CN104381173A - Warm water type aquaculture method for plateau section - Google Patents

Warm water type aquaculture method for plateau section Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104381173A
CN104381173A CN201410657945.0A CN201410657945A CN104381173A CN 104381173 A CN104381173 A CN 104381173A CN 201410657945 A CN201410657945 A CN 201410657945A CN 104381173 A CN104381173 A CN 104381173A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fishpond
comprehensive treatment
water
fish
solar energy
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Application number
CN201410657945.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104381173B (en
Inventor
宋红桥
张业韡
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Fishery Machinery and Instrument Research Institute of CAFS
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Fishery Machinery and Instrument Research Institute of CAFS
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Priority to CN201410657945.0A priority Critical patent/CN104381173B/en
Publication of CN104381173A publication Critical patent/CN104381173A/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • A01K63/042Introducing gases into the water, e.g. aerators, air pumps
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/06Arrangements for heating or lighting in, or attached to, receptacles for live fish
    • A01K63/065Heating or cooling devices
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/60Fishing; Aquaculture; Aquafarming

Abstract

The invention relates to a warm water type aquaculture method for a plateau section. An integrated solar panel is arranged; a plurality of thin water layer fish pools with a gradual gradient are built on an inclined south-facing mountain slope; the upper fish pool is communicated with the adjacent lower fish pool through an overflow hole; heat preservation greenhouses are arranged outside all the fish pools, and aeration coil pipes are arranged at the bottoms of the fish pools; a comprehensive treatment pool for purifying aquaculture sewage is also arranged below the bottom fish pool, and a heat exchange coil pipe is arranged in the comprehensive treatment pool; a solar heating lamp tube is arranged outside the heat preservation greenhouse of the comprehensive treatment pool; the solar heating lamp tube and the heat exchange coil pipe form a water circulating pipeline, and a heating circulating pump is used for providing circulating power for heating water in the comprehensive treatment pool; electric energy is provided for the heating circulating pump by the integrated solar panel; the comprehensive treatment pool conveys water in the comprehensive treatment pool to the top fish pool through a circulating pump; the electric energy of the circulating pump is provided by the integrated solar panel; a warm air fan is communicated with the aeration coil pipes of all the fish pools; the electric energy of the warm air fan is provided by the integrated solar panel.

Description

A kind of highlands Warm water type aquaculture method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of highlands Warm water type aquaculture method, belong to technical field of aquaculture.
Background technology
In the highlands of 2500-3500 height above sea level, because day and night temperature is large, the temperature difference of surface layer of water and Shui Zhong lower floor is large.The highest ability of water temperature in summer is to about 24 DEG C, and other seasons are lower; The tropic fishes (as Tilapia mossambica) cultivated in highlands, because water temperature is low, pH value is high, and cause growth rate slow, the culture-cycle is long, causes prime fish cannot go on the market and the increase of aquaculture cost.
Summary of the invention
The technical issues that need to address of the present invention are: the tropic fishes (as Tilapia mossambica) cultivated in highlands, and because water temperature is low, pH value is high, and cause growth rate slow, the culture-cycle is long, cause prime fish cannot go on the market and the increase of aquaculture cost.
The present invention takes following technical scheme:
A kind of highlands Warm water type aquaculture method, arranges the integrated electroplax of solar energy; On slope, South Mountain, set up the multiple thin water layer fishpond with gradient step by step what tilt, fishpond, top is communicated with the fishpond, below closed on by spout hole, and each outside, fishpond all arranges heat preservation greenhouse, and bottom all arranges aeration coil pipe; Also be provided with the comprehensive treatment tank of aquaculture wastewater purified treatment below the fishpond of bottom, in it, heat exchange coil is set; Comprehensive treatment tank heat preservation greenhouse outer setting solar energy heating fluorescent tube, described solar energy heating fluorescent tube and described heat exchange coil form water circulation pipe, and provide circulation power by heat cycles pump, heat the water of comprehensive treatment tank; Described heat cycles pump provides electric energy by the integrated electroplax of solar energy; Water in it is delivered to fishpond, top by circulating pump by described comprehensive treatment tank, and the electric energy of circulating pump is provided by the integrated electroplax of solar energy; Adopting warm braw blower fan to be communicated with the aeration coil pipe in each fishpond, is each fishpond aeration oxygen replenishing, heat supply; The electric energy of described warm braw blower fan is provided by the integrated electroplax of solar energy.
The feature of the technical program is: trapezoidal shoaling layer pond, and illumination can be irradiated to bottom each fishpond, and photo-thermal is passed to shallow water faster; Trapezoidal drop, can increase the oxygen dissolving value in fishpond, cultured fishes is grown in good breeding environment, is conducive to the growth rate of fish; Utilize aeration can reduce the pH value of water body; When utilizing water to fall, water contacts with air, carries out hot-cast socket, can promote water temperature; Utilize light-electricity conversion, as the power resources of circulating pump, heat cycles pump, warm braw blower fan; Light-Re (solar energy heating fluorescent tube) is utilized to improve water temperature in trapezoidal pond; Green house, makes fishpond water temperature insulation, slows down the heat radiation of water body.
Further, each fishpond all adopts the degree of depth to be less than the thin water layer of 0.5m.
Further, described comprehensive treatment tank adopts physical filtering process and biochemical purification process successively.
Further, the integrated electroplax of described solar energy is arranged on the top in fishpond, top.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is:
1) towards the trapezoidal shoaling layer pond in south, illumination can be irradiated to bottom each fishpond, and photo-thermal is passed to shallow water faster;
2) highlands height above sea level, oxygen content is low, utilizes the method effectively can increase dissolved oxygen in water, trapezoidal drop, can increase the oxygen dissolving value in fishpond, cultured fishes is grown in good breeding environment, is conducive to the growth rate of fish;
3) when utilizing water to fall, water contacts with air, carries out hot-cast socket, can promote water temperature;
4) light-electricity conversion is utilized, as the power resources of circulating pump, heat cycles pump, warm braw blower fan;
5) light-Re (solar energy heating fluorescent tube) is utilized to improve water temperature in trapezoidal pond, energy-saving and environmental protecting;
6) green house, makes fishpond water temperature insulation, slows down the heat radiation of water body.
7) water temperature raises, and dissolved oxygen increases, and pH value reduces, and creates the growing environment being applicable to fish, shortens and forms the cycle, reduces aquaculture cost, and cultivation fish can go on the market in advance, improves certain economic worth.
8) solve highlands fish growth speed slow, the problems such as environmental limitations, take full advantage of the advantage of the natural energy resources of highlands.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the schematic flow sheet of highlands of the present invention Warm water type aquaculture method.
Embodiment
Basic ideas of the present invention are: temperature and the intensity of illumination on highlands daytime are high.Utilize the intensity of illumination of highlands and light-heat transfer to improve water temperature, make water temperature reach more than 28 DEG C, Shortening culturing period.Thin water layer is conducive to the conduction of photo-thermal, and programming rate is fast.The Luminous energy resource that plateau is abundant, utilizes solar energy-Re, and conversion, realizes the intensification to fishpond water.Utilize fan blower to carry out aeration to breeding water body, reduce the pH value in water.Utilize solar energy-electricity conversion, the total electricity as fishpond circulation and aerator is originated.
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is further described.
See Fig. 1, a kind of highlands Warm water type aquaculture method, arranges the integrated electroplax of solar energy; On slope, South Mountain, set up the multiple thin water layer fishpond with gradient step by step what tilt, fishpond, top is communicated with the fishpond, below closed on by spout hole, and each outside, fishpond all arranges heat preservation greenhouse, and bottom all arranges aeration coil pipe; Also be provided with the comprehensive treatment tank of aquaculture wastewater purified treatment below the fishpond of bottom, in it, heat exchange coil is set; Comprehensive treatment tank heat preservation greenhouse outer setting solar energy heating fluorescent tube, described solar energy heating fluorescent tube and described heat exchange coil form water circulation pipe, and provide circulation power by heat cycles pump, heat the water of comprehensive treatment tank; Described heat cycles pump provides electric energy by the integrated electroplax of solar energy; Water in it is delivered to fishpond, top by circulating pump by described comprehensive treatment tank, and the electric energy of circulating pump is provided by the integrated electroplax of solar energy; Adopting warm braw blower fan to be communicated with the aeration coil pipe in each fishpond, is each fishpond aeration oxygen replenishing, heat supply; The electric energy of described warm braw blower fan is provided by the integrated electroplax of solar energy.
Each fishpond all adopts the degree of depth to be less than the thin water layer of 1.5m.
Described comprehensive treatment tank adopts physical filtering process and biochemical purification process successively.
The integrated electroplax of described solar energy is arranged on the top in fishpond, top.
Transparent nylon film thermal insulating booth of the present invention, solar energy direct irradiation fishpond, shallow waterbody is conducive to photo-conductive.Utilize the sunshine resource that highlands is abundant, light-electricity converts electricity to, normally runs after storing for Aeration fan, circulating pump, heat cycles pump.Utilize solar energy to change into heat energy, through heat cycles pump, comprehensive treatment tank is heated, rise to the highest fishpond through circulating pump, circulate to each low level fishpond through overfall, impel each fishpond to heat up, ensure fish body normal growth temperature.Comprehensive treatment tank, carries out water treatment to the water body in fishpond, ensures good working condition of water quality.

Claims (4)

1. a highlands Warm water type aquaculture method, is characterized in that:
The integrated electroplax of solar energy is set;
On slope, South Mountain, set up the multiple thin water layer fishpond with gradient step by step what tilt, fishpond, top is communicated with the fishpond, below closed on by spout hole, and each outside, fishpond all arranges heat preservation greenhouse, and bottom all arranges aeration coil pipe;
Also be provided with the comprehensive treatment tank of aquaculture wastewater purified treatment below the fishpond of bottom, in it, heat exchange coil is set;
Comprehensive treatment tank heat preservation greenhouse outer setting solar energy heating fluorescent tube, described solar energy heating fluorescent tube and described heat exchange coil form water circulation pipe, and provide circulation power by heat cycles pump, heat the water of comprehensive treatment tank; Described heat cycles pump provides electric energy by the integrated electroplax of solar energy;
Water in it is delivered to fishpond, top by circulating pump by described comprehensive treatment tank, and the electric energy of circulating pump is provided by the integrated electroplax of solar energy;
Adopting warm braw blower fan to be communicated with the aeration coil pipe in each fishpond, is each fishpond aeration oxygen replenishing, heat supply; The electric energy of described warm braw blower fan is provided by the integrated electroplax of solar energy.
2. highlands as claimed in claim 1 Warm water type aquaculture method, is characterized in that: each fishpond all adopts the degree of depth to be less than the thin water layer of 0.5m.
3. highlands as claimed in claim 1 Warm water type aquaculture method, is characterized in that: described comprehensive treatment tank adopts physical filtering process and biochemical purification process successively.
4. highlands as claimed in claim 1 Warm water type aquaculture method, is characterized in that: the integrated electroplax of described solar energy is arranged on the top in fishpond, top.
CN201410657945.0A 2014-11-18 2014-11-18 A kind of highlands Warm water type aquaculture method Expired - Fee Related CN104381173B (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104982366A (en) * 2015-08-03 2015-10-21 王红兵 Fish stocking method
CN105284703A (en) * 2015-11-26 2016-02-03 西藏自治区农牧科学院 Seedling breeding system for cold water fishes in plateau regions
CN105918233A (en) * 2016-05-25 2016-09-07 浙江晶尚新能源科技有限公司 Solar device for fish culturing
CN110100765A (en) * 2018-01-31 2019-08-09 王文梅 Introduce the high-yield quick breeding method of Mozambique Tilapia mossambica

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1586186A (en) * 2004-08-25 2005-03-02 王维亭 Solar energy constant temperature aquatic product cultivating pool
CN101445309A (en) * 2008-12-23 2009-06-03 兰泽桥 High-efficiency ecological fish farming installation for farming fishes with purified recirculated water
CN202918859U (en) * 2012-11-15 2013-05-08 攀枝花市银江金勇工贸有限责任公司 Overwintering culturing and hatching pond for tropical fish
CN203015641U (en) * 2013-01-22 2013-06-26 李万红 Solar whole-sealing aquaculture constant temperature workshop
RU2489850C1 (en) * 2012-02-03 2013-08-20 Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования Марийский государственный технический университет Stand-alone fish-breeding unit
CN103404475A (en) * 2013-07-12 2013-11-27 宜都天峡特种渔业有限公司 Peasant household basement ecological circulating water fish culturing system

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1586186A (en) * 2004-08-25 2005-03-02 王维亭 Solar energy constant temperature aquatic product cultivating pool
CN101445309A (en) * 2008-12-23 2009-06-03 兰泽桥 High-efficiency ecological fish farming installation for farming fishes with purified recirculated water
RU2489850C1 (en) * 2012-02-03 2013-08-20 Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования Марийский государственный технический университет Stand-alone fish-breeding unit
CN202918859U (en) * 2012-11-15 2013-05-08 攀枝花市银江金勇工贸有限责任公司 Overwintering culturing and hatching pond for tropical fish
CN203015641U (en) * 2013-01-22 2013-06-26 李万红 Solar whole-sealing aquaculture constant temperature workshop
CN103404475A (en) * 2013-07-12 2013-11-27 宜都天峡特种渔业有限公司 Peasant household basement ecological circulating water fish culturing system

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104982366A (en) * 2015-08-03 2015-10-21 王红兵 Fish stocking method
CN105284703A (en) * 2015-11-26 2016-02-03 西藏自治区农牧科学院 Seedling breeding system for cold water fishes in plateau regions
CN105284703B (en) * 2015-11-26 2018-05-08 西藏自治区农牧科学院 Highlands cold water fishes seed rearing system
CN105918233A (en) * 2016-05-25 2016-09-07 浙江晶尚新能源科技有限公司 Solar device for fish culturing
CN105918233B (en) * 2016-05-25 2019-01-11 浙江晶尚新能源科技有限公司 A kind of solar energy fish culture apparatus
CN110100765A (en) * 2018-01-31 2019-08-09 王文梅 Introduce the high-yield quick breeding method of Mozambique Tilapia mossambica

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