CN103938818B - A kind of noise abatement heat-insulating decorative integrated board and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of noise abatement heat-insulating decorative integrated board and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103938818B
CN103938818B CN201410108530.8A CN201410108530A CN103938818B CN 103938818 B CN103938818 B CN 103938818B CN 201410108530 A CN201410108530 A CN 201410108530A CN 103938818 B CN103938818 B CN 103938818B
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China
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parts
paint
heat
noise abatement
agent
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CN201410108530.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103938818A (en
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李晓军
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烟台斯坦普精工建设有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of noise abatement heat-insulating decorative integrated board and preparation method thereof, described integrated board includes noise abatement layer (1) and reflection and heat insulation decorative layer (2), described noise abatement layer (1) is foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate, described reflection and heat insulation decorative layer (2) is solar heat reflection decorative paint, it is divided into three-layer coated system, is made up of priming paint (3), middle paint (4) and finish paint (5).Reflection and heat insulation decoration integrated board fire protection flame retarding of the present invention, good endurance, and build the same life-span, both with sound insulation noise abatement, with heat-insulating decorative, can meet again the theory of the green building such as energy-saving and emission-reduction and recycling economy.

Description

A kind of noise abatement heat-insulating decorative integrated board and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to building energy conservation and photoelectricity building field, be specifically related to a kind of noise abatement heat-insulating decorative integrated board and preparation side thereof Method.
Background technology
Showing according to relevant information, China will build 2,000,000,000 square metres of new buildings every year, is equivalent to the annual all new buildings in the world About 40%, it is the country that annual new building amount is maximum in the world.Additionally the existing area of residence of China is more than 40,000,000,000 square metres, Wherein great majority are high energy consumption houses, and its energy input is 3 times of developed country.Eleventh Five-Year Plan end, Building Trade in China energy consumption accounts for state About the 30% of family's total energy consumption, occupies first of national all kinds of energy consumption, has become energy consumption rich and influential family.While building industry high speed development, OK The problem that industry energy consumption remains high is more and more prominent.Therefore, Sustainable Construction Industry energy-saving and emission-reduction are crucial.Nearly 30 years Coming, the Building Energy-saving Work of China is concentrated mainly on the external wall outer insulation of northern area, asks solving the high energy consumption of winter heating phase Topic.Draw along with the continuous high temperature of China's most area in summer in recent years, particularly winter warm up the air conditioning energy consumption of summer hot Area during Summer The power cuts to limit consumption risen happens occasionally so that heat-insulating has been put in the agenda of China's Building Energy-saving Work.
The earth is irradiated by the sun all the time.The sun is per second 1.765 × 1017(subscript) the J energy arrival earth is huge Energy provides necessary requirement to the existence of the mankind and life, but the intense radiation of the sun, serve not also to the life band of people Just, the high-heating radiation of the sun can bring much harm to the space that the mankind depend on for existence.Summer, sunlight impinged upon on building roof, The indoor temperature of loft exceeds 3~5 DEG C than downstairs room.In many developed countries, spray equipment, air-conditioning, air conditioner With the energy consumed in the cooling refrigeration equipment such as electric fan, account for more than the 20% of annual total energy consumption.In China, these equipment consumes Energy the most more.
From last century the seventies, abroad propose and begin one's study a kind of based on the infrared external reflection of near-infrared in reflected sunlight Coating, with tradition cool-down method compared with, it the most not consumed energy and also can be effectively reduced and be exposed to shine upon lower object Surface temperature, prevents the heat transmission to interior of articles from source, reaches the purpose of energy-saving cool-down.
At present, the domestic research to solar heat reflecting and heat insulating coating is also in the development phase, and research work is concentrated mainly on film forming matter The modified adjustment with formulation for coating material.The radioresistant insulating water paint of Patent No. 99114454.6, based on antiradiation, due to It is that single layer coating is so effect of heat insulation is poor.The nanometer acrylic acid microemulsion of Patent No. 02109969.3, water-thinned heat reflecting coating With the aqueous epoxy modified acrylic heat-reflecting thermo of Patent No. 03111863.1, all to be reflected into master, its reflectance is only Reach 50~80%.All there is the single problem of effect of heat insulation channel, preparation means complexity in the above patent.And current building Being required for post coat by reflection and heat insulation coating patents technology, there are the following problems: (1) industrialization degree is low, is required in work The on-the-spot manual operations in ground, construction link is many, complex procedures, easy climate and weather restriction, affects project progress;(2) on-the-spot Construction, anthropic factor is more, construction quality and reflection and heat insulation Properties Control the most difficult;(3) pole hand-manipulated of post coat Easily cause waste and the environmental pollution of material, do not meet the demand of the sustainable development economizing on resources and protecting environment.
Summary of the invention
For improving industrialization and the industrialization level of building heat preservation heat-insulating technique, it is ensured that Energy Conservation Project in Construction quality, it is achieved green is built Prepared by the intensive manufacture building component, by substantial amounts of investigation and research work, present invention solves the technical problem that and be to provide one There is the noise abatement heat-insulating decorative integrated board of function of heat reflection.
A kind of noise abatement heat-insulating decorative integrated board, it is characterised in that: described integrated board includes noise abatement layer and reflection and heat insulation decorative layer, Described noise abatement layer is foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate, and described reflection and heat insulation decorative layer is solar heat reflection decorative paint, and it is divided into three layers of painting Film system, is made up of priming paint, middle paint and finish paint.
Noise abatement heat-insulating decorative integrated board of the present invention, the thickness of wherein said foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate is 20~500mm;Institute State the thickness of priming paint be 100~200 μm, the thickness of middle paint be 5~20mm, the thickness of finish paint be 300~500 μm;Described subtract Make an uproar the specification of heat-insulating decorative integrated board for long: 2000mm, 2440mm, 3000mm or 3200mm;Wide: 1220mm, 1250mm or 1500mm.
Noise abatement heat-insulating decorative integrated board of the present invention, wherein said priming paint is silicon third or acrylic emulsion.
Noise abatement heat-insulating decorative integrated board of the present invention, wherein said priming paint is made up of the material of following weight portion:
Deionized water: 200~300 parts;
Solid content is silicon third or the pure-acrylic emulsion of 49%: 320~400 parts;
Triple superphosphate 80~140 parts;
Wollastonite in powder: 40~60 parts;
Anionic wetting agents: 2~5 parts;
Thickening agent: 4~6 parts;
Plasticizer: 3~5 parts;
Dispersant: 7~10 parts;
Coalescents: 30~40 parts;
Defoamer: 6~8 parts;
Antisepticize and mildew preventive: 4~5 parts;
Ethylene glycol: 3~6 parts;
Propylene glycol: 3~5 parts;
PH adjusting agent: 8~10 parts;
Wherein, the pH value of described anionic wetting agents is 5.5~7.5, and described thickening agent is carboxymethyl cellulose, described plasticising Agent is synthesis vegetable esters plasticiser;Described dispersant is cithrol 200 or 400, and described coalescents is 12 Carbon alcohol ester, described defoamer is polyether polyol, and described Antisepticize and mildew preventive is that OBPA contains arsenic Organic substance antifungus agent, described pH Regulator is methane-siliconic acid aqueous solutions of potassium.
Noise abatement heat-insulating decorative integrated board of the present invention, wherein said middle paint is prepared from by the raw material of following weight portion:
Solid content is the emulsion type synthetic polymer emulsion of 49%: 380~450 parts;
Deionized water: 245~300 parts;
Sunlight reflecting material: 50~60 parts;
Color stuffing: 34~40 parts;
Nano material: 45~50 parts;
Anionic wetting agents: 5~7 parts;
Thickening agent: 4~5 parts;
Plasticizer: 2.5~4 parts;
Dispersant: 12~14 parts;
Coalescents: 25~40 parts;
Defoamer: 4~7 parts;
Antisepticize and mildew preventive: 3~5 parts;
Ethylene glycol: 3.5~5 parts;
Propylene glycol: 2~3 parts;
PH adjusting agent: 7~10 parts;
Wherein, the pH value of described anionic wetting agents is 5.5~7.5, and described thickening agent is carboxymethyl cellulose, described plasticising Agent is synthesis vegetable esters plasticiser, and described dispersant is cithrol 200 or 400, and described coalescents is 12 Carbon alcohol ester, described defoamer is polyether polyol, and described Antisepticize and mildew preventive is that OBPA contains arsenic Organic substance antifungus agent, described pH Regulator is methane-siliconic acid aqueous solutions of potassium.
Noise abatement heat-insulating decorative integrated board of the present invention, wherein said emulsion type synthetic polymer emulsion uses organic Resin emulsion, styrene acrylic emulsion, acrylate copolymer emulsion, organosilicon-acrylic resin emulsion, aqueous epoxy resins One in emulsion, aqueous polyurethane emulsion;
Described sunlight reflecting material be refractive index be 2.03 zinc oxide, refractive index be 2.74 titanium oxide, refractive index be 2.3 Pearl mica, the mixture of one or more in aluminium powder;
Described color stuffing be Pulvis Talci, dicalcium powder, glass microballoon, titanium dioxide, iron oxide red, ferrum oxide zinc, iron oxide yellow, The mixture of one or more in pearl mica, lithopone;
Described nano material is nano-calcium carbonate, nano titanium oxide, nano zine oxide, nanometer scale ceramics bubble, nanometer titanium dioxide The mixture of one or more in silicon, nano far infrared ceramic powder.
Noise abatement heat-insulating decorative integrated board of the present invention, wherein said finish paint is formed by the coating of anti-fouling and self-cleaning coating, described anti- Dirty self-cleaning coating be particle diameter be nano level organosilicon-modified acrylic coating, thickness is 300~500 μm.
Noise abatement heat-insulating decorative integrated board of the present invention, wherein said organosilicon-modified acrylic coating is by following weight portion Material forms:
Deionized water: 500~560 parts;
Activity substance content is the organosilicon-acrylic resin emulsion of 42%: 30~60 parts;
Coalescents: 32~40 parts;
Antisepticize and mildew preventive: 8~10 parts;
Defoamer: 6~10 parts;
Ethylene glycol: 40~50 parts;
Plasticizer: 0.3~0.5 part;
PH adjusting agent: 8~10 parts;
Wherein, described coalescents is Lauryl Alcohol ester, and described Antisepticize and mildew preventive is that OBPA contains arsenic Organic substance antifungus agent, synthesis Vegetable esters plasticiser, described defoamer is polyether polyol, and described pH adjusting agent is methane-siliconic acid aqueous solutions of potassium.
One prepares noise abatement heat-insulating decorative integrated board method of the present invention, comprises the steps:
Step one, the preparation of noise abatement layer: manufactured foam micro-crystalline ceramic is cut into the sheet material that thickness is 30~500mm, To described plate surface and corner polishing, deburring and cleaning, it is ensured that upper surface is smooth, horizontal error ± 2mm, facade vertical error ± 1mm, external corner Founder error under ±2 mm, remove the attachments such as the floating ash of plate surface;
Step 2, the preparation of reflection and heat insulation decorative layer: prepare priming paint, middle paint and finish paint respectively, be first incubated at foam micro-crystalline ceramic Plate upper surface primer coating, then scratches water-fast flexible putty on surface, finally uses spray gun that middle paint is coated on putty surface, The fully dried spray paint again in surface;
Step 3, the preparation of final products: described plate cutting through application is become a length of 2000mm, 2440mm, 3000mm or 3200mm;Width is the integrated board of 1220mm, 1250mm or 1500mm, obtains product.
The preparation method of noise abatement heat-insulating decorative integrated board of the present invention, it is characterised in that:
The preparation method of described priming paint is: by the most load weighted wetting agent, dispersant, ethylene glycol, propylene glycol and fungusproof anti-corrosion agent Be added separately to pure third or silicone acrylic emulsion in, with the rotating speeds of 800 revs/min fully dispersed 20~30min;Add triple superphosphate and silicon ash Stone powder, with the rotating speeds of 1500 revs/min fully dispersed 10~15min, during stirring, adds the defoamer of 1/3 weight And plasticizer, then the rotating speed fully dispersed 15~20min with 800 revs/min, add and mix homogeneously with coalescents, thickening agent Deionized water, adds the defoamer of 2/3 weight, pH adjusting agent, is uniformly mixed, be configured at the bottom of solar heat reflection paint Paint;
The preparation method of described middle paint is: by the most load weighted wetting agent, dispersant, ethylene glycol, propylene glycol and fungusproof anti-corrosion agent It is separately added in emulsion type synthetic polymer emulsion, with the rotating speeds of 800 revs/min fully dispersed 20~30min;Add sunlight Reflecting material, nano material and color stuffing, with the rotating speeds of 1500 revs/min fully dispersed 10~15min;During stirring, Add defoamer and the thickening agent of 1/3 weight, then the rotating speed fully dispersed 15~20min with 800 revs/min, add with become Film auxiliary agent, the deionized water of plasticizer mix homogeneously, add the defoamer of remaining 2/3 weight, pH adjusting agent, and stirring is mixed Close uniformly, be configured in heat reflection coatings paint;
The preparation method of described finish paint is: load weighted fungusproof anti-corrosion agent and ethylene glycol, pH adjusting agent are added acid-organosilicon crylic acid In emulsion, with the rotating speed premix of 800 revs/min, it is sufficiently stirred for about 20~30min, disperses with the rotating speeds of 1500 revs/min 10~15min, during stirring, add the defoamer of 1/3 weight, then the rotating speed with 800 revs/min is fully dispersed 15~20min, and add the deionized water mixed homogeneously with coalescents, plasticizer, add the defoamer of 2/3 weight, It is uniformly mixed, is configured to sunlight reflective coating finish paint.
The present invention is with existing insulation and decoration integrated plate technology difference:
Present invention employs and there is the mode that the foam micro-crystalline ceramic warming plate of fire prevention noise reduction function combines with sun reflective coating, There are many merits such as factory's component, construction assemblingization, high temperature of fire fire-retardant fireproof, sound insulation noise abatement, reflection and heat insulation, decoration The advantage of energy Composite;The noise abatement layer material of integrated board of the present invention uses foam micro-crystalline ceramic, and this material belongs to inorganic ore deposit Thing insulation material, has lightweight, the characteristic such as heat conductivity is low, thermal property good, environmental protection, durability are strong, fire-retardant, it has also become One of external wall external thermal insulation fire proofing material is first-selected;
Described noise abatement heat-insulating decorative integrated board is processed into by foam micro-crystalline ceramic, foam micro-crystalline ceramic with cullet, flyash, The industrial tailings waste residues such as gangue are raw material, add foaming agent, nucleator and additive etc., and mix homogeneously is formed after crushed Batch, is then put into batch in special grinding tool, puts in electric furnace and heats, through preheating, melted, foaming, crystallize, The novel porous micro-crystalline ceramic materials for wall that the techniques such as annealing are made.Described foam micro-crystalline ceramic proportion: 0.1~0.6, unit weight: 767~1076kg/m3, heat conductivity :≤0.029w/m k, water absorption rate: 5~20Vol%, comprcssive strength: 9~18MPa, anti-folding Intensity: 5.6~19MPa, high-temperature capability: 740~800MPa, refractoriness: > 100, fire protecting performance reaches country's " A " grade standard, Energy acid resistance: 0.08~5.0, alkali resistance: 0.05~0.8, frost resistance: 0.03~0.38, the most fluorine-containing chlorination charcoal and hydrogen fluorine chloric acid.
The present invention is to take the way of prefabrication, is sprayed on by efficient sunlight reflective coating on crystallite foamed ceramics integrated board, Prepare a kind of for external wall enclosed structure have sound insulation noise abatement, fire-proof and water-proof and reflection and heat insulation several functions and with building Noise abatement heat-insulating decorative integrated board with the life-span;Wherein, noise abatement layer is processed into by foam micro-crystalline ceramic, foam micro-crystalline ceramic with The industrial tailings waste residues such as cullet, flyash, gangue are raw material, add foaming agent, nucleator and additive etc., through powder Broken rear mix homogeneously forms batch, is then put in special grinding tool by batch, puts in electric furnace and heats, through preheating, The techniques such as melted, foaming, crystallize, annealing are made.
In the present invention, solar heat reflection paint is divided into three-layer coated system, i.e. priming paint, middle paint and finish paint;Priming paint is with alkali resistant and increasing For the purpose of adding base layer exterior surface adhesive force;Middle paint is that sunlight launches coating, is main reflecting layer, visible in reflected sunlight Light and the energy of near-infrared region;Finish paint rises self-cleaning, protects and resist the effect that external substance corrodes;Sunlight reflective coating pair Foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate has the adhesive force of high-quality, pliability and an impact resistance, acid and alkali-resistance, salt spray resistance, stain resistant, impermeable, Super-weathering resistance and good self-cleaning property, need not safeguard between 10 years artificially, it is achieved that heat reflection thermal insulation decorative panel is high-effect, Low cost, instant effect and non-maintaining feature.
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings noise abatement heat-insulating decorative integrated board of the present invention is described further.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the layer structure schematic diagram of noise abatement heat-insulating decorative integrated board of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1
As it is shown in figure 1, a kind of noise abatement heat-insulating decorative integrated board, described integrated board includes noise abatement layer 1 and reflection and heat insulation decoration Layer 2, described noise abatement layer 1 is foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate, and described reflection and heat insulation decorative layer 2 is solar heat reflection decorative paint, its It is divided into three-layer coated system, is made up of priming paint 3, middle paint 4 and finish paint 5.
The thickness of described foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate is 20mm;The thickness of described priming paint 3 be 100 μm, the thickness of middle paint 4 be 5mm, The thickness of finish paint 5 is 300 μm;The specification of described noise abatement heat-insulating decorative integrated board is for long: 2000mm;Wide: 1220mm.
Described priming paint 3 is made up of the material of following weight portion:
Deionized water: 200 parts;
Solid content is silicon third or the pure-acrylic emulsion of 49%: 400 parts;
Triple superphosphate 80 parts;
Wollastonite in powder: 60 parts;
Anionic wetting agents: 2 parts;
Thickening agent: 6 parts;
Plasticizer: 3 parts;
Dispersant: 10 parts;
Coalescents: 30 parts;
Defoamer: 8 parts;
Antisepticize and mildew preventive: 4 parts;
Ethylene glycol: 6 parts;
Propylene glycol: 3 parts;
PH adjusting agent: 10 parts;
Wherein, the pH value of described anionic wetting agents is 5.5, and described thickening agent is carboxymethyl cellulose, and described plasticizer is Synthesis vegetable esters plasticiser;Described dispersant is cithrol 400, and described coalescents is Lauryl Alcohol ester, institute Stating defoamer is polyether polyol, and described Antisepticize and mildew preventive is that OBPA contains arsenic Organic substance antifungus agent, and described pH adjusting agent is first Base potassium silicate aqueous solution.
Described middle paint 4 is prepared from by the raw material of following weight portion:
Solid content is the emulsion type synthetic polymer emulsion of 49%: 380 parts;
Deionized water: 300 parts;
Sunlight reflecting material: 50 parts;
Color stuffing: 40 parts;
Nano material: 45 parts;
Anionic wetting agents: 7 parts;
Thickening agent: 4 parts;
Plasticizer: 4 parts;
Dispersant: 12 parts;
Coalescents: 40 parts;
Defoamer: 4 parts;
Antisepticize and mildew preventive: 5 parts;
Ethylene glycol: 3.5 parts;
Propylene glycol: 3 parts;
PH adjusting agent: 7 parts;
Wherein, the pH value of described anionic wetting agents is 7.5, and described thickening agent is carboxymethyl cellulose, and described plasticizer is Synthesis vegetable esters plasticiser, described dispersant is cithrol 200, and described coalescents is Lauryl Alcohol ester, institute Stating defoamer is polyether polyol, and described Antisepticize and mildew preventive is that OBPA contains arsenic Organic substance antifungus agent, and described pH adjusting agent is first Base potassium silicate aqueous solution.
Described emulsion type synthetic polymer emulsion uses silicone resin emulsion;
Described sunlight reflecting material be refractive index be the zinc oxide of 2.03;
Described color stuffing is Pulvis Talci;
Described nano material is nano-calcium carbonate.
Described finish paint 5 by anti-fouling and self-cleaning coating coating form, described anti-fouling and self-cleaning coating be particle diameter be nano level organic-silicon-modified Acrylic coating, thickness is 300 μm.
Described organosilicon-modified acrylic coating is made up of the material of following weight portion:
Deionized water: 500 parts;
Activity substance content is the organosilicon-acrylic resin emulsion of 42%: 60 parts;
Coalescents: 32 parts;
Antisepticize and mildew preventive: 10 parts;
Defoamer: 6 parts;
Ethylene glycol: 50 parts;
Plasticizer: 0.3 part;
PH adjusting agent: 10 parts;
Wherein, described coalescents is Lauryl Alcohol ester, and described Antisepticize and mildew preventive is that OBPA contains arsenic Organic substance antifungus agent, synthesis Vegetable esters plasticiser, described defoamer is polyether polyol, and described pH adjusting agent is methane-siliconic acid aqueous solutions of potassium.
A kind of prepare described noise abatement heat-insulating decorative integrated board method, comprise the steps:
Step one, the preparation of noise abatement layer 1: manufactured foam micro-crystalline ceramic is cut into the sheet material that thickness is 30mm, right Described plate surface and corner polishing, deburring and cleaning, it is ensured that upper surface is smooth, horizontal error ± 2mm, facade vertical error ± 1mm, external corner Founder error under ±2 mm, remove the attachments such as the floating ash of plate surface;
Step 2, the preparation of reflection and heat insulation decorative layer 2: prepare priming paint 3, middle paint 4 and finish paint 5 respectively, first make pottery at foam crystallite Porcelain warming plate upper surface primer coating 3, then scratches water-fast flexible putty on surface, finally uses spray gun to be coated on by middle paint 4 Putty surface, fully dried spray paint 5 again, surface;
Step 3, the preparation of final products: described plate cutting through application is become a length of 2000mm;Width is The integrated board of 1220mm, obtains product.
The preparation method of described priming paint 3 is: by the most load weighted wetting agent, dispersant, ethylene glycol, propylene glycol and fungus-proof antisepsis Agent be added separately to pure third or silicone acrylic emulsion in, with the fully dispersed 20min of the rotating speeds of 800 revs/min;Add triple superphosphate and silicon ash Stone powder, with the fully dispersed 15min of the rotating speeds of 1500 revs/min, during stirring, adds defoamer and the increasing of 1/3 weight Mould agent, the more fully dispersed 15min of rotating speed with 800 revs/min, add the deionization mixed homogeneously with coalescents, thickening agent Water, adds the defoamer of 2/3 weight, pH adjusting agent, is uniformly mixed, and is configured to solar heat reflection paint priming paint 3;
The preparation method of described middle paint 4 is: by the most load weighted wetting agent, dispersant, ethylene glycol, propylene glycol and fungus-proof antisepsis Agent is separately added in emulsion type synthetic polymer emulsion, with the fully dispersed 30min of the rotating speeds of 800 revs/min;Add sunlight Reflecting material, nano material and color stuffing, with the fully dispersed 10min of the rotating speeds of 1500 revs/min;During stirring, add Enter defoamer and the thickening agent of 1/3 weight, the more fully dispersed 20min of rotating speed with 800 revs/min, add and help with film forming Agent, the deionized water of plasticizer mix homogeneously, add the defoamer of remaining 2/3 weight, pH adjusting agent, and stirring mixing is all Even, it is configured in heat reflection coatings paint 4;
The preparation method of described finish paint 5 is: load weighted fungusproof anti-corrosion agent and ethylene glycol, pH adjusting agent are added organosilicon propylene In yogurt liquid, with the rotating speed premix of 800 revs/min, it is sufficiently stirred for about 20min, disperses 15min with the rotating speeds of 1500 revs/min, During stirring, add the defoamer of 1/3 weight, the more fully dispersed 15min of rotating speed with 800 revs/min, and add The deionized water mixed homogeneously with coalescents, plasticizer, adds the defoamer of 2/3 weight, is uniformly mixed, It is configured to sunlight reflective coating finish paint 5.
Embodiment 2
As it is shown in figure 1, a kind of noise abatement heat-insulating decorative integrated board, described integrated board includes noise abatement layer 1 and reflection and heat insulation decoration Layer 2, described noise abatement layer 1 is foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate, and described reflection and heat insulation decorative layer 2 is solar heat reflection decorative paint, its It is divided into three-layer coated system, is made up of priming paint 3, middle paint 4 and finish paint 5.
The thickness of described foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate is 500mm;The thickness of described priming paint 3 is that 100 μm, the thickness of middle paint 4 are 20mm, the thickness of finish paint 5 are 300 μm;The specification of described noise abatement heat-insulating decorative integrated board is for long: 3200mm;Wide: 1500mm。
Described priming paint 3 is made up of the material of following weight portion:
Deionized water: 300 parts;
Solid content is silicon third or the pure-acrylic emulsion of 49%: 320 parts;
Triple superphosphate 140 parts;
Wollastonite in powder: 40 parts;
Anionic wetting agents: 5 parts;
Thickening agent: 4 parts;
Plasticizer: 5 parts;
Dispersant: 7 parts;
Coalescents: 40 parts;
Defoamer: 6 parts;
Antisepticize and mildew preventive: 5 parts;
Ethylene glycol: 3 parts;
Propylene glycol: 5 parts;
PH adjusting agent: 8 parts;
Wherein, the pH value of described anionic wetting agents is 7.5, and described thickening agent is carboxymethyl cellulose, and described plasticizer is Synthesis vegetable esters plasticiser;Described dispersant is cithrol 400, and described coalescents is Lauryl Alcohol ester, institute Stating defoamer is polyether polyol, and described Antisepticize and mildew preventive is that OBPA contains arsenic Organic substance antifungus agent, and described pH adjusting agent is first Base potassium silicate aqueous solution.
Described middle paint 4 is prepared from by the raw material of following weight portion:
Solid content is the emulsion type synthetic polymer emulsion of 49%: 450 parts;
Deionized water: 245 parts;
Sunlight reflecting material: 60 parts;
Color stuffing: 34 parts;
Nano material: 50 parts;
Anionic wetting agents: 5 parts;
Thickening agent: 5 parts;
Plasticizer: 2.5 parts;
Dispersant: 14 parts;
Coalescents: 25 parts;
Defoamer: 7 parts;
Antisepticize and mildew preventive: 3 parts;
Ethylene glycol: 5 parts;
Propylene glycol: 2 parts;
PH adjusting agent: 10 parts;
Wherein, the pH value of described anionic wetting agents is 5.5, and described thickening agent is carboxymethyl cellulose, and described plasticizer is Synthesis vegetable esters plasticiser, described dispersant is cithrol 400, and described coalescents is Lauryl Alcohol ester, institute Stating defoamer is polyether polyol, and described Antisepticize and mildew preventive is that OBPA contains arsenic Organic substance antifungus agent, and described pH adjusting agent is first Base potassium silicate aqueous solution.
Described emulsion type synthetic polymer emulsion uses styrene acrylic emulsion;
Described sunlight reflecting material be refractive index be the titanium oxide of 2.74;
Described color stuffing is dicalcium powder;
Described nano material is nano titanium oxide.
Described finish paint 5 by anti-fouling and self-cleaning coating coating form, described anti-fouling and self-cleaning coating be particle diameter be nano level organic-silicon-modified Acrylic coating, thickness is 500 μm.
Described organosilicon-modified acrylic coating is made up of the material of following weight portion:
Deionized water: 560 parts;
Activity substance content is the organosilicon-acrylic resin emulsion of 42%: 30 parts;
Coalescents: 40 parts;
Antisepticize and mildew preventive: 8 parts;
Defoamer: 10 parts;
Ethylene glycol: 40 parts;
Plasticizer: 0.5 part;
PH adjusting agent: 8 parts;
Wherein, described coalescents is Lauryl Alcohol ester, and described Antisepticize and mildew preventive is that OBPA contains arsenic Organic substance antifungus agent, synthesis Vegetable esters plasticiser, described defoamer is polyether polyol, and described pH adjusting agent is methane-siliconic acid aqueous solutions of potassium.
A kind of prepare described noise abatement heat-insulating decorative integrated board method, comprise the steps:
Step one, the preparation of noise abatement layer 1: manufactured foam micro-crystalline ceramic is cut into the sheet material that thickness is 500mm, right Described plate surface and corner polishing, deburring and cleaning, it is ensured that upper surface is smooth, horizontal error ± 2mm, facade vertical error ± 1mm, external corner Founder error under ±2 mm, remove the attachments such as the floating ash of plate surface;
Step 2, the preparation of reflection and heat insulation decorative layer 2: prepare priming paint 3, middle paint 4 and finish paint 5 respectively, first make pottery at foam crystallite Porcelain warming plate upper surface primer coating 3, then scratches water-fast flexible putty on surface, finally uses spray gun to be coated on by middle paint 4 Putty surface, fully dried spray paint 5 again, surface;
Step 3, the preparation of final products: described plate cutting through application is become a length of 3200mm;Width is The integrated board of 1500mm, obtains product.
The preparation method of described priming paint 3 is: by the most load weighted wetting agent, dispersant, ethylene glycol, propylene glycol and fungus-proof antisepsis Agent be added separately to pure third or silicone acrylic emulsion in, with the fully dispersed 30min of the rotating speeds of 800 revs/min;Add triple superphosphate and silicon ash Stone powder, with the fully dispersed 10min of the rotating speeds of 1500 revs/min, during stirring, adds defoamer and the increasing of 1/3 weight Mould agent, the more fully dispersed 20min of rotating speed with 800 revs/min, add the deionization mixed homogeneously with coalescents, thickening agent Water, adds the defoamer of 2/3 weight, pH adjusting agent, is uniformly mixed, and is configured to solar heat reflection paint priming paint 3;
The preparation method of described middle paint 4 is: by the most load weighted wetting agent, dispersant, ethylene glycol, propylene glycol and fungus-proof antisepsis Agent is separately added in emulsion type synthetic polymer emulsion, with the fully dispersed 20min of the rotating speeds of 800 revs/min;Add sunlight Reflecting material, nano material and color stuffing, with the fully dispersed 15min of the rotating speeds of 1500 revs/min;During stirring, add Enter defoamer and the thickening agent of 1/3 weight, the more fully dispersed 15min of rotating speed with 800 revs/min, add and help with film forming Agent, the deionized water of plasticizer mix homogeneously, add the defoamer of remaining 2/3 weight, pH adjusting agent, and stirring mixing is all Even, it is configured in heat reflection coatings paint 4;
The preparation method of described finish paint 5 is: load weighted fungusproof anti-corrosion agent and ethylene glycol, pH adjusting agent are added organosilicon propylene In yogurt liquid, with the rotating speed premix of 800 revs/min, it is sufficiently stirred for about 30min, disperses 10min with the rotating speeds of 1500 revs/min, During stirring, add the defoamer of 1/3 weight, the more fully dispersed 20min of rotating speed with 800 revs/min, and add The deionized water mixed homogeneously with coalescents, plasticizer, adds the defoamer of 2/3 weight, is uniformly mixed, It is configured to sunlight reflective coating finish paint 5.
Embodiment 3
As it is shown in figure 1, a kind of noise abatement heat-insulating decorative integrated board, described integrated board includes noise abatement layer 1 and reflection and heat insulation decoration Layer 2, described noise abatement layer 1 is foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate, and described reflection and heat insulation decorative layer 2 is solar heat reflection decorative paint, its It is divided into three-layer coated system, is made up of priming paint 3, middle paint 4 and finish paint 5.
The thickness of described foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate is 200mm;The thickness of described priming paint 3 is that 150 μm, the thickness of middle paint 4 are 10mm, the thickness of finish paint 5 are 400 μm;The specification of described noise abatement heat-insulating decorative integrated board is for long: 2440mm;Wide: 1250mm。
Described priming paint 3 is made up of the material of following weight portion:
Deionized water: 250 parts;
Solid content is silicon third or the pure-acrylic emulsion of 49%: 350 parts;
Triple superphosphate 100 parts;
Wollastonite in powder: 50 parts;
Anionic wetting agents: 4 parts;
Thickening agent: 5 parts;
Plasticizer: 4 parts;
Dispersant: 8 parts;
Coalescents: 35 parts;
Defoamer: 7 parts;
Antisepticize and mildew preventive: 4.5 parts;
Ethylene glycol: 4 parts;
Propylene glycol: 4 parts;
PH adjusting agent: 9 parts;
Wherein, the pH value of described anionic wetting agents is 6.5, and described thickening agent is carboxymethyl cellulose, and described plasticizer is Synthesis vegetable esters plasticiser;Described dispersant is cithrol 200, and described coalescents is Lauryl Alcohol ester, institute Stating defoamer is polyether polyol, and described Antisepticize and mildew preventive is that OBPA contains arsenic Organic substance antifungus agent, and described pH adjusting agent is first Base potassium silicate aqueous solution.
Described middle paint 4 is prepared from by the raw material of following weight portion:
Solid content is the emulsion type synthetic polymer emulsion of 49%: 400 parts;
Deionized water: 280 parts;
Sunlight reflecting material: 55 parts;
Color stuffing: 36 parts;
Nano material: 47 parts;
Anionic wetting agents: 6 parts;
Thickening agent: 4.5 parts;
Plasticizer: 3 parts;
Dispersant: 13 parts;
Coalescents: 35 parts;
Defoamer: 6 parts;
Antisepticize and mildew preventive: 4 parts;
Ethylene glycol: 4 parts;
Propylene glycol: 2.5 parts;
PH adjusting agent: 8 parts;
Wherein, the pH value of described anionic wetting agents is 7, and described thickening agent is carboxymethyl cellulose, and described plasticizer is for closing Becoming vegetable esters plasticiser, described dispersant is cithrol 400, and described coalescents is Lauryl Alcohol ester, described Defoamer is polyether polyol, and described Antisepticize and mildew preventive is that OBPA contains arsenic Organic substance antifungus agent, and described pH adjusting agent is methyl Potassium silicate aqueous solution.
Described emulsion type synthetic polymer emulsion uses acrylate copolymer emulsion;
Described sunlight reflecting material be refractive index be pearl mica and the mixture that mixes for 2:1 with weight ratio of aluminium powder of 2.3;
Described color stuffing is the mixture that glass microballoon, titanium dioxide and iron oxide red mix with weight ratio for 3:4:1;
Described nano material is that nano zine oxide, nanometer scale ceramics bubble, nano silicon, nano far infrared ceramic powder are with weight Than the mixture for 6:3:5:1 mixing.
Described finish paint 5 by anti-fouling and self-cleaning coating coating form, described anti-fouling and self-cleaning coating be particle diameter be nano level organic-silicon-modified Acrylic coating, thickness is 400 μm.
Described organosilicon-modified acrylic coating is made up of the material of following weight portion:
Deionized water: 540 parts;
Activity substance content is the organosilicon-acrylic resin emulsion of 42%: 40 parts;
Coalescents: 35 parts;
Antisepticize and mildew preventive: 9 parts;
Defoamer: 8 parts;
Ethylene glycol: 45 parts;
Plasticizer: 0.4 part;
PH adjusting agent: 9 parts;
Wherein, described coalescents is Lauryl Alcohol ester, and described Antisepticize and mildew preventive is that OBPA contains arsenic Organic substance antifungus agent, synthesis Vegetable esters plasticiser, described defoamer is polyether polyol, and described pH adjusting agent is methane-siliconic acid aqueous solutions of potassium.
A kind of prepare described noise abatement heat-insulating decorative integrated board method, comprise the steps:
Step one, the preparation of noise abatement layer 1: manufactured foam micro-crystalline ceramic is cut into the sheet material that thickness is 200mm, right Described plate surface and corner polishing, deburring and cleaning, it is ensured that upper surface is smooth, horizontal error ± 2mm, facade vertical error ± 1mm, external corner Founder error under ±2 mm, remove the attachments such as the floating ash of plate surface;
Step 2, the preparation of reflection and heat insulation decorative layer 2: prepare priming paint 3, middle paint 4 and finish paint 5 respectively, first make pottery at foam crystallite Porcelain warming plate upper surface primer coating 3, then scratches water-fast flexible putty on surface, finally uses spray gun to be coated on by middle paint 4 Putty surface, fully dried spray paint 5 again, surface;
Step 3, the preparation of final products: described plate cutting through application is become a length of 2440mm;Width is The integrated board of 1250mm, obtains product.
The preparation method of described priming paint 3 is: by the most load weighted wetting agent, dispersant, ethylene glycol, propylene glycol and fungus-proof antisepsis Agent be added separately to pure third or silicone acrylic emulsion in, with the fully dispersed 25min of the rotating speeds of 800 revs/min;Add triple superphosphate and silicon ash Stone powder, with the fully dispersed 12min of the rotating speeds of 1500 revs/min, during stirring, adds defoamer and the increasing of 1/3 weight Mould agent, the more fully dispersed 16min of rotating speed with 800 revs/min, add the deionization mixed homogeneously with coalescents, thickening agent Water, adds the defoamer of 2/3 weight, pH adjusting agent, is uniformly mixed, and is configured to solar heat reflection paint priming paint 3;
The preparation method of described middle paint 4 is: by the most load weighted wetting agent, dispersant, ethylene glycol, propylene glycol and fungus-proof antisepsis Agent is separately added in emulsion type synthetic polymer emulsion, with the fully dispersed 22min of the rotating speeds of 800 revs/min;Add sunlight Reflecting material, nano material and color stuffing, with the fully dispersed 12min of the rotating speeds of 1500 revs/min;During stirring, add Enter defoamer and the thickening agent of 1/3 weight, the more fully dispersed 18min of rotating speed with 800 revs/min, add and help with film forming Agent, the deionized water of plasticizer mix homogeneously, add the defoamer of remaining 2/3 weight, pH adjusting agent, and stirring mixing is all Even, it is configured in heat reflection coatings paint 4;
The preparation method of described finish paint 5 is: load weighted fungusproof anti-corrosion agent and ethylene glycol, pH adjusting agent are added organosilicon propylene In yogurt liquid, with the rotating speed premix of 800 revs/min, it is sufficiently stirred for about 28min, disperses 11min with the rotating speeds of 1500 revs/min, During stirring, add the defoamer of 1/3 weight, the more fully dispersed 19min of rotating speed with 800 revs/min, and add The deionized water mixed homogeneously with coalescents, plasticizer, adds the defoamer of 2/3 weight, is uniformly mixed, It is configured to sunlight reflective coating finish paint 5.
Embodiment 4
Difference with embodiment 1 is: the specification of described noise abatement heat-insulating decorative integrated board is a length of 3000mm;Described priming paint 3 For silicone acrylic emulsion.
Described emulsion type synthetic polymer emulsion uses organosilicon-acrylic resin emulsion;Described sunlight reflecting material is folding The rate of penetrating is the pearl mica of 2.3;Described color stuffing is the mixing that iron oxide yellow, pearl mica, lithopone mix with any proportioning Thing;Described nano material is nano far infrared ceramic powder.
Embodiment 5
Difference with embodiment 1 is:
Described priming paint 3 is acrylic emulsion, and described emulsion type synthetic polymer emulsion uses aqueous epoxy resin emulsion; Described sunlight reflecting material is aluminium powder;Described color stuffing is iron oxide yellow;Described nano material is nanometer scale ceramics bubble.
Embodiment 6
Difference with embodiment 1 is:
Described emulsion type synthetic polymer emulsion uses aqueous polyurethane emulsion;Described sunlight reflecting material is refractive index Be 2.03 zinc oxide, refractive index be 2.74 titanium oxide, refractive index be 2.3 pearl mica, aluminium powder is with weight ratio as 8:3:5:1 The mixture of mixing;Described color stuffing is the mixture that Pulvis Talci, iron oxide red, ferrum oxide zinc mix with weight ratio for 6:5:2;
Described nano material is nano zine oxide.
Product of the present invention combines with external wall with bonding mode.
Embodiment described above is only to be described the preferred embodiment of the present invention, not carries out the scope of the present invention Limiting, on the premise of designing spirit without departing from the present invention, technical scheme is made by those of ordinary skill in the art Various deformation and improvement, all should fall in the protection domain that claims of the present invention determines.

Claims (9)

1. a noise abatement heat-insulating decorative integrated board, it is characterised in that: described integrated board includes noise abatement layer (1) and reflective Heat-insulating decorative layer (2), described noise abatement layer (1) is foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate, and described reflection and heat insulation decorative layer (2) is the sun Heat reflection decorative paint, it is divided into three-layer coated system, is made up of priming paint (3), middle paint (4) and finish paint (5);
Described middle paint (4) is prepared from by the raw material of following weight portion:
Solid content is the emulsion type synthetic polymer emulsion of 49%: 380~450 parts;
Deionized water: 245~300 parts;
Sunlight reflecting material: 50~60 parts;
Color stuffing: 34~40 parts;
Nano material: 45~50 parts;
Anionic wetting agents: 5~7 parts;
Thickening agent: 4~5 parts;
Plasticizer: 2.5~4 parts;
Dispersant: 12~14 parts;
Coalescents: 25~40 parts;
Defoamer: 4~7 parts;
Antisepticize and mildew preventive: 3~5 parts;
Ethylene glycol: 3.5~5 parts;
Propylene glycol: 2~3 parts;
PH adjusting agent: 7~10 parts;
Wherein, the pH value of described anionic wetting agents is 5.5~7.5, and described thickening agent is carboxymethyl cellulose, described increasing Moulding agent is synthesis vegetable esters plasticiser, and described dispersant is cithrol 200 or 400, and described coalescents is Lauryl Alcohol ester, described defoamer is polyether polyol, and described Antisepticize and mildew preventive is that OBPA contains arsenic Organic substance antifungus agent, institute Stating pH adjusting agent is methane-siliconic acid aqueous solutions of potassium.
Noise abatement heat-insulating decorative integrated board the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate Thickness be 20~500mm;The thickness of described priming paint (3) be 100~200 μm, the thickness of middle paint (4) be 5~20mm, The thickness of finish paint (5) is 300~500 μm;The specification of described noise abatement heat-insulating decorative integrated board is for long: 2000mm, 2440mm, 3000mm or 3200mm;Wide: 1220mm, 1250mm or 1500mm.
Noise abatement heat-insulating decorative integrated board the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: described priming paint (3) is silicon Third or acrylic emulsion.
Noise abatement heat-insulating decorative integrated board the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: described priming paint (3) is by such as The material composition of lower weight portion:
Deionized water: 200~300 parts;
Solid content is silicon third or the pure-acrylic emulsion of 49%: 320~400 parts;
Triple superphosphate 80~140 parts;
Wollastonite in powder: 40~60 parts;
Anionic wetting agents: 2~5 parts;
Thickening agent: 4~6 parts;
Plasticizer: 3~5 parts;
Dispersant: 7~10 parts;
Coalescents: 30~40 parts;
Defoamer: 6~8 parts;
Antisepticize and mildew preventive: 4~5 parts;
Ethylene glycol: 3~6 parts;
Propylene glycol: 3~5 parts;
PH adjusting agent: 8~10 parts;
Wherein, the pH value of described anionic wetting agents is 5.5~7.5, and described thickening agent is carboxymethyl cellulose, described increasing Mould agent for synthesis vegetable esters plasticiser;Described dispersant is cithrol 200 or 400, and described coalescents is Lauryl Alcohol ester, described defoamer is polyether polyol, and described Antisepticize and mildew preventive is that OBPA contains arsenic Organic substance antifungus agent, institute Stating pH adjusting agent is methane-siliconic acid aqueous solutions of potassium.
Noise abatement heat-insulating decorative integrated board the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
Described emulsion type synthetic polymer emulsion uses silicone resin emulsion, styrene acrylic emulsion, propylene One in acid copolymer emulsion, organosilicon-acrylic resin emulsion, aqueous epoxy resin emulsion, aqueous polyurethane emulsion;
Described sunlight reflecting material be refractive index be 2.03 zinc oxide, refractive index be 2.74 titanium oxide, refractive index be The mixture of one or more in the pearl mica of 2.3, aluminium powder;
Described color stuffing be Pulvis Talci, dicalcium powder, glass microballoon, titanium dioxide, iron oxide red, ferrum oxide zinc, iron oxide yellow, The mixture of one or more in pearl mica, lithopone;
Described nano material is nano-calcium carbonate, nano titanium oxide, nano zine oxide, nanometer scale ceramics bubble, nano-silica The mixture of one or more in SiClx, nano far infrared ceramic powder.
Noise abatement heat-insulating decorative integrated board the most according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: described finish paint (5) is by preventing Dirty self-cleaning coating coating forms, described anti-fouling and self-cleaning coating be particle diameter be nano level organosilicon-modified acrylic coating, thickness It is 300~500 μm.
Noise abatement heat-insulating decorative integrated board the most according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: described organic-silicon-modified propylene Acid coating is made up of the material of following weight portion:
Deionized water: 500~560 parts;
Activity substance content is the organosilicon-acrylic resin emulsion of 42%: 30~60 parts;
Coalescents: 32~40 parts;
Antisepticize and mildew preventive: 8~10 parts;
Defoamer: 6~10 parts;
Ethylene glycol: 40~50 parts;
Plasticizer: 0.3~0.5 part;
PH adjusting agent: 8~10 parts;
Wherein, described coalescents is Lauryl Alcohol ester, and described Antisepticize and mildew preventive is that OBPA contains arsenic Organic substance antifungus agent, closes Becoming vegetable esters plasticiser, described defoamer is polyether polyol, and described pH adjusting agent is methane-siliconic acid aqueous solutions of potassium.
8. the preparation method of any one described noise abatement heat-insulating decorative integrated board in claim 1~7, it is characterised in that: bag Include following steps:
Step one, the preparation of noise abatement layer (1): manufactured foam micro-crystalline ceramic is cut into thickness is 30~500mm Sheet material, to described plate surface and corner polishing, deburring and cleaning, it is ensured that upper surface is smooth, horizontal error ± 2mm, vertical Face vertical error ± 1mm, external corner Founder error under ±2 mm, remove plate surface floating ash attachment;
Step 2, the preparation of reflection and heat insulation decorative layer (2): prepare priming paint (3), middle paint (4) and finish paint (5) respectively, First at foam micro-crystalline ceramic warming plate upper surface primer coating (3), then scratch water-fast flexible putty on surface, finally use Middle paint (4) is coated on putty surface by spray gun, fully dried spray paint (5) again, surface;
Step 3, the preparation of final products: described plate cutting through application is become a length of 2000mm, 2440mm, 3000mm or 3200mm;Width is the integrated board of 1220mm, 1250mm or 1500mm, obtains product.
The preparation method of noise abatement heat-insulating decorative integrated board the most according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:
The preparation method of described priming paint (3) is: by the most load weighted wetting agent, dispersant, ethylene glycol, propylene glycol and mildew-resistant Preservative be added separately to pure third or silicone acrylic emulsion in, with the rotating speeds of 800 revs/min fully dispersed 20~30min;Add Triple superphosphate and wollastonite in powder, with the rotating speeds of 1500 revs/min fully dispersed 10~15min, during stirring, add 1/3 The defoamer of weight and plasticizer, then the rotating speed fully dispersed 15~20min with 800 revs/min, add with coalescents, The deionized water of thickening agent mix homogeneously, adds the defoamer of 2/3 weight, pH adjusting agent, is uniformly mixed, preparation Become solar heat reflection paint priming paint (3);
The preparation method of described middle paint (4) is: by the most load weighted wetting agent, dispersant, ethylene glycol, propylene glycol and mildew-resistant Preservative is separately added in emulsion type synthetic polymer emulsion, with the rotating speeds of 800 revs/min fully dispersed 20~30min;Again Add sunlight reflecting material, nano material and color stuffing, with the rotating speeds of 1500 revs/min fully dispersed 10~15min;? During stirring, add defoamer and the thickening agent of 1/3 weight, then the rotating speed with 800 revs/min is fully dispersed 15~20min, add the deionized water mixed homogeneously with coalescents, plasticizer, add remaining 2/3 weight Defoamer, pH adjusting agent, be uniformly mixed, and is configured in heat reflection coatings to paint (4);
The preparation method of described finish paint (5) is: add organic by load weighted fungusproof anti-corrosion agent and ethylene glycol, pH adjusting agent In silica acrylic acid emulsion, with the rotating speed premix of 800 revs/min, it is sufficiently stirred for 20~30min, with 1500 revs/min turn Speed dispersion 10~15min, during stirring, adds the defoamer of 1/3 weight, then the rotating speed with 800 revs/min is abundant Dispersion 15~20min, and add the deionized water mixed homogeneously with coalescents, plasticizer, add 2/3 weight Defoamer, is uniformly mixed, and is configured to sunlight reflective coating finish paint (5).
CN201410108530.8A 2014-03-22 2014-03-22 A kind of noise abatement heat-insulating decorative integrated board and preparation method thereof CN103938818B (en)

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