CN104521413B - Sagittaria sagittifolia harvester - Google Patents

Sagittaria sagittifolia harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104521413B
CN104521413B CN201410821104.9A CN201410821104A CN104521413B CN 104521413 B CN104521413 B CN 104521413B CN 201410821104 A CN201410821104 A CN 201410821104A CN 104521413 B CN104521413 B CN 104521413B
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mud
arrowhead
filter mud
unit
band
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CN104521413A (en
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陈桂粦
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Xuzhou Bochuang Construction Development Group Co ltd
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Individual
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Abstract

A arrowhead harvester, comprising: the device comprises a machine body, wheels and a machine head which are arranged on the machine body, and also comprises a shovel, a mud filtering part and a discharging part which are arranged on the machine body and are sequentially abutted; the shovel comprises a shovel main body, a shovel head, a separating mechanism, a soil separating plate and a conveying device, wherein the shovel head, the separating mechanism and the soil separating plate are arranged on the shovel main body, the conveying device is arranged in the shovel main body, and the conveying device is abutted against the mud filtering part and is used for conveying arrowheads to the mud filtering part for mud filtering operation; a feeding port is also arranged between the shovel head and the separating mechanism and is used for feeding soil mixed with arrowheads into the conveying device; the discharging part is abutted against the mud filtering part and is used for collecting arrowheads from the mud filtering part. The arrowhead harvester can separate the arrowhead at the bottom of the mud layer and the soil at the upper part of the mud layer into a pure soil part and a soil part mixed with the arrowhead through the separation effect of the shovel, so that the arrowhead is further separated from the soil, the arrowhead is not damaged, and the arrowhead harvesting efficiency is improved.

Description

Arrowhead cropper
Technical field
The present invention relates to farming device, more particularly to arrowhead cropper.
Background technology
Arrowhead is arrowhead, belongs to fresh plant, originates in China, and there is cultivation north and south each province, and blazons Tropical Asian, temperate zone Also there is cultivation in area, America and Europe.Ripe arrowhead is distributed in the soft top layer of the soil in paddy field and near crust side, therefore plantation The soil on the soft top layer in field can not be too deep.
At present, also ununified mechanical work mode in the technology that arrowhead harvests, peasants were adopted in the harvest season Hoe or rake are harvested, and its method is first by the soil of fritter in kind is implanted with the soil of arrowhead with hoe or rake Throw so that arrowhead exposes, it is then artificial again singly arrowhead to be collected with hand.
Therefore, this harvesting approach limits the efficiency of crop of arrowhead, therefore designs and a can quickly harvest arrowhead Equipment it is extremely important.
The content of the invention
Based on this, it is necessary to a kind of problem for how to improve the efficiency for harvesting arrowhead, there is provided arrowhead cropper.
A kind of arrowhead cropper, including:Fuselage body, the wheel being arranged on the fuselage body and head, also include Scoop, mud-filtering part and the discharging portion for being arranged on the fuselage body and abutting successively;The scoop includes scoop main body, arranges Shovel head, separating mechanism and earth separation plate in the scoop main body, and the conveyer being arranged in the scoop main body, institute State conveyer and abut the mud-filtering part, filter mud operation is carried out for arrowhead is sent to the mud-filtering part;The shovel head and institute State, for the soil for being mixed with arrowhead is sent into the conveyer;The discharging portion is supported The mud-filtering part is connect, for collecting the arrowhead from the mud-filtering part.
Wherein in one embodiment, the separating mechanism includes colter, pure for the soil with arrowhead is separated into Soil part and the soil part for being mixed with arrowhead.
Wherein in one embodiment, the conveyer includes that the first delivery unit of mutual abutting and the second transmission are single Unit;
One end of first delivery unit abuts the shovel head, also, the surface of first delivery unit with it is described The flush of shovel head;
The other end of first delivery unit abuts one end of second delivery unit, also, second transmission Unit abuts the mud-filtering part away from the other end of first delivery unit.
Wherein in one embodiment, first delivery unit is with the horizontal 30 degree of angles.
Wherein in one embodiment, also including the transmission mechanism being arranged on the fuselage body, the transmission mechanism Couple the conveyer, the power for rotating is provided for the conveyer.
Wherein in one embodiment, the transmission mechanism includes the first gear unit and the second gear unit, described One gear unit couples first delivery unit, and second gear unit couples second delivery unit, respectively institute State the first delivery unit and the power for rotating is provided with second delivery unit.
Wherein in one embodiment, the arrowhead cropper also includes the regulation machine being arranged on the fuselage body Structure, one end of the governor motion are connected to the scoop main body, for adjusting scoop height from the ground.
Wherein in one embodiment, the governor motion includes cylinder.
Wherein in one embodiment, the plane of the mud-filtering part is in horizontal plane, the discharging portion and the mud-filtering part Arrange into 120~145 degree of angles, for arrowhead is sent to the discharging portion away from described mud-filtering part one end.
Wherein in one embodiment, the mud-filtering part also sets up vibrating device, also, the mud-filtering part opens up some logical Hole, for coordinating with the vibrating device, filtration is mixed in the soil around arrowhead.
Above-mentioned arrowhead cropper, by the centrifugation of scoop, by the arrowhead positioned at mud layer bottom and can be located at mud layer The soil on top is separated into pure soil part and the soil part for being mixed with arrowhead, i.e. by the original soil for mixing arrowhead Further separate so that accounting of the arrowhead in soil is higher, further to separate arrowhead from soil, and do not damage Hinder arrowhead itself, improve the efficiency for harvesting arrowhead.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the arrowhead cropper of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the scoop shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the conveyer shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the mud-filtering part shown in Fig. 1;
Structural representations of the Fig. 5 for the second shown filter mud unit of Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the discharging portion shown in Fig. 1.
Specific embodiment
It is understandable to enable the above objects, features and advantages of the present invention to become apparent from, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings to the present invention Specific embodiment be described in detail.Elaborate many details in order to fully understand this in the following description It is bright.But the present invention can be implemented with being much different from alternate manner described here, and those skilled in the art can be not Similar improvement is done in the case of running counter to intension of the present invention, therefore the present invention is not limited by following public specific embodiment.
It should be noted that when element is referred to as " being fixed on ", " being arranged at " another element, it can be directly another On individual element or can also there is element placed in the middle.When an element is considered as " connection " another element, it can be It is directly connected to another element or may be simultaneously present centering elements.Term as used herein " vertical ", " level ", "left", "right" and similar statement for illustrative purposes only, it is unique embodiment to be not offered as.
Fig. 1 is referred to, which is the structural representation of the arrowhead cropper 10 of the present invention, and arrowhead cropper 10 includes:Fuselage Body 100, wheel 110, head 120, scoop 130, mud-filtering part 140 and discharging portion 150.Wheel 110 is arranged at machine with head 120 On body body 100, scoop 130, mud-filtering part 140 and discharging portion 150 are abutted successively and are arranged on fuselage body 100.For example, take turns Son 110 is arranged on below fuselage body 100, and head 120 is arranged on above fuselage body 100, and scoop 130 is arranged on fuselage body In front of 100, discharging portion 150 is arranged on 100 rear of fuselage body, 140 insertion fuselage body 100 of mud-filtering part and two ends connect respectively Scoop 130 and discharging portion 150 so that arrowhead enters mud-filtering part 140 from scoop 130, and is transmitted to discharging portion by mud-filtering part 140 150, to realize the mechanized harvest to arrowhead, improve the efficiency for harvesting arrowhead.
Fuselage body 100 includes monocoque body made by all-metal, for example, is had using steel plate or aluminium etc. certain strong The metal material of degree, and for example, is to reduce deadweight, and the material such as employing, carbon fiber or reinforced plastics is made;In fuselage body 100 Portion is provided with operator seat, the steering wheel of connection wheel 110 and console, for facilitating user to manipulate arrowhead cropper 10 to enter Row engineer operation, for example, is the ground of jolting for adapting to field, is provided by a soft spring and is connected to fuselage below operator seat Body 100 so that user can the operation under relatively comfortable environment.For example, one is additionally provided with fuselage body columnar solid Determining portion, a flat board being fixed for insertion, for example, the flat board is provided with above operator seat, for example, the flat board is sunshading board, So that user is not limited by different weather situation, arrowhead cropper 10 is free to arrange in realization carries out operation.For example, flat board direction The surface of sunshine is provided with a solar panel, for while arrowhead cropper 10 works, it is possible to use sunshine Effect convert solar energy into electrical energy, for example, the columnar fixed part also installs a fan, fan by conductor wire with Solar panel is electrically connected, and so, when using arrowhead cropper 10, solar panel can provide electricity for fan to user Can, so that user enjoys the cool on operator seat, it is particularly suitable for the operation in extremely hot summer.
In order that arrowhead cropper 10 neatly can be advanced towards different directions, for example, arrowhead cropper 10 includes four Individual wheel 110, each wheel 110 are separately positioned on the distinct locations below fuselage body 100.For example, fuselage body 100 is square The metal framework of body, each wheel 110 are fixedly welded on the corner below metal framework so that the weight of frame body 100 is uniform Distribution is on four wheels 110.For example, wheel 110 includes the agricultural reinforcement wear-resisting type tire of agricultural tyre series, and which is connected in It is arranged on the brake hub of fuselage body 100, and turns as brake hub is synchronous with the drive shaft connection for being arranged at fuselage body 100 It is dynamic, such that it is able to realize advancing on different directions under the manipulation of user.In order that arrowhead cropper 10 can be in the agriculture of moistening Field operation, it is to avoid arrowhead cropper 10 is absorbed in soil, wheel 110 include two shoes for being arranged on fuselage body 100 both sides Belt wheel, for example, wheel 110 is rubber belt track wheel, so that arrowhead cropper 10 can be run at high speed to operating location and not damaged Bad road surface, meanwhile, the overall weight of arrowhead cropper 10 can be mitigated, also, conveniently can be loaded and unloaded using rubber belt track wheel, with Adapt to field level operation.
In order that arrowhead cropper 10 can carry out the operation of deep soil, head 120 includes Diesel engine and its surrounding devices To drive scoop 130 to carry out shoveling native operation, adopt Diesel engine provide powerful power for arrowhead cropper 10 defeated Go out, and scoop 130 is sent in soil and soil block is scooped up or boosted, to expose the arrowhead positioned at deep soil layer, and entered The further results of row are processed.
Fig. 2 is referred to, which is the structural representation of the scoop 130 of Fig. 1, scoop 130 includes scoop main body 131, shovel head 132nd, separating mechanism 133, earth separation plate 134 and the conveyer 200 inside scoop 130 as shown in Figure 3, for example, shovel 132, separating mechanism 133 and earth separation plate 134 are respectively arranged in scoop main body 131 successively, and conveyer 200 is arranged at shovel Inside sub- main body 131, also, conveyer 200 abuts mud-filtering part 140;Also set up between shovel head 132 and separating mechanism 133 into Material mouth 135, for the soil for being mixed with arrowhead is sent into conveyer 200.
For the ease of scoop 130 to be inserted the soil in field, scoop main body 131 includes that the plate body of L-type, i.e. plate body include leaning on First plate body of side near the ground and the second plate body for being connected the first plate body, also, the first plate body is at an angle with the second plate body, For example, the first plate body and the second plate body are arranged into 100 degree of angles.For example, plate body adopts high-strength metal material, and for example, plate body is adopted With iron and steel or hard alloy etc., so, as high-strength metal material is not allowed yielding under Static behavior, do not allow easily broken yet Split so that soil can be overturn and take arrowhead to one thrust of soil after the soil in insertion field by scoop 130 Go out.For example, the both sides of the first plate body of the close ground side of the plate body of L-type are also respectively provided with the first plate washer, for when mixed When the soil of miscellaneous arrowhead enters scoop 130, the soil for mixing arrowhead can be made to enter scoop 130 along the first plate body, so as to Results recovery can be carried out with the arrowhead by monoblock field in good order.
In order to the soil for mixing arrowhead is sent into inside scoop 130, shovel head 132 is triangular prism, using metal material system Into for example, shovel head 132 is triangular prism made by iron and steel;Shovel head 132 is arranged in scoop main body 131, for example, shovel head 132 and shovel 131 setting triangular in shape of sub- main body, i.e. the one side of triangular prism and the first of the close ground side of the scoop main body 131 Plate body is abutted, also, a side of triangular prism overlaps to form the blade of scoop 130 with the side of the first plate body;So, due to Rhizoma Sparganii There is certain angle between each side of post so that mix the side of the soil of arrowhead along triangular prism, i.e. along shovel head 132 are upwardly into inside scoop 130, simultaneously as a side of triangular prism is overlapped with the side of the first plate body so that scoop 130 With a blade, in order to scoop 130 is inserted soil.
In order to the soil for mixing arrowhead is separated into pure soil part and the soil part for being mixed with arrowhead, separating mechanism 133 are arranged between the first plate body and the second plate body, for example, and separating mechanism 133 is horizontally set on the first plate body and the second plate body Corner, with the first plate body or the second plate body is vertical is connected.For example, separating mechanism 133 includes colter, for will be with thatch The soil of wild rice is separated into pure soil part and the soil part for being mixed with arrowhead.For example, colter includes straight blade.Because thatch Wild rice is grown in mud layer bottom, and its distribution is also parastate, using the straight blade of colter, can be by positioned at mud layer bottom Arrowhead is separated into pure soil part and the soil part for being mixed with arrowhead with the soil for being located at mud layer top, i.e. mix original The soil of miscellaneous arrowhead is further separated so that accounting of the arrowhead in soil is higher, be beneficial to it is further by arrowhead from mud Separate in soil, meanwhile, and do not damage arrowhead itself.
In order to the soil of the pure soil part separated by the separating mechanism 133 is isolated to outer from scoop 130 Portion, earth separation plate 134 are made using ferrous materials, and which is curved or is obliquely installed, and for example, earth separation plate 134 includes the of arc Two plate washers, for example, the second plate washer is vertically situated on the second plate body, the arc-shaped curved surface of the second plate washer towards shovel head 132, second Plate washer bottom is abutted with separating mechanism 133, and its both sides is fastened on the second plate body respectively.For example, earth separation plate 134 includes having The third gear plate of one inclined plane, for example, third gear plate is vertically situated on the second plate body, and the inclined plane of third gear plate is towards shovel 132, third gear plate bottom is abutted with separating mechanism 133, and its both sides is fastened on the second plate body respectively.For example, earth separation plate 134 are integrally formed and become the iron and steel block with an arc-shaped curved surface or inclined plane, and its arc-shaped curved surface or inclined plane are towards shovel head 132, its bottom abuts separating mechanism 133, and the side back to arc-shaped curved surface or inclined plane is weldingly fixed on the second plate body.This Sample, due to the guide effect of the arc-shaped curved surface or inclined plane of earth separation plate 134 so that from separating mechanism 133 separate it is pure Scoop 130 will be left along from the arc-shaped curved surface or inclined plane of earth separation plate 134 in soil part, and not stop the shifting of scoop 130 Dynamic direction, harvests the arrowhead in field such that it is able to lasting operation.
Fig. 3 is referred to, which is the structural representation of Fig. 1 conveyers 200, conveyer 200 includes the of mutual abutting One delivery unit 210 and the second delivery unit 220;One end of first delivery unit 210 abuts shovel head 132, also, the first transmission The surface of unit 210 and the flush of shovel head 132;The other end of the first delivery unit 210 abuts the second delivery unit 220 One end, also, the second delivery unit 220 abuts mud-filtering part 140 away from the other end of the first delivery unit 210.For example, first pass Unit 210 is sent with the horizontal 30 degree of angles.For example, 130 are formed between the first delivery unit 210 and the second delivery unit 220 ~145 degree of angle, as such, it is possible to the height between the first delivery unit 210 and the second delivery unit 220 is utilized, by thatch Wild rice is transmitted toward eminence, to carry out follow-up desilting filtration treatment.
For the ease of accepting from the soil part for being mixed with arrowhead of shovel head 132 and filtering the soil mixed with arrowhead, First delivery unit 210 includes the first conveyer belt 211, some first pushing plates 212 installed in the first conveyer belt 211 and is First conveyer belt 211 and the first pushing plate 212 provide the first motor of transmission power, for example, offer on the first conveyer belt 211 Some first perforation, for filtering the soil on arrowhead, for example, each first bores a hole into matrix distribution in the first conveyer belt 211, example Such as, each first perforation is randomly dispersed in the first conveyer belt 211;For example, the width of the width of the first conveyer belt 211 and shovel head 132 It is equal so that the soil part for being mixed with arrowhead from shovel head 132 fully enters the first conveyer belt 211;For example, first push away Plate 212 is sent for strip and block, its width is equal with the width of the first conveyer belt 211, and each first pushing plate, 212 side is fixed on first Conveyer belt 211, opposite side protrude from 211 place plane of the first conveyer belt;For example, each first pushing plate 212 is uniformly fixed to On first conveyer belt 211, for example, it is that spacing is 4~5cm between each first pushing plate 212, so, as arrowhead is into oblate spheroid shape, Its diameter is between 3~4cm so that arrowhead can be housed between each first pushing plate 212, and with the first conveyer belt 211 are transferred to the second delivery unit 220.
For the ease of accepting from the soil part for being mixed with arrowhead of the first delivery unit 210 and filtering again and arrowhead The soil of mixing, the second delivery unit 220 include the second conveyer belt 221, push installed in some the second of the second conveyer belt 221 Plate 222 and be the second motor that the second conveyer belt 221 and the second pushing plate 222 provide transmission power, for example, the second conveyer belt Some second perforation are offered on 221, for filtering the soil on arrowhead, for example, each second bores a hole into matrix distribution second Conveyer belt 221, for example, each second perforation is randomly dispersed in the second conveyer belt 221;For example, the width of the second conveyer belt 221 and The width of one conveyer belt 211 is equal so that the soil part for being mixed with arrowhead from the first conveyer belt 211 fully enters second Conveyer belt 221;For example, the second pushing plate 222 is strip and block, and its width is equal with the width of the second conveyer belt 221, and each second pushes away The side of plate 222 is sent to be fixed on the second conveyer belt 221, opposite side protrudes from 221 place plane of the second conveyer belt;For example, each Two pushing plates 222 are uniformly fixed on the second conveyer belt 221, for example, between each second pushing plate 222 for spacing be 4~ 5cm, so, as arrowhead is into oblate spheroid shape, its diameter is between 3~4cm so that arrowhead can be housed in each second and push Between plate 222, and as the second conveyer belt 221 is transferred to mud-filtering part 140.
Further, it is so that may exit off from the first delivery unit 210 with the soil after the filtration of the second delivery unit 220 Scoop 130 drops back into ground, for example, is spaced and sets between first plate body and shovel head 132 of the close ground side of scoop main body 131 Put, i.e. so that from the first delivery unit 210 and the second delivery unit 220 filter after soil from the first plate body and shovel head 132 it Between gap location drop back into ground, so, make scoop 130 with continuous operation and soil can be filtered.
During using scoop 130, after 132 one end of shovel head of scoop 130 enters mud layer, with the movement of shovel head 132, shovel head The soil for being mixed with arrowhead is delivered to separating mechanism 133 from shovel head 132 by 132, in the presence of separating mechanism 133, will be mixed with arrowhead Soil be separated into pure soil part and the soil part for being mixed with arrowhead, scoop will be left from earth separation plate 134 in pure soil part 130, conveyer 200 will be sent into from feeding mouth 135 in the soil part for being mixed with arrowhead, and in the presence of conveyer 200 Follow-up desilting is carried out into the mud-filtering part 140 to process and collection process.
Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 3 are seen also, while in order to rotate using wheel 110, provides dynamic for conveyer 200 Power, for example, arrowhead cropper 10 also includes the transmission mechanism being arranged on fuselage body 100, transmission mechanism one end connection wheel 110, the other end couples conveyer 200 by a flywheel, is that conveyer 200 provides the power for rotating.For example, transmission mechanism Including the first gear unit 160A and the second gear unit 160B, the first gear unit 160A couples the first delivery unit 210, the Two gear unit 160B couple the second delivery unit 220, and respectively the first delivery unit 210 is provided with the second delivery unit 220 The power of rotation.
For the ease of controlling the motion state of scoop 130, for example, arrowhead cropper 10 also includes being arranged at fuselage body Governor motion 170 on 100, one end of governor motion 170 be connected to 130 main body of scoop, for adjusting scoop 130 from the ground Highly.For example, governor motion 170 includes cylinder and adjusts the controller of the cylinder, and controller is arranged on fuselage body 100 Connect cylinder, so, what user easily can be internally provided with fuselage body 100 on internal console and by wire Carry out controlling to adjust mechanism 170 on operator seat, with the motion state for adjusting the height from the ground of scoop 130 and adjusting scoop 130, It is easy to the arrowhead to field to carry out results recovery.For example, the plane of the undertaking arrowhead of mud-filtering part 140 is in horizontal plane, mud-filtering part 140 two ends connect scoop 130 and discharging portion 150 respectively, for the arrowhead from scoop 130 is sent to discharging portion 150, example Such as, discharging portion 150 arranges, for example, discharging portion 150 and 140 one-tenth of mud-filtering part 130 with the angle of 120~145 degree of 140 one-tenth of mud-filtering part The angle of degree is arranged, and for arrowhead is sent to the one end of discharging portion 150 away from mud-filtering part 140, and arrowhead is recycled and packaged.Example Such as, mud-filtering part 140 also sets up vibrating device, also, mud-filtering part 140 opens up some through holes, for coordinating with vibrating device, filters The soil being mixed in around arrowhead.
Fig. 4 is referred to, which is the structural representation of mud-filtering part 140, for example, mud-filtering part 140 includes the first filter mud unit 141st, the second filter mud unit 142 and the 3rd motor of power is provided for the first filter mud unit 141 and the second filter mud unit 142, For undertaking is from the arrowhead of the scoop 130 and removing is attached to the soil on arrowhead surface.For example, the first filter mud unit There is and the mutual end for abutting of the second filter mud unit between a spacing, also, the first filter mud unit abuts institute The end for stating the second filter mud unit is located at the top of the second filter mud unit, is attached to thatch for removing by way of gravity Soil on wild rice.For example, 141 one end of the first filter mud unit abuts the one end of the second delivery unit 220, and the other end abuts the The one end of two filter mud units 142, to transmit the arrowhead from the second delivery unit 220.
For example, the mud-filtering part 140 includes the first filter mud unit 141, and abuts the of the first filter mud unit 141 Two filter mud units 142 and the dress of the vibration inside being arranged on the first filter mud unit 141 and the second filter mud unit 142 Put, for causing, the soil on arrowhead is vibrated to come off the vibrating device;Due to causing the filter by the vibrating device It is prior art that mud portion 140 produces the principle of vibration, and its structure and principle known to those skilled in the art, the present embodiment are intended to The structure of the mud-filtering part 140 is protected, therefore here is not repeated.
In order to the effect using gravity removes the soil being attached on arrowhead, for example, the first filter mud unit 141 is obliquely installed, First filter mud unit, 141 one end is located at the lower section of 220 one end of the second delivery unit, and the other end is located at the second filter mud unit 142 One end top;Arrowhead is being fallen under gravity into positioned at the second delivery unit after the second delivery unit 220 One end of first filter mud unit 141 of the lower section of 220 one ends, after the first filter mud unit 141 under gravity One end of the second filter mud unit 142 positioned at the lower section of 141 one end of the first filter mud unit is fallen into, so, is fallen through secondary After entering action, increase rubbing machine meeting of the arrowhead to the first filter mud unit 141 and the second filter mud unit 142 so that be attached on arrowhead The disengaging arrowhead that is more prone to of soil itself, meanwhile, through it is secondary fall into action after, increase contact of the arrowhead with air, The moisture on arrowhead is taken away, is conducive to the fresh-keeping storing that arrowhead is follow-up.
In order to save the power consumption of the 3rd motor, for example, the first filter mud unit 141 and the second filter mud unit 142 Between be mutually connected by driving belt from beginning to end.For example, pass between the first filter mud unit 141 and the second filter mud unit 142 Dynamic connection, i.e. be connected by driving belt between the first filter mud unit 141 and the second filter mud unit 142 so that the 3rd from beginning to end Motor only needs to drive the first filter mud unit 141 therein or the second filter mud unit 142 to cause the first filter mud list by rotating Unit 141 and 142 synchronous axial system of the second filter mud unit, reach same transmission effect.Further, the first filter mud unit 141 is gone back Second delivery unit 220 is connected by driving belt, so, is that the second conveyer belt 221 and the second pushing plate 222 provide transmission and move Second motor of power can also be that the first filter mud unit 141 and the second filter mud unit 142 provide transmission power, due to second Conveyer belt 221 is consistent with the direction of transfer of the first filter mud unit 141 and the second filter mud unit 142, therefore can realize synchronous biography Effect is sent, while part energy consumption, energy-conserving and environment-protective can also be saved.
In order to further realize the effect that desilts to arrowhead, for example, the first filter mud unit 141 includes the first filter mud band 141A, installed in the first filter mud with first on 141A every mud plate 141B and be opened in the first filter mud with 141A first filter Mud hole 141C.For example, the first filter mud is providing the of power with 141A for the first filter mud unit 141 and the second filter mud unit 142 Circulation transmission is done under the drive of three motors.For example, first is strip and block every mud plate 141B, and its width and the first filter mud are with 141A's Width is equal, and each first is fixed on the first filter mud band 141A every mud plate 141B side, and opposite side protrudes from the first filter mud band 141A places plane;For example, each first every mud plate 141B be uniformly fixed to the first filter mud band 141A on, for example, each first every It is that spacing is 3~5cm between mud plate 141B, so, as arrowhead is into oblate spheroid shape, its diameter is between 3~4cm so that Arrowhead can be housed in each first between mud plate 141B, and as the band 141A transfers of the first filter mud are sent to the second filter mud unit 142.For example, the first filter mud band 141A includes double-deck first epipelagic zone and the first underlying band, and the first epipelagic zone is offered First filter mud hole 141C, for example, the first epipelagic zone does circulation transmission under the drive of the 3rd motor, and the first underlying band is fixed On the first filter mud unit 141, the first epipelagic zone is moved with respect to the first underlying band, i.e. the first underlying band fixed static, on first Layer band is moved under the drive of the 3rd motor;For example, the first underlying band has with respect to the surface installation settings of the first epipelagic zone With clearing function first wipes mud off cloth, and first cloth that wipes mud off is close to the first epipelagic zone;When the first epipelagic zone is in the 3rd motor Do under drive circulation transmission when, the first epipelagic zone with respect to the first underlying band drive motion, as the first epipelagic zone offers first Filter mud hole 141C, arrowhead contact with clearing function the first of the first underlying band after the first filter mud hole 141C is fallen into and wipe mud off cloth, Meanwhile, arrowhead moves to the second filter mud list in the first direction advanced to circulation transmission under the collecting impetus of mud plate 141B Unit 142 is simultaneously contacted with each other friction with clearing function first cloth that wipes mud off, and so, with clearing function first cloth that wipes mud off can be removed Mud and moisture of the attachment removal on arrowhead, further so that arrowhead more totally cleans.
Fig. 5 is seen also, which is the structural representation of the second shown filter mud unit 142 of Fig. 4, in order to strengthen realization Arrowhead desilts peace and quiet effect, and for example, the second filter mud unit 142 includes the second filter mud band 142A, installed in the second filter mud band On 142A second is every mud plate 142B and is opened in the second filter mud with the second filter mud hole 142C on 142A.For example, the second filter Mud is circulated under the drive of the 3rd motor for providing power for the second filter mud unit 142 and the second filter mud unit 142 with 142A Transmission.For example, second is strip and block every mud plate 142B, and its width is equal with width of second filter mud with 142A, and each second every mud Plate 142B sides are fixed on the second filter mud band 142A, and opposite side protrudes from the second filter mud band 142A places plane;For example, each Two are uniformly fixed on the second filter mud band 142A, for example every mud plate 142B, and each second spacing between mud plate 142B is 4 ~6cm, so, as arrowhead is into oblate spheroid shape, its diameter is between 3~4cm so that arrowhead can be housed in each second every Between mud plate 142B, and as the band 142A transfers of the second filter mud are sent to the second filter mud unit 142.For example, the second filter mud band 142A includes double-deck second epipelagic zone and the second underlying band, and the second epipelagic zone offers the second filter mud hole 142C, for example, Second epipelagic zone does circulation transmission under the drive of the 3rd motor, and the second underlying band is fixed on the second filter mud unit 142, Second epipelagic zone is moved with respect to the second underlying band, and for example, the second underlying band has band with respect to the surface installation settings of the second epipelagic zone The second of clearing function wipes mud off cloth, and second cloth that wipes mud off is close to the second epipelagic zone;When the second epipelagic zone is in the band of the 3rd motor When circulation transmission is done under dynamic, the second epipelagic zone is moved with respect to the second underlying band, as the second epipelagic zone offers the second filter mud hole 142C, arrowhead contact with clearing function the second of the second underlying band after the second filter mud hole 142C is fallen into and wipe mud off cloth, meanwhile, thatch Wild rice second under the collecting impetus of mud plate 142B to circulation transmission advance direction move to the discharging portion 150 and with With clearing function second cloth that wipes mud off contacts with each other friction, and so, with clearing function second cloth that wipes mud off again can be removed The mud being attached on arrowhead and moisture, further so that arrowhead more totally cleans, realize desilting for arrowhead so as to strengthen Peace and quiet effect.
In order to remove the moisture being attached on arrowhead, for example, the mud-filtering part 140 is additionally provided with bar-shaped ventilating fan, uses Arrowhead on the first filter mud unit 141 and the second filter mud unit 142 is pointed to blows removing and is attached to thatch Moisture on wild rice;For example, the bar-shaped ventilating fan is arranged on the inside of the mud-filtering part 140, its length and the first filter mud band The width of 141A is equal, and for example, the bar-shaped ventilating fan is located at the first filter mud with 141A or the second filter mud with 142A Side, its exhaust outlet the first filter mud of direction band 141A or the second filter mud band 142A, so, when bar-shaped ventilating fan works, to passing It is sent to arrowhead on the first filter mud unit 141 or the second filter mud unit 142 to blow, increases the first filter mud unit 141 and the Air velocity around two filter mud units 142, to take away the moisture on arrowhead surface, as such, it is possible to increase the resting period of arrowhead, Prevent arrowhead corrupt.
Refer to Fig. 6, which is the structural representation of the discharging portion 150 shown in Fig. 1, discharging portion 150 include acceptance division 151, Upper pushed section 152, receiver board 153, collecting box 154 and the 4th electric of transmission power is provided for acceptance division 151 and upper pushed section 152 Machine.For example, acceptance division 151 includes the 3rd conveyer belt and the 3rd push pedal installed in the 3rd conveyer belt.For example, the 3rd push pedal is Strip and block, its width are equal with the width of the 3rd conveyer belt, and the side of each 3rd push pedal is fixed on the 3rd conveyer belt, and opposite side is convex For the 3rd conveyer belt place plane;For example, each 3rd push pedal is uniformly fixed on the 3rd conveyer belt, and for example, each 3rd pushes away It is that spacing is 6~7cm between plate, so, as arrowhead is into oblate spheroid shape, its diameter is between 3~4cm so that Ke Yishou Hold most arrowhead, and as the 3rd conveyer belt is transferred to upper pushed section 152.For example, one end of acceptance division 151 is arranged on described The lower section of one end of the second filter mud unit 142, i.e. have between the second filter mud unit 142 and acceptance division 151 it is certain between Gap so that the effect of gravity can be utilized to remove the soil that be attached on arrowhead, is weighing after the second filter mud unit 142 Fall in the presence of power positioned at one end of acceptance division 151, so, after falling into action, increase arrowhead rubbing to acceptance division 151 Wipe so that the soil being attached on arrowhead is further by Action of Gravity Field so that depart from arrowhead itself.
In order to the arrowhead from acceptance division 151 is continued toward eminence transmission, for example, upper pushed section 152 includes the 4th conveyer belt And installed in the 4th push pedal of the 4th conveyer belt.For example, width of the 4th push pedal for strip and block, its width and the 4th conveyer belt Equal, the side of each 4th push pedal is fixed on the 4th conveyer belt, and opposite side protrudes from the 4th conveyer belt place plane;For example, respectively 4th push pedal is uniformly fixed on the 4th conveyer belt, for example, is that spacing is 6~7cm between each 4th push pedal, so, due to , into oblate spheroid shape, its diameter is between 3~4cm for arrowhead so that can house most arrowhead, and with the 4th conveyer belt It is transferred to take-up reel 153.For example, upper pushed section 152 is obliquely installed, for example, the angle between upper pushed section 152 and horizontal plane 30~ Between 60 degree, for example, upper pushed section 152 is with the horizontal 30 degree of angles;For example, one end of the lower section of the upper pushed section 152 being obliquely installed Abut one end of acceptance division 151, i.e. accept the arrowhead from acceptance division 151 in one end of the lower section of upper pushed section 152 so that arrowhead Upper pushed section 152 can be fallen into after acceptance division 151, and in the 4th conveyer belt of upper pushed section 152 and installed in the 4th transmission Take-up reel 153 is transferred in the presence of 4th push pedal of band;So, arrowhead is sent to eminence through upper pushed section 152, in order to right Arrowhead enters collecting packing.
In order to the filter mud carried out again from the arrowhead for connecting pushed section 152 is worked, for example, receiver board 153 includes opening up There are the plate body body and the annular besom in the perforation of plate body body of perforation, arrowhead surface is attached to for cleaning Soil;For example, plate body body is rectangle, and the length of plate body body is equal with the width of the 4th conveyer belt of upper pushed section 152, plate The width of body body is the 2/3 of the width of the 4th conveyer belt of upper pushed section 152, and plate body main body supports installation effect, for opening If boring a hole to install annular besom so that can fall in the perforation of plate body body from the arrowhead for connecting pushed section 152;For example, Annular besom is using soft plastic or makes, and which is all along installation settings along the perforation of plate body body;For example, annular besom includes peace Dress ring and be arranged in mounting ring silk, for example, the height of silk between 1~2cm, for example, the height of silk be 2cm;For example, the equal diameters of the perforation of the diameter of mounting ring and plate body body, mounting ring are arranged on the perforation of plate body body All edges so that annular besom can be with the perforation of covering plate body body, so, when falling into plate body from the arrowhead for connecting pushed section 152 When in the perforation of body, the annular besom of arrowhead contact silk.As silk quality is soft, the annular besom of arrowhead contact after silk Continue to decline in the presence of gravity, when silk, silk is cleared away to the surface of arrowhead, i.e. table of the silk to arrowhead Face is further desilted operation so that the soil of arrowhead surface residual comprehensively can be cleared out, to meet production The requirement of sale.
In order to the arrowhead through receiver board 153 is collected packaging, for example, also along plate body sheet below receiver board 153 The perforation of body is provided with hollow cuboid so that arrowhead is through after the perforation of plate body body under the guiding of hollow cuboid Fall into collecting box 154;For example, two lateral walls of hollow cuboid are additionally provided with hook, to facilitate using woven bag to passing through Arrowhead after the perforation of plate body body is collected packaging.
Each technical characteristic of embodiment described above arbitrarily can be combined, to make description succinct, not to above-mentioned reality Apply all possible combination of each technical characteristic in example to be all described, as long as however, the combination of these technical characteristics is not deposited In contradiction, the scope of this specification record is all considered to be.
Embodiment described above only expresses the several embodiments of the present invention, and its description is more concrete and detailed, but and Therefore can not be construed as limiting the scope of the patent.It should be pointed out that for one of ordinary skill in the art comes Say, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, some deformations and improvement can also be made, these belong to the protection of the present invention Scope.Therefore, the protection domain of patent of the present invention should be defined by claims.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of arrowhead cropper, including:Fuselage body, the wheel being arranged on the fuselage body and head, its feature exist In,
Also include scoop, mud-filtering part and the discharging portion for being arranged on the fuselage body and abutting successively;
The scoop includes scoop main body, is arranged at shovel head in the scoop main body, separating mechanism and earth separation plate, and arranges Conveyer in the scoop main body, the conveyer abut the mud-filtering part, for arrowhead is sent to the filter Mud portion carries out filter mud operation;
The scoop main body includes the plate body of L-type, and the plate body includes the first plate body near ground side and is connected described the Second plate body of one plate body, also, first plate body is at an angle with second plate body, and the plate body is using high intensity gold Category material;
Feeding mouth is also set up between the shovel head and the separating mechanism, for the soil for being mixed with arrowhead is sent into the transmission dress Put;
The discharging portion abuts the mud-filtering part, for collecting the arrowhead from the mud-filtering part;
The separating mechanism includes colter, for the soil with arrowhead is separated into pure soil part and the mud for being mixed with arrowhead Native part;
The conveyer includes first delivery unit and the second delivery unit of mutual abutting;
One end of first delivery unit abuts the shovel head, also, the surface of first delivery unit and the shovel head Flush;
The other end of first delivery unit abuts one end of second delivery unit, also, second delivery unit The mud-filtering part is abutted away from the other end of first delivery unit;
The mud-filtering part includes the first filter mud unit and the second filter mud unit for abutting the first filter mud unit and setting Vibrating device inside the first filter mud unit and the second filter mud unit, the vibrating device are used to make on arrowhead Soil is vibrated to come off;
The first filter mud unit includes the first filter mud band, first be installed on the first filter mud band every mud plate and opens up The first filter mud hole on the first filter mud band, for undertaking is from the arrowhead of the scoop and removing is attached to arrowhead surface Soil;
The discharging portion abuts the second filter mud unit, for collecting the arrowhead from the second filter mud unit;
Described first is strip and block every mud plate, and its width is equal with the width of the first filter mud band;
Described first is fixed on the first filter mud band every mud plate side, and opposite side protrudes from the first filter mud band place plane;
The first filter mud band includes double-deck first epipelagic zone and the first underlying band;
First epipelagic zone offers the first filter mud hole;
First underlying band is fixed on the first filter mud unit, and relatively described first underlying band of first epipelagic zone is followed Ring transmission is arranged;
The surface installation settings of relatively described first epipelagic zone of first underlying band has with clearing function first to wipe mud off cloth;
Described first cloth that wipes mud off is close to the first epipelagic zone, for when the relatively described first lower floor V belt translation fortune of first epipelagic zone The mud and moisture being attached on arrowhead is removed when dynamic;
The second filter mud unit includes that the second filter mud band, on the second filter mud band second every mud plate and open up The second filter mud hole on the second filter mud band, is attached to the soil on arrowhead for further removing;
Described second is strip and block every mud plate, and its width is equal with the width of the second filter mud band, and each described second every mud plate Side is fixed on the second filter mud band, and opposite side protrudes from the second filter mud band place plane;
The second filter mud band includes double-deck second epipelagic zone and the second underlying band, and second epipelagic zone offers Two filter mud holes, the surface installation settings of relatively described second epipelagic zone of second underlying band have with clearing function second to wipe mud off Cloth, described second cloth that wipes mud off are close to the second epipelagic zone.
2. arrowhead cropper according to claim 1, it is characterised in that first delivery unit is with the horizontal 30 degree Angle.
3. arrowhead cropper according to claim 1, it is characterised in that also including the biography being arranged on the fuselage body Motivation structure, the transmission mechanism couple the conveyer, provide the power for rotating for the conveyer.
4. arrowhead cropper according to claim 3, it is characterised in that the transmission mechanism include the first gear unit with Second gear unit, first gear unit couple first delivery unit, the second gear unit connection described the Two delivery units, respectively described first delivery unit provide the power for rotating with second delivery unit.
5. arrowhead cropper according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the arrowhead cropper also includes being arranged at described Governor motion on fuselage body, one end of the governor motion are connected to the scoop main body, for adjust the scoop from The height on ground.
6. arrowhead cropper according to claim 5, it is characterised in that the governor motion includes cylinder.
7. arrowhead cropper according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the plane of the mud-filtering part is in horizontal plane, institute State angle of the discharging portion with the mud-filtering part into 120~145 degree to arrange, for arrowhead is sent to the discharging portion away from described Mud-filtering part one end.
8. arrowhead cropper according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the mud-filtering part opens up some through holes, for The vibrating device coordinates, and filtration is mixed in the soil around arrowhead.
CN201410821104.9A 2014-12-20 2014-12-20 Sagittaria sagittifolia harvester Active CN104521413B (en)

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CN106471998B (en) * 2016-10-20 2019-01-18 徐州华峰测控技术有限公司 A kind of arrowhead is intelligent to clean cut machine and its electrical control system
CN106489418B (en) * 2016-10-20 2019-01-15 江苏世丰企业管理咨询有限公司 A kind of arrowhead automatic harvester device people and its electrical control system

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KR200438789Y1 (en) * 2007-11-27 2008-03-04 (주)승리강건공업 the bulbousplant crop system
CN202222146U (en) * 2011-09-16 2012-05-23 吴殿明 Potato harvester
CN202818957U (en) * 2012-10-22 2013-03-27 崔彦奎 Plant rhizome harvester
CN103168547A (en) * 2012-12-13 2013-06-26 荣成市海山机械制造有限公司 Collector of peanuts grown in sand land
CN203691944U (en) * 2014-02-27 2014-07-09 东北大学秦皇岛分校 Combined water chestnut harvester

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