CN104141399A - Semiautomatic vertical underground garage - Google Patents

Semiautomatic vertical underground garage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104141399A
CN104141399A CN201410322669.2A CN201410322669A CN104141399A CN 104141399 A CN104141399 A CN 104141399A CN 201410322669 A CN201410322669 A CN 201410322669A CN 104141399 A CN104141399 A CN 104141399A
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China
Prior art keywords
garage
car
elevator
hoist
underground
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Granted
Application number
CN201410322669.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104141399B (en
Inventor
张明聚
李家云
晋刘杰
陈天晓
张振波
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Beijing University of Technology
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Beijing University of Technology
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Priority to CN201410322669.2A priority Critical patent/CN104141399B/en
Publication of CN104141399A publication Critical patent/CN104141399A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104141399B publication Critical patent/CN104141399B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The invention relates to a semiautomatic vertical underground garage and belongs to the field of underground building engineering. Road boundary lines, road center lines, the ground, a garage entrance and a garage exit of a ground structure are aboveground parts of the garage; a card reader, a vehicle carrying elevator, an elevator door and a hoist are lifting mechanisms of the garage; a human carrying elevator, a walking stair, a ventilating duct shaft, garage stand columns, a garage main body structure, parking spaces and equipment pipes are underground parts of the garage. The garage structure is symmetrical and simple, reinforced concrete or steel pipe concrete is used as the material of the main body structure and the construction cost is low; the spacing of the structural columns is reasonably arranged and the usable area of the garage is maximized. In addition, since the garage is provided with auxiliary facilities, the demand of the operation management of the garage can be met, emergency situations can be coped with and the use safety is guaranteed.

Description

A kind of semi-automatic three-dimensional underground garage
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of semi-automatic three-dimensional underground garage, especially a kind of three-dimensional underground garage of underground two-layer or multilayer, belongs to underground structrue engineering field.
Background technology
Automobile pollution increases day by day now, owing to not fully taking into account automobile and enter into speed and the quantity of family in planning and designing, do not have enough ground spaces to meet parking demand, especially on built residential quarters, commercial area, business district, hospital and other places, parking difficulty problem has had influence on resident's normal life and the traffic administration in city.Present metropolitan parking space breach is larger, and vehicle number is still continuing to increase, and parking space can not meet parking demand on the ground, therefore utilizes the underground space to build underground stereo formula garage necessary.In recent years, underground structure, mechanical elevating, parking ground control system and the development of deep pit digging support technology are comparatively ripe, carry out underground three-dimensional garage design and become possibility, and created condition for solving the problems such as parking difficulty.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to propose a kind of semi-automatic three-dimensional underground garage building scheme, this garage architectural plane is made up of parts such as vertically carrying car lift well, passage, parking space, man lift's well, pedestrian stairway, ventilating shaft; This garage building structure is made up of parts such as basis, post, beam, floor layer, wall, stair, and agent structure is rectangular closed structure, longitudinally symmetrical.This garage structure can adopt the material such as concrete or concrete filled steel tube.This garage typical floor plan is arranged two row parking spaces, parking stall size: long 6m × wide 2.5m, and the wide 5m of Park Lane, parking space is arranged in parallel.This garage vertical supporting pillar is arranged on approximately 2/3 place, long limit, each parking stall, is approximately positioned at the forward end of car rearview mirror, does not affect door contact interrupter, and every two parking stalls are wide arranges a square column, is ensureing to increase to greatest extent usage space under structural safety prerequisite.This underground garage construction scope is medium-scale garage, and design parking quantity is 51~300.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution used in the present invention is a kind of semi-automatic three-dimensional underground garage, this garage is underground layer stereo formula structure, the overground part that the highway sideline of described earth construction, center line of road, ground, garage entrance, garage exit are garage; What machine for punching the card, year car hoist, elevator door, hoist engine were Ben Cheku plays descending mechanism; The under ground portion that man lift, Stairs, ventilating duct well, garage column, garage agent structure, parking space, equipment pipe are Ben Cheku.
In overground part, vehicle to be deposited can travel along the center line of road of landing ground, sails into and carries car hoist from garage entrance, carries the vertical running of car hoist and arrives at designated floor; Vehicle to be removed can travel along garage hall, sails hoist into from garage exit, arrives at ground; Wherein, the border that highway sideline is ground level road.
In under ground portion, garage agent structure contains the whole shear wall structure of surrounding, plays the support of whole underground structure and goes along with sb. to guard him effect.Garage column is arranged side by side 2/3 place, long limit on rectangle parking space, in order to support the top floor slab structure in garage; Man lift and Stairs are arranged on underground structure middle part, near longitudinal wall one side, in order to meet manned use; Ventilating duct well is arranged between garage exit/entry, ventilates and pipeline installation requirements in order to meet underground structure; Garage entrance separates with garage exit and is arranged on underground structure both sides, near longitudinal wall, carries car use in order to meet; Device administration is put four corners at underground structure, installs in order to meet pipe-line.
Rise in descending mechanism, machine for punching the card is arranged on carries in car hoist, can be used for storing subscriber information; Hoist engine is arranged on the top of garage entrance, garage exit, in order to control the landing of the hoist in garage entrance, garage exit; Elevator door is arranged on the import and export of hoist; In Transport Vehicle process, first swipe the card by machine for punching the card, elevator door starts, and steering vehicle arrives at and carries car hoist, under the running of hoist engine, carries car hoist and vertically operates, and carries out Transport Vehicle.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has following beneficial effect.
The architectural design scheme of a kind of semi-automatic three-dimensional underground garage that 1, the present invention proposes, adopts underground parking, accounts for floor area very little, can alleviate in narrow space situation parking difficulty problem., on garage floor, afforest meanwhile, effectively keep and environment uniformity.This building scheme has designed respectively access, and Transport Vehicle is independent of each other, and has improved the efficiency of operation in garage, has reduced the stand-by period of user's Transport Vehicle.
The architectural design scheme of a kind of semi-automatic three-dimensional underground garage that 2, the present invention proposes, symmetrical configuration is simple, and agent structure material adopts steel concrete or concrete filled steel tube, and cost is low; Structural column is apart from rationally distributed, and garage usable floor area maximizes.Meanwhile, Ben Cheku arranges supporting facility, can meet garage operation management, can tackle again emergency case, guarantees to use safety.
The architectural design scheme of a kind of semi-automatic three-dimensional underground garage that 3, the present invention proposes, access arranges respectively 2~4 vertical car hoists that carry, 30 ° of angles between adjacent vertical shaft, human oriented design, sails into while being convenient to access automobile and sails out of.Superstructure mainly contains Vehicles Exiting and man lift and pedestrian stairway, and its floor space is about 100m 2.Passage and ladder access area only account for typical floor area 1/4.The vertical car hoist that carries operates up and down, is independent of each other, and greatly improves garage efficiency of operation, effectively solves the long problem of Transport Vehicle period of reservation of number.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is semi-automatic three-dimensional underground garage ground floor plan view.
Fig. 2 is semi-automatic three-dimensional underground garage typical floor plan figure.
Fig. 3 is semi-automatic three-dimensional underground garage ground plan.
Fig. 4 is semi-automatic three-dimensional underground garage 1-1 sectional drawing.
Fig. 5 is semi-automatic three-dimensional underground garage 2-2 sectional drawing.
Fig. 6 is the horizontal planning of building figure of semi-automatic three-dimensional underground garage.
In figure: 1, highway sideline, 2, center line of road, 3, ground, 4, garage entrance, 5, garage exit, 6, machine for punching the card, 7, man lift, 8, Stairs, 9, ventilating duct well, 10, carry car hoist, 11, elevator door, 12, garage column, 13, garage agent structure, 14, parking space, 15, equipment pipe, 16, hoist engine.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is described in further detail.
As shown in Fig. 1-6, a kind of semi-automatic three-dimensional underground garage, Ben Cheku is underground layer stereo formula structure, the overground part that the highway sideline 1 of described earth construction, center line of road 2, ground 3, garage entrance 4, garage exit 5 are garage; What machine for punching the card 6, year car hoist 10, elevator door 11, hoist engine 16 were Ben Cheku plays descending mechanism; The under ground portion that man lift 7, Stairs 8, ventilating duct well 9, garage column 12, garage agent structure 13, parking space 14, equipment pipe 15 are Ben Cheku.
In overground part, vehicle to be deposited can travel along the center line of road of landing ground 32, sails into and carries car hoist 10 from garage entrance 4, carries the vertical running of car hoist 10 and arrives at designated floor; Vehicle to be removed can travel along garage hall, sails hoist into from garage exit 5, arrives at ground; Wherein, the border that highway sideline 1 is ground level road.
In under ground portion, garage agent structure 13 contains the whole shear wall structure of surrounding, plays the support of whole underground structure and goes along with sb. to guard him effect.Garage column 12 is arranged side by side at 2/3 place, 14Chang limit, rectangle parking space, in order to support the top floor slab structure in garage; Man lift 7 is arranged on underground structure middle part with Stairs 8, near longitudinal wall one side, in order to meet manned use; Ventilating duct well 9 is arranged between garage exit/entry, ventilates and pipeline installation requirements in order to meet underground structure; Garage entrance 4 separates and is arranged on underground structure both sides with garage exit 5, near longitudinal wall, carries car use in order to meet; Equipment pipe 15 is arranged on four corners of underground structure, installs in order to meet pipe-line.
Rise in descending mechanism, machine for punching the card 6 is arranged on carries in car hoist 10, can be used for storing subscriber information; Hoist engine 16 is arranged on the top of garage entrance 4, garage exit 5, in order to control the landing of the hoist 10 in garage entrance 4, garage exit 5; Elevator door 11 is arranged on the import and export of hoist 10; In Transport Vehicle process, first swipe the card by machine for punching the card 6, elevator door 11 starts, and steering vehicle arrives at and carries car hoist 10, under the running of hoist engine 16, carries car hoist 10 and vertically operates, and carries out Transport Vehicle.
Described garage entrance 4 and garage exit 5 are separately positioned on two ends outside garage, and the center angle of two garage entrances 4 or garage exit 5 is 30 °.
This garage, includes and build underground multi-storied garage in and build ground automobile import and export and man lift and pedestrian stairway in, and Vehicles Exiting is equipped with Transport Vehicle brushing card device and carries car hoist.This parking space, garage is all positioned at underground, underground more than 2 layers, and the rational stop parking stall number of plies is 3~5 layers, floor height 2.5m~3.0m, and every layer is designed 10~30, parking space, belongs to medium-scale garage; Superstructure mainly contains Vehicles Exiting and man lift and pedestrian stairway, and its floor space is about 100m 2.Superstructure is two-layer altogether, and the first floor is access, and the second layer is jacking equipment layer.This garage is semi-automatic three-dimensional underground garage, needs driver to drive to carry together the vertical car hoist that carries when bicycle parking, arrives at garage designated floor and again storing cycle is arrived and specifies parking position, and driver leaves garage by man lift or pedestrian stairway.While picking up the car, need driver to arrive at garage designated floor by man lift or pedestrian stairway, driver drives over carries the vertical car hoist that carries, and arrives at ground and sails out of.This garage exit/entry arranges respectively 2~4 and carries car lift, and garage exit/entry separates, and Transport Vehicle can carry out simultaneously, reduces user's access waiting time, is also provided with two man lifts and a pedestrian stairway, for Transport Vehicle librarian use in this middle part, garage one side.The object of the invention is to provide a kind of architectural design scheme of semi-automatic three-dimensional underground garage, this garage structure is simple, access is convenient, floor space is few, on ground except needs building area, on the cover board backfill earthwork plantation flowers and plants, also can lay floor tile, the uniformity of maintenance and surrounding enviroment, effectively utilizes soil.Meanwhile, Ben Cheku arranges illumination, ventilate, and draining, the facilities such as fire-fighting spraying.
Embodiment
According to community, Beijing surrounding enviroment situation, for designing this garage between X residential building and Y residential building.Concrete horizontal planning of building figure is shown in Fig. 6, and garage of the present invention is described:
This garage architectural plane is made up of parts such as vertically carrying car lift well, passage, parking space, man lift's well, pedestrian stairway, ventilating shaft; This garage building structure is made up of parts such as basis, post, beam, floor layer, wall, stair, and agent structure is rectangular closed structure, longitudinally symmetrical.This garage structure can adopt the material such as concrete or concrete filled steel tube.This garage typical floor plan is arranged two row parking spaces, parking stall size: long 6m × wide 2.5m, and the wide 5m of Park Lane, parking space is arranged in parallel.Underground totally 5 layers of garage, 18 parking spaces of every layer of design, Ben Cheku mono-has 90 parking spaces.Floor height 2500mm, underground garage column is positioned at 2/3 place, long limit, parking space.This garage arranges 2 entrances, is respectively A, B; 2 outlets, are respectively C, D; There are fixing parking stall and random parking stall in this garage, to fix parking stall as example, the concrete Transport Vehicle step in garage is described.
Bicycle parking step
The first step: parking user sails automobile to garage entrance waiting space from road, swipe the card, control system will be distributed parking stall automatically, and display screen shows bicycle parking information: (for example: B3-10), this car is prestored into No. 10 parking stall of underground 3 floor, confirms to wait a year car lift;
Second step: carry car lift and open the door, user sails car into elevator, the confirmation of swiping the card, elevator is closed the door;
The 3rd step: carry the car lift B3 layer that comes into operation, elevator is opened Qianmen, and car is sailed out of elevator by user, and elevator is closed the door and is circulated to next bit user bicycle parking;
The 4th step: user sails car to No. 10 parking stalls, reversing warehouse-in;
The 5th step: user walks to emergency exit, carries elevator or pedestrian stairway, arrives at ground, and bicycle parking is complete;
The step of picking up the car
The first step: the user that picks up the car walks to safety entrance, swipes the card, and carries elevator;
Second step: user arrives at fixing parking stall (for example: B3-10), B3 layer, user sails car to garage exit from No. 10 parking stalls, swipes the card, and confirms to wait a year car lift;
The 3rd step: carry car lift and open the door, user sails car into elevator, elevator automatic door-closing;
The 4th step: carry car lift and come into operation to ground floor, door-opened elevator, car is sailed out of elevator by user;
The 5th step: elevator is closed the door and is circulated to next bit user and picks up the car, and picks up the car complete;
Be more than an exemplary embodiments of the present invention, enforcement of the present invention is not limited to this.

Claims (4)

1. a semi-automatic three-dimensional underground garage, is characterized in that: the overground part that the highway sideline (1) of described earth construction, center line of road (2), ground (3), garage entrance (4), garage exit (5) are garage; What machine for punching the card (6), year car hoist (10), elevator door (11), hoist engine (16) were Ben Cheku plays descending mechanism; The under ground portion that man lift (7), Stairs (8), ventilating duct well (9), garage column (12), garage agent structure (13), parking space (14), equipment pipe (15) are Ben Cheku;
In overground part, vehicle to be deposited can travel along the center line of road of landing ground (3) (2), sail into and carry car hoist (10) from garage entrance (4), carry the vertical running of car hoist (10) and arrive at designated floor; Vehicle to be removed can travel along garage hall, sails hoist into from garage exit (5), arrives at ground; Wherein, the border that highway sideline (1) is ground level road;
In under ground portion, garage agent structure (13) contains the whole shear wall structure of surrounding, plays the support of whole underground structure and goes along with sb. to guard him effect; Garage column (12) is arranged side by side at 2/3 place, rectangle parking space (14) long limit, in order to support the top floor slab structure in garage; Man lift (7) is arranged on underground structure middle part with Stairs (8), near longitudinal wall one side, in order to meet manned use; Ventilating duct well (9) is arranged between garage exit/entry, ventilates and pipeline installation requirements in order to meet underground structure; Garage entrance (4) separates and is arranged on underground structure both sides with garage exit (5), near longitudinal wall, carries car use in order to meet; Equipment pipe (15) is arranged on four corners of underground structure, installs in order to meet pipe-line;
Rise in descending mechanism, machine for punching the card (6) is arranged on carries in car hoist (10), can be used for storing subscriber information; Hoist engine (16) is arranged on the top of garage entrance (4), garage exit (5), in order to control the landing of the hoist (10) in garage entrance (4), garage exit (5); Elevator door (11) is arranged on the import and export of hoist (10); In Transport Vehicle process, first swipe the card by machine for punching the card (6), elevator door (11) starts, steering vehicle arrives at and carries car hoist (10), under the running of hoist engine (16), carry car hoist (10) and vertically operate, carry out Transport Vehicle.
2. the semi-automatic three-dimensional underground garage of one according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described garage entrance (4) and garage exit (5) are separately positioned on two ends outside garage, and the center angle of two garage entrances (4) or garage exit (5) is 30 °.
3. the semi-automatic three-dimensional underground garage of one according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described bicycle parking step is as follows,
The first step: parking user sails automobile to garage entrance waiting space from road, swipes the card, and control system will be distributed parking stall automatically, and display screen shows bicycle parking information: this car is prestored into No. 10 parking stall of underground 3 floor, confirms to wait a year car lift;
Second step: carry car lift and open the door, user sails car into elevator, the confirmation of swiping the card, elevator is closed the door;
The 3rd step: carry the car lift B3 layer that comes into operation, elevator is opened Qianmen, and car is sailed out of elevator by user, and elevator is closed the door and is circulated to next bit user bicycle parking;
The 4th step: user sails car to No. 10 parking stalls, reversing warehouse-in;
The 5th step: user walks to emergency exit, carries elevator or pedestrian stairway, arrives at ground, and bicycle parking is complete.
4. the semi-automatic three-dimensional underground garage of one according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described in the step of picking up the car as follows,
The first step: the user that picks up the car walks to safety entrance, swipes the card, and carries elevator;
Second step: user arrives at fixing parking stall, B3 layer, user sails car to garage exit from No. 10 parking stalls, swipes the card, and confirms to wait a year car lift;
The 3rd step: carry car lift and open the door, user sails car into elevator, elevator automatic door-closing;
The 4th step: carry car lift and come into operation to ground floor, door-opened elevator, car is sailed out of elevator by user;
The 5th step: elevator is closed the door and is circulated to next bit user and picks up the car, and picks up the car complete.
CN201410322669.2A 2014-07-08 2014-07-08 A kind of semi-automatic three-dimensional underground garage Expired - Fee Related CN104141399B (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106780892A (en) * 2016-12-21 2017-05-31 哈尔滨亿海管桩有限公司 Automatic intelligent steel and concrete structure garage and control method
CN107795188A (en) * 2017-12-05 2018-03-13 北京中岩大地科技股份有限公司 A kind of underground garage being combined with underground pipe gallery
CN108756373A (en) * 2018-06-26 2018-11-06 合肥市春华起重机械有限公司 A kind of intelligent stereo garage being built in greenbelt underground
CN109653578A (en) * 2019-02-14 2019-04-19 戴觉全 A kind of totally-enclosed intelligent three-dimensional garage
CN110016845A (en) * 2019-05-20 2019-07-16 上海市地下空间设计研究总院有限公司 A kind of underground vehicle driving road and underground garage comprehensive arrangement method
CN111485743A (en) * 2020-06-08 2020-08-04 绍兴欢歌智能科技有限公司 Flood-control efficient parking charging underground garage

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109812120A (en) * 2019-01-09 2019-05-28 中国计量大学 The design scheme of stereo garage engineering is built in haze tower Around

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US3330083A (en) * 1963-06-14 1967-07-11 Motobecane Ateliers Suspended platform multi-storey garage
CN102477808A (en) * 2010-11-29 2012-05-30 张铭勇 Stereo garage and application operating method thereof
CN202645118U (en) * 2012-07-11 2013-01-02 陈仁多 Garden type electric duplex parking business building above urban road
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CN103410360A (en) * 2013-08-26 2013-11-27 李放明 Ancient-pagoda-shaped multifunctional intelligentized parking building
CN103514755A (en) * 2013-10-15 2014-01-15 镇江三鑫科技信息有限公司 Self-parking system
CN203630979U (en) * 2013-11-06 2014-06-04 西安中科麦特电子技术设备有限公司 Intelligent parking lot management system

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US3330083A (en) * 1963-06-14 1967-07-11 Motobecane Ateliers Suspended platform multi-storey garage
CN102477808A (en) * 2010-11-29 2012-05-30 张铭勇 Stereo garage and application operating method thereof
CN202645118U (en) * 2012-07-11 2013-01-02 陈仁多 Garden type electric duplex parking business building above urban road
CN103337196A (en) * 2013-06-21 2013-10-02 苏州大方特种车股份有限公司 Parking stall guiding and reversed car searching method and systems thereof
CN103410360A (en) * 2013-08-26 2013-11-27 李放明 Ancient-pagoda-shaped multifunctional intelligentized parking building
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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106780892A (en) * 2016-12-21 2017-05-31 哈尔滨亿海管桩有限公司 Automatic intelligent steel and concrete structure garage and control method
CN107795188A (en) * 2017-12-05 2018-03-13 北京中岩大地科技股份有限公司 A kind of underground garage being combined with underground pipe gallery
CN108756373A (en) * 2018-06-26 2018-11-06 合肥市春华起重机械有限公司 A kind of intelligent stereo garage being built in greenbelt underground
CN109653578A (en) * 2019-02-14 2019-04-19 戴觉全 A kind of totally-enclosed intelligent three-dimensional garage
CN110016845A (en) * 2019-05-20 2019-07-16 上海市地下空间设计研究总院有限公司 A kind of underground vehicle driving road and underground garage comprehensive arrangement method
CN111485743A (en) * 2020-06-08 2020-08-04 绍兴欢歌智能科技有限公司 Flood-control efficient parking charging underground garage
CN111485743B (en) * 2020-06-08 2021-03-16 南京安道智能科技有限公司 Flood-control efficient parking charging underground garage

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