CN203200906U - Combined house of unit structure - Google Patents

Combined house of unit structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203200906U
CN203200906U CN 201320207192 CN201320207192U CN203200906U CN 203200906 U CN203200906 U CN 203200906U CN 201320207192 CN201320207192 CN 201320207192 CN 201320207192 U CN201320207192 U CN 201320207192U CN 203200906 U CN203200906 U CN 203200906U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
roof
grade
framework
column
corner post
Prior art date
Application number
CN 201320207192
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
冯忠一
Original Assignee
冯忠一
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 冯忠一 filed Critical 冯忠一
Priority to CN 201320207192 priority Critical patent/CN203200906U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203200906U publication Critical patent/CN203200906U/en

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Abstract

A combined house of a unit structure solves the problems that an existing combined house is poor in heat preservation, poor in anti-seismic performance, high in building cost and the like. The combined house comprises four ground beams, four corner upright columns, a plurality of upright columns, four roof girders and a roof. The combined house is characterized in that reinforcing beams are arranged in a ground beam frame, the corner upright columns or the upright columns are vertically connected with the ground beam frame, and the corner upright columns or the upright columns are vertically connected with a roof girder frame. Wall body upright column units are connected among the corner upright columns, the upright columns, the roof girders and the ground beams or among the upright columns and the ground beams. The lower portions of four corners of a beam frame structure are provided with limiting protrusions, and the roof is limited on the roof girder frame through the limiting protrusions. Air inlet holes are formed in the indoor sides of the ground beams and in the sides, communicated with an air layer, of the ground beams. Air outlet holes are formed in the outdoor sides of the roof girders and in the sides, communicated with the air layer, of the roof girders. The combined house has the advantages of being quick in combining and reducing manufacturing cost and labor intensity, can improve building efficiency, is suitable for quick transportation in various field environments, and shortens the construction cycle.

Description

Assembled house with block construction

Technical field

The utility model relates to building field, is a kind of assembled house that has block construction for multi-purpose individual layers such as inhabitation, office, storages specifically.

Background technology

The characteristics such as the assembled house with block construction is widely used now in a lot of fields, because it is simple in structure, material is light, is easy to assembling, and is with low cost can solve the housing need of various interim or short-terms easily.But there is following defective in existing assembled house with block construction:

1. heat-insulating property is poor, and in northern China, winter, outside temperature can reach-30 ℃ usually, and sometimes even can reach-40 ℃, and the heat-insulating property extreme difference of board house structure if can not guarantee internal heat supplies with, will have a strong impact on normal life.Especially northern China rural area, warming difficulty are the large problems of a long-term puzzlement, and almost every household has heated kang.Need regular coal during heating, so, need to expend a large amount of colliery resources every year, both uneconomical also not environmental protection.Well-known, fired coal combustion is insufficient can to produce carbon monoxide, and savings if things go on like this must affect the healthy of people indoor.The house in northern China rural area is generally brick house, and effect of heat insulation is not good, can't adopt geothermal heating.

2. shock resistance is poor, and in China's earthquake prone areas, traditional frame construction board house possesses shock resistance hardly.The tradition anti-vibration house is built high cost, and peasant's financial resource and material resource are limited, and can only be deeply aware of one's own helplessness when faced with a great task.

3. have the assembled house frame construction weight capacity with block construction now poor, therefore the scale of building is restricted.And for the larger assembled house with block construction, adopt traditional construction method can't build the roof.

In sum, although existing assembled house kind with block construction is various, all can't really solve the problems such as insulation, antidetonation, low cost, mode of construction simple possible effectively.Traditional mode of construction difficulty of construction is high, and engineering quantity is large, can't realize for the residential houses.Therefore, need badly existing assembled house is improved.

The utility model content

The purpose of this utility model provides a kind of assembled house with block construction, to solve the problems such as heat insulating ability is poor in the prior art, shock resistance is poor, assembling is loaded down with trivial details, construction cost is high.

The purpose of this utility model is achieved in that it comprises four grade beams, four corner posts, some root posts, four roof girders, roof, it is characterized in that: described grade beam or roof girder or corner post or column are the square steel of hollow-core construction, four grade beams consist of rectangle grade beam framework, are provided with reinforcement in the grade beam framework; Corner post or column are positioned at grade beam framework top, and corner post or column are connected with the grade beam framework is vertical; Four roof girders consist of rectangle roof girder framework, and corner post or column are positioned at roof girder framework below, and corner post or column are connected with the roof girder framework is vertical; Between corner post, column, roof girder, the grade beam, perhaps be connected with the wall stud unit between column, the grade beam; The wall stud unit is made of crossbeam, column, surrounds window frame or doorframe between the column; The roof is made of roof beam structure and four roofing slabs, its middle beam frame comprises the man-like shelf across the roof girder framework that be arranged in parallel, be inclined cross rectangle roof girder framework bight and man-like shelf four oblique framves, be connected each man-like shelf longeron, connect the cant beam of roof girder and longeron, four roofing slabs are arranged at respectively the four sides formation pitched roof of roof beam structure, and roofing slab is provided with fin; Four jiaos of bottoms of beam frame structure are provided with spacing preiection, and the roof is spacing on the roof girder frame construction by this spacing preiection; Grade beam framework, corner post, column and roof girder framework consist of a quadra structure, four face outsides perpendicular to the grade beam framework of quadra structure are provided with some wall panel elements, four face inboards perpendicular to the grade beam framework of quadra structure, be provided with the decorative wall panels unit, consist of air layer between wall panel element and the decorative wall panels unit; The decorative wall panels unit is followed successively by insulation layer, decorative layer by the outside to the indoor; Wall panel element is followed successively by decorative layer, insulation layer by the outside to the indoor; Indoor on the grade beam and the side that communicates with air layer are provided with air inlet, and the outside on the roof girder reaches the side that communicates with air layer and is provided with venthole.

Described grade beam framework bottom is provided with and the bolted basic column of grade beam framework.

The crossbeam of described wall stud unit comprises top rail, middle cross beam, lower transverse beam.

The reinforcement of described grade beam framework comprises transversely strengthening beam or longitudinal reinforcement beam or oblique reinforcement.

Described corner post or column are provided with gripper shoe, and the crossbeam of wall stud unit is connected with the gripper shoe bolt.

Advantage of the present utility model and beneficial effect are as follows: only needing between each parts of main house body is with bolts, convenient to disassembly, both had Rapid Combination, can reduce again the advantage of manufacturing cost and labour intensity, not only can improve and build efficient, and can adapt to fast transportation under the various wild environments, shorten the building construction cycle, can carry out according to actual needs any combination, recycling, shock resistance is strong, energy-conserving and environment-protective.The wall stud unit has just carried out standardized production in factory before setting up the house, the position that namely wherein needs to weld has been carried out complete in factory, the erecting bed only needs bolt to install, and has removed the unsafe factor of welding from, and is easier for installation quick.Simultaneously, the roof has adopted standardized structural, namely in factory, carry out welding assembly, only need at the scene after the rectangular frame overlap joint is finished, sling in the roof and be installed on the frame construction, saved a large amount of manpowers, and can be as required arbitrarily make up with the actual conditions in place, also can lift as required carrying, can make provisional consistent with the room shape.

Description of drawings

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is described in further detail.

Fig. 1 is the main TV structure simplified schematic diagram in a kind of house of the present utility model;

Fig. 2 is the structural representation sketch on Fig. 1 roof;

Fig. 3 is Fig. 1 structural representation sketch that explodes;

Fig. 4 is the structure for amplifying schematic diagram at Fig. 3 A place;

Fig. 5 is the structure for amplifying schematic diagram at Fig. 3 B place;

Fig. 6 is the structure for amplifying schematic diagram at Fig. 3 C place;

Fig. 7 is the side-looking structural representation sketch of Fig. 1;

Fig. 8 is a kind of wall plate structure simplified schematic diagram with ventilating structure and air flow of the present utility model.

The symbol description of accompanying drawing major part: 1 roofing slab, 2 spacing preiections, 3 roof girders, 4 outdoor wallboards, 5 air layers, 6 indoor wallboards, 7 wall panel element junctions, 8 wall panel elements, 9 window frame structures, 10 sash structures, 11 cant beams, 12 oblique framves, 13 man-like shelves, 14 longerons, 15 wall stud unit, 16 grade beams, 17 reinforcements, 18 pedestals, 19 corner posts, 20 columns, 21 lower transverse beams, 22 middle cross beams, 23 top rails, 24 grade beam air inlets, 25 roof girder ventholes, 26 gripper shoes.

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and by example utility model is described in further detail; but following example only is the utility model example wherein; do not represent the rights protection scope that the utility model limits, rights protection scope of the present utility model is as the criterion with claim.

The specific embodiment

According to Fig. 1 ~ Fig. 8 the utility model is described in detail.A kind of assembled house with block construction of the present utility model, it comprises the structures such as four grade beams 16, four corner posts 19, some root posts 20, four roof girders 3, roof.Grade beam 16 or roof girder 3 or corner post 19 or column 20 are the square steel of hollow-core construction, and four grade beams 16 consist of rectangle grade beam framework, are provided with reinforcement 17 in the grade beam framework.Corner post 19 or column 20 are positioned at grade beam framework top, and corner post 19 or column 20 are connected with the grade beam framework is vertical.Four roof girders 3 consist of rectangle roof girder framework, and corner post 19 or column 20 are positioned at roof girder framework below, and corner post 19 or column 20 are connected with the roof girder framework is vertical.Between corner post 19, column 20, roof girder 3, the grade beam 16, perhaps be connected with wall stud 20 unit 15 between column 20, the grade beam 16.Wall stud unit 15 is made of crossbeam, column 20, column 20 is connected the both sides bolts and is connected (bolt slightly among the figure) gripper shoe 26 is arranged with corner post, crossbeam is connected by gripper shoe 26 bolts with column 20 or corner post 19, surround window frame or doorframe between the column 20, crossbeam comprises top rail 23, middle cross beam 22, lower transverse beam 21.The roof is made of roof beam structure and four roofing slabs 1, its middle beam frame comprises the man-like shelf 13 across the roof girder framework that be arranged in parallel, be inclined cross rectangle roof girder framework bight and man-like shelf 13 four oblique framves 12, be connected each man-like shelf 13 longeron 14, connect the cant beam 11 of roof girder 3 and longeron 14, four roofing slabs 1 are arranged at respectively the four sides formation pitched roof of roof beam structure, and roofing slab 1 is provided with fin.Four jiaos of bottoms of beam frame structure are provided with spacing preiection 2, and the roof is spacing on the roof girder frame construction by this spacing preiection 2.Grade beam framework, corner post 19, column 20 and roof girder framework consist of a quadra structure, four face outsides perpendicular to the grade beam framework of quadra structure are provided with some wall panel elements 8, four face inboards perpendicular to the grade beam framework of quadra structure, be provided with the decorative wall panels unit, consist of air layer 5 between wall panel element 8 and the decorative wall panels unit.The decorative wall panels unit is followed successively by insulation layer, decorative layer by the outside to the indoor.Wall panel element 8 is followed successively by decorative layer, insulation layer by the outside to the indoor.Indoor on the grade beam 16 and the side that communicates with air layer 5 are provided with air inlet 24, and the outside on the roof girder 3 reaches the side that communicates with air layer 5 and is provided with venthole 25.Its central post 20 or corner post 19 ends are provided with pedestal 18, and by bolt (bolt slightly among the figure) pedestal are fixed on grade beam or the roof girder.Grade beam framework bottom is provided with and the bolted basic column (not shown) of grade beam framework.

When the wall panel element of direct sunlight outside, air layer 5 interior air themperatures rise and cause hot air upwards to flow, discharge through roof girder venthole 25, room air replenishes by grade beam air inlet 24 and enters air layer 5, form and so forth the natural wind air circulation, playing purifies air reduces the effect of interior temperature, i.e. air-conditioning effect.

Above-mentioned construction method with assembled house of block construction may further comprise the steps:

(1) two ends of four grade beams 16 is welded respectively by right angle orientation or bolt connects, consist of rectangle grade beam framework, then with this grade beam framework fixed installation on the ground.

(2) on the ground some parallel man-like shelves 13, four oblique framves 12, four roof girders 3, longeron 14, two cant beams 11,2 ~ 4 welding hooks are become roof beam structure, then four roofing slabs 1 are installed to the four sides of roof beam structure, the seam crossing of roofing slab 1 is filled with foamed glue.

(3) four square position at the grade beam framework connect four corner posts 19 by vertical direction difference bolt.

(4) on the grade beam framework, connect some root posts 20 by the vertical direction bolt successively respectively.

(5) two ends of four roof girders 3 are welded respectively by right angle orientation or bolt connects, consist of rectangle roof girder framework.

(6) the roof girder framework with rectangle connects four corner posts 19 and some root posts 20 by vertical direction difference bolt, between adjacent corner post 19 and column 20, column 20 and column 20, wall stud unit 15 is set, consist of a quadra structure by grade beam framework, four corner posts 19, some root posts 20 and roof girder frameworks, indoor on grade beam 16 and the side that communicates with air layer 5 arrange air inlet, and the outside on roof girder 3 reaches the side that communicates with air layer 5 and sets out pore.

(7) sling on constructed roof in advance by hook, after aiming at by the spacing preiection 2 of beam frame structure bottom, be stuck on the roof girder frame construction, with beam frame structure and roof girder structural bolts or reinforcement of weld.

(8) bolt or paste heat-preserving wallboard outside the four sides perpendicular to the ground of quadra structure are at the inboard bolt in four sides or stickup decorative wall panels.

Wherein, when the wall stud unit in assembled house front, the window frame structure unit of both sides is installed at first, the sash structure unit at middle part is installed at last, also mode with bolts between crossbeam and the column, quick and easy for installation.Wall stud unit 15 described in the utility model has just carried out standardized production in factory before setting up the house, the position that namely wherein needs to weld has been carried out complete in factory, the erecting bed only needs bolt to install, removed the unsafe factor of welding from, easier for installation quick.Simultaneously, the roof has adopted standardized structural, namely carries out welding assembly in factory, only needs at the scene after the rectangular frame overlap joint is finished, and is sling in the roof and is installed on the frame construction, has saved a large amount of manpowers.

Claims (5)

1. assembled house with block construction, it comprises four grade beams, four corner posts, some root posts, four roof girders, roof, it is characterized in that: described grade beam or roof girder or corner post or column are the square steel of hollow-core construction, four grade beams consist of rectangle grade beam framework, are provided with reinforcement in the grade beam framework; Corner post or column are positioned at grade beam framework top, and corner post or column are connected with the grade beam framework is vertical; Four roof girders consist of rectangle roof girder framework, and corner post or column are positioned at roof girder framework below, and corner post or column are connected with the roof girder framework is vertical; Between corner post, column, roof girder, the grade beam, perhaps be connected with the wall stud unit between column, the grade beam; The wall stud unit is made of crossbeam, column, surrounds window frame or doorframe between the column; The roof is made of roof beam structure and four roofing slabs, its middle beam frame comprises the man-like shelf across the roof girder framework that be arranged in parallel, be inclined cross rectangle roof girder framework bight and man-like shelf four oblique framves, be connected each man-like shelf longeron, connect the cant beam of roof girder and longeron, four roofing slabs are arranged at respectively the four sides formation pitched roof of roof beam structure, and roofing slab is provided with fin; Four jiaos of bottoms of beam frame structure are provided with spacing preiection, and the roof is spacing on the roof girder frame construction by this spacing preiection; Grade beam framework, corner post, column and roof girder framework consist of a quadra structure, four face outsides perpendicular to the grade beam framework of quadra structure are provided with some wall panel elements, four face inboards perpendicular to the grade beam framework of quadra structure, be provided with the decorative wall panels unit, consist of air layer between wall panel element and the decorative wall panels unit; The decorative wall panels unit is followed successively by insulation layer, decorative layer by the outside to the indoor; Wall panel element is followed successively by decorative layer, insulation layer by the outside to the indoor; Indoor on the grade beam and the side that communicates with air layer are provided with air inlet, and the outside on the roof girder reaches the side that communicates with air layer and is provided with venthole.
2. the assembled house with block construction according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described grade beam framework bottom is provided with and the bolted basic column of grade beam framework.
3. the assembled house with block construction according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the crossbeam of described wall stud unit comprises top rail, middle cross beam, lower transverse beam.
4. the assembled house with block construction according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the reinforcement of described grade beam framework comprises transversely strengthening beam or longitudinal reinforcement beam or oblique reinforcement.
5. the assembled house with block construction according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described corner post or column are provided with gripper shoe, and the crossbeam of wall stud unit is connected with the gripper shoe bolt.
CN 201320207192 2013-04-23 2013-04-23 Combined house of unit structure CN203200906U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320207192 CN203200906U (en) 2013-04-23 2013-04-23 Combined house of unit structure

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320207192 CN203200906U (en) 2013-04-23 2013-04-23 Combined house of unit structure

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203200906U true CN203200906U (en) 2013-09-18

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201320207192 CN203200906U (en) 2013-04-23 2013-04-23 Combined house of unit structure

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN203200906U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104389349A (en) * 2014-11-29 2015-03-04 山东双得利建设科技有限公司 Novel house capable of being fast disassembled and assembled and assembling method thereof
CN104831813A (en) * 2015-05-12 2015-08-12 烟台金田科技有限公司 Intelligent anti-seismic thermal-insulation module integral assembling structure house
CN109183988A (en) * 2018-09-26 2019-01-11 云南振书科技有限公司 A kind of profile steel house and construction method

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104389349A (en) * 2014-11-29 2015-03-04 山东双得利建设科技有限公司 Novel house capable of being fast disassembled and assembled and assembling method thereof
CN104389349B (en) * 2014-11-29 2017-01-04 山东双得利建设科技有限公司 The novel house can quickly remove, assembled and assemble method
CN104831813A (en) * 2015-05-12 2015-08-12 烟台金田科技有限公司 Intelligent anti-seismic thermal-insulation module integral assembling structure house
CN109183988A (en) * 2018-09-26 2019-01-11 云南振书科技有限公司 A kind of profile steel house and construction method

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130918

Termination date: 20150423