CN104032903A - Single slop solar roof with upper and lower platforms, upper and lower channels and surrounding handrails - Google Patents

Single slop solar roof with upper and lower platforms, upper and lower channels and surrounding handrails Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104032903A
CN104032903A CN201410244479.3A CN201410244479A CN104032903A CN 104032903 A CN104032903 A CN 104032903A CN 201410244479 A CN201410244479 A CN 201410244479A CN 104032903 A CN104032903 A CN 104032903A
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China
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roof
solar energy
yimianpu
solar
water
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曹树梁
许建华
蔡滨
王启春
赵之彬
许建丽
孙启正
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Individual
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers

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  • Roof Covering Using Slabs Or Stiff Sheets (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a single slop solar roof with upper and lower platforms, upper and lower channels and surrounding handrails, and relates to buildings, roofs, solar heating systems, a solar roof, and respective area, structures and functions. The inclined angle of 10 to 40 degrees is formed between the solar roof and the horizontal plane; a channel is formed between the upper and lower platforms; handrails are arranged on the periphery; the roof panel of the solar roof and the floor slab of the solar roof form a room; a frame is formed on the periphery of the roof panel; the inner bottom layer of the frame is made of waterproof material; a thermal insulation material and rigid backing plates are arranged on the waterproof material; anchor pile pieces are installed on the rigid backing plate; rubber caps used for thermal insulation and cushioning are formed between the anchor pile pieces and transparent cover plates; solar heat collecting bodies are installed among the anchor pile pieces on the rigid backing plates; transparent cover plates are installed on the anchor pile pieces; the transparent cover plates are fixed and sealed through stainless steel S hooks and sealant.

Description

There is solar energy roof, the upper and lower passage surrounding railing of upper lower platform Yimianpu
Technical field
The present invention relates to building, roof, solar thermal collection system, solar energy roof and area separately thereof, 26S Proteasome Structure and Function.
Background technology
One, standard GB/T 50364-2005 " civilian construction solar water heating system application technology standard " 2005-12-05 issue, 2006-01-01 implements, and solar water heating system and architecture-integral are claimed, and makes a summary as follows:
1, the design of current solar water heater, production and building disconnect, solar water heater product is self-organizing system often, as post equipment in architectural installation and use, even if New Buildings has been considered solar water heater, also be that simple stack is installed, must be to being that complete architectural image and member causes infringement to a certain degree originally, its setting position is arranged and is also difficult to coordinate mutually with architectural plane function and space layout with pipeline simultaneously, safety is also affected.(P37)
2, solar water heating system with building integration, promote industrial progress and product to upgrade, to adapt to the demand of building to solar water heater, become the key of following solar energy industry development, solar energy industry circle more and more recognizes that solar water heating system with building integration is the Important Action of framework China Solar Heater Market.(P35)
3, solar water heating system with building integration, installs solar water heating system product exactly as building unit, itself and building are organically combined.(P35)
4, along with the development of solar water heating system with building integration technology, and though people need be outward appearance or can coordinate with building and surrounding environment on the whole, style is unified, safe and reliable, stable performance, rationally distributed solar water heating system.(P36)
5, need to be from architectural design, consider design, solar water heating system is installed, comprise that the aspects such as apparent coordination, structure assembly, layout and pipeline system accomplish to design simultaneously, construction and installation simultaneously.(37)
6, from development trend, new building integrated solar hot water system, the cost of solar energy collector also can reduce, and building structure also can be better, and solar water heating system with building integration will become the standard that solar water heating system is installed.(P37)
7,, under the prerequisite of the annual safe and stable operation of assurance system, should make the ratio of performance to price of selected solar energy collector optimum.(P55)
8, solar energy collector and system miscellaneous part are being constructed, should be beneficial on architectural exterior-protecting construction and install in form, easy for maintenance, repair, local replacing.(P55)
National standard issue is since 9 years, and the simple stack installation on roof all the time of existing conventional solar hot water, does not realize with building roof integrated.
Two, general roof usable area is little
1, land for building, city is expensive now, Urban House mostly is the high residential building of 20-30 layer, general roof is one-storey house top or the oblique roof of open roof or oblique roof, slope, four sides, take Beijing as example, the conventional solar water heater that general every daylighting area of each household Urban residents' needs is 2 square metres provides domestic hot-water, if used winter, needs 4 square metres of above conventional solar water heaters, reduces the water yield of every square metre of heating, can reach the domestic hot-water's who needs winter water temperature, or adopt electrical heating.General building area 60-100 square metre per family, roof area 2-5 square metre per family, on one-storey house top, conventional solar water heater is installed, for block sunlight not, front and back solar water heater spacing is 2 times of left and right of solar water heater height, the solar water heater of minority resident family can only be installed, and the solar water heater quantity that the oblique roof of open roof or oblique roof, slope, four sides can be installed still less.
2, we are called separate house by the single-family house of agriculture residence, villa, the combination area of city and country, general separate house roof is also one-storey house top or the oblique roof of open roof or oblique roof, slope, four sides, and the solar water heater that sufficient amount can be installed on separate house roof provides domestic hot-water.But separate house does not have central heating conventionally, the general dependence in the north burnt coal heating.As northern China rural households, have room heating between 1-2, main dependence burnt coal, is one of reason producing haze weather; The Yellow River and Huai He River, the most rural households in the Yangtze river basin always do not warm oneself, and 0 ℃ of left and right or following of indoor and outdoor temperature in winter, relates to more than one hundred million population, and along with living standard improves, warming hope is day by day strong; Electricity rates are high, if there is no the solution of cheapness, green, a few years from now on may move towards to burn coal heating, increases haze weather.
Three, conventional solar water heater investment is large, use cost is high
1, city mostly is high residential building, and each household solar water heater is arranged on roof and is subject to a lot of restrictions, and the long hot water loss in upper and lower conduit road is large, and cost is high; The two circulations of the general employing of balcony rail board solar energy geyser of balcony wall-hanging solar geyser and exploitation recently, take anti-icing fluid as medium, the anti-icing fluid stage of replacement is 2 years, cost and use cost are all higher, two circulations can reduce the thermal efficiency, how anti-icing fluid is containing ethylene glycol, and ethylene glycol is poisonous, changes ethylene glycol and cause environment pollution.
2, what for separate house, more need is heating in winter, in general one family heating energy is the more than 20 times of domestic hot-water's energy, rule of thumb 40 square metres of conventional solar hot water can provide room heating between 1-2 substantially, but there is following problem: 1) 2 square metres of left and right of a general solar water heater lighting area, every 2000-3000 unit of solar water heater about 10 years average lives, 40 square metres are equivalent to 20 solar water heaters, ten thousand yuan of price 4-6, general peasant household is difficult to bear, and use cost is also far above burning coal heating.2) general agriculture residence is the tile roof of one-storey house top or open roof, total roof area 60-100 square metre, is that 20 conventional solar boilers are all can not load on one-storey house top or the tile roof of open roof, or front and back block sunlight, fall flat, be difficult to solve rural area heating problem.3) on the tile roof of open roof, on tailo, metal plate solar water heater was installed in recent years, Gua Jiayu village, Ru Pinggu County, beijing district, peaceful Zhuan Cun etc., the problem existing is: the south that (1) cost high (2) is arranged on the oblique roof of open roof is on tailo, solar water heating system surrounding is without any plane, railing, safety measure, the interim safety measure of installation personnel during installation also increases many costs, and the maintenance in use procedure about ten years after installing, safeguard especially without any safety guarantee, maintenance, safeguard that very inconvenient (3) China new countryside construction amount is very large, new countryside construction target comprises dismounting scattered distribution, messy, take up an area many old villages, build neat, concentrate, take up an area few new rural area, 60 square metres of left and right of general house foundation, so roof area is also 60 square metres of left and right, the erection space that relies on the domatic upper installation metal plate solar water heater of facing south of the oblique roof of open roof is difficult to over 30 square metres, for peasant household's heating, solar water heater lighting area is obviously not enough.
Goal of the invention:
The object of the invention is at architectural construction and architecture-integral, daylighting area maximizes, cheap, build, install, overhaul, safeguard there is safety guarantee, with building design simultaneously, the solar energy roof of construction and installation simultaneously, or be called construction solar energy roof building.Build " zero cost " and there is solar energy roof, the upper and lower passage surrounding railing of upper lower platform Yimianpu.
The present invention is achieved in that
Roof is nearest from the mankind, the most easily obtain sunlight, should make full use of the sunlight energy on the various buildings roofs such as separate house, many high residential buildings, public building, factory building, warehouse, domestic hot-water, heating are provided, adopt lithium-bromide absorption-type refrigerating machine by summer 75 ℃ of above hot water be converted to 8-10 ℃ of cold water, through blower fan, coil pipe, output cold wind, carries out air-conditioning.So traditional roof is changed and is designed to solar energy roof, and solar energy roof daylighting area is maximized, thereby propose to have solar energy roof, the upper and lower passage surrounding railing of upper lower platform Yimianpu.
Tradition roof is one-storey house top or herringbone roof or roof, slope, four sides normally, generally has furred ceiling or ceiling below herringbone roof or roof, slope, four sides, and the space between roof and furred ceiling or ceiling plays that some are incubated, heat insulation effect.Some production department, warehouse, minority simple construction also adopt sheet iron section bar or sheet iron section bar folder heat insulating material to build roof, Yimianpu, and general inclination angle is smaller, and section bar forms roof, is also the ceiling that building interior tilts simultaneously.
The application of solar water heating system is at present mainly that the solar water heater of one, one of manufacture is placed on roof.Metal plate type solar water heater is combined in base plate, heat insulating material, metal plate heat collection body, glass plate in aluminum alloy frame and forms, aluminum alloy frame solar water heater is arranged on constructed roof, sometimes also referred to as with architecture-integral, but solar water heater does not become building unit, do not organically combine with building,, with former roof sharing structure layer, insulation layer, waterproofing course, in fact, above-mentioned solar water heater does not have and architecture-integral.
Applicant once using ceramic solar plate directly as building unit, make ceramic solar hot water system and former oblique roof sharing structure layer, insulation layer, waterproofing course; Adopt anchor pile structure; The ceramic solar roof of formation and architecture-integral, but still there is following problem:
1, existing oblique roof is all herringbone roof or roof, slope, four sides, tiltedly the least significant end on roof does not have platform, some installation sheet iron charge for remittance ditches, minority has narrow cement gutter, overhead several meters to tens meters, tiltedly the most significant end on roof is ridge tiles, there is no platform, both sides are that above domatic spent in 30 degree left and right or 30, overhead several meters to tens meters of domatic lower ends, the installation on solar energy roof, maintenance, in maintenance process, installation personnel, maintainer, owner's current check, sweep, cleaning glass pane surface dust all lacks the sense of security, safety guarantee, therefore, it is unsafe on the inclined-plane to the south on the oblique roof of existing building, directly building solar energy roof, infeasible.
2, between the least significant end on existing oblique roof and most significant end, there is no passage, solar house top surface is paved with glass plate, general area tens is to hundreds of square metre, even if upper and lower side has been built platform, owner's current check, sweep and be also difficult to arrive upper mounting plate and effectively check and sweep, if stair are installed in addition, reach upper mounting plate, cost is quite high.
3, existing oblique roof is not generally upper people roof, surrounding does not generally have railing, solar energy roof is a kind of equipment or is called device, although the design on solar energy roof is fully automatic operation, but also need necessary maintenance, check, sweep, concerning the separate houses such as agriculture residence, villa, combination area of city and country's single-family house, safeguard, check, sweep and undertaken by owner, heavy construction is undertaken by sole duty or part-time staff, and these personnel also need the sense of security, safety guarantee.
4, herringbone roof is divided into Nan Po, north slope, solar energy utilization can only utilize Nan Po, half of the general not enough full roof of daylighting area area, and domatic half that is far smaller than especially roof area of amassing in the south on roof, slope, four sides, separate house needs heating in winter, annual domestic hot-water, for warming oneself winter, roof daylighting area is the bigger the better, semi-high-rise housing resident family is a lot, need annual domestic hot-water, general building area 60-100 square metre per family, as 20 layers of house, per family roof area 3-5 square metre, 30 layers of house, per family roof area 2-3.3 square metre.Low, the sun of temperature in winter reaches the tropic of Capricorn, solar angle is low, solar radiation is not enough, solar water heating system efficiency is low, especially need solar energy in large area roof, solar house top area to the south is realized and being maximized, and builds solar energy roof in the past on the Nan Po on open roof roof, can not realize solar house top area and maximize.Open roof roof should be changed into solar energy roof, Yimianpu, make sunlight daylighting area expand more than 1 times.And existing building technology can make eaves lean out wall 1-3 rice, even more, roof area is greater than building cross section 50% and also can accomplishes, can build the solar energy roof, Yimianpu of larger daylighting area.
In addition:
1, metal plate type solar water heater is comprised of aluminum alloy frame, base plate (deck), heat insulating material (insulation layer), metal plate heat collection body, glass plate (upper waterproofing course); General oblique roof is mainly comprised of roof panel (deck), heat insulating material (insulation layer), leveling layer, tile (upper waterproofing course), thus solar energy roof should with traditional roof sharing structure layer, insulation layer, waterproofing course.
2, conventional solar boilers adopts frame structure of aluminum alloy, and cost is high; Solar energy roof adopts anchor pile structure, and anchor pile structure is mainly comprised of glass magnesium plate, standard bolt, nut, heat insulation cap, cheap; Both costs differ 10 times of left and right.
So, propose to have solar energy roof, the upper and lower passage surrounding railing of upper lower platform Yimianpu.
Having solar energy roof, the upper and lower passage surrounding railing of upper lower platform Yimianpu is to build like this:
The bed rearrangement roof with solar energy roof, the upper and lower passage surrounding railing of upper lower platform Yimianpu is solar energy roof, Yimianpu, the angle of solar energy roof, Yimianpu and horizontal plane is 10-40 degree, solar energy roof, Yimianpu is bed rearrangement wing, solar energy roof, Yimianpu can be designed with bed rearrangement building simultaneously, construction and installation simultaneously, there is the platform of the level that can go up people the lower end on solar energy roof, Yimianpu, be called lower platform, lower platform is also balcony simultaneously, also there is the platform of the level that can go up people the upper end on solar energy roof, Yimianpu, be called upper mounting plate, on roof panel, the passage that has P Passable between upper lower platform, it is the passage that step passage or surface have larger frictional force, the surrounding on solar energy roof, Yimianpu has railing, between solar energy roof, Yimianpu and below adjacent floor, there is floor, described floor is that the ceiling of contiguous floors is also the floor on solar energy roof, Yimianpu, between the floor on the roof panel on solar energy roof, Yimianpu and solar energy roof, Yimianpu, form roof, He Xie roof, room, tiltedly roof, roof is called between storing, the roofing part on solar energy roof, Yimianpu and the roofing partial common deck on traditional roof, insulation layer, waterproofing course, deck is traditional roof panel, the surrounding of roof panel has frame, in frame, bottom is one deck waterproofing materials, insulation layer is above heat insulating material, rigidity backing plate above again, anchoring pile part is installed on rigidity backing plate, anchoring pile part is bolt, nut, the composite member of long nut, between anchoring pile part and transparent cover plate, there is rubber cap heat insulation, buffering, on rigidity backing plate, solar energy heating body is installed between anchoring pile part, above anchoring pile part, transparent cover plate is installed, between transparent cover plate, adopt stainless steel S hook to fix, sealant sealing, transparent cover plate plays the effect of waterproofing course, also play the effect to the insulation of solar energy heating body, the insulation on solar energy roof, Yimianpu, heat insulation, waterproof, windproofly be better than traditional roof, the peak on solar energy roof, Yimianpu has exhaust opening, attemperater is placed on below roof, when solar radiation roof makes roof temperature higher than water tank water temperature, water pump starts automatically, water in attemperater is by solar energy roof circulating-heating, when water tank water temperature reaches roof temperature, water pump is automatically out of service, solar energy roof, Yimianpu and ducted water are from flowing back in attemperater, in solar energy roof, Yimianpu and pipeline, there is no water, at temperature during lower than 0 ℃, system can be not freezing, the hot water that solar energy roof, Yimianpu produces is used for providing separate house heating in winter, summer air-conditioning, annual domestic hot-water.
Described solar energy roof, Yimianpu and the angle of horizontal plane are 10-40 degree.Angle can be 10-25 degree, and when angle is 25 degree when following, personnel can not use safety device freely to walk on transparent cover plate, install, overhaul, safeguard.
Described upper mounting plate, lower platform are conducive to ceramic solar roof to be installed, overhaul, safeguards, lower platform is also balcony or is called balcony.
The room forming between the roof panel on described solar energy roof, Yimianpu and floor, is between storing in the face south oblique roof of direction and the lower part of aspect ratio, and remainder is bedroom, study, reception room etc.
Described rigidity backing plate is inorganic material plate or metal sheet.
Described anchoring pile part is the composite member of bolt, nut, and anchoring pile part prevents that solar energy heating body from gliding, and supports transparent cover plate, has that rubber cap is heat insulation, buffering between anchoring pile part and transparent cover plate.
Described transparent cover plate is armorplate glass.
Described solar energy heating body is ceramic solar plate or metal plate heat collection body or rubber flat plate heat collection body or glass tube with vacuum, in the attemperater of the hot water storage of heating below roof.
With solar heating, be to solve China's rural area heating to burn coal problem priority scheme, must adhere to autonomous innovation for this reason, break through key technology, carry out green building suitable structures system and building technology research and demonstration, in conjunction with national standard, adopt China pioneering material, structure, method construction and architecture-integral, with the green building of building the solar energy roof of same life-span, low cost, propose bed rearrangement roof is all the solar energy roof, Yimianpu on solar energy roof for this reason.
Applicant in Wu Ping mill village, Hetaoyuan town, Juye County, Shandong Province new countryside construction by former design tens roof, slope, herringbone two sides, family agricultures of 165 square metres of two-layer building areas occupy change design-build have on the agriculture of ceramic solar plate and solar roof, the upper and lower passage surrounding railing of lower platform Yimianpu to occupy be such: new roof daylighting area 52m 2, equal 26 solar water heaters, former roof triangle space is converted into 40m 2room with a southern exposure and 26m 2between the storing of oblique roof, 26m 2tiltedly between the storing of roof, according to 10 square metres of building areas, calculate above-mentioned 215m 2the roof agriculture of building area ceramic solar occupies 16.5 ten thousand yuan of rough house prices, 767 yuan/m 2, local Traditional Agricultural occupies rough house cost 800-900 unit/m 2ceramic solar roof is equivalent to " zero cost " even " negative cost ", is subject to local resident's abundant affirmation, and current follow-up construction is carried out, the Mt. Qishan villages of 3 kilometers, Liu Zhuanyi plan apart built 200 ceramic solar roof, family agricultures and occupied, and 2354 families are built in the Government Report plan of Hetaoyuan town.
Ceramic solar roof can change rural area and mainly rely on the present situation of burning coal heating, a large amount of energy-saving and emission-reduction, reduce haze weather, all kinds of buildings are had to general applicability, can increase building area, make building direct value added, this increment more can be amplified at double in urban architecture and villa buildings.
Progress and the advance with solar energy roof, the upper and lower passage surrounding railing of upper lower platform Yimianpu are:
Change open roof roof for thering is solar energy roof, the upper and lower passage surrounding railing of upper lower platform Yimianpu, simplify roof structure, daylighting area is multiplied, increase between room with a southern exposure and storing and reduce unit building area cost, realize ceramic solar roof " zero cost ", ceramic solar roof only limited to be built on the Nan Po on the oblique roof of existing traditional herringbone or oblique roof, slope, four sides in the past, by building, if find not go up lower platform after using, upper lower channel, surrounding railing, build, user does not have safety guarantee, can not overhaul, safeguard, in fact can not use, daylighting area is too little, solar energy roof, Yimianpu makes daylighting area at least increase by one times.
Have 60 ℃ of left and right of water temperature in winter, solar energy roof, the upper and lower passage surrounding railing of upper lower platform Yimianpu, summer, water temperature can reach 100 ℃, provide winter heating, summer air-conditioning, annual domestic hot-water.
Accompanying drawing explanation:
Fig. 1 represents the top view on solar energy roof, Yimianpu
Fig. 2 represents the lateral view of the building on solar energy roof, Yimianpu
Fig. 3 represents the lateral view of the building on solar energy roof, parapeted Yimianpu
Fig. 4 represents the lateral view of solar energy roof, Yimianpu system
Fig. 5 represents the top view of solar energy roof, Yimianpu system
Fig. 6 represents the part component enlarged drawing of solar energy roof, Yimianpu system
Fig. 7 represents to reduce north wall height and does not reduce the lateral view on the solar energy roof, Yimianpu of roof daylighting area
The explanation of mark in figure:
1, solar energy roof, Yimianpu 2, lower platform 3, upper mounting plate 4, room 5, between storing 6, attemperater 7, passage 8 between upper lower platform, room is to the passage 9 of lower platform, solar energy heating body 10, railing 11, transparent cover plate 12, stainless steel S hook 13, frame 14, bolt anchoring pile part 15, rigidity backing plate 16, heat insulating material 17, roof panel 18, on exhaust opening 19, manifold trunk 20, lower manifold trunk 21, nut 22, long nut 23, heat insulation cap 24, bolt on
Specific embodiment:
1, peasant's house, former design is open roof roof, change and be designed to solar energy roof, Yimianpu, 80 square metres of roof areas, adopt 70 square metres of ceramic solar plates to build ceramic solar roof, the angle of solar energy roof, Yimianpu and horizontal plane is 10 degree, each is wide 1000 millimeters for upper lower platform, 1.2 meters of railing pipe height, 400 millimeters of step channel widths between upper lower platform, solar energy roof, Yimianpu forms 40 square metres, new room with a southern exposure room, 2.8 meters of height, form between storing 26 square metres, between storing, north height is 1.8 meters, 2100 liters of water tank volumes, peasant household's heating in winter is provided, annual domestic hot-water.
2, villa, 100 square metres of oblique roof, Yimianpu areas, adopt 80 square metres of metal plate solar energy heating bodies to build ceramic solar roof, the angle of solar energy roof, Yimianpu and horizontal plane is 40 degree, lower platform is wide 1000 millimeters, upper mounting plate is wide 600 millimeters, 1.2 meters of rail heights, 300 millimeters of stucco channel widths between upper lower platform, solar energy roof, Yimianpu forms 50 square metres, new room with a southern exposure room, 3 meters of height, form between storing 30 square metres, between storing, north height is 2 meters, 2500 liters of water tank volumes, peasant household's heating in winter is provided, annual domestic hot-water.
3, school dormitory building, 1000 square metres of oblique roof, Yimianpu areas, adopt 800 square metres of rubber solar energy heating bodies to build ceramic solar roof, the angle of solar energy roof, Yimianpu and horizontal plane is 20 degree, lower platform is wide 2000 millimeters, upper mounting plate is wide 1000 millimeters, 1.4 meters of rail heights, 500 millimeters of stucco channel widths between upper lower platform, solar energy roof, Yimianpu forms 500 square metres, new room with a southern exposure room, 5 meters of height, form between storing 250 square metres, between storing, north height is 2 meters, 50 cubic metres of water tank volumes, fill water summer, fill 30 cubic metres of water winter, student is provided annual bath hot water.
4, factory floor, 5000 square metres of oblique roof, Yimianpu areas, adopt 4000 square metres of vacuum glass tube solar heat-collecting bodies to build ceramic solar roof, the angle of solar energy roof, Yimianpu and horizontal plane is 25 degree, 250 cubic metres of water tank volumes, the angle of solar energy roof, Yimianpu and horizontal plane is 25 degree, lower platform is wide 2000 millimeters, upper mounting plate is wide 1000 millimeters, 1.3 meters of rail heights, 600 millimeters of step channel widths between upper lower platform, solar energy roof, Yimianpu forms 2000 square metres, new room with a southern exposure room, 6 meters of height, form between storing 2000 square metres, between storing, north height is 3 meters, fill 150 cubic metres of water summer, summer is sunny, with 80-95 ℃ of hot water, start lithium-bromide absorption-type refrigerating machine, manufacture 8 ℃ of cold water, by fan coil, provide air-conditioning for office building.Fill 250 cubic metres of water winter, student's bath hot water is provided the whole year.

Claims (8)

1. a solar energy roof, the bed rearrangement roof that it is characterized in that having solar energy roof, the upper and lower passage surrounding railing of upper lower platform Yimianpu is solar energy roof, Yimianpu, the angle of solar energy roof, Yimianpu and horizontal plane is 10-40 degree, solar energy roof, Yimianpu is bed rearrangement wing, there is the platform of the level that can go up people the lower end on solar energy roof, Yimianpu, be called lower platform, lower platform is also balcony simultaneously, also there is the platform of the level that can go up people the upper end on solar energy roof, Yimianpu, be called upper mounting plate, on roof panel, the passage that has P Passable between upper lower platform, it is the passage that step passage or surface have larger frictional force, the surrounding on solar energy roof, Yimianpu has railing, between solar energy roof, Yimianpu and below adjacent floor, there is floor, described floor is that the ceiling of contiguous floors is also the floor on solar energy roof, Yimianpu, between the floor on the roof panel on solar energy roof, Yimianpu and solar energy roof, Yimianpu, form roof, He Xie roof, room, tiltedly roof, roof is called between storing, the roofing part on solar energy roof, Yimianpu and the roofing partial common deck on traditional roof, insulation layer, waterproofing course, deck is traditional roof panel, the surrounding of roof panel has frame, in frame, bottom is one deck waterproofing materials, insulation layer is above heat insulating material, rigidity backing plate above again, anchoring pile part is installed on rigidity backing plate, anchoring pile part is bolt, nut, the composite member of long nut, between anchoring pile part and transparent cover plate, there is rubber cap heat insulation, buffering, on rigidity backing plate, solar energy heating body is installed between anchoring pile part, above anchoring pile part, transparent cover plate is installed, between transparent cover plate, adopt stainless steel S hook to fix, sealant sealing, transparent cover plate plays the effect of waterproofing course, also play the effect to the insulation of solar energy heating body, the peak on solar energy roof, Yimianpu has exhaust opening, attemperater is placed on below roof, when solar radiation roof makes roof temperature higher than water tank water temperature, water pump starts automatically, water in attemperater is by solar energy roof circulating-heating, when water tank water temperature reaches roof temperature, water pump is automatically out of service, solar energy roof, Yimianpu and ducted water are from flowing back in attemperater, in solar energy roof, Yimianpu and pipeline, there is no water, at temperature during lower than 0 ℃, system can be not freezing, the hot water that solar energy roof, Yimianpu produces is used for providing separate house heating in winter, summer air-conditioning, annual domestic hot-water.
2. solar energy according to claim 1 roof, is characterized in that described solar energy roof, Yimianpu and the angle of horizontal plane are 10-25 degree.
3. solar energy according to claim 1 roof, is characterized in that described upper mounting plate, lower platform are for the installation of ceramic solar roof, maintenance, maintenance, and lower platform is also balcony or is called balcony.
4. solar energy according to claim 1 roof, the room forming between the roof panel on the solar energy roof, Yimianpu described in it is characterized in that and floor, in the face south oblique roof of direction and the lower part of aspect ratio, be between storing, remainder is bedroom, study, reception room.
5. solar energy according to claim 1 roof, is characterized in that described rigidity backing plate is inorganic material plate or metal sheet.
6. solar energy according to claim 1 roof, it is characterized in that described anchoring pile part is the composite member of bolt, nut, long nut, anchoring pile part prevents that solar energy heating body from gliding, and supports transparent cover plate, has that rubber cap is heat insulation, buffering between anchoring pile part and transparent cover plate.
7. solar energy according to claim 1 roof, is characterized in that described transparent cover plate is armorplate glass.
8. solar energy according to claim 1 roof, is characterized in that described solar energy heating body is ceramic solar plate or metal plate heat collection body or rubber flat plate heat collection body or glass tube with vacuum, in the attemperater of the hot water storage of heating below roof.
CN201410244479.3A 2014-06-05 2014-06-05 Single slop solar roof with upper and lower platforms, upper and lower channels and surrounding handrails Pending CN104032903A (en)

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CN105846765A (en) * 2016-05-20 2016-08-10 国家电网公司 Outer-wall-bearing tile-roofed house sloping roof photovoltaic support
CN106051972A (en) * 2016-06-07 2016-10-26 青岛海川建设集团有限公司 Solar energy absorption type air-conditioning system construction process
CN106193465A (en) * 2016-07-25 2016-12-07 曹树梁 Ceramic solar roofing anchor pile structure thermal insulating composite panel
CN108307891A (en) * 2018-02-22 2018-07-24 曹树梁 Greenhouse ceramic solar heats heat reservoir

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CN102331096A (en) * 2011-07-28 2012-01-25 曹树梁 Solar water heating system with ceramic sun panel operated and controlled by single water pump
CN103046681A (en) * 2011-10-11 2013-04-17 大庆市海丰能源技术研究有限公司 Solar energy solar-thermal photovoltaic power-generating integration retractable roof
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105846765A (en) * 2016-05-20 2016-08-10 国家电网公司 Outer-wall-bearing tile-roofed house sloping roof photovoltaic support
CN105846765B (en) * 2016-05-20 2018-05-04 国家电网公司 Exterior wall bearing type tile-roofed house sloping roof photovoltaic bracket
CN106051972A (en) * 2016-06-07 2016-10-26 青岛海川建设集团有限公司 Solar energy absorption type air-conditioning system construction process
CN106193465A (en) * 2016-07-25 2016-12-07 曹树梁 Ceramic solar roofing anchor pile structure thermal insulating composite panel
CN108307891A (en) * 2018-02-22 2018-07-24 曹树梁 Greenhouse ceramic solar heats heat reservoir

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Application publication date: 20140910