CN103664377B - A kind of preparation method of organic fertilizer - Google Patents

A kind of preparation method of organic fertilizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103664377B
CN103664377B CN201310670128.4A CN201310670128A CN103664377B CN 103664377 B CN103664377 B CN 103664377B CN 201310670128 A CN201310670128 A CN 201310670128A CN 103664377 B CN103664377 B CN 103664377B
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Prior art keywords
organic fertilizer
parts
fermented
bacteria powder
mixed bacteria
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CN201310670128.4A
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CN103664377A (en
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罗继锋
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YICHANG JIAYUAN BIOLOGICAL TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.
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Yichang Jiayuan Biological Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses the preparation method of a kind of organic fertilizer, add carbamide, calcium superphosphate, glycerol after straw, gangue, wheat-middlings, powdered rice hulls are pulverized sterilizing, the entrance fermentation tank that adds water after stirring ferments with mixed bacteria powder;After mixing with adjuvant, pelletize obtains organic fertilizer.This method easily operates, low cost, is produced on a large scale, and containing mineral and useful viable bacterias such as the organic matter needed for a large amount of plant growings, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium in the organic fertilizer of production, makes agricultural production enter in benign cycle, it is thus achieved that sustainable development.

Description

A kind of preparation method of organic fertilizer
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of fertilizers, particularly relate to the preparation method of a kind of organic fertilizer.
Background technology
The use of the most a large amount of inorganic fertilizer causes soil organic matter content to decline, all kinds of nutrients ratios are lacked of proper care, and soil starts acidifying, hardens, and the physicochemical character of soil and soil microflora are by heavy damage, cause its water conservation, fertilizer conservation, poor air permeability, it is difficult to meet the actual growth needs of crops;Crops are stronger to the dependency of fertilizer and pesticide, it is necessary to increasing phase usage amount year by year, and the problem of environmental pollution brought is the most increasingly severe, these all become the obstacle of Agricul tural Sustain able Development;, the production-increasing function of chemical fertilizer the most substantially successively decreases, and the growth rate of fertilizer application amount is considerably beyond crop yield growth rate.Organic fertilizer also changes disadvantages mentioned above, however current organic fertilizer produce can not scale, relatively costly.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is aiming at the defect of above-mentioned existence and provides the preparation method of a kind of organic fertilizer.This method easily operates, low cost, is produced on a large scale, and containing mineral and useful viable bacterias such as the organic matter needed for a large amount of plant growings, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium in the organic fertilizer of production, makes agricultural production enter in benign cycle, it is thus achieved that sustainable development.
The preparation method technical scheme of a kind of organic fertilizer of the present invention is to comprise the following steps:
(1) straw, gangue, wheat-middlings, powdered rice hulls being mixed in proportion, cross 80 mesh sieves after pulverizing, high-temp steam sterilizing obtains mixture;
(2) mixture in step (1) is added carbamide, calcium superphosphate, glycerol, addition fermentation tank after water with 1000 weight portions mix after stirring;
(3) mixed bacteria powder addition fermentation tank is fermented;
(4) feed liquid after having fermented stirs after mixing with adjuvant, mix homogeneously;
(5) in step (4), the material of mix homogeneously enters granulating disc pelletize;
(6) particle drying that pelletize in step (5) obtains is obtained organic fertilizer.
Each composition is by weight: straw 45-60 part, gangue 10-15 part, wheat-middlings 15-30 part, powdered rice hulls 20-30 part, carbamide 5-10 part, calcium superphosphate 3-8 part, glycerol 5-30 part and mixed bacteria powder 1-5 part.
Mixed bacteria powder includes yeast, Bacillus licheniformis, bacillus subtilis, nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphobacteria.
Mixed bacteria powder includes yeast 300,000,000/g, Bacillus licheniformis 200,000,000/g, bacillus subtilis 200,000,000/g, nitrogen-fixing bacteria 200,000,000/g, phosphobacteria 300,000,000/g.
In step (3), fermentation condition is: temperature 28-37 DEG C, and fermentation period is 48h.
In step (4), adjuvant includes dextrin, magnesium stearate, Carboxymethyl cellulose sodium and white carbon.
In step (4), the fermented feed liquid of every 1000 weight portions adds dextrin 20-50 part, magnesium stearate 5-15 part, Carboxymethyl cellulose sodium 8-15 part and white carbon 80-100 part.
In step (6), baking temperature is 20-40 DEG C.
The invention have the benefit that this method easily operates; low cost; it is produced on a large scale; containing mineral and useful viable bacterias such as the organic matter needed for a large amount of plant growings, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium in the organic fertilizer produced; possibly together with all kinds of trace element, also can provide substantial amounts of to crops and be the several physiological active substances such as its necessary biotin amino acid of growth, vitamin, growth hormone and antibiotic.All without to environment during producing and using, make use of a large amount of agricultural byproducts and industrial waste simultaneously, both saved substantial amounts of resource, and protected again environment;Agricultural production is made to enter in benign cycle, it is thus achieved that sustainable development.
Detailed description of the invention:
In order to be more fully understood that the present invention, describe technical scheme in detail with instantiation below.
Embodiment 1
The preparation method of a kind of organic fertilizer of the present invention, comprises the following steps:
(1) straw, gangue, wheat-middlings, powdered rice hulls being mixed in proportion, cross 80 mesh sieves after pulverizing, high-temp steam sterilizing obtains mixture;
(2) mixture in step (1) is added carbamide, calcium superphosphate, glycerol, addition fermentation tank after water with 1000 weight portions mix after stirring;
(3) being fermented by mixed bacteria powder addition fermentation tank, temperature 28-37 DEG C, fermentation period is 48h;
(4) feed liquid after having fermented stirs after mixing with adjuvant, mix homogeneously, and the fermented feed liquid of every 1000 weight portions adds 35 parts of dextrin, magnesium stearate 10 parts, Carboxymethyl cellulose sodium 12 parts and white carbon 90 parts;
(5) in step (4), the material of mix homogeneously enters granulating disc pelletize;
(6) granule 20-40 DEG C pelletize in step (5) obtained is dried to obtain organic fertilizer.
Each composition is by weight: straw 50 parts, gangue 12 parts, wheat-middlings 20 parts, powdered rice hulls 25 parts, 8 parts of carbamide, calcium superphosphate 6 parts, glycerol 20 parts and 3 parts of mixed bacteria powder.
Mixed bacteria powder includes yeast 300,000,000/g, Bacillus licheniformis 200,000,000/g, bacillus subtilis 200,000,000/g, nitrogen-fixing bacteria 200,000,000/g, phosphobacteria 300,000,000/g.
Embodiment 2
The preparation method of a kind of organic fertilizer of the present invention, comprises the following steps:
(1) straw, gangue, wheat-middlings, powdered rice hulls being mixed in proportion, cross 80 mesh sieves after pulverizing, high-temp steam sterilizing obtains mixture;
(2) mixture in step (1) is added carbamide, calcium superphosphate, glycerol, addition fermentation tank after water with 1000 weight portions mix after stirring;
(3) being fermented by mixed bacteria powder addition fermentation tank, temperature 28-37 DEG C, fermentation period is 48h;
(4) feed liquid after having fermented stirs after mixing with adjuvant, mix homogeneously, and the fermented feed liquid of every 1000 weight portions adds 50 parts of dextrin, magnesium stearate 15 parts, Carboxymethyl cellulose sodium 15 parts and white carbon 100 parts;
(5) in step (4), the material of mix homogeneously enters granulating disc pelletize;
(6) granule 20-40 DEG C pelletize in step (5) obtained is dried to obtain organic fertilizer.
Each composition is by weight: straw 60 parts, gangue 15 parts, wheat-middlings 30 parts, powdered rice hulls 30 parts, 10 parts of carbamide, calcium superphosphate 8 parts, glycerol-30 parts and 5 parts of mixed bacteria powder.
Mixed bacteria powder includes yeast 300,000,000/g, Bacillus licheniformis 200,000,000/g, bacillus subtilis 200,000,000/g, nitrogen-fixing bacteria 200,000,000/g, phosphobacteria 300,000,000/g.
Embodiment 3
The preparation method of a kind of organic fertilizer of the present invention, comprises the following steps:
(1) straw, gangue, wheat-middlings, powdered rice hulls being mixed in proportion, cross 80 mesh sieves after pulverizing, high-temp steam sterilizing obtains mixture;
(2) mixture in step (1) is added carbamide, calcium superphosphate, glycerol, addition fermentation tank after water with 1000 weight portions mix after stirring;
(3) being fermented by mixed bacteria powder addition fermentation tank, temperature 28-37 DEG C, fermentation period is 48h;
(4) feed liquid after having fermented stirs after mixing with adjuvant, mix homogeneously, and the fermented feed liquid of every 1000 weight portions adds 20 parts of dextrin, magnesium stearate 5 parts, Carboxymethyl cellulose sodium 8 parts and white carbon 80 parts;
(5) in step (4), the material of mix homogeneously enters granulating disc pelletize;
(6) granule 20-40 DEG C pelletize in step (5) obtained is dried to obtain organic fertilizer.
Each composition is by weight: straw 45 parts, gangue 10 parts, wheat-middlings 15 parts, powdered rice hulls 20 parts, 5 parts of carbamide, calcium superphosphate 3 parts, glycerol 5 parts and 1 part of mixed bacteria powder.
Mixed bacteria powder includes yeast 300,000,000/g, Bacillus licheniformis 200,000,000/g, bacillus subtilis 200,000,000/g, nitrogen-fixing bacteria 200,000,000/g, phosphobacteria 300,000,000/g.

Claims (1)

1. the preparation method of an organic fertilizer, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1) straw, gangue, wheat-middlings, powdered rice hulls being mixed in proportion, cross 80 mesh sieves after pulverizing, high-temp steam sterilizing obtains mixture;
(2) mixture in step (1) is added carbamide, calcium superphosphate, glycerol, addition fermentation tank after water with 1000 weight portions mix after stirring;
(3) mixed bacteria powder addition fermentation tank is fermented;
(4) feed liquid after having fermented stirs after mixing with adjuvant, mix homogeneously;
(5) in step (4), the material of mix homogeneously enters granulating disc pelletize;
(6) particle drying that pelletize in step (5) obtains is obtained organic fertilizer;
Each composition is by weight: straw 45-60 part, gangue 10-15 part, wheat-middlings 15-30 part, powdered rice hulls 20-30 part, carbamide 5-10 part, calcium superphosphate 3-8 part, glycerol 5-30 part and mixed bacteria powder 1-5 part;
Mixed bacteria powder includes yeast 300,000,000/g, Bacillus licheniformis 200,000,000/g, bacillus subtilis 200,000,000/g, nitrogen-fixing bacteria 200,000,000/g, phosphobacteria 300,000,000/g;
In step (3), fermentation condition is: temperature 28-37 DEG C, and fermentation period is 48h;
The fermented feed liquid addition adjuvant of every 1000 weight portions in step (4): dextrin 20-50 part, magnesium stearate 5-15 part, Carboxymethyl cellulose sodium 8-15 part and white carbon 80-100 part;
In step (6), baking temperature is 20-40 DEG C.
CN201310670128.4A 2013-12-10 2013-12-10 A kind of preparation method of organic fertilizer Expired - Fee Related CN103664377B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104774044B (en) * 2015-02-04 2018-03-30 优思克(北京)生物能源科技有限公司 A kind of organic waste circulation utilization method and a kind of sterilizing unit wherein used
CN104920017A (en) * 2015-05-27 2015-09-23 陈官 Sugarcane planting method
CN106187370A (en) * 2016-07-05 2016-12-07 渭南市海源生态农林发展有限公司 A kind of composite biological organosilicon magnesium potassium fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN106495873A (en) * 2016-10-25 2017-03-15 秦伟 A kind of sweetened use growth of watermelon matrix
CN107651985A (en) * 2017-10-27 2018-02-02 湖南碧野农业科技开发有限责任公司 A kind of organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN109354552A (en) * 2018-12-21 2019-02-19 河北农业大学 A kind of biological organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1279227A (en) * 1999-06-24 2001-01-10 陈涣文 Organic fertilizer
CN1405123A (en) * 2002-10-22 2003-03-26 王柏学 Organic fertilizer and its manufacture method
CN101429059A (en) * 2008-12-11 2009-05-13 张庆国 Green organic agronomic crop microorganism bacterial manure and method of producing the same
CN102267838A (en) * 2010-08-27 2011-12-07 苏州仁成生物科技有限公司 Microbial composite fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN102976865A (en) * 2012-11-16 2013-03-20 马风花 Organic fertilizer

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH05301791A (en) * 1992-04-27 1993-11-16 Takashi Hirai Production of compost

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1279227A (en) * 1999-06-24 2001-01-10 陈涣文 Organic fertilizer
CN1405123A (en) * 2002-10-22 2003-03-26 王柏学 Organic fertilizer and its manufacture method
CN101429059A (en) * 2008-12-11 2009-05-13 张庆国 Green organic agronomic crop microorganism bacterial manure and method of producing the same
CN102267838A (en) * 2010-08-27 2011-12-07 苏州仁成生物科技有限公司 Microbial composite fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN102976865A (en) * 2012-11-16 2013-03-20 马风花 Organic fertilizer

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