CN202663894U - Water-saving irrigation system for irrigation and water conservancy - Google Patents

Water-saving irrigation system for irrigation and water conservancy Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202663894U
CN202663894U CN 201220309115 CN201220309115U CN202663894U CN 202663894 U CN202663894 U CN 202663894U CN 201220309115 CN201220309115 CN 201220309115 CN 201220309115 U CN201220309115 U CN 201220309115U CN 202663894 U CN202663894 U CN 202663894U
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water
irrigation
pipe
saving
filter
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 201220309115
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郭俊晟
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郭俊晟
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Abstract

The utility model relates to irrigation equipment and an irrigation system, in particular to a water-saving irrigation system which is good in filter effect and convenient to control, can irrigate in time, and is used for irrigation and water conservancy in the Yellow River basin. The water-saving irrigation system comprises a water intaking device, a water-treatment device and a micro-irrigation device which are connected in sequence, wherein the water intaking device comprises a water pump (1) and a check valve (2); the water-treatment device comprises a primary treatment device for separating sand and stones and a secondary filtering device for removing organic impurities; the primary treatment device is provided with a centrifugal sand and stone separator (3), and a water inlet of the centrifugal sand and stone separator is connected with the water pump (1) by the check valve (2); the secondary filtering device is provided with a sand and stone filter (4), and a water outlet of the sand and stone filter is connected with the micro-irrigation device by a main water pipe (5); a water outlet of the sand and stone separator (3) is connected with a water inlet of the sand and stone filter (4) by an irrigation master valve. The water-saving irrigation system has the advantages of reasonable design, quick and high-efficiency filtering treatment, simplicity of operation, long service life and low cost.

Description

The irrigation and water conservancy water-saving irrigation system
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of irrigation installation and system, is specially a kind of irrigation and water conservancy water-saving irrigation system.
Background technology
World Institute of Water Resources propose with the level Four level assess per capita water resources quantity how much.The per capita water yield is less than 1000m 3, be floor level, the expression serious water shortage; 1000~5000m 3For low-level, the expression lack of water; 5000~10000m 3Be medium level, represent not lack of water; Greater than 10000m 3Be high level, the expression water resource is very abundant.China take the Huanghe valley year per capita water resource as main northern area only have 938m3, arrived the serious water shortage level, using water wisely must be adhered to for a long time.From world wide, agricultural also is maximum water user, and agricultural sector's water accounts for 2/3rds of the total fresh water amount in the world, and has basically all used in the irrigation of crops.
It is required for the crop growth that the field is carried, distributes, flowed into to irrigation water by irrigation system, generally will be through three processes: water delivery and water distribution; Pour water in the field; Crop consumes water.Water delivery and water distribution realize by channels at different levels, generally from the water source to the field intake, approximately has 50% the water yield to lose through the channel seepage.Pour water and refer to that irrigation water enters after the field in the field, some is to form deep percolation and lose, and a part is lost by soil evaporation, also may have the part water yield from the field useless letting out.The process that crop consumes water is that crop absorbs water its growth of confession and forms at last crop yield and dry matter from soil horizon.Above-mentioned first, second two processes are the effective rates of utilization that directly affect irrigation water.The water loss of the 3rd process then affects the productivity ratio of water, i.e. every cubic metre of crop yield that the water yield is produced.By adopting the measure of various engineering water-saving technology, agricultural water conservation technical measures and management water saving measures etc., save or reduce and from river, reservoir or underground water, draw the duty of getting, just be called as water-saving irrigation.
At present, the channel in China irrigated area is the soil property channel mostly, and the seepage loss in the water delivery process is very serious, is main irrigation method in China's surface irrigation simultaneously, general furrow irrigation and border irrigation are used for the economic crops such as cereal crops and cotton, and the lattice field is irrigated and is used for water for irrigation rice; The area of surface irrigation is large, and the waste water yield is also large, and improving and improving the surface irrigation method also is must change in the water-saving irrigation.What existing water-saving irrigation system was all taked for the larger water source of silt is the pond to be set first precipitate, and then be used after filtering, but so implement not only to have very large delay in the time, and not only to further filter silt when filtering, but also to remove organic impurities, the effect of filtering is bad, often causes irrigation system to break down in use, affects the growth of crop; Especially for the application in the irrigation and water conservancy of the Yellow River, defective and the drawback of system are more obvious.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of good filtration effect, and control is convenient, can in time irrigate, and is suitable for the irrigation and water conservancy water-saving irrigation system of the Huanghe valley.
The utility model irrigation and water conservancy water-saving irrigation system is characterized in that, comprises the water fetching device, water treatment facilities and the irrigation device that connect successively; Described water fetching device comprises water pump 1 and non-return valve 2; Described water treatment facilities comprises for separating of the primary treatment device of sandstone with for the secondary filter assembly of removing organic impurities; The primary treatment device adopts centrifugal sandstone separator 3, and its water inlet is connected with water pump 1 by non-return valve 2; Secondary filter assembly adopts sandrock filter 4, and its delivery port connects irrigation device by water main 5; The water inlet of the delivery port of sandstone separator 3 and sandrock filter 4 is connected by the irrigation main valve that arranges.
Further, described irrigation system also comprises fertilizer apparatus and the flowmeter 6 that connects on the water main 5; Fertilizer apparatus comprises the fertile tank 7 of storage, water inlet pipe 8, fertilizer producing tube 9 and tap changer 10; Tap changer 10 is arranged on the water main 5, and water inlet pipe 8 is arranged on the influent side of tap changer 10 and is communicated with the bottom of the fertile tank 7 of storage, and fertilizer producing tube 9 is arranged on the water outlet side of tap changer 10 and is communicated with a side of the fertile tank 7 of storage.
Further, described sandrock filter 4 is comprised of at least two filtering tanks that are in parallel 401; The water inlet of filtering tank 401 tops, the bottom water outlet, the quartz sand that inside is provided with by particle diameters such as homogeneous forms the casting bed filter core.
Further, described irrigation device comprises respectively by branching pipe 11 and is connected to filtration irrigation device, dropper device and rainer on the water main 5; The water inlet of branching pipe 11 is respectively arranged with magnetic valve 12, and end is provided with water pressure gauge 13.
Further, described filtration irrigation device comprises the soakaway trench 14 that is arranged on the branching pipe 11; Dropper device comprises the weep pipe 16 that evenly is provided with water dropper 15, and weep pipe 16 is connected on the branching pipe 11; Rainer comprises the hair water pipe 18 that is connected on the branching pipe 11 and is provided with shower nozzle 17.
Further again, described soakaway trench 14, weep pipe 16 wool mixing water pipes 18 are connected to separately respectively on the branching pipe 11, perhaps have two kinds be connected on branching pipe 11 at least.
The utility model irrigation and water conservancy water-saving irrigation system, by the primary separation of primary treatment device realization to sandstone, then further filter silt by secondary filter assembly, remove organic impurities, the filtration treatment of the earth sandstone of two-stage, guaranteed that irrigation device irrigates all even service life, be fit to very much Huanghe valley silt large, the characteristics that organic impurity content is high; Utilize simultaneously fertilizer apparatus, directly when irrigating, guaranteed using of fertilizer and pesticide; Various informative irrigation device can be good at adapting to different environment and meets the different needs in addition; Its beneficial effect is, reasonable in design, structure is ingenious, and the filtration treatment quickness and high efficiency is simple to operate, long service life, and cost is low, is particularly useful for the farmland water conservancy works of the Huanghe valley.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing is the structural representation described in the utility model example
Among the figure: water pump 1, non-return valve 2, sandstone separator 3, sandrock filter 4, water main 5, flowmeter 6 stores up fertile tank 7, water inlet pipe 8, fertilizer producing tube 9, tap changer 10, branching pipe 11, magnetic valve 12, water pressure gauge 13, soakaway trench 14, water dropper 15, weep pipe 16, shower nozzle 17, hair water pipe 18, water source 19, filtering tank 401
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and preferred embodiment the utility model is further described.
The utility model irrigation and water conservancy water-saving irrigation system, as shown in drawings, it comprises water fetching device, water treatment facilities and the irrigation device that connects successively; Wherein water fetching device again water pump 1 and non-return valve 2 form; Water treatment facilities comprises for separating of the primary treatment device of sandstone with for the secondary filter assembly of removing organic impurities; The primary treatment device adopts centrifugal sandstone separator 3, and its water inlet is connected with water pump 1, between be provided with non-return valve 2; Secondary filter assembly adopts sandrock filter 4, and its delivery port is connected with irrigation device by water main 5; The delivery port of sandstone separator 3 links to each other with the water inlet of sandrock filter 4, between be provided with the irrigation main valve.
Wherein, irrigation system also comprises fertilizer apparatus and the flowmeter 6 that connects on the water main 5; As shown in drawings, fertilizer apparatus is by storage fertile tank 7, water inlet pipe 8, fertilizer producing tube 9 be arranged on that tap changer 10 forms on the water main 5; The influent side of tap changer 10 and water outlet side are respectively arranged with water inlet pipe 8 and fertilizer producing tube 9; The bottom of storing up fertile tank 7 is communicated with water inlet pipe, and a side is communicated with fertilizer producing tube 9.
Wherein, sandrock filter 4 is comprised of at least two filtering tanks that are in parallel 401; The quartz sand that filtering tank 401 inside are provided with by particle diameters such as homogeneous forms the casting bed filter core, by being discharged by the bottom behind the top water inlet process casting bed filter element filtering.This preferred embodiment take two filtering tank 401 parallel connections as example, as shown in drawings.
Wherein, irrigation device comprises respectively by branching pipe 11 and is connected to filtration irrigation device, dropper device and rainer on the water main 5; The water inlet of branching pipe 11 is respectively arranged with magnetic valve 12, and end is provided with water pressure gauge 13.
Wherein, filtration irrigation device comprises soakaway trench 14; Dropper device comprises the weep pipe 16 that evenly is provided with water dropper 15; Rainer comprises the hair water pipe 18 that is provided with shower nozzle 17; Soakaway trench 14, weep pipe 16 wool mixing water pipes 18 are connected to separately respectively on the branching pipe 11, perhaps have two kinds be connected on branching pipe 11 at least.This preferred embodiment is to be provided with three branching pipes 11 as example, and each branching pipe is connected separately with soakaway trench 14, weep pipe 16 wool mixing water pipes 18 respectively, implements to irrigate.
The described irrigation system of the present embodiment in use, first the water sucking mouth of water pump 1 is put in the water source 19, then starting water pump 11 is sent to the water in the water source 19 in the centrifugal sandstone separator 3 through non-return valve 2, process is to earth, sandstone, the separating treatment of foreign material enters into sandrock filter 4 by delivery port by irrigating main valve, form the casting bed filter element filtering and go out behind organic impurities and the residue silt at the quartz sand of the particle diameters such as homogeneous, enter into irrigation rig by water main 5, realize the current of different branching pipes 11 are controlled by control magnetic valve 12, detect and control by 6 pairs of total flows of the flowmeter on the water main 5,13 pairs of terminal hydraulic pressure of water pressure gauge by branching pipe 11 ends detect, and guarantee soakaway trench 14 in the irrigation rig, the abundance of the water yield in the weep pipe 16 wool mixing water pipes 18; Utilize simultaneously the fertilizer apparatus that arranges that irrigation water is added agricultural chemicals and chemical fertilizer, improve drug effect, water in the water main 5 is under the regulation and control of tap changer 10, water inlet and water side form pressure reduction, add fertilizer by water inlet pipe 8 water inlets from fertilizer producing tube 9, and be simple to operate, easy to use, two-step purification has improved service life and job stability greatly, is particularly suitable for the Yellow River irrigation and water conservancy irrigation project.

Claims (6)

1. irrigation and water conservancy water-saving irrigation system is characterized in that, comprises the water fetching device, water treatment facilities and the irrigation device that connect successively; Described water fetching device comprises water pump (1) and non-return valve (2); Described water treatment facilities comprises for separating of the primary treatment device of sandstone with for the secondary filter assembly of removing organic impurities; The primary treatment device adopts centrifugal sandstone separator (3), and its water inlet is connected with water pump (1) by non-return valve (2); Secondary filter assembly adopts sandrock filter (4), and its delivery port connects irrigation device by water main (5); The water inlet of the delivery port of sandstone separator (3) and sandrock filter (4) is connected by the irrigation main valve that arranges.
2. irrigation and water conservancy water-saving irrigation system as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, described irrigation system also comprises upper fertilizer apparatus and the flowmeter (6) that connects of water main (5); Fertilizer apparatus comprises storage fertile tank (7), water inlet pipe (8), fertilizer producing tube (9) and tap changer (10); Tap changer (10) is arranged on the water main (5), water inlet pipe (8) is arranged on the influent side of tap changer (10) and is communicated with the bottom of the fertile tank of storage (7), and fertilizer producing tube (9) is arranged on the water outlet side of tap changer (10) and is communicated with a side of the fertile tank of storage (7).
3. irrigation and water conservancy water-saving irrigation system as claimed in claim 1 or 2 is characterized in that, described sandrock filter (4) is comprised of at least two filtering tanks that are in parallel (401); The water inlet of filtering tank (401) top, the bottom water outlet, the quartz sand that inside is provided with by particle diameters such as homogeneous forms the casting bed filter core.
4. irrigation and water conservancy water-saving irrigation system as claimed in claim 1 or 2 is characterized in that, described irrigation device comprises respectively by branching pipe (11) and is connected to filtration irrigation device, dropper device and rainer on the water main (5); The water inlet of branching pipe (11) is respectively arranged with magnetic valve (12), and end is provided with water pressure gauge (13).
5. irrigation and water conservancy water-saving irrigation system as claimed in claim 1 or 2 is characterized in that, described filtration irrigation device comprises the soakaway trench (14) that is arranged on the branching pipe (11); Dropper device comprises the weep pipe (16) that evenly is provided with water dropper (15), and weep pipe (16) is connected on the branching pipe (11); Rainer comprises the hair water pipe (18) that is connected to branching pipe (11) upward and is provided with shower nozzle (17).
6. irrigation and water conservancy water-saving irrigation system as claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that, described soakaway trench (14), weep pipe (16) wool mixing water pipe (18) are connected to separately respectively on the branching pipe (11), perhaps have two kinds be connected on branching pipe (11) at least.
CN 201220309115 2012-06-27 2012-06-27 Water-saving irrigation system for irrigation and water conservancy Expired - Fee Related CN202663894U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103098674A (en) * 2013-01-30 2013-05-15 万贤能 Plant cultivation system
CN103168546A (en) * 2013-04-16 2013-06-26 广西天华高科技有限公司 Movable water and fertilizer integrated drop irrigation pump station
CN103243706A (en) * 2013-05-28 2013-08-14 中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所 Method for spraying chemical sand-fixation agents
CN103461074A (en) * 2013-08-22 2013-12-25 天津滨海国际花卉科技园区股份有限公司 Water and chemical supply system of spray vehicle
CN103651054A (en) * 2013-12-13 2014-03-26 山东省潍坊市农业科学院 Wheat micro-spraying water-saving irrigation system
CN103858731A (en) * 2014-03-17 2014-06-18 北京科泰兴达高新技术有限公司 Intelligent water-saving drip irrigation system using nanofiltration membrane water treatment equipment
CN103907439A (en) * 2013-01-04 2014-07-09 即墨瑞草园茶业研究院 Water and fertilizer integration technology mode suitable for north tea gardens
CN104303677A (en) * 2014-10-27 2015-01-28 宿州学院 Integrated water-fertilizer micro-jetting irrigation fertilizing system
CN104996055A (en) * 2015-07-29 2015-10-28 杨宁 Plant nutritive water circulation use system
CN105191755A (en) * 2015-11-02 2015-12-30 上海工程技术大学 Irrigation system for vegetation
CN105393877A (en) * 2015-11-18 2016-03-16 重庆市万盛区军均林业开发有限公司 Lemon planting and producing device having high-efficiency water-saving performance
CN105794601A (en) * 2016-05-22 2016-07-27 中山弗雷德机械有限公司 Novel agricultural water irrigation device
CN105830868A (en) * 2016-04-15 2016-08-10 杨淑祥 Multifunctional irrigation vehicle for floral nursery
CN106508612A (en) * 2016-10-13 2017-03-22 昆明理工大学 Trace irrigation device capable of eliminating heavy metal pollution
CN107114049A (en) * 2017-06-20 2017-09-01 徐州佳昶农业科技股份有限公司 A kind of solid fertilizer fertilization system
CN108848853A (en) * 2018-07-31 2018-11-23 中国水利水电科学研究院 Automatic fertilization feed water control system and its control method
CN109247220A (en) * 2017-07-12 2019-01-22 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 A kind of water-saving irrigation device for farmland
CN110073947A (en) * 2019-06-03 2019-08-02 中国科学院遗传与发育生物学研究所农业资源研究中心 A kind of farmland water-saving irrigation system carried out based on river

Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103907439A (en) * 2013-01-04 2014-07-09 即墨瑞草园茶业研究院 Water and fertilizer integration technology mode suitable for north tea gardens
CN103098674B (en) * 2013-01-30 2015-03-04 万贤能 Plant cultivation system
CN103098674A (en) * 2013-01-30 2013-05-15 万贤能 Plant cultivation system
CN103168546A (en) * 2013-04-16 2013-06-26 广西天华高科技有限公司 Movable water and fertilizer integrated drop irrigation pump station
CN103243706A (en) * 2013-05-28 2013-08-14 中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所 Method for spraying chemical sand-fixation agents
CN103461074A (en) * 2013-08-22 2013-12-25 天津滨海国际花卉科技园区股份有限公司 Water and chemical supply system of spray vehicle
CN103461074B (en) * 2013-08-22 2015-10-14 大顺国际花卉股份有限公司 The water supply of spray vehicle is for medicine system
CN103651054A (en) * 2013-12-13 2014-03-26 山东省潍坊市农业科学院 Wheat micro-spraying water-saving irrigation system
CN103858731A (en) * 2014-03-17 2014-06-18 北京科泰兴达高新技术有限公司 Intelligent water-saving drip irrigation system using nanofiltration membrane water treatment equipment
CN104303677B (en) * 2014-10-27 2017-01-11 宿州学院 Integrated water-fertilizer micro-jetting irrigation fertilizing system
CN104303677A (en) * 2014-10-27 2015-01-28 宿州学院 Integrated water-fertilizer micro-jetting irrigation fertilizing system
CN104996055A (en) * 2015-07-29 2015-10-28 杨宁 Plant nutritive water circulation use system
CN105191755A (en) * 2015-11-02 2015-12-30 上海工程技术大学 Irrigation system for vegetation
CN105393877A (en) * 2015-11-18 2016-03-16 重庆市万盛区军均林业开发有限公司 Lemon planting and producing device having high-efficiency water-saving performance
CN105830868A (en) * 2016-04-15 2016-08-10 杨淑祥 Multifunctional irrigation vehicle for floral nursery
CN105794601A (en) * 2016-05-22 2016-07-27 中山弗雷德机械有限公司 Novel agricultural water irrigation device
CN106508612A (en) * 2016-10-13 2017-03-22 昆明理工大学 Trace irrigation device capable of eliminating heavy metal pollution
CN107114049A (en) * 2017-06-20 2017-09-01 徐州佳昶农业科技股份有限公司 A kind of solid fertilizer fertilization system
CN109247220A (en) * 2017-07-12 2019-01-22 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 A kind of water-saving irrigation device for farmland
CN108848853A (en) * 2018-07-31 2018-11-23 中国水利水电科学研究院 Automatic fertilization feed water control system and its control method
CN110073947A (en) * 2019-06-03 2019-08-02 中国科学院遗传与发育生物学研究所农业资源研究中心 A kind of farmland water-saving irrigation system carried out based on river

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