CN104025802A - Air suction type discharge device of corn harvester - Google Patents

Air suction type discharge device of corn harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104025802A
CN104025802A CN201410218290.7A CN201410218290A CN104025802A CN 104025802 A CN104025802 A CN 104025802A CN 201410218290 A CN201410218290 A CN 201410218290A CN 104025802 A CN104025802 A CN 104025802A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
place
fan blade
roller
pulverization cylinder
pulverization
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Pending
Application number
CN201410218290.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张希槐
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN201410218290.7A priority Critical patent/CN104025802A/en
Publication of CN104025802A publication Critical patent/CN104025802A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses an air suction type discharge device of a corn harvester, and relates to a discharge device, for discharging straws, of a corn harvester. The air suction type discharge device comprises a smashing barrel and a smashing roller. The smashing roller is arranged in the center of the axis of the smashing barrel through a bearing, the smashing barrel is arranged at the tail end of a conveying groove, a straw inlet is formed in the lower lateral side of the smashing barrel, and the straws are guided into the straw inlet from the conveying groove through a roller pair. A packing auger, a movable cutter and fan blades are sequentially arranged on the smashing roller, wherein the packing auger is arranged at the portion, on the straw inlet, of the smashing roller, the movable cutter is arranged at the portion, at the tail end of the packing auger, of the smashing roller, and the movable cutter is matched with a fixed cutter arranged on the smashing barrel to smash the straws. The fan blades are arranged at the left end of the smashing roller, a discharge outlet is formed below the fan blades, a discharge hopper is connected to the position below the discharge outlet, and the discharge hopper is used for discharging smashed straws outwards. The air suction type discharge device of the corn harvester has the advantages that the smashed straws are discharged, the straws do not fly around on the basis of the air suction principle, and the clean effect is achieved during operation; the straws are smoothly discharged, and therefore working efficiency is ensured.

Description

Corn picker air draught type trash discharging apparatus
Technical field
The present invention relates to corn picker technical field, further relate to trash discharging apparatus, especially corn picker air draught type trash discharging apparatus for corn picker discharge stalk.
Background technology
At present, the effect of stem pulling harvesting is played in the ceding of Taiwan of existing corn picker, and after harvesting, stalk (Maize Stem) is passed delivery chute and is sent to back upper place and carries, and at the terminal part of delivery chute, is provided with pair roller, and for drawing stalk, conduit (case) is thrown ground by stalk.Its defect is: if the stalk amount of harvesting is larger, or stalk moisture is too little, and difficult quilt rolls and fractures, and when it enters from delivery chute conduit (case), is prone to obstruction, thereby affect grain header, runs well.Some Work machine is in order to solve stalk emission problem, and outwards drags stalk by artificial method.
Some corn pickers are set up hair-dryer below delivery chute, for blowing stalk in conductive pipe (case).But its poor effect, the phenomenon that simultaneously also can cause stalk disorderly to fly.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome above-mentioned shortcoming, a kind of corn picker air draught type trash discharging apparatus is provided, it has solved the emission problem of the stalk of existing corn picker effectively.
The object of the invention is to realize by following scheme:
Corn picker air draught type trash discharging apparatus, comprises pulverization cylinder, pulverization roller, and pulverization roller is arranged at pulverization cylinder Zhou center by bearing; Described pulverization cylinder is arranged at the end of delivery chute, and the side-lower of pulverization cylinder has into straw mouth, and stalk is imported into straw mouth from delivery chute by pair roller; It is characterized in that: on described pulverization roller, be aligned in sequence with auger, moving knife, fan blade, wherein, enter on the pulverization roller at straw mouth place and be provided with auger, on the pulverization roller of auger end, be provided with moving knife, moving knife matches with the stationary knife being arranged on pulverization cylinder, and stalk is broken; Left end at pulverization roller, is provided with fan blade, below fan blade, is provided with impurity discharging port, and impurity discharging port below connects impurities removal bucket, and impurities removal bucket is for discharging the stalk of pulverizing.
Further:
Described pulverization cylinder is horizontally set; , with the delivery chute structure in T shape of longitudinal setting.
At least one is rubber rollers for described pair roller.On described pair roller, there is 3-6 group moving tooth.
Described moving knife has some groups, and every group distributes along roller even circumferential, every group of setting 2-5 blade side by side; Described stationary knife has 1 group or some groups, is arranged on pulverization cylinder, and the quantity of stationary knife blade is moving knife knife number+1.Described blade adopts screw to be fixed on tool rest, is provided with sawtooth on blade.
Described fan blade is 3-6, and fan blade distributes along roller even circumferential.
The pulverization cylinder diameter at place, described fan blade place equals the pulverization cylinder diameter at other place, and fan blade diameter is less than the pulverization cylinder diameter 1-6 centimetre of place, fan blade place.
The pulverization cylinder diameter at place, described fan blade place is greater than the pulverization cylinder diameter at other place, and fan blade diameter is less than the pulverization cylinder diameter 1-6 centimetre of place, fan blade place.Fan blade is larger, can increase wind-force.Can be specifically: the pulverization cylinder diameter at place, described fan blade place is 50-80 centimetre, further, the pulverization cylinder diameter at place, fan blade place be 50-70 centimetre, further, and the pulverization cylinder diameter at place, fan blade place is 55-65 centimetre; The pulverization cylinder diameter at other place is less than its 15-25 centimetre.
Described fan blade is that a side folding is along structure.A side approaches or equals 90 degree along being folded to, L-shaped.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: 1, will after crushed stalk, discharge, effectively solved straw blockage problem.2, adopt air draught principle, stalk does not disorderly fly, and operation is clean.Generally, this product structure is simple, reasonable in design, and it makes stalk discharge unobstructed, thereby guarantees operating efficiency.
In order to make those skilled in the art person understand better the present invention program, and above-mentioned purpose of the present invention, feature and advantage can be become apparent more, below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is further detailed explanation.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the upper position view that the present invention is installed on corn combine;
Fig. 2 is structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is another structural representation of the present invention.
In accompanying drawing: 1 front-wheel, 2 cedings of Taiwan, 3 driver's cabins, 4 delivery chutes, 5 pair rollers, 6 trash discharging apparatus, 7 fruit-ear boxes, 8 trailing wheels, 11 pulverization rollers, 12 augers, 13 moving knife, 14 fan blades, 15 bearings, 16 impurities removal buckets, 17 stationary knifes, 18 pulverization cylinders, 19 transfer wheels.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1:
As shown in Figure 1, 2, corn picker air draught type trash discharging apparatus in the position of corn picker as shown in Figure 1, corn picker comprises the front-wheel 1 being arranged under frame, trailing wheel 8, is arranged at the driver's cabin 3 in frame, fruit-ear box 7, at frame front, be provided with the ceding of Taiwan 2, the ceding of Taiwan 2 rear portions connect the delivery chute 4 being tilted to, and the end of delivery chute 4 is provided with corn picker air draught type trash discharging apparatus 6, this trash discharging apparatus 6 and delivery chute 4 structure in T shape.The close end of delivery chute 4 is also provided with pair roller 5, contributes to the interior conveying stalk of trash discharging apparatus 6.One of them pair roller 5 connects transfer wheel 19 by chain, and transfer wheel 19 arranges a side of pulverization roller 11, and the rotation of pair roller 5 drives the rotation of pulverization roller 11.
At least one is rubber rollers for described pair roller 5.Increase stalk elasticity fitness like this, contribute to adapt to the particularly input of stalk joint portion of all size stalk.If two rollers of pair roller are all iron (steel) rollers, rigidity is too strong, easily makes to be stuck too greatly because of stalk joint portion.
On described pair roller 5, be provided with moving tooth.Moving tooth can be 3-6 group (being generally 4 groups), so as better by stalk to the interior conveying of trash discharging apparatus 6.
Corn picker air draught type trash discharging apparatus, comprise pulverization cylinder 18, pulverization roller 11, pulverization roller 11 is arranged at pulverization cylinder 18Zhou center by bearing 15, pulverization cylinder 18 is arranged at the end of delivery chute 4, the side-lower of pulverization cylinder 18 has into straw mouth, for accepting the maize straw that delivery chute 4 end feed are come, the auger 12 being arranged in order on pulverization roller 11, moving knife 13, fan blade 14, enter on the pulverization roller 11 at straw mouth place and be provided with auger 12, on the pulverization roller 11 of auger 12 ends (left side), be provided with moving knife 13, moving knife 13 matches with the stationary knife 17 being arranged on pulverization cylinder 18, stalk is broken, at the left end of pulverization roller 11, be provided with fan blade 14, the rotation of fan blade 14, has played and has taken out wind action, below fan blade 14, is provided with impurity discharging port, and impurity discharging port below connects impurities removal bucket 16, and impurities removal bucket 16 is for discharging the stalk of pulverizing.
Described pulverization cylinder 18 is horizontally set, with delivery chute 4 structure in T shape of longitudinal setting.
Described moving knife 13 has 4 groups, and every group distributes along roller even circumferential, every group of setting 3 or 4 blades side by side.Described stationary knife 17 has 1 group, and 4 or 5 blades (stationary knife blade is more than 1 of moving knife) are side by side set; Stationary knife is arranged on pulverization cylinder 18, and stationary knife matches with moving knife.Described blade adopts screw to be fixed on tool rest, is provided with sawtooth on blade.Employing activity is fixedly connected with, and is convenient to change.
Described fan blade is 4, and fan blade distributes along roller even circumferential.Described fan blade is that a side folding is along structure.A side approaches or equals 90 degree along being folded to, L-shaped.
Pulverization cylinder 18 diameters at described fan blade place equal pulverization cylinder 18 diameters at other place, as described in pulverization cylinder 18 diameters at fan blade place be 40 centimetres, pulverization cylinder 18 diameters at other place are 40 centimetres.
Embodiment 2:
As shown in Figure 1,3, the present embodiment and embodiment 1 difference are: pulverization cylinder 18 diameters at described fan blade 14 places, place are greater than pulverization cylinder 18 diameters at other place, the pulverization cylinder diameter at place, described fan blade place is 60 centimetres, and the pulverization cylinder diameter at other place is 40 centimetres.Fan blade 14 diameters are less than the pulverization cylinder 18 diameter 1-6 centimetre of place, fan blade place.All the other are identical with embodiment 1, are not repeated.
The above; be only the specific embodiment of the present invention, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited to this, is anyly familiar with those skilled in the art in the technical scope that the present invention discloses; the variation that can expect easily or replacement, within all should being encompassed in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. corn picker air draught type trash discharging apparatus, comprises pulverization cylinder, pulverization roller, and pulverization roller is arranged at pulverization cylinder Zhou center by bearing; Described pulverization cylinder is arranged at the end of delivery chute, and the side-lower of pulverization cylinder has into straw mouth, and stalk is imported into straw mouth from delivery chute by pair roller; It is characterized in that: on described pulverization roller, be aligned in sequence with auger, moving knife, fan blade, wherein, enter on the pulverization roller at straw mouth place and be provided with auger, on the pulverization roller of auger end, be provided with moving knife, moving knife matches with the stationary knife being arranged on pulverization cylinder, and stalk is broken; Left end at pulverization roller, is provided with fan blade, below fan blade, is provided with impurity discharging port, and impurity discharging port below connects impurities removal bucket, and impurities removal bucket is for discharging the stalk of pulverizing.
2. corn picker air draught type trash discharging apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described pulverization cylinder is horizontally set, with the delivery chute structure in T shape of longitudinal setting.
3. corn picker air draught type trash discharging apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that: at least one is rubber rollers for described pair roller.
4. corn picker air draught type trash discharging apparatus according to claim 3, is characterized in that: on described pair roller, have 3-6 group moving tooth.
5. corn picker air draught type trash discharging apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described moving knife has some groups, and every group distributes along roller even circumferential, every group of setting 2-5 blade side by side; Described stationary knife has 1 group or some groups, is arranged on pulverization cylinder, and the quantity of stationary knife blade is moving knife knife number+1.
6. corn picker air draught type trash discharging apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described fan blade is 3-6, and fan blade distributes along roller even circumferential.
7. according to the corn picker air draught type trash discharging apparatus described in claim 1 or 6, it is characterized in that: the pulverization cylinder diameter at place, described fan blade place equals the pulverization cylinder diameter at other place, fan blade diameter is less than the pulverization cylinder diameter 1-6 centimetre of place, fan blade place.
8. according to the corn picker air draught type trash discharging apparatus described in claim 1 or 6, it is characterized in that: the pulverization cylinder diameter at place, described fan blade place is greater than the pulverization cylinder diameter at other place, fan blade diameter is less than the pulverization cylinder diameter 1-6 centimetre of place, fan blade place.
9. corn picker air draught type trash discharging apparatus according to claim 8, is characterized in that: the pulverization cylinder diameter at place, described fan blade place is 50-80 centimetre, and the pulverization cylinder diameter at other place is less than its 15-25 centimetre.
10. corn picker air draught type trash discharging apparatus according to claim 8, is characterized in that: described fan blade is that a side folding is along structure.
CN201410218290.7A 2014-05-22 2014-05-22 Air suction type discharge device of corn harvester Pending CN104025802A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410218290.7A CN104025802A (en) 2014-05-22 2014-05-22 Air suction type discharge device of corn harvester

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410218290.7A CN104025802A (en) 2014-05-22 2014-05-22 Air suction type discharge device of corn harvester

Publications (1)

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CN104025802A true CN104025802A (en) 2014-09-10

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104272930A (en) * 2014-09-19 2015-01-14 天津勇猛机械制造有限公司 Device for returning bracts to fields of corn harvester
CN104838826A (en) * 2015-05-26 2015-08-19 安徽大地节能科技有限公司 Movable straw smashing vehicle with automatic fetching function
CN105052387A (en) * 2015-07-30 2015-11-18 朱凯凯 Multifunctional lifting conveyor of corn harvesting machine
CN105875028A (en) * 2016-04-15 2016-08-24 吉林大学 Fan device for corn harvester
CN106688437A (en) * 2015-08-04 2017-05-24 常州东风农机集团有限公司 Air-suction impurity-removing chopping device used for harvester
CN109819790A (en) * 2019-02-19 2019-05-31 青岛蓝农谷农产品研究开发有限公司 A kind of Novel mill

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0557702A2 (en) * 1992-02-28 1993-09-01 Claas Saulgau Gmbh Transversal screw conveyor for a mowing or maize-harvesting attachment
CN201928654U (en) * 2010-11-18 2011-08-17 袁国庆 Multifunctional energy-saving combined corn harvester
CN203136546U (en) * 2013-01-05 2013-08-21 徐晓红 Stalk breaker for corn harvester
CN203457548U (en) * 2013-08-26 2014-03-05 山东宁联机械制造有限公司 Clusters bract chopping device for maize harvesting machine
CN203912578U (en) * 2014-05-22 2014-11-05 张希槐 Corn picker air draught type trash discharging apparatus

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0557702A2 (en) * 1992-02-28 1993-09-01 Claas Saulgau Gmbh Transversal screw conveyor for a mowing or maize-harvesting attachment
CN201928654U (en) * 2010-11-18 2011-08-17 袁国庆 Multifunctional energy-saving combined corn harvester
CN203136546U (en) * 2013-01-05 2013-08-21 徐晓红 Stalk breaker for corn harvester
CN203457548U (en) * 2013-08-26 2014-03-05 山东宁联机械制造有限公司 Clusters bract chopping device for maize harvesting machine
CN203912578U (en) * 2014-05-22 2014-11-05 张希槐 Corn picker air draught type trash discharging apparatus

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104272930A (en) * 2014-09-19 2015-01-14 天津勇猛机械制造有限公司 Device for returning bracts to fields of corn harvester
CN104838826A (en) * 2015-05-26 2015-08-19 安徽大地节能科技有限公司 Movable straw smashing vehicle with automatic fetching function
CN105052387A (en) * 2015-07-30 2015-11-18 朱凯凯 Multifunctional lifting conveyor of corn harvesting machine
CN106688437A (en) * 2015-08-04 2017-05-24 常州东风农机集团有限公司 Air-suction impurity-removing chopping device used for harvester
CN106688437B (en) * 2015-08-04 2019-07-05 常州东风农机集团有限公司 Air draught impurities removal shredding mechanism for cropper
CN105875028A (en) * 2016-04-15 2016-08-24 吉林大学 Fan device for corn harvester
CN109819790A (en) * 2019-02-19 2019-05-31 青岛蓝农谷农产品研究开发有限公司 A kind of Novel mill

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Application publication date: 20140910

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication