CN104381218A - Breeding method of Procypris merus - Google Patents

Breeding method of Procypris merus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104381218A
CN104381218A CN201410732301.3A CN201410732301A CN104381218A CN 104381218 A CN104381218 A CN 104381218A CN 201410732301 A CN201410732301 A CN 201410732301A CN 104381218 A CN104381218 A CN 104381218A
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pond
water
fish
kilograms
days
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CN201410732301.3A
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龙梅
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龙梅
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals

Abstract

The invention discloses a breeding method of Procypris merus and relates to the technical field of fishery. The method includes the steps of preparing parent fishes, performing artificial breeding and variety breeding, performing fry rearing, separating and optimally selecting summerlings, rearing and optimally selecting fingerlings and the like. By the use of the method, the problem that germplasm of the variety of Procypris merus degrades is solved.

Description

The carp breeding of standing grain flower and selection
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of fish culture, especially a kind of method of breeding the colored carp with seed selection standing grain in pond.
Background technology
Standing grain flower carp is the pitch-black bright carp kind of a kind of body colour, main being with in rice field in Mountain Areas of Southern one cultivates, after overboard standing grain of searching for food is spent, the flesh of fish has standing grain flowery odour and standing grain of gaining the name spends carp, for a long time, breed element task due to local fingerling to fall behind, most raiser relies on and solves fish source of seedling from numerous self-fertile mode, cause local standing grain flower carp inbreeding phenomenon general, fingerling quality is uneven, produce in development disorder, finally cause all matter of standing grain flower carp product to degenerate serious, the consequence that paddy field aquaculture standing grain flower carp productivity generally declines.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide the carp breeding of a kind of standing grain flower and selection, it can solve the problem that all matter of standing grain flower carp product is degenerated.
In order to solve the problem, the technical solution used in the present invention is:
This standing grain flower carp breeding and selection, comprise the following steps:
A, preparation parent population
A, parent population source: purchase standing grain flower carp original seed parent population from rice-fish culture area, form through artificial selection and cultivation meticulously;
B, parent population are selected: age of parent population 2 age ~ 5 age scope, body weight more than 300 grams, require physically fit, bodily form grossness, energy strong, without disability focus;
C, Sex judging:
1), non-breeding season: female individuals is large, and belly is large and soft, and cloacal aperture is comparatively large and give prominence to, and male individual obviously less in a collection of fish, belly is narrow and small and omit firmly, and cloacal aperture is less and slightly concave;
2), breeding season: female individuals pectoral fin does not have star-pursuing, and belly expands softness, the ruddy and evagination of cloacal aperture, and male chest, abdomeinal fin and the gill cover have star-pursuing, belly is narrower, is gently pressed with seminal fluid to flow out time ripe; Cloacal aperture is not ruddy and slightly concave;
D, parent fish rearing:
1), sterilization of cleaning up the pond: under parent population before the pool, with quicklime or tea bran, pond is carried out disinfection; Detailed directions: quicklime is done pond and to be sterilized every mu of use 60 kilograms ~ 80 kilograms, the depth of water 1 meter band water is cleaned up the pond every mu of use 125 kilograms ~ 150 kilograms, changes full pool spilling head after slurry; Under parent population, the pool is carried out for first 7 days ~ 10 days, and tea bran is done pond and to be sterilized every mu of use 10 kilograms ~ 12 kilograms, and the depth of water 1 meter band water is cleaned up the pond every mu of use 40 kilograms ~ 50 kilograms, first tea bran is smashed to pieces, be placed in basin cylinder and soak 1 day ~ 2 days, connect slag band water and evenly splash, under parent population, the pool is carried out for first 7 days ~ 8 days; 2), feeding and management: at anestrous season, male and female parent population will be divided and opened into parent fish pond and carry out the cultivation of special pond, breeding density is that every mu of pond is put 100 kilograms ~ 150 kilograms in a suitable place to breed and is advisable, foster a small amount of silver carp, bighead can be taken in parent fish pond, timing every day, fixed point, quantitatively to throw something and feed compound feed for carps, the throwing amount of raising to be ingested situation according to water temperature, weather and parent population, and during water temperature more than 16 DEG C, it is 2 ~ 4% of fish gross weight that day throws the amount of raising; During water temperature 10 ~ 15 DEG C, it is about 1% of fish gross weight that day throws the amount of raising; General feeding volume is 2 ~ 3% of parent population body weight, and can suitably throw something and feed at ordinary times through the pig of fermentation, chicken manure, keep Chi Shui to have certain fertile degree, average every two weeks filling once new water, keeps water quality pure and fresh, reduce disease, promote gonad development; 3), cultivate antenatal, postpartum: throw in right amount according to water temperature, weather and parent population situation of ingesting and raise, to annotate in pond every 10 days once new water, stimulate with suitable current to parent population, each amount of water is no more than 1/3rd of original water yield in pond, stops water filling in the just before giving birth previous moon;
B, artificial propagation and breed breeding: a, pairing and fish nest prepare: annual spring, breeding hatching just can be carried out when water temperature goes back up to more than 18 DEG C, leeward fish pond is on the sunny side selected on the hatching pool, remove wild fishes and side of a pond weeds, selection belly expands and soft whippy raun breeds, by 1: 2 female, male proportioning puts into hatchery pond, in fish pond water inlet, a square fish nest be bundled into bamboo pole is set, fish nest is neglected greatly parent population quantity and determines, middle place clean and through sterilization, the water lettuce of well developed root system, take nature to wash by water to lay eggs method, inject new water every day, stimulate parent population to oestrus to lay eggs, note between the egg-laying period observing, on water lettuce, attached full fish-egg will proceed in the ready hatching pool at once and hatch, with the water lettuce that macrura reevesii nest more renews in time, b, hatching: focused in hatchery by the water lettuce producing full fish-egg and carry out collective's hatching, can put 300,000 pieces, fish-egg for every mu, with the methylene blue sterilization of 0.2 gram/meter, to prevent water mould, keep more than 18 DEG C water temperatures and miniflow water, 4 days ~ 5 days fries membrane successively, accumulative accumulated temperature 120 DEG C ~ 130 DEG C, C, fry rearing: 1), pond prepares: at Gunther parent fish spawning first 7 days, clean up the pond in pond, every mu is discharged cow dung 150 kilograms, then carry out disinfection with quicklime 100 kilograms, 50 centimetres are added water after 7 days, again through 10 days, in pond, the quantity of wheel animalcule, cladocera peaks, and just in time can meet bait needs during fry opening, 2), fry rearing management: the water lettuce with fish-egg is directly put into pond at first 1 day of fry membrane, it is allowed naturally to hatch, after 3 days, fry starts flat trip and ingests, at this moment based on the wheel animalcule of pond rearing and cladocera, it is auxiliary for supplementing throw something and feed soya-bean milk or pig blood, be transitioned into throw something and feed beancake powder or peanut press pulp after 25 days, 100,000 tail fry consumptions are 2 kilograms ~ 3 kilograms, until fry grows to 5 centimetres, D, summer flower are separated preferably: the summer flower of 4 centimetres ~ 5 centimetres is grown in fry rearing, and at this moment the body colour of field fish fully manifests, and starts by the end of May to carry out harvesting by pond, and screens simultaneously, excellently stay bad eliminating,
1), nurture of fish fingerlings F, nurture of fish fingerlings and preferably:: preferred fry is returned respectively support original soil pond by 6200 tails/mu ~ 6600 tail/mu density, start throw something and feed every day 1 bean dregs and manufactured feed, by 6 kilograms ~ 10 kilograms, every ten thousand tail, along with fish length increases the amount of raising greatly and progressively; 2), fingerling is preferred: cultivated through 6 months, and standing grain flower carp fingerling specification has grown to more than 50g/ tail, and all biological properties of standing grain flower carp fully manifest, and start by the end of November to carry out harvesting by pond, and screen simultaneously, excellently stays bad eliminating.
Owing to have employed technique scheme, the present invention compared with prior art has following beneficial effect:
Breed by the inventive method and can to make with seed selection standing grain flower carp that standing grain flower carp kind keeps stable, production capacity continues to improve.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is further described:
A kind of standing grain flower carp breeding and selection, comprise the following steps:
A, preparation parent population
A, parent population source: purchase standing grain flower carp original seed parent population from rice-fish culture area, form through artificial selection and cultivation meticulously;
B, parent population are selected: age of parent population 2 age ~ 5 age scope, body weight more than 300 grams, require physically fit, bodily form grossness, energy strong, without disability focus;
C, Sex judging:
1), non-breeding season: female individuals is large, and belly is large and soft, and cloacal aperture is comparatively large and give prominence to, and male individual obviously less in a collection of fish, belly is narrow and small and omit firmly, and cloacal aperture is less and slightly concave;
2), breeding season: female individuals pectoral fin does not have star-pursuing, and belly expands softness, the ruddy and evagination of cloacal aperture, and male chest, abdomeinal fin and the gill cover have star-pursuing, belly is narrower, is gently pressed with seminal fluid to flow out time ripe; Cloacal aperture is not ruddy and slightly concave;
D, parent fish rearing:
1), sterilization of cleaning up the pond: under parent population before the pool, with quicklime or tea bran, pond is carried out disinfection; Detailed directions: quicklime is done pond and to be sterilized every mu of use 60 kilograms ~ 80 kilograms, the depth of water 1 meter band water is cleaned up the pond every mu of use 125 kilograms ~ 150 kilograms, changes full pool spilling head after slurry; Under parent population, the pool is carried out for first 7 days ~ 10 days, and tea bran is done pond and to be sterilized every mu of use 10 kilograms ~ 12 kilograms, and the depth of water 1 meter band water is cleaned up the pond every mu of use 40 kilograms ~ 50 kilograms, first tea bran is smashed to pieces, be placed in basin cylinder and soak 1 day ~ 2 days, connect slag band water and evenly splash, under parent population, the pool is carried out for first 7 days ~ 8 days; 2), feeding and management: at anestrous season, male and female parent population will be divided and opened into parent fish pond and carry out the cultivation of special pond, breeding density is that every mu of pond is put 100 kilograms ~ 150 kilograms in a suitable place to breed and is advisable, foster a small amount of silver carp, bighead can be taken in parent fish pond, timing every day, fixed point, quantitatively to throw something and feed compound feed for carps, the throwing amount of raising to be ingested situation according to water temperature, weather and parent population, and during water temperature more than 16 DEG C, it is 2 ~ 4% of fish gross weight that day throws the amount of raising; During water temperature 10 ~ 15 DEG C, it is about 1% of fish gross weight that day throws the amount of raising; General feeding volume is 2 ~ 3% of parent population body weight, and can suitably throw something and feed at ordinary times through the pig of fermentation, chicken manure, keep Chi Shui to have certain fertile degree, average every two weeks filling once new water, keeps water quality pure and fresh, reduce disease, promote gonad development; 3), cultivate antenatal, postpartum: throw in right amount according to water temperature, weather and parent population situation of ingesting and raise, to annotate in pond every 10 days once new water, stimulate with suitable current to parent population, each amount of water is no more than 1/3rd of original water yield in pond, stops water filling in the just before giving birth previous moon;
B, artificial propagation and breed breeding: a, pairing and fish nest prepare: annual spring, breeding hatching just can be carried out when water temperature goes back up to more than 18 DEG C, leeward fish pond is on the sunny side selected on the hatching pool, remove wild fishes and side of a pond weeds, selection belly expands and soft whippy raun breeds, by 1: 2 female, male proportioning puts into hatchery pond, in fish pond water inlet, a square fish nest be bundled into bamboo pole is set, fish nest is neglected greatly parent population quantity and determines, middle place clean and through sterilization, the water lettuce of well developed root system, take nature to wash by water to lay eggs method, inject new water every day, stimulate parent population to oestrus to lay eggs, note between the egg-laying period observing, on water lettuce, attached full fish-egg will proceed in the ready hatching pool at once and hatch, with the water lettuce that macrura reevesii nest more renews in time, b, hatching: focused in hatchery by the water lettuce producing full fish-egg and carry out collective's hatching, can put 300,000 pieces, fish-egg for every mu, with the methylene blue sterilization of 0.2 gram/meter, to prevent water mould, keep more than 18 DEG C water temperatures and miniflow water, 4 days ~ 5 days fries membrane successively, accumulative accumulated temperature 120 DEG C ~ 130 DEG C, C, fry rearing: 1), pond prepares: at Gunther parent fish spawning first 7 days, clean up the pond in pond, every mu is discharged cow dung 150 kilograms, then carry out disinfection with quicklime 100 kilograms, 50 centimetres are added water after 7 days, again through 10 days, in pond, the quantity of wheel animalcule, cladocera peaks, and just in time can meet bait needs during fry opening, 2), fry rearing management: the water lettuce with fish-egg is directly put into pond at first 1 day of fry membrane, it is allowed naturally to hatch, after 3 days, fry starts flat trip and ingests, at this moment based on the wheel animalcule of pond rearing and cladocera, it is auxiliary for supplementing throw something and feed soya-bean milk or pig blood, be transitioned into throw something and feed beancake powder or peanut press pulp after 25 days, 100,000 tail fry consumptions are 2 kilograms ~ 3 kilograms, until fry grows to 5 centimetres, D, summer flower are separated preferably: the summer flower of 4 centimetres ~ 5 centimetres is grown in fry rearing, and at this moment the body colour of field fish fully manifests, and starts by the end of May to carry out harvesting by pond, and screens simultaneously, excellently stay bad eliminating,
1), nurture of fish fingerlings F, nurture of fish fingerlings and preferably:: preferred fry is returned respectively support original soil pond by 6200 tails/mu ~ 6600 tail/mu density, start throw something and feed every day 1 bean dregs and manufactured feed, by 6 kilograms ~ 10 kilograms, every ten thousand tail, along with fish length increases the amount of raising greatly and progressively; 2), fingerling is preferred: cultivated through 6 months, and standing grain flower carp fingerling specification has grown to more than 50g/ tail, and all biological properties of standing grain flower carp fully manifest, and start by the end of November to carry out harvesting by pond, and screen simultaneously, excellently stays bad eliminating.

Claims (1)

1. the breeding of standing grain flower carp and a selection, is characterized in that: comprise the following steps:
A, preparation parent population
A, parent population source: purchase standing grain flower carp original seed parent population from rice-fish culture area, form through artificial selection and cultivation meticulously;
B, parent population are selected: age of parent population 2 age ~ 5 age scope, body weight more than 300 grams, require physically fit, bodily form grossness, energy strong, without disability focus;
C, Sex judging:
1), non-breeding season: female individuals is large, and belly is large and soft, and cloacal aperture is comparatively large and give prominence to, and male individual obviously less in a collection of fish, belly is narrow and small and omit firmly, and cloacal aperture is less and slightly concave;
2), breeding season: female individuals pectoral fin does not have star-pursuing, and belly expands softness, the ruddy and evagination of cloacal aperture, and male chest, abdomeinal fin and the gill cover have star-pursuing, belly is narrower, is gently pressed with seminal fluid to flow out time ripe; Cloacal aperture is not ruddy and slightly concave;
D, parent fish rearing:
1), sterilization of cleaning up the pond: under parent population before the pool, with quicklime or tea bran, pond is carried out disinfection; Detailed directions: quicklime is done pond and to be sterilized every mu of use 60 kilograms ~ 80 kilograms, the depth of water 1 meter band water is cleaned up the pond every mu of use 125 kilograms ~ 150 kilograms, changes full pool spilling head after slurry; Under parent population, the pool is carried out for first 7 days ~ 10 days, and tea bran is done pond and to be sterilized every mu of use 10 kilograms ~ 12 kilograms, and the depth of water 1 meter band water is cleaned up the pond every mu of use 40 kilograms ~ 50 kilograms, first tea bran is smashed to pieces, be placed in basin cylinder and soak 1 day ~ 2 days, connect slag band water and evenly splash, under parent population, the pool is carried out for first 7 days ~ 8 days; 2), feeding and management: at anestrous season, male and female parent population will be divided and opened into parent fish pond and carry out the cultivation of special pond, breeding density is that every mu of pond is put 100 kilograms ~ 150 kilograms in a suitable place to breed and is advisable, foster a small amount of silver carp, bighead can be taken in parent fish pond, timing every day, fixed point, quantitatively to throw something and feed compound feed for carps, the throwing amount of raising to be ingested situation according to water temperature, weather and parent population, and during water temperature more than 16 DEG C, it is 2 ~ 4% of fish gross weight that day throws the amount of raising; During water temperature 10 ~ 15 DEG C, it is about 1% of fish gross weight that day throws the amount of raising; General feeding volume is 2 ~ 3% of parent population body weight, and can suitably throw something and feed at ordinary times through the pig of fermentation, chicken manure, keep Chi Shui to have certain fertile degree, average every two weeks filling once new water, keeps water quality pure and fresh, reduce disease, promote gonad development; 3), cultivate antenatal, postpartum: throw in right amount according to water temperature, weather and parent population situation of ingesting and raise, to annotate in pond every 10 days once new water, stimulate with suitable current to parent population, each amount of water is no more than 1/3rd of original water yield in pond, stops water filling in the just before giving birth previous moon;
B, artificial propagation and breed breeding: a, pairing and fish nest prepare: annual spring, breeding hatching just can be carried out when water temperature goes back up to more than 18 DEG C, leeward fish pond is on the sunny side selected on the hatching pool, remove wild fishes and side of a pond weeds, selection belly expands and soft whippy raun breeds, by 1: 2 female, male proportioning puts into hatchery pond, in fish pond water inlet, a square fish nest be bundled into bamboo pole is set, fish nest is neglected greatly parent population quantity and determines, middle place clean and through sterilization, the water lettuce of well developed root system, take nature to wash by water to lay eggs method, inject new water every day, stimulate parent population to oestrus to lay eggs, note between the egg-laying period observing, on water lettuce, attached full fish-egg will proceed in the ready hatching pool at once and hatch, with the water lettuce that macrura reevesii nest more renews in time, b, hatching: focused in hatchery by the water lettuce producing full fish-egg and carry out collective's hatching, can put 300,000 pieces, fish-egg for every mu, with the methylene blue sterilization of 0.2 gram/meter, to prevent water mould, keep more than 18 DEG C water temperatures and miniflow water, 4 days ~ 5 days fries membrane successively, accumulative accumulated temperature 120 DEG C ~ 130 DEG C, C, fry rearing: 1), pond prepares: at Gunther parent fish spawning first 7 days, clean up the pond in pond, every mu is discharged cow dung 150 kilograms, then carry out disinfection with quicklime 100 kilograms, 50 centimetres are added water after 7 days, again through 10 days, in pond, the quantity of wheel animalcule, cladocera peaks, and just in time can meet bait needs during fry opening, 2), fry rearing management: the water lettuce with fish-egg is directly put into pond at first 1 day of fry membrane, it is allowed naturally to hatch, after 3 days, fry starts flat trip and ingests, at this moment based on the wheel animalcule of pond rearing and cladocera, it is auxiliary for supplementing throw something and feed soya-bean milk or pig blood, be transitioned into throw something and feed beancake powder or peanut press pulp after 25 days, 100,000 tail fry consumptions are 2 kilograms ~ 3 kilograms, until fry grows to 5 centimetres, D, summer flower are separated preferably: the summer flower of 4 centimetres ~ 5 centimetres is grown in fry rearing, and at this moment the body colour of field fish fully manifests, and starts by the end of May to carry out harvesting by pond, and screens simultaneously, excellently stay bad eliminating,
1), nurture of fish fingerlings F, nurture of fish fingerlings and preferably:: preferred fry is returned respectively support original soil pond by 6200 tails/mu ~ 6600 tail/mu density, start throw something and feed every day 1 bean dregs and manufactured feed, by 6 kilograms ~ 10 kilograms, every ten thousand tail, along with fish length increases the amount of raising greatly and progressively; 2), fingerling is preferred: cultivated through 6 months, and standing grain flower carp fingerling specification has grown to more than 50g/ tail, and all biological properties of standing grain flower carp fully manifest, and start by the end of November to carry out harvesting by pond, and screen simultaneously, excellently stays bad eliminating.
CN201410732301.3A 2014-12-06 2014-12-06 Breeding method of Procypris merus Pending CN104381218A (en)

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105165668A (en) * 2015-07-23 2015-12-23 融水县融荣水产品养殖专业合作社 Method for advancing spawning of procypris merus
CN105494182A (en) * 2015-12-03 2016-04-20 天津市金水族水产养殖有限公司 Breeding method for goldfish
CN105830981A (en) * 2016-04-20 2016-08-10 柳州市文华养殖场 Scientific aquaculture method of ornamental fish
CN106719146A (en) * 2016-12-13 2017-05-31 叶忠平 A kind of method that fresh porcine blood cultivates fry
CN107455309A (en) * 2017-09-22 2017-12-12 黔东南苗族侗族自治州农业科学院 A kind of body colour screening technique of long-tail coloured silk crucian carp
CN107466922A (en) * 2017-10-16 2017-12-15 贾庆光 Rice field mixed breeding standing grain flower carp and the cultural method of river snail
CN107646585A (en) * 2017-10-16 2018-02-02 贾庆光 A kind of set of rice lotus field standing grain flower carp supports method
CN109511498A (en) * 2018-11-23 2019-03-26 柳州市渔业技术推广站 A kind of comprehensive breeding technical method of rice fishing
CN109717106A (en) * 2019-03-13 2019-05-07 广西壮族自治区水产引育种中心 A kind of selection of rice carp
CN110859145A (en) * 2019-12-24 2020-03-06 玉龙县冲江河种养殖开发有限公司 Perch carp artificial breeding and breeding method
CN111793699A (en) * 2020-08-13 2020-10-20 中国水产科学研究院黑龙江水产研究所 Efficient matching and breeding method for procypris merus

Citations (1)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1284262A (en) * 2000-09-26 2001-02-21 程正忠 Hehua fish sulturing method in rice field

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CN1284262A (en) * 2000-09-26 2001-02-21 程正忠 Hehua fish sulturing method in rice field

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105165668A (en) * 2015-07-23 2015-12-23 融水县融荣水产品养殖专业合作社 Method for advancing spawning of procypris merus
CN105494182A (en) * 2015-12-03 2016-04-20 天津市金水族水产养殖有限公司 Breeding method for goldfish
CN105830981A (en) * 2016-04-20 2016-08-10 柳州市文华养殖场 Scientific aquaculture method of ornamental fish
CN106719146A (en) * 2016-12-13 2017-05-31 叶忠平 A kind of method that fresh porcine blood cultivates fry
CN107455309A (en) * 2017-09-22 2017-12-12 黔东南苗族侗族自治州农业科学院 A kind of body colour screening technique of long-tail coloured silk crucian carp
CN107466922A (en) * 2017-10-16 2017-12-15 贾庆光 Rice field mixed breeding standing grain flower carp and the cultural method of river snail
CN107646585A (en) * 2017-10-16 2018-02-02 贾庆光 A kind of set of rice lotus field standing grain flower carp supports method
CN109511498A (en) * 2018-11-23 2019-03-26 柳州市渔业技术推广站 A kind of comprehensive breeding technical method of rice fishing
CN109717106A (en) * 2019-03-13 2019-05-07 广西壮族自治区水产引育种中心 A kind of selection of rice carp
CN110859145A (en) * 2019-12-24 2020-03-06 玉龙县冲江河种养殖开发有限公司 Perch carp artificial breeding and breeding method
CN111793699A (en) * 2020-08-13 2020-10-20 中国水产科学研究院黑龙江水产研究所 Efficient matching and breeding method for procypris merus

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Application publication date: 20150304