CN103726698B - A kind of lifting gear - Google Patents

A kind of lifting gear Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103726698B
CN103726698B CN201210383361.XA CN201210383361A CN103726698B CN 103726698 B CN103726698 B CN 103726698B CN 201210383361 A CN201210383361 A CN 201210383361A CN 103726698 B CN103726698 B CN 103726698B
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China
Prior art keywords
turntable
lifting
lift platform
pylon
movable roll
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CN201210383361.XA
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CN103726698A (en
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程学海
段辉
刘旭荣
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China International Marine Containers Group Co Ltd
Shenzhen CIMC Tianda Airport Support Ltd
CIMC IoT Technology Co Ltd
Shenzhen CIMC Smart Parking Co Ltd
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China International Marine Containers Group Co Ltd
Shenzhen CIMC Tianda Airport Support Ltd
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Priority to CN201210383361.XA priority Critical patent/CN103726698B/en
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of lifting gear, be installed in mechanical stereo garage, described lifting gear comprises: lift platform, it comprises lifting underframe and rotates with described lifting underframe the turntable installed, wherein said turntable is movably installed with movable roll pylon, described turntable is supported on the upper surface of described lifting underframe by the running gear be arranged at bottom it, and described turntable can be horizontally rotated relative to described lifting underframe by described running gear when described lift platform is in bit positions; Transmission mechanism, is in transmission connection with described lifting underframe and drives described lifting underframe vertical lift.

Description

A kind of lifting gear
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of lifting gear, particularly relate to the lifting gear for the vertical movement of vehicle in a kind of mechanical stereo garage.
Background technology
At present, the problem of ubiquity parking difficulty in large and medium-sized city, building mechanical stereo garage has become the effective means solving this present situation.In stacking class mechanical type three-dimensional garage during Transport Vehicle, need use lifting gear to realize vehicle from one be highly transported to another height function.
And in mechanical stereo garage, after requiring when picking up the car that vehicle carries out horizontal direction 180 degree rotation, headstock just can be made towards garage door, and vehicle just can roll garage away from, this just requires that lifting gear not only can carry out vertical lift, also needs to use lifting gear to change the horizontal direction of vehicle.Existing lifting gear realizes vehicle horizontal direction 180 degree rotation mainly through turntable, its process rises for first making turntable carry out local and departs from ground, then revolving-turret changes the horizontal direction of vehicle, last turntable declines concordant with ground, the vehicle changed behind direction just can be walked, there will be consuming time more in this way, Transport Vehicle overlong time, cause Transport Vehicle inconvenient; In addition, lift platform is provided with power microlitre descending mechanism, its complex structure, is easy to break down; Existing lifting gear does not often have vehicle adjusting mechanism, to vehicle sail into park correct angle requirement higher, cause stop cumbersome.
If what adopt in multi-storied garage is split type vehicle carrier (such as manipulator), just need to be equipped with corresponding lifting gear, the requirement that can meet carrier carrying vehicle wanted by this lifting gear.
Therefore, in the urgent need to a kind of lifting gear, to overcome the defect of existing lifting gear.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of lifting gear, its be not only suitable in mechanical stereo garage for split type carrier with the use of, complete vehicle lifting handing-over between different devices, and, when vehicle by the Room of stopping (i.e. bit positions) stored in parking stall in garage time, lift platform does not leave ground can carry out level 180 degree rotation to vehicle, can effectively save time, when lifting gear vehicles drive to bicycle parking layer (i.e. lower position) time, can by manipulator directly vehicle conveying on bicycle parking position.
To achieve these goals, the invention provides a kind of lifting gear, be installed in mechanical stereo garage, its feature is, described lifting gear comprises: lift platform, it comprises lifting underframe and rotates with described lifting underframe the turntable installed, wherein said turntable is movably installed with movable roll pylon, described turntable is supported on the upper surface of described lifting underframe by the running gear be arranged at bottom it, and described turntable can be horizontally rotated relative to described lifting underframe by described running gear when described lift platform is in bit positions; Transmission mechanism, is in transmission connection with described lifting underframe and drives described lifting underframe vertical lift;
In an embodiment of the present invention, described lifting gear also comprises jacking mechanism, it is fixed on bottom of described lift platform and corresponds to described movable roll pylon and arrange, described jacking mechanism movable roll pylon described in jack-up make its upper surface exceed the upper surface of described turntable when described lift platform drops to lower position.
In an embodiment of the present invention, described lifting gear also comprises guiding mechanism, it comprises the tooth plate hole be arranged on described turntable and the guiding tooth plate being arranged on described lift platform bottom, described guiding tooth plate passes when described lift platform drops to described lower position and stretches out described tooth plate hole, together forms groove with the described upper surface of described turntable with described movable roll pylon.
In an embodiment of the present invention, described lifting gear also comprises balance weight mechanism, and it comprises two balancing weights, and described two balancing weights are mounted opposite in the both sides of described lift platform and are in transmission connection with described transmission mechanism.
In an embodiment of the present invention, described transmission mechanism comprises: four groups of hoisting mechanisms, corner corresponding to described lift platform arranges and is arranged at the both sides of described lift platform between two, often organizes the lifting chain that hoisting mechanism comprises the upper sprocket wheel of the upper and lower being separately fixed at described lift platform and lower sprocket and links with described upper sprocket wheel and lower sprocket; Two groups of rotating assemblies, often organize the first synchronous sprocket wheel that rotating assembly comprises a rotating shaft and is mounted thereon, wherein, two the described lower sprockets being positioned at described lift platform side or one end are installed on the two ends of rotating shaft described in one of them, and another two the described lower sprockets being positioned at described lift platform opposite side or the other end are installed on the two ends of rotating shaft described in another; Gear synchronization mechanism, the second synchronous sprocket wheel comprising two synchromesh gears be connected with a joggle, be coaxially connected with synchromesh gear described in each, the first synchronous sprocket wheel described in one of them is with described in one of them between the second synchronous sprocket wheel and the first synchronous sprocket wheel described in another and connecing respectively by a synchronous chain between the second synchronous sprocket wheel described in another; One rotating shaft drive motors, drives with rotating shaft described in one of them and is connected.
In an embodiment of the present invention, described lifting gear also comprises four columns, four bights corresponding to described lift platform are fixedly installed, and described four groups of hoisting mechanisms respectively one_to_one corresponding be arranged on described four columns, described rotating shaft is arranged on described column by installing bearing, and described jacking mechanism is fixed on described column.
In an embodiment of the present invention, described turntable is also provided with vehicle adjusting mechanism, it is made up of the push rod that two are oppositely arranged, described two push rods drive translation by two groups of pinion and racks, often organize pinion and rack and comprise two tooth bars be connected respectively on described push rod and the thrust rod gear be connected with a joggle with described two tooth bars, by being driven by a push rod drive motors by same push rod chain with the push rod sprocket wheel that described thrust rod gear is coaxially connected between described two groups of rack-and-pinion.
In an embodiment of the present invention, described turntable is also movably installed with two tablets, described two tablets are positioned at the both sides of the axis of described turntable and distribute in diagonal; The bottom of described lift platform is provided with post rod mechanism, described post rod mechanism corresponds to tablet described in one of them and arranges, and described post rod mechanism is one of them tablet described in jack-up when described lift platform drops to described lower position, and after described turntable revolves turnback, be another tablet of jack-up.
In an embodiment of the present invention, described post rod mechanism comprises: fixed sleeving, and it has vertical installation through hole; Push rod, can vertically be sleeved on described fixed sleeving by described installation through hole movably; Spring, is sleeved on described push rod and described both ends of the spring is connected to the top of described fixed sleeving and the top of described push rod.
In an embodiment of the present invention, described turntable is formed with two parallel direction recess to pass in and out in order to guided vehicle, described movable roll pylon is four, before and after the direction of vehicles while passing, be furnished with two described movable roll pylons in each direction recess and described movable roll pylon in order to support the wheel of described vehicle.
In an embodiment of the present invention, described tooth plate hole is near the disposed inboard of described direction recess, described two tablets are adjacent to described tooth plate hole and arrange, and described guiding mechanism is four, arrange corresponding to described four movable roll pylons, described post rod mechanism is fixed therein on the guiding tooth plate of a described guiding mechanism.
In an embodiment of the present invention, described movable roll pylon is provided with multiple roller by roller axle, described multiple roller is parallel to the axis of described turntable and can rotates freely.
In an embodiment of the present invention, jacking mechanism described in each has two footstocks and the locating part between described two footstocks, and correspondence is provided with limiting through hole on the bottom surface of described movable roll pylon, described locating part is being through described limiting through hole during movable roll pylon described in described jacking mechanism jack-up.
In an embodiment of the present invention, described running gear comprises: two driving wheels, is relatively arranged on the bottom at described turntable two ends along the axis of described turntable; Two movable motors, drive described two driving wheels walking respectively; Four driven pulleys, are arranged at the bottom at described turntable two ends between two, and two the described driven pulleys being positioned at same one end lay respectively at the both sides of described driving wheel.
In an embodiment of the present invention, the upper surface at described lifting underframe two ends is provided with the first arc orbit, described first arc orbit with to be arranged on ground, the parking Room and the second arc orbit being positioned at described lift platform both sides forms a circuit orbit, described driving wheel and described driven pulley rotate along described circuit orbit.
Lifting gear of the present invention, compared with existing lifting gear, has following beneficial effect:
(1) on the lift platform of lifting gear of the present invention, the rotation of turntable completes on ground, and its underpart does not need rotary space, can reduce the area occupied of lifting gear, and both sides, its underpart can use as parking space.
(2) during turntable off-position being the rotatable plane of turntable, is also simultaneously the position that vehicle sails into, does not operationally need to leave ground and rotatable, can effectively save time.
(3) lifting gear provided by the present invention occupies little space, be specially adapted to the vehicle lifting that mechanical stereo garage adopts separate mechanical hand, carrier guiding is provided to the function of locating information, the vehicle lifting completed between distinct device (piler, carrier) exchanges.
(4) lifting gear provided by the present invention possesses the function leading to warehouse-in vehicle, ajust, turn to, and lift platform horizontal plane translation in elevating movement process is unchanged, stable movement.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the invention will be further described, in accompanying drawing:
Fig. 1 shows the schematic front view of lifting gear of the present invention, and lift platform is wherein on top;
Schematic diagram is looked on the left side from Fig. 1 viewed from arrow S direction that Fig. 2 shows lifting gear of the present invention, and lift platform shown in it is in bit positions and lower position two location statuss;
Fig. 3 shows the schematic top plan view of lifting gear of the present invention;
Fig. 4 shows the front view of lift platform in Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 shows the left view of lift platform in Fig. 1;
Fig. 6 shows the top view of Fig. 4 intermediate station;
Fig. 7 shows the front view of Fig. 6 intermediate station;
Fig. 8 shows the left view of Fig. 7 intermediate station;
Fig. 9 shows the structural representation of vehicle adjusting mechanism in Fig. 6;
Figure 10 shows the front view of the transmission mechanism of lifting gear of the present invention, illustrated therein is the duty of gear synchronization mechanism;
Figure 11 shows the left view of the transmission mechanism of lifting gear of the present invention, illustrated therein is the duty of rotating assembly;
Figure 12 shows the view of lifting gear of the present invention movable roll pylon when the turntable shown in Fig. 2 is in bit positions;
Figure 13 show lifting gear of the present invention when the turntable shown in Fig. 2 is in lower position movable roll pylon by the view of the footstock jack-up of jacking mechanism;
Figure 14 shows the enlarged diagram of part A structure in Fig. 2, to illustrated therein is when turntable is in lower position tablet by the state of the push rod jack-up of post rod mechanism.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to further illustrate principle of the present invention and structure, existing by reference to the accompanying drawings to a preferred embodiment of the present invention will be described in detail.
Lifting gear of the present invention can be installed in mechanical stereo garage for the rotation of vehicle and vertical lift.When bicycle parking, vehicle enters garage, after travelling the lifting gear installed to ground, the parking Room (i.e. bit positions), lifting gear can be utilized vehicle to be carried out horizontal direction 180 degree rotate with the direction changing vehicle, then carry out vertical lift by lifting gear and vehicle delivered to bicycle parking layer (i.e. lower position) under the horizontal plane of the parking Room, utilize split type vehicle carrier (for sake of convenience, call manipulator in the following text) vehicle is moved lifting gear, be transported to piler, piler moves in garage, then by manipulator by vehicles drive to bicycle parking position.Process of picking up the car is contrary with bicycle parking process, and after vehicles drive to the parking Room, headstock, towards garage door, so no longer carry out horizontal direction 180 degree rotation, directly can output garage.
As shown in Fig. 1 ~ Fig. 3, lifting gear 100 of the present invention can include lift platform 10, transmission mechanism 20, and described lift platform 10 comprises lifting underframe 11 and rotates with described lifting underframe 11 turntable 12 installed.Wherein, described lift platform 10 is positioned at top, and described transmission mechanism 20 and described lift platform 10 are in transmission connection and drive described lift platform 10 can carry out vertical lift between bit positions P1 and lower position P2.Described lifting gear 100 also can comprise jacking mechanism 30, is positioned at the bottom of described lift platform 10.In the present invention, as shown in Figure 2, when described lift platform 10 is in described bit positions P1, the upper surface of described lifting underframe 11 is concordant with the ground in the parking Room, described turntable 12 can be made so directly to carry out horizontal rotary turnback when described lift platform 10 is in described bit positions P1, change the direction of vehicle 200; When described lift platform 10 by described transmission mechanism 20 drop to be in described lower position P2 time, now described jacking mechanism 30 can by described movable roll pylon 121 jack-up, vehicle 200 ' is made to be raised to the upper surface exceeding described turntable 122, can utilize manipulator that described vehicle 200 ' is directly moved lifting gear like this, and send into bicycle parking position.Process of picking up the car is contrary with bicycle parking process, does not repeat them here.
In the present invention, as shown in Figure 4, Figure 5, the middle part of described lifting underframe 11 is hollow shaft 110, is connected with the centre bearing 120 in the middle part of described turntable 12, described hollow shaft 110 is felt relieved to described turntable 12, makes described turntable 12 with described centre bearing 120 for the center of circle horizontally rotates.Cable 112 passes through and is that described turntable 12 is powered and transmission communication information in the middle part of described hollow shaft 110.Preferably, described lifting underframe 11 can be a square welding for steel structure body.
In the present invention, as shown in Fig. 6 ~ Fig. 8, and combine with reference to figure 3, described turntable 12 is movably installed with movable roll pylon 121, and described turntable 12 is supported on the upper surface of described lifting underframe 11 by the running gear 122 be arranged at bottom it.Wherein, described movable roll pylon 121 is provided with multiple roller 1211 by roller axle, described multiple roller 1211 is parallel to the axis M of described turntable and can rotates freely.This axis M is the axis along described vehicles while passing direction.
Preferably, the direction recess 1210 that on described turntable 12, formation two is parallel, in order to guided vehicle turnover, utilizes the sidewall 1212 of described direction recess 1210 both sides can realize the guiding of vehicle.In the embodiment shown in fig. 3, described movable roll pylon 121 is four, is furnished with two described movable roll pylons 121 respectively, in order to the wheel 201 of supported vehicle 200 in each direction recess 1210 before and after the direction of vehicles while passing.In an embodiment of the present invention, can be that the installation site corresponding to described movable roll pylon 121 in described direction recess 1210 forms opening (not shown), thus described opening can be utilized to be overlapped on actively on described turntable 121 by described movable roll pylon 121.Further, the bottom of described turntable 121 can arrange bracing frame 129, the bracing frame 129 be positioned at below described movable roll pylon 121 can support described movable roll pylon 121 further.In other embodiments, described movable roll pylon 121 can be installed, as long as ensure that it can by described jacking mechanism 30 jack-up when described lift platform drops to lower position by alternate manner activity.
In figure 6, described running gear 122 can comprise two driving wheels, 1221, four driven pulleys 1222 and two movable motors 1223.Wherein, described two driving wheels 1221 are relatively arranged on the bottom at described turntable 122 two ends along the axis M of described turntable 122; Described four driven pulleys 1222 are arranged at the bottom at described turntable 122 two ends between two, and two driven pulleys 1222 being positioned at same one end lay respectively at the both sides of described driving wheel 1221; Described two movable motors 1223 drive described two driving wheels 1221 to walk respectively.
In the present invention, the upper surface at described lifting underframe 121 two ends can be provided with the fractional orbital rotating walking for described turntable 12, it forms complete circuit orbit 81 with being arranged on ground, the parking Room and being positioned at described lift platform 10 two side portions ground rail 81a, 81b, as shown in Figure 3, described driving wheel 1221 and described driven pulley 1222 rotate along described circuit orbit 81, and its rotational trajectory is as shown in the circular C1 in figure.Wherein, the fractional orbital be arranged on described lifting underframe 11 corresponds to arc section C11 to arrange, and be an arc orbit, and described ground rail 81a, 81b is also arc orbit.When described lift platform 10 is in described bit positions P1, described turntable 12 is under the driving of movable motor 1223, described turntable 12 can be made along described circuit orbit 81 and relative to described lifting underframe 11 directly horizontal rotary turnback, thus make the vehicle 200 that is parked on turntable 12 reverse.
In conjunction with reference to figure 9, described turntable 12 also can be provided with vehicle adjusting mechanism 123, and it can be arranged at the back of turntable upper surface.The push rod 1231,1232 that described vehicle adjusting mechanism 123 can be oppositely arranged by two forms, and described two push rods 1231,1232 can drive translation by two groups of pinion and racks.Often organize pinion and rack and can comprise two tooth bars 1233,1234 be connected respectively on described push rod 1231,1232 and the thrust rod gear 1235 be connected with a joggle with described two tooth bars 1233,1234, by being driven by a push rod drive motors 1230 by same push rod chain 1239 with the coaxial push rod sprocket wheel 1236 be connected of described thrust rod gear 1235 between described two groups of rack-and-pinion.Specifically, described push rod chain 1239 is linked together with sprocket wheel 1237,1238 by described push rod sprocket wheel 1236, the sprocket wheel 1238 on it is driven to rotate by described push rod drive motors 1230, and then synchronously drive thrust rod gear 1235 to rotate by sprocket wheel 1237, push rod sprocket wheel 1236, and then can by described two push rods 1231,1232 synchronous translational laterally, and see Fig. 8 from the inside wall 1213(of described direction recess 1210) breach stretch out laterally, ajust centering to promote the vehicle be parked on turntable 12.
Continue with reference to figure 1 ~ Fig. 3, in the present invention, described lifting gear 100 also can comprise guiding mechanism 40, and it comprises the guiding tooth plate 41 of the bottom being fixedly installed on described lift platform 10 and correspondence and is arranged on tooth plate hole 42 on described turntable 12.Preferably, described tooth plate hole 42 is the disposed inboard of close described direction recess 1210 and becomes two row discontinuously, and described guiding tooth plate 41 corresponds to and is arranged in two row discontinuously.Further, described guiding tooth plate 41 passes when described lift platform 10 drops to described lower position P2 and stretches out described tooth plate hole 42, together forms groove 1201(as shown in figure 14 with the upper surface 128 of described turntable 12 with described movable roll pylon 121).
In the present invention, described lifting gear 100 also can comprise balance weight mechanism 50, and it comprises two balancing weights 51, and described two balancing weights 51 are mounted opposite in the both sides of described lift platform 10 and are in transmission connection with described transmission mechanism 20.
In the present invention, described lifting gear 100 also can comprise four columns 90, and four bights corresponding to described lift platform are fixedly installed, and described transmission mechanism 20 is installed by described column 90, and described jacking mechanism 30 also can be fixed on described column 90.
As shown in Figure 10, Figure 11, the transmission principle of transmission mechanism 20 of the present invention is shown.In the present invention, described transmission mechanism 20 mainly comprises hoisting mechanism 21, rotating assembly 22 and gear synchronization mechanism 23.
Wherein, described hoisting mechanism 21 is four groups, the corner corresponding respectively to described lift platform 10 arranges and is arranged at the both sides of described lift platform 10 between two, such as two groups of hoisting mechanism 21a are the left and right sides of the rear end B being positioned at described lifting underframe 11, two groups of hoisting mechanism 21b are the left and right sides of the front end F being positioned at described lifting underframe 11, as shown in figure 11, hoisting mechanism 21b1 is positioned at left side L, hoisting mechanism 21b2 and is positioned at right side R.Often organize hoisting mechanism 21 and comprise lifting chain 211, upper sprocket wheel 212 and lower sprocket 213, wherein, upper sprocket wheel 212 and lower sprocket 213 to be separately fixed on described column 90 and to lay respectively at the upper and lower of described lift platform 10, and described lifting chain 211 links described upper sprocket wheel 212 and lower sprocket 213.Wherein, the corner of described lifting underframe 11 is connected with described lifting chain 211, and described balance weight mechanism 50 is also connected with described lifting chain 211.
Described rotating assembly 22 is two groups, such as rotating assembly 22a, 22b corresponding front end F and rear end B being arranged at described lifting underframe 11 respectively.Often organize the first synchronous sprocket wheel 223 that rotating assembly 22 comprises a rotating shaft 221 and is mounted thereon, this rotating shaft 221 is arranged between two columns 90 by the installation bearing 222 at two ends.Wherein, two lower sprockets 213 being positioned at described lift platform 10 one end are installed on the two ends of one of them rotating shaft 221, and two other lower sprocket 213 being positioned at the described lift platform other end is installed on the two ends of another rotating shaft 221.Rotating shaft 221 described in one of them drives with a rotating shaft drive motors 224 and is connected.
Described gear synchronization mechanism 23 comprises two synchromesh gears be connected with a joggle 231 and 232,231(232 coaxial with synchromesh gear described in each) the second synchronous sprocket wheel 233(234 of being connected), the first synchronous sprocket wheel 223 in one of them rotating shaft and the first synchronous sprocket wheel 223 between one of them the second synchronous sprocket wheel 233 and in another rotating shaft are linked by a synchronization chain 235 respectively with between another second synchronous sprocket wheel 234.
Like this, the rotating shaft 221 be attached thereto is driven to rotate by described rotating shaft drive motors 224, the first synchronous sprocket wheel 223 synchronous axial system in this rotating shaft 221 also drives another rotating shaft 221 synchronous axial system by the gear synchronization mechanism 23 be in transmission connection with it, thus the lower sprocket 213 be connected in described rotating shaft 221 is rotated.Like this, described lower sprocket 213 is as driving wheel, and described upper sprocket wheel 212, as driven pulley, gets final product lifting chain 211 described in transmission, thus is with the lifting underframe 11 and balance weight mechanism 50 vertical lift that are automatically connected on described lifting chain 211.
In the present invention, can also arrange regulating wheel 238 for 235 times at described synchronization chain makes described synchronization chain 235 keep tensioning.In addition, described two groups of rotating assemblies 22 may also be the both sides being arranged on described lift platform, and described rotating assembly 22 is also not limited to said structure, and it can be other structure and composition, as long as its described four groups of hoisting mechanism 21 Synchronous liftings.
Referring back to Fig. 2, the jacking mechanism 30 in the present invention such as can be four, and the position corresponding respectively to four movable roll trestles 121 on described turntable 12 is arranged on the bottom of described lift platform 10.As shown in figure 13, jacking mechanism 30 described in each can have two footstocks 31 and the locating part 32 between described two footstocks 31, and correspondence is provided with limiting through hole 1215 on the bottom surface of described movable roll pylon 121, as shown in figure 12, described locating part 32 is being through described limiting through hole 1215 during movable roll pylon 121 described in described jacking mechanism 30 jack-up.
Figure 12 also show the state of turntable 12 described movable roll pylon 121 when being in bit positions P1.Now described movable roll pylon 121 is overlapped on described turntable 12, and the upper surface of described movable roll pylon 121 is basic concordant with described direction recess 1210, and vehicle can lead via direction recess 1210 and be parked on described turntable 12.
Figure 13 also show the state of turntable described movable roll pylon 121 when being in lower position P2.Now described movable roll pylon 121 is by footstock 31 jack-up on described jacking mechanism 30, and the locating part 32 now on described jacking mechanism 30 is through the limiting through hole 1215 on described movable roll pylon 121.Because movable roll pylon 121 is by jack-up, stops vehicle thereon higher than the upper surface 128 of described turntable 12, now by manipulator, vehicle is directly moved on turntable 12.Described locating part 32 not only can be offset about it by jack-up limit at movable roll pylon 121, and described movable roll pylon 121 can be made can to install back exactly on described turntable 12 when described lift platform 10 rises.
Referring back to Fig. 1 ~ 3, and combine with reference to figure 6, in the present invention, described turntable 12 is also movably installed with two tablets 126 and 127, described two tablets 126 and 127 are positioned at the both sides of the axis M of described turntable 12 and distribute in diagonal.Further, accordingly, be also provided with post rod mechanism 60 in the bottom of described lift platform 10, described post rod mechanism 60 corresponds to tablet described in one of them to arrange, and the such as tablet 127 corresponded in Fig. 3 is arranged.Preferably, described tablet 126,127 is adjacent to described tooth plate hole 42 to arrange, and described post rod mechanism 60 is fixed therein on the guiding tooth plate 41 of a guiding mechanism 40a.
As shown in figure 14, preferably, described post rod mechanism 60 comprises fixed sleeving 61, push rod 62 and spring 63.Wherein, described fixed sleeving 61 is fixed on the guiding tooth plate 41a of guiding mechanism 40a, and has vertical installation through hole 611; Described push rod 62 can be vertically sleeved on described fixed sleeving 61 movably by described installation through hole 611; Described spring 63 is sleeved on described the push rod 62 and two ends of described spring 63 and is connected to the top of described fixed sleeving 61 and the top of described push rod 62.Like this, when described lift platform 10 drops to described lower position P2 as shown in Figure 2, described post rod mechanism 60 can exceed the upper surface 128 of described turntable 12 by tablet 127 described in jack-up, thus can provide locating information for lifting gear.And after described turntable 12 is revolved turnback, described post rod mechanism 60 is another tablets 126 of jack-up.When other position, described tablet 126,127 is concordant with the upper surface of described turntable 12.
In the present invention, when utilizing above-mentioned lifting gear 100 to carry out bicycle parking, lift platform 10 is in bit positions P1, and the upper surface being now elevated underframe 10 is basic concordant with the ground in the parking Room.After vehicle stops putting in place via direction recess 1210 guiding on turntable 12, ajusted by the vehicle adjusting mechanism 123 on turntable 12.Further, turntable 12 horizontal rotary turnback can be made by the running gear 122 on turntable 12, make vehicle reverse.Lift platform 10 is made to drop to lower position P2 by transmission mechanism 20 transmission afterwards, movable roll pylon 121 now on turntable 12 is exceeded the upper surface 128 of turntable 12 by jack-up the making vehicle be parked on turntable 12, meanwhile a movable tablet is also by jack-up, can be carrier guiding and locating information is provided, now by carrier, vehicle can be moved on turntable 12, and be transported to bicycle parking position, thus realize bicycle parking process.Process of picking up the car is contrary with bicycle parking process, does not repeat them here.
Certainly; the present invention also can have other various embodiments; when not deviating from the present invention's spirit and essence thereof; those of ordinary skill in the art are when making various corresponding change and distortion according to the present invention, but these change accordingly and are out of shape the protection domain that all should belong to the claim appended by the present invention.

Claims (14)

1. a lifting gear, is installed in mechanical stereo garage, it is characterized in that, described lifting gear comprises:
Lift platform, it comprises lifting underframe and rotates with described lifting underframe the turntable installed, wherein said turntable is formed with opening, described opening is utilized to be overlapped on described turntable actively by movable roll pylon, described turntable is supported on the upper surface of described lifting underframe by the running gear be arranged at bottom it, and described turntable can be horizontally rotated relative to described lifting underframe by described running gear when described lift platform is in bit positions;
Transmission mechanism, is in transmission connection with described lifting underframe and drives described lifting underframe vertical lift;
Jacking mechanism, it is fixed on bottom of described lift platform and corresponds to described movable roll pylon and arrange, described jacking mechanism movable roll pylon described in jack-up make its upper surface exceed the upper surface of described turntable when described lift platform drops to lower position.
2. lifting gear according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, also comprise guiding mechanism, it comprises the tooth plate hole be arranged on described turntable and the guiding tooth plate being arranged on described lift platform bottom, described guiding tooth plate passes when described lift platform drops to described lower position and stretches out described tooth plate hole, together forms groove with the described upper surface of described turntable with described movable roll pylon.
3. lifting gear according to claim 2, is characterized in that, also comprises balance weight mechanism, and it comprises two balancing weights, and described two balancing weights are mounted opposite in the both sides of described lift platform and are in transmission connection with described transmission mechanism.
4. lifting gear according to claim 3, is characterized in that, described transmission mechanism comprises:
Four groups of hoisting mechanisms, corner corresponding to described lift platform arranges and is arranged at the both sides of described lift platform between two, often organizes the lifting chain that hoisting mechanism comprises the upper sprocket wheel of the upper and lower being separately fixed at described lift platform and lower sprocket and links with described upper sprocket wheel and lower sprocket;
Two groups of rotating assemblies, often organize the first synchronous sprocket wheel that rotating assembly comprises a rotating shaft and is mounted thereon, wherein, two the described lower sprockets being positioned at described lift platform side or one end are installed on the two ends of rotating shaft described in one of them, and another two the described lower sprockets being positioned at described lift platform opposite side or the other end are installed on the two ends of rotating shaft described in another;
Gear synchronization mechanism, the second synchronous sprocket wheel comprising two synchromesh gears be connected with a joggle, be coaxially connected with synchromesh gear described in each, the first synchronous sprocket wheel described in one of them is with described in one of them between the second synchronous sprocket wheel and the first synchronous sprocket wheel described in another and connecing respectively by a synchronous chain between the second synchronous sprocket wheel described in another;
One rotating shaft drive motors, drives with rotating shaft described in one of them and is connected.
5. lifting gear according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, also comprise four columns, four bights corresponding to described lift platform are fixedly installed, and described four groups of hoisting mechanisms respectively one_to_one corresponding be arranged on described four columns, described rotating shaft is arranged on described column by installing bearing, and described jacking mechanism is fixed on described column.
6. lifting gear according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, described turntable is also provided with vehicle adjusting mechanism, it is made up of the push rod that two are oppositely arranged, described two push rods drive translation by two groups of pinion and racks, often organize pinion and rack and comprise two tooth bars be connected respectively on described push rod and the thrust rod gear be connected with a joggle with described two tooth bars, by being driven by a push rod drive motors by same push rod chain with the push rod sprocket wheel that described thrust rod gear is coaxially connected between described two groups of rack-and-pinion.
7. lifting gear according to claim 6, is characterized in that, described turntable is also movably installed with two tablets, and described two tablets are positioned at the both sides of the axis of described turntable and distribute in diagonal; The bottom of described lift platform is provided with post rod mechanism, described post rod mechanism corresponds to tablet described in one of them and arranges, and described post rod mechanism is one of them tablet described in jack-up when described lift platform drops to described lower position, and after described turntable revolves turnback, be another tablet of jack-up.
8. lifting gear according to claim 7, is characterized in that, described post rod mechanism comprises:
Fixed sleeving, it has vertical installation through hole;
Push rod, can vertically be sleeved on described fixed sleeving by described installation through hole movably;
Spring, is sleeved on described push rod and described both ends of the spring is connected to the top of described fixed sleeving and the top of described push rod.
9. lifting gear according to claim 8, it is characterized in that, described turntable is formed with two parallel direction recess to pass in and out in order to guided vehicle, described movable roll pylon is four, before and after the direction of vehicles while passing, be furnished with two described movable roll pylons in each direction recess and described movable roll pylon in order to support the wheel of described vehicle.
10. lifting gear according to claim 9, it is characterized in that, described tooth plate hole is near the disposed inboard of described direction recess, described two tablets are adjacent to described tooth plate hole and arrange, and described guiding mechanism is four, arrange corresponding to described four movable roll pylons, described post rod mechanism is fixed therein on the guiding tooth plate of a described guiding mechanism.
11. lifting gears according to claim 9, is characterized in that, described movable roll pylon is provided with multiple roller by roller axle, and described multiple roller is parallel to the axis of described turntable and can rotates freely.
12. lifting gears according to claim 11, it is characterized in that, jacking mechanism described in each has two footstocks and the locating part between described two footstocks, and correspondence is provided with limiting through hole on the bottom surface of described movable roll pylon, described locating part is being through described limiting through hole during movable roll pylon described in described jacking mechanism jack-up.
13. lifting gears according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described running gear comprises:
Two driving wheels, are relatively arranged on the bottom at described turntable two ends along the axis of described turntable;
Two movable motors, drive described two driving wheels walking respectively;
Four driven pulleys, are arranged at the bottom at described turntable two ends between two, and two the described driven pulleys being positioned at same one end lay respectively at the both sides of described driving wheel.
14. lifting gears according to claim 13, it is characterized in that, the upper surface at described lifting underframe two ends is provided with the first arc orbit, described first arc orbit with to be arranged on ground, the parking Room and the second arc orbit being positioned at described lift platform both sides forms circuit orbit, described driving wheel and described driven pulley rotate along described circuit orbit.
CN201210383361.XA 2012-10-11 2012-10-11 A kind of lifting gear Active CN103726698B (en)

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CN104314339B (en) * 2014-11-13 2017-07-18 安徽乐库智能停车设备有限公司 A kind of travel mechanism for avoiding bearing twisting resistance
CN105133892B (en) * 2015-10-16 2018-06-01 天津远卓科技发展有限公司 The indoor bicycle parking area transport platform elevating mechanism adjusted with tensioning
CN105970869B (en) * 2016-07-06 2018-06-15 蒋加顺 A kind of self-stabilising concrete road automatic running device
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CN111521982A (en) * 2020-04-29 2020-08-11 一汽奔腾轿车有限公司 Calibration system and calibration method for L2-level driving assistance system

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GB9112218D0 (en) * 1990-06-13 1991-07-24 Rankin John R Multi-level vehicle parking apparatus
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