CN105442782A - Integrated plate - Google Patents

Integrated plate Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105442782A
CN105442782A CN201510532413.9A CN201510532413A CN105442782A CN 105442782 A CN105442782 A CN 105442782A CN 201510532413 A CN201510532413 A CN 201510532413A CN 105442782 A CN105442782 A CN 105442782A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
layer
polyurethane
integrated board
foamed ceramics
decorative
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510532413.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
马玉新
Original Assignee
马玉新
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 马玉新 filed Critical 马玉新
Priority to CN201510532413.9A priority Critical patent/CN105442782A/en
Publication of CN105442782A publication Critical patent/CN105442782A/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of building materials, in particular to an integrated plate integrating the functions of heat preservation, fire prevention and decoration. The integrated plate comprises a polyurethane layer, a foam ceramic layer and a decoration layer. The polyurethane layer and the decoration layer are arranged on the back face and the front face of the foam ceramic layer respectively. The polyurethane layer is made of hard polyurethane. The decoration layer is a glaze layer. An aerogel coating layer can further be arranged between the foam ceramic layer and the decoration layer. The decoration layer can aim at protecting finishing coat or comprises a primer layer and a middle paint layer and protects a finishing coat layer or only comprises the primer layer and protects the finishing coat layer.

Description

Integrated board
Technical field
The present invention relates to building material technical field, be specifically related to the integrated board integrating insulation, fire prevention, decoration functions.
Background technology
In recent years, at building wall Material Field, integrate insulation, the integrated board of decoration functions is used widely, such as, disclosed in the utility model patent publication that Authorization Notice No. is CN203742108U integrated board.This integrated board comprises aluminosilicate fiberboard successively, tack coat (inorganic heat insulation mortar layer), aerogel blanket or aerogel plate, and decorative layer.But because aluminosilicate fiberboard is yielding, aerogel blanket or aerogel plate price comparison expensive, but also need to come bonding aerogel plate or aerogel blanket by adhesive linkage, its complex manufacturing technology and cost compare is high.
In addition, in integrated board, also use polyurethane sheet as insulation layer material.Polyurethane sheet has protection against the tide, waterproof, heat-proof quality.Hard polyaminoester coefficient of thermal conductivity is low, and thermal property is good, when hard polyaminoester density is 35-40kg/m 3time, coefficient of thermal conductivity is only 0.018-0.024w/ (m.k), is about equivalent to the half of expandable polystyrene (EPS), is the heat insulating material that current coefficient of thermal conductivity is minimum.Hard polyaminoester has protection against the tide, water resistance, and the rate of closed hole of hard polyaminoester, more than 90%, belongs to hydrophobic material, can not increase coefficient of thermal conductivity because of the moisture absorption, and metope also can not seep water.Because polyurethane plate has excellent heat-proof quality, reaching under same thermal requirements, minimizing building envelope thickness can made, thus increase indoor usable floor area.The comprehensive cost performance of rigid polyurethane foams is high, although unit price is higher than the unit price of other Conventional insulation, the expense increased will be offset by the significantly minimizing for warm refrigeration expense.Therefore polyurethane sheet is widely used in modern architecture field.But there is poor dimensional stability in existing polyurethane thermal insulation board, yielding, the problems such as fireproof performance is poor, surface irregularity.
Summary of the invention
The present invention makes in view of the above-mentioned problems in the prior art, its object is to provide a kind of and integrates insulation, fire-retardant decorative function, and good stability of the dimension, the integrated board that surface-brightening is smooth, cheap for manufacturing cost.
For achieving the above object, the integrated board of the first technical scheme of the present invention, is characterized in that, comprises insulation layer and decorative layer, described insulation layer comprises layer of polyurethane and foamed ceramics layer, and described layer of polyurethane and decorative layer are located at the back side and the front of described foamed ceramics layer respectively.
According to the integrated board of the first technical scheme, combine protection against the tide that polyurethane material has itself, waterproof, heat preservation and insulation, and the fire-retardant fireproof of foamed ceramics, insulation, ageing resistace and the advantage such as not yielding, while dual fire prevention, heat insulation effect can be provided, also there is the effect of dimensionally stable.Further, because foamed ceramics surface is formed with hole, do not need to utilize the bonding agent of other materials namely by laminar manner and polyurethane strong bonded, it manufactures easily simple.
The integrated board of the second technical scheme of the present invention, on the basis of the first technical scheme, further, described layer of polyurethane is hard polyurethane ester layer.By this second technical scheme, layer of polyurethane adopts the hard polyurethane ester layer of fire-proof and water-proof function admirable, improves the fire-proof and water-proof performance of integrated board further.
The integrated board of the 3rd technical scheme of the present invention, on the basis of first and second technical scheme, further, decorative layer is glazed layer, and this glazed layer is formed directly into the front of described foamed ceramics layer.This glazed layer can be formed directly in wall face, water proofing property and good endurance, and lasting light as new, thus can improve performance and the surface finish of integrated board further, plays decoration function.
The integrated board of the 4th technical scheme of the present invention, on the basis of first and second technical scheme, further, between described foamed ceramics layer and described decorative layer, also comprise aeroge dope layer, described decorative layer is protective topcoat.
The integrated board of the 5th technical scheme of the present invention; on the basis of first and second technical scheme, further, between described decorative layer, aeroge dope layer is also comprised; described decorative layer comprises prime coat, middle enamelled coating and protective surface enamelled coating, or only comprises prime coat and protective surface enamelled coating.
According to the 4th technical scheme and the 5th technical scheme, by arranging aeroge dope layer, what further enhance integrated board of the present invention can improve heat-insulation and heat-preservation, flameproof effect and intensity further, and imparts good sound insulation value to integrated board.
The integrated board of the 6th technical scheme of the present invention, on the basis of first and second technical scheme, further, described decorative layer is true mineral varnish layer.
The integrated board of the 7th technical scheme of the present invention, on the basis of the 4th technical scheme, described protective topcoat is true mineral varnish layer.
The integrated board of the 8th technical scheme of the present invention, on the basis of the 5th technical scheme, described middle enamelled coating or protective surface enamelled coating are true mineral varnish layers.
According to above-mentioned six ~ eight technical schemes, by using true mineral varnish layer as decorative layer, the texture of the stone material that marble, granite can be brought such for metope, improves the fire prevention of wall face, waterproof, acid and alkali-resistance, resistant to pollution performance simultaneously further.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has following beneficial effect:
1. integrated board of the present invention is by contact laminating in conjunction with polyurethane thermal insulation board and foamed ceramic insulation board, and good stability of the dimension, not yielding, heat-insulation and heat-preservation, fireproof performance obtain double shield.
2. integrated board of the present invention adopts glaze decorating layer, and surface-brightening is smooth, good endurance, can be formed directly in external wall and guarantees attractive in appearance.
3. integrated board of the present invention adopts aeroge coating, further enhances heat insulation effect and the intensity of integrated board, and imparts good sound insulation value to integrated board.
4. the preparation method technique of integrated board of the present invention is simple, can realize large-scale production, and can flexible adaptation in the requirement of different size.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 illustrates the schematic cross-section of the integrated board of the first embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 illustrates the schematic cross-section of the integrated board of the second embodiment of the present invention.
Wherein, description of reference numerals is as follows:
1 Tao Mo ceramic layer, 2 layer of polyurethane, 3 decorative layers, 4 aeroge dope layers.
Detailed description of the invention
For making the object, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearly, below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the preferred embodiment of the present invention is described in detail.
< first embodiment >
Fig. 1 illustrates the schematic cross-section of the integrated board of present embodiment.
As shown in Figure 1, the integrated board of present embodiment comprises foamed ceramics layer 1, layer of polyurethane 2 and decorative layer 3, and layer of polyurethane 2 is formed in the back side of foamed ceramics layer 1, and decorative layer 3 is formed in the front of foamed ceramics layer 1.Foamed ceramics layer 1 and layer of polyurethane 2 form insulation layer, and the thickness of this insulation layer is generally set as 20-30mm, but also suitably can regulate the thickness of foamed ceramics layer 1 and layer of polyurethane 2 according to the weather conditions of territory of use.
Layer of polyurethane 2 adopts hard polyurethane ester layer, polyurethane material itself has protection against the tide, waterproof, heat preservation and insulation, hard polyurethane ester layer has more excellent waterproof fireproofing performance, and foamed ceramics has fire-retardant fireproof, heat-insulation and heat-preservation, ageing resistace, and coefficient of deformation is little, not yielding, and, because foamed ceramics surface has hole, polyurethane can be firmly bound on foamed ceramics by lamination, and not need the bonding agent by other to paste.The integrated board of present embodiment combines the performance of both layer of polyurethane and foamed ceramics, thus provides double shield for fire-retardant fireproof, heat-insulation and heat-preservation, improves dimensional stability and the humidity resistance of integrated board simultaneously.It should be noted that at this, polyurethane thermal insulation board can certainly paste on foamed ceramic panel by bonding agent by the compound of layer of polyurethane 2 and foamed ceramics layer 1, but because this mode also needs bonding agent, therefore the impact that also can be subject to bonding agent in conjunction with firmness of layer of polyurethane 2 and foamed ceramics layer 1 is the less preferred mode of present embodiment by the mode of bonding agent.
In the present embodiment, decorative layer 3 is glazed layer, this glazed layer 3 water proofing property and good endurance, and lasting light is as new, and surface finish is excellent, plays decoration function, can be directly used in formation wall face.
Below, the preparation method of the integrated board of present embodiment is illustrated.The preparation method of this integrated board comprises polyurethane casting step, lamination and curing schedule and decorative layer forming step.
First, in decorative layer forming step, the foamed ceramic panel of the large gauge forming foamed ceramics layer 1 is placed on the conveying crawler belt in production line, levelling, polishing is carried out to the front of this foamed ceramics layer 1, and glazing and firing is carried out in described front after, polishing levelling at this and forms glazed layer.
Afterwards, in polyurethane casting step, by spray gun cast polyurethane on the back side of described foamed ceramic panel, form layer of polyurethane 2.
Afterwards, at lamination and curing schedule, to cast formed layer of polyurethane 2 and foamed ceramics layer 1 carry out lamination and solidification.
Also can not be placed in decorative layer forming step levelling, grinding process that the front of foamed ceramics layer is carried out, but before foamed ceramic panel being placed in the conveying crawler belt in production line levelling, the grinding process of well in advance.
As a kind of mode of texturing of present embodiment, also the first step above-mentioned polyurethane casting step can be carried out, carry out lamination and curing schedule afterwards, finally carry out decorative layer forming step, in this decorative layer forming step, not directly on foamed ceramics layer, form glaze paint, but bonding agent pasted with ceramic veneer plate is utilized to the front of described foamed ceramic panel that is levelling, that polished, and dry and form integrated board, now, carry out before the polyurethane casting step that levelling, the grinding process in the front of foamed ceramic panel also can be placed in production line.
Finally, also comprise cutting step: by the integrated board of large gauge formed through above-mentioned step, adopt laser track and localization method to cut into the integrated board of regulatory specifications.
By the integrated board that the preparation method of the integrated board of present embodiment makes, heat-insulation and heat-preservation, fire-retardant fireproof, humidity resistance are excellent, and have good geomery stability.
< second embodiment >
Fig. 2 illustrates the schematic cross-section of the integrated board of the second embodiment of the present invention.
As shown in Figure 2, the integrated board of present embodiment comprises foamed ceramics layer 1, layer of polyurethane 2 and decorative layer 3, and layer of polyurethane 2 is formed in the back side of foamed ceramics layer 1, and decorative layer 3 is formed in the front of foamed ceramics layer 1.
In addition, between foamed ceramics layer 1 and decorative layer 3, also comprise aeroge dope layer 4, jointly form insulation layer by foamed ceramics layer 1, the gentle gel-coat 4 of layer of polyurethane 2.Use silica aerogel coating in present embodiment, aeroge has high strength, high heat preservation and insulation and good sound insulation value.
Same with the first embodiment, layer of polyurethane 2 adopts hard polyurethane ester layer.
Decorative layer 3 is decoration enamelled coating, can as required, and decorative layer only applies protective topcoat, or coating prime coat, middle enamelled coating and protective surface enamelled coating, then or only coating prime coat and protective surface enamelled coating form decorative layer.As a preferred example, middle paint or protective topcoat can adopt true mineral varnish.The fire prevention of wall face, waterproof, acid and alkali-resistance, resistant to pollution performance is can further improve by adopting true mineral varnish.
Below, the preparation method of the integrated board of present embodiment is illustrated.The preparation method of this integrated board comprises polyurethane casting step, lamination and curing schedule, aeroge applying coating step and decorative layer forming step.
First, in polyurethane casting step, the foamed ceramic panel of the large gauge forming foamed ceramics layer 1 is placed on the conveying crawler belt on streamline, by spray gun cast polyurethane on the back side of described foamed ceramic panel, forms layer of polyurethane 2.
Afterwards, at lamination and curing schedule, to cast formed layer of polyurethane 2 and foamed ceramics layer 1 carry out lamination and solidification.
Afterwards, in aeroge applying coating step, after the front of foamed ceramic panel that is levelling, that polished applies one deck aeroge coating, carry out drying, this aeroge applying coating step stipulated number is until aeroge dope layer reaches specific thickness repeatedly.
Also can not be placed in decorative layer forming step levelling, grinding process that the front of foamed ceramics layer is carried out, but before foamed ceramic panel being placed in the conveying crawler belt in production line levelling, the grinding process of well in advance, or levelling, the grinding process in the front of foamed ceramic panel also can be placed in production line polyurethane casting step before carry out.
Afterwards; in decorative layer forming step; the aeroge dope layer made a good job of applies protective topcoat and carries out drying; or; the aeroge dope layer made a good job of applies priming paint and protective topcoat, or applies priming paint, middle paint and protective topcoat and carry out drying, after all carrying out drying after applying every coast of paint, apply lower coast of paint again; priming paint, middle paint or protective topcoat can be applied repeatedly as required, to form decorative layer.Wherein, middle enamelled coating or protective surface enamelled coating can adopt true mineral varnish layer.
Finally, also comprise cutting step: by the integrated board of large gauge formed through above-mentioned step, adopt laser track and localization method to cut into the integrated board of regulatory specifications.
By the integrated board that the preparation method of the integrated board of present embodiment makes, heat-insulation and heat-preservation, fire-retardant fireproof, humidity resistance are excellent, and there is good geomery stability, by adding aeroge dope layer, further enhance heat insulation effect and the intensity of integrated board of the present invention, and good sound insulation value is imparted to integrated board.In addition, owing to adopting aeroge coating in present embodiment, do not need to need as prior art to use the bonding aerogel blanket of bonding agent etc., thus can improve between aerogel layer and integrated board main body in conjunction with firmness, its simplified manufacturing process simultaneously.Further, by using true mineral varnish layer as decorative layer, the texture of the stone material that marble, granite can be brought such for metope, improves the fire prevention of wall face, waterproof, acid and alkali-resistance, resistant to pollution performance simultaneously further.
Above-described preferred embodiment, only for illustration of spirit of the present invention, does not limit concrete protection domain of the present invention with this.Those of ordinary skill in the art certainly can according to the technology contents disclosed in this manual; when not paying any creative work; by changing, the mode of displacement or distortion makes other embodiment easily, and these other embodiment all should be considered as being encompassed within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. an integrated board, is characterized in that, comprises layer of polyurethane, foamed ceramics layer and decorative layer, and described layer of polyurethane and decorative layer are located at the back side and the front of described foamed ceramics layer respectively.
2. integrated board according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the material of described layer of polyurethane is hard polyaminoester.
3. the integrated board according to any one of claim 1 ~ 2, is characterized in that, described decorative layer is glazed layer, and this glazed layer is formed directly into the front of described foamed ceramics layer.
4. the integrated board according to any one of claim 1 ~ 2, is characterized in that, between described foamed ceramics layer and described decorative layer, also comprise aeroge dope layer, and described decorative layer is protective topcoat.
5. the integrated board according to any one of claim 1 ~ 2; it is characterized in that; between described foamed ceramics layer and described decorative layer, also comprise aeroge dope layer, described decorative layer comprises prime coat, middle enamelled coating and protective surface enamelled coating, or only comprises prime coat and protective surface enamelled coating.
6. the integrated board according to claim 1-2, is characterized in that, described decorative layer is true mineral varnish layer.
7. integrated board according to claim 4, is characterized in that, described protective topcoat is true mineral varnish layer.
8. integrated board according to claim 5, is characterized in that, described middle enamelled coating or protective surface enamelled coating are true mineral varnish layers.
CN201510532413.9A 2015-08-26 2015-08-26 Integrated plate CN105442782A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105735593A (en) * 2016-04-28 2016-07-06 梁燕珍 Novel ceramic tile
CN106121157A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-16 上海澍澎新材料科技有限公司 A kind of aeroge integrated board collecting insulated fire sound insulation and decoration functions
CN106808247A (en) * 2017-03-02 2017-06-09 航天特种材料及工艺技术研究所 A kind of machine tooling method of high temperature resistant heat insulation sandwich material component
CN106826337A (en) * 2017-03-02 2017-06-13 航天特种材料及工艺技术研究所 A kind of numerical-control processing method of high temperature resistant heat insulation sandwich material component
CN108527677A (en) * 2017-03-02 2018-09-14 航天特种材料及工艺技术研究所 A kind of numerical-control processing method of more component green bodies of high temperature resistant heat insulation sandwich material
CN109503138A (en) * 2018-12-14 2019-03-22 广东金意陶陶瓷集团有限公司 Fire resisting foamed ceramic and preparation method thereof

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202430847U (en) * 2012-02-06 2012-09-12 淄博永旭耐火材料有限公司 Foamed ceramic wall insulation board
CN203034620U (en) * 2012-12-27 2013-07-03 烟台彤祥化工科技有限公司 Rigid polyurethane foam composite board embedded with inorganic foam
CN103938818A (en) * 2014-03-22 2014-07-23 烟台斯坦普精工建设有限公司 Noise reducing and heat insulating decoration integrated plate and preparing method thereof
CN203742109U (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-07-30 重庆思贝肯节能技术开发有限公司 Aerogel composite rock wool heat-insulation decorative integrated board
US20140272162A1 (en) * 2013-03-13 2014-09-18 Bayer Materialscience Llc Polyaspartic gel coats with improved weather and chlorine resistance
CN204940750U (en) * 2015-08-26 2016-01-06 马玉新 Integrated board

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202430847U (en) * 2012-02-06 2012-09-12 淄博永旭耐火材料有限公司 Foamed ceramic wall insulation board
CN203034620U (en) * 2012-12-27 2013-07-03 烟台彤祥化工科技有限公司 Rigid polyurethane foam composite board embedded with inorganic foam
US20140272162A1 (en) * 2013-03-13 2014-09-18 Bayer Materialscience Llc Polyaspartic gel coats with improved weather and chlorine resistance
CN203742109U (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-07-30 重庆思贝肯节能技术开发有限公司 Aerogel composite rock wool heat-insulation decorative integrated board
CN103938818A (en) * 2014-03-22 2014-07-23 烟台斯坦普精工建设有限公司 Noise reducing and heat insulating decoration integrated plate and preparing method thereof
CN204940750U (en) * 2015-08-26 2016-01-06 马玉新 Integrated board

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105735593A (en) * 2016-04-28 2016-07-06 梁燕珍 Novel ceramic tile
CN106121157A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-16 上海澍澎新材料科技有限公司 A kind of aeroge integrated board collecting insulated fire sound insulation and decoration functions
CN106808247A (en) * 2017-03-02 2017-06-09 航天特种材料及工艺技术研究所 A kind of machine tooling method of high temperature resistant heat insulation sandwich material component
CN106826337A (en) * 2017-03-02 2017-06-13 航天特种材料及工艺技术研究所 A kind of numerical-control processing method of high temperature resistant heat insulation sandwich material component
CN108527677A (en) * 2017-03-02 2018-09-14 航天特种材料及工艺技术研究所 A kind of numerical-control processing method of more component green bodies of high temperature resistant heat insulation sandwich material
CN106808247B (en) * 2017-03-02 2019-10-11 航天特种材料及工艺技术研究所 A kind of machine tooling method of high temperature resistant heat insulation sandwich material component
CN106826337B (en) * 2017-03-02 2019-10-11 航天特种材料及工艺技术研究所 A kind of numerical-control processing method of high temperature resistant heat insulation sandwich material component
CN108527677B (en) * 2017-03-02 2019-12-10 航天特种材料及工艺技术研究所 numerical control machining method for multi-component blank body of high-temperature-resistant heat-insulation interlayer material
CN109503138A (en) * 2018-12-14 2019-03-22 广东金意陶陶瓷集团有限公司 Fire resisting foamed ceramic and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20160330