CN104303677B - Integrated water-fertilizer micro-jetting irrigation fertilizing system - Google Patents

Integrated water-fertilizer micro-jetting irrigation fertilizing system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104303677B
CN104303677B CN201410587147.5A CN201410587147A CN104303677B CN 104303677 B CN104303677 B CN 104303677B CN 201410587147 A CN201410587147 A CN 201410587147A CN 104303677 B CN104303677 B CN 104303677B
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water
irrigation
fertilizer
micro
fertilization
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CN104303677A (en
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高贵珍
闫启云
张兴桃
赵亮
张安文
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Suzhou University
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Suzhou University
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Abstract

The invention discloses an integrated water-fertilizer micro-jetting irrigation fertilizing system. The system comprises an irrigation system, a fertilizing system, a micro-jetting system and a control system. Filtering devices are arranged on many parts of the system so as to guarantee smooth irrigation; because of a stirrer, a heating wire and a temperature sensor, the safe and quick dissolution of chemical fertilizers is facilitated; the height can reduced by a lifting column when the fertilization is required so that the fertilizers are fully immersed into the soil and the good fertilizing effect is realized; the height can be properly increased by the lifting column when the fertilization is required so that water mist can be sprayed toward crops downwards from a high place, and therefore, the good moistening and irrigation effect is realized, and intelligent control management is realized.

Description

A kind of micro spray irrigation fertilization system of water-fertilizer integral
Technical field
The invention mainly relates to micro-spray technology field, particularly relate to the micro spray irrigation fertilization system of a kind of water-fertilizer integral.
Background technology
Now, the irrigation of farmland and booth etc. crops typically uses micro-spray technology, but due to the difficulty of artificially applying fertilizer Degree is the biggest, and therefore, research is irrigated and carried out with fertilising simultaneously, i.e. realizes water-fertilizer integral;In practical operation, irrigate and apply fertilizer same Shi Jinhang can run into the following problem that not yet can be solved the most very well:
1, existing chemical fertilizer is usually solid, before fertigation, needs to dissolve chemical fertilizer with the substantial amounts of time, obtains Chemical fertilizer concentrated solution;
2, the height of douche is non-adjustable, i.e. can not be according to the height of crops itself and the conduct master that irrigates or apply fertilizer The carrying out micro-spray thus be adjusted the height of douche of syllabus;
3, intelligent micro-spray can not be realized.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is contemplated to make up the defect of prior art, it is provided that the micro spray irrigation fertilising of a kind of water-fertilizer integral System.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
A kind of micro spray irrigation fertilization system of water-fertilizer integral, it is characterised in that: include irrigation system, fertilization system, Micro-spray system and control system, described irrigation system includes water source, water pump, sandrock filter, irrigation conduit, and water source passes through One section of water-supply-pipe is connected with the water inlet of sandrock filter upper end, and water pump is arranged on the water-supply-pipe between water source and sandrock filter On, electrically connecting between water pump with motor, the outlet of sandrock filter lower end passes through one section of water-supply-pipe connection traffic sensor one, Water-supply-pipe between flow transducer one and sandrock filter is provided with well strainer, and the other end of flow transducer one connects Irrigation conduit, irrigation conduit is provided with electromagnetic valve one;Described fertilization system includes ratio fertilizer applicator, Fertilizer distributing pail, fertilising Pipeline, fertilising pipeline is connected in parallel on irrigation conduit, fertilising pipeline is sequentially provided with electromagnetic valve two, flow transducer two, ratio are executed Fertile device, the ratio fertilizer applicator discharging opening by conveying hose connection Fertilizer distributing pail lower end, the discharge outlet of Fertilizer distributing pail lower end is provided with filter Net, is provided with agitator, heater strip, temperature sensor in Fertilizer distributing pail, the outer wall of Fertilizer distributing pail is fixed with power pack, power pack with add Heated filament connects;Described micro-spray system includes douche, and douche includes the fine-spraying belt of a plurality of parallel connection, on every fine-spraying belt Being respectively equipped with a switch valve, douche is connected with irrigation conduit, and the two ends of douche are separately fixed on lifting column;Described Control system includes the signal input part connection traffic sensor one of MCU, MCU, flow transducer two, temperature sensor, MCU Signal output part control connection have motor, electromagnetic valve one, electromagnetic valve two, ratio fertilizer applicator, each switch valve, power pack, institute The MCU stated is also associated with DC source, intervalometer.
The micro spray irrigation fertilization system of described a kind of water-fertilizer integral, it is characterised in that: described fine-spraying belt is by irrigating Arm replaces, and irrigates and is uniformly provided with mini sprinkler on arm.
The principle of the present invention is:
The present invention utilizes control system that whole system is carried out Based Intelligent Control, is mainly reflected in the following aspects:
1, according to the actual requirements, mainly to the demand irrigated, or the needs to fertilising, automatically control electromagnetic valve one, Two and the closedown of switch valve;
2, according to the data of flow transducer one, the speed that draws water of water pump is automatically adjusted;
3, according to the data of flow transducer one, two, the concrete ratio of automatic comparative example fertilizer applicator regulates and controls;
4, according to the data of temperature sensor, control the start and stop of heating wire, in order to avoid temperature is too high, cause chemical fertilizer effect not Good;
5, intervalometer can be automatically stopped irrigation or fertilising, in order to avoid irrigating or fertilising excess.
The invention have the advantage that
Many places of the present invention are provided with defecator, it is ensured that irrigate unobstructed;Agitator helps with heater strip and temperature sensor In chemical fertilizer dissolving safely and fast;Lifting column can turn down height requiring fertilising when so that fertilizer is sufficiently submerged in In soil, fertilization effect is more preferable;Lifting column can suitably heighten height so that water smoke is from height not requiring fertilising when Place sprays to crops, more moist, irrigation effect is more preferable;Realize intelligent control management.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structured flowchart of the control system of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in Figure 1, 2, the micro spray irrigation fertilization system of a kind of water-fertilizer integral, include irrigation system, fertilization system, Micro-spray system and control system;
Irrigation system includes water source 1, water pump 2, sandrock filter 3, irrigation conduit 4, and water source 1 is by one section of water-supply-pipe 5 Being connected with the water inlet of sandrock filter 3 upper end, water pump 2 is arranged on the water-supply-pipe 5 between water source 1 and sandrock filter 3, water Electrically connecting between pump 2 with motor 6, the outlet of sandrock filter 3 lower end passes through one section of water-supply-pipe 5 connection traffic sensor 1, Water-supply-pipe 5 between flow transducer 1 and sandrock filter 3 is provided with well strainer 8, another of flow transducer 1 End connects irrigation conduit 4, and irrigation conduit 4 is provided with electromagnetic valve 1;
Fertilization system includes ratio fertilizer applicator 10, Fertilizer distributing pail 11, fertilising pipeline 12, and fertilising pipeline 12 is connected in parallel on irrigation pipe On road 4, fertilising pipeline 12 is sequentially provided with electromagnetic valve 2 13, flow transducer 2 14, ratio fertilizer applicator 10, ratio fertilizer applicator 10 Connected the discharging opening of Fertilizer distributing pail 11 lower end by conveying flexible pipe 15, the discharge outlet of Fertilizer distributing pail 11 lower end is provided with filter screen 25, fertilising Bucket 11 is provided with agitator 16, heater strip 17, temperature sensor 18, the outer wall of Fertilizer distributing pail 11 is fixed with power pack 19, power supply Box 19 is connected with heater strip 17;
Micro-spray system includes douche, and douche includes the fine-spraying belt 20 of a plurality of parallel connection, and every fine-spraying belt 20 divides Not being provided with a switch valve 21, douche is connected with irrigation conduit 4, and the two ends of douche are separately fixed on lifting column 26;
Control system includes the signal input part connection traffic sensor 1 of MCU 22, MCU 22, flow transducer two 14, temperature sensor 18, the signal output part of MCU 22 controls connection has motor 6, electromagnetic valve 1, electromagnetic valve 2 13, ratio to execute Fertile device 10, each switch valve 21, power pack 19, MCU 22 is also associated with DC source 23, timer 24.
Fine-spraying belt 20 is replaced by irrigating arm, irrigates and is uniformly provided with mini sprinkler on arm.

Claims (2)

1. the micro spray irrigation fertilization system of a water-fertilizer integral, it is characterised in that: include irrigation system, fertilization system, micro- Spray system and control system, described irrigation system includes water source, water pump, sandrock filter, irrigation conduit, and water source passes through one Section water-supply-pipe is connected with the water inlet of sandrock filter upper end, and water pump is arranged on the water-supply-pipe between water source and sandrock filter On, electrically connecting between water pump with motor, the outlet of sandrock filter lower end passes through one section of water-supply-pipe connection traffic sensor one, Water-supply-pipe between flow transducer one and sandrock filter is provided with well strainer, and the other end of flow transducer one connects Irrigation conduit, irrigation conduit is provided with electromagnetic valve one;Described fertilization system includes ratio fertilizer applicator, Fertilizer distributing pail, fertilising Pipeline, fertilising pipeline is connected in parallel on irrigation conduit, fertilising pipeline is sequentially provided with electromagnetic valve two, flow transducer two, ratio are executed Fertile device, the ratio fertilizer applicator discharging opening by conveying hose connection Fertilizer distributing pail lower end, the discharge outlet of Fertilizer distributing pail lower end is provided with filter Net, is provided with agitator, heater strip, temperature sensor in Fertilizer distributing pail, the outer wall of Fertilizer distributing pail is fixed with power pack, power pack with add Heated filament connects;Described micro-spray system includes douche, and douche includes the fine-spraying belt of a plurality of parallel connection, on every fine-spraying belt Being respectively equipped with a switch valve, douche is connected with irrigation conduit, and the two ends of douche are separately fixed on lifting column;Described Control system includes the signal input part connection traffic sensor one of MCU, MCU, flow transducer two, temperature sensor, MCU Signal output part control connection have motor, electromagnetic valve one, electromagnetic valve two, ratio fertilizer applicator, each switch valve, power pack, institute The MCU stated is also associated with DC source, intervalometer.
The micro spray irrigation fertilization system of a kind of water-fertilizer integral the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described is micro- Spray band is replaced by irrigating arm, irrigates and is uniformly provided with mini sprinkler on arm.
CN201410587147.5A 2014-10-27 2014-10-27 Integrated water-fertilizer micro-jetting irrigation fertilizing system Active CN104303677B (en)

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Families Citing this family (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104756663B (en) * 2015-04-10 2016-04-27 山东农业大学 A kind of liftable water-fertilizer integral system of irrigating based on fine-spraying belt
CN106068868B (en) * 2016-06-28 2018-05-01 杨旗 Seal the lifting column of lift
CN106576555A (en) * 2016-11-16 2017-04-26 杨显清 Height-adjustable plant seedling fertilizing device
CN107079655A (en) * 2017-05-24 2017-08-22 黄文波 Fertilizer apparatus
CN107155475A (en) * 2017-05-24 2017-09-15 黄文波 Automatic Topdressing System for Pipe
CN107114049A (en) * 2017-06-20 2017-09-01 徐州佳昶农业科技股份有限公司 A kind of solid fertilizer fertilization system
CN108668592A (en) * 2018-04-28 2018-10-19 金华市坤麦科技有限公司 Energy-saving and environment-friendly fertilizer irrigation equipment
CN110506609A (en) * 2019-08-22 2019-11-29 凤台县水利建筑安装工程公司 A kind of farmland discharging-irrigating facility having fertilizing functions
CN110476787A (en) * 2019-09-25 2019-11-22 国家半干旱农业工程技术研究中心 It is a kind of can automatic fertilization farmland spray irrigation system
CN111837570A (en) * 2020-08-21 2020-10-30 广东省农业科学院果树研究所 Fruit tree multi-proportion fertilization system

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CN202663894U (en) * 2012-06-27 2013-01-16 郭俊晟 Water-saving irrigation system for irrigation and water conservancy
CN203575233U (en) * 2013-12-11 2014-05-07 济南安信农业科技有限公司 Fertigation integrated system for growing seedlings in greenhouse
CN203773279U (en) * 2014-03-25 2014-08-13 南京农业大学 Light-simple-type agricultural intelligent fertigation control system based on ARM
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