CN103334749B - A kind of anti-high-efficient impacting broken method for distinguishing and implement this method of high-efficient impacting is anti-to break other headstock - Google Patents

A kind of anti-high-efficient impacting broken method for distinguishing and implement this method of high-efficient impacting is anti-to break other headstock Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103334749B
CN103334749B CN201310057894.3A CN201310057894A CN103334749B CN 103334749 B CN103334749 B CN 103334749B CN 201310057894 A CN201310057894 A CN 201310057894A CN 103334749 B CN103334749 B CN 103334749B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
part
impact
rolling element
support element
rolling
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CN201310057894.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103334749A (en
Inventor
刘素华
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刘素华
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Priority to CN201210049862 priority
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Priority to CN201210049847X priority
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Priority to CN201210297181X priority
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Priority to CN201210297181.x priority
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Priority to CN2012102930491 priority
Priority to CN2012102971646 priority
Priority to CN201210293169.1 priority
Priority to CN201210293049 priority
Priority to CN201210293049.1 priority
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Priority to CN201210293237 priority
Priority to CN201210293253 priority
Priority to CN2012102903795 priority
Priority to CN201210290379 priority
Priority to CN201210290393.5 priority
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Priority to CN201210293237.4 priority
Priority to CN2012104545319 priority
Priority to CN201210454531 priority
Priority to CN201210454531.9 priority
Application filed by 刘素华 filed Critical 刘素华
Priority to CN201310057894.3A priority patent/CN103334749B/en
Publication of CN103334749A publication Critical patent/CN103334749A/en
Publication of CN103334749B publication Critical patent/CN103334749B/en
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Abstract

The invention belongs to machinery field, the anti-high-efficient impacting broken method for distinguishing and implement this method of a kind of high-efficient impacting for being particularly suitable for digging field is prevented breaking other headstock.The present invention includes babinet, guiding mechanism, driving mechanism, beater mechanism, Fang Baibie mechanisms, case supports guiding mechanism, guiding mechanism includes impact guide part, friction piece, friction piece support element, friction piece includes rolling element or suspended substance, babinet connection beater mechanism is stretched out in the end for impacting guide part, driving mechanism includes crank driving device or fluid pressure drive device or actuating device of atmospheric pressure, including dynamic impact part, motive power part, dynamic impact part is set to babinet, Fang Baibie mechanisms are arranged in the one or both ends of dynamic impact part, impact is broken other power and is applied in Fang Baibie mechanisms, the rotational structure Forced rotation or separate structure of Fang Baibie mechanisms pass through seperated shock isolation reaction force.The high-efficient impacting of the present invention is anti-to break that other power case structure is simple and direct, reasonable, small, and light-weight, abrasion is small, and anti-to break Bie Li and shock resistance reaction force is strong, service life is long, and production efficiency is high.

Description

A kind of anti-high-efficient impacting broken method for distinguishing and implement this method of high-efficient impacting is anti-to be broken not Headstock

Technical field

The invention belongs to machinery field, a kind of high-efficient impacting for being particularly suitable for digging field is prevented breaking method for distinguishing and implementation The high-efficient impacting of this method is anti-to break other headstock.

Background technology

Existing coalcutter is mostly milling type coal breakage, and the development machine overwhelming majority is that cantilever bores milling blanking, and operation principle is By being arranged in the pick tooth milling ore bed of cutterhead outer surface, larger rotation is generated during cutterhead milling and is broken not Power generates the other power of larger torsion to rotary shaft, causes the service life for reducing equipment to the badly damaged of rotary shaft.Original punching The impact guide part for hitting formula coalcutter driving mechanism connect or is an integral structure with impact head, when coalcutter is in impact blanking In the process, impact force generates the other power of larger torsion by impact head to the junction for impacting guide part, be easy to cause junction hair It is raw to break not, the damage to junction is generated, other power is broken and increases the reaction force of reciprocating impact power box to drive system and machine The damage of body keeps complete machine maintenance big, and service life is very short.

To solve the above-mentioned problems, the present invention proposes a kind of anti-height broken method for distinguishing and implement this method of high-efficient impacting Effect impact is anti-to break other headstock.

Invention content

The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of anti-high-efficient impactings broken method for distinguishing and its implement this method of high-efficient impacting Anti- to break other headstock, which substantially increases the overall efficiency of shaft production.

Realization that the present invention adopts the following technical solutions:A kind of high-efficient impacting is anti-to break method for distinguishing, the feature of this method It is:Driving mechanism, guiding mechanism, babinet etc. are set, driving mechanism, guiding mechanism etc. are set to babinet, in driving mechanism Motive power part etc. is set, guide support body etc. is set on guiding mechanism, keep motive power part seperated with guide support or Fission connection is integral type, and friction piece support element is arranged on motive power part and/or guide support, friction piece is made to support Part and motive power part or keep friction piece support element and guide support etc. seperated or it is seperated connect or be integral type, in friction piece Rolling element support element or suspended substance support element etc. are set on support element, keep rolling element support element seperated with suspended substance support element or divided Body connects or is integral type, the setting guiding rolling element support element and/or power rolling element support element etc. on rolling element support element, Keep guiding rolling element support element seperated with power rolling element support element or it is seperated connection or be integral type, on suspended substance support element Setting is oriented to suspended substance support element and/or power suspended substance support element etc., makes guiding suspended substance support element and power suspended substance branch Support member fission or seperated connection are integral type, are arranged to guiding mechanism and impact guide part, friction piece, friction piece support element etc., It sets friction piece to rolling element or suspended substance etc., sets rolling element to be oriented to rolling element and/or power rolling element etc., will lead To rolling element is seperated with power rolling element or seperated connection or integral type, set suspended substance to be oriented to suspended substance and/or power Suspended substance etc., will be oriented to suspended substance it is seperated with power suspended substance or it is seperated connect or integral type;

It sets driving mechanism to crank driving device or fluid pressure drive device or pneumatic actuating device or solid flowing is driven Dynamic device etc., on crank driving device or on fluid pressure drive device or on actuating device of atmospheric pressure or in solid flow driving The first-class setting dynamic impact part of device, motive power part etc. drive in fluid pressure drive device or the flowing of pneumatic actuating device or solid Cylinder body is set on dynamic device, and cylinder body is seperated with motive power part or with guide support or seperated connect or for integral type, makes punching Hit guide part it is seperated with dynamic impact part or it is seperated connection or be integral type;

By the connection seperated with beater mechanism of impact guide part or it is set as integral type, dynamic impact part and beater mechanism are lived Dynamic connection is seperated or be integral type, by friction piece setting between guide support and impact guide part or setting cylinder body with It impacts between guide part or is arranged between motive power part and dynamic impact part, make guide support or cylinder body or motive power Friction piece support element etc. is arranged in part, keeps guide support or cylinder body or motive power part seperated with friction piece support element or seperated company It connects or is integral type, Shi Fangbaibie mechanisms are arranged in one or both ends of dynamic impact part etc., and Fang Baibie mechanisms are set as turning Dynamic structure or separate structure etc. make dynamic impact part driving beater mechanism or impact guide part impact etc., Bie Lishi are broken in impact It is added in Fang Baibie mechanisms, the rotational structure Forced rotation or separate structure of Fang Baibie mechanisms pass through seperated shock isolation reaction Power makes impact guide part connect with beater mechanism or be integral type, friction piece setting is oriented in friction piece support element and impact Guiding mechanism is formed between part, and friction piece, friction piece support element is made to be fitted close through rolling friction or hang with impact guide part Floating friction support beater mechanism impact, the impact direction of righting beater mechanism make driving mechanism in guiding mechanism and prevent breaking other machine Structure is protected down not to be damaged from breaking, and improves target efficiency.

Rolling element is impacted by the circulating rolling in recycling raceway or by reciprocating rolling or by supports such as rollings in situ Guide part does relatively reciprocating motion with rolling element support element.

A kind of anti-high-efficient impacting for breaking other method of implementation high-efficient impacting is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that including Babinet, guiding mechanism, driving mechanism, beater mechanism, Fang Baibie mechanisms etc., case supports guiding mechanism, driving mechanism etc. are oriented to Mechanism and driving mechanism be seperated or be seperated connection or be integral type, and driving mechanism includes motive power part etc., guiding mechanism Including guide support etc., motive power part it is seperated with guide support or it is seperated connection or be integral type, motive power part and/ Or guide support includes friction piece support element etc., friction piece support element and motive power part or friction piece support element and guiding branch Support member fission or seperated connection are integral type, and friction piece support element includes rolling element support element or suspended substance support element etc., rolling Kinetoplast support element it is seperated with suspended substance support element or it is seperated connection or be integral type, rolling element support element include be oriented to rolling element branch Support member and/or power rolling element support element etc., be oriented to rolling element support element it is seperated with power rolling element support element or it is seperated connect Or be integral type, suspended substance support element includes being oriented to suspended substance support element and/or power suspended substance support element etc., is oriented to suspended substance Support element it is seperated with power suspended substance support element or it is seperated connection or be integral type, guiding mechanism include impact guide part, friction Body, friction piece support element etc., friction piece include rolling element or suspended substance etc., and rolling element includes being oriented to rolling element and/or power rolling Kinetoplast etc., be oriented to rolling element it is seperated with power rolling element or it is seperated connect or integral type, suspended substance including guiding suspended substance and/or Power suspended substance etc., be oriented to suspended substance it is seperated with power suspended substance or it is seperated connect or integral type;

Driving mechanism includes crank driving device or fluid pressure drive device or pneumatic actuating device or solid flow driving dress It sets, on crank driving device or on fluid pressure drive device or on actuating device of atmospheric pressure or in solid flow drive system Deng including dynamic impact part, motive power part etc., impact guide part is seperated with dynamic impact part or seperated connects or for integral type;

Including impact head etc., impact guide part is seperated with impact head to connect or is set as integral type, dynamic impact part and punching It taps the head flexible connection or fission or be integral type, friction piece setting is between guide support and impact guide part or setting is dynamic Between force support and dynamic impact part, guide support or motive power part include friction piece support element etc., Fang Baibie mechanisms It is arranged in the one or both ends of dynamic impact part, Fang Baibie mechanisms include rotational structure or separate structure etc., driving mechanism driving Beater mechanism or impact guide part impact, impact are broken other power and are applied in Fang Baibie mechanisms, the rotational structures of Fang Baibie mechanisms by Power rotates or separate structure is by seperated shock isolation reaction force, and friction piece setting is in friction piece support element and impact guide part Between form guiding mechanism, friction piece, friction piece support element and the tight fits such as impact guide part pass through rolling friction or suspension Friction support beater mechanism impact, the impact direction of guiding mechanism righting beater mechanism, prevent driving mechanism by break Bie Li and The damage of impact reactive force.

The guiding mechanism includes cycle raceway or reciprocal raceway or rolling element original position etc., and rolling element passes through to be rolled in cycle It circulating rolling or is rolled or by the reciprocating rolling in reciprocal raceway or by situ by rolling or passing through in pit in road In raceway roll or by retainer roll etc. supports impact guide part and rolling element support element etc. do relatively reciprocating motion.

The impact guide part include raceway impact guide part or pit impact guide part or tape holder impact guide part or Recycle raceway impact guide part or trip segment impact guide part or limit impact guide part or cartridge type impact guide part or U-shaped impact Guide part or V-arrangement friction piece support element or polygon friction piece support element or frame shape impact guide part or abnormity impact guide part or E shapes impact guide part etc..

The guiding rolling element support element includes that raceway is oriented to rolling element support element or pit guiding rolling element support element Or tape holder is oriented to rolling element support element or cycle raceway is oriented to rolling element support element or trip segment is oriented to rolling element support element or limit Position guiding rolling element support element or cartridge type are oriented to rolling element support element or U-shaped is oriented to rolling element support element or V-arrangement is oriented to rolling element Support element or polygon are oriented to rolling element support element or frame shape is oriented to rolling element support element or babinet be oriented to rolling element support element or Abnormity is oriented to rolling element support element etc..

The dynamic impact part include raceway dynamic impact part or pit dynamic impact part or tape holder dynamic impact part or Recycle raceway dynamic impact part or trip segment dynamic impact part or limit dynamic impact part or cartridge type dynamic impact part or U-shaped power Impulse member or frame shape dynamic impact part or special-shaped dynamic impact part or E shape dynamic impact parts or polygon dynamic impact part etc..

The motive power part includes raceway power rolling element support element or pit power rolling element support element or tape holder Power rolling element support element or cycle raceway power rolling element support element or trip segment power rolling element support element or limit power Rolling element support element or cartridge type power rolling element support element or U-shaped power rolling element support element or frame shape power rolling element support element Or special-shaped power rolling element support element etc..

The cycle raceway includes annular cycle raceway or spiral shape cycle raceway or waveform cycle raceway or abnormity Recycle raceway etc..

The impact guide part includes that magnetic suspension impact guide part or liquid suspension impact guide part or gas suspension impact are led To part etc., guide support includes magnetic suspension guide support or liquid suspension guide support or gas suspension guide support etc..

The guiding mechanism includes being oriented to rolling element support element and/or being oriented to impact guide part and/or be oriented to rolling element Deng being oriented to impact guide part, be oriented to rolling element and ensure the punching of impact head linear reciprocation with close fasten such as rolling element support element is oriented to It hits and/or prevents impact head from rotating, it is seperated with guide support or seperated connect or for integral type, lead to be oriented to rolling element support element It is seperated with impact guide part or seperated connect or for integral type to impact guide part;Or beater mechanism includes being oriented to motive power part And/or be oriented to dynamic impact part and/or be oriented to rolling element etc., it is oriented to dynamic impact part, rolling element is oriented to and is oriented to motive power Part etc., which closely fastens, to be ensured the straight reciprocating motion of dynamic impact part and/or prevents the rotation of dynamic impact part etc., and motive power is oriented to Part it is seperated with motive power part or it is seperated connection or be integral type, be oriented to dynamic impact part it is seperated with dynamic impact part or it is seperated company It connects or for integral type etc..

The guiding impact guide part includes that quadrangle impact guide part or U-shaped impact guide part or the impact of frame shape are oriented to Part or V-arrangement impact guide part or triangle impact guide part or ellipse impact guide part or polygon impact guide part or abnormity Impact guide part or raceway impact guide part or pit impact guide part or reciprocating stroke section impact guide part or retainer impact Guide part or cycle raceway impact guide part or flute profile impact guide part or I-shaped impact guide part or spline housing impact are oriented to Part or curved impingement guide part or ∧ shapes impact guide part or plate shape impact guide part or cartridge type impact guide part or the punching of more rib keys Hit guide part etc..It is oriented to impact guide part and impact guide part or guiding impact guide part and dynamic impact part etc. is seperated or seperated Connection is integral type.

The guiding mechanism includes linear reciprocation rolling friction and rolling guide apparatus etc., linear reciprocation rolling friction and Rolling guide apparatus includes being oriented to rolling element support element, being oriented to rolling element, impact guide part etc., is oriented to rolling element supports support It is oriented to rolling element, rolling element support impact guide part rolling friction is oriented to and moves back and forth, impact guide part is connect with beater mechanism Or be integral type, dynamic impact part drives beater mechanism impact, is oriented to rolling element, impact guide part, is oriented to rolling element support element Deng be fitted close to impact guide part be oriented to, the rotational structure Forced rotation of Fang Baibie mechanisms or separate structure etc. by fission every From impact reactive force, the impact direction of guider righting beater mechanism.

The guiding mechanism includes linear reciprocation rolling friction and rolling guide apparatus etc., linear reciprocation rolling friction and Rolling guide apparatus includes being oriented to rolling element support element, being oriented to rolling element, impact guide part etc., and being oriented to rolling element support element includes Raceway is oriented to rolling element support element etc., is oriented to rolling element fitting raceway guiding rolling element support element and impact guide part rolls, punching It hits guide part to move back and forth under the support for being oriented to rolling element, impact guide part connect with beater mechanism or is integral type etc., moves Power impulse member drives beater mechanism impact, the rotational structure Forced rotation of Fang Baibie mechanisms or separate structure etc. to be isolated by fission Impact reactive force is oriented to rolling element, raceway guiding rolling element support element, impact guide part etc. and is fitted close righting beater mechanism Impact direction.

The guiding mechanism includes linear reciprocation rolling friction and rolling guide apparatus etc., linear reciprocation rolling friction and Rolling guide apparatus includes being oriented to rolling element support element, being oriented to rolling element, impact guide part etc., and being oriented to rolling element support element includes Raceway is oriented to rolling element support element etc., and impact guide part includes pit impact guide part etc., is oriented to rolling element fitting raceway and is oriented to Rolling element support element, pit impact guide part roll, and pit impacts guide part and moved back and forth under the support for being oriented to rolling element, recessed Hole impact guide part connect with beater mechanism or is integral type etc., and dynamic impact part drives beater mechanism impact, Fang Baibie mechanisms Rotational structure Forced rotation or separate structure etc. pass through seperated shock isolation reaction force, be oriented to rolling element, raceway orienting roll Kinetoplast support element, pit impact guide part etc. are fitted close the impact direction of righting beater mechanism.

The guiding mechanism includes friction piece support element, friction piece, impact guide part etc., and the supports such as friction piece impact is led To part, impact guide part and/or friction piece support element etc. are equipped with guide and limit structure, and guide and limit structure limitation friction piece is led To space and direction, impact guide part connect with beater mechanism or is integral type etc., and dynamic impact part drives beater mechanism impact, The rotational structure Forced rotation of Fang Baibie mechanisms or separate structure etc. pass through seperated shock isolation reaction friction body, friction piece Support element, impact guide part etc. are fitted close the impact direction of righting beater mechanism.

Described fluid pressure drive device or actuating device of atmospheric pressure etc. are including cylinder body etc., the settings such as friction piece support element or cylinder body For inner bulk, impact guide part is set as outer cover, and friction piece is arranged between outer cover and inner bulk, outer cover, inner bulk So that outer cover is moved back and forth by rolling friction or the friction etc. that suspends with the tight fits such as friction piece, inner bulk support friction piece and Outer cover etc., impact head connect with outer cover or are integral type etc., and impact head passes through rolling friction under the support of outer cover etc. Or the reciprocating motions such as friction that suspend.

Described friction piece support element or impact guide part etc. are outer cover, and outer cover includes dovetail groove outer cover or U-shaped Slot outer cover or V-groove outer cover or trough plate type outer cover or clamping plate type outer cover or cartridge type outer cover or polygon groove outer cover Or special-shaped slot outer cover or frame shape outer cover or cartridge type outer cover etc., impact guide part or friction piece support element etc. are inner bulk, The shape of inner bulk and outer cover is interlocked.

Described friction piece support element or impact guide part etc. are inner bulk, and inner bulk includes rod-type inner bulk or multi-rod Inner bulk or cartridge type inner bulk or board-like inner bulk or special-shaped inner bulk or slot type inner bulk etc., impact guide part or friction piece branch Support member etc. is outer cover, and the shape of inner bulk and outer cover is interlocked.

The friction piece support element includes inner bulk etc., and inner bulk includes inner bulk piece uploading, inner bulk lower part etc., inside Body piece uploading, inner bulk lower part etc. include raceway or suspension road etc., and outer cover is U-shaped outer cover, and U-shaped outer cover includes outside U-shaped Piece uploading, U-shaped outer cover lower part etc. are covered, including friction piece is arranged between inner bulk piece uploading and U-shaped outer cover piece uploading etc. and is arranged Between portion's body lower part and U-shaped outer cover lower part etc., the tight fits such as friction piece, U-shaped outer cover, inner bulk make friction piece support U The rolling friction of shape outer cover or the friction etc. that suspends move back and forth and control the direction of motion of U-shaped outer cover, outer cover etc. and impact Mechanism connects or is integral type etc., and dynamic impact part drives beater mechanism impact, the rotational structure Forced rotation of Fang Baibie mechanisms Or separate structure, by seperated shock isolation reaction force, U-shaped outer cover, inner bulk etc. are fitted close righting impact with guide way The impact side of mechanism is same.

Described friction piece support element etc. is set as inner bulk, and impact guide part etc. is set as outer cover, and inner bulk includes Inner bulk piece uploading, inner bulk lower part etc., outer cover are frame shape outer cover, and frame shape outer cover includes the piece uploading of frame shape outer cover, frame shape Outer cover lower part etc., friction piece be arranged between inner bulk piece uploading and frame shape outer cover piece uploading etc. and setting inner bulk lower part with Between frame shape outer cover lower part etc., the tight fits such as friction piece, frame shape outer cover, inner bulk make friction piece support frame shape outer cover The direction of motion of rolling friction or the suspend reciprocating motions such as friction and controller chassis shape outer cover.

Between described guiding rolling element support element and impact guide part etc. or power rolling element support element and dynamic impact Retainer is set between part etc., is oriented to rolling element or power rolling element etc. and is set to retainer, the thickness of retainer, which is less than, to be oriented to The diameter of rolling element or power rolling element etc., is oriented to rolling element or power rolling element etc. and is higher by two parts of retainer and be respectively set Between being oriented to rolling element support element and impacting guide part etc. or power rolling element is higher by two parts of retainer and is respectively arranged at Between power rolling element support element and dynamic impact part etc., it is oriented to rolling element support element, impact guide part etc. and is being kept with setting The cooperation of guiding rolling element or power rolling element support element, dynamic impact part in frame etc. are rolled with the power being arranged in retainer Body cooperation realizes that rolling friction moves back and forth.

The retainer, which is separately provided or retainer is fixed on impact guide part or is fixed on, is oriented to rolling element support Part is fixed on dynamic impact part or is fixed on power rolling element support element etc..

The guiding mechanism includes tape holder linear reciprocation rolling guide apparatus etc., tape holder linear reciprocation rolling guide apparatus Including being oriented to rolling element, guiding rolling element support element, impact guide part, retainer etc., it is oriented to rolling element and is set to retainer, protect The thickness for holding frame is less than the diameter for being oriented to rolling element, and two parts that guiding rolling element is higher by retainer are respectively arranged at guiding rolling Body support element and impact guide part etc., it includes upper guiding rolling element support element, lower guiding rolling element branch to be oriented to rolling element support element Support member etc., including raceway etc., it includes U-shaped that U-shaped, which impacts guide part, for upper guiding rolling element support element, lower guiding rolling element support element etc. Guide part piece uploading, U-shaped impact guide part lower part etc. are impacted, rolling element setting is oriented to and is rushed in upper guiding rolling element support element and U-shaped Hit in retainer between guide part piece uploading etc. and setting lower guidings rolling element support element and U-shaped impact guide part lower part etc. it Between retainer in, U-shaped impacts that guide part connect with beater mechanism or for integral type etc., dynamic impact part driving beater mechanism rushes It hits, guiding rolling element, U-shaped impact guide part for being arranged in retainer etc. are formed with tight fits such as guiding rolling element support elements Multi-point support impacts header structure, and multi-point support impacts header structure and supports impact head impact by rolling friction and pass through rolling friction The impact direction of righting impact head.

The guiding mechanism includes pit type linear reciprocation rolling guide apparatus etc., and pit type linear reciprocation, which rolls, to be oriented to Device includes being oriented to rolling element, further includes that pit is oriented to rolling element support element or raceway impact guide part etc., is oriented to rolling element diameter To both sides be pit guiding rolling element support element, impact guide part etc. or guiding rolling element radially opposite sides are that raceway impact is oriented to Part, guiding rolling element support element etc. are oriented to rolling element and are set in pit guiding rolling element support element or are set to raceway impact In guide part etc., it is oriented to rolling element and is oriented to rolling element support element and impact guide part with pit or is oriented to rolling element and impacted with raceway The tight fits such as guide part and guiding rolling element support element are moved back and forth by rolling friction supported impact mechanism and to shock machine Structure has guiding role.

The guiding rolling element or the billowing kinetoplast of power etc. include idler wheel, and idler wheel includes roller shaft, dynamic impact part packet Crank connecting link or piston etc. are included, fluid pressure drive device or actuating device of atmospheric pressure etc. include cylinder body, and idler wheel is arranged in motive power part Between dynamic impact part or setting be oriented between rolling element support element and impact guide part or setting cylinder body and piston it Between etc., when roller shaft is set to dynamic impact part, idler wheel fitting motive power part rolls, or when roller shaft is set to power branch Idler wheel fitting dynamic impact part rolls when support member, or idler wheel fitting impact is led when roller shaft is set to and is oriented to rolling element support element It is rolled to part, or idler wheel fitting is oriented to the rolling of rolling element support element when roller shaft is set to impact guide part, or works as roller shaft Idler wheel fitting cylinder body rolls when being set to piston, or idler wheel fitting piston rolls when roller shaft is set to cylinder body, anti-stopping power Impulse member and motive power part etc. are bonded friction or rolling element support element and impact guide part etc. are prevented to be bonded friction or prevent from living Plug is bonded friction with cylinder body etc..

The guiding rolling element support element or impact guide part or dynamic impact part or motive power part or cylinder body or work Plug etc. is equipped with the groove that is fastened with idler wheel and/or protruding rail etc., and groove and/or protruding rail etc. and roller surface are interlocked rolling friction There is rolling guiding role simultaneously.

Described fluid pressure drive device or actuating device of atmospheric pressure etc. include dynamic impact part, piston, cylinder body etc., dynamic impact Part includes interior cylinder rod, raceway guide part etc., is oriented to rolling element support element and connect or be an integral structure with cylinder body, impact is oriented to Part and dynamic impact part connect or seperated or for integral type etc., and it includes that upper raceway is oriented to rolling element and supports to be oriented to rolling element support element Part, lower raceway are oriented to rolling element support element etc., and raceway guide part includes the outside upper cylinder rod of raceway, raceway lower outer casing bar etc., orienting roll Kinetoplast is set to raceway and is oriented between rolling element support element and the outside upper cylinder rod of raceway and is set to lower raceway guiding rolling element branch Between support member and raceway lower outer casing bar, the outside upper cylinder rod of raceway, raceway lower outer casing bar etc. it is parallel and respectively with equipped be oriented to rolling element Upper raceway be oriented to rolling element support element, lower raceway is oriented to the fastenings such as rolling element support element, the outside upper cylinder rod of raceway and raceway it is outer under Cylinder rod, which connects into U-shaped impact guide part or connects into frame shape impact guide part or connect into tubular, impacts guide part etc., interior cylinder rod Including more than two interior cylinder rods, cylinder body includes more than two cavitys, and piston includes more than two pistons, more than two Interior cylinder rod is corresponding to be arranged in more than two cavitys, and more than two pistons are corresponding to be arranged in more than two cavitys Interior, interior cylinder rod one end connect with piston or is integral type etc., and the other end connect or is an integral structure with raceway guide part, and two A above piston staggeredly drives more than two interior cylinder rod linear motions, is oriented to rolling element, upper raceway is oriented to rolling element support Part, lower raceway are oriented to rolling element support element etc. and coordinate with raceway guide part, and raceway guide part interlocks in more than two interior cylinder rods The lower repeatedly number rolling friction of driving moves back and forth.

The guiding mechanism includes linear bearing etc., and impact guide part is installed on linear bearing, the driving of dynamic impact part Beater mechanism reciprocating impact.

The crank driving device includes power source part, camshaft, cam etc., and camshaft is seperated with cam to be connected or be Integral type, power source part drive camshaft rotation, the actuated by cams beater mechanism reciprocating impact installed on camshaft anti-to break other machine Structure is arranged between driving mechanism and beater mechanism etc..

The crank driving device includes power source part, eccentric shaft, dynamic impact part etc., and dynamic impact part is set to case One end of body, eccentric shaft and dynamic impact part is hinged, and dynamic impact part is flexibly connected or seperated etc. with beater mechanism, prevents breaking other machine Structure is arranged in the one or both ends of dynamic impact part, and power source part drives eccentric shaft rotation, eccentric shaft to drive dynamic impact part past Multiple impact.

The crank driving device includes power source part, crank, sliding block, swing rod, connecting rod, dynamic impact part etc., power Impulse member is set to babinet, and power source part is connect with crank one end, and the crank other end and sliding block are hinged, sliding block connect with swing rod and It can be slided on swing rod, swing rod one end is hinged with babinet, and the other end is hinged with connecting rod, and connecting rod is hinged with dynamic impact part one end, Dynamic impact part and beater mechanism are flexibly connected or seperated etc., and Fang Baibie mechanisms are arranged in the one or both ends of dynamic impact part, Fang Baibie mechanisms include rotational structure or separate structure etc., and power source part drives crank rotation, crank driving sliding block that swing rod is made to put Dynamic, swing rod drives dynamic impact part to move by connecting rod, and dynamic impact part drives beater mechanism impact.

The crank driving device includes that crank turns eccentric shaft etc. more, and it includes power that crank turns eccentric shaft more Source part, supporting rack, mulit-turning crankshaft, connecting rod etc., mulit-turning crankshaft are made of the concentric shaft part of power, connection handle, eccentric shaft etc., and power is same Mandrel section, connection handle etc. and eccentric shaft fission are an integral structure, concentric shaft part one end of power of mulit-turning crankshaft and driving machine The output block of the power source part of structure connects, and more than two connection handles, eccentric shaft etc. is arranged in the other end of the concentric shaft part of power, The concentric shaft part of power of mulit-turning crankshaft is mounted on supporting rack, supporting rack it is seperated with babinet or it is seperated connect or be integral type etc., The eccentric shaft of mulit-turning crankshaft and one end of connecting rod are hinged, and beater mechanism is arranged in the other end of connecting rod, and the one or both ends of connecting rod are set Zhi Fangbaibie mechanisms, an eccentric shaft drive more than one connecting rod reciprocating impact, Fang Baibie mechanisms to include rotational structure or divide Body structure etc., power source part drive mulit-turning crankshaft rotation, eccentric shaft to drive dynamic impact part reciprocating impact, the driving of dynamic impact part Beater mechanism impacts.

The crank driving device includes that crank turns eccentric shaft etc. more, and it further includes branch that crank turns eccentric shaft more Support, mulit-turning crankshaft, dynamic impact part etc., mulit-turning crankshaft are made of the concentric shaft part of power, connection handle, eccentric shaft etc., and power is same Mandrel section, connection handle etc. and eccentric shaft fission are an integral structure, the concentric shaft part one end of power and the driving of mulit-turning crankshaft The power output part of mechanism connects, and the other end of the concentric shaft part of power is arranged more than two connection handles, eccentric shaft etc., two The above eccentric shaft is arranged along the spaced radial of the concentric shaft part of power, forms differential seat angle, the concentric shaft part installation of power of mulit-turning crankshaft On supporting rack, supporting rack is seperated with babinet or is integral type etc., and the more than two eccentric shafts and two or more of mulit-turning crankshaft are dynamic One end of power impulse member is hinged, and beater mechanism is arranged in the other end of dynamic impact part, and Fang Baibie mechanisms are arranged in dynamic impact part Between beater mechanism, impact guide part connect with beater mechanism or is integral type, and more than two dynamic impact parts staggeredly drive Beater mechanism impacts, and Fang Baibie mechanisms pass through seperated shock isolation reaction force by rotational structure rotation or separate structure etc..

The crank driving device includes that crank turns eccentric shaft etc. more, and it further includes branch that crank turns eccentric shaft more Support, mulit-turning crankshaft, dynamic impact part etc., mulit-turning crankshaft are made of the concentric shaft part of power, connection handle, eccentric shaft etc., and power is same Mandrel section, connection handle etc. and eccentric shaft fission are an integral structure, the concentric shaft part one end of power and the driving of mulit-turning crankshaft The power output part of mechanism is seperated or is integral type etc., the other end of the concentric shaft part of power be arranged more than two connection handles, The axis of eccentric shaft etc., more than two eccentric shafts overlaps, and the concentric shaft part of power of mulit-turning crankshaft is mounted on supporting rack, supporting rack Seperated with babinet or be integral type, more than two eccentric shafts of mulit-turning crankshaft and one end of more than two dynamic impact parts are hinged, Beater mechanism is arranged in the other end of dynamic impact part, and Fang Baibie mechanisms are arranged between dynamic impact part and beater mechanism etc..

Described fluid pressure drive device or actuating device of atmospheric pressure etc. include cylinder body, piston etc., and cylinder body is seperated with babinet or divides Body connects or for integral type etc., impact guide part it is seperated with dynamic impact part or it is seperated connect or be integral type etc., cylinder body with lead To rolling element support element fission or seperated connection or it is integral type etc., piston is arranged in cylinder body, dynamic impact part and piston point Body connects or for integral type etc., be arranged between dynamic impact part and piston Fang Baibie mechanisms or dynamic impact part and beater mechanism it Between be equipped with Fang Baibie mechanisms etc..

Described fluid pressure drive device or actuating device of atmospheric pressure etc. include cylinder body, piston, air bag and dynamic impact part etc., are moved Power impulse member connection seperated with piston or for integral type etc., cylinder body it is seperated with babinet or it is seperated connect or be integral type etc., impact Guide part is seperated with dynamic impact part or seperated connection or for integral type etc., and one end of dynamic impact part is arranged in cylinder body and work Plug connection is integral type etc., and air bag is arranged between piston and cylinder body, and the dynamic impact part other end connect or divides with beater mechanism Body etc. is equipped with Fang Baibie mechanisms between dynamic impact part and beater mechanism etc..

Described fluid pressure drive device or actuating device of atmospheric pressure etc. include cylinder body, piston, dynamic impact part etc., dynamic impact Part connection seperated with piston or for integral type etc., cylinder body is seperated with babinet or seperated connects or is integral type etc., impact guide part Seperated with dynamic impact part or seperated connection is integral type etc., and fluid pressure drive device includes more than two dynamic impact parts, More than two dynamic impact parts and beater mechanism connect or seperated etc., and anti-break not is equipped between dynamic impact part and beater mechanism Mechanism, Fang Baibie mechanisms include rotational structure or separate structure etc., and driving mechanism drives beater mechanism impact.

The Fang Baibie mechanisms include rotational structure etc., and rotational structure includes camber buckle-groove type, and camber buckle-groove type includes Camber plush copper and groove etc. with camber plush copper activity button-fold, groove are arranged on crank or are integral type etc. with crank, and recessed The camber plush copper of slot activity button-fold is arranged on dynamic impact part or is integral type etc., driving mechanism driving punching with dynamic impact part Hit mechanical shocks.

The crank driving device includes crank block device etc..

The crank driving device includes that crank turns eccentric shaft etc. more, and it includes support that crank turns eccentric shaft more Frame, it further includes mulit-turning crankshaft, connecting rod etc. that crank turns eccentric shaft more, and mulit-turning crankshaft is by the concentric shaft part of power, connection handle, bias The compositions such as axis, the concentric shaft part of power, connection handle and eccentric shaft are seperated or are an integral structure, the power concentric shafts of mulit-turning crankshaft Duan Yiduan and the power output part of driving mechanism connect, the more than two connection handles of other end setting of the concentric shaft part of power, The concentric shaft part of power of eccentric shaft etc., mulit-turning crankshaft is mounted on supporting rack, and the eccentric shaft of mulit-turning crankshaft and one end of connecting rod are cut with scissors It connects, beater mechanism, the one or both ends setting Fang Baibie mechanisms of connecting rod is arranged in the other end of connecting rod, and an eccentric shaft drives one Above connecting rod reciprocating impact.

The crank driving device includes that crank turns eccentric shaft etc. more, and it further includes more that crank turns eccentric shaft more Bent axle, connecting rod etc. are turned, mulit-turning crankshaft is made of the concentric shaft part of power, connection handle, eccentric shaft etc., and mulit-turning crankshaft is equipped with fluid passage, liquid Road is through the concentric shaft part of power, connection handle and/or eccentric shaft etc..

The driving mechanism includes crank connecting rod apparatus etc., crank connecting rod apparatus include the same power source part drive two with On eccentric shaft, connecting rod etc., more than two eccentric shafts drive more than two connecting rod reciprocating impacts, more than two connecting rods Fang Baibie mechanisms are arranged in one or both ends.

The driving mechanism includes power source part, and power source part includes motor or hydraulic motor or gas motor or magnetomotive Deng.

The driving mechanism includes power source part, and power source part includes motor or hydraulic motor or gas motor etc., power Source part setting is outside the enclosure or in babinet.

The driving mechanism includes power source part, and power source part includes transmission parts etc..

The driving mechanism includes power source part, and power source part includes transmission parts etc., and transmission parts include that speed change passes Dynamic component etc..

The driving mechanism includes power source part, and power source part includes transmission parts etc., and transmission parts include that speed change passes Dynamic component etc., gear part are gear transmission part or belt drive part etc., gear transmission part or belt transmission portion Part etc. is arranged in babinet or outside babinet.

The driving mechanism includes power source part, and power source part includes transmission parts etc., and transmission parts include that speed change passes Dynamic component, gear part are the combination etc. of gear transmission part or gear transmission part and belt drive part.

The Fang Baibie mechanisms include bulb ball groove formula, arc buckle-groove type, flexible universal joint rotation coupling head, universal shaft Forward dynamic coupling head, multi-DOF platform formula rotation coupling head, Hooks coupling universal coupling rotation coupling head, oscillating bearing rotation connection Head, rzeppa joint etc..

The Fang Baibie mechanisms are bulb ball groove formula, and bulb ball groove formula includes bulb and the bulb with bulb activity button-fold Slot etc..

The Fang Baibie mechanisms be arc buckle-groove type, arc buckle-groove type include camber plush copper and with camber plush copper movable button The groove etc. of conjunction.

The Fang Baibie mechanisms are that flexible universal joint rotates coupling head, and it includes elasticity that flexible universal joint, which rotates coupling head, Part, universal joint coupling head etc., when universal joint stress universal joint coupling head opposite movement is adjusted by elastic component.

The Fang Baibie mechanisms are that universal joint bearing rotates coupling head, and it includes universal joint that universal joint bearing, which rotates coupling head, Seat, rotation coupling head etc., rotation coupling head is fixed on universal socket, is adjusted by universal socket when cardan axis is withstood forces Opposite movement.

The Fang Baibie mechanisms are that multi-DOF platform formula rotates coupling head, and the rotation coupling head of multi-DOF platform formula is It is made of dynamic cylinder, upper mounting plate coupling head, lower platform coupling head etc., when upper and lower platform coupling head stress, by the flexible of dynamic cylinder Movement of the upper mounting plate in the multiple degree of freedom in space is realized in movement.

The Fang Baibie mechanisms are that Hooks coupling universal coupling rotates coupling head, and it is Cardon universal joint that Hooks coupling universal coupling, which rotates coupling head, Coupling head is rotated, Cardon universal joint rotation coupling head includes cross axle, cross universal knot fork etc., and cross universal knot fork passes through cross axle Relative motion is realized in connection.

The Fang Baibie mechanisms be oscillating bearing rotate coupling head, oscillating bearing rotate coupling head include spherical outside surface, it is interior Spherical surface and dust cover etc., spherical outside surface is fastened in Internal Spherical Surface, and dust cover is equipped in spherical outside surface and Internal Spherical Surface joint.

The Fang Baibie mechanisms are rzeppa joint, and rzeppa joint includes interior rollaway nest, outer rollaway nest, steel ball and guarantor Frame etc., retainer stationary balls are held, interior rollaway nest realizes relative motion with outer rollaway nest by steel ball.

Described impact guide part one end is equipped with beater mechanism or one end is equipped with the beater mechanism other end and is equipped with counterweight, Or impact guide part both ends are equipped with beater mechanism etc..

The beater mechanism includes impact head etc., and impact guide part is arranged in driving mechanism side or more than two sides Portion etc., impacts one end setting impact head of guide part, and similar shape and/or the impact head etc. with weight is arranged in the other end.

The beater mechanism includes impact head etc., and impact guide part is arranged in driving mechanism side or more than two sides Portion etc., impacts one end setting impact head of guide part, and the impact head etc. of different shape and/or different weight is arranged in the other end.

The beater mechanism includes impact teeth, rushes toothholder etc., and impact teeth is seperated with toothholder is rushed or is integral type etc., impact Guide part is symmetrically disposed on impact toothholder, can not also be symmetrical arranged.

The babinet includes lubricating system and/or sealing device etc., and sealing device is set to guiding mechanism, driving mechanism The active connection place of beater mechanism etc. and babinet and/or.

The lubricating system includes splash, oil-immersed type, oil channel type, lubricating grease type etc..

The babinet is sealing structure or is part sealing structure etc..

The impact guide part is equipped with guide rod protective cover, guide rod protective cover and shock machine with beater mechanism junction Structure connects or is integral type etc..

The dynamic impact part is equipped with impact bar protective cover, impact bar protective cover and shock machine with beater mechanism junction Structure connects or is integral type etc..

The babinet, which is equipped with, prevents from pounding the protective cover etc. for hitting impact guide part, dynamic impact part, protective cover and babinet Fission connection is integral type etc..

Described guide rod protective cover or impact bar protective cover etc. are longer than impact stroke.

Described guide rod protective cover or impact bar protective cover etc. are equipped with sealing element between babinet.

The babinet is by impacting the supported impact mechanisms such as guide part or guide rod protective cover.

The guiding mechanism includes upper guider, lower guider etc., driving mechanism be set to guider, under Between guider etc..

The guiding mechanism includes left guider, right guider etc., and driving mechanism is set to left guider, the right side Between guider etc..

The guiding mechanism includes single guider etc..

The beater mechanism includes impact teeth, rushes toothholder etc., and impact teeth includes clear top surface tooth, clear side tooth and/or clear Bottom surface tooth etc., the setting such as clear top surface tooth, clear bottom surface tooth and/or clear side tooth are rushed same on toothholder.

Described reciprocating impact of beater mechanism is completed at the same time coal breakage and clear face etc..

The beater mechanism includes impact head etc., and dynamic impact part is seperated with impact head, and Fang Baibie mechanisms are seperated tie Structure, driving mechanism drive dynamic impact part reciprocating impact, the impact direction of guiding mechanism righting beater mechanism, the punching of dynamic impact part Impact head impact is hit, impact head is kept off back after encountering coal wall or palisades, and separate structure makes dynamic impact part not impacted from breaking, and makes punching It hits mechanism and completes one-shot blanking.

Including piston, piston rolling element, cylinder body etc., piston rolling element ring piston is arranged or is set to the side of piston or sets More than two sides of piston etc. are placed in, piston, piston rolling element etc. are set in cylinder body, and piston rolling element supports piston and cylinder Body rolling friction moves back and forth, and piston is seperated with piston rolling element or seperated connect or is integral type etc..

The friction piece of two row or more is set around one dynamic impact part, and friction pieces more than two row absorbs impact The gravity load of head and/or impact guide part, friction piece support impact head of the row friction piece more than at least one back and forth rush It hits, avoids an only row friction piece from absorbing impact head and/or impact concentration damage of the gravity load to friction piece of guide part.

On the dynamic impact part or impact guide part or rolling element support element or cylinder body or power rolling element support element First-class to be equipped with reciprocating stroke section, rolling element rolls in reciprocating stroke section, rolling element with dynamic impact part or with impact guide part With rolling element support element or with cylinder body or be rolling friction between power rolling element support element etc..

The length of the reciprocating stroke section equal or close to reciprocating stroke length half and rolling element radius it With etc., reciprocating stroke section be conducive to rolling element in operation with dynamic impact part or with impact guide part or with rolling element support element Or with cylinder body or to be bonded with power rolling element support element etc. be rolling friction.

When the friction piece is set to dynamic impact part or impact guide part, friction piece is led with dynamic impact part or impact Both ends other than to the superposition sections central point such as part be equal in weight or it is of substantially equal, keep dynamic impact part or impact guide part quiet Gravitational equilibrium only or when motion state.

Described fluid pressure drive device or actuating device of atmospheric pressure etc. including piston rod etc., piston rod include guide piston bar, Power piston bar etc., piston rod and piston connect or seperated or for integral type etc., when cylinder body is as guiding rolling element support element, It is oriented to rolling element to be arranged between guide piston bar and cylinder body, when being oriented to rolling element support element with cylinder body split settings, be oriented to Rolling element, which is set to, to be oriented between rolling element support element and guide piston bar, and piston drives piston rod movement.

When raceway or reciprocating stroke section are set on the guiding rolling element support element on guide piston bar accordingly Reciprocating stroke section or raceway etc. are set, is oriented to rolling element and is arranged between reciprocating stroke section and raceway, guiding rolling element support element, Guide piston bar etc. and guiding rolling element, which closely fasten, passes through rolling friction control guide piston bar reciprocating motion.

The friction piece with friction piece support element or with piston or with cylinder body or with impact guide part or and motive power Part is big as possible with the contact surfaces such as dynamic impact part, prevents friction piece local pressure excessive, increases and be oriented to contact surface, reduces friction Body is to friction piece support element or to piston or to cylinder body or to impact guide part or to motive power part or to dynamic impact part etc. Concentrate on local abrasion.

On the friction piece support element or on babinet or on impact guide part or on dynamic impact part or on cylinder body or rub First-class rub body includes position limiting structure, and position limiting structure includes guide and limit structure or power position limiting structure etc., guide and limit structure with Power position limiting structure fission or seperated connection are integral type etc., are oriented to rolling element or guiding suspended substance etc. and are set to guide and limit Structure, power rolling element or power suspended substance etc. are set to power position limiting structure, and position limiting structure limits the space and position of friction piece Set, position limiting structure and friction piece support element or babinet or impact guide part or dynamic impact part or cylinder body or friction piece are seperated etc. or Fission connection is integral type, and friction piece support impact guide part or dynamic impact part or cylinder body move back and forth.

The shape of the friction piece and the shape of friction piece support element and/or the shape for impacting guide part etc. are close to be fastened It forms close fasten such as shape of shape and friction piece of position limiting structure or dynamic impact part and/or motive power part and forms power The direction of motion of position limiting structure, position limiting structure control impact guide part or control dynamic impact part etc., and/or impact is prevented to be oriented to The rotations such as part or dynamic impact part, guide and limit structure it is seperated with power position limiting structure or it is seperated connection or be integral type.

The described guide way setting is between motive power part and impact guide part or cylinder body and impact guide part or friction Between body support element and impact guide part etc., guide way, the impact tight fits such as guide part and friction piece support element pass through rolling Friction or the support impact head impact such as friction that suspends, the extensional of impact guide part actually dynamic impact part are led by impact Extensional to part farthest broadens the righting width to impact head, increases the righting dynamics to impact head, most Control impact head to great dynamics, it is therefore prevented that crank driving device or fluid pressure drive device or actuating device of atmospheric pressure etc., which are hit, to be broken The damage of other power and reaction force.

The position limiting structure includes raceway or cylinder road or stop collar or limit shaft or limiting slot or spherical male or retainer Inner bulk etc. and outer cover coordinate or ellipse or dumb-bell shape or cylinder or taper or circular ring shape or idler wheel or platform shape column or Platform shape ball or platform shape drum or channel column or flute profile ball or flute profile idler wheel or flute profile is oval rectangular or U-shaped or frame shape or it is I-shaped or More rib key-shapeds or arc or V-arrangement or circle or plate shape or polygon or tubular or more rib keys set etc..

The friction piece support element includes quadrangle friction piece support element or U-shaped friction piece support element or frame shape friction piece Support element or babinet friction piece support element or triangle friction piece support element or oval friction piece support element or polygon friction Body support element or special-shaped friction piece support element or raceway friction piece support element or pit friction piece support element or reciprocating stroke section are rubbed Rub body support element or retainer friction piece support element or cycle raceway friction piece support element or flute profile friction piece support element or I-shaped Shape friction piece support element or spline housing friction piece support element or arcuate friction body support element or V-arrangement friction piece support element or ∧ shapes are rubbed Rub body support element or plate shape friction piece support element or cartridge type friction piece support element or more rib key friction piece support elements etc., friction piece branch Support member and motive power part or to be oriented to rolling element support element seperated with guide support etc. or seperated connect or for integral type.

The guiding rolling element support element or impact guide part or piston or cylinder body or dynamic impact part or motive power Part etc. includes raceway, raceway and guiding rolling element support element or impact guide part or piston or cylinder body or dynamic impact part or power The seperated connection such as support element is integral type, and rolling element is arranged in raceway, and is oriented to rolling element support element, impact guide part etc. It is rolling friction or rolling element and piston, cylinder body etc. are that rolling friction or rolling element and dynamic impact part, power roll Body support element etc. is rolling friction.

The raceway includes reciprocating stroke section or cycle raceway or spiral shape raceway or waveform raceway or ring raceway Or straight line raceway or special-shaped raceway etc..

The guiding rolling element support element or impact guide part or piston or cylinder body or dynamic impact part or power roll Body support element etc. includes cycle raceway, cycle raceway and guiding rolling element support element or impact guide part or piston or cylinder body or dynamic The seperated connection such as power impulse member or power rolling element support element is integral type etc., and rolling element setting rolls in cycle raceway It is that rolling rubs that body and guiding rolling element support element, impact guide part etc., which are rolling friction or rolling element and piston, cylinder body etc., Wiping or rolling element support dynamic impact part, power rolling element support element etc. are rolling friction.

The cycle raceway includes annular cycle raceway, and annular cycle raceway annular surface is arranged along vibration-direction, Annular cycle raceway is arranged on impact guide part or is arranged on rolling element support element or is arranged on dynamic impact part or sets It sets on cylinder body or setting is first-class in power rolling element support element, annular cycle raceway is in surrounding arrangement or in single arrangement or is in Be arranged symmetrically, rolling element rolls in annular recycles raceway, prevent rolling element and rolling element support element or with impact guide part With dynamic impact part or with cylinder body or with the sliding frictions such as power rolling element support element.

The cycle raceway includes spiral shape cycle raceway or waveform cycle raceway etc., and rolling element is followed along spiral rolling track Ring or waveform recycle rolling path rolling, and rolling element carries the position of pressure or carrying between rolling element support element and impact guide part The position cyclical-transformation etc. of pressure between piston and cylinder body reduces rolling element and is always in rolling element support element and impact guiding Part is local or being always in piston and cylinder body local rolling makes rolling element bear strong pressure and the probability of abrasion etc..

The cycle raceway includes cycle supporting section and circulation section etc., rolls body circulation raceway plane perpendicular to orienting roll Kinetoplast support element or impact guide part or dynamic impact part or the surface layouts such as cylinder body or power rolling element support element, or cycle rolling Road plane and guiding rolling element support element or impact guide part or dynamic impact part or the tables such as cylinder body or power rolling element support element Face close to being arranged in parallel, recycle in supporting section rolling element support impact guide part be oriented to the rolling friction of rolling element support element or Dynamic impact part and cylinder body rolling friction or support dynamic impact part and power rolling element support element rolling friction etc. are supported, and is followed Rolling element does not support rolling element support element, impact guide part, dynamic impact part, cylinder body, power rolling element support element etc. in ring segment Rolling friction.

Friction piece close arrangement in recycling raceway, the length for recycling raceway are suitable for supporting friction piece with friction piece Support element and impact guide part rolling friction or suspend rubs, or suitable for friction piece support piston and cylinder body rolling friction or outstanding Floating friction, or suitable for friction piece support dynamic impact part and power rolling element support element rolling friction or the friction etc. that suspends, prevent Only friction piece support element and impact guide part or prevents piston and cylinder body or prevent dynamic impact part and power rolling element support element Equal micro-slips friction or collision.

The retainer setting is in cycle raceway, and piston rolling element is arranged in retainer and setting is in cycle raceway Interior, the thickness of retainer is less than the diameter of piston rolling element, and two parts that piston rolling element is higher by retainer are respectively arranged at and follow Ring raceway and piston or cylinder body etc. prevent from inversely rubbing between piston rolling element and piston rolling element.

The raceway includes that raceway bears pressure stage, and raceway bears pressure stage setting wear-resistant material or high-strength material Deng improving the wear-resistant strength of raceway, improve raceway and absorb impact guide part and pressed between each other with rolling element with rolling element support element Power and frictional force bear cylinder body and piston and the mutual pressure of rolling element and frictional force or bear dynamic impact part and power The performance of rolling element support element and the mutual pressure of rolling element and frictional force etc., it is high-strength in local setting wear-resistant material or setting Material etc. is spent, impact guide part or rolling element support element or dynamic impact part or cylinder body or power rolling element support element etc. pair are reduced A large amount of uses of wear-resistant material and high-strength material are reduced to impact guide part or to rolling element support element or to dynamic impact part Or the demand to cylinder body or to the whole abrasion resistance such as motive power part and intensity.

The impact guide part bears rolling section or rolling element bears rolling portion or cylinder body bears rolling section or piston is held By the upper setting wear-resistant material such as rolling section or high-strength material.

The described friction piece setting impact guide part be oriented to rolling element support element or be arranged in piston and cylinder body or set It sets between dynamic impact part and motive power part etc. and to bear pressure friction area, be oriented to rolling element and pass through the fortune such as roll or suspend Reciprocating impact frictional force and extruding force are moved and bear, reciprocating impact frictional force and extruding force, which are applied to, is oriented to rolling element or suspended substance On, it reduces frictional resistance with rolling or suspension etc. and decomposes extruding force, greatly reduce the destruction of force of sliding friction and extruding force Intensity reduces to impact guide part compared to suspension friction structure and sliding friction structure or is oriented to rolling element support element or right Dynamic impact part or cylinder body or the intensity to dynamic impact part or motive power part etc. and toughness reguirements, reduce impact guide part or It is oriented to the weight of rolling element support element or piston or cylinder body or dynamic impact part or motive power part etc., or impacts guide part or leads Lightweight material is used to rolling element support element or piston or cylinder body or dynamic impact part or motive power part etc., reduces and moves back and forth Consumption to energy.

The rolling element support element with guide support or with impact guide part or with piston or with cylinder body or and power Impulse member is integral type with motive power part etc., reduces the occupied space of rolling element support element, make rolling element support element with Guide support is integrated with impact guide part or with cylinder body or with piston or with motive power part or with dynamic impact part etc. Formula, structural strength is big, space availability ratio is high, and limited space is used to increase the volume of rolling element, improves the carrying energy of rolling element Power, increase rolling element with impact guide part or with guide support or with piston or with cylinder body or with dynamic impact part or and power The contact area of support element etc. is avoided because rolling element is too small to guide support or to impact guide part or to piston or to cylinder body To dynamic impact part or to the local pressures such as motive power part it is excessive and abrasion it is excessive.

The cycle raceway includes bearing pressures cycle raceway, from pressures cycle raceway etc., is rolled from pressures cycle Road and impact guide part or the connection of friction piece support element or cylinder body or piston etc. are seperated or be integral type etc., from pressures cycle Raceway is detachable, facilitates observation, repair and replaces rolling element.

The lightweight material include aluminium alloy or highstrenghtpiston or ceramics or titanium alloy or carbon fiber or light section or Composite material etc..

The rolling element includes spherical rolling body or oval rolling element or dumb-bell shape rolling element or cylindrical rolling element Or taper rolling element or circular ring shape rolling element or idler wheel rolling element or platform shape column rolling element or platform shape ball rolling element or the drum rolling of platform shape Kinetoplast or flute profile drum rolling element or channel column rolling element or flute profile ball rolling element or flute profile idler wheel rolling element or flute profile ellipse roll Body or tape spool rolling element or rolling element with holes or more rib key rolling elements or more ribs set rolling element or rolling drum-shaped rolling body or ball rolling Kinetoplast or needle roller rolling element or rollers roll body or linear bearing etc., rolling element be oriented to rolling element it is seperated or it is seperated connect or be Integral type.

The rolling element includes hard alloy rolling element or antifriction alloy rolling element or high-strength abrasion-proof plastics rolling element Or high-strength abrasion-proof steel rolling element or high-strength abrasion-proof rubber rolling element or high-strength abrasion-proof porcelain rolling element etc..

The piston is equipped with sealing element, and sealing element is located at the one or both sides of piston rolling element or front and back piston rolls Between body etc., prevent liquid or gas or solid etc. from entering the other side from the side of piston, piston rolling element passes through rolling friction Support reciprocating motion of the pistons.

The piston is equipped with sealing element, and sealing element is arranged in the one or both sides of cycle raceway or front and back cycle raceway Between etc., sealing element does not move back and forth on piston rolling element, prevents liquid or gas etc. from entering the other side from the side of piston, Piston rolling element supports reciprocating motion of the pistons by rolling friction, reduces the running resistance of piston, improves piston movement speed, close Sealing is used as sealing.

The sealing element includes O-ring or slip ring or elastomer or baffle ring or support ring or sealing ring or star circle or pressure Ring or V-arrangement body or U-shaped body or frame shape ring or channel or compression spring or opening sealing ring or sealing baffle or polygon sealing element etc..

The sealing element is rubber material or polyurethane material or nylon material or plastic material or metal material or mixes Condensation material etc..

Described impact guide part and/or friction piece support element etc. include levitation device or dynamic impact part and/or power Support element etc. includes levitation device, and levitation device includes magnetic levitation system or liquid levitation device or air suspension device etc..

The air suspension device includes air source, control valve, conveyance conduit, air film chamber etc., and air film chamber is arranged in guiding mechanism On, gas suspension film is formed on friction piece support element, impact guide part is arranged in the top of gas suspension film or upper and lower gas suspension film In the middle part of middle part or gas suspension film cylinder etc..

The liquid levitation device includes liquid medium source, control valve, conveyance conduit, liquid film chamber etc., and the setting of liquid film chamber is being led To in mechanism, liquid suspension film is formed on friction piece support element, impact guide part is arranged in the top of liquid suspension film or upper and lower liquid In the middle part of suspension film or in the middle part of liquid suspension film cylinder etc..

The magnetic levitation system includes electromagnetic suspension apparatus or permanent-magnet suspender etc., and electromagnetic suspension apparatus includes electromagnetism, Permanent-magnet suspender includes permanent magnetism, and electromagnetism or permanent magnetism setting are on impact guide part and friction piece support element etc..

The magnetic levitation system includes the poles N permanent magnetism or the poles S permanent magnetism, impacts the poles setting N permanent magnetism on guide part, friction piece support Part is equipped with the poles setting S permanent magnetism, friction piece support element on the poles N permanent magnetism or impact guide part and is equipped with the poles S permanent magnetism etc., the poles N permanent magnetism Identical charges repel each other generates suspension with the poles N permanent magnetism or the poles S permanent magnetism and the poles S permanent magnetism, and dynamic impact part driving impact guide part moves back and forth, Guide part is impacted to move back and forth with the suspension friction of friction piece support element.

The magnetic levitation system includes cathode electromagnetism or positive electromagnetism, impacts and cathode electromagnetism, friction piece are arranged on guide part Support element is equipped with the positive electromagnetism of setting, friction piece support element on cathode electromagnetism or impact guide part and is equipped with positive electromagnetism etc., Identical charges repel each other generates suspension for cathode electromagnetism and cathode electromagnetism or positive electromagnetism and positive electromagnetism, and the driving impact of dynamic impact part is oriented to Part moves back and forth, and impact guide part suspends to rub with friction piece support element and move back and forth.

The retainer includes that cartridge type retainer or board-like retainer or U-shaped retainer or V-arrangement retainer or polygon are protected Hold frame or special-shaped retainer or triangle retainer or rectangular retainer or chain link retainer etc..

The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:The anti-high-efficient impacting broken method for distinguishing and implement this method of the high-efficient impacting is anti-to be broken not Headstock has the following advantages:

1. being equipped with anti-break between the dynamic impact part and beater mechanism of the anti-driving mechanism for breaking other headstock of the high-efficient impacting Other mechanism, the rotational structure Forced rotation or separate structure of Fang Baibie mechanisms are reduced by seperated shock isolation reaction force The impact of dynamic impact part is broken not;

2. driving mechanism drives beater mechanism reciprocating impact, impact guide part to be connect with beater mechanism, driving mechanism setting Between upper and lower guider and/or left and right guider, the impact guide part of upper and lower guider or left and right guider is most The righting width to beater mechanism is broadened to big degree, the righting dynamics to beater mechanism is increased, controls to maximum dynamics The impact direction of beater mechanism, it is therefore prevented that driving mechanism is by breaking Bie Li and reaction force damaged;

3. impacting, guide part both ends are equipped with beater mechanism or one end is equipped with the beater mechanism other end and is equipped with counterweight, reduce Because what both ends gravity unbalances generated breaking not when impact guide part impact;It impacts guide part one end and is equipped with beater mechanism, it is another End is set to supporting box, and supporting box multi-point support impacts the impact direction of guide part and righting impact guide part.

4. guiding mechanism is mainly using the guiding etc. that is oriented to or suspends is rolled, friction piece is playing rolling friction or the friction that suspends While play rolling guiding role, when reducing reciprocating impact impact guide part and friction piece support element or dynamic impact part with The friction of motive power part greatly reduces the frictional dissipation of reciprocating impact generation;

5. sealing element is set to the active connection place of guiding mechanism, driving mechanism and/or beater mechanism and babinet, babinet is Sealing structure prevents dust, material bits from entering in driving mechanism and guiding mechanism, ensure that the degree of purity of lubricating fluid reduces and rub Resistance is wiped, avoids corrosion of the material to driving mechanism, guiding mechanism, lubricating system is to driving mechanism, guiding mechanism lubrication drop Temperature reduces friction, improves the service life of equipment;

6. guide support setting forms more than two guide support points in the more than two ends of motive power part, and two For a above guide support point to impact head lifting power supporting role, friction piece, impact guide part and guide support etc. are tight Close fit forms multi-point support and impacts header structure, and multi-point support impact header structure passes through multi-point support impact head righting impact head Impact direction increases the connection width and support degree to impact head with more than two guide support points;

7. can be equipped with the friction piece of two row or more around a dynamic impact part, friction pieces more than two row bears to rush It taps the head or impacts the gravity load of guide part, friction piece of each column more than at least one supports impact head reciprocating impact, avoids An only row friction piece absorbs impact head or impacts concentration damage of the gravity load to friction piece of guide part, makes the babinet more Securely and reliably;

8. friction piece, the impact tight fits such as guide part and friction piece support element pass through rolling friction or the friction multiple spot that suspends Support impact head impact, the extension of impact guide part actually dynamic impact part, by impacting the extension of guide part farthest The righting width to impact head is broadened, the righting dynamics to impact head is increased, controls impact head to maximum dynamics, prevent Driving device, which is hit, breaks the damage of Bie Li and reaction force;

9. being oriented to rolling element by the circulating rolling in recycling raceway or by reciprocating rolling or passes through rolling support in situ Impact guide part does relatively reciprocating motion with guiding rolling element support element or power rolling element passes through the circulating rolling in recycling raceway Or do relatively reciprocating motion with piston by reciprocating rolling or by rolling support cylinder body in situ, rolling element is supported by rolling friction Guide part or reciprocating motion of the pistons are impacted, frictional dissipation when supporting impact guide part or piston with sliding friction is reduced;

10. rolling element is oriented to impact guide part by rolling friction, power rolling element supports power by rolling friction Impulse member moves back and forth, and reduces frictional resistance and damage when supporting impact guide part, the movement of dynamic impact part with sliding friction Consumption;It is oriented to rolling element and uses High Strength Wear-Resistance Material with piston rolling element, keep the service using life long, maintenance capacity is few, work It is efficient;

11.U shapes or the impact guide part piece uploading such as frame shape or cartridge type and lower part are connect with impact head, U-shaped or frame shape or cartridge type Impact guide part etc. by with impact head wide cut degree Mulit-point Connection, forcefully the righting direction of motion of impact head, it is therefore prevented that The rotation of impact head not only increases impact guide part and prevents breaking other torque arm length, and reduces impact head and be oriented to impact Part is broken not;

12. setting friction piece support element or cylinder body to inner bulk, impact guide part is set as outer cover etc., and friction piece is set It is placed between outer cover and inner bulk, the tight fits such as outer cover, inner bulk and friction piece pass through rolling friction or the friction that suspends So that outer cover is moved back and forth, reduces frictional resistance of the outer cover using sliding friction as support, considerably increase absorption impact The function of reaction force, guide effect is good, simple in structure, few easy workout part, performance are stablized;

13. in supporting rack or babinet or impact guide part or dynamic impact part or the settings such as cylinder body or friction piece limit knot Structure, position limiting structure include guide and limit structure or power position limiting structure etc., and guiding rolling element or guiding suspended substance etc., which are set to, leads To position limiting structure, power rolling element or power suspended substance etc. are set to power position limiting structure, and position limiting structure limits the sky of friction piece Between and position, the friction piece support impact guide part or reciprocating motions such as dynamic impact part or cylinder body;

It is big especially suitable for impact reactive force, turn round big reciprocal of other power 14. the apparatus structure is compact, structural strength is big Impact structure, impact guide part be set to outside cylinder body, be by extend increase impact guide part and impact head connection it is wide Degree, so that the device is suitable for, a variety of dynamic strengths are big, turn round the onsite application needs that other power is big, driving frequency is high;

15. being equipped with Fang Baibie mechanisms, the rotational structure Forced rotation of Fang Baibie mechanisms in dynamic impact part one or both ends Or other power is broken in the isolation reaction of separate structure fission, relieves impact reactive force breaking not to dynamic impact part, it is therefore prevented that punching Hit damage of the reaction force to driving device;

16. reciprocating impact head or reciprocal crushing head or reciprocal charging head can be arranged in the both ends of impact guide part, one is realized A driving device drives two reciprocating impact heads or reciprocal crushing head or the impact of reciprocal charging head, need not turn impact head direction It can realize double direction impulse, greatly improve work efficiency;The both ends of impact guide part are respectively provided with impact head or one end setting punching Counterweight is arranged in the other end of tapping the head or impact head is arranged in one end, it is ensured that the stability of device operation improves service life;

17. babinet driving mechanism is equipped with lubrication fluid passage, the wear-resisting property of driving mechanism is improved, is greatly reduced to driving The damage of mechanism improves the service life of dynamic impact part;

18. being moved back and forth with cylinder body rolling friction using piston rolling element support piston, changes piston and be bonded with cylinder body The structure that sliding friction moves back and forth, reduces piston guide section height or thickness, reduces piston weight, reduce energy and disappear Consumption, while piston running resistance is reduced, the speed of service is improved, the working efficiency of driving device is improved;

19. piston is supported by piston rolling element, the support function of sealing element is eliminated, sealing element can only play sealing and make Supporting role is can not afford, the rigid requirements to sealing element are reduced, sealing element can be used the wear-resistant material of softer, improve close The wear-resistant degree of sealing and sealing life;The thickness of sealing element can also be smaller, has saved the use of material;

20. between power rolling element support element and dynamic impact part or being oriented to rolling element support element and impact guide part Between or between cylinder body and piston etc. be arranged idler wheel, further reduced the abrasion between component, extend the use of component In the service life, failure rate is low, maintenance is few, improves the working efficiency of the device.In use, idler wheel more cleans, is environmentally friendly, Will not be because of the excessive generation harmful substance of sliding friction or toxic gas etc., and then the quality of working environment can be improved;

21. the surface that idler wheel can be widened make idler wheel and power rolling element support element or with dynamic impact part or and orienting roll Kinetoplast support element increases with impact guide part or with cylinder body or with contacts area such as pistons, increases the wide cut righting work(of idler wheel Can, reduction concentrates on concentrated wear;

22. being oriented to rolling element support element or impact guide part or piston or cylinder body or dynamic impact part or power rolling element Support element is first-class to be equipped with cycle raceway, and rolling element is covered with cycle raceway, and the length for recycling raceway is suitable for being answered with rolling element support phase Component rolling friction improves the rolling support amplitude and dynamics of rolling element, and changing original structure, there are serious sliding frictions Defect, prevent the rolling support because of rolling element from only working in a part of region, and the local collision friction without rolling element, keep away Exempt to damage;

23. recycle raceway be oriented to rolling element support element or with impact guide part or with piston or cylinder body or and dynamic impact Part is integral type with power rolling element support element, reduces the occupied space of mosaic component, and structural strength is big, space utilization Rate is high, makes volume of the limited space for increasing rolling element, improves the bearing capacity of rolling element, increase rolling element and phase The contact area for answering component reduced because of the problems such as rolling element is too small excessive to corresponding component local pressure and abrasion is excessive;

24. cycle raceway bears pressure stage or cycle raceway from pressure stage split settings, cycle raceway is from pressure Section is detachable, the convenient installation, maintenance to recycling raceway, is conducive to replace rolling element;

25. bearing pressure stage setting wear-resistant material or high-strength material in cycle raceway, the wear-resistant strength of raceway is improved, The performance for improving the mutual pressure of raceway bearing part and frictional force, in local setting wear-resistant material or high-strength material, Reducing the requirement to corresponding component entirety abrasion resistance and intensity reduces corresponding component to wear-resistant material and high-strength material It is a large amount of to use;

26. impact guide part bears rolling section or cylinder body bears rolling section or piston bears rolling section or rolling element bears to roll Splenium is first-class to be equipped with wear-resistant material or high-strength material, improves the wear-resistant strength and bearing capacity of corresponding component, rolling element is tight It is close to be arranged on wear-resistant material or high-strength material, to have uniform extruding force to wear-resistant material or high-strength material, prevent High Strength Wear-Resistance Material local shedding or deformation;

27. bearing larger pressure friction area setting in dynamic impact part or power rolling element support element or piston or cylinder body Raceway is recycled, rolling element rolls and bears frictional force and extruding force in recycling raceway, frictional force and extruding force is made to be applied to rolling On kinetoplast, wear-resistant strength and the carrying that can reduce dynamic impact part or power rolling element support element or piston or cylinder body entirety are strong Degree, light sectional material can also be used by impacting guide part or guide support or piston or cylinder body or dynamic impact part or motive power part Material reduces the weight of corresponding component, reduces the consumption moved back and forth to energy.

28. bearing pressure friction area setting friction piece between piston and cylinder body, so that friction piece is passed through rolling or is suspended and hold By reciprocating impact frictional force and extruding force, reciprocating impact frictional force and extruding force is made to be applied on friction piece, with rolling or suspended It reduces frictional resistance and decomposes extruding force, avoid the destruction of force of sliding friction and extruding force to piston or cylinder body etc., compared to Sliding friction structure reduces intensity and toughness reguirements to piston or cylinder body etc., changes the shape knot of piston or cylinder body etc. Structure reduces the material volume of piston or cylinder body etc., reduces the weight of piston or cylinder body etc., reduces reciprocating motion of the pistons pair The consumption of energy etc..

29. friction piece support element and piston are set as integral type with piston rod or with cylinder body, reduce friction piece support The occupied space of part, friction piece support element and piston or be integral type with piston rod or with cylinder body make that structural strength is big, space Utilization rate is high, and limited space is used to increase the volume of friction piece, improves the bearing capacity of friction piece, increases friction piece and work Plug or the contact area with cylinder body or with piston rod, avoid because friction piece is too small to piston or to cylinder body or to offices such as piston rods Portion's pressure is excessive and abrasion is excessive, makes simple in structure, few easy workout part, manufacturing cost is low, and service life is long.Avoid split settings Friction piece support element split settings make the problems such as piston structure is complicated, fragile, craftsmanship is poor, manufacture difficulty is big, make engine Performance greatly improve.

30. impacting guide part rolling friction or the friction that suspends under the support of friction piece to move back and forth, original cunning is changed The structure of dynamic friction substantially reduces the running resistance of headstock reciprocating impact, improves the reciprocating speed of beater mechanism, improves Working efficiency, greatly reduces power consumption, reduces the power load of other mating auxiliary members, improve other auxiliary members Service life reduces the related investment number of integral device, anti-compared to the high-efficient impacting of other impact power boxes present invention to break not Power case structure is simple and direct, reasonable, exquisite, rigorous, small, light-weight, and abrasion is small, and structural strength is big, and space efficiency utilization is high, Perfect in shape and function, anti-to break Bie Li and shock resistance reaction force is strong, dependable performance, craftsmanship is strong, energy-saving, and maintenance capacity is few, uses Long lifespan, processing and fabricating is simple, and operational efficiency is high.

Description of the drawings

Fig. 1, which is that high-efficient impacting is anti-in embodiment 1, breaks other power case structure schematic diagram;

Fig. 2 is the anti-structural schematic diagram for breaking other headstock guiding mechanism of high-efficient impacting in embodiment 1;

Fig. 3 is the anti-structural schematic diagram for breaking other headstock guiding mechanism of high-efficient impacting in embodiment 2;

Fig. 4 is the anti-structural schematic diagram for breaking other headstock guiding mechanism of high-efficient impacting in embodiment 2;

Fig. 5, which is that high-efficient impacting is anti-in embodiment 3, breaks other power case structure schematic diagram;

Fig. 6 is the anti-structural schematic diagram for breaking other headstock guiding mechanism of high-efficient impacting in embodiment 3;

Fig. 7, which is that high-efficient impacting is anti-in embodiment 3, breaks other power case structure schematic diagram;

Fig. 8 is the anti-structural schematic diagram for breaking other headstock guiding mechanism of high-efficient impacting in embodiment 3;

Fig. 9, which is that high-efficient impacting is anti-in embodiment 4, breaks other power case structure schematic diagram;

Figure 10, which is that high-efficient impacting is anti-in embodiment 5, breaks other power case structure schematic diagram;

Figure 11, which is that high-efficient impacting is anti-in embodiment 6, breaks other power case structure schematic diagram;

Figure 12 is the anti-structural schematic diagram for breaking other headstock guiding mechanism of high-efficient impacting in embodiment 6;

Figure 13, which is that high-efficient impacting is anti-in embodiment 7, breaks other power case structure schematic diagram;

Figure 14, which is that high-efficient impacting is anti-in embodiment 8, breaks other power case structure schematic diagram;

Figure 15, which is that high-efficient impacting is anti-in embodiment 9, breaks other power case structure schematic diagram;

Figure 16, which is that high-efficient impacting is anti-in embodiment 10, breaks other power case structure schematic diagram;

Figure 17, which is that high-efficient impacting is anti-in embodiment 11, breaks other power case structure schematic diagram

Figure 18, which is that high-efficient impacting is anti-in embodiment 12, breaks other power case structure schematic diagram;

Figure 19 is the anti-structural schematic diagram for breaking other headstock guiding mechanism of high-efficient impacting in embodiment 12;

Figure 20, which is that high-efficient impacting is anti-in embodiment 12, breaks other power case structure schematic diagram;

Figure 21 is the anti-structural schematic diagram for breaking other headstock guiding mechanism of high-efficient impacting in embodiment 12;

Figure 22, which is that high-efficient impacting is anti-in embodiment 13, breaks other power case structure schematic diagram;

Figure 23, which is that high-efficient impacting is anti-in embodiment 14, breaks other power case structure schematic diagram;

Figure 24, which is that high-efficient impacting is anti-in embodiment 15, breaks other power case structure schematic diagram;

Figure 25, which is that high-efficient impacting is anti-in embodiment 15, breaks other power case structure schematic diagram;

Figure 26, which is that high-efficient impacting is anti-in embodiment 15, breaks other power case structure schematic diagram;

Figure 27 is the anti-structural schematic diagram for breaking other headstock guiding mechanism of high-efficient impacting in embodiment 16;

Figure 28 is the anti-structural schematic diagram broken other headstock and idler wheel is arranged of high-efficient impacting in embodiment 16;

Figure 29 is the anti-structural schematic diagram broken other headstock and idler wheel is arranged of high-efficient impacting in embodiment 16;

Figure 30, which is that high-efficient impacting is anti-in embodiment 16, breaks other power case structure schematic diagram;

Figure 31, which is that high-efficient impacting is anti-in embodiment 16, breaks other power case structure schematic diagram;

Figure 32 is the anti-structural schematic diagram broken other headstock and idler wheel is arranged of high-efficient impacting in embodiment 16;

Figure 33 is the anti-structural schematic diagram broken other headstock and idler wheel is arranged of high-efficient impacting in embodiment 17;

Figure 34 is the anti-structural schematic diagram broken other headstock and idler wheel is arranged of high-efficient impacting in embodiment 17;

Figure 35, which is that high-efficient impacting is anti-in embodiment 18, breaks other power case structure schematic diagram;

Figure 36, which is that high-efficient impacting is anti-in embodiment 19, breaks other power case structure schematic diagram;

Figure 37, which is that high-efficient impacting is anti-in embodiment 20, breaks other power case structure schematic diagram;

Figure 38 is the anti-structural schematic diagram for breaking other headstock driving mechanism of high-efficient impacting in embodiment 21;

Figure 39 is the anti-structural schematic diagram for breaking other headstock driving mechanism of high-efficient impacting in embodiment 22;

Figure 40 is the anti-structural schematic diagram for breaking other headstock driving mechanism of high-efficient impacting in embodiment 23;

Figure 41 is the anti-structural schematic diagram for breaking other headstock driving mechanism of high-efficient impacting in embodiment 24;

Figure 42, which is that high-efficient impacting is anti-in embodiment 25, breaks other power case structure schematic diagram;

Figure 43, which is that high-efficient impacting is anti-in embodiment 26, breaks other power case structure schematic diagram;

Figure 44, which is that high-efficient impacting is anti-in embodiment 27, breaks other power case structure schematic diagram;

Figure 45 is the anti-structural schematic diagram for breaking other headstock Fang Baibie mechanisms of high-efficient impacting in embodiment 28;

Figure 46 is the anti-structural schematic diagram for breaking other headstock driving mechanism of high-efficient impacting in embodiment 29;

Figure 47 is the anti-structural schematic diagram for breaking other headstock driving mechanism of high-efficient impacting in embodiment 30;

Figure 48 is the anti-structural schematic diagram for breaking other headstock Fang Baibie mechanisms of high-efficient impacting in embodiment 31;

Figure 49 is the anti-structural schematic diagram for breaking other headstock Fang Baibie mechanisms of high-efficient impacting in embodiment 31;

Figure 50 is the anti-structural schematic diagram for breaking other headstock Fang Baibie mechanisms of high-efficient impacting in embodiment 31;

Figure 51 is the anti-structural schematic diagram for breaking other headstock Fang Baibie mechanisms of high-efficient impacting in embodiment 31;

Figure 52 is the anti-structural schematic diagram for breaking other headstock driving mechanism of high-efficient impacting in embodiment 32;

Figure 53 is the anti-structural schematic diagram for breaking other headstock driving mechanism of high-efficient impacting in embodiment 32;

Figure 54 is the anti-structural schematic diagram for breaking other headstock driving mechanism of high-efficient impacting in embodiment 33;

Figure 55 is the anti-structural schematic diagram for breaking other headstock driving mechanism of high-efficient impacting in embodiment 33;

Figure 56, which is that high-efficient impacting is anti-in embodiment 34, breaks other power case structure schematic diagram;

Figure 57, which is that high-efficient impacting is anti-in embodiment 34, breaks other headstock E-E structural schematic diagrams;

Figure 58, which is that high-efficient impacting is anti-in embodiment 35, breaks other power case structure schematic diagram;

Figure 59, which is that high-efficient impacting is anti-in embodiment 36, breaks other power case structure schematic diagram;

Figure 60, which is that high-efficient impacting is anti-in embodiment 37, breaks other power case structure schematic diagram;

Figure 61, which is that high-efficient impacting is anti-in embodiment 38, breaks other power case structure schematic diagram;

Figure 62, which is that high-efficient impacting is anti-in embodiment 38, breaks other power case structure schematic diagram;

Figure 63, which is that high-efficient impacting is anti-in embodiment 39, breaks other power case structure schematic diagram;

Figure 64, which is that high-efficient impacting is anti-in embodiment 40, breaks other power case structure schematic diagram;

Figure 65, which is that high-efficient impacting is anti-in embodiment 40, breaks other headstock G-G structural schematic diagrams;

Figure 66, which is that high-efficient impacting is anti-in embodiment 41, breaks other power case structure schematic diagram;

Figure 67, which is that high-efficient impacting is anti-in embodiment 41, breaks other power case structure schematic diagram;

Figure 68 is the anti-structural schematic diagram for breaking other headstock of high-efficient impacting in embodiment 42;

Figure 69, which is that high-efficient impacting is anti-in embodiment 42, breaks other headstock H-H structural schematic diagrams;

Figure 70, which is that high-efficient impacting is anti-in embodiment 43, breaks other power case structure schematic diagram;

Figure 71, which is that high-efficient impacting is anti-in embodiment 44, breaks other power case structure schematic diagram;

Figure 72, which is that high-efficient impacting is anti-in embodiment 45, breaks other power case structure schematic diagram;

Figure 73, which is that high-efficient impacting is anti-in embodiment 46, breaks other power case structure schematic diagram;

In figure:1, babinet;2, beater mechanism;3, guiding mechanism;4, driving mechanism;5, Fang Baibie mechanisms;6, impact head;7、 Impact guide part;8, dynamic impact part;9, friction piece;10, friction piece support element;11, exempt to bear pressures cycle raceway;12, it follows Ring raceway;13, it is oriented to rolling element;14, crank driving device;15, it is oriented to rolling element support element;16, pit impacts guide part; 17, pit is oriented to rolling element support element;18, clear bottom surface tooth;19, clear top surface tooth;20, fluid pressure drive device;21, raceway orienting roll Kinetoplast support element;22, the poles N permanent magnetism;23, guide and limit structure;24, cam;25, outer cover;26, inner bulk;27, cylinder body;28、 U-shaped outer cover piece uploading;29, inner bulk piece uploading;30, U-shaped outer cover lower part;31, raceway;32, inner bulk lower part;33, raceway is led Down piece;34, piston;35, interior lever;36, upper raceway is oriented to rolling element support element;37, lower raceway is oriented to rolling element support element; 38, U-shaped outer cover;39, frame shape outer cover piece uploading;40, frame shape outer cover lower part;41, retainer;42, power rolling element;43、 Power rolling element support element;44, U-shaped impacts guide part piece uploading;45, U-shaped impacts guide part lower part;46, upper guiding rolling element branch Support member;47, lower guiding rolling element support element;48, cartridge type impacts guide part;49, raceway impacts guide part;50, idler wheel;51, it rolls Wheel shaft;52, motive power part;53, air bag;54, cartridge type raceway guide part;55, camshaft;56, eccentric shaft;57, power source part; 58, connecting rod;59, sliding block;60, swing rod;61, mulit-turning crankshaft;62, arc buckle-groove type;63, the concentric shaft part of power;64, crank turns more Eccentric shaft;65, fluid passage;66, Hooks coupling universal coupling is rotatablely connected head;67, upper mounting plate coupling head;68, lower platform coupling head; 69, cylinder is moved;70, spherical outside surface;71, Internal Spherical Surface;72, dust cover;73, outer rollaway nest;74, interior rollaway nest;75, steel ball;76, counterweight; 77, sealing element;78, pit;79, position limiting structure;80, rolling element;81, piston rod;82, reciprocating stroke section;83, annular cycle rolling Road;84, spiral shape recycles raceway;85, waveform recycles raceway;86, circulation section;87, supporting section is recycled;88, piston rolling element; 89, pressures cycle raceway is born.

Specific implementation mode

The present invention will be further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

Embodiment 1

Fig. 1, Fig. 2, which are that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 1 is anti-, breaks other headstock, including babinet 1, guiding mechanism 3, driving Mechanism 4, beater mechanism 2, Fang Baibie mechanisms 5 etc., 1 support guide mechanism 3 of babinet, driving mechanism 4 etc., guiding mechanism 3 and driving Mechanism 4 is seperated connection, and driving mechanism 4 includes motive power part 52 etc., and guiding mechanism 3 is including guide support etc., power branch The connection seperated with guide support of support member 52, motive power part 52 and/or guide support include friction piece support element 10, friction Body support element 10 and motive power part 52 or friction piece support element 10 it is seperated with guide support or it is seperated connect or be integral type, Friction piece support element 10 includes rolling element support element or suspended substance support element, and rolling element support element is seperated with suspended substance support element, Rolling element support element includes being oriented to rolling element support element 15 and/or power rolling element support element 43, is oriented to rolling element support element 15 Seperated with power rolling element support element 43, suspended substance support element includes being oriented to suspended substance support element and/or the support of power suspended substance Part, is oriented to suspended substance support element seperated with power suspended substance support element or seperated connection or for integral type, guiding mechanism 3 is including rushing Guide part 7, friction piece 9, friction piece support element 10 are hit, friction piece 9 includes rolling element or suspended substance, and rolling element includes being oriented to roll Body 13 and/or power rolling element 42, be oriented to rolling element 13 it is seperated with power rolling element 42, suspended substance include guiding suspended substance with/ Or power suspended substance, be oriented to suspended substance it is seperated with power suspended substance or it is seperated connect or integral type;

Driving mechanism 4 includes crank driving device 14, includes dynamic impact part 8, motive power on crank driving device 14 Part 52 etc., impact guide part 7 is seperated with dynamic impact part 8 or seperated connects or for integral type;

Including impact head 6, impact guide part 7 connection seperated with impact head 6, dynamic impact part 8 is flexibly connected with impact head 6 Or it is seperated or be integral type, the setting of friction piece 9 is between guide support and impact guide part 7 or is arranged in motive power part 52 Between dynamic impact part 8, guide support or motive power part 52 include friction piece support element 10, and Fang Baibie mechanisms 5 are arranged In the one or both ends of dynamic impact part 8, Fang Baibie mechanisms 5 include rotational structure or separate structure, the driving impact of driving mechanism 4 Mechanism 2 or impact guide part 7 impact, and impact is broken other power and is applied in Fang Baibie mechanisms 5, the rotational structures of Fang Baibie mechanisms 5 by Power rotation is by seperated shock isolation reaction force, the setting of friction piece 9 group between friction piece support element 10 and impact guide part 7 At guiding mechanism 3, friction piece 9, friction piece support element 10 are fitted close with impact guide part 7 and are rubbed by rolling friction or suspension Supported impact mechanism 2 impact, the impact direction of 3 righting beater mechanism 2 of guiding mechanism, prevent driving mechanism 4 by break Bie Li and The damage of impact reactive force.

Motive power part 52 also can be seperated with guide support or be integral type, motive power part 52 and guide support point Body is integral type, rolling element support element connection seperated with suspended substance support element or be integral type, guiding rolling element support element 15 Connection seperated with power rolling element support element 43 is integral type, and being oriented to rolling element 13 also can seperated connection with power rolling element 42 Or it is integral type, driving mechanism 4 or fluid pressure drive device 20 or pneumatic actuating device or solid flow drive system etc., punching It hits guide part 7 and may be configured as integral type with impact head 6, the separate structure of Fang Baibie mechanisms 5 also can be anti-by seperated shock isolation Active force.

The equipment, which further includes that a kind of high-efficient impacting is anti-, breaks method for distinguishing, and this method is characterized in:Setting driving mechanism 4 is led To mechanism 3, babinet 1, driving mechanism 4, guiding mechanism 3 are set to babinet 1, motive power part 52 is set in driving mechanism 4, On guiding mechanism 3 be arranged guide support body, keep motive power part 52 seperated with guide support or it is seperated connect or be integrated Friction piece support element 10 is arranged on motive power part 52 and/or guide support, makes friction piece support element 10 and power branch for formula Support member 52 or keep friction piece support element 10 seperated with guide support or it is seperated connection or be integral type, in friction piece support element 10 Upper setting rolling element support element or suspended substance support element, keep rolling element support element seperated with suspended substance support element or it is seperated connection or For integral type, setting guiding rolling element support element 15 and/or power rolling element support element 43, make guiding on rolling element support element Rolling element support element 15 it is seperated with power rolling element support element 43 or it is seperated connection or be integral type, set on suspended substance support element It sets and is oriented to suspended substance support element and/or power suspended substance support element, make guiding suspended substance support element and power suspended substance support element Seperated or seperated connection is integral type, and impact guide part 7, friction piece 9, friction piece support element 10 is arranged to guiding mechanism 3, will Friction piece 9 is set as rolling element or suspended substance, sets rolling element to be oriented to rolling element 13 and/or power rolling element 42, will lead To rolling element 13 it is seperated with power rolling element 42 or it is seperated connection or integral type, by suspended substance be set as be oriented to suspended substance and/or Power suspended substance, will be oriented to suspended substance it is seperated with power suspended substance or it is seperated connect or integral type;

Set driving mechanism 4 to crank driving device 14 or fluid pressure drive device 20 or pneumatic actuating device or efflux of solids Dynamic driving device, on crank driving device 14 or on fluid pressure drive device 20 or on actuating device of atmospheric pressure or in efflux of solids Setting dynamic impact part 8, motive power part 52 in dynamic driving device, in fluid pressure drive device 20 or pneumatic actuating device or solid Cylinder body 27 is set in flow drive system, and cylinder body 27 is seperated with motive power part 52 or with guide support or seperated connect or is Integral type, keep impact guide part 7 seperated with dynamic impact part 8 or it is seperated connection or be integral type;

By the connection seperated with beater mechanism 2 of impact guide part 7 or it is set as integral type, by dynamic impact part 8 and shock machine The flexible connection of structure 2 or fission are integral type, and friction piece 9 is arranged between guide support and impact guide part 7 or is arranged Cylinder body 27 and impact guide part 7 between or be arranged between motive power part 52 and dynamic impact part 8, make guide support or Friction piece support element 10 is arranged in cylinder body 27 or motive power part 52, makes guide support or cylinder body 27 or motive power part 52 and rubs 10 fission of rub body support element or seperated connection are integral type, and Shi Fangbaibie mechanisms 5 are arranged in one end of dynamic impact part 8 or two End, sets Fang Baibie mechanisms 5 to rotational structure or separate structure, makes dynamic impact part 8 that beater mechanism 2 or impact be driven to be oriented to Part 7 impacts, and other power is broken in impact and is applied in Fang Baibie mechanisms 5, the rotational structure Forced rotation of Fang Baibie mechanisms 5 or seperated knot Structure is made impact guide part 7 be connect with beater mechanism 2 or be integral type, friction piece 9 is set by seperated shock isolation reaction force It sets and forms guiding mechanism 3 between friction piece support element 10 and impact guide part 7, make friction piece 9, friction piece support element 10 and punching It hits guide part 7 and is fitted close and impacted by rolling friction or suspension friction support beater mechanism 2, the impact of righting beater mechanism 2 Direction makes driving mechanism 4 not damaged in the case where guiding mechanism 3 and Fang Baibie mechanisms 5 are protected from breaking, and improves target efficiency.

Embodiment 2

Fig. 3, Fig. 4, which are that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 2 is anti-, breaks other headstock, and guiding mechanism 3 includes cycle raceway 12, Guide part 7 is opposite with 80 support element of rolling element back and forth transports for circulating rolling support impact by recycling raceway 12 for rolling element 80 It is dynamic.

Guiding mechanism 3 further includes that reciprocal raceway 31 or rolling element 80 are in situ, and rolling element 80 passes through past in reciprocal raceway 31 It is multiple to roll or rolled or by being rolled in pit 78 or by being rolled in raceway 31 or by retainer 41 by situ Middle rolling support impact guide part 7 does relatively reciprocating motion with 80 support element of rolling element.

The equipment further includes a kind of method for implementing the structure, and this method is characterized in:Rolling element 80 in cycle by rolling In road 12 circulating rolling or by reciprocating rolling or by rolling support in situ impact guide part 7 it is opposite with 80 support element of rolling element It moves back and forth.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 3

Fig. 5, Fig. 6, Fig. 7 and Fig. 8, which are that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 3 is anti-, breaks other headstock, and impact guide part 7 is recessed Impact guide part 16 in hole is oriented to rolling element 13, pit impact guide part 16, guiding rolling element support element 15 and is fitted close to pit It impacts guide part 16 to be oriented to, the rotational structure Forced rotation or separate structure of Fang Baibie mechanisms 5 are made by the way that seperated shock isolation is counter Firmly, the impact direction of guider righting beater mechanism 2.

Be oriented to rolling element support element 15 and be oriented to rolling element support element 17 for pit, be oriented to rolling element 13, impact guide part 7, Pit is oriented to rolling element support element 17 and is fitted close to the impact guiding of guide part 7, the rotational structure Forced rotation of Fang Baibie mechanisms 5 Or separate structure passes through seperated shock isolation reaction force, the impact direction of guider righting beater mechanism 2.

Impact guide part 7 further includes raceway impact guide part 49 or tape holder impact guide part or cycle raceway impact guide part Or guide part or cartridge type impact guide part or U-shaped impact guide part or V-arrangement friction piece are impacted in trip segment impact guide part or limit Support element or polygon friction piece support element or frame shape impact guide part or abnormity impact guide part or E shapes impact guide part etc.; It further includes that raceway is oriented to rolling element support element 21 or tape holder guiding rolling element support element or cycle rolling to be oriented to rolling element support element 15 Road is oriented to rolling element support element or trip segment is oriented to rolling element support element or limition orientation rolling element support element or cartridge type orienting roll Kinetoplast support element or U-shaped are oriented to rolling element support element or V-arrangement is oriented to rolling element support element or polygon is oriented to rolling element support element Or frame shape is oriented to rolling element support element or babinet is oriented to rolling element support element or abnormity is oriented to rolling element support element etc.;Dynamic impact Part 8 includes raceway dynamic impact part or pit dynamic impact part or tape holder dynamic impact part or cycle raceway dynamic impact part or row Journey section dynamic impact part or limit dynamic impact part or cartridge type dynamic impact part or U-shaped dynamic impact part or frame shape dynamic impact part Or special-shaped dynamic impact part or E shape dynamic impact parts or polygon dynamic impact part etc.;Motive power part 52 includes raceway power Support element or pit motive power part or tape holder motive power part or cycle raceway motive power part or trip segment motive power part Or limit motive power part or cartridge type motive power part or U-shaped motive power part or E shape motive power parts or polygon power branch Support member or babinet motive power part or frame shape motive power part or special-shaped motive power part etc.;Rolling element 80 includes spherical rolling body Or oval rolling element or dumb-bell shape rolling element or cylindrical rolling element or taper rolling element or circular ring shape rolling element or idler wheel rolling Kinetoplast or platform shape column rolling element or platform shape ball rolling element or platform shape drum rolling element flute profile drum rolling element or channel column rolling element or Flute profile ball rolling element or flute profile idler wheel rolling element or flute profile ellipse rolling element or tape spool rolling element or rolling element with holes or more rib keys Rolling element or more ribs set rolling element or rolling drum-shaped rolling body or ball rolling element or needle roller rolling element or rollers roll body or straight line Bearing, rolling element with to be oriented to rolling element 13 seperated or seperated connect or for integral type;Rolling element 80 includes hard alloy rolling element Or antifriction alloy rolling element or high-strength abrasion-proof plastics rolling element or high-strength abrasion-proof steel rolling element or the rolling of high-strength abrasion-proof rubber Kinetoplast or high-strength abrasion-proof porcelain rolling element.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 4

Fig. 9, which is that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 4 is anti-, breaks other headstock, and guiding mechanism 3 includes that linear reciprocation rolling rubs It wipes and rolling guide apparatus, linear reciprocation rolling friction and rolling guide apparatus is including being oriented to rolling element support element 15, orienting roll Kinetoplast 13, impact guide part 7 etc., are oriented to 15 support guide rolling element 13 of rolling element support element, are oriented to the support impact of rolling element 13 7 rolling friction of guide part moves back and forth, and impact guide part 7 is connect with beater mechanism 2, and dynamic impact part 8 drives beater mechanism 2 to rush It hits, guiding rolling element 13, impact guide part 7, guiding rolling element support element 15 are fitted close to the impact guiding of guide part 7, anti-to break The rotational structure Forced rotation or separate structure of other mechanism 5 pass through seperated shock isolation reaction force, guider righting impact The impact direction of mechanism 2.

The beater mechanism 2 includes impact teeth, rushes toothholder, and impact teeth includes clear top surface tooth 19, clear side tooth and/or clear Bottom surface tooth 18, clear top surface tooth 19, clear bottom surface tooth 18 and/or the tooth setting of clear side are rushed same on toothholder.

Impact guide part 7 can be an integral structure with beater mechanism 2.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 5

Figure 10, which is that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 5 is anti-, breaks other headstock, and guiding mechanism 3 includes being oriented to rolling element support Part 15, guiding rolling element 13, impact guide part 7 etc., it includes that raceway is oriented to rolling element support element 21 to be oriented to rolling element support element 15, It is oriented to rolling element 13 to be bonded raceway guiding rolling element support element 21 and impact the rolling of guide part 7, impact guide part 7 is being oriented to rolling It being moved back and forth under the support of body 13, impact guide part 7 is connect with beater mechanism 2, and dynamic impact part 8 drives beater mechanism 2 to impact, The rotational structure Forced rotations of Fang Baibie mechanisms 5 or separate structure by seperated shock isolation reaction force, be oriented to rolling element 13, Raceway is oriented to rolling element support element 21, impact guide part 7 is fitted close the impact direction of righting beater mechanism 2.

Impact guide part 7 can be an integral structure with beater mechanism 2.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 6

Figure 11, Figure 12, which are that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 6 is anti-, breaks other headstock, and guiding mechanism 3 includes being oriented to roll Body support element 15, guiding rolling element 13, impact guide part 7 etc., it includes that raceway is oriented to rolling element branch to be oriented to rolling element support element 15 Support member 21, impact guide part 7 include that pit impacts guide part 16, are oriented to the fitting raceway of rolling element 13 and are oriented to rolling element support element 21, pit impact guide part 16 rolls, and pit impacts guide part 16 and moved back and forth under the support for being oriented to rolling element 13, pit punching It hits guide part 16 to connect with beater mechanism 2, dynamic impact part 8 drives beater mechanism 2 to impact, the rotational structure of Fang Baibie mechanisms 5 Forced rotation or separate structure are oriented to rolling element 13, raceway is oriented to rolling element support element by seperated shock isolation reaction force 21, pit impact guide part 16 is fitted close the impact direction of righting beater mechanism 2.

Pit impact guide part 16 can be an integral structure with beater mechanism 2.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 7

Figure 13, which is that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 7 is anti-, breaks other headstock, and guiding mechanism 3 includes friction piece support element 10, friction piece 9, impact guide part 7 etc., the support impact guide part 7 of friction piece 9, impact guide part 7 and friction piece support element 10 are set Have a guide and limit structure 23, guide and limit structure 23 is raceway 31, guide and limit structure 23 limit friction piece 9 guide space and Direction, impact guide part 7 are connect with beater mechanism 2, and dynamic impact part 8 drives beater mechanism 2 to impact, and Fang Baibie mechanisms 5 turn Dynamic structure stress rotation or separate structure are led by seperated shock isolation reaction friction body 9, friction piece support element 10, impact The impact direction of righting beater mechanism 2 is fitted close to part 7.

Impact guide part 7, which can be equipped with guide and limit structure 23 or friction piece support element 10, can also be equipped with guide and limit structure 23, impact guide part 7 can be an integral structure with beater mechanism 2.

Position limiting structure 79 includes guide and limit structure 23 or power position limiting structure, and position limiting structure 79 further includes a road or limit Set or limit shaft or limiting slot or spherical male or retainer 41 or inner bulk 26 coordinate with outer cover 25 or oval or dumb-bell shape Or cylindrical or taper or circular ring shape or idler wheel 50 or platform shape column or platform shape ball or platform shape drum or channel column or flute profile ball or flute profile Idler wheel 50 or flute profile is oval rectangular or U-shaped or frame shape is I-shaped or more rib key-shapeds or arc or V-arrangement or circle or plate shape or Polygon or tubular or more rib keys set etc..

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 8

Figure 14, which is that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 8 is anti-, breaks other headstock, fluid pressure drive device 20 or air pressure driving dress It sets including cylinder body 27, friction piece support element 10 or cylinder body 27 are set as inner bulk 26, and impact guide part 7 is set as outer cover 25, Friction piece 9 is arranged between outer cover 25 and inner bulk 26, and outer cover 25, inner bulk 26 and the tight fit of friction piece 9 pass through rolling Dynamic friction or the friction that suspends make outer cover 25 move back and forth, and inner bulk 26 supports friction piece 9 and outer cover 25, impact head 6 with it is outer 25 connection of portion's set, impact head 6 are moved back and forth under the support of outer cover 25 by rolling friction or the friction that suspends.

Impact head 6 and outer cover 25 or integral structure.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 9

Figure 15, which is that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 9 is anti-, breaks other headstock, friction piece support element 10 or impact guide part 7 For outer cover 25, outer cover 25 is cartridge type outer cover 25, and it is inner bulk 26 to impact guide part 7 or friction piece support element 10, internal Body 26 and the shape of outer cover 25 are interlocked.

Outer cover 25 further include dovetail groove outer cover or U-type groove outer cover or V-groove outer cover or trough plate type outer cover or Clamping plate type outer cover or cartridge type outer cover or polygon groove outer cover or special-shaped slot outer cover or frame shape outer cover etc..

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 10

Figure 16, which is that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 10 is anti-, breaks other headstock, and friction piece support element 10 includes inner bulk 26, inner bulk 26 includes inner bulk piece uploading 29, inner bulk lower part 32 etc., and inner bulk piece uploading 29, inner bulk lower part 32 include raceway 31 or suspension road etc., outer cover 25 are U-shaped outer cover 38, and U-shaped outer cover 38 includes under U-shaped outer cover piece uploading 28, U-shaped outer cover Part 30, friction piece 9 are arranged between inner bulk piece uploading 29 and U-shaped outer cover piece uploading 28 and are arranged in inner bulk lower part 32 and U-shaped Between outer cover lower part 30, friction piece 9, U-shaped outer cover 38, the tight fit of inner bulk 26 make friction piece 9 support U-shaped outer cover 38 Rolling friction or the friction that suspends move back and forth and control the direction of motion of U-shaped outer cover 38, and outer cover 25 connects with beater mechanism 2 It connects, dynamic impact part 8 drives beater mechanism 2 to impact, and the rotational structure Forced rotation or separate structure of Fang Baibie mechanisms 5 are by dividing Body shock isolation reaction force, U-shaped outer cover 38, inner bulk 26 are fitted close the impact side of righting beater mechanism 2 with guide way To.

Outer cover 25 and beater mechanism 2 or integral structure.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 11

Figure 17, which is that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 11 is anti-, breaks other headstock, and friction piece support element 10 is set as inner bulk 26, impact guide part 7 is set as outer cover 25, and inner bulk 26 includes inner bulk piece uploading 29, inner bulk lower part 32, and outer cover 25 is Frame shape outer cover 25, frame shape outer cover 25 include frame shape outer cover piece uploading 39, frame shape outer cover lower part 40, and the setting of friction piece 9 exists Between inner bulk piece uploading 29 and frame shape outer cover piece uploading 39 and it is arranged between inner bulk lower part 32 and frame shape outer cover lower part 40, Friction piece 9, frame shape outer cover 25, the tight fit of inner bulk 26 make 9 support frame shape outer cover of friction piece, 25 rolling friction or suspension Friction moves back and forth and the direction of motion of controller chassis shape outer cover 25.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 12

Figure 18, Figure 19, Figure 20 and Figure 21, which are that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 12 is anti-, breaks other headstock, is oriented to rolling element Retainer 41 is set between support element 15 and impact guide part 7 or between power rolling element support element 43 and dynamic impact part 8, is led It is set to retainer 41 to rolling element 13 or power rolling element 42, the thickness of retainer 41, which is less than, is oriented to rolling element 13 or power rolling Two parts that the diameter of kinetoplast 42, guiding rolling element 13 or power rolling element 42 are higher by retainer 41 are respectively arranged at guiding rolling Body support element 15 and impact guide part 7 between or power rolling element 42 be higher by retainer 41 two parts be respectively arranged at power rolling Between kinetoplast support element 43 and dynamic impact part 8, it is oriented to rolling element support element 15, impact guide part 7 and is arranged in retainer 41 Interior guiding rolling element 13 cooperation or power rolling element support element 43, the dynamic impact part 8 and power being arranged in retainer 41 The cooperation of rolling element 42 realizes that rolling friction moves back and forth.

Retainer 41, which is separately provided or retainer 41 is fixed on impact guide part 7 or is fixed on, is oriented to rolling element support element It 15 or is fixed on dynamic impact part 8 or is fixed on power rolling element support element 43.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 13

Figure 22, which is that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 13 is anti-, breaks other headstock, and guiding mechanism 3 includes tape holder linear reciprocation Rolling guide apparatus, tape holder linear reciprocation rolling guide apparatus include being oriented to rolling element 13, being oriented to rolling element support element 15, impact Guide part 7, retainer 41 etc. are oriented to rolling element 13 and are set to retainer 41, and the thickness of retainer 41, which is less than, is oriented to rolling element 13 Diameter, be oriented to rolling element 13 and be higher by two parts of retainer 41 and be respectively arranged at and be oriented to rolling element support element 15 and impact is oriented to Part 7, it includes upper guiding rolling element support element 46, lower guiding rolling element support element 47, upper orienting roll to be oriented to rolling element support element 15 Kinetoplast support element 46, lower guiding rolling element support element 47 include raceway 31, and it includes on U-shaped impact guide part that U-shaped, which impacts guide part 7, Part 44, U-shaped impact guide part lower part 45 are oriented to the setting of rolling element 13 and are oriented in upper guiding rolling element support element 46 and U-shaped impact In retainer 41 between part piece uploading 44 and setting is between lower guiding rolling element support element 47 and U-shaped impact guide part lower part 45 Retainer 41 in, U-shaped impacts guide part 7 and connect with beater mechanism 2 or for integral type, the driving beater mechanism 2 of dynamic impact part 8 Impact, the guiding rolling element 13 being arranged in retainer 41, U-shaped impact guide part 7 are closely matched with rolling element support element 15 is oriented to Conjunction forms 6 structure of multi-point support impact head, and 6 structure of multi-point support impact head supports the impact of impact head 6 by rolling friction and leads to Cross the impact direction of rolling friction righting impact head 6.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 14

Figure 23, which is that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 14 is anti-, breaks other headstock, and guiding mechanism 3 includes tape holder linear reciprocation Rolling guide apparatus, tape holder linear reciprocation rolling guide apparatus include being oriented to rolling element 13, being oriented to rolling element support element 15, impact Guide part 7, retainer 41 etc. are oriented to rolling element 13 and are set to retainer 41, and the thickness of retainer 41, which is less than, is oriented to rolling element 13 Diameter, be oriented to rolling element 13 and be higher by two parts of retainer 41 and be respectively arranged at and be oriented to rolling element support element 15 and impact is oriented to Part 7, impact guide part 7 are that cartridge type impacts guide part 48, are oriented to the setting of rolling element 13 and are being oriented to rolling element support element 15 and cartridge type It impacts in the retainer 41 between guide part 48, is oriented to rolling element 13, cartridge type impact guide part 48, is oriented to rolling element support element 15 Tight fit makes guiding rolling element 13 support, and cartridge type impact 48 rolling friction of guide part moves back and forth and control cartridge type impact is oriented to The impact direction of part 48, impact guide part 7 connect with beater mechanism 2 or are integral type, and dynamic impact part 8 drives beater mechanism 2 Impact, 80 support element of rolling element, impact guide part 7 keep impact guide part 7 past with the tight fit of rolling element 80 by rolling friction Multiple movement makes rolling element 80, retainer 41, impact guide part 7 cooperatively form multi-point support impact head 6 with 80 support element of rolling element Structure, 6 structure of multi-point support impact head support the impact of impact head 6 by rolling friction and pass through rolling friction righting impact head 6 Impact direction, more than two rolling support points increase the connection width and righting dynamics to impact head 6.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 15

Figure 24, Figure 25 and Figure 26, which are that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 15 is anti-, breaks other headstock, and guiding mechanism 3 includes recessed Pit type linear reciprocation rolling guide apparatus, pit type linear reciprocation rolling guide apparatus include being oriented to rolling element 13 etc., further include Pit is oriented to rolling element support element 17 or raceway impacts guide part 49, and it is that pit is oriented to rolling element to be oriented to 13 radially opposite sides of rolling element Support element 17, impact guide part 7 are oriented to 13 radially opposite sides of rolling element as raceway impact guide part 49, guiding rolling element support element 15, it is oriented to rolling element 13 and is set in pit guiding rolling element support element 17 or is set in raceway impact guide part 49, be oriented to Rolling element 13 is oriented to rolling element support element 17 and impact guide part 7 or is oriented to rolling element 13 with pit impacts guide part 49 with raceway And it is oriented to rolling element support element 15 and is fitted close through the reciprocating motion of rolling friction supported impact mechanism 2 and has to beater mechanism 2 There is guiding role.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 16

Figure 27, Figure 28, Figure 29, Figure 30, Figure 31 and Figure 32, which are that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 16 is anti-, breaks other headstock, The guiding rolling element 13 or the billowing kinetoplast 80 of power include idler wheel 50, and idler wheel 50 includes roller shaft 51, idler wheel 50 and idler wheel Axis 51 is integral type, and dynamic impact part 8 includes crank connecting link 58 or piston 34, fluid pressure drive device 20 or actuating device of atmospheric pressure packet Cylinder body 27 is included, idler wheel 50 is arranged between motive power part 52 and dynamic impact part 8 or setting is being oriented to rolling element support element 15 Between impact guide part 7 or it is arranged between cylinder body 27 and piston 34, idler wheel 50 when roller shaft 51 is set to impact guide part 7 Fitting is oriented to rolling element support element 15 and rolls;Idler wheel 50 is bonded dynamic impact part 8 when roller shaft 51 is set to motive power part 52 It rolls;Idler wheel 50 is bonded cylinder body 27 and rolls when roller shaft 51 is set to piston 34, prevents dynamic impact part 8 and motive power part 52 It is bonded friction or 80 support element of rolling element is prevented to be bonded friction with impact guide part 7 or piston 34 is prevented to be bonded with cylinder body 27 and rub It wipes.

Idler wheel 50 is bonded 52 rolling of motive power part when roller shaft 51 is set to dynamic impact part 8 or roller shaft 51 is arranged The idler wheel when fitting of idler wheel 50 impact guide part 7 rolling or roller shaft 51 are set to cylinder body 27 when being oriented to rolling element support element 15 50 fitting pistons 34 roll, prevent dynamic impact part 8 be bonded with motive power part 52 rub or prevent 80 support element of rolling element and The impact fitting of guide part 7 friction prevents piston 34 to be bonded friction with cylinder body 27.

Idler wheel 50 and roller shaft 51 or split structure.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 17

Figure 33, Figure 34, which are that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 17 is anti-, breaks other headstock, be oriented to rolling element support element 15 or Impact guide part 7 or dynamic impact part 8 or motive power part 52 or cylinder body 27 or piston 34 are equipped with the groove fastened with idler wheel 50 And/or protruding rail, groove and/or protruding rail and 50 surface of idler wheel be interlocked rolling friction while have and roll guiding role.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 18

Figure 35, which is that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 18 is anti-, breaks other headstock, fluid pressure drive device 20 or air pressure driving dress It sets including dynamic impact part 8, piston 34, cylinder body 27 etc., dynamic impact part 8 includes interior cylinder rod, raceway guide part etc., is oriented to and rolls Body support element 15 connect or is an integral structure with cylinder body 27, and impact guide part 7 is seperated with dynamic impact part 8, is oriented to rolling element Support element 15 includes that upper raceway is oriented to rolling element support element 36, lower raceway is oriented to rolling element support element 37, and raceway guide part includes The outside upper cylinder rod of raceway, raceway lower outer casing bar are oriented to rolling element 13 and are set to outside raceway guiding rolling element support element 36 and raceway Between upper cylinder rod and it is set between lower raceway guiding rolling element support element 37 and raceway lower outer casing bar, the outside upper cylinder rod of raceway, rolling Road lower outer casing bar is parallel and is oriented to rolling element support element 36, lower raceway orienting roll with equipped with the upper raceway for being oriented to rolling element 13 respectively Kinetoplast support element 37 fastens, and the outside upper cylinder rod of raceway and raceway lower outer casing bar connect into U-shaped impact guide part 7 or connect into the punching of frame shape Hit guide part 7 or connect into tubular impact guide part 7, interior cylinder rod includes more than two interior cylinder rods, cylinder body 27 include two with On cavity, piston 34 includes more than two pistons 34, and more than two interior cylinder rods are corresponding to be arranged in more than two chambers In vivo, more than two pistons 34 are corresponding is arranged in more than two cavitys, and interior cylinder rod one end is connect with piston 34, another End is connect with raceway guide part, and more than two pistons 34 staggeredly drive more than two interior cylinder rod linear motions, are oriented to and roll Body 13, upper raceway are oriented to rolling element support element 36, lower raceway is oriented to rolling element support element 37 and coordinates with raceway guide part, and raceway is led Rolling friction is repeatedly counted to part in the case where more than two interior cylinder rods staggeredly drive to move back and forth.

Interior cylinder rod one end can be an integral structure with piston 34, the other end and raceway guide part or be an integral structure, and be rushed Hitting guide part 7 can also connect with dynamic impact part 8 or be integral type.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 19

Figure 36, which is that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 19 is anti-, breaks other headstock, fluid pressure drive device 20 or air pressure driving dress It sets including dynamic impact part 8, piston 34, air bag 53, cylinder body 27 etc., cylinder body 27 is seperated with babinet 1, dynamic impact part 8 and piston 34 seperated connections, guiding mechanism 3 include being oriented to rolling element 13, raceway guide part, being oriented to rolling element support element 15 etc., are oriented to and roll Body support element 15 is connect with babinet 1, and raceway guide part is cartridge type raceway guide part 54, is oriented to rolling element 13 and is set to guiding rolling Between body support element 15 and cartridge type raceway guide part 54, cartridge type raceway guide part 54 is rolled with equipped with the guiding for being oriented to rolling element 13 Body support element 15 fastens, and cylinder body 27 includes cavity, and piston 34 is arranged in the cavity, air bag 53 be set to piston 34 and cylinder body 27 it Between, 8 other end of dynamic impact part is connect with beater mechanism 2, Fang Baibie mechanisms 5 be set to dynamic impact part 8 and beater mechanism 2 it Between, piston 34 drives dynamic impact part 8 to move along a straight line, and dynamic impact part 8 drives beater mechanism 2 to impact, and is oriented to rolling element 13, leads Coordinate to rolling element support element 15, with cartridge type raceway guide part 54, raceway guide part and beater mechanism 2 drive in dynamic impact part 8 Dynamic lower rolling friction moves back and forth.

Cylinder body 27 and babinet 1 or integral structure, dynamic impact part 8 is seperated with piston 34 to be alternatively integral type, leads To rolling element support element 15 and babinet 1 or integral structure.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 20

Figure 37, which is that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 20 is anti-, breaks other headstock, and crank driving device 14 includes power source part 57, camshaft 55, cam 24 etc., camshaft 55 it is seperated with cam 24 connection or be integral type, power source part 57 drive camshaft 55 rotate, and the cam 24 installed on camshaft 55 drives 2 reciprocating impact of beater mechanism, Fang Baibie mechanisms 5 to be arranged in driving mechanism 4 Between beater mechanism 2.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 21

Figure 38, which is that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 21 is anti-, breaks other headstock, and crank driving device 14 includes power source part 57, eccentric shaft 56, dynamic impact part 8 etc., dynamic impact part 8 are set to babinet 1, one end of eccentric shaft 56 and dynamic impact part 8 Hinged, dynamic impact part 8 and the flexible connection of beater mechanism 2 or seperated, Fang Baibie mechanisms 5 are arranged in one end of dynamic impact part 8, Power source part 57 drives eccentric shaft 56 to rotate, and eccentric shaft 56 drives 8 reciprocating impact of dynamic impact part.

Fang Baibie mechanisms 5 may also be arranged on the both ends of dynamic impact part 8.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 22

Figure 39, which is that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 22 is anti-, breaks other headstock, and crank driving device 14 includes power source part 57, crank, sliding block 59, swing rod 60, connecting rod 58, dynamic impact part 8 etc., dynamic impact part 8 are set to babinet 1, power source part 57 It is connect with crank one end, the crank other end is hinged with sliding block 59, and sliding block 59 connect with swing rod 60 and can be slided on swing rod 60, pendulum 60 one end of bar is hinged with babinet 1, and the other end is hinged with connecting rod 58, and connecting rod 58 is hinged with 8 one end of dynamic impact part, dynamic impact part 8 with beater mechanism 2 be flexibly connected or it is seperated, Fang Baibie mechanisms 5 are arranged in one end of dynamic impact part 8, and Fang Baibie mechanisms 5 include Rotational structure, power source part 57 drive crank rotation, crank driving sliding block 59 that swing rod 60 is made to swing, and swing rod 60 is driven by connecting rod 58 Dynamic dynamic impact part 8 moves, and dynamic impact part 8 drives beater mechanism 2 to impact.

The both ends of dynamic impact part 8 may also set up Fang Baibie mechanisms 5, and Fang Baibie mechanisms 5 further include separate structure.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 23

Figure 40, which is that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 23 is anti-, breaks other headstock, and crank driving device 14 includes that crank turns more Eccentric shaft 64, it further includes supporting rack, mulit-turning crankshaft 61, dynamic impact part 8 etc. that crank turns eccentric shaft 64 more, turns song more Axis 61 is made of the concentric shaft part 63 of power, connection handle, eccentric shaft 56, and the concentric shaft part 63 of power, connection handle and eccentric shaft 56 are seperated Or be an integral structure, concentric 63 one end of shaft part of power of mulit-turning crankshaft 61 is connect with the power output part of driving mechanism 4, is moved More than two connection handles, eccentric shaft 56 is arranged in the other end of the concentric shaft part of power 63, and more than two eccentric shafts 56 are concentric along power The spaced radial of shaft part 63 is arranged, differential seat angle is formed, and the concentric shaft part 63 of power of mulit-turning crankshaft 61 is mounted on supporting rack, support Frame is seperated with babinet 1 or is integral type, more than two eccentric shafts 56 of mulit-turning crankshaft 61 and the one of more than two dynamic impact parts 8 End is hinged, and beater mechanism 2 is arranged in the other end of dynamic impact part 8, and Fang Baibie mechanisms 5 are arranged in dynamic impact part 8 and shock machine Between structure 2, impact guide part 7 connect with beater mechanism 2 or is integral type, and more than two dynamic impact parts 8 staggeredly drive impact Mechanism 2 impacts, and Fang Baibie mechanisms 5 rotate shock isolation reaction force by rotational structure.

Fang Baibie mechanisms 5 pass through seperated shock isolation reaction force by separate structure.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 24

Figure 41, which is that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 24 is anti-, breaks other headstock, and crank driving device 14 includes that crank turns more Eccentric shaft 64, it further includes supporting rack, mulit-turning crankshaft 61, dynamic impact part 8 etc. that crank turns eccentric shaft 64 more, turns song more Axis 61 is made of the concentric shaft part 63 of power, connection handle, eccentric shaft 56, and the concentric shaft part 63 of power, connection handle and eccentric shaft 56 are seperated Or be an integral structure, concentric 63 one end of shaft part of power of mulit-turning crankshaft 61 is seperated with the power output part of driving mechanism 4, moves More than two connection handles, eccentric shaft 56 etc., the axis weight of more than two eccentric shafts 56 is arranged in the other end of the concentric shaft part of power 63 It closes, the concentric shaft part 63 of power of mulit-turning crankshaft 61 is mounted on supporting rack, and supporting rack is seperated with babinet 1 or is integral type, turns more More than two eccentric shafts 56 of bent axle 61 and one end of more than two dynamic impact parts 8 are hinged, and the other end of dynamic impact part 8 is set Beater mechanism 2 is set, Fang Baibie mechanisms 5 are arranged between dynamic impact part 8 and beater mechanism 2.

Concentric 63 one end of shaft part of power of mulit-turning crankshaft 61 and the power output part of driving mechanism 4 can be integral type knot Structure.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 25

Figure 42, which is that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 25 is anti-, breaks other headstock, fluid pressure drive device 20 or air pressure driving dress It sets including cylinder body 27, piston 34, cylinder body 27 is an integral structure with babinet 1, and impact guide part 7 is integrated with dynamic impact part 8 Formula structure, cylinder body 27 can be an integral structure with rolling element support element 15 is oriented to, and piston 34 is arranged in cylinder body 27, dynamic impact The connection seperated with piston 34 of part 8, is arranged Fang Baibie mechanisms 5 or dynamic impact part 8 and impact between dynamic impact part 8 and piston 34 Fang Baibie mechanisms 5 are equipped between mechanism 2.

Cylinder body 27 and babinet 1 also can seperated or seperated connection, impact guide part 7 also can be seperated with dynamic impact part 8 or divides Body connects, and cylinder body 27 is alternatively seperated or seperated connection with rolling element support element 15 is oriented to, and dynamic impact part 8 also may be used with piston 34 Fission is an integral structure.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 26

Figure 43, which is that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 26 is anti-, breaks other headstock, fluid pressure drive device 20 or air pressure driving dress It sets including cylinder body 27, piston 34, air bag 53 and dynamic impact part 8 etc., the connection seperated with piston 34 of dynamic impact part 8, cylinder body 27 It is an integral structure with babinet 1, impact guide part 7 is an integral structure with dynamic impact part 8, and one end of dynamic impact part 8 is set It sets and is connect with piston 34 in cylinder body 27, air bag 53,8 other end of dynamic impact part and impact are set between piston 34 and cylinder body 27 Mechanism 2 connects, and Fang Baibie mechanisms 5 are equipped between dynamic impact part 8 and beater mechanism 2.

Dynamic impact part 8 and piston 34 or integral structure, cylinder body 27 and babinet 1 also can it is seperated or it is seperated connect, Impact guide part 7 it is seperated with dynamic impact part 8 or it is seperated connect, one end of dynamic impact part 8 is arranged cylinder body 27 is interior and piston 34 are alternatively integral structure, and 8 other end of dynamic impact part is separate structure with beater mechanism 2.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 27

Figure 44, which is that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 27 is anti-, breaks other headstock, fluid pressure drive device 20 or air pressure driving dress It sets including cylinder body 27, piston 34, dynamic impact part 8 etc., the connection seperated with piston 34 of dynamic impact part 8, cylinder body 27 is with babinet 1 Integral type, impact guide part 7 are an integral structure with dynamic impact part 8, and fluid pressure drive device 20 includes more than two power Impulse member 8, more than two dynamic impact parts 8 and beater mechanism 2 connect or seperated, between dynamic impact part 8 and beater mechanism 2 Equipped with Fang Baibie mechanisms 5, Fang Baibie mechanisms 5 include rotational structure or separate structure, and driving mechanism 4 drives beater mechanism 2 to impact.

Dynamic impact part 8 and piston 34 or integral type, cylinder body 27 it is seperated with babinet 1 or it is seperated connect, impact guiding Part 7 it is seperated with dynamic impact part 8 or it is seperated connection.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 28

Figure 45, which is that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 28 is anti-, breaks other headstock, and Fang Baibie mechanisms 5 include rotational structure, are turned Dynamic structure includes camber buckle-groove type 62 etc., and camber buckle-groove type 62 includes camber plush copper and the groove with camber plush copper activity button-fold, Groove is arranged on crank or is integral type with crank, is arranged on dynamic impact part 8 with the camber plush copper of groove activity button-fold, Driving mechanism 4 drives beater mechanism 2 to impact.

Camber plush copper is arranged and dynamic impact part 8 or integral structure.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 29

Figure 46, which is that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 29 is anti-, breaks other headstock, and the crank driving device 14 includes song Handle is turned eccentric shaft 64 more, and crank turns eccentric shaft 64 including supporting rack etc. more, and crank turns eccentric shaft 64 more and also wraps Mulit-turning crankshaft 61, connecting rod 58 etc. are included, mulit-turning crankshaft 61 is made of the concentric shaft part 63 of power, connection handle, eccentric shaft 56, and power is concentric Shaft part 63, connection handle and 56 fission of eccentric shaft are an integral structure, concentric 63 one end of shaft part of power and the drive of mulit-turning crankshaft 61 The power output part of motivation structure 4 connects, and more than two connection handles, eccentric shaft is arranged in the other end of the concentric shaft part of power 63 56, the concentric shaft part 63 of power of mulit-turning crankshaft 61 is mounted on supporting rack, the eccentric shaft 56 of mulit-turning crankshaft 61 and the one of connecting rod 58 End is hinged, and beater mechanism 2, the both ends setting Fang Baibie mechanisms 5 of connecting rod 58,56 band of eccentric shaft is arranged in the other end of connecting rod 58 Move 58 reciprocating impact of more than one connecting rod.

One end of connecting rod 58 may also set up Fang Baibie mechanisms 5.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 30

Figure 47, which is that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 30 is anti-, breaks other headstock, and crank driving device 14 includes that crank turns more Eccentric shaft 64, it further includes mulit-turning crankshaft 61, connecting rod 58 etc. that crank turns eccentric shaft 64 more, and mulit-turning crankshaft 61 is same by power Mandrel section 63, connection handle, eccentric shaft 56 form, and mulit-turning crankshaft 61 is equipped with fluid passage, and fluid passage is through the concentric shaft part 63 of power, connection handle And/or eccentric shaft 56.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 31

Figure 48, Figure 49, Figure 50 and Figure 51, which are that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 31 is anti-, breaks other headstock, Fang Baibie mechanisms 5 include bulb ball groove formula, arc buckle-groove type 6262, flexible universal joint rotates coupling head, universal bearing rotates coupling head, mostly freely Spend platform-type rotation coupling head, Hooks coupling universal coupling rotation coupling head, oscillating bearing rotation coupling head, rzeppa joint etc..

Bulb ball groove formula includes bulb and the bulb slot with bulb activity button-fold.Hooks coupling universal coupling rotates coupling head, universal It is that Cardon universal joint rotates coupling head that shaft coupling, which rotates coupling head, and it includes cross axle, cross universal knot that Cardon universal joint, which rotates coupling head, Fork, cross universal knot fork realize relative motion by cross axis connection.The rotation coupling head of multi-DOF platform formula be by dynamic cylinder 69, Upper mounting plate coupling head 67, lower platform coupling head 68 form, when upper and lower 68 stress of platform coupling head, by the flexible of dynamic cylinder 69 Movement of the upper mounting plate in the multiple degree of freedom in space is realized in movement.It includes spherical outside surface 70, Internal Spherical Surface 71 that oscillating bearing, which rotates coupling head, And dust cover 72, spherical outside surface 70 are fastened in Internal Spherical Surface 71, and dust cover 72 is equipped in spherical outside surface 70 and 71 joint of Internal Spherical Surface.Ball Cage type universal joint includes interior rollaway nest 74, outer rollaway nest 73, steel ball 75 and retainer 41,41 stationary balls 75 of retainer, interior rollaway nest 74 Relative motion is realized by steel ball 75 with outer rollaway nest 73.

Flexible universal joint rotation coupling head includes elastic component, universal joint coupling head, universal joint coupling head when universal joint stress Opposite movement is adjusted by elastic component.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 32

Figure 52, Figure 53, which are that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 32 is anti-, breaks other headstock, described 7 one end of impact guide part It is equipped with 2 other end of beater mechanism equipped with beater mechanism 2 or one end and is equipped with counterweight 76, or 7 both ends of impact guide part are equipped with punching Hit mechanism 2.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 33

Figure 54, Figure 55, which are that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 33 is anti-, breaks other headstock, and beater mechanism 2 includes impact head 6, The setting of guide part 7 is impacted in 4 side of driving mechanism or more than two sides, impact head 6 is arranged in one end of impact guide part 7, The other end be arranged similar shape and/or with the impact head 6 of weight or the setting of impact guide part 74 side of driving mechanism or two with On side, impact head 6 is arranged in one end of impact guide part 7, and the impact head of different shape and/or different weight is arranged in the other end 6。

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 34

Figure 56, Figure 57, which are that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 34 is anti-, breaks other headstock, is set around a dynamic impact part 8 The friction piece 9 of two row or more is set, friction pieces 9 more than two row absorbs impact first 6 and/or impacts the gravity load of guide part 7, and one Friction piece 9 of the row friction piece 9 more than at least one supports 6 reciprocating impact of impact head, and an only row friction piece 9 is avoided to bear to rush It taps the head and 6 and/or impacts the gravity load of guide part 7 concentration of friction piece 9 is damaged.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 35

Figure 58, which is that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 35 is anti-, breaks other headstock, including piston 34, friction piece 9, cylinder body 27, Sealing element 77 etc., piston 34 be equipped with sealing element 77, sealing element 77 between front and back friction piece 9, prevent liquid or gas or Solid enters the other side from the side of piston 34, and friction piece 9 supports piston 34 to move back and forth by rolling friction.

Sealing element 77 may be alternatively located at the one or both sides of piston rolling element 88

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 36

Figure 59, which is that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 36 is anti-, breaks other headstock, including piston 34, friction piece 9, cylinder body 27, Sealing element 77 etc., piston 34 include cycle raceway 12, and sealing element 77 is arranged between front and back cycle raceway 12, and sealing element 77 does not exist It is moved back and forth on friction piece 9, prevents liquid or gas or solid from entering the other side from the side of piston 34.

The sealing element 77 may be located on the one or both sides of cycle raceway 12.

The sealing element 77 include 0 shape circle or slip ring or elastomer or baffle ring or support ring or sealing ring or star circle or Pressure ring or V-arrangement body or U-shaped body or frame shape ring or channel or compression spring or opening sealing ring.

The sealing element 77 can be rubber material or polyurethane material or nylon material or plastic material or metal material Material or mixing material.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 37

Figure 60, which is that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 37 is anti-, breaks other headstock, on cylinder body 27 or or dynamic impact part 8 on Including position limiting structure 79, position limiting structure 79 includes guide and limit structure 23 or power position limiting structure 79 etc., guide and limit structure 23 Seperated with power position limiting structure 79 or seperated connection is integral type, is oriented to rolling element 13 or guiding suspended substance is set to guiding limit Bit architecture 23, power rolling element 42 or power suspended substance are set to power position limiting structure 79, and position limiting structure 79 limits friction piece 9 Space and position, cylinder body 27 are integral type with rolling element support element 15 is oriented to, and cylinder body 27 includes raceway 31, piston 34 and piston rod 81 be integral type, and piston 34 includes the pit 78 of 88 space of limitation piston rolling element and position, and piston rod 81 includes restricted guidance The pit 78 in 13 space of rolling element and position, position limiting structure 79 are integral type with cylinder body 27 or piston 34.

On friction piece support element 10 or on babinet 1 or on impact guide part 7 or on dynamic impact part 8 or on friction piece 9 May include position limiting structure 79, position limiting structure 79 include raceway 31 or cylinder road or stop collar or limit shaft or limiting slot or spherical male or Retainer 41 or inner bulk 26 and the cooperation of outer cover 25 or ellipse or dumb-bell shape or cylinder or taper or circular ring shape or idler wheel 50 or platform shape column or platform shape ball or platform shape drum or channel column or flute profile ball or flute profile idler wheel 50 flute profile is oval or rectangular or U-shaped or Frame shape is I-shaped or more rib key-shapeds or arc or V-arrangement or circle or plate shape or polygon or tubular or more rib key sets.

The raceway 31 includes reciprocating stroke section 82 or cycle raceway 12 or spiral shape raceway 31 or waveform raceway 31 Or ring raceway 31 or straight line raceway 31 or special-shaped raceway 31.

The raceway 31 bears pressure stage and is equipped with wear-resistant material or high-strength material, improves the wear-resistant strength of raceway 31, It improves raceway 31 and bears guide piston bar 81 and 80 support element of rolling element and 80 mutual pressure of rolling element and the property of frictional force It can or improve raceway 31 and bear cylinder body 27 and piston 34 and 80 mutual pressure of rolling element and the performance of frictional force, local setting Wear-resistant material or high-strength material reduce guide piston bar 81 or 80 support element of rolling element or piston 34 or cylinder body 27 to wear-resisting material A large amount of uses of material and high-strength material reduce whole to guide piston bar 81 or 80 support element of rolling element or piston 34 or cylinder body 27 The demand of body abrasion resistance and intensity.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 38

Figure 61, Figure 62, which are that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 38 is anti-, breaks other headstock, the length etc. of reciprocating stroke section 82 In or close to reciprocating stroke length half and the sum of 80 radius of rolling element, reciprocating stroke section 82 is conducive to rolling element 80 and exists With cylinder body 27 or to be bonded with power rolling element support element 43 be rolling friction in operation.

Reciprocating stroke section 82 also help rolling element 80 in operation with dynamic impact part 8 or with impact guide part 7 or with The fitting of 80 support element of rolling element is rolling friction.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 39

Figure 63, which is that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 39 is anti-, breaks other headstock, friction piece 9 with piston 34 or with cylinder body 27 Contact surface is big as possible, prevents 9 local pressure of friction piece excessive, increases and is oriented to contact surface, reduces friction piece 9 to piston 34 or to cylinder Body 27 concentrates on local abrasion, the shape of friction piece 9 and the shape of friction piece support element 10 and/or the shape of impact guide part 7 Closely fastening forms position limiting structure 79 or the shape of dynamic impact part 8 and/or motive power part 52 to shape and the shape of friction piece 9 is tight Close fastening forms power position limiting structure, the control of position limiting structure 79 impact guide part 7 or the direction of motion for controlling dynamic impact part 8, And/or preventing impact guide part 7 or dynamic impact part 8 from rotating, guide and limit structure 23 is seperated or seperated with power position limiting structure Connection is integral type.

Friction piece 9 can also be rushed with friction piece support element 10 or with impact guide part 7 or with motive power part 52 or with power It is big as possible to hit 8 contact surface of part, prevents 9 local pressure of friction piece excessive, increases and is oriented to contact surface, reduces friction piece 9 to friction piece Support element 10 concentrates on local abrasion to impact guide part 7 or to motive power part 52 or to dynamic impact part 8.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 40

Figure 64, Figure 65, which are that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 40 is anti-, breaks other headstock, and cycle raceway 12 is followed including annular Ring raceway 83, annular cycle 83 annular surface of raceway arrange that annular cycle raceway 83 is arranged in dynamic impact along vibration-direction On part 8, annular cycle raceway 83 in surrounding arrange, rolling element 80 annular recycle raceway 83 in roll, prevent rolling element 80 and 8 sliding friction of dynamic impact part.

Annular cycle raceway 83, which is also disposed on impact guide part 7 or is arranged on 80 support element of rolling element or is arranged, to exist On cylinder body 27 or it is arranged on power rolling element support element 43, annular cycle raceway 83 arranges that rolling element 80 is in annular in surrounding Rolled in cycle raceway 83, prevent rolling element 80 and 80 support element of rolling element with impact guide part 7 or with cylinder body 27 or with it is dynamic 43 sliding friction of power rolling element support element.

Annular cycle raceway 83 is in single arrangement or is arranged symmetrically.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 41

Figure 66, Figure 67, which are that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 41 is anti-, breaks other headstock, and cycle raceway 12 follows for spiral shape Ring raceway 84, rolling element 80 are rolled along spiral shape cycle raceway 84, pressure between 80 loading piston 34 of rolling element and cylinder body 27 Position cyclical-transformation, reducing rolling element 80 and being always in piston 34 and 27 local rolling of cylinder body makes rolling element 80 bear to suppress The probability of power and abrasion.

The cycle raceway 12 can be that waveform recycles raceway 85.

The piston rod 81 bears rolling section or guiding rolling element support element 15 bears rolling section or cylinder body 27 bears to roll Pressure section or piston 34 bear rolling section or rolling element 80 bears that wear-resistant material or high-strength material can be equipped in rolling portion.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 42

Figure 68, Figure 69, which are that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 42 is anti-, breaks other headstock, and the cycle raceway 12 includes Supporting section 87 and circulation section 86 are recycled, cycle 12 plane of raceway, close to being arranged in parallel, recycles supporting section 87 with 27 surface of cylinder body Interior rolling element 80 supports 27 rolling friction of cylinder body, and rolling element 80 does not support cylinder body 27, the support of power rolling element in circulation section 86 43 rolling friction of part.

Recycle the support of rolling element 80 impact guide part 7 and 15 rolling friction of guiding rolling element support element or branch in supporting section 87 Racking power impulse member 8 and rolling friction or support dynamic impact part 8 and 43 rolling friction of power rolling element support element, and circulation section Rolling element 80 does not support 80 support element of rolling element, impact guide part 7, dynamic impact part 8, power rolling element support element 43 to roll in 86 Dynamic friction.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 43

Figure 70, which is that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 43 is anti-, breaks other headstock, and the setting of retainer 41 is in cycle raceway 12 Interior, the setting of piston rolling element 88 is in retainer 41 and setting is in cycle raceway 12, and the thickness of retainer 41 is rolled less than piston The diameter of kinetoplast 88, two parts that piston rolling element 88 is higher by retainer 41 are respectively arranged at cycle raceway 12 and piston 34 or cylinder Body 27 prevents from inversely rubbing between piston rolling element 88 and piston rolling element 88.

The cylinder body 27 or piston 34 can be lightweight material, and lightweight material includes aluminium alloy or highstrenghtpiston or pottery Porcelain or titanium alloy or carbon fiber or light section or composite material etc..

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 44

Figure 71, which is that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 44 is anti-, breaks other headstock, and cycle raceway 12 includes bearing pressures cycle Raceway 89, from pressures cycle raceway 12, connect with piston 34 from pressures cycle raceway 12, be from pressures cycle raceway 12 It is detachable, facilitate observation, repair and replaces rolling element 80.

Can be seperated from pressures cycle raceway 12 and piston 34 or be integral type, it also can be with punching from pressures cycle raceway 12 Guide part 7 or friction piece support element 10 or the connection of cylinder body 27 or seperated or be integral type are hit,

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 45

Figure 72, which is that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 45 is anti-, breaks other headstock, including piston 34, friction piece 9, cylinder body 27, Friction piece support element 10 etc., friction piece 9 are suspended substance, and suspended substance includes being oriented to suspended substance and 34 suspended substance of piston, is oriented to and suspends Body is seperated with 34 suspended substance of piston, and piston 34 includes piston rod 81, and piston rod 81 is integral type, friction piece support element with piston 34 10 be suspended substance support element, and suspended substance support element includes being oriented to suspended substance support element and 34 suspended substance support element of piston, is oriented to outstanding Floating body support element is integral type with 34 suspended substance support element of piston, and suspended substance support element is integral type, suspended substance branch with cylinder body 27 Support member is magnetic suspension support element, and magnetic suspension support element is permanent magnet suspension support element, and the poles N permanent magnetism 22, magnetcisuspension are arranged on piston rod 81 Over draft support member is equipped with the poles N permanent magnetism 22, and the poles N permanent magnetism 22 is arranged on piston 34, the poles N permanent magnetism 22, the poles N permanent magnetism 22 are arranged on cylinder body 27 Identical charges repel each other generates suspension with the poles N permanent magnetism 22, and piston rod 81 and magnetic suspension support element suspend to rub and do relatively reciprocating motion.

The suspended substance can be magnetic suspension body or solid/liquid slurry or gas suspension body etc..

The suspended substance support element can be magnetic suspension support element or liquid suspension support part or gas suspension support element etc..

The air suspension device includes air source, control valve, conveyance conduit, air film chamber etc., and air film chamber is arranged in guiding mechanism 3 On, gas suspension film is formed on friction piece support element 10, impact guide part 7 is arranged in the top of gas suspension film or upper and lower gas suspension In the middle part of film or in the middle part of gas suspension film cylinder.

The liquid levitation device includes liquid medium source, control valve, conveyance conduit, liquid film chamber etc., and the setting of liquid film chamber is being led To in mechanism 3, on friction piece support element 10 formed liquid suspension film, impact guide part 7 be arranged the top of liquid suspension film or on In the middle part of lower liquid suspension film or in the middle part of liquid suspension film cylinder.

The magnetic suspension support element includes electromagnetic suspension support element or permanent magnet suspension support element etc., electromagnetic suspension support element Including electromagnetism, permanent magnet suspension support element includes permanent magnetism, and electromagnetism or permanent magnetism are arranged on reciprocating member and magnetic suspension support element.

The magnetic levitation system includes the poles N permanent magnetism 22 or the poles S permanent magnetism etc., impacts the poles setting N permanent magnetism 22 on guide part 7, rubs Rub body support element 10 is equipped with the poles setting S permanent magnetism, friction piece support element 10 on the poles N permanent magnetism 22 or impact guide part 7 and is equipped with the poles S Identical charges repel each other generates suspension, the driving punching of dynamic impact part 8 for permanent magnetism, the poles N permanent magnetism 22 and the poles N permanent magnetism 22 or the poles S permanent magnetism and the poles S permanent magnetism The reciprocating motion of guide part 7 is hit, impact guide part 7 suspends to rub with friction piece support element 10 and move back and forth.

The magnetic levitation system includes cathode electromagnetism and positive electromagnetism etc., impacts and cathode electromagnetism is arranged on guide part 7, friction Body support element 10 is equipped with the positive electromagnetism of setting, friction piece support element 10 on cathode electromagnetism or impact guide part 7 and is equipped with anode Identical charges repel each other generates suspension, the driving punching of dynamic impact part 8 for electromagnetism, cathode electromagnetism and cathode electromagnetism or positive electromagnetism and positive electromagnetism The reciprocating motion of guide part 7 is hit, impact guide part 7 suspends to rub with friction piece support element 10 and move back and forth.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 46

Figure 73, which is that the high-efficient impacting described in embodiment 46 is anti-, breaks other headstock, is oriented to rolling element support element 15 or piston 34 Including recycling raceway 12, cycle raceway 12 is integral type with guiding rolling element support element 15 or piston 34, and the setting of rolling element 80 exists It recycles in raceway 12, rolling element 80 is rolling friction or rolling element 80 with guiding rolling element support element 15, impact guide part 7 With piston 34, cylinder body 27 be rolling friction or the support dynamic impact of rolling element 80 part 8, power rolling element support element 43 are Rolling friction.Recycling raceway 12 also can seperated connection with guiding rolling element support element 15 or piston 34.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Claims (119)

1. a kind of high-efficient impacting is anti-to break method for distinguishing, it is characterised in that this method is realized by following steps:
Driving mechanism, guiding mechanism, babinet are set, driving mechanism, guiding mechanism are set to babinet, are arranged in driving mechanism Guide support body is arranged in motive power part on guiding mechanism, keeps motive power part seperated with guide support or for integral type, Friction piece support element is set on motive power part and/or guide support, make friction piece support element and motive power part or is made Friction piece support element is seperated with guide support or is integral type, and rolling element support element or suspension are arranged on friction piece support element Body support element, setting guiding rolling element support element and/or power rolling element support element, make guiding roll on rolling element support element Body support element is seperated with power rolling element support element or is integral type, the setting guiding suspended substance support element on suspended substance support element And/or power suspended substance support element, keep guiding suspended substance support element seperated with power suspended substance support element or be integral type, to leading Impact guide part, friction piece, friction piece support element are set to mechanism, sets friction piece to rolling element or suspended substance, will roll Body is set as being oriented to rolling element and/or power rolling element, will be oriented to rolling element with power rolling element seperated or integral type, will suspend Body is set as being oriented to suspended substance and/or power suspended substance, will be oriented to suspended substance with power suspended substance seperated or integral type;
Set driving mechanism to crank driving device or fluid pressure drive device or pneumatic actuating device or solid flow driving dress It sets, on crank driving device or on fluid pressure drive device or on actuating device of atmospheric pressure or in solid flow drive system Dynamic impact part, motive power part are set, set on fluid pressure drive device or pneumatic actuating device or solid flow drive system Cylinder body is set, cylinder body is seperated with motive power part or with guide support or is integral type, makes impact guide part and dynamic impact part Fission is integral type;
By the connection seperated with beater mechanism of impact guide part or it is set as integral type, dynamic impact part and beater mechanism activity are connected It connects or seperated or be integral type, by friction piece setting between guide support and impact guide part or setting is in cylinder body and impact Between guide part or it is arranged between motive power part and dynamic impact part, guide support or cylinder body or motive power part is made to set Set friction piece support element, make guide support or cylinder body or motive power part it is seperated with friction piece support element or be integral type;Institute State and be provided with Fang Baibie mechanisms between driving mechanism and beater mechanism, Shi Fangbaibie mechanisms be arranged in one end of dynamic impact part or Both ends set Fang Baibie mechanisms to rotational structure or separate structure, and dynamic impact part driving beater mechanism or impact is made to be oriented to Part impacts, and other power is broken in impact and is applied in Fang Baibie mechanisms, the rotational structure Forced rotation or separate structure of Fang Baibie mechanisms By seperated shock isolation reaction force, so that impact guide part is connect with beater mechanism or is integral type, friction piece setting is existed Guiding mechanism is formed between friction piece support element and impact guide part, keeps friction piece, friction piece support element and impact guide part tight Close fit is impacted by rolling friction or suspension friction support beater mechanism, and the impact direction of righting beater mechanism makes driving machine Structure does not damage under other device protection in guiding mechanism and anti-break from breaking, and improves target efficiency.
2. a kind of high-efficient impacting according to claim 1 is anti-to break method for distinguishing, it is characterised in that:Rolling element is by recycling In raceway circulating rolling or by reciprocating rolling or by rolling support in situ impact guide part it is opposite with rolling element support element past Multiple movement.
3. a kind of anti-high-efficient impacting for breaking other method of high-efficient impacting of implementing according to claim 1 is prevented breaking other headstock, It is characterized in that including babinet, guiding mechanism, driving mechanism, beater mechanism, Fang Baibie mechanisms, case supports guiding mechanism, driving Mechanism, guiding mechanism is seperated with driving mechanism or is integral type, and driving mechanism includes motive power part, and guiding mechanism includes leading To support element, motive power part is seperated with guide support or is integral type, and motive power part and/or guide support include rubbing Rub body support element, friction piece support element and motive power part or friction piece support element are seperated with guide support or are integral type, Friction piece support element includes rolling element support element or suspended substance support element, and rolling element support element includes being oriented to rolling element support element And/or power rolling element support element, guiding rolling element support element is seperated with power rolling element support element or is integral type, suspended substance Support element includes being oriented to suspended substance support element and/or power suspended substance support element, is oriented to suspended substance support element and power suspended substance Support element is seperated or is integral type, and guiding mechanism includes impact guide part, friction piece, friction piece support element, and friction piece includes rolling Kinetoplast or suspended substance, rolling element include being oriented to rolling element and/or power rolling element, be oriented to rolling element it is seperated with power rolling element or Integral type, suspended substance include being oriented to suspended substance and/or power suspended substance, and it is seperated with power suspended substance or integrated to be oriented to suspended substance Formula;
Driving mechanism includes crank driving device or fluid pressure drive device or pneumatic actuating device or solid flow drive system, song Include dynamic in handle driving device or on fluid pressure drive device or on actuating device of atmospheric pressure or in solid flow drive system Power impulse member, motive power part, impact guide part is seperated with dynamic impact part or is integral type;
Including impact head, impact guide part is seperated with impact head to connect or is set as integral type, and dynamic impact part is lived with impact head Dynamic connection or fission are integral type, and friction piece setting is between guide support and impact guide part or is arranged in motive power Between part and dynamic impact part, guide support or motive power part include friction piece support element, the driving mechanism and impact Fang Baibie mechanisms are provided between mechanism, Fang Baibie mechanisms are arranged in the one or both ends of dynamic impact part, Fang Baibie mechanisms packet Include rotational structure or separate structure, driving mechanism drives beater mechanism or impact guide part impact, impact break other power be applied to it is anti- In Bai Bie mechanisms, the rotational structure Forced rotation or separate structure of Fang Baibie mechanisms are rubbed by seperated shock isolation reaction force Rub body setting forms guiding mechanism, friction piece, friction piece support element and impact between friction piece support element and impact guide part Guide part is fitted close to be impacted by rolling friction or suspension friction support beater mechanism, and guiding mechanism righting beater mechanism rushes Direction is hit, prevents driving mechanism by breaking Bie Li and impact reactive force is damaged.
4. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The guiding mechanism includes following Ring raceway or reciprocal raceway or rolling element are in situ, and rolling element is by the circulating rolling in recycling raceway or by reciprocal raceway Reciprocating rolling is rolled or by situ by being rolled in pit or by being rolled in raceway or by being rolled in retainer Dynamic support impact guide part does relatively reciprocating motion with rolling element support element.
5. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The impact guide part includes Raceway impacts guide part or pit impact guide part or tape holder impact guide part or trip segment impact guide part or limit impact is led Guide part is impacted to part or cartridge type impact guide part or E shapes.
6. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The guiding rolling element support Part includes that raceway is oriented to rolling element support element or pit guiding rolling element support element or tape holder guiding rolling element support element or stroke Section guiding rolling element support element or limition orientation rolling element support element or cartridge type are oriented to rolling element support element or babinet is oriented to and rolls Body support element.
7. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The dynamic impact part includes Raceway dynamic impact part or pit dynamic impact part or tape holder dynamic impact part or trip segment dynamic impact part or limit power punching Hit part or cartridge type dynamic impact part or E shape dynamic impact parts.
8. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The motive power part includes Raceway motive power part or pit motive power part or tape holder motive power part or trip segment motive power part or limit power branch Support member or cartridge type motive power part or E shape motive power parts or polygon motive power part or babinet motive power part.
9. high-efficient impacting according to claim 4 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The cycle raceway includes ring Shape recycles raceway or spiral shape cycle raceway or waveform recycles raceway.
10. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The impact guide part packet It includes magnetic suspension impact guide part or liquid suspends and impacts guide part or gas suspension impact guide part, guide support includes magnetic suspension guide To support element or liquid suspension guide support or gas suspension guide support.
11. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The guiding mechanism includes It is oriented to rolling element support element and/or is oriented to impact guide part and/or is oriented to rolling element, be oriented to impact guide part, be oriented to rolling element It is closely fastened with guiding rolling element support element and ensures the impact of impact head linear reciprocation and/or prevent impact head from rotating, be oriented to and roll Body support element is seperated with guide support or is integral type, and guiding impact guide part is seperated with impact guide part or is integral type; Or beater mechanism includes being oriented to motive power part and/or being oriented to dynamic impact part and/or be oriented to rolling element, is oriented to dynamic impact Part, guiding rolling element closely fasten guarantee dynamic impact part straight reciprocating motion and/or anti-stopping power with motive power part is oriented to Impulse member rotates, and guiding motive power part is seperated with motive power part or is integral type, is oriented to dynamic impact part and dynamic impact Part is seperated or is integral type.
12. high-efficient impacting according to claim 11 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The guiding impact is oriented to Part includes U-shaped impact guide part or frame shape impact guide part or V-arrangement impact guide part or ellipse impact guide part or polygon Impact guide part or raceway impact guide part or reciprocating stroke section impact guide part or retainer impact guide part or I-shaped punching Hit guide part or spline housing impact guide part curved impingement guide part or ∧ shapes impact guide part or plate shape impact guide part or Cartridge type impacts guide part or more rib keys and impacts guide part, be oriented to impact guide part and impact guide part or be oriented to impact guide part with Dynamic impact part is seperated or is integral type.
13. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:Guiding mechanism includes that straight line is past Multiple rolling friction and rolling guide apparatus, linear reciprocation rolling friction and rolling guide apparatus include be oriented to rolling element support element, It is oriented to rolling element, impact guide part, rolling element supports support is oriented to and is oriented to rolling element, is oriented to rolling element support impact guide part Rolling friction moves back and forth, and impact guide part connect with beater mechanism or is integral type, and dynamic impact part drives beater mechanism punching It hits, guiding rolling element, impact guide part are oriented to the tight fit of rolling element support element to impact guide part guiding, Fang Baibie mechanisms Rotational structure Forced rotation or separate structure by seperated shock isolation reaction force, guider righting beater mechanism rushes Hit direction.
14. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:Guiding mechanism includes that straight line is past Multiple rolling friction and rolling guide apparatus, linear reciprocation rolling friction and rolling guide apparatus include be oriented to rolling element support element, It is oriented to rolling element, impact guide part, it includes that raceway is oriented to rolling element support element to be oriented to rolling element support element, is oriented to rolling element fitting Raceway is oriented to rolling element support element and impact guide part rolls, and impact guide part moves back and forth under the support for being oriented to rolling element, Impact guide part connect with beater mechanism or is integral type, and dynamic impact part drives beater mechanism impact, and Fang Baibie mechanisms turn Dynamic structure stress rotation or separate structure are oriented to rolling element, raceway is oriented to rolling element branch by seperated shock isolation reaction force Support member, impact guide part are fitted close the impact direction of righting beater mechanism.
15. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:Guiding mechanism includes that straight line is past Multiple rolling friction and rolling guide apparatus, linear reciprocation rolling friction and rolling guide apparatus include be oriented to rolling element support element, It is oriented to rolling element, impact guide part, it includes that raceway is oriented to rolling element support element to be oriented to rolling element support element, and impact guide part includes Pit impacts guide part, is oriented to rolling element fitting raceway guiding rolling element support element, pit impact guide part rolls, pit impact Guide part moves back and forth under the support for being oriented to rolling element, and pit impact guide part connect with beater mechanism or is integral type, moves Power impulse member drives beater mechanism impact, the rotational structure Forced rotation or separate structure of Fang Baibie mechanisms to be rushed by fission isolation Reaction force is hit, is oriented to rolling element, raceway is oriented to rolling element support element, pit impact guide part is fitted close righting beater mechanism Impact direction.
16. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:Guiding mechanism includes friction piece Support element, friction piece, impact guide part, friction piece support impact guide part, impact guide part and/or friction piece support element are equipped with Guide and limit structure, guide and limit structure limit guide space and the direction of friction piece, and impact guide part is connect with beater mechanism Or be integral type, dynamic impact part drives beater mechanism impact, the rotational structure Forced rotation or separate structure of Fang Baibie mechanisms It is fitted close righting beater mechanism by seperated shock isolation reaction friction body, friction piece support element, impact guide part Impact direction.
17. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:Fluid pressure drive device or air pressure Driving device includes cylinder body, and friction piece support element or cylinder body are set as inner bulk, and impact guide part is set as outer cover, friction piece It is arranged between outer cover and inner bulk, outer cover, inner bulk and friction piece are fitted close through rolling friction or the friction that suspends Outer cover is set to move back and forth, inner bulk supports friction piece and outer cover, impact head to be connect with outer cover or be integral type, impact head It is moved back and forth by rolling friction or the friction that suspends under the support of outer cover.
18. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:Friction piece support element or impact Guide part is outer cover, and outer cover includes dovetail groove outer cover or U-type groove outer cover or V-groove outer cover or trough plate type outer cover Or clamping plate type outer cover or cartridge type outer cover, it impacts guide part or friction piece support element is inner bulk, inner bulk and outer cover Shape is interlocked.
19. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:Friction piece support element or impact Guide part is inner bulk, and inner bulk includes rod-type inner bulk or cartridge type inner bulk or board-like inner bulk or slot type inner bulk, impact Guide part or friction piece support element are outer cover, and the shape of inner bulk and outer cover is interlocked.
20. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:Friction piece support element includes interior Portion's body, inner bulk include inner bulk piece uploading, inner bulk lower part, and inner bulk piece uploading, inner bulk lower part include raceway or suspension road, outside Portion's set is U-shaped outer cover, and U-shaped outer cover includes the piece uploading of U-shaped outer cover, U-shaped outer cover lower part, and friction piece is arranged in inner bulk Between part and U-shaped outer cover piece uploading and be arranged between inner bulk lower part and U-shaped outer cover lower part, friction piece, U-shaped outer cover, Inner bulk tight fit makes friction piece support U-shaped outer cover rolling friction or the friction that suspends moves back and forth and control U-shaped outer cover The direction of motion, outer cover connect with beater mechanism or is integral type, and dynamic impact part drives beater mechanism impact, anti-to break other machine The rotational structure Forced rotation or separate structure of structure pass through seperated shock isolation reaction force, U-shaped outer cover, inner bulk and guiding Body is fitted close the impact direction of righting beater mechanism.
21. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:Friction piece support element is set as Inner bulk, impact guide part are set as outer cover, and inner bulk includes inner bulk piece uploading, inner bulk lower part, and outer cover is outside frame shape Portion covers, and frame shape outer cover includes the piece uploading of frame shape outer cover, frame shape outer cover lower part, and friction piece is arranged in inner bulk piece uploading and frame shape Between outer cover piece uploading and it is arranged between inner bulk lower part and frame shape outer cover lower part, friction piece, frame shape outer cover, inner bulk It is fitted close the fortune for making the shape outer cover rolling friction of friction piece support frame or suspending friction reciprocating motion and controller chassis shape outer cover Dynamic direction.
22. the high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 or 6 is prevented breaking other headstock, it is characterised in that:It is oriented to rolling element support element Retainer is set between impact guide part or between power rolling element support element and dynamic impact part, is oriented to rolling element or power Rolling element is set to retainer, and the thickness of retainer is less than the diameter for being oriented to rolling element or power rolling element, be oriented to rolling element or Power rolling element be higher by retainer two parts be respectively arranged at be oriented to rolling element support element and impact guide part between or power Two parts that rolling element is higher by retainer are respectively arranged between power rolling element support element and dynamic impact part, are oriented to rolling element Support element, impact guide part and the guiding rolling element cooperation being arranged in retainer or power rolling element support element, dynamic impact Part and the power rolling element cooperation being arranged in retainer realize that rolling friction moves back and forth.
23. high-efficient impacting according to claim 22 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:Retainer is separately provided or will Retainer, which is fixed on impact guide part or is fixed on, to be oriented to rolling element support element or is fixed on dynamic impact part or is fixed on power Rolling element support element.
24. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:Guiding mechanism includes that tape holder is straight Line reciprocating rolling guider, tape holder linear reciprocation rolling guide apparatus include being oriented to rolling element, being oriented to rolling element support element, punching Guide part, retainer are hit, rolling element is oriented to and is set to retainer, the thickness of retainer is less than the diameter for being oriented to rolling element, is oriented to Two parts that rolling element is higher by retainer are respectively arranged at guiding rolling element support element and impact guide part, are oriented to rolling element support Part includes upper guiding rolling element support element, lower guiding rolling element support element, upper guiding rolling element support element, lower guiding rolling element branch Support member includes raceway, and U-shaped impact guide part includes the piece uploading of U-shaped impact guide part, U-shaped impact guide part lower part, is oriented to rolling element It is arranged in the retainer between upper guiding rolling element support element and U-shaped impact guide part piece uploading and is arranged in lower guiding rolling element In retainer between support element and U-shaped impact guide part lower part, U-shaped impact guide part connect or is integrated with beater mechanism Formula, dynamic impact part drive beater mechanism impact, the guiding rolling element being arranged in retainer, U-shaped impact guide part and guiding Rolling element support element is fitted close to form multi-point support impact header structure, and multi-point support impact header structure is supported by rolling friction Impact head impact and pass through the impact direction of rolling friction righting impact head.
25. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:Guiding mechanism includes pit type Linear reciprocation rolling guide apparatus, pit type linear reciprocation rolling guide apparatus include being oriented to rolling element, further include that pit is oriented to Rolling element support element or raceway impact guide part, and it is that pit is oriented to rolling element support element, impact is led to be oriented to rolling element radially opposite sides To part or rolling element radially opposite sides are oriented to as raceway impact guide part, guiding rolling element support element, and guiding rolling element is set to recessed Hole is oriented in rolling element support element or is set in raceway impact guide part, is oriented to rolling element and is oriented to rolling element support element with pit And impact guide part or guiding rolling element impact guide part and are oriented to the tight fit of rolling element support element and rubbed by rolling with raceway Supported impact mechanism is wiped to move back and forth and there is guiding role to beater mechanism.
26. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The guiding rolling element or The billowing kinetoplast of power includes idler wheel, and idler wheel includes roller shaft, and idler wheel is seperated with roller shaft or is an integral structure, dynamic impact part Including crank connecting link or piston, fluid pressure drive device or actuating device of atmospheric pressure include cylinder body, idler wheel setting motive power part with Between dynamic impact part or setting is being oriented between rolling element support element and impact guide part or is being arranged between cylinder body and piston, When roller shaft is set to dynamic impact part, idler wheel fitting motive power part rolls, or when roller shaft is set to motive power part Idler wheel is bonded dynamic impact part and rolls, or the idler wheel fitting impact guide part rolling when roller shaft is set to and is oriented to rolling element support element It is dynamic, or idler wheel fitting is oriented to the rolling of rolling element support element when roller shaft is set to impact guide part, or when roller shaft is set to Idler wheel fitting cylinder body rolls when piston, or when roller shaft is set to cylinder body, idler wheel fitting piston rolls, and prevents dynamic impact part It is bonded friction with motive power part or prevents rolling element support element to be bonded friction with impact guide part or prevents piston from being pasted with cylinder body Close friction.
27. high-efficient impacting according to claim 26 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:Be oriented to rolling element support element or Impact guide part or dynamic impact part or motive power part or cylinder body or piston are equipped with the groove and/or protruding rail fastened with idler wheel, Groove and/or protruding rail and roller surface be interlocked rolling friction while have and roll guiding role.
28. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:Fluid pressure drive device or air pressure Driving device includes dynamic impact part, piston, cylinder body, and dynamic impact part includes interior cylinder rod, raceway guide part, is oriented to rolling element branch Support member connect or is an integral structure with cylinder body, and impact guide part and dynamic impact part connect or seperated or for integral type, guiding Rolling element support element includes that upper raceway is oriented to rolling element support element, lower raceway is oriented to rolling element support element, and raceway guide part includes The outside upper cylinder rod of raceway, raceway lower outer casing bar are oriented to rolling element and are set to raceway guiding rolling element support element and raceway upper outer casing It between bar and is set between lower raceway guiding rolling element support element and raceway lower outer casing bar, under the outside upper cylinder rod of raceway, raceway are outer Cylinder rod is parallel and is oriented to rolling element support element, lower raceway guiding rolling element support element with equipped with the upper raceway for being oriented to rolling element respectively It fastens, the outside upper cylinder rod of raceway and raceway lower outer casing bar connect into U-shaped impact guide part or connect into frame shape impact guide part or company It is connected into tubular impact guide part, interior cylinder rod includes more than two interior cylinder rods, and cylinder body includes more than two cavitys, and piston includes More than two pistons, more than two interior cylinder rods are corresponding to be arranged in more than two cavitys, more than two pistons pair In more than two cavitys, interior cylinder rod one end connect with piston or is integral type, the other end and raceway guide part for the setting answered It connecting or is an integral structure, more than two pistons staggeredly drive more than two interior cylinder rods to move along a straight line, guiding rolling element, Upper raceway is oriented to rolling element support element, lower raceway is oriented to rolling element support element and raceway guide part coordinates, and raceway guide part is two A above interior cylinder rod staggeredly drives lower repeatedly number rolling friction to move back and forth.
29. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:Guiding mechanism includes linear axis It holds, impact guide part is installed on linear bearing, and dynamic impact part drives beater mechanism reciprocating impact.
30. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:Crank driving device includes dynamic Power source part, camshaft, cam, camshaft it is seperated with cam connection or be integral type, power source part drive camshaft rotation, cam The actuated by cams beater mechanism reciprocating impact installed on axis.
31. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:Crank driving device includes dynamic Power source part, eccentric shaft, dynamic impact part, dynamic impact part are set to babinet, and one end of eccentric shaft and dynamic impact part is hinged, moves Power impulse member and beater mechanism are flexibly connected or seperated, and Fang Baibie mechanisms are arranged in the one or both ends of dynamic impact part, power Source part driving eccentric shaft rotation, eccentric shaft drive dynamic impact part reciprocating impact.
32. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:Crank driving device includes dynamic Power source part, crank, sliding block, swing rod, connecting rod, dynamic impact part, dynamic impact part are set to babinet, power source part and crank one end Connection, the crank other end is hinged with sliding block, and sliding block connect with swing rod and can be slided on swing rod, and swing rod one end is hinged with babinet, The other end and connecting rod are hinged, and connecting rod is hinged with dynamic impact part one end, dynamic impact part and beater mechanism flexible connection or seperated, Fang Baibie mechanisms are arranged in the one or both ends of dynamic impact part, and Fang Baibie mechanisms include rotational structure or separate structure, power Source part driving crank rotation, crank driving sliding block make swing rod swing, and swing rod drives dynamic impact part to move by connecting rod, power punching Hit part driving beater mechanism impact.
33. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:Crank driving device includes song Handle turns eccentric shaft more, and it includes power source part, supporting rack, mulit-turning crankshaft, connecting rod, mulit-turning crankshaft that crank turns eccentric shaft more It is made of the concentric shaft part of power, connection handle, eccentric shaft, the concentric shaft part of power, connection handle and eccentric shaft are seperated or are integral type knot The output block of structure, concentric shaft part one end of power of mulit-turning crankshaft and the power source part of driving mechanism connects, the concentric shaft part of power The other end more than two connection handles, eccentric shaft are set, the concentric shaft part of power of mulit-turning crankshaft is mounted on supporting rack, support Frame is seperated with babinet or is integral type, and the eccentric shaft of mulit-turning crankshaft and one end of connecting rod are hinged, the other end setting impact of connecting rod Mechanism, the one or both ends setting Fang Baibie mechanisms of connecting rod, an eccentric shaft drives more than one connecting rod reciprocating impact, anti-to break Other mechanism includes rotational structure or separate structure, and power source part drives mulit-turning crankshaft rotation, eccentric shaft to drive dynamic impact part past Multiple impact, dynamic impact part drive beater mechanism impact.
34. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:Crank driving device includes song Handle turns eccentric shaft more, and it further includes supporting rack, mulit-turning crankshaft, dynamic impact part, mulit-turning crankshaft that crank turns eccentric shaft more It is made of the concentric shaft part of power, connection handle, eccentric shaft, the concentric shaft part of power, connection handle and eccentric shaft are seperated or are integral type knot The power output part of structure, concentric shaft part one end of power of mulit-turning crankshaft and driving mechanism connects, the concentric shaft part of power it is another More than two connection handles, eccentric shaft is arranged in end, and more than two eccentric shafts are arranged along the spaced radial of the concentric shaft part of power, are formed The concentric shaft part of power of differential seat angle, mulit-turning crankshaft is mounted on supporting rack, and supporting rack is seperated with babinet or is integral type, turns song more More than two eccentric shafts of axis and one end of more than two dynamic impact parts are hinged, and shock machine is arranged in the other end of dynamic impact part Structure, Fang Baibie mechanisms are arranged between dynamic impact part and beater mechanism, and impact guide part connect or is integrated with beater mechanism Formula, more than two dynamic impact parts staggeredly drive beater mechanism impact, and Fang Baibie mechanisms are rotated by rotational structure or fission is tied Structure passes through seperated shock isolation reaction force.
35. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:Crank driving device includes song Handle turns eccentric shaft more, and it further includes supporting rack, mulit-turning crankshaft, dynamic impact part, mulit-turning crankshaft that crank turns eccentric shaft more It is made of the concentric shaft part of power, connection handle, eccentric shaft, the concentric shaft part of power, connection handle and eccentric shaft are seperated or are integral type knot Concentric shaft part one end of power of structure, mulit-turning crankshaft is seperated with the power output part of driving mechanism or is integral type, and power is concentric More than two connection handles, eccentric shaft is arranged in the other end of shaft part, and the axis of more than two eccentric shafts overlaps, and mulit-turning crankshaft moves The concentric shaft part of power is mounted on supporting rack, and supporting rack is seperated with babinet or is integral type, more than two eccentric shafts of mulit-turning crankshaft Hinged with one end of more than two dynamic impact parts, beater mechanism, the setting of Fang Baibie mechanisms is arranged in the other end of dynamic impact part Between dynamic impact part and beater mechanism.
36. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:Fluid pressure drive device or air pressure Driving device includes cylinder body, piston, and cylinder body is seperated with babinet or is integral type, and impact guide part is seperated with dynamic impact part or is Integral type, cylinder body is seperated with rolling element support element is oriented to or is integral type, and piston is arranged in cylinder body, dynamic impact part and piston Fission connection is integral type, be arranged between dynamic impact part and piston Fang Baibie mechanisms or dynamic impact part and beater mechanism it Between be equipped with Fang Baibie mechanisms.
37. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:Fluid pressure drive device or air pressure Driving device includes cylinder body, piston, air bag and dynamic impact part, dynamic impact part connection seperated with piston or be integral type, cylinder Body is seperated with babinet or is integral type, and impact guide part is seperated with dynamic impact part or is integral type, one end of dynamic impact part Setting connect with piston in cylinder body or is integral type, and air bag, the dynamic impact part other end and punching are arranged between piston and cylinder body Mechanism connection or seperated is hit, Fang Baibie mechanisms are equipped between dynamic impact part and beater mechanism.
38. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:Fluid pressure drive device or air pressure Driving device includes cylinder body, piston, dynamic impact part, dynamic impact part connection seperated with piston or be integral type, cylinder body and case Body is seperated or is integral type, and impact guide part is seperated with dynamic impact part or is integral type, fluid pressure drive device including two with On dynamic impact part, more than two dynamic impact parts and beater mechanism connection or seperated, dynamic impact part and beater mechanism Between be equipped with Fang Baibie mechanisms, Fang Baibie mechanisms include rotational structure or separate structure, and driving mechanism drives beater mechanism impact.
39. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:Fang Baibie mechanisms include rotation Structure, rotational structure include camber buckle-groove type, and camber buckle-groove type includes camber plush copper and the groove with camber plush copper activity button-fold, Groove is arranged on crank or is integral type with crank, be arranged on dynamic impact part with the camber plush copper of groove activity button-fold or It is integral type with dynamic impact part, driving mechanism drives beater mechanism impact.
40. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The crank driving device Including crank block device.
41. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The crank driving device Eccentric shaft is turned including crank, it includes supporting rack that crank turns eccentric shaft more, and crank turns eccentric shaft more and further includes more Mulit-turning crankshaft, connecting rod, mulit-turning crankshaft are made of the concentric shaft part of power, connection handle, eccentric shaft, the concentric shaft part of power, connection handle and Eccentric shaft is seperated or is an integral structure, and concentric shaft part one end of power of mulit-turning crankshaft and the power output part of driving mechanism connect It connects, more than two connection handles, eccentric shaft, the concentric shaft part installation of power of mulit-turning crankshaft is arranged in the other end of the concentric shaft part of power On supporting rack, the eccentric shaft of mulit-turning crankshaft and one end of connecting rod are hinged, the other end setting beater mechanism of connecting rod, and the one of connecting rod End or both ends setting Fang Baibie mechanisms, an eccentric shaft drive more than one connecting rod reciprocating impact.
42. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The crank driving device Eccentric shaft is turned including crank, it further includes mulit-turning crankshaft, connecting rod that crank turns eccentric shaft more, and mulit-turning crankshaft is same by power more Mandrel section, connection handle, eccentric shaft composition, mulit-turning crankshaft be equipped with fluid passage, fluid passage through the concentric shaft part of power, connection handle and/or partially Mandrel.
43. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The driving mechanism includes song Handle linkage, crank connecting rod apparatus includes that the same power source part drives more than two eccentric shafts, connecting rod, more than two inclined Mandrel drives more than two connecting rod reciprocating impacts, the one or both ends setting Fang Baibie mechanisms of more than two connecting rods.
44. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The driving mechanism includes Power source part, power source part include motor or hydraulic motor or gas motor or magnetomotive.
45. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The driving mechanism includes Power source part, power source part include motor or hydraulic motor or gas motor, and power source part is arranged outside the enclosure or in babinet.
46. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The driving mechanism includes Power source part, power source part include transmission parts.
47. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The driving mechanism includes Power source part, power source part include transmission parts, and transmission parts include movement transmission members.
48. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The driving mechanism includes Power source part, power source part include transmission parts, and transmission parts include movement transmission members, and gear part is gear drive Component or belt drive part, gear transmission part or belt drive part setting are in babinet or outside babinet.
49. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The driving mechanism includes Power source part, power source part include transmission parts, and transmission parts include movement transmission members, and gear part is gear drive The combination of component or gear transmission part and belt drive part.
50. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The Fang Baibie mechanisms packet Include bulb ball groove formula, arc buckle-groove type, flexible universal joint rotation coupling head, universal bearing rotation coupling head, multi-DOF platform Formula rotates coupling head, Hooks coupling universal coupling rotation coupling head, oscillating bearing rotation coupling head, rzeppa joint.
51. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The Fang Baibie mechanisms are Bulb ball groove formula, bulb ball groove formula include bulb and the bulb slot with bulb activity button-fold.
52. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The Fang Baibie mechanisms are Arc buckle-groove type, arc buckle-groove type include camber plush copper and the groove with camber plush copper activity button-fold.
53. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The Fang Baibie mechanisms are Flexible universal joint rotates coupling head, and flexible universal joint rotation coupling head includes elastic component, universal joint coupling head, when universal joint stress Universal joint coupling head adjusts opposite movement by elastic component.
54. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The Fang Baibie mechanisms are Universal joint bearing rotates coupling head, and universal joint bearing rotation coupling head includes universal socket, rotation coupling head, and rotation coupling head is solid It is scheduled on universal socket, adjusts opposite movement by universal socket when cardan axis is withstood forces.
55. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The Fang Baibie mechanisms are Multi-DOF platform formula rotates coupling head, and the rotation coupling head of multi-DOF platform formula is by dynamic cylinder, upper mounting plate coupling head, lower platform Coupling head forms, and when upper and lower platform coupling head stress, by the stretching motion of dynamic cylinder, realizes that upper mounting plate is multiple certainly in space By the movement spent.
56. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The Fang Baibie mechanisms are Hooks coupling universal coupling rotates coupling head, and it is that Cardon universal joint rotates coupling head, Cardon universal joint rotation connection that Hooks coupling universal coupling, which rotates coupling head, Connector includes cross axle, cross universal knot fork, and cross universal knot fork realizes relative motion by cross axis connection.
57. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The Fang Baibie mechanisms are Oscillating bearing rotates coupling head, and oscillating bearing rotation coupling head includes spherical outside surface, Internal Spherical Surface and dust cover, and spherical outside surface is fastened on interior In spherical surface, dust cover is equipped in spherical outside surface and Internal Spherical Surface joint.
58. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The Fang Baibie mechanisms are Rzeppa joint, rzeppa joint include interior rollaway nest, outer rollaway nest, steel ball and retainer, retainer stationary balls, interior rollaway nest Relative motion is realized by steel ball with outer rollaway nest.
59. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The impact guide part one End is equipped with the beater mechanism other end equipped with beater mechanism or one end and is equipped with counterweight, or impact guide part both ends are equipped with impact Mechanism.
60. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The beater mechanism includes Impact head, the setting of impact guide part impact one end setting impact of guide part in driving mechanism side or more than two sides Similar shape and/or the impact head with weight is arranged in head, the other end.
61. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The beater mechanism includes Impact head, the setting of impact guide part impact one end setting impact of guide part in driving mechanism side or more than two sides The impact head of different shape and/or different weight is arranged in head, the other end.
62. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The beater mechanism includes Impact teeth rushes toothholder, and impact teeth is seperated with toothholder is rushed or is integral type, and impact guide part, which is symmetrically or asymmetrically arranged, to be impacted On toothholder.
63. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The babinet includes lubrication System and/or sealing device, sealing device is set to guiding mechanism, driving mechanism and/or beater mechanism and the activity of babinet connects Meet place.
64. high-efficient impacting according to claim 63 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The lubricating system includes Splash, oil-immersed type, oil channel type or lubricating grease type.
65. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The babinet is that sealing is tied Structure is part sealing structure.
66. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The impact guide part with Beater mechanism junction is equipped with guide rod protective cover, and guide rod protective cover connect with beater mechanism or is integral type.
67. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The dynamic impact part with Beater mechanism junction is equipped with impact bar protective cover, and impact bar protective cover connect with beater mechanism or is integral type.
68. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The babinet is equipped with anti- Only pound the protective cover for hitting impact guide part, dynamic impact part, protective cover connection seperated with babinet or for integral type.
69. high-efficient impacting according to claim 66 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The guide rod protective cover Etc. being longer than impact stroke.
70. high-efficient impacting according to claim 66 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The guide rod protective cover Sealing element is equipped between babinet.
71. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The babinet passes through impact Guide part or guide rod protective cover supported impact mechanism.
72. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The guiding mechanism includes Upper guider, lower guider, driving mechanism are set between guider, lower guider.
73. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The guiding mechanism includes Left guider, right guider, driving mechanism are set between left guider, right guider.
74. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The guiding mechanism includes Single guider.
75. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The beater mechanism includes Impact teeth rushes toothholder, and impact teeth includes clear top surface tooth, clear side tooth and/or clear bottom surface tooth, clear top surface tooth, clear bottom surface tooth and/or The tooth setting of clear side is rushed same on toothholder.
76. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The beater mechanism is primary Reciprocating impact is completed at the same time coal breakage and clear face.
77. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The beater mechanism includes Impact head, dynamic impact part is seperated with impact head, and Fang Baibie mechanisms are separate structure, and driving mechanism drives dynamic impact part reciprocal Impact, the impact direction of guiding mechanism righting beater mechanism, dynamic impact part impact impact head impact, impact head encounter coal wall or It is kept off back after palisades, separate structure makes dynamic impact part not impacted from breaking, and beater mechanism is made to complete one-shot blanking.
78. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:It is rolled including piston, piston Body, cylinder body, piston rolling element ring piston are arranged or are set to the side of piston or are set to the more than two sides of piston, living Plug, piston rolling element are set in cylinder body, and piston rolling element supports piston to be moved back and forth with cylinder body rolling friction, piston and piston Rolling element is seperated or is integral type.
79. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:One dynamic impact The friction piece of two row or more is set around part, and friction pieces more than two row absorbs impact head and/or the gravity of impact guide part is negative Lotus, friction piece of the row friction piece more than at least one support impact head reciprocating impact, an only row friction piece are avoided to bear Impact head and/or the gravity load for impacting guide part damage the concentration of friction piece.
80. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The dynamic impact part or It impacts on guide part or rolling element support element or cylinder body or power rolling element support element is equipped with reciprocating stroke section, rolling element is past Rolled in multiple trip segment, rolling element with dynamic impact part or with impact guide part or with rolling element support element or with cylinder body or with it is dynamic It is rolling friction between power rolling element support element.
81. breaking other headstock according to the high-efficient impacting described in claim 80 is anti-, it is characterised in that:The reciprocating stroke section Equal or close to the sum of the half of reciprocating stroke length and rolling element radius, reciprocating stroke section is conducive to rolling element and exists length In operation with dynamic impact part or with impact guide part or with rolling element support element or with cylinder body or with power rolling element support element Fitting is rolling friction.
82. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The friction piece is set to When dynamic impact part or impact guide part, friction piece and the both ends other than dynamic impact part or impact guide part superposition section central point Be equal in weight, gravitational equilibrium when keeping dynamic impact part or impact guide part is static or motion state.
83. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The fluid pressure drive device Or actuating device of atmospheric pressure includes piston rod, piston rod includes guide piston bar, power piston bar, and piston rod connect or divides with piston Body is integral type, when cylinder body is as rolling element support element is oriented to, be oriented to rolling element setting guide piston bar and cylinder body it Between, when being oriented to rolling element support element with cylinder body split settings, it is oriented to rolling element and is set to guiding rolling element support element and is oriented to Between piston rod, piston drives piston rod movement.
84. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The guiding rolling element branch Reciprocating stroke section or raceway, orienting roll are arranged in correspondence on guide piston bar when raceway or reciprocating stroke section are set in support member Kinetoplast is arranged between reciprocating stroke section and raceway, is oriented to rolling element support element, guide piston bar and is oriented to rolling element and closely detains It closes and the reciprocating motion of guide piston bar is controlled by rolling friction.
85. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The friction piece and friction Body support element or with piston or with cylinder body or with impact guide part or with motive power part or with dynamic impact part contact surface as possible Greatly, it prevents friction piece local pressure excessive, increases and be oriented to contact surface, reduce friction piece to friction piece support element or to piston or right Cylinder body concentrates on local abrasion to impact guide part or to motive power part or to dynamic impact part.
86. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The friction piece support element Include position limiting structure, position limiting structure on upper or babinet or on impact guide part or on dynamic impact part or on cylinder body or on friction piece Including guide and limit structure or power position limiting structure, guide and limit structure is seperated with power position limiting structure or is integral type, is oriented to Rolling element or guiding suspended substance are set to guide and limit structure, and power rolling element or power suspended substance are set to power limit knot Structure, position limiting structure limit the space and position of friction piece, position limiting structure and friction piece support element or babinet or impact guide part or Dynamic impact part or cylinder body or friction piece fission are integral type, friction piece support impact guide part or dynamic impact part or cylinder body It moves back and forth.
87. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The shape of the friction piece With the shape of friction piece support element and/or impact guide part shape closely fasten formed position limiting structure or dynamic impact part and Or the shape of motive power part and the shape of friction piece closely fasten and form power position limiting structure, position limiting structure control impact is oriented to Part or the direction of motion for controlling dynamic impact part, and/or prevent impact guide part or the rotation of dynamic impact part, guide and limit structure It is seperated with power position limiting structure or be integral type.
88. high-efficient impacting according to claim 20 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The guide way setting exists Between motive power part and impact guide part or between cylinder body and impact guide part or friction piece support element and impact guide part, lead Xiang Ti, impact guide part and friction piece support element are fitted close through rolling friction or suspension friction support impact head impact, punching The extensional for hitting guide part actually dynamic impact part, the extensional by impacting guide part, which farthest broadens, to liquidate The righting width tapped the head increases the righting dynamics to impact head, controls impact head to maximum dynamics, it is therefore prevented that crank drives Device or fluid pressure drive device or actuating device of atmospheric pressure, which are hit, breaks the damage of Bie Li and reaction force.
89. breaking other headstock according to the high-efficient impacting described in claim 86 is anti-, it is characterised in that:The position limiting structure includes Raceway or cylinder road or stop collar or limit shaft or limiting slot or spherical male or retainer or inner bulk coordinate with outer cover or ellipse Shape or dumb-bell shape or cylinder or taper or circular ring shape or idler wheel or platform shape ball or platform shape drum or channel column or flute profile ball or flute profile Idler wheel or rectangular or U-shaped or frame shape is I-shaped or more rib key-shapeds or arc or V-arrangement or plate shape or tubular.
90. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The friction piece support element Including U-shaped friction piece support element or frame shape friction piece support element or babinet friction piece support element or oval friction piece support element or Polygon friction piece support element or raceway friction piece support element or reciprocating stroke section friction piece support element or retainer friction piece branch Support member or flute profile friction piece support element or I-shaped friction piece support element or spline housing friction piece support element or arcuate friction body branch Support member or V-arrangement friction piece support element or ∧ shape friction piece support elements or plate shape friction piece support element or cartridge type friction piece support element or More rib key friction piece support elements, friction piece support element and motive power part or guiding rolling element support element are seperated with guide support Or it is integral type.
91. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The guiding rolling element branch Support member or impact guide part or piston or cylinder body or dynamic impact part or motive power part include raceway, raceway and guiding rolling element Support element or impact guide part or piston or cylinder body or dynamic impact part or the connection of motive power part fission are integral type, are rolled Body is arranged in raceway, is rolling friction or rolling element and piston, cylinder body with being oriented to rolling element support element, impacting guide part It is rolling friction or rolling element and dynamic impact part, power rolling element support element are rolling friction.
92. breaking other headstock according to the high-efficient impacting described in claim 91 is anti-, it is characterised in that:The raceway includes reciprocal Trip segment or cycle raceway or spiral shape raceway or waveform raceway or ring raceway or straight line raceway.
93. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The guiding rolling element branch Support member or impact guide part or piston or cylinder body or dynamic impact part or power rolling element support element include cycle raceway, cycle rolling Road and guiding rolling element support element or impact guide part or piston or cylinder body or dynamic impact part or power rolling element support element point Body connects or is integral type, and in cycle raceway, rolling element and guiding rolling element support element, impact guide part are equal for rolling element setting It is rolling friction or rolling element support dynamic impact part, power rolling element for rolling friction or rolling element and piston, cylinder body Support element is rolling friction.
94. breaking other headstock according to the high-efficient impacting described in claim 92 is anti-, it is characterised in that:The cycle raceway includes Annular cycle raceway, annular cycle raceway annular surface arrange that annular cycle raceway is arranged in impact and is oriented to along vibration-direction On part or it is arranged on rolling element support element or is arranged on dynamic impact part or is arranged on cylinder body or is arranged in power rolling On body support element, annular cycle raceway is arranged in surrounding or arranges or be arranged symmetrically in single, and rolling element is in annular cycle rolling Rolled in road, prevent rolling element and rolling element support element with impact guide part or with dynamic impact part or with cylinder body or and power Rolling element support element sliding friction.
95. breaking other headstock according to the high-efficient impacting described in claim 92 is anti-, it is characterised in that:The cycle raceway includes Spiral shape recycles raceway or waveform recycles raceway, and rolling element is recycled along spiral rolling track or waveform recycles rolling path rolling, is rolled The position that body carries pressure between the position or loading piston and cylinder body of pressure between rolling element support element and impact guide part is followed Ring transformation reduces rolling element and is always in rolling element support element and impacts guide part part or be always in piston and cylinder body office Portion, which rolls, makes rolling element bear strong pressure and the probability of abrasion.
96. breaking other headstock according to the high-efficient impacting described in claim 92 is anti-, it is characterised in that:The cycle raceway includes Supporting section and circulation section are recycled, rolls body circulation raceway plane perpendicular to guiding rolling element support element or impact guide part or power Impulse member or cylinder body or power rolling element support surface arrangement, or cycle raceway plane and guiding rolling element support element or impact Guide part or dynamic impact part or cylinder body or power rolling element support surface are arranged in parallel, and recycle rolling element support in supporting section It impacts guide part and is oriented to the rolling friction of rolling element support element or support dynamic impact part and cylinder body rolling friction or support power Impulse member and power rolling element support element rolling friction, and rolling element does not support rolling element support element, impact to be oriented in circulation section Part, dynamic impact part, cylinder body, power rolling element support element rolling friction.
97. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The friction piece is recycling Close arrangement in raceway, the length for recycling raceway are suitable for friction piece support friction piece support element and impact guide part rolling friction Or the friction that suspends, or rub suitable for being supported piston and cylinder body rolling friction with friction piece or being suspended, or suitable for friction piece support Dynamic impact part and power rolling element support element rolling friction or suspend rubs, prevent friction piece support element and impact guide part or It prevents piston and cylinder body or prevents dynamic impact part and the support element micro-slip friction of power rolling element or collision.
98. breaking other headstock according to the high-efficient impacting described in claim 89 is anti-, it is characterised in that:The retainer setting exists It recycles in raceway, piston rolling element is arranged in retainer and setting is in cycle raceway, and the thickness of retainer is rolled less than piston The diameter of kinetoplast, two parts that piston rolling element is higher by retainer are respectively arranged at cycle raceway and piston or cylinder body, prevent from living It inversely rubs between plug rolling element and piston rolling element.
99. breaking other headstock according to the high-efficient impacting described in claim 92 is anti-, it is characterised in that:The raceway includes raceway Pressure stage is born, raceway bears pressure stage setting wear-resistant material or high-strength material, improves the wear-resistant strength of raceway, improves raceway It absorbs impact guide part and rolling element support element and the mutual pressure of rolling element and frictional force or bears cylinder body and piston and rolling The mutual pressure of kinetoplast and frictional force are born dynamic impact part and are pressed between each other with rolling element with power rolling element support element The performance of power and frictional force reduces impact guide part or rolling element branch in local setting wear-resistant material or setting high-strength material The a large amount of uses of support member or dynamic impact part or cylinder body or power rolling element support element to wear-resistant material and high-strength material reduce To impact guide part or to rolling element support element or to dynamic impact part or to cylinder body or to motive power part entirety abrasion resistance and The demand of intensity.
100. breaking other headstock according to the high-efficient impacting described in claim 92 is anti-, it is characterised in that:The impact guide part Bear rolling section or rolling element bear rolling portion or cylinder body bear rolling section or piston bear in rolling section setting wear-resistant material or High-strength material.
101. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The friction piece setting exists It impacts guide part and is oriented to rolling element support element or setting in piston and cylinder body or is arranged in dynamic impact part and motive power part Between bear pressure friction area, be oriented to rolling element by rolling or suspended motion and bearing reciprocating impact frictional force and extruding Power, reciprocating impact frictional force and extruding force, which are applied to, to be oriented on rolling element or suspended substance, and frictional resistance is reduced with rolling or suspending And extruding force is decomposed, the breakdown strength of force of sliding friction and extruding force is greatly reduced, compared to suspension friction structure and sliding Friction structure reduces to impact guide part or guiding rolling element support element or to dynamic impact part or cylinder body or to dynamic impact The intensity and toughness reguirements of part or motive power part, reduce impact guide part or be oriented to rolling element support element or piston or cylinder body or The weight of dynamic impact part or motive power part, or impact guide part or guiding rolling element support element or piston or cylinder body or power Impulse member or motive power part use lightweight material, reduce the consumption moved back and forth to energy.
102. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The rolling element support element It is integrated with guide support or with impact guide part or with piston or with cylinder body or with dynamic impact part or with motive power part Formula, reduces rolling element support element occupied space, rolling element support element with guide support or with impact guide part or and cylinder Body is integral type with piston or with motive power part or with dynamic impact part, and structural strength is big, space availability ratio is high, limited Space is used to increase the volume of rolling element, improves the bearing capacity of rolling element, increase rolling element with impact guide part or with guiding Support element or contact area with piston or with cylinder body or with dynamic impact part or with motive power part, avoid because rolling element is too small It is locally pressed to guide support or to impact guide part or to piston or to cylinder body or to dynamic impact part or to motive power part Strong excessive and abrasion is excessive.
103. breaking other headstock according to the high-efficient impacting described in claim 92 is anti-, it is characterised in that:The cycle raceway packet It includes and bears pressures cycle raceway, from pressures cycle raceway, supported from pressures cycle raceway and impact guide part or friction piece Part or the connection of cylinder body or piston are seperated or be integral type, are detachable from pressures cycle raceway, facilitate observation, repair and Replace rolling element.
104. breaking other headstock according to the high-efficient impacting described in claim 101 is anti-, it is characterised in that:The lightweight material packet Include aluminium alloy or highstrenghtpiston or ceramics or titanium alloy or carbon fiber or light section.
105. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The rolling element includes ball Shape rolling element or oval rolling element or dumb-bell shape rolling element or cylindrical rolling element or taper rolling element or circular ring shape rolling element Or idler wheel rolling element or platform shape ball rolling element or flute profile ball rolling element or flute profile idler wheel rolling element or flute profile ellipse rolling element or band Axis rolling element or rolling element with holes or more rib key rolling elements or more ribs set rolling element rolling drum-shaped rolling body or ball rolling element or Needle roller rolling element or rollers roll body or linear bearing, rolling element is seperated with rolling element is oriented to or is integral type.
106. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The rolling element includes hard Matter alloy rolling element or antifriction alloy rolling element or high-strength abrasion-proof plastics rolling element or high-strength abrasion-proof rubber rolling element or height The wear-resisting porcelain rolling element of intensity.
107. breaking other headstock according to the high-efficient impacting described in claim 78 is anti-, it is characterised in that:The piston is equipped with Sealing element, sealing element are located between the one or both sides or front and back piston rolling element of piston rolling element, prevent liquid or gas or Solid enters the other side from the side of piston, and piston rolling element supports reciprocating motion of the pistons by rolling friction.
108. breaking other headstock according to the high-efficient impacting described in claim 78 is anti-, it is characterised in that:The piston is equipped with Sealing element, sealing element are arranged between the one or both sides or front and back cycle raceway of cycle raceway, and sealing element is not rolled in piston It is moved back and forth on body, prevents liquid or gas from entering the other side from the side of piston, piston rolling element is supported by rolling friction Reciprocating motion of the pistons reduces the running resistance of piston, improves piston movement speed, and sealing element is used as sealing.
109. the high-efficient impacting according to claim 70 or 106 or 107 is prevented breaking other headstock, it is characterised in that:Described Sealing element includes sealing ring or polygon sealing element.
110. the high-efficient impacting according to claim 70 or 106 or 107 is prevented breaking other headstock, it is characterised in that:Described Sealing element is rubber material or polyurethane material or nylon material or plastic material or metal material.
111. high-efficient impacting according to claim 3 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The impact guide part And/or friction piece support element includes levitation device or dynamic impact part and/or motive power part includes levitation device, it is described outstanding Floating device includes magnetic levitation system or liquid levitation device or air suspension device.
112. breaking other headstock according to the high-efficient impacting described in claim 111 is anti-, it is characterised in that:The air suspension device packet Air source, control valve, conveyance conduit, air film chamber are included, air film chamber is arranged on guiding mechanism, and it is outstanding that gas is formed on friction piece support element Epistasis, impact guide part be arranged in the middle part of the top of gas suspension film or upper and lower gas suspension film or gas suspension film cylinder in the middle part of.
113. breaking other headstock according to the high-efficient impacting described in claim 111 is anti-, it is characterised in that:The liquid levitation device packet Liquid medium source, control valve, conveyance conduit, liquid film chamber are included, liquid film chamber is arranged on guiding mechanism, the shape on friction piece support element At liquid suspension film, impact guide part be arranged in the middle part of the top of liquid suspension film or upper and lower liquid suspension film or liquid suspension film cylinder in the middle part of.
114. breaking other headstock according to the high-efficient impacting described in claim 111 is anti-, it is characterised in that:The magnetic levitation system packet Include electromagnetic suspension apparatus or permanent-magnet suspender, electromagnetic suspension apparatus includes electromagnetism, and permanent-magnet suspender includes permanent magnetism, electromagnetism or Permanent magnetism setting is on impact guide part and friction piece support element.
115. breaking other headstock according to the high-efficient impacting described in claim 111 is anti-, it is characterised in that:The magnetic levitation system packet The poles N permanent magnetism or the poles S permanent magnetism are included, impacts the poles setting N permanent magnetism on guide part, friction piece support element is equipped with the poles N permanent magnetism or impact is led The poles S permanent magnetism is set on part, and friction piece support element is equipped with the poles S permanent magnetism, the poles N permanent magnetism and the poles N permanent magnetism or the poles S permanent magnetism and the poles S forever Identical charges repel each other generates suspension for magnetic, and dynamic impact part driving impact guide part moves back and forth, impact guide part and friction piece support element The friction that suspends moves back and forth.
116. breaking other headstock according to the high-efficient impacting described in claim 111 is anti-, it is characterised in that:The magnetic levitation system packet Cathode electromagnetism or positive electromagnetism are included, impacts and cathode electromagnetism is set on guide part, friction piece support element is equipped with cathode electromagnetism or punching It hits on guide part and positive electromagnetism is set, friction piece support element is equipped with positive electromagnetism, cathode electromagnetism and cathode electromagnetism or anode electricity Identical charges repel each other generates suspension for magnetic and positive electromagnetism, and dynamic impact part driving impact guide part moves back and forth, impacts guide part and rub Rub body support element suspends to rub and move back and forth.
117. high-efficient impacting according to claim 22 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The retainer includes cylinder Formula retainer or board-like retainer or U-shaped retainer or V-arrangement retainer or polygon retainer or chain link retainer.
118. high-efficient impacting according to claim 67 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The impact bar protective cover Etc. being longer than impact stroke.
119. high-efficient impacting according to claim 67 is anti-to break other headstock, it is characterised in that:The impact bar protective cover Sealing element is equipped between babinet.
CN201310057894.3A 2012-02-24 2013-02-22 A kind of anti-high-efficient impacting broken method for distinguishing and implement this method of high-efficient impacting is anti-to break other headstock CN103334749B (en)

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CN201310057820XA CN103291683A (en) 2012-02-24 2013-02-22 Method for utilizing rolling friction to centralize piston rod to do reciprocating motion and actuating device for utilizing rolling friction to centralize piston rod to do reciprocating motion through implementing method
CN2013100578500A CN103352697A (en) 2012-02-24 2013-02-22 Method for guiding multi-point support of reciprocating impactor, and apparatus for guiding multi-point support of reciprocating impactor through enforcing it
CN201320085176.2U CN203531903U (en) 2012-02-24 2013-02-22 Guiding multipoint supporting reciprocating impactor device
CN201310057894.3A CN103334749B (en) 2012-02-24 2013-02-22 A kind of anti-high-efficient impacting broken method for distinguishing and implement this method of high-efficient impacting is anti-to break other headstock

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CN2013100578500A CN103352697A (en) 2012-02-24 2013-02-22 Method for guiding multi-point support of reciprocating impactor, and apparatus for guiding multi-point support of reciprocating impactor through enforcing it
CN201320085176.2U CN203531903U (en) 2012-02-24 2013-02-22 Guiding multipoint supporting reciprocating impactor device

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CN203531903U (en) 2014-04-09
CN103334749A (en) 2013-10-02
CN103291683A (en) 2013-09-11

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