CN104521409B - Mechanized harvest device - Google Patents

Mechanized harvest device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104521409B
CN104521409B CN201410821122.7A CN201410821122A CN104521409B CN 104521409 B CN104521409 B CN 104521409B CN 201410821122 A CN201410821122 A CN 201410821122A CN 104521409 B CN104521409 B CN 104521409B
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mud
filter mud
arrowhead
unit
band
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CN104521409A (en
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陈桂粦
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Individual
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Abstract

A kind of mechanized harvest device, including:Fuselage body, the wheel and head being arranged on fuselage body, mechanized harvest device also include scoop, mud-filtering part and the discharging portion for being arranged on fuselage body and abutting successively;Scoop includes scoop main body, is arranged at shovel head, separating mechanism and earth separation plate in scoop main body, and the conveyer being arranged in scoop main body, and conveyer abuts mud-filtering part;Mud-filtering part includes the first filter mud unit and abuts first filter mud unit the second filter mud unit;First filter mud unit one end abuts the one end of the second filter mud unit, to transmit the arrowhead from the second delivery unit;Discharging portion connects mud-filtering part, for collecting the arrowhead from mud-filtering part;A columnar fixed part is additionally provided with fuselage body, a flat board is fixed for inserting.Above-mentioned mechanized harvest device, realizes the mechanized harvest to arrowhead, and the artificial work intensity of reduction improves the efficiency of harvest arrowhead.

Description

Mechanized harvest device
Technical field
The present invention relates to farming device, more particularly to mechanized harvest device.
Background technology
Arrowhead is arrowhead, belongs to fresh plant, originates in China, there is cultivation north and south each province, and blazons Tropical Asian, temperate zone Area, America and Europe also has cultivation.Ripe arrowhead is distributed in the soft top layer of the soil in paddy field and close to crust side, therefore plant The soil on its soft top layer of field can not be too deep.
At present, mechanical work mode also ununified in the technology that arrowhead harvests, peasants use in the harvest season Hoe or rake are harvested, and its method is to be implanted with kind in the soil of arrowhead with hoe or rake first by the soil of fritter Throw so that arrowhead exposes, it is then artificial again singly to be collected arrowhead with hand.
Thus, the mode of the harvest arrowhead of this manpower work causes the time increase for harvesting arrowhead, moreover, peasants exist To repeat to bend over the action squatted down during harvest to collect arrowhead, work intensity is big, limits the efficiency of crop of arrowhead.
The content of the invention
Based on this, it is necessary to for how using machinery carry out harvest arrowhead the problem of there is provided a kind of mechanized harvest dress Put, for separating arrowhead and soil attached to it, can be also used for separating the agricultural product of other dry and wets mixing.
A kind of mechanized harvest device, including:Fuselage body, the wheel and head being arranged on the fuselage body, machine Tool harvesting apparatus also includes being arranged at the scoop abutted on the fuselage body and successively, mud-filtering part and discharging portion;The shovel Attached bag includes scoop main body, is arranged at shovel head, separating mechanism and earth separation plate in the scoop main body, and be arranged at the scoop Conveyer in main body, the conveyer abuts the mud-filtering part;The mud-filtering part includes the first filter mud unit and supported Connect the first filter mud unit the second filter mud unit;Described first filter mud unit one end abuts one end of the second filter mud unit Portion, to transmit the arrowhead from the second delivery unit;The discharging portion connects the mud-filtering part, and the filter mud is come from for collecting The arrowhead in portion;A columnar fixed part is additionally provided with the fuselage body, a flat board is fixed for inserting.
In one of the embodiments, the scoop main body includes the plate body of L-type.
In one of the embodiments, the plate body includes the first plate body close to ground side with being connected the first plate body Second plate body.
In one of the embodiments, first plate body and second plate body are at an angle.
In one of the embodiments, first plate body is set with second plate body into 100 degree of angles.
In one of the embodiments, first plate body is made with second plate body of high-strength metal material.
In one of the embodiments, first plate body uses steel or hard alloy with second plate body.
In one of the embodiments, the first filter mud unit includes the first filter mud band, installed in first filter mud First taken is every mud plate and the first filter mud hole being opened on the first filter mud band.
In one of the embodiments, the plane of the mud-filtering part is in horizontal plane, the discharging portion and the mud-filtering part Set into 120~145 degree of angles, for arrowhead to be sent into the discharging portion away from described mud-filtering part one end.
In one of the embodiments, the mud-filtering part also sets up vibrating device, also, the mud-filtering part opens up some logical Hole, for coordinating with the vibrating device, filtering is mixed in the soil around arrowhead.
Above-mentioned mechanized harvest device, by mud-filtering part insertion fuselage body and two ends connect scoop and discharging portion respectively, So that arrowhead carries out the separation of soil and arrowhead in scoop after being scooped up by scoop, and filter mud is desilted in mud-filtering part progress, and then Transmitted by mud-filtering part to discharging portion, realize the mechanized harvest to arrowhead, the artificial work intensity of reduction improves harvest arrowhead Efficiency.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the mechanized harvest device of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the scoop shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the conveyer shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the mud-filtering part shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of Fig. 4 the second shown filter mud unit;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the discharging portion shown in Fig. 1.
Embodiment
In order to facilitate the understanding of the purposes, features and advantages of the present invention, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings to the present invention Embodiment be described in detail.Many details are elaborated in the following description to fully understand this hair It is bright.But the invention can be embodied in many other ways as described herein, those skilled in the art can be not Similar improvement is done in the case of running counter to intension of the present invention, therefore the present invention is not limited by following public specific embodiment.
It should be noted that when element is referred to as " being fixed on ", " being arranged at " another element, it can be directly another On individual element or there can also be an element placed in the middle.When an element is considered as " connection " another element, it can be It is directly connected to another element or may be simultaneously present centering elements.Term as used herein " vertically ", " level ", "left", "right" and similar statement for illustrative purposes only, it is unique embodiment to be not offered as.
Referring to Fig. 1, its structural representation for the mechanized harvest device 10 of the present invention, mechanized harvest device 10 is wrapped Include:Fuselage body 100, wheel 110, head 120, scoop 130, mud-filtering part 140 and discharging portion 150.Wheel 110 and head 120 It is arranged on fuselage body 100, scoop 130, mud-filtering part 140 and discharging portion 150 abut and be arranged at fuselage body 100 successively On.For example, wheel 110 is arranged on the lower section of fuselage body 100, head 120 is arranged on the top of fuselage body 100, and scoop 130 is set In the front of fuselage body 100, discharging portion 150 is arranged on the rear of fuselage body 100, the insertion fuselage body 100 and two of mud-filtering part 140 End connects scoop 130 and discharging portion 150 respectively so that arrowhead enters mud-filtering part 140 from scoop 130, and is transmitted by mud-filtering part 140 To discharging portion 150, to realize the mechanized harvest to arrowhead, the efficiency of harvest arrowhead is improved.
Fuselage body 100 includes the monocoque body that all-metal is made, for example, being had using steel plate or aluminium etc. certain strong The metal material of degree, and for example, for reduction deadweight, is made of materials such as, carbon fiber or reinforced plastics;In fuselage body 100 Portion is provided with operator seat, connects the steering wheel and console of wheel 110, for facilitate user manipulate mechanized harvest device 10 with Engineer operation is carried out, for example, being connected to machine by being provided with a soft spring below the ground of jolting to adapt to field, operator seat Body body 100 so that user can the operation under relatively comfortable environment.For example, it is columnar that one is additionally provided with fuselage body Fixed part, a flat board 180 is fixed for inserting, for example, the flat board 180 is provided with above operator seat, for example, the flat board 180 be sunshading board so that user is not limited by different weather situation, and realization is free to arrange mechanized harvest device 10 and made Industry.For example, the surface of flat board 180 towards sunshine is provided with a solar panel, in the work of mechanized harvest device 10 While work, it is possible to use the effect of sunshine is converted solar energy into electrical energy, for example, the columnar fixed part is also installed One fan, fan is electrically connected by conductor wire with solar panel, so, user using mechanized harvest device 10 when, Solar panel can provide electric energy for fan, so that user enjoys the cool on operator seat, be particularly suitable for making in extremely hot summer Industry.
In order that obtain mechanized harvest device 10 neatly can advance towards different directions, for example, mechanized harvest device 10 include four wheels 110, and each wheel 110 is separately positioned on the distinct locations of the lower section of fuselage body 100.For example, fuselage body 100 be the metal framework of square body, and each wheel 110 is fixedly welded on the corner below metal framework so that frame body 100 Weight is evenly distributed on four wheels 110.For example, wheel 110 includes the agricultural reinforcement wear-resisting type tire of agricultural tyre series, It, which is connected in, is arranged on the brake hub of fuselage body 100, and as brake hub connects with being arranged at the drive shaft of fuselage body 100 Synchronous axial system is connect, is advanced so as to be realized under the manipulation of user on different directions.In order that obtaining mechanized harvest device 10 Can moistening farmland operation, it is to avoid mechanized harvest device 10 is absorbed in soil, and wheel 110 includes being arranged on fuselage body Two Athey wheels of 100 both sides, for example, wheel 110 is rubber belt track wheel, to allow mechanized harvest device 10 to go at a high speed Sail to operating location without damaging road surface, meanwhile, the overall weight of mechanized harvest device 10 can be mitigated, also, use rubber Glue Athey wheel can be loaded and unloaded conveniently, to adapt to field level operation.
In order that deep native operation can be carried out by obtaining mechanized harvest device 10, head 120 includes Diesel engine and its surrounding Equipment uses Diesel engine to provide high-power for mechanized harvest device 10 to drive scoop 130 to carry out the native operation of shovel Power output, and scoop 130 is sent into soil and soil block is scooped up or boosted, to expose the arrowhead for being located at deep soil layer, And carried out further harvest processing.
Referring to Fig. 2, its structural representation for Fig. 1 scoop 130, scoop 130 includes scoop main body 131, shovel head 132nd, separating mechanism 133, earth separation plate 134 and the conveyer 200 being arranged on inside scoop 130 as shown in Figure 3, for example, shovel First 132, separating mechanism 133 and earth separation plate 134 are respectively arranged in scoop main body 131 successively, and conveyer 200 is arranged at scoop Inside main body 131, also, conveyer 200 abuts mud-filtering part 140;Pan feeding is also set up between shovel head 132 and separating mechanism 133 Mouth 135, for the soil for being mixed with arrowhead to be sent into conveyer 200.
For the ease of scoop 130 to be inserted to the soil in field, scoop main body 131, which includes the plate body of L-type, i.e. plate body, to be included leaning on First plate body of side near the ground and the second plate body for being connected the first plate body, also, the first plate body and the second plate body are at an angle, For example, the first plate body and the second plate body are set into 100 degree of angles.For example, plate body uses high-strength metal material, for example, plate body is adopted With steel or hard alloy etc., so, because high-strength metal material is not allowed yielding under Static behavior, do not allow easily broken yet Split so that soil can be overturn to one thrust of soil and take arrowhead by scoop 130 after the soil in insertion field Go out.For example, the both sides of the first plate body of the close ground side of the plate body of L-type are also respectively provided with the first plate washer, for when mixed When the soil of miscellaneous arrowhead enters scoop 130, the soil for mixing arrowhead can be made to enter scoop 130 along the first plate body, so that Harvest recovery can be carried out with the arrowhead in good order by monoblock field.
In order to which the soil for mixing arrowhead is sent into inside scoop 130, shovel head 132 is triangular prism, using metal material system Into for example, shovel head 132 is the triangular prism that steel is made;Shovel head 132 is arranged in scoop main body 131, for example, shovel head 132 and shovel Sub- main body 131 is triangular in shape to be set, i.e. the one side of triangular prism and the first of the close ground side of the scoop main body 131 Plate body is abutted, also, a side of triangular prism overlaps the blade to form scoop 130 with the side of the first plate body;So, due to Rhizoma Sparganii There is certain angle between each side of post so that mix the soil of arrowhead along the side of triangular prism, i.e. along shovel head 132 are upwardly into inside scoop 130, simultaneously as a side of triangular prism is overlapped with the side of the first plate body so that scoop 130 With a blade, in order to which scoop 130 is inserted into soil.
In order to which the soil for mixing arrowhead is separated into pure soil part and the soil part of arrowhead, separating mechanism is mixed with 133 are arranged between the first plate body and the second plate body, for example, separating mechanism 133 is horizontally set on the first plate body and the second plate body Corner, with the first plate body or the second plate body is vertical is connected.For example, separating mechanism 133 includes colter, for that will carry thatch The soil of wild rice is separated into pure soil part and is mixed with the soil part of arrowhead.For example, colter includes straight blade.Because thatch Wild rice is grown in mud layer bottom, and it is also parastate that it, which is distributed,, can be by positioned at mud layer bottom using the straight blade of colter Arrowhead is separated into pure soil part with the soil positioned at mud layer top and is mixed with the soil part of arrowhead, i.e. mix original The soil of miscellaneous arrowhead is further separated so that accounting of the arrowhead in soil is higher, in favor of further by arrowhead from mud Separated in soil, meanwhile, and arrowhead is not damaged in itself.
In order to which the soil for the pure soil part separated by the separating mechanism 133 is isolated to outer from scoop 130 Portion, earth separation plate 134 is made of ferrous materials, and its is curved or is obliquely installed, for example, earth separation plate 134 includes the of arc Two plate washers, for example, the second plate washer is vertically situated on the second plate body, the arc-shaped curved surface of the second plate washer is towards shovel head 132, second Plate washer bottom is abutted with separating mechanism 133, and its both sides is fastened on the second plate body respectively.For example, earth separation plate 134 includes having The third gear plate of one inclined plane, for example, third gear plate is vertically situated on the second plate body, the inclined plane direction shovel of third gear plate First 132, third gear plate bottom is abutted with separating mechanism 133, and its both sides is fastened on the second plate body respectively.For example, earth separation plate 134 are integrally formed as the steel block with an arc-shaped curved surface or inclined plane, and its arc-shaped curved surface or inclined plane are towards shovel head 132, its bottom abuts separating mechanism 133, is weldingly fixed on back to the side of arc-shaped curved surface or inclined plane on the second plate body.This Sample, arc-shaped curved surface or the guide effect of inclined plane due to earth separation plate 134 so that from separating mechanism 133 separate it is pure Soil part will leave scoop 130 along from the arc-shaped curved surface or inclined plane of earth separation plate 134, the shifting without stopping scoop 130 Dynamic direction, the arrowhead in field is harvested so as to lasting operation.
Referring to Fig. 3, it is structural representation of Fig. 1 conveyers 200, conveyer 200 includes the mutually abutted One delivery unit 210 and the second delivery unit 220;One end of first delivery unit 210 abuts shovel head 132, also, the first transmission The surface of unit 210 and the flush of shovel head 132;The other end of first delivery unit 210 abuts the second delivery unit 220 One end, also, the other end of second delivery unit 220 away from the first delivery unit 210 abuts mud-filtering part 140.For example, first passes Unit 210 is sent with the horizontal 30 degree of angles.For example, forming 130 between the first delivery unit 210 and the second delivery unit 220 ~145 degree of angle, so, it is possible to use the height between the first delivery unit 210 and the second delivery unit 220, by thatch Wild rice is transmitted toward eminence, to carry out follow-up desilting filtration treatment.
For the ease of accepting the soil that the soil part for being mixed with arrowhead from shovel head 132 and filtering are mixed with arrowhead, First delivery unit 210 includes the first conveyer belt 211, some first pushing plates 212 installed in the first conveyer belt 211 and is First conveyer belt 211 and the first pushing plate 212 provide the first motor of transmission power, for example, being offered on the first conveyer belt 211 Some first perforation, for filtering the soil on arrowhead, for example, each first perforates into matrix distribution in the first conveyer belt 211, example Such as, each first perforation is randomly dispersed in the first conveyer belt 211;For example, the width of the first conveyer belt 211 and the width of shovel head 132 It is equal so that the soil part for being mixed with arrowhead from shovel head 132 fully enters the first conveyer belt 211;For example, first pushes Plate 212 is strip and block, and its width is equal with the width of the first conveyer belt 211, and each side of first pushing plate 212 is fixed on the first biography Band 211 is sent, opposite side protrudes from the place plane of the first conveyer belt 211;For example, each first pushing plate 212 is uniformly fixed to On one conveyer belt 211, for example, be that spacing is 4~5cm between each first pushing plate 212, so, because arrowhead is into oblate spheroid shape, its Diameter is between 3~4cm so that arrowhead can be housed between each first pushing plate 212, and with the first conveyer belt 211 are transferred to the second delivery unit 220.
For the ease of accepting the soil part for being mixed with arrowhead from the first delivery unit 210 and again filtering and arrowhead The soil of mixing, the second delivery unit 220 includes the second conveyer belt 221, pushed installed in some the second of the second conveyer belt 221 Plate 222 and the second motor that transmission power is provided for the second conveyer belt 221 and the second pushing plate 222, for example, the second conveyer belt Some second perforation are offered on 221, for filtering the soil on arrowhead, for example, each second perforates into matrix distribution second Conveyer belt 221, for example, each second perforation is randomly dispersed in the second conveyer belt 221;For example, the width of the second conveyer belt 221 and The width of one conveyer belt 211 is equal so that the soil part for being mixed with arrowhead from the first conveyer belt 211 fully enters second Conveyer belt 221;For example, the second pushing plate 222 is strip and block, its width is equal with the width of the second conveyer belt 221, and each second pushes away The side of plate 222 is sent to be fixed on the second conveyer belt 221, opposite side protrudes from the place plane of the second conveyer belt 221;For example, each Two pushing plates 222 are uniformly fixed on the second conveyer belt 221, for example, be between each second pushing plate 222 spacing be 4~ 5cm, so, because arrowhead is into oblate spheroid shape, its diameter is between 3~4cm so that arrowhead can be housed in each second and push Between plate 222, and as the second conveyer belt 221 is transferred to mud-filtering part 140.
Further, for cause from the first delivery unit 210 and the second delivery unit 220 filter after soil may exit off Scoop 130 drops back into ground, is set for example, being spaced between the first plate body and shovel head 132 of the close ground side of scoop main body 131 Put, i.e. so that from the soil after the first delivery unit 210 and the filtering of the second delivery unit 220 from the first plate body and shovel head 132 it Between gap location drop back into ground, so, scoop 130 with continuous operation and soil can be filtered.
During using scoop 130, after one end of shovel head 132 of scoop 130 enters mud layer, with the movement of shovel head 132, shovel head 132 will be mixed with the soil of arrowhead delivers to separating mechanism 133 from shovel head 132, in the presence of separating mechanism 133, will be mixed with arrowhead Soil be separated into and pure soil part and be mixed with the soil part of arrowhead, pure soil part will leave scoop from earth separation plate 134 130, conveyer 200 will be sent into from feeding mouth 135 by being mixed with the soil part of arrowhead, and in the presence of conveyer 200 Follow-up desilting is carried out into the mud-filtering part 140 to handle and collection processing.
Also referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, provide dynamic while in order to be rotated using wheel 110 for conveyer 200 Power, for example, mechanized harvest device 10 also includes the transmission mechanism being arranged on fuselage body 100, the connection of transmission mechanism one end Wheel 110, the other end couples conveyer 200 by a flywheel, is that conveyer 200 provides the power rotated.For example, transmission Mechanism includes the first gear unit 160A and the second gear unit 160B, the first gear unit 160A couples the first delivery unit 210, the second gear unit 160B couple the second delivery unit 220, respectively the first delivery unit 210 and the second delivery unit 220 provide the power rotated.
For the ease of controlling the motion state of scoop 130, for example, mechanized harvest device 10 also includes being arranged at fuselage sheet Governor motion 170 on body 100, one end of governor motion 170 is connected to the main body of scoop 130, for adjusting scoop 130 from the ground Height.For example, governor motion 170 includes the controller of cylinder and the regulation cylinder, controller is arranged on fuselage body Cylinder is connected on console inside 100 and by wire, so, user easily can be set inside fuselage body 100 Carry out controlling to adjust mechanism 170 on some operator seats, with the motion for adjusting the height from the ground of scoop 130 and adjusting scoop 130 State, is easy to carry out harvest recovery to the arrowhead in field.For example, the plane of the undertaking arrowhead of mud-filtering part 140 is in horizontal plane, filter The two ends of mud portion 140 connect scoop 130 and discharging portion 150 respectively, for the arrowhead from scoop 130 to be sent into discharging portion 150, For example, discharging portion 150 and mud-filtering part 140 are set into 120~145 degree of angle, for example, discharging portion 150 and mud-filtering part 140 into 130 degree of angle is set, and is wrapped for arrowhead to be sent into the one end of discharging portion 150 away from mud-filtering part 140, and arrowhead is reclaimed Dress.For example, mud-filtering part 140 also sets up vibrating device, also, mud-filtering part 140 opens up some through holes, for matching somebody with somebody with vibrating device Close, filtering is mixed in the soil around arrowhead.
Referring to Fig. 4, it is the structural representation of mud-filtering part 140, for example, mud-filtering part 140 includes the first filter mud unit 141st, the second filter mud unit 142 and the 3rd motor of power is provided for the first filter mud unit 141 and the second filter mud unit 142, For accepting the arrowhead from the scoop 130 and removing is attached to the soil on arrowhead surface.For example, the first filter mud unit There is a spacing between the mutual end abutted of the second filter mud unit, also, the first filter mud unit abuts institute The end for stating the second filter mud unit is located at the top of the second filter mud unit, and thatch is attached to for being removed by way of gravity Soil on wild rice.For example, the one end of the first filter mud unit 141 abuts the one end of the second delivery unit 220, the other end abuts second The one end of filter mud unit 142, to transmit the arrowhead from the second delivery unit 220.
For example, the mud-filtering part 140 includes the first filter mud unit 141 and abuts the of the first filter mud unit 141 Two filter mud units 142 and the vibration dress being arranged on inside the first filter mud unit 141 and the second filter mud unit 142 Put, the vibrating device is used to cause the soil on arrowhead is vibrated to come off;Due to causing the filter by the vibrating device The principle that mud portion 140 produces vibration is prior art, and those skilled in the art knows its structure and principle, and the present embodiment is intended to The structure of the mud-filtering part 140 is protected, therefore is not repeated herein.
In order to remove the soil being attached on arrowhead using the effect of gravity, for example, the first filter mud unit 141 is obliquely installed, The one end of first filter mud unit 141 is located at the lower section of the one end of the second delivery unit 220, and the other end is located at the second filter mud unit 142 One end top;Arrowhead is fallen under gravity into positioned at the second delivery unit after the second delivery unit 220 One end of first filter mud unit 141 of the lower section of 220 one ends, after the first filter mud unit 141 under gravity One end of the second filter mud unit 142 positioned at the lower section of the one end of the first filter mud unit 141 is fallen into, so, is fallen by secondary Enter after action, rubbing machine meeting of the increase arrowhead to the first filter mud unit 141 and the second filter mud unit 142 so that be attached on arrowhead The disengaging arrowhead that is more prone to of soil in itself, meanwhile, by it is secondary fall into action after, contact of the increase arrowhead with air, The moisture on arrowhead is taken away, is conducive to the fresh-keeping storing that arrowhead is follow-up.
In order to save the power consumption of the 3rd motor, for example, the first filter mud unit 141 and the second filter mud unit 142 Between head and the tail be mutually connected by driving belt.For example, being passed between the first filter mud unit 141 and the second filter mud unit 142 Dynamic connection, i.e. head and the tail are connected by driving belt between the first filter mud unit 141 and the second filter mud unit 142 so that the 3rd Motor only needs to drive the first filter mud unit 141 therein or the rotation of the second filter mud unit 142 to may be such that the first filter mud list Member 141 and the synchronous axial system of the second filter mud unit 142, reach same transmission effect.Further, the first filter mud unit 141 is gone back Second delivery unit 220 is connected by driving belt, is that the second conveyer belt 221 and the second pushing plate 222 provide transmission and moved so Second motor of power can also be that the first filter mud unit 141 and the second filter mud unit 142 provide transmission power, due to second Conveyer belt 221 is consistent with the direction of transfer of the first filter mud unit 141 and the second filter mud unit 142, therefore can realize synchronous biography Effect is sent, while part energy consumption, energy-conserving and environment-protective can also be saved.
Effect is desilted to arrowhead in order to further realize, for example, the first filter mud unit 141 includes the first filter mud band 141A, installed in the first filter mud with first on 141A every mud plate 141B and be opened in the first filter mud with 141A first filter Mud hole 141C.For example, the first filter mud with 141A in provide power for the first filter mud unit 141 and the second filter mud unit 142 the Circulation transmission is done under the drive of three motors.For example, first is strip and block every mud plate 141B, its width and the first filter mud are with 141A's Width is equal, and each first is fixed on the first filter mud band 141A every mud plate 141B sides, and opposite side protrudes from the first filter mud band Plane where 141A;For example, each first every mud plate 141B be uniformly fixed to the first filter mud band 141A on, for example, each first every It is that spacing is 3~5cm between mud plate 141B, so, because arrowhead is into oblate spheroid shape, its diameter is between 3~4cm so that Arrowhead can be housed in each first between mud plate 141B, and as the band 141A transfers of the first filter mud are sent to the second filter mud unit 142.For example, the first filter mud includes the first epipelagic zone and the first underlying band of double-decker with 141A, the first epipelagic zone is offered First filter mud hole 141C, for example, the first epipelagic zone does circulation transmission under the drive of the 3rd motor, the first underlying band is fixed On the first filter mud unit 141, the first epipelagic zone is moved with respect to the first underlying band, i.e. the first underlying band fixed static, on first Layer band is moved under the drive of the 3rd motor;For example, the first underlying band has with respect to the surface installation settings of the first epipelagic zone First with clearing function wipes mud off cloth, and first cloth that wipes mud off is close to the first epipelagic zone;When the first epipelagic zone is in the 3rd motor When circulation transmission is done under drive, the first epipelagic zone is with respect to the first underlying band drive motion, because the first epipelagic zone offers first Filter mud hole 141C, first with clearing function that arrowhead contacts the first underlying band after the first filter mud hole 141C is fallen into wipes mud off cloth, Meanwhile, arrowhead moves to the second filter mud list first every the direction for being driven traveling to circulation under mud plate 141B collecting impetus Member 142 is simultaneously contacted with each other friction with the cloth that wipes mud off of first with clearing function, so, and first with the clearing function cloth that wipes mud off can be removed Mud and moisture of the attachment removal on arrowhead, further cause arrowhead more totally to clean.
Please refer to fig. 5, its structural representation for Fig. 4 the second shown filter mud unit 142, in order to strengthen realization Arrowhead desilts peace and quiet effect, for example, the second filter mud unit 142 includes the second filter mud band 142A, installed in the second filter mud band Second on 142A every mud plate 142B and is opened in the second filter mud with the second filter mud hole 142C on 142A.For example, the second filter Mud is circulated with 142A under the drive for the 3rd motor for providing power for the second filter mud unit 142 and the second filter mud unit 142 Transmission.For example, second is strip and block every mud plate 142B, its width is equal with width of second filter mud with 142A, and each second every mud Plate 142B sides are fixed on the second filter mud band 142A, and opposite side protrudes from plane where the second filter mud band 142A;For example, each Two every mud plate 142B be uniformly fixed to the second filter mud band 142A on, for example, each second spacing between mud plate 142B be 4~ 6cm, so, because arrowhead is into oblate spheroid shape, its diameter is between 3~4cm so that arrowhead can be housed in each second every mud Between plate 142B, and as the band 142A transfers of the second filter mud are sent to the second filter mud unit 142.For example, the second filter mud band 142A The second epipelagic zone and the second underlying band including double-decker, the second epipelagic zone offer the second filter mud hole 142C, for example, second Epipelagic zone does circulation transmission under the drive of the 3rd motor, and the second underlying band is fixed on the second filter mud unit 142, and second Epipelagic zone is moved with respect to the second underlying band, for example, the second underlying band has band to clear up with respect to the surface installation settings of the second epipelagic zone The second of function wipes mud off cloth, and second cloth that wipes mud off is close to the second epipelagic zone;When under drive of second epipelagic zone in the 3rd motor When doing circulation transmission, the second epipelagic zone is moved with respect to the second underlying band, because the second epipelagic zone offers the second filter mud hole 142C, Second with clearing function that arrowhead contacts the second underlying band after the second filter mud hole 142C is fallen into wipes mud off cloth, meanwhile, arrowhead exists Second moves to the discharging portion 150 and clear with band every the direction for being driven traveling to circulation under mud plate 142B collecting impetus The cloth that wipes mud off of the second of reason function contacts with each other friction, so, and second with the clearing function cloth that wipes mud off can again remove attachment removal Mud and moisture on arrowhead, further cause arrowhead more totally to clean, realize that desilting for arrowhead is peace and quiet so as to strengthen Effect.
In order to remove the moisture being attached on arrowhead, for example, the mud-filtering part 140 is additionally provided with bar-shaped ventilating fan, use Removing is blowed in the arrowhead being pointed on the first filter mud unit 141 and the second filter mud unit 142 and is attached to thatch Moisture on wild rice;For example, the bar-shaped ventilating fan is arranged on the inside of the mud-filtering part 140, its length and the first filter mud band 141A width is equal, for example, the bar-shaped ventilating fan is located at the first filter mud with 141A or the second filter mud with 142A Side, its exhaust outlet is towards the first filter mud band 141A or the second filter mud band 142A, so, when bar-shaped ventilating fan works, to passing It is sent to arrowhead on the first filter mud unit 141 or the second filter mud unit 142 to be blowed, the first filter mud unit 141 of increase and the Air velocity around two filter mud units 142, to take away the moisture on arrowhead surface, so, can increase the resting period of arrowhead, Prevent arrowhead corruption.
Referring to Fig. 6, its be Fig. 1 shown in discharging portion 150 structural representation, discharging portion 150 include acceptance division 151, Upper pushed section 152, receiver board 153, collecting box 154 and the 4th electricity that transmission power is provided for acceptance division 151 and upper pushed section 152 Machine.For example, acceptance division 151 includes the 3rd conveyer belt and the 3rd push pedal installed in the 3rd conveyer belt.For example, the 3rd push pedal is Strip and block, its width is equal with the width of the 3rd conveyer belt, and the side of each 3rd push pedal is fixed on the 3rd conveyer belt, and opposite side is convex For plane where the 3rd conveyer belt;For example, each 3rd push pedal is uniformly fixed on the 3rd conveyer belt, for example, each 3rd pushes away It is that spacing is 6~7cm between plate, so, because arrowhead is into oblate spheroid shape, its diameter is between 3~4cm so that Ke Yishou Hold most arrowhead, and as the 3rd conveyer belt is transferred to upper pushed section 152.For example, one end of acceptance division 151 be arranged on it is described The lower section of one end of the second filter mud unit 142, i.e. have between the second filter mud unit 142 and acceptance division 151 it is certain between Gap so that the soil that be attached on arrowhead can be removed using the effect of gravity, is being weighed after the second filter mud unit 142 One end positioned at acceptance division 151 is fallen into the presence of power, so, after falling into action, increases arrowhead rubbing to acceptance division 151 Wipe so that the soil being attached on arrowhead is further by Action of Gravity Field so that depart from arrowhead in itself.
In order to continue the arrowhead from acceptance division 151 to transmit toward eminence, for example, upper pushed section 152 includes the 4th conveyer belt And installed in the 4th push pedal of the 4th conveyer belt.For example, the 4th push pedal is strip and block, the width of its width and the 4th conveyer belt Equal, the side of each 4th push pedal is fixed on the 4th conveyer belt, and opposite side protrudes from plane where the 4th conveyer belt;For example, each 4th push pedal is uniformly fixed on the 4th conveyer belt, for example, be that spacing is 6~7cm between each 4th push pedal, so, due to Arrowhead is into oblate spheroid shape, and its diameter is between 3~4cm so that can house most arrowhead, and with the 4th conveyer belt It is transferred to take-up reel 153.For example, upper pushed section 152 is obliquely installed, for example, the angle between upper pushed section 152 and horizontal plane 30~ Between 60 degree, for example, upper pushed section 152 is with the horizontal 30 degree of angles;For example, one end of the lower section for the upper pushed section 152 being obliquely installed Abut one end of acceptance division 151, i.e. accept the arrowhead from acceptance division 151 in one end of the lower section of upper pushed section 152 so that arrowhead Upper pushed section 152 can be fallen into after acceptance division 151, and in the 4th conveyer belt of upper pushed section 152 and installed in the 4th transmission Take-up reel 153 is transferred in the presence of 4th push pedal of band;So, arrowhead is sent to eminence by upper pushed section 152, in order to right Arrowhead enters collecting packing.
In order to which the filter mud carried out again from the arrowhead for connecting pushed section 152 is worked, for example, receiver board 153 includes opening up There are the plate body body of perforation and the annular besom in the perforation of plate body body, arrowhead surface is attached to for cleaning Soil;For example, plate body body is rectangle, the length of plate body body is equal with the width of the 4th conveyer belt of upper pushed section 152, plate The width of body body is the 2/3 of the width of the 4th conveyer belt of upper pushed section 152, plate body main body support installation effect, for opening If perforating to install annular besom so that can fall into the perforation of plate body body from the arrowhead for connecting pushed section 152;For example, Annular besom is using soft plastic or being made, and its perforation week along plate body body is along installation settings;For example, annular besom includes peace Dress ring and be arranged in mounting ring silk, for example, the height of silk between 1~2cm, for example, being the height of silk 2cm;For example, the diameter of mounting ring is equal with the diameter of the perforation of plate body body, mounting ring is arranged on the perforation of plate body body All edges so that annular besom can be with the perforation of covering plate body body, so, when falling into plate body from the arrowhead for connecting pushed section 152 When in the perforation of body, the annular besom of arrowhead contact silk.Due to silk quality is soft, the annular besom of arrowhead contact after silk Continue to decline in the presence of gravity, when by silk, silk is cleared away to the surface of arrowhead, i.e. table of the silk to arrowhead Face is carried out further desilting operation so that the soil of arrowhead surface residual can be cleared out comprehensively, to meet production The requirement of sale.
In order to which the arrowhead through receiver board 153 is collected into packaging, for example, the lower section of receiver board 153 is also along plate body sheet The perforation of body is provided with hollow cuboid so that arrowhead through plate body body perforation after under the guiding of hollow cuboid Fall into collecting box 154;For example, two lateral walls of hollow cuboid are additionally provided with hook, with facilitate using woven bag to through Arrowhead after the perforation of plate body body is collected packaging.
Each technical characteristic of embodiment described above can be combined arbitrarily, to make description succinct, not to above-mentioned reality Apply all possible combination of each technical characteristic in example to be all described, as long as however, the combination of these technical characteristics is not deposited In contradiction, the scope of this specification record is all considered to be.
Embodiment described above only expresses the several embodiments of the present invention, and it describes more specific and detailed, but simultaneously Can not therefore it be construed as limiting the scope of the patent.It should be pointed out that coming for one of ordinary skill in the art Say, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, various modifications and improvements can be made, these belong to the protection of the present invention Scope.Therefore, the protection domain of patent of the present invention should be determined by the appended claims.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of mechanized harvest device, including:Fuselage body, the wheel and head being arranged on the fuselage body, it is special Levy and be,
Mechanized harvest device also includes being arranged at the scoop abutted on the fuselage body and successively, mud-filtering part and discharging portion, The discharging portion connects the mud-filtering part, for collecting the arrowhead from the mud-filtering part;
The scoop includes scoop main body, is arranged at shovel head, separating mechanism and earth separation plate in the scoop main body, and set Conveyer in the scoop main body, the conveyer abuts the mud-filtering part;
Conveyer includes the first delivery unit and the second delivery unit mutually abutted;One end of first delivery unit abuts shovel Head, also, surface and the flush of shovel head of the first delivery unit;It is single that the other end of first delivery unit abuts the second transmission One end of member, also, the other end of second delivery unit away from the first delivery unit abuts mud-filtering part;
The scoop main body includes the plate body of L-type, and the plate body includes the first plate body close to ground side with being connected described the Second plate body of one plate body, also, first plate body and second plate body are at an angle,
The plate body is made of high-strength metal material;
A columnar fixed part is additionally provided with the fuselage body, a flat board is fixed for inserting;
The mud-filtering part includes the first filter mud unit and the second filter mud unit for abutting the first filter mud unit and setting Vibrating device inside the first filter mud unit and the second filter mud unit,
Described first filter mud unit one end abuts the one end of the second filter mud unit, to transmit from the second delivery unit Arrowhead, the vibrating device is used to make the soil on arrowhead is vibrated to come off;
The first filter mud unit includes the first filter mud band, first be installed on the first filter mud band every mud plate and opened up In the first filter mud hole on the first filter mud band, for accepting the arrowhead from the scoop and removing is attached to arrowhead surface Soil;
The discharging portion abuts the second filter mud unit, for collecting the arrowhead from the second filter mud unit;
Described first is strip and block every mud plate, and its width is equal with the width of the first filter mud band;
Described first is fixed on the first filter mud band every mud plate side, and opposite side protrudes from plane where the first filter mud band;
The first filter mud band includes the first epipelagic zone and the first underlying band of double-decker;
First epipelagic zone offers the first filter mud hole;
First underlying band is fixed on the first filter mud unit, and relatively described first underlying band of first epipelagic zone is followed Ring transmission is set;
The surface installation settings of relatively described first epipelagic zone of first underlying band has first with clearing function to wipe mud off cloth;
Described first cloth that wipes mud off is close to the first epipelagic zone, for when the relatively described first lower floor V belt translation fortune of first epipelagic zone The mud and moisture being attached on arrowhead are removed when dynamic;
The second filter mud unit is including the second filter mud band, second on the second filter mud band are every mud plate and open up The second filter mud hole on the second filter mud band, for further removing the soil being attached on arrowhead;
Described second is strip and block every mud plate, and its width is equal with the width of the second filter mud band, and each described second every mud plate Side is fixed on the second filter mud band, and opposite side protrudes from plane where the second filter mud band;
The second epipelagic zone and the second underlying band of the second filter mud band including double-decker, second epipelagic zone offer the Two filter mud holes, the surface installation settings of relatively described second epipelagic zone of second underlying band has second with clearing function to wipe mud off Cloth, described second cloth that wipes mud off is close to the second epipelagic zone.
2. mechanized harvest device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that first plate body and second plate body Set into 100 degree of angles.
3. mechanized harvest device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that first plate body and second plate body Using steel or hard alloy.
4. mechanized harvest device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the plane of the mud-filtering part is in level Face, angle of the discharging portion with the mud-filtering part into 120~145 degree is set, remote for arrowhead to be sent into the discharging portion From described mud-filtering part one end.
CN201410821122.7A 2014-12-20 2014-12-20 Mechanized harvest device Expired - Fee Related CN104521409B (en)

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CN106471988B (en) * 2016-10-20 2019-04-16 新昌县兴欧智能科技有限公司 A kind of arrowhead is with pulling out mushroom cut synthesization water surface job platform

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CN202222146U (en) * 2011-09-16 2012-05-23 吴殿明 Potato harvester
CN102918982A (en) * 2012-11-29 2013-02-13 甘肃省农业机械化技术推广总站 Tuber type crop excavating harvester
CN202818957U (en) * 2012-10-22 2013-03-27 崔彦奎 Plant rhizome harvester
CN103168547A (en) * 2012-12-13 2013-06-26 荣成市海山机械制造有限公司 Collector of peanuts grown in sand land
CN203523324U (en) * 2013-11-05 2014-04-09 郭立军 Underground plant rootstock harvesting machine
CN203691944U (en) * 2014-02-27 2014-07-09 东北大学秦皇岛分校 Combined water chestnut harvester

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20070001298U (en) * 2007-11-27 2007-12-17 (주)승리강건공업 the bulbousplant crop system
CN202222146U (en) * 2011-09-16 2012-05-23 吴殿明 Potato harvester
CN202818957U (en) * 2012-10-22 2013-03-27 崔彦奎 Plant rhizome harvester
CN102918982A (en) * 2012-11-29 2013-02-13 甘肃省农业机械化技术推广总站 Tuber type crop excavating harvester
CN103168547A (en) * 2012-12-13 2013-06-26 荣成市海山机械制造有限公司 Collector of peanuts grown in sand land
CN203523324U (en) * 2013-11-05 2014-04-09 郭立军 Underground plant rootstock harvesting machine
CN203691944U (en) * 2014-02-27 2014-07-09 东北大学秦皇岛分校 Combined water chestnut harvester

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