CN103734500A - Silver carp feed, and feeding method thereof - Google Patents

Silver carp feed, and feeding method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103734500A
CN103734500A CN201310657480.4A CN201310657480A CN103734500A CN 103734500 A CN103734500 A CN 103734500A CN 201310657480 A CN201310657480 A CN 201310657480A CN 103734500 A CN103734500 A CN 103734500A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
feed
feeding
silver carp
water
chub
Prior art date
Application number
CN201310657480.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杜伟林
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苏州市相城区新时代特种水产养殖场
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Priority to CN201310657480.4A priority Critical patent/CN103734500A/en
Publication of CN103734500A publication Critical patent/CN103734500A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a silver carp feed, and a feeding method thereof, and specifically relates to composition, weight ratio, preparation steps and a feeding method of a silver carp feed. The silver carp feed comprise following ingredients, by weight, 10 to 15% of silkworm chrysalis powder, 8 to 10% of animal bone meal, 13 to 15% of rapeseed meal, 7 to 9% of bucket wheat powder, 9 to 11% of wheat starch, 10 to 12% of wheat bran, 10 to 11% of rice bran, 12 to 14% of spiral seaweed powder, 3 to 5% of yeast, 6 to 8% of fish oil, 4 to 6% of lecithin powder, 2 to 4% of composite vitamin, and 1 to 3% of mineral substance. The silver carp feed is balanced in nutrition, and is simple for preparation; combination with the scientific feed method is capable of increasing digestion and absorption rate of silver carp, reducing feed waste , shortening growth period of silver carp, reducing culturing cost, and increasing economic benefits.

Description

Chub feed and feeding method

Technical field

The present invention relates to aquatic products field of fodder, particularly relate to a kind of chub feed and feeding method.

Background technology

Flourish along with culture fishery, increasing of the expansion of cultured area and kind, only depends on natural bait can not meet the demand of aquaculture production far away.Therefore, must, according to different feeding habits and the nutritional requirement of various fish and aquatic livestock, make efficient artifical compound feed and carry out throwing something and feeding of science, just can increase economic efficiency.

The shortcoming of existing chub feed and feeding method is: one, feed nutrient is single, can not meet the growth demand of silver carp completely; Two, feeding volume is improper, and feed caused feed waste more, and few feeding affects silver carp and grow.

Summary of the invention

The technical problem that the present invention mainly solves is to provide a kind of chub feed and feeding method, this feed nutrition is balanced to be made simply, the feeding method of cooperation science, can improve the digestibility of silver carp and reduce feed waste, shortened the growth cycle of silver carp, thereby reduced aquaculture cost, improved economic benefit.

For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme that the present invention adopts is: a kind of chub feed and feeding method are provided, comprise: the preparation steps of the composition of chub feed and weight proportion, described chub feed and feeding method;

The composition of described chub feed and percentage by weight are: dried silkworm chrysalis meal 10-15%, animal crushed bone meal 8-10%, rape cake 13-15%, buckwheat 7-9%, wheaten starch 9-11%, wheat bran 10-12%, rice bran 10-11%, spirulina powder 12-14%, yeast 3-5%, fish oil 6-8%, phospholipid powder 4-6%, B B-complex 2-4% and mineral matter 1-3%;

The preparation steps of described chub feed is: the feedstuff that takes above-mentioned percentage by weight, after being pulverized, solid material mixes, compound is added after appropriate water stirs and adds fish oil, then high-temperature heating is made ripe feed ball, then allow the feed ball 6-8 hour that ferments in airtight container, then carry out drying and processing, make in feed ball moisture lower than 5%, finally be chopped into graininess, obtain chub feed;

Described feeding method comprises: 1. strengthen pond water quality management: monthly to add water 2-3 time, add water depth be at every turn 10-12cm in pond, and making pond water oxygen content is that 4.1-4.2mg/L, transparency are 25-30cm; The Chi Shui that splashes after monthly 1-2 time quick lime being watered, making pond water ph value is 7-8; At least 2 use aerators carry out oxygenation to Chi Shui weekly, make the various harmful substance oxidation Decomposition of Chi Shuizhong; 2. determine the suitable throwing amount of raising: in spring, water temperature is 15 ℃ of left and right, and a day feeding volume is 1% of silver carp TBW; In summer, when water temperature is greater than 20 ℃ while being less than 30 ℃, a day feeding volume is the 1-2% of silver carp TBW; When water temperature is greater than 30 ℃, a day feeding volume is the 3-4% of silver carp TBW; In autumn, water temperature is 10 ℃ of left and right, and a day feeding volume is the 2-3% of silver carp TBW; Winter, feeding on a small quantity, a day feeding volume is 0.3% of silver carp TBW.

In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the ratio of described compound and water is 10:3.

In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the granular size of described chub feed is 3-8mm.

The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: chub feed of the present invention and feeding method, making balanced in nutrition is simple, coordinates the feeding method of science, can improve the digestibility of silver carp and reduce feed waste, shorten the growth cycle of silver carp, thereby reduced aquaculture cost, improved economic benefit.

The specific embodiment

Below preferred embodiment of the present invention is described in detail, thereby so that advantages and features of the invention can be easier to be it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that, protection scope of the present invention is made to more explicit defining.

The embodiment of the present invention comprises:

A kind of chub feed and feeding method, comprising: the preparation steps of the composition of chub feed and weight proportion, described chub feed and feeding method;

The composition of described chub feed and percentage by weight are: dried silkworm chrysalis meal 10-15%, animal crushed bone meal 8-10%, rape cake 13-15%, buckwheat 7-9%, wheaten starch 9-11%, wheat bran 10-12%, rice bran 10-11%, spirulina powder 12-14%, yeast 3-5%, fish oil 6-8%, phospholipid powder 4-6%, B B-complex 2-4% and mineral matter 1-3%;

The preparation steps of described chub feed is: the feedstuff that takes above-mentioned percentage by weight, after being pulverized, solid material mixes, compound is added after appropriate water stirs and adds fish oil, then high-temperature heating is made ripe feed ball, then allow the feed ball 6-8 hour that ferments in airtight container, then carry out drying and processing, make in feed ball moisture lower than 5%, finally be chopped into graininess, obtain chub feed;

Described feeding method comprises: 1. strengthen pond water quality management: monthly to add water 2-3 time, add water depth be at every turn 10-12cm in pond, and making pond water oxygen content is that 4.1-4.2mg/L, transparency are 25-30cm; The Chi Shui that splashes after monthly 1-2 time quick lime being watered, making pond water ph value is 7-8; At least 2 use aerators carry out oxygenation to Chi Shui weekly, make the various harmful substance oxidation Decomposition of Chi Shuizhong; 2. determine the suitable throwing amount of raising: in spring, water temperature is 15 ℃ of left and right, and a day feeding volume is 1% of silver carp TBW; In summer, when water temperature is greater than 20 ℃ while being less than 30 ℃, a day feeding volume is the 1-2% of silver carp TBW; When water temperature is greater than 30 ℃, a day feeding volume is the 3-4% of silver carp TBW; In autumn, water temperature is 10 ℃ of left and right, and a day feeding volume is the 2-3% of silver carp TBW; Winter, feeding on a small quantity, a day feeding volume is 0.3% of silver carp TBW.

Wherein, the ratio of described compound and water is 10:3.

And the granular size of described chub feed is 3-8mm.

Embodiment mono-:

Take chub feed raw material: dried silkworm chrysalis meal 11.5%, animal crushed bone meal 9%, rape cake 13.5%, buckwheat 7%, wheaten starch 9%, wheat bran 10%, rice bran 10%, spirulina powder 12%, yeast 3.5%, fish oil 7%, phospholipid powder 4%, B B-complex 2% and mineral matter 1.5%;

Then by above-mentioned preparation steps, be processed as feed granules, by above-mentioned feeding method, throw something and feed.

Embodiment bis-:

Take chub feed raw material: dried silkworm chrysalis meal 12%, animal crushed bone meal 8.5%, rape cake 13.5%, buckwheat 7%, wheaten starch 9.5%, wheat bran 10%, rice bran 10%, spirulina powder 12.5%, yeast 3%, fish oil 6.5%, phospholipid powder 4%, B B-complex 2% and mineral matter 1.5%;

Then by above-mentioned preparation steps, be processed as feed granules, by above-mentioned feeding method, throw something and feed.

The present invention has disclosed a kind of chub feed and feeding method, and this feed granules is even, water content is low, and long shelf-life, not perishable is balanced in nutrition and make simple; The feeding method of cooperation science, can improve the digestibility of silver carp and reduce feed waste, has shortened the growth cycle of silver carp, thereby has reduced aquaculture cost, has improved economic benefit.

The foregoing is only embodiments of the invention; not thereby limit the scope of the claims of the present invention; every equivalent structure or conversion of equivalent flow process that utilizes description of the present invention to do; or be directly or indirectly used in other relevant technical fields, be all in like manner included in scope of patent protection of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. chub feed and a feeding method, is characterized in that, comprising: the preparation steps of the composition of chub feed and weight proportion, described chub feed and feeding method;
The composition of described chub feed and percentage by weight are: dried silkworm chrysalis meal 10-15%, animal crushed bone meal 8-10%, rape cake 13-15%, buckwheat 7-9%, wheaten starch 9-11%, wheat bran 10-12%, rice bran 10-11%, spirulina powder 12-14%, yeast 3-5%, fish oil 6-8%, phospholipid powder 4-6%, B B-complex 2-4% and mineral matter 1-3%;
The preparation steps of described chub feed is: the feedstuff that takes above-mentioned percentage by weight, after being pulverized, solid material mixes, compound is added after appropriate water stirs and adds fish oil, then high-temperature heating is made ripe feed ball, then allow the feed ball 6-8 hour that ferments in airtight container, then carry out drying and processing, make in feed ball moisture lower than 5%, finally be chopped into graininess, obtain chub feed;
Described feeding method comprises: 1. strengthen pond water quality management: monthly to add water 2-3 time, add water depth be at every turn 10-12cm in pond, and making pond water oxygen content is that 4.1-4.2mg/L, transparency are 25-30cm; The Chi Shui that splashes after monthly 1-2 time quick lime being watered, making pond water ph value is 7-8; At least 2 use aerators carry out oxygenation to Chi Shui weekly, make the various harmful substance oxidation Decomposition of Chi Shuizhong; 2. determine the suitable throwing amount of raising: in spring, water temperature is 15 ℃ of left and right, and a day feeding volume is 1% of silver carp TBW; In summer, when water temperature is greater than 20 ℃ while being less than 30 ℃, a day feeding volume is the 1-2% of silver carp TBW; When water temperature is greater than 30 ℃, a day feeding volume is the 3-4% of silver carp TBW; In autumn, water temperature is 10 ℃ of left and right, and a day feeding volume is the 2-3% of silver carp TBW; Winter, feeding on a small quantity, a day feeding volume is 0.3% of silver carp TBW.
2. chub feed according to claim 1 and feeding method, is characterized in that, the ratio of described compound and water is 10:3.
3. chub feed according to claim 1 and feeding method, is characterized in that, the granular size of described chub feed is 3-8mm.
CN201310657480.4A 2013-12-09 2013-12-09 Silver carp feed, and feeding method thereof CN103734500A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104054948A (en) * 2014-06-09 2014-09-24 四川国凤中科生物科技有限公司 Silkworm pupa-containing carp feed
CN104206924A (en) * 2014-09-25 2014-12-17 苏州市相城区新时代特种水产养殖场 Efficient fish and shrimp feed
CN104381649A (en) * 2014-11-11 2015-03-04 济南凯因生物科技有限公司 Feed for young chubs
CN104996832A (en) * 2015-08-12 2015-10-28 四川国凤中科生物科技有限公司 Feed for silver carps
CN105010853A (en) * 2015-07-09 2015-11-04 徐伟明 Early starter disease-resisting and fattening feed for bighead carp and silver carp
CN105124306A (en) * 2015-09-23 2015-12-09 成都圣灵生物科技有限公司 Preparation method of mushroom bran chub feed
CN105124259A (en) * 2015-09-02 2015-12-09 湖州品创孵化器有限公司 Spirulina puffed feed for ophiocephalus argus
CN105124302A (en) * 2015-09-23 2015-12-09 成都圣灵生物科技有限公司 Mushroom bran chub feed
CN105248327A (en) * 2015-10-22 2016-01-20 全椒县花溪湖特种水产合作社 Chub culturing method
CN105284681A (en) * 2015-10-22 2016-02-03 全椒县花溪湖特种水产合作社 Breeding method for high-yield silver carps
CN105595050A (en) * 2015-11-16 2016-05-25 万仕军 Feed for medium-grade silver carp and preparation method thereof
CN105660997A (en) * 2014-11-18 2016-06-15 武汉凌科达科技有限公司 Preparation method of fish feed
CN105661110A (en) * 2016-03-22 2016-06-15 五河县金塘水产养殖有限公司金贸园分公司 Silver carp feed with effects of promoting growth and preventing diseases
CN105660998A (en) * 2014-11-18 2016-06-15 武汉凌科达科技有限公司 Fish feed
CN105981661A (en) * 2015-02-11 2016-10-05 云阳县渔公农业开发有限公司 Silver carp aquaculture method
CN106472867A (en) * 2015-08-24 2017-03-08 明光市永言水产食品有限公司 A kind of feedstuff rapidly promoting Hypophthalmichthys molitrix growth
CN106819654A (en) * 2017-02-14 2017-06-13 黄怀勇 A kind of ecological cultivation method of silver carp
CN107439849A (en) * 2017-09-29 2017-12-08 贵州省思南县山野牧业有限公司 A kind of chub feed and preparation method thereof
CN107646754A (en) * 2017-09-21 2018-02-02 无为县姚沟镇安江水产养殖家庭农场 A kind of cultural method of silver carp

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104054948A (en) * 2014-06-09 2014-09-24 四川国凤中科生物科技有限公司 Silkworm pupa-containing carp feed
CN104206924A (en) * 2014-09-25 2014-12-17 苏州市相城区新时代特种水产养殖场 Efficient fish and shrimp feed
CN104381649A (en) * 2014-11-11 2015-03-04 济南凯因生物科技有限公司 Feed for young chubs
CN105660998A (en) * 2014-11-18 2016-06-15 武汉凌科达科技有限公司 Fish feed
CN105660997A (en) * 2014-11-18 2016-06-15 武汉凌科达科技有限公司 Preparation method of fish feed
CN105981661A (en) * 2015-02-11 2016-10-05 云阳县渔公农业开发有限公司 Silver carp aquaculture method
CN105010853A (en) * 2015-07-09 2015-11-04 徐伟明 Early starter disease-resisting and fattening feed for bighead carp and silver carp
CN104996832A (en) * 2015-08-12 2015-10-28 四川国凤中科生物科技有限公司 Feed for silver carps
CN106472867A (en) * 2015-08-24 2017-03-08 明光市永言水产食品有限公司 A kind of feedstuff rapidly promoting Hypophthalmichthys molitrix growth
CN105124259A (en) * 2015-09-02 2015-12-09 湖州品创孵化器有限公司 Spirulina puffed feed for ophiocephalus argus
CN105124306A (en) * 2015-09-23 2015-12-09 成都圣灵生物科技有限公司 Preparation method of mushroom bran chub feed
CN105124302A (en) * 2015-09-23 2015-12-09 成都圣灵生物科技有限公司 Mushroom bran chub feed
CN105248327A (en) * 2015-10-22 2016-01-20 全椒县花溪湖特种水产合作社 Chub culturing method
CN105284681A (en) * 2015-10-22 2016-02-03 全椒县花溪湖特种水产合作社 Breeding method for high-yield silver carps
CN105595050A (en) * 2015-11-16 2016-05-25 万仕军 Feed for medium-grade silver carp and preparation method thereof
CN105661110A (en) * 2016-03-22 2016-06-15 五河县金塘水产养殖有限公司金贸园分公司 Silver carp feed with effects of promoting growth and preventing diseases
CN106819654A (en) * 2017-02-14 2017-06-13 黄怀勇 A kind of ecological cultivation method of silver carp
CN107646754A (en) * 2017-09-21 2018-02-02 无为县姚沟镇安江水产养殖家庭农场 A kind of cultural method of silver carp
CN107439849A (en) * 2017-09-29 2017-12-08 贵州省思南县山野牧业有限公司 A kind of chub feed and preparation method thereof
CN107439849B (en) * 2017-09-29 2020-12-15 贵州省思南县山野牧业有限公司 Silver carp feed and preparation method thereof

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