CN203482867U - High-efficiency nut hull breaking machine - Google Patents

High-efficiency nut hull breaking machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203482867U
CN203482867U CN201320575871.7U CN201320575871U CN203482867U CN 203482867 U CN203482867 U CN 203482867U CN 201320575871 U CN201320575871 U CN 201320575871U CN 203482867 U CN203482867 U CN 203482867U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
fruit
ratchet
movable knife
roller
connecting rod
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201320575871.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
薛忠
宋德庆
黄茂芳
朱德明
邓干然
黄正明
郭向明
王刚
黄小红
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Agricultural Products Processing Research Institute of CATAS
Institute of Agricultural Machinery of CATAS
Original Assignee
Agricultural Products Processing Research Institute of CATAS
Institute of Agricultural Machinery of CATAS
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Agricultural Products Processing Research Institute of CATAS, Institute of Agricultural Machinery of CATAS filed Critical Agricultural Products Processing Research Institute of CATAS
Priority to CN201320575871.7U priority Critical patent/CN203482867U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203482867U publication Critical patent/CN203482867U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a high-efficiency nut hull breaking machine which mainly comprises a nut taking machine, a machine frame, a fixed knife piece, a movable knife piece, a movable knife frame, a motor and a speed changing box. The fixed knife piece is horizontally arranged on the machine frame. The movable knife frame is arranged on the machine frame. The movable knife piece arranged on the movable knife frame corresponds to the fixed knife piece, and a certain gap is reserved between the fixed knife piece and the movable knife piece. The nut taking machine mainly comprises a nut taking roller, a brush roller, a material guiding hopper and a nut box. The motor transmits power to the speed changing box which drives the movable knife frame to move in a reciprocating mode through a transmission mechanism and drives the nut taking roller to rotate in an intermittent mode at the same time. Nuts in a nut receiving groove row fall into the material guiding hopper and fall into the gap through the material guiding hopper each time the nut taking roller rotates by a certain angle. A cam and a resetting spring are matched, the movable knife frame is driven to move in the reciprocating mode, and the movable knife piece on the movable knife frame is driven to break hulls of the nuts. The working efficiency of hull breaking is improved, and great hull breaking effect is achieved.

Description

Heavy duty detergent nut cracker
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of nut cracker, especially a kind of rejuvenator for Queensland nut.
Background technology
Queensland nut is mainly by artificial or semi automatic machine shelling at present, and labour intensity is large, and working (machining) efficiency is not high, external big machinery is not suitable for China's national situation, and it is high to purchase big machinery expense, common people cannot afford, and the utility model is for concentrating processing in single household's processing or village's group.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide the heavy duty detergent that a kind of shell-breaking efficiency is high and broken shell is effective nut cracker.
Heavy duty detergent nut cracker, it is mainly by getting fruit device, frame, ledger-plate, cutting blade, movable knife rack, motor and gearbox form, wherein, described ledger-plate level is located in frame, movable knife rack is located in frame, be located at cutting blade on movable knife rack corresponding with ledger-plate and leave certain gap therebetween, get fruit device mainly by getting fruit roller, brush roll, material guiding hopper and fruit case form, described surface of getting fruit roller is intervally distributed with a plurality of fruit grooves that connect along axis direction, a plurality of connect fruit flute profile in a row, the surface of getting fruit roller connects fruit groove along being circumferentially intervally distributed with many rows, described fruit case is located at gets fruit roller side top, the side bottom of described fruit case is provided with fruit outlet, described fruit outlet is near the surface of getting fruit roller, described material guiding hopper is located at the top in described gap, the described fruit roller level of getting is located at above the side of material guiding hopper, described brush roll is located at the top of getting fruit roller side by side, and the bristle of brush roll and the surperficial close contact of getting fruit roller, described motor is passed to gearbox by power, gearbox drives movable knife rack to move back and forth by transmission mechanism, and drives simultaneously and get fruit roller and do intermittent rotation, gets fruit roller and often turns an angle, with regard to the nut that has a row to connect in fruit groove, fall into material guiding hopper, through material guiding hopper, fall into described gap.
The described fruit roller of getting drives brush roll to rotate by belt.
Described ledger-plate adopts the adjustable installation form in position, carrys out the width of adjusting play by adjusting the position of ledger-plate, and its object is to adjust the broken shell penetraction depth to nut.
Described motor adopts single-phase two-capacitance capacitive asynchronous machine, and this motor can forward and reversely rotate.
Described transmission mechanism is mainly by driving-belt, power transmission shaft, cam, ratchet, ratchet, connecting rod, ratchet connecting rod, two rollers form, power transmission shaft is located in frame, cam is located on power transmission shaft, one end near cam on connecting rod is provided with roller, one end of the other end and ratchet connecting rod is hinged, the other end of ratchet connecting rod is provided with described ratchet, with the ratchet of click-fit with get fruit roller or brush roll and coaxially install, gearbox drives power transmission shaft by driving-belt, power transmission shaft drives the described cam on it to rotate, cam rotates and promotes connecting rod, connecting rod promotes ratchet connecting rod, ratchet connecting rod promotes ratchet, ratchet promotes ratchet, ratchet drives gets fruit roller and the intermittent rotation of brush roll do, described movable knife rack is provided with back-moving spring, and the one end near cam on movable knife rack is provided with roller, and cam matches with back-moving spring, drives movable knife rack reciprocating.
Describedly get fruit device, ledger-plate and be respectively equipped with two covers with the movable knife rack of cutting blade, and be located at respectively the both sides of described power transmission shaft, described cam, ratchet, ratchet, connecting rod, ratchet connecting rod, two rollers are respectively established two covers, in order to drive described two to extract fruit device and two cover movable knife racks, described two cams are all located on described power transmission shaft.
The beneficial effects of the utility model: adopt above-mentioned version, not only improved the operating efficiency of broken shell, but also there is splendid broken shell effect.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is described in further detail.
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of getting fruit device shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the side view of getting fruit roller shown in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of ratchet, ratchet in transmission mechanism shown in Fig. 1.
In figure: 1, get fruit device; 2, frame; 3, ledger-plate; 4, cutting blade; 5, movable knife rack; 6, motor; 7, gearbox; 8, get fruit roller; 9, brush roll; 10, material guiding hopper; 11, fruit case; 12, connect fruit groove; 13, fruit outlet; 14, gap; 15, driving-belt; 16, power transmission shaft; 17, cam; 18, ratchet; 19, ratchet; 20, connecting rod; 21, ratchet connecting rod; 22, roller; 23, roller; 24, belt; 25, back-moving spring; 26, nut.
The specific embodiment
As Fig. 1, 2, 3, shown in 4, heavy duty detergent nut cracker, it is mainly by getting fruit device 1, frame 2, ledger-plate 3, cutting blade 4, movable knife rack 5, motor 6 and gearbox 7 form, described ledger-plate 3 levels are located in frame 2, movable knife rack 5 is located in frame 2, be located at cutting blade 4 on movable knife rack 5 corresponding with ledger-plate 3 and leave certain gap 14 therebetween, get fruit device 1 mainly by getting fruit roller 8, brush roll 9, material guiding hopper 10 and fruit case 11 form, described surface of getting fruit roller 8 is intervally distributed with a plurality of fruit grooves 12 that connect along axis direction, it is a plurality of that to connect fruit groove 12 shapes in a row, the surface of getting fruit roller connects fruit groove along being circumferentially intervally distributed with many rows, described fruit case 11 is located at the side top of getting fruit roller 8, the side bottom of described fruit case 11 is provided with fruit outlet 13, described fruit outlet 13 is near the surface of getting fruit roller 8, described material guiding hopper 10 is located at the top in described gap 14, described fruit roller 8 levels of getting are located at above the side of material guiding hopper 10, described brush roll 9 is located at the top of getting fruit roller 8 side by side, and the bristle of brush roll 9 and the surperficial close contact of getting fruit roller 8.The effect of brush roll 9 is: unnecessary fruit is removed, guaranteed that each connects in fruit groove 12 and only retain a nut.Described ledger-plate 3 adopts the adjustable installation form in position, carrys out the width of adjusting play by adjusting the position of ledger-plate, and its object is to adjust the broken shell penetraction depth to nut.
Described transmission mechanism is mainly by driving-belt 15, power transmission shaft 16, cam 17, ratchet 18, ratchet 19, connecting rod 20, ratchet connecting rod 21, two rollers 22, 23 form, power transmission shaft 16 is located in frame 2, cam 17 is located on power transmission shaft 16, one end near cam 17 on connecting rod 20 is provided with roller 22, one end of the other end and ratchet connecting rod 21 is hinged, the other end of ratchet connecting rod 21 is provided with described ratchet 19, the ratchet 18 and the brush roll 9 that coordinate with ratchet 19 are coaxially installed, described motor 6 adopts single-phase two-capacitance capacitive asynchronous machine, this motor can forward and reversely rotate, described motor 6 is passed to gearbox 7 by power, gearbox 7 drives power transmission shaft 16 by driving-belt 15, power transmission shaft 16 drives the described cam 17 on it to rotate, cam 17 promotes connecting rod 20, connecting rod 20 promotes ratchet connecting rod 21, ratchet connecting rod 21 promotes ratchet 19, ratchet 19 promotes ratchet 18, ratchet 18 drives brush roll 9 to do intermittent rotation, described brush roll 9 is driven and is got intermittent rotation of fruit roller 8 works by belt 24.Get fruit roller 8 and often turn an angle, with regard to the nut that has a row to connect in fruit groove, fall into material guiding hopper 10, through material guiding hopper 10, fall into described gap 14, meanwhile, under the cooperation of brush roll, the nut 26 in fruit case is admitted to a row who gets on fruit roller 8 and connects fruit groove, and guarantees groove one fruit; Described movable knife rack 5 is provided with back-moving spring 25, one end near cam 17 on movable knife rack 5 is provided with roller 23, cam 17 matches with back-moving spring 25, drive movable knife rack 5 reciprocating, drive on movable knife rack 5 and drive cutting blade 4, cutting blade 4 matches with ledger-plate 3 and pushes or cut falling into the nut 26 in gap, thereby realizes the object of broken shell.
In order to improve the output effect of motor, describedly get fruit device 1, ledger-plate 3 and be respectively equipped with two covers with the movable knife rack 5 of cutting blade 4, and be located at respectively the both sides of described power transmission shaft 16, described cam 17, ratchet 18, ratchet 19, connecting rod 20, ratchet connecting rod 21, two rollers 22,23 are respectively established two covers, in order to drive described two to extract fruit device and two cover movable knife racks, two cams 17 are all located on same power transmission shaft 16, and adopt the mode of arranged in dislocation.

Claims (6)

1. heavy duty detergent nut cracker, it is characterized in that: it is mainly by getting fruit device, frame, ledger-plate, cutting blade, movable knife rack, motor and gearbox form, wherein, described ledger-plate level is located in frame, movable knife rack is located in frame, be located at cutting blade on movable knife rack corresponding with ledger-plate and leave certain gap therebetween, get fruit device mainly by getting fruit roller, brush roll, material guiding hopper and fruit case form, described surface of getting fruit roller is intervally distributed with a plurality of fruit grooves that connect along axis direction, a plurality of connect fruit flute profile in a row, the surface of getting fruit roller connects fruit groove along being circumferentially intervally distributed with many rows, described fruit case is located at gets fruit roller side top, the side bottom of described fruit case is provided with fruit outlet, described fruit outlet is near the surface of getting fruit roller, described material guiding hopper is located at the top in described gap, the described fruit roller level of getting is located at above the side of material guiding hopper, described brush roll is located at the top of getting fruit roller side by side, and the bristle of brush roll and the surperficial close contact of getting fruit roller, described motor is passed to gearbox by power, gearbox drives movable knife rack to move back and forth by transmission mechanism, and drives simultaneously and get fruit roller and do intermittent rotation, gets fruit roller and often turns an angle, with regard to the nut that has a row to connect in fruit groove, fall into material guiding hopper, through material guiding hopper, fall into described gap.
2. heavy duty detergent nut cracker according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described in get fruit roller and drive brush roll to rotate by belt.
3. heavy duty detergent nut cracker according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described ledger-plate adopts the adjustable installation form in position.
4. heavy duty detergent nut cracker according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described motor adopts single-phase two-capacitance capacitive asynchronous machine.
5. heavy duty detergent nut cracker according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described transmission mechanism is mainly by driving-belt, power transmission shaft, cam, ratchet, ratchet, connecting rod, ratchet connecting rod, two rollers form, power transmission shaft is located in frame, cam is located on power transmission shaft, one end near cam on connecting rod is provided with roller, one end of the other end and ratchet connecting rod is hinged, the other end of ratchet connecting rod is provided with described ratchet, with the ratchet of click-fit with get fruit roller or brush roll and coaxially install, gearbox drives power transmission shaft by driving-belt, power transmission shaft drives the described cam on it to rotate, cam rotates and promotes connecting rod, connecting rod promotes ratchet connecting rod, ratchet connecting rod promotes ratchet, ratchet promotes ratchet, ratchet drives gets fruit roller and the intermittent rotation of brush roll do, described movable knife rack is provided with back-moving spring, and the one end near cam on movable knife rack is provided with roller, and cam matches with back-moving spring, drives movable knife rack reciprocating.
6. heavy duty detergent nut cracker according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described in get fruit device, ledger-plate and be respectively equipped with two covers with the movable knife rack of cutting blade, and be located at respectively the both sides of described power transmission shaft, described cam, ratchet, ratchet, connecting rod, ratchet connecting rod, two rollers are respectively established two covers, in order to drive described two to extract fruit device and two cover movable knife racks, described two cams are all located on described power transmission shaft.
CN201320575871.7U 2013-09-17 2013-09-17 High-efficiency nut hull breaking machine Expired - Fee Related CN203482867U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320575871.7U CN203482867U (en) 2013-09-17 2013-09-17 High-efficiency nut hull breaking machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320575871.7U CN203482867U (en) 2013-09-17 2013-09-17 High-efficiency nut hull breaking machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203482867U true CN203482867U (en) 2014-03-19

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103431497A (en) * 2013-09-17 2013-12-11 中国热带农业科学院农业机械研究所 High-efficiency nut shelling machine
CN104223323A (en) * 2014-09-03 2014-12-24 临安市华安设备承装有限公司 Nut slotting machine
CN104473300A (en) * 2014-11-21 2015-04-01 中国热带农业科学院农产品加工研究所 Cashew shell breaking method
CN105380543A (en) * 2015-11-03 2016-03-09 刘子提 Hull breaking machine for breaking walnut hulls
CN105962387B (en) * 2016-06-27 2019-01-04 中国热带农业科学院农业机械研究所 A kind of binary channels Queensland nut hulling machine and shell breaking method
WO2022045904A1 (en) * 2020-08-25 2022-03-03 Amazon Nuts S.A.C. Automatic device for cracking and selecting a brazil nut or similar

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103431497A (en) * 2013-09-17 2013-12-11 中国热带农业科学院农业机械研究所 High-efficiency nut shelling machine
CN103431497B (en) * 2013-09-17 2015-10-07 中国热带农业科学院农业机械研究所 Heavy duty detergent nut cracker
CN104223323A (en) * 2014-09-03 2014-12-24 临安市华安设备承装有限公司 Nut slotting machine
CN104223323B (en) * 2014-09-03 2015-12-02 临安市华安设备承装有限公司 A kind of nut groover
CN104473300A (en) * 2014-11-21 2015-04-01 中国热带农业科学院农产品加工研究所 Cashew shell breaking method
CN105380543A (en) * 2015-11-03 2016-03-09 刘子提 Hull breaking machine for breaking walnut hulls
CN105380543B (en) * 2015-11-03 2017-12-12 刘子提 A kind of rejuvenator for walnut shell-breaking
CN105962387B (en) * 2016-06-27 2019-01-04 中国热带农业科学院农业机械研究所 A kind of binary channels Queensland nut hulling machine and shell breaking method
WO2022045904A1 (en) * 2020-08-25 2022-03-03 Amazon Nuts S.A.C. Automatic device for cracking and selecting a brazil nut or similar

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GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140319

Termination date: 20140917

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model