CN103168547A - Collector of peanuts grown in sand land - Google Patents

Collector of peanuts grown in sand land Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103168547A
CN103168547A CN2012105366049A CN201210536604A CN103168547A CN 103168547 A CN103168547 A CN 103168547A CN 2012105366049 A CN2012105366049 A CN 2012105366049A CN 201210536604 A CN201210536604 A CN 201210536604A CN 103168547 A CN103168547 A CN 103168547A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
side plate
rocking arm
transmission
plate
shovel
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2012105366049A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王进科
于力
王君光
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
RONGCHENG HAISHAN MACHINERY CO Ltd
Original Assignee
RONGCHENG HAISHAN MACHINERY CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by RONGCHENG HAISHAN MACHINERY CO Ltd filed Critical RONGCHENG HAISHAN MACHINERY CO Ltd
Priority to CN2012105366049A priority Critical patent/CN103168547A/en
Publication of CN103168547A publication Critical patent/CN103168547A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention relates to a collector of peanuts grown in sand land. According to the collector of the peanuts grown in the sand land, a transmission box is arranged on an installation frame, wherein a power input shaft, a power output shaft and a transmission part are arranged on the transmission box, a collection shovel is arranged at the front end of the installation frame, the collection shovel is composed of a rear side edge plate with an object outlet, a first side plate, a second side edge plate, a conveying plate and a lower shovel plate which is arranged in an inclined mode, and a soil sieve groove is formed in the lower shovel plate. Roller shafts with two spiral blades are rotatably supported on the plate bodies arranged on the two side edge plate bodies above the conveying plate, wherein the two spiral blades are opposite to each other in the rotation direction, and the roller shafts and a power output shaft achieve transmission through a transmission mechanism. Two swing arms are respectively and rotatably assembled at two ends of the roller shafts outside the two side edge plates, and a shifting wheel shaft with shifting teeth is supported on the two swing arms, and the shifting wheel shaft and the roller shaft achieve rotating in the same direction through the transmission mechanism. The collector of the peanuts grown in the sand land has the advantages of being reasonable in structure, reliable in utilization, high in collection speed, low in labor intensity of workers, and less in sandy soil attached to the peanuts and vines.

Description

A kind of sandy soil tibet milkwort root collector
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of harvester for peanut, the sandy soil tibet milkwort root collector of especially a kind of and machine for picking fruits tool or transport vehicle coupling.
Background technology
We know, peanut is the main economy of China and oil crop.Along with the expansion of peanut cultivation area, the mechanization of harvesting peanut in recent years is developed.Existing harvester for peanut is in results peanut process, normally by ploughshare, peanut is connected fruit and be with that stem is climing ploughs in the lump, then by clamping chain with on the climing laying device that is sent in the lump the harvester for peanut rear portion of peanut, stem, realize that the climing orderly lay of peanut and stem carries out airing 2~3 days on the field, to promote after-ripening and air-dry; After-ripening, air-dry peanut and stem are climing by manually being collected on the machine for picking fruits tool with hand-operated tools or on transport vehicle, carrying out machinery and pluck fruit or transport the threshing ground back.Thisly artificially collect that after-ripening, air-dry peanut and stem are climing exists that labour intensity is large, slow-footed deficiency.
After-ripening, air-dry peanut and stem is climing realizes that it is a problem demanding prompt solution that mechanization is collected, and this collects the peanut that machinery will adapt to the different soils plantation.
Summary of the invention
Artificially collect in prior art in order to overcome that after-ripening, air-dry peanut and stem are climing exists that labour intensity is large, slow-footed deficiency, the invention provides a kind of rational in infrastructure, service-strong sandy soil tibet milkwort root collector, this sandy soil tibet milkwort root collector and machine for picking fruits tool or transport vehicle coupling, gathering speed is fast, labor strength is low, peanut and the climing subsidiary sandy soil of stem few.
The technical scheme that technical solution problem of the present invention adopts is: a kind of sandy soil tibet milkwort root collector, and it comprises an installing rack, is fixed with connector in the rear end of this installing rack, it is characterized in that:
Fix a transmission case on described installing rack top, be equipped with a power input shaft and a power take-off on this transmission case, be provided with the driving member that connects power input shaft and power take-off in this transmission case;
fix one at the front end of described installing rack and collect shovel, this collection shovel is by a back side panel with object out hole, one first side plate, one second side plate, once shovel board and a delivery board form, described back side panel is fixedly connected with installing rack, described first side plate, the second side plate is separately fixed at the both sides front end of back side panel, described lower shovel board is fixed on the front end of first side plate and second side plate to the middle part, and certainly low paramount tilting, have some sieve soil boxs on lower shovel board, described delivery board is horizontally fixed on first side plate body and second side plate middle part between back side panel,
Rotational support one roll shaft on the first side plate above delivery board and second side plate, be fixed with the first relative helical blade of rotation direction, the second helical blade on described roll shaft, this first helical blade is corresponding with back-out end and the object out hole on back side panel of the second helical blade, and described roll shaft is realized transmission and rotating in same direction through the first transmission mechanism and described power take-off;
Be rotatably equipped with respectively the first rocking arm, the second rocking arm at the roll shaft two ends of stretching out first side plate, the second side plate outside, rotational support one thumb wheel axle, realize rotating in same direction between this thumb wheel beam warp the second transmission mechanism and described roll shaft on described the first rocking arm, the second rocking arm far-end;
Nonrotationally be equipped with on some circumferential surfaces the thumb wheel with moving tooth on described thumb wheel axle.
Be fixed with a gag lever post on described the first rocking arm and the second rocking arm, the edge mate of this gag lever post and first side plate body, second side plate is carried out descending spacing to the first rocking arm and the second rocking arm.
The present invention is provided with the installing rack with other mechanical couplings, be provided with transmission case on installing rack, power input, output shaft and driving member are arranged on transmission case, front end at installing rack is provided with the collection shovel, collect shovel and be by the back side panel that fixes, first side plate, second side plate and from low paramount tilting front end at the both sides side plate the lower shovel board to the middle part, be horizontally fixed on side plate middle part, both sides to the delivery board between back side panel, have object out hole on back side panel, have the sieve soil box on lower shovel board; Rotational support one is provided with the roll shaft of two relative helical blades of rotation direction on the dual-side plate body above delivery board, and roll shaft is realized transmission through transmission mechanism and power take-off; Assembling two rocking arms are rotated respectively at roll shaft two ends in the both sides side plate outside, and on two rocking arms, rotational support one with the thumb wheel axle of moving tooth, realizes rotating in same direction between thumb wheel beam warp transmission mechanism and roll shaft.The lower shovel board of the collection of advancing shovel will be laid in the after-ripening on the field, air-dry peanut scoops up with stem is climing, then be dialled on delivery board by the moving tooth that rotates, and then be drawn in by two helical blades on the roll shaft that rotates, and be pushed into the object out hole discharge on back side panel.The climing subsidiary sieve soil box of sandy soil on lower shovel board of peanut and stem screens out; The peanut that lower shovel board scoops up and stem are climing when too much, and peanut and stem be climing to be promoted two rocking arms through moving tooth, thumb wheel axle and rotate and float around roll shaft.That the present invention has advantages of is rational in infrastructure, it is reliable to use, gathering speed is fast, labor strength is low, peanut and the climing subsidiary sandy soil of stem few.
Description of drawings
The present invention will be further described below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural perspective of the present invention.
In figure: 1. installing rack, 2. connector, 3. power take-off, 4. power input shaft, 5. transmission case, 6. collect shovel, 601. back side panels, 6011. object out hole, 602. the first side plate, 603. second side plates, 604. times shovel boards, 6041. sieve soil boxs, 605. delivery board, 7. roll shaft, 801. first helical blades, 802. two helical blades, 9. the first transmission mechanism, 1001. first rocking arms, 1002. second rocking arms, 11. thumb wheel axles, 12. thumb wheel, 13. moving teeth, 14. second transmission mechanisms, 15. gag lever posts.
Embodiment
In Fig. 1, a kind of sandy soil tibet milkwort root collector, it comprises an installing rack 1, is fixed with connector 2 in the rear end of this installing rack 1, this connector 3 can be and other mechanical joining bolts, can be also the fork-shaped connector with other mechanical phase couplings.As shown in Figure 1, connector 2 is the fork-shaped connectors that weld mutually with installing rack.
In Fig. 1, fix a transmission case 5 on installing rack 1 top, rotate assembling one power input shaft 4 and a power take-off 3 by bearing on transmission case 5.
Be provided with the driving member that connects power input shaft 4 and power take-off 3 in transmission case 5.This driving member is chosen conventional straight-tooth gear or angular wheel according to the transmission position of power input, output shaft.Therefore the present embodiment selects angular wheel (not providing structure in figure) because realizing the break-in transmission between power take-off and power input shaft.
In Fig. 1, fix one at the front end of installing rack and collect shovel 6.
As shown in Figure 1, collect shovel 6 by a back side panel 601, a first side plate 602, a second side plate 603, shovel board 604 and a delivery board 605 form once.Wherein, back side panel 601 is fixedly connected with installing rack 1, has object out hole 6011 on it.First side plate 602, second side plate 603 are separately fixed at the both sides front end of back side panel 601.Lower shovel board 604 is fixed on the front end of first side plate 602, second side plate 603 to the middle part, and certainly low paramount tilting.Delivery board 605 is horizontally fixed on first side plate 602 and second side plate 603 middle parts between back side panel 601.
The size of as shown in Figure 1, looking plate body on lower shovel board 604 evenly has a plurality of sieve soil boxs 6041.In use procedure, the climing subsidiary sandy soil of peanut and stem are screened out by this sieve soil box 6041.
In Fig. 1, on the first side plate 602 above delivery board 605 and second side plate 603 by bearing rotational support one roll shaft 7, be fixed with the first relative helical blade 801 of rotation direction, the second helical blade 802 on roll shaft 7, this first helical blade 801 is corresponding with back-out end and the object out hole 6011 on back side panel of the second helical blade 802, and roll shaft 7 is realized transmission and rotating in same direction through the first transmission mechanism 9 with power take-off 3.
The first transmission mechanism 9 can be selected conventional band transmission, also can select conventional chain transmission.What as shown in Figure 1, first transmission mechanism 9 of the present embodiment adopted is conventional chain transmission.
In Fig. 1, be rotatably equipped with the first rocking arm 1001, the second rocking arm 1002 by bearing respectively at roll shaft 7 two ends of stretching out first side plate 602, second side plate 603 outsides.
By bearing rotational support one thumb wheel axle 11, nonrotationally be equipped with 11 thumb wheels 12 on thumb wheel axle 11 on the far-end of the first rocking arm 1001, the second rocking arm 1002, on the circumferential surface of thumb wheel 12 with moving tooth 13.Thumb wheel axle 11 is realized rotating in same direction between the second transmission mechanism 14 and roll shaft 7.
In use procedure, enter peanut between lower shovel board 604 and moving tooth 13 and stem climing when too much, peanut and stem be climing to be promoted two rocking arms 1001.1002 through moving tooth 13, thumb wheel 12, thumb wheel axle 11 and rotates and float around roll shaft 7.
The second transmission mechanism 14 can be selected conventional band transmission equally, also can select conventional chain transmission.As shown in Figure 1, second transmission mechanism 14 of the present embodiment is also to adopt conventional chain transmission.
Because the first rocking arm 1001 and the second rocking arm 1002 are free to rotate at roll shaft 7 two ends, descending excessively for preventing the first rocking arm 1001 and the second rocking arm 1002, as shown in Figure 1, be fixed with a gag lever post 15 on the first rocking arm 1001 and the second rocking arm 1002, the edge mate of this gag lever post 14 and first side plate 602, second side plate 603 is carried out descending spacing to the first rocking arm 1001 and the second rocking arm 1002.
When the present invention uses, the lower shovel board 604 of the collection of advancing shovel 6 will be laid on the field through after-ripening, air-dry peanut and stem is climing scoops up, dialled on delivery board 605 by the moving tooth 13 that rotates again, then drawn in by two helical blades 801 on the roll shaft 7 that rotates, 802, the object out hole 6011 that is pushed on back side panel 601 is discharged, and is collected into to carry out machinery on the machine for picking fruits tool and pluck on fruit or transport vehicle and transport the threshing ground back.
The present invention is rational in infrastructure, use is reliable, gathering speed is fast, labor strength is low.

Claims (2)

1. sandy soil tibet milkwort root collector, it comprises an installing rack, is fixed with connector in the rear end of this installing rack, it is characterized in that:
Fix a transmission case on described installing rack top, be equipped with a power input shaft and a power take-off on this transmission case, be provided with the driving member that connects power input shaft and power take-off in this transmission case;
fix one at the front end of described installing rack and collect shovel, this collection shovel is by a back side panel with object out hole, one first side plate, one second side plate, once shovel board and a delivery board form, described back side panel is fixedly connected with installing rack, described first side plate, the second side plate is separately fixed at the both sides front end of back side panel, described lower shovel board is fixed on the front end of first side plate and second side plate to the middle part, and certainly low paramount tilting, have some sieve soil boxs on lower shovel board, described delivery board is horizontally fixed on first side plate body and second side plate middle part between back side panel,
Rotational support one roll shaft on the first side plate above delivery board and second side plate, be fixed with the first relative helical blade of rotation direction, the second helical blade on described roll shaft, this first helical blade is corresponding with back-out end and the object out hole on back side panel of the second helical blade, and described roll shaft is realized transmission and rotating in same direction through the first transmission mechanism and described power take-off;
Be rotatably equipped with respectively the first rocking arm, the second rocking arm at the roll shaft two ends of stretching out first side plate, the second side plate outside, rotational support one thumb wheel axle, realize rotating in same direction between this thumb wheel beam warp the second transmission mechanism and described roll shaft on described the first rocking arm, the second rocking arm far-end;
Nonrotationally be equipped with on some circumferential surfaces the thumb wheel with moving tooth on described thumb wheel axle.
2. a kind of sandy soil tibet milkwort root collector according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: be fixed with a gag lever post on described the first rocking arm and the second rocking arm, the edge mate of this gag lever post and first side plate body, second side plate is carried out descending spacing to the first rocking arm and the second rocking arm.
CN2012105366049A 2012-12-13 2012-12-13 Collector of peanuts grown in sand land Pending CN103168547A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012105366049A CN103168547A (en) 2012-12-13 2012-12-13 Collector of peanuts grown in sand land

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012105366049A CN103168547A (en) 2012-12-13 2012-12-13 Collector of peanuts grown in sand land

Publications (1)

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CN103168547A true CN103168547A (en) 2013-06-26

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104521413A (en) * 2014-12-20 2015-04-22 陈桂粦 Sagittaria sagittifolia harvester
CN104521409A (en) * 2014-12-20 2015-04-22 陈桂粦 Mechanized harvesting device
CN104541736A (en) * 2014-12-20 2015-04-29 陈桂粦 Arrowhead mud filter
CN110268854A (en) * 2019-07-23 2019-09-24 郭青松 A kind of harvesting peanut device convenient for connection

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201004807Y (en) * 2007-02-23 2008-01-16 马纪连 Peanut combine
US20080295476A1 (en) * 2007-05-28 2008-12-04 Luiz Henrique Bertino Grain reaper
CN201238469Y (en) * 2008-01-22 2009-05-20 毕华敏 Backpack combine for harvesting peanut
CN102334409A (en) * 2010-07-19 2012-02-01 中国农业机械化科学研究院 Pickup conveyer and straw harvester comprising same
CN202396165U (en) * 2011-12-22 2012-08-29 杨居合 Self-walking type peanut harvester
CN203015456U (en) * 2012-12-13 2013-06-26 荣成市海山机械制造有限公司 Sand land peanut collector

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201004807Y (en) * 2007-02-23 2008-01-16 马纪连 Peanut combine
US20080295476A1 (en) * 2007-05-28 2008-12-04 Luiz Henrique Bertino Grain reaper
CN201238469Y (en) * 2008-01-22 2009-05-20 毕华敏 Backpack combine for harvesting peanut
CN102334409A (en) * 2010-07-19 2012-02-01 中国农业机械化科学研究院 Pickup conveyer and straw harvester comprising same
CN202396165U (en) * 2011-12-22 2012-08-29 杨居合 Self-walking type peanut harvester
CN203015456U (en) * 2012-12-13 2013-06-26 荣成市海山机械制造有限公司 Sand land peanut collector

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104521413A (en) * 2014-12-20 2015-04-22 陈桂粦 Sagittaria sagittifolia harvester
CN104521409A (en) * 2014-12-20 2015-04-22 陈桂粦 Mechanized harvesting device
CN104541736A (en) * 2014-12-20 2015-04-29 陈桂粦 Arrowhead mud filter
CN104521409B (en) * 2014-12-20 2017-09-05 陈桂粦 Mechanized harvest device
CN110268854A (en) * 2019-07-23 2019-09-24 郭青松 A kind of harvesting peanut device convenient for connection

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Application publication date: 20130626