CN203531903U - Guiding multipoint supporting reciprocating impactor device - Google Patents

Guiding multipoint supporting reciprocating impactor device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203531903U
CN203531903U CN201320085176.2U CN201320085176U CN203531903U CN 203531903 U CN203531903 U CN 203531903U CN 201320085176 U CN201320085176 U CN 201320085176U CN 203531903 U CN203531903 U CN 203531903U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
support
impact
rolling
guide
reciprocating
Prior art date
Application number
CN201320085176.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘素华
Original Assignee
刘素华
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Priority to CN201210049850 priority Critical
Priority to CN201210049847 priority
Priority to CN201210052521.2 priority
Priority to CN201210049862 priority
Priority to CN201210049847.x priority
Priority to CN201210049850.1 priority
Priority to CN201210049862.4 priority
Priority to CN201210052521 priority
Priority to CN201210049877.0 priority
Priority to CN201210049877 priority
Priority to CN201210155169.5 priority
Priority to CN201210155148 priority
Priority to CN201210155150 priority
Priority to CN201210155143.0 priority
Priority to CN201210155143 priority
Priority to CN201210155150.0 priority
Priority to CN201210155148.3 priority
Priority to CN201210155169 priority
Priority to CN201210297219 priority
Priority to CN201210297219.3 priority
Priority to CN201210297181 priority
Priority to CN201210297181.x priority
Priority to CN201210293253.3 priority
Priority to CN201210290379.5 priority
Priority to CN201210290379 priority
Priority to CN201210293237 priority
Priority to CN201210293046.8 priority
Priority to CN201210293049 priority
Priority to CN201210290393.5 priority
Priority to CN201210293046 priority
Priority to CN201210293049.1 priority
Priority to CN201210293237.4 priority
Priority to CN201210297164 priority
Priority to CN201210297164.6 priority
Priority to CN201210293169.1 priority
Priority to CN201210293169 priority
Priority to CN201210293253 priority
Priority to CN201210290393 priority
Priority to CN201210454531.9 priority
Priority to CN201210454531 priority
Application filed by 刘素华 filed Critical 刘素华
Priority to CN201320085176.2U priority patent/CN203531903U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203531903U publication Critical patent/CN203531903U/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to the field of machinery, and in particular relates to a guiding multipoint supporting reciprocating impactor device which is applicable to the field of reciprocating driving and particularly applicable to the field of excavation, crushing or loading. The guiding multipoint supporting reciprocating impactor device comprises a crankshaft driving device, a hydraulic driving device or a pneumatic driving device, a reciprocating impactor and a friction body, wherein a support, a box body or a cylinder body comprises a power supporting member and a guiding supporting member, the friction body is arranged between the guiding supporting member and an impacting guiding member, between the cylinder body and the impacting guiding member or between a power impacting member and the power supporting member, the friction body comprises a rolling body or a suspension body, more than two end parts, arranged on the power supporting member, of the guiding supporting member form more than two guiding supporting points, the friction body, the impacting guiding member and the guiding supporting member are closely assembled to form a multipoint supporting reciprocating impactor structure, and the multipoint supporting reciprocating impactor structure centers the impacting direction of the reciprocating impactor through a multipoint supporting reciprocating impactor.

Description

Guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus

Technical field

The present invention relates to mechanical field, be applicable to back and forth drive field, be particularly useful for digging field or broken field or loading field.

Background technology

Current widely used flitting operating principle is milling type blanking, and this has just determined the shortcomings such as this kind of coal-mining method is larger to the coal ratio of reduction, and lump coal rate is low, dust is large, energy consumption is large, efficiency is low.For meeting the wilderness demand of lump coal, energy-saving and cost-reducing etc., be badly in need of extractive equipment coal puncher more simple and direct, environmental protection, coal puncher have adopted material piece material rate high, without dust, low and efficiency high consumes energy.Coal puncher is generally comprised of fuselage, cutting units, running part and Water-and mist-spraying system etc.Its cutting units is the critical component of equipment, and cutting units generally comprises percussion mechanism, and percussion mechanism is partly comprised of drive unit, guiding device, reciprocating impact device etc., and the quality of percussion mechanism design will directly have influence on application life and the operating efficiency of equipment.

The patent No. is that 96100994.2 invention has proposed a kind of coal puncher, the impact coal breakage mechanism of this digger is reciprocating impact digging, because the reciprocating impact amount of thinking highly of of its percussion mechanism is large, volume is large, its guiding device adopts again sliding friction, therefore its at the scene only digging tens meters, because the heavy wear of guiding device cannot work on, other coal punchers have the friction of employing tumbling-type, result of use improves to some extent, but because reciprocating impact device height is large, volume is large, and orienting roll kinetoplast is arranged on to inner side, support portion, the guide of reciprocating impact device is arranged on again to support portion and orienting roll kinetoplast inner side, make the orienting roll kinetoplast on top only to reciprocating impact utensil, have rolling friction effect there is no support guide effect, the guide of reciprocating impact device reduces with the width that is connected of reciprocating impact device, the weight of reciprocating impact device has all been applied to lower guide on rolling element, roomy reciprocating impact device is subject to very large external force and breaks not while impacting rib or crag, reciprocating impact device is applied to respect on the narrower guide of reciprocating impact device breaking other power, make weight extruding force and the reciprocating impact reaction force of reciprocating impact device all be applied to lower guide on rolling element, lower guide is damaged and is caused stopping production very soon to rolling element and guiding device.

In order to address the above problem, the present invention proposes guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus method and that implement the method for guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact device, guide support is arranged on to the plural end of motive power part and forms plural guide support point, plural end is the plural end of guide support body or the plural end space position beyond guide support body, plural guide support point is all to the supporting role of reciprocating impact device lifting power, friction piece is arranged on guide support and impacts between guide or be arranged on cylinder body and impact between guide, or by impacting the extension of guide, farthest widened the righting width of reciprocating impact device, strengthened the righting dynamics to reciprocating impact device, reduce reciprocating impact device and broken the dynamics of not impacting guide.

Summary of the invention

The present invention realizes by the following technical solutions:

A kind of guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus, comprise crank driving device or fluid pressure drive device or actuating device of atmospheric pressure, reciprocating impact device etc., crank driving device comprises supporting mechanism etc., supporting mechanism comprises support or casing etc., fluid pressure drive device or actuating device of atmospheric pressure etc. comprise cylinder body, support or casing or cylinder body etc. comprise motive power part, guide support etc., splits such as motive power part and guide support or split is connected or for integral type etc., motive power part and support or with casing or with the split such as cylinder body, be connected or for integral type etc., guide support and support or with casing or with the split such as cylinder body or split is connected or for integral type etc., motive power part, guide support etc. comprise rolling element support member or suspended solids support member etc., rolling element support member and the split of suspended solids support member or split is connected or be integral type, rolling element support member and motive power part or with the split such as guide support or split is connected or for integral type etc., or suspended solids support member and motive power part or with the split such as guide support or split is connected or for integral type etc., rolling element support member comprises orienting roll kinetoplast support member or power rolling element support member etc., splits such as orienting roll kinetoplast support member and power rolling element support member or split is connected or for integral type etc., power rolling element support member comprises crank structure rolling element support member or piston rolling element support member etc., suspended solids support member comprises guiding suspended solids support member or power suspended solids support member etc., the splits such as guiding suspended solids support member or power suspended solids support member or split connect or are integral type etc., crank driving device or fluid pressure drive device or actuating device of atmospheric pressure etc. also comprise dynamic impact part, impact guide, friction piece etc., impact the splits such as guide and dynamic impact part or split is connected or be integral type etc., dynamic impact part comprises crank structure or piston etc., dynamic impact part is arranged in support or casing or cylinder body etc., the supporting motive force such as support or casing or cylinder body impulse member, friction piece is arranged on guide support and impacts between guide or be arranged between cylinder body and impact guide or be arranged between dynamic impact part and motive power part etc., friction piece comprises rolling element or suspended solids etc., rolling element comprises orienting roll kinetoplast and/or power rolling element etc., splits such as orienting roll kinetoplast and power rolling element or split is connected or for integral type etc., power rolling element comprises crank structure rolling element or piston rolling element etc., suspended solids comprises guiding suspended solids and/or power suspended solids etc., splits such as guiding suspended solids and power suspended solids or split is connected or be integral type etc., suspended solids comprises magnetcisuspension buoyancy aid or solid/liquid slurry or gas suspension body etc., guide support is arranged on the plural end of motive power part and forms plural guide support point, plural end is the plural end of guide support body or the locus such as plural end beyond guide support body, plural guide support point is all to the supporting role of reciprocating impact device lifting power, impact guide and be arranged at guide support, impact guide is connected with reciprocating impact device or is integral type etc., dynamic impact part drives reciprocating impact device or impacts the impacts such as guide, friction piece, impact guide etc. closely cooperates with guide support and forms multi-point support reciprocating impact device structure, multi-point support reciprocating impact device structure is by the impact direction of multi-point support reciprocating impact device righting reciprocating impact device.

A described dynamic impact part is provided with friction pieces more than two row around, the above friction piece of two row all bears the gravity load of reciprocating impact device and/or impact guide etc., one row friction piece has at least more than one friction piece to support reciprocating impact device reciprocating impact, the concentrated damage of the gravity load of avoiding only having a row friction piece to bear reciprocating impact device and/or impacting guide etc. to friction piece.

Described multi-point support reciprocating impact device structure makes to impact guide and is connected with reciprocating impact device with plural guide support point, friction piece, impact guide etc. closely cooperate and are supported the impact of reciprocating impact device and by the impact direction of the righting reciprocating impact devices such as rolling friction or suspension friction, with plural guide support point, strengthened the connection width of reciprocating impact device and righting dynamics by rolling friction or the friction that suspends etc. with guide support.

Described friction piece is arranged on guide support and impacts between guide or between cylinder body and impact guide etc., friction piece, impact guide etc. closely cooperates with guide support and impacts by rolling friction or the multi-point support reciprocating impact devices such as friction that suspend, impacting guide real is the extension of dynamic impact part, by impacting the extension of guide, farthest widened the righting width to reciprocating impact device, strengthened the righting dynamics to reciprocating impact device, controlled to maximum dynamics reciprocating impact device, having prevented that crank driving device or fluid pressure drive device or actuating device of atmospheric pressure etc. are hit breaks the damage of Bie Li and reaction force.

Described rolling element support member and guide support or with impact guide with piston or with cylinder body with dynamic impact part or with motive power part etc. be integral type, reduce the shared space of rolling element support member, make rolling element support member and guide support or with impact guide with cylinder body or with piston with motive power part or with dynamic impact part etc. for integral type structural strength large, space availability ratio is high, limited space is for increasing the volume of rolling element, improve the supporting capacity of rolling element, strengthen rolling element with impact guide or with guide support with piston or with cylinder body with dynamic impact part or with the contact area of motive power part etc., avoid because of rolling element too small to guide support or impact guide or to piston or to cylinder body or to dynamic impact part or excessive and wear and tear excessive to local pressure such as motive power parts.

Described piston rolling element ring piston is arranged or is arranged in a side of piston or is arranged in the plural sidepiece of piston etc., piston, piston rolling element etc. are arranged in cylinder body, under the support of piston rolling element, piston and cylinder body rolling friction move back and forth, piston and the split of piston rolling element or split is connected or be integral type etc.

The rolling friction such as described piston rolling element support piston and cylinder body move back and forth, and change piston guide section and the reciprocating structure of cylinder body laminating sliding friction, reduce piston guide section height or thickness etc., reduce piston weight, fall low-energy-consumption.

Described support or casing or impact guide or dynamic impact part or cylinder body or friction piece etc. comprise position limiting structure, position limiting structure comprises guide and limit structure or power position limiting structure etc., splits such as guide and limit structure and power position limiting structure or split is connected or for integral type etc., orienting roll kinetoplast or guiding suspended solids etc. are arranged at guide and limit structure, power rolling element or power suspended solids etc. are arranged at power position limiting structure, space and the position of position limiting structure limiting friction body, friction piece supports and impacts guide or dynamic impact part or cylinder body reciprocating motion etc.

Described position limiting structure and support or casing or impact the splits such as guide or dynamic impact part or cylinder body or friction piece or split is connected or for integral type etc., friction piece, impact guide etc. and closely cooperate and impact by support reciprocating impact devices such as rolling friction or suspension frictions with guide support.

Described rolling element support member or impact guide or piston or cylinder body or dynamic impact part etc. comprise raceway, raceway and rolling element support member or impact that the splits such as guide or piston or cylinder body or dynamic impact part are connected or be integral type etc., rolling element is arranged in raceway, orienting roll kinetoplast and orienting roll kinetoplast support member, impact guide etc. are rolling friction, or power rolling element and piston, cylinder body etc. be rolling friction, or power rolling element and dynamic impact part, power rolling element support member etc. are rolling friction etc.

Described rolling element support member or impact guide or cylinder body or piston or dynamic impact part etc. comprise reciprocating stroke section, rolling element rolls in reciprocating stroke section, between rolling element and rolling element support member or impact guide or cylinder body or piston or dynamic impact part etc., is rolling friction.

The length of described reciprocating stroke section equal or approach reciprocating stroke length 1/2nd with rolling element radius sum, reciprocating stroke section be conducive to rolling element be in operation with rolling element support member or with impact guide or be rolling friction with cylinder body or with piston or with the laminating such as dynamic impact part.

Described rolling element support member or impact guide or piston or cylinder body or dynamic impact part etc. comprise circulation raceway, circulation raceway and rolling element support member or impact that the splits such as guide or piston or cylinder body or dynamic impact part are connected or be integral type etc., rolling element is arranged in circulation raceway, orienting roll kinetoplast and orienting roll kinetoplast support member, impact guide etc. are rolling friction, or power rolling element and piston, cylinder body etc. be rolling friction, or power rolling element supporting motive force impulse member, power rolling element support member etc. are rolling friction etc.

Described rolling element rolls or by rolling in pit or by rolling in raceway or doing relatively reciprocating motion by the support impact guides such as rollings in retainer and orienting roll kinetoplast support member or piston and cylinder body or dynamic impact part and power rolling element support member etc. by circulating rolling in circulation raceway or by reciprocating rolling or by original position.

When described friction piece is arranged at dynamic impact part or impacts guide etc., friction piece and dynamic impact part or impact being equal in weight or substantially equating of two ends beyond the superposition section central points such as guide, gravitational equilibrium when keeping dynamic impact part or impacting the static or motion state such as guide.

The contact surfaces such as described friction piece and guide support or impact guide or cylinder body or piston or motive power part or dynamic impact part are as far as possible large, prevent that friction piece local pressure is excessive, reduce friction piece to guide support or impact guide or cylinder body or piston or motive power part or dynamic impact part etc. concentrate on local abrasion, strengthening righting amplitude.

The shape of described friction piece and guide support and impact the shape of guide etc. or closely fasten and form position limiting structure with the shape of cylinder body and piston or with the shape of motive power part and dynamic impact part etc. etc., control the impact direction of reciprocating impact device or prevent reciprocating impact device rotation etc.

Described circulation raceway comprises annular circulation raceway, annular circulation raceway ring surface is arranged along vibration-direction, annular circulation raceway be arranged on impact on guide or rolling element support member or piston or on cylinder body or dynamic impact part etc. on, annular circulation raceway is around to be arranged or is single layout or is arranged symmetrically etc., rolling element rolls in annular circulation raceway, prevent rolling element with impact guide or with rolling element support member with piston or with cylinder body or with the sliding friction such as dynamic impact part.

Described circulation raceway comprises spirality circulation raceway or waveform circulation raceway etc., rolling element is along rollings such as the circulation of spirality raceway or waveform circulation raceways, the position of pressure or the cyclical-transformations such as position of carrying power rolling element support member and dynamic impact part pressure between the position of pressure or carrying cylinder body and piston between rolling element carrying orienting roll kinetoplast support member and impact guide, reducing rolling element is always in orienting roll kinetoplast support member and impacts guide part or cylinder body and bore the probability of strong pressure and wearing and tearing with piston local rolling or power rolling element support member and dynamic impact part part etc.

Described circulation raceway plane is perpendicular to rolling element support member or impact the layouts such as guide or dynamic impact part or cylinder body or piston face, or circulation raceway plane and rolling element support member or impact guide or dynamic impact part or cylinder body or piston face etc. close to be arrangeding in parallel, circulation raceway comprises circulation supporting section, circulation section etc., in circulation supporting section, rolling element supports and impacts guide and the support member rolling friction of orienting roll kinetoplast or support piston and cylinder body rolling friction or supporting motive force impulse member and the rolling friction of power rolling element support member etc., and rolling element does not support rolling friction such as impacting guide and orienting roll kinetoplast support member or piston and cylinder body or dynamic impact part and power rolling element support member in circulation section.

Described rolling element is close arrangement in circulation raceway, the length of circulation raceway be suitable for rolling element support guide rolling element support member with impact guide rolling friction or support piston and cylinder body rolling friction or supporting motive force impulse member and the rolling friction of power rolling element support member etc., prevent orienting roll kinetoplast support member and impact guide etc. or prevent piston and cylinder body etc. or prevent dynamic impact part and the micro-slip friction such as power rolling element support member or collision etc.

Described raceway bears pressure stage and is provided with high-abrasive material or high-strength material etc., improve the scuff resistance of raceway, improve raceway withstand shocks guide and orienting roll kinetoplast support member pressure and frictional force or bear cylinder body and piston pressure and frictional force or bear dynamic impact part and the power rolling element support member performance of pressure and frictional force etc. each other each other each other, in part, be provided with high-abrasive material or high-strength material etc., reduce and impact guide or rolling element support member or piston or a large amount of uses to high-abrasive material and high-strength material etc. such as cylinder body or dynamic impact part, reduce the demand of impact guide or rolling element support member or piston or the whole abrasion resistance such as cylinder body or dynamic impact part and intensity etc.

Described impact guide bears roll extrusion section or rolling element support member and bears roll extrusion section or dynamic impact part born to roll extrusion section or cylinder body and bear roll extrusion section or piston and bear roll extrusion section or rolling element and bear in roll extrusion portion etc. high-abrasive material or high-strength material etc. are set.

Described friction piece be arranged on impact guide and guide support or be arranged on piston and cylinder body or be arranged on dynamic impact part and motive power part between etc. bear pressure friction area, friction piece bears reciprocating impact frictional force and extruding force by roll or suspension etc., reciprocating impact frictional force and extruding force are applied on rolling element or suspended solids etc., with rolling or the reduction frictional resistance such as suspension decompose extruding force, greatly reduce the fracture strength of force of sliding friction and extruding force, than sliding friction structure decrease impact guide, guide support or to piston, cylinder body or to dynamic impact part, intensity and the toughness reguirements of motive power part etc., reduce the weight of impacting guide or guide support or piston or cylinder body or dynamic impact part or motive power part etc., or impact guide or guide support or piston or cylinder body or dynamic impact part or motive power part etc. and use lightweight material, reduce the consumption moving back and forth energy.

Described dynamic impact part comprises piston, cylinder bar etc., splits such as cylinder bar and piston or be connected or for integral type etc., cylinder bar comprises guide cylinder bar, power cylinder bar etc., when cylinder body is during as orienting roll kinetoplast support member, orienting roll kinetoplast is arranged between guide cylinder bar and cylinder body, when cylinder body and the split of orienting roll kinetoplast support member arrange, orienting roll kinetoplast is arranged between guide cylinder bar and orienting roll kinetoplast support member, the motion of piston actuated cylinder bar.

Described orienting roll kinetoplast support member is provided with straight line raceway or reciprocating stroke section etc., guide cylinder bar is provided with reciprocating stroke section or straight line raceway etc. accordingly, orienting roll kinetoplast is arranged between reciprocating stroke section and straight line raceway, and orienting roll kinetoplast, guide cylinder bar etc. are controlled guide cylinder bar with the tight fastening of orienting roll kinetoplast support member by rolling friction and moved back and forth.

Described rolling element support member comprises raceway or pit etc., rolling element is arranged in pit or raceway etc., rolling element rolls in pit or raceway etc., orienting roll kinetoplast support member, impact guide etc. and orienting roll kinetoplast and closely cooperate and by rolling friction, make to impact guide and move back and forth, or power rolling element support member, dynamic impact part etc. closely cooperate and by rolling friction, dynamic impact part moved back and forth with power rolling element.

Described orienting roll kinetoplast support member and impact between guide or between power rolling element support member and dynamic impact part etc. is provided with retainer, rolling element is arranged at retainer, the thickness of retainer is less than the diameter of rolling element, two parts that rolling element exceeds retainer are arranged at respectively orienting roll kinetoplast support member, impact guide etc. or be arranged at respectively power rolling element support member, dynamic impact part etc., retainer arranges separately or is fixed on and impacts guide or orienting roll kinetoplast support member or power rolling element support member or dynamic impact part etc., orienting roll kinetoplast support member, impacting guide etc. and rolling element closely cooperates and by rolling friction, makes to impact guide and move back and forth, or power rolling element support member, dynamic impact part etc. closely cooperates and by rolling friction, dynamic impact part is moved back and forth with rolling element

Described guide support or cylinder body etc. are inner bulk, impact guide is outer cover, friction piece is arranged between outer cover and inner bulk, outer cover, inner bulk etc. closely cooperate and by rolling friction or the friction that suspends etc., outer cover are moved back and forth with friction piece, inner bulk supports friction piece and outer cover, the splits such as reciprocating impact device and outer cover are connected or for integral type etc., under the support that reciprocating impact device externally overlaps by moving back and forth.

Described outer cover comprises U-shaped outer cover or shaped as frame outer cover or cartridge type outer cover etc., inner bulk or outer cover comprise guide and limit structure or power position limiting structure etc., rolling element is arranged at guide and limit structure or power position limiting structure etc., the space of the restriction such as guide and limit structure or power position limiting structure rolling element, outer cover, inner bulk etc. and rolling element closely cooperate and support that reciprocating impact device impacts and by the impact direction of rolling friction righting reciprocating impact device by rolling friction, with plural guide support point, strengthen the connection width of reciprocating impact device and righting dynamics and support strength.

The one or both ends of described dynamic impact part are provided with Fang Baibie mechanism, Fang Baibie mechanism comprises rotational structure or Split type structure etc., rotational structure or Split type structure etc. are used with multi-point support reciprocating impact device respective outer side edges, with plural guide support point, support reciprocating impact device, dynamic impact part promotes reciprocating impact device reciprocating impact, the gravity of reciprocating impact device is applied in multi-point support reciprocating impact device structure, dynamic impact part does not play support Action of Gravity Field to reciprocating impact device, minimizing is broken and Sun Huai not the gravity of dynamic impact part, the reaction that the impact of reciprocating impact device produces is broken other power and is imposed on rotational structure or Split type structure etc., other power is broken in the split shock isolation reactions such as the stressed rotation of rotational structure or Split type structure, multi-point support reciprocating impact device structure supports by rolling friction that reciprocating impact device impacts and by the impact direction of rolling friction righting reciprocating impact device.

Described rolling element comprises roller, roller is arranged on orienting roll kinetoplast support member and impacts between guide or between cylinder body and piston or between power rolling element support member and dynamic impact part etc., roller comprises roller shaft, roller shaft is arranged at orienting roll kinetoplast support member, and roller laminating is impacted guide and rolled; Or roller shaft is arranged at impact guide, the rolling of roller laminating orienting roll kinetoplast support member; Or roller shaft is arranged at piston, the rolling of roller laminating cylinder body; Or roller shaft is while being arranged at cylinder body, roller laminating piston rolls; Or roller shaft is arranged at dynamic impact part, the rolling of roller laminating power rolling element support member; Or roller shaft is arranged at power rolling element support member, roller laminating dynamic impact part rolling etc., prevent orienting roll kinetoplast support member and impact the laminating frictions such as guide, or preventing the laminating frictions such as piston and cylinder body, or preventing the laminating frictions such as dynamic impact part and motive power part etc.

Described guide support or cylinder body etc. are inner bulk, impact guide is outer cover, outer cover comprises U-shaped outer cover or shaped as frame outer cover or cartridge type outer cover etc., inner bulk supports friction piece and outer cover etc., the splits such as reciprocating impact device and outer cover are connected or for integral type etc., inner bulk or outer cover etc. comprise guide and limit structure or power position limiting structure etc., the space of the limiting friction bodies such as guide and limit structure or power position limiting structure, between dynamic impact part and impact guide etc., be provided with Fang Baibie mechanism, Fang Baibie mechanism comprises rotational structure or Split type structure etc., rotational structure comprises oscillating bearing or steering union joint or rzeppa joint or candan universal joint or bulb buckle-groove type or arc buckle-groove type etc., rotational structure or Split type structure etc. are used with multi-point support reciprocating impact device respective outer side edges, dynamic impact part drives reciprocating impact device or impacts guide impact etc., the reaction that the impact of reciprocating impact device produces is broken other power and is imposed on rotational structure or Split type structure etc., other power is broken in the split shock isolation reactions such as the stressed rotation of rotational structure or Split type structure, outer cover, inner bulk etc. closely cooperate by multi-point support reciprocating impact device impacts such as rolling friction or the frictions that suspends and by the impact direction of the righting reciprocating impact devices such as rolling friction or suspension friction with friction piece, with plural guide support point, strengthen the connection width of reciprocating impact device and righting dynamics.

Described piston is provided with seal, seal is between the one or both sides of piston rolling element or front and back piston rolling element etc., prevent that liquid or gas or solid etc. from entering opposite side from a side of piston, piston rolling element moves back and forth by rolling friction support piston, reduce the running resistance of piston, improve the movement velocity of piston.

Described piston is provided with seal, seal is arranged between the one or both sides of circulation raceway or front and back circulation raceway etc., prevent that liquid or gas or solid etc. from entering opposite side from a side of piston, piston rolling element moves back and forth by rolling friction support piston, reduce the running resistance of piston, improve the movement velocity of piston, seal is done sealing.

Described piston rolling element and piston are integral type, and piston is spheroid piston, and cylinder body is the cylinder cylinder body supporting with spheroid piston diameter, and spheroid piston is not used seal that cavity is isolated into voltage discharging area and pressurising district.

Described position limiting structure comprises raceway or circulation raceway Huo Tong road or pit or reciprocating stroke section or retainer or limiting plate or spacing collar or stop collar or limiting stand or gag lever post or limit shaft or stopper slot or spherical male or boss or bearing or inner bulk etc. coordinate with outer cover or ellipse or dumb-bell shape or cylindrical or taper or annular or roller or platform shape post or platform shape ball or platform shape drum or channel column or flute profile ball or flute profile roller or flute profile is oval or square or U-shaped or shaped as frame or I-shaped or spline shape or arc or V-arrangement or ∧ shape or circle or plate shape or polygon or tubular or spline housing or many ribs key etc.

Described raceway comprises reciprocating stroke section or circulation raceway or straight line raceway or special-shaped raceway etc.

Described circulation raceway comprises annular circulation raceway or spirality circulation raceway or waveform circulation raceway or special-shaped circulation raceway etc.

Described impact guide comprises that raceway impacts guide or pit impacts guide or tape holder impacts guide or circulation raceway impacts guide or trip segment impact guide or spacing impact guide or cartridge type impacts guide or U-shaped impacts guide or V-arrangement impacts guide or polygon impacts guide or shaped as frame impact guide or abnormity impacts guide or E shape is impacted guide etc.

Described rolling element support member comprises rolling path rolling body support member or pit rolling element support member or tape holder rolling element support member or circulation rolling path rolling body support member or trip segment rolling element support member or spacing rolling element support member or cartridge type rolling element support member or U-shaped rolling element support member or V-arrangement rolling element support member or polygon rolling element support member or shaped as frame rolling element support member or casing rolling element support member or special-shaped rolling element support member etc.

Described dynamic impact part comprises raceway dynamic impact part or pit dynamic impact part or tape holder dynamic impact part or circulation raceway dynamic impact part or trip segment dynamic impact part or spacing dynamic impact part or cartridge type dynamic impact part or U-shaped dynamic impact part or shaped as frame dynamic impact part or special-shaped dynamic impact part or E shape dynamic impact part or polygon dynamic impact part etc.

Described impact guide comprises that guide is impacted in magnetic suspension or guide is impacted in liquid suspension or gas suspension impacts guide etc., and suspended solids support member comprises magnetic suspension support member or liquid suspension support part or gas suspension support member etc.

Described impact guide is that U-shaped impacts guide, U-shaped impacts guide and comprises that U-shaped rolls left and impact guide, the right raceway of U-shaped impacts guide etc., orienting roll kinetoplast support member comprises left orienting roll kinetoplast support member, right orienting roll kinetoplast support member etc., orienting roll kinetoplast support member is provided with retainer, retainer is fixed on orienting roll kinetoplast support member, retainer is arranged on U-shaped and rolls left in the reciprocating motion section of impacting between guide and left orienting roll kinetoplast support member and between the right raceway impact guide of U-shaped and right orienting roll kinetoplast support member etc., orienting roll kinetoplast is arranged in retainer, orienting roll kinetoplast, U-shaped impact guide etc. matches with orienting roll kinetoplast support member and makes orienting roll kinetoplast support the rolling friction reciprocating motion of U-shaped impact guide and lead by rolling friction.

Described impact guide is that shaped as frame impacts guide, shaped as frame impacts guide and comprises that on shaped as frame, raceway impacts guide, under shaped as frame, raceway impacts guide etc., orienting roll kinetoplast support member comprises raceway orienting roll kinetoplast support member, lower raceway orienting roll kinetoplast support member etc., orienting roll kinetoplast is arranged on shaped as frame raceway and impacts between guide and upper raceway orienting roll kinetoplast support member and under shaped as frame between raceway impact guide and lower raceway orienting roll kinetoplast support member etc., orienting roll kinetoplast, shaped as frame impact guide etc. matches with orienting roll kinetoplast support member and makes orienting roll kinetoplast support the rolling friction reciprocating motion of shaped as frame impact guide and lead by rolling friction.

Described impact guide is that shaped as frame impacts guide, shaped as frame impacts guide and comprises that on shaped as frame, raceway impacts guide, under shaped as frame, raceway impacts guide etc., orienting roll kinetoplast support member comprises pit orienting roll kinetoplast support member, lower pit orienting roll kinetoplast support member etc., orienting roll kinetoplast is arranged on shaped as frame raceway and impacts between guide and upper pit orienting roll kinetoplast support member and under shaped as frame between raceway impact guide and lower pit orienting roll kinetoplast support member etc., orienting roll kinetoplast, shaped as frame impacts guide, orienting roll kinetoplast support member etc. matches and makes orienting roll kinetoplast support the rolling friction reciprocating motion of shaped as frame impact guide and lead by rolling friction.

Described impact guide is that cartridge type is impacted guide, orienting roll kinetoplast support member comprises cartridge type orienting roll kinetoplast support member etc., orienting roll kinetoplast is arranged on cartridge type orienting roll kinetoplast support member and cartridge type is impacted between guide, and orienting roll kinetoplast, cartridge type impact guide etc. matches with cartridge type orienting roll kinetoplast support member and makes orienting roll kinetoplast support the rolling friction reciprocating motion of cartridge type impact guide and lead by rolling friction.

Described impact guide is that cartridge type is impacted guide, orienting roll kinetoplast support member comprises cartridge type orienting roll kinetoplast support member etc., crank structure comprises crank, connecting rod etc., crank, connecting rods etc. are arranged in supporting mechanism, connecting rod is connected with crank structure split, the motion of crank drivening rod, connecting rod impacts guide split with cartridge type and is connected, connecting rod and cartridge type are impacted between guide and are provided with Fang Baibie mechanism, orienting roll kinetoplast is arranged on cartridge type orienting roll kinetoplast support member and cartridge type is impacted between guide, orienting roll kinetoplast, cartridge type impact guide etc. matches with cartridge type orienting roll kinetoplast support member and makes orienting roll kinetoplast support the rolling friction reciprocating motion of cartridge type impact guide and lead by rolling friction.

Described dynamic impact part comprises plural dynamic impact part, the plural dynamic impact part of power rolling element supports support, orienting roll kinetoplast support member is arranged on power rolling element support member top and the bottom that each dynamic impact part is corresponding, orienting roll kinetoplast support member comprises orienting roll kinetoplast support member, lower orienting roll kinetoplast support member etc., dynamic impact part is arranged on orienting roll kinetoplast support member, in lower orienting roll kinetoplast support member etc., impacting guide is that U-shaped impacts guide or shaped as frame impacts guide or cartridge type is impacted guide etc., impact guide and comprise impact guide, lower impact guide etc., orienting roll kinetoplast is arranged between impact guide and upper orienting roll kinetoplast support member and between lower impact guide and lower orienting roll kinetoplast support member etc., dynamic impact part drives reciprocating impact device or impacts guide impact etc., orienting roll kinetoplast, impact guide etc. matches and by rolling friction multi-point support reciprocating impact device, is impacted and controlled the impact direction of reciprocating impact device with orienting roll kinetoplast support member.

Described dynamic impact part comprises plural dynamic impact part, plural dynamic impact part comprises raceway dynamic impact part etc., motive power part comprises raceway motive power part or pit motive power part etc., power rolling element is arranged at raceway dynamic impact part and raceway motive power part or raceway dynamic impact part and pit motive power part etc., plural raceway dynamic impact part and raceway motive power part or pit motive power part etc. are interlocked, power rolling element, dynamic impact part etc. matches and moves back and forth by rolling friction supporting motive force impulse member with motive power part.

Described impact guide comprises that raceway impacts guide etc., raceway impacts guide and is provided with raceway, orienting roll kinetoplast support member comprises pit orienting roll kinetoplast support member etc., pit orienting roll kinetoplast support member is provided with pit, raceway and pit and orienting roll kinetoplast match and are suitable for orienting roll kinetoplast laminating raceway and pit rolling, it is parallel consistent with the direction of the relative straight reciprocating motion of pit orienting roll kinetoplast support member that the direction of raceway is impacted guide with raceway, orienting roll kinetoplast, raceway impact guide etc. is interlocked and makes orienting roll kinetoplast support the rolling friction reciprocating motion of raceway impact guide and by rolling friction, control raceway impact guide and rotate with pit orienting roll kinetoplast support member.

Described dynamic impact part comprises piston, cylinder bar etc., cylinder body and the support member split of orienting roll kinetoplast or be integral type, cylinder body is trip segment cylinder body, trip segment cylinder body is provided with reciprocating stroke section, cylinder bar is raceway cylinder bar, raceway cylinder bar is provided with raceway, reciprocating stroke section and raceway direction are parallel with the direction of motion of cylinder bar, orienting roll kinetoplast is arranged at reciprocating stroke section and raceway, orienting roll kinetoplast laminating trip segment cylinder body and raceway cylinder bar roll, piston is provided with circulation raceway, piston rolling element is circulating rolling in circulation raceway, raceway cylinder bar is connected with piston or is integral type, piston actuated raceway cylinder bar rectilinear motion, orienting roll kinetoplast supports raceway cylinder bar by rolling friction and moves back and forth, piston rolling element is controlled the direction of motion of raceway cylinder bar by rolling friction.

Described dynamic impact part comprises piston, cylinder bar etc., orienting roll kinetoplast support member is arranged in cylinder body or outside cylinder body, cylinder body is circular cylinder body, circular cylinder body is provided with retainer, retainer is fixed on circular cylinder body, cylinder bar comprises trip segment cylinder bar etc., trip segment cylinder bar is provided with reciprocating stroke section, orienting roll kinetoplast is arranged at retainer and reciprocating stroke section, orienting roll kinetoplast laminating circular cylinder body, the rollings such as trip segment cylinder bar, the straight reciprocating motion of piston actuated trip segment cylinder bar, circular cylinder body, the impact direction of controlling trip segment cylinder bar by rolling friction that matches with orienting roll kinetoplast such as trip segment cylinder bar prevents that trip segment cylinder bar from rotating.

Described crank driving device comprises cam crank-drive mechanism or crank connecting link driving mechanism or crank block driving mechanism or fork driving mechanism etc.

Described impact guide two ends arrange reciprocating impact device or one end and arrange that the reciprocating impact device other end arranges counterweight or one end arranges reciprocating impact device etc.

Described reciprocating impact device comprises reciprocating impact head or reciprocal crushing head or back and forth feeds first-class.

Described rolling element is along supporting mechanism or impact guide or cylinder body or dynamic impact part etc. closely arrange or interval arranges, and rolling element is arranged in parallel or interlaced arrangement etc. along reciprocating impact direction.

Described rolling element is filled the raceway space except effective travel or fills raceway space etc. along raceway.

Described rolling element comprises spherical rolling body or oval rolling element or dumb-bell shape rolling element or cylindrical rolling element or taper rolling element or annular rolling element or roller rolling element or platform shape post rolling element or platform shape ball rolling element or platform shape drum rolling element or flute profile drum rolling element or channel column rolling element or flute profile ball rolling element or flute profile roller rolling element or the oval rolling element of flute profile or tape spool rolling element or rolling element with holes or many ribs key rolling element or many ribs cover rolling element or rolls drum-shaped rolling body or ball rolling element or needle roller rolling element or rollers roll body or linear bearing etc.

Described rolling element is High Strength Wear-Resistance Material, and High Strength Wear-Resistance Material comprises Hardmetal materials or high-strength alloy material or highstrenghtpiston or high strength steel or high-strength rubber or high-strength ceramic or high strength self-lubricating material etc.

Described lightweight material comprises aluminium alloys or highstrenghtpiston or pottery or titanium alloy or carbon fiber or lightweight section or composite material etc.

Described supporting mechanism or impact guide or cylinder body or dynamic impact part etc. are provided with lubricating structure, and supporting mechanism or impact guide or cylinder body or dynamic impact part etc. comprise seal.

Described seal comprises O shape circle or slip ring or elastic body or back-up ring or support ring or joint ring or star circle or pressure ring or V-arrangement body or U-shaped body or shaped as frame ring or channel or stage clip or opening joint ring or sealing plate or polygon seal etc.

Described seal is elastomeric material or polyurethane material or nylon material or plastic material or metal material or mixed material etc.

Described magnetic suspension support member comprises electromagnetic suspension support member or permanent magnet suspension support member etc., and electromagnetic suspension support member comprises electromagnetism, and permanent magnet suspension support member comprises permanent magnetism, and electromagnetism or permanent magnetism are arranged on and impact on guide and/or magnetic suspension support member etc.

Described magnetic suspension support member comprises N utmost point permanent magnetism, S utmost point permanent magnetism etc., impact guide and magnetic suspension support member and be provided with N utmost point permanent magnetism or S utmost point permanent magnetism etc., N utmost point permanent magnetism and N utmost point permanent magnetism or S utmost point permanent magnetism and S utmost point permanent magnetism identity property are repelled each other to produce and are suspended, and impact guide and magnetic suspension support member suspend to rub and do relatively reciprocating motion.

Described magnetic suspension support member comprises negative pole electromagnetism, anodal electromagnetism etc., impact guide and magnetic suspension support member and be provided with negative pole electromagnetism or anodal electromagnetism etc., negative pole electromagnetism and negative pole electromagnetism or anodal electromagnetism and anodal electromagnetism identity property are repelled each other to produce and are suspended, and impact guide and magnetic suspension support member suspend to rub and do relatively reciprocating motion.

Described liquid suspension support part comprises liquid medium source, control valve, conveyance conduit, liquid film chamber etc., liquid film chamber is arranged on liquid suspension support part, on liquid suspension support body, form liquid suspension film, impact top or upper and lower liquid suspension film middle part or liquid suspension film cylinder middle part etc. that guide is arranged on liquid suspension film.

Described gas suspension support member comprises source of the gas, control valve, conveyance conduit, air film chamber etc., air film chamber is arranged on gas suspension support member, on gas suspension support member, form gas suspension film, impact top or upper and lower gas suspension film middle part or gas suspension film cylinder middle part etc. that guide is arranged on gas suspension film.

The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:

1, guide support is arranged on the plural end of motive power part and forms plural guide support point, plural guide support point is all to the supporting role of reciprocating impact device lifting power, friction piece, impact guide and guide support closely cooperate and form multi-point support reciprocating impact device structure, multi-point support reciprocating impact device structure, by the impact direction of multi-point support reciprocating impact device righting reciprocating impact device, strengthens connection width and the support degree to reciprocating impact device with plural guide support point.

2, a dynamic impact part can be provided with friction pieces more than two row around, the above friction piece of two row all bears reciprocating impact device or impacts the gravity load of guide, every row have at least more than one friction piece to support reciprocating impact device reciprocating impact, the concentrated damage of the gravity load of avoiding only having a row friction piece to bear reciprocating impact device or impacting guide to friction piece, makes this device more safe and reliable.

3, friction piece, impact guide and guide support or friction piece, impact guide and cylinder body closely cooperate and impact by rolling friction or the friction multi-point support reciprocating impact device that suspends, impacting guide real is the extension of dynamic impact part, by impacting the extension of guide, farthest widened the righting width to reciprocating impact device, strengthened the righting dynamics to reciprocating impact device, controlled reciprocating impact device to maximum dynamics, prevented from that drive unit is hit to break the damage of Bie Li and reaction force.

4, rolling element support member and guide support or impact guide or cylinder body or piston or motive power part or dynamic impact part are set to integral type, reduce the shared space of rolling element support member, rolling element support member and guide support or with impact guide with cylinder body or with piston with motive power part or with dynamic impact part be that integral type structural strength is large, space availability ratio is high, limited space is for increasing the volume of rolling element, improve the supporting capacity of rolling element, strengthened the contact area of rolling element and corresponding component, avoided because of rolling element too small excessive and wear and tear excessive to corresponding component local pressure.

5, orienting roll kinetoplast impacts guide by circulating rolling or reciprocating rolling in circulation raceway or original position rolling support and orienting roll kinetoplast support member does relatively reciprocating motion, or power rolling element does relatively reciprocating motion by circulating rolling or reciprocating rolling in circulation raceway or original position rolling support cylinder body and piston, rolling element is supported and is impacted guide or reciprocating motion of the pistons by rolling friction, has reduced the frictional dissipation while supporting impact guide or piston with sliding friction.

6, rolling element is arranged on orienting roll kinetoplast support member and impacts between guide or be arranged on cylinder body and impact between guide, and rolling element leads by rolling friction impact guide, has rolling guide effect when rolling element plays rolling friction.

7, rolling element leads by rolling friction impact guide, and power rolling element moves back and forth by rolling friction supporting motive force impulse member, has reduced frictional resistance and loss while supporting impact guide, the motion of dynamic impact part with sliding friction; Orienting roll kinetoplast and piston rolling element use High Strength Wear-Resistance Material, make this device long service life, and maintenance capacity is few, and operating efficiency is high.

8, U-shaped or shaped as frame or cartridge type etc. are impacted on guide part and lower and are connected with reciprocating impact device, the impact such as U-shaped or shaped as frame or cartridge type guide is by being connected with reciprocating impact device wide cut degree multiple spot, strong righting the direction of motion of reciprocating impact device, prevented the rotation of reciprocating impact device, not only increase impact guide and prevented breaking other arm of force length, and reduced breaking not of reciprocating impact device impact guide.

9, orienting roll kinetoplast support member or cylinder body are set to inner bulk, impact guide and be set to outer cover, rolling element is arranged between outer cover and inner bulk, outer cover, inner bulk and rolling element closely cooperate and by rolling friction, outer cover are moved back and forth, reduce outer cover and usingd sliding friction frictional resistance when supporting, greatly increased the function of impact-absorbing reaction force, guide effect is good, simple in structure, few easy workout part, stable performance.

10, at support or casing or impact guide or dynamic impact part or cylinder body or friction piece arrange position limiting structure, position limiting structure comprises guide and limit structure or power position limiting structure, orienting roll kinetoplast or guiding suspended solids are arranged at guide and limit structure, power rolling element or power suspended solids are arranged at power position limiting structure, space and the position of position limiting structure limiting friction body, friction piece supports and impacts guide or dynamic impact part or cylinder body reciprocating motion.

11, this apparatus structure is compact, structural strength is large, be specially adapted to impact reactive force large, turn round the reciprocating impact structure that other power is large, impacting guide is arranged at outside cylinder body, be to have strengthened by extension the width that is connected that impacts guide and reciprocating impact device, make this device be applicable to multiple dynamic strength large, turn round the scene use needs that other power is large, driving frequency is high.

12, in dynamic impact part one or both ends, be provided with Fang Baibie mechanism, other power is broken in the stressed rotation of rotational structure of Fang Baibie mechanism or Split type structure split isolation reaction, remove impact reactive force other to breaking of dynamic impact part, prevented the damage of impact reactive force to drive unit.

13, the two ends of impact guide all can arrange reciprocating impact device, reciprocating impact device can or back and forth be feeded first-class for reciprocating impact head or reciprocal crushing head, realizing a drive unit drives two reciprocating impact devices to impact, do not need to turn reciprocating impact device direction and can realize double direction impulse, greatly improved operating efficiency; The two ends of impacting guide all arrange reciprocating impact device or one end and the reciprocating impact device other end are set counterweight is set, gravitational equilibrium while having guaranteed reciprocating impact device reciprocating impact, reduced breaking not multi-point support reciprocating impact device structure and power part, the stability of having guaranteed device operation, has improved application life.

14, this device is provided with lubricated fluid passage, has improved the anti-wear performance of this device, has greatly reduced the damage to this device, has improved the application life of dynamic impact part.

15, use piston rolling element support piston and cylinder body rolling friction to move back and forth, piston and the reciprocating structure of cylinder body laminating sliding friction have been changed, piston guide section height or thickness have been reduced, reduced piston weight, reduced energy consumption, reduce piston running resistance simultaneously, improved the speed of service, improved the operating efficiency of drive unit.(adding embodiment explanation)

16, piston supports by piston rolling element, removed the support function of seal from, seal can only seal and not play a supportive role, and has reduced the rigidity requirement to seal, seal can be used the high-abrasive material of softer, has improved wear-resistant degree and the sealing life of seal; The thickness of seal also can be less, saved the use of material.

When 17, piston and piston rolling element are integral type, piston can be made to spheroid piston, cylinder body is circular cylinder body, and spheroid piston and circular cylinder body can form sealing, and spheroid piston can not used seal that cavity is isolated into voltage discharging area and pressurising district.

18, between power rolling element support member and dynamic impact part or at orienting roll kinetoplast support member and impact between guide or between cylinder body and piston, roller be set, the wearing and tearing between parts have further been reduced, extended the application life of parts, failure rate is low, maintenance are few, have improved the operating efficiency of this device.In use, roller is more clean, environmental protection, can be because of the excessive generation hazardous substances of sliding friction or toxic gas etc., and then can improve the quality of working environment.

19, the surface that can widen roller makes roller and power rolling element support member or dynamic impact part or orienting roll kinetoplast support member or impacts guide or cylinder body or piston contact area increase, and adds the wide cut righting function of big roller, reduces and concentrates on concentrated wear.

20, on rolling element support member or impact guide or piston or cylinder body or dynamic impact part, be provided with circulation raceway, rolling element is covered with circulation raceway, the length of circulation raceway is suitable for supporting corresponding component rolling friction with rolling element, rolling support amplitude and the dynamics of rolling element have been improved, changed the defect that original structure exists serious sliding friction, prevent because the rolling support of rolling element only works in a part of region, and without the local collision friction of rolling element, avoid causing damage.

21, circulation raceway bears pressure stage or avoids pressure stage split while arranging, and it is detachable that circulation raceway is avoided pressure stage, and the convenient installation, maintenance to circulation raceway, is conducive to change rolling element.

22, at circulation raceway, bear pressure stage high-abrasive material or high-strength material are set, improved the scuff resistance of raceway, improved the raceway bearing part performance of pressure and frictional force each other, high-abrasive material or high-strength material are set in part, have reduced the requirement of the whole abrasion resistance of corresponding component and intensity has been reduced to a large amount of uses of corresponding component to high-abrasive material and high-strength material.

23, impacting guide bears roll extrusion section or rolling element support member and bears roll extrusion section or dynamic impact part and bear roll extrusion section or cylinder body and bear roll extrusion section or piston and bear roll extrusion section or rolling element and bear roll extrusion portion and be provided with high-abrasive material or high-strength material, scuff resistance and the supporting capacity of corresponding component have been improved, rolling element close arrangement is on high-abrasive material or high-strength material, thereby high-abrasive material or high-strength material are had to uniform extruding force, prevent High Strength Wear-Resistance Material local shedding or distortion.

24, friction piece is arranged on and impacts guide and guide support or piston and cylinder body or bear pressure friction area between dynamic impact part and motive power part, reciprocating impact frictional force and extruding force are applied on friction piece, friction piece reduces frictional resistance and decomposes extruding force with rolling or suspending, greatly reduce the fracture strength of force of sliding friction and extruding force, than sliding friction structure decrease to the intensity of corresponding component and toughness reguirements, reduced the weight of corresponding component, impact guide or guide support or piston or cylinder body or dynamic impact part or motive power part and also can use lightweight material, reduced and moved back and forth the consumption to energy.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus of leading in embodiment 1;

Fig. 2 is the structural representation of multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus of leading in embodiment 2;

Fig. 3 is the structural representation of multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus of leading in embodiment 3;

Fig. 4 is the structural representation of multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus of leading in embodiment 4;

Fig. 5 is the structural representation of multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus of leading in embodiment 5;

Fig. 6 is the structural representation of multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus of leading in embodiment 6;

Fig. 7 is the structural representation of multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus of leading in embodiment 7;

Fig. 8 is the structural representation of multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus of leading in embodiment 8;

Fig. 9 is the fluid pressure drive device structural representation of multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus of leading in embodiment 9;

Figure 10 is the fluid pressure drive device structural representation of multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus of leading in embodiment 10;

Figure 11 is the structural representation of multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus of leading in embodiment 11;

Figure 12 is the fluid pressure drive device structural representation of multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus of leading in embodiment 12;

Figure 13 is the A-A sectional view in Figure 12;

Figure 14 is the fluid pressure drive device structural representation of multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus of leading in embodiment 13;

Figure 15 be in embodiment 13 A to view;

Figure 16 is the B-B structural representation in Figure 15;

Figure 17 is the schematic partial cross-sectional view of multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus of leading in embodiment 14;

Figure 18 is the structural representation of multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus of leading in embodiment 15;

Figure 19 is the structural representation of multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus of leading in embodiment 16;

Figure 20 is the structural representation of multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus of leading in embodiment 17;

Figure 21 is the B-B sectional view in Figure 20;

Figure 22 is the structural representation of multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus of leading in embodiment 18;

Figure 23 is the C-C sectional view in Figure 22;

Figure 24 is the structural representation of multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus of leading in embodiment 19;

Figure 25 is the D-D sectional view in Figure 24;

Figure 26 is the structural representation of multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus of leading in embodiment 20;

Figure 27 is the structural representation of multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus of leading in embodiment 21.

In figure: 1, crank driving device; 2, reciprocating impact device; 2.1, reciprocating impact head; 3, supporting mechanism; 4 supports; 4.1, motive power part; 4.11, power rolling element support member; 4.12, power suspended solids support member; 4.2, guide support; 4.21, orienting roll kinetoplast support member; 4.211, upper raceway orienting roll kinetoplast support member; 4.212, lower raceway orienting roll kinetoplast support member; 4.22, guiding suspended solids support member; 5, dynamic impact part; 5.1, crank structure; 5.2, piston; 6, impact guide; 6.1, square impact guide; 6.2, U-shaped impacts guide; 6.21, on U-shaped, raceway impacts guide; 6.22, under U-shaped, raceway impacts guide; 6.3, shaped as frame impacts guide; 6.31, on shaped as frame, pit impacts guide; 6.32, under shaped as frame, pit impacts guide; 7, friction piece; 7.1, rolling element; 7.11, orienting roll kinetoplast; 7.111, roller; 7.1111, roller shaft; 7.112, roller; 7.12, power rolling element; 7.121, crank structure rolling element; 7.122, piston rolling element; 7.2, suspended solids; 7.21, guiding suspended solids; 7.22, power suspended solids; 8, fluid pressure drive device; 9, cylinder body; 10, casing; 11, position limiting structure; 11.1, guide and limit structure; 11.2, power position limiting structure; 11.3, raceway; 11.4, reciprocating stroke section; 11.5, stopper slot; 11.6, circulation raceway; 11.61, annular circulation raceway; 11.611, circulation supporting section; 11.612, circulation section; 11.62, spirality circulation raceway; 11.63, waveform circulation raceway; 12, inner bulk; 13, outer cover; 14, Fang Baibie mechanism.

The specific embodiment

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention will be further described.

Embodiment 1

Fig. 1 is the guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus described in embodiment 1, this device comprises crank driving device 1, reciprocating impact device 2, crank driving device 1 comprises supporting mechanism 3, supporting mechanism 3 is support 4, support 4 comprises motive power part 4.1, guide support 4.2, motive power part 4.1 and guide support 4.2 splits, crank driving device 1 also comprises dynamic impact part 5, impact guide 6, friction piece 7, dynamic impact part 5 is crank structure 5.1, dynamic impact part 5 is arranged in support 3, support 3 supporting motive force impulse members 5, impact guide 6 and 5 splits of dynamic impact part, friction piece 7 is rolling element 7.1, rolling element 7.1 comprises orienting roll kinetoplast 7.11, power rolling element 7.12, orienting roll kinetoplast 7.11 and 7.12 splits of power rolling element, power rolling element 7.12 is crank structure rolling element 7.121, motive power part 4.1 is power rolling element support member 4.11, guide support 4.2 is orienting roll kinetoplast support member 4.21, orienting roll kinetoplast 7.11 is arranged on orienting roll kinetoplast support member 4.21 and impacts between guide 6, power rolling element 7.12 is arranged between power rolling element support member 4.11 and dynamic impact part 5.

A dynamic impact part 5 is provided with two row rolling elements 7.1 around, two row rolling elements 7.1 all bear reciprocating impact device 2 and impact the gravity load of guide 6, every row have at least more than one rolling element 7.1 to support reciprocating impact device 2 reciprocating impacts, have avoided the concentrated damage to rolling element 7.1.

Guide support 4.2 is arranged on the plural end of motive power part 4.1 and forms plural guide support point, plural guide support point is all to the 2 lifting power supporting roles of reciprocating impact device, impact guide 6 and be arranged at guide support 4.2, impacting guide 6 is connected with reciprocating impact device 2, dynamic impact part 5 drives and impacts guide 7 impacts, rolling element 7.1, impacting guide 6 closely cooperates and forms multi-point support reciprocating impact device structure with guide support 4.2, multi-point support reciprocating impact device structure makes to impact guide 6 with plural guide support point and is connected with reciprocating impact device 2, by rolling friction, support that reciprocating impact device 2 impacts and by the impact direction of rolling friction righting reciprocating impact device 2, with plural guide support point, strengthen the connection width of reciprocating impact device 2 and righting dynamics.

Described reciprocating impact device 2 is reciprocating impact head 2.1, according to use occasion, can also or back and forth feed first-class for reciprocal crushing head.

Described supporting mechanism 3 can be also casing.

Described motive power part 4.1 and guide support 4.2 also can split be connected or be integral type.

Described orienting roll kinetoplast 7.11 and power rolling element 7.12 also can split be connected or be integral type.

Described impact guide 6 and dynamic impact part 5 also can split be connected or be integral type.

Described impact guide 6 can be also integral type with reciprocating impact device 2.

Described rolling element 7.1 is generally spherical rolling body, according to concrete application scenario, can or roll drum-shaped rolling body or ball rolling element or needle roller rolling element or roller rolling element or roll ring rolling element or rollers roll body etc. for spherical rolling body or dumb-bell shape rolling element or cylindrical rolling element or annular rolling element or platform shape post rolling element or flute profile drum rolling element or rolling element with holes, can used aloned or be used in combination.

For improving supporting capacity and the wear-resistant degree of rolling element 7.1, rolling element 7.1 can adopt High Strength Wear-Resistance Material, and High Strength Wear-Resistance Material can be Hardmetal materials or high-strength alloy material or highstrenghtpiston or high strength steel or high-strength rubber or high-strength ceramic or high strength self-lubricating material.

Embodiment 2

Fig. 2 is the guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus described in embodiment 2, this device comprises that this device comprises fluid pressure drive device 8, reciprocating impact device 2, fluid pressure drive device 8 comprises cylinder body 9, cylinder body 9 comprises motive power part 4.1, guide support 4.2, motive power part 4.1 and guide support 4.2 splits, fluid pressure drive device 8 also comprises dynamic impact part 5, impact guide 6, friction piece 7, dynamic impact part 5 is piston 5.2, dynamic impact part 5 is arranged in cylinder body 9, cylinder body 9 supporting motive force impulse members 5, impacting guide 6 is integral type with dynamic impact part 5, friction piece 7 is rolling element 7.1, rolling element 7.1 comprises orienting roll kinetoplast 7.11, power rolling element 7.12, orienting roll kinetoplast 7.11 and 7.12 splits of power rolling element, power rolling element 7.12 is piston rolling element 7.122, motive power part 4.1 is power rolling element support member 4.11, guide support 4.2 is orienting roll kinetoplast support member 4.21, orienting roll kinetoplast 7.11 is arranged on orienting roll kinetoplast support member 4.214.21 and impacts between guide 66, power rolling element 7.12 is arranged between cylinder body 99 and piston 5.2.

Guide support 4.2 is arranged on the plural end of motive power part 4.1 and forms plural guide support point, plural guide support point is all to the 2 lifting power supporting roles of reciprocating impact device, impact guide 6 and be arranged at guide support 4.2, impacting guide 6 is connected with reciprocating impact device 2, dynamic impact part 5 drives and impacts guide 6 impacts, rolling element 7.1, impacting guide 6 closely cooperates and forms multi-point support reciprocating impact device structure with guide support 4.2, multi-point support reciprocating impact device structure is by the impact direction of multi-point support reciprocating impact device 2 righting reciprocating impact device.

Described reciprocating impact device 2 is reciprocating impact head 2.1, according to use occasion, can also or back and forth feed first-class for reciprocal crushing head.

Described motive power part 4.1 and guide support 4.2 also can split be connected or be integral type.

Described orienting roll kinetoplast 7.11 and power rolling element 7.12 also can split be connected or be integral type.

Described impact guide 6 and dynamic impact part 55 also can split be connected or be integral type.

Described impact guide 6 can be also integral type with reciprocating impact device 2.

Embodiment 3

Fig. 3 is the guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus described in embodiment 3, supporting mechanism 3 is casing 10, friction piece 7 is suspended solids 7.2, suspended solids 7.2 comprises guiding suspended solids 7.21, power suspended solids 7.22, guiding suspended solids 7.21 and 7.22 splits of power suspended solids, suspended solids 7.2 is magnetcisuspension buoyancy aid, motive power part 4.1 is power suspended solids support member 4.12, guide support 4.2 is guiding suspended solids support member 4.22, guiding suspended solids 7.21 is arranged on guiding suspended solids support member 4.22 and impacts between guide 6, power suspended solids 7.22 is arranged between power suspended solids support member 4.12 and dynamic impact part, suspended solids, impacting guide 6 closely cooperates by multi-point support reciprocating impact device 2 righting impact direction with guide support 4.2.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 4

Fig. 4 is the guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus described in embodiment 4.Described friction piece 7 is suspended solids 7.2, suspended solids 7.2 comprises guiding suspended solids 7.21, power suspended solids 7.22, suspended solids 7.2 is solid/liquid slurry, guiding suspended solids 7.21 and 7.22 splits of power suspended solids, motive power part 4.1 is power suspended solids support member 4.12, guide support 4.2 is guiding suspended solids support member 4.22, guiding suspended solids 7.21 is arranged on guiding suspended solids support member 4.22 and impacts between guide 6, power suspended solids 7.22 is arranged between cylinder body 9 and piston 5.2, suspended solids 7.2, impacting guide 6 closely cooperates by multi-point support reciprocating impact device 2 righting impact direction with guide support 4.2.

The other the same as in Example 2.

Embodiment 5

As shown in Figure 5, orienting roll kinetoplast support member 4.21 is integral type with power rolling element support member 4.11, reduced shared space, make structural strength large, space availability ratio is high, limited space can be used for increasing the volume of rolling element 7.1, improve the supporting capacity of rolling element 7.1, orienting roll kinetoplast 7.11 and the contact area of impacting guide 66 or orienting roll kinetoplast support member 4.21 have been strengthened, also can strengthen the contact area of power rolling element 7.12 and dynamic impact part 5 or power rolling element support member 4.11 simultaneously, avoided causing because rolling element 7.1 is too small local pressure excessive and wear and tear excessive.Impacting guide 6 is integral type with dynamic impact part 5, impacting guide 6 real is the extension of dynamic impact part 5, can farthest widen the righting width to reciprocating impact device 2, the righting dynamics of increasing to reciprocating impact device 2, reciprocating impact device 2 is controlled on maximum dynamics ground, has prevented from impacting and has broken Bie Li and the damage of reaction force to this device.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 6

As shown in Figure 6, orienting roll kinetoplast support member 4.21 is integral type with power rolling element support member 4.11, cylinder body 9, the volume of the rolling element 7.1 increasing has strengthened orienting roll kinetoplast 7.11 and the contact area of impacting guide 6 or orienting roll kinetoplast support member 4.21, also can strengthen the contact area of power rolling element 7.12 and piston 5.2 or cylinder body 9 simultaneously, avoid causing because rolling element 7.1 is too small local pressure excessive and wear and tear excessive.

The other the same as in Example 2.

Embodiment 7

As shown in Figure 7, orienting roll kinetoplast support member 4.21, impact guide 6 comprise position limiting structure 11, position limiting structure 11 is guide and limit structure 11.1, guide and limit structure 11.1 is integral type with orienting roll kinetoplast support member 4.21, impact guide 6, orienting roll kinetoplast 7.11 is arranged at guide and limit structure 11.1, space and the position of guide and limit structure 11.1 restricted guidance rolling elements 7.11, orienting roll kinetoplast 7.11 supports and impacts guide 6 reciprocating motions.

Position limiting structure 11 is raceway 11.3, raceway 11.3 is straight line raceway, raceway 11.3 can also be reciprocating stroke section or circulation raceway or special-shaped raceway etc., raceway 11.3 bears pressure stage can be provided with high-abrasive material or high-strength material, can improve the scuff resistance of raceway 11.3, position limiting structure 11 can also Wei Tong road or pit or reciprocating stroke section or retainer or locating part or boss roller or platform shape post is square or U-shaped or shaped as frame or plate shape or polygon or tubular or spline housing or many ribs key etc., can used aloned or be used in combination.

Described guide and limit structure 11.1 and orienting roll kinetoplast support member 4.21, impact guide 6 also can split or split be connected.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 8

As shown in Figure 8, impact guide 6 and comprise position limiting structure 11, position limiting structure 11 is guide and limit structure 11.1, and guide and limit structure 11.1 is integral type with impacting guide 6, orienting roll kinetoplast 7.11 is arranged at guide and limit structure 11.1, and orienting roll kinetoplast 7.11 supports and impacts guide 6 reciprocating motions; Piston 5.2 comprises position limiting structure 11, position limiting structure 11 is power position limiting structure 11.2, power rolling element 7.12 is arranged at power position limiting structure 11.2, space and the position of power position limiting structure 11.2 restricted power rolling elements 7.12, and power rolling element 7.12 support piston 5.2 move back and forth.

Described position limiting structure 11 is reciprocating stroke section 11.4, the length of reciprocating stroke section 11.4 is conducive to orienting roll kinetoplast 7.11 and is in operation with orienting roll kinetoplast support member 4.21, impacts guide 6 laminatings and be rolling friction, is conducive to power rolling element 7.12 and is in operation and is rolling friction with dynamic impact part 5,4.11 laminatings of power rolling element support member.

Described guide and limit structure 11.1 with impact guide 6 also can split or split be connected, power position limiting structure 11.2 and piston 5.2 also can split or split be connected.

The other the same as in Example 2.

Embodiment 9

As shown in Figure 9, piston rolling element 7.122 ring pistons 5.2 are arranged, piston 5.2 and 7.122 splits of piston rolling element, and piston 5.2 is provided with the stopper slot 11.5 matching with piston rolling element 7.122 surfaces, and piston rolling element 7.122 rolls in stopper slot 11.5; Piston 5.2 is provided with seal 12, seal 12 is between front and back piston rolling element 7.122, prevent that liquid from entering opposite side from a side of piston 5.2, piston rolling element 7.122 moves back and forth by rolling friction support piston 5.2, reduce the running resistance of piston 5.2, can effectively improve the movement velocity of piston 5.2.

Described seal 12 can be O shape circle or slip ring or elastic body or back-up ring or support ring or joint ring or star circle or pressure ring or V-arrangement body or U-shaped body or shaped as frame ring or channel or stage clip or opening joint ring.

Described seal 12 materials can be elastomeric material or polyurethane material or nylon material or plastic material or metal material or mixed material.

Described piston rolling element 7.122 also can be arranged in a side or the plural sidepiece of piston 5.2 of piston 5.2.

Described piston 5.2 and piston rolling element 7.122 also can split be connected or be integral type.

Described seal 12 also can be positioned at the one or both sides of piston rolling element 7.122.

The other the same as in Example 2.

Embodiment 10

As shown in figure 10, piston rolling element 7.122 is integral type with piston 5.2, and piston 5.21 is spheroid piston, and cylinder body 3 is the cylinder cylinder body supporting with spheroid piston diameter, spheroid piston and circle cylinder body form sealing, and spheroid piston is not used seal that cavity is isolated into voltage discharging area and pressurising district.

The other the same as in Example 2.

Embodiment 11

As shown in figure 11, orienting roll kinetoplast support member 4.21, power rolling element support member 4.11 are provided with circulation raceway 11.6, orienting roll kinetoplast 7.11, power rolling element 7.12 are in circulation raceway 11.6 close arrangement, circulation raceway 11.6 is integral type with orienting roll kinetoplast support member 4.21, power rolling element support member 4.11, the length of circulation raceway 11.6 is suitable for being rolling friction with orienting roll kinetoplast 7.11 and orienting roll kinetoplast support member 4.21, impact guide 6, prevents part and sliding friction or collision.

On described impact guide 6 or dynamic impact part 5, also can be provided with circulation raceway 11.6.

Described circulation raceway 11.6 also can be connected with orienting roll kinetoplast support member 4.21, power rolling element support member 4.11 in split.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 12

As Figure 12, shown in Figure 13, piston 5.2 is provided with circulation raceway 11.6, circulation raceway 11.6 is annular circulation raceway 11.61, annular circulation raceway 11.61 ring surfaces are arranged along vibration-direction, annular circulation raceway 11.61 planes are arranged perpendicular to piston 5.2 surfaces, 11.61 one-tenths of annular circulation raceways are layout around, circulation raceway 11.6 comprises circulation supporting section 11.611, circulation section 11.612, circulation supporting section 11.611 inner carrier rolling elements 7.122 play back-up roller dynamic friction effect, piston rolling element 7.122 rolls in annular circulation raceway 11.61, prevent piston rolling element 7.122 and piston 5.2, cylinder body 9 sliding frictions, and circulation section inner carrier rolling element 7.122 does not play back-up roller dynamic friction effect.

Described annular circulation raceway 11.61 also can be single layout or be arranged symmetrically.

Described annular circulation raceway 11.61 can be arranged on cylinder body 9.

The other the same as in Example 2.

Embodiment 13

As shown in Figure 14 to Figure 16, piston 5.2 is provided with circulation raceway 11.6, circulation raceway 11.6 is spirality circulation raceway 11.62, piston rolling element 7.122 rolls along spirality circulation raceway 11.62, the position cyclical-transformation of pressure between piston rolling element 7.122 loading pistons 5.2 and cylinder body 9, has reduced piston rolling element 7.122 and has always been in piston 5.2 and bore the probability of strong pressure and wearing and tearing with cylinder body 9 local rollings.

Circulation raceway 11.6 can be also the waveform raceway 11.63 that circulates, and waveform circulation raceway 11.63 is arranged along vibration-direction ring piston 5.2 surfaces.

Described circulation raceway 11.6 bears roll extrusion section can arrange high-abrasive material or high-strength material, improves circulation raceway 11.6 supporting capacitys, the application life of improving piston 5.2.

The other the same as in Example 2.

Embodiment 14

As shown in figure 17, orienting roll kinetoplast 7.11 is tried one's best large with orienting roll kinetoplast support member 4.21, impact guide 6 contact surfaces, prevent that orienting roll kinetoplast 7.11 local pressures are excessive, reduced 7.11 pairs of orienting roll kinetoplast support members 4.21 of orienting roll kinetoplast, impacted guide 6 and concentrate on local abrasion, strengthened righting amplitude, the shape of the shape of orienting roll kinetoplast 7.11 and orienting roll kinetoplast support member 4.21 and impact guide 6 closely fastens formation position limiting structure, controls the impact direction of reciprocating impact device and prevents the rotation of reciprocating impact device.

Described power rolling element also can or be tried one's best greatly with the contact surface of cylinder body, piston with power rolling element support member, dynamic impact part, reaches the function of controlling reciprocating impact device impact direction and preventing the rotation of reciprocating impact device.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 15

As shown in figure 18, orienting roll kinetoplast support member 4.21 is inner bulk 12, impacting guide 6 is outer cover 13, between inner bulk 12 and outer cover 13, be provided with retainer 11.7, retainer 11.7 is fixed on and impacts on guide 6, orienting roll kinetoplast 7.11 is arranged at retainer 11.7, outer cover 13, inner bulk 12 closely cooperates and by rolling friction, outer cover 13 is moved back and forth with orienting roll kinetoplast 7.11, inner bulk 12 supports friction piece and outer cover 13, reciprocating impact device 2 is connected with outer cover 13, reciprocating impact device 2 externally overlaps under 13 support and moves back and forth by rolling friction.

One end of dynamic impact part 5 is provided with Fang Baibie mechanism 14, Fang Baibie mechanism 14 comprises buffering Fang Baibie mechanism, drive unit dynamic impact part 5 impacts, impact reactive force is applied in Fang Baibie mechanism 14, and buffering Fang Baibie mechanism prevents that by buffering impact reactive force from breaking other impact failure drive unit.

Fang Baibie mechanism can also adopt rotation Fang Baibie mechanism or split Fang Baibie mechanism, drive unit dynamic impact part impacts, impact reactive force is applied in Fang Baibie mechanism, and rotation Fang Baibie mechanism rotation or the split isolation of split Fang Baibie mechanism prevent that impact reactive force from breaking other impact failure drive unit.

Described rotational structure can be oscillating bearing or steering union joint or rzeppa joint or candan universal joint or bulb buckle-groove type or arc buckle-groove type.

Described reciprocating impact device 2 can be also integral type with outer cover 13.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 16

As shown in figure 19, cylinder body 9 is inner bulk 12, impacting guide 6 is outer cover 13, cylinder body 9 is integral type with orienting roll kinetoplast support member 4.21, outer cover 13, inner bulk 12 closely cooperate and by rolling friction, outer cover 13 are moved back and forth with orienting roll kinetoplast, inner bulk 12 support guide rolling elements 7.11 and outer cover 13, reciprocating impact device 2 externally overlaps under 13 support and moves back and forth by rolling friction.The two ends of dynamic impact part 5 are equipped with Fang Baibie mechanism 14, Fang Baibie mechanism 14 comprises rotational structure or Split type structure, rotational structure or Split type structure and multi-point support reciprocating impact device 2 respective outer side edges are used, the reaction that 2 impacts of reciprocating impact device produce is broken other power and is imposed on rotational structure or Split type structure, the stressed rotation of rotational structure or Split type structure split isolation are hit recoil effect and are broken other power, reduce dynamic impact part 5 and breaking of piston 5.2 Sun Huai not.

Described rotational structure can be oscillating bearing or steering union joint or rzeppa joint or candan universal joint or bulb buckle-groove type or arc buckle-groove type.

The other the same as in Example 2.

Embodiment 17

As shown in Figure 20 to Figure 21, orienting roll kinetoplast 7.11 is roller 7.111, roller 7.111 is arranged on orienting roll kinetoplast support member 4.21 and impacts between guide 6, roller 7.111 comprises roller shaft 7.1111, roller shaft 7.1111 is arranged at and impacts guide 6, roller 7.111 laminating orienting roll kinetoplast support members 4.21 roll, and have prevented orienting roll kinetoplast support member 4.21 and have impacted guide 6 laminating frictions.

Described roller 7.111 also can be arranged between power rolling element support member and dynamic impact part, roller shaft 7.1111 is arranged at power rolling element support member or dynamic impact part, the corresponding laminating dynamic impact part of roller 7.111 or rolling power rolling element support member, anti-stopping power rolling element support member and dynamic impact part laminating friction.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 18

As shown in Figure 22 to Figure 23, orienting roll kinetoplast 7.11 is roller 7.111, roller 7.111 is arranged on orienting roll kinetoplast support member 4.21 and impacts between guide 6, roller 7.111 comprises roller shaft 7.1111, roller shaft 7.1111 is arranged at orienting roll kinetoplast support member 4.21, guide 6 rollings are impacted in roller 7.111 laminatings, have prevented orienting roll kinetoplast support member 4.21 and have impacted guide 6 laminating frictions.

The other the same as in Example 1.

Embodiment 19

As shown in Figure 24 to Figure 25, impacting guide 6 is the extension of dynamic impact part 5, impact guide 6 and be provided with pit 11.8, orienting roll kinetoplast support member 4.21 is provided with reciprocating stroke section 11.4, orienting roll kinetoplast 7.11 is arranged at pit 11.8 and reciprocating stroke section 11.4, orienting roll kinetoplast 7.11 laminating pits 11.8 and reciprocating stroke section 11.4 are rolled, orienting roll kinetoplast 7.11 rolls with respect to impacting guide 6 original positions, with respect to orienting roll kinetoplast support member 4.21 reciprocating rollings, orienting roll kinetoplast 7.11, impacting guide 6 closely cooperates and is controlled and impacted guide 6 reciprocating motions and lead by rolling friction by rolling friction with orienting roll kinetoplast support member 4.21.

Described impact guide 6 is square impact guide 6.1, and orienting roll kinetoplast 7.11 is roller 7.112.

Embodiment 20

As shown in figure 26, impact guide 6 for U-shaped impact guide 6.2, U-shaped impacts guide 6.2 and comprises that on U-shaped, raceway impacts guide 6.21, under U-shaped, raceway impacts guide 6.22, orienting roll kinetoplast support member 4.21 comprises raceway orienting roll kinetoplast support member 4.211, lower raceway orienting roll kinetoplast support member 4.212, orienting roll kinetoplast 7.11 is arranged on U-shaped raceway and impacts under guide 6.21 and upper raceway orienting roll kinetoplast support member 4.211 and U-shaped between raceway impact guide 6.22 and lower raceway orienting roll kinetoplast support member 4.212, dynamic impact part 5 drives reciprocating impact device 2 to impact, orienting roll kinetoplast 7.11, U-shaped impact guide 6.2 matches with orienting roll kinetoplast support member 4.21 and makes orienting roll kinetoplast 7.11 support the 6.2 rolling friction reciprocating motions of U-shapeds impact guide and lead by rolling friction.

Embodiment 21

As shown in figure 27, impact guide 6 for shaped as frame impact guide 6.3, shaped as frame impacts guide 6.3 and comprises that on shaped as frame, pit impacts guide 6.31, under shaped as frame, pit impacts guide 6.32, orienting roll kinetoplast support member 4.21 comprises raceway orienting roll kinetoplast support member 4.211, lower raceway orienting roll kinetoplast support member 4.212, orienting roll kinetoplast 7.11 is arranged on shaped as frame pit and impacts between guide 6.31 and upper raceway orienting roll kinetoplast support member 4.211 and under shaped as frame between pit impact guide 6.32 and lower raceway orienting roll kinetoplast support member 4.212, impacting guide 6 drives reciprocating impact device 2 to impact, orienting roll kinetoplast 7.11, shaped as frame impact guide 6.3 matches with orienting roll kinetoplast support member 4.21 and makes orienting roll kinetoplast 7.11 support the 6.3 rolling friction reciprocating motions of shaped as frames impact guide and lead by rolling friction.

Claims (69)

1. a guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus, it is characterized in that: comprise crank driving device or fluid pressure drive device or actuating device of atmospheric pressure, reciprocating impact device, crank driving device comprises supporting mechanism, supporting mechanism comprises support or casing, fluid pressure drive device or actuating device of atmospheric pressure comprise cylinder body, support or casing or cylinder body comprise motive power part, guide support, motive power part and guide support split or split is connected or be integral type, motive power part is connected with support or with casing or with cylinder body split or is integral type, guide support and support or with casing or with cylinder body split or split is connected or be integral type, motive power part, guide support comprises rolling element support member or suspended solids support member, rolling element support member and the split of suspended solids support member or split is connected or be integral type, rolling element support member and motive power part or with guide support split or split is connected or be integral type, or suspended solids support member and motive power part or with guide support split or split is connected or be integral type, rolling element support member comprises orienting roll kinetoplast support member or power rolling element support member, orienting roll kinetoplast support member and the support member split of power rolling element or split is connected or be integral type, power rolling element support member comprises crank structure rolling element support member or piston rolling element support member, suspended solids support member comprises guiding suspended solids support member or power suspended solids support member, guiding suspended solids support member or the support member split of power suspended solids or split connect or are integral type, crank driving device or fluid pressure drive device or actuating device of atmospheric pressure also comprise dynamic impact part, impact guide, friction piece, impact guide and the split of dynamic impact part or split is connected or be integral type, dynamic impact part comprises crank structure or piston, dynamic impact part is arranged in support or casing or cylinder body, support or casing or cylinder body supporting motive force impulse member, friction piece is arranged on guide support and impacts between guide or be arranged on cylinder body and impact between guide or be arranged between dynamic impact part and motive power part, friction piece comprises rolling element or suspended solids, rolling element comprises orienting roll kinetoplast and/or power rolling element, orienting roll kinetoplast and the split of power rolling element or split is connected or be integral type, power rolling element comprises crank structure rolling element or piston rolling element, suspended solids comprises guiding suspended solids and/or power suspended solids, guiding suspended solids and the split of power suspended solids or split is connected or be integral type, suspended solids comprises magnetcisuspension buoyancy aid or solid/liquid slurry or gas suspension body, guide support is arranged on the plural end of motive power part and forms plural guide support point, plural end is the plural end of guide support body or the plural end space position beyond guide support body, plural guide support point is all to the supporting role of reciprocating impact device lifting power, impact guide and be arranged at guide support, impact guide is connected with reciprocating impact device or is integral type, dynamic impact part drives reciprocating impact device or impacts guide and impact, friction piece, impact guide and guide support closely cooperate and form multi-point support reciprocating impact device structure, multi-point support reciprocating impact device structure is by the impact direction of multi-point support reciprocating impact device righting reciprocating impact device.
2. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: a described dynamic impact part is provided with friction pieces more than two row around, the above friction piece of two row all bears reciprocating impact device and/or impacts the gravity load of guide, one row friction piece has at least more than one friction piece to support reciprocating impact device reciprocating impact, the concentrated damage of the gravity load of avoiding only having a row friction piece to bear reciprocating impact device and/or impacting guide to friction piece.
3. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described multi-point support reciprocating impact device structure makes to impact guide and is connected with reciprocating impact device with plural guide support point, friction piece, impact guide and guide support closely cooperate and are impacted and by the impact direction of rolling friction or the friction righting reciprocating impact device that suspends, with plural guide support point, strengthened the connection width of reciprocating impact device and righting dynamics by rolling friction or suspension friction support reciprocating impact device.
4. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described friction piece is arranged on guide support and impacts between guide or between cylinder body and impact guide, friction piece, impact guide and guide support closely cooperate and impact by rolling friction or the friction multi-point support reciprocating impact device that suspends, impacting guide real is the extension of dynamic impact part, by impacting the extension of guide, farthest widened the righting width to reciprocating impact device, strengthened the righting dynamics to reciprocating impact device, controlled to maximum dynamics reciprocating impact device, having prevented that crank driving device or fluid pressure drive device or actuating device of atmospheric pressure are hit breaks the damage of Bie Li and reaction force.
5. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described rolling element support member and guide support or with impact guide with piston or with cylinder body with dynamic impact part or with motive power part be integral type, reduce the shared space of rolling element support member, make rolling element support member and guide support or with impact guide with cylinder body or with piston with motive power part or with dynamic impact part be that integral type structural strength is large, space availability ratio is high, limited space is for increasing the volume of rolling element, improve the supporting capacity of rolling element, strengthen rolling element with impact guide or with guide support with piston or with cylinder body with dynamic impact part or with the contact area of motive power part, avoid because of rolling element too small to guide support or impact guide or to piston or to cylinder body or to dynamic impact part or excessive and wear and tear excessive to motive power part local pressure.
6. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described piston rolling element ring piston is arranged or is arranged in a side of piston or is arranged in the plural sidepiece of piston, piston, piston rolling element are arranged in cylinder body, under the support of piston rolling element, piston and cylinder body rolling friction move back and forth, piston and the split of piston rolling element or split is connected or be integral type.
7. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described piston rolling element support piston and cylinder body rolling friction move back and forth, change piston guide section and the reciprocating structure of cylinder body laminating sliding friction, reduce piston guide section height or thickness, reduce piston weight, fall low-energy-consumption.
8. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described support or casing or impact guide or dynamic impact part or cylinder body or friction piece comprise position limiting structure, position limiting structure comprises guide and limit structure or power position limiting structure, guide and limit structure and the split of power position limiting structure or split is connected or be integral type, orienting roll kinetoplast or guiding suspended solids are arranged at guide and limit structure, power rolling element or power suspended solids are arranged at power position limiting structure, space and the position of position limiting structure limiting friction body, friction piece supports and impacts guide or dynamic impact part or cylinder body reciprocating motion.
9. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: described position limiting structure and support or casing or impact guide or dynamic impact part or cylinder body or friction piece split or split is connected or be integral type, friction piece, impact guide and guide support closely cooperate and impact by rolling friction or suspension friction support reciprocating impact device.
10. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described rolling element support member or impact guide or piston or cylinder body or dynamic impact part comprise raceway, raceway and rolling element support member or impact guide or piston or cylinder body or the split of dynamic impact part is connected or be integral type, rolling element is arranged in raceway, orienting roll kinetoplast and orienting roll kinetoplast support member, impact guide and be rolling friction, or power rolling element and piston, cylinder body is rolling friction, or power rolling element and dynamic impact part, power rolling element support member is rolling friction.
11. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described rolling element support member or impact guide or cylinder body or piston or dynamic impact part comprise reciprocating stroke section, rolling element rolls in reciprocating stroke section, between rolling element and rolling element support member or impact guide or cylinder body or piston or dynamic impact part, is rolling friction.
12. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 11, it is characterized in that: the length of described reciprocating stroke section equal or approach reciprocating stroke length 1/2nd with rolling element radius sum, reciprocating stroke section be conducive to rolling element be in operation with rolling element support member or with impact guide or be rolling friction with cylinder body or with piston or with the laminating of dynamic impact part.
13. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described rolling element support member or impact guide or piston or cylinder body or dynamic impact part comprise circulation raceway, circulation raceway and rolling element support member or impact guide or piston or cylinder body or the split of dynamic impact part is connected or be integral type, rolling element is arranged in circulation raceway, orienting roll kinetoplast and orienting roll kinetoplast support member, impact guide and be rolling friction, or power rolling element and piston, cylinder body is rolling friction, or power rolling element supporting motive force impulse member, power rolling element support member is rolling friction.
14. according to the guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus described in claim 1 or 13, it is characterized in that: described rolling element rolls or by rolling in pit or doing relatively reciprocating motion by rolling in raceway or impacting guide and orienting roll kinetoplast support member or piston and cylinder body or dynamic impact part and power rolling element support member by rolling support in retainer by circulating rolling in circulation raceway or by reciprocating rolling or by original position.
15. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: when described friction piece is arranged at dynamic impact part or impacts guide, friction piece and dynamic impact part or impact being equal in weight or substantially equating of two ends beyond guide superposition section central point, gravitational equilibrium when keeping dynamic impact part or impacting the static or motion state of guide.
16. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described friction piece and guide support or impact guide or cylinder body or piston or motive power part or dynamic impact part contact surface are as far as possible large, prevent that friction piece local pressure is excessive, reduce friction piece to guide support or impact guide or cylinder body or piston or motive power part or dynamic impact part concentrate on local abrasion, strengthening righting amplitude.
17. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the shape of described friction piece and guide support and impact the shape of guide or with the shape of cylinder body and piston or closely fasten formation position limiting structure with the shape of motive power part and dynamic impact part, control the impact direction of reciprocating impact device or prevent the rotation of reciprocating impact device.
18. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 13, it is characterized in that: described circulation raceway comprises annular circulation raceway, annular circulation raceway ring surface is arranged along vibration-direction, annular circulation raceway is arranged on and impacts on guide or rolling element support member or piston or on cylinder body or on dynamic impact part, annular circulation raceway is around to be arranged or is single layout or is arranged symmetrically, rolling element rolls in annular circulation raceway, prevent rolling element with impact guide or with rolling element support member with piston or with cylinder body or with the sliding friction of dynamic impact part.
19. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 13, it is characterized in that: described circulation raceway comprises spirality circulation raceway or waveform circulation raceway, rolling element is along the circulation of spirality raceway or waveform circulation rolling path rolling, the position of pressure or the position cyclical-transformation of carrying power rolling element support member and dynamic impact part pressure between the position of pressure or carrying cylinder body and piston between rolling element carrying orienting roll kinetoplast support member and impact guide, reducing rolling element is always in orienting roll kinetoplast support member and impacts guide part or cylinder body and piston local rolling or power rolling element support member and dynamic impact part part and bore the probability of strong pressure and wearing and tearing.
20. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 13, it is characterized in that: described circulation raceway plane is perpendicular to rolling element support member or impact guide or dynamic impact part or cylinder body or piston face layout, circulation raceway plane and rolling element support member or impact guide or dynamic impact part or cylinder body or piston face close to be arrangeding in parallel, circulation raceway comprises circulation supporting section, circulation section, in circulation supporting section, rolling element supports and impacts guide and the support member rolling friction of orienting roll kinetoplast or support piston and cylinder body rolling friction or supporting motive force impulse member and the rolling friction of power rolling element support member, and rolling element does not support impact guide and orienting roll kinetoplast support member or piston and cylinder body or dynamic impact part and the rolling friction of power rolling element support member in circulation section.
21. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 13, it is characterized in that: described rolling element is close arrangement in circulation raceway, the length of circulation raceway be suitable for rolling element support guide rolling element support member with impact guide rolling friction or support piston and cylinder body rolling friction or supporting motive force impulse member and the rolling friction of power rolling element support member, prevent orienting roll kinetoplast support member and impact guide or prevent piston and cylinder body or prevent dynamic impact part and power rolling element support member micro-slip rubs or collides.
22. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 10, it is characterized in that: described raceway bears pressure stage and is provided with high-abrasive material or high-strength material, improve the scuff resistance of raceway, improve raceway withstand shocks guide and orienting roll kinetoplast support member pressure and frictional force or bear cylinder body and piston pressure and frictional force or bear dynamic impact part and the power rolling element support member performance of pressure and frictional force each other each other each other, in part, be provided with high-abrasive material or high-strength material, reduce and impact guide or rolling element support member or piston or cylinder body or a large amount of uses of dynamic impact part to high-abrasive material and high-strength material, reduce the demand of the whole abrasion resistance of impact guide or rolling element support member or piston or cylinder body or dynamic impact part and intensity.
23. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 22, is characterized in that: described impact guide bears roll extrusion section or rolling element support member and bears roll extrusion section or dynamic impact part born to roll extrusion section or cylinder body and bear roll extrusion section or piston and bear roll extrusion section or rolling element and bear high-abrasive material or high-strength material are set in roll extrusion portion.
24. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described friction piece be arranged on impact guide and guide support or be arranged on piston and cylinder body or be arranged on dynamic impact part and motive power part between bear pressure friction area, friction piece bears reciprocating impact frictional force and extruding force by rolling or suspending, reciprocating impact frictional force and extruding force are applied on rolling element or suspended solids, with rolling or suspending, reduce frictional resistance and decompose extruding force, greatly reduce the fracture strength of force of sliding friction and extruding force, than sliding friction structure decrease impact guide, guide support or to piston, cylinder body or to dynamic impact part, the intensity of motive power part and toughness reguirements, reduce the weight of impacting guide or guide support or piston or cylinder body or dynamic impact part or motive power part, or impact guide or guide support or piston or cylinder body or dynamic impact part or motive power part use lightweight material, reduce the consumption moving back and forth energy.
25. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described dynamic impact part comprises piston, cylinder bar, cylinder bar and piston split or be connected or be integral type, cylinder bar comprises guide cylinder bar, power cylinder bar, when cylinder body is during as orienting roll kinetoplast support member, orienting roll kinetoplast is arranged between guide cylinder bar and cylinder body, when cylinder body and the split of orienting roll kinetoplast support member arrange, orienting roll kinetoplast is arranged between guide cylinder bar and orienting roll kinetoplast support member, the motion of piston actuated cylinder bar.
26. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 25, it is characterized in that: described orienting roll kinetoplast support member is provided with straight line raceway or reciprocating stroke section, guide cylinder bar is provided with reciprocating stroke section or straight line raceway accordingly, orienting roll kinetoplast is arranged between reciprocating stroke section and straight line raceway, and the tight fastening of orienting roll kinetoplast, guide cylinder bar and orienting roll kinetoplast support member is controlled guide cylinder bar by rolling friction and moved back and forth.
27. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described rolling element support member comprises raceway or pit, rolling element is arranged in pit or raceway, rolling element rolls in pit or raceway, orienting roll kinetoplast support member, impact guide and orienting roll kinetoplast and closely cooperate and by rolling friction, make to impact guide and move back and forth, or power rolling element support member, dynamic impact part and power rolling element closely cooperate and by rolling friction, dynamic impact part moved back and forth.
28. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described orienting roll kinetoplast support member and impact between guide or be provided with retainer between power rolling element support member and dynamic impact part, rolling element is arranged at retainer, the thickness of retainer is less than the diameter of rolling element, two parts that rolling element exceeds retainer are arranged at respectively orienting roll kinetoplast support member, impact guide or be arranged at respectively power rolling element support member, dynamic impact part, retainer arranges separately or is fixed on and impacts guide or orienting roll kinetoplast support member or power rolling element support member or dynamic impact part, orienting roll kinetoplast support member, impacting guide and rolling element closely cooperates and by rolling friction, makes to impact guide and move back and forth, or power rolling element support member, dynamic impact part and rolling element closely cooperate and by rolling friction, dynamic impact part are moved back and forth
29. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described guide support or cylinder body are inner bulk, impact guide is outer cover, friction piece is arranged between outer cover and inner bulk, outer cover, inner bulk and friction piece closely cooperate and by rolling friction or the friction that suspends, outer cover are moved back and forth, inner bulk supports friction piece and outer cover, reciprocating impact device is connected with outer cover split or is integral type, passes through to move back and forth under the support that reciprocating impact device externally overlaps.
30. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 29, it is characterized in that: described outer cover comprises U-shaped outer cover or shaped as frame outer cover or cartridge type outer cover, inner bulk or outer cover comprise guide and limit structure or power position limiting structure, rolling element is arranged at guide and limit structure or power position limiting structure, the space of guide and limit structure or power position limiting structure restriction rolling element, outer cover, inner bulk and rolling element closely cooperate and support that reciprocating impact device impacts and by the impact direction of rolling friction righting reciprocating impact device by rolling friction, with plural guide support point, strengthen the connection width of reciprocating impact device and righting dynamics and support strength.
31. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the one or both ends of described dynamic impact part are provided with Fang Baibie mechanism, Fang Baibie mechanism comprises rotational structure or Split type structure, rotational structure or Split type structure and multi-point support reciprocating impact device respective outer side edges are used, with plural guide support point, support reciprocating impact device, dynamic impact part promotes reciprocating impact device reciprocating impact, the gravity of reciprocating impact device is applied in multi-point support reciprocating impact device structure, dynamic impact part does not play support Action of Gravity Field to reciprocating impact device, minimizing is broken and Sun Huai not the gravity of dynamic impact part, the reaction that the impact of reciprocating impact device produces is broken other power and is imposed on rotational structure or Split type structure, other power is broken in the stressed rotation of rotational structure or the reaction of Split type structure split shock isolation, multi-point support reciprocating impact device structure supports by rolling friction that reciprocating impact device impacts and by the impact direction of rolling friction righting reciprocating impact device.
32. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described rolling element comprises roller, roller is arranged on orienting roll kinetoplast support member and impacts between guide or between cylinder body and piston or between power rolling element support member and dynamic impact part, roller comprises roller shaft, roller shaft is arranged at orienting roll kinetoplast support member, and roller laminating is impacted guide and rolled; Or roller shaft is arranged at impact guide, the rolling of roller laminating orienting roll kinetoplast support member; Or roller shaft is arranged at piston, the rolling of roller laminating cylinder body; Or roller shaft is while being arranged at cylinder body, roller laminating piston rolls; Or roller shaft is arranged at dynamic impact part, the rolling of roller laminating power rolling element support member; Or roller shaft is arranged at power rolling element support member, roller laminating dynamic impact part rolls, and prevents orienting roll kinetoplast support member and impacts guide laminating friction, or preventing piston and cylinder body laminating friction, or preventing that dynamic impact part from fitting and rubbing with motive power part.
33. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described guide support or cylinder body are inner bulk, impact guide is outer cover, outer cover comprises U-shaped outer cover or shaped as frame outer cover or cartridge type outer cover, inner bulk supports friction piece and outer cover, reciprocating impact device is connected with outer cover split or is integral type, inner bulk or outer cover comprise guide and limit structure or power position limiting structure, the space of guide and limit structure or power position limiting structure limiting friction body, between dynamic impact part and impact guide, be provided with Fang Baibie mechanism, Fang Baibie mechanism comprises rotational structure or Split type structure, rotational structure comprises oscillating bearing or steering union joint or rzeppa joint or candan universal joint or bulb buckle-groove type or arc buckle-groove type, rotational structure or Split type structure and multi-point support reciprocating impact device respective outer side edges are used, dynamic impact part drives reciprocating impact device or impacts guide and impact, the reaction that the impact of reciprocating impact device produces is broken other power and is imposed on rotational structure or Split type structure, other power is broken in the stressed rotation of rotational structure or the reaction of Split type structure split shock isolation, outer cover, inner bulk and friction piece closely cooperate and impact and by rolling friction or the impact direction of righting reciprocating impact device of rubbing that suspends by rolling friction or the friction multi-point support reciprocating impact device that suspends, with plural guide support point, strengthen the connection width of reciprocating impact device and righting dynamics.
34. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described piston is provided with seal, seal is between the one or both sides or front and back piston rolling element of piston rolling element, prevent that liquid or gas or solid from entering opposite side from a side of piston, piston rolling element moves back and forth by rolling friction support piston, reduce the running resistance of piston, improve the movement velocity of piston.
35. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 13, it is characterized in that: described piston is provided with seal, seal is arranged between the one or both sides or front and back circulation raceway of circulation raceway, prevent that liquid or gas or solid from entering opposite side from a side of piston, piston rolling element moves back and forth by rolling friction support piston, reduce the running resistance of piston, improve the movement velocity of piston, seal is done sealing.
36. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described piston rolling element and piston are integral type, piston is spheroid piston, cylinder body is the cylinder cylinder body supporting with spheroid piston diameter, and spheroid piston is not used seal that cavity is isolated into voltage discharging area and pressurising district.
37. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: described position limiting structure comprises raceway or circulation raceway Huo Tong road or pit or reciprocating stroke section or retainer or limiting plate or spacing collar or stop collar or limiting stand or gag lever post or limit shaft or stopper slot or spherical male or boss or bearing or inner bulk coordinates with outer cover or ellipse or dumb-bell shape or cylindrical or taper or annular or roller or platform shape post or platform shape ball or platform shape drum or channel column or flute profile ball or flute profile roller or flute profile is oval or square or U-shaped or shaped as frame or I-shaped or spline shape or arc or V-arrangement or ∧ shape or circle or plate shape or polygon or tubular or spline housing or many ribs key.
38. according to the guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus described in claim 37, it is characterized in that: described raceway comprises reciprocating stroke section or circulation raceway or straight line raceway or special-shaped raceway.
39. according to the guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus described in claim 38, it is characterized in that: described circulation raceway comprises annular circulation raceway or spirality circulation raceway or waveform circulation raceway or special-shaped circulation raceway.
40. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described impact guide comprises that raceway impacts guide or pit impacts guide or tape holder impacts guide or circulation raceway impacts guide or trip segment impact guide or spacing impact guide or cartridge type impacts guide or U-shaped impacts guide or V-arrangement impacts guide or polygon impacts guide or shaped as frame impact guide or abnormity impacts guide or E shape is impacted guide.
41. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described rolling element support member comprises rolling path rolling body support member or pit rolling element support member or tape holder rolling element support member or circulation rolling path rolling body support member or trip segment rolling element support member or spacing rolling element support member or cartridge type rolling element support member or U-shaped rolling element support member or V-arrangement rolling element support member or polygon rolling element support member or shaped as frame rolling element support member or casing rolling element support member or special-shaped rolling element support member.
42. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described dynamic impact part comprises raceway dynamic impact part or pit dynamic impact part or tape holder dynamic impact part or circulation raceway dynamic impact part or trip segment dynamic impact part or spacing dynamic impact part or cartridge type dynamic impact part or U-shaped dynamic impact part or shaped as frame dynamic impact part or special-shaped dynamic impact part or E shape dynamic impact part or polygon dynamic impact part.
43. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described impact guide comprises that guide is impacted in magnetic suspension or guide is impacted in liquid suspension or gas suspension impacts guide, and suspended solids support member comprises magnetic suspension support member or liquid suspension support part or gas suspension support member.
44. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described impact guide is that U-shaped impacts guide, U-shaped impacts guide and comprises that U-shaped rolls left and impact guide, the right raceway of U-shaped impacts guide, orienting roll kinetoplast support member comprises left orienting roll kinetoplast support member, right orienting roll kinetoplast support member, orienting roll kinetoplast support member is provided with retainer, retainer is fixed on orienting roll kinetoplast support member, retainer is arranged on U-shaped and rolls left and impact in the reciprocating motion section between guide and left orienting roll kinetoplast support member and between the right raceway impact guide of U-shaped and right orienting roll kinetoplast support member, orienting roll kinetoplast is arranged in retainer, orienting roll kinetoplast, U-shaped impact guide matches with orienting roll kinetoplast support member and makes orienting roll kinetoplast support the rolling friction reciprocating motion of U-shaped impact guide and lead by rolling friction.
45. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described impact guide is that shaped as frame impacts guide, shaped as frame impacts guide and comprises that on shaped as frame, raceway impacts guide, under shaped as frame, raceway impacts guide, orienting roll kinetoplast support member comprises raceway orienting roll kinetoplast support member, lower raceway orienting roll kinetoplast support member, orienting roll kinetoplast is arranged on shaped as frame raceway and impacts between guide and upper raceway orienting roll kinetoplast support member and under shaped as frame between raceway impact guide and lower raceway orienting roll kinetoplast support member, orienting roll kinetoplast, shaped as frame impact guide matches with orienting roll kinetoplast support member and makes orienting roll kinetoplast support the rolling friction reciprocating motion of shaped as frame impact guide and lead by rolling friction.
46. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described impact guide is that shaped as frame impacts guide, shaped as frame impacts guide and comprises that on shaped as frame, raceway impacts guide, under shaped as frame, raceway impacts guide, orienting roll kinetoplast support member comprises pit orienting roll kinetoplast support member, lower pit orienting roll kinetoplast support member, orienting roll kinetoplast is arranged on shaped as frame raceway and impacts between guide and upper pit orienting roll kinetoplast support member and under shaped as frame between raceway impact guide and lower pit orienting roll kinetoplast support member, orienting roll kinetoplast, shaped as frame impacts guide, orienting roll kinetoplast support member matches and makes orienting roll kinetoplast support the rolling friction reciprocating motion of shaped as frame impact guide and lead by rolling friction.
47. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described impact guide is that cartridge type is impacted guide, orienting roll kinetoplast support member comprises cartridge type orienting roll kinetoplast support member, orienting roll kinetoplast is arranged on cartridge type orienting roll kinetoplast support member and cartridge type is impacted between guide, and orienting roll kinetoplast, cartridge type impact guide match with cartridge type orienting roll kinetoplast support member and make orienting roll kinetoplast support the rolling friction reciprocating motion of cartridge type impact guide and lead by rolling friction.
48. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described impact guide is that cartridge type is impacted guide, orienting roll kinetoplast support member comprises cartridge type orienting roll kinetoplast support member, crank structure comprises crank, connecting rod, crank, connecting rod is arranged in supporting mechanism, connecting rod is connected with crank structure split, the motion of crank drivening rod, connecting rod impacts guide split with cartridge type and is connected, connecting rod and cartridge type are impacted between guide and are provided with Fang Baibie mechanism, orienting roll kinetoplast is arranged on cartridge type orienting roll kinetoplast support member and cartridge type is impacted between guide, orienting roll kinetoplast, cartridge type impact guide matches with cartridge type orienting roll kinetoplast support member and makes orienting roll kinetoplast support the rolling friction reciprocating motion of cartridge type impact guide and lead by rolling friction.
49. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described dynamic impact part comprises plural dynamic impact part, the plural dynamic impact part of power rolling element supports support, orienting roll kinetoplast support member is arranged on power rolling element support member top and the bottom that each dynamic impact part is corresponding, orienting roll kinetoplast support member comprises orienting roll kinetoplast support member, lower orienting roll kinetoplast support member, dynamic impact part is arranged on orienting roll kinetoplast support member, in lower orienting roll kinetoplast support member, impacting guide is that U-shaped impacts guide or shaped as frame impacts guide or cartridge type is impacted guide, impact guide and comprise impact guide, lower impact guide, orienting roll kinetoplast is arranged between impact guide and upper orienting roll kinetoplast support member and between lower impact guide and lower orienting roll kinetoplast support member, dynamic impact part drives reciprocating impact device or impacts guide and impact, orienting roll kinetoplast, impacting guide matches and by rolling friction multi-point support reciprocating impact device, is impacted and controlled the impact direction of reciprocating impact device with orienting roll kinetoplast support member.
50. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described dynamic impact part comprises plural dynamic impact part, plural dynamic impact part comprises raceway dynamic impact part, motive power part comprises raceway motive power part or pit motive power part, power rolling element is arranged at raceway dynamic impact part and raceway motive power part or raceway dynamic impact part and pit motive power part, plural raceway dynamic impact part and raceway motive power part or pit motive power part are interlocked, power rolling element, dynamic impact part matches and moves back and forth by rolling friction supporting motive force impulse member with motive power part.
51. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described impact guide comprises that raceway impacts guide, raceway impacts guide and is provided with raceway, orienting roll kinetoplast support member comprises pit orienting roll kinetoplast support member, pit orienting roll kinetoplast support member is provided with pit, raceway and pit and orienting roll kinetoplast match and are suitable for orienting roll kinetoplast laminating raceway and pit rolling, it is parallel consistent with the direction of the relative straight reciprocating motion of pit orienting roll kinetoplast support member that the direction of raceway is impacted guide with raceway, orienting roll kinetoplast, raceway impact guide and pit orienting roll kinetoplast support member are interlocked and make orienting roll kinetoplast support the rolling friction reciprocating motion of raceway impact guide and by rolling friction, control raceway impact guide and rotate.
52. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described dynamic impact part comprises piston, cylinder bar, cylinder body and the support member split of orienting roll kinetoplast or be integral type, cylinder body is trip segment cylinder body, trip segment cylinder body is provided with reciprocating stroke section, cylinder bar is raceway cylinder bar, raceway cylinder bar is provided with raceway, reciprocating stroke section and raceway direction are parallel with the direction of motion of cylinder bar, orienting roll kinetoplast is arranged at reciprocating stroke section and raceway, orienting roll kinetoplast laminating trip segment cylinder body and raceway cylinder bar roll, piston is provided with circulation raceway, piston rolling element is circulating rolling in circulation raceway, raceway cylinder bar is connected with piston or is integral type, piston actuated raceway cylinder bar rectilinear motion, orienting roll kinetoplast supports raceway cylinder bar by rolling friction and moves back and forth, piston rolling element is controlled the direction of motion of raceway cylinder bar by rolling friction.
53. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described dynamic impact part comprises piston, cylinder bar, orienting roll kinetoplast support member is arranged in cylinder body or outside cylinder body, cylinder body is circular cylinder body, circular cylinder body is provided with retainer, retainer is fixed on circular cylinder body, cylinder bar comprises trip segment cylinder bar, trip segment cylinder bar is provided with reciprocating stroke section, orienting roll kinetoplast is arranged at retainer and reciprocating stroke section, orienting roll kinetoplast laminating circular cylinder body, trip segment cylinder bar rolls, the straight reciprocating motion of piston actuated trip segment cylinder bar, circular cylinder body, the trip segment cylinder bar impact direction of controlling trip segment cylinder bar by rolling friction that matches with orienting roll kinetoplast prevents that trip segment cylinder bar from rotating.
54. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described crank driving device comprises cam crank-drive mechanism or crank connecting link driving mechanism or crank block driving mechanism or fork driving mechanism.
55. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described impact guide two ends arrange reciprocating impact device or one end and arrange that the reciprocating impact device other end arranges counterweight or one end arranges reciprocating impact device.
56. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described reciprocating impact device comprises reciprocating impact head or reciprocal crushing head or the head of back and forth feeding.
57. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described rolling element is along supporting mechanism or impact guide or cylinder body or closely setting or the interval setting of dynamic impact part, and rolling element is arranged in parallel or interlaced arrangement along reciprocating impact direction.
58. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 10, is characterized in that: described rolling element is filled the raceway space except effective travel or fills raceway space along raceway.
59. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described rolling element comprises spherical rolling body or oval rolling element or dumb-bell shape rolling element or cylindrical rolling element or taper rolling element or annular rolling element or roller rolling element or platform shape post rolling element or platform shape ball rolling element or platform shape drum rolling element or flute profile drum rolling element or channel column rolling element or flute profile ball rolling element or flute profile roller rolling element or the oval rolling element of flute profile or tape spool rolling element or rolling element with holes or many ribs key rolling element or many ribs cover rolling element or rolls drum-shaped rolling body or ball rolling element or needle roller rolling element or rollers roll body or linear bearing.
60. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described rolling element is High Strength Wear-Resistance Material, High Strength Wear-Resistance Material comprises Hardmetal materials or high-strength alloy material or highstrenghtpiston or high strength steel or high-strength rubber or high-strength ceramic or high strength self-lubricating material.
61. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 24, is characterized in that: described lightweight material comprises aluminium alloys or highstrenghtpiston or pottery or titanium alloy or carbon fiber or lightweight section or composite material.
62. guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatuses according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described supporting mechanism or impact guide or cylinder body or dynamic impact part are provided with lubricating structure, supporting mechanism or impact guide or cylinder body or dynamic impact part comprise seal.
63. according to the guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus described in claim 34,35 or 62, it is characterized in that: described seal comprises O shape circle or slip ring or elastic body or back-up ring or support ring or joint ring or star circle or pressure ring or V-arrangement body or U-shaped body or shaped as frame ring or channel or stage clip or opening joint ring or sealing plate or polygon seal.
64. according to the guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus described in claim 34,35 or 62, it is characterized in that: described seal is elastomeric material or polyurethane material or nylon material or plastic material or metal material or mixed material.
65. according to the guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus described in claim 1 or 43, it is characterized in that: described magnetic suspension support member comprises electromagnetic suspension support member or permanent magnet suspension support member, electromagnetic suspension support member comprises electromagnetism, permanent magnet suspension support member comprises permanent magnetism, and electromagnetism or permanent magnetism are arranged on and impact on guide and magnetic suspension support member.
66. according to the guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus described in claim 1 or 43, it is characterized in that: described magnetic suspension support member comprises N utmost point permanent magnetism or S utmost point permanent magnetism, impact guide and magnetic suspension support member and be provided with N utmost point permanent magnetism or S utmost point permanent magnetism, N utmost point permanent magnetism and N utmost point permanent magnetism or S utmost point permanent magnetism and S utmost point permanent magnetism two like magnetic poles repel each other produce and suspend, and impact guide and magnetic suspension support member suspend to rub and do relatively reciprocating motion.
67. according to the guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus described in claim 1 or 43, it is characterized in that: described magnetic suspension support member comprises negative pole electromagnetism or anodal electromagnetism, impact guide and magnetic suspension support member and be provided with negative pole electromagnetism or anodal electromagnetism, negative pole electromagnetism and negative pole electromagnetism or anodal electromagnetism and anodal electromagnetism two like magnetic poles repel each other produce and suspend, and impact guide and magnetic suspension support member suspend to rub and do relatively reciprocating motion.
68. according to the guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus described in claim 43, it is characterized in that: described liquid suspension support part comprises liquid medium source, control valve, conveyance conduit, liquid chambers, liquid chambers is arranged on liquid suspension support part, on liquid suspension support body, form solid/liquid slurry, impact top or upper and lower solid/liquid slurry middle part or solid/liquid slurry cylinder middle part that guide is arranged on solid/liquid slurry.
69. according to the guiding multi-point support reciprocating impact apparatus described in claim 43, it is characterized in that: described gas suspension support member comprises source of the gas, control valve, conveyance conduit, air chamber, air chamber is arranged on gas suspension support member, on gas suspension support member, form gas suspension body, impact top or upper and lower gas suspension body middle part or gas suspension body cylinder middle part that guide is arranged on gas suspension body.
CN201320085176.2U 2012-02-24 2013-02-22 Guiding multipoint supporting reciprocating impactor device CN203531903U (en)

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CN201310057820XA CN103291683A (en) 2012-02-24 2013-02-22 Method for utilizing rolling friction to centralize piston rod to do reciprocating motion and actuating device for utilizing rolling friction to centralize piston rod to do reciprocating motion through implementing method

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CN102287202B (en) * 2010-06-20 2015-05-13 张有贤 Intersection chain cut set group profiling recursion roll collar supporting and building type full-face tunnel boring machine
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CN203641150U (en) * 2012-05-12 2014-06-11 刘素华 Drive device for correcting reciprocating movement direction of piston rod through rolling friction

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CN103352697A (en) * 2012-02-24 2013-10-16 刘素华 Method for guiding multi-point support of reciprocating impactor, and apparatus for guiding multi-point support of reciprocating impactor through enforcing it
CN104763416A (en) * 2014-01-03 2015-07-08 刘素华 Floating sleeve seal reciprocating impact device floating seal method and getter loader seal floating sleeve floating seal reciprocating impact device
CN104763416B (en) * 2014-01-03 2019-03-29 刘素华 Floating bushing seals the method for reciprocating impact device float sealing and digging loading machine seals floating bushing floating seal reciprocating impact device
CN107559004A (en) * 2016-06-30 2018-01-09 刘素华 The anti abrasive method of hard impact resistance guiding mechanism increase reciprocating impact and the reciprocal guider of hard impact resistance
CN107559004B (en) * 2016-06-30 2020-09-11 刘素华 Method for increasing reciprocating impact wear resistance of hard impact-resistant guide mechanism and hard impact-resistant reciprocating guide device

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CN103352697A (en) 2013-10-16
CN103334749B (en) 2018-08-07
CN103334749A (en) 2013-10-02

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