CN103708880B - Composite fertilizer preparation method - Google Patents

Composite fertilizer preparation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103708880B
CN103708880B CN201310670844.2A CN201310670844A CN103708880B CN 103708880 B CN103708880 B CN 103708880B CN 201310670844 A CN201310670844 A CN 201310670844A CN 103708880 B CN103708880 B CN 103708880B
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Prior art keywords
powder
mixed
parts
compound manure
mixed strains
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CN103708880A (en
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徐茂航
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Ding Chenxu
Qinghai Zhenyuan Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
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徐茂航
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Abstract

The invention discloses a composite fertilizer preparation method. The method comprises the following steps: crushing straws, weathered coal, peat soil, wheat shorts, rice husk powder and sweet potato powder, adding urea, molasses and glycerol, uniformly stirring, adding water, allowing the above obtained mixture to enter a fermentation tank, and fermenting with mixed strain powder; and mixing with EDTA and potassium fulvate, and granulating. The method has the advantages of easy operation, low cost and large scale production.

Description

A kind of preparation method of compound manure
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of fertilizers, particularly relate to a kind of preparation method of compound manure.
Background technology
Chemical fertilizer plays a part very important in agriculture production, crop yield can be improved rapidly in a short time, bring abundant benefit, but life-time service chemical fertilizer can cause damage to arable land, cause soil compaction, physicochemical character and the soil microflora of soil are subject to havoc, cause its water conservation, fertilizer conservation, poor air permeability.Plough and generally use chemical fertilizer more than 4 years, soil property will obviously decline, and causes chemical fertilizer rate of fertilizer application to increase year by year, adds cost and drops into, cause vicious cycle.Existing fertilizer directly uses human and animal excreta mostly, not easily transports, and uses also inconvenient, therefore a kind ofly to prepare, the NEW TYPE OF COMPOSITE fertilizer of convenient transportation is the problem of needs solution now.
Summary of the invention
Object of the present invention is exactly defect for above-mentioned existence and provides a kind of preparation method of compound manure.Present method is easy to operate, and cost is low, is produced on a large scale, and containing mineral substance and the useful viable bacteria such as organic matter, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium needed for a large amount of plant-growth in the organic fertilizer of production, makes agriculture production enter in benign cycle, obtains Sustainable development.
Preparation method's technical scheme of a kind of compound manure of the present invention is comprise the following steps:
(1) stalk, weathered coal, peat soil, secondary powder, powdered rice hulls, sweet potato powder are mixed in proportion, after pulverizing, cross 60 mesh sieves;
(2) mixture in step (1) is added urea, molasses, glycerol, high-temp steam sterilizing after mixing with the water of mixture 1000 weight part after stirring, cools to 30 DEG C and adds fermentor tank;
(3) mixed strains powder is added fermentor tank to ferment;
(4) with EDTA, potassium fulvate mix and blend after the feed liquid centrifugation after having fermented, mix;
(5) material mixed in step (4) enters granulating disc granulation, dry organic fertilizer.
Each composition is by weight: stalk 45-60 part, weathered coal 15-20 part, peat soil 10-15 part, secondary powder 15-30 part, powdered rice hulls 20-30 part, sweet potato powder 15-20 part, urea 5-10 part, molasses 5-10 part, glycerol 5-30 part, EDTA5-8 part, potassium fulvate 8-12 part and mixed strains powder 1-5 part.
Mixed strains powder comprises yeast, lichengermium, subtilis, streptomyces microflavus, vinelandii.
Mixed strains powder comprises yeast 300,000,000/g, lichengermium 200,000,000/g, subtilis 200,000,000/g, vinelandii 200,000,000/g, streptomyces microflavus 300,000,000/g.
In step (2), high-temp steam sterilizing condition is: 120-130 DEG C, 30 minutes.
In step (3), fermentation condition is: temperature 28-37 DEG C, fermentation period is 48h.
In step (5), drying temperature is 20-40 DEG C.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is: compound manure cost prepared by present method is low, transport and easy to use; be produced on a large scale; containing mineral substance and the useful viable bacteria such as organic matter, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium needed for a large amount of plant-growth in the organic fertilizer produced; also containing all kinds of trace element, also can provide a large amount of to farm crop and be that it grows the several physiological active substances such as necessary biotin amino acid, VITAMIN, tethelin and microbiotic.In production and use procedure, all will, to environment, make agriculture production enter in benign cycle, obtain Sustainable development.
Embodiment:
In order to understand the present invention better, describe technical scheme of the present invention in detail with specific examples below.
Embodiment 1
The preparation method of a kind of compound manure of the present invention, comprises the following steps:
(1) stalk, weathered coal, peat soil, secondary powder, powdered rice hulls, sweet potato powder are mixed in proportion, after pulverizing, cross 60 mesh sieves;
(2) mixture in step (1) is added urea, molasses, glycerol, 120-130 DEG C after mixing with the water of mixture 1000 weight part after stirring, 30 minutes high-temp steam sterilizings, cool to 30 DEG C and add fermentor tank;
(3) mixed strains powder is added fermentor tank to ferment, temperature 28-37 DEG C, fermentation period is 48h.
(4) with EDTA, potassium fulvate mix and blend after the feed liquid centrifugation after having fermented, mix;
(5) material mixed in step (4) enters granulating disc granulation, 20-40 DEG C of dry organic fertilizer.
Each composition is by weight: stalk 5 parts, weathered coal 18 parts, peat soil 13 parts, 20 parts, secondary powder, powdered rice hulls 25 parts, sweet potato powder 18 parts, 8 parts, urea, 6 parts, molasses, glycerol 20 parts, EDTA6 part, potassium fulvate 10 parts and 3 parts, mixed strains powder.
Mixed strains powder comprises yeast, lichengermium, subtilis, streptomyces microflavus, vinelandii.
Mixed strains powder comprises yeast 300,000,000/g, lichengermium 200,000,000/g, subtilis 200,000,000/g, vinelandii 200,000,000/g, streptomyces microflavus 300,000,000/g.
Embodiment 2
The preparation method of a kind of compound manure of the present invention, comprises the following steps:
(1) stalk, weathered coal, peat soil, secondary powder, powdered rice hulls, sweet potato powder are mixed in proportion, after pulverizing, cross 60 mesh sieves;
(2) mixture in step (1) is added urea, molasses, glycerol, 120-130 DEG C after mixing with the water of mixture 1000 weight part after stirring, 30 minutes high-temp steam sterilizings, cool to 30 DEG C and add fermentor tank;
(3) mixed strains powder is added fermentor tank to ferment, temperature 28-37 DEG C, fermentation period is 48h.
(4) with EDTA, potassium fulvate mix and blend after the feed liquid centrifugation after having fermented, mix;
(5) material mixed in step (4) enters granulating disc granulation, 20-40 DEG C of dry organic fertilizer.
Each composition is by weight: stalk 60 parts, weathered coal 20 parts, peat soil 15 parts, 30 parts, secondary powder, powdered rice hulls 30 parts, sweet potato powder 20 parts, 10 parts, urea, 10 parts, molasses, glycerol 30 parts, EDTA8 part, potassium fulvate 12 parts and 5 parts, mixed strains powder.
Mixed strains powder comprises yeast, lichengermium, subtilis, streptomyces microflavus, vinelandii.
Mixed strains powder comprises yeast 300,000,000/g, lichengermium 200,000,000/g, subtilis 200,000,000/g, vinelandii 200,000,000/g, streptomyces microflavus 300,000,000/g.
Embodiment 3
The preparation method of a kind of compound manure of the present invention, comprises the following steps:
(1) stalk, weathered coal, peat soil, secondary powder, powdered rice hulls, sweet potato powder are mixed in proportion, after pulverizing, cross 60 mesh sieves;
(2) mixture in step (1) is added urea, molasses, glycerol, 120-130 DEG C after mixing with the water of mixture 1000 weight part after stirring, 30 minutes high-temp steam sterilizings, cool to 30 DEG C and add fermentor tank;
(3) mixed strains powder is added fermentor tank to ferment, temperature 28-37 DEG C, fermentation period is 48h.
(4) with EDTA, potassium fulvate mix and blend after the feed liquid centrifugation after having fermented, mix;
(5) material mixed in step (4) enters granulating disc granulation, 20-40 DEG C of dry organic fertilizer.
Each composition is by weight: stalk 45 parts, weathered coal 15 parts, peat soil 10 parts, 15 parts, secondary powder, powdered rice hulls 20 parts, sweet potato powder 15 parts, 5 parts, urea, 5 parts, molasses, glycerol 5-30 part, EDTA5-8 part, potassium fulvate 8-12 part and 1 part, mixed strains powder.
Mixed strains powder comprises yeast, lichengermium, subtilis, streptomyces microflavus, vinelandii.
Mixed strains powder comprises yeast 300,000,000/g, lichengermium 200,000,000/g, subtilis 200,000,000/g, vinelandii 200,000,000/g, streptomyces microflavus 300,000,000/g.

Claims (4)

1. a preparation method for compound manure, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
(1) stalk, weathered coal, peat soil, secondary powder, powdered rice hulls, sweet potato powder are mixed in proportion, after pulverizing, cross 60 mesh sieves;
(2) mixture in step (1) is added urea, molasses, glycerol, high-temp steam sterilizing after mixing with the water of 1000 weight parts after stirring, cools to 30 DEG C and adds fermentor tank;
(3) mixed strains powder is added fermentor tank to ferment;
(4) with EDTA, potassium fulvate mix and blend after the feed liquid centrifugation after having fermented, mix;
(5) material mixed in step (4) enters granulating disc granulation, dry organic fertilizer;
Each composition is by weight: stalk 45-60 part, weathered coal 15-20 part, peat soil 10-15 part, secondary powder 15-30 part, powdered rice hulls 20-30 part, sweet potato powder 15-20 part, urea 5-10 part, molasses 5-10 part, glycerol 5-30 part, EDTA5-8 part, potassium fulvate 8-12 part and mixed strains powder 1-5 part;
Mixed strains powder comprises yeast, lichengermium, subtilis, streptomyces microflavus, vinelandii;
Mixed strains powder comprises yeast 300,000,000/g, lichengermium 200,000,000/g, subtilis 200,000,000/g, vinelandii 200,000,000/g, streptomyces microflavus 300,000,000/g.
2. the preparation method of a kind of compound manure according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in step (2), high-temp steam sterilizing condition is: 120-130 DEG C, 30 minutes.
3. the preparation method of a kind of compound manure according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in step (3), fermentation condition is: temperature 28-37 DEG C, fermentation period is 48h.
4. the preparation method of a kind of compound manure according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in step (5), drying temperature is 20-40 DEG C.
CN201310670844.2A 2013-12-10 2013-12-10 Composite fertilizer preparation method Expired - Fee Related CN103708880B (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107382557A (en) * 2017-09-18 2017-11-24 鲁小芹 A kind of green organic-inorganic compound fertilizer and preparation method thereof

Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104649786A (en) * 2014-12-22 2015-05-27 广西大学 Production process for organic compound fertilizer
CN104774044B (en) * 2015-02-04 2018-03-30 优思克(北京)生物能源科技有限公司 A kind of organic waste circulation utilization method and a kind of sterilizing unit wherein used
CN104788203A (en) * 2015-04-21 2015-07-22 浙江农林大学 Multifunctional self-control slow-released fertilizer separated from biogas slurry, and preparation method of multifunctional self-control slow-released fertilizer
CN105859458A (en) * 2016-06-26 2016-08-17 西北农林科技大学 Organic ecological type ancient tree rejuvenation matrix and preparation method thereof
CN106888774A (en) * 2016-12-12 2017-06-27 广西中议农业开发有限公司 A kind of forest improves soil implantation methods
CN109776151A (en) * 2017-11-13 2019-05-21 丹阳兴业农业技术有限公司 A kind of green compound fertilizer of the powder containing sea fish

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1368487A (en) * 2001-02-01 2002-09-11 张显军 Formula and process for preparing efficient biological organic (or semi-organic) fertilizer
CN102267838B (en) * 2010-08-27 2013-10-23 苏州仁成生物科技有限公司 Microbial composite fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN102001870B (en) * 2010-11-11 2013-03-27 唐清池 Inorganic-organic microbial compound fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN102603378A (en) * 2012-02-28 2012-07-25 罗文礼 Preparation method of multielement biological phosphorus-potassium fertilizer
CN103396234B (en) * 2013-08-06 2015-04-29 刘立新 Manufacture method for novel three-element full-effective compound fertilizer

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107382557A (en) * 2017-09-18 2017-11-24 鲁小芹 A kind of green organic-inorganic compound fertilizer and preparation method thereof

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