CN104389349A - Novel house capable of being fast disassembled and assembled and assembling method thereof - Google Patents

Novel house capable of being fast disassembled and assembled and assembling method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104389349A
CN104389349A CN201410717429.2A CN201410717429A CN104389349A CN 104389349 A CN104389349 A CN 104389349A CN 201410717429 A CN201410717429 A CN 201410717429A CN 104389349 A CN104389349 A CN 104389349A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
angle steel
roof
roof truss
steel
collar tie
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CN201410717429.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104389349B (en
Inventor
白世和
汪庆宝
高杰
张丙文
高文锋
李春燕
朱东彬
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山东双得利建设科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201410717429.2A priority Critical patent/CN104389349B/en
Publication of CN104389349A publication Critical patent/CN104389349A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104389349B publication Critical patent/CN104389349B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a novel house capable of being fast disassembled and assembled and an assembling method thereof. The novel house comprises a wall. The lower portion of the wall is connected with ground ring beam angle iron. The upper portion of the wall is connected with top ring beam angle iron. One side of the top ring beam angle iron is connected with a flat roof. A waterproof layer is disposed on the flat roof. The upper portion of one side of the top ring beam angle iron is connected with a house frame. An inclined roof is disposed on the house frame. A waterproof layer covers the inclined roof. The wall, the flat roof and the inclined roof are formed by a plurality of wall module units which are connected in a threaded manner. The ground ring beam angle iron and the top ring beam angle iron are of an angle iron structure. The wall module units are connected with the ground ring beam angle iron and the top ring beam angle iron through threads. The wall module units are spliced to form a door opening and window openings. The wall module units above and below the door opening and the window openings are respectively connected with the wall module units on the outer sides of the door opening and the window openings through angle fixing angle iron in a threaded and matched manner. The novel house is convenient to assemble and disassemble, fast in construction and recyclable.

Description

Can fast dismantling except, assembling novel house and assemble method

Technical field

The present invention relates to house manufacture technology field, particularly relate to a kind of can fast dismantling except, assembling novel house and assemble method.

Background technology

Need to build, adopt easy house in many occasions in prior art, room structure is detachably used in some employings, and its structure major part is iron sheet board house, and the shortcoming of existence is insulation, heat insulation, soundproof effect is poor.Also employing is had to live alone type lightly constructed and simply equipped building structure in prior art, this structure is mostly the brick house or cement brick house that common brick builds by laying bricks or stones, the defect that this structure exists is, not only be incubated, heat insulation, soundproof effect is poor, and at substantial common brick, cement brick, comparatively serious to land resource type, simultaneously non-dismountable or can not again utilize.

Summary of the invention

Object of the present invention be exactly for solve prior art exist the problems referred to above, provide a kind of can fast dismantling except, assembling novel house; Body of wall of the present invention, flat roof deck, Sloping roof all adopt the modular structure of wall body module, be convenient to workman's skilled operation, easy accessibility, technique is simple, is very easy to construction, accelerates construction speed, adopt screw to connect simultaneously, reusable edible, considerably reduces the wasting of resources, is specially adapted to dismountable, the office of assembling, live alone temporary house or permanent house.

The present invention also provide a kind of can fast dismantling except the assemble method of novel house of, assembling.

The technical scheme of technical solution problem of the present invention is:

One can be removed by fast dismantling, the novel house of assembling, comprise body of wall, described body of wall bottom and ground collar tie beam Bolted angle connection, top and top collar tie beam Bolted angle connection, ground collar tie beam angle steel is positioned on smooth hard ground, top collar tie beam angle steel one upper lateral part is connected with flat roof deck, flat roof deck is provided with waterproofing course, top collar tie beam angle steel one upper lateral part is connected with roof truss, Sloping roof is provided with above roof truss, Sloping roof surface coverage waterproofing course, described body of wall, flat roof deck, Sloping roof is connected to form by threaded engagement by multiple wall body module unit, described ground collar tie beam angle steel, top collar tie beam angle steel adopts steel angle structure, described wall body module unit and ground collar tie beam angle steel, connected by threaded engagement between the collar tie beam angle steel of top, described wall body module unit is spliced to form door opening on body of wall, window opening, described door opening, the top of window opening, lower wall body modular unit respectively with door opening, the left side of window opening, the wall body module unit on right side fixes angle steel by bight and threaded engagement connects, in corresponding door opening, security door is installed, Double-layer Plastic steel sash is installed in window opening.

Described wall body module unit comprises C-type steel framework, bottom gauze wire cloth, extruded sheet, upper strata gauze wire cloth, surface mortar layer, C-type steel framework and ground collar tie beam, connected by threaded engagement between the collar tie beam of top, described C-type steel framework forms rectangular frame by four C-type steel successively head and the tail welding, the notch of C-type steel inwardly, extruded sheet is located in the inner chamber of rectangular frame, bottom gauze wire cloth is welded with the C-type steel of extruded sheet side by welding, every root steel wire is connected with the spot welding of C-type steel contact position, upper strata gauze wire cloth is connected with the C-type steel of extruded sheet opposite side by welding, at the both sides of extruded sheet and bottom gauze wire cloth, surface mortar layer smeared by upper strata gauze wire cloth.

Described roof truss comprises roof truss and to wind up angle steel, roof truss lower edge angle steel, wind up angle steel, roof truss lower edge angle splice joint of roof truss becomes an isosceles triangle roof truss, roof truss C-type steel purlin and roof truss wind up Bolted angle connection, to wind up angle steel at wind up angle steel and roof truss of roof truss respectively, between roof truss lower edge angle steel and roof truss lower edge angle steel, connector is set, connector is evenly arranged at a certain distance, and winding up to be provided with between string between angle steel and roof truss lower edge angle steel at roof truss supports.

Be provided with additional tie members between described roof truss and top collar tie beam angle steel, wherein roof truss welds with additional tie members, and additional tie members is connected by self-tapping screw with top collar tie beam angle steel; Roof truss winds up between angle steel and roof truss C-type steel purlin and is provided with additional junction plate, and wherein additional junction plate and the roof truss angle steel that winds up welds, and roof truss C-type steel purlin and additional junction plate adopt self-tapping screw to be connected.

Between two top collar tie beam angle steel of described perpendicular abutment, inner side is provided with bight and fixes angle steel, and the biside plate that angle steel is fixed in bight is connected by self-tapping screw with two top collar tie beam angle steel respectively; The inner side of ground collar tie beam angle steel is provided with bight and fixes angle steel, and ground collar tie beam angle steel and bight are fixed angle steel and be connected and fixed by self-tapping screw, and body of wall is adjacent to the facade of ground collar tie beam angle steel.

The side, front, rear, left and right of described Sloping roof stretches out metope 200mm respectively, and the periphery of flat roof deck stretches out metope 200mm, and it is closely knit that the gap everywhere of body of wall and body of wall, roof panel etc. adopts gap filler to fill.

Can fast dismantling except the assemble method of novel house of, assembling, described house comprises body of wall, roof truss, and body of wall side is provided with security door, Double-layer Plastic steel sash, and body of wall top is provided with flat roof deck, and roof truss is provided with Sloping roof, comprises the following steps:

1) ground is tamped hard smooth, ground collar tie beam angle steel is docked mutually and is positioned on ground, fix angle steel in placement bight, inner side, with self-tapping screw, ground collar tie beam angle steel and bight are fixed angle steel and be connected and fixed;

2) body of wall is positioned on ground collar tie beam angle steel, body of wall is adjacent to the facade of ground collar tie beam angle steel;

3) described body of wall is connected to form by self-tapping screw by wall body module unit;

4) wall body module unit is spliced to form door opening, window opening mutually, adopts self-tapping screw to connect between wall body module unit; Add bight in bight and fix angle steel, with self-tapping screw, itself and wall body module unit are fixed;

5) at placement top, the top collar tie beam angle steel of body of wall, place bight therein and fix angle steel, with self-tapping screw, angle steel and top collar tie beam angle steel fixation are fixed in bight;

6), between the unit module of body of wall and ground collar tie beam angle steel, top collar tie beam angle steel, connected by self-tapping screw, self-tapping screw is evenly arranged at a certain distance;

7) on the collar tie beam angle steel of top, roof truss is placed;

8) roof truss and additional tie members are welded to connect;

9) by additional tie members and top collar tie beam angle steel, self-tapping screw is adopted to connect;

10) angle steel that additional junction plate and roof truss winded up is welded to connect;

11) by roof truss C-type steel purlin and additional junction plate, self-tapping screw is adopted to connect;

12) Sloping roof is connected to form by self-tapping screw successively by wall body module unit, by Sloping roof handling on roof truss C section steel purlin, and adopts self-tapping screw both to be combined firmly, Sloping roof and roof truss is adopted self-tapping screw stickfast at a certain distance simultaneously;

13) metope 200mm is stretched out in the side, front, rear, left and right of Sloping roof, and Sloping roof surface coverage is kept off the rain watt;

14) flat roof deck is connected to form by self-tapping screw by wall body module unit, by flat roof deck handling on body of wall, and adopts self-tapping screw both to be combined firmly;

15) periphery of flat roof deck is stretched out metope 200mm, play rain cover effect, the double-deck SBS waterproof roll of flat roof deck surface mount;

16) gap filler is adopted to fill in the gap everywhere of body of wall and body of wall, roof panel etc. closely knit;

17) in corresponding door opening, security door is installed, Double-layer Plastic steel sash is installed in window opening;

Described step 3) wall body module unit comprise C-type steel framework, bottom gauze wire cloth, extruded sheet, upper strata gauze wire cloth, surface mortar layer, its sequence of construction is:

1) C-type steel is docked mutually, and by notch inwardly, junction is welded to connect;

2) bottom gauze wire cloth is covered on the side of the C-type steel welded, every root steel wire is connected with the spot welding of C-type steel contact position;

3) extruded sheet is filled in superincumbent cavity;

4) cover upper strata gauze wire cloth at the upper surface of extruded sheet, every root steel wire of upper strata gauze wire cloth is connected with the spot welding of C-type steel contact point;

5) surface mortar layer is smeared up and down at wall body module unit.

Described step 7) roof truss to be winded up angle steel by roof truss, roof truss lower edge angle steel, connector, composition is supported between string, see figure, its sequence of construction is: the angle steel that winded up by four roof trusses, two roof truss lower edge angle steel, be spliced into an isosceles triangle roof truss, and wind up angle steel and roof truss lower edge angle steel of roof truss is put by an orientation; Winding up and winding up, arrange connector respectively between lower edge and lower chord, connector is evenly arranged at a certain distance; Arrange between chord member between string and support, support between string and be evenly arranged at a certain distance.

Beneficial effect of the present invention:

1. body of wall of the present invention, flat roof deck, Sloping roof adopt wall body module cellular structure, and surrounding is the D structure of C-type steel, C-type steel, ensure that itself and surrounding structure, can be connected by effective nail joint.Body of wall, flat roof deck, Sloping roof all adopt the modular structure of wall body module simultaneously, be convenient to workman's skilled operation, accelerating construction progress, mostly thread connecting mode is adopted between each link, technique is simple, is very easy to construction, accelerates construction speed, adopt simultaneously and be threaded, be also highly advantageous to convenient disassembly.

2. body of wall of the present invention adopts self-tapping screw to be connected with between ground collar tie beam angle steel, top collar tie beam angle steel, top collar tie beam angle steel is connected with adopting self-tapping screw between roof truss, self-tapping screw is adopted to be connected between roof truss with roof truss C-type steel purlin, roof truss C-type steel purlin and Sloping roof, self-tapping screw is adopted to be connected between Sloping roof with roof truss, during housing construction, after body of wall has divided exterior contour according to concrete position, just can be assembled successively according to sequence of steps of the present invention, can accelerating construction progress greatly.

3. the advantage of the modular structure of wall body module of the present invention is; middle certain thickness extruded sheet, effectively can play function of heat insulation, the gauze wire cloth that two sides are put; can effectively bear level and vertical load; play the effect of " human skeleton ", screed is smeared in two sides, effectively can transmit the power of gauze wire cloth; the protection of resistance rust is played to reinforcing bar; play flameproof protection to inner extruded sheet, the structure of body of wall is convenient to pick the cutter hole such as hole to be provided, electric wire box, easy construction.

4. collar tie beam angle steel inside in the present invention ground adopts bight to fix Bolted angle connection, and collar tie beam angle steel inside in top adopts bight to fix Bolted angle connection, ensure that integrally-built rigidity, level and vertical stability; Roof truss is not direct and top collar tie beam angle steel is welded to connect, but be welded to connect with additional tie members, additional tie members adopts self-tapping screw to be connected with top collar tie beam angle steel, thus when avoiding dismounting, damage roof truss and top collar tie beam angle steel, roof truss is not direct and roof truss C-type steel purlin is welded to connect, but be welded to connect with additional junction plate, additional junction plate is connected by self-tapping screw with roof truss C-type steel purlin, thus when avoiding dismounting, damage roof truss and purlin.

5. the structure of Sloping roof of the present invention can increase indoor pure space, is beneficial to roof drainage, the structure of flat roof deck, is convenient on roofing, place solar facilities, satellite TV signal receiving system etc., is applicable to modernization family and field use.

6. structure of the present invention is when removing, and by removing self-tapping screw, most of component can be divided into relatively independent component, when again assembling, construction is rapid, during dismounting, only have self-tapping screw and part ironware to belong to easily-consumed products, other reusable edibles, considerably reduce the wasting of resources.

7, by adopting the additional junction plate of structure of the present invention, make the upper surface flush of roof truss C-type steel purlin and roof truss, thus ensure flushing of room panel structure, be convenient to install.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the structural representation inventing detachable house;

Fig. 2 is ground collar tie beam syndeton schematic diagram;

Fig. 3 is the unit module structural representation of body of wall;

Fig. 4 is body of wall and window opening intersection structural representation;

Fig. 5 is body of wall and door opening intersection structural representation;

Fig. 6 is top collar tie beam fixed structure schematic diagram each other;

Fig. 7 is roof truss composition structural representation;

Fig. 8 is the modes of emplacement structural representation of the upper and lower chord member of roof truss;

Fig. 9 is roof truss and wall connecting node structure schematic diagram;

Figure 10 is roof truss purline and roof truss syndeton schematic diagram;

Figure 11 is the a-a sectional structure schematic diagram of Figure 10;

Figure 12 is ground collar tie beam, syndeton schematic diagram between top beam and wall element module;

Figure 13 is the a-a sectional structure schematic diagram of Figure 12.

Detailed description of the invention

In order to understand the present invention better, explain embodiments of the present invention in detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.

As shown in figure 1 to figure 13, one can be removed by fast dismantling, the novel house of assembling, comprise body of wall 1, described body of wall 1 bottom is connected with ground collar tie beam angle steel 6, top is connected with top collar tie beam, ground collar tie beam angle steel 6 is positioned on smooth hard ground, top, collar tie beam side, top is connected with flat roof deck 4, flat roof deck 4 is provided with pastes double-deck SBS waterproof roll, top, collar tie beam side, top is connected with roof truss 15, Sloping roof 5 is provided with above roof truss, Sloping roof 5 surface coverage is kept off the rain watt, described body of wall 1, flat roof deck 4, Sloping roof 5 is connected to form by self-tapping screw by multiple wall body module unit 23, described ground collar tie beam angle steel 6, top collar tie beam angle steel 9 adopts steel angle structure, described wall body module unit and ground collar tie beam angle steel 6, connected by self-tapping screw between top collar tie beam angle steel 9, self-tapping screw is evenly arranged at a certain distance, described wall body module unit is spliced to form door opening 25 on body of wall, window opening 24.

The top of described door opening, lower wall body modular unit fixes angle steel 7 with the left side of door opening, the wall body module unit on right side by bight respectively and self-tapping screw 8 threaded engagement is connected, the top of described window opening, lower wall body modular unit fixes angle steel 7 with the left side of window opening, the wall body module unit on right side by bight respectively and self-tapping screw 8 threaded engagement is connected, to keep rigidity and the stability in the vertical bight of door, window, see Fig. 4, in corresponding door opening 25, security door 2 is installed, in window opening 24, Double-layer Plastic steel sash 3 is installed.

Described wall body module unit comprises C-type steel framework 10, bottom gauze wire cloth 11, extruded sheet 12, upper strata gauze wire cloth 13, surface mortar layer 14, C-type steel framework 10 is connected by self-tapping screw with between ground collar tie beam angle steel 6, top collar tie beam angle steel 9, and self-tapping screw is evenly arranged at a certain distance, see Figure 12, Figure 13; Described C-type steel framework 10 forms rectangular frame by four C-type steel successively head and the tail welding, the notch of C-type steel inwardly, extruded sheet 12 is located in the inner chamber of rectangular frame, bottom gauze wire cloth 11 is connected with the C-type steel of extruded sheet 12 side by welding, every root steel wire is connected with the spot welding of C-type steel contact position, upper strata gauze wire cloth 13 is connected with the C-type steel of extruded sheet 12 opposite side by welding, and surface mortar layer 14 smeared by the both sides of extruded sheet 12 and bottom gauze wire cloth 11, upper strata gauze wire cloth 13.

Described roof truss 15 comprises roof truss and to wind up angle steel 16, roof truss lower edge angle steel 17, as shown in Figure 7,4 roof trusses angle steel 16,2 roof truss lower edge angle steel 17 that wind up are spliced into an isosceles triangle roof truss, and wind up angle steel 16, roof truss lower edge angle steel 17 of roof truss is put according to recess mode inwards, sees Fig. 8; For ensureing that the integral level of roof truss chord member is stablized, wind up between angle steel 16 arrange connector 18 at wind up angle steel 16 and roof truss of roof truss, between roof truss lower edge angle steel 17 and roof truss lower edge angle steel 17, arrange connector 18, connector 18 is evenly arranged at a certain distance; For ensureing the vertical monolithic stability of roof truss chord member, winding up to be provided with between string between angle steel 16 and roof truss lower edge angle steel 17 at roof truss supports 19, and between string, support 19 is evenly arranged by preset space length, sees Fig. 7.Sloping roof 5 handling is on roof truss C-type steel purlin 21, and connected by self-tapping screw and combine firmly by both, Sloping roof 5 and roof truss 15 adopt the stickfast at a certain distance of 8 self-tapping screws simultaneously.

Between roof truss 15 and top collar tie beam angle steel 9, be provided with additional tie members 20, wherein roof truss 15 welds with additional tie members 20, and additional tie members 20 is connected by 8 self-tapping screws with top collar tie beam angle steel 9, as shown in Figure 9; Roof truss winds up between angle steel 16 and roof truss C-type steel purlin 21 and is provided with additional junction plate 22, and wherein additional junction plate 22 and the roof truss angle steel 16 that winds up welds, and roof truss C-type steel purlin 21 adopts 8 self-tapping screws to be connected with additional junction plate 22, sees Figure 10;

For preventing mutual rotation between the collar tie beam of top, whereabouts, between two top collar tie beam angle steel 9 of perpendicular abutment, inner side is provided with bight and fixes angle steel 7, and the biside plate that angle steel 7 is fixed in bight is connected by self-tapping screw 8 with two top collar tie beam angle steel respectively, sees Fig. 6; The inner side of ground collar tie beam angle steel 6 is provided with bight and fixes angle steel 7, and ground collar tie beam angle steel 6 and bight are fixed angle steel 7 and be connected and fixed by self-tapping screw 8, see Fig. 2; Body of wall 1 is adjacent to the facade of ground collar tie beam angle steel 6, sees Figure 13.

For preventing rainwater from pouring into indoor from the bonding crack of 5 Sloping roof and 1 body of wall, the side, front, rear, left and right of Sloping roof 5 stretches out metope 200mm respectively, plays rain cover effect, and 5 Sloping roof surface coverage are kept off the rain watt; For preventing rainwater from pouring into indoor from flat roof deck 4 and the bonding crack of body of wall 1, the periphery of flat roof deck 4 being stretched out metope 200mm, plays rain cover effect, the double-deck SBS waterproof roll of flat roof deck 4 surface mount; It is closely knit that the gap everywhere of body of wall and body of wall, roof panel etc. adopts gap filler to fill.

Can fast dismantling except the assemble method of novel house of, assembling, described house comprises body of wall 1, roof truss 15, and body of wall 1 side is provided with security door 2, Double-layer Plastic steel sash 3, and body of wall top is provided with flat roof deck 4, and roof truss is provided with Sloping roof 5, comprises the following steps:

Described house comprises body of wall 1, security door 2, Double-layer Plastic steel sash 3, flat roof deck 4, Sloping roof 5, roof truss 15, sees Fig. 1, comprises the following steps:

1) ground is tamped hard smooth, by ground collar tie beam angle steel 6 mutually docking be positioned on ground, fix angle steel 7 in placement bight, inner side, with self-tapping screw 8, angle steel 7 fixed in ground collar tie beam angle steel 6 and bight and be connected and fixed, see Fig. 2;

2) body of wall 1 is positioned on ground collar tie beam angle steel 6, body of wall 1 is adjacent to the facade of ground collar tie beam angle steel 6, sees Figure 13;

3) described body of wall 1 is connected to form by self-tapping screw 8 by 23 wall body module unit;

4) wall body module unit is spliced to form door opening 25, window opening 24 mutually, adopts self-tapping screw 8 to connect, see Fig. 4, Fig. 5 between wall body module unit; For keeping the rigidity in bight and stability, adding bight in bight and fixing angle steel 7, and with self-tapping screw 8, angle steel 7 and 23 wall body module unit is fixed in bight and fix, see Fig. 4;

5) at placement top, the top collar tie beam angle steel 9 of body of wall 1, for preventing mutual rotation between the collar tie beam of top, whereabouts, placing bight therein and fixing angle steel 7, and with self-tapping screw 8, angle steel 7 and top collar tie beam angle steel 9 fixation being fixed in bight, seeing Fig. 6;

6) unit module of body of wall 1 and ground collar tie beam angle steel 6, and between top collar tie beam angle steel 9, connected by self-tapping screw, self-tapping screw is evenly arranged at a certain distance, sees Figure 12;

7) on top collar tie beam 9, roof truss 15 is placed;

8) roof truss 15 and additional tie members 20 are welded to connect, see Fig. 9;

9) by additional tie members 20 and top collar tie beam angle steel 9, self-tapping screw 8 is adopted to connect;

10) angle steel 16 that additional junction plate 22 and roof truss winded up is welded to connect, and sees Figure 10;

11) by roof truss C-type steel purlin 21 and additional junction plate 22, adopt self-tapping screw 8 to connect, see Figure 10;

12) Sloping roof 5 is connected to form by self-tapping screw 8 successively by wall body module unit, by Sloping roof 5 handling on roof truss C-type steel purlin 21, and adopt self-tapping screw 8 both to be combined firmly, Sloping roof 5 and roof truss 15 are adopted self-tapping screw 8 stickfast at a certain distance simultaneously;

13) for preventing rainwater from pouring into indoor from Sloping roof 5 and the bonding crack of body of wall 1, metope 200mm is stretched out in the side, front, rear, left and right of Sloping roof 5, plays rain cover effect, and Sloping roof 5 surface coverage is kept off the rain watt;

14) flat roof deck 4 is connected to form by self-tapping screw 8 by wall body module unit, by flat roof deck 4 handling on body of wall, and adopts self-tapping screw 8 both to be combined firmly;

15) for preventing rainwater from pouring into indoor from flat roof deck 4 and the bonding crack of body of wall 1, the periphery of flat roof deck 4 being stretched out metope 200mm, plays rain cover effect, the double-deck SBS waterproof roll of flat roof deck 4 surface mount;

16) gap filler is adopted to fill in the gap everywhere of body of wall and body of wall, roof panel etc. closely knit;

17) in corresponding door opening, security door is installed, Double-layer Plastic steel sash is installed in window opening;

Described step 3 23 wall body module unit comprise C-type steel framework 10, bottom gauze wire cloth 11, extruded sheet 12, upper strata gauze wire cloth 13, surface mortar layer 14, its sequence of construction is:

1. C-type steel is docked mutually, and by notch inwardly, junction is welded to connect;

2. bottom gauze wire cloth 11 is covered on the side of the C-type steel framework 10 welded, every root steel wire is connected with the spot welding of C-type steel contact position;

3. 12 extruded sheets are filled in superincumbent cavity;

4. cover 13 upper strata gauze wire cloths at the upper surface of 12 extruded sheets, every root steel wire of 13 upper strata gauze wire cloths is connected with the spot welding of 10C structural steel frame contact point;

5. 14 surface mortar layers are smeared up and down at wall body module.

The roof truss 15 of described step 7 to be winded up angle steel 16 by roof truss, roof truss lower edge angle steel 17, connector 18, and support 19 compositions between string, see Fig. 7, its sequence of construction is:

1. wind up 4 roof trusses angle steel 16,2 roof truss lower edge angle steel 17, and be spliced into an isosceles triangle roof truss, the recess mode inwards of wind up angle steel 16 and roof truss lower edge angle steel 17 is put, and sees Fig. 8;

2. for ensureing that the integral level of roof truss chord member is stablized, between chord member, arrange connector 18, connector 18 is evenly arranged at a certain distance;

3. for ensureing the vertical monolithic stability of roof truss chord member, arranging between chord member between string and supporting 19, support 19 between string and be evenly arranged at a certain distance.

Operating principle of the present invention

1, self-tapping screw is adopted to connect

Body of wall 1 in this technology adopts self-tapping screw to be connected with between ground collar tie beam angle steel 6, top collar tie beam angle steel 9; Top collar tie beam angle steel 9 is connected with adopting self-tapping screw 8 between roof truss 15; Self-tapping screw 8 is adopted to be connected between roof truss 15 with roof truss C-type steel purlin 21; Roof truss C-type steel purlin 21 adopts self-tapping screw to be connected with Sloping roof 5; Component adopts self-tapping screw to connect mostly, and technique is simple, is very easy to construction, accelerates construction speed.Adopt screw to connect, be also highly advantageous to convenient disassembly simultaneously.

2, collar tie beam angle steel 6 inside adopts bight to fix angle steel 7 and connect, and collar tie beam angle steel 9 inside in top adopts bight to fix angle steel 7 to connect, thus ensure that integrally-built rigidity and level, vertical stability.

3, roof truss 15 is not directly be welded to connect with top collar tie beam angle steel 9, but is welded to connect with additional tie members 20, and additional tie members 20 adopts self-tapping screw to be connected with top collar tie beam angle steel 9, thus when avoiding dismounting, damages roof truss and top collar tie beam.

4, roof truss is not directly be welded to connect with roof truss C-type steel purlin 21, but is welded to connect with additional junction plate 22, and additional junction plate 22 is connected by 8 self-tapping screws with roof truss C-type steel purlin 21, thus when avoiding dismounting, damages roof truss and purlin.

5, during housing construction, after body of wall has divided exterior contour according to concrete position, more assembled successively according to the order of illustration 3, can accelerating construction progress greatly.

6, the advantage of the modular structure of wall body module is first: the certain thickness extruded sheet 12 of middle placement, effectively can play function of heat insulation.Second: two sides put bottom gauze wire cloth 11 respectively, extruded sheet 12, upper strata gauze wire cloth 13, can effectively bear level and vertical load, play the effect of " human skeleton ".3rd: screed is smeared in two sides, effectively can transmit the power of gauze wire cloth, the protection of resistance rust be played to reinforcing bar, flameproof protection is played to inner extruded sheet.4th: this structure of body of wall, can be convenient to pick the cutter hole such as hole to be provided, electric wire box, easy construction.

7, body of wall, flat roof deck, Sloping roof all adopt and are constructed by wall body module unit 23 formula of similar body of wall, are convenient to workman's skilled operation, accelerating construction progress.

8, the structure of Sloping roof can increase indoor pure space, is beneficial to roof drainage.The structure of flat roof deck, is convenient on roofing, place solar facilities, satellite TV signal receiving system etc., is applicable to modernization family or field use.

When 9, removing, by removing self-tapping screw, most of component can be divided into relatively independent component, when again assembling, construction rapidly.

When 10, removing, self-tapping screw and part ironware is only had to belong to easily-consumed products, other reusable edibles.Considerably reduce the wasting of resources.

11, two components that the self-tapping screw 8 in this house connects are all ironwares, and when two component inequalities that self-tapping screw connects are ironwares, its anchoring effect can reduce greatly.

12, the surrounding of wall body module unit is the D structure of C-type steel framework 10, C-type steel and C-type steel framework 10, ensure that it contacts with surrounding structure solid, can be connected, ensure anchoring effect by effective nail joint.

By reference to the accompanying drawings the detailed description of the invention of invention is described although above-mentioned; but not limiting the scope of the invention; on the basis of technical scheme of the present invention, those skilled in the art do not need to pay various amendment or distortion that creative work can make still within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. one kind can be removed by fast dismantling, the novel house of assembling, comprise body of wall, it is characterized in that, described body of wall bottom and ground collar tie beam Bolted angle connection, top and top collar tie beam Bolted angle connection, ground collar tie beam angle steel is positioned on smooth hard ground, top collar tie beam angle steel one upper lateral part is connected with flat roof deck, flat roof deck is provided with waterproofing course, top collar tie beam angle steel one upper lateral part is connected with roof truss, Sloping roof is provided with above roof truss, Sloping roof surface coverage waterproofing course, described body of wall, flat roof deck, Sloping roof is connected to form by threaded engagement by multiple wall body module unit, described ground collar tie beam angle steel, top collar tie beam angle steel adopts steel angle structure, described wall body module unit and ground collar tie beam angle steel, connected by threaded engagement between the collar tie beam angle steel of top, described wall body module unit is spliced to form door opening on body of wall, window opening, described door opening, the top of window opening, the wall body module unit of lower wall body respectively with door opening, wall body module unit outside window opening fixes angle steel by bight and threaded engagement connects, in corresponding door opening, security door is installed, Double-layer Plastic steel sash is installed in window opening.
2. can remove by fast dismantling as claimed in claim 1, the novel house of assembling, it is characterized in that, described wall body module unit comprises C-type steel framework, bottom gauze wire cloth, extruded sheet, upper strata gauze wire cloth, surface mortar layer, C-type steel and ground collar tie beam, connected by threaded engagement between the collar tie beam of top, described C-type steel framework forms rectangular frame by four C-type steel successively head and the tail welding, the notch of C-type steel inwardly, extruded sheet is located in the inner chamber of rectangular frame, bottom gauze wire cloth is welded with the C-type steel of extruded sheet side by welding, every root steel wire is connected with the spot welding of C-type steel contact position, upper strata gauze wire cloth is connected with the C-type steel of extruded sheet opposite side by welding, at the both sides of extruded sheet and bottom gauze wire cloth, surface mortar layer smeared by upper strata gauze wire cloth.
3. as claimed in claim 1 can fast dismantling except, assembling novel house, it is characterized in that, described roof truss comprises roof truss and to wind up angle steel, roof truss lower edge angle steel, wind up angle steel, roof truss lower edge angle splice joint of roof truss becomes an isosceles triangle roof truss, C-type steel purlin and roof truss wind up Bolted angle connection, wind up between angle steel at wind up angle steel and roof truss of roof truss, between roof truss lower edge angle steel and roof truss lower edge angle steel, connector is set respectively, connector is evenly arranged at a certain distance, and winding up to be provided with between string between angle steel and roof truss lower edge angle steel at roof truss supports.
4. as claimed in claim 1 can fast dismantling except, assembling novel house, it is characterized in that, between roof truss and top collar tie beam angle steel, be provided with additional tie members, wherein roof truss welds with additional tie members, and additional tie members is connected by self-tapping screw with top collar tie beam angle steel; Roof truss winds up between angle steel and roof truss C-type steel purlin and is provided with additional junction plate, and wherein additional junction plate and the roof truss angle steel that winds up welds, and adds junction plate and adopts self-tapping screw to be connected with roof truss C-type steel purlin.
5. as claimed in claim 1 can fast dismantling except, assembling novel house, it is characterized in that, between two top collar tie beam angle steel of perpendicular abutment, inner side is provided with bight and fixes angle steel, and the biside plate that angle steel is fixed in bight is connected by self-tapping screw with two top collar tie beam angle steel respectively; The inner side of ground collar tie beam angle steel is provided with bight and fixes angle steel, and ground collar tie beam angle steel and bight are fixed angle steel and be connected and fixed by self-tapping screw, and body of wall is adjacent to the facade of ground collar tie beam angle steel.
6. as claimed in claim 1 can fast dismantling except, assembling novel house, it is characterized in that, the side, front, rear, left and right of Sloping roof stretches out metope 200mm respectively, and the periphery of flat roof deck stretches out metope 200mm, and it is closely knit that the gap everywhere of body of wall and body of wall, roof panel etc. adopts gap filler to fill.
7. can fast dismantling except the assemble method of novel house of, assembling, described house comprises body of wall, roof truss, and body of wall side is provided with security door, Double-layer Plastic steel sash, and body of wall top is provided with flat roof deck, and roof truss is provided with Sloping roof, comprises the following steps:
1) ground is tamped hard smooth, ground collar tie beam angle steel is docked mutually and is positioned on ground, fix angle steel in placement bight, inner side, with self-tapping screw, ground collar tie beam angle steel and bight are fixed angle steel and be connected and fixed;
2) body of wall is positioned on ground collar tie beam angle steel, body of wall is adjacent to the facade of ground collar tie beam angle steel;
3) described body of wall is connected to form by self-tapping screw by wall body module unit;
4) wall body module unit is spliced to form door opening, window opening mutually, adopts self-tapping screw to connect between wall body module unit; Add bight in bight and fix angle steel, with self-tapping screw, itself and wall body module unit are fixed;
5) at placement top, the top collar tie beam angle steel of body of wall, place bight therein and fix angle steel, with self-tapping screw, angle steel and top collar tie beam angle steel fixation are fixed in bight;
6), between the unit module of body of wall and ground collar tie beam angle steel, top collar tie beam angle steel, connected by self-tapping screw, self-tapping screw is evenly arranged at a certain distance;
7) on the collar tie beam of top, roof truss is placed;
8) roof truss and additional tie members are welded to connect;
9) by additional tie members and top collar tie beam angle steel, self-tapping screw is adopted to connect;
10) angle steel that additional junction plate and roof truss winded up is welded to connect;
11) by roof truss C-type steel purlin and additional junction plate, self-tapping screw is adopted to connect;
12) Sloping roof is connected to form by self-tapping screw successively by wall body module unit, by Sloping roof handling on roof truss C-type steel purlin, and adopts self-tapping screw both to be combined firmly, Sloping roof and roof truss is adopted self-tapping screw stickfast at a certain distance simultaneously;
13) metope 200mm is stretched out in the side, front, rear, left and right of Sloping roof, and Sloping roof surface coverage is kept off the rain watt;
14) flat roof deck is connected to form by self-tapping screw by the unit of similar wall body module unit, by flat roof deck handling on body of wall, and adopts self-tapping screw both to be combined firmly;
15) periphery of flat roof deck is stretched out metope 200mm, play rain cover effect, the double-deck SBS waterproof roll of flat roof deck surface mount;
16) gap filler is adopted to fill in the gap everywhere of body of wall and body of wall, roof panel etc. closely knit;
17) in corresponding door opening, security door is installed, Double-layer Plastic steel sash is installed in window opening.
8. as claimed in claim 7 can fast dismantling except the assemble method of novel house of, assembling, it is characterized in that, described step 3) wall body module unit comprise C-type steel framework, bottom gauze wire cloth, extruded sheet, upper strata gauze wire cloth, surface mortar layer, its sequence of construction is:
1) C-type steel is docked mutually, and by notch inwardly, junction is welded to connect;
2) bottom gauze wire cloth is covered on the side of the C-type steel framework welded, every root steel wire is connected with the spot welding of C-type steel contact position;
3) extruded sheet is filled in superincumbent cavity;
4) cover upper strata gauze wire cloth at the upper surface of extruded sheet, every root steel wire of upper strata gauze wire cloth is connected with the spot welding of C-type steel contact point;
5) surface mortar layer is smeared up and down at wall body module unit.
9. as claimed in claim 1 can fast dismantling except the assemble method of novel house of, assembling, it is characterized in that, described step 7) roof truss to be winded up angle steel by roof truss, roof truss lower edge angle steel, connector, supports composition between string, see figure, its sequence of construction is: the angle steel that winded up by four roof trusses, two roof truss lower edge angle steel, be spliced into an isosceles triangle roof truss, putting by an orientation of wind up angle steel and roof truss lower edge angle steel; Between chord member, arrange connector, connector is evenly arranged at a certain distance; Arrange between chord member between string and support, support between string and be evenly arranged at a certain distance.
CN201410717429.2A 2014-11-29 2014-11-29 The novel house can quickly remove, assembled and assemble method CN104389349B (en)

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CN105507428A (en) * 2015-11-26 2016-04-20 山东双得利建设科技有限公司 Novel house capable of being assembled through insertion connection and assembling method thereof
CN105649207A (en) * 2015-03-16 2016-06-08 中国建筑第四工程局有限公司 Construction method and structure of spliced type standard temporary houses
CN106032711A (en) * 2015-03-19 2016-10-19 张泓 Building suitable for special terrains and construction method thereof
CN106320515A (en) * 2016-10-19 2017-01-11 河北劳动关系职业学院 Prefabricated house and mounting method thereof
CN109653425A (en) * 2018-12-14 2019-04-19 成都建工工业化建筑有限公司 A kind of roof structure and its laying process of assembled architecture

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CN2117426U (en) * 1992-01-24 1992-09-30 张满金 Passive combined solar house
CN1584233A (en) * 2004-06-07 2005-02-23 佛山市耀达建材贸易有限公司 Building structure and installing method for two-layer movable panel house
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CN106320515A (en) * 2016-10-19 2017-01-11 河北劳动关系职业学院 Prefabricated house and mounting method thereof
CN109653425A (en) * 2018-12-14 2019-04-19 成都建工工业化建筑有限公司 A kind of roof structure and its laying process of assembled architecture

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