CN104649786A - Production process for organic compound fertilizer - Google Patents

Production process for organic compound fertilizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104649786A
CN104649786A CN201410801763.6A CN201410801763A CN104649786A CN 104649786 A CN104649786 A CN 104649786A CN 201410801763 A CN201410801763 A CN 201410801763A CN 104649786 A CN104649786 A CN 104649786A
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China
Prior art keywords
fertilizer
organic
urea
production technique
raw material
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Pending
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CN201410801763.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
崔强军
张政
刘新亮
余炼
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Guangxi University
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Guangxi University
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Priority to CN201410801763.6A priority Critical patent/CN104649786A/en
Publication of CN104649786A publication Critical patent/CN104649786A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a production process for an organic compound fertilizer. The process comprises the following steps of (1) organic material selecting; respectively selecting 35% percent of straws, 25% of faeces and 30% of organic household garbage in percent by weight as raw materials; the household garbage comprises leftovers and peels, wherein the leftovers account for 55% and the peels account for 45% in percent by weight; (2) crushing and drying; (3) inorganic fertilizer preparing; mixing ordinary superphosphate, urea and potassium chloride and stirring fully, adding zeolite powder and coal ash, and mixing uniformly continuously, wherein the mass ratio of the superphosphate, the urea and the potassium chloride is (1-2):1:(1-1.5), and the use amount of the zeolite powder and the coal ash are respectively 5-8% and 3-5% of that of the urea; (4) measuring and mixing; (5) fertilizer prilling; (6) product packaging; prepared fertilizer particles are packaged with a polypropylene woven bag with a lining, each bag contains 20-25 Kg of fertilizer particles, the packaged fertilizer is placed in shady and cool, dry and ventilative warehouse for storage; the process provided by the invention is reasonable and concise, the material resources are wide, meanwhile, soil can be bulked, the ventilation of the soil is improved, the fertilizer efficiency time is long, and the water adsorption capacity is high.

Description

A kind of compoiste fertilizer production technique
Technical field
The manufacture craft of the agrochemical that the present invention relates to, particularly relates to a kind of compoiste fertilizer production technique.
Background technology
At present, chemical fertilizer is widely used in agricultural production.Chemical fertilizer can improve agricultural output because of it, improves Soil structure, becomes the fertilizer that all kinds of farm crop are necessary, and along with the development of agricultural, particularly contract the appearance of farmland phenomenon on a large scale, the demand of chemical fertilizer grows with each passing day.But, along with the widespread use of chemical fertilizer, environmental problem is on the rise, and the chemical composition contained in chemical fertilizer changes Soil structure, pollute water source, traditional farm manure fertilizer efficiency ground, is unsuitable for modern scale operation, therefore, in conjunction with the advantage of chemical fertilizer and farm manure, derive organic-inorganic compound fertilizer, application number is that CN200910133810.3 discloses a kind of compound fertilizer production method, and it comprises the following steps: the nutrient formula of the Chemical Mixed Fertilizer of joining needed for setting; Use the chemical fertilizer raw material of packing bag or container directly as the feeding unit of compound fertilizer production equipment; Compound fertilizer production equipment comprises bunker platform, removable hopper, stirrer, bunker platform is provided with discharge port, above-mentioned packing bag is positioned at the top of bunker platform, chemical fertilizer in its packing bag entered by the discharge port of bunker platform be positioned at bunker platform discharge port below removable hopper, the fertilizer in removable hopper is sent to agitator stir after by agitator discharge hole for discharge; The discharge port of compound fertilizer production equipment obtain meet needed for the Chemical Mixed Fertilizer of joining, the present invention can prepare Chemical Mixed Fertilizer for the demand of user's soil regime and crop, therefore pointed strong, advantage that quality is good, balanced in nutrition, but order this Chemical Mixed Fertilizer are while performance excellent effect, also there are some problems, the problems such as such as the fertilizer efficiency time is short, and soil aeration is poor, and water adsorption ability is weak.
Summary of the invention
For overcoming the deficiency in prior art, the object of the invention is to provide a kind of compoiste fertilizer production technique.
For realizing object of the present invention, technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
A kind of compoiste fertilizer production technique, its processing step is as follows:
(1) organic raw material is selected; By weight percentage, select stalk 35%, ight soil 25%, organic domestic waste 30%, powdered rice hulls 10% and sweet potato powder 10% to be raw material respectively, described organic domestic waste comprises leftover, pericarp, wherein, by weight percentage, leftover is 55%, and pericarp is 45%;
(2) drying is pulverized; Organic raw material step (1) chosen mixes after pulverizing, and add reodorant solution, deodorizing 3-5min, adds activated silica gel, puts into whizzer centrifuge dehydration 3-5min, then carries out cyclone drying, and drying temperature, at 80-100 DEG C, obtains organic fertilizer;
(3) mineral manure prepares; By abundant to normal superphosphate, urea and Repone K mix and blend, add zeolite powder and flyash again, continue mixing, the mass ratio of described calcium superphosphate, urea and Repone K is 1-2:1:1-1.5, and described zeolite powder and flyash consumption are 5-8% and 3-5% of urea respectively;
(4) metering mixing; The organic fertilizer obtain step (2) and (3) and mineral manure, respectively through 25 mesh sieves, mix according to the ratio of 1:1, stir;
(5) granulation of fertilizer; Granulation of fertilizer machine of being made a gift to someone equably by the fertilizer mixed in step (4) carries out rolling granulation, namely obtains granulated fertilizer, airing or oven dry;
(6) packing of product; The polypropylene woven bag of the granulated fertilizer made containing liner is packed, and often comprises heavy 20-25Kg, and packaged fertilizer is positioned in cool place, the dry storehouse ventilated and stores;
Above-mentioned a kind of compoiste fertilizer production technique, wherein, in described step (2), described reodorant solution is according to reodorant: ionized water=30:70 allocates.
Above-mentioned a kind of compoiste fertilizer production technique, wherein, in described step (5), described airing or baking step make fertilizer water content below 10%.
Above-mentioned a kind of compoiste fertilizer production technique, wherein, in described step (6), the diameter of described fertiliser granulates is 2.0mm ~ 3.0mm.
Beneficial effect: the present invention is selected by organic raw material, pulverize dry, mineral manure prepares, metering mixing, granulation of fertilizer and the large step of the packing of product six complete the manufacture craft of compound organic and inorganic fertilizer, raw material sources are extensive, simultaneously can bulk soil, increase the air permeability of soil, and the fertilizer efficiency time is long, water adsorption ability is strong, in organic raw material is selected, domestic refuse wide material sources, and day output is large, while meeting fertilizer making requirement, efficiently solve changing food waste pollution problem, after pulverizing drying treatment, organic fertilizer is cleaned, stink and other harmful undesired impurities are removed, meet the cleaner production requirement of manufacture craft, selecting of mineral manure, enumerate N, P, the nutrition of K tri-kind of plant, widen the scope of application of this chemical fertilizer, while the abundant nutrition of metering mixing guarantee of 1:1, make the soil loosening of soil be applied, good permeability, there is excellent soaking effect, fertilizer water ratio is below 10%, meet national standard, and ensure that the fertilizer efficiency of fertiliser granulates, make its fertilizer efficiency lasting, the grain diameter of 2.0mm ~ 3.0mm makes farm crop absorb nutrient better, grow better.
Embodiment
The technique means realized for making the present invention, creation characteristic, reaching object and effect is easy to understand, below in conjunction with embodiment, setting forth the present invention further.
Embodiment 1:
A kind of compoiste fertilizer production technique of the present embodiment, it is characterized in that, its processing step is as follows:
(1) organic raw material is selected; By weight percentage, select stalk 35%, ight soil 25%, organic domestic waste 30%, powdered rice hulls 10% and sweet potato powder 10% to be raw material respectively, described organic domestic waste comprises leftover, pericarp, wherein, by weight percentage, leftover is 55%, and pericarp is 45%;
(2) drying is pulverized; Organic raw material step (1) chosen mixes after pulverizing, and add reodorant solution, deodorizing 3-5min, adds activated silica gel, puts into whizzer centrifuge dehydration 3-5min, then carries out cyclone drying, and drying temperature, at 80-100 DEG C, obtains organic fertilizer;
(3) mineral manure prepares; By abundant to normal superphosphate, urea and Repone K mix and blend, add zeolite powder and flyash again, continue mixing, the mass ratio of described calcium superphosphate, urea and Repone K is 1-2:1:1-1.5, and described zeolite powder and flyash consumption are 5-8% and 3-5% of urea respectively;
(4) metering mixing; The organic fertilizer obtain step (2) and (3) and mineral manure, respectively through 25 mesh sieves, mix according to the ratio of 1:1, stir;
(5) granulation of fertilizer; Granulation of fertilizer machine of being made a gift to someone equably by the fertilizer mixed in step (4) carries out rolling granulation, namely obtains granulated fertilizer, airing or oven dry;
(6) packing of product; The polypropylene woven bag of the granulated fertilizer made containing liner is packed, and often comprises heavy 20-25Kg, and packaged fertilizer is positioned in cool place, the dry storehouse ventilated and stores;
Wherein, in described step (2), described reodorant solution is according to reodorant: ionized water=30:70 allocates, crucially, in described step (5), described airing or baking step make fertilizer water content below 10%, and, in described step (6), the diameter of described fertiliser granulates is 2.0mm ~ 3.0mm.
Embodiment 2: all the other are identical with described embodiment 1, and difference is, remove certain composition in the inorganic nutrients prepared in step (3), with the concrete needs of satisfied different plant, in the present embodiment, cost is lower, but range of application is narrow.
Embodiment 3: all the other are identical with described embodiment 1, and difference is, changing organic-inorganic proportioning raw materials in step (4) is 2:1, and in the present embodiment, organotrophy is high, and it is more abundant that plant accepts nutrition, but plant absorption is more difficult.
The present invention is selected by organic raw material, pulverize dry, mineral manure prepares, metering mixing, granulation of fertilizer and the large step of the packing of product six complete the manufacture craft of compound organic and inorganic fertilizer, raw material sources are extensive, simultaneously can bulk soil, increase the air permeability of soil, and the fertilizer efficiency time is long, water adsorption ability is strong, in organic raw material is selected, domestic refuse wide material sources, and day output is large, while meeting fertilizer making requirement, efficiently solve changing food waste pollution problem, after pulverizing drying treatment, organic fertilizer is cleaned, stink and other harmful undesired impurities are removed, meet the cleaner production requirement of manufacture craft, selecting of mineral manure, enumerate N, P, the nutrition of K tri-kind of plant, widen the scope of application of this chemical fertilizer, while the abundant nutrition of metering mixing guarantee of 1:1, make the soil loosening of soil be applied, good permeability, there is excellent soaking effect, fertilizer water ratio is below 10%, meet national standard, and ensure that the fertilizer efficiency of fertiliser granulates, make its fertilizer efficiency lasting, the grain diameter of 2.0mm ~ 3.0mm makes farm crop absorb nutrient better, grow better.
The foregoing is only embodiments of the invention; not thereby the scope of the claims of the present invention is limited; every utilize description of the present invention to do equivalent structure or equivalent flow process conversion; or be directly or indirectly used in other relevant technical fields, be all in like manner included in scope of patent protection of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of compoiste fertilizer production technique, it is characterized in that, its processing step is as follows:
(1) organic raw material is selected; By weight percentage, select stalk 35%, ight soil 25%, organic domestic waste 30%, powdered rice hulls 10% and sweet potato powder 10% to be raw material respectively, described organic domestic waste comprises leftover, pericarp, wherein, by weight percentage, leftover is 55%, and pericarp is 45%;
(2) drying is pulverized; Organic raw material step (1) chosen mixes after pulverizing, and add reodorant solution, deodorizing 3-5min, adds activated silica gel, puts into whizzer centrifuge dehydration 3-5min, then carries out cyclone drying, and drying temperature, at 80-100 DEG C, obtains organic fertilizer;
(3) mineral manure prepares; By abundant to normal superphosphate, urea and Repone K mix and blend, add zeolite powder and flyash again, continue mixing, the mass ratio of described calcium superphosphate, urea and Repone K is 1-2:1:1-1.5, and described zeolite powder and flyash consumption are 5-8% and 3-5% of urea respectively;
(4) metering mixing; The organic fertilizer obtain step (2) and (3) and mineral manure, respectively through 25 mesh sieves, mix according to the ratio of 1:1, stir;
(5) granulation of fertilizer; Granulation of fertilizer machine of being made a gift to someone equably by the fertilizer mixed in step (4) carries out rolling granulation, namely obtains granulated fertilizer, airing or oven dry;
(6) packing of product; The polypropylene woven bag of the granulated fertilizer made containing liner is packed, and often comprises heavy 20-25Kg, and packaged fertilizer is positioned in cool place, the dry storehouse ventilated and stores.
2. compoiste fertilizer production technique according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in described step (2), described reodorant solution is according to reodorant: ionized water=30:70 allocates.
3. compoiste fertilizer production technique according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in described step (5), described airing or baking step make fertilizer water content below 10%.
4. compoiste fertilizer production technique according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in described step (6), the diameter of described fertiliser granulates is 2.0mm ~ 3.0mm.
CN201410801763.6A 2014-12-22 2014-12-22 Production process for organic compound fertilizer Pending CN104649786A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106748067A (en) * 2016-12-09 2017-05-31 天津达尔顿科技有限公司 A kind of organic fertilizer of energy-conserving and environment-protective and preparation method thereof
CN107056436A (en) * 2017-03-22 2017-08-18 忻州师范学院 It is a kind of to utilize the method that waste material is raw material production bio-bacterial manure
CN108435059A (en) * 2018-03-19 2018-08-24 安庆蓝珊瑚生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of organic fertilizer fertilizer producing system

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1295051A (en) * 1999-11-09 2001-05-16 毛樟水 Production technology of long-acting multi-element organic fertilizer
CN102643130A (en) * 2012-05-21 2012-08-22 母祥明 Organic-inorganic compound fertilizer
CN103539496A (en) * 2013-09-22 2014-01-29 苏州市湘园特种精细化工有限公司 Compound fertilizer production technology
CN103664381A (en) * 2013-12-10 2014-03-26 济南凯因生物科技有限公司 Compound fertilizer
CN103708880A (en) * 2013-12-10 2014-04-09 济南凯因生物科技有限公司 Composite fertilizer preparation method

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1295051A (en) * 1999-11-09 2001-05-16 毛樟水 Production technology of long-acting multi-element organic fertilizer
CN102643130A (en) * 2012-05-21 2012-08-22 母祥明 Organic-inorganic compound fertilizer
CN103539496A (en) * 2013-09-22 2014-01-29 苏州市湘园特种精细化工有限公司 Compound fertilizer production technology
CN103664381A (en) * 2013-12-10 2014-03-26 济南凯因生物科技有限公司 Compound fertilizer
CN103708880A (en) * 2013-12-10 2014-04-09 济南凯因生物科技有限公司 Composite fertilizer preparation method

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106748067A (en) * 2016-12-09 2017-05-31 天津达尔顿科技有限公司 A kind of organic fertilizer of energy-conserving and environment-protective and preparation method thereof
CN107056436A (en) * 2017-03-22 2017-08-18 忻州师范学院 It is a kind of to utilize the method that waste material is raw material production bio-bacterial manure
CN108435059A (en) * 2018-03-19 2018-08-24 安庆蓝珊瑚生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of organic fertilizer fertilizer producing system

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Application publication date: 20150527