, decoding laminating machine 14, block conveyor, stacking machine 15, wrapping machine 19, baling press 20 are adjacent successively, and block conveyor connects decoding laminating machine 14, stacking machine 15, wrapping machine 19 and baling press 20;
(4) supporting plate retrieval system comprises panel turnover machine 16, storage trigger 17, conveyer, board separator 18, block machine 4, and conveyer connects stacking machine 15, panel turnover machine 16, storage trigger 17, board separator 18 successively, and board separator 18 is close to block machine 4.
In the technical program, described curing system is first self-heat conserving curing system, or natural curing system, or steam-cured system, or heating curing system; Described secondary curing system is self-heat conserving curing system, or natural curing system, or steam-cured system, or heating curing system.
The main-auxiliary vehicle of described first special cart 7 for orbiting, or mechanical forklift; The main-auxiliary vehicle of described second special cart 12 for orbiting, or mechanical forklift.
Described self-heat conserving curing system comprises insulation ceiling 801, semi-surrounding type tank 802, self heat insulation wall 803, folder watts 804, two bottoms of insulation ceiling 801 are fixed on the top braces platform 802a of semi-surrounding type tank 802, semi-surrounding type tank 802 is fixed on self heat insulation wall 803, and folder watts 804 covers on ceiling.
Described self-heat conserving curing system is done the curing kilns of heat-insulation layer, or has done the fog room of heat-insulation layer, or has done the maintenance canopy of heat-insulation layer, or has done the solar energy greenhouse of heat-insulation layer, or solar energy greenhouse.
Described insulation ceiling 801 is made up of heat insulation tile.
Scheme two
A kind of automatic production line of Novel compound self heat-insulation building block, it is characterized in that, the automatic production line of this Novel compound self heat-insulation building block comprises hollow block molding and curing system, foaming slip casting and secondary curing system, code shut-down system and supporting plate retrieval system first;
(1) hollow block molding and first curing system comprise proportioning machine 1, mixer 2, belt conveyor 3, block machine 4, block conveyor, dress brick machine 5, mobile nursing frame, nursing frame conveyer 6, first special cart 7, curing system 8 first, proportioning machine 1, mixer 2, belt conveyor 3, block machine 4, block conveyor, dress brick machine 5, nursing frame conveyer 6 is adjacent successively, block conveyor one end joint block forming machine 4, one end connects dress brick machine 5, nursing frame conveyer 6 is close to dress brick machine 5 and de-hackers 9, mobile nursing frame is placed on nursing frame conveyer 6, nursing frame conveyer 6 and have the first special cart 7 between curing system 8 first,
(2) foaming slip casting and secondary curing system comprise de-hackers 9, block conveyor, slip casting machine 10, folded brick machine 11, second special cart 12, secondary curing system 13, decoding laminating machine 14, nursing frame conveyer 6, de-hackers 9, block conveyor, slip casting machine 10, folded brick machine 11 are adjacent successively, block conveyor is positioned at below slip casting machine 10, block conveyor one end connects de-hackers 9, one end connects folded brick machine 11, and folded have the second special cart 12 between brick machine 11 and secondary curing system 13;
(3) code shut-down system comprises decoding laminating machine 14, block conveyor, stacking machine 15, wrapping machine 19, baling press 20, decoding laminating machine 14, block conveyor, stacking machine 15, wrapping machine 19, baling press 20 are adjacent successively, and block conveyor connects decoding laminating machine 14, stacking machine 15, wrapping machine 19 and baling press 20;
(4) supporting plate retrieval system comprise conveyer, panel turnover machine 16, send trigger 22, block machine 4, conveyer connects stacking machine 15 and panel turnover machine 16, send trigger 22 one end to connect panel turnover machine 16, one end joint block forming machine 4.
In the technical program, described curing system is first self-heat conserving curing system, or natural curing system, or steam-cured system, or heating curing system; Described secondary curing system is self-heat conserving curing system, or natural curing system, or steam-cured system, or heating curing system.
The main-auxiliary vehicle of described first special cart 7 for orbiting, or mechanical forklift; The main-auxiliary vehicle of described second special cart 12 for orbiting, or mechanical forklift.
Described self-heat conserving curing system comprises insulation ceiling 801, semi-surrounding type tank 802, self heat insulation wall 803, folder watts 804, two bottoms of insulation ceiling 801 are fixed on the top braces platform 802a of semi-surrounding type tank 802, semi-surrounding type tank 802 is fixed on self heat insulation wall 803, and folder watts 804 covers on ceiling.
Described self-heat conserving curing system is done the curing kilns of heat-insulation layer, or has done the fog room of heat-insulation layer, or has done the maintenance canopy of heat-insulation layer, or has done the solar energy greenhouse of heat-insulation layer, or solar energy greenhouse.
Described insulation ceiling 801 is made up of heat insulation tile.
Technique effect of the present utility model is: solving foam slurry, to fill out the block curing energy consumption existed in core building block automatic production process high, curing time is long, production time is by the impact of temperature Change and seasonal variations, the problems such as production line cost is too high, and in production process each automation equipment fault frequency is high.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the process chart of the automatic production line of the utility model Novel compound self heat-insulation building block in embodiment one
Fig. 2 is the process chart of the automatic production line of the utility model Novel compound self heat-insulation building block in embodiment two
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of mobile nursing frame
Fig. 4 is the side view of mobile nursing frame
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of dress brick machine
Fig. 6 is the assembled state schematic diagram of block conveyor, dress brick machine, mobile nursing frame, nursing frame conveyer
Fig. 7 is the structural representation that the multi-purpose foam slip automatically controlling material level fills out core machine
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of folded brick machine
Fig. 9 is the side view of folded brick machine
Figure 10 is the structural representation of stacking machine
Figure 11 is the side view of stacking machine
Figure 12 is the structural representation of storage trigger
Figure 13 is the side view of storage trigger
Figure 14 is the structural representation of board separator
Figure 15 is the side view of board separator
Figure 16 is the structural representation of self-heat conserving curing system
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment one
As shown in Figure 1, the automatic production line of the utility model Novel compound self heat-insulation building block, its technological process in turn includes the following steps:
(1) hollow block molding and first maintenance: raw material is shaping through proportioning machine 1, mixer 2, belt conveyor 3 to block machine 4 place, building-block sends into dress brick machine 5 by block conveyor, by dress brick machine 5, building-block is sent into mobile nursing frame, mobile nursing frame moves on nursing frame conveyer 6, then successively mobile nursing frame is delivered to curing system 8 first by the first special cart 7 and carry out maintenance, again the mobile nursing frame filling the good building-block of maintenance is transported to nursing frame conveyer 6 on one end of de-hackers 9 subsequently;
(2) foaming slip casting and secondary maintenance: building-block one plate in mobile nursing frame is connect a plate and delivers in block conveyor by de-hackers 9, then building-block is transported to slip casting machine 10 place and carries out slip casting by block conveyor, composite thermal self-insulation building block is become after slip casting completes, connect a plate by folded brick machine 11 1 plate again and composite thermal self-insulation building block built up the number of plies that computer programming system sets, then be transported to secondary curing system 13 by the second special cart 12 and carry out maintenance, then composite thermal self-insulation building block good for maintenance is delivered to decoding laminating machine 14 place by the second special cart 12;
(3) code heap: composite thermal self-insulation building block one plate is connect a plate and delivers in block conveyor by decoding laminating machine 14, then composite thermal self-insulation building block is delivered to stacking machine 15 place piling by block conveyor, through the packing of wrapping machine 19 to baling press 20 place, be then transported to 21 yards, stockyard heap by special cart;
(4) supporting plate returns: supporting plate is after stacking machine 15 place is separated with composite thermal self-insulation building block, panel turnover machine 16 turnover panel is delivered to by conveyer, after outwelling the dregs on plate, enter storage trigger 17, supporting plate is built up the number of plies of computer programming system setting by storage trigger 17, then by conveyer, the supporting plate folded is delivered to board separator 18, supporting plate one plate is connect a plate and sends into block machine 4 by board separator 18.
Embodiment two
As shown in Figure 2, the automatic production line of the utility model Novel compound self heat-insulation building block, its technological process in turn includes the following steps:
(1) hollow block molding and first maintenance: raw material is shaping through proportioning machine 1, mixer 2, belt conveyor 3 to block machine 4 place, building-block sends into dress brick machine 5 by block conveyor, by dress brick machine 5, building-block is sent into mobile nursing frame, mobile nursing frame moves on nursing frame conveyer 6, then successively mobile nursing frame is delivered to curing system 8 first by the first special cart 7 and carry out maintenance, again the mobile nursing frame filling the good building-block of maintenance is transported to nursing frame conveyer 6 on one end of de-hackers 9 subsequently;
(2) foaming slip casting and secondary maintenance: building-block one plate in mobile nursing frame is connect a plate and delivers in block conveyor by de-hackers 9, then building-block is transported to slip casting machine 10 place and carries out slip casting by block conveyor, composite thermal self-insulation building block is become after slip casting completes, connect a plate by folded brick machine 11 1 plate again and composite thermal self-insulation building block built up the number of plies that computer programming system sets, then be transported to secondary curing system 13 by the second special cart 12 and carry out maintenance, then composite thermal self-insulation building block good for maintenance is delivered to decoding laminating machine 14 place by the second special cart 12;
(3) code heap: composite thermal self-insulation building block one plate is connect a plate and delivers in block conveyor by decoding laminating machine 14, then composite thermal self-insulation building block is delivered to stacking machine 15 place piling by block conveyor, through the packing of wrapping machine 19 to baling press 20 place, be then transported to 21 yards, stockyard heap by special cart;
(4) supporting plate returns: supporting plate, after stacking machine 15 place is separated with composite thermal self-insulation building block, delivers to panel turnover machine 16 turnover panel by conveyer, after outwelling the dregs on plate, by sending trigger 22, supporting plate one plate is connect a plate and sends into block machine 4.
In above-mentioned embodiment,
As shown in Figure 3, Figure 4, mobile nursing frame is used for maintenance and is placed in building block on supporting plate.The building block be placed on supporting plate is sent in mobile nursing frame by filling brick machine.
As Fig. 5, shown in Fig. 6, dress brick machine 5 is made up of lowering or hoisting gear and fork brick conveying device, lowering or hoisting gear comprises the first decelerator 501, first power transmission shaft 502, elevating chain, first crane 503, first decelerator 501 and the first power transmission shaft 502 form transmission mechanism, the gear at the first power transmission shaft 502 two ends is connected with elevating chain, first crane 503 is fixed on elevating chain, first crane 503 two inside have tooth bar, fork brick conveying device comprises the second decelerator 504, fork arm 505, fork arm arm 507, second driving shaft 506 and carriage, second decelerator 504 is positioned on carriage, second driving shaft 506 is fixed on carriage by bearing, fork arm arm 507 upper end is fixed on carriage, fork arm 505 is fixed on the lower end of fork arm arm 507, the gear at second driving shaft 506 two ends and the tooth bar of first crane 503 liang of inner sides form transmission mechanism, during work, fork arm 505 is positioned at below block conveyor, when the supporting plate being placed with building-block is transported to above fork arm 505 by block conveyor, first decelerator 501 starts, the first power transmission shaft 502 is driven to rotate, first power transmission shaft 502 drives the elevating chain at two ends to move upward, the first crane 503 is driven to rise thus, fork arm 505 is made to be forked by the supporting plate being placed with building-block and rise, after rising to setting height, second decelerator 504 starts, second driving shaft 506 is driven to rotate, along with the gear at second driving shaft 506 two ends operates on the tooth bar of first crane 503 liang of inner sides, band moving fork brick conveying device moves forward, the supporting plate being placed with building-block is sent in mobile nursing frame, so move in circles, building-block one plate is connect a plate send in mobile nursing frame.
The structure of de-hackers 9 is identical with dress brick machine, but action is contrary during work, be mainly used in that building-block one plate in mobile nursing frame is connect a plate to take out, be placed in block conveyor, as Fig. 4, shown in Fig. 5, during work, first the first decelerator 501 starts, fork arm 505 is moved down, subsequently, second decelerator 504 starts, second driving shaft 506 is driven to rotate, along with the gear at second driving shaft 506 two ends operates on the tooth bar of first crane 503 liang of inner sides, band moving fork brick conveying device moves forward, fork arm 505 is made to put in mobile nursing frame, first decelerator 501 starts subsequently, by the gearing of the first power transmission shaft 502 and elevating chain, the first crane 503 is driven to rise, the supporting plate being placed with building-block is forked by fork arm 505, second decelerator 504 rotates backward subsequently, original position is moved backward to moving fork brick conveying device, building-block in mobile nursing frame is taken out, then the first decelerator 501 starts, by the gearing of the first power transmission shaft 502 and elevating chain, the first crane 503 is driven to decline, the supporting plate being placed with building-block is placed in block conveyor, so move in circles.
Slip casting machine 10 adopts the multi-purpose foam slip automatically controlling material level to fill out core machine, as shown in Figure 7, a kind of multi-purpose foam slip of automatic control material level fills out core machine, it adopts lead screw transmission mechanism when controlling material level, this foam slurry automatically controlling material level is filled out core machine and is comprised auger conveyor 1001, bucket 1002, slip mixer 1003, slip bucket 1004, Grouting Pipe 1005, first servomotor 1006, probe support 1009, probe 1010, screw mandrel 1011, nut slider 1012, Moveable water bath 1013, foam maker 1014, feeding funnel 1016, rotate additive meter and the physical foaming device of batch turning, it is characterized in that, auger conveyor 1001 is communicated with bucket 1002, LOAD CELLS one end and the second servomotor are fixed, one end and lightweight tipping bucket are fixed, lightweight tipping bucket is positioned at feeding funnel 1016, feeding funnel 1016 is communicated with bucket 1002, LOAD CELLS, second servomotor is connected with computer programming system respectively.Bucket 1002 is communicated with slip mixer 1003 by valve, slip mixer 1003 is communicated with slip bucket 1004 by valve, slip bucket 1004 is communicated with Grouting Pipe 1005 by valve, first servomotor 1006 is positioned at below slip bucket 1004, screw mandrel 1011 and nut slider 1012 are all positioned at the below of the first servomotor 1006, screw mandrel 1011 connects the first servomotor 1006, screw mandrel 1011 and nut slider 1012 are worked in coordination formation transmission mechanism, probe support 1009 is fixed on nut slider 1012, probe 1010 is fixed on probe support 1009, physical foaming device is communicated with slip mixer 1003, Moveable water bath 1013 is positioned at the below of Grouting Pipe 1005.Under the control of computer programming system, the multi-purpose foam slip automatically controlling material level fills out the mode production foam slurry that core machine both can adopt physical blowing, and completes slip casting operation; Also can adopt the mode production foam slurry of chemical blowing, and complete slip casting operation; Also can adopt multiple combination mode production foam slurry as required, and complete slip casting operation.If adopt the mode of physical blowing to prepare foam slurry, and complete slip casting operation, its implementation process is as follows: during work under the control of computer programming system, cement, the raw materials such as flyash enter bucket 1002 from auger conveyor 1001, bucket 1002 enters slip mixer 1003 by valve after weighing, the water of water tank enters slip mixer by Pneumatic timer metering valve and becomes slip with powder stirring, blowing agent is pumped into foam maker 1014 by delivery pump subsequently, pressure-air is pressed into foam maker 1014 by air compressor simultaneously, both mix and form a large amount of foam, foam is pressed into slip mixer 1003 by pressure-air subsequently, stir mixed together with slip, obtain foam slurry, slip operated pneumatic valve is opened subsequently, foam slurry enters slip bucket 1004, when building-block is transported to below Grouting Pipe 1005, the instruction that computer programming system pressed by first servomotor 1006 starts, force and moment is transmitted by screw mandrel 1011 and nut slider 1012 transmission mechanism formed of working in coordination, probe support 1009 is driven to move down, drive probe 1010 arrives at the desired location in building block cavity thus, slip casting valve open immediately, foam slurry is injected in the cavity of building block from Grouting Pipe 1005, trigger control circuit the signal of telecommunication can be produced when the foam slurry level being in foamed state rises and contacts with probe 1010, the feeding control system filling out core machine by computer programming system to the multi-purpose foam slip automatically controlling material level while the control circuit pickup signal of telecommunication sends stopping slip casting instruction, slip casting valve closing, first servomotor 1006 rotates backward under program, probe 1010 is driven to get back to original position, so repeatedly, constantly repeat this process.
If adopt the mode of chemical blowing to prepare foam slurry, and complete slip casting operation, its implementation process is as follows: first physical foaming device quits work under the control of computer programming system, cement, the raw materials such as flyash enter bucket 1002 from auger conveyor 1001 respectively and weigh, powder additives is transported to after lightweight tipping bucket through conveying equipment, LOAD CELLS starts metering, when weight reaches setting value, conveying equipment stops conveying, second servomotor starts, quit work after lightweight tipping bucket is overturn downwards, additive in lightweight tipping bucket is poured in feeding funnel 1016, then enter in bucket 1002 through feeding funnel 1016, second servomotor starts immediately, lightweight tipping bucket is upwards overturn, then raw material enters slip mixer 1003 by the valve in bucket 1002, add water after stirring, enter slip bucket 1004, when building-block is transported to below Grouting Pipe 1005, the instruction that computer program control system pressed by first servomotor 1006 starts, force and moment is transmitted by screw mandrel 1011 and nut slider 1012 transmission mechanism formed of working in coordination, probe support 1009 is driven to move down, probe 1010 is driven to arrive at building block cavity internal program at every turn according to foam slurry foamed time thus, the change of the conditions such as environment temperature and the position automatically set, slip casting valve open immediately, foam slurry is injected in the cavity of building block from Grouting Pipe 1005, trigger control circuit the signal of telecommunication can be produced when the foam slurry level being in foamed state rises and contacts with probe 1010, the feeding control system filling out core machine by computer programming system to the multi-purpose foam slip automatically controlling material level while the control circuit pickup signal of telecommunication sends stopping slip casting instruction, slip casting valve closing, first servomotor 1006 rotates backward under program, probe 1010 is driven to get back to original position, so repeatedly, constantly repeat this process.
In addition, also can be as required, under the control of computer programming system, to various powder and additive, and multiple choices and combination are carried out to the mode such as physical blowing, chemical blowing, by the relevant apparatus of this equipment, prepare various foam slurry of filling out core building block for the production of foam slurry, then slip casting is carried out to building-block.
As Fig. 8, shown in Fig. 9, folded brick machine 11 comprises frame 1107, lowering or hoisting gear and conveying device, lowering or hoisting gear comprises the 3rd decelerator 1103, 3rd power transmission shaft 1102, elevating chain, second crane 1101, 3rd decelerator 1103 connects the 3rd power transmission shaft 1102, 3rd power transmission shaft 1102 forms transmission mechanism with elevating chain, second crane 1101 is fixed on elevating chain, second crane 1101 two inside have tooth bar, conveying device comprises the 4th decelerator 1104, 4th power transmission shaft 1105, carriage, supporting plate button 1106, supporting plate button arm 1108, 4th decelerator 1104 is positioned on carriage, 4th power transmission shaft 1105 is fixed on carriage by bearing, the upper end of supporting plate button arm 1108 is fixed on carriage, supporting plate button 1106 is fixed on the bottom of supporting plate button arm 1108, during work, supporting plate button 1106 is positioned at below block conveyor, when block conveyor the supporting plate being placed with foam slurry and filling out core building block is transported to supporting plate buckle directly over 1106 time, 3rd decelerator 1103 starts, the 3rd power transmission shaft 1102 is driven to rotate, 3rd power transmission shaft 1102 drives the elevating chain at two ends to move upward, the second crane 1101 is driven to rise thus, make supporting plate button 1106 by be placed with foam slurry fill out core building block supporting plate hold up, after rising to setting height, 4th decelerator 1104 starts, the 4th power transmission shaft 1105 is driven to rotate, along with the gear at the 4th power transmission shaft 1105 two ends operates on the tooth bar of second crane 1101 liang of inner sides, drive conveying device travels forward, after arriving assigned address, 3rd decelerator 1103 starts, second crane 1101 is declined, so move in circles, supporting plate one plate being placed with building-block is connect a plate stack.
The structure of decoding laminating machine 14 is identical with folded brick machine, during work, action is contrary, be mainly used in the building block that will stack, one plate connects a plate and is put in block conveyor, as Fig. 8, shown in Fig. 9, during operation, the 3rd decelerator 1103 starts, by the gearing of the 3rd power transmission shaft 1102 and elevating chain, the second crane 1101 is driven to rise to setting height, then the 4th decelerator 1104 starts, the 4th power transmission shaft 1105 is driven to rotate, along with the gear at the 4th power transmission shaft 1105 two ends operates on the tooth bar of second crane 1101 liang of inner sides, drive conveying device travels forward, after arriving assigned address, 3rd decelerator 1103 starts, second crane 1101 is declined, making supporting plate button 1106 be positioned at upper first layer is placed with below the supporting plate of building block, then the 3rd decelerator 1103 starts, the second crane 1101 is made to increase, after rising to setting height, 4th decelerator 1104 starts, by the gearing of the 4th power transmission shaft 1105, drive conveying device travels forward, after arriving assigned address, 3rd decelerator 1103 starts, second crane 1101 is declined, the supporting plate being placed with building block is placed in block conveyor, so move in circles, supporting plate one plate multilayer stacked being placed with building block connects a plate and is put in block conveyor.
As Figure 10, shown in Figure 11, stacking machine 15 comprises lift 1501, crane, 6th decelerator 1503, first chain 1502, 5th power transmission shaft 1504, first brick-supporting rack 1505, second brick-supporting rack 1506, lift 1501 connects crane, 6th decelerator 1503, first chain 1502, 5th power transmission shaft 1504, first brick-supporting rack 1505, second brick-supporting rack 1506 is positioned on crane, during work, when the supporting plate being placed with foam slurry and filling out core building block is transported to stacking machine 15 place by block conveyor, lift 1501 starts, crane rises, stop after rising to setting height, 6th decelerator 1503 starts, the first chain 1502 is driven to operate, first brick-supporting rack 1505 and the second brick-supporting rack 1506 are closed up, foam slurry is filled out core building block and is shifted onto on the first brick-supporting rack 1505 after closing up and the second brick-supporting rack 1506 from supporting plate by mechanically-propelled equipment, supporting plate and foam slurry are filled out core building block and are separated, then lift 1501 starts, drive crane declines, drop to after in another block conveyor, 6th decelerator 1503 rotates backward, drive the first chain 1502 antiport, make the first brick-supporting rack 1505 and the second brick-supporting rack 1506 separately, foam slurry is filled out core building block and is namely placed in above another block conveyor, so move in circles, foam slurry is filled out core building block code and become buttress.
As Figure 12, shown in Figure 13, storage trigger 17 comprises the 7th decelerator 1701, second chain 1702, crane, crane is fixed on the second chain 1702, crane comprises baffle plate 1703, supporting plate fork arm 1704, during work, supporting plate overturns by panel turnover machine 16, after outwelling the dregs on supporting plate, drop on supporting plate fork arm 1704, 7th decelerator 1701 starts subsequently, the second chain 1702 is driven to operate, after crane moves down into setting height, one block of supporting plate is sent again here from panel turnover machine 16, crane continues to decline, after dropping to setting height, 7th decelerator 1701 quits work, crane stops declining, constantly repeat above-mentioned action, until supporting plate to be built up the number of plies of computer programming system setting.
As Figure 14, shown in Figure 15, board separator 18 comprises lifting motor 1801, drive motors 1802, elevating chain 1803, chain drive-belt 1804, slide bar 1805, sliding sleeve 1806, plate supporting frame 1807, advance button 1808, lifting motor 1801, drive motors 1802 is positioned at frame top, lifting motor 1801 and elevating chain form transmission mechanism, drive motors 1802 and chain drive-belt 1804 form transmission mechanism, sliding sleeve 1806 is fixed together with advancing button 1808, sliding sleeve 1806 is fixed on chain drive-belt 1804, during work, when multilayer supporting plate is transported to board separator 18 place, lifting motor 1801 starts, by the gearing of elevating chain 1803, plate supporting frame 1807 is driven to rise, when plate supporting frame 1807 hold up multilayer supporting plate reach setting height time, lifting motor 1801 quits work, drive motors 1802 starts subsequently, chain drive-belt 1804 is driven to operate, sliding sleeve 1806 is driven to slide on slide bar 1805 thus, make to advance button 1808 to promote supporting plate and enter block machine 4, constantly repeat above-mentioned action, promotion supporting plate one plate connects a plate and enters block machine 4.
As shown in figure 16, self-heat conserving curing system comprises insulation ceiling 801, semi-surrounding type tank 802, self heat insulation wall 803, folder watts 804, two bottoms of insulation ceiling 801 are fixed on the top braces platform 802a of semi-surrounding type tank 802, semi-surrounding type tank 802 is fixed on self heat insulation wall 803, and folder watts 804 covers on ceiling.

Claims (12)

1. the automatic production line of a Novel compound self heat-insulation building block, it is characterized in that, the automatic production line of this Novel compound self heat-insulation building block comprises hollow block molding and curing system, foaming slip casting and secondary curing system, code shut-down system and supporting plate retrieval system first;
(1) hollow block molding and first curing system comprise proportioning machine (1), mixer (2), belt conveyor (3), block machine (4), block conveyor, dress brick machine (5), mobile nursing frame, nursing frame conveyer (6), first special cart (7), curing system (8) first, proportioning machine (1), mixer (2), belt conveyor (3), block machine (4), block conveyor, dress brick machine (5), nursing frame conveyer (6) is adjacent successively, block conveyor one end joint block forming machine (4), one end connects dress brick machine (5), nursing frame conveyer (6) next-door neighbour's dress brick machine (5) and de-hackers (9), mobile nursing frame is placed on nursing frame conveyer (6), nursing frame conveyer (6) and have the first special cart (7) between curing system (8) first,
(2) foaming slip casting and secondary curing system comprise de-hackers (9), block conveyor, slip casting machine (10), folded brick machine (11), second special cart (12), secondary curing system (13), decoding laminating machine (14), nursing frame conveyer (6), de-hackers (9), block conveyor, slip casting machine (10), folded brick machine (11) is adjacent successively, block conveyor is positioned at below slip casting machine (10), block conveyor one end connects de-hackers (9), one end connects folded brick machine (11), folded have the second special cart (12) between brick machine (11) and secondary curing system (13),
(3) code shut-down system comprises decoding laminating machine (14), block conveyor, stacking machine (15), wrapping machine (19), baling press (20), decoding laminating machine (14), block conveyor, stacking machine (15), wrapping machine (19), baling press (20) are adjacent successively, and block conveyor connects decoding laminating machine (14), stacking machine (15), wrapping machine (19) and baling press (20);
(4) supporting plate retrieval system comprises panel turnover machine (16), storage trigger (17), conveyer, board separator (18), block machine (4), conveyer connects stacking machine (15), panel turnover machine (16), storage trigger (17), board separator (18) successively, board separator (18) next-door neighbour's block machine (4).
2. the automatic production line of Novel compound self heat-insulation building block according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described curing system is first self-heat conserving curing system, or natural curing system, or steam-cured system, or heating curing system; Described secondary curing system is self-heat conserving curing system, or natural curing system, or steam-cured system, or heating curing system.
3. the automatic production line of Novel compound self heat-insulation building block according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the main-auxiliary vehicle of described first special cart (7) for orbiting, or mechanical forklift; The main-auxiliary vehicle of described second special cart (12) for orbiting, or mechanical forklift.
4. the automatic production line of Novel compound self heat-insulation building block according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described self-heat conserving curing system comprises insulation ceiling (801), semi-surrounding type tank (802), self heat insulation wall (803), folder watt (804), two bottoms of insulation ceiling (801) are fixed on the top braces platform (802a) of semi-surrounding type tank (802), semi-surrounding type tank (802) is fixed on self heat insulation wall (803), and folder watt (804) covers on ceiling.
5. the automatic production line of Novel compound self heat-insulation building block according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described self-heat conserving curing system is done the curing kilns of heat-insulation layer, or done the fog room of heat-insulation layer, or done the maintenance canopy of heat-insulation layer, or done the solar energy greenhouse of heat-insulation layer, or solar energy greenhouse.
6. the automatic production line of Novel compound self heat-insulation building block according to claim 4, is characterized in that, described insulation ceiling (801) is made up of heat insulation tile.
7. the automatic production line of a Novel compound self heat-insulation building block, it is characterized in that, the automatic production line of this Novel compound self heat-insulation building block comprises hollow block molding and curing system, foaming slip casting and secondary curing system, code shut-down system and supporting plate retrieval system first;
(1) hollow block molding and first curing system comprise proportioning machine (1), mixer (2), belt conveyor (3), block machine (4), block conveyor, dress brick machine (5), mobile nursing frame, nursing frame conveyer (6), first special cart (7), curing system (8) first, proportioning machine (1), mixer (2), belt conveyor (3), block machine (4), block conveyor, dress brick machine (5), nursing frame conveyer (6) is adjacent successively, block conveyor one end joint block forming machine (4), one end connects dress brick machine (5), nursing frame conveyer (6) next-door neighbour's dress brick machine (5) and de-hackers (9), mobile nursing frame is placed on nursing frame conveyer (6), nursing frame conveyer (6) and have the first special cart (7) between curing system (8) first,
(2) foaming slip casting and secondary curing system comprise de-hackers (9), block conveyor, slip casting machine (10), folded brick machine (11), second special cart (12), secondary curing system (13), decoding laminating machine (14), nursing frame conveyer (6), de-hackers (9), block conveyor, slip casting machine (10), folded brick machine (11) is adjacent successively, block conveyor is positioned at below slip casting machine (10), block conveyor one end connects de-hackers (9), one end connects folded brick machine (11), folded have the second special cart (12) between brick machine (11) and secondary curing system (13),
(3) code shut-down system comprises decoding laminating machine (14), block conveyor, stacking machine (15), wrapping machine (19), baling press (20), decoding laminating machine (14), block conveyor, stacking machine (15), wrapping machine (19), baling press (20) are adjacent successively, and block conveyor connects decoding laminating machine (14), stacking machine (15), wrapping machine (19) and baling press (20);
(4) supporting plate retrieval system comprise conveyer, panel turnover machine (16), send trigger (22), block machine (4), conveyer connects stacking machine (15) and panel turnover machine (16), trigger (22) one end is sent to connect panel turnover machine (16), one end joint block forming machine (4).
8. the automatic production line of Novel compound self heat-insulation building block according to claim 7, is characterized in that, described curing system is first self-heat conserving curing system, or natural curing system, or steam-cured system, or heating curing system; Described secondary curing system is self-heat conserving curing system, or natural curing system, or steam-cured system, or heating curing system.
9. the automatic production line of Novel compound self heat-insulation building block according to claim 7, is characterized in that, the main-auxiliary vehicle of described first special cart (7) for orbiting, or mechanical forklift; The main-auxiliary vehicle of described second special cart (12) for orbiting, or mechanical forklift.
10. the automatic production line of Novel compound self heat-insulation building block according to claim 8, it is characterized in that, described self-heat conserving curing system comprises insulation ceiling (801), semi-surrounding type tank (802), self heat insulation wall (803), folder watt (804), two bottoms of insulation ceiling (801) are fixed on the top braces platform (802a) of semi-surrounding type tank (802), semi-surrounding type tank (802) is fixed on self heat insulation wall (803), and folder watt (804) covers on ceiling.
The automatic production line of 11. Novel compound self heat-insulation building blocks according to claim 8, it is characterized in that, described self-heat conserving curing system is done the curing kilns of heat-insulation layer, or done the fog room of heat-insulation layer, or done the maintenance canopy of heat-insulation layer, or done the solar energy greenhouse of heat-insulation layer, or solar energy greenhouse.
The automatic production line of 12. Novel compound self heat-insulation building blocks according to claim 10, is characterized in that, described insulation ceiling (801) is made up of heat insulation tile.
CN201520116569.4U 2015-02-14 2015-02-14 Novel full automatic production line of compound self preservation temperature building block Expired - Fee Related CN204869205U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106584664A (en) * 2016-12-01 2017-04-26 中国建筑科学研究院建筑机械化研究分院 Production line of frame-carried precast slab
CN108638315A (en) * 2018-05-08 2018-10-12 山东七星实业有限公司 A kind of refractory brick automatic assembly line and production method

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106584664A (en) * 2016-12-01 2017-04-26 中国建筑科学研究院建筑机械化研究分院 Production line of frame-carried precast slab
CN108638315A (en) * 2018-05-08 2018-10-12 山东七星实业有限公司 A kind of refractory brick automatic assembly line and production method

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