CN104588758B - A kind of flexible metal sheet material shear centre - Google Patents

A kind of flexible metal sheet material shear centre Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104588758B
CN104588758B CN201510035264.5A CN201510035264A CN104588758B CN 104588758 B CN104588758 B CN 104588758B CN 201510035264 A CN201510035264 A CN 201510035264A CN 104588758 B CN104588758 B CN 104588758B
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China
Prior art keywords
clamp
way
roller
support
hydraulic cylinder
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CN201510035264.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104588758A (en
Inventor
楚志兵
黄庆学
马立峰
杨彦龙
吕阳阳
魏栋
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太原科技大学
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Priority to CN201510035264.5A priority Critical patent/CN104588758B/en
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Publication of CN104588758B publication Critical patent/CN104588758B/en

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Abstract

nullA kind of flexible metal sheet material shear centre,Belong to metal sheet shearing machine tool technical field,Architectural feature is that the front end shearing section (IV) on shear centre production line is sequentially installed with track section (I) and roller-way section (III),It is sequentially installed with discharging section (V) and the section that gathers materials (VI) after section (IV) shearing,Track section (I) lays trolley,First half the latter half of of track section (I) Yu roller-way section (III) is provided with portal jib crane,Travelling jack bottom on portal jib crane is equipped with vacuum cup,Roller-way section (III) lay foremost supplied materials is alignd and clamps after deliver to the clamping mechanism of cutting mechanism,It is sequentially installed with device for discharging and material-gathering device at the rear of cutter,Advantage is: the plate after shearing got the raw materials ready by plate is collected process and all automatically completed,Alleviate the labour intensity of workman,Improve production efficiency and product quality.

Description

A kind of flexible metal sheet material shear centre
Technical field
The invention belongs to metallic plate shearing technique field, be specifically related to a kind of flexible metal sheet material shear centre.
Background technology
At present, the phenomenon that sheet metal cutting field generally exists both at home and abroad is too to rely on manual labor, plate, when shearing, is put into by manual labor and treats clipped position by plate, and the plate after shearing falls directly on ground, the most not only can produce the biggest noise, but also the sheet metal deformation cut can be made, even can affect use, cause production efficiency low, product quality is uneven, and percent defective is the highest.For this kind of phenomenon, Chinese scholars successively have developed a kind of magnechuck feeding device and a kind of automatic feeding in sheet metal shear centre field, magnechuck feeding device by magnechuck is given, power-off, thus realize the suction of plate and de-material function.Must will isolate with wooden unit or rubber blanket between plate good for piling when this device uses.So cannot meet the Production requirement of mass, automation and high efficiency, and remanent magnetism is easily gathered on plate by this device, thus affect part accuracy;The feed mechanism also having automatic feeding uses pneumatic type grip(per) feed mechanism, this feed mechanism has compact conformation, is easy to the advantage of layout, but owing to using individual cylinder as clamp power, its clamping force is little, plate easily gets loose, thus causes plate to position inaccurate problem.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the present invention to provide a kind of flexible metal sheet material shear centre, it is possible to achieve automation manipulates, can alleviate labor strength, improves production efficiency.
The present invention is achieved in that as it is shown in figure 1, its architectural feature is the front portion shearing section IV on shear centre production line is sequentially installed with track section I and roller-way section III, is sequentially installed with discharging section V and the section VI that gathers materials shearing after section IV.Track section I is laid can orbit carry out trolley 1, first half the latter half of of track section I Yu roller-way section III is provided with portal jib crane 2, being provided with the travelling jack 2.3 equipped with vacuum cup 2.5 on the entablature guide rail of portal jib crane 2, the forefront at roller-way section III is laid and supplied materials is alignd and clamps the clamping mechanism 3 delivering to cutting mechanism;
Described track section I is for carrying out trolley 1 walking, being laid on the track of shear centre production line front end;
Described roller-way section III is for carrying plate, being arranged on the roller-way that shear centre production line is anterior;
The structure of described portal jib crane 2 is as shown in Figure 2, its structure is to be provided with crane way 2.2 on the entablature top of portal jib crane 2, crane way 2.2 is provided with travelling jack 2.3, travelling jack 2.3 Upper vertical is provided with handling hydraulic cylinder 2.4, and the piston-rod lower end of handling hydraulic cylinder 2.4 connects vacuum cup 2.5;
Described clamping mechanism 3 is as shown in Figure 3, include upper clamp 3.1, lower clamp 3.2, clamp hydraulic cylinder 3.3, its structure is that jaw 3.4 is placed in roller-way section III foremost towards the lower clamp 3.2 of cutter, upper clamp 3.1 is hinged with lower clamp 3.2 by the 3rd bearing pin 3.8, the bottom of clamp hydraulic cylinder 3.3 is hinged by the clamp bearing 3.5 of the first bearing pin 3.6 with lower clamp 3.2 top, and the piston rod end of clamp hydraulic cylinder 3.3 is hinged with upper clamp 3.1 by the second bearing pin 3.7;
Described device for discharging 6 is as shown in Figure 4, its structure is to be installed with material blocking block 6.7 respectively by the point set the most successively in the outside of cutter Q frame, guide holder 6.8, bottom support bracket 6.6, discharging hydraulic cylinder 6.5 is vertically fixedly mounted on bottom support bracket 6.6, the top of the piston rod 6.10 of discharging hydraulic cylinder 6.5 is hinged with discharging crossbeam 6.4, the lower end of kink slide bar 6.9 in guide holder 6.8 is connected with discharging crossbeam 6.4, its upper end is fixing with support 6.3 to be connected, the right-hand member of support 6.3 is hinged with splicing arm 6.1 by bearing pin, the left upper part of support 6.3 is equipped with the support seat 6.2 supporting splicing arm 6.1;
Described material-gathering device 7 is as shown in Figure 5, its structure is that material frame 7.1 is fixedly mounted on above the crossbeam 7.2 that gathers materials, gather materials and lead 7.4 and lift 7.5 are installed between crossbeam 7.2 and support beam 7.3, the roller 7.6 that the guide rail 7.7 that gathers materials being provided with bottom support beam 7.3 and be fixed on ground matches, the hydraulic cylinder 7.8 that gathers materials be horizontally installed in be fixed on ground gather materials on bearing 7.9, the top of its piston rod is hinged with support beam 7.3, drives support beam 7.3 to move in the guide rail 7.7 that gathers materials.
Advantage of the present invention and good effect
1, present configuration is relatively easy, reliable and practical, can be adjusted according to the demand of different workpieces, adapts to the demand of flexible production line flexibility development completely;
2, continuous prodution, productivity is greatly improved on the basis of original;
3, producing part accuracy high, operator's labour intensity is low.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The complete machine structure schematic diagram of Fig. 1 present invention;
Fig. 2 portal jib crane structural representation;
Fig. 3 clamping mechanism schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 device for discharging schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 material-gathering device schematic diagram.
In figure:
I track section;II gantry handling section;III roller-way section;IV shears section;V discharging section;VI gathers materials section;1 carrys out trolley;2 portal jib cranes;3 clamping mechanisms;4 roller-ways;5 cutters;6 devices for discharging;7 material-gathering devices;2.1 support column;2.2 crane way;2.3 travelling jack;2.4 handling hydraulic cylinders;2.5 vacuum cup;3.1 upper clamp;3.2 lower clamp;3.3 clamp hydraulic cylinders;3.4 jaw;3.5 clamp bearings;3.6 first bearing pins;3.7 second bearing pins;3.8 the 3rd bearing pins;6.0 plate;6.1 splicing arms;6.2 support seat;6.3 support;6.4 discharging crossbeams;6.5 discharging hydraulic cylinders;6.6 bottom support bracket;6.7 material blocking block;6.8 guide holder;6.9 slide bar;6.10 piston rod;Q cutter;7.1 material frames;7.2 gather materials crossbeam;7.3 support beam;7.4 lead;7.5 lift;7.6 roller;7.7 gather materials guide rail;7.8 gather materials hydraulic cylinder;7.9 gather materials bearing.
Detailed description of the invention
Describe the present invention with specific embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings: as shown in Figure 1, the front end shearing section IV on shear centre production line is sequentially installed with track section I and roller-way section III, is sequentially installed with discharging section V and the section VI that gathers materials shearing after section IV.
nullWhen in time shearing plate and be placed on trolley 1,Drive trolley 1 to be sent into forward by plate to gantry handling section II,When the inductor being arranged on portal jib crane 2 detects supplied materials,The vacuum cup 2.5 of the piston rod elongation drive lower end handling handling hydraulic cylinder 2.4 is descending,Thus adsorb plate again along with the contraction of piston rod of handling hydraulic cylinder 2.4 and up,And along with before travelling jack 2.3 and then feeding forward,The piston rod elongation of handling hydraulic cylinder 2.4 is again handled when travelling jack 2.3 moves forward to roller-way section III,Drive vacuum cup 2.5 descending,When certain altitude above plate drops to distance roller-way section III,Make plate depart from vacuum cup 2.5 to drop down onto on the roll surface of roller-way 4,Now clamping mechanism 3 travels forward under the drive of transmission device,Sheet material is had to position detecting mechanism on the clamp of clamping mechanism 3,When just sending signal to the control system being arranged on clamping mechanism 3 in time shearing plate and enter into certain depth in all grip fingers,To control clamp hydraulic cylinder 3.3 action,Thus clamp plate and plate is sent into treating clipped position along the roll surface of roller-way 4.nullPlate is sheared by cutter 5,Plate 6.0 after shearing falls on the splicing arm 6.1 being positioned at above device for discharging 6,Now,The piston rod handling discharging hydraulic cylinder 6.5 shrinks,The splicing arm 6.1 that carry plate is made to decline,When dropping to material blocking block 6.7 and blocking splicing arm 6.1 near one end of cutter Q frame,The bearing pin making splicing arm 6.1 be hinged around the other end and support 6.3 turns clockwise,When the angle that splicing arm 6.1 rotates is,Plate 6.0 will be slipped to be positioned at the material frame 7.1 of material-gathering device 7 upper end along splicing arm 6.1,Lift 7.5 work makes material frame 7.1 decline the thickness of a plate,After follow-up each piece of plate drops to expect in frame 7.1 in a manner described,Material frame 7.1 all can decline the thickness of a plate,After full plate collected by frame 7.1 to be expected,The piston rod handling the hydraulic cylinder 7.9 that gathers materials shrinks,Plate is delivered to the position specified,The most i.e. complete whole shear centre automatic feed preparation、Automatic charging、Self-feeding、Automatic shearing、Automatic discharging and the process automatically gathered materials.

Claims (1)

1. a flexible metal sheet material shear centre, its architectural feature is that the front end shearing section (IV) on shear centre production line is sequentially installed with track section (I) and roller-way section (III), it is sequentially installed with discharging section (V) and the section that gathers materials (VI) after section (IV) shearing, track section (I) is laid can orbit carry out trolley (1), first half the latter half of of track section (I) Yu roller-way section (III) is provided with portal jib crane (2), the entablature guide rail of portal jib crane (2) is provided with the travelling jack (2.3) equipped with vacuum cup (2.5), forefront at roller-way section (III) is laid and supplied materials is alignd and clamps the clamping mechanism 3 delivering to cutting mechanism;
Described track section (I) is walked, is laid on the track of shear centre production line front end for carrying out trolley (1);
Described roller-way section (III) is for carrying plate, being arranged on the roller-way that shear centre production line is anterior;
The structure of described portal jib crane (2) is to be provided with crane way (2.2) on the entablature top of portal jib crane (2), crane way (2.2) is provided with travelling jack (2.3), travelling jack (2.3) Upper vertical is provided with handling hydraulic cylinder (2.4), and the piston-rod lower end of handling hydraulic cylinder (2.4) connects vacuum cup (2.5);
Described clamping mechanism (3), include upper clamp (3.1), lower clamp (3.2), clamp hydraulic cylinder (3.3), its structure is that jaw (3.4) is placed in roller-way section (III) foremost towards the lower clamp (3.2) of cutter, upper clamp (3.1) is hinged with lower clamp (3.2) by the 3rd bearing pin (3.8), the bottom of clamp hydraulic cylinder (3.3) is hinged by the clamp bearing (3.5) of the first bearing pin (3.6) with lower clamp (3.2) top, the piston rod end of clamp hydraulic cylinder (3.3) is hinged with upper clamp (3.1) by the second bearing pin (3.7);
The structure of described device for discharging (6) is to be installed with material blocking block (6.7) respectively by the point set the most successively in the outside of cutter (Q) frame, guide holder (6.8), bottom support bracket (6.6), discharging hydraulic cylinder (6.5) is vertically fixedly mounted on bottom support bracket (6.6), the top of the piston rod (6.10) of discharging hydraulic cylinder (6.5) is hinged with discharging crossbeam (6.4), the lower end of kink slide bar (6.9) in guide holder (6.8) is connected with discharging crossbeam (6.4), its upper end is fixing with support (6.3) to be connected, the right-hand member of support (6.3) is hinged with splicing arm (6.1) by bearing pin, the left upper part of support (6.3) is equipped with the support seat (6.2) supporting splicing arm (6.1);
The structure of described material-gathering device (7) is that material frame (7.1) is placed on the crossbeam that gathers materials (7.2) above, gather materials and lead (7.4) and lift (7.5) are installed between crossbeam (7.2) and support beam (7.3), support beam (7.3) bottom is provided with the roller (7.6) matched with the guide rail that gathers materials (7.7) being fixed on ground, the hydraulic cylinder (7.8) that gathers materials be horizontally installed in be fixed on ground gather materials on bearing 7.9, drive support beam (7.3) that is hinged of the top of its piston rod and support beam (7.3) is moved in the guide rail that gathers materials (7.7).
CN201510035264.5A 2015-01-23 2015-01-23 A kind of flexible metal sheet material shear centre CN104588758B (en)

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CN106141335B (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-12-12 云南云海玛钢有限公司 Cast iron line box joint tapping internal thread machine
CN106180880B (en) * 2016-08-30 2019-01-04 中冶南方工程技术有限公司 Thin plate detects automatically and cutting system
CN106378490B (en) * 2016-11-24 2018-10-02 昆山巨闳机械科技有限公司 Compact-sized cutting wires
CN107671441A (en) * 2017-10-23 2018-02-09 陈爱华 A kind of thin plate cutting feed device and its method of work
CN107511712A (en) * 2017-10-23 2017-12-26 陈爱华 Thin plate cutting feed device
CN108057962A (en) * 2017-12-26 2018-05-22 李正梅 A kind of stainless steel plate cutting feed device
CN109623926B (en) * 2018-11-19 2020-12-15 江苏科技大学 Automatic flexible production line for processing non-metal rectangular plate parts
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Inventor after: Chu Zhibing

Inventor after: Ji Yafeng

Inventor after: Huang Qingxue

Inventor after: Ma Lifeng

Inventor after: Yang Yanlong

Inventor after: Lv Yangyang

Inventor after: Wei Dong

Inventor before: Chu Zhibing

Inventor before: Huang Qingxue

Inventor before: Ma Lifeng

Inventor before: Yang Yanlong

Inventor before: Lv Yangyang

Inventor before: Wei Dong

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