CN103469887A - Building with unitized exterior wall system - Google Patents

Building with unitized exterior wall system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103469887A
CN103469887A CN2013104280952A CN201310428095A CN103469887A CN 103469887 A CN103469887 A CN 103469887A CN 2013104280952 A CN2013104280952 A CN 2013104280952A CN 201310428095 A CN201310428095 A CN 201310428095A CN 103469887 A CN103469887 A CN 103469887A
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wall
panel
blocking
core
building
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CN103469887B (en
Inventor
梁国成
王艳丰
金鑫
赵连方
孙汉森
夏富君
武志强
游国安
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Shenyang Yuanda Aluminium Industry Group Co Ltd
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SHENYANG YUANDA XINXING LIGHT WALL Co Ltd
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Publication of CN103469887A publication Critical patent/CN103469887A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a building with a unitized exterior wall system. The unitized exterior wall system of the building specifically consists of prefabricated unitized wall bodies which serve as splicing units, wherein the unitized wall bodies form a matched mounting relationship with one of beam, column and floor slab structures or combinations of the beam, column and floor slab structures of the building, and also form the matched mounting relationship with one another; the unitized wall bodies are connected with one of the beam, column and floor slab structures or the combinations of the beam, column and floor slab structures of the building in a hooking way, an upper hooking point design is specifically adopted, the weights of wallboards are born by upper supporting structures, and auxiliary limiting structures are arranged on a lower part or/and left and right sides; every two adjacent unitized wall bodies are connected in a splicing way; a flexible connecting structure is formed by the connection forms; sealing structures also are arranged between the unitized wall bodies. According to the building, the building industrialization level is greatly improved; the building is convenient to use and suitable for building industrialization, and is expected to have obviously higher economic value and social value, and the construction difficulty is lowered.

Description

A kind of building with blocking external wall system
Technical field:
The present invention relates to structure design and the applied technical field of skin integral body and wallboard, a kind of building with blocking external wall system is provided especially.
Background technology:
In prior art, the enclosed structure of traditional brick wall enclosed structure, on-the-spot pouring and prefabricated panel system not in the process of construction, the construction period is long, complicated operation, technique effect is limited.Simultaneously, the structure of skin body is more single, mainly with concrete material, is base application; Its technique effect is comparatively limited.
Therefore, people expect to obtain the good building with blocking external wall system of a kind of technique effect.
Summary of the invention:
The purpose of this invention is to provide the good building with blocking external wall system of a kind of technique effect.
The invention provides a kind of building with blocking external wall system, it is fixed installation jointly by prefabricated blocking body of wall and beam, post, floor, common formation constructure body structure, it is characterized in that: in the described building with blocking external wall system, blocking skin system specifically consists of the prefabricated blocking body of wall as assembled unit, beam on blocking body of wall and building, post, floor slab structure one or a combination set of coordinate to be installed, and adjacent blocking body of wall also forms the installation relation that coordinates each other;
The connected mode of the beam of blocking body of wall and building, post, floor one or a combination set of, for articulating, is specially the hanging point design, and wallboard weight is all by the upper support structure carrying, and bottom is or/and the left and right sides is provided with auxiliary position limiting structure;
Between adjacent blocking body of wall, with inserting mode, connect; Above-mentioned type of attachment forms flexible connection structure jointly;
Also be provided with hermetically-sealed construction between adjacent blocking body of wall.
The described building with blocking external wall system also has following content request:
In described blocking skin system, the socket connection structures to form by concavo-convex complementation between the blocking body of wall be continuous skin body and and then form the skin system; The formation of blocking body of wall requires as follows: as the keel of carriage, upper plane materiel, lower plane materiel, core; Wherein: core is arranged between plane materiel, lower plane materiel, is clamping the keel as carriage between the periphery of upper plane materiel, lower plane materiel; Core layout place between keel also is provided with following structure one or a combination set of: the supporting water power interface unit of building, and door, window, support the reinforcing rib of large board size wallboard.
In described blocking skin system, the individual unit body of wall meets one of following requirement:
One, the blocking body of wall is the composite lightweight wall with sealing joint strip, the socket connection structures to form by concavo-convex complementation between adjacent blocking body of wall be continuous skin body and and then form the skin system; With specifically being constructed as follows of the composite lightweight wall of sealing joint strip: male frame 51, female frame 52, panel 2, core 3, sealing joint strip 11, annular seal space 13; Keelson 1 as carriage specifically is divided into two kinds: male frame 51, female frame 52; Form by means of male frame 51 and female frame 52 structure that is connected between adjacent two blocking bodies of wall; Between male frame 51 ends of male frame 51 and female frame 52 cooperation places and female frame 52 bottoms, for buffer structure, be that annular seal space 13(be that annular seal space 13 arranges is the sealing chamber that is cooperatively interacted and pegged graft and form by male frame 51, female frame 52); Panel 2 is specially inorganic panel, core 3 and is specially on the fitting face that layered insulation material, sealing joint strip 11 be arranged in male frame 51 and female frame 52 or/and on the fitting face between adjacent two blocking bodies of wall of fitting face outside;
Its two composite lightweight wall that is equal pressure principle sealing, the socket connection structures to form by concavo-convex complementation between adjacent blocking body of wall be continuous skin body and and then form the skin system; Specifically being constructed as follows of the composite lightweight wall of equal pressure principle sealing: male frame 51, female frame 52, panel 2, core 3, sealing joint strip 11;
On the fitting face of male frame 51 and female frame 52, sealing joint strip 11 is set and forms tightness, watertightness, the resisting wind press capacity grade of multilayer obstruct and then raising skin body with the sealed chamber that forms 2-6 series connection; And intercept in the metastable annular seal space 13 of corresponding air pressure the draining air-vent that allows outside draining is set at every one deck.
In described blocking skin system, the individual unit body of wall also meets one of following requirement:
One, the blocking body of wall is that it specifically is configured to the composite lightweight wall of vertical hair rock wool: panel 2, core 3, bonding and thermal insulation material layer 5; Wherein: the concrete complex cement fiberboard that adopts good endurance of panel 2, core 3 is the vertical hair rock wool specifically, and bonding and thermal insulation material layer 5 is inorganic silicon gel bond layer specifically; The two sides of core 3 are adhesively fixed with two panels 2 respectively by bonding and thermal insulation material layer 5;
During bonding operation, get a panel 2 and within it side contact vertical hair rock wool one side and evenly smear inorganic silicon gel bond layer, thickness and the quality requirement of inorganic silicon gel bond layer reach every square metre of 300 ± 30 gram; Inorganic silicon gel bond layer is smeared the sandwich layer that rear direct bonding vertical hair rock wool forms panel 2 inside, requires the vertical hair rock wool unit weight 100 ± 10kg/m used 3, bonding rear continuous load is stated from the surface of sandwich layer, and the time is 30 ± 10 minutes, to guarantee the adhesive effect of inorganic silicon gel and rock wool; Other one deck faceplate part 21 finally is installed;
Composite lightweight wall with the vertical hair rock wool of the present invention has following characteristics and advantage:
1, fireproof performance is good, fire endurance>2 hour;
2, sound insulation property excellence, sound insulation factor >=45DB;
3, resisting wind press capacity excellence, >=4500pa;
4, from heavy and light ,≤60kg/m 2, can reduce the building deadweight, especially alleviated the weight of general brick wall, therefore can alleviate a large amount of structural loads, save in a large number reinforcing bar and cement, improve building function, save project total cost;
5, improve the heat insulation effect of building, for country saves a large amount of energy;
6, acid and alkali-resistance, be difficult for aging, good frost resistance, nontoxic, tasteless, pollution-free, without harmful radiation;
7, because this body of wall has the rigid surface material, include again flexible material, when having powerful external impacts to destroy skin, the flexible material of internal layer can absorb most of external force, so this body of wall has very strong impact resistance;
8, the structure 88 due to house hold together with body of wall of the present invention as beam, post, floor etc., have therefore increased the bulk strength of building, have improved the antidetonation grade.The building of body of wall of the present invention is installed, and while running into earthquake, metope is difficult for collapsing, and also makes the beam, the post that are connected as a single entity be difficult for collapsing, thereby has solved in the existing building problem that the earthquake wall first collapses and beam, post crushed again of meeting.
Its two, the blocking body of wall is polyurethane closed rock wool composite lightweight wall, it specifically is constructed as follows: panel 2, core 3, male frame 51, female frame 52, sealing joint strip 11; Wherein: core 3 is polyurethane foams filling block or rock wool specifically; The top panel of blocking body of wall and lower panel are all panels 2, be furnished with core 3 rock wool specifically with fire-proof and thermal-insulation ability between two-layer panel 2, it is keelson 1 that four sides of the thickness direction of blocking body of wall are provided with the frame that can fix or be connected in one each other, be filled with certain thickness polyurethane foams filling block between the rock wool of top panel and lower panel inside and frame, the polyurethane foams filling block is by the rock wool separate sealed, stop like this rock wool and contacted with air, formed better tightness and watertightness effect; (referring to Figure 11, Figure 12), for increasing heat-insulating property, frame is that keelson 1 inside has been filled the polyurethane foams with incubation and thermal insulation function equally.
Described frame, specific constructive form is " C " type, " U " type, " L " type, " one " type and combining form thereof;
Sealing between described composite plate both can adopt the adhesive tape sealing be fixed on frame, also can adopt the sealing of elasticity building sealant, reached the effect be equal to.
Advantage and good effect that the present invention has be: rock wool by polyurethane closed after, blocked contacting of rock wool and air, the steady quality of rock wool in can realizing over a long time, ensured the security performance of wall board, extended the application life of combined wall board.And intensity of the present invention is high, easy to assembly, construct laborsaving, save time, combination property meets the property indices of building non-bearing external enclosure wall, can independently bear the function of external wall.
Its three, the blocking body of wall is the composite lightweight wall with waterproof ventilated membrane, it specifically is constructed as follows: keelson 1, panel 2, core 3, waterproof ventilated membrane 8 combine; Wherein, waterproof ventilated membrane 8 is placed between keelson 1 and core 3, and has completely cut off to fall core 3 and contact with the direct of keelson 1; During use, when extraneous rain leaks into keelson 1 place, water can be along keelson 1 to the plate diffusion inside, after water runs into waterproof ventilated membrane 8, waterproof ventilated membrane 8 can well play the effect of water to the plate diffusion inside that stop, and then effectively stoped inner core 3 to contact with the direct of water, guaranteed that the functional of inner core 3 is not damaged, thereby guaranteed that the overall performance of composite lightweight wall is unaffected;
Its four, the blocking body of wall is the composite lightweight wall with window, it specifically is constructed as follows: panel 2, core 3, keelson 1, inorganic exterior window trim 6; Wherein: panel 2 arranges on two sides of core 3, and keelson 1 arranges on the side of whole thickness of wall body direction, is arranged in body of wall for the inorganic exterior window trim 6 that window 7 is installed inner and be communicated with the inside and outside both sides of body of wall;
Wherein: inorganic exterior window trim 6 specifically consists of indoor exterior window trim 61, outdoor exterior window trim 62; Indoor exterior window trim 61 is arranged in an indoor side and an outdoor side of window 7 for quadrilateral frame shelf structure, itself and outdoor exterior window trim 62 common combinations; Band batch water exterior window trim 63 fixed and arranged are in the bottom of outdoor exterior window trim 62 or be fixed into one with outdoor exterior window trim 62 bottoms;
Between inorganic exterior window trim 6 and body of wall, by bonding and thermal insulation material layer 5, be adhesively fixed, bonding and thermal insulation material layer 5 layer structure that specifically weather proofing sealant forms;
Keelson 1 on four sides of composite lightweight wall thickness direction one or a combination set of is provided with corresponding tongue and groove so that the grafting of carrying out is each other installed; Upside at the outdoor exterior window trim 62 that adopts inorganic material to make is connected with the form of the left and right sides with 45 ° of splicings, the band of bottom is criticized water exterior window trim 63 and is connected and fixed on the keelson 1 of body of wall with left and right sides exterior window trim, and spread weather proofing sealant, so not only play waterproof action, and make the window hole outward appearance more smooth attractive in appearance; The moulding of group frame and window 7 that indoor exterior window trim 61 is spelled angle with 45 degree are fixed on body of wall simultaneously, and indoor exterior window trim 61 not only plays the interior effect, also makes the more smooth installation of being convenient to window 7 of window opening; Polyurethane material is filled out in space between body of wall and window 7, and purpose is to block entering of outdoor air, well plays indoor heat insulation effect; Finally at inorganic exterior window trim 6, with window 7 contact portions, stamp weather proofing sealant and carry out water-tight;
Its five, the composite lightweight wall that the blocking body of wall is the architectural surface 4 processed with kinds of surface, it specifically is constructed as follows:
Keelson 1, panel 2, core 3, architectural surface 4; Panel 2 is the fiber cement flat board, and it is positioned at body of wall inner face and outside; 3 of cores are filled in the middle of two-layer panel 2, and it provides certain inner support for body of wall, has also played fire prevention, heat insulation effect; Panel 2 adopts mechanical connection manner with keelson 1, makes to connect more convenient, more reliable;
The weak point that the composite lightweight wall of the architectural surface 4 of processing with kinds of surface exists for prior art and a kind of composite lightweight wall of can kinds of surface processing is provided, it has, and cost is low, good decorating effect, product category is various, functional performance is good characteristics.
Optional decoration kind: face brick, stone material, metal plaques, wooden plaque, coating, soft ceramic tile etc.
The light energy conservation combined wall board exists purpose to reduce exactly the body of wall area occupied, improves the house utilization rate, alleviates structural load, improves shock resistance of the building and security performance, reduces comprehensive cost.Simultaneously, also to consider the factors such as the market demand, manufacturing cost.Therefore for its decorative cover, several basic demands are arranged:
1, do not increase product weight as far as possible, do not increase structural load; 2, basic satisfied existing wall body decoration demand; 3, guarantee safety; 4, have certain impact resistance as played, friction etc.; 5, meet national policies, policy requirement; 6, control except product cost client special demands.
Comprehensive above factor, we can find that the first-selected finish material of light composite wall is building coating, because no matter coating is from function, or effect can replace face brick, stone material, metal plaques, wooden plaque etc., especially exterior wall natural real stone paint, fluorine carbon paint metallic luster are exactly good example, and its cost is far below other like products simultaneously.
In terms of existing technologies, the present invention breaks through the restriction of prior art, and prefabricated blocking floor is installed on the subjective basis of major structure of construction beam, post, floor, improves whereby the industrialization of construction industry level, and obtains good technique effect.And its blocking wall body structure flexible design is various, easy to use, difficulty of construction reduces, and is applicable to the industrialization of construction industry application, and it has obviously expected economic worth and social value preferably.
The accompanying drawing explanation:
Fig. 1 is the composite lightweight wall structure diagram with waterproof ventilated membrane;
Fig. 2 is the composite lightweight wall structural representation with the vertical hair rock wool;
Fig. 3 is the composite lightweight wall front view with inorganic exterior window trim 6;
Fig. 4 is that the A of Fig. 3 is to sectional view;
Fig. 5 is that the B of Fig. 3 is to sectional view;
Fig. 6 is the composite lightweight wall structure diagram with waterproof ventilated membrane;
Fig. 7 is the schematic appearance after the many plates of blocking external wall system connect;
Fig. 8 is the longitudinal sectional view of Fig. 7 along the A-A position;
Fig. 9 is B-B direction macrostructure schematic diagram in Fig. 7;
Figure 10 is C section structure for amplifying schematic diagram in Fig. 8;
Figure 11 is polyurethane closed rock wool-steel plywood schematic diagram;
Figure 12 is left and right composite wall board connection status schematic diagram;
Figure 13 is the sectional view with the composite lightweight wall of sealing joint strip;
Figure 14 is connected node schematic diagram between the wallboard plate;
Figure 15 is prefabrication composite lightweight wall schematic diagram;
Figure 16 is the sectional view of Figure 15 along the A-A position;
Figure 17 is link position node schematic diagram between the wallboard plate;
Figure 18 is the second example structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Figure 19 is the front view of the composite lightweight wall of existing oversize;
Figure 20 is the sectional side elevation of the composite lightweight wall of existing oversize;
Figure 21 is the sectional side elevation of the composite lightweight wall of existing oversize;
The composite lightweight wall structure diagram that Figure 22 is the equal pressure principle sealing;
The composite lightweight wall structure diagram that Figure 23 is the equal pressure principle sealing.
The specific embodiment:
Each Reference numeral clear is as follows: keelson 1, panel 2, core 3, architectural surface 4, bonding and thermal insulation material layer 5; Inorganic exterior window trim 6, indoor exterior window trim 61, outdoor exterior window trim 62, outdoor below band are criticized exterior window trim 63, the window 7 of water; Waterproof ventilated membrane 8; Male frame 51, female frame 52, glass magnesium plate 9, sealing joint strip 11, hanging point 12; Annular seal space 13; Combined wall board 14, window hole 15, water power socket 16, preheating embedding line 17; Masterbatch grafting frame 521, public material grafting frame 511, the first chamber 131, the second chamber 132, the 3rd chamber 133; Main building basis 88.
Embodiment 1
A kind of building with blocking external wall system, it is fixed installation jointly by prefabricated blocking body of wall and beam, post, floor, common formation constructure body structure, in the described building with blocking external wall system, blocking skin system specifically consists of the prefabricated blocking body of wall as assembled unit, beam on blocking body of wall and building, post, floor slab structure one or a combination set of coordinate to be installed, and adjacent blocking body of wall also forms the installation relation that coordinates each other;
The connected mode of the beam of blocking body of wall and building, post, floor one or a combination set of, for articulating, is specially the hanging point design, and wallboard weight is all by the upper support structure carrying, and bottom is or/and the left and right sides is provided with auxiliary position limiting structure; Between adjacent blocking body of wall, with inserting mode, connect; Above-mentioned type of attachment forms flexible connection structure jointly; Also be provided with hermetically-sealed construction between adjacent blocking body of wall.
The described building with blocking external wall system also has following content request:
In described blocking skin system, the socket connection structures to form by concavo-convex complementation between the blocking body of wall be continuous skin body and and then form the skin system; The formation of blocking body of wall requires as follows: as the keel of carriage, upper plane materiel, lower plane materiel, core; Wherein: core is arranged between plane materiel, lower plane materiel, is clamping the keel as carriage between the periphery of upper plane materiel, lower plane materiel; Core layout place between keel also is provided with following structure one or a combination set of: the supporting water power interface unit of building, and door, window, support the reinforcing rib of large board size wallboard.
Referring to Fig. 7,8.
In described blocking skin system, the individual unit body of wall meets one of following requirement:
One, the blocking body of wall is the composite lightweight wall with sealing joint strip, the socket connection structures to form by concavo-convex complementation between adjacent blocking body of wall be continuous skin body and and then form the skin system; With specifically being constructed as follows of the composite lightweight wall of sealing joint strip: male frame 51, female frame 52, panel 2, core 3, sealing joint strip 11, annular seal space 13; Keelson 1 as carriage specifically is divided into two kinds: male frame 51, female frame 52; Form by means of male frame 51 and female frame 52 structure that is connected between adjacent two blocking bodies of wall; Between male frame 51 ends of male frame 51 and female frame 52 cooperation places and female frame 52 bottoms, for buffer structure, be that annular seal space 13(be that annular seal space 13 arranges is the sealing chamber that is cooperatively interacted and pegged graft and form by male frame 51, female frame 52); Panel 2 is specially inorganic panel, core 3 and is specially on the fitting face that layered insulation material, sealing joint strip 11 be arranged in male frame 51 and female frame 52 or/and on the fitting face between adjacent two blocking bodies of wall of fitting face outside;
Its two composite lightweight wall that is equal pressure principle sealing, the socket connection structures to form by concavo-convex complementation between adjacent blocking body of wall be continuous skin body and and then form the skin system; Specifically being constructed as follows of the composite lightweight wall of equal pressure principle sealing: male frame 51, female frame 52, panel 2, core 3, sealing joint strip 11;
On the fitting face of male frame 51 and female frame 52, sealing joint strip 11 is set and forms tightness, watertightness, the resisting wind press capacity grade of multilayer obstruct and then raising skin body with the sealed chamber that forms 2-6 series connection; And intercept in the metastable annular seal space 13 of corresponding air pressure the draining air-vent that allows outside draining is set at every one deck.
In described blocking skin system, the individual unit body of wall also meets one of following requirement:
One, the blocking body of wall is that it specifically is configured to the composite lightweight wall of vertical hair rock wool: panel 2, core 3, bonding and thermal insulation material layer 5; Wherein: the concrete complex cement fiberboard that adopts good endurance of panel 2, core 3 is the vertical hair rock wool specifically, and bonding and thermal insulation material layer 5 is inorganic silicon gel bond layer specifically; The two sides of core 3 are adhesively fixed with two panels 2 respectively by bonding and thermal insulation material layer 5;
During bonding operation, get a panel 2 and within it side contact vertical hair rock wool one side and evenly smear inorganic silicon gel bond layer, thickness and the quality requirement of inorganic silicon gel bond layer reach every square metre of 300 ± 30 gram; Inorganic silicon gel bond layer is smeared the sandwich layer that rear direct bonding vertical hair rock wool forms panel 2 inside, requires the vertical hair rock wool unit weight 100 ± 10kg/m used 3, bonding rear continuous load is stated from the surface of sandwich layer, and the time is 30 ± 10 minutes, to guarantee the adhesive effect of inorganic silicon gel and rock wool; Other one deck faceplate part 21 finally is installed;
The described composite lightweight wall with the vertical hair rock wool of the present embodiment has following characteristics and advantage:
1, fireproof performance is good, fire endurance>2 hour; 2, sound insulation property excellence, sound insulation factor>=45DB; 3, resisting wind press capacity excellence,>=4500pa; 4, from heavy and light ,≤60kg/m 2, can reduce the building deadweight, especially alleviated the weight of general brick wall, therefore can alleviate a large amount of structural loads, save in a large number reinforcing bar and cement, improve building function, save project total cost; 5, improve the heat insulation effect of building, for country saves a large amount of energy; 6, acid and alkali-resistance, be difficult for aging, good frost resistance, nontoxic, tasteless, pollution-free, without harmful radiation; 7, because this body of wall has the rigid surface material, include again flexible material, when having powerful external impacts to destroy skin, the flexible material of internal layer can absorb most of external force, so this body of wall has very strong impact resistance; 8, the structure 88 due to house hold together with body of wall as described in the present embodiment as beam, post, floor etc., have therefore increased the bulk strength of building, have improved the antidetonation grade.The building of the described body of wall of the present embodiment is installed, and while running into earthquake, metope is difficult for collapsing, and also makes the beam, the post that are connected as a single entity be difficult for collapsing, thereby has solved in the existing building problem that the earthquake wall first collapses and beam, post crushed again of meeting.
Its two, the blocking body of wall is polyurethane closed rock wool composite lightweight wall, it specifically is constructed as follows: panel 2, core 3, male frame 51, female frame 52, sealing joint strip 11; Wherein: core 3 is polyurethane foams filling block or rock wool specifically; The top panel of blocking body of wall and lower panel are all panels 2, be furnished with core 3 rock wool specifically with fire-proof and thermal-insulation ability between two-layer panel 2, it is keelson 1 that four sides of the thickness direction of blocking body of wall are provided with the frame that can fix or be connected in one each other, be filled with certain thickness polyurethane foams filling block between the rock wool of top panel and lower panel inside and frame, the polyurethane foams filling block is by the rock wool separate sealed, stop like this rock wool and contacted with air, formed better tightness and watertightness effect; (referring to Figure 11, Figure 12 .), for increasing heat-insulating property, frame is that keelson 1 inside has been filled the polyurethane foams with incubation and thermal insulation function equally.
Described frame, specific constructive form is " C " type, " U " type, " L " type, " one " type and combining form thereof;
Sealing between described composite plate both can adopt the adhesive tape sealing be fixed on frame, also can adopt the sealing of elasticity building sealant, reached the effect be equal to.
Advantage and good effect that the present embodiment has be: rock wool by polyurethane closed after, blocked contacting of rock wool and air, the steady quality of rock wool in can realizing over a long time, ensured the security performance of wall board, extended the application life of combined wall board.And the present embodiment intensity is high, easy to assembly, construct laborsaving, save time, combination property meets the property indices of building non-bearing external enclosure wall, can independently bear the function of external wall.
Its three, the blocking body of wall is the composite lightweight wall with waterproof ventilated membrane, it specifically is constructed as follows: keelson 1, panel 2, core 3, waterproof ventilated membrane 8 combine; Wherein, waterproof ventilated membrane 8 is placed between keelson 1 and core 3, and has completely cut off to fall core 3 and contact with the direct of keelson 1; During use, when extraneous rain leaks into keelson 1 place, water can be along keelson 1 to the plate diffusion inside, after water runs into waterproof ventilated membrane 8, waterproof ventilated membrane 8 can well play the effect of water to the plate diffusion inside that stop, and then effectively stoped inner core 3 to contact with the direct of water, guaranteed that the functional of inner core 3 is not damaged, thereby guaranteed that the overall performance of composite lightweight wall is unaffected;
Its four, the blocking body of wall is the composite lightweight wall with window, it specifically is constructed as follows: panel 2, core 3, keelson 1, inorganic exterior window trim 6; Wherein: panel 2 arranges on two sides of core 3, and keelson 1 arranges on the side of whole thickness of wall body direction, is arranged in body of wall for the inorganic exterior window trim 6 that window 7 is installed inner and be communicated with the inside and outside both sides of body of wall;
Wherein: inorganic exterior window trim 6 specifically consists of indoor exterior window trim 61, outdoor exterior window trim 62; Indoor exterior window trim 61 is arranged in an indoor side and an outdoor side of window 7 for quadrilateral frame shelf structure, itself and outdoor exterior window trim 62 common combinations; Band batch water exterior window trim 63 fixed and arranged are in the bottom of outdoor exterior window trim 62 or be fixed into one with outdoor exterior window trim 62 bottoms;
Between inorganic exterior window trim 6 and body of wall, by bonding and thermal insulation material layer 5, be adhesively fixed, bonding and thermal insulation material layer 5 layer structure that specifically weather proofing sealant forms;
Keelson 1 on four sides of composite lightweight wall thickness direction one or a combination set of is provided with corresponding tongue and groove so that the grafting of carrying out is each other installed; Upside at the outdoor exterior window trim 62 that adopts inorganic material to make is connected with the form of the left and right sides with 45 ° of splicings, the band of bottom is criticized water exterior window trim 63 and is connected and fixed on the keelson 1 of body of wall with left and right sides exterior window trim, and spread weather proofing sealant, so not only play waterproof action, and make the window hole outward appearance more smooth attractive in appearance; The moulding of group frame and window 7 that indoor exterior window trim 61 is spelled angle with 45 degree are fixed on body of wall simultaneously, and indoor exterior window trim 61 not only plays the interior effect, also makes the more smooth installation of being convenient to window 7 of window opening; Polyurethane material is filled out in space between body of wall and window 7, and purpose is to block entering of outdoor air, well plays indoor heat insulation effect; Finally at inorganic exterior window trim 6, with window 7 contact portions, stamp weather proofing sealant and carry out water-tight;
Its five, the composite lightweight wall that the blocking body of wall is the architectural surface 4 processed with kinds of surface, it specifically is constructed as follows:
Keelson 1, panel 2, core 3, architectural surface 4; Panel 2 is the fiber cement flat board, and it is positioned at body of wall inner face and outside; 3 of cores are filled in the middle of two-layer panel 2, and it provides certain inner support for body of wall, has also played fire prevention, heat insulation effect; Panel 2 adopts mechanical connection manner with keelson 1, makes to connect more convenient, more reliable;
The weak point that the composite lightweight wall of the architectural surface 4 of processing with kinds of surface exists for prior art and a kind of composite lightweight wall of can kinds of surface processing is provided, it has, and cost is low, good decorating effect, product category is various, functional performance is good characteristics.
Optional decoration kind: face brick, stone material, metal plaques, wooden plaque, coating, soft ceramic tile etc.
The light energy conservation combined wall board exists purpose to reduce exactly the body of wall area occupied, improves the house utilization rate, alleviates structural load, improves shock resistance of the building and security performance, reduces comprehensive cost.Simultaneously, also to consider the factors such as the market demand, manufacturing cost.Therefore for its decorative cover, several basic demands are arranged:
1, do not increase product weight as far as possible, do not increase structural load; 2, basic satisfied existing wall body decoration demand; 3, guarantee safety; 4, have certain impact resistance as played, friction etc.; 5, meet national policies, policy requirement; 6, control except product cost client special demands.
Comprehensive above factor, we can find that the first-selected finish material of light composite wall is building coating, because no matter coating is from function, or effect can replace face brick, stone material, metal plaques, wooden plaque etc., especially exterior wall natural real stone paint, fluorine carbon paint metallic luster are exactly good example, and its cost is far below other like products simultaneously.
In terms of existing technologies, the present embodiment is broken through the restriction of prior art, and prefabricated blocking floor is installed on the subjective basis of major structure of construction beam, post, floor, improves whereby the industrialization of construction industry level, and obtains good technique effect.And its blocking wall body structure flexible design is various, easy to use, difficulty of construction reduces, and is applicable to the industrialization of construction industry application, and it has obviously expected economic worth and social value preferably.

Claims (4)

1. the building with blocking external wall system, it is fixed installation jointly by prefabricated blocking body of wall and beam, post, floor, common formation constructure body structure, it is characterized in that: in the described building with blocking external wall system, blocking skin system specifically consists of the prefabricated blocking body of wall as assembled unit, beam on blocking body of wall and building, post, floor slab structure one or a combination set of coordinate to be installed, and adjacent blocking body of wall also forms the installation relation that coordinates each other;
The connected mode of the beam of blocking body of wall and building, post, floor one or a combination set of, for articulating, is specially the hanging point design, and wallboard weight is all by the upper support structure carrying, and bottom is or/and the left and right sides is provided with auxiliary position limiting structure;
Between adjacent blocking body of wall, with inserting mode, connect; Above-mentioned type of attachment forms flexible connection structure jointly;
Also be provided with hermetically-sealed construction between adjacent blocking body of wall.
2. according to the described building with blocking external wall system of claim 1, it is characterized in that:
In described blocking skin system, the socket connection structures to form by concavo-convex complementation between the blocking body of wall be continuous skin body and and then form the skin system;
The formation of blocking body of wall requires as follows: as the keel of carriage, upper plane materiel, lower plane materiel, core; Wherein: core is arranged between plane materiel, lower plane materiel, is clamping the keel as carriage between the periphery of upper plane materiel, lower plane materiel; Core layout place between keel also is provided with following structure one or a combination set of: the supporting water power interface unit of building, and door, window, support the reinforcing rib of large board size wallboard.
3. according to the described building with blocking external wall system of claim 2, it is characterized in that: in described blocking skin system, the individual unit body of wall meets one of following requirement:
One, the blocking body of wall is the composite lightweight wall with sealing joint strip, the socket connection structures to form by concavo-convex complementation between adjacent blocking body of wall be continuous skin body and and then form the skin system; With specifically being constructed as follows of the composite lightweight wall of sealing joint strip: male frame (51), female frame (52), panel (2), core (3), sealing joint strip (11), annular seal space (13); Keelson (1) as carriage specifically is divided into two kinds: male frame (51), female frame (52); Form by means of male frame (51) and female frame (52) structure that is connected between adjacent two blocking bodies of wall; Between male frame (51) end of male frame (51) and female frame (52) cooperation place and female frame (52) bottom, for buffer structure, be annular seal space (13); Panel (2) is specially inorganic panel, core (3) and is specially on the fitting face that layered insulation material, sealing joint strip (11) be arranged in male frame (51) and female frame (52) or/and on the fitting face between adjacent two blocking bodies of wall of fitting face outside;
Its two composite lightweight wall that is equal pressure principle sealing, the socket connection structures to form by concavo-convex complementation between adjacent blocking body of wall be continuous skin body and and then form the skin system; Specifically being constructed as follows of the composite lightweight wall of equal pressure principle sealing: male frame (51), female frame (52), panel (2), core (3), sealing joint strip (11);
On the fitting face of male frame (51) and female frame (52), sealing joint strip (11) is set and forms tightness, watertightness, the resisting wind press capacity grade of multilayer obstruct and then raising skin body with the sealed chamber that forms 2-6 series connection; And intercept in the metastable annular seal space of corresponding air pressure (13) the draining air-vent that allows outside draining is set at every one deck.
4. according to the described building with blocking external wall system of claim 2 or 3, it is characterized in that: in described blocking skin system, the individual unit body of wall also meets one of following requirement:
One, the blocking body of wall is that it specifically is configured to the composite lightweight wall of vertical hair rock wool:
Panel (2), core (3), bonding and thermal insulation material layer (5); Wherein: panel (2) specifically adopts the complex cement fiberboard of good endurance, and core (3) is the vertical hair rock wool specifically, and bonding and thermal insulation material layer (5) is inorganic silicon gel bond layer specifically; The two sides of core (3) are adhesively fixed with two panels (2) respectively by bonding and thermal insulation material layer (5);
Its two, the blocking body of wall is polyurethane closed rock wool composite lightweight wall, it specifically is constructed as follows: panel (2), core (3), male frame (51), female frame (52), sealing joint strip (11); Wherein:
Core (3) is polyurethane foams filling block or rock wool specifically; The top panel of blocking body of wall and lower panel are all panel (2), be furnished with core (3) rock wool specifically with fire-proof and thermal-insulation ability between two-layer panel (2), it is keelson (1) that four sides of the thickness direction of blocking body of wall are provided with the frame that can fix or be connected in one each other, be filled with the polyurethane foams filling block between the rock wool of top panel and lower panel inside and frame, the polyurethane foams filling block is by the rock wool separate sealed;
Described frame, specific constructive form is " C " type, " U " type, " L " type, " one " type and combining form thereof;
Its three, the blocking body of wall is the composite lightweight wall with waterproof ventilated membrane, it specifically is constructed as follows: keelson (1), panel (2), core (3), waterproof ventilated membrane (8) combine; Wherein, waterproof ventilated membrane (8) is placed between keelson (1) and core (3), and has completely cut off to fall direct the contacting of core (3) with keelson (1);
Its four, the blocking body of wall is the composite lightweight wall with window, it specifically is constructed as follows: panel (2), core (3), keelson (1), inorganic exterior window trim (6); Wherein: panel (2) arranges on two sides of core (3), and keelson (1) arranges on the side of whole thickness of wall body direction, is arranged in body of wall for the inorganic exterior window trim (6) that window (7) is installed inner and be communicated with the inside and outside both sides of body of wall;
Wherein: inorganic exterior window trim (6) specifically consists of indoor exterior window trim (61), outdoor exterior window trim (62); Indoor exterior window trim (61) is an indoor side and the outdoor side that quadrilateral frame shelf structure, itself and outdoor exterior window trim (62) common combination are arranged in window (7); Band batch water exterior window trim (63) fixed and arranged is in the bottom of outdoor exterior window trim (62) or be fixed into one with outdoor exterior window trim (62) bottom;
Between inorganic exterior window trim (6) and body of wall, by bonding and thermal insulation material layer (5), be adhesively fixed, bonding and thermal insulation material layer (5) layer structure that specifically weather proofing sealant forms;
Keelson (1) on four sides of composite lightweight wall thickness direction one or a combination set of is provided with corresponding tongue and groove so that the grafting of carrying out is each other installed;
Its five, the composite lightweight wall that the blocking body of wall is the architectural surface (4) processed with kinds of surface, it specifically is constructed as follows:
Keelson (1), panel (2), core (3), architectural surface (4); Panel (2) is the fiber cement flat board, and it is positioned at body of wall inner face and outside; Core (3) is filled in the middle of two-layer panel (2), and it provides certain inner support for body of wall, has also played fire prevention, heat insulation effect; Panel (2) adopts mechanical connection manner with keelson (1).
CN201310428095.2A 2013-09-18 2013-09-18 A kind of building with blocking external wall system Active CN103469887B (en)

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Cited By (4)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105781147A (en) * 2016-04-11 2016-07-20 刘翠兰 Assembled sauna room structure and method for mounting same
CN109680839A (en) * 2019-02-18 2019-04-26 张纯德 A kind of Side fascia system and external wall construction technique
CN111852067A (en) * 2020-07-30 2020-10-30 常州市建筑科学研究院集团股份有限公司 Method for repairing existing building wall heat insulation system
CN114197743A (en) * 2022-01-20 2022-03-18 内蒙古工业大学 Energy-saving environment-friendly assembly type wall based on coal gangue ceramsite and assembly method thereof

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JP2001173114A (en) * 1999-12-15 2001-06-26 Daido Steel Sheet Corp Seal structure between panels
CN202338042U (en) * 2011-12-09 2012-07-18 华北水利水电学院 Suspension type anti-vibration partition wall
CN203174810U (en) * 2012-12-10 2013-09-04 吴淑环 Bearing-and-leaning type installed assembly wall body

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105781147A (en) * 2016-04-11 2016-07-20 刘翠兰 Assembled sauna room structure and method for mounting same
CN109680839A (en) * 2019-02-18 2019-04-26 张纯德 A kind of Side fascia system and external wall construction technique
CN111852067A (en) * 2020-07-30 2020-10-30 常州市建筑科学研究院集团股份有限公司 Method for repairing existing building wall heat insulation system
CN114197743A (en) * 2022-01-20 2022-03-18 内蒙古工业大学 Energy-saving environment-friendly assembly type wall based on coal gangue ceramsite and assembly method thereof

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Patentee before: Shenyang Yuanda Xinxing Light Wall Co., Ltd.