CN103820937A - High-moisture-absorption fiber fabric and preparing method thereof - Google Patents

High-moisture-absorption fiber fabric and preparing method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103820937A
CN103820937A CN201410070705.0A CN201410070705A CN103820937A CN 103820937 A CN103820937 A CN 103820937A CN 201410070705 A CN201410070705 A CN 201410070705A CN 103820937 A CN103820937 A CN 103820937A
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sizing
fabric
obtains
grey cloth
mass percent
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CN201410070705.0A
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CN103820937B (en
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黄忠清
窦敏逸
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CHANGSHU XINXIN WARP AND KNITTING Co Ltd
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CHANGSHU XINXIN WARP AND KNITTING Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses high-moisture-absorption fiber fabric and a preparing method of the high-moisture-absorption fiber fabric. Moisture absorption fibers composed of polyester fibers and viscose through composition are adopted, an appropriate dyeing and shaping technology is used, and therefore the high-moisture-absorption fiber fabric is successfully prepared. Compared with common fabric, the high-moisture-absorption fiber fabric is good in moisture absorption performance, the clammy feeling is avoided, even after moisture absorption, the high-moisture absorption fiber fabric is good in ventilation performance and heat-preservation performance, and the comfort for the human body in the movement process can be improved. The fabric can be used for making underwear, woman dress materials, a sport suit, indoor decorative articles and industrial fabric.

Description

A kind of high moisture absorption fiber velvet fabric and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of textiles, particularly relate to a kind of high moisture absorption fiber velvet fabric and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
In recent years, the comfortableness of people to garment material, health, security etc. require more and more higher, along with people's increase of activity time out of doors, Casual Wear and sportswear interpenetrate the warm trend being integrated to be increased, the fabric of these class clothes, had both required good comfortableness, required again when movable heartily, once there is situation soaked with sweat, clothes can not be pasted skin and produce cold wet sense.So the fiber of fabric has been proposed to moisture absorption sweat discharging functions new demand.Natural fabric is take cotton as example, and its moisture pick-up properties is good, comfortable and easy to wear, but in the time that people's volume of perspiration is slightly large, cotton fiber can be because of moisture expantion, and its fortune declines and sticks on skin, and meanwhile, moisture divergence speed is also slower, thereby causes a kind of cold wet sense to human body; Synthetic fiber are take terylene as example, and its water imbibition is little, and water vapour permeability is poor, easily cause the trouble that while dress, generation is tangled due to its accumulation of static electricity, especially in the time of activity, easily produce feeling of oppression and heat.This function obtaining by rear arrangement, repeatedly loses effect after washing, therefore increasing to the demand of high-hygroscopicity fiber velvet fabric.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem that the present invention mainly solves is to provide a kind of high moisture absorption fiber velvet fabric and preparation method thereof, the water absorbent fiber that adopts polyster fibre and viscose to be composited, and moisture sorption effect is good.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme that the present invention adopts is: a kind of high moisture absorption fiber velvet fabric is provided, comprise staple tissue and bottom silk organization, wherein: it is 65-75% that described staple is organized in mass percent shared in fabric, described bottom silk organization shared mass percent in fabric is 25-35%, and form the staple of described staple tissue and form the end silk of bottom silk organization that to have at least a kind of be the water absorbent fiber being composited for polyster fibre and viscose, the mass percent that described water absorbent fiber contains viscose is 60-70%, all the other are polyster fibre.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the mass percent that described water absorbent fiber contains viscose is 68%, and the mass percent of polyster fibre is 32%.
The preparation method who another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of high moisture absorption fiber velvet fabric, comprises the following steps:
100) raw material is selected: choosing the 75D-100D water absorbent fiber that polyster fibre and viscose be composited is staple or end silk, wherein: described staple shared mass percent in fabric is 65-75%, and silk of the described end shared mass percent in fabric is 25-35%;
200) weave, cut open width, by by step 100) in staple and the end silk raw material chosen weave for warp knitting machine, obtain grey cloth, then cut open width, obtain cuing open the grey cloth after width;
300) HEAT SETTING, by by step 200) grey cloth that obtains introduces setting machine and carries out HEAT SETTING, and the time that the temperature of controlling HEAT SETTING is 170-175 ℃, control HEAT SETTING is 30-40s, obtains treating plucking grey cloth;
400) front plucking, carding and cropping, will be by step 300) the plucking grey cloth for the treatment of that obtains carries out plucking, carding and cropping, until after the grey cloth of sizing;
500) sizing after, by by step 400) obtain until after the grey cloth of sizing introduce after setting machine carry out after sizing, and the temperature of sizing after controlling is 170-175 ℃, the time of controlling HEAT SETTING is 30-40s, obtains rear sizing grey cloth;
600) dyeing or stamp, to by step 500) the rear sizing piece dyeing finishing that obtains and roll softly after dyeing, obtain stained clot-h, or to by step 500) the rear sizing grey cloth stamp that obtains and evaporating after stamp, obtain calico;
700) washing, by by step 600) stained clot-h that obtains or calico introduce rinsing bowl and wash, and carries out soft treatment after washing, and soft treatment finishes to dewater with Water Extraction Machinery afterwards, obtains treating setting cloth;
800) finished product sizing, will be by step 700) setting cloth for the treatment of that obtains introduces setting machine and carries out finished product sizing, and the temperature of controlling finished product sizing is 170-175 ℃, and the time of controlling HEAT SETTING is 30-40s,, obtain high moisture absorption fiber velvet fabric finished product.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the mass percent that described water absorbent fiber contains viscose is 60-70%, and all the other are polyster fibre.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, described staining procedure comprises: 50 ℃~60 ℃ time, enter cloth; bath raio is 1:8~10; in water-bath, add DISPERSE DYES and surfactant; the dye bath temperature of dye vat is warming up to 90 ℃ by the heating rate with 1-1.5 ℃/min; and be incubated 30-40min at 90 ℃, and after finishing, insulation is cooled to 50 ℃~60 ℃ with the rate of temperature fall of 2-4 ℃/min.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: high moisture absorption fiber velvet fabric of the present invention and preparation method thereof, the water absorbent fiber that adopts polyster fibre and viscose to be composited, and take suitable dyeing and setting process, a kind of high moisture absorption fiber velvet fabric is prepared in success, this fabric good hygroscopicity of comparing with common fabric, not sticky wet sense, even if also have good gas permeability and heat insulating ability after moisture absorption, the comfortableness of human body can improve motion time.Can be used as Nei Yi ﹑ women Yi Liao ﹑ sweat shirt and indoor ornament and industrial fabric, in dyeing fabric process, add surfactant, improve the activity of dye molecule, dyeing temperature is reduced, environmental protection and energy saving simultaneously.
The specific embodiment
Below preferred embodiment of the present invention is described in detail, thereby so that advantages and features of the invention can be easier to be it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that, protection scope of the present invention is made to more explicit defining.
Embodiment mono-
100) raw material is selected: choosing the 75D water absorbent fiber that 70% polyster fibre and 30% viscose be composited is staple and end silk, wherein: described staple shared mass percent in fabric is 72%, and silk of the described end shared mass percent in fabric is 28%;
200) weave, cut open width, by by step 100) in staple and the end silk raw material chosen weave for warp knitting machine, obtain grey cloth, then cut open width, obtain cuing open the grey cloth after width;
300) HEAT SETTING, by by step 200) grey cloth that obtains introduces setting machine and carries out HEAT SETTING, and the time that the temperature of controlling HEAT SETTING is 170 ℃, control HEAT SETTING is 40s, obtains treating plucking grey cloth;
400) front plucking, carding and cropping, will be by step 300) the plucking grey cloth for the treatment of that obtains carries out plucking, carding and cropping, until after the grey cloth of sizing;
500) sizing after, by by step 400) obtain until after the grey cloth of sizing introduce after setting machine carry out after sizing, and the temperature of sizing after controlling is 170 ℃, after controlling, the time of sizing is 35s, obtains rear sizing grey cloth;
600) dyeing or stamp, to by step 500) the rear sizing piece dyeing finishing that obtains and roll soft after dyeing, described staining procedure comprises: 55 ℃ time, enter cloth; bath raio is 1:8; in water-bath, add DISPERSE DYES 2% and surfactant 1%; the dye bath temperature of dye vat is warming up to 90 ℃ by the heating rate with 1 ℃/min, and be incubated 40min at 90 ℃, after insulation finishes, is cooled to 60 ℃ with the rate of temperature fall of 3 ℃/min.
700) washing, by by step 600) stained clot-h that obtains or calico introduce rinsing bowl and wash, and carries out soft treatment after washing, and soft treatment finishes to dewater with Water Extraction Machinery afterwards, obtains treating setting cloth;
800) finished product sizing, will be by step 700) setting cloth for the treatment of that obtains introduces setting machine and carries out finished product sizing, and what control finished product sizing is that 170 ℃, time of finished product sizing are 40s, and obtaining grammes per square metre is 340g/ m 2, fabric width is 2m, the high moisture absorption fiber velvet fabric finished product of Mao Gaowei 5mm.
Embodiment 2
100) raw material is selected: choosing the 90D water absorbent fiber that 68% polyster fibre and 32% viscose be composited is staple and end silk, wherein: described staple shared mass percent in fabric is 65%, and silk of the described end shared mass percent in fabric is 35%;
200) weave, cut open width, by by step 100) in staple and the end silk raw material chosen weave for warp knitting machine, obtain grey cloth, then cut open width, obtain cuing open the grey cloth after width;
300) HEAT SETTING, by by step 200) grey cloth that obtains introduces setting machine and carries out HEAT SETTING, and the time that the temperature of controlling HEAT SETTING is 175 ℃, control HEAT SETTING is 35s, obtains treating plucking grey cloth;
400) front plucking, carding and cropping, will be by step 300) the plucking grey cloth for the treatment of that obtains carries out plucking, carding and cropping, until after the grey cloth of sizing;
500) sizing after, by by step 400) obtain until after the grey cloth of sizing introduce after setting machine carry out after sizing, and the temperature of sizing after controlling is 170 ℃, after controlling, the time of sizing is 35s, obtains rear sizing grey cloth;
600) dyeing or stamp, to by step 500) the rear sizing piece dyeing finishing that obtains and roll soft after dyeing, described staining procedure comprises: 55 ℃ time, enter cloth; bath raio is 1:8; in water-bath, add DISPERSE DYES 2% and surfactant 0.5%; the dye bath temperature of dye vat is warming up to 90 ℃ by the heating rate with 1.5 ℃/min, and be incubated 30min at 90 ℃, after insulation finishes, is cooled to 50 ℃ with the rate of temperature fall of 2 ℃/min.
700) washing, by by step 600) stained clot-h that obtains or calico introduce rinsing bowl and wash, and carries out soft treatment after washing, and soft treatment finishes to dewater with Water Extraction Machinery afterwards, obtains treating setting cloth;
800) finished product sizing, will be by step 700) setting cloth for the treatment of that obtains introduces setting machine and carries out finished product sizing, and what control finished product sizing is that 170 ℃, time of finished product sizing are 40s, and obtaining grammes per square metre is 320g/ m 2, fabric width is 1.8m, the high moisture absorption fiber velvet fabric finished product of Mao Gaowei 3mm.
High moisture absorption fiber velvet fabric of the present invention and preparation method thereof, the water absorbent fiber that adopts polyster fibre and viscose to be composited, a kind of high moisture absorption fiber velvet fabric is prepared in success, this fabric good hygroscopicity of comparing with common fabric, not sticky wet sense, even if also have good gas permeability and heat insulating ability after moisture absorption, the comfortableness of human body can improve motion time.Can be used as Nei Yi ﹑ women Yi Liao ﹑ sweat shirt and indoor ornament and industrial fabric, in dyeing fabric process, add surfactant simultaneously, described surfactant comprises ester type compound, the rare ester of aliphatic acid polyoxy second, aliphatic alcohol polyoxyethylene and helps emulsion, can effectively improve the activity of dye molecule, dyeing temperature is reduced, environmental protection and energy saving.
The foregoing is only embodiments of the invention; not thereby limit the scope of the claims of the present invention; every equivalent structure or conversion of equivalent flow process that utilizes description of the present invention to do; or be directly or indirectly used in other relevant technical fields, be all in like manner included in scope of patent protection of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. a high moisture absorption fiber velvet fabric, it is characterized in that, comprise staple tissue and bottom silk organization, wherein: it is 65-75% that described staple is organized in mass percent shared in fabric, described bottom silk organization shared mass percent in fabric is 25-35%, and form the staple of described staple tissue and form the end silk of bottom silk organization that to have at least a kind of be the water absorbent fiber being composited for polyster fibre and viscose, the mass percent that described water absorbent fiber contains viscose is 60-70%, and the mass percent of polyster fibre is 30-40%.
2. high moisture absorption fiber velvet fabric according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the mass percent that described water absorbent fiber contains viscose is 68%, and the mass percent of polyster fibre is 32%.
3. a preparation method for high moisture absorption fiber velvet fabric, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
100) raw material is selected: choosing the 75D-100D water absorbent fiber that polyster fibre and viscose be composited is staple or end silk, wherein: described staple shared mass percent in fabric is 65-75%, and silk of the described end shared mass percent in fabric is 25-35%;
200) weave, cut open width, by by step 100) in staple and the end silk raw material chosen weave for warp knitting machine, obtain grey cloth, then cut open width, obtain cuing open the grey cloth after width;
300) HEAT SETTING, by by step 200) grey cloth after width of cuing open that obtains introduces setting machine and carries out HEAT SETTING, and the time that the temperature of controlling HEAT SETTING is 170-175 ℃, control HEAT SETTING is 30-40s, obtains treating plucking grey cloth;
400) front plucking, carding and cropping, will be by step 300) the plucking grey cloth for the treatment of that obtains carries out plucking, carding and cropping, until after the grey cloth of sizing;
500) sizing after, by by step 400) obtain until after the grey cloth of sizing introduce after setting machine carry out after sizing, and the temperature of sizing after controlling is 170-175 ℃, after controlling, the time of sizing is 30-40s, obtains rear sizing grey cloth;
600) dyeing or stamp, to by step 500) the rear sizing piece dyeing finishing that obtains and roll softly after dyeing, obtain stained clot-h, or to by step 500) the rear sizing grey cloth stamp that obtains and evaporating after stamp, obtain calico;
700) washing, by by step 600) stained clot-h that obtains or calico introduce rinsing bowl and wash, and carries out soft treatment after washing, and soft treatment finishes to dewater with Water Extraction Machinery afterwards, obtains treating setting cloth;
800) finished product sizing, will be by step 700) setting cloth for the treatment of that obtains introduces setting machine and carries out finished product sizing, and the temperature of controlling finished product sizing is 170-175 ℃, and the time of controlling HEAT SETTING is 30-40s,, obtain high moisture absorption fiber velvet fabric finished product.
4. the preparation method of high moisture absorption fiber velvet fabric according to claim 3, is characterized in that, the mass percent that described water absorbent fiber contains viscose is 60-70%, and all the other are polyster fibre.
5. the preparation method of high moisture absorption fiber velvet fabric according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, described staining procedure comprises: 50 ℃~60 ℃ time, enter cloth; bath raio is 1:8~10; in water-bath, add DISPERSE DYES and surfactant; the dye bath temperature of dye vat is warming up to 90 ℃ by the heating rate with 1-1.5 ℃/min, and be incubated 30-40min at 90 ℃, after insulation finishes, is cooled to 50 ℃~60 ℃ with the rate of temperature fall of 2-4 ℃/min.
CN201410070705.0A 2014-02-28 2014-02-28 A kind of high moisture absorption fiber velvet fabric and preparation method thereof Active CN103820937B (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106436030A (en) * 2016-11-07 2017-02-22 苏州市兴丰强纺织科技有限公司 Sanded cotton feeling fabric and preparation method thereof
CN108773132A (en) * 2018-05-18 2018-11-09 江苏天服饰有限公司 A kind of warming napping composite material and its processing technology

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0824007A2 (en) * 1996-08-13 1998-02-18 MELITTA HAUSHALTSPRODUKTE GmbH & Co. Kommanditgesellschaft Textile material for cleaning
CN1888176A (en) * 2006-08-01 2007-01-03 无锡百和织造有限公司 Bamboo carbon dacron fiber and viscose rayon blended yarn and producing method thereof
CN101440551A (en) * 2008-12-09 2009-05-27 常熟神花针织有限公司 Method for processing coloured foreign fiber burnt-out fabric
CN101538770A (en) * 2009-03-04 2009-09-23 常熟市欣鑫经纬编有限公司 Terylene coral fleece blanket fabrics and processing method thereof
US20090317584A1 (en) * 2006-02-23 2009-12-24 Lenzing Aktiengesellschaft Terry Product
CN203420072U (en) * 2013-08-09 2014-02-05 联润翔(青岛)纺织科技有限公司 Knitted fabric with water absorption cooling function

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0824007A2 (en) * 1996-08-13 1998-02-18 MELITTA HAUSHALTSPRODUKTE GmbH & Co. Kommanditgesellschaft Textile material for cleaning
US20090317584A1 (en) * 2006-02-23 2009-12-24 Lenzing Aktiengesellschaft Terry Product
CN1888176A (en) * 2006-08-01 2007-01-03 无锡百和织造有限公司 Bamboo carbon dacron fiber and viscose rayon blended yarn and producing method thereof
CN101440551A (en) * 2008-12-09 2009-05-27 常熟神花针织有限公司 Method for processing coloured foreign fiber burnt-out fabric
CN101538770A (en) * 2009-03-04 2009-09-23 常熟市欣鑫经纬编有限公司 Terylene coral fleece blanket fabrics and processing method thereof
CN203420072U (en) * 2013-08-09 2014-02-05 联润翔(青岛)纺织科技有限公司 Knitted fabric with water absorption cooling function

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106436030A (en) * 2016-11-07 2017-02-22 苏州市兴丰强纺织科技有限公司 Sanded cotton feeling fabric and preparation method thereof
CN108773132A (en) * 2018-05-18 2018-11-09 江苏天服饰有限公司 A kind of warming napping composite material and its processing technology

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