CN103689762B - Rotating disc type Rosa roxburghii is deflorated the base of a fruit and valve cutting machine - Google Patents

Rotating disc type Rosa roxburghii is deflorated the base of a fruit and valve cutting machine Download PDF

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CN103689762B
CN103689762B CN201310740211.4A CN201310740211A CN103689762B CN 103689762 B CN103689762 B CN 103689762B CN 201310740211 A CN201310740211 A CN 201310740211A CN 103689762 B CN103689762 B CN 103689762B
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fixed
fruit
frame
valve cutting
base
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CN103689762A (en
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苏明
谢志平
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Guizhou Education University
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Guizhou Education University
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of rotating disc type Rosa roxburghii to deflorate the base of a fruit and valve cutting machine, aim to provide a kind of Rosa roxburghii processing machine removing the colored base of a fruit and cutting fruit.Comprise feeding, clamp, the base of a fruit of deflorating, valve cutting and transmission mechanism, feed mechanism is made up of feed spool (17), jackshaft (14), sheave (18), rotating disk (20), driver plate (15), and clamp system is made up of driven shaft (3), balladeur train (2), cam (26), gland (22); Speed governor structure of deflorating is made up of milling cutter (28), gear (27), milling motor (31); Valve cutting mechanism is made up of valve cutting motor (19), cutting disc (24), knife rest (23), connecting rod (25), grooved cam (9), and transmission mechanism is made up of mair motor (12), driving bevel gear (7), driving gear (11), driven bevel pinion (6), driven gear (16).The present invention not only can avoid fruit to roll or drop, but also can realize complete cutting.

Description

Rotating disc type Rosa roxburghii is deflorated the base of a fruit and valve cutting machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of fruit process machinery, particularly relating to a kind of machinery for removing the roxburgh rose flower base of a fruit and cutting fruit of Grossularia burejensis Berger.
Background technology
As everyone knows, the colored base of a fruit and seed that Rosa roxburghii preserved fruit needs to remove Rosa roxburghii is made.At present, manual mode is usually adopted; Not only efficiency is low, labour intensity large, and is easily stabbed hand by Rosa roxburghii.For this reason, applicant proposes the patent No. for " ZL201210003213.0 ", name on January 28th, 2012 and is called the Rosa roxburghii processing equipment of " Rosa roxburghii deflorate the base of a fruit and valve cutting machine "; But this Rosa roxburghii processing equipment not only complicated structure, and feed mechanism is the conveyer belt of intermittent movement, and Rosa roxburghii easily rolls because of vibration or drops, and is not only difficult to effectively removed by the flower base of a fruit but also can injure pulp.In addition, because cutting cutter adopts the shovel butt formula of linear reciprocating motion, cutting force is comparatively large, easily ejected from positioning pit by Rosa roxburghii, can not realize the complete cutting of fruit.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome the defect existed in prior art, the present invention aims to provide that a kind of structure is simple, location is reliable, the rotating disc type Rosa roxburghii that effectively can remove the colored base of a fruit and realize the complete cutting of fruit deflorates the base of a fruit and valve cutting machine.
To achieve these goals, the present invention is by the following technical solutions: it comprises feed mechanism, clamp system, speed governor structure of deflorating, valve cutting mechanism and transmission mechanism, described feed mechanism by the feed spool be bearing in frame and jackshaft, be fixed on the sheave on feed spool and surface distributed has the rotating disk of multiple positioning pit, the driver plate be fixed on finger on jackshaft is formed, finger engages with the allocating slot be distributed on sheave; Described clamp system by the driven shaft be bearing in frame, straddle balladeur train in reverse U shape on this driven shaft, be fixed on driven shaft keeps in touch with this balladeur train cam, be located at multiple gland moving up and down on balladeur train and form; Described speed governor structure of deflorating stretches into milling cutter, the gear be fixed on each milling cutter in corresponding gland respectively by being located on balladeur train and lower end, being fixed on and balladeur train driving the milling motor of each pinion rotation form; Described valve cutting mechanism by the valve cutting motor be fixed on knife rest, between gland with rotating disk and by the motor-driven cutting disc of this valve cutting, by linear bearing be located at be connected in frame and with knife rest connecting rod, be located in frame and surface by driving shaft and have the grooved cam of cam path to form, connecting rod is by being connected with grooved cam with the sliding pin that described cam path coordinates; Described transmission mechanism by the mair motor be connected with driving shaft, be fixed on driving bevel gear on driving shaft and driving gear, be fixed on driven shaft engages with driving bevel gear driven bevel pinion, be fixed on the driven gear that jackshaft engages with driving gear and form.
All pulley is fixed with between balladeur train and cam and between balladeur train and frame; Spring is fixed with in frame and gland; Have the bearing support be fixed in frame in the below of knife rest, knife rest is placed on this bearing support by pulley; Be fixed with draw point in each positioning pit, above rotating disk, have the material blocking rod be fixed in frame.
Compared with the prior art, the present invention, owing to have employed technique scheme, has changed original driving-belt into rotating disk, and has added draw point at positioning pit; Therefore not only thoroughly having avoided driving-belt because of elasticity greatly and easily shakes by fruit, but also overcomes fruit and easily roll and be difficult to ensure flower base of a fruit defect upward; In addition, owing to having changed the cutting cutter originally shoveling butt formula the cutting disc of rotary motion into, therefore avoid and because cutting force is excessive, fruit ejected, cause part fruit can not by cutting defect.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the A-A sectional view in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the B direction view in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the C direction view in Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is the D direction view in Fig. 1.
In figure: pulley 1, balladeur train 2, driven shaft 3, frame 4, linear bearing 5, driven bevel pinion 6, driving bevel gear 7, sliding pin 8, grooved cam 9, driving shaft 10, driving gear 11, mair motor 12, finger 13, jackshaft 14, driver plate 15, driven gear 16, feed spool 17, sheave 18, valve cutting motor 19, rotating disk 20, material blocking rod 21, gland 22, knife rest 23, cutting disc 24, connecting rod 25, cam 26, gear 27, milling cutter 28, positioning pit 29, draw point 30, milling motor 31.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and specific embodiment, the invention will be further described:
As shown in Fig. 1 ~ 5: frame 4 has feed mechanism, clamp system, speed governor structure of deflorating, valve cutting mechanism and transmission mechanism.Wherein:
Described feed mechanism by by the feed spool 17 of bearing its upright, supported in frame 4 and jackshaft 14, be fixed on sheave 18 on feed spool 17 and surface distributed has the rotating disk 20 of multiple positioning pit 29 and the driver plate 15 be fixed on finger 13 on jackshaft 14 to form, finger 13 engages with the allocating slot be distributed on sheave 18.
Described clamp system by the driven shaft 3 be horizontally supported at by bearing in frame 4, straddle balladeur train 2 in reverse U shape on this driven shaft, be fixed on cam 26 that driven shaft 3 keeps in touch with this balladeur train and be located at multiple gland 22 moving up and down on balladeur train 2 and form.
Described speed governor structure of deflorating is located on balladeur train 2 and lower end and stretches into milling cutter 28 in corresponding gland 22 by being erect by bearing respectively, is fixed on the gear 27 on each milling cutter 28 and is fixed on the milling motor 31 that balladeur train 2 drives one of them gear 27 to rotate by gear mechanism and form, and the gear 27 of each adjacent milling cutter 28 engages each other.
Described valve cutting mechanism by the valve cutting motor 19 be fixed on knife rest 23, between gland 22 with rotating disk 20 and by the motor-driven cutting disc 24 of this valve cutting, to be located at the connecting rod 25 that is connected in frame 4 and with knife rest 23 by linear bearing 5 and to be formed by the grooved cam 9 that driving shaft 10 is located in frame 4, there is cam path on the surface of this grooved cam, and connecting rod 25 is by being connected with grooved cam 9 with the sliding pin 8 that described cam path coordinates.
Described transmission mechanism by the mair motor 12 be connected with driving shaft 10, be fixed on driving bevel gear 7 on driving shaft 10 and driving gear 11, be fixed on driven shaft 3 engages with driving bevel gear 7 driven bevel pinion 6, be fixed on the driven gear 16 that jackshaft 14 engages with driving gear 11 and form.
In order to ensure that balladeur train 2 moves freely, between balladeur train 2 and cam 26 and between this balladeur train and frame 4, there is the pulley 1 be fixed on balladeur train 2.Do not damage pulp to be compressed by fruit, simultaneously also in order to adapt to the Rosa roxburghii of different size, the lower port of gland 22 adopts horn-like structure, is fixed with the spring held out against by gland 22 between frame 4 and each gland 22 downwards.Keep horizontal movement in order to ensure card knife rest 23, have the bearing support be fixed in frame 4 in the below of knife rest 23, knife rest 23 is placed on this bearing support by pulley 1.Reliable in order to ensure fruit location, positioning pit 29 adopts horn-like or arrives inverted cone-shaped structure, is fixed with three draw points 30 in positioning pit 29.For the ease of discharging, above rotating disk 20, there is the material blocking rod 21 be fixed in frame 4.
During work, Rosa roxburghii is fixed in positioning pit 29, makes the colored base of a fruit of fruit upward; Turn around when driver plate 15 revolves, sheave 18 just drives rotating disk 20 to rotate 1/4th circles; When Rosa roxburghii forwards the below of gland 22 to, balladeur train 2 drives gland 22 move downward and compressed by fruit; Milling cutter 28 rotates and stretches out downwards from gland 22 under the driving of milling motor 31 does feed motion, thus removes the colored base of a fruit on fruit; With this simultaneously, grooved cam 9 drives cutting disc 24 to left movement on bearing support by connecting rod 25 and knife rest 23, thus fruit cutting is become two lobes.Subsequently, balladeur train 2 is by upwards jack-up under the effect of cam 26, and gland 22 and milling cutter 28 disengage with fruit, and cutting disc 24 makes recoil movement to the right under the drive of connecting rod 25; Meanwhile, driver plate 15 drives feed spool 17 to rotate 1/4th circles again by sheave 18, and realize the charging of next station, fruit good for cutting then scrapes from rotating disk 20 by material blocking rod 21; So move in circles.

Claims (9)

1. rotating disc type Rosa roxburghii is deflorated the base of a fruit and a valve cutting machine, comprise feed mechanism, clamp system, speed governor structure of deflorating, valve cutting mechanism and transmission mechanism, it is characterized in that:
Described feed mechanism by the feed spool (17) be bearing in frame (4) and jackshaft (14), be fixed on the sheave (18) on feed spool (17) and surface distributed has the rotating disk of multiple positioning pit (29) (20), the driver plate (15) be fixed on finger (13) on jackshaft (14) is formed, finger (13) engages with the allocating slot be distributed on sheave (18);
Described clamp system by the driven shaft (3) be bearing in frame (4), straddle balladeur train (2) in reverse U shape on this driven shaft, be fixed on driven shaft (3) upper keep in touch with this balladeur train cam (26), be located at multiple gland (22) moving up and down on balladeur train (2) and form;
Described speed governor structure of deflorating stretches into the milling cutter (28) in corresponding gland (22), the gear (27) be fixed on each milling cutter (28) respectively by being located at the upper and lower end of balladeur train (2), being fixed on the upper milling motor (31) driving each gear (27) to rotate of balladeur train (2) and forming;
Described valve cutting mechanism by the valve cutting motor (19) be fixed on knife rest (23), to be positioned between gland (22) with rotating disk (20) and by the motor-driven cutting disc of this valve cutting (24), to be located at the upper and connecting rod (25) be connected with knife rest (23) of frame (4) by linear bearing (5), to be located at by driving shaft (10) that frame (4) is upper and surface has the grooved cam of cam path (9) to form, connecting rod (25) is by being connected with grooved cam (9) with the sliding pin (8) that described cam path coordinates;
Described transmission mechanism by the mair motor (12) be connected with driving shaft (10), be fixed on driving bevel gear (7) on driving shaft (10) and driving gear (11), be fixed on driven shaft (3) upper engage with driving bevel gear (7) driven bevel pinion (6), be fixed on jackshaft (14) and go up the driven gear (16) engaged with driving gear (11) and form.
2. rotating disc type Rosa roxburghii according to claim 1 is deflorated the base of a fruit and valve cutting machine, it is characterized in that: between balladeur train (2) and cam (26) and between balladeur train (2) and frame (4), be all fixed with pulley (1).
3. rotating disc type Rosa roxburghii according to claim 1 and 2 is deflorated the base of a fruit and valve cutting machine, it is characterized in that: between frame (4) and gland (22), be fixed with spring.
4. rotating disc type Rosa roxburghii according to claim 1 and 2 is deflorated the base of a fruit and valve cutting machine, and it is characterized in that: have the bearing support be fixed in frame (4) in the below of knife rest (23), knife rest (23) is placed on this bearing support by pulley (1).
5. rotating disc type Rosa roxburghii according to claim 3 is deflorated the base of a fruit and valve cutting machine, and it is characterized in that: have the bearing support be fixed in frame (4) in the below of knife rest (23), knife rest (23) is placed on this bearing support by pulley (1).
6. rotating disc type Rosa roxburghii according to claim 1 and 2 is deflorated the base of a fruit and valve cutting machine, it is characterized in that: be fixed with draw point (30) in each positioning pit (29) having the material blocking rod (21) be fixed in frame (4) in the top of rotating disk (20).
7. rotating disc type Rosa roxburghii according to claim 3 is deflorated the base of a fruit and valve cutting machine, it is characterized in that: be fixed with draw point (30) in each positioning pit (29) having the material blocking rod (21) be fixed in frame (4) in the top of rotating disk (20).
8. rotating disc type Rosa roxburghii according to claim 4 is deflorated the base of a fruit and valve cutting machine, it is characterized in that: be fixed with draw point (30) in each positioning pit (29) having the material blocking rod (21) be fixed in frame (4) in the top of rotating disk (20).
9. rotating disc type Rosa roxburghii according to claim 5 is deflorated the base of a fruit and valve cutting machine, it is characterized in that: be fixed with draw point (30) in each positioning pit (29) having the material blocking rod (21) be fixed in frame (4) in the top of rotating disk (20).
CN201310740211.4A 2013-12-30 2013-12-30 Rotating disc type Rosa roxburghii is deflorated the base of a fruit and valve cutting machine Active CN103689762B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN110367566A (en) * 2019-08-29 2019-10-25 贵州大学 A kind of Rosa roxburghii Tratt stem cutting machine
CN111230940B (en) * 2020-01-17 2021-06-04 衢州职业技术学院 Peeling device based on processing of traditional Chinese medicinal materials of river-crossing dragon seeds
CN111716414A (en) * 2020-06-09 2020-09-29 张年秋 Quick dicing device of hot pot seasoning
CN112140169A (en) * 2020-10-21 2020-12-29 周书勇 Bamboo shoots segmenting device that skins
CN113103365A (en) * 2021-04-22 2021-07-13 深圳市旭凡科技有限公司 Touch pad processing shaping sword mechanism

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2116842A5 (en) * 1970-12-09 1972-07-21 Modas Paul Sepg machine for shells from nuts - partic cashew nuts
CN102511905A (en) * 2012-01-08 2012-06-27 贵州师范大学 Machine for removing flower base and slicing of Rosa roxburghii
CN103082378A (en) * 2013-01-25 2013-05-08 陕西科技大学 Full-automatic Chinese-date vertical type date pit removing and slicing all-in-one machine
CN203676082U (en) * 2013-12-30 2014-07-02 贵州师范大学 Rotating disc type roxburgh rose flower stalk removing and petal cutting machine

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB0222766D0 (en) * 2002-10-02 2002-11-06 R & K Drysdale Ltd Vegetable trimming apparatus and method

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2116842A5 (en) * 1970-12-09 1972-07-21 Modas Paul Sepg machine for shells from nuts - partic cashew nuts
CN102511905A (en) * 2012-01-08 2012-06-27 贵州师范大学 Machine for removing flower base and slicing of Rosa roxburghii
CN103082378A (en) * 2013-01-25 2013-05-08 陕西科技大学 Full-automatic Chinese-date vertical type date pit removing and slicing all-in-one machine
CN203676082U (en) * 2013-12-30 2014-07-02 贵州师范大学 Rotating disc type roxburgh rose flower stalk removing and petal cutting machine

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