CN104584794A - Vertical screening type peanut fruit and mud detaching machine - Google Patents

Vertical screening type peanut fruit and mud detaching machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104584794A
CN104584794A CN201510020101.XA CN201510020101A CN104584794A CN 104584794 A CN104584794 A CN 104584794A CN 201510020101 A CN201510020101 A CN 201510020101A CN 104584794 A CN104584794 A CN 104584794A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fruit
straight
hair
dryer
puree
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510020101.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
韦德宁
韦方瑞
韦国瑞
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Binyang County Luwei Xinning Farm Machinery Part Factory
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Binyang County Luwei Xinning Farm Machinery Part Factory
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CN2014104824890 priority Critical
Priority to CN201410482489 priority
Application filed by Binyang County Luwei Xinning Farm Machinery Part Factory filed Critical Binyang County Luwei Xinning Farm Machinery Part Factory
Priority to CN201510020101.XA priority patent/CN104584794A/en
Publication of CN104584794A publication Critical patent/CN104584794A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

A vertical screening type peanut fruit and mud detaching machine comprises a rack, a fruit receiving hopper, a machine cover, rotating shafts, a blower and a fruit and mud separating and collecting device, wherein the fruit receiving hopper and the machine cover form a fruit receiving box; the fruit and mud separating and collecting device is mounted on the lower part of the fruit receiving hopper; the blower is mounted between the fruit receiving hopper and the fruit and mud separating and collecting device; the fruit and mud separating and collecting device is provided with an impurity collecting channel, a vertical screening net and an impurity collecting plate; an inlet of the impurity collecting channel is flush with an air outlet of the blower; the two rotating shafts are arranged in a fruit picking box; the rotating shafts are fixed to the rack by bearings; blades are arranged on the rotating shafts; the same ends of the two rotating shafts are provided with gears; a belt pulley is mounted on the outer side of the gear of one of the rotating shafts; the belt pulley, the blower and a motor wheel are connected by a belt, a motor is used for providing power to drive the blower and the rotating shafts to rotate. The whole machine is compact in structure, simple in transmission, and suitable for operating among small-sized disperse land masses; the seedling and soil separating and fruit and seedling separating effects are good, and the harvest effect is good.

Description

The de-fruit of straight sieve formula peanut, deslimer
Technical field
The present invention relates to the de-fruit of a kind of straight sieve formula peanut, deslimer, belong to agricultural mechanical field.
Background technology
The results of crops are work of a large intensity, particularly the results of peanut, and the edible portion of peanut is embedded in underground, and peanut pod is little and many, and after will transfering to from ground, manual de-fruit, not only efficiency is low, makes peasant very arduous especially.Because the harvesting peanut phase is short, results can affect the seed output and quality of peanut in advance, and results of delaying easily cause shedding phenomenon; Owing to there is no suitable harvest machinery, gather in the crops time-consuming taking a lot of work.Just because of this, the research and development of harvester for peanut, always by numerous scientific and technical personnel are paid attention to.But, to so far, still not comparatively successfully harvester for peanut appearance on market.This is because large-scale harvester for peanut also exists complex structure, easily breaks down, operation stability is poor to be short of power etc. that problem, particularly native seedling are separated, fruit seedling is separated still exists more problem.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of compact conformation, native seedling separation, fruit seedling good separating effect, good operation stability, efficiency of crop is higher, meets the de-fruit of straight sieve formula peanut of various plot tillage requirements, deslimer.
To achieve these goals, present invention employs following technical scheme:
The de-fruit of a kind of straight sieve formula peanut, deslimer, comprise frame, connect fruit funnel, cover, turning cylinder, hair-dryer and puree separated and collected device; Connect fruit funnel and be fixed on upper rack, cover is located at and connects above fruit funnel, and cover is fixed in frame by screw bolt and nut, and the space connect between fruit funnel and cover is de-fruit case; Puree separated and collected device is arranged on and connects below fruit funnel, puree separated and collected device comprises impurity collection channel, straight screen cloth, impurity collecting board, straight screen cloth is positioned at and connects fruit its lower portion outlet below, straight screen cloth is downward-sloping, impurity collecting board tilts to be installed on straight screen cloth bottom, impurity collecting board is covered completely by straight screen cloth, the Way out of straight screen cloth is vertical with the Way out of impurity collecting board, the entrance of impurity collection channel is arranged at the opposite direction of straight screened outlet, and the Way out of impurity collection channel is consistent with the Way out of impurity collecting board; Hair-dryer is arranged on and connects between fruit funnel and puree separated and collected device, and the air outlet of hair-dryer is concordant with the entrance of impurity collection channel; Two turning cylinders are arranged to be plucked in fruit case, and turning cylinder is fixed in frame by bearing, and turning cylinder is provided with blade; Same one end of two turning cylinders is separately installed with gear, described two gears are completely the same, outside the gear of a turning cylinder wherein, belt pulley is installed, by belt, belt pulley, blowing wheel is connected with motor wheel, provide power to drive blower fan and turning cylinder to rotate by motor.
One end side and the end face of described cover are provided with charging aperture, are provided with bearing baffle in the charging aperture lower end of cover side.
Described turning cylinder is provided with four equally distributed blades, and blade the first half is sheet rubber, and the latter half is iron plate, is fixed on iron plate with screw and nut by sheet rubber, and the wheelbase of two turning cylinders is greater than the twice of width of blade.
Described hair-dryer is provided with two hair-dryer blades, and two hair-dryer blades are in same plane, and hair-dryer blade two ends are provided with flank, and flank lays respectively at the both sides of hair-dryer blade place plane.
The corner of described puree separated and collected device is movably connected in frame by rotating shaft, and one jiao of puree separated and collected device is connected on described belt pulley by a folding shape connecting rod, and folding shape connecting rod and belt pulley form toggle.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effect that possesses of the present invention:
Compact integral structure, transmission is simple, is applicable to small-sized dispersion plot operation; Soil is trembled in vibration, seedling soil is separated and fruit seedling good separating effect, gathers in the crops effective; Make safety, operation is continuous.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the stereogram that straight sieve formula peanut of the present invention takes off fruit, deslimer.
Fig. 2 is the cover stereogram that straight sieve formula peanut of the present invention takes off fruit, deslimer.
Fig. 3 is the rearview that straight sieve formula peanut of the present invention takes off fruit, deslimer.
Fig. 4 is the front view that straight sieve formula peanut of the present invention takes off fruit, deslimer.
Fig. 5 is the puree separated and collected device that straight sieve formula peanut of the present invention takes off fruit, deslimer.
Fig. 6 is the hair-dryer blade schematic diagram that straight sieve formula peanut of the present invention takes off fruit, deslimer.
Embodiment
By reference to the accompanying drawings technical scheme of the present invention is further elaborated below by embodiment.
Embodiment 1
One of the present invention directly sieves the de-fruit of formula peanut, deslimer, comprises frame 18, connects fruit funnel 6, cover 16, turning cylinder 13, hair-dryer 10 and puree separated and collected device 7, connect fruit funnel 6 and be fixed on frame 18 top, cover 16 is located at and connects above fruit funnel 6, and cover 16 is fixed on machine 18 frame by screw bolt and nut, and the space connect between fruit funnel 6 and cover 16 is de-fruit case, puree separated and collected device 7 is arranged on and connects below fruit funnel 6, puree separated and collected device 7 comprises impurity collection channel 5, straight screen cloth 9, impurity collecting board 8, straight screen cloth 9 is positioned at and connects below fruit funnel 6 lower part outlet, straight screen cloth 9 is downward-sloping, impurity collecting board 8 tilts to be installed on straight screen cloth bottom, impurity collecting board 8 is covered completely by straight screen cloth 9, the Way out of straight screen cloth 9 is vertical with the Way out of impurity collecting board 8, the entrance of impurity collection channel 5 is arranged at the opposite direction of straight screen cloth 9 outlet, the Way out of impurity collection channel 5 is consistent with the Way out of impurity collecting board 8, hair-dryer 10 is arranged on and connects between fruit funnel 6 and puree separated and collected device 7, and the air outlet of hair-dryer 10 is concordant with the entrance of impurity collection channel 5, two turning cylinders 13 are arranged to be plucked in fruit case, and turning cylinder 13 is fixed in frame 18 by bearing, and turning cylinder 13 is provided with blade 12, same one end of two turning cylinders 13 is separately installed with gear 1, described two gears 1 are completely the same, outside the gear 1 of a turning cylinder 13 wherein, belt pulley 2 is installed, by belt 3, belt pulley 2, blowing wheel 21 are connected with motor wheel 17, provide power to drive blower fan 10 and turning cylinder 13 to rotate by motor.
The one end side of described cover 16 and end face are provided with charging aperture 15, are provided with bearing baffle 14 in charging aperture 15 lower end of cover 16 side.
Turning cylinder 13 is provided with four equally distributed blades 12, and blade 12 the first half is sheet rubber, and the latter half is iron plate, is fixed on iron plate with screw and nut by sheet rubber, and the wheelbase of two turning cylinders 13 is greater than the twice of blade 12 width.
Hair-dryer 10 is provided with two hair-dryer blades, 19, two hair-dryer blades 19 and is in same plane, and hair-dryer blade 19 two ends are provided with flank 20, and flank 20 lays respectively at the both sides of hair-dryer blade 19 place plane.
The corner of described puree separated and collected device 7 is movably connected in frame by rotating shaft 23, and one jiao of puree separated and collected device 7 is connected on described belt pulley 2 by a folding shape connecting rod 4, and folding shape connecting rod 4 forms toggle with belt pulley 2.
Operation principle and process:
After peanut is transferred to from ground, peanut pod hangs on root, catches peanut stem with hand, first opens motor and turning cylinder 13 is rotated, and is then put into from the open one end of charging aperture 15 by root and plucks fruit case.Peanut and earth are subject to the beating in turn of two turning cylinder blades and come off, and because blade 12 front end is sheet rubber, have certain elasticity when clashing into peanut root, are thus not easily smashed by peanut pod, maintain the integrality of peanut pod.Peanut falls down puree separated and collected device 7 from the outlet connecing fruit funnel 6, owing to being subject to the airflow influence that hair-dryer 10 blows out in the process that drops, light impurities is blown with the impurity collection channel 5 of air-flow along separated and collected device 7 and exports out centralized collection at it, peanut pod drops on straight screen cloth, due to puree separated and collected device 7 continuous double vibrations under the driving of toggle, earth impurity drops from the gap of straight screen cloth 9, peanut is cleared up by pod again, finally drop from straight screen cloth 9 lower end, obtain more peace and quiet peanut pod.The baffle plate 14 of cover 16 for the protection of the bearing 11 of turning cylinder 13 not by the soil plug of peanut root.

Claims (5)

1. the de-fruit of straight sieve formula peanut, a deslimer, is characterized in that, comprise frame, connects fruit funnel, cover, turning cylinder, hair-dryer and puree separated and collected device; Connect fruit funnel and be fixed on upper rack, cover is located at and connects above fruit funnel, and cover is fixed in frame by screw bolt and nut, and the space connect between fruit funnel and cover is de-fruit case; Puree separated and collected device is arranged on and connects below fruit funnel, puree separated and collected device comprises impurity collection channel, straight screen cloth, impurity collecting board, straight screen cloth is positioned at and connects fruit its lower portion outlet below, straight screen cloth is downward-sloping, impurity collecting board tilts to be installed on straight screen cloth bottom, impurity collecting board is covered completely by straight screen cloth, the Way out of straight screen cloth is vertical with the Way out of impurity collecting board, the entrance of impurity collection channel is arranged at the opposite direction of straight screened outlet, and the Way out of impurity collection channel is consistent with the Way out of impurity collecting board; Hair-dryer is arranged on and connects between fruit funnel and puree separated and collected device, and the air outlet of hair-dryer is concordant with the entrance of impurity collection channel; Two turning cylinders are arranged to be plucked in fruit case, and turning cylinder is fixed in frame by bearing, and turning cylinder is provided with blade; Same one end of two turning cylinders is separately installed with gear, described two gears are completely the same, outside the gear of a turning cylinder wherein, belt pulley is installed, by belt, belt pulley, blowing wheel is connected with motor wheel, provide power to drive blower fan and turning cylinder to rotate by motor.
2. the de-fruit of straight sieve formula peanut according to claim 1, deslimer, it is characterized in that, one end side and the end face of described cover are provided with charging aperture, are provided with bearing baffle in the charging aperture lower end of cover side.
3. the de-fruit of straight sieve formula peanut according to claim 1, deslimer, it is characterized in that, turning cylinder is provided with four equally distributed blades, blade the first half is sheet rubber, the latter half is iron plate, be fixed on iron plate with screw and nut by sheet rubber, the wheelbase of two turning cylinders is greater than the twice of width of blade.
4. the de-fruit of straight sieve formula peanut according to claim 1, deslimer, it is characterized in that, hair-dryer is provided with two hair-dryer blades, and two hair-dryer blades are in same plane, hair-dryer blade two ends are provided with flank, and flank lays respectively at the both sides of hair-dryer blade place plane.
5. the de-fruit of straight sieve formula peanut according to claim 1, deslimer, it is characterized in that, the corner of described puree separated and collected device is movably connected in frame by rotating shaft, one jiao of puree separated and collected device is connected on described belt pulley by a folding shape connecting rod, and folding shape connecting rod and belt pulley form toggle.
CN201510020101.XA 2014-09-19 2015-01-15 Vertical screening type peanut fruit and mud detaching machine Pending CN104584794A (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2014104824890 2014-09-19
CN201410482489 2014-09-19
CN201510020101.XA CN104584794A (en) 2014-09-19 2015-01-15 Vertical screening type peanut fruit and mud detaching machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510020101.XA CN104584794A (en) 2014-09-19 2015-01-15 Vertical screening type peanut fruit and mud detaching machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104584794A true CN104584794A (en) 2015-05-06

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510020101.XA Pending CN104584794A (en) 2014-09-19 2015-01-15 Vertical screening type peanut fruit and mud detaching machine

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106717578A (en) * 2016-12-22 2017-05-31 青岛祥智电子技术有限公司 One cultivates peanut seedlings device
CN109092680A (en) * 2018-07-26 2018-12-28 肖华 A kind of semi-automatic peanut separator

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1218609A (en) * 1997-11-27 1999-06-09 何敏思 Soft-sheet centrifugal sugar cane defoliating and grain threshing machine
JP2000312529A (en) * 1999-04-28 2000-11-14 Yanmar Diesel Engine Co Ltd Winnowing part
CN201270676Y (en) * 2008-08-15 2009-07-15 王利民 Machine for picking and sorting peanuts
CN201577325U (en) * 2010-01-19 2010-09-15 覃月玲 Full-feeding type peanut sheller
CN103262715A (en) * 2013-06-07 2013-08-28 郭振辉 Peanut picker

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1218609A (en) * 1997-11-27 1999-06-09 何敏思 Soft-sheet centrifugal sugar cane defoliating and grain threshing machine
JP2000312529A (en) * 1999-04-28 2000-11-14 Yanmar Diesel Engine Co Ltd Winnowing part
CN201270676Y (en) * 2008-08-15 2009-07-15 王利民 Machine for picking and sorting peanuts
CN201577325U (en) * 2010-01-19 2010-09-15 覃月玲 Full-feeding type peanut sheller
CN103262715A (en) * 2013-06-07 2013-08-28 郭振辉 Peanut picker

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106717578A (en) * 2016-12-22 2017-05-31 青岛祥智电子技术有限公司 One cultivates peanut seedlings device
CN109092680A (en) * 2018-07-26 2018-12-28 肖华 A kind of semi-automatic peanut separator

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Application publication date: 20150506

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