CN207070618U - Automatic irrigation fertilization system - Google Patents

Automatic irrigation fertilization system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207070618U
CN207070618U CN201720711643.6U CN201720711643U CN207070618U CN 207070618 U CN207070618 U CN 207070618U CN 201720711643 U CN201720711643 U CN 201720711643U CN 207070618 U CN207070618 U CN 207070618U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
house steward
irrigation
control module
fertilizer
fertilization system
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Application number
CN201720711643.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孔庆波
张青
高祥照
章明清
李娟�
陈清
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Institute of Soil and Fertilizer Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Institute of Soil and Fertilizer Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Application filed by Institute of Soil and Fertilizer Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences filed Critical Institute of Soil and Fertilizer Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Priority to CN201720711643.6U priority Critical patent/CN207070618U/en
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Abstract

It the utility model is related to a kind of automatic irrigation fertilization system, including pond, several fertilizer buckets, sensor cluster, the pond, which is connected with, irrigates house steward, the end for irrigating house steward is connected to planter units through some irrigation branch pipes, discharge nozzle, return duct are provided with the fertilizer bucket, the discharge nozzle is through discharge header pipe and the nearly pond end intercommunication for irrigating house steward, the return duct is electrically connected with through return header and the nearly irrigation Zhi Guanduan intercommunications for irrigating house steward, the sensor cluster through sensing data process circuit and control module.The data that the utility model collects sensor cluster are delivered to control module, so as to control supplementary fertilizer, pour water, apply fertilizer and clear up pipeline, it is achieved thereby that intelligent management, has reached intelligent management crops, saved the purpose of manpower management.

Description

Automatic irrigation fertilization system
Technical field
It the utility model is related to a kind of automatic irrigation fertilization system.
Background technology
Fertigation is the modern agricultural technology that will be irrigated and fertilising is effectively combined together, and its production process is controllable, water Fertile utilization rate is high, has the advantages such as water saving, section fertilizer, saving of labor, synergy, thus using more and more extensive in modern agricultural production. The fertigation equipment of main flow is high from the national import such as Holland, Israel, its price mostly in the market, it is difficult to is general Logical peasant household is received, and governs agricultural sustainable development.It is thus actual for China's agricultural production, fruit tree and vegetable earth culture at present Custom, it is extremely urgent that research and development are applicable inexpensive automatic irrigation fertilization system, on the basis of investigating extensively, according to agricultural planting Demand carries out the research and development of automatic irrigation fertilizer applicator.
Utility model content
In view of the deficiencies in the prior art, technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of structure design and closed Reason, automatic irrigation fertilization system easy to use.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the technical solution of the utility model is:A kind of automatic irrigation fertilization system, its It is characterised by:Including pond, several fertilizer buckets, sensor cluster, the pond, which is connected with, irrigates house steward, the irrigation house steward End through it is some irrigation branch pipes be connected to planter units, discharge nozzle, return duct, the discharging are provided with the fertilizer bucket Guan Junjing discharge header pipes and the nearly pond end intercommunication for irrigating house steward, the return duct is through return header and the nearly filling for irrigating house steward Zhi Guanduan intercommunications are irrigate, the sensor cluster is electrically connected with through sensing data process circuit and control module.
Preferably, the equal releasable connection in the top of the fertilizer bucket has mixer, and the stirring vane of the mixer stretches into fertilizer Charging basket bottom, the mixer are electrically connected with control module.
Preferably, the sensor cluster includes humidity sensor, level sensor and rainfall amount sensor, described wet Degree sensor is embedded in the soil of planter units, and the rainfall amount sensor is arranged on the top of the horizontal plane of planter units, The pond is more than the height for irrigating branch pipe with being respectively arranged with level sensor, the height of rainfall amount sensor in fertilizer bucket, Irrigate on branch pipe and be connected with several irrigation water droppers or shower nozzle.
Preferably, the level sensor inside the fertilizer bucket is separately positioned on the upper, middle and lower position of fertilizer bucket, described The outer surface of fertilizer bucket is supreme toward being arranged with scale.
Preferably, impulse type flowmeter and the first electromagnetic valve are provided with the discharge nozzle, on the return duct Second solenoid valve door is provided with, the impulse type flowmeter is located at the front of the first electromagnetic valve, the impulse type flowmeter, One electromagnetic valve, second solenoid valve Men Junyu control modules are connected.
Preferably, the first water pump, the first non-return valve are provided with the discharge header pipe, first non-return valve is located at first The front of water pump, first water pump are connected with control module.
Preferably, the irrigation house steward is provided with the second non-return valve between pond and discharge header pipe.
Preferably, the irrigation house steward in return header and irrigates between branch pipe and is provided with the 3rd electromagnetic valve, and described the Three electromagnetic valves are connected with control module.
Preferably, the irrigation house steward is disposed with and controlled along irrigation direction between discharge header pipe and return header The second water pump, the filter that molding block is connected.
Preferably, automatic irrigation fertilization system also includes the guidance panel and auditory tone cues being electrically connected with control module Module, the guidance panel include Cao Zuoanjian and LED display.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has the advantages that:The utility model gathers sensor cluster To data be delivered to control module, so as to control supplementary fertilizer, pour water, apply fertilizer and clear up pipeline, it is achieved thereby that intelligent pipe Reason, intelligent management crops reached, have saved the purpose of manpower management.
The utility model is described in more detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the organigram of the utility model embodiment.
Fig. 2 is the utility model embodiment control principle block diagram.
In figure:1- scale valves, 2- ponds, 3- fertilizer buckets, 4- irrigate house steward, and 5- irrigates branch pipe, 6- planter units, 7- dischargings Pipe, 8- return ducts, 9- discharge header pipes, 10- return headers, 11- mixers, 12- humidity sensors, 13- level sensors, 14- Rainfall amount sensor, 15- scales, 16- impulse type flowmeters, the electromagnetic valves of 17- first, 18- second solenoid valve doors, 19- first Water pump, the non-return valves of 20- first, the non-return valves of 21- second, the electromagnetic valves of 22- the 3rd, the water pumps of 23- second, 24- filters, 25- behaviour Make panel.
Embodiment
For features described above and advantage of the present utility model can be become apparent, special embodiment below, and coordinate accompanying drawing, It is described in detail below.
As shown in Figure 1 and 2, a kind of automatic irrigation fertilization system, it is characterised in that:Including pond 2, several fertilizer buckets 3rd, sensor cluster, the pond, which is connected with, irrigates house steward 4, and the end for irrigating house steward is connected to through some irrigation branch pipes 5 Planter units 6, discharge nozzle 7, return duct 8 are provided with the fertilizer bucket, and the discharge nozzle is total with irrigating through discharge header pipe 9 The nearly pond end intercommunication of pipe, the return duct is through return header 10 and the nearly irrigation Zhi Guanduan intercommunications for irrigating house steward, the biography Sensor component is electrically connected with through sensing data process circuit and control module;The planter units include several plantation pieces Area.
In the utility model embodiment, the equal releasable connection in top of the fertilizer bucket has mixer 11, the mixer Stirring vane stretch into fertilizer bottom of the barrel, the mixer is electrically connected with control module.
In the utility model embodiment, the sensor cluster include humidity sensor 12, level sensor 13 and Rainfall amount sensor 14, the humidity sensor are embedded in the soil of planter units, and the rainfall amount sensor is arranged on kind The top of the horizontal plane of unit is planted, the pond in fertilizer bucket with being respectively arranged with level sensor, the height of rainfall amount sensor Degree is more than the height for irrigating branch pipe, irrigates on branch pipe and is connected with several irrigation water droppers or shower nozzle, the height of rainfall amount sensor Higher than branch pipe is irrigated, do not disturbed by what irrigation branch pipe was poured water or applied fertilizer, avoid result in erroneous judgement.
In the utility model embodiment, the level sensor inside the fertilizer bucket be separately positioned on fertilizer bucket it is upper, In, lower portion, the outer surface of the fertilizer bucket is supreme toward being arranged with scale 15.
In the utility model embodiment, the electromagnetic valve of impulse type flowmeter 16 and first is provided with the discharge nozzle 17, second solenoid valve door 18 is provided with the return duct, the impulse type flowmeter is located at the front of the first electromagnetic valve, The impulse type flowmeter, the first electromagnetic valve, second solenoid valve Men Junyu control modules are connected.
In the utility model embodiment, the first water pump 19, the first non-return valve 20 are provided with the discharge header pipe, it is described First non-return valve is located at the front of the first water pump, and first water pump is connected with control module.
In the utility model embodiment, the irrigation house steward is provided with the second non-return valve between pond and discharge header pipe 21。
In the utility model embodiment, the irrigation house steward is provided with the 3rd electricity between return header and irrigation branch pipe Magnet valve door 22, the 3rd electromagnetic valve are connected with control module.
In the utility model embodiment, the irrigation house steward is between discharge header pipe and return header along irrigation direction It is disposed with the second water pump 23, the filter 24 being connected with control module.
In the utility model embodiment, automatic irrigation fertilization system also includes the operation being electrically connected with control module Panel 25 and auditory tone cues module, the guidance panel include Cao Zuoanjian and LED display.
In the utility model embodiment, every discharge nozzle is gone back between the electromagnetic valve 17 of impulse type flowmeter 16 and first It is provided with scale valve 1.
In the utility model embodiment, irrigate house steward, irrigate branch pipe, discharge nozzle, return duct, discharge header pipe, backflow always Guan Jun uses PVC pipeline.
In the utility model embodiment, the quantity of the fertilizer bucket is three.
Three kinds of control models that the utility model includes are as follows:
(1)Be provided with the guidance panel the first electromagnetic valve, second solenoid valve door, the 3rd electromagnetic valve operation by Key, convenient use person control the keying of each electromagnetic valve manually, so as to autonomous control supplementary fertilizer, pour water, apply fertilizer and clearly Wash etc., not only there is operation enjoyment, and flexibility is high;
(2)Or user inputs each control parameter, such as irrigation period t1, irrigation frequency on the control panel in advance F1, fertilization time t2, Effects of Fertilization Frequency f2, mixing time t3, stirring frequency f3, scavenging period t4 and cleaning frequency f4 etc., The keying of each electromagnetic valve is controlled through control module by parameters set in advance;Level sensor in the fertilizer bucket Device feeds back water level information to control module, when detecting that the water level in fertilizer bucket is less than predetermined value, the control module control Auditory tone cues module sends alarm;When detecting that the water level in fertilizer bucket is higher than predetermined value, the control module is so as to controlling Second solenoid valve door remains turned-off;So as to autonomous control supplementary fertilizer, pour water, apply fertilizer and clean etc., realize automanual Control;
(3)Or automatically managed by sensor cluster, the level sensor feedback water level in the fertilizer bucket Information is to control module, and when detecting that the water level in fertilizer bucket is less than predetermined value, the control module is controlled in remote terminal Auditory tone cues module send alarm, when detecting that the water level in fertilizer bucket is higher than predetermined value, the control module is so as to controlling Second solenoid valve door processed remains turned-off;The humidity sensor that is embedded in the soil of planter units feeds back humidity information to controlling mould Block, when detecting that the humidity in soil is less than predetermined value, the control module is so as to controlling the second water pump, the 3rd electromagnetic valve Open, second solenoid valve door is closed, so as to realize pouring water or applying fertilizer for planter units(First electromagnetic valve, the first water during fertilising Pump is also opened simultaneously, and the first electromagnetic valve, the first water pump are closed when pouring water), when the humidity for detecting soil is higher than predetermined value, The control module is so as to control the second water pump, the 3rd electromagnetic valve to close, so as to stop pouring water or applying fertilizer for planter units, together When control module control remote terminal send relative humidity information and pour water or apply fertilizer information;It is arranged on the rainfall of planter units Sensor feedback precipitation information is to control module, and when detecting precipitation information, the control module controls the second water pump, first Electromagnetic valve, the 3rd electromagnetic valve, the first water pump are closed, and stop pouring water or applying fertilizer to planter units.
The course of work of the present utility model is as follows:
(1)Supplementary fertilizer:The charging aperture of the fertilizer bucket is opened, in proportion toward adding dissolved fertilizer in the fertilizer bucket, the Three electromagnetic valves are closed, and second solenoid valve door is opened, and the second water pump works with filter, and the first non-return valve prevents current from entering Expect house steward, the water in pond makes a reservation for toward addition in the fertilizer bucket in proportion by irrigating house steward, return header, return duct successively Water, the mixer work, completes the stirring and dilution of nutrient solution;
(2)Pour water:First electromagnetic valve, second solenoid valve door are closed, and the second water pump, the 3rd electromagnetic valve are opened, current Irrigation branch pipe is flowed to through irrigation house steward to be poured water, and is detected simultaneously and irrigated whether house steward ruptures with each irrigation branch pipe;
(3)Fertilising:First electromagnetic valve, the first water pump, the second water pump, the 3rd electromagnetic valve are opened, second solenoid valve door Close, the nutrient solution in fertilizer bucket is mixed with the water in pond at irrigation house steward, and irrigation branch pipe progress is flowed to through irrigating house steward Fertilising;
(4)Cleaning pipes:First water pump, the first electromagnetic valve, second solenoid valve door are closed, the second water pump, the 3rd electromagnetism Valve is opened, and completes the cleaning irrigated house steward and irrigate branch pipe.
The utility model is not limited to above-mentioned preferred forms, and anyone can obtain under enlightenment of the present utility model Go out other various forms of automatic irrigation fertilization systems.All equivalent changes done according to present utility model application the scope of the claims with Modification, should all belong to covering scope of the present utility model.

Claims (9)

  1. A kind of 1. automatic irrigation fertilization system, it is characterised in that:It is described including pond, several fertilizer buckets, sensor cluster Pond, which is connected with, irrigates house steward, and the end for irrigating house steward is connected to planter units, the fertilizer bucket through some irrigation branch pipes Inside it is provided with discharge nozzle, return duct, the discharge nozzle is through discharge header pipe and the nearly pond end intercommunication for irrigating house steward, described time Flow tube handles electricity through return header and the nearly irrigation Zhi Guanduan intercommunications for irrigating house steward, the sensor cluster through sensing data Road is electrically connected with control module;The first water pump, the first non-return valve, the first non-return valve position are provided with the discharge header pipe In the front of the first water pump, first water pump is connected with control module.
  2. 2. automatic irrigation fertilization system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The top of the fertilizer bucket is removable Mixer is connected with, the stirring vane of the mixer stretches into fertilizer bottom of the barrel, and the mixer is electrically connected with control module.
  3. 3. automatic irrigation fertilization system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The sensor cluster includes humidity Sensor, level sensor and rainfall amount sensor, the humidity sensor are embedded in the soil of planter units, the drop Rain sensor is arranged on the top of the horizontal plane of planter units, and the pond in fertilizer bucket with being respectively arranged with level sensor Device, the height of rainfall amount sensor are more than the height for irrigating branch pipe, irrigate on branch pipe and are connected with several irrigation water droppers or shower nozzle.
  4. 4. automatic irrigation fertilization system according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:Water level inside the fertilizer bucket passes Sensor is separately positioned on the upper, middle and lower position of fertilizer bucket, and the outer surface of the fertilizer bucket is supreme toward being arranged with scale.
  5. 5. automatic irrigation fertilization system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Punching is provided with the discharge nozzle Amount formula flowmeter and the first electromagnetic valve, second solenoid valve door, the impulse type flowmeter position are provided with the return duct In the front of the first electromagnetic valve, the impulse type flowmeter, the first electromagnetic valve, second solenoid valve Men Junyu control module phases Connection.
  6. 6. automatic irrigation fertilization system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The irrigation house steward is in pond with going out The second non-return valve is provided between material house steward.
  7. 7. automatic irrigation fertilization system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The irrigation house steward is in return header The 3rd electromagnetic valve is provided between branch pipe with irrigating, the 3rd electromagnetic valve is connected with control module.
  8. 8. automatic irrigation fertilization system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The irrigation house steward is in discharge header pipe The second water pump, the filter being connected with control module are disposed with along irrigation direction between return header.
  9. 9. automatic irrigation fertilization system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Automatic irrigation fertilization system also wraps Include and show with the guidance panel that control module is electrically connected with and auditory tone cues module, the guidance panel comprising Cao Zuoanjian with LED Display screen.
CN201720711643.6U 2017-06-19 2017-06-19 Automatic irrigation fertilization system Active CN207070618U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720711643.6U CN207070618U (en) 2017-06-19 2017-06-19 Automatic irrigation fertilization system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720711643.6U CN207070618U (en) 2017-06-19 2017-06-19 Automatic irrigation fertilization system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN207070618U true CN207070618U (en) 2018-03-06

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ID=61513253

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201720711643.6U Active CN207070618U (en) 2017-06-19 2017-06-19 Automatic irrigation fertilization system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN207070618U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109122218A (en) * 2018-08-29 2019-01-04 田定松 A kind of courtyard greening drip irrigation appliance
CN112470900A (en) * 2020-11-20 2021-03-12 青岛农业大学 Greenhouse tomato matrix cultivation method

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109122218A (en) * 2018-08-29 2019-01-04 田定松 A kind of courtyard greening drip irrigation appliance
CN112470900A (en) * 2020-11-20 2021-03-12 青岛农业大学 Greenhouse tomato matrix cultivation method
CN112470900B (en) * 2020-11-20 2022-05-17 青岛农业大学 Greenhouse tomato matrix cultivation method

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