CN104082156A - Large multi-span cowshed - Google Patents

Large multi-span cowshed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104082156A
CN104082156A CN201410328861.2A CN201410328861A CN104082156A CN 104082156 A CN104082156 A CN 104082156A CN 201410328861 A CN201410328861 A CN 201410328861A CN 104082156 A CN104082156 A CN 104082156A
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China
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cowshed
unit
passage
bed
gear door
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CN201410328861.2A
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CN104082156B (en
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施正香
惠雪
李保明
邓书辉
杨柳
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China Agricultural University
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China Agricultural University
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Abstract

The invention relates to a large multi-span cowshed. The large multi-span cowshed is characterized by comprising an integral rectangular cowshed body defined by a plurality of stand columns, four outer walls and a reverse V-shaped double pitch roof, partition walls parallel with the short outer walls of the rectangle are arranged in the outer walls at intervals and divide the integral rectangular cowshed body into a plurality of independent cowshed cells, the center of each cowshed cell in the longitudinal direction is provided with a feeding channel, two rows of cow lying beds which are arranged oppositely are arranged on the two sides of each feeding channel and parallel to the feeding channel, the positions, corresponding to the feeding channels, of the outer walls are provided with lifting doors respectively, the two sides of each lifting door are provided with an opening and a roller blind respectively as air inlets, the other end, opposite to each air inlet, of the corresponding outer wall is provided with a negative pressure fan as an exhaust port, the position, adjacent to the other end of each feeding channel, of the corresponding partition wall is provided with a lifting door, and each cowshed cell is internally provided with a blowing board and an underground excrement collection ditch. The corresponding cowshed cells and environment control modes can be selected according to different climate conditions of the south and the north, and the large multi-span cowshed can be widely applied to various cowshed construction projects.

Description

A kind of large-scale Continuous building type cowshed
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of cowshed, particularly about the large-scale Continuous building type cowshed of one.
Background technology
Force ventilation is the main large-scale cowshed a kind of new building pattern as cow house, has been widely used in cowshed Building technology.Compared with the cowshed of gravity-flow ventilation, adopting force ventilation is that in main large-scale cowshed house, subenvironment is subject to external environment variable effect little, relatively easily realizes artificial adjusting and control in subenvironment, can effectively improve the life production environment of ox.Adopting force ventilation is that main large-scale cowshed is generally single cowshed, cowshed space is large, in every cowshed, can hold 2000 above cows in milk, the cowshed of this similar rectangular box, because it saves soil, be convenient to management, the advantage such as environment controllability is relatively good, be subject to pursuing of the increasing milk cow producer, very fast in China's development in recent years.Because the ventilation organizational form of this cowshed is overall transversal ventilation, wet curtain or roller shutter are installed on the exterior wall of the long limit of rectangle one side as air inlet, on the corresponding long limit of opposite side exterior wall, blower fan is installed as exhaust outlet; In order to reduce fan operation quantity and to increase the wind speed of the local zone of action of milk cow, conventionally can some deflectors be longitudinally set along cowshed.But, there is following problem in this large-scale cowshed in actual motion: 1, because cowshed space is large, therefore in house, the barrier of barrier air smoothness is many, in house, the sense of organization of air current flow is poor, air-flow skewness particularly can produce serious turbulent air flow on a large scale near the deflector on roof.2, because environment controlling level is low, therefore cause the phenomenon of summer high temperature high humidity, winter low temperature high humidity serious, to a certain extent, the productivity effect aspect of the health to milk cow and cattle farm causes adverse influence.3, the traditional company building font of falling W roofs that adopt, the defect on this roof is that the gutter place of caving in northerly winter can produce serious accumulated ice problem more.
Summary of the invention
For the problems referred to above, the object of this invention is to provide and a kind ofly can realize the large-scale Continuous building type cowshed that cowshed air-flow was effectively organized, reduced the scale of construction of vent passages, increases fan operation efficiency, cowshed subenvironment controllability is high.
For achieving the above object, the present invention takes following technical scheme: a kind of large-scale Continuous building type cowshed, it is characterized in that: it comprises the rectangle cowshed being enclosed by some columns, four sides exterior wall and an inverted V-shape saddle roof, outside described, every a segment distance, the one stifled partition wall parallel with rectangle cowshed minor face exterior wall is set within the walls, described overall cowshed is separated into some independently cowshed unit; Described in each, cowshed unit central longitudinal is to the passage of feeding is set, described in the passage both sides of feeding, be in parallelly provided with two rows and be correct ox bed of arranging; Described in each ox bed with described in the passage of feeding between passage be intake channel, described in each ox lie in bed and described partition wall between passage be clear fecal passageway; Described in each, the middle part of cowshed unit and two ends are also provided with interconnection; Described in each, feed on the relative described exterior wall in passage one end a lever gear door is set, on the described partition wall that the passage other end of feeding is adjacent and two minor face enclosure walls, be respectively arranged with a lever gear door described in each; Lever gear door both sides described in each on cowshed unit exterior wall arrange respectively a hole and can regulate the roller shutter of hole size, as air inlet; On the other end exterior wall relative with air inlet described in each, negative-pressure air fan is installed as exhaust outlet; On intake channel described in each in cowshed unit and clear fecal passageway, be provided with automatic scraping dropping-board, a termination of described intake channel and clear fecal passageway is provided with ground next part dropping pit in a perpendicular house.
A cowshed unit that only has a row ox bed is set respectively between described rectangle cowshed two minor face exterior walls and its nearest cowshed unit, described in each, only have the cowshed unit of a row ox bed to comprise a block wall that is successively set on clear fecal passageway outside, adjacent cowshed unit,, clear fecal passageway, a row ox bed, an intake channel and the passage of feeding, and described in each, only have middle part and the two ends of the cowshed unit of a row ox bed to be provided with interconnection; Described in each, only have in the cowshed unit of a row ox bed, on the exterior wall relative with the described passage one end of feeding, be provided with a lever gear door, on the described partition wall adjacent with the described passage other end of feeding, be provided with a lever gear door; Described in each, only have lever gear door inner side on the cowshed unit exterior wall of a row ox bed to be provided with a hole and can regulate the roller shutter of hole size, as air inlet; On the other end exterior wall relative with air inlet described in this, negative-pressure air fan is installed as exhaust outlet; Described in each, only have in the cowshed unit of a row ox bed, on described intake channel and clear fecal passageway, be provided with automatic scraping dropping-board, a termination of described intake channel and clear fecal passageway is provided with ground next part dropping pit in a perpendicular house.
Described in each, on partition wall, be provided with more than one hole, described in each, be provided with can be by the roller shutter of its covering at hole place.
Be provided with slatted floor at each described intake channel and clear fecal passageway with the place that described ground next part dropping pit intersects; Described in each, on intake channel, clear fecal passageway and interconnection, be provided with anti-slip tank.
Described in each, roller shutter bottom or both sides are provided with wind-proof device, and described wind-proof device is the one in windproof buckle, thread gluing, stay cord.
Each described lever gear door is the lever gear door of a remote-controlled unlatching.
The present invention is owing to taking above technical scheme, and it has the following advantages: 1, the present invention is owing to arranging a block wall between every two adjacent clear fecal passageway, makes that whole large-scale cowshed forms one by one independently, cowshed longitudinal ventilation mode, Lian Dong unit; Compared with overall transversal ventilation, the present invention has reduced the cross-sectional area ventilating effectively, is not only obtaining under the condition of identical wind speed, and required ventilation is little, and required blower fan quantity is few; And while adopting little space longitudinal ventilation, the air current composition in cowshed is strong, in house, air-flow is evenly distributed, and dead angle is few.2, the present invention, because cowshed unit is relatively independent, therefore can carry out subdivision regulation and control according to a number and the cowshed temperature of the actual ox of raising in each unit, realizes the fine-grained management that cowshed ventilates; Particularly can directly turn off blower fan for vacant cowshed unit, avoid the waste of the energy, effectively reduce the actual ventilation of cowshed, improve the availability of drafting efficiency and blower fan.3, the present invention is due to hole elongated, that have certain altitude being set on the partition wall between each cowshed unit, and roller shutter is installed at hole place, therefore, in the time that roller shutter is rolled along curtain rolling shaft, can make the air-flow conducting of adjacent two cowshed unit; In the time that roller shutter puts down, the air flow partition of adjacent two cowshed unit, operation is very easy.4, the present invention, owing to cowshed being divided into some cowshed unit, therefore has great importance to the cattle farm of initial operating stage, such as cattle farm initial operating stage, the livestock on hand of ox is few, and in house, stocking density is low, causes northern area cowshed in winter temperature low, environment is poor, affects greatly actual production; And the present invention can concentrate on ox in some cowshed unit and raises, so not only ensure the stocking density of this cowshed unit, be convenient to management and save the energy, and can effectively improve cowshed winter environment.5, in the present invention, adopt the inverted V-shape roof of light grade, not only effectively solved the serious problem of gutter place, the type of falling W roof accumulated ice, and saved roof cost.6, the present invention is owing to being provided with respectively within the walls the cowshed unit that only has a row ox bed outside two minor faces of rectangle cowshed, what make to be close to exterior wall is feed passage and intake channel, therefore effectively prevent the problem of the icing frosting that in north of china in winter cowshed, clear fecal passageway produces near exterior wall, extenuated the cold stress of cows.The present invention can select corresponding cowshed unit and environment control mode according to the different weather conditions of the South and the North, makes milk cow life produce more comfortable.The present invention can be widely used in various cowshed architectural engineerings.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is perspective view of the present invention
Fig. 2 is the positive elevational schematic view of the present invention
Fig. 3 is cowshed horizontal layout embodiment schematic diagram of the present invention
Fig. 4 is another embodiment schematic diagram of cowshed horizontal layout of the present invention
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is described in detail.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, the large-scale company of a present invention cowshed comprises and is fixed on the some spaced column 1 on ground and is arranged between column 1 and whole cowshed is surrounded to the exterior wall 2 of a rectangular space.In exterior wall 2, the one stifled column 1 parallel with a shorter side exterior wall 2 is set at a certain distance, between every row column 1, is provided with partition wall 3, be provided with inverted V-shape roof truss at column 1 top of exterior wall 2 and partition wall 3, on roof truss, be covered with roof boarding, and then form a saddle roof 4 of cowshed.So, from profile, cowshed is the big house of a saddle roof 4, and the cowshed unit that cowshed inside is arranged in juxtaposition by several forms, therefore the present invention is referred to as large-scale Continuous building type cowshed.
As shown in Figure 3, in the each cowshed of the present invention unit, longitudinally central authorities arrange the passage 5 of feeding, and passage 5 both sides of feeding are in parallelly provided with two rows and are correct ox bed 6 of arranging.Each ox bed 6 and the passage of feeding between passage 5 are referred to as intake channel 7, and the passage between each ox bed 6 and partition wall 3 is referred to as fecal passageway 8 clearly.Can facilitate and promptly arrive intake channel 7 and search for food in order to be conveniently positioned at clearly the cows of fecal passageway 8 one sides, generally also be provided with interconnection 9 at middle part and the two ends of each cowshed unit; That is to say and in each cowshed unit, comprise the correct oxen bed arranging of the passage 5 of feeding, two rows 6, two intake channels 7, two clear fecal passageway 8 and some interconnections 9.In order to prevent that cows are in the damp ground tumble injury of skidding, need on the intake channel of every milk cow activity 7, clear fecal passageway 8 and interconnection 9, anti-slip tank 10 be set.The lever gear door 11 of one remote-controlled unlatching is set on the relative long limit exterior wall 2 in passage 5 one end of feeding of each cowshed unit, and (lever gear door is only as example, but be not limited to this), like this, feeding cart can enter the passage 5 of feeding by lever gear door 11 and carries out spreading operation.On the feed adjacent partition wall 3 of passage 5 other ends and the two minor face exterior walls 2 of each cowshed unit, be provided with a lever gear door 12, like this, milk cow can carry out milking operation to milking parlour by lever gear door 12, and feeding cart also can directly enter next cowshed unit by lever gear door 12 and carry out spreading operation.
The present invention is in order to realize the independently environment control and draft tissue smoothly of cowshed unit, at the long limit exterior wall 2 certain altitude places, both sides that are provided with lever gear door 11, one hole is set respectively, plastic material is installed (only as example at hole place, but be not limited to this) roller shutter 13 (as shown in Figure 2) made, the air inlet of the common formation of hole and roller shutter 13 each cowshed unit.Roller shutter 13 bottoms are provided with curtain rolling shaft, and roller shutter 13 can be rolled or put down along curtain rolling shaft, to regulate the size of cowshed unit air inlet.Negative-pressure air fan 14 is installed as exhaust outlet (as shown in Figure 1, Figure 3) on the other end exterior wall 2 relative with each air inlet, the pattern of negative pressure longitudinal ventilation has all been realized in each like this cowshed unit, be that air-flow flows along the direction parallel with partition wall 3, not only can reduce the ventilation scale of construction of each cowshed unit, and can reduce needed blower fan 14 quantity of ventilating, can also close that some,, not at the blower fan 14 of the state of use, save the energy in cowshed.
The present invention is in order to regulate the draft between each independent cowshed unit, can also on the partition wall 3 between each cowshed unit, more than one hole be also set certain altitude place, the roller shutter 15 (as shown in Figure 1) that plastic material (only as example, but being not limited to this) is made is also installed at each hole place.In the time that the roller shutter 15 on partition wall 3 puts down, the hole on partition wall 3 can be covered completely, the airflow between blocking-up roller shutter 15 cowshed unit, both sides, makes cowshed unit form relatively independent subenvironment.In the time that the roller shutter 15 on partition wall 3 is rolled, airflow that can conducting partition wall 3 cowshed unit, both sides.The benefit arranging is like this to occur the accidents such as power failure once cowshed, can open rapidly the roller shutter 15 on exterior wall 2 and partition wall 3, make to keep airflow between cowshed unit and between cowshed and the external world, with minimizing accident to cows stress, and then reduce production loss.
As shown in Figure 3, the present invention is also provided with automatic scraping dropping-board 16 on each intake channel 7 and clear fecal passageway 8.Be provided with in the intake channel 7 of cowshed unit and a termination of clear fecal passageway 8 in a perpendicular house next part dropping pit 17, the place that in intake channel 7 and clear fecal passageway 8 and house, ground next part dropping pit 17 intersects is provided with slatted floor 18.When automatic scraping dropping-board 16 is worked, excrement dirt is collected to slatted floor 18 places, and fall into ground next part dropping pit 17 by slatted floor 18.Dirt in ground next part dropping pit 17 flows out and can adopt the passage of removing contamination of prior art automatically flow out or send into the outer manure pit of house by the dirty transporting equipment of excrement, and is transported to the dirty treatment region of place excrement by dredge pump.
In above-described embodiment, in north cold area, may occur occurring that near the clear fecal passageway 8 of exterior wall 2 the dirty frosting of freezing of excrement makes the problem near cows cold in winter of this side.In order to reduce, this situation is produced milk cow and the impact of management, and cowshed horizontal layout of the present invention can adopt following examples mode.
As shown in Figure 4, the present embodiment is compared with the various embodiments described above, and the structure setting of middle each cowshed unit remains unchanged, and is being positioned at the cowshed unit outside of cowshed outermost near two minor face exterior walls 2, sets up respectively a cowshed unit that only has a row ox bed.The passage 5 of feeding is only set in this two cowshed unit, row ox 6, one intake channels 7 of bed and a clear fecal passageway 8 is set in passage 5 inner sides of feeding.Only have middle part and the two ends of the cowshed unit of a row ox bed to be provided with interconnection 9 at two, on each passage, be provided with anti-slip tank 10.Intake channel 7 is provided with automatic scraping dropping-board 16 on intake channel 7 and clear fecal passageway 8 simultaneously, and a termination of intake channel 6 and clear fecal passageway 8 is provided with ground next part dropping pit 17 and crack base plate 18 in a perpendicular house.Between two clear fecal passageway 8 of cowshed unit that only have a row ox bed and the clear fecal passageway 8 of adjacent cowshed unit, a block wall 3 is set, on partition wall 3, be provided with at least one hole, on hole, be provided with the roller shutter 15 (as shown in Figure 1) that can regulate hole size.As shown in Figure 4, on the exterior wall 2 relative with passage 5 one end of feeding, be provided with a lever gear door 11, on the adjacent partition wall 3 of passage 5 other ends of feeding, be provided with a lever gear door 12.In exterior wall 2 inner sides that lever gear door 11 is set, a hole is set, on hole, be provided with the roller shutter 13 (as shown in Figure 2) that can regulate hole size, as air inlet, negative-pressure air fan 14 is installed as exhaust outlet (as Figure 1 and Figure 4) on the other end exterior wall relative with air inlet.
Above-described embodiment also can simply be described as: the colder place in the north, only need on the basis of original cowshed unit, the cowshed unit of one of them the most close minor face exterior wall 2 be divided into two, become two cowshed unit that only have a row ox to lie in bed that are arranged in two minor face exterior walls 2.And above-mentioned comparatively loaded down with trivial details embodiment describes, be only convenient in order to describe in the claims.
In the various embodiments described above, in order to increase the seal of roller shutter 13,15, below generally will the roller shutter 13 on each exterior wall 2 or between both sides and exterior wall 2, and wind-proof device 19 (described as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2) is set between roller shutter 15 belows on partition wall 3 or both sides and partition wall 3, such as windproof buckle, thread gluing, stay cord etc.
In the various embodiments described above, the electrical heating drinking trough (not shown) of one or two prior art can be installed on every interconnection 9 and freely drink water for milk cow.
In the various embodiments described above, if hole and roller shutter 15 are not set on partition wall 3, do not affect the enforcement of various functions of the present invention yet, but while there is the faults such as power failure when whole cowshed, hole and roller shutter 15 are set on partition wall 3 and can organize better airflow.
In the various embodiments described above, about ground next part dropping pit 17, crack base plate 18, the setting of the passage of removing contamination, the dirty transporting equipment of excrement etc. can, with reference to the various structures that adopt in prior art, also can adopt other new structural design being equal to.Every equivalents of carrying out on the basis of technical solution of the present invention and improvement, all should not get rid of outside protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. one kind large-scale Continuous building type cowshed, it is characterized in that: it comprises the rectangle cowshed being enclosed by some columns, four sides exterior wall and an inverted V-shape saddle roof, outside described, every a segment distance, the one stifled partition wall parallel with rectangle cowshed minor face exterior wall is set within the walls, described overall cowshed is separated into some independently cowshed unit;
Described in each, cowshed unit central longitudinal is to the passage of feeding is set, described in the passage both sides of feeding, be in parallelly provided with two rows and be correct ox bed of arranging; Described in each ox bed with described in the passage of feeding between passage be intake channel, described in each ox lie in bed and described partition wall between passage be clear fecal passageway; Described in each, the middle part of cowshed unit and two ends are also provided with interconnection; Described in each, feed on the relative described exterior wall in passage one end a lever gear door is set, on the described partition wall that the passage other end of feeding is adjacent and two minor face enclosure walls, be respectively arranged with a lever gear door described in each;
Lever gear door both sides described in each on cowshed unit exterior wall arrange respectively a hole and can regulate the roller shutter of hole size, as air inlet; On the other end exterior wall relative with air inlet described in each, negative-pressure air fan is installed as exhaust outlet;
On intake channel described in each in cowshed unit and clear fecal passageway, be provided with automatic scraping dropping-board, a termination of described intake channel and clear fecal passageway is provided with ground next part dropping pit in a perpendicular house.
2. the large-scale Continuous building type cowshed of one as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: a cowshed unit that only has a row ox bed is set respectively between described rectangle cowshed two minor face exterior walls and its nearest cowshed unit, described in each, only have the cowshed unit of a row ox bed to comprise a block wall that is successively set on clear fecal passageway outside, adjacent cowshed unit,, clear fecal passageway, a row ox bed, an intake channel and the passage of feeding, and described in each, only have middle part and the two ends of the cowshed unit of a row ox bed to be provided with interconnection;
Described in each, only have in the cowshed unit of a row ox bed, on the exterior wall relative with the described passage one end of feeding, be provided with a lever gear door, on the described partition wall adjacent with the described passage other end of feeding, be provided with a lever gear door;
Described in each, only have lever gear door inner side on the cowshed unit exterior wall of a row ox bed to be provided with a hole and can regulate the roller shutter of hole size, as air inlet; On the other end exterior wall relative with air inlet described in this, negative-pressure air fan is installed as exhaust outlet;
Described in each, only have in the cowshed unit of a row ox bed, on described intake channel and clear fecal passageway, be provided with automatic scraping dropping-board, a termination of described intake channel and clear fecal passageway is provided with ground next part dropping pit in a perpendicular house.
3. the large-scale Continuous building type cowshed of one as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described in each, on partition wall, be provided with more than one hole, described in each, be provided with can be by the roller shutter of its covering at hole place.
4. the large-scale Continuous building type cowshed of one as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that: described in each, on partition wall, be provided with more than one hole, described in each, be provided with can be by the roller shutter of its covering at hole place.
5. the large-scale Continuous building type cowshed of one as claimed in claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4, is characterized in that: be provided with slatted floor at each described intake channel and clear fecal passageway with the place that described ground next part dropping pit intersects; Described in each, on intake channel, clear fecal passageway and interconnection, be provided with anti-slip tank.
6. the large-scale Continuous building type cowshed of one as claimed in claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4, is characterized in that: described in each, roller shutter bottom or both sides are provided with wind-proof device, and described wind-proof device is the one in windproof buckle, thread gluing, stay cord.
7. the large-scale Continuous building type cowshed of one as claimed in claim 5, is characterized in that: described in each, roller shutter bottom or both sides are provided with wind-proof device, and described wind-proof device is the one in windproof buckle, thread gluing, stay cord.
8. the large-scale Continuous building type cowshed of one as described in claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or 7, is characterized in that: each described lever gear door is the lever gear door of a remote-controlled unlatching.
9. the large-scale Continuous building type cowshed of one as claimed in claim 5, is characterized in that: each described lever gear door is the lever gear door of a remote-controlled unlatching.
10. the large-scale Continuous building type cowshed of one as claimed in claim 6, is characterized in that: each described lever gear door is the lever gear door of a remote-controlled unlatching.
CN201410328861.2A 2014-07-11 2014-07-11 A kind of large-scale Continuous building type cowshed Active CN104082156B (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109984046A (en) * 2019-04-03 2019-07-09 北京奥耐尔农牧科技有限公司 A kind of calf house
CN112704015A (en) * 2020-12-22 2021-04-27 青岛康大兔业发展有限公司 Air control method for rabbit breeding workshop

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US8181604B1 (en) * 2007-05-22 2012-05-22 David Avila Barn system for housing farm animals
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CN203206886U (en) * 2013-04-01 2013-09-25 中博农(北京)牧场建设有限公司 Low-roof transverse ventilation cowshed
CN203968891U (en) * 2014-07-11 2014-12-03 中国农业大学 A kind of large-scale Continuous building type cowshed

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2618433Y (en) * 2003-05-12 2004-06-02 何其多 Assembled ecological environment protection type sun light oxtall
CN201015345Y (en) * 2007-02-12 2008-02-06 田真 Connection type milk cow byres
US8181604B1 (en) * 2007-05-22 2012-05-22 David Avila Barn system for housing farm animals
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109984046A (en) * 2019-04-03 2019-07-09 北京奥耐尔农牧科技有限公司 A kind of calf house
CN109984046B (en) * 2019-04-03 2021-11-23 北京奥耐尔农牧科技有限公司 Calf house
CN112704015A (en) * 2020-12-22 2021-04-27 青岛康大兔业发展有限公司 Air control method for rabbit breeding workshop

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