CN112554615A - Prefabricated modular building shed for modern livestock breeding and mounting method thereof - Google Patents

Prefabricated modular building shed for modern livestock breeding and mounting method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112554615A
CN112554615A CN202011463826.3A CN202011463826A CN112554615A CN 112554615 A CN112554615 A CN 112554615A CN 202011463826 A CN202011463826 A CN 202011463826A CN 112554615 A CN112554615 A CN 112554615A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shed
prefabricated
foundation
fixed
roof
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CN202011463826.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
包金山
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包金山
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Priority to CN202011463826.3A priority Critical patent/CN112554615A/en
Publication of CN112554615A publication Critical patent/CN112554615A/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H5/00Buildings or groups of buildings for industrial or agricultural purposes
    • E04H5/08Buildings or groups of buildings for agricultural purposes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K1/00Housing animals; Equipment therefor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/343Structures characterised by movable, separable, or collapsible parts, e.g. for transport
    • E04B1/34315Structures characterised by movable, separable, or collapsible parts, e.g. for transport characterised by separable parts
    • E04B1/34321Structures characterised by movable, separable, or collapsible parts, e.g. for transport characterised by separable parts mainly constituted by panels
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/343Structures characterised by movable, separable, or collapsible parts, e.g. for transport
    • E04B1/34315Structures characterised by movable, separable, or collapsible parts, e.g. for transport characterised by separable parts
    • E04B1/34326Structures characterised by movable, separable, or collapsible parts, e.g. for transport characterised by separable parts mainly constituted by longitudinal elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/74Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls
    • E04B1/76Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls specifically with respect to heat only
    • E04B1/762Exterior insulation of exterior walls
    • E04B1/7629Details of the mechanical connection of the insulation to the wall

Abstract

The invention discloses a prefabricated modular building shed for modern livestock-raising and an installation method thereof. The wall is made of light heat-insulating materials, the anti-collision frame is arranged on the inner side of the wall and can bear the collision of cattle and sheep, the wall surface is guaranteed not to be damaged, the anti-collision frame and the heat-insulating wall are convenient to replace, the shed is convenient to maintain in the later period, the cost is low, the wind-proof heat-insulating effect is good, the shed roof is covered by color steel tiles and is provided with windows, the heat-insulating effect is achieved, and the lighting effect is good; the heat preservation wall can be dismantled in summer, the ventilation in the shed is improved, and the shed is kept cool. When the shed is dismantled and moved in the later stage, most materials can be recycled after all parts are dismantled, resources are saved, and building rubbish cannot be generated.

Description

Prefabricated modular building shed for modern livestock breeding and mounting method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to a prefabricated modular rapidly-built heat-insulation cowshed and sheep shed, in particular to a prefabricated modular building shed for modern livestock breeding and an installation method thereof, and belongs to the field of modern livestock breeding industry.
Background
With the social progress, the animal husbandry in rural areas is also greatly developed. The traditional feeding mode can not meet the requirements of economic development and social progress gradually. Therefore, the livestock breeding industry in rural areas gradually enters a modern large-scale captive breeding state. In the process of constructing a large-scale farm, the cost and the labor cost required to be consumed are too high, and the cost of an individual in the early stage of developing the livestock breeding industry is too high.
At present, when constructing traditional cattle and sheep plant, the wall of cattle and sheep canopy all adopts fragment of brick and concrete to build into the wall, and the shed roof is built to the top again, and the tile is laid again to the mode back timber upper berth soil layer that the shed roof adopted. This approach has the following disadvantages: (1) the wall built by bricks and concrete needs high cost, and needs construction technical workers to construct, so that the required cost and the labor cost are high; (2) the construction depends on the skill of construction technicians, and the construction period is long, and the construction can be completed only in one week to half a month; (3) the gap can exist between the fragment of brick and the wall that the concrete was built into, and in winter in the north, the wall is ventilative violent, leads to the ventilation not cold-proof in the canopy, and the fat of cattle and sheep receives weather cold degree greatly, and the easy sick and cold. In summer, the side walls of the cattle and sheep shed are not detachable, the temperature in the shed rises, and the appetite of cattle and sheep is reduced due to sultriness. At present, the breeding shed is not warm in winter and not ventilated in summer, so that the breeding effect of cattle and sheep is influenced; (4) the cattle and sheep often fight in the shed, particularly, the cattle fight with great strength and weight, the collision easily damages the local part of the brick wall, the maintenance of the brick wall is troublesome and high in cost, and the influence on the safety of the whole cattle shed is easily caused; (5) when the cattle and sheep shed is dismantled, the brick wall is inconvenient to shovel off, and the brick wall can not be reused after being dismantled, so that resources are wasted.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a prefabricated modular building shed for modern livestock breeding, which can be used for quickly building a cattle and sheep shed with low cost and low labor cost, ensures that the shed is warm in winter and cool in summer, improves the breeding effect of cattle and sheep, is beneficial to fat growth, reduces the probability of illness and cold of cattle and sheep, and solves the problems in the background art.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: the utility model provides a canopy is built to prefabricated modularization of modernized livestock-raising, includes ground, heat preservation wall, stand, crossbeam, shed roof hoist and mount skeleton, anticollision frame and prefabricated roof module.
Constructing a foundation at the bottom of the shed, wherein the foundation is made of concrete, a plurality of anti-collision frame insertion pipes are arranged on the inner side of the foundation, the anti-collision frame insertion pipes are made of steel pipes and are fixedly poured in the foundation, four foundation bolts are arranged on the outer side of each anti-collision frame insertion pipe, and the lower ends of the foundation bolts are fixedly poured in the foundation; the embedded channel-section steel that is provided with on the ground, channel-section steel and ground integrative pouring are fixed, and the channel-section steel is located the anticollision frame intubate outside, and the channel-section steel width is the same with the heat preservation wall width, inserts and arranges a plurality of heat preservation wall in the channel-section steel.
The anti-collision frame comprises a vertical pipe, a flange and a cross bar, the flange is welded and fixed at the upward position of the lower end of the vertical pipe, four flange holes are drilled in the flange, the lower end of the vertical pipe is inserted into the anti-collision frame inserting pipe, the lower end face of the flange is tightly attached to the upper end face of a foundation, the flange holes in the flange penetrate through foundation bolts and are locked by nuts, the cross bar is fixedly installed on the anti-collision frame in a manner of buckling the vertical scaffold, and the anti-collision frame and the cross bar form a protective.
The upper end face of the channel steel is embedded into the lower end of the stand column and fixedly connected, the stand column is screwed down by bolts, the side edge of the heat-insulating wall is inserted into the stand column, the cross beam is fixedly installed at the top end of the stand column, and the lower end, the side edge and the upper end of the heat-insulating wall are respectively butted with the channel steel, the stand column and the cross beam and are fixed through angle iron.
Crossbeam upper end fixed mounting shed roof hoist and mount skeleton, shed roof hoist and mount skeleton includes shed roof floorbar, deep bead and a plurality of fossil fragments, and the shed roof floorbar passes through the bolt fastening on the crossbeam, deep bead of each fixed mounting in shed roof floorbar both ends, every all install a ventilation hole on the deep bead, arrange a plurality of fossil fragments between the deep bead of both ends, the fossil fragments both ends are fixed respectively on the shed roof floorbar, deep bead and a plurality of fossil fragments all adopt shaped steel, and welded fastening installs and form shed roof hoist and mount skeleton.
The prefabricated roof module of assembling and fixing a plurality of on the shed top hoist and mount skeleton, prefabricated roof module include prefabricated roof piece, and prefabricated roof piece adopts various steel tile, prefabricated roof piece mid-mounting has the window, and the window upper end is installed and is prevent wind cold-proof roll curtain, and the position placed in the middle of the window lower extreme installs the book rope case, prevent wind cold-proof roll curtain lower end position placed in the middle is connected with the book rope case through the stay cord.
Waterproof roof angle strip is installed to the prefabricated roof module upper end butt joint position of both sides, uses transmission shaft fixed connection in the middle of the serving rope case on the prefabricated roof module of same one side, and motor is connected to transmission shaft one end, and the motor is installed on the prefabricated roof module of one end.
Preferably, the heat-insulating wall comprises a foam layer and wood boards, and the two side edges of the foam layer are both bonded and fixed with one layer of wood board.
Preferably, the stand sets up the slot with the one side of thermal insulation wall contact, the stand bottom is equipped with the inserted block, and in the inserted block inserted the channel-section steel, the stand both ends passed through the fixed disk respectively with channel-section steel and crossbeam fixed connection.
Preferably, the bottom of the heat-insulating wall is embedded into the channel steel, the side edge of the heat-insulating wall is inserted into the slot, and the joints of the heat-insulating wall, the stand columns, the cross beams and the channel steel are filled with foaming glue.
Preferably, the width of the two sides of the windproof and warm-keeping roller shutter is larger than that of a window, and the windproof and warm-keeping roller shutter is arranged in the rewinding spring mechanism.
Preferably, four corners of the upper end face of the cross beam are respectively installed on one positioning pin, four positioning holes are drilled in the lower end face of the bottom beam of the shed top, the positioning holes correspond to the positioning pins in position, and when the bottom beam of the shed top is placed on the cross beam, the bottom beam of the shed top is inserted into the positioning holes through the positioning pins for positioning.
Preferably, the crossbeam upper end still is equipped with a plurality of spiral shell fixed orificess, still is equipped with a plurality of screw holes on the canopy top floorbar, screw hole and spiral shell fixed orificess position correspond, and the canopy top floorbar penetrates the screw and with canopy top floorbar and crossbeam fixed connection in screw hole and spiral shell fixed orificess back of placing on the crossbeam.
Preferably, the side edges of the four corners of the bottom beam of the shed top are respectively provided with a hoisting ring, and the hoisting rings are installed on the bottom beam of the shed top in a threaded manner and can be detached after use.
Preferably, the bottom surfaces of the top sheets of the prefabricated house in the middle position are fixed on the keel through screws, and the bottom surfaces of the outer sides of the top sheets of the prefabricated house on the two sides are fixed on the wind deflector through screws.
A mounting method for a prefabricated modular shed for modern livestock breeding comprises the following specific mounting steps:
pouring a foundation; constructing a foundation on the ground according to the area of the cattle and sheep shed, wherein the foundation is made of concrete by pouring, and when the foundation is poured, a plurality of anti-collision frame insertion pipes made of steel pipes are placed in the foundation;
mounting the upright posts and the cross beams; firstly, inserting an inserting block of an upright column into the upper end face of channel steel, penetrating a screw into a fixed disc to fix the bottom of the upright column on the channel steel, placing a cross beam at the top end of the upright column, and fixing the top of the upright column and the cross beam by penetrating a screw into the fixed disc;
installing a heat preservation wall; inserting the lower end of the heat insulation wall into the channel steel, inserting the side edge of the heat insulation wall into the upright post, and tightly attaching the upper end of the heat insulation wall to the cross beam and fixing the heat insulation wall by angle iron; finally, filling gaps with foaming glue at the joints of the heat-insulating wall, the upright columns, the cross beams and the channel steel;
installing an anti-collision frame; the lower end of the vertical pipe is inserted into an anti-collision frame insertion pipe, foundation bolts penetrate into a flange hole of the flange and are locked by nuts, a cross bar is fixedly mounted on the vertical pipe in a manner of being vertical to a scaffold buckle, and the anti-collision frame and the cross bar form a protective guard on the inner side of the heat preservation wall and are used for resisting collision of flocks and herds and avoiding damage to the heat preservation wall;
manufacturing a ceiling hoisting framework; welding and fixing a wind shield at each end of a bottom beam of the shed top, uniformly arranging and welding keels between the wind shields at the two sides, and screwing hoisting rings into the side edges of the four corners of the bottom beam of the shed top;
installing a prefabricated roof module; the bottom surfaces of the top plates of the prefabricated houses at the middle positions are fixed on the keel and the bottom beam of the shed top through screws, the bottom surfaces of the outer sides of the top plates of the prefabricated houses at the two sides are fixed on the wind shield through screws, and waterproof top angle strips are arranged at the butt joint positions of the upper ends of the prefabricated roof modules at the two sides; the upper end of the window is provided with a rewinding spring mechanism, the lower end of the window is provided with a rope rolling box, and the upper end of the traction rope is tied at one end of the windproof and warm-keeping roller shutter in the rewinding spring mechanism;
mounting a shed roof; hoisting the shed top hoisting framework provided with the prefabricated roof module by using the hoisting ring, placing the shed top hoisting framework on the cross beam, inserting the locating pin into the locating hole for locating during placing, and after locating and placing, penetrating screws into the threaded holes and the screw locating holes to fixedly connect the bottom beam of the shed top and the cross beam;
binding a curtain; a transmission shaft penetrates into a plurality of rope rolling boxes on one side, one end of a traction rope penetrates into the rope rolling boxes and is bound on the transmission shaft, one end of the transmission shaft is connected with a motor, and the motor is installed on a prefabricated roof module at one end.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the invention adopts the prefabricated modular design, each part is prefabricated, and is transported to be assembled and installed when being erected, the erection can be completed in 1-2 days, the construction cost of the cattle and sheep shed is reduced, no professional construction bricklayer is needed, no professional construction technology is needed, and meanwhile, the construction time cost is shortened.
2. The wall material adopts a light heat-insulating material, the anti-collision frame is arranged on the inner side of the wall material, the anti-collision frame can bear the collision of cattle and sheep, the wall surface is guaranteed not to be damaged, the cost of the anti-collision frame and the heat-insulating wall is low, the replacement is convenient, the later maintenance of the cattle and sheep shed is convenient, and the maintenance cost is low.
3. The invention has good windproof and heat-insulating effects, the heat-insulating wall has low manufacturing cost, labor-saving and convenient assembly and disassembly, the shed roof is covered by the color steel tiles and is provided with the window, the heat-insulating effect is good in winter, and the sunlight transmits into the shed, so that the lighting effect is good; the heat preservation wall can be dismantled in summer, and ventilation can also be realized through the ventilation holes, so that ventilation in the shed is improved, and the shed is kept cool.
4. When the shed is dismantled and moved in the later stage, most materials can be repeatedly utilized after all parts are dismantled, resources are saved, and building rubbish cannot be generated.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic bottom view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the structure of the foundation of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view at A of FIG. 3;
fig. 5 is a schematic structural view of the foundation, the columns and the anti-collision frame of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged view of FIG. 5 at B;
fig. 7 is a structural schematic view of the anti-collision frame of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of the structure of a centrally disposed column of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of the structure of the corner-mounted studs of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic sectional view of the thermal insulation wall according to the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a schematic view of the installation of the angle iron of the present invention;
FIG. 12 is a schematic structural view of the ceiling hoisting framework of the present invention;
FIG. 13 is a schematic view of the mounting structure of the shed roof bottom rail, wind deflector and root keel of the present invention;
FIG. 14 is a schematic structural view of a prefabricated roof module of the present invention;
fig. 15 is a schematic view of the installation structure of the windproof and warm-keeping rolling curtain of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a foundation; 11. anchor bolts; 12. inserting a tube of the anti-collision frame; 2. a heat preservation wall; 21. a foam layer; 22. a wood board; 3. a column; 31. a slot; 32. inserting a block; 33. fixing the disc; 4. a cross beam; 41. positioning pins; 42. a screw fixing hole; 5. hoisting the framework on the shed roof; 51. a ceiling bottom beam; 52. a wind deflector 52; 53. a vent hole; 54. a keel; 55. positioning holes; 56. a threaded hole; 57. hoisting a ring; 6. angle iron; 7. an anti-collision frame; 71. a riser; 72. a flange; 73. a screw fixing hole; 74. a rail; 8. prefabricating a roof module; 81. prefabricating a roof sheet; 82. waterproof corner jacking strips; 83. a window; 84. wind-proof warm-keeping roller shutters; 85. a rewind spring mechanism; 86. a pulling rope; 87. a rope rolling box; 88. a drive shaft; 89. an electric motor.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-15, the present invention provides a technical solution: the utility model provides a canopy is built to modernization livestock-raising's prefabricated modularization, includes ground 1, heat preservation wall 2, stand 3, crossbeam 4, shed roof hoist and mount skeleton 5, anticollision frame 7 and prefabricated roof module 8.
Constructing a foundation 1 at the bottom of the shed, wherein the foundation 1 is made of concrete, a plurality of anti-collision frame insertion pipes 12 are arranged on the inner side of the foundation 1, the anti-collision frame insertion pipes 12 are made of steel pipes and are poured and fixed in the foundation 1, and the anti-collision frame insertion pipes 12 are used for inserting into the lower ends of the vertical pipes 71; four foundation bolts 11 are arranged on the outer side of each anti-collision frame insertion pipe 12, the lower ends of the foundation bolts 11 are fixedly poured in the foundation 1, and the foundation bolts 11 are used for fixing the flange 72; the embedding is provided with channel-section steel 10 on the ground 1, and channel-section steel 10 lower extreme is pour fixedly with ground 1 an organic whole, and channel-section steel 10 is located anticollision frame intubate 12 outsides, and the channel-section steel 10 width is the same with 2 width of thermal-insulation wall, and channel-section steel 10 is used for inserting fixed thermal-insulation wall 2 and stand 3.
The heat preservation wall 2 comprises a foam layer 21 and wood boards 22, the wood boards 22 are fixedly bonded on two side edges of the foam layer 21, the heat preservation wall 2 is simple to manufacture and low in price, the foam layer 21 is used for preventing wind and preserving heat, and the wood boards 22 are used for fixing the heat preservation wall 2 with the stand columns 3, the cross beams 4 and the channel steel 10.
The anti-collision frame 7 comprises a vertical pipe 71, a flange 72 and a cross bar 74, wherein the flange 72 is fixedly welded at the upward position of the lower end of the vertical pipe 71, four flange holes 73 are drilled in the flange 72, the lower end of the vertical pipe 71 is inserted into the anti-collision frame insertion pipe 12, the lower end face of the flange 72 is tightly attached to the upper end face of the foundation 1, the flange holes 73 in the flange 72 penetrate through foundation bolts 11 and are locked by nuts, the cross bar 74 is fixedly installed on the anti-collision frame 7 in a manner of vertically buckling by using scaffolds, the anti-collision frame 7 and the cross bar 74 form a guard rail, and the inner side of the heat-insulating wall 2 forms a ring for resisting collision of flocks and her.
The upper end face of a channel steel 10 is embedded into the lower end of an upright post 3, an inserting block 32 is arranged at the bottom of the upright post 3, the inserting block 32 is inserted into the channel steel 10, fixing discs 33 are arranged at two ends of the upright post 3, screws penetrate into the fixing discs 33 after the inserting block 32 is inserted into the channel steel 10 to fix the bottom of the upright post 3 on the channel steel 10, a cross beam 4 is arranged at the top end of the upright post 3, the top of the upright post 3 is fixed with the cross beam 4 by penetrating screws into the fixing discs 33, a slot 31 is arranged at one surface of the upright post 3, which is in contact with a heat-insulating wall 2, the lower end, the side edge and the upper end of the heat-insulating; the joints of the heat-insulating wall 2, the upright columns 3, the cross beams 4 and the channel steel 10 are filled with foamed rubber.
The shed roof hoisting framework 5 is fixedly installed at the upper end of the cross beam 4, four corners of the upper end face of the cross beam 4 are all installed on one positioning pin 41, four positioning holes 55 are drilled in the lower end face of the shed roof bottom beam 51, the positioning holes 55 correspond to the positioning pins 41 in position, and when the shed roof bottom beam 51 is placed on the cross beam 4, the positioning pins 41 are inserted into the positioning holes 55 for positioning. Crossbeam 4 upper end still is equipped with a plurality of spiral shell fixed orifices 42, still is equipped with a plurality of screw holes 56 on the ceiling floorbar 51, and screw hole 56 and spiral shell fixed orifices 42 position correspond, and the back is placed on crossbeam 4 to ceiling floorbar 51, penetrates the screw in screw hole 56 and spiral shell fixed orifices 42 and with ceiling floorbar 51 and crossbeam 4 fixed connection.
The shed top hoisting framework 5 comprises a shed top bottom beam 51, wind shields 52 and a plurality of keels 54, the wind shields 52 are fixedly installed at two ends of the shed top bottom beam 51 respectively, each wind shield 52 is provided with a vent hole 53, a fan can be installed in each vent hole 53, cotton cloth covers the vent holes 53 in winter, the plurality of keels 54 are uniformly arranged among the wind shields 52 at two ends, the distance between the connected keels 54 and the distance between the keel 54 at the side edge and the wind shield 52 are the same as the width of the prefabricated house top plate 81, two ends of each keel 54 are welded and fixed on the shed top bottom beam 51 respectively, the shed top bottom beam 51, the wind shields 52 and the plurality of keels 54 are made of profile steels and are welded, fixed and installed to form the shed top hoisting framework 5; the hoisting rings 57 are respectively arranged on the four corner sides of the shed top bottom beam 51, the hoisting rings 57 are installed on the shed top bottom beam 51 in a threaded manner and can be removed after use, and the shed top hoisting framework 5 is hoisted by the hoisting rings 57 and placed on the cross beam 4.
Lay on shed top hoist and mount skeleton 5 and assemble and fix a plurality of prefabricated roof module 8, prefabricated roof module 8 is including prefabricated room top board 81, prefabricated room top board 81 adopts various steel tile, shed top floorbar 51, deep bead 52 and keel 54 all are equipped with the screw hole of fixed prefabricated room top board 81, the prefabricated room top board 81 bottom surface of intermediate position is fixed on fossil fragments 54 and shed top floorbar 51 through the screw, the prefabricated room top board 81 outside limit bottom surface of both sides is fixed on deep bead 52 through the screw. Waterproof vertex angle strip 82 is installed to the prefabricated roof module 8 upper end butt joint position of both sides, and waterproof vertex angle strip 82 plays the waterproof effect of butt joint department.
A window 83 is arranged in the middle of the prefabricated house top sheet 81, a windproof and warm-keeping rolling curtain 84 is arranged at the upper end of the window 83, a rope rolling box 87 is arranged in the middle of the lower end of the window 83, and the middle of the lower end of the windproof and warm-keeping rolling curtain 84 is connected with the rope rolling box 87 through a pulling rope 86; the widths of two sides of the windproof and warm-keeping roller blind 84 are larger than the window 83, the windproof and warm-keeping roller blind 84 is arranged in the rewinding spring mechanism 85, the windproof and warm-keeping roller blind 84 is wound on a shaft of the rewinding spring mechanism 85, the rewinding spring is arranged on the shaft, the pulling rope 86 penetrates into the rope winding box 87 and is bound on the transmission shaft 88, the middle of the rope winding box 87 on the prefabricated roof module 8 on the same side is fixedly connected with the transmission shaft 88, one end of the transmission shaft 88 is connected with the motor 89, and the motor 89 is arranged on the prefabricated roof module 8 at one end.
The invention relates to a mounting method of a prefabricated modular shed for modern livestock breeding, which comprises the following steps:
pouring a foundation; according to the area of the cattle and sheep shed, a foundation 1 is built on the ground, the foundation 1 is made of concrete in a pouring mode, a plurality of anti-collision frame insertion pipes 12 made of steel pipes are placed in the foundation 1, four foundation bolts 11 are arranged on the outer side of each anti-collision frame insertion pipe 12, channel steel 10 is arranged on the outer side of each anti-collision frame insertion pipe 12, and the anti-collision frame insertion pipes 12, the foundation bolts 11 and the channel steel 10 are all fixed in the foundation 1 in a pouring mode;
installing the upright posts 3 and the cross beams 4; firstly, embedding an insert block 32 of an upright post 3 into the upper end face of a channel steel 10, penetrating a screw into a fixing disc 33 to fix the bottom of the upright post 3 on the channel steel 10, placing a cross beam 4 at the top end of the upright post 3, and fixing the top of the upright post 3 and the cross beam 4 by penetrating a screw into the fixing disc 33 in the same way;
installing a heat preservation wall 2; the lower end of the heat insulation wall 2 is inserted into the channel steel 10, the side edge is inserted into the upright post 3, the upper end is attached to the cross beam 4, and then the heat insulation wall is fixed through the angle iron 6; finally, filling gaps with foamed glue at the joints of the heat-insulating wall 2, the upright columns 3, the cross beams 4 and the channel steel 10;
installing an anti-collision frame 7; the lower end of the vertical pipe 71 is inserted into the anti-collision frame insertion pipe 12, the anchor bolts 11 penetrate into the flange holes 73 of the flange 72 and are locked by nuts, the cross bars 74 are vertically and fixedly mounted on the vertical pipe 71 by scaffold buckles, and the anti-collision frame 7 and the cross bars 74 form protective barriers on the inner side of the heat preservation wall 2 and are used for resisting collision of cattle and sheep and avoiding damage to the heat preservation wall 2;
manufacturing a ceiling hoisting framework 5; the two ends of the shed top bottom beam 51 are respectively welded and fixed with a wind screen 52, keels 54 are uniformly arranged and welded between the wind screens 52 on the two sides, and hoisting rings 57 are screwed in the four corner side edges of the shed top bottom beam 51;
installing a prefabricated roof module 8; the bottom surfaces of the top plates 81 of the prefabricated house at the middle position are fixed on the keel 54 and the bottom beam 51 of the shed roof through screws, the bottom surfaces of the outer sides of the top plates 81 of the prefabricated house at two sides are fixed on the wind shield 52 through screws, and waterproof top corner strips 82 are arranged at the butt joint positions of the upper ends of the prefabricated roof modules 8 at two sides; the upper end of the window 83 is provided with a rewinding spring mechanism 85, the lower end of the window 83 is provided with a rope rolling box 87, and the upper end of the traction rope 86 is tied at one end of the windproof warm-keeping roller shutter 84 in the rewinding spring mechanism 85;
mounting a shed roof; hoisting the shed roof hoisting framework 5 provided with the prefabricated roof module 8 by using the hoisting ring 57, placing the hoisting framework on the cross beam 4, inserting the positioning pin 41 into the positioning hole 55 for positioning during placing, and after positioning and placing, penetrating a screw into the threaded hole 56 and the threaded hole 42 to fixedly connect the shed roof bottom beam 51 with the cross beam 4;
binding a curtain; a transmission shaft 88 penetrates into a plurality of rope rolling boxes 87 on one side, one end of a pulling rope 86 penetrates into the rope rolling boxes 87 and is tied on the transmission shaft 88, one end of the transmission shaft 88 is connected with a motor 89, and the motor 89 is installed on the prefabricated roof module 8 at one end.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a canopy is built to modernized livestock-raising's prefabricated modularization, includes ground (1), heat preservation wall (2), stand (3), crossbeam (4), shed roof hoist and mount skeleton (5), anticollision frame (7) and prefabricated roof module (8), its characterized in that:
constructing a foundation (1) at the bottom of the shed, wherein the foundation (1) is made of concrete, a plurality of anti-collision frame insertion pipes (12) are arranged on the inner side of the foundation (1), the anti-collision frame insertion pipes (12) are made of steel pipes and are poured and fixed in the foundation (1), four foundation bolts (11) are arranged on the outer side of each anti-collision frame insertion pipe (12), and the lower ends of the foundation bolts (11) are poured and fixed in the foundation (1); the anti-collision frame is characterized in that channel steel (10) is embedded in the foundation (1), the channel steel (10) and the foundation (1) are integrally poured and fixed, the channel steel (10) is located on the outer side of the anti-collision frame insertion pipe (12), the width of the channel steel (10) is the same as that of the heat preservation walls (2), and the plurality of heat preservation walls (2) are inserted and arranged in the channel steel (10);
the anti-collision frame (7) comprises a vertical pipe (71), a flange (72) and a rail (74), the flange (72) is fixedly welded at the upward position of the lower end of the vertical pipe (71), four flange holes (73) are drilled in the flange (72), the lower end of the vertical pipe (71) is inserted into the anti-collision frame insertion pipe (12), the lower end face of the flange (72) is tightly attached to the upper end face of the foundation (1), the flange holes (73) in the flange (72) penetrate through foundation bolts (11) and are locked by nuts, the rail (74) is fixedly installed on the anti-collision frame (7) vertically by scaffold buckles, and the anti-collision frame (7) and the rail (74) form a protective guard;
the upper end face of the channel steel (10) is embedded into the lower end of the upright post (3) and fixedly connected with the lower end of the upright post (3), and is screwed down by bolts, the side edge of the heat-insulating wall (2) is inserted into the upright post (3), the top end of the upright post (3) is fixedly provided with a cross beam (4), and the lower end, the side edge and the upper end of the heat-insulating wall (2) are respectively butted with the channel steel (10), the upright post (3) and the cross beam (4) and are fixed by;
the ceiling hoisting framework (5) is fixedly installed at the upper end of the cross beam (4), the ceiling hoisting framework (5) comprises a ceiling bottom beam (51), wind shields (52) and a plurality of keels (54), the ceiling bottom beam (51) is fixed on the cross beam (4) through bolts, one wind shield (52) is fixedly installed at each of the two ends of the ceiling bottom beam (51), each wind shield (52) is provided with a ventilation hole (53), the plurality of keels (54) are arranged between the wind shields (52) at the two ends, the two ends of each keel (54) are respectively fixed on the ceiling bottom beam (51), the wind shields (52) and the plurality of keels (54) are made of profile steel and are fixedly installed by welding to form the ceiling hoisting framework (5);
the prefabricated roof module (8) is assembled and fixed on the shed roof hoisting framework (5), the prefabricated roof module (8) comprises a prefabricated roof plate (81), the prefabricated roof plate (81) is made of color steel tiles, a window (83) is installed in the middle of the prefabricated roof plate (81), a windproof and warm-keeping rolling curtain (84) is installed at the upper end of the window (83), a rolling rope box (87) is installed at the center of the lower end of the window (83), and the center of the lower end of the windproof and warm-keeping rolling curtain (84) is connected with the rolling rope box (87) through a pulling rope (86);
waterproof apex angle strip (82) of prefabricated roof module (8) upper end butt joint position installation of both sides, with transmission shaft (88) fixed connection in the middle of serving rope case (87) on the prefabricated roof module (8) of same side, motor (89) are connected to transmission shaft (88) one end, and motor (89) are installed on the prefabricated roof module (8) of one end.
2. The prefabricated modular building shed for modernized livestock breeding according to claim 1, characterized in that: the heat-insulating wall (2) comprises a foam layer (21) and wood boards (22), and the two side edges of the foam layer (21) are fixedly bonded with one layer of wood board (22).
3. The prefabricated modular building shed for modernized livestock breeding according to claim 2, characterized in that: stand (3) set up slot (31) with the one side of thermal insulation wall (2) contact, stand (3) bottom is equipped with inserted block (32), and in inserted block (32) inserted channel-section steel (10), stand (3) both ends were passed through fixed disk (33) respectively with channel-section steel (10) and crossbeam (4) fixed connection.
4. The prefabricated modular building shed for modernized livestock breeding according to claim 3, characterized in that: in heat preservation wall (2) bottom was embedded into channel-section steel (10), in inserting slot (31), heat preservation wall (2) side, the gap was filled with the foamed cement in heat preservation wall (2) and stand (3), crossbeam (4) and the continuous department of channel-section steel (10).
5. The prefabricated modular building shed for modernized livestock breeding according to claim 1, characterized in that: the width of two sides of the windproof warm-keeping roller shutter (84) is larger than that of a window (83), and the windproof warm-keeping roller shutter (84) is arranged in a rewinding spring mechanism (85).
6. The prefabricated modular building shed for modernized livestock breeding according to claim 1, characterized in that: four corners of the upper end face of the cross beam (4) are all installed on one positioning pin (41), four positioning holes (55) are drilled in the lower end face of the shed top bottom beam (51), the positioning holes (55) correspond to the positioning pins (41), and when the shed top bottom beam (51) is placed on the cross beam (4), the positioning pins (41) are inserted into the positioning holes (55) for positioning.
7. The prefabricated modular building shed for modernized livestock breeding according to claim 6, characterized in that: crossbeam (4) upper end still is equipped with a plurality of spiral shell fixed orifices (42), still is equipped with a plurality of screw holes (56) on shed roof floorbar (51), screw hole (56) and spiral shell fixed orifices (42) position correspond, and after shed roof floorbar (51) were placed on crossbeam (4), penetrate the screw in screw hole (56) and spiral shell fixed orifices (42) and with shed roof floorbar (51) and crossbeam (4) fixed connection.
8. The prefabricated modular building shed for modernized livestock breeding according to claim 1, characterized in that: the side edges of four corners of the shed top bottom beam (51) are respectively provided with a hoisting ring (57), and the hoisting rings (57) are installed on the shed top bottom beam (51) in a threaded manner and can be detached after use.
9. The prefabricated modular building shed for modernized livestock breeding according to claim 1, characterized in that: the bottom surfaces of the prefabricated house top sheets (81) at the middle position are fixed on the keel (54) through screws, and the bottom surfaces of the outer sides of the prefabricated house top sheets (81) at the two sides are fixed on the wind shield (52) through screws.
10. The mounting method of the prefabricated modular building shed for modern livestock breeding according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the specific mounting steps are as follows:
pouring a foundation; according to the area of the cattle and sheep shed, a foundation (1) is built on the ground, the foundation (1) is made of concrete in a pouring mode, anti-collision frame insertion pipes (12) made of a plurality of steel pipes are placed in the foundation (1), four foundation bolts (11) are arranged on the outer side of each anti-collision frame insertion pipe (12), channel steel (10) is arranged on the outer side of each anti-collision frame insertion pipe (12), and the anti-collision frame insertion pipes (12), the foundation bolts (11) and the channel steel (10) are all fixed in the foundation (1) in a pouring mode;
mounting the upright posts (3) and the cross beams (4); firstly, inserting blocks (32) of the upright columns (3) into the upper end faces of the channel steel (10), penetrating screws into a fixed disc (33) to fix the bottoms of the upright columns (3) on the channel steel (10), placing a cross beam (4) at the top ends of the upright columns (3), and fixing the tops of the upright columns (3) and the cross beam (4) by penetrating screws into the fixed disc (33);
installing a heat preservation wall (2); the lower end of the heat insulation wall (2) is inserted into the channel steel (10), the side edge is inserted into the upright post (3), the upper end is attached to the cross beam (4), and then the heat insulation wall is fixed through the angle iron (6); finally, filling foamed glue into gaps at the joints of the heat-insulating wall (2) and the upright columns (3), the cross beams (4) and the channel steel (10);
installing an anti-collision frame (7); the lower end of a vertical pipe (71) is inserted into an anti-collision frame insertion pipe (12), an anchor bolt (11) penetrates into a flange hole (73) of a flange (72) and is locked by a nut, a cross bar (74) is fixedly installed on the vertical pipe (71) vertically by a scaffold buckle, and the anti-collision frame (7) and the cross bar (74) form a protective guard on the inner side of the heat preservation wall (2) and are used for resisting collision of cattle and sheep and avoiding damage to the heat preservation wall (2);
manufacturing a ceiling hoisting framework (5); welding and fixing one wind screen (52) at each end of the bottom beam (51) of the shed top, uniformly arranging welding keels (54) between the wind screens (52) at the two sides, and screwing hoisting rings (57) into the side edges of four corners of the bottom beam (51) of the shed top;
installing a prefabricated roof module (8); the bottom surfaces of the prefabricated roof sheets (81) in the middle are fixed on the keel (54) and the shed roof bottom beam (51) through screws, the bottom surfaces of the outer sides of the prefabricated roof sheets (81) on two sides are fixed on the wind shield (52) through screws, and waterproof roof angle strips (82) are installed at the butt joint positions of the upper ends of the prefabricated roof modules (8) on two sides; the upper end of the window (83) is provided with a rollback spring mechanism (85), the lower end of the window (83) is provided with a rope rolling box (87), and the upper end of the pulling rope (86) is tied at one end of a windproof warm-keeping rolling curtain (84) in the rollback spring mechanism (85);
mounting a shed roof; hoisting a shed roof hoisting framework (5) provided with the prefabricated roof module (8) through a hoisting ring (57), placing the shed roof hoisting framework on the cross beam (4), inserting a positioning pin (41) into a positioning hole (55) for positioning during placing, and after positioning and placing, penetrating a screw into a threaded hole (56) and a threaded hole (42) to fixedly connect a shed roof bottom beam (51) and the cross beam (4);
binding a curtain; a transmission shaft (88) penetrates into a plurality of rope rolling boxes (87) on one side, one end of a pulling rope (86) penetrates into the rope rolling boxes (87) and is bound on the transmission shaft (88), one end of the transmission shaft (88) is connected with a motor (89), and the motor (89) is installed on a prefabricated roof module (8) at one end.
CN202011463826.3A 2020-12-14 2020-12-14 Prefabricated modular building shed for modern livestock breeding and mounting method thereof Pending CN112554615A (en)

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