CN104343263A - Rotary lifting type three-dimensional garage - Google Patents

Rotary lifting type three-dimensional garage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104343263A
CN104343263A CN201310344816.1A CN201310344816A CN104343263A CN 104343263 A CN104343263 A CN 104343263A CN 201310344816 A CN201310344816 A CN 201310344816A CN 104343263 A CN104343263 A CN 104343263A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
column
swing arm
pulley
lifting type
ratchet
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Pending
Application number
CN201310344816.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邓云
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邓云
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Application filed by 邓云 filed Critical 邓云
Priority to CN201310344816.1A priority Critical patent/CN104343263A/en
Publication of CN104343263A publication Critical patent/CN104343263A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H6/00Buildings for parking cars, rolling stock, aircraft, vessels or like vehicles, e.g. garages
    • E04H6/02Small garages, e.g. for one or two cars
    • E04H6/06Small garages, e.g. for one or two cars with means for shifting or lifting vehicles

Abstract

The invention discloses a rotary lifting type three-dimensional garage. The garage comprises stand columns which are positioned on two sides of a parking place, wherein a parallelogram mechanism which consists of first swinging arms, second swinging arms, upper cross arms and the ground is also arranged on one side of each stand column; extending parts are arranged on the upper cross arms, and an upper vehicle loading platform is fixedly connected with the two upper cross arms; a winding device is arranged in a position near at least one stand column, the winding device is connected with the upper cross arms through an inhaul cable and pulley blocks which are fixed on the stand columns to pull the parallelogram mechanism to lift the upper vehicle loading platform. According to the rotating and lifting type three-dimensional garage provided by the invention, the site environment can be more effectively utilized; the space of the original parking place can be utilized, and in case of need, the original functions of a lower ground space can be kept not to be greatly changed; roads of an existing site are not required to be greatly rebuilt, so that the engineering cost is relatively lower; especially for a parking lot, a parking garage and a roadside site of the road of a built-up area are effectively utilized for vehicle parking, and the garage has the effects that the assembly and the disassembly as well as construction are simple and the cost is low.

Description

Rotary lifting type three-dimensional garage
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of multi-storied garage, particularly a kind of rotary lifting type three-dimensional garage.
Background technology
Current multi-storied garage when parking a car body, or is first complete vertical vertical lifting and landing, then completes level running; Vice versa, or be first complete level running, then complete vertical-lift and landing, and whole framework outer shape is fixed.Current technology be all by horizontal and vertical transport be divided into two independently action complete.Based on the defect of current technology in multi-storied garage industry be:
1, not only need to take independently ground location, and dilatation and utilization can only be carried out at the upper space of shared ground location or the underground space.For ground type multi-storied garage, towering storehouse body is not only very large on the lighting and ventilation impact of neighboring buildings, produces considerable influence to urban view, and uneconomical, involves great expense; Difficulty of construction is large, the cycle is long; Later stage operation maintenance difficulty.Unless just taken into account as view content by multi-storied garage when physical construction planning, the region built up for great majority is also not suitable for.For underground type foundation ditch garage, Landscape is solved, but during construction, the safe distance of periphery construction of structures foundation can bring larger restriction, and the safety and changing also relating to underground not open conduit wiring is moved.The another one shortcoming of building sunk type garage needs to set up sump and water pump, again solves yard drain problem.
2, existing technical approach is mainly equipped with jacking system and horizontal transportation system respectively, and these two systems depend on huge garage frame structure.Like this, the ground steel work of auxiliary construction, the garage of reinforced concrete frame structure or the garage of underground concrete structure again, when construction, the large cost of difficulty is high, and all belongs to permanent construction, needs long-term land used, and flexibility ratio of relocating is inadequate.
3, existing Simple stereoscopic garage technology all cannot accomplish that subfloor stops without the need to dodging, and the column of the multi-storied garage such as bilayer and multilayer cycling and four column-type stereo garages and rope chain are to having parked very large interference, cause difficulty of parking.
4, existingly no matter rotate without dodging multi-storied garage (such as Chinese patent literature CN 1563644A) or lifting and swinging formula multi-storied garage (such as Chinese patent literature CN 101864850 A) all occurs that overturning moment is excessive, railway maintenance difficulty is large, the too high problem of civil engineering installation cost.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide a kind of rotary lifting type three-dimensional garage, can realize the multi-storied parking that bottom stops without the need to dodging mode, and structure stress is reasonable, not easily forms interference, safe and reliable.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is: a kind of rotary lifting type three-dimensional garage, comprise two root posts being positioned at side, parking space, be also provided with the parallel-crank mechanism be made up of the first swing arm, the second swing arm, Top Crossbeam and ground in the side of each column; Described Top Crossbeam is provided with extension, and upper carrier loader platform is fixedly connected with two Top Crossbeams;
Oil cylinder is provided with between column and swing arm; Or be provided with winding plant near at least one column, winding plant is connected with Top Crossbeam with the assembly pulley be fixed on column by drag-line, with the rotation and lifting pulling parallel-crank mechanism to realize upper carrier loader platform.
Be provided with the first pulley in the upper end of column, guy cable rounds first pulley of winding plant and Top Crossbeam affixed.
Be provided with the first pulley and the second pulley in the upper end of column, Top Crossbeam is provided with swing arm deflecting roller, it is affixed that the drag-line of winding plant walks around the second pulley, swing arm deflecting roller, the first pulley and Top Crossbeam successively.
A winding plant is connected with the Top Crossbeam of both sides by drag-line simultaneously, and wherein at least one drag-line is first walked around the deflecting roller being located at column and walked around the second pulley again.
First pulley is connected with the active pin joint between Top Crossbeam and the second swing arm, and wherein the second swing arm is the swing arm away from column.
Column is also provided with strengthening muscle near the side on parking space.
Also be provided with foolproof apparatus, by the ejection pin be located in column or the first swing arm, and be correspondingly located at selling the pin-and-hole coordinated form with ejection on the first swing arm and column;
Described ejection pin is connected with the dynamic core of electromagnet.
In described winding plant, motor is connected with reel by worm-and-wheel gear.
Also be provided with manual hoisting device, in described manual hoisting device, ratchet bracket is provided with ratchet and the handle of coaxial rotating, wherein ratchet is fixedly connected with axle, handle is flexibly connected with axle, handle is provided with the ratchet coordinated with ratchet, and described ratchet is connected with the worm screw of worm-and-wheel gear in winding plant with transmission mechanism by axle.
Described ratchet is flexibly connected with handle by the collar, can rotate for axle center by handle to make ratchet.
A kind of rotary lifting type three-dimensional garage provided by the invention, more effectively can utilize space enrironment.Namely can utilize the space on former parking space, the original function in lower ground space can be kept when needed not do large change.
The technical program does not need to do too large transformation to existing place road, and while effective dilatation, engineering cost is relatively low.Carrying out effectively utilizing stopping in the special parking lot for built-up area, garage parking and place, road roadside, all has the effect that mounting or dismounting construction is simple and with low cost.
The parallelogram sturcutre of the present invention by adopting, maximum efficiency is to reduce overturning moment.And solve warehouse-in mouth side vertical rod to the interference of parking.
The present invention also can be suitable for longitudinally stops and position, side parking (horizontal stop).Especially for when longitudinally stopping, the slip and rotating by upper tray solves the problem of turning radius deficiency when upper and lower park Avoidance and upper deck berth simultaneously.
The present invention also can be used for building stereo type warehouse, expands warehouse effective storage at vertical space.The present invention also can be used for setting up movable crane span structure system, and gantry middle portion is without the need to pillar.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the invention will be further described.
Fig. 1 is overall structure schematic perspective view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is overall structure schematic perspective view when carrier loader platform is set level in the present invention.
Fig. 3 is overall structure schematic perspective view when carrier loader platform rises in the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the overall structure schematic perspective view of manual hoisting device in the present invention, and in figure, ratchet can be rotated counterclockwise by driving pawl.
Fig. 5 is the overall structure schematic perspective view of manual hoisting device in the present invention, and in figure, ratchet can turn clockwise by driving pawl.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of foolproof apparatus in the present invention.
In figure: column 1, drag-line 2, Top Crossbeam 3, upper carrier loader platform 4, winding plant 5, manual hoisting device 6, handle 61, ratchet 62, the collar 63, ratchet 64, ratchet bracket 65, the first swing arm 7, second swing arm 8, strengthening muscle 9, deflecting roller 10, swing arm deflecting roller 11, initiatively pin joint 12, first pulley 13, second pulley 14, parking space 15, foolproof apparatus 16, eject pin 161, pin-and-hole 162, dynamic core 163, determines core 164.
detailed description of the invention
As in Fig. 1, a kind of rotary lifting type three-dimensional garage, comprises the column 1 being positioned at both sides, parking space 15, is also provided with the parallel-crank mechanism be made up of the first swing arm 7, second swing arm 8, Top Crossbeam 3 and ground in the side of each column 1; Described Top Crossbeam 3 is provided with extension, and upper carrier loader platform 4 is fixedly connected with two Top Crossbeams 3;
In optional scheme, between column 1 and swing arm, be provided with oil cylinder;
In another optional scheme, or be provided with winding plant 5 near at least one column 1, winding plant 5 is connected with Top Crossbeam 3 with the assembly pulley be fixed on column 1 by drag-line 2, with the rotation and lifting pulling parallel-crank mechanism to realize upper carrier loader platform 4.Compare in hydraulically powered mode, the drag-line in this example arranges easier, because of lower without the need to configuring hydraulic pump, petrol station and so on cost.Coordinate the parallel-crank mechanism in this example, stressed also more reliable.In the winding plant of this example, motor is connected with the axle of reel by the reducer of big retarding ratio, and drag-line is wound on reel, and the drag-line in this example adopts wire rope, nylon rope, nylon steel wire composite material, or carbon fibre composite etc.
In this example, in described winding plant 5, motor is connected with reel by worm-and-wheel gear.Adopt worm-and-wheel gear can realize self-locking easily.
Embodiment 1:
In optional scheme, on the basis of said structure, be provided with the first pulley 13 in the upper end of column 1, it is affixed, not shown with Top Crossbeam 3 that the drag-line 2 of winding plant 5 walks around the first pulley 13.This scheme is the scheme of fixed pulley mechanism, thus structure, and structure of the present invention is more simple, is applicable to comparatively light-duty vehicle.
Embodiment 2:
Optional structure is as in Fig. 1, on the basis of aforementioned structure, the first pulley 13 and the second pulley 14 is provided with in the upper end of column 1, Top Crossbeam 3 is provided with swing arm deflecting roller 11, and the drag-line 2 of winding plant 5 walks around the second pulley 14 successively, swing arm deflecting roller 11, first pulley 13 is affixed with Top Crossbeam 3.Structure thus, constitutes the scheme of movable pulley mechanism, thus structure, can the speed reducing ratio of corresponding minimizing reducer, thus reduces costs.This structure is also applicable to comparatively heavy vehicle.
Embodiment 3:
Optional structure is as in Fig. 1, and on the basis of embodiment 1 and 2, a winding plant 5 is connected with the Top Crossbeam 3 of both sides by drag-line simultaneously, and wherein at least one drag-line is first walked around the deflecting roller 10 being located at column 1 and walked around the second pulley 14 again.A drag-line in this example first walks around the deflecting roller be located on bottom-right column, and then walks around the deflecting roller be located on upper left column, and then walks around the second pulley 14.Or winding plant 5 is arranged on the position between column, and two drag-lines walk around the deflecting roller on each column respectively, and then walk around the second pulley 14, the 14' on each column.
Certainly it is also feasible for arranging winding plant 5 in the both sides of column 1 simultaneously, is mated or absolute value transducer guarantees that the synchronous of the two is also feasible by moment.Not shown.
Embodiment 4:
On the basis of embodiment 1-3, the scheme optimized further is as in Fig. 1, and the first pulley 13 is connected with the active pin joint 12 between Top Crossbeam 3 and the second swing arm 8, and wherein the second swing arm 8 is the swing arm away from column 1.Structure thus, the force structure in this example is better.
Embodiment 5:
As in Fig. 1,6, on the basis of above-described embodiment 1 ~ 4, be also provided with foolproof apparatus 16, by the ejection pin 161 be located in column 1 or the first swing arm 7, and the pin-and-hole 162 coordinated with ejection pin 161 be correspondingly located on the first swing arm 7 and column 1 forms; Structure thus, when device of the present invention rises completely, or during power-off, namely realizes self-locking, thus guarantees the safety of vehicle.
In preferred scheme, described ejection pin is connected with the dynamic core 163 of electromagnet.Structure in this example, wherein determines core 164 for normal open state, thus is pull-in on by dynamic core 163 in the normal state and determines on core 164, and when power-off, then dynamic core 163 can automatic spring under the action of the spring, thus column 1 and the first swing arm 7 is locked.
Embodiment 6:
See in Fig. 1,2,4,5, on the basis of above-described embodiment 1 ~ 5, also be provided with manual hoisting device 6, in described manual hoisting device 6, ratchet bracket 65 is provided with ratchet 64 and the handle 61 of coaxial rotating, wherein ratchet 64 is fixedly connected with axle, and handle 61 is flexibly connected with axle, handle 61 is provided with the ratchet 62 coordinated with ratchet 64, and described ratchet 64 is connected with the worm screw of worm-and-wheel gear in winding plant 5 with transmission mechanism such as gear drive by axle.Structure thus, when power is off, also can by back and forth pulling the operation of handle 61, the lifting of carrier loader platform 4 in realization.
In such a configuration, need all to arrange ratchet 62 in the both sides of handle 61, and when side ratchet 62 works, the ratchet 62 of opposite side is not worked, not shown.
The scheme of further optimization is as in Fig. 4,5, and described ratchet 62 is flexibly connected with handle 61 by the collar 63, to make ratchet 62 rotate for axle center by handle 61, operates with the corresponding ascending, descending of difference.Structure thus, only needs to arrange a ratchet 62, it also avoid maloperation.
On the basis of above-mentioned all embodiments, column 1 is also provided with strengthening muscle 9 near the side on parking space 15.Structure thus, when increasing column size not significantly, improves the intensity of column.

Claims (10)

1. a rotary lifting type three-dimensional garage, comprise two root posts (1) being positioned at parking space (15) side, it is characterized in that: be also provided with the parallel-crank mechanism be made up of the first swing arm (7), the second swing arm (8), Top Crossbeam (3) and ground in the side of each column (1); Described Top Crossbeam (3) is provided with extension, and upper carrier loader platform (4) is fixedly connected with two Top Crossbeams (3);
Oil cylinder is provided with between column (1) and swing arm; Or be provided with winding plant (5) near at least one column (1), winding plant (5) is connected with Top Crossbeam (3) with the assembly pulley be fixed on column (1) by drag-line (2), with the rotation and lifting pulling parallel-crank mechanism to realize upper carrier loader platform (4).
2. a kind of rotary lifting type three-dimensional garage according to claim 1, is characterized in that: be provided with the first pulley (13) in the upper end of column (1), and it is affixed with Top Crossbeam (3) that the drag-line (2) of winding plant (5) walks around the first pulley (13).
3. a kind of rotary lifting type three-dimensional garage according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: be provided with the first pulley (13) and the second pulley (14) in the upper end of column (1), Top Crossbeam (3) is provided with swing arm deflecting roller (11), and the drag-line (2) of winding plant (5) walks around the second pulley (14) successively, swing arm deflecting roller (11), the first pulley (13) are affixed with Top Crossbeam (3).
4. a kind of rotary lifting type three-dimensional garage according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: a winding plant (5) is connected with the Top Crossbeam (3) of both sides by drag-line simultaneously, wherein at least one drag-line is first walked around the deflecting roller (10) being located at column (1) and is walked around the second pulley (14) again.
5. a kind of rotary lifting type three-dimensional garage according to claim 3 or 4, it is characterized in that: the first pulley (13) is connected with the active pin joint (12) between Top Crossbeam (3) and the second swing arm (8), wherein the second swing arm (8) is the swing arm away from column (1).
6. a kind of rotary lifting type three-dimensional garage according to claim 1, is characterized in that: column (1) is also provided with strengthening muscle (9) near the side on parking space (15).
7. a kind of rotary lifting type three-dimensional garage according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: be also provided with foolproof apparatus (16), by the ejection pin (161) be located in column (1) or the first swing arm (7), and be correspondingly located at selling the pin-and-hole (162) that (161) coordinate and form with ejecting on the first swing arm (7) and column (1);
Described ejection pin is connected with the dynamic core (163) of electromagnet.
8. a kind of rotary lifting type three-dimensional garage according to any one of claim 1 ~ 4, is characterized in that: in described winding plant (5), motor is connected with reel by worm-and-wheel gear.
9. a kind of rotary lifting type three-dimensional garage according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: be also provided with manual hoisting device (6), in described manual hoisting device (6), ratchet bracket (65) is provided with ratchet (64) and the handle (61) of coaxial rotating, wherein ratchet (64) is fixedly connected with axle, handle (61) is flexibly connected with axle, handle (61) is provided with the ratchet (62) coordinated with ratchet (64), and described ratchet (64) is connected with the worm screw of worm-and-wheel gear in winding plant (5) with transmission mechanism by axle.
10. a kind of rotary lifting type three-dimensional garage according to claim 9, is characterized in that: described ratchet (62) is flexibly connected with handle (61) by the collar (63), can rotate for axle center by handle (61) to make ratchet (62).
CN201310344816.1A 2013-08-09 2013-08-09 Rotary lifting type three-dimensional garage Pending CN104343263A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310344816.1A CN104343263A (en) 2013-08-09 2013-08-09 Rotary lifting type three-dimensional garage

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310344816.1A CN104343263A (en) 2013-08-09 2013-08-09 Rotary lifting type three-dimensional garage

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104790701A (en) * 2015-05-15 2015-07-22 郭熙宏 Double-layer solid parking equipment
CN104806054A (en) * 2015-05-15 2015-07-29 郭熙宏 Double-layer three-dimensional parking garage
CN105270242A (en) * 2015-10-10 2016-01-27 广西大学 Car carrier lifting cart with hoisting function
CN106088712A (en) * 2016-07-06 2016-11-09 袁艳君 A kind of lugs
CN106703481A (en) * 2016-12-27 2017-05-24 佛山瑞箭体育器材有限公司 Two-layer four-position stereoscopic lifting vehicle frame
CN106948625A (en) * 2017-05-20 2017-07-14 梁崇彦 Ratchet hand vertical circulation shares bicycle and stores device
CN109025421A (en) * 2018-08-28 2018-12-18 北华大学 A kind of no avoiding-type three-layer stereo parking device
CN109339514A (en) * 2018-07-14 2019-02-15 福州大学 A kind of no avoiding-type three-dimensional garage parking
CN109339513A (en) * 2018-07-14 2019-02-15 福州大学 A kind of Bistorey garage

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104790701A (en) * 2015-05-15 2015-07-22 郭熙宏 Double-layer solid parking equipment
CN104806054A (en) * 2015-05-15 2015-07-29 郭熙宏 Double-layer three-dimensional parking garage
CN104806054B (en) * 2015-05-15 2017-01-04 湖南有位智能科技有限公司 A kind of Bistorey garage
CN104790701B (en) * 2015-05-15 2017-02-01 湖南有位智能科技有限公司 Double-layer solid parking equipment
CN105270242A (en) * 2015-10-10 2016-01-27 广西大学 Car carrier lifting cart with hoisting function
CN106088712A (en) * 2016-07-06 2016-11-09 袁艳君 A kind of lugs
CN106703481A (en) * 2016-12-27 2017-05-24 佛山瑞箭体育器材有限公司 Two-layer four-position stereoscopic lifting vehicle frame
CN106948625A (en) * 2017-05-20 2017-07-14 梁崇彦 Ratchet hand vertical circulation shares bicycle and stores device
CN109339514A (en) * 2018-07-14 2019-02-15 福州大学 A kind of no avoiding-type three-dimensional garage parking
CN109339513A (en) * 2018-07-14 2019-02-15 福州大学 A kind of Bistorey garage
CN109025421A (en) * 2018-08-28 2018-12-18 北华大学 A kind of no avoiding-type three-layer stereo parking device

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Application publication date: 20150211

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